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PREFIXES by wuzhenguang

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									                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

                                       PREFIXES
A

    •   a-, ac-, ad-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, as-, at- to, toward, near, in addition to
            o aside (adverb): to or toward the side
                         a + side
            o accompany (verb): to go with someone as a companion
                         ac + com + pan + y
            o adjust (verb): to correct, to move closer to a correct position
                         ad + just
            o affix (verb): to attach to something, to fasten
                         af + fix
            o aggression (noun): hostile behavior towards someone or something
                         ag + gress + ion
            o allocate (verb): to distribute to specific people or for specific purposes
                         al + loc + ate
            o annihilate (verb): to destroy
                         an + nihil + ate
            o associate (verb): to join with
                         as + soci + ate
            o attend (verb): to look after, to go to
                         at + tend

    •   a-, an- not, without
            o apolitical (adjective): without interest in politics
                        a + polit + ic + al
            o anemia (noun): the condition (disease) of not having enough red blood cells
                        an + em + ia

    •   ab-, abs- away from, off
            o abrupt (adjective): unexpected change
                      ab + rupt
            o absolve (verb): to be set free from one's actions or obligations
                      ab + solve

    •   ante- before
           o anterior (adjective): before or near the front
                     ante + rior

    •   anti- against
            o antipathy (noun): dislike, opposite feeling
                      anti + path + y

    •   auto- self
           o automotive (adjective): related to self-propelled machines
                   auto + mot + ive




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B

    •   bi- two
            o     biped (noun): a two-footed animal
                         bi + ped
            o     biennial (adjective): happening every two years bi + enni + al

C

    •   cat-, cata-, cath- down, with
            o category (noun): a class or set to which a thing belongs
                        cate + gor + y
            o catalogue (noun): a book or pamphlet that lists and describes
                        cata + log + ue
            o catheter (noun): a medical device used to tranfer fluids
                        cath +eter

    •   circum- around
            o circumvent (verb): to manage to get around a situation
                     circum + vent

    •   co-, cog-, col-, com-, con-, cor together, with
            o cohesiveness (noun): the ability to stick together
                         co + hes + ive + ness
            o cognate (adjective): related, similar in nature
                         cog + nate
            o collaborate (verb): to work together
                         col + lab + or + ate
            o commitment (noun): to entrust, to put into a place
                         com + mit + ment
            o convenient (adjective): handy, nearby
                         con + veni + ent
            o correct (verb): to set right, to be right
                         cor + rect

    •   contra- against, opposite
           o contradict (verb) to state the opposite
                       contra + dict

D

    •   de- to do the opposite, to take away from
            o decrease (verb): to grow smaller, to become less
                       de + cre + ase

    •   di-, dif-, dis- apart, separate, two, opposite, not
             o divide (verb): to separate into two or more parts
                          di + vide
             o differ (verb): to be unlike
                          dif + fer


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                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   dis- not, opposite of, exclude
            o distrust (verb): to have no confidence or trust
                       dis + trust

E

    •   e-, ex- out, out of, from
             o emit (verb) to send out
                         e + mit
             o expel (verb): to force out ex + pel

    •   en-, em- put into
            o enamor (verb): to cause to love, to "put" someone "into" love
                       en + am + + or
            o empower (verb): to give power, to put into power em + pow + er

    •   epi-, upon, beside, over
            o epilogue (noun): the concluding section of a play or literary work
                       epi + logue

    •   extra- beyond
            o extraordinary (adjective): going beyond normal
                      extra + ordin + ary

I

    •   il-, im-, in-, ir, not, in
             o illegible (adjective): cannot be read
                           il + leg + ible
             o imposter (noun): someone who poses as someone else
                           im + post + er
             o inaction (noun): lack of motion, idle
                           in + act + ion
             o irresolute (adjective): uncertain about hot to act, undecided, not having a
                 solution
                           ir + re + solute

    •   in-, im-, il- in, into
            o instead (adverb): in place of, an alternative
                          in + stead
            o import (verb): to bring into a country from another country
                          im + port

    •   inter- between, among
            o interject (verb): to throw something (usually a comment) between other things
                       inter + ject

    •   intro- into
            o introspection (noun): to look into one's own thoughts and feelings
                     intro + spect + ion


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                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

M

    •   mal- bad
           o malfunction (noun): when something does not work properly
                   mal + funct + ion

    •   mis- wrong
           o misconduct (noun): wrong doing, bad behavior
                   mis + con + duct

    •   mono- one
          o monologue (noun): a dramatic performance or speech given by one actor
                  mono + logue

    •   multi- many
           o multiply (verb): to increase in number
                    multi + ply

N

    •   non- not, no
           o nonsense (noun): something that has no meaning or makes no sense
                     non + sense

O

    •   ob-, oc-, of-, op- toward, against, in the way
            o obtain (verb): to gain or get, to get a hold of
                        ob + tain
            o occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
                        oc + cur
            o offer (verb): to attempt to give, to propose, to try to hand out
                        of + fer
            o oppose (verb): to be against, to stand in the way of something
                        op + pose

    •   over- excessive, above
           o overwork (verb): to have too much work
                       over + work

P

    •   para- beside
           o paradox (noun): a statement that seems true and contradictory at the same
               time
                     para + dox

    •   per- through
           o persecute (verb): to go after, to pursue
                     per + secute


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                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   post- after
           o postpone (verb): to put off to a later time, to delay
                    post + pone

    •   pre- before
           o precede (verb): to go before, to come in front of
                    pre + cede

    •   pro- for, foward
           o propel (verb): to push forward
                       pro + pel

R

    •   re- back, again
            o readmit (verb): to allow in again
                        re + ad + mit

    •   retro- backward
            o retrospect (noun) to look back at past events
                      retro + spect

S

    •   se- apart, move away from
            o secede (verb): to withdraw from an organization
                       se + cede

    •   semi- half
           o semiannual (adjective): occurring twice a year
                   semi + annu + al

    •   sub-, suc-, suf-, sup-, sur-, sus under, beneath, near, from below, secretly, above, up
           o submarine (adjective): underwater
                        sub + mar + ine
           o succeed (verb): to do well, to come after
                        suc + ceed
           o suffice (verb): to be enough
                        suf + fice
           o support (verb): to hold up, too keep up
                        sup + port
           o survive (verb): to live, to live through something, to exist
                        sur + vive
           o sustain (verb): to keep up, to hold up,
                        sus + tain

    •   super- over, above
           o superimpose (verb): to place something on top of something else
                       super + im + pose



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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   syn-, sym- together, at the same time
           o synchronous (adjective): happening at the same time
                       syn + chron + ous
           o sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings, compassion
                       sym + path + y

T

    •   trans- across, beyond, change
            o transform (verb): to change shape
                        trans + form

    •   tri- three
             o tripod (noun): a three-legged stand
                      tri + pod

U

    •   un- not, against, opposite
           o unceasing (adjective): never ending, continuous
                       un + ceas + ing

    •   uni- one
           o uniform (adjective): having the same form or consistancy
                   uni + form

                                         SUFFIXES
NOUNS

A

    •   -acy, -cy
            o Noun: state or quality
                     privacy: the state of being alone
                             priv + acy
                     infancy: the state of being a baby or young child
                             in + fan + cy

    •   -age
              o   Noun: activity, or result of action
                         courage : having the spirit to overcome fear
                                 cour + age

    •   -al
              o   Noun: action, result of action
                         referral : the action of directing a person to another place, person or
                         thing
                                 re + ferr + al


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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   -an
              o   Noun: person
                         artisan : a craftsperson
                                arti + san

    •   -ance, -ence
           o Noun: action, state, quality or process
                     resistance : the action of opposing something
                            re + sist + ance
                     independence: the state of not being under the control of others, free,
                     self-governing
                            in + de + pend + ence

    •   -ancy, -ency
           o Noun: state, quality or capacity
                     vacancy : an empty room or position
                             vac + ancy
                     agency: the capacity to exert power or influence, a position or person
                     that performs a function
                             ag + ency

    •   -ant, -ent
           o Noun: an agent, something that performs the action
                    disinfectant : an agent that destroys germs, somthing that cleans
                           dis + in + fect + ant
                    dependent: a thing supported by another, a thing determined by
                    another
                           de + pend + ent

    •   -ate
              o   Noun: state, office, fuction
                         candidate : a person nominated for an office or position
                                 candid + ate

    •   -ation
              o   Noun: action, resulting state
                         specialization : the result of being distinguished by one quality or
                         ability
                                 spec + ial + iz + ation

