HEYWOOD NOTES _ QUERIES by wuzhenguang




     (Reprinted from the "Heywood Advertiser .")

      CONDUCTED BY           .   A . GREEN .

VOL. I .]                                    [No . I .

       {    ribav, 3 rnuar       13th, 1905.

    These Notes and Queries are intended as a
  means of communication between persons in-
  terested in the bygones of Heywood and dis-
  trict . The present times, however, will not
  be neglected, as we shall welcome any items of
  interest . Notes on local worthies, past events,
 paragraphs from old papers, folk-lore, epitaphs,
 .and poems will be most acceptable . Old
 Heywoodites who are squandered about the
 world may send us their recollections of old
 days and descriptions of their present snr-
 reundings . Such notes are sure to be perused
 with sympathetic interest by readers of our
 Notes and Queries .

  We think it a fitting opening to reprint the
following homely poem by the late John Hey-
wood, who also wrote several hymns accom-
panied by his own tunes . The best known is
"Sabbath schools are England's glory," which
bas achieved a wide reputation . A fuller note
ork the author may be written for a future
number .

     [1 .]-ST . LUKE'S OLD CHURCH .
             By JOHN HEYWOOD .
  Some fifty years it's been my lot,
    To pass life's somewhat chequered scene,
  A little distance from the spot
    Where lately stood, with modest mien,
           St . Luke's Old Church .
  No lofty spire sprang from its base,
    No Gothic sculpture marked its walls ;
  Yet much I loved the humble place,
    For first I heard sweet gospel calls
            In that Old Church .
    It's Sabbath bell, with usage meet-
  Calling for worship to prepare-
    Has seemed to bid my willing feet
  To enter oft, for praise and prayer,
            St . Luke's Old Church .
  The holy vow from humble heart
    Uplifted by a prayerful tongue,
  Has often made the tear to start
    When Heaven's high praises have been sung
           In that Old Church .
  How oft on Old December's Eve
    Thy bell hath toli'd a farewell note-
  The waning year has made me grieve,
    While all my soul was wrapt in thought
            In that Old Church .
  Beside my door in thoughtful mood
    I heard the knell of '59-
  Knell of the parting year-I stood,
    Regretting that 'twos also thine*
           St . Luke's Old Church .
  I grieve to see a noble tree
    Uprooted from its native earth,
  Nor could I less regret to see,
    Thy walls thrown down as little worth
            St . Luke's Old Church .

        But many relics which exist
          In cottage homes I love to see- .
        A picture, cupboard, shelf, or chest,

          As heirlooms of respect for theet
                 St . Luke's Old Church .

        Nor can I disregard the dust
          Which "rests in hope" of full reward-
        The silent dead, whose hope and trust
          Was firmly fixed in Christ their Lord-
                 Now buried here .

        Here sleep the generations passed ;**
          The men who toiled in days of yore-
        Who courted wealth, or honour chased,
          Or clothed and fed the village poor-
                 Rest in this yard .

        Twelve years have only run their round
          And swell'd the tide of years before,
        Since one was laid beneath the ground
          Whose fame was known in village lore,
                  Near this churchyard .

        His homestead was a whiten'd cot,
          Well stored with birds of varied hue ;
        Where loitering schoolboys often sought
          To take a stol'u, yet welcome, view,
                  Near this churchyard .

        On summer days I've often stroll'd
          Under the hawthorn's welcome shade, '+
        Noting the newly-shifted mould,
          'Neath which some friend had just been laid
                 In this churchyard .

        Fond mem'ry still recalls the scenes
          Of bounding joy or deep distress
        Which, alternating, were the means
          My spirits to lighten or depress
                  In this churchyard .

        What though no "Village Hampden's" grave
          May grace the dust around the place ;
        Or hero proud, or warrior brave,
          Engraved on headstone now we trace,
                 In this churchyard.

        Yet, here rest those whose virtuous worth
          Was honour'd, ere they came to die,-
        Whose ardent faith and love of truth
          Were proved by those who near them lie,
                 In this churchyard .

  Here sleep in peace the pious dead,
    Here too could I contented rest,
  With those I lov'd to lay my head,
    And with their blessing to be blest
            In this churchyard .
  Let others, who are fond of change,
    Expatiate in all things new ;
  My thoughts will still delight to range
    With those who lov'd, however few,
           St . Luke's Old Church .
  *It was for a long time customary for the
bell of St . Luke's to ring from a quarter to
twelve to a quarter past on New Year's Eve,
and it thus rang for the last time on New
Year's Eve, 1859 .
  ±Many parishioners secured portions of wood
when the Church was taken down, and had
various articles of furniture made from them .
  **There are 37,915 interments registered in
the burial registers of St . Luke's Church .
  'The writer well remembers a large haw-
thorn which formerly grew at the east end of
the churchyard, and distinctly recollects stand-
ing by the side of it in the year 1812, when a
mob passed along Church-street on their way
to the Middleton fight .
was Josiah Nuttall, naturalist, or ornithologist
as he fondly called himself . His excellence as
a taxidermist attracted the notice of William
Bullock, the renowned Mexican traveller and
naturalist, who had a museum at Liverpool
about 1810. 11r. Bullock engaged Josiah as
"'bird stuffer," and his great skill in giving a
life-like appearance to any bird he preserved
brought him the notice of Royalty . After the
dispersal of Mr. Bullock's collection Mr . Nut-
tall remained in Liverpool till he had realised
a competency, when he retired to his native -
town, where he settled next door to the Queen
Anne Inn, Heywood . He possessed a good
collection of British and foreign birds, which
was a great attraction to residents and visi-
tors . Leo H . Grindon, in a passage comment-
ing on the longevity of naturalists, names
Josiah Nuttall of Heywood as an instance . As
Mr . Nuttall grew older he devoted much time
    to reading, and, after various attempts at writ-
    ing in metre, at last persuaded himself that
    he was a poet . He wrote in ten cantos "A
    wild rhapsody and incoherent remonstrance,
    abruptly written on seeing Haydon's cele-
    brated picture of Belshazzar's Feast ." Hey-
    wood : 1845 . 8vo ., pp . 140 . There is a copy
    of this curious work in the Manchester Refer-
     ence Library . The author himself calls the
    papers "uncouth and unique," and, to be ap-
    preciated, he would require a reader as deter-
    mined as Charles Lamb, who blessed his star
     for a taste so catholic that he could read
     almost anything . Nuttall died at Heywood,
     September 6th, 1849, aged 78 . John Heywood
     referred to Nuttalt in his poem on St . Luke's
     Old Church in the ten lines commencing :
       "Twelve years have only run their round ."
                                    J.   A.   GREEN .

        [3 .]-HEXWOOD'S LARGEST MAN .
      In the "Heywood Advertiser" of July 25th,
    1890, it is stated that "last Friday there died
    at Mine-street, Hooley Bridge, James Ash-
    worth, who had gained for himself the
    notoriety of being the largest man in Hey-
    wood . He was 60 years of age, and a tarter
    by trade ; and his weight was nearly 20 score
    (28 stone) . His coffin, which was of polished
    oak, measured 6ft . Tin . long, 2ft. Tin . wide,
    and lft . 111n deep .
                .             The interment took
    place at Bamford Chapel, and was witnessed
    by a large number of persons . Mr . J . Twelves
    was the undertaker ."


r      [4 .]-FIRE AT THE CANAL WHARF .

      Will some reader of Heywood Notes and
k   Queries kindly give me the particulars of the
    dir-astrous fire at the Canal Wharf which took
    place about 1S70 ; the extent - of the damage,
    and the length of time during which the fire
                                         ALTS   VOLO.
        [5 .]-REV . CHARLES ELY .
  I possess a copy of "A sermon, preached in
the Independent Chapel, at Bury, in Lanca-
sbire, December 24th, 1797, on the death of
Mrs . Mary Chadwick, aged 36 years .      By
Charles Ely . Bury : 1798 ." Is anything
known of the author?
                               J. A.   GEEEN .

  The scare caused recently by the exploits of
the Hexham wolf has excited various corre-
spondents to relate other stories of animals
escaping from menageries . I have some recol-
lection of a wolf escaping from a travelling
menagerie in Heywood aver twenty years ago .
I should be glad to have an account of this
incident .
                                       G. J.
   Aftthai, 3anitnrg 27th, 1905 .

                  NOTES .
       [7 .]_MIDDLETON FIGHT, 1812 .
  "Middleton Fight," which is referred to in
one of the footnotes to Mr . Heywood's poem
on St . Luke's Old Church, is graphically des-
cribed in "Early Days" by Samuel Bamford .
This work was printed by John Heywood,
Market-street, Heywood, in 1849 .
  Bamford was working in Manchester at the
time of the fight,, but as he lived in Middleton
he was able to get full particulars of the riot .
He gives 20th of April, 181.2, as the date of
the fight, which was renewed the day after,
and much loss of life and property resulted .
The following extract from the account of the
second day's fight shows the murderous inten-
tion of the rioters :-
    "On my way to Middleton that evening,
  I met individuals on the road who were re-
  turning to Manchester with fragments of
  picture frames and mahogany goods in their
  hands . The mob had indeed been desperately
  bent on destruction that day, but, more wary
  than on the day preceding, they had divided
  their forces, and whilst one strong party
  threatened the factory, and by that means
  detained the militia at that post, others went
  to the houses of certain of thee workmen who
  had defended the factory the day before, and
  not finding them at home had piled their fur-
  niture in the street and had destroyed it by
  fire . In this manner the furniture of one
  cottage at Back-o'th',Brow -and that of two
  others at the Club Houses were destroyed .
  The snob, it should be understood, was on
  this day armed with guns, scythes, old
  swords, bludgeons, and pitchforks . A party
  of colliers from the neighbourhoods of
  Oldham and Hollinwood carried mattocks,
   and with these tools were in the act of
  knocking the end of a house down when they
  were called off to another place. The house
   of Mr. E . Burton, Parkfield, was the first
   object that attracted their vengeance. It
  had been abandoned by the family . The mob
   immediately ransacked the whole building,
   after which it was set on fire and burned to
   the ground ."
 The rest of the story should be read in the
  original work, a copy of which will be found
 in the Heywood Co-operative Library .
                                   J . A . GREEN.
    Before he became Coroner for the borough
 of Bolton-an office he filled from June, 1839,
 until his retirement in flay, 1879 (when he
 was succeeded by one of his sons, who died
 two years ago)-the late Mr . John Taylor was
 well-known in South-East Lancashire as an
 amateur actor of considerable ability, and in
 that connection he made the personal acquaint-
 ance of some of the leading actors and
 actresses of the day . In his Autobiography
there is a reference to Heywood, as follows : -
   I opened my office on the 4th February, 1834,
 in Fold-street, Boltoa, and gradually obtained
 such little business as young attorneys were
 at that day ordinarily entrusted with-suing
 for small debts, now and then making a small
cenveyarce, but receiving little confidence from
 clients . I was quiet as to my acting for a
 time until I got drawn into an excursion to
 Ileywood on the 18th April, 1837, to star in
ccantany with some old members of the Bolton
 Theatre, who were struggling for bread and
 salt at the above manufacturing village ; now
much more populous . I was there announced
as "an eminent tragedian front the Royal Vic-
toria Theatre, London, whose professional
avocations compel his engagement to be limited
in Heywood to one night only ." Amongst the
company were my old singing friend Mr.
Thomas Derbyshire, and _Mr . John Ormond, an
old stager, whose early years gave promise of
a better fate . I played lago and Charles Para-
gon, spent the night in Hrywood, and returned
home the day following .
Probably there were earlier theatrical perform-
ances in Heywood, but the foregoing is the
earliest I have found recorded in print .
                                  HISTRIONrcus .

