Literature by yaosaigeng



Activity: Food stamps
Age: 15 months – 5 years

Different colour of paint (about four)
Trays to put the paint in
Potatoes, apples

Method: Cut the potatoes and apples. Once that is all done and the art table is
set I would place the potatoes and apples in a colour. Then allow the child to pick
any one and start to stamp.

Extensions: Display the pictures on the wall and place the whole fruit in front of
the pictures.

Activity: Finger painting on paper with the outline of fruits and vegtables.
Age: 15months-5years

Large pieces of white paper cut in the shapes of fruit and vegetables. Three
different paint colours (yellow, green and red)

Method: Four chairs will be placed around a table with smocks placed on the
back of each chair. There will be a piece of paper at each spot. The bottles of
paint will not be on the table, but rather the educator will ask the child what colour
he or she would like and then squirt it onto the paper when the child is ready.
Each child may use as many colours as they would like.

Suppertime for Frieda Fuzzypaws Author: Cindy Szekeres Length: 14 pp

Storyline: Frieda, a kitten, will not eat her supper of beans and macaroni, but
would like a cookie. Her parents persist through all of her distractions and allow a
cookie after supper only. When she does eat her supper, she receives a cookie.
Illustrations: Lovely pencil crayon drawings with warm colors with clear facial
and body expressions on the cats.

Suitability: Toddler age. Great for relating to feelings of not wanting to eat and
understanding that we need to eat a variety of foods for a nutritious meal.

Related Activities: Prepare and eat macaroni and cheese.
Older children: have the children draw their own cookie, just like Frieda! Then
ask, where does the cookie go when you eat it?

You are what you eat, by Sharon Gordon
Age: Infants and toddlers

Method: Sit on a rocking chair with the child in your arms wrapped in a blanket.
Rock back and forth as you read the story with a quiet voice. This story is simple
and has a lot of pictures

Extensions: Read a nursery rhyme such as Little Miss Muffet, or sing a song with
the infant.

The Gingerbread man Author: Eric A. Kimmel Length: 11
Age: 3-5 years old

Storyline: A little old woman bakes a gingerbread man. The little old women and
the little old man got hungry, but when the gingerbread man was finished baking
he jumped out of the pan out the window saying, “You can’t catch me I am the
gingerbread man.” The gingerbread man runs through town. He then gets to the
river and can’t get an across. A fox comes out of the woods and offers to help
him across the river but when he gets to the other side the fox eats the
gingerbread man.

Illustrations: Very colourful, realistic and cartoon like. Also goes right along with
the story line.

Suitability: For any age range. This book would be good for a group because we
can talk about the story and the surprise at the end. This book is enjoyed by
children because of the repetition.

Extensions: We can build gingerbread man like the one in the book
Activity: Playing recorded music
Age: 6-15 mths

Pureed kiwi, plain yogurt
Lively recorded music, such as Celtic or Caribbean, and lullabies

Method: Play lively music while we taste kiwi. Say words describing the taste like
tart, ooo! and sour using dramatic facial expressions. Play a lullaby while eating
yogurt. Say words like smooth, yum creamy using gentle body movements.

Extensions: Play lively music and have a coarse textured piece of material for the
infants to crawl over.
Play a lullaby and draw silky material over the infant. Allow them to creep and
crawl on the material.

Source: Anne Green Gilbert, Creative Dance Centre

Activity: Raffi song: “ I like to eat, eat, eat…”
Age: 3-5 years

Small mats that have been placed in a semi-circle for each child to sit on.

During circle time the children can sing this song.
First verse: “ I like to eat, eat, eat, apples and bananas” (x2)
Second verse: “ I like to oat, oat, oat, opples and banonoes” (x2)
Third verse: “ I like to ike, ike, ike, ikles and baninies” (x2)
There are many different sounds the educator can use for this song, it all
depends on how long you want the song to go.

Extensions: Have a felt board up with different fruits and vegetables along the
outside and a bowel in the middle, as you sing the song you can move the fruit
into the center fruit bowl. This way the children are able to match the word with
the picture.

Activity: Purple stew
Age: 15 months –5 years old

Purple blanket
Purple vegetables
Song lyrics

Method: Place the purple blanket in the middle of the children in circle time. Get
one child to sit in the middle of the purple blanket and get them to say their
favourite vegetable. Add that vegetable.

