"The Primitive Methodist Leader,"
February 8th, 1906 .
Sir,-With reference to the authorship of
. the above hymn, I can only refer your corre-
spondent to page 273 of the Connexional His-
tory just published . I am not responsible for
anything there stated, and did not know that
the hymns named in your previous issue were
attributed to the late Mr . Thomas Hales
until I casually carne across the information
on the page to which I have referred . It
was upon this discovery that my "note" was
statedly based, and responsibility for the
error,, if such it be, belongs primarily to
the "Connexional History ." I may say that
there is not at present any member of the
Hales' family resident in Ellesmere Port,
hence I cannot either verify or disprove any
statement made, and do not know from
whence the information came.
Personally, I accept with pleasure the cor-
rection given by )Mr . Chadwick and Mr . Bar-
ker, and should very much regret to deprive
them, to any degree, of their honourable asso-
ciation with the authority of such a well-
known and popular hymn .
Permit me to remain, very sincerely yours,
The Hollies, Ellesmere Port .
"The Primitive Methodist Leader,"
February 15th, 1906.
Sir,-I see that the attribution of the hymn
"Sabbath schools are England's glory" to the
late Mr . Thomas Hales has been challenged,
and that in your last week's issue the Rev .
W . Speddiug names the new connexional
"History" as responsible for the statement
now called in question . May I say, there-
fore, that the statement was made : (1) On
the authority of the official memoir of Mr .
Hales, contained in the special memorial
number of the magazine published in 1894 ;
(2) On a statement of the Rev . Danzy Sheen,
published in the "Teachers' Journal" during
the time Mr . Sheen was G .S .S . secretary ;
(3) On the communication made to myself in
1903 by Mr . J . P . Hales, secretary of the
British Association of Y .M .C . Associations .
Hence the attribution of the hymn to Mr .
Thomas Hales was made on what seemed to
VOL. 3,-Part 34.
the writer of the History reasonably suffi-
Very truly yours,
H. B . KENDALL .
Wiesbaden, Casstlemain Road, Bournemouth .
Heywood, John, born in 1808, and died
July 13th, 1887 . He was printer and post-
master at Heywood, Lancashire, and founder
of the "Heywood Advertiser," which attained
its Jubilee in 1905 . He wins the author of the
hymn, "Sabbath schools are England's glory,"
which was written in Bethel-street Methodist
Chapel during a sermon in which the preacher
exclaimed, "Sabbath schools ! they are the
glory of England ." This was c. 1849 . The
hymn was printed as a leaflet, and was widely
used in Lancashire for many years . (See
"Heywood Advertiser," June 16th, 1905-
J .,j ./
J. A . GREEN.
lribsp, September 27th, 1907.
[304 .] ASHWORTH MOOR : DISPUTE AS
TO BOUNDARIES .
Below we give the depositions of a Duchy
Court case relating to Ashworth "Waste,"
dated 1549 . It is extracted from the Record
Society's volume "Pleadings and Depositions
in the Duchy Court of t ancaster, time of
Edward VI . and Philip and Mary," edited by
Lieut.-Colonel Fishwick, and being volume 40
of their series . The case furnishes much in-
teresting information as to local topography,
names of tenants, and so on . We would gladly
welcome any notes on the persons in the case
or the boundaries mentioned.
Robert Irolte versus Christopher Nuttowe and Arthur
Kay, Tenants of the Earl of Derby, re Right
of Common on Ashworth Waste and -Boundaries
of the Wash .
Commission dated 8th July, 3 Edward VI .
, directed to Sir William Ratcliff, Sir
Thomas Uoise, Sir Robert Langley, Knights,
and Thurstan Tyldesley, esq .
Whereas certain variance of long time has
been depending between Robert Holte, plaintiff,
of the one part, and Christopher Nuttowe and
.Arthur Kay, tenants of our well-beloved cousin
Edward, Earl of Derby, defendants, of the other
part, for the use of a certain common called
Assheworth, in the county of Lancaster . We
willing a "quietnee" to be had between the said
paiaes, desire you to "prepayre" yourselves to
the said waste ground and earl before you the
said parties, etc ., etc .
Commission dated 8th December, 3 Edward
Vim ., directed to Sir William Radclyf, Knight,
and William Bromley, gent .
The Certificate of Sir Thomas Holt and Sir
Robert Langley .
According to the above Commission we ap-
pointed a certain day to meet upon the said
ground, and commanded both the parties to be
there with all their witnesses, evidences, etc . :
upon which day we viewed the ground and the
hounds thereof, but could do no good because
the said Sir William and Thurstan would
neither examine the witnesses of the plaintiff
nor agree to one "platt." Afterwards, at the
request of plaintiff, we sent to the said Sir
William and T'hurstan, willing them to be on
the said ground the 19th October, before which
day the said Thurstan wrote to plaintiff, willing
him to defer the said matter until Easter term
or Candlemas term, or else they would not be
at the said place on the said day . We again
viewed the said ground and made a "plat"
thereof and examined all the witnesses . As
same could not "labure" to the said ground on
account of great age and impotence, we rode
to their house and examined them upon the
said interrogatories .
From Agecrose [Agecroft], 25th October, 3
Edward VI . [1549 .
Thomas Holt, K.
Robert Langley, K .
Edmund Wolfynden, tenant to Thomas Bel-
feld, aged 70, says that for 54 years he has
known the said meres called Warmedenhed,
Foulbrige, Foulbrigker, and the Cowlomme
near Henryrowde, out of which moss and waste
ground there springs a water or a "beke" that
runs into Penkesden : at some seasons of the
year the said "beke" is drv .
James Herdman, tenant to Philip Strangwis,
aged 70, deposes as above .
Thomas Grene, aged 52, knows all the said
Robert Naden, aged 51, knows that the said
boundaries are within the several ground tf
Alone Holt, aged 63, deposes as above .
Depositions taken at Bury 21st January last .
Roger Nuttawe if Rossyndale, smith, aged 76,
tenant to the King, says that the water run-
ning on all the west side of the said waste
called Assheworth is called Cheseden Broke and
not Penkesden : the said brook is not a mete
or boundary between the lordship of Burye and
Assheworth [Ashworth] .
All the said waste in variance is parcel of
the lordship of Buryc •, and lies within the
parish of Bury, and that not part thereof lies
in Assheworth, in the parish of Myddelton
[Middleton] . The Earl of Derby is the rightful
owner and possessor of the freehold of the said
Deponent knows that the tenants of the said
Earl and of his ancestors, and before their
time of Sir Thomas Pglkyngton, of the lord-
ship of Bury, have always had the occupation
of all the said waste with their cattle, without
interruption of any until lately .
The tenants of the said lordship of Bury have
always paid their tithes for their cattle renew-
ing upon the said waste to the parson of Bury
and not to the parson of Myddelton [Middle
The water comes direct from a place lying
at the north end of the said waste called
C'heseden Linne, and so de:ecendis and goes west
and south from the said Linne past all the
said waste, and by all that space the name of
the said water is Cheseden Broke . Has never
heard the same called Penkesden, until now of
late that said Robert Holte "namethe hit so."
