Docstoc

Latin RootsPP

Document Sample
Latin RootsPP Powered By Docstoc
					Latin Roots, Prefixes,
       Suffixes
        English 11-3
              Day 1

                                 Example
Latin Base      Meaning
                                   Words
                                agent, agile,
ag, ig, act    to do, drive       inactive,
                                  transact
  alien        of another      alien, alienation
                                  amorous,
               love, liking,
am, amor                          amateur,
               friendliness
                                  amicable
              mind, feeling,       animal,
  anim
                   life           animated
                                   annals,
             Day 2
Latin Base   Meaning       Example Words

                            anthropology,
  anthro        man
                            misanthrope
                             antimatter,
   anti       against
                              antihero
  aqua         water         aquarium
   art        art, skill     art, artifact
                             astronaut,
  astro         star
                             astronomy
 Sample Sentences for Day 1 & 2
1. Yesterday the fifth-grade students went to the
___________ to see the new whale exhibit.
  aquarium
2. Every Christmas, the students on
scholarships send thank-you cards to their
                                benefactors
_____________.
3. She hung up the phone, having just had an
   amicable
                     misanthrop
____________ conversation with her friend.
                          e
4. He was labeled a __________ by his
community after years of his constant distain
and mistrust of everyone.
                  artifacts
5. By collecting ___________ from the past, the
museum gives shape to history.
                   Quiz #1
   Match the Latin root with its correct
definition. Write the answers on your own
                   paper.
1. bene             a. of another
2. astro            b. mind
3. alien            c. star
4. anim             d. man
5. am               e. friendliness
6. art              f. year
7. anti             g. water
8. anthro           h. to do
9. ag
                    i. skill
              Day 3
aud, audi,                audience,
                hear
  audio                    auditory
   auto         self      automatic
                         bibliography,
  biblio       book
                          bibliophile
   cad          fall       cadence
                          canorous,
cant, cent,              incantation,
               to sing
  chant                   incentive,
               Day 4
                                capital,
capit, cipit      head        decapitate,
                              precipitate
card, cardio      heart        cardiac
                              carnivore,
   carn        meat, flesh
                                carnival
                               concede,
                               precede,
 ced, cess     to go, yield
                                excess,
                              procession
    Sample Sentences for Day 3 & 4
•   We will not contest the will left by our father. We will
    _________ that he had the right to leave everything to
    concede
    his mistress.
•   The __________ echoed for several minutes after she
         incantation
    finished the words.
•   She proved to be a true _________, as she was able
                            bibliophile
    to recount several stories she had previously read.
•   ___________ rehabilitation with an exercise
       Cardiac
    component is often offered to patients with coronary
    artery disease.
•                      carnivores
    They are ferocious ___________ equipped with huge
    jaws to capture prey.
                   Quiz #2
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
 Write the answers (just the letter) on your
                 own paper.
 1. cess
 2. audi
 3. cap
 4. auto
 5. cad
 6. carn
 7. biblio
 8. capit
 9. cardi
 10. cant
                   Day 5
   chron(o)              time           chronic, chronological
                                        germicide, herbicide,
   cid, cide         killing, killer
                                        homicide, infanticide
                                             exclamation,
 clam, claim          to cry out
                                        proclamation, proclaim
                                          exclude, include,
clud, clus, clos        to shut
                                              disclose

                   to think, reflect,
      cog                                 cogent, cogitation
                       consider
             Day 6
contra        against            contradict

 corp          body               corpse
                            counterrevolutionar
counter       against
                                     y
                            credential, creditor,
 cred     to believe, trust
                                 discredit

 cruc          cross            crucify, crux
Sample Sentences for Day 5 & 6
•   The crowd is gathered to hear the
     Proclamation
    ____________of King Edward VII.
•   The woman was hesitant to see her husband's
     corpse
    ________.
•   She has the credentials and the knowledge to
                __________
    teach math.
•                                chronological
    Sometimes I see "please list in ____________
    order," and I understand it means to write in
    order of time.
•   You should not exclude the driver's name
                   ________
    from the accident report.
                      Quiz #3
Match the Latin root with its correct definition. Write
 the answers (just the letter) on your own paper.
ONE OF THE CHOICES WILL BE USED TWICE!
 1. clus
 2. cruc
 3. cid
 4. clam
 5. cred
 6. contra
 7. corp
 8. counter
 9. chrono
 10.cog
                       Day 7
        cur             cure, care           secure

