Introduction Whether candidate students aspire to be a computer scientist, applied mathematician, engineer, or business person, InterAmerican University's College of Engineering and Applied Sciences can provide them with a solid foundation for an exciting future. At InterAmerican University, we encourage and prepare participating students to become a lifelong learner. We all acknowledge the dizzying pace of changing technology; surely, a great deal of the equipment and computers we work with today soon will be outdated. Yet the critical thinking skills and invaluable experience of teamwork and intellectual dialogue that will mark their academic years at InterAmerican University will remain with them forever. Our graduates not only weather the change, but lead the way through change. The College of Engineering's academic departments house the various research centers and administer degree programs offered to students. In addition, interdepartmental centers, laboratories, and programs, which involve the College's faculty and research staff, provide opportunities for faculty, staff, and students to undertake collaborative research and engage in educational programs dealing with many interdisciplinary applications of importance to society. Research and Learning The College of Engineering and Applied Sciences at InterAmerican University offers graduate and undergraduate degree programs in 10 different fields of engineering and applied science. Additional programs in business and the humanities, along with a variety of academic support programs and research opportunities complement these offerings. The College encourages students at all levels to participate in an open-ended research project as part of their educational experience. A college-wide initiative seeks to expose students to the value of learning through discovery. Engineering education at InterAmerican University emphasizes the fundamental principles of mathematics and the physical engineering sciences, and is broadened by substantial opportunities for study in the social sciences, the life sciences, and the humanities. Each engineering undergraduate can develop an academic program that reflects his or her aspirations and interests within a general framework of requirements. The depth and flexibility of the program make it a sound background for engineering practice or graduate study in engineering, science, business, law, or medicine. Curricula in traditional engineering fields are offered through three academic departments: Civil and Environmental Engineering Computer Science Operations Research and Financial Engineering Interdepartmental curricula are presented in the following programs: Architecture and Engineering Engineering and Management Systems Engineering Biology Engineering Physics Geological Engineering In addition, the following topical programs are available to students enrolled in any of the above curricula: Energy and Environment Transportation Students may also combine an engineering curriculum with study in depth in other fields, such as foreign areas studies or public and international affairs. Special University programs and opportunities are available to B.S.E. as well as to A.B. candidates. A description of these is contained in the "Special Features of the Undergraduate Program" section of the Undergraduate Announcement. Of particular interest to B.S.E. students are the sections concerning advanced placement, advanced standing, writing requirement, auditing courses, graduate courses, independent concentration, optional additional courses, and the University Scholar program. Engineering students also should be aware of their eligibility for the Programs in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Cognitive Studies, Environmental Studies, and Material Science and Engineering, Individual Approach A distinguishing characteristic of the academic program in our college is the small student-teacher ratio. This ensures that all classes are offered as needed and are taught by faculty, not by graduate students, as occurs at larger institutions. This favorable student-teacher ratio also means that class sizes are small, that individual student instructional needs are recognized and addressed, and that meaningful research participation with professors becomes an integral component of the overall learning experience. Majors CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering offers five programs of study: o Architecture and Engineering Architecture Focus Structures Focus o Environmental Engineering o Geological Engineering o Structural Engineering o Engineering and the Liberal Arts All five programs are very flexible and allow students to pursue individual areas of specialization by tailoring sequences of technical, program and humanities electives. In addition, the flexibility of the programs allows students to fulfill the requirements of various certificate programs outside the department, and to participate in study abroad programs. A CEE major enters one of these programs at the end of the freshman year. The flexibility of the programs, however, permits the student to change programs as late as the junior year. The Department firmly believes that independent research is an integral component of an engineer's education. Consequently, all seniors are required to write a thesis and present the results of their work at the annual CEE Senior Conference, which is held during