APWH Unit I Test Review

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					UNIT I TEST REVIEW (Key is on last page)
Chapter 1
1. The term prehistory refers to the period before
  A. Writing B. The first hominid C. The appearance of homo sapiens              D. 1000 B.C.E
2. Which of the following statements is true of the inhabitants of the Paleolithic Age?
  A. They had mastered writing           C. They were hunters and gatherers
  B. They domesticated animals           D. They had discovered agriculture
3. Most scholars believe that, during the Paleolithic Age, social organization was characterized by
  A. A rough social equality              C. A dominant class based on the private ownership of land
  B. A ruling priestly class              D. A ruling merchant class
4. Many scholars believe that during the Paleolithic Age the relationship between the sexes was marked by
  A. A female-dominated society based on the importance of gathering edible plants
  B. General social equality
  C. A male-dominated society based on the preeminence of hunting
  D. A male-dominated society based on sheer physical strength
5. The Venus figurines
  A. Were first found in the ruins of Çatal Hüyük
  B. Date back to the time of Australopithecus
  C. Were representative of the matriarchal societies of the Neolithic Age
  D. Reflect early humans' deep interest in fertility
6. With the development of languages, human beings were able to
  A. Produce long cutting edges
  B. Accumulate knowledge and transmit it to new generations
  C. Begin to fashion sharp tools from animal bones
  D. Devise means for catching fish from deep waters
7. One of the interpretations of the early human cave paintings is that they represent
  A. Positive proof of the limited intellectual world of the early human
  B. Early worship of the forces of evil
  C. A variety of sympathetic magic
  D. The first conscious development of art for its own sake
8. Instead of the potentially misleading term agricultural revolution, many anthropologists prefer the term
  A. Agricultural bonding         B. Agricultural leap     C. Agricultural infrastructure D. Agricultural transition
9. One of the earliest known agricultural techniques was
  A. Crop rotation       B. Hunting and gathering        C. Slash and burn          D. Crop substitution
10. The mastery of agriculture led to a population explosion. From a sparse population of around four million in 10,000
 B.C.E., the global figure rose by around 500 B.C.E. To around
 A. Ten million         B. Forty million          C. One hundred million         D. Two hundred million
11. One of the earliest neolithic settlements was __________, which was located at a freshwater oasis north of the Dead
 Sea and had a population of around two thousand.
 A. Jericho              B. Çatal Hüyük           C. Altamira           D. Lascaux
12. Çatal Hüyük is significant because
 A. It marks the beginning of human civilization          C. It was the site of the first human agriculture
 B. It marks the first human use of tools                 D. It is one of the best known Neolithic settlements
13. The earliest of the three Neolithic craft industries was
 A. Textile production            B. Pottery        C. Carpet weaving        D. Metallurgy
14. The earliest metal worked systematically by humans was
 A. Copper       B. Tin         C. Bronze       D. Iron
15. The ultimate source of wealth in any agricultural society is
 A. Gold        B. Copper       C. Land          D. Control over the protective deities
16. Because of the changing nature of agriculture, Neolithic worshippers sometimes associated fertility with animals like
 A. Bulls       B. Birds        C. Bears         D. Frogs or butterflies
17. Cities differed from Neolithic villages in two principal ways. First, cities were larger and more complex than Neolithic
    villages. The second difference was that
 A. Cities served the needs of their inhabitants and immediate neighbors
 B. Cities decisively influenced the economic, political, and cultural life of large regions
 C. Cities were less advanced militarily
 D. Cities had populations in the thousands
Chapter 2
18. Gilgamesh was associated with what city?
 A. Jerusalem         B. Kish         C. Uruk             D. Lagash
19. The earliest urban societies so far known emerged in the
 A. First millennium B.C.E B. Third millennium B.C.E C. Sixth millennium B.C.E               D. Fourth millennium B.C.E
20. With few precedents to guide them, the population of Mesopotamia adapted and created
 A. Social organization         B. Writing     C. Agricultural cultivation    D. Development of religion
21. The word Mesopotamia means
 A. The "pure land." B. The "land of the strong."         C. "the blood of Gilgamesh."     D. "the land between the rivers."
