Mensa Chronicle 2005_01 by wuyunyi


									Volume 14 • Number 1                                                                        January 2005

If you or someone you know would like to be a speaker at our monthly dinner,
please contact Activities Coordinator Nancy O’Neil at or
203-791-1668. The dinner is held the third Saturday of the month.

going back a year to July 2002 are available on the Internet at
You can download the latest e-mail version of the Chronicle there, as well as previous issues. All issues
are in read-only Adobe Acrobat format so there is no chance of viruses accompanying the files.


2   Schedule of Southern Connecticut Mensa Events
    Schedule of Connecticut and Western Mass Mensa Events
    Happy Hours & Get Together’s
3   Regional Gatherings
5   From The Vice Chairman
6   Puzzles and Questions
    Is that Right?
7   Noted and Quoted
8   Word Origins
9   Ruminations
12 Kick Irrational Comics
13 Good Wine Cheap
14 December Dinner:
   Putting out a Monthly Paper
15 Mind and Money
17 Poetry Corner
18 Mental Matters
19 Chapter Notes
   Member Advertisements
   Change of Address Form
20 List of Officers

Volume 14 • Number 1                             MENSA CHRONICLE                                           January 2005

                                                                  MENSA CHAPTER UPCOMING EVENTS
Friday, January 14, 7:00                                          This is not a complete listing WE - Weekly Event,
Southern Connecticut and Connecticut/Western                      ME - Monthly Event, YE - Yearly Event CT & W.
Massachusetts Joint Dinner                                        Mass Calendar Editor Gisela Rodriguez, (860)
Monthly dinner at the Old Sorrento Restaurant,                    872-3106,email:
Newtown Road, DANBURY, CT Interested Men-
sans should contact Ward Mazzucco at (203) 744-                   Mensans on the Radio:
1929, ext 25,, or Rev Bill                     C&WM Mensan Janine Bujalski is on the airwaves
Loring at (203) 794-1389,                        every 1st & 3rd Friday 6-10 a.m. on 89.5FM,
                                                                  WPKN in Bridgeport, CT. There is a limited inter-
                                                                  net broadcast - about 25 can listen simultaneous-
Saturday, January 15, 7:00.                                       ly at . From 6-9 AM there's jazz,
Monthly Dinner                                                    blues & music from Brazil and from 9-10 AM the
Mensan Ken McConvey will talk on “The Guns                        music is from Louisiana, mostly Cajun & zydeco.
that Won the West.” Come hear him and enjoy                          Vice LocSec Will Mackey is hosting Friday
dinner in our private dining room at the Stony                    evening Classics from 4:00 p.m. until 7:00 p.m.
Hill Inn, 46 Stony Hill Road (right off Exit 8 on                 weekly on 91.3 FM, WWUH, in West Hartford.
Rte. 84), Bethel, CT 06801, (203-743-5533).                       The name of the program is "What You Will"
Dress is casual. Contact Nancy O'Neil, Nancy-                     and its focus is chamber music., 203-791-1668, for information
and reservations. You MUST call and MAKE
RESERVATIONS by Friday, January 14 so we can                      JANUARY
assure that the restaurant can provide seating. If                1 Saturday 2pm - 7 pm
you make reservations and can't attend, PLEASE                    New Year's Day Open House
call and cancel. Directions from New Haven or                     (YE) in Ellington. Start the bright new year in a
Bridgeport: Take Route 25 into Newtown, where it                  cozy mood and come on back to Art Swanson's
becomes Route 6 West. OR take I-84 and get off at                 home for an afternoon of chatter and cama-
Exit 9 (Route 25 Brookfield). At the end of the ramp
                                                                  raderie. Come and go as you like, bring some-
take a left if eastbound or a right if westbound. At
the first light take a right on to Route 6 West. The
                                                                  thing edible or potable to share if you like, or
hotel is located 2 miles on the right, not far over the           just bring yourselves; this is a very casual and
Bethel line. From Stamford/Norwalk: Take Route 7 to               gentle event in which to unwind after last
I-84 and follow the above directions, turning right               night's festivities. Newcomers always welcome.
after exiting I-84.                                               Call Art at 860-872-9308 or
                                                                  for info and directions.
                                                                  6, 13, 20, 27 Thursdays 7:00 pm
Friday, February 11, 7:00.                                        Scrabble (WE) at Emmanuel Synagogue, 160 Mo-
Southern Connecticut and Connecticut/Western                      hegan Drive, West Hartford. Ellen Leonard, (860)
MassachusettsJoint Dinner.                                        667-1966 (Please call first to make sure this is
See above listing for details.                                    happening today).

Saturday, February 19, 7:00.                                      7 Friday 5:30 pm
Monthly Dinner.                                                   Happy Hour in Wallingford (ME, 1st Fridays)
See above listing for details.                                    Ann Polanski (contact her at 203-269- 4565 or
                                                         ) hosts us at George's
                                                                  II Restaurant, 950 Yale Avenue, Wallingford, CT
ARCHIVED COPIES OF THE CHRONICLE going back                       06492 Phone: 269-1059 Directions: Exit 66 off
a year are available on the Internet at          Wilbur Cross Parkway. Turn left (south) onto Rte 5.
You can download the latest e-mail version of the                 Take first left onto Yale Avenue. George's II is in the
Chronicle there, as well as previous issues. All issues are       Yale Plaza on the right.
in read-only Adobe Acrobat format so there is no
chance of viruses accompanying the files.
Volume 14 • Number 1                       MENSA CHRONICLE                                      January 2005

21 Friday 6pm - 8pm or so                                 Please join us in New England for NH Mensa's
Diner Dinner (ME, 3rd Friday) at Olympia Diner,           15th Annual Regional Gathering! We'll have
Rte 5, Newington, just north of the Berlin town           plenty of food, drink and revelry! Meet new and
line and North East Utilities. Menu ranges from           old friends alike on the top floor of the Radisson
toasted cheese sandwich to steak and fish din-            Hotel, with a lovely view of the city below. We
ners. Basic bar menu available, no happy hour             have a great speaker line-up, as well as games,
prices, but the food is good and very reasonable.         contests, and surprises spread throughout the
Please contact Nicole Michaud at (860) 434-7329           weekend. It'll be held FEBRUARY 18-20th at the
or email, Subject: Diner Dinner           Center of NH, Manchester NH and the theme will
                                                          be Phant-M : The Music of the Night. Bring a
                                                          little intrigue and mystery to your weekend and
26 Wednesday 12 Noon                                      come up to Northern New England for a great
Middlebury Lunch (ME, last Wednesday) at Mag-             time! We'll have all the usual trappings (great
gie McFly's in Middlebury, visible on the right           beer and wine selection, games, book sale, auc-
from Rte. 63 just south of the Rte 63 and Rte 64          tion, chocolate, speakers, children's program) as
intersection. This intersection is at the end of a        well as the unusual (you'll just have to come to
long ramp at Exit 17 on Rte 84 west. From this            find out, now won't you?). Please check the
exit, turn left at the 63/64 intersection. If you         website at
use Exit 17 on Rte. 84 east (heading toward Hart-         for more details or to download a registration
ford), turn left off the exit ramp and see Maggie         form. Hope to see you there!
McFly's on your left. Contact Richard Fogg at
860-274-2370 for more info.                               Name: _______________________________________
                                                          Name on badge: ______________________________

