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Colossians One Particular Harbor

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					                                     Colossians
Writer: Paul
Date: 60/6l A.D.
Theme : Col. 1:18 Jesus Christ is Preeminent
Written To: The Church at Colosse
Written from: Prison at Rome
       As far as we know the Apostle Paul had never been to Colosse which was located
about 100 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus Valley. Paul learned of the faith of the
Colossians by report (1:4), and he remained unknown to them by face (2: 1). It is
speculated that Epaphras planted the Gospel in Colosse (1: 7), that he had labored hard
in this ministry (4:13), and that he continued to labor fervently in prayer for the
Colossian believers (4:12).
        Colossians was written to combat a heresy which combined elements of Judaism
with the false philosophy of Gnosticism. This combination created a Satanic threat upon
the Gospel of Christ by seeking to reduce Christianity to a legal system and by
confusing the person and work of Christ. Paul presented the truth in his attack upon the
heresy by pointing out that all philosophies, spiritual powers, ceremonial observances,
and restrictions were secondary to the pre-eminence of Christ.
        It was carried by Tychycus and Onesimus (4:7-9) and was probably immediately
occasioned by the return of Onesimus to Philemon at Colosse - They also delivered
Ephesians and Philemon on the same trip


The Pre-eminence of Christ


The following outline is taken from New Testament Survey by Merrill Tenney:


1.     Salutation 1:1,2


2.     Christ Pre-eminent in Personal Relationships 1:3 - 2:7
       1.     In Personal Contacts 1:3-8
       2.     In Personal Presentation 1:9-23
       3.     In Personal Purpose 1:24,- 2:7




                                                                        Page 1 of    81
3.    Christ Pre-eminent in Doctrine 2:8 - 3:4
      1.     False Philosophy versus Christ 2:8-15
      2.     False Worship versus Christ 2:16-19
      3.     False Asceticism versus Christ 2:20 - 3:4
4.    Christ Pre-eminent in Ethics 3:5 - 4:6
      1.     Negatively: "Put off..." 3:.5-11
      2.     Positively: "Put on..." 3:12-17
      3.     In Family Relationships 3:18 - 4:1
      4.     General 4:2-6


The following quotation is taken from an article written by S. Lewis
Johnson, Jr., Professor of New Testament. Literature and Exegesis at
Dallas Theological Seminary and was published in the July 1, 1961 issue
of Bibliothec Sacra.


              The Occasion of the Epistle to the Colossians
The report of Epaphras.      The occasion of the Epistle is to be traced
undoubtedly to the arrival of Epaphras in Rome with news of alien
teaching in the Co1ossian church. The epistle is Paul’s answer, his
attempt to confirm the truth of Epaphras’ message and thwart the errors
of the “beguiling speech” (2:4) of the perverters of the truth. The
apostle displays himself here as both an apologist and a polemicist .


      The reply of Paul.     The nature of the heresy in Colosse may be
described most simply as a mixture, an amalgam of Jewish ans Gentile
elements.   Lightfoot called it “Gnostic Judaism” and related it to
Essenism.   The fundamental elements were Jewish (2:16), having to do
with the Mosaic law and its ritual requirements.     The elements of its
Gnostic character, however, were considerable.     Gnosticism, “the pagan
‘higher thought’ of the time” was a philosophy (cf 2:8) with an
intellectual exclusive spirit (cf. 2:4) and claimed to have to the
problem of existence of evil.     The world of matter was an evil kingdom
antagonistic to God.   But since God can not create evil, the existence
of evil must be traced to divine self-limitation. A series of


                                                               Page 2 of    81
emanations, aeons, or angelic spirits, germinated from God, each being
in the series possessing less of the divine element until ultimately
contact with evil matter was possible. Creation, then, was to be traced
to one of the angelic beings.     The contacts with such a philosophy can
be seen clearly in the epist1e (cf. 2: 8, 18) .
     Gnostic thought led to two practical errors: (1) asceticism (cf.
2:2:1.-23) and (2) license (cf. 3:5-17). If matter is evil, one may
attempt to reduce contact with it (asceticism), or be indifferent to the
world of sense and follow one’s own desires and impulses (license).
     The Colossian Epistle effectively refutes both the doctrinal and
the practical errors of the heresy. The apostle’s answer to the
doctrinal error is the presentation of the cosmic: Christ Who is both
Creator and Sustainer of the universe (cf. 1:16-17). He is no angelic
emanation from God, but One Who possesses in the bodily form, all the
fullness of the Godhead, One to whom (to use peter’s words), angels and
authorities, and powers are subject (cf. I Pet. 3:22; Col. 2:10). There
is no need for other mediation between God and man, since He is the only
mediator and has reconciled all things to the Father by the b1ood of His
cross (cf. 1: 19-20 ) . Thus, compelled by heresy to reflect upon and
unfold the fuller implications of the incarnate Deity, Paul portrays a
Savior Who is resplendent in the glory of His supremacy in both
creations, the old and the new, the universe and the church (cf. 1:18;
3:11).
     The practical errors are met simply and effectively. To asceticism
the author opposes the doctrine of the believer’s death and resurrection
with Christ and, therefore, his consequential removal to a new sphere of
life, where worldly ordinances have no place (cf. 2:20-23). To license
he opposes the doctrine of union nth Christ and the demands of the new
life (cf. 3:5-17). Therefore, contrary to the attempts of the heretics
to limit Christ's person and work, Paul exalts them; contrary to their
attempt to reduce Him to the position of one among many,     Paul, in
agreement with the entire apostolic community, crown Him. Lord. of all.
         The following quotation is taken from an article on the Epistle to
the Colossians published in The New Bible Commentary.


                                                              Page 3 of     81
Occasion:
      The letter to the Colossians was written primarily to combat a
subtle and dangerous heresy.     Attempts have been made to name and
identify the heresy, notable among them the attempt of Lightfoot to
prove that it can be traced to Jewish Essenism.     But more important than
identifying the heresy is to see its underlying principles. The chief
relevant passage is 2:8-23. In this passage various elements in the
heresy are mentioned or implied. The teaching is represented as a
“philosophy” (2:8); it probably insisted. on the enforcement of the
Judaistic initiatory rite of circumcision (2:11); it had to do with the
observance of special days as the New Moon and the Sabbath (2:16), and
with ascetic practices (2:16).     There was also a tendency to rob Christ
of the all-sufficiency of His mediation between God and man by
interposing spiritual beings as a means of communication be     man and
deity, and worshiping these beings (2:18-19)
      The Jewish element in the heresy is clear enough. What can be said
of the more unfamiliar angel.-worshiping element? Here are discerned
definite Gnostic tendencies. The basis of Gnosticism is the doctrine
that matter is evil... In creation God cannot come into direct contact
with matter. It is necessary, therefore, to posit a number of emanations
of deity a number of spiritual beings germinating, as it were, the first
from God, the second from the first am so on until they sink lower and
lower and make contact with matter possible. Only thus could God have
created the universe and at the same time maintained His holiness
inviolate. It follows, then, that these graded angelic beings are in
control of the material universe in which man has to live.     He must,
therefore, enlist the support of spiritual beings who will protect him
against the forces at work in the material universe. Thus the work of
Christ has to be supplemented by a cult of angels.
     It will. be seen that the heresy is a grave one. It dares to
assert the in sufficiency of Christ in the work of human redemption.
Paul counters this “philosophy” --it might well be called "a theosophy"–
by asserting the absolute supremacy of Christ in the universe. Against
the background of this heresy is to be seen the full 1mport of the great


                                                              Page 4 of   81
passage in Col. 1:15-20, where the cosmic significance of the Person and
work of Christ is so grandly set forth. Christ is not one of        many
spiritual beings through whom our redemption is wrought. He is head over
all things, the agency of creation, the One in Whom it pleased the
Father that all fullness should dwell. The meaning and purpose of the
universe are therefore known in Him.
     The very heresy Paul combats accounts for the fact that this
letter is more philosophical in tone than most other Pauline Epistles.
But even in this letter the great thought of reconciliation is central.
and the great doctrine of the mystical sharing in the death and
resurrection of Christ is st: forth. Occasioned by one specific heresy,
the letter in Paul's hands becomes a statement of vital Christian faith
in its doctrinal and ethical aspects.




                                  COLOSSIANS
5.    Introduction
      1.    John addresses Gnosticim as it conflicts with Christianity
      2.     The Colossian Heresy
            1.       Gnosticism
            2.       basic premise
                     1.    all matter is evil
                     2.    only that which is spiritual is good
            3.       Docetism - (doken - to seem to be or appear)
                     1.    a branch of Gnosticism
                     2.    implies that Jesus only appeared to be a man
            4.       Cerinthus - Cerinthianism


                                                              Page 5 of    81
                 1.     believed Jesus was not the Messiah
                 2.     Jesus was the actual son of Mary and Joseph
                        Jn.20:30-31
     3.    License resulted from Gnosticism
           1.    License says it is O.K. to sin because your body is
                 evil matter anyway
           2.    How can a Holy God create evil matter?
                 1.     they say God created a being a little lower than
                        Himself
                 2.     that being created another being, that being
                        created another, etc.. until finally one being
                        was so far removed from God that he was able to
                        create evil matter.
                 3.     This is what led to angel worship
           3.    this also resulted in Asceticism in Colossians
                 1.     beliefs like denying yourself to make yourself a
                        little more holy.
                 2.     with enough denial, one might achieve deity


6.   Christ Preeminence and Deity       Chapter 1
     1.    The human agent in writing this Epistle
           1.    Paul the writer :1
           2.     it is the will of God for him to be an Apostle :1
           3.    writing to Philemon, Philippians, Ephesians, and
                 Colossians at the            same time :2
           4.    to the saints who are saved people: the recipients
     2.    What Characterized the Colossian Believers? 1:1-6
           1.    Paul states in Colossians 1:4 that his writing to them was
                 occasioned by his hearing about:
                 1.     thanks for their testimony
                 2.     their relationship of love and faith
                        (1)    the basis for the love is faith
                        (2)    the result of their faith is the display
                               of love


                                                                   Page 6 of   81
           3.    Their faith in Christ Jesus.
           4.    Their love to all the saints.
     2.    He also states the basis of writing: “For the hope
           which is laid up for you in heaven.” That hope
           existed in their hearts and Paul wanted to give the
           basis of it which must be understood as the Gospel
           (vv. 5, 6, 7).
           1.    the hope - eternal security :5
           2.    the gospel brings fruit :6
           3.    the grace of God in truth comes from the Gospel
                 :6
     3.    :7-8 - Epaphras is the minister to Colosse
3.   The Resources and Responsibilities of the Believer    1:9–11
     1.    Paul had heard of their salvation - implies that Paul
           was never here :9
     2.    knowledge - full knowledge of his will :9
           1.    to gain this knowledge one must go to it's
                 source, the Bible
           2.    any other source is not “full knowledge”
     3.    The Believer’s Faith Grows by Doing 1:9-10
           1.    At conversion we acquire the ability to receive
                 God’s revelation, but that does not mean that
                 God gives us complete knowledge. For that
                 reason, Paul prays continually for being filled
                 “with the knowledge of his will” (Col. 1:9).
           2.    In Colossians 1:10 Paul speaks of this knowledge
                 as increasing, “That ye might walk worthy of the
                 Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every
                 good work, and increasing in the knowledge of
                 God.”




           3.    Having the life of Christ in us proves itself in
                 our desire to fulfill the conditions of growth


                                                       Page 7 of    81
                 and maturity. We are to work out our own
                 salvation with fear and trembling (Phil. 2:12).
                 It is only as we are fruitful that we increase.
                 It is only as we serve others that we grow in
                 the Lord. Observe how the two verbs occur
                 together in Colossians 1:10, being “fruitful”
                 and “increasing.”
     4.          The genuineness of salvation is to be found in
                 the fruitfulness of the seed that falls in the
                 human heart, as is so ably demonstrated by our
                 Lord in the parable of the sower. The same verb
                 “to bring forth fruit”, is used in Colossians
                 1:10 is also used in that parable in its three
                 occurrences: Matthew 13:23; Mark 4:20; and Luke
                 8:15. Without fruitfulness, faith is dead (James
                 2:14–26).
     5.          The fruit produced in salvation is described in
                 Galatians 5:22, 23, whereas the contrasting
                 fruit of the flesh is set forth in Galatians
                 5:19–21.
4.   Paul Portrays the Responsibilities of the Believer in
          1:10
     1.          the motive to be God's will
                 (1)   so we will walk worthy
                 (2)   so we will be fruitful
                 (3)   so we will increase with knowledge: full
                       knowledge
     2.          Because Christ is in us, we must be careful to
                 “walk worthy of the Lord” and never embarrass
                 Him by the choices we make.
     3.          The verb “walk” is in the aorist infinitive in
                 the Greek, indicating a series of individual
                 steps that we take. We must examine our life
                 step by step instead of averaging it out on the


                                                    Page 8 of     81
                 whole to discover if we are pleasing to the
                 Lord.
           4.    The word for “Lord” means absolute master. Is He
                 the total Lord of our lives, or do we seek to
                 have our own way from time to time?
           5.    Paul adds, “unto all pleasing.”
                 (1)     The Greek expression means “that you may
                         fully please the Lord.”
                 (2)     This word is only found here in the entire
                         New Testament and means desire of
                         pleasing, emphasizing the close attention
                         God gives our lives.
                 (3)     What is translated “unto all,” is really
                         an adjective conveying the idea of full
                         satisfaction.
                 (4)     We are greatly tempted in the Christian
                         walk to do things only for the partial
                         satisfaction of God while fully pleasing
                         ourselves the rest of the time.
           6.    Next is added, in “every good work.”
                 (1)     The adjective for “good” means benevolent.
                 (2)     God is fully satisfied when our works stem
                         from a benevolent concern for others.
4.   A Life of Joy and Thanksgiving: Colossians 1:11–12
     1.    Paul prayed for them (v. 9) for a greater knowledge of
           His will in all wisdom and common understanding with
           the Holy Spirit.
     2.    His purpose in writing was that they might walk
           worthily of the Lord, pleasing Him, being fruitful and
           increasing in the greater knowledge of God (v. 10).
     3.    How Could They Walk Worthily of the Lord? 1:10
           1.    What they believed, thought, and did should
                 please the Lord. The word for “pleasing” is
                 found only in Colossians 1:10 and means desire


