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Larimer County SOLID WASTE DEPARTMENT 2006 Annual Report From the Director’s Chair Larimer County’s vision state- You may remember that a few ment (next page) continues to be years ago we had to close our waste the Solid Waste Department’s guid- transfer station in Red Feather ing light in our day-to-day opera- Lakes due to the expiration of a tions and in planning for the future. land lease agreement. We are To best serve our citizens and their pleased to make available a new site waste management needs, in Febru- in the area, which opened in No- ary the department purchased vember. This was an exciting property north of Wellington for project that partnered the Solid possible solid waste management Waste Department with the U.S. use many years from now. The ac- Forest Service and the Colorado Di- quisition does not stop us from vision of Wildlife. Due to the coop- Waste Department employees can looking at other alternatives for eration of all involved, we are once be situated at one location. (Cur- handling solid waste but reinforces again able to service the Red rently, several employees work out the notion that we must continue to Feather area. of an office in downtown Fort plan for the future. Information Another exciting event of Collins and must drive back and about the property and its potential 2006 was the completion of the forth between the office and the uses is available on our Web site at hands-on portion of a waste char- landfill.) This will save resources www.larimer.org/solidwaste. acterization study—basically a and enable us to better serve our The Larimer County Recy- “trash sort”—at the landfill. The customers. cling Center completed its first full last time we categorized the content As you can see, 2006 has been year of operation that included the of our landfill waste was in 1998. a busy and productive year for us, acceptance of both dual-stream The recent study will provide us and we look forward to many more (presorted) and single-stream (un- with data on what’s being buried in years of providing for the solid sorted) recyclables. (Previously, the landfill that could be recycled. waste needs of county residents only dual-stream recyclables were The actual trash sort was finished and businesses. We will accomplish accepted.) The change has resulted in December, and we are now wait- this by keeping the county vision in in a 20 percent increase in recycling ing for the results. The contractor mind and by periodically asking volumes for 2006. The single- hired to do the study is one that our customers how we’re doing and stream option has given recyclers visits many landfills throughout how we can do better. Solid waste more choices and has made recy- the United States. One of the con- management is all about making cling easier for both customers tractor’s staff commented that our the right choices—reduce, reuse, and haulers. landfill roads were in great shape. recycle, and then if you must, land- The change at the recycling Comments like that are, of course, fill. We are here to help people un- center prompted us to update a appreciated, because our landfill derstand their options and make Garbage Garage Education Center staff works hard to keep the landfill the best decisions for them and for display. As education is an impor- and the roads used by customers in our resources. tant part of our solid waste man- top condition. agement plans, we make sure to Our commercial customers have the resources necessary to also had good things to say about keep the program up-to-date. the landfill, as we found out from The household hazardous their completion of a survey the Stephen Gillette waste program also remains at the department sent out. We were ex- Director leading edge of hazardous waste cited to learn that, based on the management. Customers wanted a survey results, the majority of our cheap and easy way to correctly customers are pleased with our fees dispose of used hypodermic needles and services. (“sharps”). Our hazardous waste Late in 2006, the Board of staff researched this opportunity, County Commissioners approved and in 2006 we began collecting the building of administration of- sharps from the public. fices at the landfill, so that all Solid Contents Recycling .............................................................................. 1 Hazardous Waste ................................................................. 3 Landfill ................................................................................. 5 Waste Transfer Stations ....................................................... 7 Education ............................................................................. 8 Environmental Compliance .................................................... 9 A Look Ahead ..................................................................... 