D

    •   -dom
              o   Noun: place, state of being
                        wisdom : possessing knowledge
                                 wis + dom




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E

    •   -er, -or
               o   Noun: person or thing that does something
                          porter : a person who carries things
                                  port + er
                          collector: a person who collects or gathers things
                                  col + lect + or

F

    •   -ful
               o   Noun: an amount or quanity that fills
                          mouthful : an amount that fills the mouth
                                mouth + ful

I

    •   -ian, an
            o Noun: related to, one that is
                     pedestrian : a person who walks
                             ped + estr + ian
                     human: a person
                             hum + an

    •   -ia
               o   Noun: names, diseases
                          phobia : an illogical fear of something
                                phob + ia

    •   -iatry
               o   Noun: art of healing
                          psychiatry : branch of medicine that deals with the mind and emotions
                                  psych + iatry

    •   -ic, ics
               o   Noun: related to the arts and sciences
                          arithmetic : a branch of math that usually deals with non-negative
                          numbers
                                  arithm + et + ic
                          economics: the social science related to studying business
                                  eco + nom + ics

    •   -ice
               o   Noun: act
                          malice : the desire to do evil
                                 mal + ice

    •   -ing
               o   Noun: material made for, activity, result of an activity


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                     [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

                          flooring : a material made for floors
                                 floor + ing
                          swimming: the activity of swimming or moving through water
                                 swim(m) + ing
                          building: the result of making a structure
                                 build + ing

    •   -ion
               o   Noun: condition or action
                          abduction : the action of carrying someone away by force
                                 ab + duct + ion

    •   -ism
               o   Noun: doctrine, belief, action or conduct
                         formalism : a belief in sticking to prescribed forms or artistic styles
                                 form + al + ism

    •   -ist
               o   Noun: person or member
                          podiatrist : a foot doctor
                                 pod + iatr + ist

    •   -ite
               o   Noun: product or part
                         graphite : a black material used in making pencils
                                 graph + ite

    •   -ity, ty
               o   Noun: state or quality
                          lucidity : clear thinking
                                  luc + id + ity
                          novelty: something new or unusual
                                  nov + el + ty

    •   -ive
               o   Noun: condition
                          native : a person born in a specific place
                                 nat + ive

M

    •   -ment
               o   Noun: condition or result
                          document : an official paper usually showinf proof or evidence of
                          something
                                 docu + ment




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N

    •   -ness
              o   Noun: state, condition, quality
                         kindness : the quality of being kind or nice
                                 kind + ness

O

    •   -or
              o   Noun: condition or activity
                         valor : bravery, courage
                                 val + or

    •   -ory
              o   Noun: place for, serves for
                        territory : an area around a place
                                territ + ory

S

    •   -ship
              o   Noun: status, condition
                         relationship : the state of being related or connected to something or
                         someone
                                 re + lat + ion + ship

U

    •   -ure
              o   Noun: act, condition, process, function
                         exposure : the condition of being exposed or unprotected
                                pos + ure

Y

    •   -y
              o   Noun: state, condition, result of an activity
                         society : companionship
                                 soci + et + y
                         victory: the result of winning something
                                 vict + or + y




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                     [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

VERBS

A

    •   -ate
               o   Verb: cause to be
                          graduate : to give a degree to, to pass from one stage to the next
                                  gradu + ate

E

    •   -ed
               o   Verb: past tense
                          attained : something that has been reached or grasped
                                  at + tain + ed

    •   -en
               o   Verb: to cause to become
                          moisten : to cause to become moist or damp
                                  moist + en

    •   -er, -or
               o   Verb: action
                          ponder : to think about
                                pond + er
                          clamor: to make noise, to call for loudly
                                clam + or

I

    •   -ify
               o   Verb: cause
                          specify : to name or indicate in detail
                                 spec + ify

    •   -ing
               o   Verb: present participle
                          depicting : showing, describing with images or pictures
                                  de + pict + ing

    •   -ize
               o   Verb: cause
                          fantasize : to dream about something, to create images in the mind
                                 fant + as + ize




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                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

U

    •   -ure
            o   act
                       Verb: conjecture : to come to a conclusion by supposition or
                       guesswork
                              con + ject + ure

ADJECTIVES

A

    •   -able, -ible
            o Adjective: worth, ability
                     solvable : able to be solved or explained
                            solv + able
                     incredible: not able to be believed, amazing
                            in + cred + ible

    •   -al, -ial, -ical
             o Adjective: quality, relation
                         structural : related to the physical make up of a thing
                                 struct + ure + al
                         territorial: related to nearby or local areas
                                 territ + or + ial
                         categorical: related to a category, aboslute
                                 cate + gor + ical

    •   -ant, -ent, -ient
           o Adjective: kind of agent, indication
                        important : marked by worth
                              im + port + ant
                        dependent: determined or relying upon something else
                              de + pend + ent
                        convenient: at hand, easy to use
                              con + ven + ient

    •   -ar, -ary
            o Adjective: resembling, related to
                     spectacular : related to something that is eye-catching or amazing
                             spectac + ul + ar
                     unitary : related to units or single groups representing quantities
                             unit + ary

    •   -ate
            o   Adjective: kind of state
                       inviolate : not disturbed, pure
                               in + viol + ate




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E

    •   -ed
               o   Adjective: having the quality of
                          terraced : having terraces or steps
                                  terrac + ed

    •   -en
               o   Adjective: material
                          silken : made from silk, a fiber produced by worms
                                  silk + en

    •   -er
               o   Adjective: comparative
                          brighter : more light
                                 bright + er

    •   -est
               o   Adjective: superlative
                          strongest : having the most strength
                                 strong + est

F

    •   -ful
               o   Adjective: having, giving, marked by
                          fanciful : marked by imagination
                                  fanci + ful

I

    •   -ic
               o   Adjective: quality, relation
                          generic : related to a whole group
                                 gener + ic

    •   -ile
               o   Adjective: having the qualities of
                          projectile : something thrown with an outside force
                                  pro + ject + ile

    •   -ing
               o   Adjective: activity
                          cohering : the act of sticking together
                                  co + her + ing

    •   -ish
               o   Adjective: having the character of
                          newish : modern, recent
                                  new + ish


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                   [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   -ive, -ative, -itive
            o Adjective: having the quality of
                          festive : having the quality of a festival or party
                                  fest + ive
                          cooperative : being able or willing to work with another person or
                          thing
                                  co + oper + ative
                          sensitive: easily felt, responsive to the senses
                                  sens + itive

L

    •   -less
             o   Adjective: without, missing
                        motiveless : a reason for someone to do something
                                mot + ive + less

O

    •   -ous, -eous, -ose, -ious
           o Adjective: having the quality of, relating to
                       adventurous : charcterized by the desire to seek new experiences or
                       risks
                               ad + vent + ur + ous
                       courageous : characterized by courage, brave
                               cour + ag + eous
                       verbose: having more words than needed
                               verb + ose
                       fractious: characterized by being difficult or troublesome
                               fract + ious

Y

    •   -y
             o   Adjective: marked by, having
                        hungry : having hunger, marked by a desire
                               hungr + y

ADVERBS

F

    •   -fold
             o   Adverb: in a manner of, marked by
                       fourfold : being four times as great
                               four + fold




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L

    •   -ly
              o   Adverb: in the manner of
                        fluently : marked by ease of movement, effortlessly smooth
                                 flu + ent + ly

W

    •   -ward
              o   Adverb: in a direction or manner
                        homeward : toward home
                                 home + ward

    •   -wise
              o   Adverb: in the manner of, with regard to
                        timewise : with regard to time
                                 time + wise




                                           ROOTS

A

    •   act, ag: do, act, drive
            o Latin, agere: to drive, lead, act, do
            o active (adjective): moving about

    •   am, ami: love, like
           o Latin, amare: to love
           o amorous (adjective): loving

    •   anim: mind, life, spirit, anger
           o Latin, animus: spirit
           o animal (noun): a living creature

    •   annu, enni: yearly
           o Latin, annuus: yearly
           o annual (adjective): yearly

    •   auc, aug, aut: to originate, to increase
           o Latin, augere: to originate, increase
           o augment (verb): to increase, to add to

    •   aud, audit, aur: hear
           o Latin, audire: to hear
           o audible (adjective): can be heard



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B

    •   bene, ben: good, well, gentle
           o Latin, bene: good
           o benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle

    •   bio, bi: life
            o Greek, bios: life
            o biography (noun): a book written about a person's life