                                                       Page 9 of    81
           of pleasing. We are walking worthily of the Lord
           when our desire is to please Him.
     2.    Our desire to please the Lord should not be an
           academic exercise, but it must be manifested “in
           every good work.” The word for “every” means
           each individual work and all of them put
           together. “Work” stands in contrast to mere
           profession of faith. Good means benevolent. The
           expression “being fruitful” is, the present
           indicative, which indicates an effortful
           bringing forth of fruit. If our fruit is to be
           benevolent, helpful to others, we ourselves must
           be a good tree, having been made so through
           God’s grace (Eph. 2:8–10).
     3.    The Lord is never pleased if our Christian walk
           is static 1:10.
           (1)   We have to walk, tread around, and not
                 stand in the same position. This activity
                 has two directions:
           (2)   Toward our fellow humans who are waiting
                 to be fed by us spiritually and
                 compassionately.
           (3)   God-ward, expressed in “increasing in the
                 knowledge of God.” The word for
                 “knowledge” means, knowledge on top of
                 knowledge. We can never know so much of
                 God that there is nothing more to know,
                 nor can we approach God so closely that no
                 greater intimate relationship remains to
                 be sought.
4.   This means whereby we are enabled to walk worthily of
     the lord 1:11
     1.    strengthen with strength the Lord provides
           (spiritual strength)


                                               Page 10 of   81
     (1)   results in patients
     (2)   results in the ability to be a stable
           believer
     (3)   results in long suffering
2.   By being continually strengthened by Him.
     (1)   The verb “strengthened” in Greek is the
           present participle passive which is
           translated “to strengthen.”
     (2)   We are strengthened by God constantly.
           This verb is also used in Ephesians 6:10
           and Hebrews 11:34.
     (3)   It does not imply that the Lord merely
           gives us strength to accomplish specific
           things, but that He makes us strong. He
           increases our strength. He adds strength
           upon strength.
3.   Our strengthening is “according to his glorious
     power.” “According” means “in the measure of”.
     His strengthening us as believers varies, which
     is why we have strong and weak believers (Rom.
     14:1; 15:1; 2 Cor. 13:9; Col. 1:11). Our
     strength is in direct proportion to our desire
     to please the Lord. As I seek to please Him, He
     considers me a good place to deposit His
     strength as an investment in me.
4.   What is His glorious power? The idea is that as
     believers we must have confidence that God is
     the absolute ruler of the world, that He has
     dominion over all things.
     (1)   When we realize that God’s dominion over
           the world is absolute and forever, then we
           shall indeed desire to please Him.
     (2)   To fully understand what “the dominion of
           his glory” is, we must know what glory,


                                         Page 11 of   81
                 is. It comes from the verb meaning to
                 think, observe, consider. Thus glory is
                 what we consider God really to be in
                 Himself. His strength upon us is according
                 to what we consider Him to be, ruler
                 absolute and permanent or simply a being
                 that we may manipulate.
5.   The Results of Being Strengthened Through a Proper
     Consideration of His Dominion 1:11
     1.    It will give us great “patience”, the ability to
           withstand any circumstance in this life.
     2.    It will also enable us to exercise “suffering”,
           a considerate acceptance of people for the sake
           of transforming them into what God wants them to
           be.
6.   A Life of Joy and Thanksgiving   1:11-12a
     1.    There are two attitudes toward circumstances and
           people:
           (1)   What cannot be changed is merely tolerated
                 with grumbling and complaining.
           (2)   If God has full dominion over everything
                 and everybody, then we can rejoice in that
                 with inevitable circumstances and stubborn
                 people, we have a God-given opportunity to
                 show His strength deposited in us.
     2.    The expression “with joyfulness” (with joy),
           should not be part of verse 11 but of verse 12,
           making the verse to read “with joy thanking the
           Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers
           of the inheritance of the saints in light.”


           (1)   Thanksgiving with joy is what we need in
                 the midst of adverse circumstances and
                 contrary people.


                                                 Page 12 of   81
                 (2)      This can be possible only as we are
                          strengthened by God in the measure of our
                          recognition that He holds the world in His
                          hands.
           3.    The verb “thanksgiving”is the present
                 indicative. It is not simply having a
                 Thanksgiving Day, but a life of continuous
                 thankfulness. The verb comes from a derivative
                 of “good or well”, and the basic word, “grace”,
                 an undeserved gift. How can we not be full of
                 joy as we are the recipients of God’s grace
                 which we never deserved in the first place?
           4.    have already been made fitting of his inheritance 1:12
5.   How Man Can Be Delivered From the Power of Darkness 1:1–14
     1.    Introduction
           1.    This passage names the name of Jesus Christ
                 three times.
           2.    In verse 10, He is referred to as Lord. He must
                 be both Savior and Master.
           3.    In verse 13, the relative pronoun “who” refers
                 to Jesus Christ as having delivered believers
                 from the power of darkness.
           4.    we are already delivered from power of darkness
           5.    we have now been translated from one place to
                 another
     2.    Our Deliverance Is an Accomplished Fact          1:13
           1.    He hath delivered us from the power of darkness.
                 The verb translated “hath delivered” in Greek is
                 the aorist indicative middle, “to draw or snatch
                 to oneself, to draw or snatch from danger, to
                 rescue, to deliver.
           2.    The aorist indicates that this deliverance took
                 place once-and-for-all at a particular time in
                 the past. That was when Christ died on the


                                                          Page 13 of      81
     cross. If He were not what He was, the incarnate
     God, He could not have done it. “Who can forgive
     sins but God only?” (Mark 2:7).
     (1)   Observe how Paul stresses Christ’s deity:
           “Who is the image of the invisible God 
           ” (Col. 1:15).


     (2)   The fact that Christ could be seen, due to
           His incarnation, proved the reality of the
           invisible God.
     (3)   “For in Him dwelleth all the fullness of
           the Godhead bodily” (Col. 2:9).
3.   The middle voice indicates Christ drew upon
     Himself humanity’s sins.
     (1)   Adam did sin as our representative.
     (2)   Christ acted not only as our
           representative but also as our substitute
           (Rom. 5:12, 17, 18; 1 Cor. 15:3; 1 Tim.
           2:6).
     (3)   He took upon Himself our sins and became
           sin for us (2 Cor. 5:21).
           (1)     Yet He did not become sinful.
           (2)     If He were sinful His sacrifice for
                   us would not avail (Heb. 4:15), even
                   as the sacrifices of the Old
                   Testament (Heb. 10:4, 6, 8, 11) did
                   not avail for once-and-for-all
                   lifting the sins of the people.
           (3)     His sacrifice was once-and-for-all,
                   and it delivered humanity from its
                   sin, both inherited and personal. “
                    but now once [during the
                   dispensation of grace] in the end of
                   the world [upon the consummation of


                                          Page 14 of    81
                         the ages] hath he appeared to put
                         away sin by the sacrifice of himself
                          so Christ was once offered to
                         bear the sins of many  ” (Heb.
                         9:26, 28). He did it all. He never
                         asked us. He did it because it was
                         the only way whereby we could have
                         available forgiveness of sins (Heb.
                         9:22).
           (4)   Jesus would have done this even if only
                 one was to be saved.
                 (1)     He took our sins and our diseases
                         which are the consequences of our
                         sin upon Himself (Is. 53; Matt.
                         8:17).
                 (2)     He accomplished His work on the
                         cross when He said, “It is finished”
                         (John 19:30).
                 (3)     The work He came to do was finished,
                         but He was not finished. His work
                         was effective because He delivered
                         us from the power of darkness.
3.   Christ Delivered Us   1:13
     1.    No one else could have done what Christ did
           because no one else was God-Man. He had to be
           what He was to do what He did.
     2.    Not only did He forgive us our sins 1:14, but
           simultaneously He liberated us as individuals:
           “Who hath delivered us.” 1:13
           (1)   Christ does not only take away our sins
                 which is the meaning of forgiveness, but
                 also transfers us from the kingdom of
                 darkness “into the kingdom of his dear
                 Son.”


                                               Page 15 of     81
     (2)   Salvation is not a mere rescue operation
           but it is fellowship with Him who rescued
           us.
           (1)   We become His subjects
           (2)   He becomes our King.
           (3)   The verb for “hath translated” in
                 Greek is the aorist indicative
                 active meaning, to transfer from one
                 place to another one time.
           (4)   He did it on His own initiative. It
                 is a fact of history. This is our
                 positional salvation when Christ
                 transfers us from darkness to light
                 (Acts 26:18; Rom. 2:19; 2 Cor. 4:6;
                 6:14; Eph. 5:8, 11; 6:12; 1 Thess.
                 5:4, 5; 1 Pet. 2:9; 2 Pet. 2:17; 1
                 John 1:6; Jude 1:13).
     (3)   Darkness is the same as spiritual death,
           which characterizes the sinner (Eph. 2:1).
           (1)   He is given eternal life which is
                 the life of God (John 17:2, 3).


           (2)    Those who receive this life are
                 transferred by Him into the circle
                 of Christ and thereafter they are
                 said to be “in Christ” (1 Cor. 1:30;
                 3:1; 2 Cor. 5:17).
     (4)   Therefore, our deliverance is not only
           negative, from the power of darkness, but
           also positive, into Christ or into the
           kingdom of the Son of His love. To be in
           Christ is the ultimate of salvation.
3.   We who are in Christ are not immune from the
     attacks of the Devil, evil people, or sin. But


                                          Page 16 of   81
           that love which brought us into Christ will
           never allow anyone to transfer us out of the
           circle of Christ. That would be defeat against
           Christ by Himself (John 10:28; 1 John 2:1).
           (1)   Observe here how Jesus is called the Son
                 of His love. This love not only rescues,
                 but also keeps to the uttermost (Heb.
                 7:25).
           (2)   This transfer is final, as the aorist
                 tense of the verb indicates.
4.   Who Are Actually Delivered From the Power of Darkness
     and Transferred to the Kingdom of God? 1:13
     1.    Not everybody automatically is delivered from
           darkness.
           (1)   God universally provides some things for
                 all to enjoy whether they acknowledge God
                 as the giver or not. These are the common
                 benefits of His providence such as the
                 air, rain, sun, physical life, etc.
           (2)   There are, however, God’s particular
                 benefits and blessings that are only for
                 those who acknowledge the giver before
                 they can enjoy the gifts. Such are
                 salvation and all its ensuing
                 consequences. You can have peace toward
                 God, be justified before Him, have access
                 to and fellowship with God, rejoicing in
                 tribulation, only if you by faith receive
                 Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior.


           (3)   Observe how Paul prefaces his remarks to
                 the Colossians in verse 4, “Since we heard
                 of your faith in Christ Jesus.” That is
                 what you need for deliverance from the


                                                Page 17 of   81
                    sower of darkness and for your transfer
                    into the kingdom of the Son of His love.
                    You need to repent (Mark 1:4; Luke 24:47;
                    Acts 2:38) and to exercise faith (Acts
                    10:43; James 4:15). These are to be
                    considered not as meritorious qualities,
                    but as gifts of His love.
5.   What Is the Power of Darkness? 1:13
     1.    Christ delivers us not only from the realm of
           darkness, death and sin, but also from the power
           of it.
     2.    The word for power here is exouséŒa, which means
           authority. Once in Christ we are not under the
           authority of sin, although sin will take jabs at
           us. But it will never have mastery over us (Rom.
           8:31–39). Fight us, yes, but not defeat us. We
           will lose a battle or two, yes, but not the war.
6.   Deliverance Continues
     1.    He who delivered us and transferred us told us
           to pray for and expect continued deliverance.
     2.    From whom or what are we delivered?
           (1)      From the devil (Matt. 6:13; Luke 11:4) and
                    any work emanating from him (2 Tim. 4:18).
           (2)      From temptation (2 Pet. 2:9).
           (3)      From the propensities of our dying and
                    corruptible body (Rom. 7:24; 2 Cor. 1:10).
           (4)      From our enemies (Luke 1:74)
           (5)      from evil people (Rom. 15:31; 2 Thess.
                    3:2).
           (6)      From depression and defeat in suffering (2
                    Pet. 2:7).
           (7)      From the mouth of a lion (2 Tim. 4:17),
                    that is, impossible and overwhelming
                    situations.


                                                   Page 18 of   81
                   (8)     From persecutions of all kinds (2 Tim.
                           3:11).
                   (9)     From the coming wrath of God which is the
                           Tribulation period (1 Thess. 1:10).


6.   Redemption    :14
     1.    In whom we have our redemption, the forgiveness of our
           sins (Ephesians 1:7; Galatians 3:10-13; Romans 3:19-
           26;                            2 Corinthians 5:18-21; 1
           Peter. 3:18, 19).
     2.    redemption
           1.      a releasing effected by payment of ransom
           2.      deliverance
           3.      liberation procured by the payment of a ransom
     3.    This verse is the complement of :13: there salvation
           appears as a rescue by sovereign power, here as a
           release by legal ransom
           1.      The ransom price Christ had declared: redemption
                   comes through His blood        :14   (Matthew 20:28; 26:28;
                   Romans 3:24-26; Galatians 2:20; 1 Timothy 2:6; Hebrews
                   9:12-14; 1 Peter 1:18).
           2.      The object of redemption: The “redemption of the
                   body”    Romans 3:24    (also bought by the same price, 1
                   Corinthians 6:20)
     4.    The present experience of redemption:“the forgiveness
           of our sins “(vers. 21, 22; Colossians 2:13, 14; 3:13;
           2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 4:25; 5:1; 8:1;              Titus
           2:14;    Hebrews 9:14; 10:1-18;                   1 Peter. 2:24;
            1 John 1:7-2:2; 4:10).
     5.    Paul intends to contradict the doctrine of redemption
           taught by the Gnostics, who made it consist in
           initiation into their “mysteries”
7.   Who is Image of God the invisible         1:15
     1.    Image: same likeness of the Invisible God             (Colossians


                                                              Page 19 of    81
           2:9; Philippians 2:6; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Hebrews 1:1-3; 11:27;
           John 1:1-3, 18; 5:37, 38; 1 Timothy 1:17; Exodus 33:20; Job 23. 8,
           9).
     2.    “The image — no imitation, but the very archetypal
           representation itself” (Philo ‘On Dreams,’ 1. § 40).
     3.    This was not the first time Paul had conferred this title on Christ
           in 2 Corinthians 4:4.
     4.    The title “Image of God:” is put upon him as
           representing the invisible God in all that pertains to
           nature and creation.




