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					Introducing Borland Delphi 8
for the Microsoft .NET Framework

A product overview



A Borland White Paper



January 2004
Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Contents


Introduction ......................................................................... 3


Windows development today ................................................ 4


The Microsoft .NET Framework ............................................ 4


The challenges behind the move to the Microsoft .NET

Framework ........................................................................... 5

  Delphi 8: smooth sailing to the Microsoft .NET Framework............................................ 5
  Using Windows Forms and Web Forms ............................................................................. 7

Extending ADO.NET: the Borland Data Provider ..................... 8


The advanced new Delphi 8 IDE ........................................... 9


Integration with other Borland solutions ............................. 19


Creating model-driven applications with Delphi 8 Architect .. 23


Summary............................................................................. 24




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Introduction
Since the release of the Microsoft .NET Framework, it has been clear that this new approach
is the future of Windows application development. Yet users of Microsoft Visual Studio
find that they have a great deal to learn – and a great deal to change in their applications. With
the release of Delphi 8, Borland not only supports the new technology in .NET, but also
preserves investments in previous application development efforts.

New development for Windows is well under way. According to Gartner, “by mid-2004, most
mainstream AD [Application Development] organizations should begin serious efforts to
migrate any Win32/COM (Component Object Model) applications that are expected to be in
use beyond 2007 to the .NET Framework.”1

With the release of Borland C#Builder for the Microsoft .NET Framework in 2003,
Borland delivered the first commercial alternative to Visual Studio for .NET development.
Now, that same power is available for the Delphi language with Borland Delphi 8 for the
.NET Framework.

But Delphi 8 is more than a .NET version of Delphi. It includes many innovative features,
including Borland Enterprise Core Objects (ECO™), a model-driven application
development framework that promises to slash development and maintenance time. Other
new technologies include Borland Data Provider for .NET, comprehensive development
capabilities for Windows Forms, ASP.NET Web Forms, and Web Services.

In addition to core technologies for .NET development, Delphi 8 also introduces strong
integration with solutions for other phases of the application lifecycle. This strong integration
makes it easier to manage and maintain complex enterprise applications from the first stages
of requirements gathering right through to deployment and implementation.




1
 Gartner, CIO Update: How Java and .NET Compare and Will Evolve, Mark Driver, June
2003



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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




W indows  development today
Despite the popularity of Windows, the rapid development of applications that are easy to use,
reliable, and secure can be difficult.

Until recently, Microsoft encouraged developers to use either Visual Basic or Visual C++.
This has led to challenges for development managers. Even less-technically qualified team
members find Visual Basic lacking the tools and productivity they need, and Visual C++ can
take years to learn and use effectively.

With these issues in mind, Microsoft introduced the .NET Framework intending to simplify
Windows programming and make it easier to create sophisticated, reliable applications.




The Microsoft  .NET Framewor k
In the past, each Windows programming language had its own framework, which performed
low-level work, such as painting controls on forms and responding to mouse clicks, to allow
the developer to concentrate on application logic.

Each framework was designed for one programming language only. Now, .NET introduces a
single framework that is used by all .NET programming languages.

At a stroke, this removes many issues in Windows development. With .NET, there is only one
framework to learn, one object hierarchy to understand, and one programming model to use.

To make code more secure, the Microsoft .NET Framework is a virtual machine, compiling
programs on the fly and performing security checks as it does so. Code that contains errors or
contravenes security rules will not run. The virtual machine handles memory allocation,
preventing buffer overflows, which are the leading cause of system instability.

The combination of a virtual machine that can run programs written in different languages,
allied to a single framework, means development teams can now choose from a range of




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




programming languages. These include implementations of C++, Visual Basic, COBOL,
FORTRAN, and most other commercial programming languages.

The ability to mix languages in a single application means that different team members can
use different languages for their parts of the application as appropriate. For instance, a
systems engineer might use Managed C++ for low-level parts of a system, while a beginning
programmer uses Visual Basic .NET for another part of the same application.