    •   bibli, biblio: book
            o Greek, biblion: book
            o bibliophile (noun): a person who likes or collects books

    •   brev: short
           o Latin, brevis: short
           o abbreviate (verb): to shorten

C

    •   cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid: to take, to seize, to hold
           o Latin, capere: to seize
           o receive (verb): to take in, to acquire

    •   ceas, cede, ceed, cess: go, yield
           o Latin, cedere: to go
           o exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than

    •   chron: time
           o Greek, khronos: time
           o chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time or sequence

    •   clam, claim: shout
           o Latin, clamare: to call out, shout
           o clamor (verb): to make noise

    •   cogn, gnos: know to know
           o Latin, cognoscere: to know
           o recognize (verb): to know, to identify

    •   corp: body
           o Latin, corpus: body
           o corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group

    •   cre, cresc, cret: grow
            o Latin, crescere: to grow
            o create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination

    •   cred: trust, believe
           o Latin, credere: to believe



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            o   incredible (adjective): unbelievable

    •   cour, cur, curr, curs: run, course
           o Latin, currere: run
           o occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind

D

    •   dic, dict, dit: say, speak
            o Latin, dicere: to say
            o indicate (verb): to show, to point out

    •   doc, doct: teach, prove
           o Latin, docere: to teach
           o docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught

    •   dog, dox: thought, idea
           o Greek, dokein: seem, think
           o dogma (noun): an established opinion

    •   dec, dign: suitable
           o Latin, decere: to be suitable
           o decent (adjective): conforming to standards, suitable, good

    •   duc, duct**: lead
           o Latin, ducere: to draw or lead
           o conduct (verb): to lead or guide
               (noun) - a person's behavior
           o ** ducere is one of the most prolific sources of English words

E

    •   ev, et: time, age
            o Latin, aevum: lifetime
            o medieval (adjective): related to the Middle Ages (500 - 1500 AD)

F

    •   fac, fact, fec, fic, fas, fea: make do, do
            o Latin, facere - make, do
            o difficult (noun): hard to do, troublesome

    •   fer: bear, carry
            o Latin, ferre: bear, carry
            o infer (verb): to come to a conclusion from looking at facts, to guess

    •   fict, feign, fain: shape, make, fashion
             o Latin, fingere: shape, make
             o fiction (noun): something produced from imagination, an invented story




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                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   fid: belief, faith
            o Latin, fidere: to trust
            o confide (verb): to trust, to trust another person with a secret

    •   fig: shape, form
            o Latin, figura: form, shape, figure
            o figurem (noun): shape, pattern, drawing
                (verb) - decide, plan, decipher

    •   flu, fluct, flux: flow
            o Latin, fluere: to flow
            o fluid (adjective): capable of flowing, a smooth easy style
                (noun) - a liquid

    •   form: shape
           o Latin, forma: beauty, shape, form
           o format (noun): the shape and size of something

    •   fract, frag, frai: break
            o Latin, frangere: to break
            o frail (adjective): easily broken, not strong, weak

G

    •   gen, gin: to give birth, kind
           o Greek, genus: birth
           o generate (verb): to produce, to create

    •   geo: earth
           o Greek, ge: earth
           o geography (noun): a science that describes the earth's surface

    •   gor: to gather, to bring together
           o Greek, ageirin: to gather
           o category (noun): a class or set in which a thing is placed

    •   grad, gress, gree: step, go, move
           o Latin, gradus: step
           o degree (noun): a step or stage in a process

    •   graph, graf: write, draw
           o Greek, graphein: write, scratch, carve
           o graphic (adjective): written, drawn, vividly shown

H

    •   her, hes: to stick
           o Latin, haerere: to stick
           o adhere (verb): to stick




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J

    •   jac, ject, jet: to throw
            o Latin, jacere: to throw, to lie
            o reject (verb): to throw out, unwilling to accept

    •   jug, junct, just: to join
            o Latin, jungere: to join
            o junction (noun): a place at which two things join

L

    •   lex, leag, leg: law
            o Latin, lex: law
            o legal (adjective): based on law

    •   lect, leg, lig: choose, gather, select, read
            o Latin, legere: to choose
            o collect (verb): to gather, to bring together

    •   loc: place, area
            o Latin, locare: to place
            o location (noun): a place, a position occupied

    •   log: say, speech, word, reason, study
            o Greek, logos: speech, word, reason
            o logic (noun): the study of reason, reasoning

    •   luc, lum, lust: light
            o Latin, lucare: shine
            o Latin, lumen: light
            o Latin, lustrare: light-up
            o translucent (adjective): permitting some light to come through

M

    •   man: hand, make, do
          o Latin, manus: hand
          o manage (verb): to handle with skill, to be able to do

    •   mem: recall, remember
          o Latin, memor: mindful
          o memory (noun): the ability to recall or to bring to mind

    •   ment: mind
          o Latin, mens: mind
          o mental (adjective): related to the mind




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    •   min: little, small
           o Latin, minuere: to lessen
           o minor (adjective): less important, lesser

    •   mit, miss: send
            o Latin, mittere: put, send
            o admit (verb): to accept, to allow entry

    •   mob, mov, mot: move
          o Latin, movere: move
          o motion (noun): act of moving, action

N

    •   nasc, nat, gnant, nai: to be born
           o Latin, nasci to be born
           o nascent (adjective) - just born

    •   nom, nym: name
           o Latin, nomen: name
           o nominate (verb): to name for office

    •   nov: new
           o latin, novus: new
           o novice (noun): a beginner or newcomer

O

    •   oper: work
           o Latin, opus: work
           o operate (verb): to work, to perform

P

    •   pat, pass: feel, suffer
            o Latin, pati: suffer
            o passion (noun): a strong feeling or emotion

    •   path: feel
           o Greek, pathos: feeling
           o sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings

    •   ped: foot
           o Latin, pes: foot
           o impede (verb): to hinder, to slow down

    •   pod: foot
           o Greek, pous: foot
           o podium (noun): a platform, an area raised above the surrounding ground




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    •   pel, puls: drive, push
            o Latin, pellere: to drive, push, beat
            o repel (verb): to drive away or push back

    •   pend, pond: to hang, weigh
           o Latin, pendere: to hang, to weigh
           o append (verb): to add or correct

    •   phan, phas, phen, fan, phant, fant: show, make visible
           o Greek, phainein: show
           o phantom (noun): something seen but having no physical existence, a ghost

    •   phil: love
            o Greek, philos: loving
            o philosopher (noun): a person who seeks (loves) wisdom

    •   phon: sound
           o Greek, phone: voice, sound
           o phonetic (adjective): related to speech sounds

    •   pict: paint, show, draw
            o Latin, pingere: to paint
            o picture (verb): to paint or draw

    •   port: carry
           o Latin, portare: carry
           o import (verb): to bring in from a foreign country

    •   pli, ply: fold
             o Latin, plicare: fold
             o reply (verb): to respond, to answer

    •   pon, pos: put, place
           o Latin, ponere: to lay down, put, place
           o postpone (verb): to put off to a later time

    •   psych: mind
           o Greek, psukhe: soul, spirit
           o psychology (noun): study of how the mind works

Q

    •   quir, quis, quest, quer: seek, ask
           o Latin, quaerere: seek, ask
           o query (verb): to ask questions




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R

    •   rupt: break
           o Latin, rumpere: break
           o rupture (verb): to break or burst

S

    •   sci, scio: to know
             o Latin, scire: to know
             o conscious (adjective): aware, having knowledge of oneself

    •   scrib, scrip: write
            o Latin, scribere: to write
            o script (noun): handwriting, something written

    •   sent, sens: feel, think
           o Latin, sentire: feel
           o sentiment (noun): a thought prompted by feeling

    •   sequ, secut, sue: follow
           o Latin, sequi: to follow
           o sequence (noun): a continuous series

    •   sist: to withstand, make up
            o Latin, sistere: to make a stand
            o insist (verb): to be firm about something needed, to demand

    •   soci: to join, companions
            o Latin, sociare, socius: to join, a companion
            o sociable (adjective): inclined to seek friendship, companionship

    •   sol: alone
            o Latin, solus: alone, single
            o solitary (adjective): being alone

    •   solv, solu, solut: loosen, explain
            o Latin, solvere: too loosen, release
            o solve (verb): to find an answer

    •   spec, spi, spic, spect: look
           o Latin, specere: look, look at
           o spectator (noun): a person who watches

    •   spir: breath, soul
            o Latin, spirare: breathe
            o respiration (noun): breathing




