BEAVERS

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					BEAVERS IN N.Y.

 BY JAKE SCHLEM
          N.Y. STATE BEAVER

• The beaver is the official animal of the state of
  N.Y.
• Beavers are semi-aquatic rodents and are
  native to north America and Europe.
• Kingdom: Animalia
• Phylum: Chordata
  Class: Mammalia
• Order: Rodentia
• Family: Castoridae
• Genus:Castor
   General facts about beavers

• Beavers are best known for their natural trait of
  building dams in rivers and streams and building
  their homes (known as beaver lodges) in the
  eventual pond, They are the second-largest
  rodent in the world (after the capybara.
• Beavers continue to grow throughout life. Adult
  specimens weighing over 25 kg (55 lb) are not
  uncommon. Females are as large as or larger
  than males of the same age, which is
  uncommon among mammals.
   SPECIES OF BEAVERS IN N.Y.
                        • European Beaver
• The European Beaver (Castor fiber) is an endangered aquatic
  mammal which was hunted almost to extinction in Europe, both for
  fur and for Castoreum, a secretion of its scent gland believed to
  have medicinal properties.[1] However, this beaver is now being re-
  introduced throughout Europe.

• Several thousand live on the Elbe, the Rhone, the Danube and in
  parts of Scandinavia. They have been reintroduced in Bavaria and
  The Netherlands and are tending to spread to new locations.[2] The
  beaver became extinct in Britain in the sixteenth century, but a new
  population of wild beavers have been confirmed in Scotland in
  recent months [1]. Also six European Beavers have been released
  into a lakeside area in Gloucestershire and allowed to roam wild.[3]
               Habitats
Beavers are found all throughout New York
where there are rivers, streams, lakes, and
small ponds. They are very common to be
seen crossing streets, houses, schools,
buildings ect ......... Anywhere by water.
Beavers live by building dams using trees,
 branches, sticks, or any wood they find.
 They then connect the wood together
 providing housing and shelter.
• It is not uncommon to see beavers eating
  insects and even small fish. Although
  uncommon you may come across a
  beaver eating meat.
                 Behavior
• Beavers live in family groups or colonies.
  A colony is made up of a breeding male
  and female beaver and their offspring.
  Beavers are very territorial and will protect
  their lodges from other beavers. They
  mark their territory by building piles of mud
  and marking it with scent.
                 FOOD
• Beavers mainly rely on the wood they use
  for dam building also as food, wood is the
  main food part of their diet. Wood is very
  healthy and relieves pressure on the gums
  and teeth of the beaver.
              LIFE CYCLE
• Beavers mate for life, but if one mate dies,
  the other one will find another mate.
  Beavers mate when they are about three
  years old. Mating season runs from
  January and March in cold regions in late
  November or December in the south.
• Beavers can live up to 20 years.
• Beavers live in family groups or colonies.
  A colony is made up of a breeding male
  and female beaver and their offspring.
  Beavers are very territorial and will protect
  their lodges from other beavers. They
  mark their territory by building piles of mud
  and marking it with scent
THE END

				
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