11 Larimer County Vision Statement Larimer County will add value to the lives of its citizens by: ♦ Building partnerships ♦ Being customer driven ♦ Empowering people to take responsibility ♦ Being a fulfilling and enjoyable place to work ♦ Being a good steward of public resources Recycling The adage in recycling is that processed at our recycling center The owner has a choice to make: one person can make a difference. increased 20 percent from the pre- put all the cardboard in the trash The addition of single-stream recy- vious year. This includes recyc- bin; get a Dumpster for cardboard- cling (allowing the Larimer County lables brought in from areas out- only recycling; or get a Dumpster Recycling Center to accept unsorted side of Larimer County. Based on for single-stream recycling and re- recyclables) and the effect this has only materials collected within cycle newspapers, commingled con- had on amounts of recyclables pro- Larimer County, the amount still tainers, paperboard, and more, all cessed illustrates this adage. Before increased by 14 percent. We believe in one container. The latter option 2006, the recycling center accepted that this is a result of making recy- may also allow for the reduction of source-separated materials (those cling easier and more convenient the business’s trash bill. The same that are presorted by material type; for both the user and the hauler. idea applies to anyone throwing for instance, a load of only office Single-stream collection is also away materials. paper) and dual-stream materials available to commercial customers. In 2007, we’ll review the re- (typically collected curbside, this is So what does this mean? Each sults of the waste characterization sorted into two streams: paper person, family, home, business, study done at the landfill (that products and commingled contain- apartment house, contractor, neigh- measures and categorizes waste ers). Now with single-stream collec- borhood, town, city, and county buried there) to determine what tion available—allowing recyclers must make decisions regarding the we’ve been doing right and what to mix together all recyclable mate- management of their waste stream. more we can do to divert waste rials in one container—businesses Each can decide whether to change from the landfill. The Solid Waste and curbside recyclers can make the a habit of throwing everything Department encourages everyone to decision to recycle more easily. away and make new efforts to re- make a difference by considering Recycling tonnages were al- duce waste, reuse materials, or re- the 3 Rs—reduce, reuse and re- most flat for the last five years. But cycle items. For example, a business cycle—when managing their trash. in 2006, the amount of material produces a lot of excess cardboard. ANNUAL RECYCLING TONNAGE 40,000 35,000 Tons Processed 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 9 9 9 9 0 0 0 3 5 7 9 1 3 5 As reported by recycling center operator (Recycle America Alliance). Includes only recyclable materials from sources within Larimer County. 1 Recycling Larimer County works in close Single-stream recyclables collected in Larimer County are sent to Recycle partnership with Recycle America America Alliance’s materials recovery facility in Denver to be processed by Alliance, the contracted operator of the a state-of-the-art sorting machine. Larimer County Recycling Center. Myron Coffin, right, is the recycling center manager. Mickey Bailey is the site coordinator. Recycling in County Buildings The internal county recycling ployees in their areas with recy- their computers to default to committee that was formed in 2005 cling needs and questions. We pro- double-sided printing. Overall in to promote more efficient and effec- vide educational emails about recy- 2006, county employees recycled tive recycling practices within cling to the coordinators to pass more than 159,000 pounds of typi- county buildings continued its im- along, and we recently had a con- cally recycled materials (the same portant work in 2006. The commit- test to recognize efforts of those items one would recycle at home). tee conducted “recycling walk- employees who go above and be- In addition, most offices have bins throughs” of each department to yond when it comes to reducing, for recycling printer cartridges; the determine the state of recycling in reusing, and recycling. In addition, county has a resource for recycling the department and what addi- the committee encourages the use rechargeable batteries; and we’re tional needs could be met. This led of recycled products when feasible, currently working on putting into to the placement of more recycling and the default paper used at the place an alkaline battery recycling bins with instructional labels, in- county’s print shop is recycled pa- program. Also in 2006, a recycling cluding new single-stream contain- per. We also promote the use of the presentation was added to the New ers to allow easier recycling of double-sided option in printers and Employee Orientation (a monthly more materials. Volunteer recycling copiers when possible, by placing event for new-hires), to be sure new coordinators were recruited from reminder labels on many of the staff members realize that recy- each department to spread recy- printers and copiers, and making cling is an important part of work- cling information and assist em- sure employees know how to set ing for Larimer County. 