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AlejandrinoCasas_corrected

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					Names: Casas, Geson Cliff & Alejandrino, Kimberly Jhie


                                       HERMIT CRABS (Coenobita clypeatus) AS
                                           MARINE POLLUTANT INDICATOR
                                                       OF BLEACH


Statement of the Problem
Previous                                                     Revised (if necessary)
Main Problem
 Is the Hermit crabs’ population in a particular area a
possible indicator of the presence of bleach?
Sub Problems
Will the different concentrations of bleach cause a
significant difference to the mortality rate of the Hermit
Crabs?

Is there a significant difference in the mortality rate of
hermit crabs when exposed to varying concentrations
of bleach?



Objectives of the Study
Previous                                                     Revised (if necessary)
Main Objective of the Study
To determine if the Hermit crabs’ population in a
particular area can serve as an indicator of the presence
of bleach.
Minor Objectives of the Study
To determine if the different concentrations of the
select marine pollutant ( specify that you are referring
to bleach) will cause a significant difference to the
mortality rate of the Hermit Crabs.

        To determine if there is a significant difference
         in the mortality rate of crabs exposed to
         varying concentrations of bleach.


Hypothesis of the Study (only those which requires statistical tools/proofs)
Hypothesis Statement                                       Theoretical Basis/Support (If the support/basis is found
                                                           in the RRL please specify part/section of the RRL, if not
                                                           identify the source of your information.)
The Hermit Crabs’ population in a particular area          RRL Paragraph 6, (Dunbar, 2010)
cannot be a possible indicator of the presence of
bleach.

The different concentrations of the select marine            RRL Paragraph 6, (Dunbar, 2010)
pollutant will not cause a significant difference to the
mortality rate of Hermit Crabs.

There is no significant difference in the mortality rate of
crabs which are exposed to varying concentrations of
bleach.


Problem # 1 Is the Hermit crabs’ population in a particular area a possible indicator of the presence of bleach?
 Independent Variable                          Dependent Variable                             Extraneous Variable
                                       Variable                   Description (level of
                                                                    measurement ,
                                                                 continuous/discrete)
  Presence/absence of      Number of Hermit Crab                     Discrete, ratio             Environmental
        bleach             Survivors (mortality rate of                                        conditions; feeding
                           crabs)                                                              mechanism; health,
                                                                                              maturity, number of
                                                                                                      crabs
                                                                                              Hermit crabs’ specie,
                                                                                                 weight, and age
                                                                                             Other marine pollutants
                                                                                                     present

                                                                                            Other effects like growth
                                                                                            rate, sexual activity and
                                                                                                   fertility, etc.
                                                                                             Hermit crabs’ specie,
                                  Number of Hermit Crab                                         weight, and age
Percent Concentration of               Survivors                     Discrete, ratio
         Bleach                                                                             Other marine pollutants
                                                                                                   present

                                                                                            Other effects like growth
                                                                                            rate, sexual activity and
                                                                                                   fertility, etc.

Problem # 2 Will the different concentrations of bleach cause a significant difference to the mortality rate of the
Hermit Crabs?
  Independent Variable                          Dependent Variable                            Extraneous Variable
                                        Variable                  Description (level of
                                                                    measurement ,
                                                                  continuous/discrete)


Scope and Limitations of the Study
         (State the coverage and extent of the study. Include the samples, variables studied, methods used,
location of experimentation, and inclusive dates of study.)


         This study aims to determine if the hermit crabs’ population can be used as an indicator of the presence

of marine pollutants particularly of bleach. This will be done by correlating the mortality rate of the Hermit Crabs
to the different concentrations of the marine pollutant bleach. The study will be the conducted in an aquarium in

order to prevent the Hermit Crabs to migrate to other seashores and to control other extraneous variables. Initial

conditions of the aquarium will be closely monitored and maintained to ensure that death of the crabs can be

associated to the presence of bleach only. The Hermit crabs’ specie, weight, and age will be considered as

extraneous variables for this research. Also, the brand of the bleach is considered as extraneous variables. The

researchers will not study other effects of the bleach on the behavior, growth rate, sexual activity and fertility of

Hermit crabs which they will possibly exhibit after exposure to varying concentrations of bleach.