Extensions: The children can make their own purple stew at the art table. They
can glue or draw or paint their own purple stew and vegetables.

Lyrics :

Making a purple stew, whip, whip
Whip Whip Whip (pretend to stir a huge bowl, circular motion with arms)
Making a purple stoobie-doobie-oobie-doobie
Purple potatoes, and purple tomatoes and (pretend to throw things in from over
your shoulder)
You in my purple stew. (person in middle points to someone)
Fancy meeting you in my purple stew. (the two shake hands)

Everyone stands in a circle while one person stands in the middle. While you are singing
the song perform the actions. When you say "You in my purple stew" the person in the
middle points to someone and that person joins the middle. On "Fancy meeting you..."
the person who was just pulled into the circle shakes hands with the person who brought
him there.

Language Arts
Activity: Hear My voice
Age: 3-5 yr olds

Tape recorder and tape

Record each child biting into different textured food during free play. Keep track
of what you are recording. During circle children listen to the sounds and guess
which food goes with each sound.

Record the group making up a story with each sound of biting fruit. Listen to the
story afterwards.
Activity: Feeding and milking the cow
Age: 15 months – 4 years

Stuffed Toy Cows (one per child)

Method: Sing the following song and do the related actions with the toy cows
such as: holding out open palm to feed, squishing the cow to milk.

Did you feed my Cow?

Did you feed my cow?
Yes maam!
Could you tell me how?
Yes maam!
What did you feed her?
Corn and hay.
What did you feed her?
Corn and hay.

Did you milk her good?
Yes maam!
Did you milk her like you should?
Yes maam!
How did you milk her?
Squish, squish, squish.
How did you milk her?
Squish, squish, squish.

Extensions: Drink a bottle of milk

Activity: A trip to the Vegetable Farm
Age: 2 years and up

Materials: Shoes, Coats, Muddy Buddies, Parent Drivers

Call your local farm and ask for time that you can come for a tour. Have the
parents sign permission slip and put out a sign out sheet for volunteers, talk with
the children during the week before and prepare them, tell them where you will
be going. Assign children to the parent drivers to ensure everyone has a ride
When it comes time to go, take attendance and make sure each child goes with
their assigned driver and every child has a partner. Take attendance again when
you arrive at the farm to make sure every child has arrived safely and again
before you leave the farm.
Hopefully children will be able to see and touch vegetables right in the garden.
Purchase some vegetables with the children to take back to the centre.

Extensions: You can brainstorm some vegetables that you might see at the farm

Activity: A field trip to an apple orchard
Age: 3+ years

Materials: shoes, coats, plastic ice cream pails, and parent drivers

Call the orchard and arrange for a tour during the week.
Post a sign-up sheet for interested parents to volunteer as drivers
Give parents permission slips when their child is dropped off a week before the
field trip.
Collect permission slips from parents
Talk to the children about the field trip to the apple orchard throughout the week
to prepare them for the visit.
Assign children to parent drivers.
Make sure children are all safely in the vehicles with their assigned drivers.
Take attendance upon arrival at the orchard.
Take attendance before departing from the orchard, after the tour.
Walk through the orchard. Talk about the different kinds of apples growing. Have
a picnic and eat some apples. Buy some apples from the farm to take back to the

Extensions: Sing the song: “Apples and Bananas.” Bake an apple pie or apple

Activity: Picking blackberries for smoothies.

Age: 3.5 years and up

Materials: Appropriate sized gloves for the children and adults to wear to avoid
being pricked by thorns. Baskets, cups, or buckets for collecting berries.

Milk, sugar, ice cubes, blender, and cups at the centre for creating smoothies.

Method: Have a discussion with the children about different types of berries,
where they can be found, and the different treats that can be made using berries.
Inform the children that you will all be going to pick blackberries and that they
must be gentle pickers, as the bushes have thorns. Take the children in small
groups if necessary. Inform the children that when they have collected lots of
berries, we will use them to make blackberry smoothies to have with afternoon
snack or with lunch etc.


               1 cup cold milk

               1/2 cup fresh or frozen blackberries

               2 tablespoons sugar

               Ice cubes

Directions: Place in blender, cover, start on puree speed then push blend speed
until smooth and ice is dissolved. This recipe for Blackberry Smoothie
serves/makes 1.