22. Which of the following is not a Semitic language?
 A. Hebrew              B. Phoenician            C. Aramic                D. Sumerian
23. The first complex society was developed in the southern Mesopotamian land of
 A. Akkad               B. Assyria              C. Sumer              D. Babylonia
24. Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Nippur, and Kish were all associated with
 A. Egypt       B. Nubia        C. Phoenicia            D. Mesopotamia
25. A Mesopotamian stepped pyramid was known as a
 A. Coptic    B. Eridu       C. Lugal      D. Ziggurat
26. After 3000 B.C.E. all Sumerian cities were ruled by what form of government?
 A. Monarchy            B. Councils of elders            C. Dictators          D. Assemblies of citizens
27. The creator of the first empire in Mesopotamia was
 A. Hammurabi             B. Moses        C. Sargon of Akkad      D. Gilgamesh
28. What individual believed that the gods had chosen him to "promote the welfare of the people . . . [and] to cause justice
    to prevail in the land?"
 A. Moses        B. Nebuchadnezzar       C. Hammurabi           D. Sargon of Akkad
29. While Hammurabi's code was based on the concept of lex talionis, it was also shaped by
 A. Social standing
 B. The will of the Mesopotamian gods as expressed by the priestly class
 C. The language spoken by the accused perpetrator
 D. The age of the accused perpetrator
30. The Babylonians eventually fell in 1595 B.C.E. to the
 A. Egyptians          B. Hittites       C. Sumerians             D. Hebrews
31. The later Mesopotamian people who built a large empire based on a powerful army with iron weapons and who made
    extensive use of terror were the
 A. Hittites             B. Hyksos    C. Assyrians             D. Babylonians
32. A Babylonian resurgence of power was led in the sixth century B.C.E. by
 A. Nebuchadnezzar B. Ashurbanipal             C. Solomon       D. Sargon
33. Mesopotamian metalworkers discovered that if they alloyed copper and tin they could produce
 A. Obsidian          B. Steel       C. Iron           D. Bronze
34. Iron metallurgy came to Mesopotamia from the
 A. Hebrews            B. Hittites    C. Phoenicians              D. Egyptians
35. The first people in the world to use wheeled vehicles were the
 A. Sumerians             B. Assyrians C. Egyptians               D. Phoenicians
36. Evidence shows that the Mesopotamians
 A. Traded extensively with peoples as far away as Anatolia, Egypt, and India
 B. Lived an isolated existence and did not trade
 C. Traded exclusively with the Egyptians
 D. Traded extensively until the time of the Assyrians when trade dropped to nothing
37. In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and heavily indebted individuals were the three main sources
 A. Slaves     B. Indentured servants           C. Dependent clients             D. Mercenary soldiers
38. Mesopotamia developed into
 A. A strict patriarchal society                                  C. A predominantly matriarchal society
 B. A society where the sexes enjoyed relative equality           D. A society with few social distinctions
39. Conditions for women in Mesopotamia
 A. Increased dramatically over the centuries
 B. Reached their high point during the time of the Assyrians
 C. Grew increasingly worse over time
 D. Improved dramatically when women were allowed to do away with the veil
40. The Mesopotamian style of writing was known as
 A. Demotic           B. Cuneiform            C. Hieroglyphs              D. Coptic
41. Enkidu was
 A. The Sumerian god of wisdom                     C. The most powerful Babylonian king
 B. A leading Sumerian city-state                  D. Gilgamesh's friend
42. Ethical monotheism was in the tradition of the
 A. Mesopotamians              B. Egyptians               C. Assyrians             D. Hebrews
43. Hebrew monotheism has its origins with
 A. Abraham          B. Moses                      C. Joseph              D. David
44. The first simplified alphabet, containing only twenty-two letters, was created by the
 A. Mesopotamians                 B. Assyrians            C. Hebrews               D. Phoenicians
45. Which of the following languages is not of Indo-European origin?
 A. Egyptian            B. Sanskrit              C. Old Persian           D. Greek
46. The original homeland of the Indo-European speakers was
 A. Mesopotamia        B. Northern Germany            C. Southern Russia                   D. India
47. The most influential ancient Indo-European migrants into southwest Asia were the
 A. Assyrians            B. Aryans             C. Hebrews               D. Hittites
48. Horse-drawn chariots were first invented by the
 A. Egyptians          B. Assyrians              C. Hittites              D. Babylonians
Chapter 3
49. Which of the following societies began the custom of embalming to preserve the body for its life after death?
 A. Egypt       B. Mesopotamia          C. India        D. China
50. Around _______ B.C.E., peoples of the eastern Sudan started to domesticate cattle and became nomadic herders.
 A. 25,000    B. 18,000       C. 9000          D. 4000
51. The early Sudanic societies recognized a single divine force as the source of good and evil, and they associated it with
 A. Fire        B. The ocean            C. The sun                D. Rain
52. The Greek historian Herodotus used the phrase "the gift of the _______" to describe Egypt.
 A. Indus      B. Huang He             C. Nile          D. Tigris
53. The earliest Egyptian and Nubian states were
 A. City states         B. Small kingdoms                 C. Centralized empires           D. Trading networks
54. Egypt was united around 3100 B.C.E. by the conqueror
 A. Menes               B. Khufu               C. Sargon of Akkad                  D. Hatshepsut
55. The largest Egyptian pyramids were built during the
 A. Middle Kingdom             B. Old Kingdom           C. New Kingdom             D. Archaic period
56. __________'s is the largest of all the pyramids.
