Docstoc

MONTHLY REPORT PAKISTAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND

Document Sample
MONTHLY REPORT PAKISTAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND Powered By Docstoc
					      PAKISTAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND RECOVERY PROGRAM
                                          MONTHLY REPORT
                                                  March 2011




            A young girl studies at a girl’s
           government primary school in
  Tanwari village, Rajanpur district. The
   school was severely damaged during
  the floods and renovated by Save the
      Children’s education department,
       which also provided school bags,
        recreational items, blackboards,
        chairs and other essential items.
         (Photograph, Save the Children,
                            Fauzan Ijazah)




Devastating floods have affected the lives of more than 2.5 million people in      To date, Save the Children has
Pakistan. As the result of this emergency spell, more than 1.5 million people      reached over 3,600,000 flood-
have lost their houses, lands, food security and hope. Women and children          affected people through
become the most vulnerable groups so Save the Children is using its expertise      emergency medical care,
to establish Child Friendly Spaces that reduce the effect of trauma and support    distribution of shelter
the emotional health and resilience of children. Through these Child Friendly      materials, hygiene items,
Spaces, Save the Children provides psychosocial support and creative learning      household kits, water
activities. From July 2010 to date, Save the Children has provided psychosocial    purification sachets and food
support to 151,436 children over the country through 234 Child Friendly            through child protection,
                                                                                   education, livelihood support,
Spaces in 10 districts of Pakistan.
                                                                                   nutrition, and WASH
                                                                                   activities. Save the Children is
In flood affected areas, the prevailing issues are child labor, physical abuse,
                                                                                   responding to the floods in all
stress, anger, early marriages and bullying. To ensure the safety of children in
                                                                                   four provinces, in partnership
flood affected zones, Save the Children‟s Child Protection staff are launching a
                                                                                   with the Government of
nationwide media awareness campaign for communities regarding child                Pakistan as well as its
protection. Under this campaign, Save the Children will broadcast public           provincial, district and local
services messages through print and electronic media, community street theatre,    administrations.
disseminate information and communication materials, and provide community
awareness seminars and dialogues. The estimated direct stakeholders of this
campaign are 3 million people and indirect beneficiaries will be 70% of the
population of Pakistan.
GENERAL OVERVIEW

Save the Children International‟s CEO Jasmine                     surviving it. People seem to think we have dealt with it
Whitbread visited communities affected by the conflict            and it is all over. They are wrong,” said Saleemullah
and floods in Swat, Buner and Lower Dir in Pakistan‟s             Adeel, a farmer in Punjab province. Stagnant water
northern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. During                   bodies are breeding grounds for many pests which
her visit she stressed the need to educate, protect and           carry infectious diseases that are harmful to humans
provide food for every child in the flood affected                and livestock. In addition, the persistent lack of fodder
districts. She said, “Pakistan‟s children deserve the right       and a clean environment pose a danger for the health
to a quality education and deserve the right to have              of livestock. Organizations such as the UN‟s Food and
enough to eat”. [Save the Children]                               Agriculture Organization (FAO) have been distributing
                                                                  quality wheat seeds to flood victims as part of
Pakistan continues to face the risk of further disasters.         emergency interventions since last August. Daniele
According to the International Strategy for Disaster              Donati of FAO‟s Emergency Operations Service said,
Reduction, Pakistan lost $8.7 - $10.8 billion―about a             “The investment made by donors has been quadrupled.
third of its 2009-10 budget―to the July floods. Aid               Farmers will be able to save the seeds from this year‟s
workers and experts warn that Pakistan appears to be              harvest to plant again later this year.” This has helped
ill-prepared for the monsoon season of 2011.                      raise hopes that Pakistan could expect a good wheat
According to Margareta Wahlström, the UN secretary                harvest despite severe flooding last year. [Express
general‟s special representative for disaster risk                Tribune, Pakistan, 9 April 2011; FAO Media Centre, 31
reduction, there is a clear need to “build resilience to          March 2011]
future floods, just as Pakistan embarks on the
reconstruction of flood-affected areas following the              People from the flood affected districts are more
devastating floods of July 2010”. Even so, many of the            interested in being employed than receiving giveaways.
houses and roads hastily reconstructed by victims are             According to a survey conducted by Oxfam, 70 per
built on the same lines as those washed away during the           cent of those affected by floods in Pakistan want
floods. [IRIN, for the Guardian, 11 March 2011]                   reconstruction to generate jobs as the country rebuilds
                                                                  following the disaster last year. The survey, conducted
Many of the people affected by the floods rely on                 by Pakistani NGO Free and Fair Election Network
agriculture for their livelihoods. The floods inundated           (FAFEN) found that in addition to jobs, those who
fields, killed livestock, destroyed crops and washed              were affected by the floods say the availability of
away food reserves. Eight months after the flooding,              affordable food (34 per cent), homes (23 per cent) and
many families in Pakistan continue to struggle to                 healthcare (22 per cent) also needs to be prioritized as
recover. “We have not survived the floods. We are still           reconstruction begins. [Oxfam, April 6, 2011]