The ditch going from Cheseden Linne siouth-
east to Codshawe Bowre is called the White
Ditch, and is a "meyre" and division between
the parish of Bury and- the parish of Rachedale
The ditch coming from the Codshawe Bowre
westward to Horelowe Shawe, and from thence
southward to the Hare Hyll, and also Stanley
Syke, "be the verey meres, Bundaries and
derision" between the parish of Burye and
Assheworthe in the parish of Myddelton . The
tenants of the lordship of Bury have "used to
entercomen" past all the said Meres on Wyndle
within Assheworthe, and further until "hit
come to the several Inclosures of the said
Jeffraye Brydge of Totyngton [Tottin g -ton],
aged 75, tenant to John Grenehalgh, Esq ., has
never known the said water to be called any-
thing but Choseden Broke . Has heard that the
water of Penkesdeyne meets C'heseden Broke
"ferre bynetho" all the said waste .
Richard Heype of Rossyndale, aged 67, tenant
to the King, deposes as above .
Olyver Holte of Rossyndale, aged 75, tenant
to the King, has ever since he was eight years
old heard the said water called Cheseden
Rychard Broke of Totyngton, aged 71, the
King's copyholder, deposes as above .
Robert Smethurst, aged 91, tenant to Arthur
Smethurst, says that when Sir Thomas Pylkyng-
ton was lord of Bury, deponent drove his
father's cattle, then being charterer to the said
Sir Thomas, to the said waste . All the other
tenants of the lordship put their cattle there
also, and occupied the waste without interrup-
tion from anybody until just lately . Depo-
nent's father also appointed him to look after
the lambing of his sheep, saying that for these
that did lamb on Stanlees or on any other part
of the said waste, he must pay the tithe to the
parson of Bury ; if on the north side of the
White Ditch, he must pay for the same to
Rachedale [Rochdale] ; and if beyond Stanley
Syke on \Vyndle Hill, then lie must pay the
tithe to the parson of Myddelton [Middleton] .
More than 70 years ago deponent heard aged
men say that the water of Penkesdeyn begins
at Warmeden Well, thence running down to
Cattes Oke, between High Assheworth -and Lowe
Assheworth, and "so furthe deseendying
down" between the lands of Assheworthe and
Gristylhurst [Gristlehurst] .
John Kaye of Basthowse, aged 72 ; Bertyne
Kaye of T'uche Roode, aged 75 ; Peres Lomalx
of Dwerributtes, aged 72 ; Thomas Woode of
the Hal,he, aged 64 ; Henry Lorde of Bury,
aged 58 ; Elles Fleccher of Wamersley [Walmer-
eley], aged 75 ; Roger Kaye of Shepulbothoan,
ages 53 ; and Bertyne Kaye the younger, aged
53, tenants to the Earl of Derby, says that the
water of Penkes deyne "cometh out of a place
in Assheworthe lieng southe from the wart in
varyaunce called Warmed-en Well, and so
goythe a lytle waye Est ward and then turnethe
and goythe Southwaru to a place where a grett
oke ayd groove called Cattes Oke, And So des-
cendeth styli Southward Betwene the landes of
Grystyllhurst [Gristlehurst] on the west Syde
a;na Assheworthe on the northe est Syde, And
that the same water of Penkesdeyn metithe
with Chesedeyn Broke more than halfe a myle
benethe all the was:t in varyaunce ."
James Howorthe of Ballydeyne, aged 90,
tenant to the King ; Christopher Lumalx of
Tottyngton, aged 82, tenant to Christopher
Bothe ; and Jeffray Brydge of T'otyngton, aged
67, tenant to Thomas Ayne,sworthe, depose as
Laurence Payleor of Eytynfeld [Edenfield],
aged about 70, tenant to Francis Gartside, says
he knows his father paid the tithe to the parson
of Burye for "Cattail wiche dyd Renewe upon
the said vast ." Eight or nine years ago depo-
nent "herde say" that Oliver Holte, father of
Robert Holt, plaintiff, paid to the officers of
the Earl of Derby certain money as amends
for getting turves upon the said waste without
license of the said Earl or his officers .
Christopher Holte of Hollyngreyve, gent .,
aged 48, and John Brydge of Totyngton, gent .,
aged 58, copyholders to the King, depose as
Richard Baturshe of Bury, aged 74, tenant of
John Grenehalghe, Esq . ; Edmund Lache, aged
50, charterer to the Earl of Derby ; and Rauff
Holte of Bury, tenant to John Grenhalgh, Esq .,
aged 59, know for certain that Oliver Holte,
plaintiff's father, paid into the hands of James
Grenehalghe, deputy steward of Burye, 16d . a s
amends for trespassing upon the said waste .
lribap, Odder 18th, 1907 .
[305.] ASHWORTH MOOR : DISPUTED
BOUNDARIES .-II .
Edmund Frythe of Redyvailee [Redvalesj,
aged 25, says, that about eight years ago he
was servant to John Hoovorthe of Assheworth,
and that Stevyn Holte, father-in-law of the
said John Howothe and tenant to Robert Holt
of Assheiworthe, plaintiff, aged about 80, told
deponent that the water runing near the said
Howorthe's house in Assheworth was the water
of Penkesdeyne, and that it rose out of a place
in Assheworth called Warmeden Well, and that
he (Steven) had known the same by the name
of Peaikesdeyne for 4-0 years, but dare not call
it Pemkesdeyne for fear of displeasing the said
Robert bite his landlord, because of the suit
then depending the said waste . Pemkesdeyne
water meets Cheseden Broke about three-
quarters of a mile beneath the saiu waste.
Olyver Lowe of Tottyngton, aged 56, tenant
to Christopher bite of Hollyngreve, gent.,
deposes as aboi e.
Adam Roustorne of the Linne, gent., aged
about 60, deposes as above .
Thomas Nuttawe of Tottynegton, gent ., aged
67 ; James Bamforde, aged 50, copyholders to
the King, and Thurstan Roustorne of Bury,
aged 64, charterer to John Gremehalghe, Esq .,
depose as above.
Robert Lyvesaye of Byrtylli, aged 63, and
William IIolte of Wallm.ers'ley [Wahnersley],
aged 68, tenats to Robert Holte of Stubley, Esq .,
depose as above .
Richard Marcrofte of Chesum [Chesham],
within the parish of Bury, aged 76, deposes as
Adam Bamforde, gent ., aged 46, and Richard
Medowcrofte, gent ., aged 29, as above.
Thomas Reyde of Totyngton, aged 66,
tenant to Christopher Holte, never heard the
water of Cheseden called Penkesden until
within the last year-and-a-half .
Thomasi Nabbes of Tottyngton, gent ., aged 63,
copyholder to his Majesty, knows very well that
the tenants of the lordship of Bury, and of
other parishes and place's thereabouts, have
paid tithes for their cattle renewing upon the
said waste to the parson of Bury, and not to
the parsons of Mydd'elton [Middleton] or Racher
dale [Rochdale], because his (deponent's) uncle,
Sir John Nabbes, late parson of Bury,
appointed one Jeffarye of Cheseden [Cheesdem],
whose dwelling adjoined the said waste, to
oversee and look well after the cattle of
strangers which should happen to come within
the said waste and there renew, to the intent
that the owners thereof should not conceal or
withdraw from their duty as to the tithe
thereof. Deponent knows that the said parson
gave to the said Jeffray part of the profits so
arising for the pains he took in the matter .
Edmund Lowe of Tottyngton, aged 64, copy-
holder to his Majesty, as above .
James Romesbothom of Tottyngton, aged 76,
tenant to Richard Romesibothom, knows the
water coming out of Cheseden Linne and run-
ning past all the said land now in variance
by the name of Cheseden Broke, "contynewelly
Skthens Kyng Richaides ffeld," and during all
that time never heard it called Penkesdeyne
until within the last year-and-a half .
James Hewood, gent., aged 50, as above .