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    •   stab, stat: stand
            o Latin, stare: to stand
            o stature (noun) - height of a standing body, importance of position

    •   strain, strict, string, stige: bind, pull
            o Latin, stringere: to bind or pull tight
            o constrict (verb) - to squeeze, to make narrow

    •   stru, struct, stroy: build
            o Latin, struere: to build
            o destroy (verb): to ruin, to pull down

T

    •   tact, tang, tig, ting: touch
            o Latin, tangere: to touch
            o tactile (adjective): related to the sense of touch

    •   tele: far away
            o Greek, telos: end
            o telepathy (noun): communication from one mind to another without verbal or
                 written communication

    •   tend, tens: stretch
           o Latin, tendere: to stretch
           o contend (verb): to strive or reach for, to argue

    •   tain, ten, tent, tin: hold, keep, have
            o Latin, tenere: to hold
            o retain (verb): to keep, to hold in place

    •   term: end, boundary, limit
            o Latin, terminusm: limit, boundary
            o exterminate (verb): to kill off, to get rid of

    •   terr: earth
            o Latin, terra: earth
            o territory (noun): area of land

    •   test: see, witness
            o Latin, testis: witness
            o attest (verb): to provide proof, to say something is true

    •   therm: heat
            o Greek, therme: heat
            o thermometer (noun): a device for measuring heat

    •   tor, tors, tort: twist
            o Latin, torquere: twist
            o torsion (noun): twisting of the body



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    •   tract, trai, treat: pull, draw
            o Latin, trahere: pull
            o attract (verb): to draw toward, to arouse interest

U

    •   uni: one
           o Latin, unus: one
           o unite (verb): to make one, to join together

V

    •   vac: empty
           o Latin, vacare: to be empty
           o vacant (adjective): empty, not occupied

    •   ven, vent: come
           o Latin, venire: to come
           o convene (verb): to assemble, to come together

    •   ver: true
            o Latin, venus: true
            o verify (verb): to confirm that something is true

    •   verb, verv: word
           o Latin, verbum: word
           o verbalize (verb): to express in words, to put into words

    •   vers, vert: turn,change
            o Latin, versare: to turn
            o versatile (adjective): capable of changing or adapting, useful

    •   vid, vie, vis: see
            o Latin, videre: to see; Latin, videre: to separate
            o visible (adjective): able to be seen
            o divide (verb): to separate

    •   vit, viv: live
             o Latin, vivere: to live
             o vital (adjective) - necessary for life

    •   voc, voke: call
           o Latin, vocare: call, voice
           o vocal (adjective): spoken or uttered by the voice

    •   volv, volt, vol: roll, turn
            o Latin, volvere: to roll, turn
            o revolve (verb): to turn around




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                               VOCABULARY LIST
A

act, ag

    •     react (verb): to act in response to something
             o re + act
             o How did he react when he heard the news?

    •     agent (noun): something which acts or acts upon something else

                 ag + ent

             o   The travel agent helped her purchase the tickets.

    •     active (adjective): involving movement, moving about
              o act + ive
              o Joan is an active child.

    •     agitate (verb): to excite, to disturb, to stir up
              o agit + ate
              o The washing machine agitates the load of laundry.

aud, audit, aur

    •     audible ( adjective): can be heard
             o aud + ible
             o Your voice is barely audible over the sound of the train whistle.

    •     auditorium (noun): a place where one goes to hear something
             o audit+ orium
             o The band played in the school auditorium

    •     auricular
             o aur + ic + ul + ar
             o The auricular ability of the cat is well-known.

am, ami

    •     amorous (adjective): loving
            o amor + ous
            o The actor played an amorous role.

    •     amiable (adjective) friendly, agreeable
             o ami + able
             o He seems to be an amiable man.




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   •   amicable (adjective): friendly
          o amic + able
          o The two neighbors came to an amicable decision about the fence.

anim

   •   animal (noun): a living creature
          o anim + al
          o A dog is an animal.

   •   animate (verb): to give spirit or support, to supply movement
          o anim + ate
          o The artist animated the cartoon.

   •   animosity (noun): hostility, ill will
          o animos + ity
          o There isn't any animosity between us.

ann, annu, enni

   •   annals (noun): record of events, historical records
          o ann + al + s
          o The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks.

   •   annual (adjective): yearly
          o annu + al
          o She is planning on going to the company's annual meeting.

   •   annuity (noun): money payable yearly
          o annu + ity
          o Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market.

   •   anniversary (noun): the yearly celebration of an event
          o anni + vers + ary
          o John's parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April.

   •   perrenial (adjective): enduring, persisting for several years
          o per + enn + ial
          o I would like to buy some perrenial plants.

auc, aug, aut

   •   author (noun): one that originates or creates, a writer
          o auth + or
          o Susan met the author of this book.

   •   augment (verb): to increase, to add to
          o aug + ment
          o He had to augment his salary by taking another job.




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    •     auction (noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder
             o auct + ion
             o I bought this car at the auction.

B

bene

    •     benevolent (adjective): marked by goodwill
             o bene + vol + ent
             o The "Salvation Army" is known as a benevolent society for its acts of charity.

    •     benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle
             o ben + ign
             o The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home the same
                day.

biblio

    •     bibliography (noun): a list of written works
             o biblio + graph + y
             o Olaf listed a brief bibliography at the end of his paper.

bio, bi

    •     biology (noun): the study of life
              o bio + log + y
              o In biology class the students learned about how the human body works.

brev

    •     brief (adjective): short
              o brief
              o Anand gave a brief lecture on the rain forest.

    •     abbreviate (verb): to shorten
             o ab + brevi + ate
             o How does one abbreviate the word "Minnesota"?

    •     brevity (noun): short or concise expression
             o brev + ity
             o The politician gave short speeches and he became known for his brevity.




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C

cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid

    •   deceive (verb): to cause or allow someone to believe something is true when it is
        actually false; to mislead
            o de + ceive
            o The criminal deceived many people into believing she was honest.

    •   capable (adjective): having the ablility to do something; having the traits necessary to
        perform some action
            o cap + able
            o Jose is a very capable lawyer.

    •   capacious (adective): containing a great deal
           o capac + ious
           o You have a capacious library with many unusual books.

    •   captive (noun, adjective): a person held against his or her own will; held prisoner
           o cap+ tive
           o The captives were taken to the jail.
           o Geoff had a captive audience.

    •   accident (noun): an unplanned event
           o ac + cid + ent
           o Don't get upset about minor accidents and errors.

    •   capture (verb): to gain control of, to gain by effort
           o capt + ure
           o In the game of chess, the object is to capture the king.

    •   occasion (noun): an opportunity; a happening, instance or celebration
           o oc + cas + ion
           o Did you have an occasion to speak with your professor?

    •   receive (verb): to take in, to acquire
           o re + ceive
           o Imelda received many letters in the mail today.

    •   concept (noun): an idea
           o con + cept
           o The concept of using computers in the classroom is relatively new.

ceas, cede, ceed, cess

    •   predecessor (noun): a person who has previously occupied a position that another has
        taken over
            o pre + de + cess + or
            o I hope I can live up to my predecessor's reputation.




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   •    succeed (verb): to follow after another, to do well
           o suc + ceed
           o To succeed as a student, one must study.

   •    recede (verb): to move back, to withdraw
           o re + cede
           o The water receded five days after the flood.

   •    concede (verb): to accept as true, to yield, to allow
           o con + cede
           o I conceded to her point of view.

   •    exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than
           o ex + ceed
           o The driver exceeded the speed limit by ten miles an hour.

   •    recess (noun): an indentation, a temporary break
           o re + cess
           o The children were given a recess from the lessons.

   •    deceased (adjective): dead
           o de + ceas + ed
           o The deceased person will be cremated rather than buried.

chron

   •    chronic (adjective): marked by a long period of time, recurrence
           o chron + ic
           o Gabrielle has a chronic back disorder and cannot lift heavy objects.

   •    chronicle (noun): a historical account arranged in order of time
           o chron + icle
           o The teacher asked us to read a chronicle on the Revolutionary War.

   •    chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time
           o chrono + log + ical
           o The text book listed the presidents in chronological order.

clam, claim

   •    acclaim (verb): praise
           o ac + claim
           o The restaurant is acclaimed for its desserts.

   •    exclaim (verb): to speak loudly, to cry out in surprise
           o ex + claim
           o The children exclaimed "hurray" when they heard there would be no classes
               tomorrow.