the first week in May. Sophomores and juniors are also encouraged to participate in independent research with departmental faculty members. Such independent research work can be either experimental in one of the various laboratories of the department, numerical/computational using the extensive computer facilities of the school, or basic/fundamental type of research work. COURSE REQUIREMENTS During the four years at InterAmerican University, a CEE student is required to take at least thirty-six (36) courses. The 36 courses consist of: 8 or 9 Mathematics and Basic Science Requirements (CEAS Requirements) 9 or 10 Engineering Science Requirements (Core Courses) 4 Engineering Design Requirements 4 or more Program Electives 7 or more Humanities & Social Science Electives; B.S.E. students are required to include one course in four of the six areas listed: • Epistemology and Cognition (EC) • Ethical Thought and Moral Values (EM) • Foreign Language at the 107/108 level or above • Historical Analysis (HA) • Literature and the Arts (LA) • Social Analysis (SA) AND CEE 478 (Senior Thesis - counts as two courses). This is a full-year research project, although seniors register for this course in the Spring Term only. No grade is given in the fall; a double grade is awarded in the spring. Among the 36 courses, there must be at least eight (8) departmental courses at the 300 level or above, excluding the Senior Thesis, CEE 478. The math and basic science requirements are the same for all departments within the College of Engineering and Applied Science (CEAS). Many of these requirements are scheduled during the freshman year. The CEE Core Courses (Engineering Science Requirements) and Engineering Design Courses vary across the programs of study. All students in the program must take these courses. At least four Program Electives must be taken to complete the technical portion of the student's academic program. These refer to a coherent sequence of engineering, science, economics, and/or mathematics courses within each program. A maximum of one 200-level course may be chosen as a Program Elective. Each student selects and schedules courses in consultation with his/her academic advisor and the Departmental Representative. INDIVIDUAL PROGRAMS OF STUDY In some instances, an exceptional student may wish to design his/her own program, pulling together related courses from several departments. Such a program is normally designed in conjunction with the academic advisor, and must be approved by the student's academic advisor and the Departmental Representative. Whenever a program is designed that includes one or more Program Elective not on the approved list of courses, the student must complete the Green Program Proposal Form. This form may be obtained from the Departmental Representative. STUDY ABROAD Study abroad can be used to enhance and diversify the educational experience. For many CEE students, study abroad has served as a valuable option for junior independent work and in providing research material for the senior thesis. Courses taken during foreign study may be preapproved for credit as departmentals by the department representative. Students considering study abroad should consult with the departmental representative as early as possible. DEPARTMENTAL GPA AND HONORS Prior to graduation, the department will calculate each senior student's departmental grade point average for determination of honors. To graduate, a student's departmental GPA must be 2.0 or greater. The guidelines the CEE department uses to define the departmental courses included in the GPA calculation are as follows: All 300-level and above core courses, design courses, and program electives, taken junior or senior year, plus any 300-level and above courses (core, design or program) taken freshman or sophomore year that raise the student's GPA. If more than 4 Program Electives are taken, the lowest grade of the Program Electives will be dropped. Note that "300 level and above courses" means all such courses and not just CEE courses. It should also be noted that the CEE department does not use the Registrar's definition of departmental courses to compute the departmental GPA. The Registrar requires that graduates have taken at least eight departmental courses at the 300 level or above, excluding the Senior Thesis, CEE 478. This requirement is automatically met by following the CEE undergraduate program guidelines. In the fall of the senior year, students will be asked to demonstrate that they will have met this requirement. The eight to twelve departmental courses that are listed on the Registrar's form are not used for computation of departmental GPA. Although the senior thesis, CEE 478, cannot count toward a student's eight departmentals, it is counted in the departmental GPA (where it is counted as two courses). Also, while one 200-level course may be included among the Program Electives, no 200- level courses are counted in the departmental GPA. Finally, Core Courses, Design Courses, and Program Electives may not be taken on a Pass/D/Fail basis. Passing grades must be received in all of these courses. SENIOR THESIS The Senior Thesis, CEE 478, is a year long research project that is required of all CEE students. It is considered by many InterAmerican University graduates to be one of the most fulfilling academic activities of their four years. The thesis process requires independent work, regular