Depositions taken at Assheworth upon the
ground in variance, 19th October, by Sir
Thomas Holt and Sir Robert Langley .
Edmund Wolffynden, tenant to Thomas
Bei'feld of Cleggiswod, aged about 70, well
knows the metes and bounded of the said
ground, the first whereof is called Standlesike,
another 1Viddilshay, another Risshelaiche,
another Horelowshey, and so to Penkisden-
broke, and so following and descending the said
water of Penkisden to the, first mere called
About 54 years ago deponent dwelt with Rauff
Hamor in Chesesome [C'hosham], within the
parish of Burro [Bury], and was sent to drive
his master's cattle into Depemosse, and from
Depemosse he wound have put them over the
water of P'enkesden into Standless parcel of
tha premises, Taut there Judd Holt said to him
"ffaire cone thou shall drive non over the water,
for that is my maisters ground ." When des
ponent told bow he had been stopped, his
master said to hint "I de the drive never
to that platt, ffor it is non of my Coiezn ."
The said water has always been called P'en-
kisden water during deponent's remembrance,
and this' he can prove, for when he , was "bott
of sma11 age he was in company with theyme
yt did hunt in the woddes of Asisheworth, and
when the game was fonnde, iff hit did goo and
flee of the west partie, then all men wold say
goo oppe the water of Penkisden veto Cheis'den
lomme, and th:er ye shall haue a Course."
The said water is a special boundary of the
west part of the said ground .
The said water called Cheisden lies north
from the water of Penkisden, and falls into it
at a place called C'heis'denlo'me, where it loses
its name of C'heisden.
The said waste ground extends northward
only as far as Cheisdenlome .
The said water of Penkisden takes its name
at and from Cheisdenlome, and so runs south-
wards to a water called Naden, and there
Penkisden loses its name, and by deponent's
estimation is in length two miles and more .
Elles Chadweke, tenant to John Chadweke of
Elwodrowde [Ellenrod] aged 84, as above
iloger Nuttow e, tenant of Richard Assheton
of Mrddelton, Esq ., aged about 74, says that he
has fished in Penkisden water for 60 years and
more, and that William . Medowcroft, gent ., said
to him "goo into Penkisden and begyne at
Byrchynnase oppon the more, and them no man
will blame the except Mr . Holt, and he is thy
- . . .s Heiwade, tenant of Richard Assheton
of Middilton, Esq ., aged about 70, as above .
Edmund Holt, tenant of Laurens ilaustorne,
aged 60 years and more, says that he, was born
in Bamefurth [Bamford], within the parish
of Burro [Bury], and lived with his father,
who about 50 years ago "dyd lay and giest"
[agistment is feeding cattle, on common land]
his, sheep many times to Standlees parcel of
the ground now in variance, and paid to the
same to Oliver Holt in "Mawyng and sheringe"
and other work.
Thomas Grove, tenant to Robert Chadweke,
aged 52 years and more, as above .
Jamys Herdman, tenant of Philippe Strand
wis, aged about 73, says that immediately after
"King Ric ffeild," the tenants of the lordship
of Burro hearing of the Lord of Derby and a
multitude of " ev alshenren" that he brought
with him, were afraid that the said "Walshe-
men" would spoil and rob their goods and
chattles, so they brought their "catalles" over
the water of "Penkisden into the ground in
variance, by the sufferance of the lord of
Assheworth, to the intent they might go in
"savegard" there, and divers of the said
tenants brought "much goodes and catallesr' to
d'eponent's house to be kept in safety there .
Alan Holte, tenant to Adam Bameforth, aged
64, says that when he lived with his father in
Bury 50 years ago, they had licence from Oliver
Holt of Assheworth to keep their sheep in the
said ground, and sometimes in stormy weather
deponent drove them to a place called Dirpul-
hill, and to Sandstanbanke and Stanelees
parcel of the said ground, when William Kay,
father of Arthur Kay defendant, and divers
other tenants of the lordship of Burro [Bury]
were present, who never found fault with him
for so doing, indeed, the said William Kay has
many times said to deponent, "sonoe go home,
thy shepe will take no harmie here, ffor they
will go to the best Socure"
Robert Chadweke, tenant to Robert Holt of
Stubley, Esq ., aged 87, says that the , heirs of
Asshe'worth have had peaceable possession of
the said ground for 50 years and more till now
[Plans of the ground in question .]
,ifriha , O .cti btr 25th, 1907.
[306 .] OLD FAMILY LINKS.
Passing through the graveyard of Bury
Parish Church a few days ago, I saw a memo-
rial stone, surmounted with a weather-worn
armorial device, and inscribed thus :-
Here resteth the body of Henry Monday of
Heywood, who departed this life the 17th day
of May, in the year of our Lord Christ, 1714 .
Also the body of Mary, his wife, who de-
parted this life the 11th day of November, in
the year of our said Lord . Christ, 1767, in the
96th year of her age .
Also William Whitehead of Heywood, their
son-in-law, who departed this life the 28th day
of January, 1770, in the 66th year of his age .
Also Alice, their daughter, and wife of the
above-named William tiff hitehead, who de-
parted this life the fourth day of June, 1787, in
the 81st year of her age.
Of the aforementioned Henry Monday I have
no information beyond what is disclosed above .
His surname, I think, is a very uncommon
one in Lancashire . Possibly he was father of .
"Henry Monday, of Heywood, yeoman," whose
will was proved in 1770 . In the same year
the will was proved of "William Whitehead,
of Heap, yeoman," who is no doubt identical
with the first-named Henry Monday's son-in-
Probably the Henry Monday whose will was
proved in 1770 is the same Henry Monday
who married Elizabeth Dawson, of Heywood,
whose mother (Dorothy) was a daughter or
George Melladew, of Heywood Hall, yeoman,
by his wife Elizabeth, sister of the re-founder
of Bury Grammar Sohool, the Rev . Roger
Kay . This Henry Monday's mother- n-law (a
widow before 1729) may have been the wife
of James Dawson, of Heywood, husbandman,
whose will was proved in 1723 . Mrs . Dorothy
Dawson had a daughter, Anne, who married
John Topping, of Topping Fold or Clerk's
Croft, Broadoak Lane, near Fairfield, two de-
scendants of whom found husbands among the
well-to-do Openshaws of Bury .
According to the account of "An Old Local
Law-suit" which was given in the "Heywood
Advertiser" some years ago, Henry Monday
and his wife, Elizabeth Dawson, had issue
Edward Monday, who married Mary Mella-
dew of Gnat Bank, in Bamford, and had chil-
dren as follows :-Henry, who married Chad,
wick of Ridings, in Birch, and left a family ;
Edward, living at Castleton Moor in 1808, with
a numerous family ; Alice, first married to
Clegg of Rochdale, secondly to Kay of Heap
Brow, and had children by both husbands ;
Betty, first married to Ashton, inkeeper at the
George and Dragon, Blackwater, Rochdale, then
to J . Hilton, shopkeeper, in Blackwater, Roch-
dale, and had children by both husbands ;
Fanny, married Horrox, butcher, in Heywood,
and left a family . Betty, daughter of Henry
Monday, married Mr. Buckley of Saddleworth,
and had a family . Mary, another daughter,
had a natural daughter, Esther, who married
Mr . Turner, attorney, Rochdale, dead in 1808 ;
his widow lived near Captain Fold, and had a
eon then unmarried and a daughter who
married Joseph Gee .