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    •   clamor (noun, verb): n. noise, v. to make noise
           o clam + or
           o The children clamored for more ice cream.

    •   proclaim (verb): to declare loudly
           o pro + claim
           o The president of the university proclaimed March 21 to be a holiday in honor
               of the school's award winning faculty.

cogn, gnos

    •   cognizant (adjective): aware
           o cogniz + ant
           o The man was cognizant of the danger of walking through the park at night.

    •   diagnose (verb): to recognize (diseases) by symptoms
           o dia + gnose
           o The patient was diagnosed with Lyme's disease.

    •   agnostic (noun): one who believes that any ultimate reality is unknowable
           o ag + gnost + ic
           o John is unsure of the reality of god and considers himself to be an agnostic.

    •   recognize (verb): to know, to identify
           o re + cogn + ize
           o I thought I recognized your face from somewhere.

corp

    •   corpse (noun): a dead body
           o corpse
           o A corpse was found floating in the river.

    •   corpulent (adjective): having a large body
           o corp + ul + ent
           o The corpulent politician jabbed a fat finger in the air.

    •   incorporate (verb): to unite into one being
           o in + corp + or + ate
           o The artist incorporated paint, photographs, and fabric into her artwork.

    •   corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group
           o corp + or + ate
           o The corporate structure allowed many people to work as a group.

cre, cresc, cret

    •   crescent (noun, adjective): a narrow curved shape; a quarter moon or smaller
           o cresc + ent
           o The crescent moon could be glimpsed through the clouds.



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   •   create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination
          o cre + ate
          o The musician created a new musical arrangement.

   •   accretion (verb): growth by gradual addition
          o ac + cret + ion
          o The accretion of dirt on windows is sometimes hard to detect.

   •   increase (verb): to grow in size or amount
           o in + crease Alfonse wishes he could find a way to increase his salary.

cred

   •   credible (adjective): can be believed, reasonable
          o cred + ible
          o The witness gave a credible account of the accident.

   •   credulous (adjective): too ready to believe
          o cred + ul + ous
          o The credulous child believed the story about flying horses.

   •   incredible (adjective): unbelievable, amazing
           o in + cred + ible
           o Makiko said she just saw an incredible horror movie.

cour, cur, curr, curs

   •   excursion (noun): a trip
          o ex + curs + ion
          o The father planned an excursion to the zoo for his children.

   •   discourse (noun, verb): a conversation, to talk
           o dis + course
           o The discourse between the speaker and the audience was informal.

   •   courier (noun): a messenger
          o couri + er
          o The courier gave the message to the secretary.

   •   course (noun, verb): forward movement, movement from point to point; to run along a
       path
           o course
           o Blood courses through your veins with every beat of your heart.

   •   occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
          o oc + cur
          o It just occurred to me that tomorrow is your birthday.




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    •   current (adjective, noun): happening now, up to date; the movement of water
           o curr + ent
           o Is this information current or out of date?

D

dic, dict, dit

    •   dictionary (noun): a book of definitions
            o dict + ion + ary
            o Juliana looked up the word in the dictionary.

    •   condition (noun): the state of something or someone
           o con + dit + ion
           o Is your car in good condition?

    •   indicate (verb): to show, to point out
           o in + dic + ate
           o The gas gauge indicates that we are almost out of gas.

    •   dictate (verb): to speak for a person to record, to issue an order
            o dict + ate
            o The lawyer dictated the letter to her secretary.

    •   predict (verb): to say what will happen in the future
           o pre + dict
           o Joseph predicts that he will get married in ten years.

    •   addict (verb): to be devoted to something in an obsessive manner
           o ad + dict
           o Leslie is addicted to betting on the horse races.

doc, doct

    •   doctor (noun): a person who has received the highest degree a university offers, a
        physician
           o doct + or
           o Andre is going to medical school so that he can be a doctor like his mother.

    •   doctrine (noun): something that is taught, dogma
           o doctr + ine
           o We learned about the doctrine of "manifest destiny" in our American history
               class.

    •   docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught
           o doc + ile
           o Mrs. Galindez wants to buy a docile dog for her son.




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                  [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

   •   document (noun): an official paper
          o docu + ment
          o The library houses many government documents in its collection.

dog, dox

   •   orthodox (adjective): holding conventional beliefs
          o ortho + dox
          o I don't know if my interpretation of that book is orthodox or not.

   •   dogma (noun): an established opinion
          o dog + ma
          o Some people find the dogma associated with that organization disturbing.

   •   paradox (noun): a statement that seems to contradict itself but contains some truth
          o para + dox
          o The paradox of the matter is that I want to see the opera but I also want to stay
             home.

dec, dign

   •   decorate (verb): to make something look attractive or suitable
          o dec + or + ate
          o Linda decorated her apartment with paintings and plants.

   •   decent (adjective): conforming to standards, good, kind
          o dec + ent
          o This magazine contains a decent article on home improvement.

   •   dignity (noun): quality of being worthy, noble, honored
          o dign + ity
          o I haven't yet had the dignity and honor of being grand marshall of the parade.

duc, duct

   •   conduct (verb, noun): v. to lead or guide, n. a person's behavior
          o con + duct
          o Jared was conducted into the doctor's office by the nurse.
          o Arnelle's conduct was inexcusable and she should apologize to the class.

   •   educate (verb): to train, to provide schooling for
          o e + duc + ate
          o The school tries to educate its students to be productive members of society.

   •   induct (verb): to install in office or to enroll in military service
          o in + duct
          o Mindy was inducted into the army last month.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •    deduct (verb): to subtract
            o de + duct
            o The salesperson deducted five dollars off the purchase price of the radio.

    •    deduce (verb): to make a decision or draw a conclusion by reasoning
            o de + duce
            o I deduced from the trail of crumbs and the empty milk carton that the children
               were home.

    •    produce (verb, noun): to bring forward, to make to bear or yield; something made or
         grown
            o pro + duce
            o The lawyer produced new evidence at the trial.
            o The produce from the farm will go to the market next week.

    •    seduce (verb): to persuade (especially into doing something wrong), to tempt
            o se + duce
            o Money and power have been known to seduce many honest people.

    •    induce (verb): to persuade, cause, or bring about by artificial means.
            o in + duce
            o If a child swallows poison, it is suggested that vomitting should be induced.

E

ev, et

    •    eternal (adjective): not effected by time, without beginning or end, ceaseless
             o etern + al
             o The lecture seemed eternal and many in the audience had fallen asleep.

    •    medieval (adjective): relating to the Middle Ages (500 - 1500 AD)
           o med + ieval
           o There are many styles to medieval architecture and a building built in 500 AD
               looks different from one built in 1000 AD.

F

fict, feign, fain

    •    faint (adjective, verb): indistinct, not clearly perceived, weak; to lose consciousness
         from lack of blood to the brain
             o faint
             o There is a faint odor of apples in this room.
             o Some people faint at the sight of blood.

    •    feign (verb): to pretend
             o feign
             o The child feigned illness in an attempt to avoid the test.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

      •   fiction (noun): something produce from imagination, an invented story
              o fict + ion
              o The excuse Marvin just gave for not doing his homework is pure fiction.

fig

      •   effigy (noun): a figure representing a disliked person.
              o e f + fig + y
              o The children made an effigy of their nasty neighbor.

      •   figure (noun): shape, pattern, drawing
              o fig + ure
              o The figure Louise drew on the paper looks nothing like an apple.

      •   figment (noun): a thing that does not exist, something made up
             o fig + ment
             o Ghosts and monsters are figments of an active imagination.

fac, fact, fec, fic, fas, fea

      •   fashion (noun, verb): the form of something, style; to give shape or form to
              o fash + ion
              o The current fashion is hair worn short.

      •   feasible (adjective): capable of being done
              o feas + ible
              o The engineer thought that building the bridge across the river was a feasible
                  project.

      •   feature (noun, verb): the appearance or form of a person or object; to picture or
          portray
              o feat + ure
              o Lisette's best feature is her eyes.

      •   factory (noun): a place where things are made or built
              o fact + ory
              o There is a boat factory near the river.

      •   difficult (adjective): hard to do, troublesome, hard to understand
              o di + fic + ult
              o The test was difficult and I answered only eight of the ten questions.

      •   fact (noun): something known to be true
              o fact
              o It's a fact that the world is round.

      •   effect (noun): a change caused by something, a result, influence
              o e + fect
              o The sun's effect on human skin is known to be harmful.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

fer

      •   fertile (adjective): productive, bearing or capable of bearing fruit in large quantities
              o fert + ile
              o The land by the river is quite fertile and many crops are grown there.