     5.    The Gnostic error rested on a philosophical dualism.
           1.        It assumed an absolute separation between the
                   infinite God and the finite, material world
           2.      the materials world was viewed as the work of
                   lower created beings
           3.      therefore, the apostle’s argument must go down
                   to the foundation of things, and seeks for a
                   true conception of the universe on which to
                   ground itself.
     6.    A distinction is emphatically expressed between Christ
           and all things of creation in the following two
           verses.
8.   The eternality of Christ - everything is made by and for
     Jesus :16
     1.    For in him were created all things (ver. 17; John 1:3
           - 4).
           1.      “in,” and not “by,”
           2.      “He is the Source of its life, the Center of all
                   its developments, the Mainspring of all its
                   motions”
           3.      He holds all things together by His word Heb.
                   1;3


                                                             Page 20 of     81
            4.     The breadth of understanding the “all things”
                   comes out more clearly when to the distinction
                   of sphere is added that of nature — the things
                   visible [material] and the things invisible
                   [material and spiritual] (Colossians 2:18; 2
                   Corinthians 4:18; Romans 1:20; Hebrews 11:3)
                   (1)     invisible beings whose power might be
                          most readily supposed to come into
                          comparison with that of the Son by the
                          Gnostics
                   (2)    whether thrones, or lordships, or
                          principalities, or      dominions (Colossians
                          2:10, 15, 18, 19; Ephesians 1:21; 3:10;
                          4:10; 6:12;     Romans 8:38; 1 Cor. 15:24;
                          Hebrews 2:5; Revelation 4:4).
9.    A further refutation of Gnosticism :17
      1.    Christ could not have been created
      2.    thus the chain of spiritual being creating each other,
            each further removed from holiness is false
      3.    And he is before all things (John 1:1; 8:58; 17:5;
            Revelation 3:14; Proverbs 8:22-31).


            1.     This emphatic “he” is used in every clause and
                   in every possible grammatical form; thus,           in
                   the very grammar of the sentence Christ must be
                   “all in all.”
10.   Christ: The Head of the Church       1:18
      1.    The words, And he is the Head of the body, the Church
            identify the mediatorial Lord of creation (vers.
            15-17) with the redeeming Head of the Church
            (Colossians 2:10, 19; <490122>Ephesians 1:22, 23; 3:8-10; 4:15,
            16; Hebrews 1:3; John 15:1-6)
      2.    The Pauline doctrine of the Church as the body of
            Christ is developed in Colossians and Ephesians,


                                                            Page 21 of        81
            especially in the later Epistle, where it receives its
            fruitful application.
      3.    He is the head who is the Beginning (Revelation 3:14;
            21:6; 22:13; Acts 3:15; 5:31; Hebrews 2:10; 12:2).
      4.    His body, the Church, begins in him, dating and
            deriving from him its “all in all” (Colossians 3:11,
            4; 1 John 5:12; Revelation 21:5;             2 Corinthians
            5:17).
      5.     As Firstborn out of the dead Christ becomes the
            source, of a new humanity, a new creation (2
            Corinthians 4:14 and Romans 8:21).
11.   The Fullness found in Christ :18
      1.    fullness = fullness of the Godhead 1:19
      2.    For in him he was pleased that all the fulness should
            dwell (Colossians 2:9; Ephesians 1:10; John 1:14, 16;
            Acts 2:36; Hebrews 7:25;        Matthew 28:18).
      3.    The creative work of the Son explains and justifies
            his supremacy over the natural universe
      4.    The reconciling work of the Son accounts for his
            lordship over the Church, as it establishes his
            “preeminence in all things.”
12.   What Is Reconciliation?       Colossians 1:20
      1.    The Meaning of Reconciliation
            1.       In English, the verb means to conciliate, to
                     unite again, to bring back into harmony. It does
                     not necessarily imply change in the character of
                     either or both parties. Neither may acknowledge
                     fault, but rather choose to simply tolerate each
                     other.


            2.       In Greek, however, there are three words used to
                     differentiate the various changes which may
                     occur.
                     (1)      First, there is the verb    dialla,ssw, used


                                                             Page 22 of   81
      in Matthew 5:24, where we are told to reconcile
      ourselves to someone who has something against
      us. Usually in such a case there is fault on both
      sides, but the offending party must take the
      initiative to restore the relationship. dialla,ssw
      is derived from the preposition dia, through, and
      alla,ssw, to change. Thus, there is a definite
      change which must take place in either one or both
      of the parties before they can be reconciled.
(2)   Next, the verb katalla,ssw is used to show
      the reconciliation which takes place between God
      and man (Rom. 5:10; 2 Cor. 5:18–20).
      (1)      In this case, the reason for the
             estrangement is clearly man’s
             disobedience and fall in Adam (Rom.
             5:12–14).
      (2)    In order to be restored, man must
             acknowledge his sin and believe that
             through Christ’s death he can be
             reconciled to God (Acts 2:38; 2 Cor.
             5:18).
      (3)    The verb, meaning completely, and to
             change. Jesus describes this
             complete change as being “born
             again” (John 3:3) and Paul as
             becoming “a new creature” (2 Cor.
             5:17).
      (4)    Only by such a conversion can man
             once again become acceptable to God
             (Rom. 5:1).
(3)   A third word,     avpokatalla,ssw, is also
      used in Scripture to describe man’s complete
      restoration to his former position before the fall
      (Eph. 2:16; Col. 1:20, 21).


                                          Page 23 of       81
                        (1)      Unfortunately, this verb is
                                 translated by the same English word
                                 as katallaŒssoμ, reconcile.
                        (2)      The additional preposition apoŒ,
                                 however, means that the
                                 reconciliation is carried a step
                                 further from friendship with God to
                                 a reinstatement as sons (Rom. 8:15–
                                 17).
      2.    Believers Are Thus Restored in a State of Privilege
            1.    The intimacy of our renewed relationship with
                  Christ is indicated by the metaphor of the body
                  (Eph. 2:16; 1 Cor. 12:1ff.).
                  (1)   Christ is described as the head, and we as
                        members of His body (Eph. 1:22; 4:15;
                        5:23).
                  (2)   Our status, however, is a tremendous
                        responsibility as well as a privilege.
                  (3)   When any other member hurts, we must also
                        hurt (1 Cor. 12:26), and we are commanded
                        to “Bear ye one another’s burdens, and so
                        fulfill the law of Christ” (Gal. 6:2).
            2.    The day is coming when Christ will restore
                  everything to Himself including the creation
                  (Col. 1:20; Rom. 8:19–23) and even our mortal
                  bodies (1 Cor. 15:52).
13.   How You Can Become a Friend of God: Colossians 1:21–29
      1.    Recognize that man alienated himself from God 1:21
            1.    God created man to have fellowship with Him. It
                  was a Father-to-child relationship. Man was
                  meant to be a friend of God as long as he obeyed
                  God and adopted God’s purposes for himself.


                                                       Page 24 of   81
2.   God never meant for man, whom He created, to be
     in want.
     (1)   He put him in a garden of paradise.
     (2)   He had every tree from which to eat and be
           filled.
     (3)   But to test man’s obedience God forbade
           him to eat of just one tree. It was not
           because the tree in itself was evil. It
           was simply a test of obedience.


3.   Man voluntarily disobeyed God. He thought he was
     going to be self-sufficient. In their
     disobedience Adam and Eve “hid themselves from
     the presence of the Lord God” (Gen. 3:8). They
     were guilty and they knew it.
4.   What was God to do? 1:21
     (1)   He had to punish man as He had forewarned,
           otherwise He would prove Himself untrue.
     (2)   Therefore death, first spiritual and then
           physical (Gen. 3:3), and all the conjoined
           suffering were absolutely necessary if
           God’s Word were to stand true (Gen. 3:16–
           19).
     (3)   God being holy cannot have fellowship with
           disobedient, corrupt man. Man, therefore,
           is recognized by God for what he is, “an
           enemy of God” (Rom. 5:10; Col. 1:21).
5.   God made manifest His wrath toward man.
     (1)   This is not mere anger, a feeling of
           desperation, an outburst of punitive
           judgment.
     (2)   His wrath, is a different word which in
           this dispensation of grace has a
           redemptive element in it. God is angry and


                                       Page 25 of     81
                 grieves at the same time, knowing what man
                 misses by having disobeyed Him. This is
                 the reason He has taken the initiative to
                 provide a way for His righteous wrath to
                 be satisfied and at the same time for man
                 to regain his lost friendship and
                 fellowship with God.
     6.    The removal of wrath by the offering of a gift
           is called propitiation (Rom. 3:25; 1 John 2:2;
           4:10). The Greek verb is translated “be
           merciful” in Luke 18:13 and “make
           reconciliation” in Hebrews 2:17. The gift
           offered is Jesus Christ.




2.   God Did Not Choose Man’s Alienation
     1.    This alienation was due to man’s disobedience.
           (1)   Paul, writing to the believers of Colosse,
                 said: “And you that were sometime
                 alienated and enemies in your mind  ”
           (2)   The verb alienated is the perfect
                 participle, which points to the fact that
                 this was the condition of the believer
                 before accepting Christ, but the emphasis
                 is on the present state being different.
                 It is middle voice, thus man estranged
                 himself, and God honored man’s will to
                 stay away from Him.
           (3)   Then we can say that man was indeed
                 estranged by God. The only two other
                 instances of the verb are in the same form
                 with a middle and passive meaning (Eph.


                                               Page 26 of   81
                 2:12; 4:18).
     2.    Man’s alienation is from God.
           (1)   That is indicated by the preposition
                 “from” attached to the Greek word meaning
                 belonging to another which is the opposite
                 of one’s own.
           (2)   When man departed from God, he lost
                 possession of himself. He became someone
                 else’s and that someone is Satan (John
                 8:44).
3.   Wrong Mind-set Toward God
     1.    Man’s disobedience toward God started in man’s
           mind. Paul says, “enemies in your mind.” That
           word “mind” is not the seat of reflective
           consciousness here, but the thinking it through.
           It is moral reflection.
     2.    Man tried to conclude why God forbade him to do
           a certain thing. He took the Devil’s suggestion:
           “For God doth know that in the day ye eat
           thereof, then your eyes shall be opened and ye
           shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.” And
           man figured it through his mind and said, “Why
           not, let us try it!” That was it.
     3.    It is dangerous and disastrous to try to
           rationalize and prove that God may be wrong in
           what He commands.
4.   A Rationalistic Mind-set Leads to Evil Works     1:21
     1.    Paul could have omitted “by wicked works” (v.
           21) and man’s fall would still have been
           sufficient to alienate him from God and make him
           His enemy. Christ taught that sin is not only
           the physical act but includes the disposition of
           the mind and heart (Matt. 5:22, 28).
     2.    Evil works are not products of chance. They


                                               Page 27 of    81
           start in man’s mind. But when they are
           externalized, then the evil affects others
           besides self. Anger leads to murder (Matt. 5:21,
           22), and lust leads to divorcing one’s wife and
           engaging in adultery.
     3.    As the mind is responsible for sin, so we can
           deduce that it is also a prerequisite in the
           exercise of faith. People who are deprived of
           the ability to think, and children before they
           are able to do so, may hardly be responsible in
           the matter of their consciousness of the need of
           their reconciliation to God.
5.   Yet Now Christ Reconciled Us    1:21
     1.    There is a contrast provided by “now”, and “yet”
           (understood also as “but”).
     2.    Christ did it all. He reconciled us. The word is
           the aorist indicative active meaning:
           (1)    Christ accomplished it without our aid. It
                  is a historical fact.
           (2)    Man’s part is accepting what Christ did as
                  the means of bringing peace between him
                  and God. He has “made peace” (v. 20). It
                  is faith (John 1:12; 3:16; Col. 1:2, 23;
                  2:5, 7, 12).
     3.    Three words in the New Testament indicate this
           work of Christ’s reconciliation of sinful man to
           God:
           (1)    The noun meaning reconciliation (Rom.
                  5:11, is also translated atonement; 11:15,
                  reconciling; 2 Cor. 5:18, 19,
                  reconciliation).




           (2)    It is the act when the offended one (God)


                                              Page 28 of     81
      does whatever He deems necessary to
      restore His fellowship with the offender.
      In this instance, God sent His Son to pay
      the penalty of the offense: death and the
      shedding of His blood to satisfy His
      justice and change the sinner to a saint
      (Col. 1:2, 3, 12, 22, 26; 3:12).
(3)   Actually the word is made of an intensive
      preposition with the noun meaning in
      accordance with change. It is a thorough
      change which Christ brings into the life
      of the sinner as a result of what He did
      through His bodily death (v. 22).
      Reconciliation means declaring us
      guiltless before God as a legal
      transaction, but also changing us
      thoroughly and completely, converting us.
(4)   The verb is consistently translated “to
      reconcile” (Rom. 5:10; 1 Cor. 7:11; 2 Cor.
      5:18–20).
(5)   The third word is the verb        apokatalassoμ
      with the additional preposition apo, from.
      (1)    This has the sense of not merely
             reconciling the sinner to God but
             also of detaching him from Satan, to
             whom the sinner had given himself.
      (2)    This is the precise answer to man’s
             loss of control over himself; when
             he transgressed against God he
             became Satan’s.
      (3)    Now by accepting what Christ did for
             him, he is detached from Satan and
             he is Christ’s.
             1)      Man in his sinful condition
                    is dead (Eph. 2:1).

                                        Page 29 of      81
                                2)      He cannot have two masters
                                        (Matt. 6:24; Luke 16:13).
                                3)      But once Satan loses somebody,
                                        he will never give up going
                                        after him.


