The Purple Island by ghkgkyyt

VIEWS: 31 PAGES: 202

									    •                               THE

         PURPLE ISLAND, •

              BY PHINEAS PLETCHER •
                                   WITH T ••

                           CRITICAL RBM.4.RK8                                 t
           THE LATE      HENRY HEADLEY, A. B.
           Traulator of Franck'. Gilide to tho Stud, of the Scriptures.,

           PRINT~D        FOR BURTON AND BRIGGS,
                           156, LeadeDhaU Street;
        J. IlATc84&D, Bookseller tp the Quean, 190, l'iecad.iU,; and
                       S. BA-:rlL,"OlC, Paternoster Row.


                                       ....... ,       ..-'"   "-
                                                                    Digitized by   Google

                     :1 .
                            ·'fl .. '" .,

      Jaques. Printer,
   17,])eIm Street, Soho.

_____   ~   __    ~_'     c
                     ••_ __ _                      .......,...... --·" .....
                                       ~....c--_'lr_                       -~~   ... ·   ~

                                                       Digitized by      Google



To       be interested in ,the character and liTes of. those
 wbose writings baTe instructed and deligbted uS, is
.Jl8.tural to the buman mind; no~ is it'reasonable tbat tbeJ
 who have laboqred successfully for our advantage, should be
 wholly forgotten. '# The Monument of B~hed Mindes"
is contemplated with a sort of pensive pleasure; and
sucb mementoes must always c~)Dtribute something of
 life and energy to the pieces which we peruse. Brief
 therefore as is tbe following sketcb of our author's history,
 it will not bean unacpeptable intr.9duction to his, poem of
 the PURPLE IsLAND.                  " : .'<' .
  His father,. Dr. GILES FLETCBItR, w~:a. JUan of consider-
ahle reputation as an author, a poet, .-.nd a statesIQSn. He
was bom in Kent in the middle of the 16th century;'W8It
edncated at Eton; and in the year 1.565 W88 elected
scholar of King's College, Cambridge. He took the degree.
of A. B. in 1589, that of M. A. in l.')73, aad that of L. L. D.
in 1581.. Queen Elizabetb, who discovered so much pru-
dence and discrimination in ber cb~ice of ministers~ appointed
him ber commissioner in .Scbtland, Germany, atid'the Ne-
tberlands; antl in'1588, the year of the Spanish Armada,
ahe con.s.tituted him ner ambassador to the court of Russia;
where he concluded a commercia~' treaty witb the Czar
Theodore, much to the I!odvantage of his native' country.
Durinr hi. residence in that barbarous empire, he composed

                                                  Digitized by   Google

i"                             A BiogrGPAit:cl Sketch oj
bis CC Account of the RUSBe Commonwealth, or Manner of
" Government by the Russe Emperor, commonly called the,
"Emperor of Moskovia, with the Mannen and Fashiona
" of the people of that Country. It Thill he printed on his
return in 1~90 ;' but it was suppressed leat it should give
offence. A second edition of this book appeared however
in 1643.          '
     Dr. Fletcher was appointed, subsequently to his mission
to Russia, Secretary to the City of London, and one of the
masterll of the Court of Requests. In 1~97 he was chosen
'rreasurer of St. Paul's. Besides the work already no-
ticed, which will be found in Hakluyt'fI Voyages, Dr. Fletcher
was the author of It "1~ut8, tM, object of wlich)vas, to
prove that the' Tartars are the descendants of the Ten
Tribes, wbo were led captin by Shalmaneser. Whiston
adopted the same opinion, and eVen 'p~nted the discourse in
the first volume of hill Memoirs. Dr. Fletcher died in 1610.
   Our author was allied to .everal men of eminence, besict.
bis father. His uncle was the famous Fletcher, Bishop of
Peterborough, who attended Mary, Queen of. Scots, to tbe
place of ber execution, abd exborted her to cbange ber
religion; his cousin was the celebrated dramatic writer,
whose name is 80 often mentioned in connexion with tbat of
BeaulDont; and his elder brother. Giles Fleteher, Was a'
poet of considerable merit. Benlowes in sOme verses which
he addressed to our author, says, " Thy very name'. a
poet."                               ,
   Little is known of the life of Phineas FletCher: but. '
Mr. Kllis conjectures he was bl,)m in 1584; He was
educa,ted at Eton; and admitted a scholar of King's College,
Cambridge in 1600, took his Bacbelor's. degree iil 1'604,
and bis Master's degree in 1608. He entered into the
chum; and was presented to the living of Hilgay in Nor-
folk, in 1821, by Sir Henry Willoughby, whicb he held
during a period of twenty-nine years. He died about the
y... I650.                 .                 ,
   Besides the poem wbi~h is, here reprinted, he was the,
author' of seven Piscatory' Eclogues, Eliza an Elegy, and
several mi,nor poems. He likewise wrote a drama, entitled
SICELlDB!I, which was performed at King's College, Ca......
bridge, aoel printed in 1631. ,ct' It was intended"origiaally,"
says the editor of 'the Biograpbia Dramatica, " to be ~~r-

                                                                    Digitized by   Google
·.................. ....-..... ............-..........._
               ~.-              ~                       ...................,........................
" forDlecl befOlle King .f• ..,. the Fint, on tIIe'18th of May,
,~ 1614; but .s Jn~esty leaving the university sooner, it
" WIll BOt then representled.It The serious parts of it are
mostly written ia rhytne" 1titll choruses between the acts.,
Some of the incidents ate borrowed from Ovid, and' spme
t)tem. the Orlando Furioso. He also published at' Cam-
bridge, in 1882, some aeeouo't of the livetf of the Founders~.
&1ld., other learned' me" ~f that university, under the, Eo}-'
lowing title :,.-" De Literatis antique Britanni." pnBset,i·
" .tim ,.ui doctrioa claruerunt, qaiq~e. eoBegia CantabrigilB' '
"fundamnt-" The' works of Phineas F'le",her w~re
priDfled, at Cambridge: in 1688;' 4to.
   The following remarks on the Poetry of our author, are
from the elegant pen of the late lamented Henry Head-
ley, A. B.-
                                              •          .. Who
           .. Of wisdom lover and sweet poesie,
           II Was,cropped in hiB prime.

      i. Aad ripe in worth. though green,in yean'did die."

    Tbey ate extracted from his " Select Beauties or An-
u: cient Englisli ~try;" and it may be observed that a
dUtiAguwhlld place in that collection is' assigned to Phi-
DeaS Fletcbel'. . .
  , " Were the eeJ.ebrated Mr. Pott compell~ to read a 1.,-
ture' upGlt tile anatomy. of the human frame at large, in a .
• .ular set of, it is much to be questioned whether
Ile. could make himself understood, by the mOlt apprehen-
sive auditor, without the advantage of professional ~n~w­
ledg~ FletCher seems to 'ha.e undertaken a nearly slDlilar
talk, as the five fint cantos'of The Purple Island are al-
DI08t entirely taken 'up with an explanation of the title;
in the course of which the reader, forgets the poet, and is
sickened with the anatomist. Such minute attention to
tIais past Of the subject was a material error in jndg-
ment; for wbiQh, ho,.,ver, lUI&l* ameRtJ.·are _de in
what follows.. . Nor IS Fletcher wholly undeservilig of
praise for the. intelligibility with which he has struggled
throngh his difficulties, for his uncommon command of
words, anet faQility of metre. After describblg the body,
h. .proceeds ~. penonify· th~ passions' ~d intellectual

                                                                             Digitized by   Google
                  ..4 Biogt'tJPItWtU SiletoA of
faculties.. Here fatigued attention i. not merely re-
lieved, but fucinated and enraptured; and, notwith-
standing hi. figures, in many instances, are two arbi~'
trary and fantastic in their habiliments, often dispropor-
tioned and overdone, sometimes lost in a superfluity of.
glaring colours, and the several characters, in general,
by no means sufficiently kept apart ; yet, amid such a'
profusion of images, many are distinguished by a boldness
of outline, a majesty of· manner, a brilliancy of colouring,
a distinctness alld propriety of attribute, and an air of
life, that we look for in vain in· modern productions, and
that rival, if not surpass, what we meet with of the kind
even in Spenser, from whom our author caught his in-
spiration. After. exerting his creative powers on this
department of his subject, the virtues and bet~r qualities
of the he~t, under their leader Eclecta, or Intellect, are
attacked by the vices: a battle ensues, and the latter are
vanquished, after a vigorous .pposition, through the in-
te~erence of an angel,· who appears at the prayers of
Eclecta. The poet here abruptly takes an opportUnity of
paying a fulsome and UDpatodonable compliment to· James
the First (canto xii. stanza M) ; on that account, perhaps,
the most unpalatable passage in the book.             From
Fletcher's dedication of tm. his poem, wi,th his Piscatory
Eclogues and Miscellanies, to his friend Edmund Ben-
lowes, it seems, that they were written very early; as he
calls them" raw essays of my very unripe years, and al-
!' most childhood." It is to his honour that Milton read
and imitated him, as every attentive reader of both poets
must soon discover. He is eminently intitled to a ~ery
high rank amoDg our old English
   Mr. Headley'S SUI)plement furnishes us with the following
luminous criticisms: " At the bright lamp of Spensert
whose flame. will never expire .but with ,our language,
many inferior bards have lighted their slender torches.
The perusal of the Fairy Queen biassed the minds both
of Cowley and More * to the pursuit of poetry. And to
them W4i': may add Fletcher, who, not contented with de-
riving his general taste for allegory and personification
from him,. has gone so far as im,mediately to 'adopt ima-

           . '" Preface to hil PhUOIOpbical Poem,. IGO.

                                                     Digitized by   Google
                                      Phinea& 'Pletcler•
.............................................................................................._ .
gery and particu~ar figures. Though it may somewhat
detract from the im'cution of Fletcher to compare him in
some: instances with his original, is the only method
of fOrming a real estimate of his merits; and a,s Or.
Johnson well observes, " it is the business of critical
justice to give every bird of the Muses his proper feather;"
aor has he himself beeu hackward in, due acknowled,-
~ent,· as these instances sufficiently evince:

           .'   " Two shepherds mpst I love with just adoring;
        ,"      That Mantuau ~wllin, who chang'd his slender reed
         "      To tnnnpet's martial voice, and war's loud roaring,
        "       From Corydon to Tumua' daring deed;
                   « And ne$t our hom~bred Colin', t sweetelljiring;
                   I t Their ,teps not following close, 6ut far admiring ;

        «       To lacquey one of these is all my pride's aspiring."
                 ,                        • Ptlrple Island, Cant. vi. 8t. 6.

  " The eulogium to Spenser's memory, Cant. i. stanza 19."
does equal- credit to his heart as to his abilities, and deserves
being brought forward, to notice.
, "He again touches on the misfortune of Spenser, Cant.
vi. SL~2.
  , " But to come more immediately to the several parallel
 passages; let the reader compare Fletch~r's GlUttoraie.
,Cant. vii. St. 80. with Spenser'1!' B. I. Cant. iv. St. tl
 and 22.; compare Fletcher's Anm,", Cant. viii.' St. 42,
 &c. with Spenser's IdleneBB, B. 1. Cant. iv. St. 18.;
 compare Fletcher's ThumoB, Cant. vii. St. ~5 .. with
 Spenser's Wrath, B. 1. Cant. iv. St. 88.; compare
 Fletcher's A.elgtB, Cant. vii. St. 28. with Spenser's Lech-
 ery; B~ 1. eant. iv. St. 24.; compare Fletcher's Pleo-
 MeteB, Cant. viii. St. 24., with Spenser's A"arice, B.
 1. Cant. iv. St. 27.; compare Fletcher's En"ie, Cant. vii.
 St. 68. with Spenser's En"y, B. 1. Cant. iv. St. 80.;
 likewise with another description. B. .5. Cant. xii. St. 81.
 Some of· Fletcher's lines well express what Pope with
 great felicity styles, " damning with jaint praiBe. '

                                            t   SpellHl".

                                                                            Digitized by   Google
   .........._................................................................." ....." ...............
                                 ..4 BiogrepAictll Slt«cl oj

           It When needs he mut, Jet faintly, then he praises;

           " Somewhat the deed, more the means he raises:
           It So marretb what he makes, and praising moat cIiapraia-.

      " Com~ 'letcher's DftloB, Cant. viii. 8t. lO~ with
   Spenser's Fear. B. 3. Cut. xii. St. It. There                                         1I!MtID-"
   be more nature ud real poetry in FIetob.r's describing
   him as but .tamng at the sight of hiB arms, than in Spen-
   lI~r, who on' the same occasion represents him as abso-
   lutely "jlyang fad a",ay;" but perhaps Spenser haa
   heighteneCi the iOlage by makiog bim equally terrified
   with the Bourad of them as the Bight j this is omitted in
   Fletcher. No one of Fletcher's figures is more con"-
   tently habited than his Death.

             II A dead man's skull supplied his helm.,s place,
             II A bone his clob,.his armour sheets of lead :
             ~' Some more, some leas fear his aU-Jri8"tiag face ;.
             II BIlt moat"ho sleep in downy pleuare', bed.

                                                                             Cut. sii. St. as.

     cc Yet the fint of tliese terrific attributes is suggested bJ
   Spenser, who has ginn it ,to Meleager :                 ,,'

           ., Upon his head he wore an helmet light,
           ., Made of a dead man's akuD, that aeem'd a ghastly sight.
       .                                                          B. XI. Cant.       xi. st. ft.
     CC In tbe preceding p.rt of this Canto of Spenser, in
  which the fo~ of Temperance besiege her dwelling-place,
  vie find sight, heanag, amell, aDd taste, persoJiified
  which remind lUi of Fletober, and disgr"ce Spen"r.                                               l
  haTe often thought that a painter of taste might extract
  from tb" Purple Island a seriea of allegorical figures,
  which if well ex~uted might do honour to his pencil;
  though in some in!ltances he would find Fletoher " nimis
  .-oeta," in otben be would baTe little to. d. bm to supel,
  the coloun: and as there can be no necessity for impli-
  citly tying bim down to his original, the liberty of reject-
• ing 8uperftuities, and supplying deficiences, should ...
  allowed. The mottos and impresses, which in general
  are Tery happily adapted, give Fletcher's figures an ail'

                                                                          Digitized by   Google
                  •                                                                          is.
  of life, ;Which in that ,particular renders them superior to
  those of Spenser and of 'Saokville *. The following rich
  figure of Hope (which is represented as masculine,) is
  among Fletcher's best pieces; the attitude of 'his leaning
  on his atteQdant P6llicita, to whom every female grace
  might be given, seems worthy the notice of a painter.
  I will quote the description at length, as it affords me an
 opportunity. of comparing it. with a figure of Spenser on
 ." the same subject:

      .. Next went Elpinus, clad in sky-like blue t;
      .. And'through his arms few stars did seem to peep;
      .. Wh~ch there the·workman's hand 110 'finely drew,
      I< That rock~d in clouds. they softly seem'd to sleep :.
            •• His rugged shield was like a rocky mould.
            ~'-on which an anehor bit'With surest hold :
      II IllWld by being held, was written round·in gold.

      .. Nothing 80 cheei4d was his thoughtful "face,
      .. AswBIJ his brother Fido's: fear seem'd to dwell
      .. Close bybis heart; his colour chang'd ~ace;
      .. And went, and came, that 1II1J'e all was not well;
          ... Thereroreacomely maid did oft sustain
           "His fainting·stops, arulJleeting life maintain:
      .. P6Uicita alle'iupt,iWhiob ne'ercoulcllie.or feign •
                                                    . .Cent. is.St..30.
    " The ·following is ~peD8er's personification, 19hich is
 1ielineated with greater .chastity than usual :

     1\<" lEschylus, in his " ~ven Chiefs~nst The~,'~haa'~hoWll mUCh
' •• fancy in the mottos aud devices oftQe' o£the.dii1tl'eat. clUefil.
    '" " Pyracle., in Sidney's Arcadia, is ire!llled in'a _ _t~of tIle·_
 •• materials: " 'Upon .her body she ·wore a . doublet of lIky.~o-'",r satin."
 cc &c.',. 4!. Miltonalao .bas hi... , grain,"'Paradil;e Lost, V.
 c. II~. But Fletcher might baYe had a paSsage in:Quai'tesin·hiftye,
 •• after deseribiag Parthenia ill & robe belpaagied "ith'aI;8n u£gold,. a4cb.
                         It   Her di.heYell'd hair                      ,
           ... ·HuurICiOlfly'do-. and veil'd tbe.bac1rer part
            •• Of those ber     ·re,emblmg robe.; but so,
            .. That eyelY breath would wave it to and fro,
            .. Like flying cloucls,tbrough which you mightdiseover
            If "liometimes one &Iimm'rio& star. sometimes another.