                                         recur, current,
cur(r), curs, cours,
                        to run, go         excursion,
       cor(s)
                                           concourse
      cyber            direct, guide      cyberspace

    dent, dont            teeth        dental, orthodontist

                                          epidermis,
       derm                skin
                                         dermatologist
            Day 8
 dextra     right, hand        dexterity

                                diction,
dic, dict     to say
                          contradiction, edict
                          document, doctor,
doc, doct    to teach
                             indoctrinate
                          induce, transducer,
duc, duct     to lead
                           conduct, reduction
  dyn         power            dynamic
• The amount of melanin in Day 5 & 6
Sample Sentences for the __________
                            epidermi
    is the reason for the many variations in
    human skin color.           s
• Children need stability and structure in
    their lives in order to feel _______.
                   secure
•   The cult leader held day-long lectures
    to ___________ new group members.
    indoctrinate
• We have the most ___________,
                dynamic
    successful economy in the known
    universe. recurring
• She has had a ________ nightmare
                   Quiz #4
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
 Write the answers (just the letter) on your
                 own paper.
 1. dextra

 2. dict

 3. dyn

 4. doc

 5. cur

 6. dent

 7. derm

 8. duct

 9. cyber

 10. cours
                           Day 9
         eco                 house            ecology

                                         equal, equidistant,
      equ, iqu             equal, even
                                              iniquity
                                         fabulous, infant,
  fa(b), fat, fess,         to speak,
                                         preface, confess,
        fam                   reveal
                                               fame
         fact               make, do        benefactor

                                            fallacy, false,
falls, fals, fail, fault   to deceive
                                           failure, default
                  Day 10
                                   refer, transfer,
     fer          to bear, carry
                                    conference

      fin           end, limit     final, definite

                                    firmament,
     firm         firm, strong
                                       confirm
                                     genuflect,
    flect          bend, flex
                                      reflect

flu, fluc, flux       flow         fluctuate, flux
Sample Sentences for Day 9 &
            10
1. On the altar they light candles, _________and
                                 genuflect
   handle the wine and water.
2. It's quite ________ that the Russians will attack
              definite
   there.
                                    fluctuates
3. Her heartbeat is like a seesaw; it ____________.
4. The kidneys are badly injured which can lead to
                  failure
   chronic renal _________.
5. In Oban we stayed at Shearwater Inn which was
                       equidistant
   nicely placed approximately __________ between
   Golden Bay and Halfmoon Bay.
                   Quiz #5
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
 Write the answers (just the letter) on your
                 own paper.
 1. eco
 2. fess
 3. fals
 4. fin
 5. flux
 6. flect
 7. equ
 8. fact
 9. fer
 10.firm
                    Day 11
      fort             strong       fort, forte, comfort

                                      fragile, fracture,
   fract, frag         break
                                    fragment, infraction
                     birth, kind,      degenerate,
gen, gener, genit
                        class           progenitor
                      to carry,        exaggerate,
    ger, gest
                      produce       congestion, digest
                                    recognize, ignore,
  gno, no, not        to know
                                       noble, note
              Day 12
                             gradual (literally,
grad, gress    to step, go      by steps),
                                progress
  grand          great       grand, grandeur
                               monograph,
  graph         to write
                                photograph
                             grave, grievance,
grav, griev      heavy
                                   grief
                               congregate,
   greg        flock, herd
                                segregate
Sample Sentences for Day 11 &
             12
•   Your unique USERNAME is what is used
    torecognize
       ___________ which email is yours.
•   The leader wants us to congregate for
                           ___________
    a meeting next week.
•   At the start of the hill the slope was very
      gradual
    __________ but it quickly got steeper.
•          grandeur
    The _____________ of the mansion was
    spectacular.
•                     exaggerate
    Extremists often ___________ social
    issues in their speeches.
                   Quiz #6
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
Write the answers (just the letter) on your own
1. graph
                    paper.
2. grand
3. griev
4. fort
5. gno
6. frag
7. gener
8. gress
9. greg
10. ger
A. to know
B. to carry
C. birth
               Day 13
               to have, hold as   habit, able,
hab, ab, hib
                  customary     inability, inhibit

 here, hes      stick to, cling      cohesion
                                     judicial,
   judic          judgment
                                    adjudicate
                right, law; take
                                   jury, conjure,
  jur, just    an oath, form an
                                    just, justify
                    opinion
                                   elate, relate,
    lat         to bear, carry
                                    translation
             Day 14
 lateral          side          lateral, unilateral