 A. Sargon of Akkad              B. Khufu                 C. Hyksos              D. Menes
57. The capital of the kingdom of Kush was
 A. Kerma                B. Axum                 C. Memphis              D. Harappa
58. Harkhuf was
 A. The capital of Kush                                   C. An Egyptian explorer who visited Nubia
 B. The most powerful pharaoh of the Old Kingdom          D. The largest Middle Kingdom pyramid
59. Pharaohs in the Middle Kingdom were
 A. More powerful than pharaohs of the Old Kingdom C. Set on the throne by the Roman emperor Julius Caesar
 B. Descended from a line of Babylonian kings      D. Less powerful than pharaohs of the Old Kingdom
60. Around 3100 B.C.E., the conqueror Menes founded ________, a city that would serve as the capital for early Egypt.
 A. Heliopolis        B. Kerma                C. Uruk                D. Memphis
61. The Hyksos were
 A. Nomads who eventually settled around the city of Babylon
 B. External invaders who helped bring about the end of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
 C. Mesopotamian kings
 D. The priestly class in ancient Egypt
62. Horse-drawn chariots and bronze weapons were introduced into Egypt by the
 A. Hyksos             B. Babylonians        C. Kushites             D. Harappans
63. The most vigorous of all New Kingdom pharaohs was __________, who led his troops into Palestine and Syria and
    who even received tribute from the Mesopotamian city-states.