                                                                   ..4".    Ill'" P.r.   11. iii.

                                                                              Digitized by   Google
                                   A Biograpllieal Sketch oJ
            .. 'With him 'Went Hope in rank, a handsome maid,
           •• Of cheerful look and lovely to behold;
          ," In silken samite she 'Was light array'd,
           .. And her fair locks 'Were 'Woven up in gold:
           •• She always smil'd,' and in her hand did hold
           •• An holy-'Wa~ sprinkle, dipt in dew,
           .. With 'Which she sprinkled favours manifold
           .. On whom she list, and did great liking sho'W;
            « Great liking unto many, but true love to few.
                                                  B. III. Cant. xii. SL 13.

.'        " The figure is ~imple, and the attributes are new; Hope
       is here divested of her usual emblem, the anchor, (which
       Fletcher has preserved) and the water-sprinkle substi.::
      tuted in its room, which gives a religious air to the image;
      had it but received the sanction of antiquity !for its
      adoption, we might perhaps have heard 'more' in its
      praise. On their coins, the ancients, we find, represented
      Hope in the character of a sprightly girl, looking for-
      warn and holding a blossom or bud in her right hand *,
      whilst with her left she holds up her garment, to prevent
      its retarding her pace.     On a coin of Hadrian, I have
      seen Fortune and Hope with this emblem. Mr. Spence
      has justly objected against. Spenser, that many of his
      allegorical personifications are lDconsistent, complicated,
      and overdone; he observes, that when they are well-
      invented, they are not well-marked out, and instances
      amongst otbers tbe figure of Hope now before us. But
     surely thouCh his general cbarge may be true, in this in-
     stance he has been misled by his classical taste, and too
     great a reverence for the ancients; to expect an implicit
     adherence to them in aD tbeir mytbological appendages
     is unreasonable an4 absurd, and at once puts a stop to
     every exertioo of fancy and genius; it is but doing
     justice to them to acknowledge that their emblematic
     figures are unrivalled; but as their several distinct at-
     tributes are closely connected with, and indeed drawn
     from their religion, history,dresl, and manners, tbey mUlt
     be considered as relatively excellent on)y; we cannot b•

               . '" We ,commonly say" to cleltroy our loptl m tAe bud.

                                                                   Digitized by   Google
                                          Phineas Pletcher.                                         xi
        ...... .................................................................. ........ ............
                  ~                                                              ~        ~

        10- barren of inveBtion, as to be obliged tamely to bave
        recourse to their imagery on all occasions; the ~lig~on, "
        history, manDers, and dress, of our own country, are
        lufficiently dignified to supply a fertile imagination with
        combinations infinitely new, and to jUlitify us in forming
        a style of our own. Proprieiy in selection is every thing:
        to produce a strong effect from a few masterly outlines,
        and to give an individual and exclusi'Ve cbaracter to tbe
        personage,. seems to have been the sole aim of the ancients.
        From the profusion of ornaments with which most modem
        allegorical figures are overwhelmed, we are as mucb at a
        los8 to discover for whom they are designed, as we are to
         unravel a rebus or an anagram. Milton appears to have
        been a reader of Fletcher. I will conclude these desul-
         tory remarks on him, with noticing a few passages that
         have escaped tbe commentators of our divine Bard. Mil-
         ton is invoking Mirth to bring with her,

    ,                 .. Nods aJ).d becks, and wrea~ed mile"
    ,                 It Such as bang on Hebe's cheek,     ,
                      It And love to live in dimple sleek;

                      " Sport that t»rinkled care derides,
                      It And lAughter holding both his sides."

                                                                                     L'.Alleg. 28. ,

        " Wben this exquisite assemblage was formed, it is more
      than probable that the poet had an eye on the followinr
    • passage of Fletcber :,

                      " Here sportful Laughter dwells, here ever sittQ1g,
                      " Defies all lumpish griefs, and t»rinkled care;
              •       I t And twenty merry mates mirth caus~s dtting,

                      .. And mile., which, lAughter's sons, yet infants are.
                                      Purple Illand, Cant. iv. S," 13. Edit. 1633.

                      " Where thou perhaps Under the ",helming tide."

           . In tb~ ed.ition of 1630, Milton ~ad written humming
          tide, w~lch IS perbaps more expressive and poetical. His
          first epithet he had probably from the following ine image
          ef Fletcher:

                       . '"                                                          Digitized by   Google--
                                   A Biog.rGI*cal Skttlch
 ........ ......... ....................................................:...................... I.· .. ···

          " While "u",,,,i"8' riven by bis cabin creeping,
          " Rock solt biB slumberingthouglrts in quiet ease.
                           .                                                              Eelog.2.

  " Milton uses .yllaBle, Comus, 288.                                         Fletcher in hi.
miscellanies, page 85, has .yllabled."
    It will dot be UDlU)ceptable to the reader to know. what
  portions of the Purple Island were ,elected by the taete and
 judgment of Mr. Headle,;, to f9rm a part of a work composed
  of such ricb materials lUi bis " Betwties of Ancient PQetry."
  Tbe first e!Ktract is the description of the descent of Or-
  pheus into the infernal regions in search of his lost Eutytliee,.
  Cant. v. St. 61-61. In a note we have the followillg:re-
. mark on that highly poetical episode: " These lines. of
  Fletcher are a paraphrase, or rather translauQn, from 8oe-
  thins. The whole description is. fomble: some. of the.
  circumstances perhaps are heightened too much; but it is
  the fault of this writer to indulge himllelf in eve~y aggra-
  vation that poetry allows, and to stretch his prerogative 8f
  " quidlibet audendi" to the utmost.'"
     The next extra~t, which. is honoured with a place in the'
  Beauties, is the description of the Shepherd's Life".Cant.
  xii. St. 2-6. " These beautiful lines," says Mr; Headley, seem
  to have suggested the' plan of a most exquisite little piece
  called The Hamlet, by '1r. T. Warton, which contains
  such a collection of beau.tiful rural images, asperbaps nC)
  other poem of equal length in our language presenu UII
  with. The latter part of it more closely reminds us of
  FIE-tcher. A shepherd's life is to be found in Spenser's
  Fairie Queeue, B. VI.€ant. ix. St...                   .,
     The other extract is on the Instability of Human Great-
  ness, Cant. vii. St. 2-7.                                 : •
     The reader· will do' well to pay particular attention to
  these spirited passages' of the Purple Island, as well as to
  many others of singular beauty which the c!)ofinedlimits of
  ~Ir. Headley's Work aDd PIao, "ould not allow him to
  notice. That able young man was himself anxious that
  the ",hole works of our author should be repri~ted.

                                                                           Digitized by   Google
  As     i30me upnc-gbsi3%i3s, If we look Qne way,
  increase the' object? It the other? lesse~ .
  .the quautity' i3u%:h is an      that luoks thi30ugh
  affectiun, it di3vubles any good, and extenuates
  what IS amiss. Pardon me, Sir, for i3pf:aking
  plain tn&th; meh ii3 thet eye ',vhereby you
  h~we eicwed ~hese raw Essays:i- of my very
   unrIpe vears? and almost childhoed"
       ""    %i
   ueseai3rmable are blorsGffii3 in autnffim! unless
   purhaps m this age, where are more flowers
   than fruit.    I am entermg Krpen my wiutet,
   and ynt thete bhiOmi3       my        rpring, mUlSt

     * Tzz this porro. wbeg fini publisb??d.            added a {?w
  piscatory eclogues and pozztic?:?l mis.:?elbniglJ, written by tlit'
  lame author.         .

xiv                     DEDICATION.

now shew themselves to' our ripe wits, which
will certainly give them' no other entertain-
ment, but derision.       For myself, I cannot
account that worthy of your patronage, which
comes forth so short of my desires, thereby
meriting no other light than the fire. But
since you please to have them see more day,
than their credit can well endure, marvel not
if they fly under your shadow, to cover them
from the piercing eye of, this very CQ,rioU5,
yet more censorious age.       In letting them
go abroad, I desire only to testify how much
I prefer your desires before. mine own, and
how much lowe to you more than any other.
This if they witness for me, it is all the ~ervice
 I require. Sir, I leave them to your tuition,
 and ,entreat you to love him, who will contend
 with you in nothing but to out-love you, and
 would be known to the world by no other
 Name, than
                 Your true Fri,end,

                           PHINEAS FLETCHER.
 IIILuv, May I, 1633.

                                      Digitized by   Google
                                     •      01'

                              A GUID

                                         OF THE

    H           L                 SCR~PTURES,

 ute Profeuorof Divinity IIIld of the Greek               IIIld Oriental Languages ia
                               the University     ofHaUe~


           TaAI(I~AT.lD       Faov THE    L"'TIN~   AND AUGVENTEII WIT.

                Distinct NotatioDs of the Best Editions of the
   GREEK                      D   JIEBRE~W                H(;RIP(;(;RES.
                       And a Copious, but Select List olthe most
         Exhibiting als!) on each Book the Opiuions of able Critics:

                       Interesting Life of the Author:

                        BJ WILLIAM JAQUES,
                                   Cecivate     ~iygor.


  .. Professor FraDck's Guide d~serve5 to be OPTEIII rrad. It QODtaiDa
    BElT i","1 for ,'~,dyiDg Scrip'''",s tha'~ ,llRR r"",,,mber YaTe
""'D."                                   DOD"""'''I!,      !~"d"re8
   " Hic liber, parvrelicet molis, ea tamen fere omnia continet, qua
~ir nimiu8~ l0!'lga meditatione" I~ng~o usu, et potissimum: experi"l~j ..

'''''~~~:~ ~::t~:::,':"~~' i~";;:~~f~~ ""'~~' Y h~~f:;i:';~~I~ia P:;~i;~:
.ppeJ\uDt."        ~
~J)r.Ar.L1x.   R.commelldatory Pr,face to th, Latin edition of thi.
;y lirk in it;6.
                       THE PURPLE ISLAND.

Among the rout they take two gentle swains,
   Whose sprouting youth did pow but greenly bud;
_ ell could they pipe and sing, but yet their lirains
   Were only known unto the silent wood:
     Their nearest blood from self-same fountains fiow,
     Their souls self-same in nearer love did grow;
 So s~'d ~qjoi~d ,ill ~e, or one difd\tin'd in. tw.o*,
                                    ..   IV.-
 ~ow  when the shepherd-lads, with common ~oice,
   Their first conseDt- had irmIJ _fled,
 A gentle boy began to wave their choice ;.-:. .
   " Thirsil, said he, tho' Jet thy muse untried,
     Hath only learn'd in private shades to feign
     Soft sighs onove, unto a looser strain;
 Or t~y poor Thelgon's wrong, in mournful verse to plain;.
 Yet, si~ce the shepberd~swaiBS.. d~. a.ll,eQnseaf.:
  To make ~ lord,of'them, and; ot'·their ar;t;
 And that choice.1ad; to give a full content,
   Hath join'd with in ~ftice as w.lleuto;
     Wake. wake thy long, thy too long sleeping muse,
     And thank them with a song, .as is the uset :
 Such honour thus conferr'd, thou may'st not well refQ,8•.
 Sing what thou list, be it of Oapid's; spite,.
   (Ah, lovely spite and.spitefulloveliness !)
 Or Gemma's grief;- if sadder be thy sprite-:
   Begin beloved. swain" with good· s11COes8."~.
     " Ah, said the bashful boy, such wantQn toy.,
   , A better mind and sacred vow' destroys,
 Since in a higher LoVE I settled all my, joysi_<
 ,. The Aqthor speaks here of himself and hia brother,; who w.. al_ a   Peot"
                               t i. eo CultDm.

- - ---   -~--   ........ ...:e.)
                                                -- Digitized   ~;GooSle
                                        ~H~        PURPLE ISLAND.
        But if you dei~ my ruder pipe to hear,
           (Rude pipe, UDus'd, untun'd, unworthy ~earing)
        These iilfantile beginnings gently bear,   .
         . Whose best desert and hope must be your bearing.
             But you, 0 muses, by soft Camus sitting,
             Your dainty liIongs unto his murmurs fitting,
        Whieh bear the under-long unto your cheerful dittyiDr ; - ..
      •                                                  VIII.
 '\. 'fell me, ye, what hath former ages,
        Now left succeeding times to play upon?
     ,A.nd what remaiqs unthought of by those sages,
        Where a new muse may try her ·pinion ?
           What light'n\ng heroes, like great Peleus' herr
          Darting his beams lhro' olir hard frozen air,
     May stir up gentle heat, and vIrtue's 'wane repiUr ~
        Who knows not Jason? or bold Tiphys' hand,.
         That durst unite what ·nature's self would .piu1 ~
        He makes isles continent, and all one lana.;
         O'er seas, as earth, he march'd with dangel-oUS ar't:
           He rides the white-mouth'd waves, and scorneth all
••          T~ose thousand deaths wide gaping for his 'fall :
        He death defies, fenc'd with a thin, low, w()oden wall.
                                                         - X.
        Who has not often read Troy's twice sung fires,
          And at the second time tWice 'better sung?
        Who hath not heard th' Arcadian shephertJ.'squires,
          Which now have gladly ' their native tongue;
            And sitting by slow Mh'lcins, sport their fin,
            With sw~ter voice and ne\'er equall'd skill, '
        ~hanting their amorous lays unto a Roman quiRt 1
             • • Tiphy8 was pilot of the vessel which conveyed Jason to Colchis.
                               t     Mi~oi".,   a riYar of Mantua, Virlil's bitth-place.

                      -!.      t.'
 ---......   __   ... t   ~   ;'r~-

                                                                                      Digitized by   Google
4          •

                                                 PUUPLE IS 11E11:o'.

    And thon, choice wit! love's scholar, and love's master..
        Art knu¥fin to      whun~u lovu           is knmqm* t
    '\Vhceill~ber thuu hhM'st UlyISses    him faster;
        Or dost thy fault and distant exile moan:
           Who hzdh nzzt Seen upon
           Dire Atreus feast, and wrong'd Medea rage,
    )lun~zlhing            statz,z and hUISkin' h          P
    And now af1ate th'!tulian
      tlits on the shzzu% to ¥fi%ztch hiz tremhling line,
    There teaches rocks and prouder seas to plain
           Ne¥fiIS fair, ua%d f%%Racer M%%%~hilin%%
         Whilst his thin net, upon his oars entwin'd,
         With "zantau atrif" g,;%tchz%" the snm and ¥fiind ;
    Which still do slip away, and still remain behind.
         that tErencli ntuse's eagle eye and wing, .
      Hath soar'd to heav'n, and there hath learn'd the art
    Tu faame %%Rkgelia%            and ,'%%nzo,',a Rking ,
      Too high and deep for any shallow heart.
        Eb,             %%,ul!    thoSRk uelesilliRkA ray%,
        Which gave thee light, these lower works to blaze,
    Thzzu sit'at imp,%n~,%dis'd, ,md diant'st uternal Jays.
    Thrice hahfzy wits! which in th" Spz'hihing 1.\lay;
       hEarm'h with       SUn /]if well hese2~",%d fa%ni,rs,
    D~sclose your b\lds, a.nd your fair blooms display,
       ~~~1P""'m" the   wit" h%Zur rudlt frallRkEmt SRkRki"zurs
          Nor may, nor ever shall, those honour'd fiow'rs
          Be sURkird.
                        summai"'s          or ¥fiinte/]i~Rk
    Jlu.~ last, when time shall have decay'd the proudest tow'rs i
                   ~       0% hL~                    Sau'~"i"%%.   t

                       -    -   .. -_ ...... '
                       TUg PUR~LE ISLAND.
Happy, ~hrice happy 'days in silver age!
  When generou.s plants advanc'd their lofty crest;
.When honour stoop'd to be learn'd wisdom's page;
  When baser weeds starv'd in their frozen nest;
    When th' hig4est flying muse still higher climbs;
    And virtue's rise, keeps down all rising crimes:
Happy, thrice happy age! happy, thrice happy time. !
     .                              XVI.
 But wretched we, to whom these iron days,
    Hard·days! afford no' matter, nor reward:
  Sings Maro? Men deride high Maro"s lays,
    Their hearts with steel, with lead their sense is barr'd.
       Sings Linus, or his father*, as he uses?                 I