               light (in
   lev                           levity, elevate
             weight), to lift
line, lign        line              line, align

  litera         letter          literal, literary

   loc           place          locate, dislocate
 Sample Sentences for Day 13 &
              14
1. The ____________ between the two pieces of material
        cohesioncopious amounts of glue.
   was facilitated by
2. With the kind of writing I do, you have to be direct and
   quite ________ in your speech.
      literal
3. The only moment of ________ during the boring
                       levityspeaker sang at the end of
   conference came when one
   her speech.
4.
                justify why certain streets are worth more
     They could ________
     than others.
5. The United States Supreme Court maintains the power of
     judicial review; it reserves the right to review laws
   ___________
   passed by Congress and signed by the President.
                      Quiz #7
Match the Latin root with its correct definition. Write
 the answers (just the letter) on your own paper.
  1. just
  2. loc
  3. lign
  4. hab
  5. litera
  6. hes
  7. lev
  8. judic
  9. lat
  10.lateral
              Day 15
                                 epilogue, biology,
log, ology    speech, science
                                   anthropology
                                colloquial, eloquent,
loqu, locut      to speak
                                      elocution

 luc, lum          light        elucidate, luminous

                                 interlude, delude,
 lud, lus      to play, mock
                                       illusion

  magn             great        magnitude, magnify
                 Day 16
                                      maladjusted,
   mal(e)             bad
                                   malicious, malignant
                                   manacle, mandate,
man, manu            hand
                                       manual
                                    admit, transmitter,
mit(t), mis(s)   to send, let go         missile,
                                      transmission
                                   modicum, modest,
    mod            measure
                                    modern, modify

    mult             many           multitude, multiply
    Sample Sentences for Day 15 &
                 16
•        malicious
    The ___________ man tried to steal the old lady's glasses
    so she would not be able to see.
•                colloquial
    The use of _____________ words and phrases are not
    appropriate in an essay that should be written in standard
    English.
•                                      illusion
    The vision of an oasis was merely an _________ to the
    thirsty travelers.
•   When the Justin Beiber concert was announced, a
       multitude
    tremendous ______________ of young girls screamed at
    the top of their lungs.
•   Because she loved studying about living creatures, she
                   biology
    decided to major in _______________ at the university.
                        Quiz #8
Match the Latin root with its correct definition. Write the
     answers (just the letter) on your own paper.
    1. loqu
    2. lud
    3. magn
    4. mult
    5. man
    6. mal
    7. ology
    8. mod
    9. mit
    10.luc
         Day 17
mut       to change    mutant, mutation

nihil      nothing     annihilate, nihilism

nul(l)     nothing         null, annul

                         omnipresent,
omni      all, every      omnipotent,
                           omniscent

optim       best            optimum
                  Day 18
     part               part            part, depart

                                     pedal, impediment,
     ped                foot
                                        pedestrian
                                         dependent,
                  to hang, weigh,
 pend, pens                               suspend,
                        pay
                                     dispense, expense
                                        implement,
ple, plet, plen      to fill; full
                                     complete, deplete

                                        complicate,
                  to fold, tangle,
plic, plex, ply                      implicate, complex,
                    interweave
                                            imply
   Sample Sentences for Day 17 &
• Many high school students18 misusing the off-campus
                     Day are
    lunch privileges; therefore, the principal will __________
    a more restrictive lunch policy after Christmas Break.
                                          implement
•   The mayor approved plans to improve city sidewalks in
    order to support increasing levels of ___________
    traffic.                      pedestrian
•   This personal check has been stamped null
                                           "_______ and
    void " by the bank because the account has been
    closed long ago.mutation
•   He witnessed ___________ as the pool of liquid
    became an alien life form.
•               expense
    Ashley decided not to buy the purse because she
    couldn't afford the __________.
                         Quiz #9
Match the Latin root with its correct definition. Write the
 answers (just the letter) on your own paper. ONE OF
       THE CHOICES WILL BE USED TWICE!
        1. omni
         2. nul
         3. part
         4. mut
         5. pend
         6. ped
         7. plen
         8. optim
         9. ply
         10.nihil
         A. foot
              Day 19
                                     postpone,
 pon, pos           put
                                    superimpose
              to beg, request;       imprecate,
   prec
                   prayer            precarious

pung, punct    to prick, point    puncture, punctual

              to prune; reckon,      amputate,
    put
                    think         compute, impute