 A. Ahmosis            B. Menes               C. Sargon of Akkad           D. Tuthmosis III
64. The Egyptians were the most imperialistic during the
 A. First Intermediary period          B. Archaic period         C. New Kingdom          D. Old Kingdom
65. During the eighth century B.C.E. Egypt fell under the control of the _______ for around a century.
 A. Persians            B. Romans                C. Greeks                D. Kushites
66. Around 760 B.C.E. The Kushite King Kashta
 A. Officially converted to the Egyptian gods
 B. Founded a dynasty that ruled Egypt for around a hundred years
 C. Formed a long-lasting trading agreement with Egypt, marking their first contact
 D. Surrendered to Assyrian domination
67. In the mid-seventh century B.C.E. Egypt lost its independence and became a part of
 A. The Assyrian empire         B. The Arabic empire            C. The Persian empire            D. The Roman empire
68. Hatshepsut was
 A. A Mesopotamian king of the gods              C. The first conqueror to unite all of Mesopotamia
 B. The Hebrew term for their god                D. A woman who ruled Egypt as pharaoh
69. In which of the following societies did women enjoy the most freedom and opportunity?
 A. Mesopotamia          B. Egypt         C. Hebrews            D. Assyria
70. In Kush
 A. The cities were much larger than they were in Egypt          C. There were apparently never any female rulers
 B. Woman's only role was to serve as a slave                    D. There is evidence of many female rulers
71. In Africa, iron metallurgy
 A. Was introduced by Persian merchants
 B. Did not appear until after the rise of trans-Saharan trade
 C. Arose independently
 D. Began after an odd meeting between a Kushite king and the Egyptian explorer Harkhuf
72. The Egyptians traded through the Red Sea with a land they called Punt, which was probably
 A. Harappan India             B. Sri Lanka             C. Modern-day Somalia           D. Assyria
73. The Greek words meaning "holy inscriptions" refers to
 A. Hieroglyphs               B. Cuneiform              C. The Old Testament             D. The Phoenician alphabet
74. Meroitic writing
 A. Has now been completely translated                         C. Was introduced into India by the Indo-Europeans
 B. Expressed the general Egyptian optimism with life          D. Was a Nubian script that borrowed Egyptian hieroglyphs
75. The cult of Amon-Re
 A. Was a failed monotheistic religion in Egypt           C. Was a combination of the Egyptian air and sun gods
 B. Worshipped the god of the underworld                  D. Worshipped the Egyptian god of the desert
76. What pharaoh tried, unsuccessfully, to transform Egypt into a monotheistic society?
 A. Menes               B. Akhenaten             C. Tuthmosis III                D. Ahmosis
77. The Egyptian god of the underworld was
 A. Amon-Re            B. Aten         C. Horus                   D. Osiris
78. Osiris judged whether or not souls were worthy for immortality by
 A. Weighing their hearts against a feather symbolizing justice
 B. Their completion of a journey full of tests
 C. The individual's level of sincere faith in Osiris as a redeemer
 D. Examining their holiness at the moment of their death
79. The Bantu originally came from around
 A. The Swahili area            B. Modern day Nigeria             C. Far southern Africa           D. Egypt
80. The tribes which, as early as 3000 B.C.E., began to spread their language and agricultural techniques throughout
    Africa were the
 A. Mali                 B. Persians             C. Xiongnu               D. Bantu
81. By spreading their language across a huge stretch of Africa, the Bantu played a role similar to that played by the
 A. Indo-Europeans              B. Mongols               C. Xiongnu               D. Visigoths
82. The Bantu probably began their migrations because of
 A. Invasions from the Mediterranean basin             C. The threat of epidemic disease
 B. A conscious desire for conquest                    D. Population pressures
Chapter 4
83. The chief god of the early Aryans was
 A. Enlil                B. A mother goddess              C. Varuna                D. Indra
84. After the Aryans and Dravidians mixed and intermingled,
 A. Indra still remained the leading god       C. Amon-Re replaced Indra as the ruler of the gods
 B. Indra disappeared completely                       D. Indra receded into the background
85. Archaeologists have proven that two hundred thousand years ago in India
 A. The Aryan migration took place      C. A war was fought between the Dravidians and the Mesopotamians
 B. Paleolithic communities existed     D. A prosperous Neolithic community existed
86. The earliest known urban society in India was the
 A. Bantu        B. Indo-European        C. Harappan              D. Sumerian
87. Much of early Harappan history remains a mystery because
 A. The archaeological remains are under water
 B. They lacked a written language
 C. Their records were destroyed by a Mesopotamian invasion
 D. The Aryans undertook a systematic destruction of Harappan written records
88. If the Greek historian Herodotus had known of the Harappan society, he might have used the phrase "the gift of the
 ________" to describe it.
 A. Nile         B. Tigris      C. Indus       D. Yangtze
89. Chickens were first domesticated in
 A. China      B. Mesopotamia           C. Greece         D. India
90. Mohenjo-daro was
 A. The mother goddess of the earliest Indian society             C. One of the two main cities of the Harappan society
 B. An important early thinker in the rise of Hinduism            D. A collection of early Indian religious texts
91. Based on archaeological evidence from early Indian history, historians believe that
 A. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro served as economic and political centers