2 Hazardous Waste The big news of 2006 for the at a local middle school, served 123 Larimer County Household Haz- customers over the course of five ardous Waste Program was the ad- hours. The Estes Park event was dition of a residential “sharps” col- atypical, with only 51 participants lection program, begun in May. The (compared with 229 participants in program offers the safe disposal of 2005). While the number of par- hypodermic needles for individuals ticipants was disappointing, the who self-medicate. While it has support from the Town of Estes been slow getting started, as word Park was encouraging, with several gets out we anticipate that this will town employees helping. All of be a popular program for county them were willing to jump right in residents. In the first seven months, and assist with all aspects of the we had 30 participants. Initially, we event. The hard work of this in- only accepted sharps on Tuesdays, credible crew was very much but in early 2007 we added Thurs- appreciated. days and Fridays as well. The pro- The hazardous waste program gram is intended to help keep land- experienced slight decreases this fill and HHW staff and trash haul- year in a few areas. We had about The hazardous waste staff includes, from ers safe from exposure to needles. 1,000 fewer residential customers left, Juan Felix, Rhonda Lauden, and Participants must bring their than in 2005. The collected amount Jeff Leleszi. Not pictured: Linda Hayden sharps to the facility in OSHA-ap- of regulated waste, such as flam- (hazardous waste manager). proved crush-proof containers that mables and poisons, was also down Business Program can be cheaply purchased from slightly. However, the amount of many local drug stores. non-regulated wastes, like latex The Business Hazardous Along with the new program, paint, was up somewhat. In all, the Waste Assistance Program and a new face and a new look appeared program collected about the same Education (BHAPE) has steadily at the HHW facility in 2006. Em- amount of waste as in the previous grown since it began serving com- ployees painted and installed new year. (See charts on next page.) mercial customers in 1997. That shelving, brightening up the place first year, 73 appointments were and making it more customer scheduled to dispose of waste friendly. The new face may be a fa- through BHAPE, compared with miliar one to many landfill custom- 2006’s 211 appointments. However, ers—Rhonda Lauden, who these days we have more repeat previously worked as a land- The hazardous waste building and Drop ‘n’ Swap customers and fewer new fill gate attendant for several received some updating with new paint and shelving. ones. While many different years and more recently as types of businesses are ser- the education center atten- viced by our program, the dant, is now a hazardous most common include govern- waste technician. She joins ment entities, manufacturers, Jeff Leleszi, Juan Felix and property managers, and Linda Hayden (formerly churches. In the coming year, Linda Case, hazardous we will be working toward waste manager). better serving our commercial The hazardous waste customers by enhancing our program hosted rural collec- Web site, making it a more tion events in Berthoud and useful tool in aiding business Estes Park this year. The owners with the proper handling Berthoud event, held in May of their hazardous wastes. 3 Hazardous Waste Comparison of 2005-2006 Regulated Wastes Collected 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 2005 Pounds 40,000 30,000 2006 20,000 10,000 0 mercury lamps corrosives poison liquids flammable flammable oxidizers poison solids aerosols & switches liquids solids Comparison of 2005-2006 Non-regulated Wastes Collected 1,400,000 1,218,505 1,282,477 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 304,944 2005 Pounds 99,220 600,000 19,384 247,000 72,645 2006 400,000 111,231 23,176 45,930 200,000 0 non-hazardous antifreeze latex paint used oil batteries liquids 4 Landfill The landfill again saw a decrease in volume this year, Yearly Landfill Volumes with only 759,921 cubic yards 1,200,000.00 buried compared to 849,887 cubic yards in 2005. This is 1,000,000.00 Cubic Yards not only due to more recycling, 800,000.00 but also to some trash haulers 600,000.00 diverting waste to other land- fills. With the lower volumes, 400,000.00 the estimated remaining life of 200,000.00 the landfill has increased; it 0.00 should be usable until at least 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2029 based on current fill rates. Year In 2006, we ground up 2,392 cubic yards of tree limbs and Christmas trees that had been of the property (where our daily kept separate from regular trash, cover soil comes from). Two reten- and then offered the resulting tion ponds were built on the south mulch back to the public free of property to help with soil erosion in charge, as we do every year. In ad- that area. dition, 4,817 tons of concrete rub- Also this year, we welcomed ble was crushed for use on the land- the addition of a new full-time em- fill roads. Landfill staff seeded ployee, Chris Jones, and two new about 15 acres of the north-central temporary gate attendants, Trish area of the landfill with temporary Storm and Kristine “Ryan” Peters. Concrete rubble is collected and crushed, seed, and six acres were perma- Landfill staff now includes and the resulting material is used