consultation with one's advisor, submission of two progress reports during the fall semester, submission of the final thesis in April, and an oral presentation in the first week of May. (See the departmental Senior Thesis Guide for complete details). Students may select from a wide variety of subjects of their own choice or suggested by the faculty. For administrative reasons, students do not sign up for Senior Thesis in the fall, but instead only sign up in the spring. The thesis counts as two courses in the spring term of senior year and is graded on this basis. In view of the CEAS requirement that each student take at least four courses in any given term, seniors must take at least three courses, in addition to the thesis, each term senior year (regardless of the total number of courses the student has taken). RESEARCH AND TEACHING FACILITIES Qualified students in the Department have access to several unique laboratories used by both students and faculty. The Engineering Computing Facility, supports a range of interactive computer graphics hardware and software. It includes Silicon Graphics workstations, as well as other graphics support and animation devices. The workstations combine color graphics with powerful UNIX-based general-purpose computing. Students may also take advantage of the PC-based computer clusters maintained by CIT, of which there are several in the E-Quad. The laboratories of CEE include teaching labs in mechanics, materials, and environmental engineering. Individual faculty members have developed specialized laboratories for research that are used by graduate students, and undergraduates doing junior projects or senior theses. With the introduction of CEE 375/376, those labs are now available to undergraduates at any level doing individual research projects under the supervision of a faculty member. The mechanics and materials lab provides facilities for fabrication of concrete, a computer-controlled testing system for measuring the strength and toughness of building materials, a tri-axial testing facility for soil, and a network of computers for simulating and analyzing experiments. The department also supports an environmental quality laboratory, where selected aspects of the chemistry and microbiology of water supplies are studied. An active area of interest is the contamination and cleanup of groundwater. Available equipment includes gas and liquid chromatography with a variety of detectors for very sensitive measurements of chemicals in environmental samples, as well as microscopes, incubators and environmental chambers for culturing aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Equipment is also available in the Geology Department for independent work. Graduate Programs in Civil and Environmental Engineering The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering offers programs of graduate study and research in two areas: Environmental Engineering & Water Resources and Mechanics, Materials, and Structures. The department offers three degree programs of study: Doctor of Philosophy in Civil and Environmental Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering, and a one-year Master of Engineering. Students must be admitted to one of the three degree programs. Currently, there are approximately 40 graduate students (15 to 20 per program) and 13 full-time plus 8 Associated faculty members in the department. The student-faculty ratio in the department is kept low to allow productive working relationships between students and their advisors. Master of Engineering A Master of Engineering degree is offered to those students who are interested in the applied aspects of engineering and wish to prepare for professional practice and consulting. The department offers two such program, the master of engineering in structural engineering and the master of engineering in environmental engineering and water resources. In each case, the student fulfills the requirements by successfully completing 8 one-semester courses that he or she selects from a list of courses relevant to the program. A thesis is not required. The M.E. degree is usually completed in one academic year of full-time study. The Master of Engineering in Structural Engineering focuses on the applied aspects of structural engineering and is intended to prepare students for professional practice and consulting. To better achieve this emphasis on design, two of the leading civil engineering companies in the world are actively involved in the program by teaching design-oriented courses and by supervising design/research projects. The program also provides the opportunity for formal study in nontechnical areas such as corporate finances, public policy, and regulatory issues. Master of Science in Engineering The program has a strong research focus reflected in the requirement of an M.S.E. thesis. The course requirements are fulfilled by successfully completing 10 one-semester courses, two of which are required research courses (CEE 509 and CEE 510). The M.S.E. degree is usually completed within two academic years of full time study. Financial support in the form of research or teaching assistantships is available for students enrolled in this program. Upon the second term, a committee consisting of the advisor and one additional faculty member is formed to guide and supervise the candidate in his/her research. Candidates must prepare and submit an acceptable thesis as well