By: Jack, Josh, Bruce and David
The Vietnam War was a dispute over communism. The results of the Geneva Accords,
Vietnam was a country split in two that could not unify due to unsuccessful negotiating, North
Vietnam, supporting communism and South Vietnam, opposing communism. To ‘influence’
the South, North Vietnam created the National Liberation Front (NLF), well known as the Viet
Cong. They showed extreme aggression towards anti communists and even killed them; these
actions made by the Viet Cong were the beginnings of the Vietnam War. America was involved
due to the fact that government was strongly against communism. They supported South
Vietnam and aided them with military soldiers and equipment to fight back against the Viet
Cong = (Containment policy). Throughout the war, American citizens began to oppose
American involvement and began protesting, which soon proved successful as troops were
withdrawn from Vietnam. This however, left South Vietnam stranded and due to the lack of
numbers, in 1975 South Vietnam fell to the Viet Cong and Vietnam was unified as a
communist country. It was a communist victory.
The Vietnam War consisted of North and South Vietnam with American involvement. In
detail, North Vietnam’s leader was Ho Chi Minh and
South Vietnam’s leader was Ngo Dinh Diem who was
assassinated. American presidents that were involved
in the Vietnam War were John F. Kennedy, 1961-1963,
Lyndon Johnson, 1963-1969 and Richard Nixon, 1969-
1974. These presidents all opposed communism and
ultimately, fought back against the Viet Cong. Other
important individuals were Henry Kissinger, a foreign
policy advisor who conducted covert negotiations
with North Vietnam and received the Nobel Peace
Price in 1973. General William Westmoreland, the
leader of the American forces based in Vietnam. All of
these people had significant roles in the Vietnam War.
North Vietnam strongly supported communism and wanted all of Vietnam to follow in
their footsteps. However, South Vietnam and America were against communism. Although
North Vietnam was victorious, America was not properly defeated due to the fact of the
withdrawal of American troops. Overall, this war was a dispute between communism and
capitalism and although communism was the victor, capitalism was not exactly defeated.
And America wanted to contain the further spread of communism in South-east
Asia (containment policy).
Where and When?
The Vietnam War took place for more then 15 years from roughly 1960-1975, not including
previous France involvement which provoked the Vietnam War. It occurred in Southeast Asia
in the country of Vietnam. Significant battles took place in cities such as Saigon (now known
as Ho Chi Minh City), Cambodia, Haiphong and Pleiku.
Results Vietnam War Deaths
In the final days of war in 1975,
America withdrew the rest of the
American troops still posted in 1%
Vietnam and due to this, South
Vietnam were defeated by the Viet
Cong in the falling of Saigon. The
war’s casualties were shocking,
nearly 3,000,000 in total. Here is a
graph showing the percentage of South Vietnam
deaths. 50% Civilians
America soon realized that the
war was unwinnable due to the fact 2%
that they were interfered with a Civil 8%
War that was not their own.
Specifically, they were not having a
war against another country and
instead they were having a war with a political ideology, therefore, they could not and never
would have been the real victor. Another vital point was that American marines were, in no
way, prepared for the surroundings and environment of Vietnam (i.e. jungle, marsh).
An important lesson America learned from the Vietnam War were:
To train their military for different environments
To keep the military to protect themselves instead of a unimportant country
o Vietnam was not an ally of America (Allies being an exception to this)
To stay away from interfering with a war that is not theirs to win
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