Teaching Strategies for: Behaviorist, Cognitivist, Constructivist, and Social-Psychological Perspectives: Strategies: Elements: Behaviorist Use silent signals like Advantages: No loud interruption noises are used when a finger snapping, behavior becomes out of hand. Saves the teacher from pointing to a word on distracting other students as they work while he/she deals chalk board that reads- with the behavior problem. silent time, shutting off Limitations: This may not work on all students. Also, it light, two fingers held may work for two weeks and then the student’s behavior in the air, make a may recur. serious face, etc. . . can Types of technology that could be used to enhance help a behaviorist when learning: There is a mini traffic that one could get that has dealing with certain the red, yellow, and green light on it. A teacher could use behaviors in the turn the devise on when a behavior is not acceptable. classroom. Impact on student in terms of learning: The student will notice that their behavior is not acceptable and get back on track. Also, it will help those who are doing their work, continue doing their work without interruptions. Cognitivist As a teacher, one could Advantages: Helps students to recognize their learning use Concept Mapping, strengths. It also assist them with finding out what their Visualization, weaknesses are so the teacher and student could work on Sounding out words to that specific skill. help students develop Limitations: This may not work with ESE or ESOL and perform task that students. They have other issues like behavior which can may be difficult for interfere with their learning. Those who take medicine them to do. may not grasp the concepts because they did not take their medication therefore, they are off task and not paying attention. Types of technology that could be used to enhance learning: Cassette tapes may be good for those who are audio learners while a PowerPoint would help those who are visual learners. Drawing out a Map Organizer on WhiteBoard could help those who are tactile learners. Impact on student in terms of learning: The cognitive approach is a great way to teach because it reaches all learners. Also, we need to become a cognitivist teachers so we can make sure we reach all learners to help them be as successful in the 21st century. Constructivist Have big group Advantages: A student knows the subject at hand because discussions, have small of their own experiences or beliefs. They can use their group discussions, have social and physical experiences to relate to the lesson or peer talk with their task. elbow partners, share Limitations: Some students do not have the same book reports, or have knowledge or experience as another student may have. students bring photos in Some student are disabled and cannot physically do what the classroom could other student can. help others gain Types of technology that could be used to enhance knowledge of the learning: Present an online Field Trip. This will help the outside world around student who never see the beach, experience what it would them. look like and how it would sound. Use a Digital camera for students to take pictures of their experiences during the Winter Break. Impact on student in terms of learning: The world would become a bigger place for the student when finding out new things they know about. I believe their IQ could even go up because the more one knows things, the smarter they are. Social- A teacher could have Advantages: This teaches the students to become better Psychological their students do a citizens when they go out into the working field. Also, it Book Talk with the can assist them when helping others with problem solving. younger age group, A student’s self confidence can become stronger as this have older age group skill is mastered. students come in the Limitations: Not all student will respond to these class to teach a subject strategies because some may have speech problems or lesson, or have the English may be their second language. Some students may guidance councilor talk have a bad home stead and are brought up abusive, to the students about therefore speaking socially to others may not be an option social skills. Reading for them. books on students their Types of technology that could be used to enhance age who are shy, learning: Audio Enhancement could help those who are bulling others, or shy by them practicing reading with the enhancement. sharing are great Web Cam can boost up a student’s self confidence of strategies. speaking to others on the webcam. Even blogging, texting, or instant messaging could help a student with their Social-Psychological skills. Impact on student in terms of learning: I believe a student’s self confidence could expand to a new level when socially speaking to others. Let them hear what the younger or older students have to say as they read to each other. I am not a social person but TEC has taught me that I can learn to talk to others (web-socialization) through blogs and discussion boards.
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