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centennial

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 44

									100 Years of Naval Aviation




                              1
Langley’s flying machine




                           2
First flight of the Wright Flyer 1, Orville piloting,
Wilbur running at wingtip.




                                                        3
Washington Irving Chambers,1856 – 1934




                                     4
         Glenn Curtis




The A-1 “Triad” hydroaeroplane.

                                  5
6
                  Early 1911
• January - 1st Carrier landing
• January – 1st Curtis Hydroaeroplane flight
• March – 1st Funds allocated for “experimental
  work in the development of aviation for naval
  purposes”.
• March – 1st Marine Pilot – Lt. Alfred Cunningham
• May – 8 This date upon which the Navy ordered
  its first airplane has been officially proclaimed to
  be the birthday of Naval Aviation.


                                                     7
The First Carrier Landing




                            8
Arresting gear worked!




                         9
Hydroaeroplane First Flight




                              10
          The Pre WW I Years
• Continued Development:
•   Catapults
•   Instrumentation; e.g., Sperry Gyroscope
•   Wind Tunnel
•   Seaplanes
•   Aviation Medicine
• Naval Aeronautic Station Pensacola, FL
• Quantanamo Bay Aviation Camp
•    Anti-submarine Warfare

                                              11
    GUANTANAMO BAY AVIATION CAMP




NAVAL AERONAUTIC STATION PENSACOLA, FL




                                         12
WW 1 – Navy N-9 Trainer




                          13
WW 1 – Antisubmarine Warfare




                           14
   At WW 1 War’s End - 11/18
• The strength of Naval Aviation had grown
  to a force of:
•    6,716 Naval Officers (48 pilots, 4/17)
• 30,693 Navy enlisted men
•      282 Marine Corps Officers
•    2,180 Marine enlisted units
•    2,107 aircraft (54 aircraft, 4/17)
•    Numerous lighter-than-air craft
                                              15
Carrier Aviation - USS Langley (CV-1)




                                        16
Vought VE-7 / VF-2




                     17
USS Lexington CV-2




                     18
1st Monoplane fighter – F2A




                              19
Naval Aviation Thru The Years




                                20
NAVY SNJ - A/F AT6




                     21
War in the Pacific




                     22
War Plan Orange




                  23
The Essex Class Carriers – CV9




                             24
USS Hornet – Doolittle Raid




                              25
         Coral Sea Battle
United States                Japan

STRENGTH                   STRENGTH
2 fleet carriers           2 fleet carriers
 Lexington & Yorktown      1 Light Carrier
128 carrier aircraft.      127 carrier aircraft.

LOSSES                     LOSSES
1 Fleet carrier scuttled   1 Light carrier sunk
   Lexington
1 Fleet carrier damaged    1 Fleet carrier damaged
   Yorktown
69 Aircraft                92 Aircraft




                                                     26
         Battle of Midway
 United States             Japan
STRENGTH                STRENGTH
3 fleet carriers        4 fleet carriers
 Enterprise, Hornet &
 Yorktown
233 carrier aircraft.   248 carrier aircraft.
127 land based a/c      16 float planes
LOSSES                  LOSSES
1 Fleet carrier sunk    4 Fleet carriers sunk
   Yorktown
                        248 carrier aircraft

150 aircraft (?)



                                                27
F4F Wildcats




               28
TBD-1 Devastator




                   29
SBD Dauntless




                30
               Transitions
•   WW II to Korea to Vietnam to Gulf Wars
•   Propeller A/C to Jet Propelled
•   Straight Wing Jets to Swept Wing
•   Aircraft Carrier Design
•      Angled Deck
•      Steam Catapults
•      Optical Landing System
•      Nuclear Propulsion
                                             31
F3D Skynight – Early 50’s




                            32
F4D Skyray – Mid 50’s




                        33
               Naval Aviation
                Mishap Rate
     776 aircraft
     destroyed in                    FY 50-97
        1954
60                  Angled decks
                         Aviation Safety Center                              39 aircraft
50                                                                        destroyed in
                                Naval Aviation Maintenance Program              1996
                                established in 1959 (NAMP)
40
                                       RAG concept initiated
30                                           NATOPS Program initiated 1961
                                                   Squadron Safety program
20
                                                         System Safety
                                                         Designated Aircraft
                                                                                 1.84
10
                                                                       ACT
 0
50




                            65




                                                    80




                                                                            96
FY
USS Princeton




                35
USS Antietam




               36
Landing Signal Officer
      (Paddles)




                         37
Optical Landing System




                         38
USS Enterprise - CVN 65




                          39
Naval Aviation Today




                       40
Chinese Carrier Concept




                          41
F/A 18 Self-controlled Landing




                                 42
                         Credits
• 100 Years of U.S. Navy Air Power
• Edited by Douglas V. Smith
• Forward by G.H.W. Bush

• DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORY AND
  HERITAGE COMMAND
• Naval Aviation Publications
• United States Naval Aviation 1910-1995 (12 parts)

• Wikipedia

• Naval Aviation News 1943- Spring 2011

                                                      43
FH-1 – USS Saipan (CVL)




                          44

								
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