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					Introduction to Language

Philip Miller & Liliane Haegeman
    Organization of the course
• L1, S2, UE1
• Lectures: Wed from 2 to 3 pm (12 hours)
     Philip Miller & Liliane Haegeman
• Based on : Fromkin, V., R. Rodman, N.
  Hyams. 2003. An Introduction to
  Language. Boston: Heinle, 7th edition.
• Contents of 5th and 6th edition are similar.
• Available at the Bibliothèque Angellier.
    Organization of the course
• Sections: 1,5 hours per week (19,5 hours)
  – Various instructors
  – Exercises from the exercise booklet
  – Exercises from Fromkin and Rodman
• The exercises done in sections will be
  directly related to the topics presented in
  the lectures.
    Organization of the course
• Evaluation: done in sections (contrôle
  continu) on material from the lectures and
  the sections.

• Grammar sections are also part of UE1.
• Less directly connected with the course.
Tips on how to organize your work
• If you have trouble understanding the
  lectures, you can prepare yourself by
  reading the material in the textbook in
  advance.
• Review the material covered in the
  lectures using the textbook.
• Work on the recommended exercises and
  do not hesitate to ask questions in
  sections.
           More information
• The powerpoint presentation will be
  available on the web next week.
• Correspondence between sections of the
  various editions of the book will be posted
  on the web and bulletin board at Angellier.
• Questions on the lectures can be sent to

     philip.miller@univ-lille3.fr
 Parts of textbook for this class
• 7th edition. pp.3-8
• 6th edition. pp.3-8
• 5th edition. pp.3-8
        What is Language?
• Importance of language in human life
• Language distinguishes humans from
  other animals
• What does it mean to know a language?
       Linguistic Knowledge
• Speaking and understanding
       Linguistic Knowledge
• Speaking and understanding
  – Sign languages of the deaf
       Linguistic Knowledge
• Speaking and understanding
  – Sign languages of the deaf
• (Almost) everyone knows a language
       Linguistic Knowledge
• Speaking and understanding
  – Sign languages of the deaf
• (Almost) everyone knows a language
• Complexity of linguistic knowledge
       Linguistic Knowledge
• Speaking and understanding
  – Sign languages of the deaf
• (Almost) everyone knows a language
• Complexity of linguistic knowledge
• Speakers are not aware of their linguistic
  knowledge
       Linguistic Knowledge
• Speaking and understanding
  – Sign languages of the deaf
• (Almost) everyone knows a language
• Complexity of linguistic knowledge
• Speakers are not aware of their linguistic
  knowledge
  My goddaughter who was born in
  Sweden and who now lives in Iowa is
  named Disa, after a Viking queen.
 Knowledge of the Sound System
• Knowledge of which sounds are in a
  language
  – French person pronouncing this as /zIs/
  – English person pronouncing both rue /ry/ and
    roue /ru/ as /ru:/
• Knowledge of where different sounds can
  appear
  – Nkrumah (former president of Ghana)
 Knowledge of the Sound System
• pat /phæt/ vs. */pæt/
• spat /spæt/ vs. */sphæt/

• premier /prəmje/
• première /prəmjεr/

• céder /sede/
• cède /sεd/
       Knowledge of Words
• Form (sequence of sounds) and meaning
       Knowledge of Words
• Form (sequence of sounds) and meaning

• House – Maison – Dom – Casa
        Knowledge of Words
• Form (sequence of sounds) and meaning

• House – Maison – Dom – Casa

• Signifiant                    Signifié
        Knowledge of Words
• Form (sequence of sounds) and meaning

• House – Maison – Dom – Casa

• Signifiant                           Signifié
• Arbitrariness of the linguistic sign
  (Ferdinand de Saussure)
             Iconic signs
• Form “resembles” meaning
• Iconic relation between meaning and form
Iconic signs in language
     Iconic signs in language
• Onomatopoeia




  – French    meuh [mø]
  – English   moo [mu:]
  – Spanish   mu [mu]
              Onomatopoiea
• Rooster



  – French     Cocorico
  – English    Cock-a-doodle-doo
  – Spanish    Kikirikí
           Onomatopoiea
• http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/a
  nimals/
    American Sign Language
• Signing is not miming
• Conventionalization of signs
• Linguistics materials\Sign lgge videos\Hair
  M0829[1].mov
• Linguistics materials\Sign lgge
  videos\Father ASL M0667[1].mov
      French Sign Language
• http://www.websourd.org/
 Arbitrariness of the linguistic sign
What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.
                     (Shakespeare, Romeo & Juliet)


• Conventional nature of the linguistic sign

				
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