      •   refer (verb): to classify within a general category, to send or direct to another source
              o re + fer
              o The patient was referred to a physical therapist for additional treatment.

      •   infer (verb): to come to a conclusion from facts or ideas, to guess
              o in + fer
              o Sometimes a reader has to infer from the facts presented in an article what the
                  main idea is about.

fid

      •   diffident (adjective): hesitant in acting, shy
              o dif + fid + ent
              o The diffident student would not speak in front of the class.

      •   fidelity (noun): the quality of being faithful, accuracy
              o fid + el + ity
              o The fidelity of this video reproduction is quite good.

      •   confide (verb): to trust, to trust another person with a secret
             o con + fide
             o Joan confided in her friend and told her a secret.

flu, fluct, flux

      •   fluent (adjective): capable of moving with ease, able to speak another language
              o flu + ent
              o The dancer had a fluent body.
              o Juanita is fluent in several languages.

      •   superfluous (adjective): extra, more than is needed
             o super + flu + ous
             o Three cherries on my piece of cake is superfluous; I only needed one.

      •   influence (verb, noun): to have an effect on something; the ability to affect something
          indirectly
              o in + flu + ence
              o It was John's success as a musician that influenced my decision to take guitar
                  lessons.

      •   fluid (adjective): capable of flowing, a smooth style, liquid
              o flu + id
              o The ink my new pen is quite fluid and flows evenly across the page.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •   fluctuate (verb): to shift back and forth, to move erratically
            o fluctu + ate
            o My body temperature has been fluctuating all day -- sometimes I'm hot and
               sometimes I'm cold.

form

    •   format (noun): the shape and size of something, the arrangement of something
           o form + at
           o The format of this class will be half lecture and half class participation.

    •   formulate (verb): to prepare from a set of steps (formula), to devise
           o form + ul + ate
           o The chemist formulated a new way of making dish detergent.

fract, frag, frai

    •   fracture (verb, noun): to break, to crack; a broken bone
            o fract + ure Miguel fractured arm his while skiing.

    •   fragment (noun): a piece broken off, a part of something
           o frag + ment
           o It bothers me that I can remember only a fragment of the poem rather than the
              whole piece.

    •   frail (adjective): easily broken, not strong
            o frail
            o Be careful! That chair is frail

G

gen, gin

    •   generally (adverb): in a general manner, usually, with regard to the whole not
        specifics
           o gen + er + al + ly
           o Generally, Lance leaves work at 5:00 p.m.

    •   gingerly (adverb, adjective): careful
           o gin + ger + ly
           o Paulette picked up the antique vase gingerly and placed it on the shelf.

    •   indigenous (adjective): native, having been born in a specific area or environment
           o in + di + gen + ous
           o The tomato plant is indigenous to South America.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

ge

      •   geography (noun): a science that describes the earth's surface
             o geo + graph + y
             o The geography of New York varies from the sandy shores to rocky mountains.

gor

      •   categorize (verb): to place things in classes or sets, to classify
              o cate + gor + ize
              o The professor asked her students to categorize the plants they found.

grad, gress, gree

      •   grade (noun): a stage in a process, a mark indicating quality
             o grade
             o Ali hopes to receive a passing grade on his midterm exam.

      •   progress (verb, noun): to move forward; forward movement
             o pro + gress
             o Mina progressed to the next level in her French language program.
             o There hasn't been much progress made in getting the house built -- only the
                frame is up.

      •   degree (noun): a step or stage in a process, a rank, a level of intensity
             o de + gree
             o There is a high degree of stress associated with being a police officer.

graph, graf

      •   graphic (adjective): written, drawn, vividly shown
             o graph + ic
             o Dominic is planning to study graphic art.

      •   graffitti (noun): drawings or writing on a wall
             o graph + itti
             o Many people find the graffitti on the subway trains disturbing.

H

her, hes

      •   adhere (verb): to stick
             o ad + here
             o Paper often adheres to wet surfaces.

      •   hesitate (verb): to hold back a decision, to waver
             o hesit + ate
             o Don't hesitate to call me if you need help.




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J

jac, ject, jet

       •   adjacent (adjective): to lie next to
              o ad + jac + ent
              o You won't have a long walk between classes because the engineering building
                 is adjacent to the chemistry laboratories.

       •   jettison (verb): to throw away, to cast off
               o jett + ison
               o The captain of the sinking ship jettisoned the cargo.

       •   reject (verb): to throw out, unwilling to accept
               o re + ject
               o David was rejected by two schools before he found a school that accepted him.

jug, junct, just

       •   adjust (verb): to change or adapt to fit or match something
              o ad + just
              o Jared has to adjust to his new work schedule.

       •   conjugal (adjective): of marriage, marital relationship
              o con + jug + al
              o One should think seriously before entering a conjugal relationship.

       •   junction (noun): the place at which two things join
              o junct + ion
              o Deborah's house is at the junction of Hill and Maple streets.

L

lex, leg

       •   college (noun): a school for higher learning, a group of people having a common
           purpose
               o col + lege
               o Yolanda is going to college to become a lawyer.

       •   legal (adjective, noun): based on law; conforms to law
               o leg + al
               o Jared is working as a legal secretary for two lawyers in New York
               o Is it legal to own fireworks in Massachusetts or is there a law against them?

       •   league (noun): a group of people, an association
               o leag + ue
               o There are fifty people participating in the bowling league.

lect


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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

      •   collect (verb): to gather, to bring together
              o col + lect
              o The little girl collected wildflowers for her mother.

      •   legible (noun): readible, clear enough to read
              o leg + ible
              o His handwriting is quite legible.

      •   eligible (adjective): qualified, worthy to be chosen
              o e + lig + ible
              o Now that Geoffrey is eighteen he is eligible to vote.

loc

      •   locally (adverb): nearby, relative to a certain area
              o loc + al + ly
              o The vegetables are grown locally.

log

      •   logic (noun): the study of reason
              o log + ic
              o Simone is taking a class in logic and she is learning about how to reason.

luc

      •   translucent (adjective): allowing some light to shine through
             o trans + luc + ent
             o The sheet of paper is translucent when held close to a lightbulb.

      •   illuminate (verb): to provide with light, to make lighter, to make clear
              o il + lum + in + ate
              o The lamp illuminates the room.

      •   illustrate (verb): to explain by using pictoral examples, to show by using visual
          examples
              o il + lustr + ate
              o Christopher illustrated his idea on piece of paper for everyone to see.

M

man

      •   management (noun): the act of handling or running something, usually a business.
            o man + age + ment
            o This store is under new management.




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mem

   •   commemorate (verb): to remember an important event through ceremony or
       observation
          o com + mem + or + ate
          o The American Revolution is commemorated every Fourth of July.

   •   memory (noun): the ability to recall past events
         o mem + or + y
         o Geanine has an excellent memory and she can recall things that happened years
            ago.

ment

   •   mental (adjective): related to the mind
         o ment + al
         o Lauren's mental abilities must be quite good if she achieved a perfect score
             without even studying.

   •   mention (verb): to cite, to speak about, to refer to
         o ment + ion
         o The instructor forgot to mention that the class was canceled.

min

   •   minor (adjective): lesser, less important
          o min + or
          o The knife slipped and Marcelle received a minor cut.

   •   minute (adjective, noun): tiny, very small; sixty seconds
          o min + ute
          o Even though the speck of dirt on the camera lense was minute, it ruined the
             photograph.
          o Terry will be finished in one minute.

   •   minuscule (adjective): very small
          o minusc + ule
          o The minuscule gem was very hard to see without magnifying glasses.

mit, miss

   •   admit (verb): to accept, to confess, to allow entry
          o ad + mit
          o I must admit that even though you didn't like the movie I did.

   •   missive (noun): a letter to be sent
          o miss + ive
          o Missives were more common one hundred years ago. Today, people use the
              telephone.



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mob, mov, mot

    •   remove (verb): to take off or to take away
           o re + move
           o The waiter removed the dirty dishes from the table.

    •   mobile (adjective): able to move
          o mob + ile
          o Many people drive their mobile homes from North to South, following the
              warm weather.

    •   motion (noun): act of moving, action
           o mot + ion
           o Many people find the motion of a rocking chair soothing.

N

nasc, nat, gnant, nai

    •   native (adjective): belonging to a place by birth, indigenous
           o nat +ive
           o Turkeys are native to North America.

