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The National Context for Smart Mobility

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 31

									The National Context for Smart
          Mobility

     John V. Thomas, PhD
 US EPA Smart Growth Program
          Why Smart Mobility?

• Big Challenges and Limited Resources
• Movement toward more integrated programs
                   =
• Need for a more comprehensive approach
               HUD DOT EPA
    Sustainable Communities Partnership
• Enhance integrated planning and investment
• Provide a vision for sustainable growth
• Redefine housing affordability and make it
  transparent
• Redevelop underutilized sites
• Develop livability measures and tools
• Align HUD, DOT and EPA programs
• Joint research, data collection and outreach
    Guiding Principles Related to the Smart
              Mobility Principles
• More transportation choices
  – Location Efficiency, Reliability, Safety
• Promote equitable, affordable housing
  – Location Efficiency
• Increase economic competitiveness
  – Reliability, Stewardship
• Support existing communities
  – Stewardship
• Value communities and neighborhoods
  – Stewardship, Safety
            Emerging Legislation

• What did ARRA tell us about the future of
  Federal Programs?
  – Clean Water State Revolving Fund
  – Transportation provisions in HUD / DOE
    programs
• “Transportation Efficiency” provisions in the
  proposed House climate change bill
    Reshaping Clean Water Investments

• $4 B in additional resources
• 20% Green Project Reserve requirement
   – Water Efficiency, Energy Efficiency, Environmentally
     Innovative Projects and…
   – Green Infrastructure
       • “Implementation of green streets (combinations of green
         infrastructure practices in transportation rights-of-ways), for
         either new development, redevelopment or retrofits.”
• Under consideration in current revolving fund
  reauthorization

  Source – March 9th 2009 Guidance
Stormwater Management with Green Streets




          BEFORE: Madison
          Avenue and 15th




 Drawn by: Kevin Perry      AFTER: Madison Avenue with Stormwater Swale
Stormwater Management with Green Streets




       BEFORE: Madison
       Avenue and Convention
       Center




 Drawn by: Kevin Perry         AFTER: Madison Avenue with Stormwater Swale
Greenway Planning Example – Covington, KY
DOE Energy Efficiency and Conservation
               Program
• Eligible Transportation Projects
  – Zoning guidelines that promote energy efficient
    development;
  – Infrastructure such as bike lanes and pathways
    and pedestrian walkways;
  – Integrated planning activities with the goal of
    reducing greenhouse gas emissions and vehicle
    miles traveled


   http://www.eecbg.energy.gov/about/default.html
 HUD Neighborhood Stabilization Program 2

• $1.9 B in competitive grant funds
  – eligible applicants - states, local governments,
    nonprofits, and consortia of nonprofits
• Although targeted at purchasing foreclosed
  property in at risk areas…
  – Rating Factor 5: Energy efficiency improvement
    and sustainable development factors



         http://www.hud.gov/recovery/nsp2-nofa.pdf
      ACES (aka Waxman Markey Bill)
   Section 222 “Transportation Efficiency”
• State and regional “goals” for emission
  reduction “reasonably commensurate” with
  overall targets in the Act
• Plans shall
  – use transportation and land use scenario analysis
    to address transportation-related GHG emissions
  – be done in consultation with the State and local
    housing, public health, economic development,
    land use, environment, and transit agencies
National Best Practices Related to Smart
           Mobility Concepts
             DRCOG TIP Requirements

• 100 point rating system for road capacity projects
   –   10 pts. contribution to multimodal connectivity
   –   5 pts. transportation system management
   –   26 pts. helps implement Metro Vision
   –   15 pts. long range plan score
• Other project categories have similar criteria but
  weighting varies
   – E.g. bike and pedestrian projects, transit projects,
     planning studies (road capacity planning, operations
     studies, station area plans)
   Bike and Pedestrian Project Criteria

• User base
• Cost per user base
• Connectivity improvements
  –   Gap closure
  –   Access to schools, jobs and etc.
  –   Eliminating barriers
  –   Access to transit
     PSRC – Connecting Vision 2040 and
             Destination 2030
• Comprehensive performance measures
  – mobility, safety, land use, environment
• Monitoring system to track progress
  1. Linking TIP programming to growth management
     considerations
  2. Incorporating design guidelines into review process
  3. “best practices” for physical design guidelines,
     financial incentives, and development strategies
  4. Investigating issues related to concurrency
If you measure it… it matters
      Performance Measurement –
Florida DOT Multi-modal Level of Service
Network Connectivity
   VDOT Secondary Street Standards

• requires new developments to provide
  connectivity with adjacent developments
  – “provision of connectivity can help improve the
    overall capacity of the transportation network. “
  – “by providing direct and alternative routes,
    connectivity can help
     • reduce the burden on major roadways and vehicle
       miles traveled, and
     • improve emergency response times. “
Typical Configuration
Two Alternatives That Meet the Standard
Standards Vary by Place Type
    Enhanced Connectivity or Bypass Highway




Source – NJ DOT (2006)
 Massachusetts Commonwealth Capital Fund
        Smart Growth Scorecards
• 14 State Programs pooled into a single fund
• 70% of rating criteria is from each program
• 30% is based on the commonwealth capital
  application score
   –   PLAN FOR & PROMOTE LIVABLE COMMUNITIES (14)
   –   ZONE FOR & PERMIT COMPACT DEVELOPMENT (38)
   –   EXPAND HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES (33)
   –   REDEVELOP SITES AND BUILDINGS (8)
   –   CONSERVE NATURAL RESOURCES (11)
   –   ADVANCE SOUND WATER POLICY (14)
   –   SUSTAIN WORKING NATURAL LANDSCAPES (12)
  Other EPA Work Related to Smart Mobility

• Street Design Standards for Emergency
  Response
  – Performance Based Standard submitted to
    International Code Council
• Smart and Sustainable Streets
  – Best practices database
• Traffic Analysis and Mixed Use Development
  – Working with Institute of Transportation Engineers
    to publish a new Trip Generation method
   Why is Better Traffic Analysis So Important?




Source: TCRP Report 128 (2008)
        Applications of Smart Mobility

•   Regional Transportation Plans
•   Criteria for Grant Programs
•   Design Standards
•   Development Review

								
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