       Our Midas' ears their well tun'd verse refuses:
 .A.h what cares he for arts! he mocks at sacred mUle•.
But if fond Bavius vent his clouted song;
  Or Mrevius chant his thoughts in brothel charm;
The witless vulgar, in a num'rous 'throng,
  Like summer-flies about their dunghill swarm:
    They sneer, they grin :-' Lilte to his lik' 6ill mo"•. ~ .
    Yet never let them greater mischief prove
Than this, Who hates not one, may he the other lovtil I
   Witness our Colint; whom tho' all the graces,
     And aU the muses nurs'd; whose well taught song,
   Parnassus' self, and Glorian embraces,            \
     And all the learn'd, .and all the shepherd throng;
       Yet all his hopes were cross'd, all suits denied;
     . Discourag'd, scorn'd, his writings vilified:
.' Disuest alas! he liv'd; distrest alas! he died•
                       • .Apollo.         t   sJ"llIIII'•

           .   .....
                                                            ~i~;zed-;GOOS Ie
                                               .'   ',.:
.........   -------    ~-

               •                 THE PURPLE ISLAND.
               And h,ad not that great Hart, whole honour'd head
                 Now lies full low, pitied thy woeful plight;
               There had'st tholl lain unwept, unburied,
                 Uubless'd, nor grac'd with any common rite:
                   Y~t shalt tbou live when thy great foe shall sink;
                   Beneath his mountain tomb, wbose fame shall stiuk ~
               And time his blacker Dame shall blur with blackest ink.
               o let th' Iambic muse revenge that wrong,
                  Which cannM slumber in thy sheets of lead;
               Let tby abused honour cry as long
                 .As there are q~i11s to write, or eyes to read;'
                    On bis rank name let thine own voice be turn'd,
                    " 0 may that ff&aft that hath the mU8~B BCO",'d,
               cc Al.e (W desd, be After of a m..e atMJrA'd *!"
               Oft therefore have I chid my tender muse;
                 Oft my cbill breast beats off her fiutt'ring wing:
               Yet when new spring her gentle rays infuse,
                All stonns are laid, again I rise and sing:
                  . At l~gth so(t fires dispers'd in every vein,
                    Yield open passage to the thronging train,
               And swelling number's tide r~llslike the surring main..
               So where fair T~ame8, and crooked Isis' son,
                 Pays trib~te to bis king,-the mantling stream,
               Encounter'd by the tide now rushing on
                 With equal force, of's way doth doubtful seeIQ;
                   At length the full-grown sea, and water's king
                   Chides the bold waves with hollow murmuring:
               Back fly the streams to shroud them in their mo~er-spring•
               • A citatiou flOm Spenser's Poem" The Ruiues of Time .;" ... and supposed
                            .      til a11u~ to Cecil, Lurd Burieilia.

                                                               Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLAND.
~et thou harmonious muse, why should'st thou droop,
 That every vulgar ear thy music scorns?
Nor can they rise, nor thou so low canst stoop;
 No seed of heav'n takes root in mud, or thorns..
    When owls or crows, imping their flaggy Will~
    With thy storn plumes, their notes thro' th' air would.
Ohshame! they howl and croak, whilst fond they straintosing
 Enough for t~ee in heav'n to build thy nest;
   Far be dull thoughts ,of winning earthly praise;
 Enough, if kings enth.-one thee in their breast,
   And crown their golden croWDS with higher bays:
     Enough that those who wear 'the crown of kings,
     Great Israel's princes! strike thy sweetest strings :
.Heaven's dove when high'st he Bies, flies wit.l thy beav'nly
Let others trust the seas, dare d.?ath and hell,
    Search either Ind, vaunt of their scars and wou,nds:
Let others their dear breath, nay, silence, sell
  . To fools; and swol'n, not rich, stretch out their bounds
      By spoiling those that live, and wronging dead;
      That they may drink in pearl, and couch.their head
.In soft, but sleepless down; in rich, but restless bed:
 o  let them in their gold quaff dropsies down!
   o let th~m surfeits feast in silver bright!
 Whilst sugar hires .the taste the 'brain to drown,
   And bl-ibes of sauce corrupt f~lse appetite,
      Its master's rest, health, heart, life, soul, to seU:
      Thus plenty, fumess, sickness, ring their kn~ll,
 'Peatb weds and beds them; first in gr~ve, and then in hell.

                                                 Digitized by   Google
----   _.-   ---   ~-------         --

                             THE PURPLE ISLAND.
             •                     XXVII .
             . But ah! let me under some Kentish hill,
                 Near rolling Medway 'u,lOngst my shepherd peers,
               'With fearless merry-make, and piping still,
                 Securely pass my few and slow-pac'd years:
                    l\1bile yet the great Augustus. of our .nation,
                   Shuts up old Janus in this long cessation,
               Strength'Ding our pleasing ease, and gives us s11l'&
                                        XXVIII . .
               There may I, master of a little flock,
                 Feed my 'poor lambs, and· oCteD change their fare,
               My lovely.mate shall. tend my sparing stock,
                 And nurse my little ones with pleasing care;
                " Whose love and look, shall speak their Cather plain:
                   Health be my feast, heaven hope, content my gain;
               So in my little house, my lesser heart shall reign.
                                        XXIX.        .
              'The beech shall yield a cool safe canopy,
                 While down I sit, apd chant to til' echoing wood:
               Ah, singing might I live, and singing die !
                 So by fair Thames, or.silver l\ledway's flood,
                   The dying swan, when years her temples pierce,
                   In music's strains breathes out her life and ver,se,
               And chanting her own dirge, rides on her wat'ry hearBet;
              What need I then to seek a patron out;
                Or beg a favour Crom a mistress' eye,
              To fence my song against the vulgar rout;
                Or shine upon me with her Gemini?
                  What care I, if they praise my slendu song ~
                  Or heed I, if they do me right or wrong? '
              ~ ~bepberd's bliss Dor stands nor falls with every tongue;:
                                        ." I.

                                                       Di9i=~Y Coogle
                         ·PlJ lJ PLlJ I SLAllJD.

tiREAT PRIAnc of              thTT thy
   Low as our earth, here serving, ruling there;
\Vh£A'         our £leath   live,     lir££ (0 dk
   Who, when we broke thy bonds, our bonds wouldst bear;-
     Who            in thy           yeA fdt;sf u££~ HuH;
    Who (God)bougHt'stman, whom man (tho;God's)didselI,
Who in oudlesh, out qraves, and worse; our hearts w££££ldst

                                the££ who
  To lodge thyself within this wretched breast;
Mos&. wretch££d          sud, gueAt to ent££dain;
  Yet oh most bappy lodge in such a guest!
    Thou First and Last; inspire thy sacred skill ;
    llJuide th'AU md hand, grace thou        artl£·££A quilz;
So shall I first begin, so last shall end thy will .
Hark then; ah, hark! ye gentle shepherd crew;
 Au HALE I f&;in w££,,1d         an TAt.AND fuir;·
 place too seldom view'£I, yet           in view;
 Near as ourselves, yet fartbest from our care;
   hlJhich     by luuving              seeking lost
   A foreign home; a strange, tho' native coast;
Most         to all, £let ££m££rt unduown       mOA¥:,
OoeTul with the         in     naAiuiAy ;
  Whhch tho' it now hath passe£l thro' many ages;
And still retains a natural proclivity
  T£A uuin,            with thouAund AUdes
    Offoo-men's spite, ~hich stilI this ISLAND tosies;
       d eveu drowu more p£'osp'n)£ms by her cr££)reS,
By with'ring, springing fresh, and rich by often losses.
     12                 THE PURPLE ISLAND.

    Then plac'd it in the calm pacific seas,
      And bid nor waves nor troublous winds,- oft'end it;
    Then peopled it with subjects' apt to please
      So wise a prince, made able to defend it
         Against all outward force, or inward spite:
         Him framing like himself, all shining bright;
    A little living Sun, SOD of the living LIGHT.
    Nor made he this like other isles; but gave it
      Vigour, sense, reason, and a perfect motion,
    To move itself whither itself would have it,
      And know what falls within the verge ofnot~on !
         No time might change it, but as ages went,
         So still return'd; still spending, never spent;
    More rising in their fall, more rich in detrimc
    So once the *cradle of that double light,
      Whereof one rules the night, the other day ~
    Till sad Latona, flying Juno's spite,
      Her double burthen there did safely lay,
         Nor Jlooted yet, in every sea was roving,
         With every wave, and every wind removing;
    But since, to those fair twins hath left her ever moving.
    Look as a scholar, who doth closely gather
      Many large volumes in a narrow place;
•   So that G~EAT W ISMM, all this all together,
      Confin'd unto this ISLAND'S little space;
         An~ being one, s'oon into two he fram'd it;
         And now m'lide two, to one again reclaim'd it; .
    The little Isle of Man, or Purple Island nam'd it.
      '" DELOS, the birth-place of Apollo alld Diana :so called from, .)'''''09,
    because when ~tona their mother was persecutell. by the Python, it suddenl~
    ~!Lde its appearance in tbe sea, and afforded her the asylum she sought.'
                                ,            .               .          ~   .

                                                      Digitized by   Google
                    THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                        18

 Thrice happy was the world's first infancy,
   Nor knowing yet, nol' curious, ill to know;
 Joy withont grief, love without jealousy;
   Nonc felt hard labour, or the sweatingplongh:
     The willing earth brought tribute to her king;
     Bacchus unb\>rn lay hidden in the cling
 Of big swoll'n grapes ; t~eir drink was every silver spring,
  .                                 XLVIII.
 Of all the winds there was no difference,
  None knew mild Zephyrs from cold Eurus' month i
 Nor Orithya's lover's violence'
  Distinguish'd from the ever dropping south:*
      But either gentle west winds reign'd alone,
     Or else no wind, or harmful wind ,was none;
 But one wind was in all, and all the winds in one.
 None knew the sea; oh, blessed ignorance!
   None nam'd the stars, the north car's constant race,
 Taurus' bright horns, or Fishes' happy chance:
   Astrea yet chang'd not her name or place;
     Her ev'n-pois'd balance, Heav'n yet never ~ried:
     None sought new coasts, nor foreign lands descried;
 Bnt in their own they liv'd, and in their own they died.'
                       .              L.
eBut all! what liveth long in happinels ?
   Grief, of a heavy nature, steady lies,
 And cannot be remov'd for weightiness;
   But joy, of lighter presence, eas'ly flies,
     And seldom comes, and soon away will go :
     Some secret pow'r here all things orders so,'
 That for a sunshine day, follows an age of woe.
  • Orithya, the daaghter of Brechtileul, kiD, of Athells, loved aDd darrie..
~"ay by Boreas.

                       ~-      --.--
                             ....                             Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLAND"

Witness this glorious ISLE'; which, not content
  To be confin'd in b~unds of happiness,
Would try whate'er is in the continent;
  And seek out ill, and search for wretchedness.
     Ah, fond, to seek what then was in thy will,
     That needs no curious search; 'tis next us still.
"Tis grief to ~now of grief~ and ill to know of ill.
 That old sly Serpent (sly, but 8Viteful more)
   Vex'd w,ith the glory of this happy ISLE,
 Allured it subtly from the peaceful shore;
   And with fair painted lies and colour'd guile,
     Drench'dindeadseas, whose dark streams full offright,
     Empty their sulphur waves in endless night;
 Where tbousand deaths and hells, torment the damned
  So when a fisher-swain by chance hath spied
    A big-grown pike pursue the lesser fry,
, He sits a withy labyrinth beside,
    And with fair baits allures his nimble eye;
      Which he invading with out-stretched fill,
     ,All suddenly is compass'd with the gin;
  Where there is no way out, but easy passage in.
                            LIV..                               •
 That deathfuI lake,haththese three properties;
  .No turning path, or issue thence is found:,
 The captive never dead, yet ev~r dies;
   It endless sinks, yet never comes to ground:
      Hell', self is pictur'd in that brimstone wave;
      For what retireth from that hellish 'grave?
 Or who can end in de~th, where deaths no ending have!

                                            Digitized by   Google
                 TlIE PURPLE 'ISL4ND.
For ever had this ISLE in that dire pit,
  With curelells grief, and endless error stray'd,
Where fire and brimstone had tormen~ed it ;
  Had not the KING, whose laws he, fool! betray'd~'
    Unsnarl'd that chain, then firm that lake seclU'~;
    For which ten thousand tortures BE endur'd:
80 hard was this lost ISLE, 80 hard to be recur' cl    •
o thou deep Well of life,wide stream of love,
 More deep, more wide, thali widest, deepest seas !
Who, dying, death to endless death didst prove, .
 To work this wilful rebel ISLAND'S ease;
   Tby love no time began, no time decays;
   But still increaseth with decreasing days:
Where then gIay we begin, where may we end thy praise ~
My callow wing, that newly left 'the nest,
  How can it make so Jtigh a tow'ring Bight?
o depth witbouta depth! in humble breast,
  With praises I admire so wondrous height:
    But thou my sister Huse*, may'st well go bigh'rf
    And end thy Bight;, ne'er may thy pinions tire!
Thereto may he his grace, and gentle heat aspire.
                                  , LVIII.
Then let me end my easier taken IItOl'Y,
  And sing this ISLAND'S new recover'd seat : -
But see, the eye of noon" its brightest glory,
  Teaching great meD, is ne'er so little, great;
    Our panting Bocks retire into the glade ;
    Tbeycrouch;and close to tb' earth theirhol'ns have laid:
~creeD we.our scorched heads in that thick beech's shade .
•. Allodin, to his   b~other   and his poem entitled" Christ's Victory ani

                        f"~         ____   ""---'   ...   ~--- '--.~
                                                    ....,&.                      --

                                                              Digitized by   Google
 16             THE PURPLE ISLAND"

                             CANTO II.,

  DECLINING Phrebus, as he larger grows;
    Taxing proud folly gentler waxeth still ;
  Never less fier-ce, than when he greatest shows : -
  • When Thirsil on a gently rising hill         .
      Where aU his flock he rouhd might feeding view,
      Sits d~wn, and circled with a lovely crew
 Of nymphs and shepherd-boys, thus' gao his sOllg renew.
 Now was this IsLE puU'd from that horrid main,
   Which bears the fearful looks and name of Death;
 And settled new with blood and dreadful pain
   By HIlIl who twice had giv'n, once forfeit, breath:
     ~ baser state than what was first assign' d ;
     Wherein, to curb the too aspirin~ mind,
The bet;ter things were lost, the worst were left behind'
 That glorious image himself was raz'd ;
   Ah! scarce the place of' that best part we find:
.nd that t-right sun-like knowledge much det'ac'd;
   Oilly some twinkling stars remain behind:
     Then mortal made; . yet as one fainting dies,
     Two other in its place succeeding rise;
And drooping stock with branches fresh immortalize•.
SO that lone *bird, in fruitful Arabic,
  When now her strength, and wa.ning life decay..,
qpon some inry 'rock, or mountain high,
  In spicy bed (fir'd by new PhmlJus'rays)
                     .• na. PIt!IIQi&.•

                         .   ~----'---- -                   -   --   .-~
                                          Digitized by   Google

                    THE PURPLE ISLAND.

   Herself, and all her crooked age consumes:'
    Straight from the ashes, and those rich perfumes,
A new born PhOODix flies, and widow'd pla~e resumes.
                .                          v.
It grounded lies upon a sure .foundatioD;
  Compact and hard; whose matter, cold and dry,
To marble turns in strongest congelation;
  Fram'd of fat earth, which fires together tie,
     Through all the Isle and every part extentt,
     To givejust form to ev'ry regimentt ;
Imparting to each part due strength and 'stablishDiel1t.
          .                  VI.
Whose looser el\ds are glew'd with brother eartb§,
  Of nature like, and of a near relation;
Of self-same parents both, at self-same birth;
  That oft itself stands for a good foundation II :
     Both these a third doth solder fast, and bind~;
     Softer than both, yet of the self-same kind;
All instruments of motion, in one league combin'd.
Upon this bas".* a curious work is rais'd,
 Like undivided brick, entire and one,
Tho' soft, yet lasting, with just blllance pais'dtt ;
  Distributed with due proportion; .