    •   nascent (adjective): just born
           o nasc + ent
           o The nascent kittens curled up with their mother.

    •   pregnant (adjective): having a child developing in the womb, "with child"
           o pre + gn +ent
           o Linda's dog is pregnant and it will have its puppies in November.

    •   naive (adjective): lack of experience, not knowledgable of the world
           o nai + ve
           o When Olivia went to New York ten year's ago she was naive, but now she is a
               well-seasoned traveler.

nom

    •   nominate (verb): to name for office
           o nomin + ate
           o Vittorio nominated Mary for class president.

    •   synonym (noun): a word with a similar meaning to another word in the same language
           o syn + onym
           o The word "fair" is a synonym for the word "just."




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nov

      •   novelty (noun): something new
             o novel + ty
             o After six months the novelty of Pierre's new car is starting to wear off.

      •   novice (noun): a newcomer, a beginner, someone new to something
             o nov + ice
             o Bjorn is a novice when it comes to playing poker or other card games.

O

oper

      •   operate (verb): to work, to perform
             o oper + ate
             o People are advised not to operate heavy machinery after drinking alcohol.

      •   opus (noun): a musical composition
             o opus
             o Vivaldi's opus number three is not as well known as is other compositions.

P

pat

      •   patient (adjective, noun): calm, bearing pain without complaint; a person under
          medical care
             o pati + ent
             o Josiah was patient as he waited in line for concert tickets.
             o Amelia has been a patient of Dr. Gustaf's for ten years.

      •   passion (noun): a strong feeling or emotion
             o pass + ion
             o Barbara has a passion for motorcycle racing.

      •   sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings, the ability to feel for another
          person's suffering
              o sym + path + y
              o Ching-wei expressed his deepest sympathy when hearing of Mrs. Martin's
                 death.

      •   pathology (noun): the study of diseases
             o patho + log + y
             o Blaise is studying pathology because he wants to learn about diseases.




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ped

      •   impede (verb): to hinder, to slow down
             o im + pede
             o The shackles and chains impeded the prisoner's escape.

      •   pedestal (noun): a support for a column or other structure, a base for something
             o pedest + al
             o Johannes put the vase on a pedestal.

      •   pedestrian (noun): a person walking
             o pedestr + ian
             o As soon as the cars stopped, the pedestrians crossed the street.

pod

      •   podium (noun): a platform, an area raised above the surrounding ground, a place at
          which to speak in front of an audience
             o pod + ium
             o The professor walked up to the podium and spoke into the microphone.

pel

      •   repel (verb): to drive away or push back
             o re + pel
             o Does Margo's new jacket repel water?

      •   pulse (noun): the regular action of blood through arteries
             o pulse
             o The nurse felt for the patient's pulse in his neck.

pend, pond

      •   suspend (noun): to hang from, to interrupt, to stop
             o sus + pend
             o The light was turned on by a string suspended from the light fixture.

      •   ponder (verb): to think about, to weigh in one's mind
             o pond + er
             o Levi pondered the possibility of going to medical school.

phan, fan

      •   phantom (noun): something seen but having no physical existence, a ghost.
             o phan + tom
             o The children told horror stories about phantoms and ghosts.




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    •      fantasy (noun): a creation of the imagination that cannot be real, a daydream
              o fantas + y
              o When Miguel was a child he had a fantasy about being a doctor on the planet
                  Jupiter.

phil

    •      philosopher (noun): a person who seeks (loves) wisdom
              o philo+ soph + er
              o Plato wrote about the Greek philosopher Socrates.

phon

    •      phonetic (adjective) relating to speech sounds
              o phonet + ic
              o The phonetic alphabet is useful when studying languages or linguistics.

pict

    •      depict (verb): to portray, to represent
              o de + pict
              o In the movie the character was depicted as evil.

port

    •      import (verb): to bring in from a foreign country
              o im + port
              o Fyodor imports caviar and other products from Russia.

    •      portage (noun) the labor of carrying boats across land
              o port + age
              o Bill said that he had a five mile portage on his last canoe trip.

pli, ply

    •      reply (verb, noun): to respond, to answer; a response
              o re + ply
              o Did Marco reply to Emily's invitation?
              o Lynn received a negative reply from her parents and she will not be going to
                  the party.

    •      implicate (verb): to involve, to incriminate
              o im + plic + ate
              o The thief was implicated in three burglaries.

    •      ply (noun): a layer
               o ply
               o Two ply tissue paper is stronger than one ply.

pon, pos


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    •   position (noun): a place occupied by something
           o posit + ion
           o What position does Ian hold at his mother's company?

    •   postpone (verb): to put off to a later time
           o post + pone
           o The baseball game was postponed because of the storm.

    •   posture (noun) the position of a body
           o post + ure
           o Denise has terrific posture -- her back is straight and strong.

psych

    •   psychology (noun): study of how the mind works
           o psycho + log + y
           o Lynette studies psychology because she is interested in how people think and
              feel.

Q

quir

    •   inquire (verb): to ask about
           o in + quire
           o Debbie inquired about employment opportunities at the factory.

    •   exquisite (adjective): carefully selected, marked by beauty
           o ex + quis + ite
           o Everyone noticed the exquisite diamond Toni was wearing.

    •   quest (noun): a search, the act of seeking
           o quest
           o At four in the morning Quincy went out on a quest for ice cream.

    •   query (verb, noun): to ask questions, a question
           o query
           o The lawyer queried the witness.
           o I have a query about the origins of the English language.

R

rupt

    •   corrupt (verb, adjective): to change from good to bad
           o cor + rupt
           o The politician was corrupted by power and money.
           o The corrupt judge was arrested for accepting a bribe.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

      •   rupture (verb): to break or burst
             o rupt + ure
             o The water bed ruptured and the water flowed onto the floor.

      •   interrupt (verb): to stop, to break in (usually with questions)
              o inter + rupt
              o It's impolite to interupt someone while they are speaking.

S

sci

      •   conscious (adjective): aware, having knowledge of oneself
             o con + sci + ous
             o Gerturde was conscious of everything even though she appeared asleep.

      •   science (noun): a system of knowledge
              o sci + ence
              o Claire enjoys science, especially biology.

scrib, scrip

      •   scribble (verb): to write quickly or carelessly
              o scribb + le
              o He scribbled a note in his notebook.

      •   script (noun): handwriting, something written
              o script
              o Sometimes her script is hard to read.

      •   describe (verb): to say what something is like
             o de + scribe
             o The scientist described his experiment to the class.

sent, sens

      •   sensation (noun): ability to feel due to stimulation
             o sens + at + ion
             o Jamal felt a tingling sensation in his arm after he hit his elbow on the table.

      •   sentimental (adjective): marked by feeling or emotion
             o senti + ment +al
             o Lauren has a sentimental attachment to that quilt because her great
                grandmother made it.




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                    [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

sequ

      •   sequence (noun): a continuous series
             o sequ + ence
             o The sequence of events were as follows: first we had dinner, then we went to
                the movies, and then we went fo ice cream.

      •   consecutive (adjective): following in an unbroken order
             o con + secut + ive
             o Terri was elected team captain three consecutive years in a row.

      •   ensue (verb): to happen afterward
             o en + sue
             o After a disagreement in the restaurant, a fight ensued in the parking lot.

soci

      •   society (noun): community, the relationship among individuals living or working in a
          common area, companionship
              o societ + y
              o Sometimes what is best for a society is not always good for an individual living
                 in that society.

sol

      •   solitary (adjective): being alone
              o solit + ary
              o There was a solitary bather on the beach.

      •   isolate (verb): to separate from others, to place something by itself
              o i + sol + ate
              o The sick cat was isolated from the other animals.

solv, solu

      •   solve (verb): to find an answer
              o solve
              o The professor asked the student to solve the problem and show her answer on
                  the board.

      •   absolute (adjective): complete, unrestricted, perfect
             o ab + sol + ute
             o The babysitter has absolute authority over the children while their parents are
                 away.

      •   soluble (adjective): able to disperse in liquid
              o sol + uble
              o Sugar is soluble in water.




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spec, spi

    •   spectator (noun): a person who watches or observes
           o spect + at + or
           o There were over a thousand spectators at the local baseball game.

    •   despise (verb): to hate, tolook down on
           o de + spise
           o Marguerite despises people who are cruel to animals.

    •   auspicicious (adjective): favorable
           o au + spicic + ious
           o The thousand dollar donation made for an auspicious beginning.