SAVE THE CHILDREN’S EMERGENCY PROGRAM RESPONSE

Child Protection
Save the Children has established 40 new child friendly           children they oversee has helped greatly in responding
spaces in the districts of Jacobabad and Rajanpur under           to psychological and behavioral problems in children.
the AusAid 4 project. There are now a total of 196                Life skill-based interventions help children to cope
Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) in operation across the               effectively with their behavioral issues. To measure the
country. The CFSs provide a valuable and much                     impact of life skills and psychosocial interventions at
needed service in communities still affected by the               CFS, the life skills events are being planned and
flooding and the attitude of supervisors towards the              organized purely by children this time. The friendship

                                                              2
and assistance that children offer to their peers is also a
major source of relief. To monitor the impact of child
friendly spaces on children, a post-assessment is in
process. The findings of this assessment report will
help CP staff and stakeholders to better understand
protection issues, children‟s behaviors and how best to
improve the quality of service provision.

In April, the CP team will launch a one year nationwide
media awareness campaign to address the
communication needs of flood affected communities
on protection of children and their safety. Under this
campaign, Save the Children will broadcast messages
on child protection and safety through print and                             A child from the Swat valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
electronic media, fund street theatre, disseminate                                            province, Pakistan
information and communication material, and hold
community awareness seminars and dialogues. The                     and children. In Swat, 26 participants from government
estimated direct stakeholders of this campaign are 3                departments of health, education, social welfare and
million people and indirect beneficiaries will be 70% of            civil society took part in a one-day training on CP
the population of Pakistan.                                         issues. The Swat team also conducted a life skills event
                                                                    for 220 children (120 boys and 100 girls) who
This reporting period, field staff in DI Khan district of           performed role plays on gender discrimination,
Khyber Pakhtankhwa (KPK) province hosted 36 child                   corporal punishment and child labor issues.
protection forums for adults, 12 each for men, women

Table 1: Child Protection
    Area of
                       Activities since last Report                                   Activities to date
   operation
                   Children newly                                 Children                                   Total established
                                       CFSs established                                CFS operating
                    registered in                              benefitting from                               CFSs (mobile &
                                       (mobile & static)                              (mobile & static)
                        CFSs                                        CFSs                                           static)
                                                              KPK
     Swat                813                   0                    24,787                    18                     18
   Lower Dir            1523                   0                    8,828                     20                     20
    DI Khan             1069                   0                    2,275                     12                     12
                                                           Punjab
   Rajanpur              276                  20                    26,312                    46                     77
   DG Khan              1365                   0                    11,673                    20                     21
 Muzaffargarh            629                   0                    41,142                    20                     41
                                                           Sindh
  Jacobabad              25                   20                    8,368                     40                     40
   Shikarpur             383                   0                    6,222                     20                     20
    Sukkur                0                    0                    18,017                    0                      20
    Ghotki                0                    0                    3,812                     0                      20


                                                                3
     Total               6,083                 40                    151,436                 196                   289
Note: Some CFSs close as others open, depending on need in the area. As of this month, Save the Children has
established a total 289 CFSs, of which 196 are still operating.

