Teaching Strategies for: Behaviorist, Cognitivist, Constructivist, and Social-Psychological
Perspectives: Strategies: Elements:
Behaviorist Use silent signals like Advantages: No loud interruption noises are used when a
finger snapping, behavior becomes out of hand. Saves the teacher from
pointing to a word on distracting other students as they work while he/she deals
chalk board that reads- with the behavior problem.
silent time, shutting off Limitations: This may not work on all students. Also, it
light, two fingers held may work for two weeks and then the student’s behavior
in the air, make a may recur.
serious face, etc. . . can Types of technology that could be used to enhance
help a behaviorist when learning: There is a mini traffic that one could get that has
dealing with certain the red, yellow, and green light on it. A teacher could use
behaviors in the turn the devise on when a behavior is not acceptable.
classroom. Impact on student in terms of learning: The student will
notice that their behavior is not acceptable and get back on
track. Also, it will help those who are doing their work,
continue doing their work without interruptions.
Cognitivist As a teacher, one could Advantages: Helps students to recognize their learning
use Concept Mapping, strengths. It also assist them with finding out what their
Visualization, weaknesses are so the teacher and student could work on
Sounding out words to that specific skill.
help students develop Limitations: This may not work with ESE or ESOL
and perform task that students. They have other issues like behavior which can
may be difficult for interfere with their learning. Those who take medicine
them to do. may not grasp the concepts because they did not take their
medication therefore, they are off task and not paying
Types of technology that could be used to enhance
learning: Cassette tapes may be good for those who are
audio learners while a PowerPoint would help those who
are visual learners. Drawing out a Map Organizer on
WhiteBoard could help those who are tactile learners.
Impact on student in terms of learning: The cognitive
approach is a great way to teach because it reaches all
learners. Also, we need to become a cognitivist teachers
so we can make sure we reach all learners to help them be
as successful in the 21st century.
Constructivist Have big group Advantages: A student knows the subject at hand because
discussions, have small of their own experiences or beliefs. They can use their
group discussions, have social and physical experiences to relate to the lesson or
peer talk with their task.
elbow partners, share Limitations: Some students do not have the same
book reports, or have knowledge or experience as another student may have.
students bring photos in Some student are disabled and cannot physically do what
the classroom could other student can.
help others gain Types of technology that could be used to enhance
knowledge of the learning: Present an online Field Trip. This will help the
outside world around student who never see the beach, experience what it would
them. look like and how it would sound. Use a Digital camera
for students to take pictures of their experiences during the
Impact on student in terms of learning: The world would
become a bigger place for the student when finding out
new things they know about. I believe their IQ could even
go up because the more one knows things, the smarter
Social- A teacher could have Advantages: This teaches the students to become better
Psychological their students do a citizens when they go out into the working field. Also, it
Book Talk with the can assist them when helping others with problem solving.
younger age group, A student’s self confidence can become stronger as this
have older age group skill is mastered.
students come in the Limitations: Not all student will respond to these
class to teach a subject strategies because some may have speech problems or
lesson, or have the English may be their second language. Some students may
guidance councilor talk have a bad home stead and are brought up abusive,
to the students about therefore speaking socially to others may not be an option
social skills. Reading for them.
books on students their Types of technology that could be used to enhance
age who are shy, learning: Audio Enhancement could help those who are
bulling others, or shy by them practicing reading with the enhancement.
sharing are great Web Cam can boost up a student’s self confidence of
strategies. speaking to others on the webcam. Even blogging, texting,
or instant messaging could help a student with their
Impact on student in terms of learning: I believe a
student’s self confidence could expand to a new level
when socially speaking to others. Let them hear what the
younger or older students have to say as they read to each
other. I am not a social person but TEC has taught me that
I can learn to talk to others (web-socialization) through
blogs and discussion boards.