The War with Mexico

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					The War with Mexico
   Fought to fulfill the Manifest Destiny.
   South: wanted TX
   1. farmland
   2. spread slavery
   North: did not want TX
   1. disrupt balance in Congress
   2. spread of slavery
Allowing TX into the Union
 The Constitution does not state if
  another nation can be annexed into
  U.S.
 1845 TX put the issue to voters –
  wanted to become American.
Tensions between U.S. and MX
   MX thought this was an act of war.
   James K. Polk –
   1. wanted CA, NM, AZ
   2. boundary between U.S. and MX
   Rio Grande (US) Neuces (MX)
Boundary Dispute
 U.S. claimed that MX owed U.S.
  money – 3 million.
 Polk sent John Slidell
 1. cancel the 3 million dollars
 2. pay 30 million for NM and CA
Mexican – American War
 Gen. Zachary Taylor to move troops
  between the Nueces and the Rio.
 May 13, 1846 U.S. declared war.
 Gen. Stephen Kearney –
 1. easily took NM
 2. marched to CA.
Bear Flag Revolt
 Forced a MX leader to sign a treaty to
  give CA to America.
 June 14, 1846 – CA was independent
  and called the Republic of CA.
Final Stages of War
 Gen. Taylor – advanced to Northern
  part of MX.
 Gen Winfield Scott – Gulf of Mexico
  and marched to MX City.
 MX gov was forced to give into
  American Demands.
Results of War.
 Signed in 1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe
  Hidalgo.
 Mexican Cession – largest land gain of the
  Manifest Destiny.
 1853 – Gadsen Purchase – final phase of
  the Manifest Destiny.
 President Polk – took a hit, unpopular war
  with citizens of the U.S.
 1. America Paid 15 million to MX.
 2. unjust war

				
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