Archetypes From Around the World What is an Archetype? 1. An archetype is a powerful symbol that shows up again and again in literature. 2. An archetype is universal: it has the same (or very similar) meaning no matter which culture or time period a story might originate from. Examples of Archetypes: • Apples • Serpent • Colors • Tree • Seasons • Water • Garden • Numbers 7 3 Example: Apple • The apple symbolizes Temptation – Garden of Eden – Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs – Enchanted – Giselle is tempted by a wishing apple – New York – “The Big Apple” – Temptation in a city that never sleeps? • The apple symbolizes misunderstanding or foreboding – Mr. Peabody’s Apple – apple and misunderstanding causes the problem in the story. – William Tell story • Father places apple on son‟s head – Greek Mythology • Golden apples as wedding gift to Zeus and Hera • Hercules‟ 7th labor – steal apples guarded by dragon • Apple as prize for fairest between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite – China – apple = feminine beauty (what does this say about how women are viewed) Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs The “Big Apple”? Temptation in NYC? The Golden Apple to Determine the Most Beautiful Archetypes: Why is it important to know about them? • If you recognize archetypes, you understand the text on a deeper level • If you recognize the archetypal pattern, you understand the text more quickly • It makes you SMARTER!!! Black • Chaos – Egyptian – watery void – Egg that splits into Heaven and Earth – Nordic – frozen formless wasteland – Swirling formless mass • The unknown • Sadness • Resurrection – To Egyptians (black soil after the Nile‟s flood) • Melancholic depression Black and White: good vs. evil Black and White Blue • Positive • Secure • Tranquil • Blessed Virgin Green • Growth / decay • Hope • Fertility Red • Passion • Fire (Burning Bush) • Sacrifice • Good luck –Chinese (hence the wedding dress color) White • Purity • Light • Wedding dress (except in China!) • Baptismal gowns Yellow • Enlightenment • Lines from Siddhartha • Vishnu – yellow robes • Krishna – yellow robes • Wisdom • Gold / wealth How do I recognize archetypes? • Start looking for patterns, and then start THINKING! – If you see an APPLE, think, “Hmmm . . . I wonder if this has something to do with temptation” – If you see colors, think, “Hmmm . . . If they are DARK, am I supposed to be sad? Scared?” – If you see seasons, think, “Hmmm . . . What MOOD is created by this season?” The Four Seasons • Each season has its own life stage and its own genre of literature associated with it. Spring Rebirth Mating season Comedy Summer • Life and romance • A Midsummer Night‟s Dream Fall • Death and tragedy Winter • Without life…irony • Fargo Garden • Unspoiled beauty, paradise – Garden of Eden – The Secret Garden – Garden of the Gods (CO Springs) Woods – Scary! • “Hansel and Gretel” • Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs– runs through the scary woods • Sleeping Beauty – hides in woods until 16 • The Village – scary stuff hides in woods and threatens town • “Little Red Riding Hood” • The Wizard of Oz Hansel and Gretel More Woods! Old Man • Wisdom, insight, guru • Moses • Obi Wan • Buddha • Yoda • Solomon • Abraham • Dumbledore • Old Man and the Sea • Hornet from Cars • Gandolf (Lord of the Rings) Serpent • Evil and corruption – Adam and Eve are visited by the devil as a snake. – Jesus is visited by the devil as a snake while in the desert. The Garden of Eden Tree • Life of the cosmos, growth, and immortality • primal source of food, shelter and tools • aura of sacredness and divinity Water • Purification – Baptism • Time – Rivers – Siddhartha: The river has been there forever and has many voices within it • Death – Flood stories – Noah – Across cultures • Annual flooding of the Nile in Egypt • Native American stories • Birth – For plants – AFTER the floods, life resumes – He sendeth down water from heaven, so that valleys are in flood with it, each according to its capacity (Qur‟an XIII, 17) – And when Moses asked for water for his people, and We said: „Strike with thy staff the rock,‟ and there gushed forth from it twelve springs, everyone knew his drinking place (Qur‟an II: 60) Let‟s look at some examples in literature: • “It was almost December, and Jonas was beginning to be frightened.” – The Giver • Where’s the archetype? • Why does the author use it? Another example: • “It‟s two summers ago and sixteen-year-old Willie Weaver walks through the front door of Sampson Floral with Jenny, the girl Willie would like to be his girlfriend if he could figure out a way to make that transformation without destroying their friendship.” – The Crazy Horse Electric Game – Where’s the archetype? – Why does the author use it? Yet another example: • “Cole Matthews knelt defiantly in the bow of the aluminum skiff as he faced forward into a cold September wind.” – Touching Spirit Bear – Where’s the archetype? – Why does the author use it? A final example: • It‟s ten o‟clock in the morning and it is October, a rotten October, dreary, cold, and damp with little sun and no