Developers can also now easily leverage each other’s work – for example, parts of the system
built by one team can be easily used by others, even if they are written in other languages.




The challenges behind the move to the
Microsoft  .NET Framewor k
Microsoft has made it clear that the .NET Framework will be the principal approach for future
Windows development. Yet only after several years is it becoming a popular approach for
new systems development.

One reason for this slow adoption is that both Visual C++ and Visual Basic developers must
redevelop their code to run with the new .NET Framework.

For developers who use Delphi, the news is much better. With Delphi 8, almost all existing
Delphi programs can work as .NET applications.


Delphi 8: smooth sailing to the Microsoft .NET

Framework

Microsoft is on record as saying that Delphi developers have a 2-year head start on
development using .NET. With new Borland Delphi 8, it is easy and straightforward to move
to the new framework. Practically all existing program code can be moved to .NET without
changes.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Once loaded into Delphi 8, applications can take advantage of all the features of the .NET
Framework, including the improved security model and easy application deployment.

This is possible because Borland has created a new compiler for the Delphi language. Since
its first release, Delphi has been a leading development solution for Windows. As the
Windows platform has evolved, so, too, has Delphi and its support. The first version of Delphi
was released in 1995 and created 16-bit applications for Windows 3.1. Later versions support
32-bit programming and development for each version of Windows, right up to today’s
Windows XP.

The new Delphi compiler in Delphi 8 translates a program to the Common Intermediate
Language used by .NET. This means that programs can use Delphi language units alongside
units written using Managed C++, Visual Basic .NET, C#, or any other .NET-compatible
language. Language extensions mean that everything possible with other .NET languages is
also possible with Delphi.

Borland has also taken the opportunity to move almost all of the Visual Component Library
(VCL) to .NET, including the reintroduction of the Borland Database Engine for the
Microsoft .NET Framework (BDE .NET) to ensure that millions of older programs will work
without problems. This means that practically every Delphi program written for 32-bit
Windows can be moved to .NET without changes. Even dbExpress and the Borland
Database Engine (BDE) are available.

In brief, practically every Delphi application can be migrated, without changes, to Delphi 8
for the Microsoft .NET Framework. One simple recompilation is all that is necessary to have
existing programs running as managed code, with all the stability and reliability that .NET
offers.

Further technical details on the few changes required to some older Delphi programs are
outlined in the white paper “Migrating Win32 applications to the Microsoft .NET Framework
with Delphi 8” at www.borland.com.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Using Windows Forms and Web Forms

A key strength of the .NET Framework is that it includes a single set of system libraries that
are used to work with all Windows services. In addition to the core .NET framework,these
libraries include Windows Forms for desktop user interfaces, ASP.NET for creating Web
server interfaces, and ADO.NET for data access.

The libraries are the same software that is used with Visual Studio .NET. This makes it
possible to integrate Delphi code alongside other parts of a system written using C#, Visual
Basic, or Managed C++. Such a composite program can be compiled into a single application.

Each of the .NET libraries is available directly from Delphi 8. As new versions of the libraries
are made available – and as new technologies are released – it will immediately be possible to
use Delphi to work with these libraries without any further software.

Delphi developers will find themselves at home with the Windows .NET libraries. Microsoft
acknowledges the influence that Delphi has had on the design of the class hierarchy, so many
aspects will be familiar. The result is that Delphi developers do not take long to become
productive with the .NET Framework libraries.

Delphi 8 includes full designer support in the IDE for Windows Forms and ASP.NET Web
Forms. Because Delphi 8 includes comprehensive HTML editing capabilities, Web Forms
applications can be edited visually or through an HTML “code-behind” file that is run on the
Web Server.

Delphi code can be included in events generated by the Web server. Full debugging support is
included, allowing breakpoints and expression evaluation on remote Web applications as well
as local Windows Forms applications. Web Forms applications can even be profiled through
the Borland Optimizeit Profiler for the Microsoft .NET Framework, included with Delphi 8
Architect.

