Architectural Bird Box Unit
THE 3 BASICS OF DESIGN IN
STYLES & TIME PERIODS FOR
Colonial Architecture 1600-1820
Dutch Colonial Architecture Between Wars c. 1920-1940
French Colonial Prairie Style
Spanish Colonial Modernistic
Georgian Colonial Craftsman
Romantic Architecture c.1820-1880
Art Deco Style c. 1923-1940 **
Gothic Revival Post WWII Architecture c. 1945-1965
Exotic Revival International II
Late Twentieth-Century 1965-present
Victorian Architecture c. 1870-1900
** Art Nouveau (1890-1914)**
Early 20th-Century 1900-1920
appearance being rectangular
shape with two stories.
Gables on the side and an entry
door at the center.
To conserve heat, a massive
chimney ran through the center.
An orderly arrangement of
windows around a central front
Double-hung windows usually GEORGIAN COLONIAL
have many small, equally sized
square panes or “candles”
separated with “mutton-bars.”
Elaborate wooden millwork
after the Industrial Revolution
fueled the construction.
"Gothic" windows with
distinctive pointed arches
Exposed framing timbers
Steep, vaulted roofs with
Extravagant features may
include towers and verandas.
Ornate wooden detailing is
generously applied as gable,
window, and door trim.
Use of mass-produced ornamentation
such as brackets, spindles, and
The last true Victorians were
constructed in the early 1900s.
These homes combine modern
materials with 19th century details,
such as curved towers and spindled
Elaborate exterior trim
(“gingerbread”) and carved oak
New machines made it possible to
mass-produce ornamental features
such as moldings, columns, and
brackets. The expansion of the
railroad meant that building parts
could be sent to far corners of the
country so people in remote rural
ART NOUVEAU ** a world-wide movement
Dynamic, undulating, and
flowing, with curved http://upload.wikim
'whiplash' lines which edia.org/wikipedia/
characterized much of Art nce_Paris_Grand_
Nouveau movement. Palais_Interieur_0
seem to spring to life and
GRAND PALAIS INTERIEUR
'grow' into plant-derived
EARLY 20TH CENTURY
Exposed functional building
elements, such as ground-to-
ceiling plate glass windows, and
The style was molded from
glass, and steel. INTERNATIONAL
Characterized by an absence of
Interior and exterior walls merely
act as design and layout
elements, and often feature
dramatic, but nonsupporting
projecting beams and columns
ARCHITECTURE BETWEEN WARS
Boxy and symmetrical or
Roofs are low-pitched,
with wide eaves.
Brick and clapboard are
the most common building
Rows of casement
windows PRAIRIE STYLE
One-story porches with
massive square supports.
Stylized floral and circular
geometric terra-cotta or
around doors, windows,
ART DECO STYLE
Echoed the Machine Age
Geometric decorative elements & a
vertically oriented design.
This distinctly urban style was never
widely used in residential buildings
Towers and other projections above
the roofline enhance the vertical
emphasis of this style.
Flat roofs, metal window casements,
and smooth stucco walls with
rectangular cut-outs mark the
exteriors of Art Deco homes.
Facades are typically flush with
zigzags and other stylized floral,
geometric, and "sunrise" motifs. ART DECO
By 1940 the Art Deco style had
evolved into "Art Moderne," which
features curved corners, rectangular
glass-block windows, and a boat-like
POST WWII ARCHITECTURE
Two versions: the flat-
roof and gabled types.
The latter is often
Both types tend to be
one-story tall and were
designed to incorporate
landscape into their
LATE 20TH CENTURY
The walls of the building create
planes, which enclose the building.
The walls tend to be very smooth
with little interruption including
windows that are level with the
These smooth-surfaced buildings
define a volume enclosed by the
Symmetry is rejected in favor of SPLIT LEVEL
regularity. Under these principals,
the facade of buildings were
designed with windows and doors
spaced at regular intervals.
Draw a “blueprint” (top, sides, bottom) using theme that was
inspired by the architectural styles you were exposed to.
Make a paper pattern to use as a template to place on rolled slabs.
Cut out slabs to use for walls and roof sections for the bird house.
Allow slabs to become leather-hard before assembling them
While slabs are becoming more firm, begin creating the
“decorations” for the houses. (columns, dormers, portches,etc.)
Once all pieces are ready, put the house together, make sure to
sufficiently score and slip each and every piece.
Allow the houses to dry slowly
Fire houses and then paint and spray with acrylic clear sealant.
THINGS TO THINK ABOUT:
1. What type of bird are you making this for? Do you
need to do some research for this assignment?
2. Birds are attracted to “boxes” that have a particular
size opening. (use chart “Being the Best Nest Box
Landlord for Songbirds in the West”)
3. Is this going to be a decoration or a functional box?
4. What impact will the architectural style(s) have on
your planning and the construction of sculptural work?
5. Some birds need to have a clean box each spring in
order for them to build a nest in them. So, you will need
to have a way to clean out the box.
6. How will you bird box be mounted or hung? What
steps do you need to do ahead of time to make it work
once it is completed?