28 Friday 5:00 pm                                         Address: _____________________________________
Happy Hour (ME, 4th Friday) Colonial Tymes,               ______________________________________________
2389 Dixwell Ave, Hamden. Located about 1/2
                                                          City: ________________________________________
mile north of Exit 60, Wilbur Cross Parkway. We
are now reserving the middle tables on the left           State: ___________       Zip Code: ________________
as you walk in the bar. Dinner is a possibility if
                                                          Telephone: __________________________________
enough people are interested. Come on down
and join us this month, we'd love to see ya. Con-         e:mail: _______________________________________
tact Gail Trowbridge (203) 877-4472 or Gail.Trow-         T-shirt (Hemp fabric with embroidered design)
                                                          $16 Size: S M L XL XXL
                                                          Golf shirt (Hemp fabric with embroidered design)
                                                          $20 Size: S M L XL         XXL
February 5 -13
THE SKI SIG OF AMERICAN MENSA                             Quantities VERY limited at RG. Please pre-order!
invites Mensa members worldwide to join us for            Amount enclosed: _______________________
a half-week or week+ of snow skiing the deep
fluffy snow on the Rocky Mountains of Aspen               (make checks payable to NH Mensa) or
and Snowmass. For details see Http://            MC/Visa #_____________________________________ or
                                                          Expires: _____/_______
contact John Adams,, +1
713 666 9277, 8211 Fairhope Place, Houston, TX            Name on Card: _______________________________
77025-3201, USA.                                          FULL SATURDAY NIGHT BBQ BUFFET INCLUD-
                                                          ED IN REGISTRATION COST THIS YEAR!!!!!
                                                          Hotel information: Radisson Hotel Manchester
                                                          at the Center of NH, 700 Elm Street, Manchester,
Phant-M : The Music of the Night
                                                          NH 03101. Single/Double/Triple/Quad $92. Rates
February 18th-20th
                                                          guaranteed until 1/27/04. Call 1-800-333-3333 or
                                                          1-603-625-1000 and ask for "NH Mensa" rate.

Volume 14 • Number 1                       MENSA CHRONICLE                                       January 2005

Registration: $50 until 11/15; $65 until 1/15;              April 15-17
$75 after 1/15 or at the door. Do not mail regis-           MIND GAMES 2005
tration after 2/1 - please register at the door in-         HOSTED BY TAMPA BAY MENSA
stead. Children 8-17 $15 less than the regular              An intense weekend of play. Mensans judge and
rate, children under 8 free. Saturday rate is $10           critique games released in the past year and
less than the regular rate in effect at registra-           award the coveted Mensa Select seal to the top
tion. Make your checks payable to "NH Mensa"                five. Past winners include Scattergories, Trivial
and mail your form and fee to: Deb Stone, Regis-            Pursuit, and Taboo. Mind Games begins on Fri-
trar 24312 Spartan Street.                                  day afternoon and ends Saturday morning.
Questions? Contact
Mission Viejo, CA 92691-3921 or Walter (603-436-7250)       Double Tree Hotel - Tampa Westshore Airport
or Darlene (603-529-4446) e-mail:          4500 W Cypress St.,Tampa, FL 33607,(813) 879-
                                                            4800. Mention MENSA to get a special hotel
                                                            rate of $99 per night (plus tax). The cut-off date
February 27                                                 for getting the special Mensa rate is March 15,
NORTHERN NEW JERSEY MIDWINTER BLAHS                         2005.
Fairfield Inn by Marriott                                   REGISTRATION through April 1 = $65. Contacts:
850 Paterson Plank Road                                     Sylvia Zadorozny, Mind Games 2005
East Rutherford, NJ 07073-2130                              Chair:
Phone: (201) 507-5222                                       Kathy Crum:
It was such a success last year we're doing it              Register online now at!
again! Join your fellow Mensans for an enter-
taining and educational day. Speakers, games,               Send your registration to:
puzzles, and music. Food, coffee, tea, sodas and            Mind Games 2005, American Mensa, Ltd.,1229
LOTS OF CHOCOLATE! Prizes!                                  Corporate Dr. W., Arlington, TX 76006-6103
Open to Mensans and Non-Mensans of all ages
EASY ACCESS. PUBLIC TRANSPORT FROM NYC.                     You can also call 817-607-0060 x122 using your
                                                            Visa or MasterCard.
REGISTRATION:                                               Please direct registration questions to
Please send check payable to NNJ Mensa for        
$5.00 to: NNJ Mensa - Registration, PO Box 64,
Hawthorne, NJ 07507. Please include your
Mensa ID, Name, Address, Phone number, and (if              2005 Post-AG Cruise
available) e-mail address For more information,             The 2005 Annual Gathering in New Orleans will
please contact: Nancy Pool (973) 989-8709,                  end with a Mensa cruise to Jamaica, the Cayman or Mindy Maidens (201) 224-                 Islands and Cozumel. Extra-special pricing until
0453,                                      August 5, 2004. Details at http://www.suitecruis-

 If you wish to comment on articles or submit material, please write or e-mail Jim Mizera at PMB
 #181, 7365 Main St., Stratford, CT. 06614-1300, E-mail submissions are pre-
 ferred. Please include your name, address, and e-mail address or telephone number. Anonymous
 material will be rejected, although names will be withheld on request. Items will be returned if ac-
 companied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. Currently, the deadline for postal submissions is
 the 15th of the month preceding publication, and the 20th of the month for e-mail submissions.

Volume 14 • Number 1                       MENSA CHRONICLE                                        January 2005
FROM THE VICE CHAIR                                        abama Mensa won the bid for the 2007 Annual
Marghretta McBean                                          Gathering to be held in Birmingham, Alabama.
                                                           Fort Worth, Texas lost in a very close race.
Once again Boston Mensa put on a Regional
Gathering to bring smiles to all attending. From           In Old Norse, the term "ves heill" means "be of
the very young to the young at heart, there was            good health"; the Old English transliterated it to
something for everyone. Boston is one of the               "wes hal". The term was associated with both a
few RGs where children attend in significant               spiced mulled beer punch and the tradition of
numbers, and its' Kid's Room was the scene of              going door to door on Christmas Eve, greeting
paper airplane and seasonal wreath making, a               one's neighbors and drinking to their health.
baking class, and videos for the younger set, as
well the kiddie mealtimes. A big tip o' the hat            This wassail is made with wine, since finding
goes to Chris and Dave Picard who coordinated              beer that warms up nicely is difficult (Canada's
the Kid's Room, and to all the parents and                 Quelque Chose, a cherry beer from the Unibroue
friends who gave so generously of their time               brewery, is a great choice but hard to find).
and expertise.                                             Warm wishes for a wonderful holiday season
                                                           and the best for 2005!
Friday night's activities included karaoke, and
yours truly (after several liquid libations) took to       WASSAIL
the mike with my rendition of Janis Joplin's               4 cinnamon sticks
"Take a Little Piece of My Heart". Even I cannot,          1 lemon, sliced horizontally
in good consciousness, call what I did "singing".          1 cup sugar
Saturday night's talent show revealed a wealth             1/2 cup water
of real talent. Region 1 must hold some kind of            6 cups dry red wine
record: we have four Presidents/LocSecs who are            2 cups pineapple juice
professional singers: John Baumann (New Hamp-              2 cups orange juice
shire), Paul Mailman (Boston), Tom Padwa                   1 cup sweet sherry
(Rhode Island), and Michelle Wojtaszek (Mid-
Hudson). Paul and Tom did solos and also sang              1. Bring the cinnamon, lemon, sugar and water
together, with encore requests.                               to a boil, and cook until slightly thickened.
                                                              Take care not to burn the mixture.
With another nod to regional talent, by now you
all must have seen the November/December                   2. In a large non-reactive pot, heat the wine,
issue of the Mensa Bulletin, with Michelle Woj-               juices and sherry until hot. Add the syrup. This
taszek on the cover. Congratulations Michelle!                tastes even better when it has been allowed
She certainly marches to the beat of her own                  to stand and mellow.
drummer- she is, in fact, the drummer in her
group, Abominatrix.
                                                              Chronicle is THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF
The AMC (American Mensa Committee) quarter-                   SOUTHERN CONNECTICUT MENSA #066
ly meeting was held in Orlando Florida at the                 The subscription rate for members is $3.50 and
Disney World Coronado Springs Resort, the site                is included as part of yearly dues Others may
of the 2006 World Gathering. Many of the mo-                  subscribe at a rate of $10.00 per year (Monthly)
tions aimed at eliminating a lot of the micro-
management and administrivia that had crept                   The views expressed in this publication are the
into the Communications area (Mensa publica-                  view of the individual submitting items for
                                                              publication, and DO NOT represent the opin-
tions and website primarily). Despite the unfor-
                                                              ions of American Mensa, Ltd., the Chapter Ex-
tunate resignation of Tim Folks, the former Com-              ecutive Committee or the Editor unless so stat-
munications Officer, I was pleased to be a spon-              ed in the article Unless otherwise noted, mate-
sor of his legacy: better and more efficient gov-             rial is not copyrighted and may be used in
ernance. Robin Crawford, Chicago Mensa's Presi-               other publications; please let us know by send-
dent, was appointed to serve the remainder of                 ing two copies to the Editor (one copy for the
the Communications Officer's term. Central Al-                Editor, one copy for the Author).