                         (4)       That battle is evident in the book
                                of Romans chapters 6 and 7.
                                1)          This verb is found only in
                                        Colossians 1:20, 21 and
                                        Ephesians 2:16 which reads:
                                        “And that He [Christ] might
                                        reconcile both unto God in one
                                        body by the cross having slain
                                        the enmity thereby  ” (that
                                        is the blow against Satan and
                                        the sinful nature he instilled
                                        in man through the fall).
                                2)      When therefore we are in
                                        Christ we are no more
                                        another’s     (Satan’s).
      6.    The reason why we are reconciled
            1.    to be presented holy
            2.    to be presented unblameable
            3.    to be presented unreprovable
            4.    Greatest of all, we will truly become saints,
                  spotless, “unblameable and unreproveable in His
                  sight” (Col. 1:22).
            5.    NOTE: without blame dispels the teaching of 1,007 years
                  of tears and shame. The Bible declares that weeping,
                  tears, and death taken at the same time Rev.21:2-7
14.   Paul's Preaching   1:23-29
      1.    The Perseverance of the Saints :23
            1.    “if” is the Greek word         ei;ge meaning indeed,
                  inasmuch, as, and since
                                                           Page 30 of    81
           (1)    condition - (IF) you continue in the faith
           (2)    (then) you are grounded and settled
           (3)    therefore if you do not continue, then you
                  have not been reconciled
     2.    the finite verb is located in verse 21 "reconciled"
           Heb.3:6,14
2.   The conclusion to vs.23 is actually located in :21
     1.    (THEN) he has now reconciled you
     2.    already reconciled therefore you have already
           continued
     3.    negative = IF you do not continue, then He has
           not reconciled you
     4.    note: this shows the perseverance of the saints.
           I will continue to believe the gospel
     5.    hope of the gospel
     6.    call to the ministry
     7.    Since indeed you are continuing in the faith,
           grounded and settled (Colossians 2:6, 7;
           Ephesians 3:18; 6:10-17; Philippians 1:27; 1
           Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; 1
           Corinthians 15:2, 58; Galatians 1:6; 5:1).
           (1)    All that Christ has done and will do for
                  the believer is based upon the faith in
                  which they will continue.
           (2)    “The faith,” as regularly in the New
                  Testament, is the act and exercise of
                  faith (subjective), not the content or
                  matter of faith (objective).
     8.    “Grounded” is a perfect passive participle, and
           implies a fixed condition.
           (1)    this idea is coupled with the word
                  “rooted” Ephesians 3:18;         1 Corinthians
                  3:10-12; 2 Timothy 2:19.
           (2)    it means literally provide with a
                  foundation, found, lay the foundation of

                                                      Page 31 of   81
                 (MT 7.25)
           (3)   its meaning figuratively is providing a
                 firm basis for belief or practice
                 establish, strengthen, settle, cause to be
                 firm and unwavering (1P 5.10)
     9.    “be not moved away from the hope of the gospel”
           (1)   Moved meaning shifted, removed;
                 figuratively and passive, as being led to
                 give up one's confidence in something be
                 moved away from, be shifted away, be
                 pushed from (CO 1.23)
           (2)   the passive tense is indicating an outside
                 influence trying to move one away before
                 the believer becomes grounded.




           (3)   the “hope” is the expectation given to the
                 believer by the Gospel (the expectation
                 that what Christ said He will perform.
           (4)   The words, and not being moved away (or,
                 letting yourselves be moved away), from:
                 (1)    that which is its peculiar property
                       and glory, the crown of Christ’s
                       redeeming work (ver. 22)
                 (2)   the end of his servant’s labors
                       (ver. 28), for which, by
                       anticipation, he already gives
                       thanks (ver. 5). but which was
                       directly threatened and brought in
                       question by Colossian error
           (5)   “Preached” is literally” heralded,”
                 “loudly and officially announced;”
3.   Paul’s view of suffering   :24
     1.    “Rejoice in my sufferings for you” Paul always
           considered his persecutions as arising from this

                                             Page 32 of     81
            simple circumstance: his asserting that God had
            chosen the Gentiles, and called them to enjoy
            the very same privileges with the Jews, and to
            constitute one Church with them.
     2.     Paul’s sufferings were not for the Colossians
            alone, but he regarded himself as suffering on
            account of his labors in preaching to the
            heathen at large.
     3.     His trials at Rome had come upon him because he
            had maintained that the wall of partition
            between Jews and Gentiles was broken down, and
            that the gospel was to be preached
            indiscriminately to all mankind
     4.     “That which is behind of the sufferings of
            Christ” is that which remains to be suffered by
            his members. The sufferings of Christ refer to
            the afflictions; such as are common to all good
            men who bear a testimony against the ways and
            fashions of a wicked world
4.   Of which I became a minister         Ver. 25.   (2 Corinthians 4:5;
     6:3-10; 11:28, 29; 1 Thessalonians 2:1-12; Acts 20:28; 1 Peter
     5:1-4).
     1.     minister comes from the Greek word for “deacon”
            meaning a servant (an example of the Biblical
            definition and expectation of the office of
            deacon)
     2.     His sufferings are, therefore, matter of duty,
            as well as of joy.
     3.     As the Church’s minister, he is bound to toil
            and to suffer in whatever way her welfare
            requires.
     4.     According to the dispensation [stewardship] of
            God, that was given me to you-ward (Ephesians
            3:1-13; 1 Corinthians 4:1-4; 9:17; 1 Timothy
            1:4; 1 Peter 4:10).

                                                      Page 33 of     81
           (1)   a dispensation (“economy”) is first
                 “house- management,” then “administration”
           (2)   generally the (“house-steward”) was a
                 confidential upper servant, frequently a
                 slave, who controlled the general
                 arrangements of a large establishment, and
                 was responsible immediately to the master.
           (3)   Such an office the apostle holds, along
                 with others (1 Corinthians 4:1), in the
                 Church, “the house of God” (Ephesians
                 2:19- 22; 1 Tim. 3:15; 2 Tim. 2:20
           (4)   The dispensation given to Paul was the
                 founding of the basic doctrine of the
                 Gentile Church
     5.    to fulfil the word of God
                 (1)   fulfil - to carry into effect
                 (2)   bring to realization
                 (3)   of matters of duty, to perform or
                       execute
           (2)   The subject of this preaching
5.   The Topic of Paul’s Preaching :26-27
     1.    to teach to the Gentiles
     2.    The mystery which hath been hidden away from the
           ages and from the generations (Ephesians 2:2, 3;
           3:5, 9; Romans 16:25, 26; 11:25, 26, 33).
           (1)   The word “mystery” plays a large part in
                 Colossians and Ephesians.
           (2)   It occurs in 1 Corinthians, and twice in
                 the Roman Epistle, written from Corinth.
           (3)   Its use in Romans 16:25 is identical with
                 that of this usage
           (4)   the gospel was “a mystery,” as that which
                 is “hidden from the natural understanding
                 and from the previous searching of men” (1
                 Corinthians 2:6-16).

                                              Page 34 of    81
     (5)   Is made manifest or “revealed” (Ephesians
           3:5;         1 Corinthians 2:10)
           (1)    indicates a process,
           (2)    “make manifest” points to the result
                  of this Divine act (Romans 16:25,
                  26:
           (3)    Three Mysteries Found in Colossians
                  1)     both Jew and Gentile can both
                         be saved    4:3
                  2)     the indwelling Christ   Col.
                         1:27
                  3)     The incarnation of Christ
                         2:2, 2:9
3.   Ver. 27. — To whom God willed to make known what
     is the riches of the glory of this mystery
     amongst the Gentiles       1:27 (Ephesians 3:5-10;
     Acts 11:17, 18; Romans 11:11, 12, 25-32;
     15:9-12).
4.   “Willed” stands emphatically first in the Greek.
     (1)   The revelation was so momentous in its
           issue, so signal in its method, and so
           contrary to human foresight and prejudice,
           that it proceeded evidently from” the will
           of God” (vers. 1, 9; Colossians 4:12)
     (2)   “The glory of this mystery” is the
           splendor with which it invests the Divine
           character (Ephesians 1:18; 3:16;
           Philippians 4:19; <450923>Romans 9:23).
     (3)   Amongst the Gentiles: “defining the sphere
           in which the riches of the glory is more
           specially evinced”.
           (1)    the mystery is defined as Christ in
                  you (Colossians 2:2, 3; 1 Timothy
                  3:16; Ephesians 3:17; Galatians
                  2:20; 4:19; Romans 8:10).

                                           Page 35 of     81
                          1)      the “sinners of the Gentiles”
                                  receive an equal with the
                                  heirs of the promises (Acts
                                  11:17).
                          2)      this mystery of Christ in
                                  Colossian believers is made
                                  one with the hope of glory
                                  (vers. 5, 23;      3:4;)
                          3)      The rights of the Gentile
                                  believer in Christ are
                                  therefore complete (Eph.3:6).
6.   We preach Christ: :28-29
     1.     the purpose of preaching
            (1)    to warn
            (2)    to teach
     2.     the goal of preaching
            (1)    that we may present every man perfect in Christ
                   Jesus:
            (2)    thus the minister should be seeking to
                   complete the knowledge of those over whom
                   God gave him charge.
     3.     Proper preaching is work :29
            (1)    Kopiw~, to labour to weariness,
                   (1)    often used of manual labor,
                   (2)    this word is a      favorite word of Paul
                              (1 Cor. 4:12; 2 Corinthians 11:27;
                              1 Thessalonians 2:9)
            (2)    Paul often used this word to describe his ministry
                   (Colossians 2:1; 4:12, 13;1 Corinthians 15:10;
                   Galatians 4:11; Philippians 2:16; 1 Timothy 4:10;
                   Acts 20:35)..
                   (1)    The figurative use of “striving” is
                          agonizing
                   (2)      “contending in the arena”) is only Pauline
                          in the New Testament:
                                                      Page 36 of     81
                                (3)    this word does not distinguish inward from
                                       outward striving.
                                (4)    Paul’s physical     sufferings mentioned in
                                       1:21
                                (5)    his mental anxiety (Colossians        2:1)
                                (6)    “Striving” implies opponents against whom
                                       he contends (Ephesians 6:12; 2 Thess 3:2;
                                       2 Corinthians 11:26);
                                (7)    “toiling hard,” the painful efforts he has to
                                       make.



7.   Danger and Perversion     Chapter 2
     1.    The Apostle’s Concern for the Colossian Church.              Vers. 1-5.
           1.    So far the contents of the letter have been of a
                 general and preparatory character. Now Paul began to
                 indicate the special purpose he has in view by
                 declaring, in connection with his concern for the
                 welfare of the Gentile Churches at large (Colossians
                 1:24-29), the deep anxiety which he presently felt
                 respecting the Colossian and neighboring Churches.
           2.    Ver. 1     For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for
                 you, and for them at Laodicea (Colossians 4:12, 13; 2 Cor. 11:28-
                 29; Romans 1:9-13; <500108>Philippians 1:8, 25-30;          1
                 Thess. 2:17,18; Galatians 4:20).
                 1.       The apostle has dwelt at such length and so
                          earnestly upon his own position and
                          responsibilities (1:24-29), that the Colossians
                          may feel how real and strong his interest in
                          their welfare was, though personally strangers
                          to him (see next clause).
                 2.       His solicitude for them is in keeping with the
                          toil and strife of his whole ministry. “I would
                          have you know;” a familiar Pauline phrase (1
                          Corinthians 11:3; Philippians 1:12; Romans 1:13,

                                                                   Page 37 of     81
            ).
            (1)    (“how great’) has, perhaps, a slightly
                   exclamatory force, the energy and
                   abruptness of language characterizing the
                   inward wrestling which the Colossian
                   difficulty occasioned in Paul’s mind.
            (2)    The danger which had come to a head in
                   Colosse was doubtless threatening its
                   neighbors.
            (3)    “I would” = I wish or a wishful desire
            (4)    Laodicea, is a neighboring town
3.   The object of his strife on their behalf is           “ That their
     hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love”, 2:2.
     1.     the opportunity is ti knit hearts together in
            Christian love
     2.     The mischief at work at Colosse was at once
            unsettling (vers. 6-7) and discouraging (2:18)
            in its effects,
     3.     The word “comfort” was a favorite word of Paul,
            and means “to address,” “exhort,” then more
            specially “to encourage,” “comfort,” (2
            Corinthians 1:4), “to beseech”(Ephesians 4:1; 2
            Corinthians 6:1), or “to instruct” (Titus 1:9).
     4.     The heart, in Biblical language, is not the seat
            of feeling only, but stands for the whole inner
            man, as the “vital centre” of his personality
            (see Back’s ‘Biblical Psychology:’)             (cf Mark
            7:19, 21; 1 Peter. 3:4; Romans 7:22; Ephesians
            3:16, 17).
     5.     While they are (literally, they having been)
            knit together in love, and unto all (the) riches
            of the full assurance of the understanding, to
            (or, into) acknowledgement        (full knowledge) of the
            mystery of God, (even) Christ 2:2 (2:19; Colossians 1:9;
            3:10, 14; 4:12; Ephesians 1:17, 18; 3:17-19; 4:2, 3, 15, 16;
                                                        Page 38 of         81
           Philippians 1:9; 2:2; 1 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Corinthians
           13:11).
           (1)       “The riches of the full assurance,” etc.,
                     and “the knowledge of the mystery” are the
                     counterpart of “the riches of the glory of
                     the mystery,” of 1:27; the fulness of
                     conviction and completeness of knowledge
                     attainable by the Christian correspond to
                     the full and satisfying character of the
                     revelation he receives in Christ
                     (Ephesians1:17-19).
           (2)       “Full assurance,” or “conviction” is a
                     word which denotes radically “a bringing
                     to full measure or maturity.”