 Extensions: Place all the leftover berries in a large bin of some sort. Encourage
the children to remove their shoes and socks and step into the bin, crushing the
berries. Explain that this is how some people make wine. You may want to put
paper down and encourage the children to make “berry footprints”.

Science and Math
Activity: Fruit Salad
Age: 3 years and up

7 pieces of banana
6 slices of apples
8 slices of orange
1 bowl
1 wooden spoon
3Tbsp plain yogurt
1tsp vanilla

Method: Place all the fruit into the bowl and mix with the wooden spoon, add the
plain yogurt and vanilla over the fruit when adding the fruit get the children to
count the pieces as they add them into the bowl. Stir the salad 10 times and

Extensions: Have a Picnic
            Think of other fruit you can add to the salad
Activity: Grapes to raisins
Age: 2+ years

Materials: a food dehydrator, and a bag of grapes

Have a discussion with the group of children about the fact that a raisin used to
be a grape.
Invite children to participate in a science experiment.
Write all the children’s names on pieces of masking tape.
Tape them to the outside of the dehydrator.
Have the child match their name with where they place their grape.
Turn the dehydrator on low and observe over a 2-3 day period what happens to
the grapes.
Once they have turned into raisins allow the children to eat them.
Have a discussion about the experience.

Talk about other fruits and try dehydrating them.
Make a fruit salad with a bunch of different fruits.

Activity: “Counting Potato” song.

Age: 2.5 - 5 years of age.

Materials: An assortment of different vegetables or fruits, keeping in mind that
every child in group needs one of each. One or two (depending on size of group)
big buckets or containers.

Method: During circle time or outside play, ask the children to sit in a close
circle. Give each child a vegetable/fruit. Place a bucket in the middle of the circle.
Ask the children if they know the one potato, two potatoes song. Tell the children
that you will sing the song and when you call out a name, that child places their
potato in the bucket. Encourage the children to sing with you.

“One potato (Anna), two potatoes (Carl), three potatoes (Sarah), four! (Jack), five
potatoes (Jessica), six potatoes (Ben), seven potatoes (Brynne), more! (Ryan)”
etc. Use a variety of vegetables or fruits.

Extensions: Prepare a fruit salad with the children. Ask each child how many
pieces of fruit they have cut up (plastic knives), and encourage the children to
guess how many pieces of fruit are going into the salad.
Creative Movement
Activity: Jack and the bean stock
Age: 3 years and up

4 Paper bag
15 green paper leaves
Masking Tape

Method: Twist paper bags, and staple them together to form a bean stalk. Staple
green leaves onto the stalk and hang from a high place at one end of the room.
Make a magic line with some masking tape and have children sit on the line.
Have the children individually pretend they are Jack tip toeing quietly towards the
bean stalk. At the bean stalk, the child then pretends to climb up to get the
beans. Encourage the child to lift their knees and use their arms while climbing.
Then you and the other children say, "The Giant is Coming!" The child now
becomes the giant, walking backwards; with large heavy giant steps until they are
safely back on their magic line.

Extensions: You can read the story of Jack and the Bean Stock
             You can bring in some beans for the children to taste.
Activity: Ice cream making
Age: 2+ years


   •   1 cup whole milk
   •   1 cup half and half
   •   1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract
   •   1/2 cup sugar
   •   about 2 pounds of ice
   •   1 cup coarse salt
   •   Water
   •   1 quart-sized baggie that seals
   •   1 gallon-sized baggie that seals
   •   mixing bowl
   •   mixing spoon
   •   duct tape
   •   towel
   •   bowls and spoons for serving ice cream

          1. Educator mixes whole milk, half and half, vanilla, and sugar in large
          2. Pour the mixture into a quart-sized baggie.
          3. Squeeze out the excess air and seal the baggie with duct tape so it
             doesn't leak.
          4. Put the quart-sized baggie into the gallon-sized baggie and fill it in
             with ice, water, and about 1 cup coarse salt. Adding salt to the ice
             helps make the ice cream get colder, faster. The children can help
             with this if possible.
          5. Squeeze the air out of the big baggie and seal it closed with duct
             tape so that the baggie won't leak.
          6. Pass the bag around and allow all children to jump around and
             shake the bag as much as possible for 10 minutes. Can play music
             during this process, for children to dance to.
          7. Remove small baggie, and cut corner to squeeze ice cream into
          8. Bon appetite!