               ANSWERS .
         [9.]-Rev . CHARLES ELY .
  The Rev . Charles Ely was ordained to the
pastorate of New Road Congregational
     Church, Bury, on July 26th, 1797, having re
     ceived his training for the ministry partly at
     Mr . Walker's academy, Ncrthowram, and
     partly under the Rev . William Vint of Idle,
     Yorkshire . On account of failing health he
     resigned his charge about 1811 ; but he re-
     mained in Bury, where he died on January
     10th, 1816, his remains being interred within
     the chaoel, near the foot of the pulpit stairs .
     Ie would be interesting to learn whether he
     was related to the more widely known Rev .
     John Ely, pastor of Providence Chapel, Roeh-
     dale, from June, 1814, until his removal to
     Leeds in July, 1833, where he died on October
     9th . 1847 . Charles, Ely was 48 years old when
    -he died, and John Ely was 54 .
                                             H . B.
      [10 .]-FIRE AT THE CANAL WHARF .
      I have some recollection of this fire, which
    started on Saturday noon, May 13th, 1871,
    and lasted over aa month . The heatt was so
    great as to blister the paint on the shop fronts
    in Manchester Road . As the fire was se diffi-
    cult to put out owing to the great piles of
    cotton frizzling in the water, several local fire
    brigades were engaged a long time on the
1   work . A diver was also employed, and his
    roovements aroused great interest among the
    onlookers . The damage was estimated at over
    £150,000 .
                                            SENEX .

             [11 .]-MELLALIEU FAMILY .
       In Bury Parish Churchyard the ether day I
    noted a gravestone with the following inscrip-
    tion . -
         Here resteth the body, of George Mellalieu,
       who died at Heywood, tie 6th day of March,
       Anno 1718 .
         Mary, the wife bf James Whitworth, who
       died January 10th, 1778, in the 51st year of
      her age .
    On another gravestone the names of Mellalieu
     an'. Melladew are given to members of one
    family who died at "Lum Miln," near Bury, in
 the 18th century . Were these of the same
stock as the Melladews who once lived at Hey-
 weod Hall?       One George Melladew, farmer
Heywood Hall, who died in 1726, married a
sister of the Rev . Roger Kay, founder of Bury
Grammar School .
                                          A . H.
   Among the entries in the Register of the
eminent Nonconformist divine, Rev . Oliver
Heywood (one of the clergymen ejected from
their livings in 1662), is the following : -
     Mtris Lomax, wife of Mr . Rich . Losnax .f
   Bury, who, he being dead, lived with Mr .
   Bamford of Baniford, that marryed his
   daughter, after sermons at Heywood Chappel,
   getting on horseback mist footing, slipt down,
   scarce spake after, dyed on Tuesday night ;
   fal was Sep . 24, death on Sept. 26, buryed
  29, 1682, aged 76 .
Information relating to the parties mentioned
in this extract will . be acceptable .
                                          B. A.
      [13 .]-S'T . LUKE'S INCUMBENTS .
   Can any of your readers give a list of the
clergymen who have hold the living of St .
Luke's Church, Heywood? -
                                     STUDENT .

   ,ffrzba , Sebruarp 10th, 1905 .

                  NOTES .
  In the Manchester Directory for 1788 a list
is given of "Country trAesmen attending
Manchester market," amolag hem the under-
    Ashton James, Heywood, fustian manufac-
  turer ; J . Boardman's, Blue Boar Court .
    Ashton Thomas and Sons, Heywood, fustian
  manufacturers ; Red Lion-street and Dan-
  gerous Corner .
    Gee William, Hol wood, fustian manufac-
  turer ; Leyland's Court, St . Mary's Gate .
    Hill Alexander, , Top of Heap, fustian
  manufacturer ; Riding's Court.
    Holt Robert, Heywood, fustian manu-
  facturer ; Hodson's Court, Dangerous Corner .
  A few particulars-though very imperfect--
about the aforenamed may prove interesting .
  Sixty or seventy years ago a neighbouring
writer recorded of the Ashton family : "Begin-
ning the cotton trade, from a very humble
and honest sphere of life, they became highly
respected at Top-o'th'-Hebers and at Goolden
Lane ."    James and John Ashton, who had
carried on handloom weaving in or near
D"iddleton, erected a cotton mill at Rams-
bottom about the year 1802 (at which time the
great firm of Peel and Yates also had works
there), and established a very extensive busi-
ness.    They were succeeded by their sons-
Samuel, Thomas, and Richard-who traded as
Messrs . S. and T. Ashton. Richard Ashton,
who resided in a mansion at Limefield (pulled
down a few years ago) was appointed a county
magistrate, and became one of the best-known
men in that part of the county .      His son,
Edward, was connected with the Rams'bottom
works up to 1877, since which time there
have been no Ashtons engaged in the corn-
merce of the district .
   William. Gee had some family successors in
the business .    In 1825 the Heywood cotton
 manufacturers included Messrs . W . and Rt .
 Gee, and also one James Gee .
    Alexander Hill would be the son of Alexan-
 der Hill, described as "of Heap, gentleman,"
 who died August 9th, 1776, aged 62, h:s wife ;
 Martha, dying November 5th, 1796, aged 92 .
 The first-named Alexander died July 17th,
  1826, aged 76 ; his wife, Mary, on October
 14th, 1794, aged 38 . These Hills of Top of
 Heap would prb'bably be of the same stock
  as the Hills of Moss Hall, Pilsworth . Some
 of : the latter were engaged in the cloth trade
 i n'the latter half of the eighteenth century .
 One of them, Charles Hill, jun ., clothier, was
 married on September 23rd, 1777, to Eliza-
 beth Scholfield of the parish of Rochdale . To
 the Moss Hall family belonged Ann Hill, who
 married James Scholes of Heap Fold, and of
this marriage were born thirteen children, one
 of whom became the wife of Edmund Grundy,
Perkhills, Bury, whose daughter, Margaret,
married Robert Taylor Heape of Rochdale,
 descendants of whom are living in that town .
Elizabeth Hill, a first cousin of James
Scholes's wife, married Dr . Matthew Fletcher
of Bury, whose grandfather's wife was a daugh-
 ter of the famous John Kay, inventor of the
fly-shuttle .
    Robert Holt had a grandson, Richard Or-
ford Holt, M .A ., who, in the middle of last
Century was living at Harrow-on-the-Hill .
Possibly there was some connection between
the Halts and R . Orford, who laid the first
atone of St . James's Church, Heywood, July
2nd, 1836 . Eighty years ago there was a Hey-
wood firm of cotton spinners styled Orford and
                                      LECTOR .
   In November, 1884, at a farewell tea party,
held in the schoolroom at Healey, on the
occasion of the departure of the Rev . R . Min-
nitt, M .A ., of the Healey Vicarage, to Pres-
ton, a valuable presentation was made to him
in recognition of his long and useful services
in the parish . In acknowledging the presen-
tation Mr . Minnitt told them about his father
    coming into this country from Ireland, and of
    his being made curate-in-charge of St . Luke's
    Church, Heyvood . He created much laughter
    by telling an incident which he said hi ; father
    used to tell him about that church in Hey-
    wood . They had only one bell, and that got
    cracked, and they wanted to have it mended,
    so they determined to send it to the village
    blacksmith . The blacksmith thought the best
    thing he could do would be to put a hoop
    round it, and he did so and sent it back, but
     when they got it back they found it would
     not ring at all . Ever after that the black-
     smith went by the name of "Hoop the Bell ."
                                      JOHN FENTON .
      Lowerfald, Rochdiale .    --

                     ANSWERS .
         [16 .] ST . LUKE'S INCUMBENTS .
               (Reply to Query No . 13 .)
      In reply to "Student" I send the following
    list of clergymen who have held the living
    since its foundation as a perpetual cnracv :-
    Nathan Stock	from 1719 to 1733
    James Barton	from 1733 to 1774
    Richard Longford	from 1774 to 1804
    Richard Hood	from 1804 to 182,3
    Joseph B . Jameson	from 1826 to 1835
    Robert Minnitt	froen 1835 to 1850
    Jt lius Shadwell 	from 1850 to 1855
    Thomas Ramsbot[om	from 1865 to 1872
    Thomas Julius Henderson 	from 1872 to 1878
    John Spittal	from 1878 to 1885
    Richard W . Perry Circuitt . . . from 1.885 to 1900
    Edward Basil A . Hughes	from 1900
                                     SAMUEL MATHER .

                     QUERIES .
           [17 .] SAM BAMFOItD'S 141FE .
       Can any of your readers give the maiden
     name of the wife of the famous Chartist,
     Samuel Bamford?
1                                           M. N.
             [18 .] LOCAL GENEALOGY .
       Some years ago the Rev . J . C . Butterworth
     of St . Michael's, Bamford, read before the
     Literary Society at Bamford a paper on the
     different families who had resided in the dis-
trict since A .D . 1270 . Can any of your reader@
give information of its contents?
                                JOHN   FENTON .
  Lowerfold, Rochdale .
      [19 .] SAM BAMFORD'S WORKS .
   I should be glad to know whether the fol-
lowing work by Samuel Bamford was ever
completed . It is not included in any list of
hi, writings that I have seen, and Part Third,
which is in my possession, gives no hint of the
printer's name, but it is probable that John
Heywood of Heywood was the printer . James
Dronsfield refers to the work in his Incidents
and Anecdotes of the late Samuel Bamford,
.1872 .  According to Dronsfield, Bamford,
 about the time he removed to London, "was
then engaged writing a very interesting story,
entitled, The Lord of the Jlanor and the Lord
of the Mill ; or, scenes in Lancashire-a sort
of continuation of his Walks in South Lan-
cashire-in which he intended to have depicted
scenes in the plug-drawing days of 1842 ." The
full title is included in the above quotation,
my part being dated 1851 .
                                 J . A . GREEN .