   '" Namely, the Bones.
  t   i. e. Extended. 10 used by Spenser.
  t   i. eo Region.
   S Annexed to tlte Bones are the Cartilaces, white, flexible, and lJDooth,
1I'bich tbemselve~ ossify in process of time.
   II Sonu: of them sustain and uphold certain parts.
   'If These are fastened together by a kind of C811alages caned Ligaments•
   • " U"on the bon",s, as the foundation, reposes the flesh, 80ft. ruddy. aDd
covered wit" the C8mmon membrane or skin.
    tt i. e. Poised. So-

                               -   ---]-

                                                                Digitized by   Google

18                  THE· PURPLE IRLANn"
    And that the rougher frame might lurk URseen,
    All fair it hung with co~erings slight and thin :
Whicl1 partly bide it all, yet all is partly seen.
As when a virgin her snow-circled breast
  Displaying hides, and biding sweet displays;
The greater segments ~over' d, and the rest
  The vail transparent willingly betrays;
    Thus takes and gives, thus lends and borrc)wlillight :
    Lest eyes should surfeit with too greedy sight,
Transparent lawn. with-hold, more to increase delight.
Nor is there any part in all this land,
  But is a little isle: for thousand brooks*
In azure channels glide on silver sand;
  Their serpent windings, and deceiving crooks,
    Circling about, and wat'ring aU the plain,
    Empty themselves into th' all-drinking JqaiB ;
And creeping forward slide, but ne'er return againt.
Three dift"rent streams, from fountains ditrerent"
   Neither in nature nor in shape agreeing,
 (Yet each with-other, friendly ever went)
   Give to this Isle its fruitfulness and being ~
     The first in single channels tsky-like blue,
     With luke-warm waters dy'd in porphry hue,
'Sprinkle this crimson Isle, 'with purple colour'd de".
  '" The whole body il watered, al it were, with great plenty of livers J
118IIIely, the vein., arterie., and nervel.
  t This 1I'al the universally received opinion, before Dr. Harvey made
known hil great discovery of the circulation of the blood •
 .t   A vein I. a hollow canlll, which   ~cceive.•   the blood   {NIIl   the artery, and.
~.,avey.  it lIa~k to the heart.

                                                             Digitized by   Google
                            T~HE   PURPLE ISLAND.                            19

The * next, thongh from the sa~me Bp:r1ng:=B firCBt it ~i!S.,
  Yet pas"Jing through another greater fountain,
Doth lose his former name and qualities :
  Through many a dale it flows" and many a mouatain;
     lloz'e fiery light, and needful more than ali ;
     And therefore fenced with a double wall ;
A11 froths 'his yellow strframs, lvith many a sudden flill.
The Hast, in all thingg diff'ring {:I'mD tIme other,
  Fan from all hill, and 'close togetber go,
Embracing ItS they run; each with his b\"other
  Huarded'with d"uble tre71l"hE'S su&--e they How.
    The eoldest spring, yet nature best they have;
    And like the lacteal stones which Heaven pa'fe;
Slide down to eE!"'ry llart with. their thick. milky wave.
These with a thousand t!'%treamEl through th' hland roving,
  Dring tribute in; the first !Jives nourishment,
N ext life, last sense, and arbitrary mz>ving .
  Fer wben the painee h,tth now hi~ :mandate sent,
    The nimble posts quick down the river rnn.
    And end their journ"y, though but IWW begun;
But I£O ..... the mandate came, and now the mandate's done.

   * An artery is a hollow canai, compPled of fibres twisted t5Jgethe" which
 convpys tile blood from the cavity of the IM:a,t~ b an ,he pa,·ts of thr brd;-. ,

    t A ~n"cveis a whitish, round, slender body, arising from tbe;bcair, which
 is supposed to convey tbe animal lipirits to all pa.-t. ofthr b::dy.

    t That {s, the ,'ciI18 convey the nourishment; the artery, life alUI heat;
 file D&eV,8, sense aud motion; the will colRmands, and the lIIandatr i, er.~
 c,ated almost in an instaat.

'--     -'"   ',.   -"\,.
 eo                  THE PURPLE ISLAND.
                                                                                   .'   .
    The whole ISLE, parted in three regiments-,
      By three metropolis's jointly sway'd ;
    Ord'ring in peace aDd war their governments,
      With loving concord, and with mntual aid:
        The lowest hath the worst, but largest se~;
        The middle less, of greater dignity :
    The highest least, but holds the greatest sov'reignty.
    Deep in a vale doth that first province lie,
      With many a city grac'd, and fairly town'd;
...·And ·for a fence from foreign enmity,
      With fi",e strong builded wallst 8ncompass'd round;
        Wbieb my rude pencil will in limning stain;
        A work, more curio~s than which poets feign
    Nept~ and P~rebus built, and pulled down againt.
                                   XVI.             .
    :rhe first' of ~hese, is that round spreading fence§,
       Which like a sea, girts th' Isle in every part;
    Of fairest buildinl', quick, and nimble ~ense,
      Of common matter, fram'd with special art;
         Of middle temper, outwardest of all,
         To warn of ev'ry chance that may befall :
    1'he same, a fence and spy; a watchman and a wall.

      '" The whole body may be parted into three regions: the lowest, or belly;
   the middle, or breast; the highest, or head. In the Jownt the liver is sove-
   reign, wbose region is the widest, but meaJlest. In the l1liddle, the heart
   reigns. The brain obtains the highest place, and i. the least in compass,
   but the greatest in dignity.
      t The skin. the fat, the fleshy panicle, the muscles, and the Peritonamm,
, . :. Neptune and PhCllhus are related to have bllilt the walla of Troy.
      § The skill cover. almost the whole body, and is formed ot whitish fibres.
   ~l1termixed with nnmberless branches of nerve., veins, and arterie ••


             ~       ..   •                                            -~~~
                                                  Di9~t:;:Y Coogle
                           ,THE PURPLE ISLAND. '                   "

       His native beauty is a lily white. ;
         Which still some other colour'd Iltream infecteth,
      ,Least like itself; with divers tatainiogs dight,
         The inward disposition it detecteth:
           If' white, it argues wet; if purple, fire;
           If black, a .heavy cheer, and fix'd desire;
       Youthful and bll~, if suited ill a rosy tire.
      It cover'd stands with silken fiourishingt,
        Which as it oft decays, renews-again,
      The other's sense and beauty perfecting;
         Which else would feel, but with unusual pain:
           Whose pleasing sweetness, and resplendent shine,
           Soft'ning the wanton touch, and wand'ring eyn,
      Doth oft the t Prince himself with witch'ries undermine~
      The second §rampier's of a softer matter,
        Made by the purple rivers overflowing:
      Whose airy wa!'e and swelling waters, fat~er,
                             ,                          '

      (For want of heat, congeal'd,) and gt:owing,
          The wand'ring heatll, which quiet ne'er subsisteth
          Sends back again to what confine it listeth ;
      And outward enemies by yielding, most resisteth.
         '" The native colonr of thf'sk ill is white. but (as Hippocrates)it is chaaged ilito
       the colour oftbe predominant humour. Wbere melancholy abounds, it is dark.
       ",here phlegm, it is white and pale; where cbol"r reifP;ns, it isred and fiery, o'kc.
        . t The rlttick or sculf-sklll, is an extremely thiu and transparent me,mbrane,
       void of sellse, and covering the skill all over. Jt cousisll of several layen or
     • excet'ding small scales, which cover one another.
           t The mind.
          SThe fat is a whitish, oily substance, void ofsenae, is secreted from the blood,
      ,and lodged in smali, oval, membranous bag., which shoot out of the arterie..
           II The fat increasE's inward heat, by keepin, it; from outward puts j aD •
      .cldends the parts-subject to it f~1D bnli-.


.......                                                     -            Digitized by   Google
                         'lrIIE PURPLE ISLAND.
    The lfftbird more inward, Dl'mer (han the bellt?
      May seem at first? hut thinly hnilt, and slight;
    But yet of more defence than all the rest;
      Ohhick and dubbom substance strongly Flight.
        These three (three common fences rouD~ impile)
        'I'his regiment, and aU the other I&Il<:?;
    An,i s211fing in.ward fi:iends, their outward foes beguile_
    BeF?i(le these three, hiO·t mort: appropriate ~ards,
      lVith constant watch compas"l tbiZl gov(?4,'mnellt _
    Th?1? 6r£5t eight cOillpanies in several wards,
       {To each bit~ station in this regiment}
          On each aide, four continual watch observe,
          And uuder one g.-eat c,'lptain jointly sene;
    Two fycm3-3;-ight etand, hl0 cross, and four obliquely
    The lother fram'd of common mattC'&r, all
       This lower region girts with strong defence;
    l\1()re long than round, with double-bnilde(l wall,
       Though Elingle often aeems to slighter stnse ;
          \Vith many gates, who!!le str:mgest properties.
          Protect this coast from aU conspiracieR;
    Admitting welcome friends, excluding eflemies.

                                     llH?n,br??nr rei&Y'thkk, 61??ewy, interwoven willa

       t Tl?e prr'p??f pacts 1ufoUJing thi, !i&W'i&, ..."gion. arc two; the first, tbe ml1:S~
    c?es ??f thY? belly,wlnch are eight; foulside-!ong, two right, and two a'~i&O'$.

       t The Perit"n"utli (,alIed the dll1 of the belly) is a ihlD membrane., taki~w
    it? eawe from coml,a&sing the bowels; round, but bnger; e"'1"'!te?'e
    Goubie, ret.o Ihin that it seems but s1nl!;!e,


                                                                            "   I _ "\ "\, II   :>
                     THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                           23.

Between this fence's double-waned sides.,
  lI'our slender brooks run softly o'er the lea;
The first is call'~ the nurse, and rising slides
  From this low region's metropolie:
     Two frqm tb' heart-city bend their silent paee. j
     Tile third from urine-lake with waters base,
In the tallantoid sea empties his flowing race.
Down in a lvale where these two parted walls
  Differ from each with wide distending space.
Into a lake the urine river falls,
  Which at the §N ephros hill begins his race:
     Crooking his banks he often runs astray,
     Lest his ill streams might backward find a way:
Thereto, some say, was built a curious framed ba y.
The urine-lakeU drinkiDg his colour'd brook,
  By little swells, and fills his stretching sides:
But when the stream the brink 'gills overlook,
 A sturdy groom empties the swelling tides;
    • The double tunicle of the rim. is parted into a large ~pace, tbat with a
 ",ooble wall it might fence the blad4er, where the vessels of the nayel an:
 contained. These arefonr, arst the nurse, which is a vein nourishing the
iufant in the womb; secoud, two arteries, in whiaO the infant bruthel; the
 fourth, the Ourachos. a pipe whereby (whilst the child i. in the womb) tile
 urine is carrim into the allantoid.
    t A membran~ receiving Iweat and urine•
    • The passagcJI carrying tbe urine from the kUtneys to the bladder.
    § Nepbros---Greek (~N.qlpo» the kidneys.               .
    /I The bladder is composed of three coats; tbe first is an extension of the
·Peritoncum: the second collsists of muscular fibres I the third i. buth glandD--
lo~~ and nervo... anll filii of wrinkllll, that it J&lay be capable (If CQQlrll~U­
atM;l dilatatioa.

                                                                   Digitized by   Goos Ie
                     THE PURPLE ISLAND.

    Sphin(lter* some call; who, if he loosed be,
    Or stiff with cold, out 80ws the senseless sea,
And rushing unawares, covers the drownetllea.
From thence with blinder passage (flying name)
  These noisome streams a secret pipe con veys ;
Which though we term the hidden parts of sh~me,
  Yet for the skill deserves no lesser praise
    Than they, to which we honour'd names impart.
    0, POWERFUL WISDOM r with what wond'rous art
Mad'st thou the best, who thus hast fram'd the Tilest part.
Six tgoodly cities, built with suburbs round,
  Do fair adorn this lower region;
The first t Koilia, whose extremest bound
  On this side's border'd by the Splenion§,
    On that by sovereign Hepar's II large commands,
    The lDerry Diazom~'U above it stands,
To both thesejoin'd in league, and never failing bands •

   • A name common ttl several muscles, which bind, strengthen, or dr...
together any part. Its glands separate a Ilimy matter~ which defendl the
bladder frum the acrimony of the urine. The involuntary emillion of thili
is prevented by a smallllluscle, which goes round the neck of the bladder.
  t Besides the bladder there are Biz .pecial part. contained in thi,lower
region; the liver, the stomach, and the guts; the gall, the .p!eeo or milt;·
the kidney. and parts for gene.ation.
  : The .tomach (or Koilia 1C4IIAIta ;) is the 6nt in order though not in di8-
nity, whie l , is long and round, made to recei". BUd c:weoc* dac ••a&, ...
to perfect the chfle.
  § Splenion, the spleen from ~ ~"'.
  II   Hepar, the liver, from oro U.,.

  11   Diazome, from   "'~"'"

        - -   '~-
                                                                       _ - -.c...:J
                                                      Di9it~zed by Go-oS Ie

                    THE PURilLE ISLAND.
  The form (as when with breath the bag-pipes rise
    And swell) round.wise, and. long, yetlong-~ise more,
. FFam'd to ~he most capacious figure's guise;
    For 'tis the Island's garner; here its store
     Lies treasur'd up, which, well prepar'd, it sends
     By secret path that to th' arch-city bends;
  Which, making it more fit, to all the Isle extends.
                                ,   ~XIX.
Far hence at foot of rocky Cephal's hills,
 This city's *steward dwells in vaulted stone;
End twice a day Koilia's store-house fillg·
 With certain rent and due provision:
    ~loft he fitly dwells in arched cave,
    Which' to describe I better time shall have,
When that fair m()~nt I sing, and his ';'hite curdy wave.
At that cav,e~ mouth, twice sixteen porters tstand,
   Receivers of the ,customary rent;
0 .. each side four, (the foremost of the band)
   W~ose office to tiwide what in is sent;
      Straight other four break it in pieces small ;
      And ,at each hand twice five, which grinding all,
Tit it for convoy and, this city's arsenal .

  .• .GuUua, tlIet.... is th"ClMerer,.,lIr.to1P¥d~ ~ lIWlIJIIIih, lIbhlh,has
its plaCd in Cephal; t~ .ist!Je, IIMcL          ,1).~ .urf~ ef the. tongue
is filled with small Papille. which are I!o other. ~n 4"e ralqific:atipn8 of
the gustatory, nerve; these, are variclusly moved by tile p,rtic,ies, of ~e!ltand
drink. and this motion being by that nerve transmitted to the brain, th!lt per-
c~p~ion arises which we style ta.ting.                                  "     ,
   t In each jaw, are sixteen teeth, four Cllttws,. two" , ( ,
                                                                   or . '
                                                        dog-t\ltlth. 'breakel'$,."

 And till grinder-.

                                                                Digitized by   Google

                       THE PURPLE ISLAND.
  From thenee a'.groom of wondrous TolubiUty
    Delivers all unto near officers,
  Of nature I,ike himself and like agility;      \
    At each side four, that are the governors,
      To see the victuals shipp'd at fittest tide;
      Which strld.ght from thence with prosp'roul chamael
  And in Koilia's port with nimble oars glide.
                                   XXXII.                  '
  The thaYen', Cram'd with wo.fdrous sense aDd art,
   Opens itself to all that entrance seek; ,
  Yet if Qught back would turn, and thence depart,
   With'thousand wrinkles shuts the ready creek:
      But ",hen the rent is slack, it rages rifet,
      And mut'nies in itself with civil strife :
  Whereto §a little groom eggs it with sharpest knife.
  Below IIdwells in this city's market-place,
    The island's common cook, Concoction;
  Common to all, therefore in middle space
   Is quarter'd fit in just proportion;

     .. The tongue wi~ gnat .pity deliven up the meat well. claewed, te tile .
  ill8tnuDeuta of swallowing, (eight serviog to this purpose,) "hich instantly
  ulld the meat into Ute atomaeh.
     t TJie upper mClath of the stomach hatIlliWe vein., or eircwar atria,••
" to lIhat in the mea«, and keep it from returning.
    : Rift. Frequently: 10 SpeDser•
   ., A short Nllel, which s-euding in a melatachol, hamoar,.harpeD' the
    II   In the bot.tom of the .tomacll which i. plaee4 in the' midle of t ..
 b~llJ iI lIeolOlItioo penormed.

                                                     Digitized by   Google
                   THE PURPLE ISLAND.

      Whence never from his labour he retires;
      No rest he asks, or. better change requires:
 Both night and day he works, ne'er aleeps nor slefep.
'That *heat, which in his furnace ever fumeth,
    Is nothing like to our hot parching fire,
Which all consumin&" self at length consumetll ;
    But moist'ning flames a gentle heat inspire,
      Which sure some inbotn .eighbour to him lendethl
      And oft the bord'ring coast fit fuel sendeth,    .
And oft the rilling fume, which down again de8Cende~r
 Like to a pot, where under hovering
    Divided flames the iron sides entwining,
 Above is stopp'd with close lid covering,
    Exhaling fumes to narrow straits confining;
      So doubling heat, his duty doubly speedeth :
       Such is the. fire concoction's vessel needeth,
 Who daily all the Isle with fit provision feedeth.                            •
 'I'here many a·groom, the busy cook attendi
    In under offices and several place:
 This gathers up the seum, and thence it sends
    To be cast out; another, liquors base;
      Another garbage, whicb the kitchen cloys;
       And divers filth, whose scent the place annoys,
 By divers secret ways in u~~er sinks cobvoys. .

