Docstoc

A_Tree_Grows_in_Brooklyn_4

Document Sample
A_Tree_Grows_in_Brooklyn_4 Powered By Docstoc
					   A Tree Grows in
      Brooklyn
      By Betty Smith

Presentation by Abby Sharp
 HISTORICAL
BACKGROUND
       1900-1919
   The Progressive Era
 Presidents:
   Theodore
    Roosevelt
    (1901-1909) P.
   William Taft
    (1909-1913) R.
   Woodrow
    Wilson (1913-
    1921) D.
  Controversies of Era

 Legal:
  Women’s
  suffrage was a
  major issue in
  the early 1900s
  (Jennings 26).
Controversies of Era

          Medical:
           “In 1918, a
           pandemic of
           influenza hit the
           world, causing
           more deaths than
           in WWI”
           (Poindexter).
  Economics of the Era

 In the late 1800s
  and early 1900s,
  America
  became a more
  urban
  industrialized
  nation
  (Issacson 56).
Lifestyles of the Era

         Work:
          Spring of 1911- A
          fire broke out in the
          Triangle Shirtwaist
          factory; 146
          teenage women
          (workers) perished
          (“Tables”).
Lifestyles of the Era

         Family:
          Many children had
          to quit school to
          work in order to
          help support their
          families (Jennings
          21).
  Lifestyles of the Era

 Education:
  “In 1900, the
  average
  American only
  had five years
  of schooling”
  (Jennings 16).
Gender Roles of the Era

          Education:
           The number of
           women who were
           choosing higher
           education instead of
           marriage increased
           (DuBose 79).
PLOT BLURB
 Nolan family: Katie, Johnny,
  Francie, Neeley and Annie
 They live in poverty    Francie and Neeley
 Johnny is an             must work (finished
  alcoholic and often      8th grade)
  shames the family       Neeley (mom’s
 Francie likes            favorite) gets to go
  learning and she is      to high school
  a good student          Katie marries a
 Johnny dies on           wealthy man and
  Christmas, before        Francie is finally
  Annie is born            able to go to
                           college
  CHARACTER
LIFE DECISIONS

   Francie decides to leave her town
Katie decides to send Neeley to school
          and Francie to work
Johnny decides to put alcohol ahead of
          his family’s welfare
Francie decides to leave
town to start a better life

           Francie realizes that
            she has to leave or
            “suddenly she
            would be a
            disgusting old
            woman without
            teeth” (Smith 15).
 Historical Connection

 The number of
  women who were
  choosing higher
  education instead
  of marriage
  increased
  (DuBose 79).
Katie’s decision to send
 Neeley back to school

          Katie wants Francie
           to work because
           Francie “will find
           her way back to
           education, while
           Neeley does not
           want to go to
           school” (Smith 250).
 Historical Connection

 Many children
  had to quit
  school to work
  in order to help
  support their
  families
  (Jennings 21).
  Johnny decides to put
alcohol ahead of his family

            On his twenty- first
             birthday, “Johnny’s
             drinking problem
             brings shame on
             the family and
             forces the family to
             move (Smith 302).
  Historical Connection

 “One of the major
  factors leading to the
  prohibition of
  alcohol… was the
  increase in men
  spending their
  salaries on liquor…”
  (“Tables”).
MOTIFS

Life and Growth
      Love
Life and Growth

    Francie sees that “a new
     tree had grown from the
     stump and its trunk had
     grown along the ground
     until it reached a place
     where there were no
     wash lines above it. Then
     it started to grown toward
     the sky” (Smith 483).
             Love

 With regards to
  Johnny,
  “Francie
  kissed his
  cheek softly
  and said that
  she loved her
  papa so much”
  (Smith 34).
INTERPRETIVE
  QUESTION
Do you think that American children
  today are more or less likely to
suffer from abuse and poverty than
              Francie?

  Children today        Nonexistent in
   are less likely to     the early 1900s,
   suffer from            labor laws,
   poverty and            truancy laws, and
   abuse                  child protective
  There are more         services now
   laws in place to       lessen the
   protect children       exploitation of
                          children
Textual Support #1

        One example of
         Francie’s
         exploitation is when
         “Francie needed to
         go back to work in
         order for her to help
         her mother pay the
         bills” (Smith 249).
    Textual Support #2

 In the case of a
  potential abduction,
  Smith writes, “The man
  came up to Francie and
  was about to take her
  away with him until her
  mother came to her
  rescue” (Smith 170).
Textual Support #3

         In addition to
          Francie working to
          help support her
          family, “…kids
          collected money
          for the family by
          trading in old junk”
          (Smith 15).
LITERARY
CRITICISM
          Criticism #1

 “A Tree Grows in      I disagree
  Brooklyn is a          (somewhat):
  profoundly
  moving novel, an
                            Moving
  honest and true             story
  one. It cuts right        Outdated
  to the heart of             issues
  life” (“Tree”).
         Criticism #2

 “This is the       I agree:
  first novel of       Novel well-
  uncommon              written
  skill and            Reader cares
  almost                about
  uncontrollable        characters
  vitality and         Francie = tree
  zest for life”        (strength and
  (Prescott 423).       growth)
Transcendence of Themes
        “The journey of the
         protagonist is heroic. Francie
         clearly identifies with the
         Tree of Heaven in her urge to
         continue to develop into a
         young woman that she can
         be proud of. Smith’s use of
         the tree as a symbol of
         Francie’s growth is effective
         and powerful” (Prescott).
This concludes my
  presentation…




   THANK YOU!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:1/1/2012
language:English
pages:32