Humanitarian Briefing Pack - Liberia - by dffhrtcv3


									                   UNITED NATIONS

        Humanitarian Briefing Pack
                         March 2003

                        - Liberia -


   Background on the West African Conflict(s)             2
   Latest Humanitarian Situation Update                   4
   Country Profile                                        9
   Humanitarian Directory                                10
   Contact List – OCHA/Liberia                           16
   Travel, Accommodation & Security in Liberia           17
   Coordination Mechanisms in Liberia                    20
   Maps                                                  21
   Useful Online-Resources                               23

               OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                        Background on the West African Conflict(s)   2

Background on the West African Conflict(s)


The conflicts of the sub-region erupted in late 1989, when a group of rebels, named National
Patriotic Front (NPF), led by Charles Taylor inserted from Cote d’Ivoire into Liberia. The guerrillas
soon controlled relevant portions of the country. In 1990 a Nigerian led intervention force
(ECOMOG) entered the Liberian capital Monrovia and was able to secure it. For the coming years
the country remained divided, suffering from a war-economy in the rebel held areas and unstable
puppet governments in Monrovia.

 Meanwhile, the war had expanded into neighboring Sierra Leone. Under the leadership of Foday
Sanko, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was trying to capture the capital Freetown, but never
came any close to this objective. Only consequence was the collapse of the political system
followed by the country’s economy.

When in July 1997, after numerous failed negotiations, elections were held in Liberia and
surprisingly won by Taylor, ECOMOG started to focus on Sierra Leone. Two months before parts
of the Sierra Leone Army, sympathizing with the RUF rebels had toppled the government of
Ahmed Tejan Kabbah. In February 1998 ECOMOG forcefully re-installed Kabbah re-igniting a
protracted civil war between ECOMOG-friendly and Taylor-friendly forces. At the beginning of
1999 Freetown was close to fall to the RUF rebels but could be secured in last minute by Nigerian

The political changes in Nigeria that developed a little later made it possible to start peace
negotiations. In summer 1999 RUF and Sierra Leone Government signed a peace agreement that
arranged for the withdrawal of ECOMOG and the call for a UN Peace-keeping mission.

In April 2000 RUF rebels took hundreds of UN blue helmets hostage causing a military intervention
of British forces. Since April 1999 rebel groups seeking the fall of Charles Taylor are operating
from Guinea. On the other hand, Taylor and RUF friendly groups became active within Guinea.
After serving as an economic and political model for the region for several years, Cote d’Ivoire was
hit by grave turbulences as well.

A failed coup d'état in January 2001 resulted in a significant exodus of immigrants from
neighboring countries and further destabilized the region. The country then started a fragile national
reconciliation process and increasing economic recovery initiatives.

These efforts were however failed when on 19 September 2002 mutineer soldiers launched
coordinated attacks on Military installations, government sites and officials in Abidjan and other
major cities fueling another round of violence and instability that could have grave consequence on
regional peace and stability

West Africa Regional Context for Humanitarian Operations in 2002 1
During 2001, the situation in the sub-region has improved gradually. In Guinea, the release from
prison of a prominent politician, Alpha Conde, on 20 May 2001, was seen as a positive step towards
political stability. The successfully concluded DDR programme and the recently held elections have
markedly improved the security situation in Sierra Leone and along its borders with Guinea, thus
expanding the humanitarian space and enabling agencies to operate in areas that were previously
not accessible.

Furthermore, prospects for stability and economic recovery in the sub-region received a boost
following the intervention of civil society. The Mano River Union (MRU) Women's Peace Network

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                        Background on the West African Conflict(s)   3

met with the Heads of State of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea during the first semester of 2001,
and convinced President Lansana Conte of Guinea to agree to initiate preparations to meet with
President Charles Taylor of Liberia, as part of efforts to normalize relations in the Mano River
Union. This was followed by a series of meetings in August, September and October in the
countries' capitals, between the Ministers for Foreign Affairs, Security and Defense.

These initiatives culminated in a Summit of the Heads of State, in Rabat at the beginning of 2002.
While the countries were giving serious consideration to finding ways of addressing the issue of
rebel incursions within the MRU, and the safety of citizens living in border areas, LURD rebels in
May and June 2002, launched a series of attacks. In the central region of the country, thousands of
Liberians fled across the eastern borders into Guinean and Cote d’Ivoire. Further attacks into
northern and northwestern Liberia, with the closest coming 25 km to the capital, dislodged
populations across the border into Sierra Leone and southward into Monrovia. Renewed efforts by
the ECOWAS Parliament to foster dialogue between LURD and the government were disrupted in
February 2003, when LURD launched a series of other attacks in northern and northwestern Liberia
with the closest coming 12 km to the capital. Thousands of Liberians fled into Sierra Leone and
southward into Montserrado.

The underlying tensions in the sub-region are believed to be fuelled by the following phenomena:

    •   unemployed and mostly illiterate youth are vulnerable to recruitment by state and non-state
        actors in the region, who turn them into some of the most brutal perpetrators of violent acts;
    •   Poor management of natural resources that draws on a largely unemployed active adult
        population in the absence of industries or a viable forms of employment;
    •   the militarisation of communities who become pawns for political actors ready to capitalize
        on ethnic or regional differences;
    •   the traffic of small arms in an increasingly hostile environment in which access to weapons
        becomes a "guaranteed source of income";
    •   Increasing disregard for human life reflected in a rise in the number and degree of brutal acts
        of torture, rape, harassment and executions perpetrated against civilians, including women
        and children, by state and non-state actors;
    •   Further deterioration of basic infrastructure and services increasing the level of
        reconstruction needed for the resettlement of displaced persons and refugees, and for the
        restoration of traditional economic activities such as trade and agriculture.