Education
Save the Children‟s emergency education program
spans the length of Pakistan, working in five districts in
KPK, three in Punjab and two in Sindh province.
During the reporting period, plans were prepared for
vigorous implementation of core program activities
such as rehabilitation of flood-damaged schools and
establishment of Temporary Learning Spaces (TLS).
The tendering process was completed and technical
details were finalized for both schools and TLSs.
Capacity building trainings of School Management
Committees (SMCs) comprising teachers and parents
from the targeted communities also took place. The
education team conducted 166 health and hygiene
sessions in the targeted schools, reaching more than
18,000 people, the majority of whom were parents and
children. The sessions explained the importance of
bathing with soap, brushing and flossing teeth twice a
day, washing hands especially before eating and after
using the toilet, washing food before eating and other
basic hygiene practices. Parents were urged to strictly
enforce these practices with their children while school                 A student of Class IV displays what she had learned
students were taught through practical demonstrations                    during the health & hygiene sessions in her school
                                                                         about ‘personal hygiene’ at Save the Children’s
with the help of pictures and drawings. Children were
                                                                         supported government girls primary school in village
then asked to draw what they had learned and present                     Zahidwala, district Muzaffargarh, Punjab.
this in front of the class.

         Table 2: Education
              Area of
                                   Activities since last Report                         Activities to date
             operation
                                  Children                                      Children
                                                    Adults benefitting                             Adults benefitting
                                 benefitting                                   benefitting
                                                             KPK
                Swat               4,210                   669                    47,399                 5,037
             Lower Dir               0                       0                    39,510                 2,406
              DI Khan                0                       0                    4,794                      540
              Shangla                0                     275                      0                        275
                                                           Punjab
             Rajanpur              3,292                   823                    25,435                 3,781
              DG Khan              5,590                  1,586                   20,390                 2,894


                                                                 4
           Muzaffargarh           4,237                 1,342                   10,778                  3,525
                                                            Sindh
            Jacobabad              630                   149                    5,041                    534
             Shikarpur             946                   356                    6,227                    703
               Total             18,905                 5,200                  159,574                 19,695



Food Aid
Since July 2010, a total of 50,380 metric tons of food              distribution staff trying to cope with strict timelines and
has been distributed to over 147,000 families in Swat,              the need for faster distribution. At the end of March,
DI Khan and Tank districts in KPK province, Sukkar,                 food distribution as again suspended to all food
Shikarpur and Jacobabad districts in Sindh province                 providers in order to sort out access permits in DI
and Rajanpur and Muzaffargarh districts in Punjab                   Khan.
province. The total value of food aid distributed to date
is $ 26,019,074.                                                    Save the Children‟s Food Aid program also conducts
                                                                    Food for Work (FFW) projects. FFW represents a
In March 2011, Save the Children started providing                  transition from emergency relief activities to the
food assistance to people from South Waziristan who                 promotion of rehabilitation and development by
have been internally displaced into DI Khan District as             applying a more holistic approach, targeting the most
a result of conflict on the border with Afghanistan.                food insecure sub-districts and incorporating the
Save the Children distributes food to the IDP families              technical capacities of food-based production for
who are living either with the host families or in tent             enhanced nutrition, infrastructure, and water and
villages. The food distribution was supposed to begin               sanitation. The major emphasis during the first month
in February but delays in documentation and                         of FFW activities has been on community based
permissions to all food providers (not just Save the                infrastructure such as rehabilitating link roads or de-
Children) meant distribution did not begin until 1                  silting irrigation channels which help communities to
March. Because of this, double rations were provided                restore their agriculture and communication systems.
to the IDP families to relieve the burden on                        See „Spotlight‟ article for a story on Food for Work.