Volume 14 • Number 1                       MENSA CHRONICLE                                     January 2005
(Answers may be in next month’s Chronicle.)               ANSWERS TO LAST MONTH'S PUZZLES:
                                                          1. What is wrong with the word "reiterate?"
1. What is the difference between the odds of
   something happening and the probability of             A: The "re-" in "reiterate" is redundant. To iter-
   it happening?                                             ate means to say or do      again. Computer
                                                             programmers talk about how many iterations
2. Name several of the leading economic indica-              code in a loop    will go through, but iterate
   tors.                                                     also means to repeat words or statements. So
                                                             iterate and reiterate have a meaning in com-
3. What are some secret formulas?                            mon.

4. What percentage of streets are dead end

5. List as many weasel words as you can.

6. Describe some everyday rationalizations that
   people use.

7. Estimate the number of computers in the

IS THAT RIGHT                                               Ford's main purpose was probably simply to
Are the following statements facts, fallacies, par-         cut down the employee turnover rate. In the
tial truths, or uncertainties?                              early days at Ford, many farm workers came
                                                            to work at the factory but couldn't take the
1. Henry Ford raised wages at Ford in 1914                  grind. So many quit. Ford needed a steady
so that his workers could help business by                  reliable workforce and his new pay schedule
buying more Ford cars.                                      enticed people to put up with the mass-pro-
                                                            duction factory routine. It was a work incen-
  This may be a reason cited by Ford and many               tive not a sales incentive. Subsequently,
  others, but it makes very little sense. When              turnover plummeted, production boomed,
  he raised wages from $2 to $5 a day at Ford,              and quality improved. The rest is history.
  it gave workers more money but there was no
  reason to believe that most would spend
  much of that money on Ford automobiles. If              2. If you play radios louder, you will use up
  that was his purpose, it would have been                the batteries sooner.
  much more efficient for Ford to give employ-
  ees a discount on the company's products,                 Yes. Even small radios use about 200% more
  which is what many businesses do. Besides,                battery charge at the highest volume setting
  Ford employees made up only a small portion               than at the lowest. The audio amplifiers con-
  of the market for the cars. The only sales pur-           sume the extra charge. A boom box requires
  pose it could possibly serve would be to spark            about three times as much power to play at
  a few purchases and give a little greater visi-           its loudest as it does as its softest, which
  bility to the new car.                                    means the battery will last only one-third as
                                                            long. So sanity is more economical.

Volume 14 • Number 1                                MENSA CHRONICLE                                                 January 2005

                                                                    The first step towards getting somewhere is to
In the depth of winter, I finally learned that                      decide that you are not going to stay where you
there was within me an invincible summer.                           are. - J. P. Morgan, (1837 - 1913)
- Albert Camus, (1913 - 1969), French existentialist novelist
and philosopher                                                     The secret of managing is to keep the guys who
                                                                    hate you away from the guys who are
Architecture begins where engineering ends.                         undecided. - Casey Stengel, (1890 - 1975)
- Walter Gropius, (1883 - 1969)
                                                                    Entrepreneurship is the art of working as hard as
Self-discipline is when your conscience tells you                   you can until luck happens. - Sal Alfiero
to do something and you don't talk back.
- W.K. Hope
                                                                    A good diet can cure many of the world's ills.
                                                                    - Dr. Robert Atkins, (1930 - 2003)
I had ambition not only to go farther than any
man had ever been before, but as far as it was                      Don't anthropomorphize computers, they hate
possible for a man to go. - James Cook, (1728 - 1779)               it. -Anonymous

If the world is cold make it your business to build                 Lying is the most simple form of self-defence.
fires. - Horace Traubel                                             - Susan Sontag, (1913 - ), U.S. critic, novelist, and screen-
Clouds may cover the sunshine, they cannot ban-
ish the sun. - Ella Wheeler Wilcox                                  There is no human reason why a child should not
                                                                    admire and emulate his teacher's ability to do
The craving for things that are not induces us to                   sums, rather than the village bum's ability to
see the world as it is not. - Eric Hoffer, (1902 - 1983 ),          whittle sticks and smoke cigarettes. The reason
The Passionate State of Mind, 1955                                  why the child does not is plain enough -- the
                                                                    bum has put himself on an equality with him
The world is a circle - what may seem like the                      and the teacher has not. - Floyd Dell
end is the beginning. - ???
                                                                    We first make our habits, and then our habits
A schedule defends from chaos and whim.                             make us. - John Dryden, (1631 - 1700)
- Annie Dillard, (1945 - ), U.S. poet, novelist

I have had dreams and I have had nightmares,
but I have conquered my nightmares because of
my dreams. - Dr. Jonas Salk, (1914 - 1995)

Volume 14 • Number 1                      MENSA CHRONICLE                                      January 2005

WORD ORIGINS                                             Miami

Many of the names of U.S. states and Canadian              Illinois - warrior men.
provinces come from North American Indian lan-
guages. Here is a list of Indian languages and the       Mohican
names of places they contributed to the English
language, along with the American Indian mean-             Connecticut - at the long tidal river.
Algonquin                                                Navajo

  Massachusetts - place near the big little hills.         Utah - upper land.
  Missouri - town of the large canoes .
  Oregon - beautiful water.                              Ojibwa
  Wisconsin - grassy place.
  Wyoming - place of the big flats.                        Mississippi - great river.
                                                           Ottawa - bulrushes.
  Alabama - I clear the land.
  Oklahoma - red people.                                   Nebraska - river in the flatness.