Under these circumstances, high levels of HIV/AIDS infection, worsening levels of malnutrition
and increasing prevalence of diseases are major challenges for the survival and growth of the
population in the sub-region.
The quest for peace, stability and economic growth in Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia and Cote
d'Ivoire is inextricably linked by common causes, shared extenuating factors and collective

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                Latest Humanitarian Update      4

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Extracts from the Liberia Humanitarian Situation Report, March 2003


1.1 National

1.1.1 Political
In an apparent defiance of UN arms embargo, the government of Liberia announced that it had
ordered arms to help contain rebel advances in the country. At the same time, the government
insinuated that the rebels’ newfound strength emanated from support provided by the United States
through Guinea. This among other accusations led to significant fall in level of relations between
the two countries.

There has been intense diplomatic action from a variety of quarters on the Government of Liberia
and the LURD to negotiate and work towards a ceasefire. Although the venue for such talks is
unlikely to be Bamako as earlier planned, attempts to find another country were underway.

1.1.2 Security updates
Fierce fighting raged across the country in the 8 counties of Lofa, Bong, Margibi, Grand Gedeh,
Cape Mount, Bomi, Montserrado and Nimba. Towards the end of the reporting period, information
from Nimba indicated that retreating rebels disguised as government soldiers entered Ganta and
fired on government positions. There were reports of casualty whose numbers could not be
established. Rebel incursions were also reported in Montserrado that came up to Ricks Institute
IDP camp. The camp is situated about 20 km north of Monrovia.

1.1.3 Peace initiatives
In order to ensure Liberia’s participation at the highest government level, a five-member ECOWAS
Parliamentary delegation headed by Mr. Aliuon Nouhoum Diallo of Mali arrived in Liberia during
the week of 7 March. The delegation briefed President Taylor about recommendations of the
International contact Group on Liberia primary of which was negotiation with LURD for an
unconditional ceasefire. The ECOWAS Parliament also held consultations with Civil Society
Groups to gauge their opinion and support for the current peace process.


2.1 Refugees

2.1.1 Influx
UNHCR reported that at 21st March a total of 95,456 refugees, returnees and Third country
Nationals fleeing the fighting in the Ivory Coast had crossed into the southeastern part of Liberia
since the crisis began in that country in September 2002. The influxes were accommodated in
transit centers in Grand Gedeh, Maryland and Nimba prior to 27 March attacks in Zwedru and the
28 March attacks in Ganta. Due to the unstable security situation in the southeast, aid agencies
could not establish whether refugees, returnees and Third country Nationals were still crossing into
Liberia neither could they determine the status of about 1,000 Refugees, TCNs Returnees at Transit
centers in Nimba, Grand Gedeh and Maryland.

2.1.2 Repatriation
On 28 February, UNHCR commenced repatriation under the promotional phase of the exercise. So
far, 420 Sierra Leonean refugees were repatriated by air. Due to the limited capacity of the
airplane, UNHCR was considering hiring a boat to repatriate more refugees. The decision to

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                Latest Humanitarian Update        5

repatriate Sierra leonean refugees at this time can be attributed to the growing insecurity in Liberia
heightened by the increased hostilities between the government and LURD rebels at the north of
Monrovia, and particularly the Ricks incident according to UNHCR. Refugee camps are situated in
the northern suburbs of Monrovia.

2.1.3 Care and maintenance
Assistance to Refugees arriving at the border in the southeast was disrupted due to the fighting in
Zwedru on 27 March and Ganta on 28 March. Prior to then, UNHCR transported refugees to transit
centers where they were provided WFP food rations, Non Food Items including blankets and mats,
water through the construction of wells and trucking services and sanitary facilities.

Assistance to some 17,000 Sierra Leonean refugees in the Montserrado camps also continued in
spite of threats of insecurity in Monrovia as a result of the 23 March attacks on the RICKs IDP
camp. After the Ricks incident, the government instructed that all Refugees camps in Montserrado
be relocated to a new site on Highway linking the Roberts International Airport to Monrovia.
UNHCR was studying the implications for such a mass movement of the refugees.

2.1.4 Protection
Fighting between Government forces and the LURD escalated this month with killings, abductions
and looting reported in Bomi, Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Montserrado, Margibi, Bong, Gbarpolu
and Lofa counties. Reports have also been made of deliberate attacks against members of the
civilian population in and out of camps by both sides to the conflict. Following fighting on
Tuesday, 25th March in Montserrado County, reports have been made of an IDP camp being
targeted and according to Government information, over 1,000 IDPs have been abducted by LURD.
These numbers have not been independently confirmed and the fate of the victims remains

There were also reports of forced conscriptions of young men and women under the age of 18 from
various camps. The fear of conscription is all too evident in the camps as this becomes more and
more wide spread. With the constant and increased movement of populations coupled with the real
threats posed to the lives of humanitarian workers, it is becoming increasingly difficult for
protection activities to be effectively undertaken.

2.2 IDPs

2.2.1 Movements
During the reporting period, an estimated 45,000 new influxes of IDPs moved into the
Monstserrado camps and host communities within the environs of Monrovia due to fighting in the
North of the capital. The 21,390 Population at Ricks IDP camp moved to surrounding camps
following the 23 March attack near the camp. At total of 150,000 IDPs could be on the move to a
new site on the Highway linking Monrovia to the Roberts International Airport if government
planned relocation goes into effect. Following the fighting in Gbarnga, 30,000 IDPs including the
20,636 case load from CARI and TV Tower camps, moved southwards to the Totota camps where
some 36,470 IDPs are residing.

2.2.2 Assistance
Aid agencies provided assistance in all sectors prior to the escalation of hostilities in the affected
areas of Montserrado, Bong, and Nimba.

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                Latest Humanitarian Update         6


3.1 Strategic level
The present humanitarian coordination framework can be summarised as follows:
Humanitarian Aid Coordination forum at the national level, IDP Coordination meetings and
Refugee coordination meetings at the second level, sectoral and thematic groups at level 3 and
Camp level coordination meetings at level 4.
There is constant interaction between the different levels. Issues that are raised at camp level are
reviewed at sectoral meetings and may also be discussed during the IDP coordination meetings.
Key humanitarian issues, which have strategic implications and require policy guidance, are
brought to the humanitarian aid coordination forum.

