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					    The Burden of Diabetes
In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010




    www.ncdiabetes.org
          Percentage and Estimated Number of Adults* with
          Some Form Of Hypoglycemia, Wilson County, 2008



        Conditions                                                  Rate                      Number

        Prediabetes                                                6.0%                          3,499
        Diagnosed Diabetes                                         9.3%                          5,424
        Undiagnosed Diabetes                                       2.2%                          1,283
        Gestational Diabetes**                                     9.4%                          1,317
       Source: NC BRFSS 2008, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
       Notes: Estimated numbers based on state prevalence.
       *Ages 18+
       **Gestational Diabetes: Women of fertile age (18-44 years old), Source: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring
       System (PRAMS), 2007.


                              The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                    North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                                2
    Percentage and Estimated Number of Adults With
           Diagnosed Diabetes by Age, Wilson County, 2008


          Age                                            Rate                            Number

          18-44                                          3.1%                                858

          45-64                                         12.9%                                2,650

          65+                                           21.1%                                2,134

          Overall                                        9.3%                                5,424

         Source: NC BRFSS 2008, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
         Notes: Estimated numbers based on state prevalence.




                              The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                    North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program               3
        Percentage and Estimated Number of Adults who did
         not Receive Preventive Care, Wilson County, 2008


     Preventive Care Practices                                                Rate           Number
     No Diabetes Education Classes                                          45.4 %           2,462
     Less than two A1c Exams in the                                         24.2 %           1,313
     Previous Year
     No Dilated Eye Exam in the Previous                                    30.4 %           1,649
     Year
     No Flu Shot in the Previous Year                                       36.4 %           1,974
     No Pneumococcal Vaccine                                                46.2 %           2,506
    Source: NC BRFSS 2008, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
    Notes: Estimated numbers based on state prevalence .




                              The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                    North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                4
               Impact of Diabetes, Wilson County, 2008


     Indicator                                                              Rate             Number
     Diabetic Retinopathy                                                   17.2%             933

     Kidney Disease                                                         8.8%              477

     Hospitalization or Emergency Visit                                     5.4%              293
     Due to Diabetes
     Visual Impairment (Age 40+)*                                           41.4%             2,245

     All Permanent Teeth were Removed                                       17.5%             949
     due to Tooth Decay or Gum Disease
    *2006 BRFSS;
    Source: NC BRFSS 2008, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS.
    Notes: Estimated numbers based on state prevalence.




                              The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                    North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                5
          Percentage and Estimated number of Adults With
          Diabetes at Risk of or with Cardiovascular Disease
                      (CVD), Wilson County, 2007


         CVD Risk Factors/Conditions                      Percentage           Estimated Number

         With Hypertension                                    68.8%                         3,732

         With High Cholesterol                                65.6%                         3,558

         With a History of CVD                                29.3%                         1,589

         Current Smoker                                       17.5%                         949

         Without Aspirin Therapy                              41.8%                         2,267
        Source: NC BRFSS 2007, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
        Notes: Estimated numbers based on state prevalence.



                             The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                   North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program               6
       Percentage and Estimated Number of Adults with
           Diabetes at risk of Complications due to
             Lifestyle or Socioeconomic Factors
                     Wilson County, 2008
   Lifestyle or Socioeconomic Factors                                            Rate        Number

   Overweight/Obese                                                             85.3%         4,627
   Consumed Less Than Five Fruits and
   Vegetables*                                                                  79.6%         4,317

   No Moderate Physical Activity*                                               68.7%         3,726
   Could not Buy Test Strips or Medicines
   Due to Lack of Money in the Previous                                         13.3%         721
   Year
  *2007 BRFSS
  Source: NC BRFSS 2008, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
  Notes: Estimated numbers based on state prevalence.


                              The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                    North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                7
       Diabetes-Related Hospital Discharges, Wilson
                      County, 2007


       Discharge Codes                                            Number of                      Costs
                                                                  discharges
       Primary Diagnosis of Diabetes                                        158                $2,359,789
       Any Mention of Diabetes                                             2,310               $54,129,604
       Heart Attacks                                                        467                $16,208,878
       Stroke                                                                95                $1,742,389
       Lower-Limb Amputations (LEA)                                          31                $1,026,911
       Renal Dialysis/Kidney
                                                                            124                $3,497,977
       Transplants
      Source: 2003-2007 NC Hospital Discharge data. State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
      All ages


                              The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                    North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                       8
       Diabetes-Related Hospital Discharges, Age-Adjusted
      Hospitalization Rates and Costs, Wilson County, 2003-
                               2007

     Discharges                                          Diabetes as                      Any Mention
                                                          Principal                       of Diabetes
                                                         Diagnosis
     Total Discharges                                              664                           11,103

     Age-Adjusted                                                168.6                          2,726.0
     Hospitalization Rate
     Total Costs                                            $9,899,240                        $228,884,231

    Source: NC Hospital Discharge data. State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
    All ages




                               The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                     North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                      9
           Number of Deaths and Age-Adjusted Death Rates
             (per 100,000 Population) with Diabetes as the
               Primary Cause of Death by Race and Sex,
                       Wilson County, 2003-2007

   Race/Sex                                 Number of Deaths                      Age-Adjusted Death
                                                                                        Rate
   Total                                                 149                                    37.0
   Race
      White                                               80                                    29.3
      African American                                    69                                    54.1
   Sex
      Male                                                74                                    45.3
      Female                                              75                                    30.7
  Source: NC Resident Death Certificates, 2003-2007, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS


                               The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                     North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                10
      Number of Deaths and Age-Adjusted* Death Rates with
       Diabetes as any Listed Cause of Death by Race and
                 Sex, Wilson County, 2003-2007

   Race/Sex                                 Number of Deaths                      Age-Adjusted Death
                                                                                       Rate (%)
   Total                                                 529                                    131.1
   Race
     White                                               305                                    110.3
     African American                                    224                                    178.6
   Sex
     Male                                                259                                    161.8
     Female                                              270                                    109.5
  Source: NC Resident Death Certificates, 2003-2007, State Center for Health Statistics, DHHS
  *Age adjusted death rates using 2000 US estimated population


                               The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010                     North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program                 11
               Contact Information
  Diabetes Prevention and Control Program
  Chronic Disease and Injury Section
  North Carolina Division of Public Health
  North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services
  Phone: 919-707-5340
  Fax: 919-870-4801
  Website: www.ncdiabetes.org




                The Burden of Diabetes In Wilson County, North Carolina 2010
January 2010      North Carolina Diabetes Prevention and Control Program       12

				
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