Cree                                                     Papago
  Michigan - big lake.                                     Arizona - place of the small spring.
  Quebec - it is shut.
  Saskatchewan - rapid current.
  Winnipeg - swamps.
                                                           Idaho - light on the mountain.
  Canada - village / settlement.
  Kentucky - meadow land.                                  Dakota - friend.
  Ohio - beautiful water.                                  Kansas - land of the south wind people.
                                                           Minnesota - sky blue waters.


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Volume 14 • Number 1                      MENSA CHRONICLE                                          January 2005

RUMINATIONS                                                 since it was first brought out, has done more to-
                                                            wards putting down the practice of highway
ON ACTORS AND ACTING (1817)                                 robbery, than all the gibbets that ever were erect-
William Hazlitt, (1778 - 1830)                              ed. A person, after seeing this piece, is too deeply
                                                            imbued with a sense of humanity, is in too good
PLAYERS are "the abstracts and brief chronicles of          humour with himself and the rest of the world, to
the time;" the motley representatives of human              set about cutting throats or rifling pockets. What-
nature. They are the only honest hypocrites. Their          ever makes a jest of vice, leaves it too much a
life is a voluntary dream; a studied madness. The           matter of indifference for any one in his senses to
height of their ambition is to be beside them-              rush desperately on his ruin for its sake. We sus-
selves. To-day kings, to-morrow beggars, it is only         pect that just the contrary effect must be pro-
when they are themselves, that they are nothing.            duced by the representation of George Barnwell,
Made up of mimic laughter and tears, passing                which is too much in the style of the Ordinary's
from the extremes of joy or woe at the                      sermon to meet with any better success. The
prompter's call, they wear the livery of other              mind, in such cases, instead of being deterred by
men's fortunes; their very thoughts are not their           the alarming consequences held out to it, revolts
own. They are, as it were, train-bearers in the             against the denunciation of them as an insult of-
pageant of life, and hold a glass up to humanity,           fered to its free-will, and, in a spirit of defiance,
frailer than itself. We see ourselves at second-            returns a practical answer to them, by daring the
hand in them: they show us all that we are, all             worst that can happen. The most striking lesson
that we wish to be, and all that we dread to be.            ever read to levity and licentiousness, is in the last
The stage is an epitome, a bettered likeness of             act of the Inconstant, where young Mirabel is pre-
the world, with the dull part left out: and, in-            served by the fidelity of his mistress, Orinda, in
deed, with this omission, it is nearly big enough           the disguise of a page, from the hands of assas-
to hold all the rest. What brings the resemblance           sins, into whose power he has been allured by the
nearer is, that, as they imitate us, we, in our turn,       temptations of vice and beauty. There never was
imitate them. How many fine gentlemen do we                 a rake who did not become in imagination a re-
owe to the stage? How many romantic lovers are              formed man, during the representation of the
mere Romeos in masquerade? How many soft                    last trying scenes of this admirable comedy.
bosoms have heaved with Juliet's sighs? They
teach us when to laugh and when to weep, when                          If the stage is useful as a school of in-
to love and when to hate, upon principle and                struction, it is no less so as a source of amuse-
with a good grace! Wherever there is a play-                ment. It is the source of the greatest enjoyment
house, the world will go on not amiss. The stage            at the time, and a never-failing fund of agreeable
not only refines the manners, but it is the best            reflection afterwards. The merits of a new play, or
teacher of morals, for it is the truest and most in-        of a new actor, are always among the first topics
telligible picture of life. It stamps the image of          of polite conversation. One way in which public
virtue on the mind by first softening the rude ma-          exhibitions contribute to refine and humanize
terials of which it is composed, by a sense of              mankind, is by supplying them with ideas and
pleasure. It regulates the passions by giving a             subjects of conversation and interest in common.
loose to the imagination. It points out the selfish         The progress of civilization is in proportion to the
and depraved to our detestation; the amiable and            number of common-places current in society. For
generous to our admiration; and if it clothes the           instance, if we meet with a stranger at an inn or
more seductive vices with the borrowed graces of            in a stage-coach, who knows nothing but his own
wit and fancy, even those graces operate as a di-           affairs, his shop, his customers, his farm, his pigs,
version to the coarser poison of experience and             his poultry, we can carry on no conversation with
bad example, and often prevent or carry off the             him on these local and personal matters: the only
infection by inoculating the mind with a certain            way is to let him have all the talk to himself. But
taste and elegance. To shew bow little we agree             if he has fortunately ever seen Mr. Liston act, this
with the common declamations against the im-                is an immediate topic of mutual conversation,
moral tendency of the stage on this score, we will          and we agree together the rest of the evening in
hazard a conjecture, that the acting of the Beg-            discussing the merits of that inimitable actor, with
gar's Opera a certain number of nights every year           the same satisfaction as in talking over the affairs

Volume 14 • Number 1                       MENSA CHRONICLE                                         January 2005
ON ACTORS AND ACTING cont.                                   farce of "My Grandmother," in the "Son-in-Law,"
of the most intimate friend. If the stage thus in-           in "Autolycus," and in "Scrub," in which our sat-
troduces us familiarly to our contemporaries, it             isfaction was at its height. At that time, King and
also brings us acquainted with former times. It is           Parsons, and Dodd, and Quick, and Edwin were
an interesting revival of past ages, manners,                in the full vigour of their reputation, who are
opinions, dresses, persons, and actions,-whether             now all gone. We still feel the vivid delight with
it carries us back to the wars of York and Lan-              which we used to see their names in the play-
caster, or half-way back to the heroic times of              bills as we went along to the theatre. Bannister
Greece and Rome, in some translation from the                was one of the last of these that remained; and
French, or quite back to the age of Charles II. in           we parted with him as we should with one of
the scenes of Congreve and of Etherege, (the gay             our oldest and best friends. The most pleasant
Sir George!) -- happy age, when kings and nobles             feature in the profession of a player, and which,
led purely ornamental lives, when the utmost                 indeed; is peculiar to it, is that we not only ad-
stretch of a morning's study went no farther                 mire the talents of those who adorn it, but we
than the choice of a sword-knot, or the adjust-              contract a personal intimacy with them. There is
ment of a side-curl; when the soul spoke out in              no class of society whom so many persons regard
all the pleasing eloquence of dress; and beaux               with affection as actors. We greet them on the
and belles, enamoured of themselves in one an-               stage; we like to meet them in the streets; they
other's follies, fluttered like gilded butterflies in        almost always recall to us pleasant associations;
giddy mazes through the walks of St. James's                 and we feel our gratitude excited, without the
Park!                                                        uneasiness of a sense of obligation. The very gai-
                                                             ety and popularity, however, which surround the
A good company of comedians, a Theatre-Royal                 life of a favourite performer, make the retiring
judiciously managed, is your true Herald's Col-              from it a very serious business. It glances a morti-
lege; the only Antiquarian Society that is worth a           fying reflection on the shortness of human life,
rush. It is for this reason that there is such an air        and the vanity of human pleasures. Something
of romance about players, and that it is pleasan-            reminds us, that "all the world's a stage, and all
ter to see them, even in their own persons, than             the men and women merely players."
any of the three learned professions. We feel
more respect for John Kemble in a plain coat,                It has been considered as the misfortune of first-
than for the Lord Chancellor on the woolsack. He             rate talents for the stage, that they leave no
is surrounded, to our eyes, with a greater num-              record behind them except that of vague ru-
ber of imposing recollections: be is a more rev-             mour, and that the genius of a great actor per-
erend piece of formality; a more complicated tis-            ishes with him, "leaving the world no copy." This
sue of costume. We do not know whether to                    is a misfortune, or at least an unpleasant circum-
look upon this accomplished actor as Pierre or               stance, to actors; but it is, perhaps, an advantage
King John or Coriolanus or Cato or Leontes or                to the stage. It leaves an opening to originality.
the Stranger. But we see in him a stately hiero-             The stage is always beginning anew; -- the candi-
glyphic of humanity; a living monument of de-                dates for theatrical reputation are always setting
parted greatness; a sombre comment on the rise               out afresh, unencumbered by the affectation of
and fall of kings. We look after him till he is out          the faults or excellences of their predecessors. In
of sight, as we listen to a story of one of Ossian's         this respect, we should imagine that the average
heroes, to "a tale of other times!"                          quantity of dramatic talent remains more nearly
                                                             the same than that in any other walk of art. In
One of the most affecting things we know is to               no other instance do the complaints of the de-
see a favourite actor take leave of the stage. We            generacy of the moderns seem so unfounded as
were present not long ago when Mr. Bannister                 in this; and Colley Cibber's account of the regular
quitted it. We do not wonder that his feelings               decline of the stage, from the time of Shake-
were overpowered on the occasion: ours were                  speare to that of Charles II. and from the time of
nearly so too. We remembered him in the first                Charles II. to the beginning of George II. appears
heyday of our youthful spirits, in the "Prize" in            quite ridiculous. The stage is a place where ge-
which he played so delightfully with that fine               nius is sure to come upon its legs, in a genera-
old croaker Suett, and Madame Storace, -- in the             tion or two at farthest. In the other arts (as ON