In the graveyard of the New Road Con-
gregational Church, Bury, there is a memorial
stone with the following inscription :-
Deposited under this stone the earthly re ,
mains of Ann, the wife of Henry Knight of
Seedfield, dyer, who departed this life the 19th
day of December, 1799, in the 66th year of her
Also of the aforesaid Henry Knight, who de-
parted this life the 5th day of January, 1801,
in the 66th year of his age .
Follow the Lamb, His precious paths pursue,
And you shall find His Word of Promise true .
A daughter of Henry Knight married James
Grundy, a son of John Grundy, of Bury Moor-
side, whose wife, Ann, was a daughter of
Roger Melladew (son of the aforementioned
George Melladew, of Heywood Hall), by his
wife, Ann, daughter of Abraham Wood, of
Bury Lane, Bury . The aforenamed John
Grundy, of Moorside, was a son of James
Grundy, of iSeedfield, and an elder brother of
the Dennis Grundy ("Golden Dennis") whose
numerous descendants included the generous
gentleman whose name is perpetuated in the
Heywood Grundy Swimming Baths . The wife
of the last-named James Grundy was Mary
Mallalieu ; and, having regard to the free
spelling of the surname, it is not improbable
that she was of the same stock as the Mella-
dews of Heywood .
Henry Knight was one of the founders of
the first Congregatr_onal Church (New Road)
_ in Bury in the last decade of the eighteenth _
century ; and for many years Heywood
counted among the worthiest of its citizens
a not less loyal Congregationalist in the per-
son of his great-grandson, Mr . Thomas Knight,
who died at his Hopwood residence on June
18th, 1894, aged 88.
[307 .] EARLY LOCAL MANUFAGT'URERS .
Several lusts of early Heywood manufac-
turers have already appeared in this column,
but the following list, besides being of an
earlier date, includes some fresh names . The .
names are taken from a long list of country
manufacturers appended to "Dean's Manches-
ter and Salford Directory, 1813" :-
Blakeley (George), nankeen manufacturer,
Chadwick (J . and S .), fustian manufacturers, .
Collins (Jonathan), fustian manufacturer,
Collins (Robert and Samuel), fustian manu-
facturers, Heywood .
Fititon (George), fustian manufacturer, Hey-
Gee (Joseph) and Co ., fustian manufac-
turers and spinners, Heywood .
Hall (Thomas), fustian manufacturer, near
Hardman (Jonah), fustian manufacturer,
Kay (Robert), fustian manufacturer, Hey-
Kenvon (Richard), cotton spinner, Bamford .
Kershaw (James) and Son, twist spinners,
Lancashire (J . and J .), bleachers, Castleton.
Ogden (John), fustian, etc ., manufacturer,
Birch, near Middleton .
Schofield (William), manufacturer, nearHey-
Scholfield (John), cotton spinner and manu-
facturer, near Heywood .
Soholfield (Thomas), cotton manufacturer,
Smith (Mark), fustian manufacturer, Hey-
Turner (John), fustian manufacturer, Hey-
Wolstenholme (James), manufacturer, Hey-
Wolstenholme (John), near Heywood .
Wrigley (James and Francis), paper makers,
Bridge Hall, near Bury .
As no addresses, are given it is difficult at
this distance of time to ascertain the where-
abouts of the mills owned by most of the
a bove-named . pt would be useful to have in-
formation on the extent of the mills, and the
amount of trade done . Except the Wrigleys,
no descendants of these millowners seem to
have continued in the same business after
nearly a hundred years . This is a matter
which might well receive attention from some
of our old Heywood ;ites .
HIND HILL .
[308 .] HOPWOOD HALL .
As I take great interest in the numerous
papers on local antiquities appearing in this
column, I should feel greatly obliged if some
of your correspondents would kindly give me
a description of Hopwood Hall, including its
curiosities, such as the Byron room, etc .
[309 .] A GUIDE WW'ANTE'D.
Going over Hopwood Hall recently, I felt,
along with others, the need for a guide or at
the least a description of the building and its
treasures . If any reader could give through
this column such an article I for one would be
extremely grateful . I have found that visits
to many of our most famous buildings and
show places are practically lost through the
lack of a competent guide . I hope this may
not be the case with Hopwo'od Hall . Also I
might suggest a short account of the Hopwood
Jfrthog, flobernber 1st, 1907 .
r310 ] HEYWOOD IN 1829 .
The following notes on Heywood in 1829
are extracted from the reprint of a rare little
work written by James Butterworth, the
father of Edwin Butterworth . It was re-
printed in 1902, with memorial introduction
and bibliography, by Mr . Albert Sutton, Man-
chester, from the copy in the Manchester
Reference Library . The full title reads thus :
An historical and topographical description of
the town and parish of Bury in the county of
Lancaster . By James Butterworth, author of
The histories of Manchester, Roohdale, Stock-
port, Oldham, Ashton-under-Line, etc. Printed
by W . L . L arey, St. Ann's Square, Manchester .
NOTES ON HEYWOOD .
Heywood is a very considerable and thriving
village, forming a long street nearly a mile
and a half in length ; containing a variety of
shops, a post office, and several pubiic-houses .
The Roche flows to the north of this place,
through a rich, romantic, and truly beautiful
vale, adorned with several neat mansions, par-
ticularly Heywood Hall, the seat of James
Starkie, Esq ., and Bamford: Hall, the residence
of Joseph Fenton, senr., Esq . Manufactures
of calicoes, muslin,s, and some few woollen
goods flourish in Heywood to a very great
extent . The living of Heywood is a curacy,
and existed as early as 1665, in the gift of
the rector of Bury, and the present curate is
the Rev . Joseph Bland Jameson . In this in-
creasing place are one Methodist and two In-
dependent chapels ; and here is Lo a well-
built National school, founded in 1815, from
subscriptions, for the education of the boys
of the township of Heap, the number being
limited to 500 .
Heywood, a large, populous, and very con-
siderable villagfery much increased of late
years ; the cotton mills built in the village
and neighbourhood have caused an influx of
strangers, and congregated together a very
dense population . Heywood contains an epis-
dcopal chapel, and is situated in the township
of Heap, not far from tho south bank of the
river Roche, and on the aid road from Bury
to Rochdale, three miles east southeast of
Bury ; three and a half miles west south-west
of Rochdale ; and three miles north-west of
Heap, a large, populous, and pleasant. town-
ship, stretching along the south-west banks
of the Roche, two miles S .E . of Bury.
Heap Fold, a hamlet, two miles SE . . of
The above notes are interesting as being pro-
bably the earliest printed account of Heywooad
and its vicinity . It may be compared with
a previous article (Note No . 169) extracted
from "A Gazetteer of England, Wales, etc .,"
published in 1833.
J . A. GREEN .
[311 .] OLD FAMILY LINKS .
(Additions to No . 306) .
In "Lector's" note there is an error regard-
ing the late Thomas Knight of Beech House,
which may be after all only a slip of the pen .
Thomas Knight was grandson, not great-
grandson of Henry Knight of Seedfield .
It may be of interest to record that soon
after the death of his first wife, Henry Knight
was married at Bury Parish Church on July
9th, 1800, to Ann, widow of Richard Millett
of Cockyrnoor . He did not long survive his
second marriage dying, as stated, on January
5th, 1801, but Mrs . Knight lived till 1824,
when she was 75 years of age.