         Table 3: Food Aid
              Area of
                                   Activities since last Report                         Activities to date
             operation
                             Number of new                                  Total number of
                                                    Mt distributed                                  Mt distributed
                               recipients                                      recipients
                                                            KPK
               Swat                                                             143,766                7,632.15
               Tank                                                              33,138                1,241.31
              DI Khan                                                            93,779                3,264.98
           DI Khan (IDPs)        199,822               2,602.16                 199,822                2,602.16
                                                          Punjab
             Rajanpur                                                           133,560                8,141.64
           Muzaffargarh                                                         167,748                10,158.97
                                                            Sindh
            Jacobabad                0                  523.35                  219,107                10,085.80

                                                             5
             Shikarpur                                  0                                        386.55                                           156,093                                9,167.79
               Sukkur                                                                                                                              40,761                                 651.65
               Total                          199,822                                            3,512.06                                         1,187,774                              52,946.45
         Note: * Not included in total as no new recipients are receiving food.

Food Security and Livelihoods
Save the Children‟s livelihoods program for vulnerable                                                                      DI Khan in KPK province. Sixty-four sessions of
flood affected communities in Pakistan focuses on the                                                                       kitchen gardening trainings have been conducted in
development of market based solutions that are realistic                                                                    Swat which were attended by 1,565 beneficiaries. In
and sustainable. Since the beginning of the flood                                                                           Dir, another sixty four sessions were conducted and
response, Save the Children has distributed 65,078 food                                                                     1,552 beneficiaries were trained. The objective of the
vouchers to families in the most vulnerable                                                                                 training is to improve knowledge and skills in small
communities of KPK, Sindh and Punjab.                                                                                       farming so that the beneficiaries can improve
                                                                                                                            agriculture practices and obtain better yields. In DI
Agricultural interventions will be a focus for livelihoods                                                                  Khan, two cash for work schemes have been
assistance in different areas because they are a seasonal                                                                   completed employing 147 laborers, an assessment of
based. This will continue until April 2011. Female-                                                                         cash grants has been completed, and an assessment of
headed households and female-owned businesses are                                                                           enterprise grants will be soon be completed.
targeted because they will have a direct benefit for
children within their families and will set a precedent                                                                     Save the Children‟s ECHO-funded project for three
for the empowerment of women.                                                                                               different activities of cash grants, enterprise grants and
                                                                                                                            cash for work activities in Punjab has ended, reaching a
With the financial support of CIDA, Save the Children                                                                       total of 74,146 people.
is implementing an agricultural project in Dir, Swat and

      Table 4: Food Security and Livelihoods
          Area of
                                         Activities since last Report                                                                                         Activities to date
         operation
                                                                                                      Agricultural inputs




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Agricultural inputs
                                                            Enterprise grants




                                                                                                                                                                     Enterprise grants
                         Food vouchers




                                                                                                                                  Food vouchers
                                                                                 Cash for Work




                                                                                                                                                                                           Cash for Work
                                          Cash grants




                                                                                                                                                      Cash grants




                                                                                                    KPK
           Swat            0                                                                        5,000                      82,592                                                                      5,000
          Shangla          0                                                                                                   43,495
         Malakand          0                                                                                                   12,503
          DI Khan                                                               1,406               19,759                                                                               1,406             22,907
         Lower Dir         0                                                                        3,423                      41,242                                                                      24,168
                                                                                                   Punjab
         Rajanpur                                                               566                 16,885                      49,509              18,510          3,804                2,660             16,885
          DG Khan                                                               1,403               21,780                     44,122               18,849          2,861                4,457             21,780