3.2 Sectoral level

Health activities including a planned campaign against Measles in Nimba, the vaccination of the
population that was on ongoing in Grand Gedeh, surveillance on Yellow Fever and suspected cases
of Meningitis at both locations, were disrupted due to recent fighting and ensuing insecurity in the
two counties.

In central Liberia, the only referral hospital at Phebe was relocated to Salala, 15 km south of Totota,
where it opened a surgical unit to deal with minor operations. MSF-F established an emergency unit
in Totota to help deal with the emergency medical cases fro the 70,000 IDP Population in the area.
Lack of an ambulance creates a setback for the referral service. If fighting escalates southwards
insecurity could frustrate efforts by the humanitarian community to maintain health facilities in

Since the eruption of fighting that moved northeast from Gbarnga to Ganta, there are no reports of
the condition of the Ganta Hospital and staff in Nimba. Likewise there is no information received
about Zwedru Hospital. Both facilities served as referral centers for IDPs, returnees, refugees and
Third country nationals. Zwedru Hospital was supported by MERLIN and the County Health Team
through WHO. Ganta hospital was supported by the Methodist Church in Liberia.

Water and Sanitation
Prior to the attack on Ricks Institute IDP camp, Ganta and Zwedru, aid agencies intervening in the
sector were expanding and repairing existing water facilities to meet the needs of the IDPs.
Following the recent movement of populations from TV Tower and CARI, WATSAN facilities are
in danger of being over stretched thus posing sanitation problems in the camps. That
notwithstanding, in a effort to strengthen sanitation in IDP camps, WATSAN sector NGOs, relevant
Government Ministries and UN agencies were developing technical guidelines aimed at regulating
and promoting hygiene in the camps. An ad-hoc working group led by OXFAM with membership
from the Ministry of Rural Development and POCAL will look at best hygiene promotion practices
among NGOs and work towards standardizing hygiene in the IDPcamps in Liberia.

Shelter and Non Food items
The fighting in Zwedru disrupted UNHCR planned relocation of 5,268 refugees and Third country
Nationals to Harper and Saclepea. Also disrupted was a planned verification of the population of
3,000 returnees, refugees and Third country Nationals that used to live in the Transit Center at
Toe’s Town before the town was attacked on 28 February. Prior to these attacks, UNHCR, IOM
and OCHA were appealing for resources amounting to USD1,474,150 to relocate about 10,000

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                Latest Humanitarian Update       7

TCNs who were caught up in the fighting in the southeast. Due to security concerns in the region,
the majority of the TCNs, mainly Burkinabes, preferred to return to their countries of origin.

The influxes of IDPs into the Montserrado and Totota camps have heightened the need for shelter to
accommodate them. As aid agencies were making preparations to construct more transit centers
and the laying out of new sites, new influxes into the camps at Bong, Nimba, Grand Gedeh and
Montserrado are making it increasingly difficult to plan for sector expansion in safe areas.
Furthermore, the government request to relocate all IDP camps in Virginia and Po River to a new
site south east of Monrovia calls for urgent new resources. This is against the backdrop of poor
funding of the CAP 2003, which has realized as only 1.5% response of the total requirement of
USD42 million. Although clear difficulties are envisaged, in undertaking an exercise of such
magnitude, the matter is being actively discussed along with additional shelter and other
requirements for IDPs in Totota.

Agriculture and food security
Following the attack on Ricks Institute IDP camp, WFP distribution of food to the Montserrado
camps was disrupted. The verification of beneficiaries in the camps that was aimed at establishing
reliable caseload figures was also disrupted. In light of government’s instruction to have the IDPs
in seven Montserrado camps relocated, further implementation of the exercise that began two weeks
ago remains a challenge. A planned food distribution for an estimated 2,000 people that should
have occurred on 25 March in Ganta was also disrupted due to fighting in Ganta.

Prior to the fighting in Zwedru, WFP had positioned food commodities for the returnees, refugees
and Third country nationals. The move was to enable WFP respond quickly to possible large-scale
influxes of people from the neighboring Ivory Coast. Due to insecurity in the southeast, the
disappearance of some staff of WFP and the possible relocation of beneficiaries, it was not possible
to secure food commodities. WFP was also addressing the concerns highlighted in MSF-F
nutritional report on Zwedru prior to the fighting in Grand Gedeh.

Emergency education
During the period, emergency IDP education suffered a major blow in central Liberia. Over 70% of
the total population of 5,536 IDP students at CARI 1 and CARI 2 that were displaced due to
fighting in Gbarnga, moved into Miamu camps in Totota. Furthermore, the recent attack on Ricks
Institute IDP camp in Monrovia disrupted progress towards the start of the Rapid Response
Education Program supported by the NRC. The program was scheduled to begin the end of the
month. Now that government has instructed the relocation of IDPs fro the seven camps in
Montserrado, it is unlikely that the 1,200 children targeted for phase 1 of academic work at shelters
in Blamasee, Seigbeh and Wilson, would benefit from this assistance in the immediate term.
NRC’s RREP is aimed at preparing IDP students for full academic work prior to enrollment into
proper schools.

UNICEF’s Integrated Early Childhood Development Program for Bong was disrupted due to the
fighting in the city of Gbarnga. During the foregoing period, information dissemination should
have begun through out the communities in the county including Margibi, Bassa, Rivercess and
Rural Montserrado. The process of informing residents in identified communities about UNICEF
approach to child development is ongoing in four counties not affected by the fighting. The IECDF
would support awareness raising on protection issues, education, health and water and sanitation in
communities in the five counties.

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                Latest Humanitarian Update       8

3.3 Capacity building
During the period, the United Nations Development Program, UNDP, continued support to
initiatives for the prevention and control of the spread of HIV/AIDS in Liberia. UNDP committed
USD529, 000.00 at the start of the year to the project that is being implemented in close partnership
with the National AIDS Commission. The March 31-4 April capacity building workshop aimed to
strengthen Policy-Making, Monitoring of Interventions and Advocacy in the implementation of the
project. The outcome of the workshop is geared also towards sectoral planning; providing
strategies that would be used to address the legal and ethical issues regarding HIV/AIDS;
Identification of strategies for monitoring and evaluating; and the identification of sector Focal
Points to work with the project. The 30 participants were drawn from government line Ministries
and agencies, UN agencies, Health related NGOs, Legal entities, the media and youth groups.