She was a cousin of the Rev. Dr . Whitaker
of Holme, the historian of Whalley, and a
niece of Ralph Nowell of Gawthorpe Hall :
through her mother she was a descendant of
Elizabeth Nowell, sister of the great Dean of
Westminster of Elizabeth's reign, and aunt to
John Woolton, warden of Manchester and
Bishop of Exeter (1579-94 .) By her first hus-
band, Richard Millett, Mrs . Knight was
grandmother to the late Mrs . James Porritt of
Stubbins Vale, Rasnsbottom .
THOMAS HUNT .
York House, October 26th, 1907 .
[312 .] EDMUND LORD, MUSICTAN .
Edmund Lord, of Hooley Bridge, Heywood,
died on April 19th, 1856, aged 70 years . He
was a well-known musician of the old school,
and a rather original character . He was a
great ndsnirer of the works of Handel,
especially "The Messiah ." He greatly de-
lighted in harmony . This was often ehown
during the works of the great masters, with
whom ho always seemed at home . He was
connected ass a performer with the musicians
o~ the district for half-a-oentury . He was in-
terred at Bamford Chapel on April 24th, the
Rev . Mr . Bruce officiating .
E. F .
[313 .] THE R MR . RO W LAND .
An old newspaper gives the following under
date February 7th, 1846 . "The new, commo-
dious, and elegantly built school belonging to
the Wesleyan Methodists in Hill-street [Hey-
wood] opened . About 1,000 persons had tea
together in the new building ; after which
the Rev . Mr . Ro ;wland was called to the chair .
Suitable pieces were recited by the Sunday
school scholars . On Sunday and Monday
evenings collections were made in the chapel
in aid of the expenses of the building, amount-
ing to £38 . The new school is the largest in
the circuit ."
The above is a very interesting note and,
iacidentally, gives us valuable information
about an excellent local institution . Will
someone le, us have biographical particulars
of the gentleman named above who had the
honour of taking part in such a pleasant
DAwsoN HILL .
[314 .] "OWD JACK ASHPON ."
Au old inhabitant known as "Owd Jack
Ashtou" died sometime in the nineties, He
was generally referred to as a famous pedes-
trian, and information is wanted as to his
[315 .] DATE OF OPENING OF THE
HEYWOOD RAILWAY .
It is known that the formation of the Hev-
wood branch railway from the Blue P'it
station, to near the Navigation Inn, Hey-
wood, was commenced ii ,_ November, 1810 .
The contract for this short length was let to
Mr . Thompson for £6,000 . When was this
length completed, and also when was the line
continued to Bury?
[316 .] THE REV . EDMUND GRINDROD .
According to Sutton's "List of Lancashire
Authors," the Rev . Edmund Grindrod was
born at Clay Lane, near Rochdale, 28th Feb-
VOL . 3.-Part 35.
ruary, 1786, and died in London 1st May,
1842 . He was a Wesleyan minister and was
the author of various pamphlets . I shalt be
pleased to have a more detailed account of th :s
local author .
[317 .] HENRY RUSSELL IN HEY`4 OOD .
(Reply to Query No . 61 .)
In reply to Dibdin, junr ., I am pleased so
infcrm him that Henry Russell, composer of
"Woodman, spare that tree," "The good time
coming," "Cheer, boys, cheer!" and other
famous songs, visited Heywood with his enter-
tainment entitled "The Far West, ; or, life in
America," on Friday, December 5th, 1856 . He
was in Rochdale on November 21st, 1856 .
T. POOLE .
,kzbag, 1obembcr 15th, 1907.
[318 .] HENRY PENDLEBURY .
SOME CORRECTIONS, Etc .-I .
My purpose in writing about the eminent
seventeenth century divine, who, wau a native-
(if Bamford and spent the greater part of his 1
life within a few mile of his birthplace, is
not to give an account of his career, but to
correct some errors in what has already been
written concerning him, and to add particulars
tiuhich, eo far as I an aware, have not hitherto
appeared in print .
Born On May 6th, 1626, at Jowkin (where
there are still two or three houses, a few hun-
dred yards beyond Bamford Congregational
Church), the $ev . Henry Pendlebury (lied at
his residenoo, Bast House, Walmersley, then
in the parish of Bury, on June 18th, 1695, and
was buried on June 20th in Bury Churchyard,
"close by the chancel wall, on the south side ."
He made his will on May 24t'h, 1695, and it
was proved in the Court of Probate, Chester ;
but it appears to he lost, and all that remains
is the inventory, with endorsement . How-
ever, among the Raines MSS ., in the Chetham
Library, Manchester, I have found an abstract
of Henry Pendlebury's will, as hereunder : -
To Robert Pendlebury my brother £30, to be
paid by £3 a year by quarterly payments, and
if his wife shall die, by £5 a year until the
said sum of £30 has been paid up, if he so long
live. The residue of the money not so paid to
go towards obtaining a new lease of my pre-
mises where we now live, if Sarah my wife be
willing, if not the remainder of the said £30
unpaid to go to -the children of Elizabeth Holt,
widow, daughter of the said Robert Pendlebury,
and the children of Sarah Wild, wife of Richard
Wild of Thornham . To the said Elizabeth and
Sarah £10 apiece. To Sarah Clough, daughter
of James Clough of Spotland, and to Jane
Wild, daughter of the said Richard Wild, 50s .
apiece, to be improved and put forth for their
benefit . To Sarah, wife of James Kay, 20s. To
my servant, Jeremy Ainsworth, if he continue
with me to my death, 20s ., and to such mayd
servant as may be with us, 5s . All the residue
of my goods to my loving wife, Sarah Peudle-
bury . I assign the said messuages, etc ., to my
said wife for her life, and if she is willing to
take a fresh lease my will and mind is that she
shall assign and sect over the chapell or meet-
ing place,, parcel of the premises and lately
erected thereupon, with the court or yard,
- during the continuance of such lease only for
publick worship (if liberty be continu(d) and not
otherwise, unto the same feoffees or the sur-
vivors to whom I have already conveyed the
same for the term of this present lease that I
have in being . A.11 the rest of my messuages
and lands, etc ., after her death, I convey to
such of -he four children of the said Elizabeth
Holt, my niece, as she shall think to be most
hopeful and likely to make the best use and
improvement thereof . And if my said wife
take no fresh lease, my mind is that such of
the sons of my said niece as my said wife shall
appoint shall, after taking possession, pay 40s .
a year to such minister as shall officiate at the
said chapel or meeting place during the term of
such lease (if liberty be continued), and that
the said chapell may only be used for the
publick worship of God and for no other pur-
pose whatsoever . I give £5 to the poor of
Rechdale, to be distributed by Sarah my wife,
Mr . Whitworth, and Robert Milne, and £5 to
be distributed to the poor of my congregation
at Walmersley at the right and discretion of
my wife, Edmund Bury, Thomas Browne, and
Samuel Wareing . Sarah my wife executrix .
Thomas Browne, Andrew Bury, junr .,
Edmund Bury, Scriptr .
Henry Pendlebury's brother, Robert, died at
Jowkin on February 5th, 1698-9, and was in-
terred at Bury Church . Robert Pendlebury
had three daughters^--Elizabeth, born March
28th, 1651 ; Sarah, born 24th August, 1654 ;
and Mary, born January 16th, 1662-3 . The
eldest daughter, Elizabeth, was married on
June 20th, 1671, to Robert Holt, "of the
panish of Middleton" (possibly identical with
the Robert Holt of Bamford, whose will was
proved in 1682), and they had four sons .