                                                                                                     6
       Muzaffargarh                                                  730            16,157              40,834           17,282          3,496         4,926               16,157
                                                                                    Sindh
         Shikarpur                                                                                      68,639           8,758
        Jacobabad                                                                                       74,541           7,794
           Total             0   0                   0               4,105          83,004              457,477          71,193          10,161        13,449              106,897



Health & Nutrition
Save the Children‟s health and nutrition initiatives                                             ended. A new DEC funded project in Punjab and
provide Primary Health Care services to the flood-                                               Sindh was begun and is supporting seven health teams
affected populations of northern Sindh, southern                                                 in Rajanpur and DG Khan districts in Punjab. Funding
Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces. The                                                     from CEF Australia is supporting three health teams in
program focuses on maternal and child healthcare so                                              Punjab and six health teams in Jacobabad and
that vulnerable groups such as women and children can                                            Shikarpur districts of Sindh.
have access to much needed emergency health and
nutrition assistance.                                                                            A three-day training on Integrated Infant and Young
                                                                                                 Child Feeding (IYCF) support into CMAM was
Save the Children is considering expanding outreach to                                           conducted for 16 nutrition staff (Breastfeeding
KPK province but moving forward depends on                                                       Counsellors, Nutrition Officers and Assistants) from
government approval to operate in certain areas. In                                              Shikarpur and Jacobabad districts in Sindh. The
KPK, health teams have supported both the IDP and                                                training also included two staff from Punjab where the
flood responses. Medical education sessions initiated                                            training is planned to be rolled out in the coming
for the professional development of the health staff in                                          weeks, and representatives from two external NGOs.
Lower Dir in February continued through March.                                                   This training marks the start of a comprehensive IYCF
Several health projects were completed in February. A                                            programme where mothers with infant and young child
CIDA funded project in Sindh, Punjab and KPK                                                     feeding problems are supported through skilled
closed and health program staff are preparing final                                              counselling at all CMAM sites to prevent children from
reports. An ECHO funded project in Sindh and Punjab                                              becoming malnourished.

             Table 5a: Health
                    Area of
                                         Activities since last Report                                                    Activities to date
                   operation
                                                                                     Beneficiaries of




                                                                                                                                                        Beneficiaries of
                                                                                     Health Services




                                                                                                                                                        Health Services
                                 Mobile teams




                                                                                                          Mobile teams
                                                      Static teams




                                                                                                                          Static teams
                                                                       Ambulances




                                                                                                                                          Ambulances




                                                                                    KPK
                     Swat                               5               3            4,036                                 5               3            107,553
                   Lower Dir                            5               1            6,482                                 5               1             34,728
                   Shangla         3                                    3              945                 3                               3              11,263
                   DI Khan                                                                                                                                50,140
                     Buner                      no longer flood affected                                                                                   3,993
                     Allai                      no longer flood affected                                                                                      8,759


                                                                                     7
                                                            Punjab
                 Rajanpur                   5         4           0*          0       10          11            89,355
               Muzaffargarh                 3         0           0*          0        6           7         125,805
                 DG Khan                    2         2           0*          0        7           9         116,947
                  Multan           SC no longer operating here                1        2           3            37,888
                                                            Sindh
                Jacobabad          0        3         0        3,570          9        8           3         152,645
                 Shikarpur         0        3         0        4,899          0       15          11         195,605
                  Sukkur           0        0         0                0      0       10           7         134,906
                 Kashmore                                                     0        1           0             4,731
                                                          Baluchistan
                Jhal Magsi         SC no longer operating here                                                  21,357
                Jaffarabad                  3                                          3                        11,222
                   Total           3        29       13       19,932         13       72          58       1,106,897
               * data not available

         Table 5b: Nutrition
              Area of
                                   Activities since last Report                            Activities to date
             operation
                              Nutrition teams                                 Nutrition teams
                                                    Beneficiaries of                                    Beneficiaries of
                                supporting                                      supporting
                                                   nutrition services                                  nutrition services
                                 facilities                                      facilities
                                                            Punjab
           Total Punjab                                   6,702                                             48,152
                                                            Sindh
            Total Sindh                                   15,916                                            64,563
               Total                   45                 22,618                     45                    112,715



