poetry - exploring a poem chart

					  Intro to Poetry Analysis – Exploring a Poem                                     MB Ferrell                          AP Literature and Composition
Antecedent Scenario: What has been happening before the poem begins? What has provoked the               Title: What is your prediction about the title?
speaker into utterance? How has a previous equilibrium be unsettled? What is the speaker upset about?    What does it mean? What strikes you about the
                                                                                                         words? Word order? Diction?




Division into parts (stanzas): How many? Where do the           The other parts: What makes you          How do the other parts fall around the breaks?
breaks come? Reference line numbers.                            divide the poem into these parts? In
                                                                tense? In parts of speech? In speaker?




Skeleton: What is the emotional curve on which the whole poem is strung? (It helps to draw a shape –     Structure or Rhyme Scheme: What’s the pattern?
a crescendo, a hourglass, or a sharp ascent followed by a steep decline so you’ll know how the poem      Rhyme scheme? Any evident meter? How does
looks to you as a whole.)                                                                                this contribute to overall meaning?




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  Intro to Poetry Analysis – Exploring a Poem                                     MB Ferrell                         AP Literature and Composition
Language: What are the contexts of diction? Chains of           Tone: Name the pieces of the           Volta: where is it? The tones changes from what
significant relation? Parts of speech emphasized? Verb tenses   emotional curve – the changes on       to what? What effect is created by the volta?
emphasized?                                                     tone you can hear in the speaker’s
                                                                voice as the poem progresses.




Speaker and his/her speech acts: Who is the main speaker in the poem, and does the speaker change as   Tone is described with adjectives – describe at
the poem progresses? See what the main speech act of the speaker is and whether that changes. Notice   least two instances of tone and the effect they
oddities about the speaker and speech acts.                                                            create.




Style: What are they by content, by speech act, by    Point of view:                                   Motivation:
outer form? What is emphasized? How does the
poet create emphasis?




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  Intro to Poetry Analysis – Exploring a Poem                                      MB Ferrell                         AP Literature and Composition

Speculation: Can you imagine the poem written in a    Imagination: What has this poem invented that is new, striking, memorable – in content, in style, in
different person, or a different tense, or with the   analogies, in rhythm, in a speaker?
parts rearranged, or with an additional stanza, or
with one stanza left out? Discuss why the poet
wanted these pieces is this order.




Figurative Language: What figurative language is      Themes: What themes are present in this poem? How is the theme created?
present, and what effect does it create?




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  Intro to Poetry Analysis – Exploring a Poem                                     MB Ferrell                      AP Literature and Composition
How does figurative language create theme?            Symbolism: what symbols are present? How does they create theme?




Personal Reaction: What is your reaction to the       How is theme relevant to universal application?
title? The poem? The volta? The theme? The poem
after the third reading? Why do you like or dislike
this poem?




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posted:12/29/2011
language:English
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