For ASP.NET development, Delphi 8 supports the Microsoft IIS Web server as well as the
Cassini Project Web Server, a lightweight .NET-hosted server that is easy to install and
maintain.



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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Extending ADO.NET: the Bor land  Data
Provider
Not only does Delphi 8 support ADO.NET as supplied in the .NET Framework, it also
includes additional technology to streamline development. This includes the Borland Data
Provider (BDP) for ADO.NET together with extra tools in the IDE.

ADO.NET is the standard library used by the .NET Framework to work with relational
databases. It provides a standard set of components that retrieve, cache, and update data to
back-end databases. The connection to the database itself is handled through standard .NET
interfaces that are implemented by the server vendor.

In practice, this means that if an application needs to switch from using one database server to
another, the application must be reworked to refer to the different vendors’ ADO.NET
provider components. So, for example, a shift from SQL Server to IBM DB2 would mean
replacing SqlConnection components with DB2Connection components.

The Borland Data Provider is a single set of components that works with a range of servers.
Because the connection to the back-end server is defined through a single string, the database
used by an application can be changed easily after deployment.

The Borland Data Provider offers other advantages. Usually, the data types used by each of
the different server providers must be mapped to the native .NET data types each time the
data is accessed. This does not need to be done with Borland Data Provider, significantly
simplifying code.

Finally, the BDP is an open, published specification, so it is quite straightforward for third
parties to create additional drivers. These already include MySQL, PostgreSQL, and others.
The open architecture makes it possible to add new database-specific design-time features and
specialized capabilities recognized at runtime. Additional tools such as performance profilers
and trace utilities also can be easily integrated.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




The advanced new Delphi  8 IDE
As well as providing a new compiler, a new version of the Delphi VCL, and additional
capabilities for .NET, Borland has created a new integrated development environment for
Delphi 8.




Figure 1: Delphi 8 includes comprehensive designers for Windows Forms applications

This environment is designed to take advantage of the .NET Framework, including direct
access to the entire .NET Framework component library. It also integrates with other Borland
solutions for code profiling, requirements management, and configuration management.

The new default display layout has each of the tools docked in a single window. However, a
desktop SpeedSetting can change the layout to more closely reflect the familiar undocked
Delphi designer from previous versions:




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 2: The IDE windows can be 'undocked’ to resemble the classic Delphi layout



Some features have been adapted from previous versions of Delphi. For instance, the Project
Manager tool window at top right gives the same ability to organize projects into groups.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 3: The Model View shows a logical representation of the project

Other features are new. For instance, under the Project Manager tab is a new Model View tab,
which gives a logical model visualization of the current project based on the object hierarchy:




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 4: The Data Explorer gives direct access to ADO.NET data



Under the Model View is the Data Explorer tab, with direct access to each connection set up
for the Borland Data Provider. The BDP is a new technology that simplifies access to
ADO.NET databases, and the Data Explorer provides a tree view to browse, query, and view
data in the databases.

Delphi 8 includes two distinct forms design technologies – the VCL-derived Delphi forms
designer and the new Windows Form designer. They share a design interface that is
practically identical, allowing developers to choose the technology that is most suitable for
their application.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 5: Delphi 8 shows live data from ADO.NET at design time



The component palette, at bottom right, has been streamlined. Developers who use .NET
typically have several dozen components available, and the new tool palette makes it easy to
quickly search and select the desired component.

Unlike Visual Studio, Delphi includes the ability to preview data from Borland Data Provider
connections while the application is under development. This makes it much easier to create
data-driven applications, because the layout of the form can be properly previewed without
running the application.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 6: The Tool Palette can be reorganized to suit the developer



The tool palette can be reorganized in different ways to suit the developer – either with text
descriptions or with only the icon. Optionally, component icons can be grouped into headings
chosen by the developer.




Figure 7: Incremental typing eases selection of components




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




If the name of the desired component is known, it can be selected using an incremental
search. Typing the first few letters of the name in the Search box filters the view of the
components.