Shelter
Shelter is a vital need in an emergency, especially in                 Many families have already begun rebuilding their
areas where weather brings extremes of heat and cold.                  homes on their own. To ensure reconstruction is done
Immediate needs are covered mainly through                             well and that the most vulnerable receive sufficient
temporary shelters, but in an early recovery stage, as is              shelter, communities need access to appropriate
presently the case in Pakistan, more permanent                         materials and training in good construction practices. In
structures are needed as well as assistance for families               line with the shelter cluster strategy, Save the Children
to rebuild their homes. One-room core shelters are                     plans to support core shelter solutions for around 250
simple structures based on traditional building styles                 beneficiary families in Jacobabad who have returned to
made of mud or brick that allow families to improve or                 their home communities. Core shelter is an appropriate
extend when they have the means to do so. A lack of                    solution for households that either own a small piece of
building knowledge combined with low income levels                     land or have their landlord‟s permission to create a
has in the past resulted in poor quality housing so core               more permanent structure.
shelters are designed to be more durable and include
protection from future disaster.

                                                              8
In February and March 2011, Save the Children
conducted an assessment of needs in eight districts in
which it is working. The shelter component of the
assessment asked questions on land ownership issues,
availability and quality of bricks in the local market and
availability of skilled labor for the reconstruction. The
assessment shows that shelter was a top priority and
key need for people affected by the floods, including
reconstruction of homes, boundary walls and other
buildings. In most places, building materials are
available, but only about half of respondent had basic
construction skills..
                                                                           Temporary shelter in Jacobabad, Sindh province



                         Table 6: Shelter and NFIs
                           Area of
                                         Activities since last Report          Activities to date
                          operation
                                                Beneficiaries                    Beneficiaries
                                                             KPK
                             Swat                     0                            183,295
                           DI Khan                    0                             73,096
                             Allai                    0                             12,664
                                                          Punjab
                          Rajanpur                    0                            107,035
                           DG Khan                    0                             62,061
                        Muzaffargarh                  0                            132,956
                                                             Sindh
                          Jacobabad                   0                            161,072
                          Shikarpur                   0                            122,194
                            Sukkur                    0                             42,840
                            Total                     0                            897,213



WASH
Save the Children is working to improve water,                       latrines, 400 showers and 275 bathing areas in
sanitation and hygiene promotion facilities for the                  returnees‟ communities. So far, the team has been able
flood affected people in relief camps, schools, health               to benefit 16,856 people by constructing 344 pit or pour
centers and villages in Punjab and Sindh provinces. To               flush latrines. Drainage channels and organic and
date, 203,761 people have received access to at least                inorganic refuse pits are planned, as well as separate
one WASH service.                                                    places to keep animals to avoiding them wandering in
Good sanitation is important to healthy communities.                 the living areas or contaminating ground water
The Save the Children WASH team in Sindh is                          supplies.
constructing and/or rehabilitating 500 pour flush

                                                              9
                                                                                                           When the intervention started, many villages were in poor
                                                                                                           condition in terms of sanitation: people were living in
                                                                                                           makeshift tents installed on the remains of their houses,
                                                                                                           and showering and defecating in the nearby stagnant
                                                                                                           flood water. Through the construction of latrines,
                                                                                                           showers and clothes washing areas, Save the Children not
                                                                                                           only covers their basic needs, but also provides private
                                                                                                           spaces for women. At the institutional level, Save the
                                                                                                           Children also builds latrines in Child Friendly Spaces,
                                                                                                           temporary schools and in Basic Health Units.