Add fruit to the ice cream
A field trip to Dairy Queen

Activity: Animal dinner-break song, with movement.

Age: 2.5 - 5 years of age.

Materials: On hand, you may want to have a book about what different animals
eat. You may want to have some pictures, or a variety of plastic animals on hand.

Method: During circle time or during outside play, have a discussion with the
children about food and it’s importance to a healthy body. Discuss with the
children how this concept applies to animals as well. Ask the children what their
pets eat and what farm animals eat, etc. Ask the children to join you in moving
their bodies like different animals, while singing the following song: (to the tune of
“The Farmer In The Dell”), changing the animal after each verse.

“We’re moving like a bear, We’re moving like a bear” (move bodies like a bear

“We’re stopping for a dinner break” (freeze body positions)

“What might the bear now make?” (encourage children to call out their ideas)
Extensions: Take a field trip to the petting zoo at Beacon Hill Park, and ask the
children to notice what the animals are eating.

Adopt a pet to live in the centre and give the children turns feeding the animal
each day

Dramatic Play
Activity: A Pizza Parlor
Age: 2 years and up

Pizza Boxes
A Phone
A table
4 chairs
Cash register
Play money
Beige Felt circle for pizza crust
Felt for meat (pepperoni, ham, bacon)
Felt for vegetables (mushrooms, green peppers, pineapple)
Orange felt for the cheese
4 plates
4 plastic cups
Table cloth

Method: Place the table in the middle of the dramatic play room with the 4 chairs
around the table and the table cloth on top of the table. Place the plates and
plastic cups in front of the chairs on the table. On side of the room place the
pizza crust, meat, vegetables, cheese and pizza boxes on a table or stove.

You can introduce the new pizza parlor during circle time after singing “I am A
Pizza”. Encourage children to try different roles of customer and pizza maker.

Extensions:   You can make a pizza in the centre
              You can visit a local pizza parlor

Activity: Playdough Baking
Age: 2+ years

  • Brown playdough
   •   Baking sheet
   •   Muffin sheet
   •   Rolling pins
   •   Plastic knives, spoons and forks
   •   Cookie cutters
   •   Plastic plates
   •   Cardboard box with cuts where the arrows appear. Punch two holes, just
       below the horizontal line and loop a piece of string through to make a
       handle. This can be used as an oven.

Method: Set out all materials on a table during free play. Have all of the
materials set out and ready to use. Place the oven on a smaller table just off to
the side. Allow children to bake and use the materials as they wish.

Extensions: Bake cookies or muffins Add sand or sparkles to the playdough.

Activity: “Farm Theme,” in the dramatic play area.

Age: 2 - 6 years of age.

Materials: Many following items should be child sized items (use discretion):

Hats, gloves, overalls, suspenders, boots, Watering cans, buckets, containers,
wheelbarrow, wagon, plastic gardening tools. Plastic fruits and vegetables, empty
cereal boxes, canned fruit and veggie labels, play compost container, plastic
utensils and dinnerware.

Empty seed packages, (perhaps real seeds), other natural flowers or seeds
(acorns, pinecones), books relating to the theme. Green/brown carpet, tissue
paper, or felt floor covering. Real soil container.

Play tractors, trucks, wagons, scarecrow.
Method: Introduce farming ideas to the children the day/week before you set up
the dramatic play area. Discuss some of the machinery or procedures that
farmers might use. Discuss the foods that farmers grow and ask the children if
they have eaten these foods. You might take the children on a field trip to a farm
and then set up the Farm materials. Choose an area where the children will have
lots of room to move around and try on the different farm clothes etc. Have lots of
materials on hand to accommodate your group. Be involved in the activity and
ask questions such as: “How would a farmer use that tool?” or “When you are
finished “growing” that, will you eat it for dinner?”


Create a gardening area outside/inside the centre. Involve the children in planting
safe flowers or vegetables. Tend the garden and involve the children in weeding
or watering the garden. Measure the plants and keep a record of how fast they
grow, how tall, etc.

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