as present an open seminar on their research. Doctor of Philosophy Study leading to the degree of doctor of philosophy is offered in two areas: environmental engineering and water resources and mechanics, materials, and structures. Each program has procedures for the completion of the general examination outlined under the appropriate areas of study. Teaching experience is considered to be a significant part of graduate education. It is recommended that Ph.D. candidates assist with course instruction for at least one term. Upon admission, an advisor is assigned in the student's area of interest. The plan of study for the first year is arranged by the student in consultation with the advisor and the department's director of graduate studies. A typical plan consists of eight courses, one being CEE 509, which is a required research course. Near the end of the first year, a student who wishes to continue as a Ph.D. candidate declares these intentions to the department. A research committee consisting of the advisor and 2 or more additional members shall be formed no later than after the General exam. The research committee meets at least once a year with the candidate to supervise his/her research progress. Usually, two to three years beyond the general examination are necessary for completion of a suitable dissertation. Upon completion of these studies and acceptance of the dissertation by the department, the candidate will be admitted to the final public oral examination. Admission A bachelor's degree in engineering or science, completed with superior standing, is normally required for admission to the graduate program. The application procedure is outlined in the package provided from the Graduate School. Applications for admissions must be followed in adherence with the University's guidelines. Applicants are required to submit the results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), and international students* are also required to submit the results of the TOEFL. The minimum expected scores for admission are TOFEL 500. Completed application forms along with the application fee, GRE scores, TOEFL scores, letters of recommendation, transcripts etc., as indicated in the application package, are to be submitted to Graduate Admissions for admission consideration. Readmission to subsequent years of study is granted by the Dean of the Graduate School on recommendation of the department and depends upon the student's demonstrated capabilities in course work and research. *This requirement is waived for born-nationals educated in counties where English is the official language. Fellowship and Assistantships The department makes an effort to support all graduate students requesting financial aid. During the past few years, the department has provided support to graduate students through a combination of fellowships, assistantships in research, and assistantships in instruction. Upon arrival at InterAmerican University, each student is assigned to an ongoing research project under the supervision of a faculty member whose interests seem compatible with those of the student as presented in the student's career statement. As the end of the first year, a student, is free to request reassignment to a different project, and the department will make every attempt to accommodate such a request within the budgets and needs of the various research areas. The work loads associated with the assistantship are such that they do not interfere with a full-time graduate program. In fact, duties required by a research assistantship generally form the basis for the student's thesis. Computer Science Engineering Computer Science is the study of the effective use of computers to solve real-world problems. Computer Engineering is the study of how to develop new computer systems and how to integrate computers with real devices. Lehigh's majors can prepare you for just about any of the different careers in computer science, computer engineering or computer systems analysis. Most Computer Science and Engineering careers demand a high level of logic and precision. Computers do exactly what they are told so one must become precise in specifying what must be done and how to do it efficiently. The core CS/Comp.Eng. education includes ample mathematics and computing classes to hone the necessary skills and develop the proper theoretical background for these careers. Through the choice of electives students can add specializations that better prepare them for the myriad of different career possibilities. While many see working with computers as introverted, the fact is that many computer science jobs require outgoing people that work with people. (One cannot develop a program until you know that the client really wants/needs). These people-oriented positions, however still require the rigor and training of computer science so that the needs can be precisely converted to specifications, test or documents. Job Titles (Examples) Computer Scientist Computer Engineer Software Developer Software Designer Software Engineer Software Architect Information Architect Network Architect Design (Hardware) Engineer DSP Engineer Logic/ASIC Designer Firmware Engineer Systems Engineer System Programmer Programmer-Analyst Jobs with more "human" interaction: Software/system Requirement Analysis Interface Designer User Interface Designer Human Computer Interaction (HCI) specialist Test Engineer/Software