4.1. CAP Follow up
There was some funding of 1.49% of the 42.7 Million Dollar CAP requirement for 2003 that was
made available to support coordination of humanitarian activities according to OCHA Financial
Tracking tables

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                  Liberia Country Profile                9

Liberia – Country Profile
                                    General Information
          Capital               Monrovia
    Size of the Country         61,528 sq. Kilometers
        Population              3,225,837 (July 2001 estimate)
                                Native African Tribes 95% (Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru,
                                Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai and
   Main Ethnic Groups           Bella).
                                Americo-Liberians 2.5%, Congo People 2.5%
 Religious Denominations Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, Indigenous beliefs 40%
         Currency               US$, Liberian dollar is traded 60:1 (February 2003)
         Languages                      English 20% plus 20 vernacular languages)
A civil war in 1989-96 destroyed much of Liberia's economy. Massive brain drain.
Richly endowed with water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to
agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products, while local
manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small in scope. The democratically
elected government, installed in August 1997, inherited massive international debts
and currently relies on revenues from its maritime registry to provide the bulk of its
foreign exchange earnings. The restoration of the infrastructure and the raising of
incomes in this ravaged economy depend on the implementation of sound macro- and
micro-economic policies of the government, including the encouragement of foreign
investment. Recent growth has been from a low base, and continued growth will require
major policy successes.
           Human Development/Public Health                      HDI rank 2001
Adult literacy rate (% age 15 and above)                                   34.7
GDP per capita in US$ (2001/2002)                                       169 (2002)
% Population below poverty line (2001)                                           76.2
Life expectancy at birth (years)(1999/2001)                                      47.7
Infant mortality rate (per 1.000 live births in2002)                             117
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate in % (2000/2001.)                               8.2
                                      Natural Disasters
Large-scale disasters 1970 – 1998       No. of events        Killed            Affected
         Tropical Cyclones                    1                 -               2,000
                Floods                        1                10               5,000
              Landslides                      1                46                200
              Epidemics                       3                537              1,887
          Insect Infestation                  1                 -             1,000,000
Today’s General Risks and Vulnerabilities: Floods, droughts, epidemics, insect
infestation and landslides have been occasional threats. Complex emergencies due to
warfare, the destruction of health and education infrastructures and environmental
degradation have increased the risk of man-made disasters even if natural hazards were
originally not a significant threat. Under the circumstances, sustainable development will
not be achieved without serious investment in disaster risk reduction, prevention, and
without a better management of agricultural production.

* Sources: UNDP Human Development Report 2001, UNICEF, WHO, Disaster Profiles of the
Least Developed Countries 2001; Global IDP database
*Liberia demographic Health survey (1999/2000), Poverty Profile of Liberia (2001) and Liberia economic Review

                                       OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
 Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                 Humanitarian Directory Liberia / Donors and Un Agencies 10

                                                 List of Donors
                                             represented in Liberia
                                                  March 2003
       ORGANISATION               HEAD OF MISSION             ADDRESS            TELEPHONE           EMAIL/FAX

Embassy of the USA                               111 United Nations (231) 226370
                                Amb. John W. Blaney                                                (231) 226154
                                                 Drive Mamba Point
                                UNITED DONOR OFFICES NATIONS AGENCIES
                                                                              (231) 226516 /       (231) 226274 /
European Commission             Geoffrey Rudd             Mamba Point         227468 / 227835      227836
 United States Agency for        Edward W. Birgells                            231- 226370 Ext.     Ebirgells@US
 International Development                                Mamba Point          1476                 AID.Gov
                                                                                                    231- 226150 /

                                      List of UN Agencies / Operations
                                            represented in Liberia
                                                 March 2003
      ORGANISATION          HEAD OF MISSION          TELEPHONE                                 EMAIL/FAX
United Nations Development
(Resident and Humanitarian Marc Destanne de (231) 226211 / 226195            
Coordinator)               Bernis           377-47-512-491                             (231) 226210 / 226193
Food & Agriculture                                   (231) 226104 / 226195 Ext. 4000
Organization                  Dr. Castro P. Camarada 377-47-557-711                    (231) 226104
United Nations Fund for                              (231) 226211 / 226195 Ext 5000
Population Activities         Dr. Deji Popoola       377-47-517-740                    (231) 226193 / 226210

United Nations High                                   (231) 227431 / 226233  
Commission for Refugees       Moses Okello            377-47-511-512                   (231) 226235

United Nations Information    Marc Destanne de                              
Center                        Bernis                  (231) 226211 / 226195 Ext. 1025 (231) 226210 / 226193

United Nations Children's                             (231) 226138           
Education Fund                Cyrille Niameogo        377-47-512-959                   (231) 226136
UN Office for Coordination of                         (231) 226211 / 226195 Ext. 1037
Humanitarian Affairs          Muktar Ali Farah        377-47-550-571                  (231) 226193 / 226210

UN Peace Building Support                             (231) 226038 / 226049  
Office in Lib.                Abou Moussa             377-47-553-067                   (231) 226035
United Nations World Food                             (231) 226593 / 226594  
Programme                     Justin Bagirishya       377-47-514-367                   (231) 226163
                              Omar J. Khatib, MD,     (231) 227378 / 226208  
World Health Organization     MPH, MSc                377-47-516-801                   (231) 226747

                                      OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
 Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                          Humanitarian Directory Liberia / NGOs             11