       Sribap, ,off ebruarg 17th, 1905 .

                   NOTES .
       In a work on John Byrom, published in
    1857, Canon Richard Parkinson quotes the
    following from the Raines MSS ., vdl . xi .,
    p . 179 : -
         I saw in 1849, in a farmhouse near Hey-
       wood, a half-length portrait inscribed "Old
i      Mrs . Meakin, grandmother of the late Mr .
       Clowes of Smedley," and also grandmother
       of Dr . John Byrom, who was left a second
       time a widow . She possesses an acute and in-
       telligent countenance, piercing grey eyes, and
       pleasing features, the portrait being painted
       apparently about the age of 55 . She wears a
       high-crowned black beaver hat, a dark
       figured silk dress, and holds a book in her
       hand .
    I presume the portrait would be in the posses-
    sion of a descendant of the old Makin family,
    members of which were living at Heywood
    three hundred years ago, the surname being
    spelt in fully a dozen different ways .      Two
    centuries ago some of the Makins were living
    att. Lomax, and probably it would be in that
    part of the township where Canon Raines saw
    the portrait of "Old Mrs . Meakin ."         On
    Roger Makon of Lomax, died about 1729-
    no doubt a descendant of the Roger Macon, a
    miller, of Heywood, who died about 1697 .
        One Roger Meakin (or Makin) of Manches-
     ter, gentleman, died about the end of 1684 .
    His wife, Ann, who survived him-probably
    identical with either the Ann Makin of Man-
     chester, who died about 1698, or the Ann
     Macon of Heywood, who (lied about 1697-
     was the daughter of John Crompton of Halli-
     well, near Bolton, and had been previously
     married .    Her first husband was Edward
     Byrom of Manchester and Kersal Cell, who
     died in December, 1668, aged 41 . The is-ue
     of this first marriage included Edward Byrom,
     who married Dorothy Allen of Bury, and of
     this latter marriage was born the celebrated

John Byrom, author of "Christians, awake ."
There were two daughters issue of the mar-
riage of Roger Meakin and Mrs . Ann Byrom,
one of wham married Samuel Clowes of Chad-
dock Hall, merchant, descendants of whom
lived at Broughton Hall, and became extensive
landowners in Salford . It is not unlikely that
some of the seventeenth century Makins
migrated from Heywood to Manchester. In
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries they
were pretty numerously represented in the
township of Heap . The, anniversary of John
Byrom's birth occurs this month (February) .
                                      LECTOR .

               QUERIES .
                  FENTON .
  Do any of your readers know anything of a
Roger Fento_i of some early date in 1500, said
to have been preacher to the King, and for-
merly curate of Burv, and the owner of the
Crimble estate? A descendant of this Roger
Fenton is said to have sold and another descen-
dant rebought the estate .
                                JOHN FENTON.
  Lowerfold, Rochdale .
         [22.] Rev . THOMAS HILL.
  A few biographical particulars respecting the
above-named minister are desired . He is said
to have been born at "Moss Hall, near Bury,"
10th February, 1785, and he was dead in 1813 .
1 take it that Moss Hall would be the house
known by that name in Filsworth .
                                      NONCOM .
A CORRECTION .-Under "Ansiveis," No . 16, the
    surname Ramsbottom . should have been
    printed Ramsbotham .

    HEYWOOD              NOTES        AND       QUERIES .
           (Reprinted from the " Neyscood Advertiser .")

                  CONDUCTED BY J. A . GREEN .

     VOL 1 .]                                         [No . 2 .

          Jribap, f,ebruar2 24th, 1905 .
                         NOTES .
                [23 .] A GIPSY'S EPITAPH .
       In the south-east corner of Bireh-in-Hopwood
    churchyard there is a memorial stcnc in-
    scribed : -
         In affectionate remembrance of Muldebriar
      Herrim, a Gipsy of Sherwood Forest, who died
       September 4th, 1881, aged 70 years .
                Darker and darker
                  The black shadows fall,
                Sleep and oblivion
                  Feign over all.
           Until the day break and the shadows
                        flee away.
     There are some of his strange race who stiff
     keep old MIuldebriar's memory green .      The
     last time I was that way there was a bunch
     of flowers on the grave, placed there presum-
     ably by some of the Gpsy folk on their journey
     to or from a neighbouring fair .
t                                                 RAMBLER .
                  THE FIRST HEYWOOD
                [24 .]
                    NEWSPAPER .
       The following notice appeared in the "Bury
    Times" in February, 1878 :-
       Mr . John Manock, who died on January
    28th, 1878, at 74, Manchester-street, Heywood,
     and whose death you recorded in your issue
     of Saturday last, was the printer and pub-
    lisher of the "Heywood Observer," a small
    newspaper, octavo size, and the first ever pub-
    lished in He vwood . It was published in 1844,
    in the house now occupied by Mr . William
    Howarth, butcher, in Market-street .
       The town was then in a very crude state,
    and an effort was made in that year to obtain
     an Improvement Bill, which would not only
     provide for the improvement of the town, but
would give the ratepayers power to purchase
the gas and waterworks . The "Observer" ad-
vocated the passing of the Bill, which passed
the Committee of the Commons, but was with-
drawn by the consent of a public meeting of
ratepayers . The "Observer" was not a long
lived paper . It did not pay. Mr . William
Bell contributed an article to the first number .
The sale at that time was too limited, and Mr .
Manock was obliged to give it up . After the
death of the "Observer" the "Heywood Adver-
tiser" was brought out, which has lived to the
present time, but to the late Mr . John Manoek
belongs the honour, if honour it he, of having
brought out the first Heywood newspaper .
       [25 .] THE SONG OF THE SOT .
         (After Hood's "Song of the Shirt .")
                 By JOHN TATE .
  With garments tatter'd and torn,
    With eyelids heavy and red,
  A drunkard sat in his empty room,
    Clasping his aching head .
  Pawn ! pawn! pawn !
    The furniture sold in aa lot ;
And now with voice like a ba gpipe drone,
    He sings the "Song of the Sot ."
  "Drink! drink ! drink !
    At the early dawn of day ;
  And drink! drink! drink!
    Till the daylight fades away .
  It's Oh! to take Bohea,
    Along with my pale-faced wife,
Whose haggard eyes are seeking me,-
    If this is a jolly life!
  "Drink! drink ! drink!
    Till the chairs and tables reel ;
  Drink! drink! drink!
    Till I know not how I feel .
  Gin, and whiskey, and rum,
    Rum, and whiskey, and gin,-
Till under the table I fall asleep,
    And cannot tell who comes in .
  "Oh, men with money to spare,
    Oh, men with plenty of tick!
  I wish I could borrow a penny or two,
    I feel so dreadfully sick .
  Drink! drink! drink!
    You see I am all in dirt,
For my uncle, the pawnbroker, over the way,
    Is keeping my Sunday shirt .

            "But why do I talk of him,
              That kind-hearted fellow, the Jew?
            I've heard men curse him a thousand times,
              And call him a wretched screw,-
            And call him a wretched screw,
              But he has his shop to keep ;
          Oh, God! that ale should be so dear,
              And water be so cheap !

            "Drink! drink! drink!
             illy thirst-it never flags ;
           From tap to tap, like a bee on flowers,
              I flutter about in rags .
           This batter'd hat, and these soleless shces,
              Once shining bright and fair,
          When I put them on, on a Saturday night,
              I could see my shadow there .

            "Drink ! drink ! drink !
              When I hear the early chime,-
            Drink! drink! drink!
Jti           From breakfast to supper time .
            Gin, and whiskey, and rum,
              Rum, and whiskey, and gin,-
          Till my head is sick, and I stagger home,
              And my brain begins to spin.

            "Drink! drink! drink!
              In the coldest winter night ;
            And drink! drink! drink!
              When the summer days are bright .
            When I think I'm walking right,
              I find I'm always wrong ;
          The school-boys mock me in the street,
            And tell me to budge along.

            "Oh! but to taste a drop
              Of the real old Irish stuff,
            With sugar and lemon, made hot and sweet,-
              Not much, but just enough .
            For only one small glass
              Of the sort I used to buy
          Before I went to my daily work,
              When I felt so very dry .

            "Oh! but for a draught of beer,
              I care net how small it be,-
           Mild or bitter, or sweet, or sour,
              Any sort does for me .
           Some soda-water would cool my throat,
              And clear this muddled brain,
          Which throbs and aches, and makes me writhe
              In agonising pain ."

      With garments tatter'd and torn
        With eyelids heavy and red,
      A drunkard sat in his empty room,
       Clasping his aching head .
      Drink! drink ! drink !
        Till he empties every pot,
    And stands at last on the grave's dark brink,
    Too old to mend, and too drunk to think,
        He dies the death of a sot.

      Mr . John Tate, the author of the foregoing
    poem, resided in Heywood from 1844 to 1857 .
    The poem was published as a broadside (with-
    cut (late) and was probably written soon after
    the issue of the famous lyric by Hood, which
    first appeared in the Christmas "Punch" for
    1843 . Mr . Tate is still living at over 80 years
    of age, and has written scores of poems since
    he left Heywood, but, as he humorously says,
    "Who'll buy?"      The copy from which the
    above is reprinted was given to me by a well-
    known Manchester collector .
                                     J . A. GREEN.
          [26 .] HEADY HILL WORTHIES.
       Quite a history might be written about
    Heady Hill . George Lomax, the well-known
    temperance lecturer, lived there in his younger
    days . He was a handloom weaver, and one
    day 'e put the shuttle eye to his own and
    said, "I cannot see a living coming through
    this ." He then left and went lecturing about
    the country . Heady Hill was also a noted
    place for Chartism . A few of the early Radi-
    cals went from there on the famous blanket
    expedition, which is mentioned in Bamford's
     "Life of a Radical ." John Kay, a noted lec-
    turer on Chartism and other subjects, was
    another resident . The Radicals had a meeting
    room at Paved Brow, which belonged to David
    Taylor . They had brews and drank the beer ;
    read the "Northern Star," and discussed poli-
    ties . I remember one Sunday morning there
    was an explosion, the bottles had burst, the -
    beer was lost, and there was great lamenta-
    tion throughout the neighbourhood!
       Castleton .                            J.C.


      i ribag, $larch 3rD, 1005 .