warmth at all. – I am the Cheese – Where’s the archetype? – Why does the author use it? On the back of your guide, list all the archetypes you see • Megamind Numbers (homework) • The number 3 – Humans LOVE this number – It‟s EVERYWHERE • The number 7 – The number of items we can remember Three • The Trinity – Father, Son, Holy Spirit • Good Friday – Easter – Also the setting of Dante‟s Inferno • Written in terza rima (stanzas of three) • 3 volumes (Inferno, Pergatorio, Paradiso) • 99 cantos in each (multiple of 3!) • Circle 9 – Satan has 3 heads, 3 mouths, 3 sets of wings • Satan is chewing 3 “traitors to their lords” (Brutus, Cassius, Judas) • Peter denies knowing Jesus 3 times • Noah‟s ark is 3 stories tall • Noah‟s 3 sons – humanity • 3 wise men visit baby Jesus • In Gen. 15:9, the Lord requests “a three-year-old heifer, a three- year-old she-goat and a three-year-old ram.” Three • Epitaph on Jesus‟ cross – printed in three languages (Latin, Hebrew, Greek) • The Hindu Trinity – Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva • Egyptian Trinity – Isis, Osiris, Horus • Greek mythology – Cerberus – 3 headed dog – Three Fates (Past, Present, Future) – Three (x3) Muses – Three Furies – Three Graces – Three Gorgons (Medusa is one) • Norse mythology – Past, present, future – World had three levels – Three of Life had three roots, one to each level • Primary colors (Red, blue, yellow) • The Magic Flute – musical themes of threes • Of Mice and Men takes place over three days • Three little pigs • Three blind mice Three • Norse mythology – There are three clans of deities: the Æsir, the Vanir, and the Jotnar. – There are three distinct races of giants: the mountain giants, frost giants and fire giants. – Odin had two brothers, Vili and Vé (or Lodur and Hoenir according to Völuspá), numbering three sons of Borr who created the world and gave life to the first human beings. – Yggdrasil the World Tree has three roots, and three is the square root of the number of worlds (nine) joined by Yggdrasil. Under the three roots are three sacred wells, one for each including the Well of Urd in Asgard, the Well of Mimir located "among the frost giants", and Hvergelmir in Niflheim. – Odin endured three hardships upon the World Tree in his quest for the runes: he hanged himself, wounded himself with a spear, and suffered from hunger and thirst. Three • Goldilocks and the Three Bears • Three Billy Goats Gruff • King Trident – The Little Mermaid • Shamrock – 3 leaves • Three levels of Greek / Roman columns – Doric, Ionic, Corinthian • Hegelian triad – thesis, antithesis, synthesis • Freud – id, ego, superego • Triplets in DNA code • Pythagorean Theory • Lord of the Rings trilogy • Star Wars (3 x 2) trilogy City Slickers Cerberus The Three Primary Colors The Three Fates (Hercules) The Three Gorgons of Greek Mythology Yep, Medusa is one of these! The Hindu Trinity Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu Example: Seven • Judaism – Menorah candles • Christianity – Seven deadly sins • Pride, avarice, lust, envy, gluttony, anger sloth – Seven sacraments • Baptism, confirmation, marriage, last rites, communion, holy orders, confession – 7 times 70 = means “a long time” in the Bible Seven • Islam – The seven Heavens and the earth and all that is therein glorify Him, not is there anything but glorifieth Him with praise; yet ye understand not their glorification. » Qur‟an: XVII, 44 • Japanese – Seven Deities of Good Fortune • Greek mythology – 7 sisters – Pleiades (Subaru logo) • Egyptian mythology – Seven thousand barrels of red beer were used to trick Sekhmet out of killing. – In her search for her husband‟s pieces, the goddess Isis was guarded by seven scorpions. – A legendary famine lasted seven years. – The lowest amount that the Nile flooded to solve the famine was seven cubits. The highest was four times seven (28) cubits. – A doomed prince found a tower seventy cubits high with seventy windows. – Set tore the god Osiris‟ body into fourteen pieces: seven each for the two regions of Upper and Lower Egypt. – The Pool symbol, representing water, contains seven zigzag lines. – The Gold symbol has seven spines on its underside. Seven • Culture – Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs – Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – Seven characters of Gilligan’s Island – Seven days of the week – Seven seas – Seven oceans – Seven crystal structures – Seven major musical notes – Seven colors of the rainbow – Seven layers of periodicity in Periodic Table – Seven continents – Seven Wonders of the Ancient World • Pyramid of Giza • Hanging Gardens of Babylon • Lighthouse of Alexandria • Statue of Zeus at Olympia • Temple of Artemis at Ephesus • Colossus of Rhodes • Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Your Homework • Write a paragraph wherein you theorize about the meaning (or significance) of the number 3 or 7, based on at least three examples provided in this slide. In your paragraph, state your opinion in your topic sentence, then use the three examples to support that opinion (minimum of 6 sentences).
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