to nently seeded on the south portion 15 employees. stabilize the landfill roads. New Property The Solid Waste Department Potential uses include: • a composting facility to accept acquired a 626-acre parcel located • a landfill gas generator, which yard waste, grind it, and then north of Wellington for future use. could replace the use of some cure the product to make During 2006, we lightly re- fossil fuels and create electricity compost; searched options for developing for the community; • a bioreactor landfill, which the property. Below, we present a • a transfer station to sort waste adds liquid and air to enhance variety of potential uses; however, for recycling and to divert or- microbial processes to help a decision about the future use of ganic waste to composting sites; rapidly degrade organic waste; the land is many years away. It’s • a bale facility, at which waste • an ethanol facility that would even possible that the property would be compacted, baled, change large volumes of waste will not be used for solid waste and sent elsewhere to a final material into fuel, while leav- management activities at all. Rest destination; ing a very small amount of assured, decisions will not be • an incineration facility that benign material behind; or made without public input. Until burns trash and creates energy; • a leachate treatment plant, then, the property is being managed which would ensure that no • a biodigester, which produces by the Larimer County Parks and leachate is emitted to pollute biogas from agricultural and Open Lands Department. local streams or groundwater. possibly human waste; 5 Landfill Customer Survey As part of the Solid Waste very satisfied or were dissatisfied. ployees, 93 percent said they agreed Department’s desire to be customer When asked if issues that or strongly agreed; 3 percent were driven, employees representing arise are resolved satisfactorily, neutral or had no opinion; and 4 each sector of our business formed 86 percent said they agreed or percent said they disagreed or a survey committee. strongly disagreed. The committee’s first Treated Respectfully Survey respon- task was to develop a dents indicated that survey for commercial Strong Disagree 2 the best way for them customers designed to to get information gauge their satisfaction Disagree 4 about the landfill with our services. We No Opinion 5 (such as closures due received 159 responses; to wind) was by way Agree 101 results were mostly of a recorded tele- positive and are sum- Strong Agree 46 phone information line marized below. (our current primary 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 When asked method of disseminat- No. of Respondents about the fees charged ing such information), at the Larimer County rather than via the Landfill compared with other land- strongly agreed; 14 percent were internet or radio. They also indi- fills, 76 percent of the respondents neutral or had no opinion; and only cated that the most important fac- reported that they were satisfied or one respondent said they strongly tor in choosing a landfill was loca- very satisfied; 16 percent said they disagreed. tion. Well behind location, other fac- were neutral or had no opinion; and When asked if they were tors included fees, hours of opera- only 8 percent said they were not treated respectfully by landfill em- tion, and customer service. Landfill staff, including gate attendants and heavy equipment operators, are proud to offer great customer service. They have even gone so far as to stop operations for a couple of hours so a landfill neighbor’s guests wouldn’t hear the backup beepers of the equipment during a wedding ceremony at the house. Landfill staff, left to right: Mark Clutter, Chuck Hansis, Chris Jones, Dave Gate attendants Rocky Sanks and Stebbins, Bob “Dane” Nielsen (landfill manager), Jeff Boltz, Doug Trish Storm. Not pictured: Donna Hoff. Not pictured: Bob Turner, Tony Kear. Climer, Nancy Fleischhaker, Levi Goedl, Kristine “Ryan” Peters. 6 Waste Transfer Stations ast Transfer St The Solid Waste Department tion that accepts checks and owns four rural waste transfer sta- credit cards in addition to tions—one each in Berthoud, cash. The site is a welcome Wellington, Estes Park, and Red addition to the area for local Feather Lakes. The transfer stations residents. To celebrate, we provide a convenient way for resi- held an open house Novem- dents in outlying areas to dispose ber 2. Nancy Fleischhacker is of their household trash. The trash the new Red Feather transfer collected at these sites is periodi- station attendant (she also cally trucked to the county landfill. works as a gate attendant at The Red Feather Lakes trans- the landfill). We are planning fer station is new, having opened on to add a recycling container November 4. (We had to close the on the premises in 2007. previous Red Feather site in 2004.) The Estes Park transfer With the help of fellow staff mem- station has been in operation Nancy Fleischhacker, transfer station attendant, at bers Rita Trostel and Linda Oatney, since 1983. During this time, the new Red Feather Lakes transfer station. Ann Lujan (manager of the trans- a third party operator, Waste fer station program) worked hard Management, Inc., has managed it. to have the station opened on time Estes Park residents and visitors and under budget. The transfer sta- can take their household trash as Transfer Station Stats tion is a partnership among well as recyclables to the transfer Larimer County, the Colorado Divi- station. The site also provides a • The Estes Park transfer sta- sion of Wildlife, and the U.S. Forest drop-off for household hazardous tion delivered more than Service. The entrance is located on wastes. 