Tester Systems Analyst Consultant o Consulting Firm o Free-Lance Jobs with less CS education requirements (E.g. requiring 1-2 years CS education + job experience. or a BS in some other Engineering/Field with a minor in CS + experience) : Programmer System Integrator System Administration Technical Support, Support Engineer Technical Writer Non-technical Jobs which benefit from CS Training requirements : Management o Technical o Business Administration o Chief Scientist o Chief Technical Officer o Chief Information Officer IT Sales, Marketing Teacher/Educator Professor Computing R&D Areas: Artifical Intelligence Architecture, Databases Computer Vision/Image Processing Graphics, Multi-Media Languages, Compilers Networking, Communications Parallel Processing Software Development/Engineering Theoretical Computer Science I.A.U. Undergraduate Programs Recommended Sequence of Courses Undergraduate Programs Departmental Courses Courses are listed under the prefixes CO.E. and E.A.S. Generally computer science courses carry the C.I.S. prefix. Computer Engineering courses are likely to be found under either prefix. Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering Diagram of Courses and Prerequisites The required courses for this degree contain the fundamentals of electronic circuits, signal theory, logic design, computer architecture, structured programming, data structures, software engineering, discrete mathematics, and numerical analysis. A strong foundation in the physical sciences and in mathematics is required. Approved technical electives, chosen with the advisor’s consent, are selected in preparation for graduate study or entry into industry according to individual interests. The program totals 137 credit hours and is offered jointly with the C.I.S. department. The recommended sequence of courses follows: Freshman year, first semester (17-18 credits) ENG 101 Composition and Literature (3) CHM 210, 220 Introductory Chemical Principles and Laboratory (5) or PHY 111, 112 Introductory Physics I and Laboratory (5) MAT 210 Calculus I (4) ENG 1/Elective Engineering Computations (3) or Humanities/ Social Sciences or free elective (2-4) and ENG 502, Freshman Design Experience (3) Freshman year, second semester (15-16 credits) ENG 201 Composition and Literature: Fiction, Drama, Poetry (3) PHY 112, 12 Introductory Physics I and Laboratory (5) or CHM 212, 22 Introductory Chemical Principles and Lab (5) MAT 222 Calculus II (4) ENG 1/Elective Engineering Computations (3) or Humanities/Social Sciences or free elective (2-4) and ENG 503, Freshman Design Experience (3) sophomore year, first semester (17 credit hours) ENG 381. Principles of Electrical Engineering (4) ENG 333 Introduction to Computer Engineering (4) PHY 210, 220 Introductory Physics II and Laboratory II (5) MAT 230 Analytic Geometry and Calculus III (4) sophomore year, second semester (19 credit hours) CIS 170. Structured Programming and Data Structures (4) CIS 320. Sophomore Laboratory (1) CIS 108 Signals and Systems (4) ECN 101 Economics (4) Math 205 Linear Methods (3) HSS elective (3) junior year, first semester (17 credit hours) ENG 128 Electronic Circuits Laboratory (2) ENG 123 Electronic Circuits (3) CIS 109 Systems Programming (3) MAT 231 Probability and Statistics (3) or MAT 309 Theory of Probability (3) approved technical elective* (3) free elective (3) junior year, second semester (17 credit hours) CIS 219 Software Engineering (3) CIS 138 Digital Systems Laboratory (2) CIS 201 Computer Architecture (3) CIS 261 Discrete Structures (3) free elective (3) HSS elective (3) senior year, first semester (18 credit hours) CIS 111 Proseminar (1) CIS 251 Senior Project I (2) CIS 319 Digital System Design (3) CIS 303 Operating System Design (3) HSS elective (3) approved technical elective* (3) free elective (3) senior year, second semester (18 credit hours) approved technical electives* (12) HSS elective (3) free elective (3) *Approved technical electives are subjects in the area of science and technology. They are not restricted to offerings in the department of computer science and electrical engineering. One elective must be an engineering science elective from another department. I.A.U. 252 is not an approved technical elective. Bachelor of Science in Computer Science Diagram of Courses and Prerequisites Bachelor of Science in Computer Science degree programs are available to students through the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The program follows similar requirements in mathematics and computer science, and the programs are appropriate for entry into management or industrial positions. It is also appropriate for continued graduate study, though students considering graduate study are strongly encouraged to consider taking part in a research project during their junior year. The required courses for the degree contain the fundamentals of discrete mathematics, structured programming, algorithms, computer architectures, compiler design, operating systems, and programming languages. A strong foundation in mathematics is required. The recommended sequence of courses is as follows: freshman year, first semester (17 credit hours) ENG 101 Composition and Literature (3) MAT 210 Analytic Geometry and Calculus I (4) CIS 209 Introduction to Computing (2) CIS 140 Multimedia Computing Lab (2) distribution (6) freshman year, second semester (17 credit hours) ENG 210 Composition and Literature: Fiction, Drama, Poetry (3) MAT 220 Analytic Geometry and Calculus II (4) CIS 229 Structured Programming and Data Structures (4) distribution (6) sophomore year, first semester (17 credit hours) MAT 230 Analytic Geometry and Calculus III (4) CIS 310 Introduction to Computer Engineering (4) distribution (9) sophomore year, second semester (15 credit hours) CIS 109 Systems Programming (3) CIS 262 Programming Languages (3) MAT 205 Linear Methods (3) approved technical electives* (3) distribution (3) junior year, first semester (15 credit hours) CIS 261 Discrete Structures (3) MAT 231 Probability and Statistics (3) approved technical elective* (3) approved professional elective**(3) free elective(3) junior year, second semester (15 credit hours) CIS 340 Design and Analysis of Algorithms (3) CIS 201 Computer Architecture (3) CIS 216 Software Engineering (3) distribution (3) approved technical electives* (3) senior year, first semester (16 credit hours) CIS 303 Operating System Design (3) CIS 318 Automata & Formal Grammars (3) CIS 111 Proseminar (1) MAT 230 Numerical Methods (3) free elective (3) distribution (3) senior year, second semester (15 credit hours) CIS 302 Compiler Design (3) approved technical elective* (3) approved professional electives **(6) distribution (3) * Approved technical electives are subjects in the area of science and technology. They are not restricted to courses in the department of Computer Science and Engineering. They are chosen by the student, with the approval of the major advisor. ** Approved professional electives are chosen by the student, with the approval of the major advisor, to support the professional objectives of the student. These may include technical, business, or non-technical courses. I.A.U. 252 is not an approved professional elective. Minor in Computer Science The minor in computer science provides a basic familiarity with software development and programming, and computer organization, and essential elements of computer science. This minor is not available to students of the I.A.U. or ECE departments. Engineering students should note that Engr 1 is not a substitute for I.A.U. 10 and I.A.U. 14. The minor requires 18 credit hours, consisting of the following: CIS 101 Introduction to Computing (2) CIS 140 Multimedia Computing Lab (2) CIS 170 Structured Programming and Data Structures (4) CIS 332 Introduction to Computer Engineering (4) Two CS electives from the following list: CIS 109 Systems Programming (3) or CIS 216 Software Engineering (3) or CIS 241 Data Base Systems (3) or CIS 261 Discrete Structures (3) or CIS 271 Programming in C and the Unix Environment (3) or CIS 262 Programming Languages (3) or CIS 327 Artificial Intelligence Theory and Practice (3) or CIS 340 Design and Analysis of Algorithms (3) (18 credit hours) Graduate Study in Computer Science Overview of graduate studies in Computer Science Lehigh's graduate programs in computer science provide a balance between formal classroom instruction and research and are tailored to the individual student's professional goals. The programs appeal to individuals with backgrounds in electrical or computer engineering, computer or information science, mathematics, or the physical sciences. Research is an essential part of the graduate program, especially a doctoral program. Our current research is best seen by looking at our Research pages. As we grow the major focus areas of the department will include: Computer Systems Engineering Computer architecture, Computer Arithmetics, real-time processing; pipelining and scheduling, signal processing algorithms, VLSI architectures, embedded systems design, hardware/software redundancy, wireless systems, and routing/switching for networks. Software Systems Engineering Software Architecture; software engineering; data models and object-oriented systems; Language design; Compilers; parallel and distributed computing; Network software, security and protection; Intelligent Information Systems Engineering Data Mining; Expert systems; knowledge-based systems in e-commerce, electronics packaging, manufacturing, and construction; natural language processing; learning systems and mechanisms; decision-support systems; database interfaces; computer vision, including real-time and robotic vision; multimedia systems; graphical user interface; human computer interaction; and virtual reality. Master of Science Degree Requirements Completion of 30 credit hours of work which may include a six credit hour thesis for the Computer Engineering degree and a three credit hour thesis for the Computer Science degree. o At least 18 hours at 400 level (15 of the 18 in the major field) o No more than 6 hours at the 200 level (only outside of the major field) o No more than six (6) credit hours of special topics courses. o Courses outside of major must be in a department that offers graduate courses The Computer Science degree requires 30 credits. A program of study must be submitted in compliance with the graduate school regulations. If the thesis option is chosen, an oral presentation of the thesis is required. Master of Engineering Degree Requirements Completion of 30 credit hours of work, which includes design oriented courses and an engineering project. An oral presentation of the project is required. A program of study must be submitted in compliance with the graduate school rules. Ph.D. Degree Requirements Completion of 72 credit hours of work (including dissertation credits), or 48 credit hours after the completion of a C.S.