                                       List of international/national NGOs
                                              represented in Liberia
                                                    March 2003
      ORGANISATION                HEAD OF MISSION     ADDRESS          TELEPHONE                  EMAIL/FAX
                                                  Mamba Point,
                                                                    (231) 227996      
                                                  Monrovia, Liberia
Action Conte La Faim             Frederic Bardou                    377-47-550-850              (231) 226473
                                                                              (231) 227274
AFRICARE                         James Dean             Sekou Toure Ave.      377-47-550-656    (231) 226541
                                                                              (231) 227456
Christian Aid Ministries         Wayne Stelfox          15th Street, Sinkor   377-47-518-204    NA
                                                                              (231) 227762      .lr
Concern Worldwide                Karl Deering           Mamba Point           377-47-51-954     (231) 227984
                                                                              (231) 226787
Catholic Relief Services         Raymond L. Studer      Randall Street        377-47-516-493    (231) 226786
Danish Refugee Council &                                                                        drcadra.liberia@get
Adventist Development &                                                       870-762-952-030
Relief Agency                    Frode Kirk             Old Road, Sinkor      377-47-515-740    870-762-952-031
                                                                              (231) 227628 /
                                                                              226109            (231) 227628 /
German Technical Corporation Alpha Diallo               Mamba Point           377-47-513-983    226109
                                                        CID Road              888-330-316       be
Handicapp International Liberia Christel Sanchez        Mamba Point           377-47-512-827
                                                                              (231) 227992 /    monrovia.mon@icr
International Committee of the                                                227598 / 330987
Red Cross                      Dominique Liengme        Somalia Drive         377-47-513-470    (231) 226307
                                                                              (231) 227915 /    ifeshlib@hotmail.c
International Foundation for                                                  227343            om
Education & Self-Help            Stephen Gerardo        Mamba Point           377-47-524-568
                                                                              (231) 227716      g
International Rescue Committee Wubeshet Woldemariam Newport Street            377-47-516-463    (231) 227716
                                                                              (231) 227354 /
Lutheran World Federation /                                                   227120            m
World Service                    Charles E. Pitchford   14th Street, Sinkor   377-47-515-255    (231) 226262
                                                                              (231) 226245
Mercy Corps                      Denise A. Barrett      Newport Street        377-47-520-278
                                                                              (231) 227660
Medical Emergency Relief Int'l Lisa Kieh                Mamba Point           377-47-515-619
Medicins Sans Frontier -                                                      (231) 226257      rg
Belgium                          Hani Khalifa           Mamba Point           377-47-515-581

                                       OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
 Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                          Humanitarian Directory Liberia / NGOs              12

                                      List of international/national NGOs
                                             represented in Liberia
                                                   March 2003
      ORGANISATION               HEAD OF MISSION            ADDRESS             TELEPHONE        EMAIL/FAX
                                                                           331-152            00-871-762-382-
Medicins Sans Frontier - France Pierre Mendiharat       Mamba Point        377-47-515-468     499

Medicins San Frontiers -                                                            
Switzerland                    Gilles Cimetiere         Mamba Point        377-47-551-697
                               Hans Christen                                                  com
Norwegian Refugee Council      Knaevelsrud              Randall Street     377-47-523-630
                                                                           (231) 226840
OXFAM-GB                       Rosemary Kadura          Mamba Point        377-47-557-757     (231) 226840
                                                                           (231) 226538 /
Save the Children Fund - UK    Julian Smith             Mamba Point        377-47-515-715     (231) 226387
United Methodist Committee on                                 (231) 227317          
Relief                        Kerry Sly         Mamba Point   377-47-514-449                  (231) 227317
                               UNITED NATIONAL NGOs NATIONS AGENCIES
                                                              (231) 226441 /        
Search for Common                                             226440                          m
Ground/Talking Drum Studio Teah Doegmah         Freeport      377-47-516-460                  (231) 227912
                                                              (231) 226142 /                  pmu@stationafrica.
                                                              226162                          com
PMU Interlife                 Joseph Cooper     Paynesville   377-47-514-646
                                                                           (231) 228037
ActionAid Liberia              James B. Logan           Randall Street     377-47-518-830     (231) 228037
Children Assistance Program    Deroe Weeks              Old Road, Sinkor   377-47-517-134     NA
                                                                           330-390 / (231)    aelliberia@yahoo.c
Association of Evangelicals of                                             226888             om
Liberia                        Beyan M. Bakai           ELWA               377-47-513-684     (231) 226323
                                                                           (231) 227330 / 331- Afell2002@yahoo.
Association of Female Lawyers                                              415                 com
of Liberia                    Cllr. Izetta S. Wesley    Ashmun Street      377-47-514-229      (231) 226288

Concerned Christian                                     Johnson & Broad    (231) 226365       cccliberia@yahoo.c
Community                      Mariama Z. Brown         Streets            377-47-551-564     om (231) 226365
                                                                          (231) 226823 /      chal_secretariat@h
Christian Health Association of Ellen B. George         Tubman Boulevard, 226187    
Liberia                         Williams                Sinkor            377-47-518-757      (231) 226187
                                                                           (231) 226749
Conservation International     Alex Peal                                   377-47-511-138     (231) 226749
Community & Humanitarian                                                            
Development Agency             Abdallah S. V. Jaleiba   Airfield, Sinkor   377-47-512-144

                                      OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
 Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                          Humanitarian Directory Liberia / NGOs           13

                                      List of international/national NGOs
                                             represented in Liberia
                                                   March 2003
      ORGANISATION              HEAD OF MISSION              ADDRESS            TELEPHONE        EMAIL/FAX
Family Planning Association of                                                                 om
Liberia                        Aloysius P. Taylor       17th Street, Sinkor   377-47-513-897   (231) 227838
                                                                              (231) 226554
Habitat for Humanity Liberia   Roosevelt G. Jayjay      Randall Street        377-47-553-930

Liberian National Red Cross                                                   (231) 226363
Society                        Daniel S. Clarke, Jr.    Lynch Street          377-47-551-335   (231) 226888

Lib Refugee Repartriation                                                     888-330-535
Resettlement Commission        Hon. Samuel N. Brown     9th Street, Sinkor    377-47-515-157
Liberians United to Serve                                                     (231) 228035
Humanity                       Albert S. Lombeh         Airfield, Sinkor      377-47-510-585   (231) 228035

Medical Emergency Relief
Cooperative International      Tete Korboi Brooks       Sinkor                377-47-511-590   N/A

National Women Commission
of Liberia                                              Camp Johnson Rd.      N/A              N/A