Volume 14 • Number 1                     MENSA CHRONICLE                                        January 2005
ACTORS AND ACTING cont.                                    (who was kept by Lord Rochester, and with
painting and poetry), it has been contended that           whom Otway was in love) played Monimia or
what has been well done already, by giving rise            Belvidera; and we suppose we should go to see
to endless vapid imitations, is an obstacle to             Mrs. Bracegirdle (with whom all the world was in
what might be done well hereafter: that the                love) in all her parts. We should then know ex-
models or chef d'oeuvres of art, where they are            actly whether Penkethman's manner of picking a
accumulated, choke up the path to excellence;              chicken, and Bullock's mode of devouring as-
and that the works of genius, where they can be            paragus, answered to the ingenious account of
rendered permanent and handed down from                    them in the "Tatler; "and whether Dogget was
age to age, not only prevent, but render super-            equal to Dowton -- Whether Mrs. Montfort2 or
fluous, future productions of the same kind. We            Mrs. Abington was the finest lady -- Whether
have not, neither do we want, two Shakespear-              Wilks or Cibber was the best Sir Harry Wildair -
es, two Miltons, two Raphaels, any more than we            Whether Macklin was really "the Jew that Shake-
require two suns in the same sphere. Even Miss             speare drew," and whether Garrick was, upon
O'Neill stands a little in the way of our recollec-        the whole, so great an actor as the world have
tions of Mrs. Siddons. But Mr. Kean is an excel-           made him out! Many people have a strong desire
lent substitute for the memory of Garrick, whom            to pry into the secrets of futurity: for our own
we never saw. When an author dies, it is no mat-           parts, we should be satisfied if we bad the
ter, for his works remain. When a great actor              power to recall the dead, and live the past over
dies, there is a void produced in society, a gap           again, as often as we pleased! -- Players, after
which requires to be filled up. Who does not go            all, have little reason to complain of their hard-
to see Kean? Who, if Garrick were alive, would             earned, short-lived popularity. One thunder of
go to see him? At least, one or the other must             applause from pit, boxes, and gallery, is equal to
have quitted the stage. We have seen what a fer-           a whole immortality of posthumous fame: and
ment has been excited among our living artists             when we hear an actor, whose modesty is equal
by the exhibition of the works of the old masters          to his merit, declare that he would like to see a
at the British Gallery.                                    dog wag his tail in approbation, what must he
                                                           feel when he sets the whole house in a roar! Be-
What would the actors say to it, if, by any spell          sides, Fame, as if their reputation had been en-
or power of necromancy, all the celebrated ac-             trusted to her alone, has been particularly care-
tors, for the last hundred years, could be made            ful of the renown of her theatrical favourites she
to appear again on the boards of Covent Garden             forgets one by one, and year by year, those who
and Drury Lane, for the last time, in all their            have been great lawyers, great statesmen, and
most brilliant parts? What a rich treat to the             great warriors in their day; but the name of Gar-
town, what a feast for the critics, to go and see          rick still survives with the works of Reynolds and
Betterton, and Booth, and Wilks, and Sandford,             of Johnson.
and Nokes, and Leigh, and Penkethman, and Bul-
lock, and Esteourt, and Dogget, and Mrs. Barry,            Actors have been accused, as a profession, of
and Mrs. Montfort, and Mrs. Oldfield, and Mrs.             being extravagant and dissipated. While they are
Bracegirdle, and Mrs. Cibber, and Cibber himself,          said to be so as a piece of common cant, they are
the prince of coxcombs, and Macklin, and Quin,             likely to continue so. But there is a sentence in
and Rich, and Mrs. Clive, and Mrs. Pritchard, and          Shakespeare which should be stuck as a label in
Mrs. Abington, and Weston, and Shuter, and                 the mouths of our beadles and whippers-in of
Garrick, and all the rest of those, who "glad-             morality. "The web of our life is of a mingled
dened life, and whose deaths eclipsed the gaiety           yarn, good and ill together: our virtues would be
of nations! " We should certainly be there. We             proud if our faults whipped them not: and our
should buy a ticket for the season. We should              vices would despair if they were not cherished by
enjoy our hundred days again. We should not                our virtues." With respect to the extravagance of
miss a single night. We would not, for a great             actors, as a traditional character, it is not to be
deal, be absent from Betterton's Hamlet or his             wondered at. They live from hand to mouth:
Brutus, or from Booth's Cato, as it was first acted        they plunge from want into luxury; they have no
to the contending applause of Whigs and Tories.            means of making money breed, and all profes-
We should be in the first row when Mrs. Barry              sions that do not live by turning money into ON