-related M.S. degree, or 42 credit hours after an M.S. obtained at Lehigh. Passing the departmental qualifying examination appropriate to the degree within one year after entrance into the degree program if entering with a masters degree, or at the earliest opportunity after completing 27 credit hours towards the Ph.D. degree if entering without a master's degree. Admission into candidacy at least one year before graduation. Passing the general examination in the candidate's area of specialization (at least 7 months before graduation). The writing and defense of a dissertation. Competence in a foreign language is not required. Departmental Courses Courses are currently listed under the prefixes I.A.U. and ECE. Generally, electrical engineering courses carry the ECE prefix and computer science courses carry the I.A.U. prefix. Computer Engineering courses may be listed under either prefix. Special topics and individual study courses are generally arranged with individual faculty on a semesterly basis and may not show in the course listings. Financial aid and application deadlines Financial aid is available to graduate students in the form of teaching and research assistantships, and most doctoral students are supported. In order to ensure consideration for an assistantship, for the Fall Semester, you should submit your application so that it is complete and ready for review by us no later than January 15th. Assistantships are awarded on a competitive basis, keeping in mind not only the qualifications of the candidates, but also the departmental needs. The general GRE is required even for current Lehigh students, and the subject test in CS is encouraged. After the Department has received your complete application, the reviewing process will take 4-8 weeks. Incomplete applications, including those without the fee, are not reviewed. Why should you consider going to graduate school? It is certainly true that graduate programs equip their students more effectively than undergraduate programs for better career opportunities and financial returns. The need for well-trained graduate students has been increasing in recent years and promises to increase still further in years to come. This increase is due in part to the rising demand for an ever more sophisticated work force as industry becomes more specialized and needs and services become more complex. Furthermore and more importantly, graduate education leads to an expanded understanding and to a broadened horizon in the intended field of study. People go to graduate school because they are interested in their subject, the belief in its importance, and they take great pleasure in studying it. Graduate programs leading to a M.S. and or Ph.D. degrees in Computer Engineering and Computer Science are now offered by a number of accredited Universities and Colleges in United States. The purpose of a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) is to train research scholars who can eventually join academia or an industrial research group. A master's degree (M.S.) on the other hand, has a different emphasis. It usually has a research requirement, but it is not intended to prepare research scholars; rather it is designed to provide additional education or training in the student's own specialized branch of knowledge. The content of a master's degree program can be distinguished from that of a doctoral program in that there is much more emphasis on course work. The requirements for a Master's or a Doctoral degree in Computer Engineering and Computer Science vary considerably among universities. A prospective graduate student who has already identified a particular area of study is encouraged to consult a faculty member of our Department whose area of specialization is peripheral to this field and discuss the different programs and options offered in this country. The areas of specialization of each faculty member of the I.A.U. corresponding Department. If the student is still undecided about a specific field of study in Computer Engineering and Computer Science, then more information can be obtained from his/her academic advisor. A "typical" sequence of steps to apply to graduate school The application process to join a graduate program in Computer Engineering and Computer Science should generally be initiated at least one year before the matriculation date. Again, the application requirements vary considerably among Universities. Typically, however, the student is asked to provide official transcripts of his/her grades, two or three letters of recommendation, an application essay and graduate admission tests such as GRE. Admissions are then awarded on a competitive basis, i.e. on the academic qualifications and performance of the candidate. Financial assistance is also available to graduate students. Universities generally provide three types of financial support programs: teaching assistantships, research assistantships and fellowships. Financial help can also be provided in the form of fellowships from government organizations and foundations. At I.A.U. the Department encourages junior and senior students to engage in research with one of its faculty members. This profitable experience helps the students to identify an area of interest which they may later pursue in the graduate school.
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