Black Panthers Party They were a revolutionary, Black nationalist organization in the United states founded by Bobby Seale, Huey P. Newton and Richard Akoi. Influenced by the teachings of Malcolm X and the Black Power Movement, the BPP, originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, called for the restructuring of American society to achieve social, political, and economic equality, based on principles of socialism. Who started it? Bobby Seale was a Chairman and co- founder of the Black Panther Party who is now a council man. Other members Left to Right: Bobby Seale, Stokeley Carmicle, Rap Brown, James Fooman at February 1968 Free Huey Birthday Ralley One of The Black Panthers Hideouts Grove Street Black Panther Party Office, shot up by Oakland Police, following Huey Newton's lesser third degree murder conviction, October 1968. The party platform consisted often points ("We want..."): 1. Freedom and Self-determination 2. Full employment for all Black people 3. Restitution for slave labor and mass murder of Black people 4. Decent housing 5. Education to give Black people knowledge of self and expose the true history of American society 6. Exemption from military service for all Black men who should not be forced to defend a racist government 7. An immediate end to police brutality 8. Release from prison for all Black people because they have not received a fair and impartial trial 9. All Black people who are brought to trial to be tried by a jury of their peers from the Black community l0. Land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace. As a major political objective, a United Nations supervised plebiscite for Black Americans to determine their will as to their national destiny. They Used Violence Too The Black Panthers espoused the concept that Black people had a right to defend themselves against racist authorities by any necessary means, including violence. While this philosophy made them an alternative to more moderate civil rights groups of the time, it also put them constantly at odds with local police and the FBI. The Panthers initiated patrols in Black communities with the object of monitoring police activities and protecting people against police brutality. They also formed affiliations with some white activists because they believed that all revolutionary groups with similar goals of reforming American Society should unite. The FBI launched a team called COINTELPRO to prevent Black militant groups from uniting and growing in influence. BPP local chapters were infiltrated by informants and their offices were subject to frequent raids. Panthers and police confronted each other in several shoot-outs in California, New York and Chicago. Panthers Fred Hampton (Illinois State Leader) and Mark Clark were killed by police during a raid, and in 1967 Minister of Defense Huey Newton was sent to prison for manslaughter after a shootout in Oakland that left a policeman dead. His incarceration spurred a "Free Huey" movement and in 1971 a California Court of Appeals reversed his conviction. To Put it All Together The Black Panthers wanted equal rights for their fellow African – Americans but used violence and many people were killed. The End Racial Justice Everybody goes through some kind of racial experience because of their skin color, the way they look, or even the way they talk. Being racist means disliking somebody because of their skin color or their nationality. We should care about everybody regardless of their race!
Pages to are hidden for
"black panthers TG"Please download to view full document