60,000 cubic yards of waste U.S. Forest Service land and ends Larimer County also manages to the landfill, or 650 trac- on Colorado Division of Wildlife the Berthoud and Wellington trans- tor-trailer loads. property. Nestled among the pines fer stations. Bob Adams, the Ber- • In 2006, the Solid Waste and aspen, it’s equipped with a to- thoud transfer station attendant, Department subsidized the tally enclosed 40-cubic-yard com- retired in December. Lois Schwindt Berthoud and Wellington pactor. It is the only transfer sta- runs the Wellington transfer station. transfer stations $11,917. • It cost the department ap- proximately $200,000 to open the new Red Feather Lakes transfer station. • The Berthoud transfer sta- Left to right: Ann tion served 1,052 customers Lujan, administrative in 2006; Wellington served services manager and 1,276; and Red Feather transfer station served 24 customers during manager; Rita Trostel, its two days of operation administrative assistant; this year. (Estes Park fig- and Linda Oatney, ures are not available.) senior accounting technician. All of them helped the opening of the Red Feather Lakes Not pictured: transfer station attendants transfer station go Lois Schwindt (Wellington) and Bob smoothly. Adams (Berthoud). 7 Education The Department’s education come a full-time hazardous waste learn how a product is processed program remained strong in 2006, technician for the Department. Rose from the grocery store to the sort- reaching out to thousands of Watson was hired in November to ing facility in Denver to the reman- Larimer County residents and help- take over education center duties, ufacturing plant. ing them become aware of their and she has jumped right in to Although the Garbage Garage waste management options (includ- make the center the best it can be. is our most popular educational ing, of course, the 3 Rs—reducing, Rose works closely with four Gar- tool, it is certainly not the only one. reusing, and recycling). bage Garage volunteers who help Cheryl Kolus, environmental educa- The Garbage Garage Educa- make our education program a suc- tor for the Solid Waste Department, tion Center welcomed about 2,400 cess. Wanda Mayberry and Wally occasionally presents recycling in- visitors, including 318 drop-ins Jacobsen have been with us since formation to schools and other com- (not part of a tour group) and 93 2003, and Dick Rush and Carol munity groups. In addition, we summer class participants. Al- Sarchet since 2005. Together they hosted educational booths at five though the total number of visitors put in 135 hours of volunteer time community fairs throughout 2006; increased only slightly from 2005, in 2006, and their enthusiasm and continued production of our two the Garbage Garage appears to dedication are greatly appreciated. popular newsletters, The Recyclone have gained more recognition in the With the county’s switch to Times (in cooperation with the City community, based on conversations single-stream recycling, we re- of Fort Collins) and The Landfill with visitors and others familiar placed a display at the Garbage Update; distributed several press with the center. The annual April Garage that focused on presorting releases on a variety of solid waste open house and the “reusable art” recyclables with one that depicts topics; and updated our “Talking contest associated with it were once the life of a recyclable item. Visitors Trash” video that overviews all of our again great successes. We also facilities and is run on the local hosted a fall open house in cable channel. September targeted toward Cheryl has also appeared teachers. Unfortunately, turn- on local radio shows to pro- out was not as high as ex- mote recycling, and in 2006 pected, but several teachers she began a partnership with a did enter our drawing for free Colorado State University sci- bus money for field trips to ence writing class to mentor the Garbage Garage, with one student per semester as the three of them chosen as student writes material for use winners. by the Solid Waste Depart- This was the second ment. We continue to partner year we hosted summer with colleagues at the Cities of classes for kids at the educa- Fort Collins and Loveland to tion center. The classes—in- help promote awareness of cluding “Edible Landfills,” waste issues. This year, we “Where Does Garbage Go?” teamed up with the City of and “What Lurks Under Fort Collins to produce a four- Landfills”—were both fun page ad in the 2007 Dex phone and educational, and many book entitled, “The Garbage kids attended more than one and Recycling Guide.” This class. Rhonda Lauden, educa- Back row from left: volunteers Dick Rush, Wally will allow Fort Collins resi- tion center attendant, taught Jacobsen, and Wanda Mayberry, with Rose Watson dents to have year-round, con- the classes. (education center attendant) kneeling. Not pictured: venient access to landfill and In October, Rhonda left volunteer Carol Sarchet and environmental educator recycling information at their the Garbage Garage to be- Cheryl Kolus. fingertips. 