    ,.. Tbe concoction or Iteau in tbe atomach, is perfected as ~y a~
 innate property alld spedal Tirtue j u ".n at by tb.outw.rd hetlt of ad.
joininr parts.

                                                             Digitized by   Google
                         THE PURPLE ISLAN-D.

     Therefore a second *port, is lid~lODg &un'd,
      ·To let out what llIlIavory remains s
     There sits a needful groom, the porter nam'd,
       Whioh soon the full-g\"O'Ml kitchen cleanly drains,
         By divers P"1p'e1 with hundred tumib*, giriDg,
         Lest that the food, too speedily retiring,
     Should whet tbeappetite, stilloloy'd and s~ desiriRg.
     So Erisictbon, fir'd {Its tileR do Bat)
       With hungry rage, 4Je'er fed, though "vel lee.... ;
     'T~n thousand dishes ser.'d in ev'ty day,
       Yet still ten thousand lhdu8liDd dishes needing;
          In vain his daughter hundred shape'S ·e:sswn'd:
          A whole camp's meat he in IUs gorge iabum'd;
     And all consnm'd, his hunger yet Wall unOollsUID"dt.
      Such would the state of this whole Island .~,
        If those pipes' windings (passage quiek delaying)
•     Should not l·efrain.wo much'edacity,
        With longer stay fierce's,ppetite allaying.
.          These tpipes are seven-fold longer than tbe Isle,
          Yet aU are folded in a little pile,
    . Wh~reof three noble are~ and tbin.; three thick, 'and

         ,.. rhe 10weJ' orifice, or mouth of th~ stomach, ·is Dot placed at the ..ery
     bottom, but at tbe side, and is called the Janitor (or porter) as sending out
     ~e food now concocted, through tbe .entrails, which are knotty and' full of
     windings, lest the meat too suddenly BIIBBing th;oufb the body, should make
     jt too subject 1.0 '!lPpetite and greediness,
       t See Metam.8 •. Fab.18.
      J 1'beentrails ",4elll!rje~ aDd blown, are lev~D times longer tb,an thebodl".

                                                  -"~      ..   _. ---.,-.~
                                                        Digitized by

                    THE PURPLE ISLAND.
The .first is narrow'st; and down.right dcrth ieok,
  Lest that his charge discharg'd; mifJht badt .etire ;
And by the way takes in a J>itter brook,
  That when the channel's stopt with stitting Diire,
    Through tIl'i.c\Ie pipe, witla piercing wateri soaking,
   IIitJ teBder aWes with sharpest stream. provoking,
Thrusts out the aadcl,. parts, and rilW the miry ebokiDg.
 The tsecond "lean ad iauk, stillpil'd, and harried
   By mighty b.IIi'rers oft bis _banasinvadiD~ :
 Away hia food aad aew-inn'4 atore iscaorri&4l ;
   Therefore an angry colonr .Bever fading
     PUl"ples his cheek: _the. tthim for length ..exceeM,
     And down ,his stream in hundred ItnQRingti leads:
-These three most nohle are, adOrJI~~ ,with .silken threads.
The §foremost of the base"ha:lf,blindappears;
 And where bis jbroad way in an ,isthmus .eD<ls,
There he examines all his passengers,
 And those-who ought not 'seape, he backward sends :
     "" 'The lirst is straight without any winding, that the cbyle might not re-
  torn; and most narrow, that it might not lind too basty a passage. - It takes
  in a little I,asllge from . the gall, whicb there pnrges the cboler, -to provoke
  the entrails (wben they-are alow)" to cast out the exorements. Thil is-called
, Dnodenum (or twelve-lingar) from its length.
     t The se"ood, is called the lank or hUl)grf. gut, a•. bemg more _      empty
  than ~he rest j for the liverlteillg . ~ear. it draw. ont its j~ce or erea.m.
   It i. known from the rest by its red colour.
      t The- third called lIion, or winding, (rom his mallY folds and tllrning.,
  is the longest of all.
    § The first of the baser 10rt, is called blind; at whose end is an appen.
 dant, where if any of the thinner chyle do chance to escape, it is stopped,
 ,and bY the veins of the midritl'e'drawn out. \                        -

                                                                     Digitized by   Google
                     THE PURPLE ISLAND ..

      The -second lElo'. court, .where tempests ragmK,
     Shut cl08e within a cue the winds encaging, .
  With earthquakes shakes the Island, thunders sad prev'
       8agin~.                 .
  ~fhe   tlut downright falls to port Esquilinet,
      'More straight above, beneath still broader grc)1rin~,
    Soon as the gate opes by the king'~ assign,
     Empties itself, far thence the filth out-throwinr :
         This gate endow'd with many properties,
         Yet for his office, sight and naming Sies :
   Therefore between two hills, in darkest nlley lies.
   To that § arch-"ity of this government,
      The three first pipes the ready feast convoy:
    The other three, in 'baser office .pent,
       Fling out the dregs which else the kitchen cloy.
         In "every one the Hepar keeps'his spies,
         Who if ought good with evil blended lies;
  . Thence bring it back again to Hepar'S treasuries.
     *The second il Colon (or the tolBleitor) because of the wiud there ItaJ'in~
  and vexing tbe body. lEIOH 8ppeurs to be used for .EOiUI, tbe god of windl.
  See Virgo .En. Lib. 1. Y. 56.
     t The last called Rectllm (or Itraigat) hatb DO WiDdillgs, sbort, larger
   towudl the ead, that the ex~remellt ma, be more easily ejected, and re-
   tained also upon occasion.
     : An allusion to the Porta Esquilina at Rome, througb which dead bodies
   aDd criminals were conYered to Mon. Esquilinus.
    § The thin entrails serve for carrying and concocting the cbyle. They are
  all sprinkledwitb numberless little Yeins, that no part of tbe cby Ie might es-
  cape, till aU be brougbt to the liver•
   . t Epiploon or over-swillJ.mer, deicends below the navel, and alcend,
  aboye the highest entrails. It is .• t ,kinllY lubstance and .entirely' .ver-
  laid,t.                               .                       .

---~,       ._-_._-,--:-                .'.:. ~ '.~~,---..-       ..... ---~~~
                                                         Digitized by   Google
                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                           .31

Two several .cover$ fence these twice three pipee :
  The first from over:-swimuting takes his name,
Like cobweb-lawn woven with hundred stripes:
  The second strengthen'd with a double frame,
    -From foreign enmity 'he pipes maintains:
    Close by t Pancreas stands, who ne'er complains;
Though press'd by all his neighbours, he their state sustains
Next Hepar, chief of all these lower parts,
  One of the three, yet of the three the least.-
But see, .the sun, like to undaunted hearts,
  Enlarges in his fall his ample breast.
    Now hie we home; the pearled dew ere long
    Will wet the mothers and their tender young:
To-morrow with the day we may rene~ our song."
  " The Meseutery, which ties and knit8 the entrails together.
  t Pancreas or all·flesh. for 80 it seems, is laid as a pillow under the stomaell,
-.acl.u8tainl tile nius, tba' are there di.pread.

                                -~<.;i"it~~- .; &":'1.iy~:':,~*­
                                                                    Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLAND.

                      CANTO III.
THE mOl'8ingfreeb, dappling bel' horp wUlaro...,
  (Vex'd at the ling' ring shades that.10Jlg had left her,
In Tithon's freezing 8J'ms) .the light discloses;
  And chasing ~ight, of rule and heaven bereft h~r :
    The Sun with gentle beams. his rage disguiie8,.
    And like aspiring tyrantil, temporises;       .
Never to be endur'd, but when he fall~ or rises.
Thirsil from withy prison, as he uses,
  Lets out his flock, and on a ,hill stood heeding,
Which bites the grass, ,and which hiB meat refuses;
  So his glad eyes fed with their greedy feeding.
    Straight flock a shoal of nymphs and shepherd-swains,
    While all their lambs rang'd on the flow'ry plains.;
Then thus the boy began, crown'd with their circling trains.
 " You gentle shepherds, and you snowy sires,
   That sit 8J'o1J,nd, my rugged rhymes attending;
 How may I hope to quit your strong desires,
   In verse uncouth, such wonders comprehending?
      Too weIll know my rudeness,- all unfit
    . To'frame this cu~ous Isle, whose framing yet
.Was never throughly known to any human wit.
                            IV.               '
Thou Shepherd-God, who only know'st it right,
  And hid'st that art from all the world beside;
Shed in my misty breast tby sparkling light,
  ,And iD. t4is for, my errillg foot-steps guide ;

                                   ~-Digitized by GOOgle...-:....   ,

                           ,.-HE,PURPLE ISLAND.
          Thou who first mad'st, and never wilt forsake it :
          Else how shall my weak hand t1are undertake it,
       When thou thyself ask'st counsel of thyself to make it.
                         .      V ..
      . tiext to Koilia, on the right side stands1
          Faitly dispread in large _
        Th' .arch city Hepar, stretching her commands,
          To all witlQu ~s lower region;
            Fenc'd with Buch bars and stroagest situation;
            ~o never fearing foreigners' iavasion:
        Hence are the twaDs, slight, thiR; built but for. sig~t
               and f a s h i o n . '                        .-
       To th' heart and to th' head-city sure1y tied:    ,
         With firmest league aud mutuaireference!
       His lieges there, theirs ever here abide,
         To take up strife and casual difference:
           Built §all alike, seeming like rubies sheen~,
              Of some peculiar matter ~ such I ween,
       As over all the world, may no where else be seen.
       Much like a .·mount, it easily ascendeth;
       . The upper parts all smooth as slipp'ry glass:
       But CIIl the lower many a crag dependeth,
         Like to the hangings of some rocky mass:
         * or all this lower region. the Hepar, or liver, is the prill.cipal.        Th6
       situation strong, and safe walleetin by the ribs.
          t It is coyered with one single tunicle, anctihat very thin aud slight.
          : The .livllr is tied. to the heBl't by arteries, to the head by nerves, and to
       both by veins, dispersed to both.
          § The liver consists of no ordinary flesh, hnt of a kind pl'Qper to itself.
          II i. e. Fair, ahiuing.
          "'. The liver's upper part rises, and swell, gently j is vert smooth and
       4!TeD; tJ4c lQwe~n the outside like to & hoIlolv rock, rugged and crag".


                                                                            Digitized by   Google
                         TltE PURPLE isLAND.
         Here firlt the .purpie fountain making YeDt,.
        .By thou~and rivers through the Isle dispent,
    Gives evety part fit growth, abd daily aourisbmeilt.
    In this tfair        the Ilileis 'gre~t stewatd dwells;
                         to:wn                                                       .
       His porphry house glitters in pUrple dye;
    In purple clad liimself :!r0tii thence he deals
       Hil store, to all the ISle's necessitj:
          Abd though the relit he aaBy; duly pay,
          Yet doth· his fto~ng sUbstance ne'er i:lectty;
    .l11 day he'renl ~ecelyes, returns it all tbe day.
    And like that golden star~-lvhich cuts his way
      Thro~gil Saturii;s ice, and Mars his fiery hall,
    Temp'ring thei.. strIfe with his' more kindly rilyt :.
      So 'twixt the Splenion's frost ana th' angry gall,
        The jovial Hepss sits; with greaii expence . .
        Cheering the Isle 'by his sweet influence;
    So slakes their envious rage, and. endless dift'erence.
    Within, some say, §Love hath his habitation,
      Not Cupid's self, but Cupid's better brother -:
    For Cupid's self .awells With illower' nation,
      But this, more sure, much chaster than the otbe'r;
        By whose command, we either love our kind,
        Or . with more perfect love, atfect ~be mind;
    With luch a diamond knot, .he often souls can bind.
      '" From it fise all the spriuga of blood that run in tbe vein.. ,
      t The steward of the whole IIle, is bere 6tIy placed; beoauae as all (that is
    irougllt in) is here fitted and dilposed, so frolll bellee r~turaed and dispellsed;
      t The planetJupitt'r.
      § Hne Plat" cIispolleS- the ileat of IoYe.
                     .                     ~


                                                         Digiliz:;Coogle ~.
                    TUB PURPUt I~.ND.                                         3$

Two .purple ,str~M1$ .\1.~r,e raille ;their .1)Qijing heau; ,
  The first and leas~, in b.ollQW .ca.yerp. breeding,
His waves ou cliveTs s,e,igQbo.\lr gro,lUl.d$ ,d.ispreads:
  The next fair l"~v,er 'all ~e re~ ,~e.eding,
    Topping ;thehijl, breaJt$ folith in fierce evasion,
    And sheds l\~~"~ hi" NUe:-like inundatio.u. ;
So gives to all t\le Isle 'dieir fo~d aArl.vegetation.
Yet, these from ~er litJ.:ea,ms .mool1 .~erent;
   For others, as t.b.ey longer, bJ;9a~er grow;
"'hese as they run in .nl\rrow ba,nb :i\Dp~nt,
   Are then at leut, :wben in ~e IIlain ,\hey .fl9W;
     )Iuch like a. Itr,ee, wb.iQh ,aU his .rOQUI ~o .guides,
     That all his ~rll~ In his f"U :bQd.y ·hides ;
\Vhioh straigt-t,bis .steql to tbQuslludbranches sub-
Yet lest these tstreams ~i!lht hap to be (n{ected,
, With other liquors in ,the ",eU llbounding,
Refore their flowing ,c,hann~ are ~etecte~ ;
  Some lesser delfts, the ,fountai~',s bottom ,sounding,
    Draw out the balfer ,stre~m,s, t~e spring,s an-
       noying,                           •
    A hundred pipes unto that end employing;
Thence run to fitter pl~ce, their noisome load convoying.

   " Hence rise the two great rivers of blo~d, 'of which all the rest are lesser
-streams.                                                        I •

    t The chyle, or juice of meats, cone,octed in the stomach, could not all b.
 turned into sweet blood. by reason of the divers ki,nds oJ humours in it;
 tberdore there are three, kinds of excremental liquors drawn away by little
"fres~elft aHd..ealried te their appoillted'p1acell. ,

                                                    --"r' ,
                                                                   Digitized by   Google
86 .                THE PURPLE ISLAND.
  Such is fair Hepar, .which with great dissension
    Of all the rest pleads most anti~uity ;
. But yet th' heart-city with no less contentiGnl
   ·And justest, challenge, claims priority:
       But sure the Hepar was the elder bore ;'
     . For that small river call'd the nurse, of yote,
 Laid both (oundatloQs, yet Hepar's built afore:                                            ..
 -Three pois'nous liquors from this parple well,
   Rise with the native streams; the first like firet,
 All fiaming hot, red, furious, and .fell ;
   The spring of dire debate, and civil ire;'
      Which, wer't 'not sutely held with strong retention,
      Would stir domestic strife and fierce coatention,
 And waste the weary Isle with never ceas'd dissension.
 Therefore close by, a little conduit stands,
   Choledochus!, that drags this poison hence,.
 And safely locks it up in prison bands;
   Thence gently drains it through a narrow fence;
     A needful fence, attended with a guard,
     That watches in the straits, all ciosely barr'd,
 Lest some might ~ack escape, and break the prison \Yard.

    '" Famous is the controversy between the peripateticks and physicians;
 one holding tbe Ilenrt, the other the liver to be fir,t. That the liver is the
 first in time and ~akillib is JP.I.nifes~; because the nurse (the vein that feed ..
 the infant yet in the womb) empties itself upon the liver.
    t The first excrement drawn from the \i\"er to the ~all, is choleric, bitter,
 like flame in colour; which, were it not removpll, and kept in due plnce.
 ~oul~ fill all the body with bitterness and gnawing.

   t   Choledochus, the Gall, is of a membraneous substance. haviog,bot one. . ,
 ,e~ tha~  a strong ~p!,icle. It hath two ?assages, one drawing the hu~our

                                                                         .... .,..;;..---   p~.