           (3)       Combined with “understanding,” it denotes
                     the ripe, intelligent persuasion of one
                     who enters into the whole wealth of the
                     “truth as it is in Jesus”
           (4)       In this inward “assurance,” as in a
                     fortress, the Colossians were to entrench
                     themselves against the attacks of error
                     1:9
     6.    The object of this knowledge is the great
           manifested mystery of God, namely Christ
           (<510127>Colossians 1:27).
4.   In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and
     knowledge   2:3 (Ephesians 1:8, 9; 3:8; Romans 11:33; 1
     Corinthians 1:5, 6, 30; 2:7; 2 Corinthians 4:3).
     1.    “Whom” is a clear reference to Christ
     2.    In Christ, Paul found what false teachers sought
           elsewhere,
           (1)       a satisfaction for the intellect as well
                     as for the heart
           (2)       treasures of wisdom and knowledge to

                                                     Page 39 of      81
                          enrich the understanding,
                  (3)     unsearchable mysteries to exercise the
                          speculative reason.
           3.     In Christ, Paul understood the error that had
                  imprisoned him for so many years as a Pharisee.
2.   And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with
     enticing words 2:4
     1.    In this verse the apostle first definitely indicates
           the cause of his anxiety, and the Epistle begins to
           assume a tone of engaging in controversial debate.
     2.    This verse is, therefore, the prelude of the impending
           attack on the false teachers (:8-23).
     3.    This I say, that no one may be beguiling [deluding]
           you with enticing words [in persuasive speech] (:8,
           :18, :23; Ephesians 4:14; 1 Corinthians 2:1, 4,13; 1
           Timothy 6:20; Psalm 55:21).
           1.     to beguile is to trap or deceive
           2.     This was the danger which made a more adequate
                  comprehension of Christianity so necessary to
                  the Colossians (:2- 3).
           3.     This comprehensive knowledge was necessary to
                  ward off fallacies that were surfacing.
           4.     The new false teachers were fluent, meretricious
                  reasoners, and had a store of sophistical
                  arguments at command.
           5.     The tense of the verb indicates an apprehension
                  as to what may be now going on
           6.     Paul later revealed the doctrine underlying this
                  “persuasive speech.”
     4.    For though I be absent in the flesh, yet am I with you
           in the spirit, joying and beholding your order, and
           the stedfastness of your faith in Christ      2:5.   (1
           Thessalonians 2:17; 1 Corinthians 5:3, 4).
           1.     a watchful interest in these distant brethren
                  and a hearty acknowledgment of their Christian

                                                        Page 40 of   81
                 loyalty.
           2.    “Joying” [rejoicing] and beholding your order,
                 and the steadfastness of your faith in Christ
                 (Philippians 1:4-8, 27; 1 Corinthians 1:5-8; 1
                 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 1:4).
           3.    Note Paul does not say, “rejoicing in
                 beholding.” The consciousness of union with
                 brethren far away,       is itself a joy; and this
                 joy is heightened by what he sees through the
                 eyes of Epaphras (Colossians 1:4, 6-8)
           4.    “your order” are military terms, denoting the
                 “ordered array” and “solid front” of an army
                 prepared for battle (Lightfoot), or a “solid
                 basis”    [the figure of a building underlying] (Ephesians
                 6:11 ff; Philippians 1:27).
                 (1)      had a heresy there that was beginning to
                          effect the people
                 (2)      Christ appears as object of faith; in such
                          as Colossians 1:4 and 2:5.
                          (1)   He is its ground or substratum, that
                                in which it rests and dwells, into
                                which it roots itself.
                          (2)   He alone creates a steadfastness and
                                unmoveability
3.   Are You Alive and Walking in a Steady and Orderly Fashion?
     2:6
     1.    As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord,
           so walk ye in him     2:6
           1.    Only Those Who Received Christ Have Life
                 (1)      Man in his sinful condition is dead (Eph.
                          2:1). He cannot walk.
                 (2)      He is Satan’s, having obeyed him (John
                          8:44). He is estranged from God (Rom.
                          5:10; Col. 1:21).
                 (3)      Man becomes alive unto God by receiving

                                                           Page 41 of         81
      Christ (John 1:12; 3:16; Acts 16:31).
      Receiving Him is believing on His name;
      that He is the incarnate God (Col. 2:9)
      who became man to die for us (Col. 1:22).
(4)   The verb which is translated “ye received”
      is not the basic verb meaning to “receive,
      take,” but the compound form denoting
      source and nearness.
      (1)   it means to receive, from or to a
            short distance from the person or
            thing to be received (1 Cor. 11:23).
      (2)   In Colossians 2:6 as well as in
            Matthew 1:20; 2:13 where reference
            is to Joseph receiving his wife,
            Mary, and the baby, Jesus, it
            involves tenderness and
            responsibility.
      (3)   Even in the case of the devil taking
            Jesus to tempt Him, we can
            understand a deceptive gentleness in
            order to make Him believe he was
            Jesus’ friend who would help Him to
            bypass suffering
      (4)   The idea in the verb in Colossians
            2:6 is:
            1)    You received Jesus Christ from
                  God after you came near Jesus,
                  felt His heartbeat and closely
                  observed His life, His words,
                  His death, and His
                  resurrection.
            2)    Interestingly, that is the
                  verb used in 1 Corinthians
                  15:1, 3, where Paul speaks of
                  the Gospel which he received

                                  Page 42 of     81
     2.    The gospel of Christ comes from God. He brings
           God to us and whatever God had for us He
           delivered them to us through Jesus becoming
           Emmanuel, God with or near us (Matt. 11:27;
           20:23; John 5:36; 8:16, 18).
     3.    “Received”, being in the active voice, involves
           an act of the human will.
           (1)   Christ or the Gospel is not stamped upon
                 us whether we want it or not.
           (2)   It is only by our receiving what God
                 offers in Christ that we are born again,
                 that we become saints (Col. 1:2).
     4.    “Received”, being in the aorist tense, indicates
           that once faith was exercised by these
           believers, Christ became theirs and they became
           Christ’s. It is an accomplished event one time.
           (1)   I place myself by faith in Christ, and
                 then no one can snatch me out of His hands
                 (John 10:28).
           (2)   If my faith is a pretension or a mere
                 mental assent, He is the first one to know
                 it and He will not include me in Him or
                 baptize me into His body        (1 Cor.
                 12:13) or seal me with His Holy Spirit.
           (3)   Paul wrote    “  in whom [Christ] when you
                 believed [this is a genuine faith as
                 ascertained by the Holy Spirit] you were
                 “sealed”     [aorist tense, once-and-for-all]
                 with the Holy Spirit of promise.”
                 Ephesians 1:13
2.   The Full Title of Christ Jesus the Lord Is Used       2:6
     1.    Christ means the anointed one, the Messiah.
           (1)   There are two elements in the Messiah.
                 (1)   First, His priesthood, involved in
                       His becoming our Savior through His

                                                Page 43 of       81
                       death (Heb. 2:17; 3:1; 4:14, 15;
                       5:5; 6:20; 7:26–28; 8:1, 3; 9:7, 11,
                       25; 10:11).
              (2)      Second, His Kingship.


              (3)      He announced that through His
                       Saviorhood, He would be King within
                       man’s heart (Luke 17:21). Later at
                       the consummation of the age, it
                       would come with visibility (Luke
                       17:20–37; Matt. 25:31–46).
              (4)      He had to be Priest-Savior first,
                       and King-Ruler second. But the cross
                       had to precede the Kingship.
     (2)      Christ is the first preeminent name of
              this unique Personality. He came down from
              heaven (John 3:13).
2.   Jesus was His human name, that which related Him
     to us.
     (1)      It is of like meaning to the Hebrew common
              name of Joshua.
     (2)      It was the name of the successor to Moses.
     (3)      When he was to become the leader, his name
              was changed from Hoshea to Joshua. The
              name Yahweh, Jehovah, was added to it so
              that Hoshea, salvation, became Joshua, the
              salvation of the Lord. The Greek
              transliteration of Joshua is “Jesus.”
     (4)      When Jesus was born, that was His heavenly
              ascribed name (Matt. 1:21). He became man
              to sacrifice Himself for us to bring us to
              God the Father, from whom He descended.
3.   The “Lord” is His supreme Name.
     (1)      It speaks of His being the Creator (Col.
              1:16),

                                               Page 44 of   81
                 (2)   the Sustainer of all things (Col. 1:17);
                 (3)   the purpose and fulfillment of all
                       creation (Col. 1:16),
                 (4)   the Head of His church (Col. 1:18).
     3.    His Relationship to Us 2:6
           1.    He is our Savior-Priest.
                 (1)   He intercedes for us, having redeemed us
                       (1 Tim. 2:5; Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24).
                 (2)   For this relationship He deserves our
                       faith.
           2.    He is our Brother. For this relationship He
                 deserves our love.
           3.    He is our Lord. For this relationship He
                 deserves our worship and obedience.
     4.    Our Responsibility to Walk in Him 2:6
           1.    Walking involves activity: It is a command in
                 view of the misunderstanding that the Christian
                 life may be conceived as inactivity.
           2.    The Christian is a heavenly being living in the
                 world of reality. It is not being so heavenly
                 that one is of no earthly good.
           3.    A Christian is one who by God’s grace keeps
                 heaven and earth in balance: He brings heaven to
                 earth and leads earth to heaven.
           4.    Walking involves direction and goal. It is not
                 going in circles.
4.   Are you “Rooted, Built up, and Stablished in the faith? 2:7
     1.    Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the
           faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with
           thanksgiving. Colossians 2:7
     2.    Rooted and builded up in him (Colossians 1:23; 2:5;
           Ephesians 2:20, 21; 3:18; 4:16; 1 Corinthians 3:9-12;
           Jude 1:20; Luke 6:47, 48).
           1.    “Rooted” is perfect participle, in, plying an
                 abiding fact (“fast rooted”);

                                                    Page 45 of    81
           2.    “builded up” (literally, upon or unto) is in the
                 present tense of a continued process, also
                 implying growth and gain (Colossians 1:6, 10;
                 2:19).
           3.     The ideas of planting and building are
                 similarly combined in 1 Corinthians 3:9;
                 Ephesians 3:18; and rooted is a figure applied
                 to buildings in ether Greek writers (Lightfoot).
     3.    “Christ is the ground for the roots below, and the
           foundation for the building above”
     4.    stablished in (or, by) your faith, according as ye
           were taught (Colossians 1:5-7, 23; 1 Corinthians
           1:6-8; 1 Thessalonians 3:2; 4:1; 2 Thessalonians
           2:13-15; 1 Peter 5:9, 10).
           1.     “Stablished” (being kept firm)
           2.    present tense, meaning distinguished, made
                 stable, fixed firmly.
     5.     as ye have been taught
           1.    Paul refers to the doctrine he had previously
                 set
           2.    the idea of taught implies an application by the
                 listeners
           3.    once taught, the expectation is to follow the
                 instruction
     6.    abounding therein with thanksgiving
           1.    abounding in the doctrine
           2.    abounding upon the foundation set
           3.    thanksgiving for the rooting, grounding, and
                 stablishing work of Christ
           4.    believers need to have a spirit gratitude         toward
                 the willingness of God to reveal Himself through His
                 word
5.    The Christian’s Completeness in Christ. 2:8-15.
     1.    The apostle has first defined his own doctrinal
           position in the theological deliverance of Colossians

                                                        Page 46 of    81
     1:15-20, and has then skillfully brought himself into
     suitable personal relations with his readers by the
     statements and appeals of Colossians 1:23-2:7. And
     now, after a general indication in 2:4 of the
     direction in which he is about to strike, he unmasks
     the battery he has been all the while preparing, and
     delivers his attack on the Colossian error, occupying
     the rest of this second chapter,
2.   Paul Denounces Erroneous Doctrine:
     1.    its false philosophy of religion (vers. 8-15);
     2.    its arbitrary and obsolete ceremonialism (vers.
           16, 17);
     3.    its visionary angel worship (vers. 18, 19);
     4.    its ascetic rules (vers. 20-22; ver. 23)
     5.    reviewing the whole system in a brief
           characterization of its most prominent and
           dangerous features.
     6.    Paul in antagonism to the error declares the
           truth which is the practical application of the
           theological teaching of the first chapter.




3.   Worldly Philosophy Spoils 2:8
     1.    Beware lest any man spoil you {make a prey of you, seduce
           you, or lead you astray} through philosophy and vain
           deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the
           world, and not after Christ. Ephesians 4:14; 1 Timothy
           6:20; 1 Corinthians 2:1, 4; Galatians 1:7; Acts 20:30).
     2.    :8-9 - more things to stay away from or the
           result in verse 6 will also be effective here
     3.     “Beware;” literally, see (to it), a common form
           of warning
           (1)    The future indicative” shall be,” is used
                  and implies that what is feared is too
                  likely to prove what shall come to pass

                                                      Page 47 of      81
            (if things are left to themselves)
4.   “lest anyman spoil you”
     (1)    sulagwge,w
            (1)   literally carry off (as) booty or captive
            (2)   to rob;
            (3)   figuratively, of victimizing or
                  brainwashing someone with religious error
                  or false teaching
            (4)   to take control of spiritually,
            (5)   lead astray spiritually,
            (6)   prey on   someone spiritually
     (2)    Some one who makes you his spoil is an
            expression so distinct and individualizing
            that it appears to single out a definite,
            well known person.
     (3)    It is in harmony with the philosophical,
            Gnosticizing character of the Colossian
            heresy that it should rest on the
            authority of some single teacher, rather
            than on Scripture or tradition, as did the
            conservative legalistic Judaism.
     (4)    It indicates one of the main
            characteristics of these self proclaimed
            theologians was the selfish, partisan
            spirit, and the overbearing conduct.
     (5)    Against such men Paul had forewarned the
            Ephesian elders (Acts 20:29, 30).
5.   “And empty deceit” stands in a qualifying
     apposition to “philosophy:”indicating it was his
     own personal philosophy!
     (1)    “It is no better than a vain deceit.
     (2)    Deceit is not just fruitless, but it is
            actually which deceives by being a show of
            what it is not, a hollow pretense.
6.   “After the tradition of men, after the rudiments

                                            Page 48 of   81
     of the world, and not after Christ”. (vers. 17,
     20, 22; Galatians 1:11, 12; 4:3, 9; 1
     Corinthians 1:20, 21; 3:19-21; Matthew 15:2;
     Mark 7:8; 1 John 4:5; 1 Peter 1:18).
     (1)   This clause indicates the process of
           “making spoil” more than “deceit;”
     (2)   human authority and natural reasoning
           furnish the principles and the method
           which the false teacher uses to deceive.
     (3)   “Tradition’’ does not necessarily imply
           tried and true teaching (1 Corinthians
           11:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; 3:6);
     (4)   “of men” is the emphatic part of the
           phrase.
     (5)   Paul taught doctrine divinely given, thus
           in no comparison to the teachings of these
           men                       (Galatians 1:11-17; 1
           Corinthians 11:23;                          1
           Thessalonians 4:15: John 3:31-35; 8:23; 1
           Jn 4:5).
     (6)   “the rudiments of the world” are the crude
           beginnings of truth, the childishly faulty
           and imperfect religious conceptions
           developed by men in an effort to try to
           thwart God’s pure message (Galatians 4:3,
           9; Hebrews 5:12)
     (7)   These philosophies combated truth and were
           “not according to Christ,” for they made
           Him something less and lower than He is.
     (8)   All cults have as their base the
           dissolution of the deity of Christ


