Docstoc

SLAB-birdbox.powerpoint

Document Sample
SLAB-birdbox.powerpoint Powered By Docstoc
					      SLAB CLAY
      CONSTRUTION

Architectural Bird Box Unit
       Ceramics 1
VOCABULARY
       Drying
       Scoring
       Leather-hard
       Slab
       Plasticity
       Slip
       Relief
       Wedging
       Rib
THE 3 BASICS OF DESIGN IN
ARCHITECTURE:
    Style

    Form

    Structure
STYLES & TIME PERIODS FOR
AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE
   Colonial Architecture 1600-1820
      Dutch Colonial                        Architecture Between Wars c. 1920-1940
      French Colonial                          Prairie Style
      Spanish Colonial                         Modernistic
      Georgian Colonial                        Craftsman
   Romantic Architecture c.1820-1880
                                             Art Deco Style c. 1923-1940 **
      Greek Revival
      Gothic Revival                        Post WWII Architecture c. 1945-1965
      Italianate                               Formalism
      Exotic Revival                           International II
      Octagon
                                             Late Twentieth-Century 1965-present
   Victorian Architecture c. 1870-1900
                                                Late Modernism
      Second Empire
      Stick                                    Post-Modernism
      Queen Anne
      Shingle
      Richardson Romanesque
      Folk Victorian
      ** Art Nouveau (1890-1914)**
   Early 20th-Century 1900-1920
      Colonial Revival
      Neoclassical
      Tudor
      Chateauesque
      Beaux Arts
      French Eclectic
      International I
COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE
   Stately, Symmetrical
    appearance being rectangular
    shape with two stories.
   Gables on the side and an entry
    door at the center.
   To conserve heat, a massive
    chimney ran through the center.
   An orderly arrangement of
    windows around a central front
    door.
   Double-hung windows usually GEORGIAN COLONIAL
    have many small, equally sized
    square panes or “candles”
    separated with “mutton-bars.”
ROMANTIC ARCHITECTURE
   Elaborate wooden millwork
    after the Industrial Revolution
    fueled the construction.
   "Gothic" windows with
    distinctive pointed arches
   Exposed framing timbers
   Steep, vaulted roofs with
    cross-gables.
   Extravagant features may
    include towers and verandas.
                                      GOTHIC REVIVAL
   Ornate wooden detailing is
    generously applied as gable,
    window, and door trim.
    VICTORIAN ARCHITECTURE
   Use of mass-produced ornamentation
    such as brackets, spindles, and
    patterned shingles.
   The last true Victorians were
    constructed in the early 1900s.
   These homes combine modern
    materials with 19th century details,
    such as curved towers and spindled
    porches.
   Elaborate exterior trim
    (“gingerbread”) and carved oak
    moldings.
                                           VICTORIAN
   New machines made it possible to
    mass-produce ornamental features
    such as moldings, columns, and
    brackets. The expansion of the
    railroad meant that building parts
    could be sent to far corners of the
    country so people in remote rural
    ART NOUVEAU ** a world-wide movement
   Dynamic, undulating, and
    flowing, with curved               http://upload.wikim
    'whiplash' lines which             edia.org/wikipedia/
                                       commons/3/34/Fra
    characterized much of Art          nce_Paris_Grand_
    Nouveau movement.                  Palais_Interieur_0
                                       3.jpg
   Conventional moldings
    seem to spring to life and
                                 GRAND PALAIS INTERIEUR
    'grow' into plant-derived
                                     PARIS FRANCE
    forms.
    EARLY 20TH CENTURY
    ARCHITECTURE (contemporary)
   Exposed functional building
    elements, such as ground-to-
    ceiling plate glass windows, and
    smooth facades.
   The style was molded from
    modern materials--concrete,
    glass, and steel.                    INTERNATIONAL
   Characterized by an absence of
    decoration.
   Interior and exterior walls merely
    act as design and layout
    elements, and often feature
    dramatic, but nonsupporting
    projecting beams and columns
ARCHITECTURE BETWEEN WARS
   Boxy and symmetrical or
    low-slung and
    asymmetrical.
   Roofs are low-pitched,
    with wide eaves.
   Brick and clapboard are
    the most common building
    materials
   Rows of casement
    windows                        PRAIRIE STYLE
   One-story porches with
    massive square supports.
   Stylized floral and circular
    geometric terra-cotta or
    masonry ornamentation
    around doors, windows,
ART DECO STYLE
   Echoed the Machine Age
   Geometric decorative elements & a
    vertically oriented design.
   This distinctly urban style was never
    widely used in residential buildings
   Towers and other projections above
    the roofline enhance the vertical
    emphasis of this style.
   Flat roofs, metal window casements,
    and smooth stucco walls with
    rectangular cut-outs mark the
    exteriors of Art Deco homes.
   Facades are typically flush with
    zigzags and other stylized floral,
    geometric, and "sunrise" motifs.        ART DECO
   By 1940 the Art Deco style had
    evolved into "Art Moderne," which
    features curved corners, rectangular
    glass-block windows, and a boat-like
POST WWII ARCHITECTURE
   Two versions: the flat-
    roof and gabled types.
    The latter is often
    characterized by
    exposed beams.
   Both types tend to be
    one-story tall and were
    designed to incorporate
                              CONTEMPORARY
    the surrounding
    landscape into their
    overall look.
LATE           20TH       CENTURY
ARCHITECTURE
   The walls of the building create
    planes, which enclose the building.
   The walls tend to be very smooth
    with little interruption including
    windows that are level with the
    walls themselves.
   These smooth-surfaced buildings
    define a volume enclosed by the
    building.
   Symmetry is rejected in favor of      SPLIT LEVEL
    regularity. Under these principals,
    the facade of buildings were
    designed with windows and doors
    spaced at regular intervals.
PROCEDURE…
   Plan…
   Draw a “blueprint” (top, sides, bottom) using theme that was
    inspired by the architectural styles you were exposed to.
   Make a paper pattern to use as a template to place on rolled slabs.
   Cut out slabs to use for walls and roof sections for the bird house.
   Allow slabs to become leather-hard before assembling them
    together.
   While slabs are becoming more firm, begin creating the
    “decorations” for the houses. (columns, dormers, portches,etc.)
   Once all pieces are ready, put the house together, make sure to
    sufficiently score and slip each and every piece.
   Allow the houses to dry slowly
   Fire houses and then paint and spray with acrylic clear sealant.
THINGS TO THINK ABOUT:
   1. What type of bird are you making this for? Do you
    need to do some research for this assignment?
   2. Birds are attracted to “boxes” that have a particular
    size opening. (use chart “Being the Best Nest Box
    Landlord for Songbirds in the West”)
   3. Is this going to be a decoration or a functional box?
   4. What impact will the architectural style(s) have on
    your planning and the construction of sculptural work?
   5. Some birds need to have a clean box each spring in
    order for them to build a nest in them. So, you will need
    to have a way to clean out the box.
   6. How will you bird box be mounted or hung? What
    steps do you need to do ahead of time to make it work
    once it is completed?

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:13
posted:12/24/2011
language:Latin
pages:15