8 Environmental Compliance vironment Environmental Compliance Efforts in 2006 to minimize the (VOCs), and hazardous air pollutants June. These documents, which must landfill’s environmental impact and (HAPs). Landfill operators applied 1.7 be renewed every five years, provide comply with environmental regula- million gallons of water to unpaved emissions information that the state tions were mostly routine, but unusual roads this year to control dust from agency uses to set permit limits and weather presented a few challenges. vehicle traffic, the most significant assess fees. The new APENs show Air emissions, erosion control, and source of particulate emissions. that fugitive particulate (dust) emis- groundwater conditions were affected With a drop in the number of sions are expected to remain at the by above average winds, summer heat, customers, total annual particulate same levels over the next five years, and well below average precipitation, emissions were lower than in 2005. To but landfill gas emissions are pro- punctuated by a jected to in- few heavy crease as more storms. It was Fort Collins, CO trash is buried so dry through 30.00 in the landfill. the spring and The land- summer that fill’s Title V op- 25.24 25.00 2006 seemed erating permit, destined to be 22.07 21.03 20.68 which also has a 20.68 Total Precipitation (inches) 20.16 the driest year 20.00 19.45 five-year term, 18.2218.17 on record. But 16.37 17.27 is set to expire 17.34 16.51 16.03 30-yr avg 16.20 heavy snowfall 15.00 14.87 14.57 14.06 14.8015.39 (16.1") in 2007, so a 14.69 14.13 in December 12.40 12.85 renewal applica- 13.43 12.29 12.13 added nearly tion was sub- 11.28 11.28 three inches to 10.00 mitted to the 9.07 the total annual state in August. precipitation. 5.00 CDPHE’s Air The combina- Pollution Con- tion of drought trol Division has and heat created 0.00 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 18 months to poor growing Year review the appli- conditions, mak- cation and take ing erosion con- public comment trol difficult, and kept local aquifers prevent the release of ozone-depleting before issuing a new permit in Sep- depleted. High winds forced the land- compounds, refrigerant was recovered tember 2007. An official with the divi- fill to close 22 times to reduce blowing from 1,492 air conditioners, refrigera- sion inspected the landfill in September litter and dust. tors, and freezers disposed of at the 2006 and found the facility to be in landfill in 2006. The landfill’s gas emis- compliance with air quality Air Quality sions are currently below regulatory regulations. Landfill operations were kept in limits, so control—such as by flar- compliance with air quality regulations ing—is not required, but emissions Water Quality this year by monitoring and control- levels must be tracked using EPA- The two shallow aquifers around ling emissions, record-keeping, and approved methods. As reported to the landfill were monitored through- reporting to regulatory agencies. state and federal agencies, 2006 emis- out 2006 to track groundwater move- Also, extra work was done to renew sions of NMOCs were estimated to ment, evaluate water quality changes, permit documents. Air pollutants of be 11.6 megagrams (Mg), well be- and detect any new leakage from bur- concern at the landfill include particu- low the 50 Mg/yr regulatory ied waste. With little precipitation to lates in fugitive dust; ozone-depleting threshold. recharge the shallow aquifers, the wa- compounds like Freon; and various New Air Pollutant Emission No- ter table dropped steadily throughout components of landfill gas, including tices (APENs) were filed with the the year, and seepage velocities were non-methane organic compounds Colorado Department of Public even slower than usual. (NMOCs), volatile organic compounds Health and Environment (CDPHE) in At the northeast corner of the 9 Environmental Compliance vironment Environmental Compliance landfill, where VOC contamination was erosion control strategies to prevent quarterly in 2006, and regular testing detected 20 years ago, water quality silt from being flushed into area sur- was conducted around each area to continued to show slight improvement face waters, but results were mixed monitor methane gas and groundwa- over time. However, testing results due to weather conditions. With the ter chemistry. Vegetative cover, a mix- obtained late in the year revealed a lack of moisture and excessive sum- ture of native grasses and shrubs need for closer scrutiny in 2007. As- mer heat, revegetation—the most ef- maintained on the closed areas, was sessment monitoring—an extensive fective method of controlling ero- stressed by the drought and summer level of water quality analysis that is sion—was not successful. A heavy heat, but it remained in good enough performed once shape to pre- every other Water Table Hydrograph vent erosion. year—was In February, completed in 5084 erosion