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Cold War (PowerPoint)

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					The Cold War: An
Overview of U.S.
 Foreign Policy
             1. Definition
• “non-hostile belligerency”
• Ideology or geopolitics?
          Characteristics

• A Global (and Cosmic) Struggle
  –Two Scorpions
• The Nuclear Dimension
  –Two porcupines
• A Zero-Sum game
  – Two Theologies
              Beginnings




• World War II: Allies and Rivals?
• New U.S. conceptions of national security
     Periods of the Cold War
• 1. 1947-63 “Classic Cold War”

• Actually three phases:
  – 1947-53
  – 1953-58
  – 1958-63
• 2. 1963-79 Détente
• 3. 1979-84 The “Second Cold War”
• 4. Détente, again. 1984-89
U.S. Foreign Policy in the Cold War
 Over-arching themes:
  U.S. rejection of isolationism
  Key paradigms:
     “Munich”, “Pearl Harbor”, “Versailles”
  Perception of threat from USSR-led
  Communism
  Fear of ideological and cultural penetration
  Zero-sum games and Falling Dominoes
  Containment
• Origins and Evolution of
  Containment
  –Economic
  –Military
  –NSC-68
  –Korean War
  –Subversion and
    Covert Activity
• Eisenhower’s “New
  Look”
• “Rollback”
• Massive Retaliation
  and Asymmetric
  Response
• Brinkmanship
• Covert activity
• Support for status quo
  in Asia, Middle East
  and the Americas
Let every nation know, whether it wishes
us well or ill, that we shall pay any price,
bear any burden, meet any hardship,
support any friend, oppose any foe, to
secure the survival and success of
liberty…”
• Kennedy and the
  rhetoric of victory
• Flexible Response
• Calibration and
  gradual escalation
• Arms build-up and
  Alliance for
  Progress
• Cuban Missile Crisis
  and the fear of loss
  of control
• Hotline and the
  beginnings of
  Détente
• The problem of
  Vietnam: honor our
  commitments or the
  world goes up in
  smoke
•   Détente and the Prague Spring
•   The United States and Israel
•   The Race to the Moon
•   Nixon and Détente
•Linkage and Rapprochement
•The Quagmire of Vietnam
•Dissent on the Streets, Revisionism in
Academia
• Realpolitik
• Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
• The Over-selling of Détente
• Helsinki 1975
• Carter and Human
  Rights
• North-South versus
  East-West
• Committee on
  Clear and Present
  Danger
• Afghanistan and
  the Demise of
  Détente
• Iran and the
  Demise of Carter
•   The New Cold War
•   Negotiating from Strength
•   The “Evil Empire”
•   A Policy of Squeeze?
• The beginnings of a
  new détente
• SDI
• Iran-Contra
• Mikhail Gorbachev
• Renewal of Summit
  Diplomacy
• Malta Conference and the End of
  the Cold War
• What was it all about?
• Central themes in U.S. conduct
  of the Cold War

				
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posted:12/31/2011
language:English
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