Volume 14 • Number 1                          MENSA CHRONICLE                                               January 2005
ACTORS AND ACTING cont.                                        tendant on success. If there is any tendency to
money, or have not a certainty of accumulating                 dissipation beyond this in the profession of a
it in the end by parsimony, spend it. Uncertain of             player, it is owing to the prejudices entertained
the future, they make sure of the present mo-                  against them, to that spirit of bigotry which in a
ment. This is not unwise. Chilled with poverty,                neighbouring country would deny actors Christ-
steeped in contempt, they sometimes pass into                  ian burial after their death, and to that cant of
the sunshine of fortune, and are lifted to the                 criticism, which, in our own, slurs over their char-
very pinnacle of public favour; yet even there                 acters, while living, with a half-witted jest.
cannot calculate on the continuance of success;
but are, "like the giddy sailor on the mast, ready             A London engagement is generally considered by
with every blast to topple down into the fatal                 actors as the ne plus ultra of their ambition, as
bowels of the deep!" Besides, if the young en-                 "a consummation devoutly to be wished;" as the
thusiast, who is smitten with the stage, and with              great prize in the lottery of their professional
the public as a mistress, were naturally a close               life. But this appears to us, who are not in the
hunks, he would become or remain a city clerk,                 secret, to be rather the prose termination of
instead of turning player.                                     their adventurous career: it is the provincial com-
                                                               mencement that is the poetical and truly envi-
Again, with respect to the habit of convivial in-              able part of it. After that, they have compara-
dulgence, an actor, to be a good one, must have                tively little to hope or fear. "The wine of life is
a great spirit of enjoyment in himself, strong im-             drunk, and but the lees remain." In London, they
pulses, strong passions, and a strong sense of                 become gentle men, and the King's servants: but
pleasure: for it is his business to imitate the pas-           it is the romantic mixture of the hero and the
sions, and to communicate pleasure to others. A                vagabond that constitutes the essence of the
man of genius is not a machine. The neglected                  player's life. It is the transition from their real to
actor may be excused if he drinks oblivion of his              their assumed characters, from the contempt of
disappointments; the successful one if he quaffs               the world to the applause of the multitude, that
the applause of the world, and enjoys the friend-              gives its zest to the latter, and raises them as
ship of those who are the friends of the                       much above common humanity at night, as in
favourites of fortune, in draughts of nectar.                  the day-time they are depressed below it. "Hur-
There is no path so steep as that of fame: no                  ried from fierce extremes, by contrast made
labour so hard as the pursuit of excellence. The               more fierce," -- it is rags and a flock-bed which
intellectual excitement, inseparable from those                give their splendour to a plume of feathers and
professions which call forth all our sensibility to            a throne. We shorolling player in Gil Blas, soak-
pleasure and pain, requires some corresponding                 ing his dry crusts in the well by the road-side,
physical excitement to support our failure, and                presents to us a perfect picture of human felicity.
not a little to allay the ferment of the spirits at-
KICK IRRATIONAL    Brian Lord is a cartoonist and member of Middle Tennessee Mensa (Nashville area). His cartoon Kick Ir-
                    rational is read weekly by people in 192 cities, 46 states and 9 countries via the Internet. You can see
                                          the Kick Irrational comics page at

Volume 14 • Number 1                      MENSA CHRONICLE                                       January 2005
GOOD WINE CHEAP                                             PORTUGUESE GREEN SOUP
(and good food to go with it)                               (from "Bon Appetit" magazine).
By John Grover
Portugal is a land of good food and excellent               2 tbsp. olive oil
wine, known for its delightful seafood and many             1 medium onion, chopped
other aromatic dishes. Most of the meat recipes             3 cloves garlic, minced
start with "In a large pot, saute' garlic and onion         1 bunch collard greens, center stems cut away,
with olive oil, braise the meat (chicken, beef or              leaves thinly sliced
pork), cover with wine and......". How can you              1 pound fully cooked spicy sausage (such as lin-
go wrong with that? Just go on to your search                  guiça, andouille, or hot links), cut into 1/2-
engine and enter "Portugal recipes" for a real                 inch-thick rounds
adventure.                                                  5 3/4 cups low-salt chicken broth
                                                            1 3/4 pounds russet potatoes, peeled, diced
The wine this month is the 2000 Cardeal (brand              1/2 tsp. dried crushed red pepper
name), a red from the Dao Region of central Por-
tugal. Produced by Caves Dom Tedosio, this                  Heat olive oil in large pot over medium-high
wine is a blend of 40% Touriga, 30% Rufete and              heat. Add onion and garlic. Sauté until onion is
30% Bastardo grapes (I think I know a few of                soft and golden , about 5 minutes. Add collard
those guys.). It has a dry earthy flavor with a             greens and sauté until wilted, about 4 minutes.
hint of berries, but it's old world taste of moder-         Add sausage and sauté 5 minutes. Add broth and
ate tannins and acidity is what's most noticeable.          potatoes. Simmer soup uncovered until potatoes
It finishes on a slightly spicy note. Cardeal Dao is        are tender, about 20 minutes. Transfer 2 cups
a good food wine matching well with cheese,                 soup (without sausage) to processor. Blend until
roasted chicken, and the zesty soup below. I                smooth; return to pot of soup and bring to sim-
paid $7 a bottle for this wine.                             mer. Mix in crushed red pepper. Season with salt
                                                            and black pepper. Makes 4 main-course servings.
                                                            Serve with a loaf of crusty peasant bread for a
                                                            wonderful meal during the cold months ahead.

                                                            John Grover is a member of Mensa of Northeast-
                                                            ern New York. He lives with his wife Sharon in
                                                            the Hudson Valley of New York.

                                                            .I hope that you will contact me with your com-
                                                            ments and favorite wines at
                                                            I will be happy to share them with the broader
                                                            Mensa group.

Volume 14 • Number 1                       MENSA CHRONICLE                                         January 2005
THE DECEMBER DINNER                                          followed that by teaching English as a second
PAT HENNESSY ON                                              language for many years. But writing always ap-
PUTTING OUT A MONTHLY PAPER                                  pealed to her. She took a course at the Institute
                                                             for Children's Literature in Redding, Connecticut,
What's it like putting out the paper with the                and then became a prolific travel and technical
largest circulation in Fairfield County? That's the          writer. She enjoyed the pay and perks of travel
task Pat Hennessy, the speaker at our December               writing, but had to endure the ups and downs of
dinner, faces every month as Associate Editor of             freelancing. Eight years ago, after Pat had suf-
Fairfield County Catholic. Pat gave us a good                fered through a lean season, someone at a party
look at the demands and rewards of her job, and              asked her to fill in for a departing staff member
almost everything that goes into putting out the             at Fairfield County Catholic. Pat took the oppor-
award-winning monthly publication.                           tunity, and four years later become assistant edi-
                                                             tor. Now she has an award as the best copy edi-
Although she noted that the job of associate edi-            tor for a Catholic paper, and has helped Fairfield
tor differs from newspaper to newspaper, Pat                 County Catholic win more awards than any other
wears several hats in her post. She has to in                Catholic newspaper in the country.
order to put out the monthly on time with a
staff that consists of only two full-time and six            Pat meets many demands as editor, but she flatly
part-time employees. Her byline is sprinkled                 stated that editing is mainly gloss. The heart of
throughout Fairfield County Catholic, but her                the newspaper, she insisted, is writing, and the
touch graces almost the entire paper. She not                heart of newspaper writing is storytelling. Pat
only assigns articles, but also covers stories in the        takes great satisfaction in telling people's stories
community, writes many of the features, edits                because she believes that everyone has a story
the articles of free-lance writers, and does the             and every story is valuable. Whether she's writ-
nitty-gritty work of proofreading, adding cap-               ing about international disaster relief for Haiti or
tions, and helping with layouts.                             the continuing service of volunteers in local
                                                             parishes, Pat does not just report the news but
Fairfield County Catholic goes out 11 times a                tells of people's struggles, hopes, pains, and
year to the 44% of the county's population that              prayers.
is Catholic - approximately 90,000 homes. As Pat
made clear, there is very little slack in getting            Our speaker was kind enough to answer all the
this kind of job done. They complete the paper               questions the audience could throw at her, and
the last Tuesday of the month, take a break, and             to stay around to talk with Mensans about her
then come back the next Thursday for a meeting               take on the news. She helped all of us see the
to make up the story sheet and assign articles for           work behind Fairfield County Catholic, and we
the next month's issue. As news events come in               came away with an appreciation of the many
throughout the month, the tension builds. Late-              roles she plays as an associate editor.
breaking stories sometimes bump long-planned
features. But each month, readers gets 36 - 48
pages comprising regular columns, world news,
parish and school news, stories on charitable
campaigns, profiles, reviews, letters, obituaries, a
special Spanish section, a calendar of events, and
advertisements. Submissions are due the 10th of
the month, and then Pat and her colleagues shift
into editing, organizing, and completing the
issue. The news beat never stops, but Pat keeps
up with the tempo, and makes sure that dead-
lines are met.