                                                          -       ---.---.--~-
                                     - . - - . - - . - - Digilizedby   Google
                                THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                     ,8'1

     The -next ill stream the wholesome fount otrending,
       All dreary, black, and frightful, hence conveJ'd
     By divers drains, unto the Splenio'n tending,
       The Sple1!ion o'er against the Hepar laid,
         Built long and square ': some say that laughte~. here
         Keel'S residence; but laughter fits not there,
     Where darkness ever dweHs, and melancholy fear.
                                              XVIII.                      >

         ,And should these t ways, stopt by ill accident,
            To th' Hepar's streams turn back their muddy humours,
          The cloudy Isle, with hellish drearime'nt
            Would soon be ftll'd, and thousand fe,arful rumours :
              Fear hides him here, lock'd deep in earthy cell;
          , Dark, doleful, deadly, dull, a l~ttl~ hell;
          Where with him fright, despair, aDd thou.sand horrours dwelL
                                           , XIX.
         If this blacJc town in toyer-growth increases,
           With too much strength his neighbours overbearing,
         The Hepar daily and whole Isle decreases,
           Like ghastly shade or ashie ghost appearing:
              But when it pines, th'Islethrives; its curse,his blessing:
              So when a §tyrant raves, his subjects pressing,
         His gaining is their loss, his treasure their distressing.
         from the, another conveying the overplus into tbe first gut, and so
         emptying thit ,all; aDd this fence. bath a double .Bate, tn keep the liquor
             '" The second ill humqur is eartby ~ntheavy, wbich is drawn from the
          liver, by little vessels, unto the apleeu; tbe native seat of melancholy.
             t  If tho sp'een sb~uld rail in this office, the whole body would be 6J1ed
         with melaneboly faneies and vain terrors.
             ; Where the ,spleen ftouri~hes, all the body decay. and withem; bllt
         wbere the spleen is kept down, the body ftourishes.
             6 Trajancompared the spleen to hi, exchequer, because, as his coffers be.
         ~S lull, drained his .ubjects' purse; so tb,t full spleen mokes the body sapless.

.. ',"   ~   ...., -   "   ..   ,   ,

                                        '-'                             Digitized by   Google
                                 THE PURPLE ISLANJ).
The third bad .water, bubbling from this fountain.
  Is wheyish cold, wllich with good liquors ment,
Is drawn into the double Nephro's mountain;
  Which draw the best for growth and nourishment»
     The worst as th~ough a little tpap distilling
     To divers pipes, the pale cold humour swilling,
Runs down to th' urine.:take, his banks thrice ,daily fillins.
Tbese tmountains differ but in situatioll,
  In form and manner like: the left .is higher*
Lest even height might slack their operation:
  Both ,like the }foon (which now wants haIf her fire)
    Yet into two obtuser ang\es.bended,
    Both strongly with double wall defended ;
And 'both have walls of earth, before those walls extend~
The sixth and,1a8t town in this region,
   With large stretch'd precincts and with compau wid~
Is that, wbere Venus and ber wanton son
  .Her wanton Cupid will in youth reside:
    , For though his arrows and bis golden bow,
      011 other hilla he frankly doth bestow,
Yet here he,hicies thelnre, :withwbich,each hellrtdPth,giow..
For tbat great Providenc~, tbeir course,foreseeing
   Too easily led into the sea of death;
_~fterthis first, gave them 'a second being,
   Which in their offspring newly f10urisheth : ,
  *     The watery humour with some .good blood (which is spent for the noo_
lIishmentof theae parts) is dmwn by the kidneys.
    t The Ureters receive the watrr separated from the blood, as distilled fro..
 little Sesby substances In the kidneys, like to tl"ats.
    :$. The kidne)'S are botbaliltc; the left s,omewhat laighe~.

            - - -, • • '11£'-
                                                          '-~-' .-.. _~ I
                                                               ~     --1
              ......        .-------
                                                       D~;i~zed by GooS Ie

               rHE PURPLE ISLAND.                              88

     He, therefore, made the fire of generation,
     To burn in. Venus' courts without cessation;
Out of whose ~she8 comes another Island nation.
1'0r from the first a fellow Isle he fram'd,
   (For what alone, can live or fruitful be ?)
Arren the first, the second Thelu nam'd;
  Weakel' the last, yet fairer much to see:
     Alike in all the rest, here disagreeing,
     Where Venus and her wanton have their being;
For nothing is produced of two, in all agreeing.
But though some few in these hid parts would see
   Their Maker's glory, and their justest sbame;
Yet for the most would ·turn to luxury,
   And whllt they should lament, would make their game r
     Fly then those parts, which best are undescried ;
      Forbeat, my maiden song, to blazon wide,        .
What th" Isle and nature's self, dotll ever strive to hide !.
These two fair Isles, distinct in their creation,
   Yet one extracted from the other's side,
~re ott made one, by love's firm comhination ;
   And fJ1)Dl this unity are multiplied:
     Strange it may seem, sU1lh their conditiont-
     That they are more dispreadby union;
And twenty made, by being made in ORe.
For from these two in love's delight agreeing,
   Another little Isle is soon proceeding;
At first ef unlike frame and matter being,
  I. VeIlUS' temple tak-es its form and breeding;


                                      . _1'    Digitized by   GoosIe
    _~   __""i-_,.__

                •                                 •

           40                   THE PURPLE ISLAND.

                 Till, at full time, the tedious prison fiying,
                 It breaks all lets, its ready war denying;
            ~d sh~~s the trembling Isle with often painful d~gs.
                                     . XXVIII.
   the Bosphorus straig~ts, in Eu~e seas,
              Not far from old BYlantum, closely stand
           Two neighbour islands, call'd Symplegades,
              Which sometime seem but one combined land:
                For often meeting on the wat'ry plain, ,
                And parting oft, tost by the boist'rous main,
          They now are join'd in one, and now wsjoin'd again •
•                                      XXIX..
 oft, not lust, but sweeter chaStity,
             Coupled sometimes, and sometimes single, dwells; .
          Now link'd with love, to quench lust's tyranny;
             Now Phren ix-like, alone in narrow cells:
                Such Phcenix one, (but one at once may b~,
                In Albion's Isle,) thee, *Basllissa, thee,
          Suoh only haTe 1 seen, such shall I never see,
          What nymph was this, lJaid fairest Rosaleen,
             Whom thou admirest thUH' above so many?
          Sl1e, while she was, ah! was the sheph~rd's queen,
             Sure such a shepherd's queen, was never any:
                But, ah! no joy her dying heart contented,
                Since ~he a dear t Deer's side unwilling rented 'j .
          Whose death she all too late, too much repented.
                                      XXXI .
          Ah, royal maid! why shouldst thou thus lament thee' _
             Thy little fault, was but too much believing t:
                    " Queen Elizabeth.                 t   The Earl oflu_
            t   HI.torius iufonn us, that Bunbeth oomplaiaed she bad bolll   11m,....
          into tbis sanguinary measure •


It is tuu much, €to        thou EAhonlld'st repent tbee ;
 His         sonnR at reEAt deEAEArVE±EA D<b grieuinll~
    Thesewords (vain words !) fond comforters didlendher;
    But,      nu woeblt,       p€t£±y'e€t, mibht EAver hend hee
To give an EAnd t¥€t gduf: till eRAdl<2es        bid end her.
    ho,*"e sbuuld tb,)se €torruiRTIS bare
  Or h()w limme forth her virtuus' iRTIondel'lDur,t!
8he was, ay me! she was, the sweetest May,
  bihat evee          in             regiment
  ~ Few eyes fall'n lights adore; yet fa)Jle shall keep
    Her name awake, when others silent sleep;
While men bave uarr to          uyes to l'EAuk buck, und
                 the eurr (whi{:h
         -th"lIn'h                         and nue€t'd in1 Spain,
   if,ea,*",± of fell Ge:&~done to 1¥larl ,md
Have vow'd and strove her virgin tomb to stain;
   ~bnd           and         £Hld eege, end yelp, and
       Yet shell eer                                       ligbt
       Deride their howling throats and toothless spite :
A:&:&d EASiil                     whilst thed sinh do"n ie end."'
           less eight.
 Su is fbis bslaR:&%l's Rowee reglon
   Yet, ah ! . much better is it sure than
'But my poor. reeds, like my condition,
    (LoiRTI is the ehepberd      stete, rz.hy eeng ,is Jehw)
       Mar what they make-But now in donder shade
       Rust         while suns have longer shadows made:
 8€t,t, bf,W OT.Ef peetinb ftoubs eHn tf, the uoolee glede."

                    , THE PURPLE ISLAND.

•                           CANTO IV.

                                  I.                                 •
     THE shepherds in the shade their hunger feasted,

       With simple cates, such as the country yields;
     And while from scorching beams secure they rested,
       The nymphs, dispers'd along the woody fields,
        PuU'd from their stalks the Mushing strawberries,
        Which lurk elORA Rhrollded from high looking eyes ;
     Shewing that sweetness oft both low and hidden lies.
     But when the day had his meridian run,
        Between his highest throne and 10-'" declining;
     Thirsil again his forced task begun,
      . His wonted audience his sides entwinillg.-
        . ". The middle provinee next this lower stands,
          Where th' Isle's heart-city spreads his large cOlDmands,
     teagu'd to the neighbour towns with sure and friendly
                                 III .
    • Such as that star, whieh sets his glorious chair
       In midst of Heaven, and to dead darkness here
      Gives light and life; such is this city fair :
        Their ends, place, office, state, so nearly near,
         . That those .wise ancients, from their nature's sight
           And likeness, tum'd their names, and call'd aright
      The sun the great world's heart, the heart the less world'.

                                             Digitized by   Coogle
                                                                         lit'    rd

                                 to all
        All heat and life: hence it another guard
     (Beside these common to tile first) defends;
        Built ",&,h(kle of z1Y$",'&'sy          cold,       and
          Which stretchillg round about his circling arms,
          Warrants these parts from all exterior harms;
~    J~<'pelling '%ZZRgry              secm'i'%Zg all Ktb.'&'ms.

    But in the front t two fair twin-bulwarks rise;
      In th' bn:en                          and ,'&'rnamKtKtt
       TheIn more                         siz02 ,
     For ~ence the young Isle draws his nourishment;
        Bert: hu:¥:king       hid:¥::¥: his h±±nd«±d bow
        Her:¥: milky          in :¥:ngar'd bnh,rs
    Which first gave th' Infant Isle to be, and then to grow .

•         when die lessn:¥: 1:¥:land         inc:¥:nn"ing
       In Venus' temple) to some greatness grows,
    dI nW                      wide:¥: :¥:dnces
       It stop:¥:           R'Kvers                  £lows
          The stream, and to these hills bears up his flight,
         And in these founts (bp                        hiddnn might)
            hi:¥: rosy hRhnneS int4# lily wbitn,
    80 where fair Medway down the Kentish dales,
     "1'0       towns    pJent:¥:nns Wazh'Rh'&' de~ind,

      * The heart is the seat of heat and life j therefore Walled abol1t with ~e

           for m"'·" ,,:fety.
        :: When the infant grows large, the blood vessels are 10 oppressed, that
    .partJy through the readiness of the passage, but especially by the providence
        nod, blooRh torus back the breo,', oud thete      an innet" 3lnd'wonk:,f:$
     f",;:2ty is         into mHk,

                                                                      igitized        DOS
                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.

    Lading her hanks into wide Thamis falls;
      The big-grown main with foamy billows swelling,
        Stops there the sudden stream: ber steady ~e
        Staggers a wbile, at length Bows back apace;
    And to the ,parent fount returns its fearful pace.
    These two fair mounts are like two hemispheres,
     , Endow'd with goodly gifts and qualities;
    Whose tops two little purple l)illocks rearS,
       Much like th~ poles in aeaven's axletrees:
         And round, about two circling altars gire
         In blushing red; the test in snowy tire,
    Like Thracian Hmmus looks, "hich ne'er feels Phrebus' fire.
    That migh*y H1md, in these dissected wreaths,
      (Where moves our ~un) his throne's fair pic~ure gives;.
    The pattern breathless, but. tbf, picture breathes;
      His highest heav'n is dead, Olll' low heav'n lives:
        Nor scorns that lofty One, thus low to dwell;
        Here his best stars he sets and glorious cell,
    And fills with saintly spirits, so turns to Heav'n from Hell.
    About this region round in compass stand
    • A guard, both for defe~Ceand respiratioa,.
     Of * sixty four, parted in several bands ;
       Half to let out tke smoky exhalation;
         The other .half to draw in fr~r .wiads : :
•        Beside both tbese, a thj,rd of both their kinds,
     Th~t lets both out and in; which no enforcement binds.

        '" In th~ Tborax, or breast, are sixty-five muscles for rupiration, or
     breathing, which is either free or forced: the initrllments of forced breathinr
     lire sixty.tour, wbereof thirty-two distend, and as many contract it•

                                                                          . .......

                                                       Digitized by   Google
                     THE PURPLE ISLAND.
This third the merry" Diazome we call,
  A border-city these two coasts removing;
That like a balk. with his cross-builded wall,
  Disparts the terms of anger and of loving;
    Keeps from th' heart-city fuming kitchen fires,
    And to his neighbour's gentle winds inspires ;
Loose t when, he draws in air, c~ntract when he expit~.
The l Diazome of sev~ral matters fram'd:
  T he first, moist, sof~; harder the next, and drier :
His fashion like th' fish a Raia nam'd;
  Fenc'd with two walls, one low, the other higher;
     By eight streams water'd; two from Hepar low,
     And from th' heart-town as many higher go;
But two twice told down ~m ~he Cephal mountain How.
    Here § sportful laughter dwells, here ever sitting,
      'Defies alJ lumpish griefs and wrinkled care;
    .And twenty merry-mates mirth causes fitting,
       And smiles, with laughter's sons, yet infants are.
         But if this town be fir'd with burnings nigh,
         With self-same Hames higb Cephal's towers fry;
     Such is their feeling love and loving sympathy.

      " The instrument of free breatbing is the Diazome or Diapbrasma. which
    we 'call the Midriffe, as a wall, parting the beart and liver.
       t The midriffe dilates itself wben it draws in. and conb'acts itself wben it
    puffs out the air.
     , l The midriffe consists of two cirel". one skinny, the otber fleshy; it hath
    two tnnicles, as many veins and arteries. and four nerves.
        ~ Here mOlt men have placed the seat of laugbter; it hath much sympa-
    thy with the brain, 10 that if tbe midriff. be inflamed, presellt madness
•    8IISlleL

                                                                 Digitized by   Google

     coa25t 25tand25 girt WnW a l'eCUU252525 wad?
 The whole precinct, and every part defending:
    t cbi25fest        and
 Is fair Kerdia, far his bounds extending;
   Whi[lh full kno%25[ wer25                   i25bKzTIte :
   H02525 then sbould my rude pen this wonder writ25,
Which Thou, wbo only mad'st it, only know'st aright P
In middle of this middle regiment
              25[~[ated             centz~[[ deek[i~d

Of this whole Isle, and of this government:
 If not th25 chi25f2525t tbi25[ yet                 seem'd,
    The2525f25re                                    seat,
    M~re fitly hence to shed his life and heat,
    with                strt[&[ms th25 timitf25R il sland ttet.
Fh"b{'d ttith         ditr'r25rt W25RRr (for m25re d25ftnce]
  Betwixt them ever flows a whey ish moat;
In whose soft waves and circling profluen&:[[,
   25 ms     like      isl25:: ~might 25[:fely
      In motion still, (a motion fix'd, not roving)
      Most like t,r beav'k,:: in hi& most 25mzstant
Hence most here plant the seat of sure and active loving.
Built of a substance like smooth porphyry;
 His § matter hid, and? like itself, unknowz", :
     '025ithin, tRE:: Ple"m, "r sk,n wtich covers the rbl on the inside, compasses ..
this middle region.
      The he",t is pla'~'?t ,n th:: mit.t or     pro::,,,[,e and ,he wt::R:: body~
   t Yhe heart i. immured, partly by a membrane going round it, and a
peculiar tunicle; partly with an humour, like whey; as well to cool the
he",?~, as to Eitz,ten ty,e body.