               NOTES .
Bury .
  Margia de Radeclive	vets .
  Johe de ffenton           rus .
  Thom de Werberton	us . raid,
  Willo Kay	Ins . mud .
  Rico de Notehogh	'. . . . Iis .
  Ad fil Robti 	vlis,
  Johe fil Mathi	vns .
  Rog de Walmslegh	us .
  Willo de Bury	ns . mud .
  John de Routeshorn	rrs .
  Wilto le Mordrmer	us .
The above appears in the Subsidy Roll for Lan-
cashire, made by Robert de Shireburn and John
de Radcliffe, the chief taxers and collectors of
the subsidy of a fifteenth in the County and
a tenth in the Boroughs of the goods of all
pelvons who were liable to be so taxed, granted
to King Edward III . i n his Parliament hoiden
at Westminster on the morrow of the Nativity
of our Lord in the 6th year of his reign, and
in the year of our cord 1332 .
   The money to be raised by this taxation was
intended chiefly for the purpose of enabling
the King to prosecute his attempt to bring
Scotland under feudal subjection to England .
In this attempt he was aided by Edward Bal-
liol, who had been crowned King of Scotland
at Scone on the 27th September, 1332, and
had purported to subject the crown of Scot-
land to that of England .
    On the Patent Roll of 7, Edward III ., pre-
served in the Public Record Office, there is a
record of the exact instructions by which the
taxers were to be guided in levying this tax,
as follows :-
   "And be it known that in this taxation of the
 goods of the commons of all the counties the
 armour-riding horses, jewels, and robes of the
Knights and Gentlemen, and of their wives,
and also their vessels of gold, silver, and brass,
are to be excepted . And in Cities and Boroughs
one dress for the man and another for his wife,
and one bed for them both, one ring and a
chain of goid or silver, and a ,irdle of silk
for every day use, and also a silver goblet or
a mazer to drink from, let these be excepted ."
   It appears from the Patent Roll that the
 names of all lay persons of full age (except
lepers residing ?n a lazar-house) who were pos-
 se.ssed of goods in the towns to the value of
six shillings, and in the counties to the value
of ten shillings, beyond those articles specially
excepted, would appear in the rolls prepared
 by the taxens . We therefore have, in effect,,
in the Subsidy Roll, a Directory of the Lan
ca~shire men of substance 573 years ago ; and
when we consider the scope and completeness
of this record and the knowledge of the social
status of the persons named in it which may,
to some extent, be gathered from the amounts
respectively paid by them upon a valuation of
their goods and chattels, we find such infor-
mation as will make ample amends for the fact
that individuals only, and not either descents
of families or events in local history, form the
subject-matter of this important document .
   The subject of the value of money in 1332
as compared with to-day is a question too
large to enter upon here ; but the figures
before us suggest that the difference in the
value of household goods is greater than is
generally supposed . In looking at the amounts
recorded in the roll as having been paid, how-
ever, it must be remembered that most articles
of intrinsic value were excluded from taxation,
and that houses in those days contained com-
paratively little furniture . Our ancestors in
 the fourteenth century, unlike their descen-
dants of to-day, preferred ostentation to
 luxury ; they loved splendour, but were con-
tent to live in what to us would be discom-
fort .   Their garments were often rich and
magnificent in material and colour, not un-
frequently sumptuously embroidered, and
sometimes even adorned with gold and precious
stones ; their long golden chains, their jewels,,

        and their beautifully ornamented weapons and
        armour dou'btlessly made a brave show ; and
        these and their vessels of silver and gold must
        have represented a very large part of their
        personal property . But their houses contained,
        besides the great hall, only a few, small, dark
        rooms, with door and windows which admitted
        ctraughts, only partially excluded, in some
        cases by curtains . The floor was strewn with
        rushes or straw in place of carpets ; the long
        table of plain boards in the great hall was
        laid upon trestles, and was removed when the
         meal was finished ; and henches or seats of
        wood and stone, with here and there a wooden
        stool, took the place of chairs, though occa-
        sional cushions were reserved for persons of
        consideration . In the whole house there were
        but two or three beds, the servants sleeping
        for the miost part on the floor of the great,
         hall . The walls of the house, to a modern
         eye, would seem bare and cold, for in tho., ..,
        early days tapestry was not in general use
        in the houses of the gentry, and, besides the
        oak panelling and great screen, which were, it
         is true, sometimes handsomely carved, the
l       only decorative objects would be the antlers of
        the deer, weapons and implements of the
        chase, lighted up here and there by the bright
        colours and gilding of escutcheons of arms .
           The agricultural labourer's hut, at the date
        of the Subsidy Roll, in point of personal com-
        fort, would probably be comparable only to
         a modern cow-house, his whole worldly pes-
        sessi~ons, as a rule, being a plain table, one or
         two stools or a bench, a, box-bed laid with
         dried bracken, an ark or chest of oak, a very
         few indispensable household utensils of the
        simplest kind, the clothes he stood in, and his
         long sharp knife .
            Although the chief taxers are not described
         as Knights in the Subsidy Roll, there is little
         doubt that they are to be identified with
         knights of considerable influence and import-
         ance in their day .
            Sir Robert Shireburn, who was knishted on
         the 3rd March, 19, Edward I . (1291), was
         M .P . for Lancashire in 9, Edward III . (1335),
         and Senechal of Blackburnshire and Clitheroe .

     He married Alice, daughter and co-heiress of
    John Blackburn, of Wiswall, by Margaret Hol-
     land his wife, and was the father of Sir John
     Shireburn, who fought at C'recv under the
     banner of his kinsman, Thomas Lord Holland .
     Sir John Shireburn was M .P. for Lancashire in
     1346, afterwards M .P . for the City of York,
    and died in 29 Edward III . (1355 .)
       Sir John Radcliffe of Ordsall was the
     youngest son of Richard Radcliffe, of the
     Tower, and married Joan, eldest daughter of
    Sir Robert Holland . He fought at Caen,
    Crecy, and Calais in 1347, being then, a knight ;
     sat as M .P . for Lancashire in 14 Edward III .
     (1340) and died in 32 Edward III . (1358) .
       The fifteenth realised the sum of £287
    13s . 8d ., and the tenth £ll 3s . 8d ., making
     together a total sum for Lancashire of £298
    17s . 4d ., and the two chief taxers paid 20 shil-
    lings each .
       The above is interesting as showing the
    amount contributed in the district of Bury in
    those early (lays for the purposes of war . It
    also indicates the proportion of wealth and
    condition of the inhabitants .        The nomen-
    clature of the list of persons paying the taxes
    may also be noticed . At this early period it
    would appear surnames had not arrived at the
    stage of universal application in the district .
    The list of surnames may suggest some that
    still survive, but modernised, viz ., Radcliffe,
    Fenton, Warburton, Kay, Nuttall, Robertson,
    Math bun, Walmsley, Berry, Mortimer, or
    some may be extinct .
       Lowerfold, Rochdale .             J . FENTON. .

            [28.]   Rev . THOMAS HILL.
                (R,eply to Query No . 22 .)
      In 1813 there was published "A Sermon,
    occasioned by the death of the Rev . Thomas
    Hill, one of the tutors in the Academy at
    Homerton, by Robert Winter ." There is
    nothing of a biographical character in the ser-
    mon, but a rather long note, pp . 11 to 28
    would appear to have beenn read after the ser-
    mon . From this note we gather that "the
Rev . Thoma, Hill was born on the 10th of
February, 1785, at -,loss Hall, near Bury, in
Lancashire, where his ancestors had resided
for many generations ." In early life he be-
came a member of the church of the Rev . Mr .
Ely, of Bury . As early as his fourteenth year
he had a strong impression that he was
 designed for the work of the ministry, and
he was soon afterwards placed under the care
 of Dr . Williams at the Academy at Alas-
borough, near Rotherham .        For about two
years he very earnestly conducted bis studies,
 when he was attacked by a dangerous illness
 which obliged him to return to his father's
  ease .    His education was interrupted for
about two years, but he was afterwards enabled
 to complete his preparatory studies .    In the
 year 1806, he was chosen classical and mathe-
 nsatical tutor at Homerton Academy, and in
 1808 he married the eldest daughter of his
 respected tutor, Dr . Williams, and was re-
 ceived into the communion of his church on
 the 1st of December, 1809 . In 1810 Airs .
 Hill died, leaving her husband with two young
 children .    Mr . Hill continued his important
 labours, but at length hi,< enfeebled consti-
 tution gave way, and he died of a rapid decline
 on the 25th August, 1813, in the 29th year of
 his age . He wrote a pamphlet on the entrance
 of moral evil into the world . The writer would
 like to see this pamphlet, if it should happen
 to be known to any reader . The Rev . Robert
 Winter also delivered a sermon on the death
 of Airs . Hill .
                                      LEMIIEL .

    Ixiha , 4Tirch 10th, 1905.

                  NOTES .
        L29 .]  A GIPSY'S EPITAPH .
                (See Note No . 23 .)
   When the Gipsies came to this country in
the sixteenth century they were probably like
other Oriental people, destitute of surnames .
These they have gradually adopted ; indeed, in
 Scotland there was a law compelling them to
take family names in place of their Romans
 designations . In 1554 there was an English
statute by which it, was made felony to remain
in the country as Gipsies, or "Egyptians," as
they are often styled in the law books . Hence
they would adopt English family names in
order to disguise their Gipsy origin . Hernes,
Greys, Bowells are common in the North of
England . The Gipsies are not very particular
as to sounds, and Herne suggests Herring to
them, so this is translated back into Romaane-s
ai "Matcho," the Gipsy word for fish .        It
also suggests the sound of Hare, and so
apoother Romanes name for the Herne or Her-
ring family is "Bauro Kanengni Mocshaw,"
which means the "Big Hare men ." The late
Sarah Boswell, the Gipsy queen at Blackpool,
was a member of the Matcho tribe . The Bos-
w-ell tribe, into which she intermarried, have
also a Romanes name . Boswell is taken as
meaning Buss well, i .e., Kiss well, and this
is punningly rendered by `°Choomomengro,"
that is the "Kisser." The Gipsies are fond of
curious fore names such as Sinaminti, Lurena .,
and Zuba .      They are not particular as to      1
gender, and Ebenezer may as easily be aa lady
as a gentleman .    Studaveres Lovell is buried
in Guide Bridge churchyard, and his Christian
name is an allusion to the famous fiddle-maker,
Stradivarius .   Another musical remini,scence
is concealed in Cremorner . There are three
Gipsy graves in Guide Bridge churchyard, coni-
memorating Herrings, Boewells, and Lovells.
The Romanes name for the last-named family
is "Komomeskro," or "Komelo," from the verb
"Komo" to love. There has been a consider-

able amount of interest shown in recent years
in Gipsy-lore. I have before me a novel issued
a few years ago of wh=ch the dedication reads
          M indi kom tutu miri
          Pirin, i lilengro mini
           Meripens romni miri
          Zi sar se-ro miro troopo
          Ta soro mire, baval to ajan
          Bitto dine miro kom obans
          Mandi dal tutu akova lil .
This may be translated : "I love thee, my
sweetheart, my star, my life, my Gipsy bride ;
I love thee with all my body and my heart,
and all my breath, and as a, little token of my
love I give thee this book ."
  If any of your readers are interested in
Gipsy-lore it may be useful to mention that
one of the very largest collections in existence
of Gipsy literature is to be found at the Man-
chester Reference Library . It was formed by
M . Bataillard, a distinguished student of
Romanes .
  Manchester .           1DILLIAnc E . A . AXON .