How did Ms. Hennessy get her start in journal-
ism? Interestingly, she majored in Spanish in col-
lege and started out as a Spanish teacher, and

Volume 14 • Number 1                      MENSA CHRONICLE                                       January 2005
MIND AND MONEY                                               three stock funds and one bond fund, often
ARE PEOPLE RATIONAL OR IRRATIONAL WITH                       simply put 25% in each, giving them 75% in
MONEY?                                                       stocks. In an even more startling case, subjects
                                                             in an experiment were willing to pay more for
Economics has usually assumed that people be-                randomly priced items when the random
have in approximately rational ways with money.              number was high than when it was low.
But over the last quarter century, a new field of
economics called behavioral economics (or fi-              • Humans misjudge risks. They are not good in-
nance) has emphasized how people act inconsis-               tuitive statisticians. They fear new risks more
tently and irrationally in their buying, selling,            than they do old familiar risks, even when the
and saving. By surveying people, statistically ana-          new risks are smaller. Studies also seem to
lyzing real markets, running controlled experi-              show that people pay too much to insure
ments, and even conducting neurological tests,               themselves against relatively frequent but in-
behavioral economists have brought out the bi-               expensive risks, such as when they buy auto
ases and weaknesses humans have in making fi-                insurance policies with low deductibles.
nancial decisions. Behavioral finance reached
new heights when Daniel Kahneman, one of the               • People are overwhelmed when there are too
pioneers in the field, shared the Nobel Prize in             many choices. In these situations of informa-
economics in 2003 with experimental economist                tion overload, they postpone or avoid deci-
Vernon Smith. Several other scholars in this                 sions.
school such as Richard Thaler are thought to be
on the short list for future Nobel Prizes.                 • Mental segregation of accounts. Money is
                                                             money, but people treat some sources of in-
 There is a certain popular wisdom that people               come much differently than they do others.
can act very foolishly with money. But this belief           For instance, in gambling they are much more
is usually just vague hindsight. What is new                 reckless with money they have won from the
about behavioral economics is that it has made a             house than with the money they started out
good case not just that people behave irrational-            with. They treat financial windfalls the same
ly, but that they do so in predictable ways. That            way. Even more incredibly, some consumers
is, humans have cognitive biases or illusions that           keep putting money into savings account
lead them to consistently make the same mis-                 when they are regularly paying 18% on credit
takes with money. They use rules of thumb that               card debt. In general, they fail to look at their
may simplify situations but don't serve them                 portfolio as a whole and tend to focus more
well. Here are some of the irrationalities behav-            on individual stocks or investments.
ioralists point out:
                                                           • People often pay attention to sunk costs in-
• Strong loss aversion. People feel the regret               stead of focusing on future prospects. They
  and pain of losses much more than they do                  will continue sinking money into an old car or
  the pleasure of gains. Thus, people are very               a project that is obviously failing because they
  reluctant to sell stocks that have gone down               can't bear to give up on it.
  because selling would make them confront
  the loss and the mistake they made. So they              • Overconfidence. Entrepreneurs consistently
  hold onto the stock interminably in the hope               overestimate their chance of success. They
  that it will eventually get back to their buying           usually rate their chances as better than those
  price. They are much quicker to sell stocks                of similar businesses. Even though they over-
  that have gone up.                                         estimate the probability of success for others,
                                                             they are even more irrationally optimistic
• Framing and anchoring. Buyers make decisions               about their own fortunes. Similarly, stock an-
  based on how decisions are presented or                    alysts miss the mark 35% of the time when
  framed. Richard Thaler found an example of                 they are asked to make their own 90% confi-
  this in 401k choices. Investors who had two                dence interval for stocks.
  choices, bonds or stocks, were apt to put 50%
  in each while those who had four choices,

Volume 14 • Number 1                    MENSA CHRONICLE                                         January 2005
MIND AND MONEY cont.                                     Several critics of the behavioral finance school
• Overreaction. Investors typically overvalue fa-        say that what it presents is not a theory but a
  vored stocks and undervalue unpopular                  collection of anomalies found mostly in artificial
  stocks. They overreact to mild disappoint-             experiments. But the behavioral economics re-
  ments, and extrapolate the current outlook.            searchers are not just dealing with students in
  Thus, the markets don't correct themselves for         ivory towers, they are also dealing with profes-
  a long while.                                          sional traders, consumers, workers, and even eco-
                                                         nomics professors in the real world. Other critics
• Humans pay too much attention to the cur-              may have a better argument when they display
  rent case or recent events rather than looking         evidence that people become more rational as
  at the long term statistics. Many times, in-           the stakes become higher. Furthermore, some
  vestors think they see patterns based on just a        theorists point out that behaviors that appear ir-
  few examples. They may think that they                 rational in the short term, such as continuing
  know which way new technology stocks are               projects because of money already sunk into
  going to go based merely on one or two suc-            them, may actually be rational in the longer view
  cesses. Or they pay too much respect to tips           because they help people discipline themselves
  that come out of the blue or recommenda-               emotionally not to throw in the towel too quick-
  tions by one analyst.                                  ly. Still, Kahneman, Thaler, and other behavioral
                                                         economists seem to have collected enough evi-
Behavioral economists not only identify problems         dence of habitual and widespread irrationality at
but also try to solve them. Richard Thaler has           all levels to strengthen their case.
come up with a plan that would make saving
psychologically easier for people. Under a pro-          Behavioral economics is becoming more popular,
gram he set up, employee's raises automatically          although it is still not quite fashionable. It is sure
went into a savings plan. It didn't bother the           to produce more interesting research for econo-
workers because they thought of it like "house           mists, psychologists, and the public to ponder.
money" - it wasn't already in their hands so it
was easy to let it go into their savings. Econo-
mists are trying to come up with more designs
like these that can help consumers and business-
es overcome their irrational urges.

