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Civil War PPT

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					Civil War
  5th Grade
Social Studies
Introduction
   A civil war is a war between people who
    live in the same country.
   The American civil war was fought between
    the North and the South states.
   It lasted from 1861-1865.
   The war was triggered by the election of
    Abraham Lincoln in 1860.
What started it?
   The North and the South
    disagreed about Slavery
       The Southern states believed
        they had the right to own
        slaves.
       The Northern states believed
        that slaves should be free.
   Southern states wanted to
    secede (leave) the United
    States.
       The Northern states said that
        no state could leave the
        Union.
       The South believed they had
        to right to secede.
Abraham Lincoln
   One of the most
    remembered and
    influential people in
    the Civil War.
   President of the
    United States
   Opposed slavery
   Believed in staying as
    one nation, not as
    individual states.
Ulysses S. Grant
                      General of the
                       Northern army that
                       defeated the South.
                      Opposed to slavery.
                      Became President
                       later in life.
Frederick Douglass
   Former slave who
    escaped, came North,
    and opposed slavery.
   Great writer who made
    many speeches
    against slavery and
    the war.
Jefferson Davis
                     President of the
                      Confederate states.
                     Wanted the South and
                      Union to be separated.
                     Wrote Rise and Fall of
                      the Confederate
                      Government in 1881.
Robert E. Lee
   Leader of the Confederate
    Army in Northern Virginia
   Offered command of
    Union troops, but chose
    not to fight against
    Virginia.
   Opposed secession
   Urged Southerners to
    accept defeat and reunite.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
                   One of the most
                    skilled Confederate
                    generals, from
                    Virginia.
                   Earned the nick name
                    “Stonewall” because
                    he refused to let his
                    troops back down.
                       General Barnard said he
                        was “like a stone wall.”
Famous Battles
   Fort Sumter (April 12, 1861)
       Confederate victory
   Battle at Bull Run (July 21, 1861)
       Confederate victory
   Shiloh (April 6, 1862)
       Confederate victory
   Antietam (September 16, 1862)
       Confederate victory
   Gettysburg (July 1, 1863)
       Union victory
   Vicksburg (July 4, 1863)
       Union victory
Major Events of the War
   The Emancipation Proclamation, in 1863,
    made “freeing the slaves” the focus of the war.
   In the Gettysburg Address on November 19,
    1863, Lincoln said the Civil War was to preserve
    a government “of the people, by the people, and
    for the people.”
   General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General
    Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9,
    1865, ending the Civil War.
Constitutional Changes
                    Amendment 13 -
                     Abolishment of
                     Slavery.
                    Amendment 14 -
                     Equal protection of
                     laws for all races.
                    Amendment 15 -
                     Voting rights for all
                     men.

				
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posted:12/31/2011
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