7.   Examples of this leading astray
     (1)   Ceremonialism      and Legalism which are opposed
           to grace 1:16-17
                                              Page 49 of       81
            (2)     Mysticism    2:18    worship of mystics
            (3)     Idolatry     2:8
            (4)     Asceticism     2:20-21    (Monks) live without
                           pleasures of mankind
            (5)     Gnosticism- the study of knowledge from the
                    human perspective and the worship of angels
     8.     How to answer these perversions
            (1)     Know who Jesus is        2:3, 9
            (2)     Know what he has done for you           2:13 -15
            (3)     Know Jesus nailed all sin to the cross
                    Col. 2:14
            (4)     Know who you are      2:10, 12
            (5)     Know what you are to do for him          2:6-7
4.   In Christ all the fullness of the Godhead is             2:9
     1.     For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the
            Godhead bodily.
     2.     The foundation for this statement is the
            previous thought (beware of false teachers)
     3.     One does not have to study false doctrine,
            because by knowing truth, all counterfeit is
            quickly revealed
     4.     This evidences the “God Man”.          Christ was 100%
            man, yet simultaneously 100% God.
     5.     This statement was in total opposition to the
            Gnostic mind-set
5.   “And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality
     and power:” Colossians 2:10
     1.     at salvation it would seem that we get some part
            of our knowledge restored that man lost at the
            fall
     2.     you ARE complete - not will be
            (1)     this is the perfect participle passive
            (2)     The Perfect Participle is used of
                    completed action.
            (3)     Like the Perfect Indicative it may have

                                                       Page 50 of      81
                  reference to the past action and the
                  resulting state or only to the resulting
                  state.
           (4)    the passive tense indicates an action
                  being done to the believer
     3.     A complete Christ makes complete Christians
           (Ephesians 1:3, 7-11, 23; 3:18, 19; 4:13; Philippians 4:19;
           Galatians 3:14, 24; 5:1, 4; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2:2).
     4.    This completeness includes the furnishing of men
           with all that is required for their present and
           final salvation as individuals (vers. 11-15;
           Colossians 1:21, 22, 28)
     5.    This completeness includes the furnishing          for a
           collective perfection as forming the Church, the body of
           Christ (2,19)
     6.    This is stated here as a twofold completeness
           (1)    Who is the Head of all principality and
                  dominion (vers. 15, 18; Colossians 1:16;
                  Ephesians 1:21; Philippians 2:10, 11; 1
                  Corinthians 15:24; Hebrews 1:6, 14; 1
                  Peter. 3:22).
           (2)    The Colossians were being taught to
                  supplement Christ’s offices by those of
                  angel powers
6.   The spiritual circumcision of the Gentiles             :11
     1.    In whom also ye are circumcised with the
           circumcision made without hands, in putting off
           the body of the sins of the flesh by the
           circumcision of Christ: Colossians 2:11
     2.    You have received that which was designed to be
           represented by circumcision--the putting away of
           sin.
     3.    With the circumcision made without hands.
           (1)    That made in the heart by the renunciation
                  of all sin.

                                                       Page 51 of        81
           (2)   The Jewish teachers insisted on the
                 necessity of the literal circumcision in
                 order to salvation and hence this subject
                 is so often introduced into the writings
                 of Paul.
           (3)   Circumcision was an ordinance by which it
                 was denoted that all sin was to be cut off
                 or renounced, and that he who was
                 circumcised was to be devoted to God and
                 to a holy life.




           (4)   What Christians had obtained, moreover,
                 related to the heart; it was not a mere
                 ordinance pertaining to the flesh.
                 (1)   Greek - Gentile
                 (2)   barbarian - uneducated foreigner
                 (3)   scythian - educated foreigner
                 (4)   Christ is all in all in these who
                       believe
           (5)   In putting off the body of the sins of the
                 flesh, that is, in renouncing the deeds of
                 the flesh, or becoming holy.
           (6)   Not by the fact that Christ was
                 circumcised, but that we have that
                 circumcision which Christ established (the
                 renouncing of sin).
           (7)   The idea is that since we have been
                 enabled by Christ to reject sin’s power,
                 and to devote ourselves to God, we should
                 not be persuaded by any inductive
                 argument, to return to a bondage as if it
                 were needful for salvation.
7.   Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen
     with him through the faith of the operation of God,

                                                Page 52 of   81
     who hath raised him from the dead.   Colossians 2:12
     1.    The meaning of Baptism
     2.    Pictures us being dead, buried, and raised again
           in Christ
     3.    Baptism symbolizes all that circumcision did,
           and more. It expresses more fully than the older
           sacrament our parting with the life of sin; and
           also that of which circumcision knew nothing —
           the union of the man with the dying and risen
           Christ, which makes him “dead unto sin, and
           alive unto God.” How needless, then, even if it
           were legitimate, for a Christian to return to
           this superseded rite!
     4.    The faith of the operation of God
           (1)   They were quickened, changed, and saved,
                 by means of faith in Christ Jesus; which
                 faith was produced by the operation or
                 energy of God.


           (2)   Believing is the act of the soul; but the
                 grace or power to believe comes from God
                 himself.
           (3)   By a firm belief on the agency of God in
                 raising him up; that is, a belief of the
                 fact that God has raised him from the
                 dead.
           (4)   The resurrection of Christ is often
                 represented as the foundation of all our
                 hopes; and, as he was raised from the
                 grave to die no more, so, in virtue of
                 that, we are raised from the death of sin
                 to eternal spiritual life.
           (5)   The belief of His resurrection is shown by
                 our baptism
8.   And you, being dead in your sins and the

                                                Page 53 of   81
uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened
together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was
against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out
of the way, nailing it to his cross;           And having
spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of
them openly, triumphing over them in it.             Colossians
2:13-15
1.    The condition in which we existed prior to the
      intervention of Christ:
      (1)    “being dead in your sins and the
             uncircumcision of your flesh”
      (2)    being dead indicated no hope of life
      (3)    they were “our sins” passed on and chosen
             by us after we understood them to be wrong
      (4)    “uncircumcision of your flesh”            shows the
             inability of the flesh to separate itself from this sin
             unto God
2.    you have been forgiven all your trespasses :13
      (1)     hath he quickened
             (1)       make alive together with, cause to
                       live together with
      (2)    aorist indicative active
             (1)       a one time event


             (2)       the action being done by Christ void
                       of our input and working
3.    Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was
      against us :14
      (1)    hand writing of ordinances:            10
             commandments
      (2)    blotted out:
             (1)       of a written record do away with,
                       erase
             (2)       of a record of misdeeds remove,

                                                  Page 54 of      81
                         eliminate
                 (3)     Aorist Participle Active - denoting
                         a one time action happening at the
                         same time one was quickened, not
                         needing repeated.
                 (4)     this is later shown to have happened
                         on the cross when Christ stated “It
                         is finished”
           (3)    took it out of the way - no longer an
                 obstacle
           (4)   placed it on His cross - happened at the
                 crucifixion
     4.    And having spoiled principalities and powers, he
           made a shew of them openly, triumphing over
           them. . .    2:15
           (1)   spoiled = despoiled (to conquer
           (2)   he beat the principalities and the power
                 (reference to Satan)
                 (1)     atonement was complete at the cross
                 (2)     veil was rent in two when Jesus said
                         "it is finished"
                 (3)     atonement was not three days later
                         in heaven at the altar
9.   Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink,
     or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of
     the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to
     come; but the body is of Christ. 2:16-17
     1.    ascetecism is refuted here
           (1)   denying the flesh
           (2)   affliction for holiness
     2.    you are not to worry about other people being
           judgmental    (1 Corinthians 4:3        But with me it
           is a very small thing that I should be judged of
           you, or of man's judgment: yea, I judge not mine
           own self.)

                                                     Page 55 of     81
3.   In meat, or in drink
     (1)   The meaning is, "in respect to the various
           articles of food and drink."
     (2)   There is reference here to the
           distinctions which the Jews made in that
           which was clean and that which was
           unclean.
     (3)   Christ showed Peter that distinction was
           abolished   Acts 10:15
4.   “in respect of an holyday”.
     (1)   The word rendered "holyday" means,
           properly, a feast or festival; and the
           allusion here is to the festivals of the
           Jews.
     (2)   The sense is, that no one had a right to
           impose their observance on Christians, or
           to condemn them if they did not keep them.
     (3)   They had been delivered from that
           obligation by the death of Christ, Col
           2:14.
     (4)   Does not refer to the abolishing of the
           Sabbath (one day of rest each week) since
           the Sabbath pre-dated the law.
           (1)     There is no intimation here that the
                   Sabbath was done away, or that its
                   moral use was superseded, by the
                   introduction of Christianity.
           (2)     “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep
                   it holy”, is a command of perpetual
                   obligation, and can never be
                   superseded but by the final
                   termination of time.
5.   Or of the new moon.
     (1)   On the appearance of the new moon, among
           the Hebrews, in addition to the daily

                                          Page 56 of    81
                   sacrifices, two bullocks, a ram, and seven
                   sheep, with a meat-offering, were required
                   to be presented to God      (Num. 10:10;
                   28:11-14).
            (2)    The ne
            (3)    w moon in the beginning of the month Tisri
                   (October) was the beginning of their civil
                   year, and was commanded to be observed as
                   a festival, (Lev. 23:24-25).
10.   Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary
      humility and worshiping of angels, intruding into
      those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up
      by his fleshly mind, And not holding the Head, from
      which all the body by joints and bands having
      nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth
      with the increase of God. Colossians 2:18-19
      1.    beguile you:
            (1)    deceive you
            (2)    let them not continue indicating an action
                   presently in progress
      2.    they voluntarily denied themselves (but do not
            take the opposite extreme of gluttony.
      3.    did this in vain
      4.    worshiping of angels   - a trait of Gnosticism
      5.    vainly puffed up in their minds - they thing
            they know more than they really do
      6.    And not holding the Head
            (1)    Head = Christ
            (2)    He is the only source of nourishment       for the
                   believer
            (3)    Body - Church
11.   The description of Asceticism:      2:20-23
      1.    Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the
            rudiments of the world, why, as though living in
            the world, are ye subject to ordinances,         (Touch

                                                    Page 57 of    81
                         not; taste not; handle not;        Which all are to
                         perish with the using;) after the commandments
                         and doctrines of men?    Which things have indeed
                         a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility,
                         and neglecting of the body; not in any honor to
                         the satisfying of the flesh.        Colossians 2:20-23




                   2.    idea of religious defilement if one allows his
                         fleshly desires as well as needs.
                   3.    to try and bring the flesh under subjection
                         without divine help (Gal. 4:3):
                         (1)   will worship - voluntary denying self
                         (2)   humility - from within ones self
                         (3)   all this denial will not help you at all
8.   The Saints:   Their duty and performance Chapter 3
     1.    Do You Have Resurrection Life?      Colossians 3:1-11
           1.      If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things
                   which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right
                   hand of God. Colossians 3:1
           2.      Colossians 3:1 does not begin with a supposition but
                   with the vital fact of spiritual life.
           3.      the “if” is understood as     “since,”
           4.      “Since, then, you have been raised with Christ.”
                   This verse describes the new life that is ours when we
                   receive Christ as Lord and accept His sacrifice on our
                   behalf (Rom. 6:3–6; Col. 2:12).
           5.      Paul stated it this way, “I am crucified with Christ:
                   nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in
                   me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live
                   by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave
                   himself for me” (Gal. 2:20).
           6.      Another vital fact is that Christ now lives through
                   me. My actions display His will rather than my own.
           7.      The resurrection of Jesus Christ was absolutely

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           established as a proven historical fact by Paul in 1
           Corinthians 15. It was so proven by:
           1.     The Scriptures 2:4.
           2.     His appearances for forty days after His
                  resurrection :5-7
           3.     Five hundred saw Him at once, which excludes the
                  possibility of one or a small group having been
                  mistaken :6
           4.     The power of preaching depends upon this
                  historical fact :14
           5.     We who believe it and declare it would be false
                  witnesses if it were not true :15     then our
                  faith would be in vain :17


     8.    Since Christ rose from the dead, then His death
           availed for our salvation.
           1.     He died for our sins (1 Cor. 15:3).
           2.     He rose for our justification (Rom. 4:25).
2.   Resurrection life focuses on things above. 3:2-9
     1.    the verb for “seek” is in the present imperative,
           strongly implying a constant seeking and prioritizing
           of our affections. (Matt. 6:19, 20).
     2.    Secondly, Paul warned to keep our hearts or “affection
           on things above” (Col. 3:2).
           1.     The verb “set your affection,” is also in the
                  present imperative, implying continuity.
           2.     The lust of the flesh is striving constantly for
                  the affection of our hearts.
     3.    you are dead - to the old nature :3
     4.    you are hid (protected) with Christ :3
     5.    Next, we must mortify the flesh, which manifests
           itself in “fornication, uncleanness, inordinate
           affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which
           is idolatry” (Col. 3:5).
           1.     “Mortify” is not in the present imperative,

                                                      Page 59 of   81
                 however, but in the aorist imperative, which
                 means to kill once and for all these tendencies
                 of our old natures.
           2.    We must also put away those practices which
                 characterized our previous spiritual deadness, “
                  anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy
                 communication out of your mouth” (Col. 3:8).
                 Again, Paul used the aorist middle imperative,
                 implying a once and for all rejection of these
                 actions
     6.    “Lie not one to another” (Col. 3:9).
           1.    The verb is the present imperative being
                 negated, indicating one is to stop lying to one
                 another.
           2.    To a Christian, this sin might be more tempting
                 as it is less blatant than the others.
           3.    This sin is often disguised in different forms,
                 such as jesting or breaking of commitments
           4.    Its seriousness, nevertheless, is seen in the
                 fact that one whole verse is devoted to it
                 alone.
     7.    The secret of “put off” is “put on.” :10
           1.    The participle “put on” is in the aorist active,
                 and implies a once and for all putting on of the
                 new man at our conversion.
           2.    Our renewed minds will keep our hearts on things
                 above, and earth will lose its attraction.
           3.    As long as we are in this body, however, it will
                 take constant effort on our part to be renewed
                 in mind (Rom. 12:2).
3.   How We Should Live
     1.    Not all those who have Christ’s life within them enjoy
           Christ equally.
     2.    The measure of our enjoyment of Christ’s life in us
           depends upon:

                                                      Page 60 of   81
           1.    Where we have our eyes fixed, that is, down for
                 what we can derive from earth, or up, how much
                 of heaven we can enjoy on earth. “Seek those
                 things which are above.”
           2.    Is the Kingdom of God first or last (Matt.
                 6:33)?
           3.    In Matthew 7:7 Christ commanded “Seek [same
                 words as used in Col. 3:1] and ye shall find.”
           4.    The verb is in the future indicative active,
                 which means we do not find everything that
                 heaven has for us all at one time, but one thing
                 at a time, and that finding is assured.
           5.    Keep looking up, and one after the other you
                 will find treasure after treasure of heaven,
                 with which nothing on earth can compare.
           6.    In 1 Corinthians 14:12 Paul says, “  seek that
                 ye may excel to the edifying of the church.”
                 That can happen only as you keep looking up
                 being zealous of spiritual gifts.
           7.    In 1 Thessalonians 2:6 Paul writes: “Nor of men
                 seeking [not sought, but seeking continuously]
                 glory of men”
4.   Spiritual Garments Befitting the Christian: Colossians 3:12–
     17
     1.    To Live the Christian Life We Must Put Off the
           Garments of the Old Man




     2.    Paul wrote in Colossians 3:8, 9, “But now ye also put
           off all these: anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy
           communication out of your mouth. Lie not one to
           another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with
           his deeds.”
     3.    Paul’s admonition warns us that our old nature is
           still a driving force in this life.