Robert Holt's widow died at Jowkin about
1715 . Robert Pendlcbury's second daughter,
Sarah, was married to Richard Wild of
Thornham, ; she was buried at Middleton
Church, July 5th, 1697, and he was buried at
the same place, March 20th, 1709-10 . They
had several sons and daughtens . The James
Clough mentioned in Henry Pendlebury's will A
may be identical with the James Clough "of
Lcwer Jowkin in Spotland," whose will was
proved in 1731-probably of the same family
as Anne Clough, "of Rochdale parish," who
was married at Middleton on May 31st, 1698,
to Thomas Holt of Bamford, the father, I
assume, of young Henry Holt, who went to
live at Bast House subsequent to the death of
Henry Pendlebury, and mention of whom mill
be found in the abstract -of old Mrs . Pendle-
bury's will, given in another part of these
Mr . W. A . Shaw, M .A ., the writer of the
account of Henry Pendlebury which appears in
the Dictionary of National Biography, says :-
Before July, 1650, he had [it was alleged]
contracted "a clandestine and irregular niar •
riage" with Sarah Smith ; but after inquiry
into the matter the Classis was satisfied (Sep-
tem'ber, 1650), and ordered him to be ordained
at Turton on 23rd October, 1650, to Harwich
Chapel, in Dean parish . . . His widow, his
second wife, Jane Wolstenholme, died near
Turton, in Lancashire, on 18Ln November,
1713 (Northowram Register) . . . His son . Wil-
liam Pendlebury, M.A., was for many years
i sinister of Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds .
In his "History of the Ancient Chapel of
Birch, in Manchester P'a.rish" (published by the
I Chetham Society in 1859), the Rev . John
Booker, M .A ., gives a pedigree of "Worsley of
Platt," according to which Mary, daughter of
Ralph Worsley -of Platt, gentleman (son of
JajorGeneral Charles Worsley, of Common-
wealth fame), married "William Pendlebury,
minister of Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds, son of the
Rev . Henry Pendlebury, ejected in 1662 from
Holcombe, in the parish of Bury ."
With all the respect due to such usually
good authorities as those just quoted, I ven-
ture to point out that Henry Pendlebury was
not twice- married, that William Pendlebury
was not his eon, that nobody called Jane
Pendlebury, nee Wolstenholme, died "near
Turton" in November, 1713, and that the
Northowram Register does not record the
i death of Henry Pendlehury's widow at all .
What the Northowram Register says is this
Widw Pendlebury near Turton in Laner .
mother to Mr . P . of Leeds, died November 18
The "Widow Pendlebury" who died "near
Turton," and Henry Pendlebury's widow were
different persons ; the Christian name of one
Ann, the other Sarah . Probably they were well
known to each other, for their husbands were
kinsmen . And by a curious coincidence, the
first-named widow died on the same day the
other widow made her will . In the church
register the burial of the "Widow Pendlebury"
mentioned in the Northowram volume is re-
corded thus : -
1713 November 20th Ann Pendlebury of
Turton widdow .
This Ann was the widow of "James Pendle
bury of Turton, yeoman," whose will (made in
1694) was proved at Chester in 1695, the year
is which Henry Pendlebury died . In that
will the testator mentions his wife Anne and
his son William, and there can be no doubt,
I think, that this son of James and Ann (or
Anne) Pendlebury is identical with the Rev .
William Pendlebury, who was minister of Mill d
Hill Chapel, Leeds, from . 1705 until his death,
23rd September, 1729 . He began his studies
for tha ministry in January, 1697, was or-
dained 16th June, 1702, and was at Kendal
before going to Leeds . He was a contem-
porary of the celebrated Yorkshire historian,
Ralph Thoresby, who, in his "Ducatus Leo-
diensis" (published in 1715) mentions
The Reverend and pious Mr . Will . Pendle-
bury, of Leeds, V .D .M ., whose Kinsman, Mr .
Hen . Pendlebury, was Author of a learned
Tract against Popery, etc .
If William Pendlebury had been Henry
P'endlebury's son, the fact would hove been
known to Thoresby, who would not in that
case have described William so- vaguely as
Henry's "kinsman ."
Additional evidence that the "Widow
Pendlebury" (Turton) who died in November,
1713, was not . Henry Peadlebury's widow ; and
also that the Sarah Smith be married in 1650
was his only wife, and survived him, is found -
in the inscription on his gravestone in Bury
Parish Churchyard, as copied many years ago
Here Lyeth the Body of Mr . Henry Pendle-
bury, an able and Faithful minister of the
Gospel, who departed this Life the 18th of
June, Anno Domini 1695, and in the 70th . yeare
of his Age.
Here resteth the Body of Sarah, wife of the
abovesaid Henry Pendlebury, who departed
this Life the 6th of February, and was interred
the 9th, Anno Dom . 1713-14.
Also the Body of Oliver Holt of Wittle [sic],
Died 16th July, 1744 . And Mary his Wife, Died
27th August, 1782, aged 77 years .
Some further items relating to Henry
Pendlebury will be given in another issue .
P.S.-I am much obliged to Dr . Hunt for
his correction and addition in regard to
the Knight family, Notes and Queries, 1
[319 .] HISTORICAL NOTES ON
[A brief account of Ashhworth is added to
h Edwin Butterworth's "Historical notices of the
town and parish of Middleton, 1840," and occu-
pies pages 54-5 . It will supplement some pre-
vious notes .]
This is a small township and ohapelry six-
and-a-half miles N .N .W . of Middleton, and
three miles W . of Rochdale, covering 730
acres . The situation is high and bleak, and
t) the name manifestly implies the district of
Ash, a tree once abundant in the brows and
glens around .
A family bearing the namee of the place were
seated here as early as the thirteenth century,
they appear to have been succeeded by the
Holts, of whom was "Robert Holte," Esq .,
living in 1553, whose daughter Mary married
Sir Richard Assheton of Middleton, Knt . In
1574 a Charles Holte, Esq ., occurs . Richard
Halt, gent ., being an active supporter of
Royalty during the Civil Wars, his estate was
sequestrated 1643 ; but he recovered it 1646
b •- paying £551 . About 1666 occurs Richard
Holt, gentleman . At what period the Halts
became extinct at Ashworth I am not aware,
but the Wilbrahams have been possessed of
the estate for some time, and Wilbraham Eger
ton, Esq ., of Tatton Park, Cheshire, the highly
1>- respected patron of the Manchester Agricul-
tural Society, is the present possessor of Ash-
worth Hall, an old plain building with scarcely
any traces of decoration .
The episcopal chapel of Ashworth is situated
on the summit of a hill to the north of the
ld, hall ; it was existing in 1650, for the Eccle-
siastical Commissioners of the protectorate
reported in that year that it was fit to be
made a parish church . The earliest register
commences in 1741 . The living is a curacy,
the annual value of which is returned at £119,
i_tthe patronage of Wilbraham Egerton, Esq .
The edifice is a plain stone fabric with a
cupola and burial ground, commanding an ex-
tensive view of the adjacent hills and fertile
"High sunny summits, deeply shaded dales,
Thick mossy banks, and flowry winding vales,
With various prospects gratify the sight,
And scatter fix'd attention in delight ."
In Ashworth School, which was commenced
1828, eight poor children are instructed, in
consideration of £8 per an . subscribed by
W . Egerton, Esq . A new school was built
1838 at, the cost of that gentleman . In 1801
the population was 295 ; 1811, 216 ; 1821,
289 ; 1831, 294 . In 1831 there were inhabited
houses, 45 ; families engaged in trade, 24 ; in
agriculture, 18 ; other families, 5 ; males,
twenty years of age and upwards, 60 ; manu-
facturing labourers, 21 ; agricultural labourers,
9 ; farmers, 17 . The estimated yearly value
of property in 1815 was £825, in 1829 £1,342 .
