FIVE SENSE POEM: FORMULA
There are two different types of cinquain
commonly seen and used: Choose an abstraction
The traditional 5-line cinquain format: Line 1: what color the abstraction is
line 1 – title or subject 2 syllables Line 2: what the abstraction sounds like.
line 2 – description of subject 4 syllables
line 3 – some action about the subject 6 Line 3: what the abstraction tastes like.
line 4 – feelings about the subject 8 syllables Line 4: what the abstraction smells like.
line 5 – synonym for the subject 2 syllables
Line 5: what the abstraction looks like
Line 6: what the abstraction makes you feel
DIAMANTE POEM FORMULA
Line 1: one word, the subject of the poem.
ABSTRACTION (idea, not an object, like THEFT IS A MUDDY BROWN BLOTCH OF PAINT.
Love, War, Greed, Jealousy, Fear, etc) THEFT SOUNDS LIKE AN ANIMAL CRYING.
THEFT TASTES LIKE INHALED FUMES
AND SMELLS LIKE ROTTING MEAT.
Line 2- 2 words, adjectives describing IT LOOKS AS IF IT WANTS TO RUN AWAY
subject BUT IT FEELS LIKE COWERING INSTEAD.
Line 3- 3 words, participles [-ed, -ing
words] 3-5-3 FORMULA
Line 4- 4 words that relate to the subject A 3-5-3 poem, sometimes called a lune, is a
great way to boil down your research into a
Line 5- 3 words, particibles [-ed, -ing few words and develop a feeling for the kind
words] of details that surprise and delight. It’s so
simple. The first line of the poem is three
Line 6- 2 words, adjectives words, the second line five words, and the
third line three words. Your goal as a writer
Line 7- 1 word, the opposite of the subject is to surprise or delight the reader with those
last 3 words. Think of a 3-5-3 poem as a
CATTLE OF THE SUN joke (tool 6, setup and punch). The first 2
lines are the setup, the last line is the punch
HUNGER line. Save it for your best fact or your
PAINFUL, SLOW silliest.
SEARCHING, NEEDING, RUMBLING
CATTLE OF THE SUN Begin by listing some facts about your
STEALING, COOKING, EATING subject. Pick one fact and write the first
DANGEROUS, GREEDY three words of your poem-then the next five
SATISFIED words. For example:
The Roman Empire HOW TO BE A CATTLE OF THE SUN
Spread from east to west
The last line of your 3-5-3 poem must do DON’T GET ―FIRED‖.
something funny or intriguing or weird or AVOID COOKING.
surprising. Here is the last line to the poem HAVE A GOLDEN GLOW ABOUT YOU.
above: DON’T ACCEPT INVITATIONS TO DINNER.
Caesar salad anyone? DON’T BE AFTRAID TO USE YOUR HORN
OK, It’s not very funny, but I am sure you WHEN YOU NEED TO.
MOOOOOOOVE AWAY FROM PEOPLE WITH
could do better using your research. Look at WEAPONS.
your facts and start writing. Remember to BE AN INDIVIDUAL; DON’T FOLLOW THE
make your final line do something peculiar. HERD.
FOLLOW THE GOLDEN RULE.
Write about Lincoln CHILL, DON’T HAVE A COW.
A man with a long beard
Free at last
Go to Rome 3 line poem to show EMOTION based on
Take a long hot bath your 5 senses (sight, smell, etc): 5 syllables,
With 33,000 people 7 syllables, 5 syllables
Field of reeds Step 1; Choose a season(winter, spring,
Is what the ancient Egyptians summer, fall). Many haiku seem to focus on
Thought was heaven nature. The season is important for coming
up with words to use in a haiku. Because the
Men who built poem has so few words, simple phrases such
The pyramids worked all day as "cherry blossoms" or "falling leaves" can
With curved spines create lush scenes, yet still reflect the feeling
of the verse. Or, ―autumn breeze" might be
known to express loneliness and the coming
of the dark winter season.
HOW-TO POEM FORMULA
o Winter usually makes us
1. Pick an object think of burden, cold, sadness,
2. Gather facts on your object hunger, tranquility or peace. Ideas
3. Make a list of 6-10 facts Then, write the about winter can be invited with
poem, using VERBS: Do this ...don’t do that words like "snow," "ice," "dead tree,"
... "leafless," etc.
4. There should be a fun twist to your
poem; o Summer brings about
in the following examples, your advice feelings of warmth, vibrancy, love,
should be able to apply to the non-human anger, and many others. General
object as well as real humans: a line about a summer phrases include references to
spear might say, ―get to the point‖, which the sky, beaches, heat, and romance.
can also apply to humans!
o Autumn brings to mind a
very wide range of ideas: decay,
belief in the supernatural, jealousy,
saying goodbye, loss, regret, and
mystery to name a few. Falling
leaves, shadows, and autumn colors
are common uses.
o Spring, like summer, can Silence around us
make one think of love, but it is Our watchful eyes hear the world
usually more a sense of infatuation. Hands do the talking
Also common are themes like
innocence, youth, passion. Blossoms,
new plants, or warm rains can imply
spring. Rain falls, seeds sprout
Continues life from something
Step 2: Add a contrast or comparison. Small but strong, it grows.
Reading most haiku, you'll notice they either -Sarah, age 14 Cape Cod, MA
present one idea for the first two lines and
then switch quickly to something else or do
the same with the first line and last two. A
Japanese haiku achieves this shift with what
is called a "kireji" or cutting word, which Hockey Haiku
cuts the poem into two parts. In English, it is
essential for nearly every haiku to have this Gracefully slither
two-part juxtapositional structure. He sneaks to the net untouched
With one swing he scores.
These two parts sometimes create a contrast,
sometime a comparison. Slash, push, crush, swipe, skate
Big time effort for four hours
Game ends tied, zero-zero
The haiku poet wants to come up with
the perfect words to spark the emotions Up on the tundra
(not ideas) they wish to communicate. It You have one of two choices
doesn't have to be extremely severe; it Hockey or ...ummm...uhhh.....
can be anything from one color to -Mike A. Crookston, MN (the
wet footprints I like spring water
in a U-turn It makes me feel good inside
on the diving board It takes my breath away.
-LaQuita, age 10, Georgia
the English teacher corrects
the misspelled graffiti
Fall is almost here.
It’s cold—and I wait I like the colorful leaves.
For someone to shelter me Others like the fall too.
And take me from here.
The beaches waves hit
Sounding of flooding Leaves down everywhere
water Different colors through the year
Soothes aches all over Fall is almost here!
-Tiffany, age 13, L.A. -Ali, age 11
Fall is leaves falling road
Eating crisp, crunchy apples Silence and beauty.
A warm fire burning.
Branches stretching out
To grab the sunsets
Fall is leaves falling, Night is approaching.
Munching on sweet red -Lisa H., age 11
A warm fire burning.
-Rebecca, age 17, MI
White light shining through
Patterns along the blank wall
Brighten my day
Snow falling slowly
Blanketing the trees and --sandra, age 14