3 - HSB 4M0 - Trends Related to Fertility and Fecundity

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					 Trends Related to
Fertility & Fecundity
               Key Terms
• Refers to the actual reproduction
• A woman is fertile if she has born or is
  bearing offspring
• Couple trying to conceive for over 1 year
  without success
• The ability to reproduce
• Once a girl reaches menarche, she is fecund
Why are Fertility Issues Important?
  What are some effects associated
   with fertility/infertility trends?
Importance on:

• A personal level: for couples
• Larger scale: local communities/society
  i.e. if family sizes continue to decrease (fertility
  rates decline) = more expensive for taxpayers
  to pay for social programs that keep society
        On a Personal Level…
• Decisions regarding birth control & family
• Deciding whether or not to have children
  can be a difficult decision for many
• Pressure society places on couples to
  produce children
• For some, the choice of whether or not to
  have children is taken away from them –
  infertile – options: remain childless,
  adoption or reproductive technologies
           Impact on Society
• Decisions to have/not have children affects
  fertility rates, impacting local communities
- Birth rates decline = our society ages =
  greater burden placed on pension and
  health care systems
- Declining birth rates also have an impact on
  immigration rates – increased
  immigration is the only way that population
  rates can remain stable
         Impact on Society

• Overpopulation = starvation, drain on
  water supplies & resources

• Under population = strain on society
       World Population Trends
Canadian women are having fewer and fewer babies.
   How long do you think this trend will last? Why?

• Population rates are falling in both the developed &
  the developing world (reproductive revolution –
  new trend – fertility rates are dropping globally)

Negative Impact:

- Fewer people to pay for the increasing pension/
  health care needs
- Shift to older population = slower economic growth
        The Developing World
• 95% of all of the world’s population growth
  today is happening in the developing world

• However, even in the developing world,
  women are having fewer children:

- Contraceptives more widely available

- Women assuming greater responsibility in
  the economy
Trends in Developed & Developing

• In the developed nations, only the U.S. is
  replacing itself through high immigration
  & fertility
• Many developed countries have to allow
  huge numbers of immigrants into their
  countries to maintain stable population
• In Germany, Italy & Sweden – deaths
  outnumber births
              Class Work
1. Read story, “I Happily Choose to be
   Childless” on page 175 and answer
   questions #1-3 on the bottom of the page

2. Read case study, “Delaying Childbirth May
   Not Be Such a Good Idea” on page 180 and
   answer questions #1-3 on the bottom of
   the page

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