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8th_THE_FRENCH_AND_INDIAN_WAR

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					THE FRENCH AND
  INDIAN WAR
In this section, you will learn of
Britain’s victory in the French
  and Indian war, and how it
  forced France to give up its
   North American colonies.
 By the late 1600’s the French
  had claimed the Ohio River
  valley, the Mississippi River
  valley, and the entire Great
   Lakes region. The French
territory of Louisiana stretched
     from the Appalachian
    Mountains to the Rocky
           Mountains.
 Some of the French were Jesuit priests who
wanted to convert the Native Americans, and
          others were fur traders.
Native American’s tribes
competed with each other
   to supply furs to the
 Europeans. Some tribes
  allied with the French
    and some with the
         English.
 France and England declared
war on each other in 1689. The
 French and English in North
America fought each other in a
  series of wars. Their Native
  American allies fought with
              them.
 Throughout the French
and Indian War, English
  authorities negotiated
      with the Native
   Americans for their
    military assistance.
 While not as successful
  in this as their French
     counterparts, the
 English did enjoy some
success, due partly to the
 presence of the Scottish
 Highlanders, whom the
 Indians viewed as being
      similar to them.
    The French and English
attacked each other’s forts and
settlements. There were three
  wars fought without a clear
           winner.
  The final war between the
 French and English, called
The French and Indian War
 (1754-1763), decided which
nation would be in control of
       North America.
 French
  and
 Indian
  War
Artifacts
  Benjamin Franklin proposed
 that the English colonies band
together under the Albany Plan
  of Union. This was the first
  formal proposal to unite the
            colonies.
 England sent General Braddock
to help the colonists fight the war.
He and George Washington were
badly defeated at Fort Duquesne.
General Edward Braddock
Major George Washington
FOR UNDERSTANDING
By the late 1600’s the ______ had
claimed the Ohio River valley, the
 Mississippi River valley, and the
    entire Great Lakes region.

 • 1) Spanish     • 3) French


 • 2) English     • 4) Native Americans
The French territory of Louisiana
  stretched from the______ to
           the______.


• 1) Ohio, Mississippi   • 3) Blue Ridge
  River                    Mountains, Florida
                           Keys

• 2) Gulf of Mexico,
  California coast       • 4) Appalachian
                           Mountains, Rocky
                           Mountains
Native American’s tribes competed
with each other to supply______ to
         the Europeans.


 • 1) furs       • 3) food


 • 2) guns       • 4) land
Some Native American tribes allied
 with the ______and some with the
              ______.
 • 1) Spanish, English   • 3) French, Spanish

 • 2) Dutch, Spanish     • 4) French, English
France and England declared war on
   each other in the late ______.


  • 1) 1500s     • 3) 1700s

  • 2) 1600s     • 4) 1800s
The French and English attacked
each other’s forts and settlements.
 There were ______ wars fought
     without a clear winner.
• 1) three       • 3) two


• 2) five        • 4) dozens of
 A war called ______(1754-1763),
decided who would be in control of
         North America.

 • 1) The Peloponnesian   • 3) The American
   War                      Revolution

 • 2) The French and      • 4) The War of the
   Indian War               Roses
Benjamin Franklin’s ______ was the
 first formal proposal to unite the
              colonies.


  • 1) Albany Plan of   • 3) Poor Richard’s
    Union                 Almanac

  • 2) Declaration of   • 4) Treaty of Paris
    Independence
 England sent ______to help the
  colonists fight the war. He and
______were badly defeated at Fort
              Duquesne.
                          • 3) General Ulysses S.
• 1) Admiral Nelson,        Grant, George
  General Braddock          Washington

• 2) George Washington,   • 4) General
  Benjamin Franklin         Braddock, George
                            Washington
 The British defeated the
  French at the Battle of
  Quebec. This was the
turning point of the war.
In the end, victory would
    go to the British.
  The French and Indian War
officially ended in 1763 with the
 Treaty of Paris ending French
    power in North America.
Britain claimed Florida and all
  of North America east of the
            Mississippi.
The Acadians are the descendants
 of the original French settlers of
 the northeastern region of North
America. In the Great Upheaval of
 1755, Acadians were uprooted by
the British; some of these resettled
 in Louisiana, where they became
         known as Cajuns.
Exile of the Acadians
 The Native Americans who had
 allied with the French attacked
the British in what was known as
Pontiac’s Rebellion. The British
fought viciously and crushed the
             rebellion.
No authentic
images of Pontiac
are known to exist
 In order to prevent further
expensive fights between the
   colonists and the Native
Americans, the British issued
  the Proclamation of 1763
  forbidding colonists from
      settling west of the
        Appalachians.
FOR UNDERSTANDING
The British defeated the French at
the Battle of Quebec. This______.


• 1) would result in the     • 3) was the turning
  defeat of the British        point of the war

• 2) battle was ultimately   • 4) forced a
  insignificant                compromise between
                               the two powers
    The French and Indian War
    officially ended in 1763 with
              the______.


• 1) Treaty of Paris    • 3) Albany Plan of
                          Union

• 2) Council of Trent
                        • 4) Treaty of
                          Versailles
  The French and Indian War
    officially ended______.

• 1) with the Albany   • 3) French power in
  Plan of Union          North America

• 2) in 1754           • 4) aggression
                         between the French
                         and English
The Native Americans who had allied
with the French attacked the British
   in what was known as______.


  • 1) Pontiac’s              • 3) Bacon’s Rebellion
    Rebellion
                              • 4) the Stono
  • 2) the Battle of Little     Rebellion
    Bighorn
The Proclamation of 1763 forbade
the colonists from settling ______.


 • 1) west of the       • 3) north into the
   Appalachians           Yukon Territory

 • 2) Spanish Florida   • 4) south of the Río
                          Grande

				
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