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					   ISLAND
  HOPPING

Guadalcanal: The
   First Steps
Towards Victory
OPERATION
WATCHTOWER
ISLAND HOPPING
• Counter-offensive strike against the
  islands of Japan
• Establish over-lapping bases as well
  as air control
• Led by General Douglas MacArthur--
  Commander of the Allied forces in
  the Southwest Pacific
• Admiral Chester W. Nimitz,
  Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific
  Fleet
Guadalcanal
The 1st Step
Aug. 7, 1942 to Feb. 1943
      (6 months)
• Following Coral • The Japanese
 Sea New Air bases     needed a
 Were Being Built      decisive
 By Japanese On        victory to
 Guadalcanal           reverse Midway
                     • This becomes a
• This battle will be “Campaign”
  the most bitter,
  protracted naval • One of attrition
  struggle of the      and heavy
  Pacific War          loses
The “HIGGINS” boat
•1st Marine
 Division
 landed and
 & either
 killed or
 drove the
 Japanese
 garrisons
 there into
 the jungle
• 19,000 US MARINES
  HIT THE SHORES
• 1st time for “wind
  talkers”
• Bloodied and tired
  the Marines move
  inland and
• establish an airbase
  at **HENDERSON
  FIELD**

• “WHEN A MARINE
  SETS FOOT ON A
  BEACH HE DOES
  NOT LEAVE UNTIL
  THE JOB IS DONE”
 Vice Ad. Gunichi Mikawa
• Commander of
  8th Fleet
• Rallied all his
  ships at headed
  to
  Guadalcanal
• HE arrived at
  the Savo
  Islands on 9
  Aug
  Battle of Savo Island
       Aug 9,1942
• Cruiser Battle
• Japanese Night Attack
• Allies North & South
• Rabaul
• Mikawa should have hit the
  transports
• His attack however did force the
  transports to leave early
  undersupplying the Marines
A complete &
 humiliating
  defeat!!!
   Col. Merritt A. Edson
“The Battle of Bloody Ridge”
•Lunga Ridge on Guadalcanal
 just south of Henderson Field
•Raider Battalion Sept. 13-14,
 1942
•800 Marines withstood the
 repeated assaults of more
 than 2,500 Japanese
•"Edson's Ridge”
 – 256 Marines are killed
     IRONBOTTOM SOUND

•THE AREA BETWEEN
1-Kirishima
2-Quincy
3-Ayanami

 THE SOLOMANS AND
4-DeHaven
5-Yudachi
6-Laffey
 THE FLORIDA ISLANDS
7-Canberra
8-Northampton
9-Cushing
•5 MAJOR NAVAL
10-Barton
11-Monsse

 BATTLES
 Battle of Cape Esperance
    (October 11, 1942)
• Rear Admiral Norman Scott
 –Light up the Sound
• Rear Ad. Aritomo Goto
 –Japanese Night Raids
 –Mortal wounding at the start
 –Head for the SLOT


 A flawed American victory
Mitchell “GI JOE” Paige
on Guadalcanal 25 Oct.
•.30 cal Browning Machine
 Guns
•All his men killed or
 wounded he held the ridge
 running from gun to gun
•17 MARINES???
Joe Basilone
• He is the only
 enlisted Marine
 in World War II
 to have
 received the
 Medal of
 Honor, the
 Navy Cross,
 and a Purple
 Heart
      First Naval Battle of
          Guadalcanal
             (November 13, 1942)
• Japanese             •point-blank
  reinforcements
                        brawl of
• battleships Hiei      monstrous
  and Kirishima
• Rear Admiral          proportions
  Daniel Callaghan     •A stalemate
 –1000 yards            with high
                        costs
  Second Naval Battle of
      Guadalcanal
        (November 14-15, 1942)

•By this time       • By the end the
 the us had           Japanese loses
                      were to much
 lost almost
                      to handle
 every cruiser
                    • From this
•William              battle on the
 Halsey               Japanese do
•USS                  nothing but
 Washington           retreat in the
                      pacific
Battle of Tassafaronga
       (November 30, 1942)


•Another defeat for the
 US NAVY
•Rear Ad. Tanaka
•Supplies via the TOKYO
 EXPRESS
     Cape Esperance

•By Dec. US Marine
 Reinforcements replace the
 1st marine Division
•Japanese forces are at their
 end
•Time for the Japanese to
 evacuate
•The lack of supply on both
 sides meant that combat
 was especially intense and
 desperate
• Heads on a PIKE.
• NO PRISONERS.
•'Starvation Island„
•From this time on the
 Japanese forces were
 decidedly on the defensive
•NO FOOD AVAILABLE AND WE
 CAN NO LONGER SEND OUT
 SCOUTS. WE CAN DO
 NOTHING TO WITHSTAND THE
 ENEMY'S OFFENSIVE. 17TH
 ARMY NOW REQUESTS
 PERMISSION TO BREAK INTO
 THE ENEMY'S POSITIONS AND
 DIE AN HONORABLE DEATH
 RATHER THAN DIE OF HUNGER
 IN OUR OWN DUGOUTS.
      General Hyakutake
"Island of Death"
• 25,000 Japanese died during the
  campaign on the land the US 1,600
• The Naval loses were much heavier
• Guadalcanal was nothing glorious,
  merely filthy, bloody, and diseased,
  but it was decisive all the same
• ECONOMICS AND RESOURCES WILL
  ADD UP TO SPELL DEATH AND
  DEFEAT
“One Way Tickets To
      Hell”
•FLYBOYS: James Bradley
•JAPANESE MINDSET
 –Bushido
 –Spirit Warriors
 –Seppuku
 –ISSEN GORIN
 –HONOR AND THE GODS

				
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posted:12/31/2011
language:English
pages:48