         [30 .] AD .XM WHITWORTH .
  The two notes given below will be of some
interest to the older readers of the "Adver-
tiser ." Adam Wh.itworth was well-known in
Heywood as an unflinching disciple of tem-
perance and vegetarianism . - It is regrettabie
that full detaills of his life are wanting, but
it is known that he died at Matlock on Octobei
22nd, 1866, aged 49 years . The circulating
library founded by Mr . Whitworth was a very
good attempt to supply what was then a press-
ing need at He ywood . There was a catalogue
published and advertised in some of the early
 issues of the "Advertiser," but no copy ap-
pears to have survived . The library itself was
 continued for sonic time by Mrs . Whitworth
 at No . 19, Manchester-street, Heywood .

  In 1851 I was a member of the discussion
class which was held in David Taylor's school-
room, near Wham Bar . On my return from
this class I generally came across Adam Whit-
worth, who lived in a shop up some steps,
 near a public-house which was kept by Mr .
 Clegg, the father of Mr . Samuel Ciegg, coal
 n erchant . The spinners' society used to hold
 their meetings at this house, John Manock
 (afterwards manager for Kay's) being the sec-
 retary . I used to call in Whitworth's shop
 occasionally to look over his stock and buy
 a book now and then . During the day he
worked in the mill, and at night looked after
his shop. He was very active and most atten-
 tive to his customers . Finding his stock in-
 creased he removed to a shop in the Market_
Place, where he established a circulating library .
 This would be the first of the kind in the
 town, and it will no doubt be remembered by
 many now living . Some of the volumes were
 afterwards acquired for the Free Library, acrd
 the readers there wilt have noticed the black
stamp with which Adam marked his books . It
was in the Market Place shop that I was first
introduced to Edwin Waugh, who then lived
in Rochdale . All through Adam's life I was
particularly acquainted with him and his
family . He was greatly respected by those
 who knew him in social and religious life .
The Rev . James Clark, pastor of the Bible
Christian Church, Salford, preached his funeral
sermon, and I, along with the widow and some
of the family, was a listener thereto .       The
members of Mr . Clark's church are total ab-
stainers and vegetarians .     Mr . Clark had a
high respect for Adam Whitworth, who held
strong conscientious convictions on many sub-
jects .
                                 JAMES TURNER.

  I remember Adam Whitworth as a regular
caller at, my father's shop in Brook-street . My
father was a vegetarian like Adam, and his
shop was the resort of quite a number of eccen-
tric people from various Lancashire towns . I
was only a little fellow then, but my remem-
brance of Adam is fairly clear . He was a, man
rather under the average height, studious-
looking, and not very talkative. I recollect on
one occasion there was some talk among my
seniors about the charms of female beauty,
when Adam said he knew nothing about it,
as such so-called charms had never had the
slightest effect on him . What was there in a
woman's ankles that they should be talked
about, any more than in his own P One curious
habit of his I call to mind which was that of
carrying in his pocket a dried potato as a
preventive or rheumatism . I saw it on one
occasion, and it was as hard as a stone . He
rarely came to the shop without buying one or
more books . I can see him with my mind's
eye as he stood at the counter, with his head
inclining to one side, quietly reading a book
before pricing it .
                           CHARLES W . SUTTON .
 Refereneee Library, Manchester .

       [31 .] LOCAL VOLUNTEERS .
  There used to hang in the Drill Hall at
Bury a photograph of the 8th L .R .V ., which
was taken in Dr. Leach's field in Bamford
Road, on the occasion of the presentation of
a cup for shooting which was given by the
doctor . As there would be a number of old
Heywood faces in the picture, it would be
interesting to know whether a copy of it can
be seen in Heywood? A later photograph of
the regiment was taken on the spare ground
near Clegg's Boiler Works . The whereabouts
of this picture also is desired .
                                    J . A . GREEN.


         .friba 2, larcft 11th, 1905 .

                       NOTES .
         The following is probably the earliest 1:at
      that is known of the householders or families
      residing in Heywood and immediate district .
      It will be information to some and may also
      be of service to those who are not already
      acquainted with its source . It is extracted
     frcm the Record Society's publ .cation of "Lao-
      cashire and Cheshire Church Surveys, 164d-
     1655," edited by Lieut .-C ionel Henry Fishwiek,
    - F :S .A . The extracts show a total of ninety-
     five families or householders near Heywood
      Chapel, including the districts of Bamford,
     Gristlehurst, Hopwood, Marland, and Pils-
      worth . These districts must have been thinly
      populated in the early years of the Common-
     v'ealth . The quaint spellings are retained with
      the exception of pishe [parish] .
        Lowerfold, Rochdale.            JOHN FENTON.
         "Wee psent that there is in the said parish
      of Middleton one Chappell called Asshworth
      Chappell, beinge distant from Middieton
      Church six myles or thereabouts, and from
      ILachdale foure myles or thereabouts, and
      from Bury Church foure myles and eight
       poles or thereabouts ; And that the said
      Uhappell is fit to be made a parish church ;
      and that Mr . Henry Pendlebury, A goalie
      Orthodox minister well qualifyed, was late
      Minister there and supplyed the Cure . but
      hath ceased to officiate at Asshworth Chap-
      pell for want of mainteynee, and for present
      there is not any minister there . And wee
      find that all Asshworth and Birkly (Birtle)
      Hamletts (except some messuages and tene-
      rnents now in the severall tenures or occu-
      paeans of Mr. Richard lleadowcroft, James
      Haworth of 'Sillinghurst, Peter Live:,a,y,
      James Kay of Gindle, James Kay of Broad
      Carr, and Thomas To,ppinge) are fit to bee
      appropriated to Asshworth parish ; And wee
      find that these messuages, tenements, and
      cottages in Bamford, in the several tenures
    of Iie .iry Pendlebury, John Hardman,
    Francis Holtc, Thomas Birch, Roote Dixson,
    Edward Chadwieke, Richard Meadowcrofte,
    James Fenton, a.id Bamford Hall and
    demesne lands, are fit to bee appropriated to
    As-shworth parish .
                          1T .
       "Wee present that Heywood is a Chappell
    scituate upon the side of Bury parish, and
    is near adjacent to some parts of Rachdale
    parish and some parts of Middhton parish ;
    and bath not any glehe lands thereunto he-
    1ois ing ; there is the use of ffive pounds, du-,
    to Such minister as doth officiate at the said
    Chappell, being a Gifte g iven . by Mr . William
    Holme, gent ., deceased, towards the main-
--=tevnce of the Minister (Mr . Jonathan Scho-
    field is minister there, and is orthodox for
    divinity, well. quali'fyed for lyffe and conver-
    saeon) ; And there was assigned unto the
    said Chappell for the maintevninge of the
    ministry of Heywood, the tyths out of the
    hamlctts of Heywood, Bamford, Whittle, and
    Lomax, beinge part of the sequestracons due
    unto the Rectory of Bury, by the Com-
    mittee of Plundered Ministers, by an order
    dated the foure and twentvth of April, one
    thousand six hundred and forty and ffvve,
    subscribed under the hand of Gilbte Milling-
    ton, and the said tythes are valued and
    esteemed to hee worth twenty two pounds
    p . ann ., out of which there bath beene re-
     payed to Mrs . Travers of Bury the some
    of fforty shillings p . ann ., towards the mai n-
     teyenca of her and her children, being se-
    questered, the benefitts in the totall beinge
    twenty pounds p . ann ., and the benefit or
     the use of the ffive pounds which remains
     continually in the hands of such minister as
     doth officiate at Heywood Chapell aforesaid,
     which is fit to be made a parish . It is dis-
     tance from Bury three mules and three-
     quarters within fifteen perches, from Assh-
    worth Chappell two mules and a 'halffe want-
     ing five poles, from Middleton Church three
     myles and three-quarters and eight poles,
    from Rochdale three myles and a halffe want-
     ing seven poles ."
                    III .
    "Wee also psent that there is within
Hca;pe, in Bury parish, these families which
 are neare adiscent to the said Chapell of
Heywood, vidat, Rauffe Seddons, John
Makonds, Fardinando Stanley, gent ., Robti
Holts, widow 13irehs, Arthur Holts, Thomas
Bolts, Francis Meadowcroft, Alexande :
Chadwicke, Richard Smethurst de Wham,
Edmund Holts, John Hamers, James Barn-
fords, Edward Bamfords, gent ., John Gould,
John Wolfenden, Robti Seolefields, senr .,
Robti Scalefields, junr ., Robti Haworth,
Richard Dicksons, Rohti Ashworths, Rauffe
Holts, Richard Croppers, Grace Haworths,
Alice Leach wia«owe, Thomas Hopwood,
Jonathan Butterworth, John Cropper, Robti
Croppers, Will',, . Wardleworths, James
Turners, Laurence Chadwicks, Thomas Crop-
pers, James Croppers, Robti Leaches,
.Richard Meadowerofts, John Meadowcrofts
wyffe, Richard Feuton, Roger Heywoods,
James Haworths, John Fentons .
   "In Bamford, being part of Middleton
parish, Edmund Chadwicks, John Chad-
wicks, Charles Chadwicks, Thomas Birch,
Samuel Hey, Charles Stott, Richard Chad-
w i ck .
   "In Grislehuist : Thomas Holte, Esq .,
Samuel Shawe, Richard Hitohinson, Johis
Holte .
   "In Marland, within the parish of Roch-
dale : Thoa as Hardman, Richard Livesey,
Widdow Lawton, James vuttalls, Alexander
Chadwicks, Alice Chadwicke's widdow, Abel
Whitticar .
   "In Middleton parish or Pilswcrth hamlet :
James Hardmans, Richard Talors, Thomas
Chadwicks, Willm . Stocks, John Smvths .
   "In-Hopwood Hamlett : John Lord, Henry
Wriglevs, James Wrigleys, Edmund Wol-
stenhoimes, Samuel Scoles, Robte Hulton,
Edmund Leaches, James Brierlies, Edward
Heywoods, John Wriglevs, George Cowpers,
James Lords, James Hultons, widow Lords,
Edmund Buries, Henry Marcers, James
Wrigley", sour, James Fitton, Abraham
Hopwoods, Abraham Scoles, Peter Ashton,
     [32.]   LOCAL   FAMILIES,   1649-55 .
                 (Continued .)
  Edward Cowp, the heyres of Arthur Lord,
  Abell F itton, John Burie, Susan Burie, vid
   (widow), Richard Lord, Richard Wolsten-
  holme, Widdowe Leaches, Abraham Butter-
  worths ; all these are adiacent neare unto
  Heywood Chappell, and have hitherto davlie
  resorted beinge scituate nearer to that
  Chappell then any other Church or Chappell,
  and fit to bee made a parish if another bee
  not erected nearer ; And there is a mancou
   or dwellinghouse formerly built by the In-
  habitants of the saiu Chappelrie, and one
  garden, and about one acre of ground, wch
  the ministers have formerlye enjoyed ."

