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DOD REVISES Law of War

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					DOD REVISES ‘LAW OF WAR’ PROGRAM:
                    ADDS REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTRACTORS

The Defense Department has issued a revision of its policies designed to ensure U.S.
forces and the private contractors that accompany them adhere to the laws and treaties
that govern their actions in overseas missions. The new policy is the first update since the
United States launched major counterterrorist missions in 2001.

The “DOD Law of War Program” directive was signed May 9 by Deputy Defense
Secretary Gordon England. It updates the policies and responsibilities set forth in a 1998
policy designed to ensure that the Defense Department complies with the Geneva
Conventions; it also provides guidance for reporting violations committed by or against
U.S. personnel.

The 1949 Geneva Conventions were established to provide a legal framework for the
treatment of detainees during hostilities between two states. Human rights groups and
foreign governments have criticized the Bush administration for not initially according
Taliban fighters in Afghanistan Geneva Conventions protections. The U.S. government
has also maintained that members of al Qaeda are not party to any sovereign state and are
therefore not covered by the treaty. These actions set the stage for the detention of
individuals the U.S. government suspects are terrorists in a military prison in
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

The prisoner abuse scandal at Abu Ghraib, where U.S. soldiers and private contractors
were found to have tortured Iraqi detainees, raised questions about how well acquainted
American forces are with their obligations under the laws of war.

The new directive accounts for the growing presence of private contractors in U.S.
missions, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan. Work statements for civilians employed
by private firms hired by the military must stipulate that “contractors comply with the
policies contained in this directive,” the document states. These firms also are “required
to institute and implement effective programs to prevent violations of the law of war by
their employees and subcontractors, including law of war training and dissemination,” it
continues.

The nine-page document sets out DOD policy “to comply with the law of war during all
armed conflicts” and “in all other military operations.” It also directs a range of senior
military officers and civilians to implement an “effective program to prevent violations”
of the law of war. Also, the directive reassigns the Army secretary as the executive agent
for investigation and reporting of incidents against U.S. personnel and sets forth avenues
for contractors to make known to military commanders violations of the law of war
within their areas of responsibility. -- Jason Sherman

Inside the Pentagon, Vol. 22, No. 20, May 18, 2006
INSIDE THE PENTAGON - www.InsideDefense.com - May 18, 2006

				
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