                                                     Page 61 of   81
     4.    The two verbs translated “put off” in these two verses
           are not the same.
           1.    The one in 2:8 means “distance away from
                 oneself.”
                 (1)   These sins of our old life will try to
                       seduce us because Christ put them to death
                       on the cross (Rom. 6:6)
                 (2)   we now have the power in our lives to
                       overcome these besetting sins, but the
                       actual job of distancing ourselves from
                       them is ours, not Christ’s.
                 (3)   Before we were saved, we could not
                       separate ourselves from sin because these
                       sins were a very part of our own sinful
                       nature.
           2.    The verb to “put off” used in 2:9 means“to put a
                 garment away from you once and for all”
                 (1)   This garment represents our sinful nature
                       which must be removed before we are able
                       to resist sinning.
                 (2)   If we will reckon ourselves dead to sin as
                       Paul commands in Romans 6:11 because of
                       our identification with Christ (Col. 3:3),
                       then we will have the power to distance
                       ourselves from the individual sins
                       mentioned in verses 8 and 9.
5.   Putting Off the Old Man is Not Enough; We Must Put On the
     New Man as Well
     1.    In verse 10 we have the phrase “to dress one’s self,”
           which is the exact opposite of   “to put off one’s
           garments” used in verse 9.
           1.    Because the Christian is one who has the divine
                 as well as the sinful nature in himself (2 Pet.
                 1:4), there is a personal undressing and
                 dressing to do.

                                                      Page 62 of   81
           2.     The aorist participle of these two verbs is
                  used, indicative of a once and for all
                  undressing and dressing.
           3.     We must consider whose we are, mortify our old
                  nature (Col. 3:5), and set our affection on
                  things above (Col. 3:2).
     2.    When we come to 2:12 we again have the phrase “to
           dress ourselves with.”
           1.     These characteristics of the new man are
                  actually to be put on and made a very part of
                  ourselves so that the outer man might match the
                  desires of the new inner man.
           2.     In Romans 7, Paul describes the constant
                  struggle he had to conform his outer life to his
                  inner desires.
           3.     Here he describes it as a daily dressing with
                  Christ-like qualities.
6.   How Should a Christian Behave? Colossians 3:12
     1.    Recognize who you are (Col. 3:12).
           1.     Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and
                  beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness
                  of mind, meekness, longsuffering; Colossians
                  3:12
           2.     Being a believer in Jesus Christ means to be
                  chosen.
           3.     Paul states that, “as the elect of God,” we are
                  both “holy and beloved.”
                  (1)    The proof that our faith is genuine is a
                         desire for holy living.
                  (2)    Although one will fail from time to time
                         (1 John 1:8), we should be steadily
                         progressing toward a more godly life.
           4.     Paul wrote that we are beloved of God and,
                  therefore, should continue to reflect His love.
     2.    Act as a chosen one (Col. 3:12).

                                                      Page 63 of    81
1.   Paul said to clothe ourselves with qualities
     glorifying to God.
     (1)   the verb “clothe” is in the aorist
           imperative
     (2)   it indicates this is a definitive act we
           must engage in after we are saved.


2.   He lists certain inner attitudes which are to be
     manifested outwardly.
     (1)   First mentioned are “bowels of mercies.”
           (1)   “Bowels” in Greek refers to the
                 inward parts of the body, such as
                 the heart, lungs, and liver which
                 are essential to life itself.
           (2)   they are the “seat of emotions”
                 unlike the “heart” in English
     (2)   The second attitude Paul instructs us to
           adopt is that of kindness   which may also
           be translated as “goodness” or
           “gentleness” (Rom. 2:4; 3:12; 11:22; 2
           Cor. 6:6; Gal. 5:22; Eph. 2:7; Titus 3:4).
     (3)   Next is humbleness of mind, which means to
           consider ourselves as being lowly. Without
           this virtue one would begin to consider
           himself spiritually higher than others
           whom we are assisting.
     (4)   Meekness further indicates that one must
           exercise discernment when approaching any
           situation, especially in regard to his own
           importance and the true needs of others.
     (5)   Finally, long–suffering is mentioned by
           Paul. One must never give up on anybody
           for if God had given up on us, where would
           we be (Rom. 2:4; 9:22; 2 Cor. 6:6; 1 Tim.
           1:16; 1 Pet. 3:20; 2 Pet. 3:15)?

                                        Page 64 of    81
7.   The Duty to other Christian lay people   3:13-14
     1.    Uphold others and extend grace to them (Col. 3:13).
           1.    Forbearing one another, and forgiving one
                 another, if any man have a quarrel against any:
                 even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye.
                 Colossians 3:13
           2.    The word translated “forbearing” is derived from
                 the preposition “up,” and the verb     “to hold.”
                 Thus, the philosophy of the Christian is not to
                 “live and let live,” but rather “watch who is
                 floundering in order to uphold him.”


           3.    The expression “one another” means “another of
                 the same kind” (as opposed to, “another of a
                 different kind”). In effect, Paul is warning
                 that all going to require support at some period
                 in their lives due to our common human frailty.
           4.    Likewise, we are also to forgive each other
                 “even as Christ forgave you.”
                 (1)   Here the verb means, “to remove the
                       blame,” signifying forgiveness of the debt
                       owed (Luke 7:42, 43; 2 Cor. 2:7, 10;
                       12:13).
                 (2)   In such cases the believer’s rights are
                       forfeited in order to show the love of
                       Christ both to the members of the body of
                       Christ and to the watching world (John
                       17:21).
     2.    Lastly, Paul tells us to surround ourselves with
           “charity” the crowning garment of the new man in
           Christ (Col. 3:14).
           1.    And above all these things put on charity, which
                 is the bond of perfectness. Colossians 3:14
           2.    The word for “charity” or “love” is that type of
                 love that considers others in light of what we

                                                      Page 65 of     81
                 can do for them and not what they can do for us.
           3.    Such love “is the bond of perfectness,” holding
                 all the other virtues of the Christian life
                 together so they can reach their divinely
                 intended goal
8.   The Christian Rule 3:15
     1.    And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the
           which also ye are called in one body; and be ye
           thankful.   Colossians 3:15
     2.    And let the peace of Christ rule in [be umpire in]
           your hearts (Colossians 1:14, 20-22; 2:18; Ephesians
           2:13-18; Romans 5:1, 10;
     3.     The Peace of God and Peace with God are two concepts
           that solidify the Christian life, allowing for
           stability in the most difficult circumstances.
           Philippians 4:7, Ephesians 4:32).
     4.    “The peace of God” is that which he effects in
           reconciling men to God, and to himself as their Lord (
           1:20, Romans 5:1).
           1.    Here is the source of inner tranquillity and
                 health of soul
           2.    Here is the source of the outward union and
                 harmony of the Church, the body of Christ
                 (Ephesians 2:16; 4:2, 3; Romans 14:15-19; 15:7).
           3.    This “peace” is to “act as umpire” in the
                 Christian’s heart.
           4.    This is in opposition of the false teacher who,
                 in condemning the faith of the Colossian
                 Christians as insufficient for the attaining of
                 “perfectness” (:14) without angel worship, etc.,
                 virtually took away their prize and judged them
                 “unworthy of eternal life.”
           5.    This stands as the antithesis, both of sense and
                 sound, to 2:18
           6.    So this “peace” is to be at once their inward

                                                   Page 66 of     81
                 safeguard, and the ground of their outward
                 union. They are to stand together in its defense
                 (Philippians 1:27, 28). Error, which
9.   The connection between the word of God and music 3:16
     1.    Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all
           wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms
           and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in
           your hearts to the Lord.       Colossians 3:16
     2.    Parallel passages - Col.3:16 ff         cf    Eph.5:17 ff
           1.     this passage deals with submissiveness to
                 proper authority
           2.    the way to be filled with the Spirit is letting
                 the Word of God dwell in you richly in wisdom
                 and understanding
     3.    Characteristics of music
           1.    It should be Bible based
           2.    It should be “rich” [abundant] in the life of
                 the believer
           3.    It is used for:
                 (1)   teaching
                 (2)   admonishing
           4.    It takes two main forms
                 (1)   psalms
                       (1)      A “psalm” (from ya>llw, to play an
                                instrument)
                       (2)      “a song set to music;”


                       (3)      Its application here is restricted to the
                                psalms of the Old Testament is doubtful
                                (1 Corinthians 14:15, 26).
                 (2)   hymns
                       (1)      “Hymn” (u[mnov) denotes a solemn,
                                religions composition, or song of Divine
                                praise.


                                                            Page 67 of      81
                        (2)     The word   “song” (wj|dh>) is wider in sense;
                               hence is qualified by “spiritual,” equivalent
                               to “with [‘in’] the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18)
                  (3)   “songs of a spiritual nature, inspired by the Holy
                        Ghost” rich with “spiritual wisdom,” Colossians
                        1:9).
                        (1)    Such songs would echo the varied
                               sentiments and experiences of the Christian
                               life.
                        (2)     thus the source of a song or hymn
                                should be founded on Scripture and
                                written by a “Spirit filled
                                individual”.
                        (3)     Thus, an unsaved or carnal Christian
                                is void of the ability to write
                                spiritual songs which are needed in
                                the church.
            5.    It is to be Spiritual
            6.    Singing produces
                  (1)   grace to the singer
                  (2)   grace to the hearer
                  (3)   pleasing to the Lord
            7.    What three (3) things come with having the Word
                  of God dwelling in him       :16-17 -
                  (1)   thankful spirit
                  (2)   submissive spirit
                  (3)   a song in the heart
10.   The duty to the work of God 3:17
      1.    And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the
            name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the
            Father by him.    Colossians 3:17
      2.    And everything, whatever you are doing in word or
            deed, (do) all in the name of (the) Lord Jesus (1
            Corinthians 10:31; 5:4; Ephesians 5:20; 2
            Thessalonians 2:17).

                                                           Page 68 of      81
     1.    Verse 16 spoke of “word” only; to it is added
           the “deed,” which stands for all the practical
           activities of life.
     2.    Both need to be done with   “The name of the Lord
           Jesus” as a motive expressing His authority as
           “Lord” (Colossians 1:13, 15, 18; 2:6;
           Philippians 2:9-11; Ephesians 1:21-23
     3.    Giving thanks to God (the) Father through him
           (1)   Again thanksgiving is urged on the
                 Colossians.
           (2)   It is to be the accompaniment of daily
                 talk and work
     4.    Whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the
           name of the Lord Jesus.
           (1)   Method and music
           (2)   the art of holy and happy living:
     5.    Holy walking described. “Whatsoever,”
           (1)   This rule applies to those who are in
                 Christ.
           (2)   The unbelievers require a radical change
                 before they can live acceptable to God
           (3)   Do all as to the glory of Christ. The
                 Christian must not seek self.
           (4)   Do all in the strength of Christ.
     6.    Holy music prescribed as a continues thought
           from :16
     7.    Holy motives instilled in our work
           (1)   Gratitude. All we have has been received
                 from the Father through Christ.
           (2)   The worthiness of Christ. “Him hath God
                 exalted to be a Prince and a Saviour.”
           (3)   Love, the underlying motive to all
3.   The Guiding Law of Christian Motive.
     1.    The noblest pattern of duty.
     2.    The final authority of duty.