National Drug Service                                   Sinkor                (231) 226218     (231) 226218
                                                                              (231) 227410 /   adolphus@ocam.or
Organization for Children &                                                   330625 
Adolescent Mothers             Cllr. Lois Lewis-Bruthus Johnson Street        377-47-553-178   (231) 226888

                                      OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                   Humanitarian Directory Liberia / Government & Media   14

                                              Government of Liberia
                                                   March 2003
  ORGANISATION            NAME/FUNCTION            ADDRESS           TELEPHONE                EMAIL/FAX
                                           UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES
Head of State &           His Excellency,       Executive Mansion
Commander in Chief of     Dahkpanah Dr.         Capitol Hill      (231) 226313/226312
the Armed Forces of       Charles Ghangay
Liberia                   Taylor
Ministry of State for     Hon. Jonathan
Presidential affairs      Taylor                Executive Mansion
Ministry of Foreign       Hon Monie R                             (231) 226076 /          (231) 226076)
Affairs                   Captan                Capitol Hill      227857
                          Minister                                227860 (Protocol)
Ministry of               Hon. Daniel Chea                        (231) 226077 /
National Defense          Minister              Benson Street     224802 / 226121
                                                                  227680 (Chief of
Ministry of Planning      Dr. Roland
and Economic Affairs      Massaquoi             Randall Street    (231) 22696/226075
Ministry of Internal      Cllr. Richard K.
Affairs                   Flomo                 Mamba Point       (231) 226346
                          Hon. Charles Bright                     (231) 227702 /
Ministry of Finance       Minister              Broad Street      227370 226716
Ministry of Justice       Cllr. Korboi           Center & Ashmun      (231) 227873 /
                          Johnson                Streets              227849 / 226598
Ministry of Education     Dr. Evelyn D.          Broad & Mechlin      (231) 226216 /
                          Kandakai               Streets              226212 / 227510 /
                          Minister                                    226406
Ministry of                                      Haille Salasie       (231) 226317
Health & Social           Dr. Peter Coleman      Avenue, Capitol
Welfare                   Minister               By-Pass
Ministry of Agriculture                          4th Street, Sinkor   (231) 226099 /
                          Dr. Othello Brandy                          227407
                          Minister                                    226399 / 226291
Ministry of Public                               Lynch Street,        (231) 226302 /
Works                     Hon. Emmet Taylor      Monrovia             227927
                          Minister                                    226883
Ministry of Commerce                             Ashmun & Gurley      (231) 226048 /
&                         Hon. Cora Peabody      Streets              226268
Industry                  Minister                                    226365 / 226283
Ministry of               Hon. Reginald          Capitol Hill         (231) 226269 /
Information,              Goodridge                                   226078
Culture & Tourism         Minister
Ministry of Lands,        Hon. Jenkins           9th Street Sinkor    (231) 226281 /
Mines & Energy            Dunbar                                      226421
                          Minister                                    227490 / 226280
Ministry of Rural         Hon. J. Hezekiah       17th Street Sinkor   (231) 227430 /
Development               Bowen                                       227938
Ministry of National      Hon. Philip Kamah      Mamba Point          (231) 226428

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                    Humanitarian Directory Liberia / Government & Media    15

                                               Government of Liberia
                                                    March 2003
 ORGANISATION             NAME/FUNCTION       ADDRESS                     TELEPHONE            EMAIL/FAX
Ministry of Gender        Hon. D. Musuleng UN Drive                    (231) 227247
Ministry of Post &        Hon. Melvin             Carey &              (231) 226079
Telecommunications        Sogbandi                McDonald Streets
Liberian Refugee,                                 9th Street Sinkor
Repatriation and          Hon. Sam Browne         Monrovia, Liberia    (231) 330535 /
Resettlement              Executive Director                           330534
Commission (LRRRC)                                                     377 47 515 157
National Reconciliation   Ms. Victoria Raffell    Tubman Blvd, VP      (231) 226818
& Reunification           Chairman                Road Sinkor,
Commission                                        Monrovia

Elections Commission      Hon. Paul Gowah         Sinkor, Monrovia     (231) 226245 /
                          Chairman                                     226357

                                                   List of Media
                                               represented in Liberia
                                                    March 2003
 ORGANISATION             NAME/FUNCTION           ADDRESS       TELEPHONE                      EMAIL/FAX
                                          UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES
Inquirer Newspaper        Philip N. Wisseh     Gurley Street (231) 227036                  (231) 227036
                          Editor in Chief                    377 47

The News Newspaper        Jerome Dalieh            Broad Street        (231) 227820

The New National          Sando Moore              2nd Floor,          (231) 227565        (231) 227565
                                                   Sabannoh Bldg.      390-692 (AWI)
                                                   Broad Street        Mobile:377 47 513
                                                                       788                 m

The New Liberia           Fitzgerald D. Vinton     Ministry of         (231) 226078 /
                                                   Information         226269              Viperseye_1@yahoo.c
                                                                       377 47 512 098      om
The Patriot               Gus D. Jeeploe           Liberia             (231) 227592 /
                                                   Communication       227593
                                                   Network, Congo      377 47 514 640
Analyst                   Stanley Seakor           Carey Street,                           analystliberia@yahoo.
                                                   (opposite Central   377 47              com
                                                   Bank)               517359(mobile)
Pool Watch                Archie P. Williams       Broad & Johnson
Monrovia Guardian         B. Ignatius George       Broad Street        (231) 331 178
                                                                       377 47 515 158

                                      OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                    Contact List – OCHA/ Liberia              16