 B. The Harappan world was one of constant civil war
 C. The Chinese were a constant influence
 D. There was little true culture in India before the arrival of the Indo-Europeans
92. At its height, the population of Mohenjo-daro reached
 A. 10,000       B. 20,000        C. 40,000      D. 75,000
93. Evidence relating to trade indicates that Harappan India
 A. Was isolated and did not trade                C. Traded exclusively with Egypt
 B. Traded exclusively with China                 D. Traded with Mesopotamia and Egypt
94. Which statement about Harappan society is false?
 A. Most of their houses featured private showers and toilets
 B. They traded extensively with the Mesopotamians
 C. They had social distinctions
 D. Their writings have provided a wealth of information for historians
95. Harappan religion
 A. Focused on the worship of the sun            C. Reflected a strong concern for fertility
 B. Was strongly monotheistic                    D. Focused on the worship of the moon
96. Some scholars believe that, after the collapse of the Harappan society, Harappan deities
 A. Disappeared completely
 B. Quickly became the only gods of the Indo-Europeans
 C. Survived and found a place in the Hindu pantheon
 D. Survived in Southeast Asia after the Harappan migration
97. One of the biggest reasons for the decline of the Harappan society was
 A. A devastating plague         B. Ecological degradation       C. A Chinese invasion         D. A Mesopotamian invasion
98. The Indo-Europeans who entered India called themselves Aryans, which means
 A. "agents of the lord king." B. "horse masters."    C. "noble people."    D. "people of Indra."
99. The Aryans were
 A. The priestly class of the Harappan society            C. The political remnants of the Harappan kings
 B. Chinese merchants                                     D. Indo-Europeans
100. The Aryans came into India
 A. In a centuries-long migration                                 C. As religious pilgrims
 B. As part of a violent, organized military campaign             D. After fleeing persecution in China
101. Which of the following statements about the Aryans is not true?
 A. They might have been the first people to domesticate horses, hitching them to carts and wagons
 B. They spread variations of their language from India to Europe
 C. Their original homeland was probably the Ukraine and southern Russia
 D. They brought the first written language to India
102. The biggest military advantage of the Indo-Europeans was
 A. Their horses                                C. Their use of iron weapons
 B. Their use of bronze weapons                 D. Their use of battering rams
103. Most of our information about the early Aryans comes from the
 A. Upanishads         B. Vedas         C. Dasas       D. Rajas
104. The Aryans referred to social classes by the term
 A. Karma              B. Varna          C. Moksha        D. Samsara
105. Which of the following social classes in the caste system is associated with warriors and aristocrats?
 A. Shudras             B. Kshatriyas             C. Vaishyas              D. Brahmins
106. The task of butchering animals or handling dead bodies usually fell to the
 A. Untouchables        B. Shudras              C. Vaishyas               D. Jati
107. Which of the following answers reflects the early varna hierarchy from highest to lowest?
 A. Brahmins, kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras              C. Brahmins, kshatriyas, shudras, vaishyas
 B. Kshatriyas, brahmins, vaishyas, shudras              D. Kshatriyas, vaishyas, brahmins, shudras
108. A jati is
 A. A sub-caste                                  C. Another name for the transmigration of the soul
 B. A serf in the caste system           D. A priest in the caste system
109. The first century B.C.E. Work that dealt with moral behavior and social relationships was the
 A. Upanishads           B. Rig Veda             C. Varna               D. Lawbook of Manu
110. When a Hindu widow voluntarily threw herself on her dead husband's funeral pyre it was known as
 A. Jati             B. Manu                 C. Samsara              D. Sati
111. Vedic society was
A. Strongly matriarchal                C. Strongly patriarchal
B. Marked by equality of the sexes     D. Alternately patriarchal and matriarchal depending upon which god was in power
112. What Aryan god was associated with war and rain?
 A. Varuna           B. Indra                 C. Agni             D. Krishna
113. The Aryans believed that Varuna
 A. Was the founder of India C. Oversaw the behavior of mortals and preserved the cosmic order
 B. Represented war and rain D. Determined the caste that souls entered into as part of transmigration
114. The most important aspect of the Aryan religion during the early Vedic times was
 A. The proper performance of ritual sacrifices         C. A tightly-structured monotheism
 B. An ethical code of conduct                          D. The acceptance of Indra as the redeemer
115. The hallucinogenic concoction drunk by Aryans during ritual sacrifices was known as
 A. Varuna             B. Soma                C. Agni          D. Sati
116. The "World of the Fathers"
 A. Is a term associated with the brahmin caste
 B. Is the concept which best expresses the patriarchal nature of Indian society
 C. Represents the hierarchical nature of the caste system
 D. Was the Aryan heaven
117. The Upanishads were
 A. The priestly class from the caste system                               C. Commentaries and reflections on the Vedas
 B. A branch of the Indo-Europeans who settled in northern India           D. Warriors
118. In Hinduism the highest goal of the individual soul was
 A. To follow the Four Noble Truths
 B. To escape the cycle of birth and rebirth and enter into permanent union with Brahman
 C. To enter into permanent union with Indra and thus escape the cycle of permanent rebirth
 D. To fulfill the individual's special destiny as spelled out in the process of predestination
119. This passage from the Upanishads explains what Hindu concept? "According as a man acts and walks in the path of
 life, so he becomes. He that does good becomes good; he that does evil becomes evil."