     .iffriba ,      I vch 24th, 1905 .

        [33.]  SOME SUGGESTIONS.
  One of the first requisites for a column of
this kind appears to be Contributors of Queries
and a due response to the same, and that de-
pends upon the readers . I have observed in
searching St . Luke's Church Registers, when
children have been christened, the absence of
any record of relationships . It is the same
with funerals and marriages . I am now speak-
ing, of course, of the beginning of last century
and the latter half of the 18th .      Happily,
these matters are managed better now .          I
have often wished that some plan could be
adopted by which this deficiency in relation-
ships of the old families around St . Luke's
Church could be made good ; and the sooner
it is done the better . Your column affords a
goad opportunity for doing this useful work
and getting many of the obscure points cleared
up . I also think much family loge might be
brought to light by frequent reference in this
VOL. I.-Part3
column to the inscriptions on the grave stones
in St . Luke's and St . James's churchyards,
etc . Some of the relatives still survive, and
an occasional appeal might bring something
new and interesting.
                                   " 11EnLD ."
   Our local antiquaries are earnestly requested
to take a hint from the foregoing suggestions
 and send us any items of interest .        With
 regard to epitaphs, it should be an easy task
to supply these-the older the better . Many
o: the houses in Heywood and district contain
specimens of sampler work done by our grand-
mothers . Copies of the inscriptions, with some
 account of the names commemorated, will he
 acceptable to most readers.       The facts re-
 corded will now 'have the value of historical
 documents . The custom of printed memory
cards has enabled almost every family to keep
 a record of their dear departed ones, and
these also might be looked up and a not' sent
to us . The inscriptions in family Bibles shouiei
be examined and notes made of the older and
more important entries relating to births,
deaths, and marriages . In addition, we writ
notes on old customs, such as pace-egging,
rush-bearing, morris dancing, foot racing:
sports, etc . The studious may find recreation
in writing accounts of what our grandfathers
did in educational matters .     The sociologist
 could devote himself to explaining the early
beginnings of some of our best known trade
societies .
   The following lines were written in 1831i
and issued on a sheet as an "In me .moriam ."
The author was the Rev . Benjamin Glazrbrook.
who was born at Heywood in 1815, and died at
Newport on December 12th, 1885 .         He was
the author of several works of a deeply reli-
gious character, his best known being "Sunday
schools and other poems," printed at Heywood
in 1846 . As one of the first to sign the famous
moderation pledge, and soon afterwards that of
total abstinence, he was for many years en-
gaged in spreading the principles of temper-

ante . In this arduous work he was honour-
ably associated with John Bright and others .

  Mr . Glazebrook's daughter, Harriet A . (now
Mrs. Beavan of Cardiff) is the author of the
well-known temperance song, "The lips that
touch liquor shall never touch mine," and
numerous songs and dialogues .

   The Death of my much Esteemed Friend
               and Companion,
             SAMUEL HILTON,
          whose death was occasioned
by a fall from the New Church, act Hey-wood,
   November 30th, and died December 16th,
       in the twentieth year of his age .

   In blooming youth, death shot his dart,
     It struck-and oh! too fatal prov'd ;
   He pierc'd Hiltonia through the heart,
     And parted him from those he lov'd .
   Around his bed, stood weeping friends,
     Who lov'd, and priz'd the child of truth ;
   And many a tear which pity lends
     Did flow, to view the dying youth .
   We bore him to the silent tomb,
     Where sweetly sleeps 'his mouldering dust,
   Now safe arrived at his "long home,"
     To wait the rising of the just .
  But, Oh! his spirit could not die,
    Immortal nature stamp'd her birth ;
  Prepar'd for heaven, she soar'dd on high,
    A captive loos'd from chains of earth.
  How would his ransom'd spirit sing,
    Returning home amid the crowd,
  Methinks the courts of heaven would ring,
    With Hallelujahs long and loud .
  And when the crown adorn'd his brow,
    And wav'd the sceptre in his hand,
  Methinks to Jesus he would bow,
    And praise his all-victorious hand,-
  Which kindly led and brought him through,
    Anr rais'd him to the courts above ;
  And then again, he'd sweetly bow,
    And praise him for his boundless love.
 0 may I meet in heaven my friend,
   The partner of my joy and care,
 And to his nobler spirit lend,
   A solemn and attentive ear,-
 And hear him tell of all the love,
   So sweetly here, on him bestowed ;
 And sit with him, on thrones above,
   And laud and magnify our God .
 Great God! direct my fragile bark,
   O'er life's dark, drear, tempestuous sea,
 Nor suffer ought to quench the spark
    Of grace, which yet remains in me .
 But may I steer a steady path,
   To heaven's eternal, blissful shore,
 And having triumph'd over death,
   Be found with thee for evermore .
                             B . GLAZEBBOOK .
Heywood, December 25th, 1836.

                QUERIES .
       [35 .]   LOCAL EPITAPHS .
  Here was interred the earthly remains of
John Fenton, sent ., who died October 16th,
1809, aged 68 years .
  .Also Mary . his wife, who died March 21st,
1811, aged 68 .
  Also Nanny, wife of James Fenton, died
December 28th, 1835, aged 70 .
  The above James died January 21st, 1846,
aged. 79 years .
  Deeply regretted by all who knew him .
  Also Phillis, wife of Joseph Fenton, who
died April 15th, 1830, aged 28 years .

  Here resteth the body of John Fenton, who
departed this life the 1st September, 1772, in
the 78th year of his age .
  Also Hannah, his wife, who departed this
life 5th January, 1874, in the 84th year of
her age.
  Also John Fenton, son of the above-named
John Fenton, who departed this life January
lst. 1805, in the 76th year of his age .
  Also Hannah, who departed this life the
29th May, 1801, aged 71 years .
     Also James, son of the first-named John
   Fenton, who departed this life on the 4th
   day of January.
     Also Betty Fenton, wife of James Fenton,
  departed this life on the 27th day of May,
   1815, aged 75 .
The above epitaphs appear on grave stones in
St . Luke's churchyard, and the following in
Heywood Cemetery : -
     Sacred to the memory of Edicund Clegg of
    Heywood, who died June 8th 1864, aged 66
   years .
     Also Nanny, second wife of the above, who
   died March 24th, 1852, aged 70 years .
     Also of Edmund Fenton, who died February
   10th, 1857, aged 74 years .
Can any of your readers give the relationship
 of the various Fenton families represented,
beyond what appears on the stone . Are these
any of the representatives of the Bamford Hall
 Fenton, or can any information be given
 respecting any of these bygone inhabitants of
Heywood ?
                                     " HEALD ."

        ribay, 41ar.ch Shit, 1903 .

                NOTES .
  The following interesting account of the con-
dition of Hooley Bridge in 1869 is taken from
"The Co-operator," edited by Henry Pitman .
Manchester : No . 200, vol . 9, May 29th, 1869,
pp . 361-2 .
  We are often greatly surprised to hear of
strange things in ancient times and :n far
distant countries ; white at the present time,
and in the very neighbourhood of our homes
and workshops, there are equally-yea, far
more-strange occurrences, which we seem not
to know of . About three miles from Bury, on
the old road to Rochdale, past the house that
Jack built-of which Waugh tells his wonder-
ful tale of Joe going up the chimney-there
is situated a village called Hooley Bridge . The
 founder's name was Joseph Fenton .         In his
 early days he was a working man ; but by his
 sober, patient, and toiling habits he became
 the founder of a family whose wealth and
 fame are known throughout the nation . One
 of the sons or such a worthy father for many
 years held the high honour of being member
 of Parliament for Rochdale .       Hooley Bridge
 village is now falling 'to ruins .    The mill is
stopped, the houses are empty, the whole once
valuable property is decaying so fast that in a
few years it will not be marketable.
    No doubt it will interest your readers to
know a few things about this deserted village
 of Hooley Bridge . The village was founded in
 the early part of the present century . The
mill proper is five stories high and 27 windows
 long. There is also another mill adjoining,
 six stories high, with a large shed that used
to be occupied with 900 fustian looms ; also
 winding, warping, and sizing, all complete, so
 a: ; to work raw cotton through to finished
 cloth .  These works were employed full time
for 25 years at one period of their existence .
 The works were driven with an eighty-horse
 steam engine and a water wheel . There are
from 100 to 200 houses .      To the honour of
 Fenton's family no beerhouses or spirit-sellers
were allowed at Hooley Bridge. A day school
 was carried on by the order of the worthy
 firm. There was abundance of spare laad
 about the mill and the houses, so that the
cottager had his garden to grow vegetables for
 his family table, and flowers, so precious for
 their perfume and refining influence .        The
 workpeople of this once happy village were
 noted as the best housed, best fed, clothed,
 and educated of any villagers in Lancashire .
 When the mill ceased work about seven years
since the workers in the mill were composed
 of three generations of the sama families .
When the works first stopped the people of the
 place could not think of seeking work else-
 where ; they hoped and waited, believing the
mill would commence work again, until almost
every penny of the little family fund had been
 spent. There are a few families still living
    on the spot, in fond remembrance of the past,
    with the hope of seeing the mill once again .n
    full work . The cause of the mill standing is
    said to be owing to a family dispute .      May
    the time soon come when . the grand children of
    such a worthy forefather will meet together
    in love, with past differences for ever healed
            And, children of one family,
           Like birds in their nest, agree .
       In passing down the river Roach, from Gnat
    Bank Mill to Radcliffe Bridge, many milk may
    be pointed out that once belonged to the most
    wealthy families in England of the present
     day .   They, by the compounding of their
    wealth, have become so rich that they will
    not have the cares of a commercial life, and
     prefer to live on the interest arising from in-
     vestments in land and other property .      We
    often talk of trade leaving this country . Trade
     is no respector of nations or peoples . Active,
     speculative, ambitious men will be the leading
     traders, be they Germans, Frenchmen, or
    Americans .
        Starting at Rochdale, on the banks of the
     river Roach, there are many things worthy to
     be recorded . There is Pilling's cotton mill,
     stopped seven years ; Gnat Bank cotton mill,
     stopped at various times from seven to four-
     teen years ; Crimble cotton mill, stopped
     twenty years ; Hooley Bridge cotton mill,
     seven years ; Maken mill, or Back-o'th'-;loss
     cotton mill, from seven to twenty years, at
     several stoppages ; Gigg mill has had many
     stoppages. from two to five years at a time .
     At Radcliffe there is the old mill, once owned
     by the Peel family . Only a few years since
     there could be seen the ruins of the old water
     mill wheel that drove the mill-the machinery
     half buried in the sand on the river's bank .
     All these stoppages and waste of wealth have
     generally occurred through family disputes, or
     by their owners becoming so rich that they
     preferred pleasure-seeking and travelling . The
     business man must locate, like a tree, with
      its roots in one spot, and gather around him
      every help possible . The firm, like the tree,
     then grows, and the fruit increases a thousand-