                                                                                                           Community participation is important. Through hygiene
                                                                                                           promotion, latrine usage is encouraged, but only provided
                                                                                                           where there is clear evidence of user acceptance and
                                                                                                           ownership. Most of the communities that Save the
                                                                                                           Children has reached have welcomed the interventions
Sanitary block under construction in Shikarpur district, Sindh
                                                                                                           and appreciated the assistance. Occasionally there is a
                         province
                                                                                                           security or access problem, often due to tribal conflicts,
                                                                                                           but no major barriers have been encountered.

         Table 7: WASH
             Area of
                                          Activities since last Report                                                             Activities to date
            operation
                                                                       Hygiene Promotion




                                                                                                                                                          Hygiene Promotion
                                                 Sanitation Services




                                                                                                                                   Sanitation Services
                                                                        Beneficiaries of




                                                                                                                                                           Beneficiaries of
                              Beneficiaries of


                                                   Beneficiaries of




                                                                                             Beneficiaries of



                                                                                                                Beneficiaries of



                                                                                                                                     Beneficiaries of




                                                                                                                                                                               Beneficiaries of
                              Water Services




                                                                                             WASH Services



                                                                                                                Water Services




                                                                                                                                                                               WASH Services
                                                                                           Punjab
             Rajanpur                                                                                           16,900             6,300                 51,855               51,855
             DG Khan                                                                                            15,600             7,000                 56,504               56,504
          Muzaffargarh                                                                                          3,200              15,700                15,400               15,700
                                                                                           Sindh
             Shikarpur          148              4,180                   651                 4,180              10,875             10,780                49,875               49,875
              Sukkur
            Jacobabad            49                686                 13,682               13,682              2,156              6,076                 29,827               29,827
               Total            197              4,866                 14,333               17,862              48,731             45,856                203,461              203,761




                                                                                            10
Balochistan
In July and August 2010, Balochistan became a                         and neglected communities. The program will work in
destination for people escaping the floods in Sindh                   two flood affected districts of Balochistan and focuses
province. But with relatively little international                    on emergency education, school rehabilitation,
assistance coming to Balochistan, many families were                  capacity building, community awareness and
severely affected. By late October, many had begun                    educational needs assessment. The first in Jafferabad
returning, but by then had used up their resources.                   district will rehabilitate 15 schools, while the second in
 Save the Children‟s emergency health program in                      Jhal Magsi will rehabilitate eight schools. Repair and
Balochistan focuses on providing primary healthcare                   maintenance of a government girl‟s middle school in
to disaster-struck communities. The program offers a                  Sakhani has been completed and included
variety of health services including general outpatient               refurbishment of classrooms, installation of water
consultations, mother and child healthcare services,                  pump,       establishing     Parent     Teacher     school
emergency referrals of complicated cases and                          management committees, and construction of a
complementary health education. Presently, Save the                   pedestrian bridge to facilitate school children cross a
Children is operating three static facilities in Jafferabad           water channel near the school.
district Balochistan, namely Bagh head, Bagh tail and
Gandakha. Save the Children‟s health teams treated
2,362 patients in March 2011 of which 792 OPDs
were reported in BHU Gandakha, 764 in Bagh tail and
806 in BHU Bagh head Jaffarabad. Save the Children
conducted 92 health and hygiene sessions in
Jaffarabad district in March 2011: 59 in district Jhal
Magsi and 32 in UC Sameji benefiting a total of 2,348
individuals.

One thousand shelters from Save the Children
Netherlands are under construction. Of these, 800
families have received doors and windows and 330
have received roofing materials. A total of 300 shelters
have been completed and handed over to the
registered families. Save the Children also provides
services on protection and legal issues to flood
affected people in Jhal Magsi, Jaffarabad and
Naseerabad districts of Balochistan.

Save the Children is implementing a large scale
education program in the flood affected areas to
improve access to education for the most vulnerable

    A rehabilitated school in Jhal Magsi district, Balochistan
                   province: before and after.