The eminences around yield tolerably good
A CORRECTION.-In the note No . 311, "St.
Paul's" should be read instead of Westminster .
Alexander Nowell was at one time Prebendary
of Westminster, but his deanery was St.
Paul's. T.H .
lriba1, flounibcr 220, 1907 .
[320 .] HENRY PENDLEBURY.
SOME CORRECTIONS, Etc .-II .
The will of Henry Pendlebury's widow,
"Sarah Pendlebury of Walmersley, in the
parish of Bury," is dated 18th November, 1713
-about eleven weeks before her death . Des-
cribed in her will as "widdow," she was evi-
dently without children, no mention being
made of any issue of her marriage . She owed
£20 to Mr . Thomas Booth of Haugh Hall, in
th-~ parish of Bolton, and directed that the
amount was, to be paid . She also, owed him
£70, and left him her messuage, Bast House,
to hold until that bad been repaid . The resi-
due of her personal estate and the reversion
of her real estate she left to Henry Holt, son
of the lace Thomas Ho-It of Bamford, in the
parish of Middleton, "now living with me, if
after my decease my executors look on him
as having a promising carriage" ; if not, they
were to give the estate to "whichsoever of the
uncles of the said Henry Holt, namely, Henry
Holt, Robert Halt, William Holt, they think
best deserves it ." The two executors were
Mr . Thomas Booth of Bolton and Mr . Joseph
Whitworth, minister at Cocky [i .e ., Cockey
Moor, or Ainsworth Presbyterian-now Uni-
tarinn-Chapel .] In the signature the testa-
trix spelt her name Pendelbury . The wit-
nesses were James Kay, James Kay, junr .,
and Ja : Burges [James Burgess .] The inven-
tory is dated 10th February, 1713 and
includes a few books, among them ` I"he Great
Concern," 6d ., and "The Barren Figg Tree,"
6d. The two executors were sworn 10th May,
t 1714 . In 1729 there was a Chancery suit be-
tween Henry Holt and Henry Holt and others .
Apparently the younger Henry's "carriage"
was not considered satisfactory . Under date
22nd November, 1729, Henry Halt of Whittle,
in the parish of Bury, gentleman, and Oliver
Holt of the same, joiner (nephews of Henry
Pendlebury), were bound in £200 to Samuel,
Bishop of Chester : "Whereas the will of Henry
Pendlebury in the original is delivered out of
the Registry to the said bounden Holts,
nephews and legatees of the said Henry
Pendlebury, upon occasion of producing the
same at a Commission out of the High Court
of Chancery soon to be held at Rochdale, Co .
Lancaster . Now the above bounden covenant
to restore the said will after "etc .," "or else,"
etc . How the matter ended I do not know .
I am unable to give any account of the Holts
of Whittle (Birch-iii.Hopwood), but may put
these items on record : William Holt of
Whittle married Anne Norris of the parish of
Middleton, April 18th, 1655 ; John Holt of
Whittle died in January, 1659-60 ; Robert
Holt of Whittle died February 20th, 1665-6
1 (hee had been a churchwarden for Bury parish ;
his wife died October 16th, 1652) ; Thomas
Holt of Whittle married Elizabeth Bradshaw,
April 5th, 1675 ; Elizabeth, daughter of
Robert Holt of Whittle, was christened Feb-
ruary 14th, 1696-7 ; Charles Holt of Whittle
died in March, 1713-14 ; Robert, son of Henry
Holt of Lower Whittic, was christened May
31st, 1719 . The will of "John Holt of
Whittle within Heap, husbandman," was
proved in 1693 . The earliest mention I have
fcund of a Holt-Pendlebury connection is
under date May 16th, 1633-the marriage, at
Bury Parish Church, of James Holt and Susan
Mr . W . A . Shaw's statement (in the Dic-
tionary of National Biography) that Henry
Pendlebury was twice married, and that his
second wife was Jane Wolstenholme, is pos-
s_bly accounted for by an entry under date
April 26th, 1648, in the Bury Parish Church
register of weddings : in the Lancashire Parish
Register Society's printed volume it is given
"Henry Pendlebury and Sara Woolsenholm,"
but among some extracts in Canon Raines's
MSS . the Christian name of the bride is given
"Jane ." This, however, was not the wedding
of the Rev . Henry Pendlebury, but, I believe,
the second marriage of his father, who was
also named Henry, and whose first wife died
in May, 1639 .
Under the heading "An Old Rochdale
Divine," a writer in the "Rochdale Observer"
Literary Supplement, June 1st, 1907, gives a
brief account of the Rev . Henry Pendlebury.
He says : -
Robert Bathe founded the congregation which,
in 1717, built a meeting-house in Blackwater,
and on his death, in 1674, he was probably suc-
ceeded in the pastorate by Henry Pendlebury .
Besides Rochdale, Pendlebury also ministered
to his old friends at Holcombe, where a meeting -
house had been built for him .
In his "History of the Parish of Rochdale,"
Colonel Henry Fishwick, referring to "The
ministers of Blackwater-street Chapel," says of
The exact date of his becoming "minister of
the Gospel at Rochdale" is unknown, but it
was probably on the opening of the first meet-
"Late Minister of the Gospel at Rochdale" is
the description given of Henry Pendlebury on
the title page of one of his printed discourses,
and on some others he is described as "of
Rochdale" ; but these were printed after his
death, and most, if not all, of them in London .
No doubt the Rochdale Nonconformists often
enjoyed the ministrations of Henry Pendle-
bury, but I have failed to find evidence that
h,, was their "stated" pastor, or that he ever
resided in Rochdale . Nor was "a meeting-
Louse built for him" at Holcombe, though it
is pretty certain he often preached in that
chapelry after his ejection from the incum-
bency . He had his own chapel at, or imme-
diately adjoining, Bast House (Bass Lane),
Walmemlev, and that chapel, to which rcfer-
enoo is made in his will, was still in use six-
teen or seventeen years after his death . Avail-
ing himself of the Dec.aration of Indulgence,
Henry Pendlebury, on July 25th, 1672, ob-
tained a licence for the holding of "meetings"
of Presbyterians," "place general," and among
other licences granted in the same year was
one on September 30th, "for a room or rooms
in the Courthouse at Holcombe in Tottington,
Lancashire, for Presbyterians ." It was not
until forty years later that the first Noncon-
formist place of worship in the chapelry of
Holcombe was built-that was "Holcombe New
Chapel," in later times better known as "Old
Dundee," which was formally opened t :n
August 5th, 1712 . This was the chapel in
which the famous "Claeeryble Brothers," Wil-
liam and Daniel Grant, first worshipped after
acquiring the "Square" Works and removing
to Ramebottom . A much more commodious
and handsome church was built thirty-four
years ago, but "Old Dundee" (situated two or
three hundred yards below Holcombe Church,
and in a newer ecclesiastical district) still
stands, in the possession of the Ramsbottom
Among the bequests made by Henry Pendle-
bury in his will (the substance of which has
already been given) was one to "Sarah, wife of
James Kay"-the same James Kay of Bass
Lane, who, with his son James, witnessed the
will of Henry Pendlebury's widow, as shown
above . James Kay the elder was a lineal an-
cestor of Lord Shuttleworth, whose father, Sir
James Kay-Shuttleworth, in the early part of
his life resided at Bamford, where (at the Con- 41
gregational Church) Sir James's father was
buried . Another lineal descendant of the same
James Kay of Bass Lane was Ann Kay, the
wife of Joseph lienton of Bamford Hall, father
of the first member of Parliament for Roch-
dale . r
Robert Milne, mentioned in Henry Pendie-
bury's will in regard to the distribution of a
sum of money among "the Poor of Rochdale,"
is probably identical with Robert Milne,
mercer, of Rochdale, whose own will was
proved in 1706 . Several Mimes of that period
in the Rochdale and Milnrow districts were
zealous Nonconformists, and two or three of
them were Presbyterian ministers .