Volume 14 • Number 1                    MENSA CHRONICLE                                      January 2005
POETRY CORNER                                          The Lighted Window (1915)
                                                       by Sara Teasdale
Helen Hunt Jackson (1830 -1885)                        To ERNST

O WINTER! frozen pulse and heart of fire,              HE said:
What loss is theirs who from thy kingdom turn
Dismayed, and think thy snow a sculptured urn          "In the winter dusk
Of death! Far sooner in midsummer tire                 When the pavements were gleaming with rain,
The streams than under ice. June could not hire        I walked thru a dingy street
Her roses to forego the strength they learn            Hurried, harassed,
In sleeping on thy breast. No fires can burn           Thinking of all my problems that never are solved.
The bridges thou dost lay where men desire             Suddenly out of the mist, a flaring gas-jet
In vain to build.                                      Shone from a huddled shop.
                                                       I saw thru the bleary window
O Heart, when Love's sun goes                          A mass of playthings:
To northward, and the sounds of singing cease,         False-faces hung on strings,
Keep warm by inner fires, and rest in peace.           Valentines, paper and tinsel,
Sleep on content, as sleeps the patient rose.          Tops of scarlet and green,
Walk boldly on the white untrodden snows,              Candy, marbles, jacks--
The winter is the winter's own release.                A confusion of color
                                                       Pathetically gaudy and cheap.
Scroll                                                 All of my boyhood
By Carl Sandburg                                       Rushed back.
                                                       Once more these things were treasures
Memory is when you look back                           Wildly desired.
And the answers float in                               With covetous eyes I looked again at the marbles,
To who? What? When? Where?                             The precious agates, the pee-wees, the chinies--
                                                       Then I passed on.
The members who were there then
Are repeated on a screen                               In the winter dusk,
Are recalled on a scroll                               The pavements were gleaming with rain;
Are moved in a miniature drama                         There in the lighted window
                                                       I left my boyhood."
Are collected and recollected
For actions, speeches, silences
Set forth by images of the mind
And made in a mingling mist
                                                       Do You Fear the Wind?
To do again and to do over                             By Hamlin Garland (1860-1940)
Precisely what they did do once--
This is memory--                                       O you fear the force of the wind,
Sometimes slurred and blurred                          The slash of the rain?
                                                       Go face them and fight them,
This is remembering--                                  Be savage again.
Sometimes wrecking the images                          Go hungry and cold like the wolf,
And proceeding again to reconstruct                    Go wade like the crane:
What happened and how                                  The palms of your hands will thicken,
                                                       The skin of your cheek will tan,
The many little involved answers                       You'll grow ragged and weary and swarthy,
To who? What? When? Where?                             But you'll walk like a man!
And more involved than any
How? How?

Volume 14 • Number 1                      MENSA CHRONICLE                                        January 2005
MENTAL MATTERS                                              Long-term memory is permanent or almost per-
THE LONG AND SHORT OF MEMORY                                manent memory - memories stored for years or a
                                                            lifetime. It doesn't seem to have storage limits.
Memory is the ability to store and retrieve infor-          People have more than they think in long-term
mation in the brain. Without memory, learning is            memory, it's just that they often can't retrieve it
impossible. But memories go through different               easily, for they don't know how it is filed or in-
stages, and there are hurdles to clear before we            dexed for searching. Still people routinely recall
can remember something well enough to say                   things from among the trillions of pieces of in-
that we know it.                                            formation they have stored in their minds. Even
                                                            seemingly long-lost memories return, sometimes
The first stage of memory is sensory memory,                in surprising detail, under special conditions,
sometimes called extremely short-term memory.               such as accidents or circumstances similar to the
It is the briefest stage of memory - just a fraction        original event.
of a second (blinking time) for visual images, and
about two seconds for sounds. This is the memo-             There are many things that can go wrong with
ry that helps you read the words in a sentence,             memory, of course, but most problems seem to
or handle multiple tasks simultaneously. Sensory            affect shorter-term memory. Many people worry
memory handles almost everything we sense,                  about their memories fading in old age, but
however briefly. If we didn't have sensory mem-             working memory actually starts to deteriorate in
ory, reality wouldn't appear continuous. But sen-           the 40's. A lack of oxygen may impair short-term
sations fade quickly, and we don't focus on most            memory in elderly people. When their arteries
of them enough to bring them into the next                  harden or their heart pumps poorly, not enough
stage of memory, working memory.                            oxygen may get to the brain. Oxygen treat-
                                                            ments can boost short-term memory, but there is
Many memory classifiers call working memory                 no surefire remedy for the many memory prob-
short-term memory but others reserve that term              lems plaguing older people.
for a third stage of memory. Working memory is
temporary-storage memory, the link between                  Researchers continue to try to come up with
sensation and action. It lasts about 30 seconds             mental exercises and drugs that can help people
to a minute or two. We use this memory to con-              with impaired memory. Meanwhile, the vast ma-
verse with others, dial phone numbers, solve                jority of people typically either complains about
problems, and to hold names and similar infor-              their memory or takes it for granted. If they con-
mation that we retrieve from memory. We can't               sidered the countless experiences and ideas the
hold too many things in working memory -                    average person remembers however, perhaps
about 5 to 9 items, and if we get distracted, we            they would simply appreciate its wonders.
easily lose these memories. Most strategies for
improving memory focus on overcoming this lim-
itation because memories must go through
working memory to make it into long-term

Psychologists who classify memory into four
stages place short-term memory as a stage be-
tween working memory and long-term memory.
They consider it a phase where memories stay for
a day or two for processing before going into
permanent storage. This is the time when stu-
dents review notes, sort, categorize, cross-refer-
ence, and organize ideas, and make associations
in order to solidify them in their minds. The
more connections they can make, the easier it
will be for them to retrieve these thoughts.

Volume 14 • Number 1                    MENSA CHRONICLE                                        January 2005

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                                                         Vocabulary Booster CD The Vocabulary Boost-
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 Member Number:                                          Contains 200 of the most common and trouble-
                                                         some SAT words with definitions, contextual
 _______________________________________                 usage sentences, and various memory aids. Pro-
 Name:                                                   duced by Gene McKenna, a graduate of George-
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 _______________________________________                 tion, who scored a perfect 800 on the verbal sec-
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 Telephone Number:                                       for ten minutes a day, and watch your vocabu-
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 _______________________________________                 McKenna's "Vocabulary Booster" CD can be pur-
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 Please send form to:                          
            American Mensa, Ltd.
            Membership Dept
            1229 Corporate Dr West
            Arlington, TX 76006-6103

Volume 14 • Number 1                   MENSA CHRONICLE                              January 2005

BUSINESS OFFICE AMERICAN MENSA, LTD.              Phone: 817-607-0060
1229 Corporate Drive West                         Fax: 817-649-5232
Arlington, TX 76006-6103                          E-mail:

President                Rick D’Amico        203-368-2778
                                                                  1353 Brooklawn Ave.
                                                                  Fairfield, CT 06825
Vice-President           Jim Mizera          203-522-1959
                                                                  PMB #181, 7365 Main St.
                                                                  Stratford, CT 06614-1300
Treasurer                Paul Passarelli     203-846-1623
                                                                  44 Ellen St
                                                                  Norwalk, CT 06851-2520
Secretary                Amy Harold          203-261-6517
                                                                  110 Bart Rd.
                                                                  Monroe, CT 06468-1117
Editor                   Jim Mizera          203-522-1959
                                                                  PMB #181, 7365 Main St.
                                                                  Stratford, CT 06614-1300
Publisher                Amy Harold          203-261-6517
Activities               Nancy O'Neil        203-791-1668
                                                                  8B Beach St.,
                                                                  Bethel, CT 06801-2429
Web Master               Thomas O'Neill      203-336-5254
                                                                  68 Pierce Ave.
                                                                  Bridgeport, CT 06604-1607
Proctor                  Joseph Howells      203-775-4291
                                                                  10 Old Woods Rd.
                                                                  Brookfield, CT 06804-3630
Ombudsman                Gary Oberst         203-853-1810
                                                                  111 East Ave.
                                                                  Norwalk, CT 06851-5014
Membership Officer       Jim Mizera          203-522-1959
Reg Vice Chairman        Marghretta McBean   845-889-4588


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