Figure 8: The Object Inspector now groups properties by function



The Object Inspector at left also has been revamped. Grouping the properties for each
component into categories makes finding the desired property easier. Component editors are
now available through the Object Inspector, so they are easier to find and use. The description
pane makes it easier to understand the function of each property.

When using Windows Forms, nonvisual components such as database connections now reside
in their own Component Tray at the bottom of the form designer as shown in Figure 9 below.
This simplifies their organization and makes them easier to find.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 9: Delphi 8 can create ASP.NET applications with live data



Besides the ability to create both Windows Forms and VCL forms, Delphi 8 includes a full
designer to create Web Forms applications using ASP.NET. These can be laid out graphically
in the forms designer. Here, Borland Data Provider and Borland DB Web Controls for
ASP.NET components also provide live data during design time, as seen in Figure 9.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 10: The Code Editor supports ‘code folding’ hiding blocks of code




Figure 11: The same code as Figure 10, unfolded




The famous Borland code editor has also been revamped. It now supports “code folding,” so
procedures and functions or larger blocks of code can be hidden, making it easier to focus on
the business logic in the code. In this example, code folding has been used to hide the extra
logic automatically created by the forms designer when a Windows Forms application is
created.



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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




When editing code, the Tool Palette changes to show a list of “code snippets.” These allow
simple reuse of commonly used blocks of code.




Figure 12: Code Snippets make it easy to reuse blocks of code


Each of the tool windows is resizable and can be docked, stacked, or hidden in the margins.
Layouts can be saved, so a “form design” layout might provide more space for the component
palette than a “code editing” view. All this is customizable to the developer’s preference.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 13: Delphi 8 allows tool windows to be undocked to the margins of the IDE to
maximize screen space




Integration with other Bor land  solutions
Today’s software developers need agile solutions that make it easier to switch quickly among
requirements gathering, systems design, application development, software testing, and
deployment. For maximum productivity, and to deliver the best software, teams need to return
to any one of these stages once an application has been started.

For agile development to be effective, solutions for each of these steps must be integrated
closely. This is the Borland approach to Application Lifecycle Management (ALM): the
solutions for each stage are each leaders in their fields, yet they work closely together to give
teams great productivity – and superb flexibility.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Borland Delphi 8 can be used as the development piece of such an integrated application
solution. A key advantage of the new Delphi IDE is that it is modular and extensible. This has
made it possible to provide direct integration with other phases of development.

For example, it is essential that project requirements be properly defined and managed.
Borland CaliberRM is a complete solution that helps identify and track the requirements of
users and managers.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Figure 14: CaliberRM is integrated directly into Delphi 8




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




Delphi 8 integrates closely with Borland CaliberRM. When both products are installed, an
extra tool window gives a direct view of the project requirements, so the developer does not
need to switch to an external application to view and update the status of the project.

This example of streamlining development through close integration applies to other parts of
Delphi. The modular Borland architecture allows developers to focus on completing their
applications instead of worrying about file format translation and other housekeeping chores.

The configuration management solution, Borland StarTeam, closely integrates with the
menus of Delphi 8. StarTeam helps developers keep up-to-date with the latest version of the
project and provides many utilities that project managers can use to synchronize development
across widely distributed teams. Delphi 8 Enterprise and Architect include StarTeam Standard
and a one-user license.




Figure 15: With Borland StarTeam integration, developers can check files into and out of the
source control repository



Performance and resource optimization are critical if enterprise applications are to be as fast
as users demand. Borland Optimizeit Profiler for the Microsoft .NET Framework is integrated
into Delphi 8 Architect, so .NET applications can be profiled by selecting a single menu




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




option. This means that the application can be profiled during development, an important step
in ensuring that the approach when writing code is appropriate.

Delphi 8 Architect integrates technology from Borland Together and Borland Enterprise Core
Objects (ECO) to make it possible to create model-driven applications.




