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					The Urinary System




  JEOPARDY
                            Starts
To Pee or Not   Gee                        Pee       Pee is For   Urine
                            With
  to Pee…       Whiz                      Soup         Parts      Luck
                             Pee
                   Final Jeopardy! #1 Pee is For Pathway

  100           100       100           100           100         100
  200           200       200           200           200         200
  300           300       300           300           300         300
  400           400       400           400           400         400
  500           500       500           500           500         500
             To Pee or Not to Pee…
                           100

     The physiological term for urination.




          A: What is micturition?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
             To Pee or Not to Pee…
                              200
                 The smooth muscle constriction
                 surrounding the bladder opening
                 which contracts involuntarily to
                  prevent urine from leaving the
                             bladder.
         A: What is the internal urethral
         sphincter?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
             To Pee or Not to Pee…
                          300
    The smooth muscle making up most of
     the wall of the urinary bladder which
   contracts involuntarily to expel urine from
         the body through the urethra.
         A: What is the detrusor muscle?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
             To Pee or Not to Pee…
                                400
                   The constriction of this skeletal
                    muscle (which surrounds the
                     superior urethra) contracts
                  voluntarily to prevent urine from
                        leaving the bladder.
         A: What is the external urethral
         sphincter?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
             To Pee or Not to Pee…
                        500

  The name of the disorder common to women
  who have had children and elderly men in
  which a person increasingly loses control over
  their micturition reflex.
  A: What is incontinence?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Gee Whiz
                     100
   The tangled mass of capillaries that
  filters out the blood using hydrostatic
      pressure in the renal corpuscle.


          A: What is the glomerulus?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Gee Whiz
                             200
     Metabolic disorder in which uric
      acid crystals accumulate in the
     joints, especially the joints of the
                  big toe .
          A: What is gout?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Gee Whiz
                          300
    Adrenal cortex releases this
  hormone in response to increased
 levels of angiotensin II, which will
      increase Na reabsorption.
A: What is aldosterone?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
 DAILY
DOUBLE!
                        Gee Whiz
                          400
What disorder has symptoms of pain while
urinating, frequent need to urinate, a high
     WBC count, and cloudy urine?


  A: What is the cystitis (bladder infection)?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Gee Whiz
                          500
When BP drops, filtration rate drops. What
 substance is released by the kidney to
           increase the BP?


A: What is Renin?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
 DAILY
DOUBLE!
                        Starts with Pee
                              100

    Triangular sections of the renal medulla
    made up of bundles of Henle loops and
                collecting ducts.


 A: What are the renal pyramids?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Starts with Pee
                              200
      Part of the renal tubule in which
      most of the tubular reabsorption
                 takes place.
           A: What is the proximal
           convoluted tubule?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Starts with Pee
                              300
  The small blood vessels, which act as a
  passageway for blood surrounding the
nephron tubules, that are the main site from
  which tubular secretion and absorption
               takes place.
      A: What are the peritubular
      capillaries?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Starts with Pee
                              400
    Positively-charged ions that are largely
   secreted by at the DCT to balance blood
  osmolarity and end up concentrated in the
                     urine.

       A: What is potassium?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Starts with Pee
                              500

This structure releases ADH in response to
  stimuli from the hypothalamus and an
  increase in osmolarity of body fluids.

       A: What is pituitary gland?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee Soup
                          100
  The two nitrogen-containing waste
products left over from the breakdown
of amino acids and nucleic acids which
    are a main constituent in urine.
       A: What are urea and uric acid?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee Soup
                          200
Which ion is in highest concentration and is
 reabsorbed first in the PCT, creating an
  accumulation of positive charge in the
         peritubular capillaries.


     A: What is sodium?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                Pee Soup
                   300
Water-soluble component of the blood
that is normally completely reabsorbed
 but, its presence in urine may indicate
     the onset of diabetes mellitus.
                    A: What are glucose?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
 DAILY
DOUBLE!
                        Pee Soup
                          400
    Name one negatively-charged ion which is
reabsorbed from the proximal convoluted tubule
     into the peritubular capillary because it is
 attracted to the accumulation of positive charge
                    forming there.
   A: What is chloride, phosphate, or
     bicarbonate (Hydrogen carbonate)
     ions?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee Soup
                          500
   Name the disorder of the urinary system in
    which uric acid, calcium oxalate, calcium
phosphate, or magnesium phosphate precipitate
out of solution, crystallize and accumulate in the
                   renal pelvis.


      A: What are kidney stones?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee is For Parts
                              100
   Organ of the urinary system which filters
     the blood to remove excess water and
   dissolved substances in order to maintain
          blood pressure homeostasis


A: What is the kidney?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee is For Parts
                              200
    The passageway for urine lying
 between the renal pelvis of the kidney
       and the urinary bladder.

A: What is the ureter?


S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee is For Parts
                              300
The part of the urinary tract that is also part
of the male reproductive system but not the
        female reproductive system.

  A: What is the urethra?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee is For Parts
                              400

What structure brings filtered blood out
            of the kidney?

A: What is the renal vein?


S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Pee is For Parts
                              500
    What section of the kidney in do the
          renal corpuscles lie in?

  A: What is the renal cortex?


S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Urine Luck
                           100
            The passageway for blood lying
            between the renal artery and the
                glomerular capillaries.

 A: What is the afferent arteriole?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
 DAILY
DOUBLE!
                        Urine Luck
                           200

     The passageway for blood lying
    between the efferent arteriole and
             the renal vein.
  A: What is the peritubular
  capillaries?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Urine Luck
                           300
     The passageway for blood lying
    between the afferent arteriole and
          the efferent arteriole.

  A: What is the glomerulus?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Urine Luck
                           400

  The passageway for filtrate lying
between the distal convoluted tubule
       and the minor caylx.
  A: What is the collecting duct?

S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                        Urine Luck
                           500

     The passageway for filtrate lying
     between the major caylx and the
                 ureter.
A: What is the renal pelvis?
S2C06 Jeopardy Review
                Final Jeopardy!
               Pee is For Pathway
                         of
 Put the following partsBlue the urinary system in
 order through which urine flows on its way out
    of the body: proximal convoluted tubule,
  collecting duct, descending limb of nephron
   loop, glomerular capsule, distal convoluted
     tubule, ascending limb of nephron loop
A: What is 1. glomerular capsule, 2. proximal
convoluted tubule, 3. descending limb of nephron loop,
4. ascending limb of nephron loop, 5. distal convoluted
tubule, 6. collecting duct?

				
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