   § The ftesh of the heart is proper and peculiar to itself; Dot like other
muscles, of a figure pyramidaJ~
                    THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                         47
Two rivers ;of his own; another by,
  'fhat from the Hepar rises, like a crown,
     Infolds the narrow part: for that greatAll
     This his works' glory made pyramidal,
Then crown'd with triple wreath and clotb.'d in'scarlet pall.
The city's self in two • partitions reft,
  That 011 the right, this on the ,other side:
The t right (made tributary to the left)
  Brings in his pension at his certain tide,
    :A pension of liquors strangely wrought;
    Which first by Hepar's streams are higher brought,
And. here distill'd with art, beyond or words or thought.
The l grosser waves of these life-streams (which here
  With much, yet much less labour is prepar'd)
A doubtful channel dO\h to § Pneumon bear :
  But to the left those labour'd exttacts shar'd
    As through \I a wall, with hidden passage slide;
    Where many secret gates (gates hardly spied)
With convoy safe, give passage to the other- side.
At each hand of the left, 1[ two streets stand by, ,
  Of several stuff and several working fram'd,
   '" Though the heart be an entire body, yet it is severed Into two partitioD.,
tbe rigbt 'and left; of wbicb;  tlte  left is more excellent and noble.
    t The rigbt receives into its hollowness, tbe blood Sowing froID the liver..
and concoct. it. '
    t This rigbt side &end, down to the lungs that part of tbe blood wbich is
lesl laboured and thicker; but the thinner parr, it sweats througb a Sesby
partition into the left side.
    § Tbe lungs.
    II This .Sesby partition severs tbe rigbt side from tbe left;- at first it seems
thick, but if it be well viewed, we shall see it full of many pores or passages. '
    II[ Two skinny additions (from, their likeness called the ears or auricles)
 receive, tbe one the thicker blood, that called the "rbt; the other, the
  left, takes in the air sent b, the lungl.         .
                                  -   I --

                    THE :rURPLE ISLAND.

With hundred crooks and deep wrought cavity:
 Both like the ears in form, and 10 are nam'd;
   ,I' th'right-hand street, the tribute liquor sitteth :
    The left, foro'd air into his concave gettetb,·
Which subtile wrought and thin, for future workmen fitteth.
The city's -left side (by some bid direction)
 , Of this thin air, and of that right side's rent,
(Compound together) makes a strange confection j
   And in one vessel both together ment,
     Stills them with equal, never quenched firing
    Then in small stream's (through all the Isle retiring)
Sends it to every part, both heat and life inspiring.
In this t heart-city, f"or main streams appear ;
  One from the Hepar, where the tribute landetb,
Largely pours out his purple river here;
  At whose wide mouth, a band of ,Tritons standeth,
     (Three Tritons stand) who with their three fork'd mace,
     Dri~e, on, and spee4 the river's flowing race;
But stroHgly swp the wave, if once it back repassl.
The § second is that doubtful channel, lending
  Some of this tribute to the Pneumon nigh;
   • The left side of the heait takes in this air and blood i and concocting
them both in his hollow bosom, sends them out by the great artery into the
whole body.
   , In the heart are four great ve88els, the fint ii the hollow vein, bringing
in blood from the liver; at wbose mouth stand three little folding doon, with
three lorks, giving panage, but no return to the blood.
   : (What is said concerning iIIe blood, both in the stanzal and note. is
qreeable to the old philosophy; this poem being written before Dr. Harvey
aade known his discovery.)
   § The second ,easel is called tlie artery vein, which rising from the right
aide of (he heart, carries dowA the blood here prepared to the lungs, for their
ilourisbment: hete also are the like three folding doon, made like half cirllles ;
(iring pu..,e from the be8rt, but not backward. •                     .

                                                        Digitized   =-Coogle
W~~lf !lPf~ l4r pa.refP\,~d!5 are .atch'd, :Qaat ~ending
   F,rQ~.tIf~~~. tJp.~ 'W~f,tq, ~ll regress d~ny.
    !:f~~ ~ ,~d,\1P~~ H1 ~, from Pneumon flowing,
     And is 'due air-tribu~ J1~re ~towing,
Is kept by gates aQd _ , 'Wbich stQp aU baek:ward going.
                         , XXIV.
The t last. full spring, oiit oftbis left side rises,
  Where' three fair nympbs, like Cynthia's self appearing,
Draw down the stream wbich all the Isle suffices;
  But stop back ways, some ill revolture fearing.
    This river still itself to I('ss dividing,
    At length w~t)1 tho~sand little brooks runs sliding,
His fellow course along witb Hepar's channels guiding.
Within this Cllty ~s ,tbp l' pa,l~~ fram'd;
 Where life, andJife's co~panion, heat, abideth ~
And their attendants, passions untam'd :
 (Oft very Hell, ip this ~triUght room resideth)
    And did not neighbouring hills, cold airs inspiring,
    Allay their ~ge a~d. mutinous conspiring"
Beat, all (its~lf and all) would burn with quenchless firio'g.
Yet that great Light, by whom all hea\'en shines
 With borrow'd bealhs, oft leaves bis lofty skies,
And to this lowly seat himself confines.
  Fall then again, proud )umrt, now fall to rise:
   '" The third is called the veiny artery, rising from ~e left side, "hich hath
two folds three..t'orked.                         .       .
    t The. fdurth is the great artery; ~i& ~atb al80 a Iood-gate made of three
 lemicircular membranes,
      The heart is the fQuutain of life and heat to the. Whole,body, a~d the seat   I

 of the passiollii.

                                                      -     • _     5wa...              ,..-
                                                                   Digitized by   Google
    50                   '1fHE pt1RPLE IsUMtJ.
           Cease Earth, ab ! cease, proud Babel E~ to swell ~ ..
           Heav'n blas19 higb tbw-1'fI,' stoops to a low rOof'-d.cell ;
    dIose to Kerdia, • Pnenmon takes his seat,
      Built of a lighter frame awl .spongy mould:
    I!ence rise fresb ain, to fan Kerdia's heat,
      Temp'ring those burning fumes with moderate cold ~,
       , I~f oflarger Bize, distended. wide,
         In divers streets and out-ways, multiplied;
    Yat in one corporation all are jointly tied.
    Fitly 4tis clothed with t bangings thin and light..,
      Lest too mucb weigbt might hinder motion:
     His cbiefest use, to frame tbe voice aright;
       (The voice whicb publisbes eacb hidIlen notion)
         And for that end a long pipe down descends
          (Which here itself, in ma:ny lesser spends)
    'Until, low at the foot of Cephal's mount it ends.
     This pipe wu built fot-tb' air's ..fe pU"eJ.anCII;.
       To fit each several voice with perfect sound ;
     Therefore of diverS matter the conveyance
       Is finely fram'd; the first in circles round,
         In bundred circle) bended, hard and dry,
        -(For wat;ry softness is sound's enemy)
    .Not altogether close, yet meetinr very nigh•
          • The PueuDlOn, or lungl, is nearest the heart; whose leah is lirht uti
    .spongy, and very large. It i. the inetrlUlient at breathlD, and apeaking, diYide4
     jnto many parcels, but all united Into one body.                              ,
         t 1'be lungs are covered with a light and yery thin tuoicle, lest it mipt
    ~del' their motion.
          t The wind-pipe, which II framed partly of cartilages, 01' gri.tly matter,
     because the voice i. perfected with bard and smooth thiDga· (these cartilage..·
     '.l'/l IIOmpal•• Ii~ • ring) and partly of skiD,. wlaicb tie the sriatles liogetber•


~    .~.~_."'    _ _:""·ht_

                                                           Digitized by   Google
                        THE PVRPLE ISLAND.
                                   . XXX.
  The 8~Dd's drith and .hudness somewhat less,
    But smooth and pliable, made fo~,
  FillS up the distant circle's emptiness';
    All in one body jointly comprehending:
       The * last most soft, which where the cir~le's scanted,
       Not fulty met, supplies what they have wanted;
  Not hurting under parts, which next~o this are planted.
                  .         .     XXXI.
  l1pon the top there stands the pipe's safe t coverin&"
   . Made for         the
                    voice's better modulatioa :
  ~bove it fourteen careful warders hov'ring,
      Which shut and open it at all occasion:
         The cover in four parts itself dividing.
         OCsuhstance hard, 'fit for the voice's guiding:
  One still unmov'd (in Thelu doutile oft) residiD&'.
       •                      J.(JCJ.CII.
  Close l by this pipe, runs that great channel down,
    , Which from high Cephal's mount, twice every day
  Brings to Koilia .due provision:
    _ Straight at whose § mouth a Hood-gate stops the way,
         Made like an ivy leaf, broad, angle fashion;
         Of matter hard, fitting his operation,
  For swallowing soon to fall, and rise for inspiration.
    " And becall88 the riugs of the gristles ~ not wholJy meet, this apace i. ,
  made up by mUicles, that 10 the meat.-pipe 'adjoining, might not b~ galled
  .r hurt.
    t The LarynK, GI' coverillg of the wind-pipe, is a gri,Uy substance,'Partecl
  into four grilltles; of which the first i. ever unmoved, ~nd iQ woman often
    t Adjoining to it, is the OelOphagus or melf,t-pipe, cOllve),ing meats aDd
  4irinu to the stomach.                                            ,
    § At whose end i. the Epiglottis or cover of the throat; the principal instru-
  ment of toning, aud changiag the voice; aud therefore ,",tly, that it mig4t
  lOOuer tall whell we IWal!PW, aJlIl ri.. wlacu we b...the.

~-~--       ..-                                                                      ~.

                                                                   Digitized by   Google

              THE PURPLE~ I~LANb.
But see, the smoke mounting 18 village nigh,
  With folded wreaths, steals through the quiet idi ;
And mix'd Jrith dusky shades, in eastern sky,
  Begins the night, and warns us home repair:·
    Bright Vesper now hath chang'd his name aDd place,
    And twinkles in the Heav'n with doubtful face:
;Home then, my fnIl fed laJDbs; the Ilight comeS, home ,



                                     Di9iliZedby COO  g[e -'
               .TilE PURPLE ISLAND.

                        CA.NTO V.

 By this the old Night'lil head(grown hoary gray)
   Foretold that her approaching end was near;
 And gladsome birth of young succeeding Day,
   Lent a new glory to our hemisphere:
      The early swains salute the infant ray,
      Then drove the dams to feed, the lambs to play/:
 AneL Thirsil with night's death, revives his morning lay.
 " The highest region in this little Isle,
 . Is both the Island'lil, and Creator's glory:
 Ah! then, my lowly muse, and rugged style,
   How dorst thou penc;l out this wundrous story?
      Oh Thou! who mad'st this goodly regiinent
    . So heav'nly fair, of basest element,
 Make this inglorious verse, thy glory's instrument.
 So shall my flagging Muse to Heav'n aspire,
   Where with thyself, thy fellow-shephetdsits ;
 And warm her pinions at that beav'nly 'fire :
   But, ah! such height no earthly shepherd fits:
      Content we here, low in this hU'mble vale,
     tOn slender reeds to sing a slender tale.
 A little boat will need as little sail and ga]e.
. The third precinct, the best and chief' of all,
    Though least in compass and· of narrow space,
  .Was.therefore (ram'd, like Heav'n, spherical,
    .Oflargest figure and ofloveliest gr.ace :

                                              Digitized by   Google
                   THE PURPLE                  ISLAND.

      Though shap'd at first the *least of all the three ;
      y ~t highest set in place, as in degree;
And over all the rest bore rule and sovereignty.
So of three parts, fair ,Europ~ is the, least,
  In ~hich this earthly ball was ilrst,divided;
Yet stronger far, 'and nobler than the rest,
  Where victory and 'learned arts resided;
    And, by the .Greek and Roman monarchy,
    Sway'd both the rest; now press'd by slavery
Of Moscow, and the big-swoll'n Turkish tyranny.
Here all the henses dwell, and all the arts ~
 Here learned l\Iuses by their ~ilver spring:
The tcity sever'd in two divers parts,
 Within the walls, and subur~s neighbouring;
    The suburbs girt but with the common fence,
    Founded with wondrous skill and,great expenee;
And therefore beauty here, keeps her chief residence.
And sure for ornament and ~uildiQgs rare,
  Lovely ~spect and ravishing delight,
)lot all the "Isle or world, with this can pair ;
  But in the Thelu is tbe fairest sight:
     ,These su~urbs many call the Island's face;
     Whose charming beauty and bewitching graoo,.
Oft times the §Prince himself in~ralls in, fetters base.
   • The head of theM three regions is the least, but noblest in frame aad
o'lliee, most like to heaven. ~jni !Iighest ,pthis little world, as all1O, in ftaure.
lIeing round.       .
   t The brain is the Stilt of the mina aud senses.
  t   The head i~ divided into the city aud .~burb. j the braiu withiu tlIe ~aJl
(If the scull, and the face without.          ',',
    § The min4


                                                             Digitized by   Google
                    'l'lIE PURPLE ISLAND.
  For as this Isle is a short summary
    Of all that in'this all is wide dispread;
  So th' Island's face is th' Isle's epitome,
    Where e'en the prince's thoughts are often read:
      For when that All had finish'd every kind,
      And all his works would in less volume bind,
. Fair on the face he wrote the index of the mind.
 Fair are the suburbs; yet to clearer sight,     ...
    The city's self's more fair and excellent:
Ii. thick-grown wood, not pierc'd with any light,
     Yields it defence, but greater ornament:
       The divers colour'd u-ees and fresh array
       Much grace the town, but most. the
Yet all in winter turn to aoowJ IUld SOOD decaf..
 Wke to some statel, work, whose qUaint devices
    And glitt'ring tuneta with brave cunning dight.
 :I'be gazer's eye still more and more entices,
    Of th' inner ,rooms to get a fuller sight;
       Whose beauty much more wins his ravish'd heart...
       That now he only thinks the outwar<\ part
 To be a worthy cov'ring of ao fair an art.
 Four several - walls, beside the common guard,
    For·mot:e defence the city round embrace:
'The first thick, soft; the second dry and hard ;        "
    All when soft earth before hard stone we place:

   .. Beside the commOD tuuicle. ofth. body. the brain is covered. first. wit!l
-the bODe of the Beull ; secondly, with the pericranium, or 5kiu. co,'erjnr the
etu" • aDd thirdly, witJa t.1I'0 illwaM skill ••

                                                                Digitized by   Google
•   P PC.    4     •

                         THE       :rURPl.t~ ISfAN~.

         The second all the city. ~UJld encases,
         And, ,like a rock,· with tbicker ,icl~s ~llr..c~s; ,
     For here the prince! his court, am) s~an:dl~g :p"~~e p~~.
     The other. two, of IDa~w tlJin ~~d J~ght;
       And 'yet the first ~qeb harder thap tbe oiller ;
     :Ooth cherisl. all the ~ity: therefore rig~t, ..
       They call thl\t hard, and tpis the te~~er ~otller.
          The tfirst with divers ~rooks and tnrnings wriel,
          Cutting the town in f~n~r qnaternities;
     But both join to resist in,.ad.iqg~nemies •
                                        . XIII.                   ,
     Next these, the buildings yield themselves to sight 7
       The outward, soft and pale, Fke ashes loo~';
     The inward parts more hard, and curdy white:
       Their matter both, from th' Isle's first matter took;
         Nor cold, nor hot: heats, needful sleep infest,
         Cold nUlubs tbe wOl'kmen; middle temper's best;
     Whell kindly warmth speeds work, and cOQI gives timelyresf.
     Within the~centre (as a market-place)
      ,Two caverns stand, made like a MOOD balf spen'-;
     Of special use, for in their hollow space
       All odours to their judge themselves present:
          Here first are born the spirits animal,
        . Wbose inatter, almost immaterial,
     Resembles heaven's matter quintessential.
         -These two are called the hard and teader mother: (dura et pia mater).
         t The whole substance of the brain is divided into four pads by diyiu..
      folds of the inward skin.
         t The outside of the brain is softer, and of an aBby colour.; the inwalli part
      "hite nnd harder.
         ~ Almost in the middle ofthe brain, are two hollow placl's, like halfmGGu,
       of mu<:h lUe for preparing, the Ipirits, rec:eivillg odoun, &c.

                                                               D~9itized by GooS Ie
                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                          67

 Hard by, a *hundred nimble workmen. stand,
   These noble spirits readily preparing;
 Lab'nng to plake them thin, and- fit to hand,
   With never ended work and sleepless caring;
    Hereby two little hillocks jointly rise,
    Where sit two jqdges clad in seemly guise,
 That cite all odours here, as to their just assiz8'.
                              , ' XVI.
 Next these atwall, built '8ll of sapphires, shining.
                                                                                           .   .
  As fair, moreprecioQs ; hence it takes its name;
 By'which the lthird cave lies, his sides combining
  T!l the other two, and.from them hath his frame,
   . (A meeting of those' former cavities) ; ,
     Vaulted by three fair arches safe it llies,
 And no oppression fears, or falling ty..annies.
  By this \lthird cave, the humid city drains
   Base noisome streams, the milky streets annoying;
  And through a wide mouth'd tunnel duly strains,
    Unto a bibbing substance down con~oying ;
      Which these foul dropping humours largely swills,
      Till all his swelling sponge he greedy fills,
, And then through other sinks, b,y little, 80ft distills.
    "Here is a knot of vein saud arteries weaved together; by whicb the animal
 .piriu are concocted, thinned, and fitted for lervice: and close by, are two
 little bunches, like uats, the instruments of smelling.
    t Next is that ~eptum Lucidum, or bright wall, leverillg these hollow cav.rp..
    t  The third cavity is nothing efse but a meeting 01 the two former.
    § ~t lies uoder Corpns Cameratam, or the chamber lubstance, wbich with
 three al't'hel, bear. ul' the wbole weight of the brain.
    U By the third cavilY are two passages, a'id at the end of the arat is the
 (infundibulum) or tunnel, ulider which is the (glans pituitaria) or rheum ker~
 nel, as a Ipon,e luekin, the rheum, and distilling it into the palate.