   radic            root          radical, eradicate
             Day 20
                               arrogant,
   rog         to ask
                              derogatory
                            abrupt, disrupt,
  rupt       break, burst      interrupt,
                             incorruptible
                              sacrament,
sacr, secr     sacred
                               desecrate
                               sanctify,
  sanct         holy
                            sanctimonious
                              science,
   sci         to know
                            conscientious
                  Quiz #10
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
Write the answers (just the letter) on your own
                    paper.
      1. radic
      2. pon
      3. sanct
      4. rupt
      5. sci
      6. rog
      7. sacr
      8. prec
      9. put
      10.punct
                    Day 21
                                        prescribe, script,
  scrib, script           write
                                           subscriber
                                           sentiment,
  sent, sens          to feel, think        consent,
                                           sensation
                      similar, like,     simultaneous,
  simil, simul
                         same           simile, similarity
                    to stand, endure,    insist, desist,
    sist, sta
                          persist         stay, stasis
                                            dissolve,
solv, solu, solut        loosen            resolution,
                                        resolve, solvent
                    Day 22
                                          supersonic,
      son               sound
                                       resonance, sonata
                                           specimen,
spec, spic, spect       to look           conspicuous,
                                        inspect, respect
                                        spirit, conspire,
      spir            to breathe
                                          inspiration
                                        astringent, boa
  string, strict    bind, draw tight
                                       constrictor, restrict

  tain, ten, tin    to have or hold       detain, retain
•                             for Day 21 &
    Sample Sentenceson this _________
    The composer worked
                    Day 22 sonata
    for years before he felt it was complete.
• The Simpsons creator Matt Groening and
    Seth MacFarlane of Family Guy ________
                             insist
    any rivalry is affectionate.
• Sugar will _________ faster in hot water
          dissolve
    than it will in cold water.
• The speech was hoped to be an
                          inspiration
    ___________ to the students to make them
    work harder.      prescribe
• I will ask my doctor to ____________ a new
    medication for my condition.
                  Quiz #11
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
Write the answers (just the letter) on your own
                    paper.
       1. sent
       2. simul
       3. spir
       4. string
       5. tain
       6. scrib
       7. son
       8. sta
       9. solv
       10.spec
                   Day 23
                                           tangent,
tang, ting, tact     to change           contingent,
                                       contact, intact
                                          contortist,
   tort, tors           twist        tortuous, tourture,
                                        retort, extort

     tract            to drag         tractor, traction

                                         protrude,
  trud, trus       to push, thrust       intrusion,
                                        unobtrusive
                                          perturb,
     turb             disturb
                                        turbulence
                  Day 24
                                         abundant,
  und, ound            wave         undulate, abound,
                                          redound
                                     value, equivalent,
                to be strong, to be
   val, vail                            valid, avail,
                      worthy
                                           prevail
                                         intervene,
ven, vent, venu      to come        invention, avenue,
                                           venue

ver, vera, veri      true, truth       verdict, verify

                                      verb, adverb,
     verb            word, verb
                                    verbatim, proverb
•    Sample Sentences for Dayall the
    A court reporter who takes down  23 &
    exact words of aDay 24
                     cross-examination is
    recording the conversation _________.
• Iverbatim your home, _________ upon the
    will buy
    sale of mine.     contingen
•                          t
    People who have a lot of __________ in
                         turbulence
    their lives when they're growing up usually
    want nothing but peace, while people who
    grow up in safe, secure households crave
               undulated
    excitement and adventure.
• The bridge __________ as the earthquake
               city.
    rocked the intrude
• I apologized to the women at the meeting
                  QUIZ #12
Match the Latin root with its correct definition.
Write the answers (just the letter) on your own
                    paper.
       1. VERB

       2. TING

       3. TURB

       4. UND

       5. TRACT

       6. VEN

       7. TORT

       8. VAIL

       9. TRUD

       10. VERA
                   Day 25
 vert, vers         to turn          revert, aversion


    vest           garment            vest, vestment


    vi(a)          way, road           via, previous

                 conquer, show   convict, invincible, evict,
  vict, vinc
                  conclusively      convince, convict
                                 evident, provide, visual,
vid, vis, view      to see
                                    provision, review
           Day 26
                            revive, survive,
  viv       live, alive      vivacity, vivify,
                               vivisection
                            vocal, invoke,
voc, vok   voice, to call    invocation,
                               provoke
                             carnivorous,
  vor      eat greedily       herbivore,
                              omnivore
  ab           away             abduct

  ad        to, toward           admit

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:12/30/2011
language:
pages:50