                                                                 11
        Table 8: Total beneficiaries reached to date by Save the Children’s ERRP activities:
                         Program/Sector                Total since last Report         Total to date
                                                             Beneficiaries             Beneficiaries
               Child Protection                                        6,083                    151,436
               Education                                              24,105                    179,269
               Food Aid                                              199,822                  1,187,774
               Food Security & Livelihoods                            87,109                    659,177
               Health                                                 19,932                  1,106,897
               Nutrition                                              22,618                    112,715
               Shelter                                                           0              897,213
               WASH                                                    17,862                   203,761
               Other (Eid Mela)                                                                   2,587
                                        Total                        377,531                  4,500,829
                                          Total beneficiaries reach to date:
                                                                                              3,600,663
                                 assuming a 20% reduction for double counting



Key supporters of Save the Children’s flood response program in Pakistan include: ACCD (Agència Catalana
de Cooperació al Desenvolupamente), AECID (Agencia Espanola de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo),
AGIRE (Agenzia Italiana Riposta Emergenze), APF-PESICO, AUSAID, the Consortium of British Humanitarian
Agencies (CBHA), CIDA, Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), DEC-UK, DFID, ECHO,
ELMA, the Government of Hong Kong, HP, Hubco, IKEA, JPF, Lego, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Procter & Gamble, Reach Out to Asia (ROTA), the Government of Scotland, SIDA, Tropicare, UNICEF,
UNOCHA (ERF), USAID (Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and Food for Peace), Vitol, WFP and WHO, as
well as all the members of Save the Children International.


SPOTLIGHT: FOOD FOR WORK

Immediately after the floods, Save the Children
undertook General Food Distribution (GFD) to
provide people affected by the 2010 floods with
emergency food supplies, While GFD continues in
some areas, Save the Children‟s food program will be
implementing Food for Work (FFW) programs,
which provides food assistance to a smaller number
of beneficiaries usually at the village level, and usually
responding to specific needs of the community.

The goal of the Food for Work programs is to help
rehabilitate and restore agriculture-based livelihoods
and assets, improve the skills of the community                    participants in the targeted communities as well as
members and support the most vulnerable families.                  support rebuilding and rehabilitation of the local
The programs help ensure food security for the                     infrastructure destroyed during the floods. Meetings

                                                             12
                                                              system, waterways and agricultural infrastructure such
                                                              as de-silting of irrigation channels. Upon completion
                                                              of their work contract or training, the participants are
                                                              given food worth their wages. A food package
                                                              consists of 80kg wheat, 4.5kg vegetable oil, 1kg salt
                                                              and 4kg yellow pulse.

                                                              Save the Children has begun FFW programs in
                                                              Jacobabad district of Sindh province, Muzaffargarh
                                                              and Rajanpur districts in Punjab province and Buner
                                                              district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province.
                                                              After appropriate assessments, 18 food for work
                                                              schemes have been finalized for Jacobabad, 20 for
    Food for Work activities in Jacobabad district of Sindh   Rajanpur and 21 for Muzaffargarh. A total of 7,469
                           province                           participants will be involved in the FFW programs.
                                                              Activities have been started in Karim Bux, Misripur
at the village and UC level inform the community
                                                              and Deen Pur union councils of Thull Tehsil in
about the main objectives of FFW activities and why
                                                              Jacobabad district where many roads were completely
it operates on a smaller scale than GFD activities. In
                                                              destroyed during the floods. Once rebuilt, they will
these programs, Save the Children will support
                                                              connect many villages which were previously isolated
rebuilding of the roads infrastructure, construction of
                                                              by the floods to the main road. Work on clearing
retaining walls around farm lands, clearing of debris,
                                                              irrigation canals has also been started to improve
rehabilitation of agricultural land and terraces,
                                                              water flow and help agricultural activities. The
cleaning and repairing public places and government
                                                              projects will run for five months in the first three
facilities, and cleaning and rehabilitation the drainage
                                                              districts and nine months in Buner.




Pakistan ERRP Monthly Report: March 2011                                                                      13

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:9
posted:12/31/2011
language:English
pages:13