fold .   Changes such as I have named must
have caused great loss and misery to the work-
people .    To prevent such calamities to the
wealthy as well as the labour party is a con-
sideration worthy the attention of every well-
meaning man .
  The aforesaid thoughts and particulars have
come together through a day out by a number
of Oldham co-operators, on the first of May,
1869 .
                 CHURCHYARD .
   An interesting find was made on Thursday
last (March 23rd, 1905), of the Sun Dial which
formerly stood on the east side of the old
chapel . The stone was found in pulling down
the retaining wall which supports the ground
or the Town's Yard side . It would stand
about 4ft . bin . high when in position, and on
the top stone on one side is carved the date
                      R . H.,
and on the other
                      A. B.
The first initials will be those of Robert Hey-
wood of Heywood Hall, who was about that
date also Governor of the Isle of Man .     The
initials A .B. await an explanation . It is pos-
sible that the stone was laid aside about 1845
when a new sun dial was placed in the church-
yard through the liberality of a few friends .
The second sun dial is understood to be the
 one which was placed in the Queen's Park in
1890 .
  I heard of the stone last Thursday, and went
to view it on Saturday.       The letters and
figures, in my opinion, were made by the same
chisel : they are as plainly visible as when
first cut, and the stone is a sample of Lomas
Wood sandstone .     "A .B ." is not known to
me .    The church books are non-inform-
ing upon the point, and the Overseers'
books, which are carefully preserved by Mr .
Milne, date back only to 1808, the year follow-
ing the date of inscription . The part of the

 ground in which the stone was found was for-
 merly known as "the new burial ground," and
 one end of it-the northern end, next to what
 was known as the sand room end-was the
pauper's portion of God's acre . The sand room
was at the southern side of the National school,
and my best recollection of it is that it was
mostly used by Schoolmaster Wolstenholme for
punishing purposes . When he had resolved to
 give a pupil a bigger dose of cane than usual,
 often have I heard him tell the boys to be
punished to go into the sand room . From the
 window in -the sand room could be seen the
 entire new portion of the grave yard, and a full
view of the Free School in Church-street.
   The stone is in a wonderful state of pre-
 servation (excepting for the fracture done by
 the workmen who found it), and the "R .H ."
 will stand for Robert Heywood of Heywood
 Hall .
   \Villlianr-street .          SAM . HErwoon .

       [38.]SAM BAIIFORD'S WIFE .
              (See Query No . 17 .)
   A few weeks ago "_M.N ." inquired as to the
maiden name of Samuel Bamford's wife, a nd .
a s no one seems to have answered, I feel
pleased to give you the information .     Mrs .
Bamford's maiden name was Butterworth, -and
she was a sister of my father's mother . Con-
sequently she was a sister of my grandmother .
                    ANN MELLALIET HEYWOOD .
  William-street, HeywooJ .
   P .S .-One day last summer I made a pil-
grimage to Lincoln, to have a look at :he
prison in which Sam Bamford was incarcerated
for his mode of fighting for the liberties of
the people and the press .
                                     A .M .H .

  I am sorry that I am not able to give ° M .N ."
the maiden name of Sam Bamford's wife, but
I would like to correct the statement that
Bamford himself was a "famous Chartist ." He
was a special constable during the Chartist
agitation, and, in consequence, incurred the
hatred of his class . The whole story of hi.,
courtship of his "dear -Alima" is related with
much fulness in the `Early Days," but it is
difficult to follow in 'the absence of date :, . The
account of the _wedding at the Old Church,
Manchester, is very .amusing, and includes a
notice of the eccentric Rev . Joshua Brooks .
Bamford ends the story by "both pima and I
signed the book . Thus we were married, and
I was happy ." I suppose a search among the
registers at the Manchester Cathedral, a year
or two before 1812, will reveal the maiden
came .
                                           NEMO .

       ,~ribag,     -I p    it 7h, 1.905 .

        [39.]  CHARLES HOWARTH .
  T'he "Rochdale Observer" for July 4th, 1868,
contains the following obituary notice and bio-
graphical sketch of Charles Howarth, by his
intimate friend, William Cooper : -
  On the 30th ult . [June] were interred, at
the Heywood Cemetery, the remains of Mr .
Charles Howarth of 28, Wilton-street, Hey-
wood . There were present numerous friends
of the deceased, mostly co-operators .      The
Rochdale E+ quitable Pioneers' Society was re-
presented by the president and two of the
committee, besides other members and friends,
in all about twenty, from Rochdale, who, along
with those from other places, formed a
numerous procession . T'he Rev . Mr . Fox of
Heywood read the burial service ; after which
Mr . Councillor Smithies of Rochdale said that
before the relatives and friends of the deceased
separated a few remarks would be made by
Mr . William Cooper, at the particular desire of
his departed friend . Mr . Cooper then stepped
near the grave and said : "Our friend was
known and respected by all of us, and we
regret that he has not enjoyed good health, and
lived many years longer amongst us, who have
held him in high estimation . But we must all
die, some sooner and others later . Our com-
panion who now rests here, has been distin-
guished by sound judgment, and for holding
advanced opinions, and has laboured with
steady earnestness in many causes for the free-
dom and benefit of himself and his fellow-
man. I have known the deceased for upwards
of thirty years . He formerly was connected
with the Radical movement, which aimed at
obtaining political recognition and rights for
the people of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland ; and our departed friend
has just lived long enough to see the political
opinions which he had long held and advo-
cated when they were opposed by both Whig
and Tory statesmen, become the law of the
land . At least, every householder is a citizen ;
but the ballot in taking votes, which he also
claimed, is riot yet conceded .     Some of the
friends of the departed who are now present
may live to see this measure of protection and
justice granted to the people, that they may
be freed from coercion and oppression by the
 capital and employer classes . Passing from
the political opinions of our departed friend,
we must look at what he was, and did, as a
social reformer . Having, as I before said, a
practical common sense and a strong desire to
 promote the welfare of his fellow-men-his
own, the working classes, in particular-he
 always laboured to reduce his plans and prin-
 ciples to practice, for their benefit .   Hence
he sought out other means, in addition to his
political creed of the rights of man, for the
elevation of the toiler:, . He became a disciple
of the late Robert Owen, and an active member
of the Socialist body, and assisted in the estab-
lishment of communities of united interest, or
 "New Moral World," as they might be and
 were called, where each should work for the
mutual good of all, and knowledge, peace, and
 plenty should reign, and ignorance, discord,
suffering, and want be unknown .              But
 these noble and philanthropic objects being in
 advance of the times and the people generally
 -as were his political views-could not then
 succeed . Yet they remind those amongst us
 who are here and who then made common
 cs:use with him in these objects, of the calm,
 temperate, and sound judgment which he
 brought to shear, and the dignified and steady
 perseverance which the departed applied to
 make the faith which was within him a living
 practice . Charles Howarth was a wrarper by
 trade in a cctton mill, and saw the hardships,
fatigue, and injury to health and comfort
 which the long hours system in an unnatural
 and tainted atmosphere produced ; and, as a
social reformer, he Lock a prominent part in
 the agitation for the Ten Hours Factory Act,
 making speeches at public meetings in its
 favour and collecting subscriptions to defray
the expenses of the short time movement . He
laboured mostly in Rochdale, amongst his
townsmen cud friends, and was sent a .s a dele-
 gate to London to confer with members of
Parliament, and watch the Ten Hours Bill
while before the House of Commons . This
 shows that he was no mere follower, but a
leader, in this great and good cause .       Our
departed friend saw many evils in society, and,
like a skilful reformer, sought remedies where-
with to deal with each of several abuses and
injustices as required . The people's earnings
wc-re in part absorbed as profits by those who
sold the necessaries of life ; they were also in
debt with the shopkeepers ; and adulterations
of food detrimental to their interest and health
were being practised upon them ; and to rectify
these evils he propounded that the working
classes should become their own purveyors
and shopkeepers .     The Rochdale Equitable
Pioneers' Society's rules were mostly drawn up
by our departed friend ; and the principle 3f
dividing profits on purchases in proportion to
each member's trade was his proposal .       The
rules further provide that the business shall
be conducted on the ready-money principle,
and that the government of the society shall
be in the hands of the members, the manage-
ment being vested in a committee elected by
and from amongst themselves . Since then
hundreds of societies have been established in
the United Kingdom and abroad on similar
principles . Our departed brother also assisted

        in drawing up the constitution of the Rochdale
        District Corn Mill Society . This is a feder -
        tion of co-operative store societies and indi-
        vidual members . At a later date, there teas
        a wholesale department established in connec-
        tion with the Rochdale Equitable Pioneers'
        Society, and the profits were divided between
        each store in proportion to its trade ; but the
:l      same, not working to the satisfaction of the
        various societies, our departed brother pro-
        posed, at a delegate meeting from the stores
        held at Rochdale, that the wholesale depart-
        ment be made into a distinct agency on similar
        principles in some respects to the North of
        Fnunland Society, now established at 5$, Dant-
     _zic-street, Manchester . Later still he assisted
        in forming the North of England Co-operative
        Wholesale Society Limited, and was one of the
       _first directors ; and up to the time of his death
         - as a director of the Co-operative Insurance
        Company Limited. Of our departed friend we
        may say that in life he was a useful citizen ;
        a free-thinker in religion ; in political and
        social questions an advanced and consistent
        reformer ; a kind and good husband and
        father, and a true, constant, and faithful
        friend . We now take leave of our departed
        brother, in full confidence that posterity will
        appreciate his great and disinterested services,
        and that we and others may be influenced and
        er:couraoed to good works by his noble example
        ever being present in our memory to sustain
        us in oar endeavours
         [40 .] SARI BAMFORD AND HIS WIFE,
          I am pleased that your correspondent, Mrs .
        Heywood, has furnished the maiden name of
        Sam Bainford's wife . I could not remember
        tc have heard it, though I remember her well
        -and fondly . As a very little boy I used to
        take the "Manchester Examiner" twice a week
        to Bamford's house-the pretty cottage situ-
        ated between Moston and Blackley, over-
        looking Boggart Hole Olough . I scarcely ever
        took the paper without a chat with either
        Banaford or his wife, and often I received a
        little present-winter or summer, spring or
        autumn . Sometimes it was fruit or flowers

