SME 3023 TRENDS AND ISSUES IN EDUCATION FOR MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES TOPIC: MATHEMATICS ANXIETY NAMA : KAMARUDDIN BIN HARIJAMAN NO MATRIK : D20081033178 SEMESTER :8 PROGRAM : SAINS MATEMATIK DENGAN PENDIDIKAN PENSYARAH : PROF. DR MARZITA BT PUTEH What is mathematics anxiety? Mathematics anxiety defined as feelings of tension and anxiety that interfere with the manipulation of numbers and the solving of mathematical problems in a wide verify of ordinary life and academic situations. Mathematics anxiety can cause one to forget and lose one’s self- confidence (Tobias, 1978). People feel that they are incapable of doing activities and classes that involve mathematics. So, many of them take the major that little mathematics is required. Mathematics anxiety also is emotional rather than the intellectual problem. What does this phenomenon was happen? Mathematics anxiety does not have a single cause. From the research was conducted (Puteh. 1998), it was found the causes of mathematics anxiety such as teacher personality and their style of teaching, public examination and their effect and feel worry and difficulty of mathematics. Besides, poor instruction and poorly designed mathematics circular was argued by Lazarus (1974) contributes the mathematics anxiety. Bush (1991) commented that mathematics anxiety arises from a climate in which negative attitudes and anxiety are transmitted from adults to children. Often mathematics anxiety is the result of a student's negative or embarrassing experience with math or a math teacher in previous years. Such an experience can leave a student believing him or herself deficient in math ability. This belief can actually result in poor performance, which serves as confirming evidence to the student. This phenomenon is known as the self-fulfilling prophecy. Mathematics anxiety results in poor performance rather than the reverse. Who is involved in mathematics anxiety? This mathematics anxiety is problem to many school students, college students and also teachers. Individual that related to the mathematics anxiety is among the teacher and student. There are some perception among the teacher trainees that the phobia of mathematics. They think mathematics are numbers, symbols and calculations. Besides, mathematics have to solve problems is seen as something difficult and perceived as a burden. They express their frustrations and helplessness when there were unable to solve their problem. They believed that they are not capable of solving mathematics problems that take more than a few minutes to complete and thus they give up on any problem they cannot solve. Therefore this situations is creating mathematics anxiety. All students learn mathematics at greatly different speeds. Mathematics is a difficult subject to teach and learn. Therefore teacher must build a good perception of student to their knowledge. There are many thing that contribute mathematics anxiety among student such as experienced a variety experiences in the learning of mathematics, student also get great pressure from their parents and etc. therefore student feels stress to learn mathematics so this contribute mathematics anxiety When mathematics anxiety happen? Individual that have mathematics anxiety has negative attitude towards mathematics. Five aspect of the trainees’ self-image with regard to mathematics were identified from the interviews (Puteh, 1998) such as dislike being challenged, low confidence, slow learner and low self esteem, easy giving-up and self blaming for poor mathematics performance. Mathematics anxiety also occurs when student not remembering what they learn in mathematics. This especially to student that take the examination like UPSR, PMR and SPM. Therefore, if they still fail in do a task constantly, they will tend to give up in mathematics. Student who has this mathopobhia, they will turn away from mathematics problem. It will lead them to keep away their interest to mathematics subject. Who and what created mathematics anxiety? There is a factor that caused concern of mathematics anxiety is a relationship between student and teacher. The teacher-student relationship seemed to have affected their attitudes negatively. Almost of the teacher or trainees have a problem to fear of asking for help or asking the question. This attitudes caused a large gap between teacher and student. Besides, there a several teacher very strictness and fierceness towards student. The teacher attitude to the learners affects the way the learners respond to the subject. Actually the classes is interesting and stimulating but the student feel stress and uncomfortable in class because scare to teacher. Besides, the teaching skill also affecting towards mathematics anxiety. The most prominent issue raised by the trainees was that their teacher were using an old fashioned way or traditional way of teaching (Puteh, 2002). From Kogelman and Warren (1978) commented that the neglect of the individual personality which often occurs in traditional learning situations often leads to feelings of frustrations, discouragement and general mathematics avoidance. It is hard to deny that the amount of anxiety that was created in the traditional approach adopted by the teacher of these student. How to reduce mathematics anxiety? We must admit the mathematics anxiety exists. The mathematics anxiety problem can be reduce in many way. One of the way is as teacher need more strengthen of content knowledge about mathematics and pedagogy content. In addition, teacher also need to improve teaching skills and make the teaching and learning more interesting. This can avoid student feel bored in the class while the learning process conducted. Besides, relationship between student and teacher can provided confidence to student to continue learning mathematics. This relationship causes student having fun in study mathematics and can avoid the stress during learning mathematics in the class. Another way to reduce mathematics anxiety is student think that examination is indicator to measure the performance with health competition among the peers. In this situations, parents need play an important role to build motivation to student. How to eliminate mathematics anxiety? To eliminate the mathematics anxiety directly or immediately are impossible but it can be happen. There are way to overcome mathematics anxiety like shifts the mindset of mathematics and maintain a positive attitude towards mathematics itself and our ability to do a mathematics problems. Once this mindset is in place, students can focus on the math skills with an open mind, exuding confidence, hope, and interest, which will raise academic achievement and self- confidence takes the energy off the anxiety, and turns it to the positive, which is highly motivating. Besides, parents also can help like talk about past experiences of overcoming adversity and succeeding. In doing so, a shift in attitude will occur, as the student feel more confident. In addition, parents also help their children channel these feelings onto. When we recognize the anxiety before it takes over and can transform it, they can be successful in mathematics.