                                        Contact List – OCHA/Liberia
                                                March 2003
   Name and title                    Phone                            Fax                       Email
                         (231) 22 68 65 / 62 11 / 61 95   (231) 22 62 10 / 61 88
Marc Destanne de         00 31 20 54 07 12 1/ 6 Ext       00 31 20 54 07 12 7/ 8
Bernis                   1001                             Ext.: 1012
Humanitarian             377-47-512-491 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Muktar Ali Farah         00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Head of Office           1036                             00 31 20 54 07 281
                         377-47-550-571 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Francis Matsanga         00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Humanitarian Affairs     1030                             00 31 20 54 07 281
Officer                  377-47-516-723 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Awa Dabo                 00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Protection Officer       1037                             00 31 20 54 07 281
                         377-47-558-497 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Mohammed Siryon          00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93      mohammed.siryon@undp.or
National Field Officer   1037                             00 31 20 54 07 281          g
                         377-47-518-490 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Davidetta Lansanah       00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93      davidetta.lansanah@undp.or
Information & Comm.      1037                             00 31 20 54 07 281          g
Officer                  377-47-510-938 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Doreen J. Togba          00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Administrative           1037                             00 31 20 54 07 281
Assistant                377-47-518-491 (mobile)

Konah Mason              (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95           (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Driver                   00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       00 31 20 54 07 281
                         377-47-557-197 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95
Morris Conneh            00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Driver                   1037                             00 31 20 54 07 281
                         377-47-518-492 (mobile)
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95           (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Eric K. Fahnbulleh       00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       00 31 20 54 07 281
Driver                   1037
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95           (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Jonathan Wheaton         00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       00 31 20 54 07 281
Driver                   1037
                         (231) 22 62 11 / 61 95           (231) 22 62 10 / 61 93
Zhuannah Mabande         00 31 20 54 07 12 1/6 Ext.       00 31 20 54 07 281
Messenger/Cleaner        1037

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                        Travel, Accommodation & Security in Liberia   17

Travel, accommodation and Security in Liberia

Entry Visa Requirements
Citizens of the following CEDEAO/ECOWAS countries do not need entry visas: Burkina Faso,
Benin, Cap Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria,
Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.

All other visitors to Liberia need to obtain visas before arrival.

Exit Visa Requirements
Citizens and non-Liberians including Business people and international staff of UN, INGOs and
relief agencies departing Liberia are required to obtain an exit visa prior to traveling.

Latest Security Advise by UNSECOORD February
In view of the deteriorating situation in Liberia, the whole of Liberia has been under PHASE IV
since 13/02/2002. UN Staff members requesting security clearance to travel to Liberia should send
their request to the Designated Official at least seven days prior to date of arrival. UN Staff
members returning to Liberia, also require security clearance. Travel outside Monrovia within the
country requires separate security clearances from the Designated Official. All visitors are required
to obtain an entry visa and be in possession of a yellow fever vaccination card prior to arrival.
Mr. Marc Destanne de Bernis, UNDP Resident Representative is the UN Designated Official. E-
mail:; Telephone Mobile No. 00 377 47 512491
The UNFSO is Mr. Eric Asare who may be reached at E-mail: Telephone number 00-

Liberia is classified as a NON-FAMILY duty station.

Warning against Travel!
A U.S. Department of State travel warning currently advises against all travel to Liberia. Other
governments concur or limit their travel warning to the northwest area of the country.

Monrovia's crime rate is high. Theft and assault are major problems and occur more frequently after
dark. There are frequent cases of armed robberies in Monrovia city suburbs. The police are ill-
equipped and largely incapable of providing effective protection.

Travel anywhere in Liberia after dark is discouraged. Road travel can be hazardous. Cars, trucks,
and taxis are frequently overloaded with people and goods and make frequent stops without
signaling. Many vehicles operate with threadbare tires, and blowouts are common. There are no
operating traffic lights in the country; therefore, intersections should be approached with caution.
There are also no public streetlights; pedestrians in Monrovia's streets and those walking on country
roads are difficult to see at night. Pedestrians often walk in the streets and cross busy roadways with
little or no warning. Drivers and pedestrians are cautioned that high-speed car convoys carrying
government officials force vehicles to pull off the road until they have passed.

Safety of Public Transportation: Poor
Urban Road Conditions/Maintenance: Poor
Rural Road Conditions/Maintenance: Poor to nonexistent
Availability of Roadside Assistance: Poor to nonexistent

Due to the present insecurity along the border it is not possible to travel overland to Cote d’Ivoire.
Guinea border is officially closed. However, humanitarian agencies as well as international
                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                        Travel, Accommodation & Security in Liberia   18

organizations can travel to Guinea via Ganta. Guinea cannot be accessed through Lofa County in
the north. Travelers should expect frequent delays at government security checkpoints, as well as
time-consuming detours around the many bridges and roads damaged during the civil war or by the
heavy annual rains which occur from May to November. Travelers should not travel to Lofa county,
which borders Sierra Leone and Guinea. Violence between LURD dissidents and Government
forces continues in these areas.

All international commercial air service to Monrovia now arrives at Roberts International Airport
(RIA), located 35 miles (approximately one hour by car) outside Monrovia. Very limited daytime
air service exists to Freetown, Sierra Leone; Conakry, Guinea; Cote d'Ivoire; and Ghana. Most
airlines do not meet Western standards of punctuality, security, or service. Luggage and passengers
undergo inspection prior to boarding. At this time, an armed para-military security force provides
airport security. Conditions at the airport upon arrival and departure are frequently crowded and
chaotic. As public transportation to Monrovia is not always available, travelers should make
arrangements with hotel, employer, or business associates.

The heavy rain season, which lasts several months between May and October, makes travel difficult
and hazardous.

Lodging, fuel, transportation, and telephone services are unevenly available in Liberia. They are
nonexistent or severely limited in rural areas. Neither water nor electricity is commercially available
in Monrovia. Most hotels have utilities available but not on a 24-hour basis. Few facilities and
homes have telephones, and disruption of telephone service is common. Public mail delivery is not
available and the national postal system is not functional, but commercial air courier service is
available through DHL and Federal Express.

The U.S. dollar is readily accepted in Liberia. While the official rate of exchange is one U.S. dollar
to one Liberian dollar, the street rate is substantially different and varies. In the past few months, the
street rate has been 60-70 Liberian dollars to one U.S. dollar. The Central Bank of Liberia has
issued new currency and all older Liberian currency such as the "Liberty" and the "JJ" is no longer
legal tender. The use of traveler's checks is subject to substantial fees, and few commercial
establishments accept them. ATMs are unavailable and credit/debit cards are not accepted anywhere
in Liberia. Wire transfers through Western Union and some banks are available.