con- October. Analy- trol blankets 5083 ses for 229 were installed chemical pa- at a few loca- Elevation (ft MSL) 5082 rameters tions to help showed no de- 5081 protect some tectable levels 5080 steep areas of sulfide, tin, where vegeta- mercury, semi- 5079 tion has been volatile organic slow to rees- 5078 compounds tablish. An (SVOCs), poly- 5077 inspection of chlorinated bi- Jan-96 Jan-98 Jan-00 Jan-02 Jan-04 Jan-06 the cover and phenyls (PCBs), Date drainage or herbicides in structures the water conducted af- samples. Traces of cyanide and one downpour in late August dumped one ter the August deluge showed that pesticide, however, were detected for inch of rain on the landfill in a short stormwater was handled effectively the first time since assessment moni- time, causing significant erosion in the without any erosion problems. toring began in 1994. Additional southern drainage area. Drainage im- analyses will be conducted throughout provements, including construction of 2007 to determine whether further a new sedimentation pond in one area, Steve Harem, environmental scientist, action is necessary. have since been made, so stormwater collects a groundwater sample. In the south aquifer, meanwhile, management should be better in the detection monitoring continued to future. show no evidence of contamination from the landfill. Closed Areas Spill prevention measures and The Solid Waste Department stormwater management practices continues to care for the two closed were used throughout the year to areas on the north side of the landfill, prevent surface water pollution. In ad- in accordance with state and federal dition to regular inspections and main- regulations. As the regulations also tenance of fuel and oil storage facili- require adequate funding for closure ties to prevent spills, the landfill’s and post-closure costs, the Depart- above-ground storage tanks were ment currently has $3.1 million set subjected to special integrity testing aside to assure that each phase of the this year to ensure their soundness. landfill is properly capped, maintained, No spill incidents occurred in 2006. and monitored for 30 years after clo- Landfill personnel used various sure. The closed areas were inspected 10 A Look Ahead New opportunities await the the public, as well as offer a train- center for tires and begin to send Solid Waste staff in 2007. We ing room for our staff and bring these unwanted tires to a recycler. look forward to working more on the Solid Waste team together at The household hazardous building partnerships, responding one location. waste program will continue to to our customers’ needs, empow- Our recycling customers are empower county residents to do ering people to take responsibility, always asking us what more they the right thing with their haz- being good stewards of our re- can recycle. The results of the 2006 ardous wastes so that these ma- sources, and making our depart- waste characterization study will terials do not get into our ment a fulfilling and enjoyable help us provide an answer, as we groundwater. And the education place to work. look at what materials are impact- program, including the Garbage The largest upcoming ing our landfill. We hope to divert Garage, will introduce new project will be the development more from the landfill in the near minds—young and old—to the of our new office and training future. concept of waste reduction. building at the landfill. A com- A new landfill compactor will The Solid Waste Depart- mittee is currently determining be purchased in 2007 to help op- ment reminds everyone that each ways we can implement green erators compact the waste more ef- one of us can make a difference building practices during this ficiently and use less air space. and help preserve our resources project and still remain within Colorado has passed legislation by learning about solid waste our budget. We’ve been examin- banning lead acid batteries, motor management options and making ing many innovative ideas that oil, and passenger tires from all informed decisions. Thank you, we hope to incorporate in the new landfills in the state beginning July Larimer County residents and building. Having offices on site at 1. As a result, the Larimer County businesses, for your continued the landfill will allow us to pro- Landfill will become a collection support. vide better customer service to Solid Waste Department Mission Statement The mission of the Larimer County Solid Waste Department is to supply integrated waste man- agement in an environmentally sound manner to the citizens of Larimer County. Our primary emphasis is on quality customer service supe- rior to that normally found in the public sector. We are committed to providing excellence in the services we deliver to the citizens of Larimer County. We will provide these services in a pro- fessional, simple, and cost-effective manner, always maintaining a high standard of ethics and foresight and never compromising long- range needs for short-term benefits. 11 Larimer County Solid Waste Department PO Box 1190 200 W. Oak St., Suite 4000 Fort Collins, CO 80522 (970) 498-5760 www.larimer.org/solidwaste Printed March 2007 on recycled paper.
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