 A. Dharma              B. Samsara             C. Varna                 D. Karma
120. The two principal means to achieve the goal of moksha are
A. Righteous battle and conquest                C. Intellectual stimulation and hedonistic pleasure
B. Asceticism and meditation                    D. Artistic expression and logical intellectual progression
Chapter 5
121. The legendary founder of the Xia dynasty, who constructed dikes and dams and organized flood control projects, was
 A. Confucius          B. Erlitou               C. King Yu             D. Prince Wu
122. The legendary early Chinese sage-king who ordered the four seasons and who established uniform weights,
 measures, and units of time was
 A. Qin Shihuangdi             B. Shun        C. Confucius             D. Yu
123. Human beings made their appearance in East Asia as early as
 A. One million years ago                     C. Two hundred thousand years ago
 B. Five hundred thousand years ago           D. Fifty thousand years ago
124. Which river takes its name from loess soil?
 A. Yangzi               B. Xi Jiang             C. Chengdu               D. Huang He
125. The Huang He River was given the nickname
 A. China's Sorrow   B. Mandate of Heaven                 C. China's Father                  D. Yellow Terror
126. Which of the following groupings of early societies and their rivers is correct?
 A. Mesopotamia-Tigris and Euphrates; Egypt-Indus; Harappan-Nile; China-Huang He
 B. Mesopotamia-Nile; Egypt-Tigris and Euphrates; Harappan-Indus; China-Huang He
 C. Mesopotamia-Tigris and Euphrates; Egypt-Nile; Harappan-Huang He; China-Indus
 D. Mesopotamia-Tigris and Euphrates; Egypt-Nile; Harappan-Indus; China-Huang He
127. Which Neolithic society flourished in China between 5000 and 3000 B.C.E.?
 A. Xia                B. Yangshao              C. Shang              D. Zhou
128. The most important archaeological site from the Neolithic Yangshao culture is
 A. Banpo              B. Huang He              C. Xia                 D. Ao
129. Which of the following answers is correct chronologically?
 A. Xia, Zhou, Shang, Qin                       C. Yangshao, Xia, Shang, Zhou
 B. Shang, Yangshao, Xia, Zhou                          D. Yangshao, Shang, Xia, Zhou
130. The first attempt to organize public life in China on a large scale occurred during the
 A. Shang dynasty        B. Yangshao culture       C. Xia dynasty           D. Zhou dynasty
131. The capital of the Xia dynasty was
 A. Ao                   B. Banpo                 C. Beijing              D. Erlitou
132. The Shang rulers were strengthened by their control over the technological advantage of
 A. Iron               B. Bronze                C. Tin                   D. Copper
133. The Chinese copied their chariots from the
 A. Egyptians          B. Harappan Indians                C. Japanese              D. The Indo-Europeans
134. The Shang enjoyed a military advantage with armies as large as
 A. 2,000 troops      B. 8,000 troops          C. 13,000 troops           D. 42,000 troops
135. Ao was an important early capital of the __________ dynasty.
 A. Qin               B. Xia                     C. Zhou                  D. Shang
136. The last capital of the Shang dynasty, which featured lavish tombs for the kings, was
 A. Yin                   B. Beijing             C. Erlitou               D. Banpo
137. Which dynasty laid the foundation for principles of government and political legitimacy?
 A. Xia                B. Zhou                  C. Shang                D. Qin
138. The mandate of heaven
 A. Gave the Chinese emperors unlimited power
 B. Created the notion of the Chinese emperors as gods
 C. Positioned China as a theocracy ruled by priests
 D. Allowed the ruler to serve as a link between the heavens and the earth
139. Because of the immense size of the Zhou state, its emperors were forced to
 A. Rely on a decentralized system of government
 B. Rule through the use of incredible terror
 C. Establish a rule based on the accepted divinity of the ruler
 D. Bring in troops from their Indian allies
140. One of the reasons for the eventual collapse of the Zhou dynasty was the inability of its emperors to control the
 production of
 A. Bronze              B. Iron                  C. Tin                  D. Copper
141. The Period of Warring States refers to the
 A. Early war between China and India
 B. Conquest of later Shang emperors by the rising Zhou military forces
 C. Chaotic last centuries of the Zhou dynasty
 D. Period of disunity before Xia unification
142. In ancient China, which group presided at the rites and ceremonies honoring ancestors' spirits?
 A. Members of the official priesthood                    C. The Buddhist hierarchy
 B. Women represented the nurturing earth goddess         D. The patriarchal heads of the families
143. Which group retained much more influence on family structure in China than in other lands?
 A. The extended family                       C. The matriarchal heads of the families
 B. The nuclear family                D. Members of the cult of Isis
144. In regard to gaining or losing the mandate of heaven, the Chinese spoke of
 A. Tian, an impersonal heavenly power                   C. The influential decisions of the official priesthood
 B. The influence of the great god Luoyang               D. The intervention of the Buddha
145. The Chinese began to make extensive use of writing during the __________ dynasty.