Taking photographs of military installations, air and seaports, and important government buildings
is restricted. Visitors should refrain from taking pictures of any sites or activities, including official
motorcades or security personnel that might be considered sensitive.

Travelers should be cautious of their surroundings at all times. The presence of many ill-trained and
armed government security personnel continues to constitute a potential danger. The northwestern
part of the country is unstable as rebel activity in north of Liberia continues to affect stability along
the Sierra Leone-Guinea-Liberia border areas.

Health Risks

Yellow fever: Liberia requires yellow fever vaccination for all travelers over 1 year of age.
International health authorities consider Liberia to be a yellow fever "infected" country because
human cases of the disease have been reported in these counties: Bomi, Bong, Grand Bassa, Lofa,
River Cess, Sinoe. Authorities also consider it "endemic" because the potential for disease
transmission exists in areas that may not currently report cases.
Other vaccines: Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit,
your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, typhoid, hepatitis B, rabies,

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                           Travel, Accommodation & Security in Liberia   19

influenza, or a one-time polio booster if you haven't previously received one for travel. Routine
immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be
reviewed and updated as needed.

Malaria: Risk (predominantly P. falciparum) exists throughout the year in the whole country
including major cities. Medicines that protect against malaria in this area include mefloquine
(Lariam), doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone). The best drug for you depends on your
itinerary and on a number of personal factors that should be discussed between you and your health
care provider. Antimalarial drugs may not be available in this country, and travelers staying longer
than 1 month should consider carrying a treatment dose of atovaquone/proguanil or quinine in case
their protective medicines fail.
Because no malaria drug is 100% effective, if you have traveled in an area of malaria risk, seek
immediate medical attention for any fever or flu-like illness occurring within 3 months of your
return home. Be sure to tell your health care provider your travel history.

Insect-borne diseases: Mosquitoes and flies transmit a variety of diseases in this country, including
yellow fever, malaria, African trypanosomiasis, and onchocerciasis. Personal protective measures
are extremely important since insects cannot be avoided.

Food- and water-borne diseases: Quite a few diseases, including hepatitis A and typhoid fever, are
transmitted by unsanitary food handling procedures and contaminated water. Food and beverage
precautions are essential in order to reduce chance of illness. Anti-diarrheal drugs may be
prescribed by your provider.

Tuberculosis is common in all developing countries. However, this country has a prevalence of over
100 cases per 100,000 population, the highest WHO risk category. Travelers planning to stay more
than 3 months should have pre-departure PPD skin test status documented. Travelers should avoid
crowded public places and public transportation whenever possible. Domestic workers should be
screened for TB.

Schistosomiasis is present and is transmitted in freshwater lakes and rivers by larvae which
penetrate intact skin.
Sporadic, rare Lassa fever activity occurs. Transmission is via contact with infected rodents.

Hotels & Guest Houses in Monrovia that have been advised to humanitarian staff in the past
      HOTELS                 TELEPHONES/contacts
                                                                     Chambres                  Suites
  Metropolitan Plaza    (231) 227477/227150 Cell :377 47
        Hotel           515 626 Fax 231) 227740
     Broad Street       A. N. Charif
  Mamba Point Hotel     (231) 226590 Cell : 377 47 510 006
  15th Street, Sindor   Fax : (231) 392 585

Air Transport Companies
                       Name                                                     Phone
               Weasua Air Transport,                                         (231) 227381
                     Bellview,                                               (231) 331 514
               Ophelia Travel Agency                                         (231) 226064
                 Ghana Airways,                                              (231) 227950

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                        Coordination Mechanisms in Liberia     20

Coordination Mechanisms in Liberia

The present humanitarian coordination framework can be summarised as follows:

Level 1:
Humanitarian Aid Coordination forum at the national level co-chaired by the Humanitarian
Coordinator and the Minister of Planning and Economic Affairs. The forum focuses on strategic
and policy guidance for humanitarian aid. Meetings are held on a monthly basis or more frequently
if need be. Participants include UN heads of agencies, the Minister of Planning and other
Government officials as required, the LRRRC Director, the EU and USAID representatives, ICRC
and heads of NGOs.

Level 2:
IDP Coordination meetings held every month, attended by all the NGOs, UN agencies,
representatives from government ministries, and donors. This forum provides a platform for
exchange of information, gaps identification and operational monitoring of activities. Meetings co-
chaired by LRRRC and OCHA.

Refugee coordination meetings under the chairmanship of UNHCR are also held every month with
the participation of government and all NGOs active in the refugee sector.

Level 3:
Sectoral and thematic groups bring together all the actors in each sector (Food security/Food aid
committee; Shelter and non-food items; Water and sanitation; Health and nutrition; Education;
Protection). These are mainly the NGOs (local and International), government line ministries and
UN agencies. Sectoral and thematic meetings focus on technical issues and identification of gaps
within the sector. They are chaired by the relevant UN agencies.

Level 4:
Camp level coordination meetings are attended by lead agencies intervening at camp level, LRRRC
representatives and beneficiary leaders. These meetings focus on the coordination of camp level
interventions. Refugee camp coordination meetings are also held regularly.

There is constant interaction between the different levels. Issues that are raised at camp level are
reviewed at sectoral meetings and may also be discussed during the IDP coordination meetings.
Key humanitarian issues, which have strategic implications and require policy guidance, are
brought to the humanitarian aid coordination forum.

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                             Liberia Map   21

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                        Map of Monrovia   22

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003
Humanitarian Briefing Pack Liberia                                 Useful Online Resources                 23

Liberia – Useful Online Resources

              Resource                                                www-link
          IRIN Liberia page        …………….
      Africa Information Center    …………..

  CIA-World Fact Book on Liberia   ………
  Human Rights Watch on Liberia    …………….

        General Travel Advice      


         The humanitarian briefing packs for humanitarian staff are delivered to you by OCHA Geneva, RCB
                          but may not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations.
                              For further information, subscription etc. contact e-mail:

                                     OCHA Liberia RCB, Africa II, March 2003

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