Creating model-driven applications with
Delphi  8 Architect
A model-driven application automatically creates business objects and their underlying logic
directly from a graphical model of the application. This approach can save time when first
creating a system. The real benefits are seen when the application later needs to be changed,
because a change to the model is typically reflected directly in the completed application.

Delphi 8 Architect includes a model-driven application development solution known as
Borland Enterprise Core Objects, or ECO. This takes a UML package diagram and
associated class diagrams and creates a set of business objects based on the classes defined in
the model. It automatically enforces business rules defined in the Object Constraint Language.

A rich and powerful runtime, ECO rewards the time taken in creating an application model by
making implementation fast and straightforward. It helps logically separate the business
objects in an application from the presentation logic, so the impact of changes is minimized.
Because the model is a part of the application, it is easier to understand how the system
works, which is especially useful for larger enterprise projects that might be maintained by
different people over time.

The ECO runtime includes a UML class diagram designer that is accessed through the Delphi
8 Model View. This automatically generates a unit of source code that includes all the logic
necessary to create .NET objects based on these classes.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




ECO also includes a specialized designer, the EcoSpace. This makes the classes defined
through the model available as DataSources throughout the application. As a result, creating
and using new objects based on these classes is as easy as working with a database.

Once they have been created, the objects can be stored to a database using the automatic
persistence mapping features of ECO. This translates the objects into regular relational
database tables.

One of the powerful features of ECO is the ability to easily accommodate changes to
applications. If extra elements are added to the model, the underlying data can be migrated
easily to a new structure, which is not always easy with relational databases.

By automatically creating and persisting business objects based on classes in the UML
diagram, ECO can dramatically reduce the amount of code needed in an application. This
makes a system more reliable – there is less code to go wrong. It also makes it more likely
that the completed application will match the initial specifications of users.




Summar y
With the release of the Microsoft .NET Framework, developing Windows applications has
been transformed, easing deployment and increasing reliability. No longer are project
managers fixed to one language for a whole system: it is now possible to choose an
appropriate language for different parts of a system.

With Delphi 8, Borland provides the richest set of development capabilities for the .NET
Framework. The new IDE streamlines development of Windows Forms, ASP.NET Web
Forms, and Web Services applications, while innovations such as the Borland Data Provider
make it easy to deploy applications that work with today’s mix of enterprise databases.

The ECO framework reduces the time taken to create applications and greatly eases
maintenance. By using a UML model to create the business logic, developers can concentrate
on proper analysis of users’ requirements rather than internal housekeeping in the application.




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Introducing Borland  Delphi  8 for the Microsoft  .NET Framework




For existing Delphi users, Delphi 8 is a straightforward move from previous versions.
Practically all existing applications can be recompiled for .NET, where they take advantage of
the new .NET reliability and security features. Even applications that use dbExpress, and the
older Borland Database Engine, can be brought over to the new environment.

Borland is committed to giving developers the best possible technology for the entire
application lifecycle. Delphi 8 integrates smoothly with solutions for other development tasks,
including Borland StarTeam for application management, Borland CaliberRM for
requirements management, and Borland Optimizeit Profiler for application profiling.

Taken together, this integrated set of solutions gives by far the richest development solution
for the Microsoft .NET Framework, without sacrificing previous investments in software
development.

For more information on Borland Delphi 8, and for more detailed information such as self-
running product demonstrations, ECO tutorials, trial software, and more, please visit the
online Delphi product site at http://www.borland.com/delphi_net/




Made in Borland® Copyright © 2004 Borland Software Corporation. All rights reserved. All Borland brand and product names
are trademarks or registered trademarks of Borland Software Corporation in the United States and other countries. Microsoft,
Windows, and other Microsoft product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S. and
other countries. All other marks are the property of their respective owners. Corporate Headquarters: 100 Enterprise Way, Scotts
Valley, CA 95066-3249 • 831-431-1000 • www.borland.com • Offices in: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic,
France, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand,
Russia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. • 21424




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