Sampling Method (describe briefly your sampling              Explanation (why you chose this sampling method)
procedure)
 Convenience Sampling. In Centennial Park, Mapalad,          We chose Convenience Sampling because it is the most
Dalipuga, Iligan City, which is a park along the seashore,   appropriate sampling and it is easier among the other
the researchers would search for Hermit Crabs. The           sampling methods. We will get it from the seashore
researchers would gather 30 Hermit Crabs regardless of       along Centennial Park because it is the nearest and
their specie, weight and age.                                most accessible seashore.


Materials needed                                             Where you can get these materials or how you can get
                                                             this materials (you may include cost of this materials if
                                                             they are expensive)
Hermit Crabs                                                 Seashore along Centennial Park, Mapalad, Dalipuga,
                                                             Iligan City, (I think daghan pud sa bayug)
Bleach with 0%, 2%, 5%, 10% and 50% concentrations           Commercial Bleach to be purchased from stores
(you should be able to explain why you chose these
concentrations ha?)

Beaker                                                       Home
Saltwater                                                    sea
Feeds for the Hermit Crabs                                   Home


Experimental Set-up (May be presented using a table or a diagram. Please explain briefly why your design is such.)

Group                A                  B                    C                   D                    E

% Concentration      0%                 2%                   5%                  10%                  50%

Trial 1              ___ crabs          ___ crabs            ___ crabs           ___ crabs            ___ crabs

Trial 2 (optional)   ___ crabs          ___ crabs            ___ crabs           ___ crabs            ___ crabs

Trial 3 (optional)   ___ crabs          ___ crabs            ___ crabs           ___ crabs            ___ crabs
Experimental Procedure (May be in paragraph, bullet or flow chart.)

 The study of the Hermit Crabs as marine pollutant indicator to bleach will start off with the gathering of the 30
Hermit Crabs and placing of Hermit Crabs in their respective aquariums. Next is the preparation of the aquariums
of the different groups each group having six hermit crabs. Group A with 0% bleach concentration. The same
procedure follows on Groups B, C, D, and E with 2%, 5%, 10% and 50% bleach concentrations, respectively. The
researchers would take five months to observe and gather data about the Hermit crabs’ mortality rate and
population while they are in the aquariums by indicating the number of survivors per aquarium. Data gathering
and analysis will then follow and lastly, will be the conclusion.

Please describe in detail the steps you are going to take so that your study can be readily verified by interested
researchers… example how will you transport the crabs? What are the dimensions of the aquarium? How will you
prepare the bleach? How will you feed the crabs? How will you clean the aquarium? How many times are you
going to gather data? How will your observation chart look like?... daghan pa but I hope you see what I mean …

Statistical Tools

Problem      Statistical Tool (provide a    Data Needed               What would the data analysis mean?
  No.        brief explanation why you
             chose this statistical tool)
             Correlation                    % Concentration of        If the mortality rate of the Hermit Crabs is
1                                           bleach & Hermit           low in the high concentrated bleach, or if
                                            Crabs’ Mortality Rate     the mortality rate becomes high in the less
                                                                      concentrated bleach, then it is an indicator
                                                                      of the presence of the marine pollutant
                                                                      bleach. The percent concentration of
                                                                      bleach will serve as the pollution but
                                                                      assuming that there are no other
                                                                      pollutants.
2            One-way ANOVA                  % Concentration of        If the difference on the concentrations of
                                            bleach & Hermit           the bleach is high, then the difference of
                                            Crabs’ Mortality Rate     the mortality rate will also be high and
                                            & Number of hermit        significant. However, if the difference on
                                            crabs in the particular   the concentrations of the bleach is low,
                                            group                     then the difference on the mortality rate
                                                                      will not be visibly significant.

				
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