     out of the gardens ; when these were out of
     season it was a bit of cake, or (a luxury in
     those days of dear sugar) a slice of jam and
     tread! The kindliness of the couple in recog-
     nising my tramp, in all weathers, to this re-
     mote Charlestown village was always the same,
     and I can well understand the veteran Radi-
     cal's record about his wedding : "Both Mima
     and I signed the book- Thus we were married,
     and I was happy ." They were happy enough
     when I used to visit them, and they made
     others happy, including your humble corre-
     spondent, who was living at Barnes Green,
     which then seemed a long way from Manches-
     ter, to which city I had to go twice a week
     for newspapers and periodicals, which were
     obtained from Abel Heywood and brought
    home on the 'bus-a~ that time the only means
    of travelling, excepting "shanks' pony ."
       Is it worth recording that five or six years
     later I had other associations with Sam Bam-
    ford ? When I went to live at Heywood, as
    a "turnove_r apprentice" from my father (who
    had established the first newspaper in 31 idle-
    ton, and failed under it) to John Heywood, the
    publisher of the "Advertiser," I assisted in
    printing and publishing Sam Bamford's "Life
    of a Radical ."
       Those were hard, strenuous times, when a
    Paternal Government did not worry the world
    with Education Acts . I got my little educa-
    tion by private study, supplemented by the
    Mechanics' Institution evening classes, stimu-
    lated by certificates and prizes offered by the
    Lancashire and Cheshire Association of such
    institutes . We lads realised in those times
    the value of Charles Lamb's advice-"One of
    the very best ways to lengthen your days is
    to steal a few hours from the night ." Beer,
    'bacca, and billiards are more the favourites
    now .
      Formby, Liverpool.                   G.E .W.

      ,Fribag, April 14tI, 1905 .
                    NOTES .
      [41 .] THE KAYS OF BAMFORD .
   A correspondent has sent us the following
interesting article, which appeared in the
"Rochdalo Observer" for August 12th, 1893 .
We shall be glad to receive further notes on
the local names mentioned so as to bring the
record more up to date :-
  In a recent issue we quoted from the "Bnv - v
Times" a paragraph about the Kays of Bury, a
family whose early history is not very wull
known . Mr . George Craven, who, though not
a native of Rochdale, has lived here for nearly
seventy years, and has a remarkably retentive
memory covering the whole of that period, has
given us some interesting information about
the Kays . They were connected by marriage
with the Fentons, and Mr . William Fenton of
Bakewell has kindly given Mr . Craven some
material for this sketch . A Mr . A . Kay, who
was the great-grandfather of Sir Ughtred Kay-
Shuttlewarth, lived at Bass Lane, three or
four miles on the highway from Bury to Has-
lingden, and had six sons and a daughter-
James_, Thomas, John, Robert, William,
Richard, and Ann . The last-named married
Mr . Joseph Fenton of Beemford Hall, the
founder of the banking business at Rochdale .
They had two sons-John (first member for
Rochdale, and father of Mr . William Fenton
of Bakewell) and James, who was the Conser-
vative candidate for the borough in 1841, in
opposition to Mr . Sharman Crawford, James
Kay, one of the brothers-in-law of Mr . Joseph
Fenton, had a daughter, who married Mr .
John Fart of Read Hall, the first II .P . for
Clithcroe . Mr . William Fenton says that he
shall never forget his grandfather's delight
when he hoard on the same day that his son
John was elected member for Rochdale and
his nephew John Fort member for Clitheroe .
   Robert Ka y married a Miss Phillips of Bir-
mingham, and resided at Meadowcroft (now
k nown. as Beaumonds), Bamford . They had a
large family-Hannah, James Phillips, Robert,
and (after an interval of fifteen years) Joseph,
and then Thomas and Ebenezer . Robert Kay
the elder and Mr . Joseph Fenton were the pro-
moters of, and main contributors to, the build-
ing of Bamford Chapel, the home of the mother
church of the Independents in this neighbour-
hood . Mr. Kay was buried in the chapel ; his
wife's remains were interred near the grave
of the poet Wordsworth in Grasmere church-
yard . Their children included several men of
note, and two attained national fame-the late
Sir James Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth and Sir
Edward Ebenezer Kay, one of the present
Lords Justices of Appeal . Robert, the second
son, married Miss Woodcock, daughter of a
 Bury solicitor, carried on business as a calico
printer at Trows, Castleton, and used to attend
Milton Congregational Church, Rochdale .
Joseph was called to the Bar, and had a con-
siderable practice in the Northern circuit ; he
 died comparatively young . Thomas married
 and went to Australia. So far as we know
there is now no member of either the Fenton
or Kay family residing in the district .
    James Phillips Kay had a distinct and large
 influence on English life . His career was a
most interesting one . As a boy he was appren-
 ticed to the banking business with his uncle
 at Rochdale. Fenton's bank then stood at the
bottom of Yorkshire-street . At the corner of
The Walk, where Mr . Best's shop is now, a
 ilir . Holden then carried on a bookselline and
 printing business, and had Edwin Waugh as
an apprentice some years later . The next shop
 towards the river ha-- been converted by the
 Fentons into a bank, and it was there that
James Phillips Kay served his apprenticeship,
 which commenced about the year 1520 . The
 premises had the appearance of an ordinary
tradesman's shop, and one of Kay's duties was
 to take down the shutters every morning, and
 put them up again in the evening . He died
 many years ago, but his successor in the ap-
prenticeship is still alive-Mr . Lawrence Hard-
 man (Mr . Craven's brother-in-law), who now
 resides at Rock Ferry. James Phillips Kay
 was a promising young fellow, full of energy,
    and with an ability which could not be hidden .
    While an apprentice to the banking business
    he used to teach in the Independent Sunday
    school at Bamford, and he early manifested a
    keen interest in politics . Many years later he
    told the Bamford folk what an influence for
    good the discipline of those early days had
    on his subsequent career . On September 28th,
    1867, there was an old scholars' re-union at
    Bamford Chapel, and the most famous of the
    old teachers, now become Sir J . P . Kay-
    Shuttlewortb, was asked to attend . He could
    not accept the invitation, but he sent a hand-
    some donation to the funds of the school, and,
    what was much more welcome, a long letter
    full of wise counsel and interesting reminis-
    cer_ce of the old days .    The letter was pub-
    lished in the "Rochdale Observer" of the fol-
    lowing week, and is still remembered by many
    who first read it nearly twenty-six years ago .
1   Besides teaching in the Sunday school and
    having "the organisation and management" of
    the boys' section, he used to accompany the
    deacons and others on visits to distant hamlets
    on the moorsides, where cottage services were
    conducted, One John Crabtree tried to induce
    young Kay to become a missionary, but, as
    he wrote in this letter, he "had an eager thirst
    for knowledge, and longed to go to the univer-
    sity to study science and history and meta-
    physics ." John Ashworth of "Strange Tales"
    fame, was one of his scholars at Bamford,
    though he did not know this until the time
    of the cotton famine, when he visited Roch-
    dale, and Mr . Ashworth informed him of the
    fact . "I often think of Bamford," wrote Sir
    James in concluding this epistle, "and, I
    should not wonder if, among my last thoughts;
    is the Sunday school in the organisation and
    management of which, forty-five years ago, I
    received the first impulse to observe, enquire,
    and ponder on the methods and discipline of
    schools for the people ."
       He did not take kindly to the banking busi-
     ness, and at the close of his apprenticeship
    chose the medical profession, and remained in
    it long enough to take his M .D . degree and
     begin to practice in Piccadilly, -Manchester .
    VOL. I .-Part 4.
He had studied at one of the Scottish univer-
sities and abroad, was regarded as a clever
doctor, and went to the poll for a position on
the staff of the Manchester Infirmary .    For-
tunately for him his career as a medical man
came to an unexpectedly early close . At the
general election in 1832 Lord Molyneux and
Mr . G . W . Wood were the Reformers' candi-
dates in South-East Lancashire .     The great
reform agitation, the resistance of the House
of Lords and the surrender of the peers to the
force of national indignation when further re-
sistance threatened their very life as legis-
lators, made the politics of the time full of
dramatic interest . Nowhere had the agitation
for reform been conducted with more energy
and persistence than in this part of Lanca-
shire . Mr . James Philips Kay was an ardent
Reformer, and he threw himself into the con-
test on behalf of Lord Molyneux and Mr . Wood
with a fiery enthusiasm which won his lord-
ship's admiration and gratitude . Tne Refor-
mers won the battle, and shortly afterwards
young Mr . Kay's doctoring days were over .
He was appointed to the office of Poor-Law
ir.,spector in the Eastern district, and the
family which had previously removed to Man-
chester, settled at Cromer, and afterwards at
Battersea . When Lord Brougham was pressing
forward his proposals for the education of the
working classes Mr . Kay's early experiences at
Bamford Sunday ocnool stood him in good
stead . Fortunately circumstances enabled him
to render splendid service to the cause .   He
accepted a position in the Education Depart-
ment, which was just then being established by
the Government, and for nearly twenty years
his was the chief influence in the educational
policy of this country . He retired in 1849 .
In 1812 he married Miss Shuttleworth, the
heiress of the Shuttleworths of Gawthorp, and
added his wife's name to his own . In 1849, on
his retirement from the secretaryship of the
Committee of Council on Education, he was
made a baronet . He died full of years and
honours in 1877, and was succeeded in the
baronetcy by the present holder of the title,
Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth .

   Sir J . P . Kay-Shuttleworth had considerable
literary ability, and several of his productions
are on the shelves of the Rochdale Free
Library . In 1832, while practising as a doctor
in Manchester, he wrote the "Moral and
Physical Condition of the Working Classes em-
ployed in the Cotton Manufacture in Manches-
ter ; with Introductory Letter to Rev . T .
Chalmers, D .D ."      His intimate acquaintance
 with the life of Rochdale and district in the
early years of the century served him in good
stead when, in 1860, he published the three-
volume novel, "Scarsdale, or Life on the Lan-
 cashire and Yorkshire Border Thirty Years
Ago ." The story is full of exciting incident,
and the scenes are mostly laid in and about
Rochdale .      One chapter in the first volume
gives a graphic account of "The Rochdale Rush-
 bearing ." Sir James also wrote a great deal
on educational topics .

           [42 .] A CORRECTION .
  Sir,-I have just been reading "G .E .W .'s"
interesting account of relations with Sam Bam-
ford, and notice that in conclusion he quotes
Charles Lamb to the effect that "One of the
best ways to lengthen your days," etc .     Is
this Lamb's? I remember that in More's
"Young May Moon" we have
    'The best of all ways
     To lengthen our days
     Is to steal a few hours from the night
         My dear ."
I may be wrong, but it looks like another in-
justice to Ireland!                  S .J .B .

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