"Mr . Whitworth," mentioned in connection
with the same benefaction, would be the
Roohdalian, Joseph Whitworth, for many years
in the Nonconformist ministry . In his auto-
biography, under date 1685, the Rev . Jams;.
Clegg says that, when about six years old, he
was "sent to school to Mr . Joseph Whitworth,
a young Dissenting Minister at ffallinge," who
afterwards "became assistant to Mr . Pendle-
bury and preached at Roachdale," and later
"removed to Cockey Chappell," At Ainsworth
Unitarian Church ("Cockey Chappell") there is
a gravestone recording the death of the Rev .
Joseph Whit_worth, on February 13th, 1721
( :, 1722), in his 66th year, "having, been mini-
ster of Cockey neare twenty-five years"-and
yet, in the "Record of the Provincial Assembly i
of Lancashire and Cheshire," compiled at the
direction of the Assembly and published in
1896, the Rev . George Eyre Evans states that
Joseph Whitworth was minister at W'hitworth
1680-1718, and at 0swestry 1718-19, and that
there is "no proof he was ever minister here
[at Ainsworth], save a tombstone error ." That
Joseph Whitworth was buried at Ainsworth (or
Cockey) Chapel is not disputed . In a list of
Presbyterian parsons and their meeting places,"
.1 prepared in 1689, I find "Joseph Whitworth-
Mr . Mathew Hallowe's house in Hundersfield ."
As a minister in the "Bolton uistrict," which
s included Ainsworth, he attended meetings of
Dissenting ministers, at Bolton in April, and
at Manchester in August, 1696, at Bolton in
April, 1697, and April, 1699, and at Manchester
in August, 1700 (vide "Minutes of the Mar_-
chester Prosbyterian Classis," Chetham
Society, vol. 24, new series .) In the unpub-
lished diary of a Walmensley yeoman, I find
mention of "Mr . Whitworth" christening chil-
dren in that district, one : in 1705 and another
in 1707, and it is shown that he went about
oa hors.eback . I also find, from original en-
tries in the note book of one of his hearers,
that he preached at Walmersley in June, 1713,
and in February, 1714 ; and in Mrs . Pendle-
bury's will, made in November, 1713, he is
described as "minister at Cocky" (Ainsworth)
at that time.
"Ja : Burges," one of the witnesses to the
will of Henry Pendlebury's widow, would pro-
bably be the Rev . James Burgess, a frequent
preacher it Walmersley, afterwards minister at
Lower (Congregational) Chapel, Darwen, and
later at GreLnacres, Oldham . He was facher
of a rather remarkable son, the Rev . James
Burgess, for mono years pastor of Hallfold
(Whitworth) Chapel, one of whose printed ser-
mons had some fame under the title "Beelze-
bub Driving and Drowning his Hogs ."
"Mr . Thomas Booth of Haugh Hall, in the
parish of Bolton," who had to hold Bast
House until the repayment of money which
was owing to ;rim when old Mrs . Pendlebury
made h .r will, was a yeoman, of Haulgh, and
was dead in 1726 .
Those of my readers who may desire to look
1 at the grave of the famous Bamfordian about
whom I have written, may be surprised to
learn that they cannot find it . When the
Parish Church of Bury was rebuilt (except the
tower), over thirty years ago, a considerable
number of gravestones were removed, conse-
quent on part of the new chancel and the
south chapel being built beyond the boun-
daries of the old church . From a number of
graves the remains were dug up, and-to use
the words of the late Rev . W . R . T'horburn-.
"cast into a common receptacle." Among
them were the remains of the brave and pious
Henry Pendlebury . Even his gravestone was
smashed-the upper part of it, bearing the,
words, "Here Lyeth the Body of Mr . Henry
Pendlebury, an able and Faithful minister of
the Gospel, who departed this life the 18th of
June, Anno Domini 1095, and in," was des-
troyed ; and on the portion of it that is pre-
served, close to the south-east angle of the
church, the inscription begins with "the 70th
yeare of his Age ." As the result of Mr . Thor-
burn's protest from his pulpit, that the grave
had been desecrated, the then Rector (the
late Canon Hornby) left in the floor of the
south transept of the rebuilt church space for
a small memorial brass, as near as possible
over the site of the grave ; and for the space
so prescribed-about l 6in . b y bin .-Mr . Thor-
burn's son-in-law (the late Alderman James,
Maxwell, architect) provided a brass, with in-
scription as sanctioned by the Rector . The
brass is so situated and such is the "dim
religious light" thereabouts, that it may be.
easily passed without being seen . One must
almost kneel on the floor to decipher the-
A Faithful Minister of the Gospel,
who died 18th June, 1695,
Was Interred in this Place .
Is he not worthy of a more conspicuous memo-
P .S .-To my friend, Mr . Ernest Axon of the
Manchester Reference Library-the aceom-
plisbed son of one of Lancashire's best litterar
teurs-I am indebted for some of the infor-
mation embodied in these notes .
[321 .] PATTENGE PILSWORT'H .
Is anything known by anybody of the his-
tory of Patience Pilsworth a foundling? Did
she survive her childhood, by whom was she
brought up, did she marry, and bad she any
descendants? These questions are suggested
by an entry in the Middleton Pariah Register
under date October 16th, 1715 : "Patience, a
child found at John Upton's door in Pilsworth
on Wednesday night, the 12th day of October,
1715 . Designed, therefore, to be called
Did the "busy," as I have no doubt the
mother was, lay her bastard metaphorically, as
well as actually, at the door of John Upton,
worthy man and churchwarden? Or was the
churchwarden supposed to be the proper and
legal custodian of superfluous infants? I re-
member when that immortal foundling, Tom
- Jones, was foisted on the generous Mr . Alll-
wc,rthy, how the virtuous and indignant Mrs .
Deborah Wilkins exclaimed, "Faugh, how it
stinks! It doth not smell like a Christian .
If I might be so bold as to give my advice, I
would have it put in a basket, and sent out
and laid at the churchwarden's door ." So this
may have been the custom of those days . But
then I find that John Upton was not church-
warden till 1721, and this was only 1715 . 1
am afraid there was some scandal after all,
though honest John seems to have survived
it . Let us hearken again to the virtuous Mr.. .
Wilkins : "'I don't know what is worse,' cries
Deborah, `than for such wicked strumpets to
lay their sins at honest mien's doors : and
though your worship knows your own inno-
cence, yet the world is censorious : and it bath
been finny an honest man's hap to pass for
the father of children be never begot ."'
At the date of the incident John Upton was
a widower, his wife, Agnes, having died in
June, 1713 : be was churchwarden of Middle-
ton, as I have said, in 1721, and he died in
August, 1727 . He had no children so far as I
can ascertain, and his name survives only in
connection with his farm "Uptons," now in the
occupation of vir . Thomas Aspinall . Of
Patience Pilsworth's story, I would ask again,
does anybody know anything?
TnOMAS HUNT .
York House, November 15th, 1907 .