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Columbus-Exploration Study Guide

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					Name _________________________________
US History

STUDY GUIDE: Exploration and Columbus Quest


  1. Do you know these terms?
        1) Mercantilism
        2) Encomiendas
        3) 3 G’s of Exploration
        4) Primary Source
        5) Secondary Source
        6) Columbian Exchange (and the positive and negative effects)
        7) Howard Zinn
        8) Bartolome de Las Casas (spelling will count on this name)
        9) Purpose of Socratic Seminars

  2. In your own words, why did Europeans “discover” Native Americans, and not the other way around --
     Native Americans “discovering” Europeans? There are 2 reasons

  3. Who is most likely to have written this: “... mountains are stripped from top to bottom and bottom to top
     a thousand times; they dig, split rocks, move stones, and carry dirt on their backs to wash it in the
     rivers, while those who wash gold stay in the water all the time with their backs bent so constantly it
     breaks them; and when water invades the mines, the most arduous task of all is to dry the mines by
     scooping up pansful of water and throwing it up outside....”


  4. What does Columbus want to find more than anything else? Explain the steps he took in order to find it
     from the Howard Zinn reading
  5. Summarize the “Fact” for each of these “Fictions” from the Columbus: Fact vs. Fiction reading (posted
     on wikispace) For each summary give 3-5 sentences describing why the author believes the statement is
     false
         1) Example: Columbus did not discover the Americas. The Vikings did.

              The authors believe that this is a fiction because the only map that shows that the Vikings
              discovered America turns out to be a fake. They found a chemical called “anatase” that was
              created in 1923. Therefore, the map could not have been made before Columbus’ time. Also,
              the authors write that Columbus ended thousands of years of isolation between the Americas and
              Europe, and this led to the first recorded history of North and South America.

         2)   Columbus found sophisticated native civilizations
         3)   Columbus was a racist
         4)   Columbus committed genocide
         5)   Columbus and others stole the natives land
Name _________________________________
US History Honors

STUDY GUIDE: Exploration and Columbus Quest


  1. Do you know these terms?
        1) Mercantilism
        2) Encomiendas
        3) 3 G’s of Exploration
        4) Primary Source
        5) Secondary Source
        6) Columbian Exchange (and the positive and negative effects)
        7) Howard Zinn
        8) Bartolome de Las Casas (spelling will count on this name)
        9) Purpose of Socratic Seminars

  2. In your own words, why did Europeans “discover” Native Americans, and not the other way around --
     Native Americans “discovering” Europeans? There are 2 reasons

  3. Who is most likely to have written this: “... mountains are stripped from top to bottom and bottom to top
     a thousand times; they dig, split rocks, move stones, and carry dirt on their backs to wash it in the
     rivers, while those who wash gold stay in the water all the time with their backs bent so constantly it
     breaks them; and when water invades the mines, the most arduous task of all is to dry the mines by
     scooping up pansful of water and throwing it up outside....”


  4. What does Columbus want to find more than anything else? Explain the steps he took in order to find it
     from the Howard Zinn reading
  5. Summarize Zinn’s thesis for Part 2 of the reading. Please see me if you have questions on this.
  6. What does Howard Zinn mean when he writes “To emphasize the heroism of Columbus and his
     successors as navigators and discoverers, and to de-emphasize their genocide, is not a technical
     necessity but an ideological choice. It serves- unwittingly-to justify what was done.” This may overlap
     with #5
  7. Summarize the “Fact” for each of these “Fictions” from the Columbus: Fact vs. Fiction reading (posted
     on wikispace) For each summary give 3-5 sentences describing why the author believes the statement is
     false
         1) Example: Columbus did not discover the Americas. The Vikings did.

              The authors believe that this is a fiction because the only map that shows that the Vikings
              discovered America turns out to be a fake. They found a chemical called “anatase” that was
              created in 1923. Therefore, the map could not have been made before Columbus’ time. Also,
              the authors write that Columbus ended thousands of years of isolation between the Americas and
              Europe, and this led to the first recorded history of North and South America.

         2)   Columbus found sophisticated native civilizations
         3)   Columbus was a racist
         4)   Columbus committed genocide
         5)   Columbus and others stole the natives land

				
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