    •   espionage (noun): using spies or observers
           o e + spion + age
           o Espionage is often depicted in mystery movies and novels.

spir

    •   respiration (noun): breathing
           o re + spir + at + ion
           o Respiration becomes increasingly difficult the higher one climbs.

    •   inspire (verb): to stimulate, to fill with a feeling or desire
            o in + spire
            o Students are often inspired by their teachers.

stab, stat

    •   stature (noun): height of a body, importance of position
            o stat + ure
            o I'm reluctant to say she was short, but she was of rather small stature.

    •   establish (verb): to found, to start, to make firm
            o e + stabl + ish
            o Southampton College was established in 1963.

    •   stance (noun): a way of standing, a position, an attitude
            o sta + nce
            o A person's stance is very important in the games of golf and baseball.

strain, strict

    •   restrain (verb): to hold back, to prevent from doing
            o re + strain
            o The dog was restrained by the trainer's grip on its leash.




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    •   constrict (verb): to squeeze, to make narrow
           o con + strict
           o Marvin felt constricted by the suit and tie he wore to the meeting.

    •   stringent (adjective): strict, tight, severe
            o string + ent
            o There are stringent rules and regulations one must follow when operating a
               child care center.

    •   prestige (noun): respect for a person or a thing
           o pre + stige
           o There is a lot of prestige associated with occupying a political position.

stru, stroy

    •   destroy (verb): to ruin, to pull down
           o de + stroy
           o The house was destroyed by the fire.

    •   misconstrue (verb): to interpret, analyse, or understand something incorrectly;
        misunderstand
           o mis + con + strue
           o Do not misconstrue his actions to mean he likes you -- being pleasant to
              customers is part of his job.

    •   obstruct (verb): to block, prevent, hinder
           o ob + struct
           o The fallen tree obstructed the roadway and blocked traffic for hours.

T

tact, tang

    •   tactilely (adverb): related to the sense of touch
            o tact + ile + + ly
            o Some people are tactilely oriented while others are visually oriented.

    •   tangible (adjective): able to be perceived by touch, physically real
           o tang + ible
           o Many people want tangible proof of something before they believe it to be
               true.

    •   contiguous (adjective): touching, next in a sequence
           o con + tig + uous
           o The United States has forty-eight contiguous states.

    •   contingent (adjective): possible, dependent on something else
           o con + ting + ent
           o Armand's move to a new apartment is contingent on his getting a raise.




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tend, tens

   •   extensive (adjective): large in area, wide
           o ex + tens + ive
           o There are extensive farm fields located in the plain states.

   •   contend (verb): to strive or reach for, to argue
          o con + tend
          o The two fighters contended for the heavy-weight championship title.

tain, ten

   •   retain (verb): to keep, to hold in place
           o re + tain
           o Blanche retained her Alaskan residence since she will return there when she is
               finished with school.

   •   continue (verb): to keep going, to remain
          o con + tin + ue
          o The movie is scheduled to continue until midnight.

   •   content (noun, adjective): something contained, held; satisfied
          o con + tent
          o I can't tell what the content of this can is until I open it.

   •   tenacious (adjective): holding or sticking to something
          o ten + ac + ious
          o Kareem is tenacious and he will stick with a subject until he understands it.

term

   •   exterminate (verb): to kill off, to get rid of
           o ex + term + in + ate
           o The Schaeffer's hired a company to exterminate the cockroaches living in their
             house.

   •   terminal (adjective): relating to an end
          o term + in + al
          o Margot has been diagnosed with a terminal disease and has been given only six
             months to live.

terr

   •   territory (noun): area of land
           o territ + ory
           o This area is considered to be Canadian territory.




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       •   terrain (noun): the physical features of an area
               o terr + ain
               o There is some very rough terrain in the White Mountain area of New
                  Hampshire.

test

       •   attest (verb): to provide proof, to say something is true
               o at + test
               o Malcolm can attest to Shiela's honesty since he has known her for ten years.

       •   testify (verb): to make a statement based on personal knowledge
               o test ify
               o The witness testified at the trial.

therm

       •   thermometer (noun) a device for measuring heat
              o thermo + meter
              o I took my temperature with a thermometer.

       •   thermal (adjective): relating to the presence of heat
              o therm + al
              o Lisa bought some thermal underwear to take with her when she goes skiing.

tor

       •   torment (noun, verb): agony, pain; to cause recurring pain
              o tor + ment
              o The torment Jean's nightmares caused made him seek professional help.
              o The guards tormented the prisoners.

       •   torsion (noun): twisting of a body or an organ by an external force along an axis
               o tors + ion
               o The torsion of the bolt will help release the wheel.

       •   contort (verb): to twist into an abnormal shape
              o con + tort
              o The actor contorted her face into an evil grin and scared the audience.

tract, trai

       •   attract (verb): to draw toward, to arouse interest
               o at + tract
               o The spilled sugar attracted flies and ants.

       •   train (verb): to teach or to cause to do something
               o train
               o Yvette trained her dog to perform tricks.




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      •   treaty (noun): a formal agreement
              o treat + y
              o The rebels and the new government signed a treaty calling for peace.

U

uni

      •   unite (verb) to make one, to join together
             o unite
             o The two small companies united and became one large business.

      •   unison (noun): at the same time, at the same pitch
             o uni + son
             o The two singers sang in unison.

V

vac

      •   vacant (adjective): empty, not occupied, free
             o vac + ant
             o The hotel has only one vacant room left.

      •   vacuum (noun): empty space, isolation from outside influence
             o vacu + um
             o Some people seem to live in a vacuum and they have no knowledge of current
                events.

ven, vent

      •   convene (verb): to assemble, to come together
             o con + vene
             o The meeting convened at 2:00 p.m. and lasted until 5:00 p.m.

      •   invent (verb): to create through thought or imagination
             o in + vent
             o Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone and other devices.

      •   prevent (verb): to act ahead of, to keep from happening
             o pre + vent
             o Lamont prevented a distastrous fire by calling the fire department the moment
                he smelled smoke.

ver

      •   verify (verb): to confirm that something is true
             o ver + ify
             o The police officer verified Arthur's identity by asking for his driver's license.




SeyfiHoca                              www.seyfihoca.com                                           53
                     [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

    •      veracity (noun): truthfulness, accuracy
              o ver + ac + ity
              o Daphne is known for her veracity and honesty.

verb, verv

    •      verbalize (verb): to express in words, to put into words
              o verb + al + ize
              o Sometimes it is difficult to verbalize one's feeings.

    •      verve (noun): enthusiasm
              o verve
              o The cheerleaders showed verve and school spirit at the football game.

vers, vert:

    •      versatile (adjective): capable of changing or adapting, useful
              o vers + at + ile
              o When used correctly, a computer can be a versatile tool.

    •      revert (verb): to go back, to return (to an original state)
              o re + vert
              o The land slowly reverted to a wild state after it was abandoned.

vid, vis

    •      video (noun): television or recorded movies
              o vid + eo
              o Patricia rented a video and watched it on her television.

    •      review (verb): to look at again, to reexamine
              o re + view
              o Marsha reviewed for the test by re-reading her class notes.

    •      visible (adjective): able to be seen
               o vis + ible
               o Sometimes the moon is visible during the day.

    •      indivisible (adjective, noun): cannot be separated
              o in + di + vis + ible
              o The Pledge of Allegiance mentions that the United States is an indivisible
                   nation.

vit, viv

    •      vital (adjective): necessary for life
               o vit + al
               o The cancer had not yet spread to her vital organs and she was given an
                   excellent chance for a full recovery.



SeyfiHoca                               www.seyfihoca.com                                    54
                 [PREFIXES]-[SUFFIXES]-[ROOTS]-[BASES]

   •   revive (verb): to return to life
          o re + vive
          o After spending a day in the sun, I was revived by a glass of water.

voc, voke

   •   vocal (adjective): uttered by the voice, producing sound
          o voc + al
          o Parrots are known to be very vocal birds.

   •   revoke (verb): to call back, to withdraw
          o re + voke
          o Karl's license was revoked because he was caught driving 20 miles over the
             speed limit.

volv, vol

   •   revolve (verb): to turn around
          o re + volve
          o The earth revolves around the sun.

   •   revolt (verb): to rebel, to turn against, to feel disgust
          o re + volt
          o It was the peasants who revolted during the French Revolution.
          o Cooked carrots revolt some people.

   •   evolution (noun): the process by which something develops
          o e + vol + ut + ion
          o Darwin and other natural scientists have developed theories of evolution.




SeyfiHoca                           www.seyfihoca.com                                    55

								
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