 A. Xia               B. Zhou                 C. Qin                   D. Shang
146. In an effort to foretell the future, the Shang made use of
 A. A careful examination of the movements of the planets         C. Oracle bones
 B. A sheep's entrails                                            D. Prophetic visions brought about by consuming soma
147. Writing during the Shang period was made up of around
 A. Twenty-two letters         B. Fifty letters        C. Five hundred characters           D. Two thousand characters
148. The lines, "This young lady is going to her future home, And will order well her chamber and house" come from
 A. Confucius                   C. The Book of Songs
 B. The Book of History         D. Ancient texts discussing the unthinking obedience called for in the mandate of heaven
149. Many of the early Chinese literary works were destroyed by
 A. A major fire in the main Zhou library               C. The incompetence of the later Zhou emperors
 B. Order of the first Qin emperor             D. Mongol raids during the Shang dynasty
150. Which of the following works was not one of the Zhou classics?
 A. Book of Changes B. Book of Songs           C. Book of the Emperors            D. Book of History
151. Early China enjoyed lasting direct long-distance trade with
 A. India              B. Mesopotamia                     C. Egypt                D. None of these
152. The early Chinese shipped textiles and metal goods to the ancestors of the Turks and Mongols in the steppes and
 received what in return?
 A. Horses              B. Grain                C. Raw materials                 D. Military protection
153. The nomadic tribes to the north and west of China traded with the Zhou
 A. And eventually completely copied Chinese culture C. And were conquered by the Zhou emperors
 B. But did not imitate Chinese ways                     D. And brought profound cultural influences to the Chinese
154. The powerful southern rival to the Zhou were the
 A. Xia                B. Yangzi               C. Chu             D. Huang He
Chapter 6
155. Ritual bloodletting was crucial to Maya rituals because
 A. It pleased their god Indra                           C. It was associated with rain and agriculture
 B. The flow of blood terrified their enemies            D. They had copied the technique from the earlier Aztecs
156. The staple food of Mesoamerica was
 A. Squash              B. Beans                  C. Fish         D. Maize
157. Agriculture had spread through Mesoamerica by
 A. 30,000 B.C.E                B. 20,000 B.C.E                   C. 10,000 B.C.E                  D. 2000 B.C.E
158. The first society of Mesoamerica, which founded traditions followed by all later societies, was the
 A. Maya                  B. Olmec              C. Teotihuacan          D. Mochica
159. The term Olmec means
 A. The "lords."      B. The "masters of the middle earth."       C. The "rubber people."          D. The "wanderers."
160. The first ceremonial center of the Olmecs was
 A. San Lorenzo         B. La Venta             C. Teotihuacan            D. Kaminaljuyu
161. The Olmec common people
 A. Labored regularly on behalf of the Olmec elite
 B. Were exclusively the subject of human sacrifice
 C. Lived alongside the elite in the major ceremonial centers
 D. Lived a much more privileged life than their European counterparts did
162. The most characteristic artistic creations of the Olmecs were
 A. Pyramids B. Elaborate murals          C. Temples      D. Colossal human heads sculpted from basalt
163. The Olmec ceremonial centers of San Lorenzo and La Venta were destroyed by
 A. Earthquakes      B. The Maya              C. The Teotihuacan            D. The Olmecs themselves
164. 1The Olmecs traded extensively in all of the following items except
 A. Horses            B. Jade          C. Obsidian               D. Small works of art
165. All Mesoamerican societies used calendars derived ultimately from the
 A. Maya              B. Mochica               C. Olmecs                D. Aztecs
166. The first ceremonial center of the Maya was
 A. Tikal               B. San Lorenzo          C. Mochica               D. Kaminaljuyu
167. The most important political center of the Mayan realm at its height was
 A. Kaminaljuyu                 B. Teotihuacan          C. Tikal                  D. Chavin
168. Which of the following devices did the ancient Maya build in order to trap silt carried by the numerous rivers passing
     through the Mesoamerican lowlands?
 A. Dams        B. Massive irrigation projects         C. Terraces                D. Primitive water purification filters
169. In the ninth century C.E., a loose Maya empire was constructed by the state of
 A. Tikal                B. Kaminaljuyu         C. Chavin               D. Chichén Itźa
170. Which of the following mathematical concepts, essential for positional notation and the manipulation of large
     numbers, was invented by Mayan mathematicians?
 A. Infinity            B. Zero       C. Long division                   D. Exponential notation
171. The Mayan calendar interwove a solar year of 365 days and a ceremonial calendar of _____ days.
 A. 100               B. 260          C. 730           D. 1,000
172. The Maya believed that monumental change would occur whenever their ceremonial and solar calendars returned to
     their respective starting points at the same time. This even took place every _____ solar years.