                                                Page 69 of   81
            3.      The purest motive to duty. Motive originates and
                    governs action, and makes it good or bad. (2
                    Corinthians 5:14-15).
                    (1)   Humbleness of mind;
                    (2)   With longsuffering;
                    (3)   With meekness
                    (4)   Above all with charity.
            4.      How duty is to be carried out
                    (1)   “In the name of the Lord Jesus.”
                    (2)   By the authority of Christ (Acts 3:6).
                    (3)   For the sake of Christ (Mark 9:41).
                    (4)   For the glory of Christ (Acts 15:26)
11.   The Believer’s Duty to the home 3:18-21
      1.    Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as it
            is fit in the Lord.    Husbands, love your wives, and be
            not bitter against them.       Children, obey your parents
            in all things: for this is well pleasing unto the
            Lord.    Fathers, provoke not your children to anger,
            lest they be discouraged.       Colossians 3:18-21
      2.    There must be a proper home       :18-19, 21
            1.      proper authority order
                    (1)   the husband is to be the leader
                          (1)   spiritually
                          (2)   emotionally
                          (3)   economically
                          (4)   authoritatively
                    (2)   the husband gives a direct account to the
                          higher authority (the Lord)
                    (3)   the husband is the supreme human authority
                          over his house
                          (1)   the authority can be imputed to
                                another
                          (2)   the responsibility can not
                          (3)   spiritual leaders should not try to
                                over-ride the husbands authority

                                                           Page 70 of   81
             over his family
(4)   “Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter
      against them.” :19
      (1)    it is a command (implying a
             continuation)
      (2)     this is ( avgapa,w) love, not needing
             reciprocation as a condition (unconditional
             in nature)
      (3)    “be not bitter against them”
             1)      to be sharp with them
             2)      a    bitter taste toward them
             3)      metaphorically do not be exasperated
                     with them
             4)      do not foster bitter feelings
                     toward them
             5)      irritated against them [or
                     with them]
(5)   Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest
      they be discouraged :21
      (1)    provoke not
             1)      stop provoking or do not
                     continue
             2)      to excite [in temper]
             3)      kindle anger
             4)      make resentful
             5)      irritate to the point of
                     causing sin
             6)      rouse to anger
      (2)    lest they be discouraged
             1)      bring them to the point where
                     they feel like giving up
             2)      to cause them to lack
                     motivation
             3)          to be or to become
                     disheartened and hence lack

                                             Page 71 of   81
                        motivation
2.   proper subordination     :18, 20
     (1)   the wife is second in command (if there
           are children)
           (1)   she must submit
           (2)   she should have a say
           (3)   her say should be considered, yet
                 the husband’s decision is the final
                 word
     (2)   this is restricted only by the phrase “as
           it is fit in the Lord”
           (1)   she is permitted to disobey the
                 husband if his decision would cause
                 her to disobey the Lord (the higher
                 authority)
           (2)   she is not permitted to disobey if
                 she does not agree, yet it would not
                 be disobedient to the Lord.
     (3)   Children are subordinate to the husband
           and wife as well.
           (1)   they are to be obedient (a command)
           (2)   this obedience is not restricted in
                 this passage by anything “in all
                 things”, yet it is restricted in
                 other passages by the words “in the
                 Lord” (Eph. 6:1).
           (3)   obedience and honor are always
                 linked in Scripture
           (4)   it is always a progressive command
                 (in both Hebrew and Greek) and thus
                 has no cessation
           (5)   it is the first command with promise
                            Ex. 20:12
           (6)   it is the first of the ten
                 commandments sealing with man-kinds

                                         Page 72 of   81
                                 relationship with his fellow man
12.   The Duty to the job 3:22-25
      1.    Servants, obey in all things your masters according to
            the flesh; not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but in
            singleness of heart, fearing God:     And whatsoever ye
            do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men;
             Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward
            of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ.          But
            he that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which
            he hath done: and there is no respect of persons.
            Colossians 3:22-25
      2.    serve because the Lord ask you not to be a man pleaser
            :22
            1.    servants (dou/loj literally, bondmen)
            2.    be obedient in all things to your lords
                  according to the flesh (Ephesians 6:5-9; 1
                  Timothy 6:1,2; Titus 2:9, 10;                        1
                  Corinthians 7:21-24; Romans 13:1, 5; 1 Peter
                  2:18-25).
            3.    “According to flesh,”    “in an earthly
                  relationship” (Romans 4:1)
            4.    Not with acts of eye service, as man pleasers,
            5.    singleness of heart, fearing the Lord
                  (1)   a single focus
                  (2)   not concerned with what people on earth
                        think James 1:5-8; Isaiah 8:13; Revelation
                        2:23).
                  (3)   do it within the fear of the Lord [as if
                        he was the boss]
                  (4)   The servant whose aim it is to please his
                        earthly master in what will catch his eye,
                        plays a double part, acting in one way
                        when observed, in another when left to
                        himself;
                  (5)    “Fearing the Lord” more than the eye of

                                                          Page 73 of       81
                  his earthly lord, the Christian servant
                  will always act in “singleness of heart;”
                  for “the eyes of the Lord are in every
                  place.”
3.   you are to serve the Lord, and all you do is to be to
     that end :23-24
     1.    Ver. 23. And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the
           Lord, and not unto men; (Ephesians 6:6-7)
     2.    Paul is thinking, not so much of the variety of
           service possible, as of the inward spirit which
           should pervade it.
     3.    “as to the Lord.”
           (1)    Him they are serving, who alone is “the
                  Lord” (:24b;      Colossians 2:6);
           (2)    every hard task is dignified and sweetened
                  by the thought of being done for Christ
           (3)    the commonest work must be done with the
                  zeal and thoroughness that his service
                  demands
     4.    Ver. 24. Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the
           reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ;
           (Ephesians 6:8; 1 Corinthians 7:21-23; Romans 2:6-11; 2
           Corinthians 5:10; <662212>Revelation 22:12;
           <196212>Psalm 62:12).
           (1)    “Knowing” (eivdo,tej)
                  (1)       that of which one is aware


                  (2)     not merely learning or “getting to
                          know” (ginw,skw       ):
           (2)    Paul virtually says, “There is a Master
                  who will recompense you, if your earthly
                  masters [bosses] never do” (Colossians
                  4:1).
           (3)    The recompense of the faithful Christian
                  workers is nothing less than “the

                                                     Page 74 of       81
                 inheritance” of God’s children (Colossians
                 1:12; Ephesians 1:5,11, 14; 3:6; 5:5;
                 Romans 8:17; Galatians 3:29)
           (4)   The verse amounts to this: “Work as for
                 the Lord: He will repay you because you
                 are His servants.”
4.   Recompense and reaping for the believer 3:25
     1.    But he that doeth wrong shall receive for the
           wrong which he hath done: and there is no
           respect of persons.       :25
     2.    Here we have the other side of the recompense
           promised in 3:24a, to which the explanatory
           “for” points back.
     3.    The impartial justice which avenges every wrong
           guarantees the reward of the faithful servant of
           Christ.
           (1)   The Old Testament saints rightly argued
                 that the punishment of the evil doer
                 affords hope to the righteous man.          (Psalm
                 37:9-11; 58:10, 11; 64:7-10)
           (2)   This warning is quite general in its
                 terms, and applies alike to the unfaithful
                 servant and to the unjust master
                 (Ephesians 6:8).
           (3)   At the judgment seat of Christ there will
                 be no favoritism: all ranks and orders of
                 men will stand on precisely the same
                 footing (Colossians 3:11).
5.   The command to the Masters or bosses       4:1
     1.    Masters, give unto your servants that which is
           just and equal; knowing that ye also have a
           Master in heaven.   4:1
     2.    this verse is more naturally understood with the
           context of chapter 3 [verse breaks and chapter
           breaks were not inspired.       Do not break up

                                                  Page 75 of     81
                  contextual thoughts based on them]


            3.    this continues the thought of recompense and
                  impartiality of the Lord
                  (1)   if one is in the position of boss or
                        master, they were entrusted with that
                        position by God
                  (2)   And that servant, which knew his lord's
                        will, and prepared not himself, neither
                        did according to his will, shall be beaten
                        with many stripes.    But he that knew not,
                        and did commit things worthy of stripes,
                        shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto
                        whomsoever much is given, of him shall be
                        much required: and to whom men have
                        committed much, of him they will ask the
                        more. Luke 12:47-48
            4.    do not make a profit at another’s expense!!
            5.    what you sow, you will reap
            6.    unjust gain is condemned in Scripture:     He that
                  by usury and unjust gain increaseth his
                  substance, he shall gather it for him that will
                  pity the poor. (Proverbs 28:8)
13.   The duty in our Prayer life   4:2-4
      1.    Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with
            thanksgiving;   Withal praying also for us, that God
            would open unto us a door of utterance, to speak the
            mystery of Christ, for which I am also in bonds:     That
            I may make it manifest, as I ought to speak.
            Colossians 4:2-4 .
      2.    Stay spiritually alert in prayer :2
            1.    continue in prayer is literally continue
                  continuing in prayer
            2.    it is a command
            3.    “watch in the same” meaning at the same time

                                                       Page 76 of   81
                  continue watching in prayer
            4.    “with thanksgiving” is the attitude with which
                  one is to pray and watch
                  (1)    it is a state of gratitude
                  (2)    the attitude of prayer is as important as
                         the act of prayer
      3.    “Withal praying also for us” in   the same type of prayer :3
            1.    note the topic for which Paul requests them to
                  pray
            2.    Paul was praying for open doors
                  (1)    he relied on the Holy Spirit to lead him
                         in witnessing
                  (2)    he did not push doors open
            3.    Paul wanted to spread the gospel to those who
                  had imprisoned him for the spread of the gospel
      4.    That I may make it manifest, as I ought to speak        :4
            1.    make it manifest or make it evident
            2.    Paul lived what he preached
            3.    as I ought to speak:     as it is necessary for me
                  to speak
14.   The duty to public life 4:5-6
      1.    Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming
            the time. Colossians 4:5
      2.    continue to walk within the realm of wisdom
      3.    let Scripture guide you path
      4.    toward them that are without
            1.    toward or before
            2.    the life of the believer is before all them that
                  are without or outside the realm of belief
      5.    redeeming the time
            1.    utilizing the appointed time
            2.    every person is appointed a span of time for
                  life
            3.    it is appointed unto men once to die Heb. 9:27
            4.    “redeeming”    make the most of, make good use of

                                                          Page 77 of       81
                    the appointed time or your appointed time
            5.     make the most of your opportunities
15.   The duty of Public Speech 4:6
      1.    Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with
            salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every
            man.   Colossians 4:6
            1.     speech
                   (1)      literally: the word of you
                   (2)      this is referring not only to your words
                            [primary application] but your own epistle
                   (3)      Ye are our epistle written in our hearts,
                            known and read of all men:    2 Corinthians
                            3:2
            2.     seasoned with salt
                   (1)      temporally modified by a limiting word
                            “alway”
                            (1)   never a time it ceases to need grace
                            (2)   no down time on one’s testimony
                   (2)      might sting once in a while
                   (3)      is a preserving factor
                   (4)      helps to heal
                   (5)      Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the
                            salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall
                            it be salted? it is thenceforth good for
                            nothing, but to be cast out, and to be
                            trodden under foot of men.
            3.      that ye may know how ye ought to answer every
                   man
                   (1)      They were, like Paul, “set for the defense
                            of the gospel,”
                   (2)      They needed, “to have all their wits about
                            them,” so as to be able, as occasion
                            required, to answer each of their
                            opponents and questioners
                   (3)      The needed to be able to “contend” wisely

                                                          Page 78 of   81
                                as well as “earnestly for the faith.” (1
                                Peter. 3:15)
                  4.     With this exhortation the teaching of this
                         Epistle is concluded.
9.    Personal Messages and Greetings 4:7-18
Colossians 4:7-18 All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you, who is
a beloved brother, and a faithful minister and fellowservant in the
Lord: 8 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that he might
know your estate, and comfort your hearts; 9 With Onesimus, a faithful
and beloved brother, who is one of you. They shall make known unto you
all things which are done here. 10 Aristarchus my fellowprisoner
saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye
received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;) 11 And Jesus,
which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only are my
fellowworkers unto the kingdom of God, which have been a comfort unto
me. 12 Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you,
always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect
and complete in all the will of God. {labouring...: or, striving}
{complete: or, filled} 13 For I bear him record, that he hath a great
zeal for you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis. 14
Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. 15 Salute the
brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in
his house. 16 And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be
read also in the church of the Laodiceans; and that ye likewise read the
epistle from Laodicea. 17 And say to Archippus, Take heed to the
ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it. 18
The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds. Grace be with
you. Amen.

     1.    Tychicus - the one who delivered this Epistle 4:7-8

     2.    Onesimus - the run away slave 4:9

     3.    Philemon - a member of the church at Colosse 4:9

     4.    Marcus - John Mark nephew to Barnabus          4 :10

           1.     shows Paul gave second chances

           2.     also shows the contention between Paul and Barnabus

                  was in no was bitter or long term

     5.    Marcus and Justus were the only fellowworkers with Paul at

           this time

           1.     when Paul needed company, these two were a comfort to

                  him

                                                                  Page 79 of   81
     2.    the other helpers were busy in the ministry

     3.    many times, the ministry is lonely, yet the joy ought

           to be found in those you trained to serve and are

           presently serving

6.   Epaphras

     1.    known for fervent prayers

     2.    the subject of his prayers: that they would stand

           perfect and complete in all the will of God.

     3.    his testimony: had a great zeal for the Colossians,

           and them that were in Laodicea, and them in

           Hierapolis.

7.   Luke and Demas were with him

     1.    Luke recorded Paul’s journeys in the book of Acts

     2.    Demas

           1.      later forsook Paul   2 Tim. 4:10

           2.      got caught up in the world

           3.      the believer MUST protect himself from the pull

                   of the world, because no matter with whom he

                   keeps company, in the end it is his lust that

                   will draw him away

8.   Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea

9.   Nymphas    4:15

     1.    hosted the church in his house.

     2.    shows the house church mentality

     3.    no mega-churches at this time

     4.    only the Jerusalem church could have been considered a


                                                      Page 80 of   81
                     mega-church, and it was split up by the Lord to have a

                     greater effect in the world

       10.    Laodicean - Turkey      4:15

              1.     there were extra-Biblical epistles

              2.     th Epistles were shared among churches of the same

                     region

              3.     thus the manuscripts found in that region would be the

                     most accurate copies

       11.    Archippus 4:17

              1.     received the ministry of the Lord

              2.     did not volunteer

              3.     Acts 20:28 - not volunteers, but God has placed in

                     them the desire and given (placed on him) the ministry

       12.    suggests that this Epistle was written by someone else and

              Paul              wrote the salutations 4:18



                                    Works Cited

Zodhiates, Spiros, Exegetical Preaching, (Chattanooga, TN 37422: AMG Publishers).
1998 Logos Research Systems, Inc..
Qurollo, James, Notes on Colossians, (Shelby, NC: Ambassador Baptist College). n.d.

Walters, Ken. Notes on Colossians, (Shelby, NC: Ambassador Baptist College). n.d.




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