 A. 10          B. 26             C. 52            D. 76
173. The most flexible and sophisticated system of writing found in the ancient Americas was created by
 A. The Olmecs                  B. The Maya              C. The Teotihuacan society             D. The Chavin cult
174. The Popol Vuh was
 A. The most important of the Mayan gods                 C. The Mayan story of creation
 B. The largest Olmec ceremonial center                         D. The greatest Austronesian epic
175. According to the Popol Vuh, the gods created the first successful version of humans out of
 A. Wood                B. Clay        C. The flesh of the gods           D. Maize
176. How much written material survives from the Maya?
 A. A massive library at Tikal        C. Nothing
 B. Four books                        D. A small library at the ceremonial center of Kaminaljuyu
177. The Pyramid of the Sun was located in
 A. Tikal              B. La Venta               C. San Lorenzo          D. Teotihuacan
178. The largest single building in Mesoamerica was
 A. The Mayan Temple of the Giant Jaguar                 C. The Olmec Temple of the Sun
 B. The Teotihuacan Pyramid of the Sun                          D. The Mayan Imperial Palace
179. The population of Teotihuacan rose to
 A. 5,000               B. 7,500                 C. 10,000               D. 200,000
180. The Chavin cult
 A. Was the Teotihuacan worship of an earth god and rain god
 B. Was the primary Olmec religion
 C. Produced deities with the features of humans and wild animals
 D. Was practiced in the Mayan Temple of the Giant Jaguar
181. One of the earliest Andean states, which left a remarkable artistic legacy through its ceramics, was
 A. Chavin               B. Teotihuacan           C. San Lorenzo            D. Mochica
182. Malayan, Indonesian, Filipino, Polynesian, and other Oceanic languages are derived from
 A. Aboriginal Australian               B. Chinese              C. Hindi                D. Austronesian
183. Which statement correctly describes the relationship between the aboriginal peoples of Australia and New Guinea?
A. The aboriginal peoples of Australia maintained hunting and gathering societies, while in New Guinea they turned to
B. The two fought a centuries-long civil war
C. The aboriginal peoples of New Guinea maintained hunting and gathering societies, while in Australia they turned to
D. The aboriginal peoples of Australia learned their written language from New Guinea
184. The Austronesian-speaking peoples became the first human settlers on this large island off the east African coast.
   A. Madagascar       B. Sri Lanka          C. Sicily        D. Easter Island
185. The Lapita peoples
    A. Spread the concept of the wheeled chariot
    B. Worshipped the Chavin cult
    C. Traded with the Mesopotamians
    D. Were the earliest Austronesian migrants to establish human settlements in the Pacific Ocean
186. Austronesian peoples established what type of political societies in the lands they settled?
   A. Hierarchical chiefdom            B. Theocratic              C. Matrilineal            D. Peasant-driven communal
Answer Key
Ch. 1        Ch. 2   Ch. 3   Ch. 4   Ch. 5   Ch. 6
1.A          18.C    49.A    83.D    121.C   155.C
2.C          19.D    50.C    84.D    122.B   156.D
3.A          20.A    51.D    85.B    123.C   157.D
4.B          21.D    52.C    86.C    124.D   158.B
5.D          22.D    53.B    87.A    125.A   159.C
6.B          23.C    54.A    88.C    126.D   160.A
7.C          24.D    55.B    89.D    127.B   161.A
8.D          25.D    56.B    90.C    128.A   162.D
9.C          26.A    57.A    91.A    129.C   163.D
10.C         27.C    58.C    92.C    130.C   164.A
11.A         28.C    59.D    93.D    131.D   165.C
12.D         29.A    60.D    94.D    132.B   166.D
13.B         30.B    61.B    95.C    133.D   167.C
14.A         31.C    62.A    96.C    134.C   168.C
15.C         32.A    63.D    97.B    135.D   169.D
16.D         33.D    64.C    98.C    136.A   170.B
17.B         34.B    65.D    99.D    137.B   171.B
             35.A    66.B    100.A   138.D   172.C
             36.A    67.A    101.D   139.A   173.B
             37.A    68.D    102.A   140.B   174.C
             38.A    69.B    103.B   141.C   175.D
             39.C    70.D    104.B   142.D   176.B
             40.B    71.C    105.B   143.A   177.D
             41.D    72.C    106.A   144.A   178.B
             42.D    73.A    107.A   145.D   179.D
             43.B    74.D    108.A   146.C   180.C
             44.D    75.C    109.D   147.D   181.D
             45.A    76.B    110.D   148.C   182.D
             46.C    77.D    111.C   149.B   183.A
             47.D    78.A    112.B   150.C   184.A
             48.C    79.B    113.C   151.D   185.D
                     80.D    114.A   152.A   186.A
                     81.A    115.B   153.B
                     82.D    116.D   154.C

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