                                                                   Digitized by   Google
                    TIlE PW'RPLE I'8LU1D.
Between *this a.acl the four. ea'Ye ties a 'Yale,
  (Tbe fourtb ; the irst in worth, in rank the last)
Where two round .HI slut in this pleasing· dale,
  Through which the spirits thithel' safe are paM ;
    Those here rein'd, their full perfecti.,11 have;
    And therefore this tfourtb. wondrou cltt&',
Rises that Mer . .}l, scatt'ring ·his milky wa'fe.
Not that t.risht sprin§, wllere fair Hermaphrodite
  Grew i1Ito Olle wiila ~u.ton SaltBacis ;
Nor that wMre Biblis dropt, too fondly light,
  Her tears IUld self; may dare C()IDpaJ'e with this ;
     Which tha-e beginniRg, down a lake descends,
     Whose rooky ella1lwel these fair streams defncls.
Till it the pree;ous waft througoh all the hle dispeads.
Many fair llrivers take tbeir~head!l from eithet,
 (Both ftbm the lake, a~ frOID the milky weH)
Which stiR in lo~ clwtRels run toget1ier,
  Each to his mate, a aei3'bbour panllel :
    Thus Widely spread with friendly oombillati&lt,~
    They fti~ about their wondrous operation,
And give to every part both IBOtioa and sensation.

  • The other passage reaches to the fourtrl cavity. which yield. a safe wa,.
lor the apirits.
 t The fourth cavity i. moat noble, where an the spirits are perfected.
 t  The pith, or marrow, spriapg in the brain, iows down tbrough the'
!Jack bone.
 D AU the nerves impatttug aU leuse and motion to the whole body, hav.,.
~eir   rolit, partly frOm the brain, aad partly from the b!lct bolle.

                                                      Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLAND.
'l'his *silver lake, first from th'"head-clty springillg,
    To that bright fount four little channels ~nds ;
Through which it thither plenteous water bringing,
    Straight all again to every place dispends :
      Such is th' head-city, such the priBce's hall;
      Such, and much more, which strangely liberal,
Though sense it ,Dever had, yet gives all sense to ali.
or other stuff the suburbs have their framilftg ;
  May seem soft marble, spotted red' andlwhite-:
First tstands an arch, pale Cynthia's~brightness shllDlingt
  The city's fore front, cast in silver "I'~ht :
    At wbose proud base, a:re baut two watching • •'n,
    Whence hate and love skirJllish with equal POW'I'8,
When smiling .glaAlness.shines, au suUea sorrow show'n.
Here tsits retir'd the silent revereoce;
, Alld when the prince incens'd ",itb. ..get's fire,
Tbunders aloud, he darts 'his Hght'ning hence:
  Here reddish Cloutis foretel Dis ire: '
    Of nothing can this hie more boast aright:
    A twin-born SUll, a cLt.uble seeing light;
With much :d.eligat they see, are se.etl with DHlOP delight.
 That:§Thraciaa shephere call'il them. :.atti"e's glass';
  '. Yet ihan a .gmss, in this muCh worthier beiDg:
 Blind glasses represent some near set face,
 , But this a living glass, both seen and seeing :
   >It The pith of the back bone, springing ,from the brain, wa~ce, -by fULlr
 passages, it is conveyed into tbe back.
   t The first part of the face is the for~head, at whose base are the eyes.
   t The eyes are the iadex ~ftbe mind, dileoverin,· every affection,
    ~ Orpheul.

                                                             Digitized by   Google
                                                                            .   \
80                .THE PURPLE ISLAND.

          *Heav'n in moving, like in heav'nly -firing ;
    Sweet heat and light, no burning Hame inspiring:
Yet, .ah! too oft we find, they scorch with hot desiring.
They mounted high, sit on a lofty hill ;
  (For they the prince's b~st intelligence!
And quickly warn of future good or ill)
  Here studs the palace of the noblest sense:
    Here t Visus keeps, whose court than crystalsmootber,
    And clearer seems; he, though a younger brother,
Yet far more noble is, far fairer than the other.
Six t bands are set to stir the moving tow'r :                                       ,-
  The first the proud band call'd, that lifts it higher;                             u
The next the humble band, that moves it lower· ;
  The bibbing third, draws it together n_igher ;
    The fourth disdainful, oft away is moving:
    The other two,- h~lping the compaSs roving,
Are called the circling trains and wanton bands ofloving.
                              • XXVII.           .
Above, §two compass groves (love's bended bows)
 . Which fencetthe tow'rs from floods of higher place-.:-
Before, a llwalJ, deJuding rushing foes,.
   That 'shuts and opens in a IIlIDment's space: .
    The low part fix'd, the higher qnick descending;
    Upon whose tops, spear-men their pikes intending,
Watch there both night and day, the castle's port defending.
  • Plato aftirmed, they were lighted up with heavenly fire, not 'burning, bllt r-
  t Vitus, or the light, ia the DobleR of all the Benses. .
  :t These are six: muscles moving the eye, thusteflDed by anatomish.
  § Above are the eye~bro\Vs. keeping oft' the sweat.
  DThe eye-lids serve to keep oft' dust, flies, Icc.

                                                      Digitized by   Google
                                                    THE PURPLE               ISLAND~

                              Three. divers lakes within these bulwarks lie,
                                'I'he noblest parts, and instruments of 8ight~
                              The first, receiving forms of bodies nigh,                                             •
                                Conveys them to the next, and bre~s the light,
                                   Dauuting his rash and forcible invasion;
                                   Aud with a clear and whitish inundation,
                               Restrains the nimble spirits from theIr too quick evasioL
                             In midst oCboth is plac'd the crysta1t pond;
                               Whose living water thick, and brightly shining
                             Like sapphires or the sparkling diamond,
                               His inward beams with outward light combining,
                                  ~lt'ring itself to every shape's aspect;
                                  The divers forms doth further still direct,
                             Till by the nimble post they're brought to th' intellect.
                              The tthird, ·like molten' glass, all clear and white,
                                Botb round embrace tbe noble crystalline.
                              Six .§inward walls fence in this tow'r of sight:
                                The fir~t, most thick, doth all the frame eJlshrine,
                                  And girts the castle with a close embrace,
                                  Save in the midst, is left a circle's space,
                              Where light and hundred shapes, Hock out and in apace.
                             .~he II second not so massy as the other,
                                Yet thicker thau the rest, and tougher fram'd,
                                 ... There are three humour. in the eye: tile fint the watery, breaking the
                              too vehement ligbt, and stopping the spirits from g:oing out roo fast.
                                   t Tbe second is the ~rystaUioe, and is the chief instrument of Niht.
                                  j: The third, from ih likeness, is called the glassy humour.
                                  § There are six tuoicle8 belongiog to the eye, the fint ~alled the conjURe-
                              'tive, 'solid, thick, compll1Ssio&, the Whole eye, except the black window.
                                 II The secoud il cornea or horoy tunicle, transparent, and made of the
                              l1ard mother.

       . ..       ·    .
- - _ · · . . . . .. -.• •        iii811 .,.·••
                          lIiiilil\i   ....... IIlIiI._~::'""''''''.l.~.IIe~~'· :,:JjPif' . ' ...--::: ~_JL
                                                                         ...                                  >

                                                                                             Digitized by   Google
                      THE PURPLB UlLAND.
Takes his beginning from tltat harder mother;
  The outward Pal't like horn, "'thencei. nam'd;
   Through "whofie tra.nslu.ceat sitles milch light is horne
   Into the tow'r, and DlJ1ch kept out by th' horn;
Makes it a pleaeant light, much :lik-e tl14fruddy morn.
The "'third of softer mould, is like a
  Which all entwines with his enc.itcling Idde :.
In midst, a window lets in ever, shape;
  Which with a thought .ls Darrow D1ade, or wide:
    His ill most side more black tJlan starless night;
    But outward part (how like an hy~rite !)
As painted Iris looks, witll varioul!l cw&\us dight.
The tfourth of fiuest work, more slight and thin;
  'rhan, or Arachne (whiCh in silken twine
With Pallas strove) or Pallas' self could spin:
  This round enwraps the foontain.crystalline.
     The tnext is made out of that milky spring,
     That frOill the Cephal mount his waves doth mng,
Like to a curious net his sublltallcescatterillg.
                        . XXXIV.
His substance as tbe head sprutgperfect white;
   Here thouand nimble spies are round dispread :
 The forms caught in this lIet,· .are' brought to sight,
   And to his eyes are lively pourtrayed.                                       •

    '" The third is ·Uvea. or grapy, made {If the tender mother, thin, and pelr
 "ious by. a sman round window; is diversly coloured without, but exceediltg
 1I1ack witbiJi.
    t The fourth is thinner than any cobweb, compassing the crystalline humour.
    :t   The fifth, reticularis, i. a netty·tunicle, f£amed of the lubstance-oftlR:

                                                             Digitized by   Google
                       THS PURPLE ISLAND.
     The *last the glassy wall (that round encasing
     Tbe moat of glass, is nllm'd from that enlacing)
The white and glassy wells, parts with his strict embracing.
Thus then is fram'd the noble Visus' bow'r ;
  Th' outward light by the first;wall's circle aendiag
His beams aod ,hundred forms into the tow"r,
  The wall of born, and that black gate transcending.
     Is light' ned by the brightest crystalline,
     And fullyview' that white netty shine,
From thence witll speedy haste is- posted to the mind:.
~uch as a one-eyed room, -hung all with night,
  Only that side, whiclt adverse to his eye
~iTes but dfte Darrow·passage to the light,
  .Is spread with some white sbinieg tapestry,
     An hundred shapes that through ftit airs stray,
     Rusb boldly in, crowding that narrow way;
~nd on that bright fac'd wall obscurely dancing play.
Two tpair of rivers from the head-spring flow,
  To these two tow'rs, the first in their mid-race
(The spies conveying) twisted jointly go,
  Strength'ning each other with a firm emprace.
     The t other pair, the'se walking tow'rs are moving;
     At first but one, tben in two channels roving:
And therefore both agree in standing or removing.
   of"   The sixth is called the glassy tunicle, clasping in the glassy humour.
  t, The eye hath two nerves, tile optic or seeing nerve, and the moving one ;
  the optic separate in their root, i .. the midst of their progress meet, Dnd
  atrengthell ODe another.
     t The moving. rising from the same stem, are at length s~,ered; therefure
. al one JDO~61, 10 moves the olber.

                                                                Digitized by   Google
                   THE PURPLE ISLAND.

Auditus*, second o(the Pentarchyt,
 Is next, not all so noble as his brother;
Yet of more need and more commodity :
 His seat is plac'ct somewhat below the other:
    On each side of the mount's a double cave;
    Both whicl} 0. goodly portal doth embrave,
And winding entrance, like Mreander's erring wave.
The tportal hard and dry, aU hung around
  With silken, thin, carnation tapestry;
Whose open gate drags in each voice and sound,
  That through the shaken air passes by :
    The entrance winding, lest some violence
    l\light fright the judge with sudden influence,
Or some unwelcome guest, might vex the busy sense.
This §cave's first part, fram'd with a steep ascent,
  For in lour parts 'tis fitly severed)
Makes th' entrance hard, but easy -the descent:
  Where stands a lJraced drum, whose sOlin ding head
     (Obliquely plnc'd) struck by the circling air,

    Gives instant warning of each sound's repair,
Which soon is thence-eonvey'd unto the judgment chair.
                   -                XLI.

The Udrum is made of substance hard and thin:
 Which if some falling moisture chance wet,             '0
   '" Hearing is the second len Ie, less noble than the light, but more needful.
    t The five.sensE'l.
    t The out.ard ear is of a gristly matter, covered with the common tUniele;
(filmed or many crooks, lest the air should enter too forcibly.
   § The inward. ear consists of four paha,es, the first is steep. lest any
thing shollld enter in.                                     .
    1/ Ifthe d,um be wet with the falling oftbe rheum, we are bard ofheariDlr
 if it SlOW thick. we Decome irrecovo:rablI deaf.                                .

                                                           Digitized by   Google
                 The loudest sound is ~ardly heard within:
                   But ifit ¥}ncc:: ttro"c::  '{,'lith "tun2?[$rn
                     It bars all passage to the inner room;
                           sounding voice unto his seat may
                     bZ,'lysC::,'lse "till   u,k,'lummon'd with hit
                               divides the ?irst ,'lild
                      which t~hr¥T¥Th¥TTirind inst,'lumzTnts nnsid'T;
                Three instruments compact by wondrous art,
                         slc::nden 23tri,'lg kHit tfT the drum's hl23ide
                     Their ilatim~ tempe23             hC::23d alhd d23h,
                     Fitting the sound with their firm quality,
                Tc::nthme 23till the sa¥ne       ag'll and infnf1Cy~
                The first an t hammer call'd, whose out-grown sidefi
                  Lie em tha dfnlm hut ,,;ith his aa,;e1liFyg'end
                Fix'd in the hollow stithe, there fast abides:
                  The stithe's short foot, dotb on the iFaUln dep~nd,
                    Bia ITHfger in tbn stiamp          pl¥kTc::'d
                    The stirrup's sharp liide by the stithe embrac'd ;
                But his broad hase tiad     a ll¥ktle           fAhat.
                Two t little windows ever open lie,
                 'I'h.AT FiOUFii~b UIlto tb¥7 caFi~'s thirb part

                  * The drum parteth the first and second passage. To it are Joined three little
                IImies,    instmmeet;; of tlfarinz;;; wlTi;;h ne!'er C4"T;;;;. 01' tecF'T;;;Te, hT iThilt
                bood or ate: they are all in tbe second passage.

                  t The bammer, stlthe (or anvil), and stirrup, all take tbeir names from.
                their likeeess end  all t}'Td te the ~};;em a sm};;l stiinc.

                    Tbn;;g; ariT tTYO Yinall ;pny.aJ;;;;~ adTiiittin;p tbe rnuDdy   ]lIto   the bead, ult
                cleansing the air.

                                                                                                            . - -,- .
-   .........                                                                  .....


                   TBI: PURPLI liMN&.
  And slender pipe, whose Barrow: cavity,
    Doth purge die iBborn air, thu W1e 86aJiBg, .
      Would elae oOl'mpt, and still           SQ.,,.
                                               tlle speadiag:' '
      The cave's tlaird pan in twenty bY-W8)'S
  Is call'd tile labyrinth, _ buBdretl el'oeka as. . . . .!.
  Such whilome w~ that oye-deceiYiag' fnme,
    Which crafty Dada} with a eanJling'handt
  Built to empouad tbe O,.n priJ)~'s slt;pae :
    Such was . . . WQ~.tQQk e$"'e., _We R~«t,.
      Fair Ros~nd, ftPd. jea,J.ous ElleBDl'e ;
      Whom late a slt2phercl taught to weep so spra,
  That woods and hardest F8Cks~ hew harder fate deplore~
  The thHd ~r" with his Barrow rooky straits
    Perfects the 8olUld, Q.QQ giTes lBore sharp acunting~.
  Then sends it to tbe *&mru,; Ylwre re.aJ waits
    A Dim),~ post, wlto ne'er his haste relenting,
      Makes to the judrlP8llt;sea.' wi'h speedy "igllt ;
      There the' gut judge If.ttending day aad night,
  Receives the ent'ring sounds, and dooms each voice aright.
  'As when 'a stone troubling the quiet l1aters,
     Prints jn til.. 8JlgI"y a!ream a. wrinkle round,
   Which soon another and another scatters,
    Till QJ~ ~lJ~ l$~' lJitb cjr~les .. ow is crown'd :
       All 80 the airtstr~ witb "oPUl·yiolRee nigh,.
       Begets a world of circles in the sky;
   AJluwll m"e.c;l~e4 mo.,-e Wi~ sOl,ll14ipg qJU)lity..

    • The last pallia,. is called .ue Goahlea., lRaiI, or pedwiDkle, where tlte
  ~.Ives of bearing plainly appear.

                                                       Digitized by   Google
                      •TH1i1 P\JRPLJ: ,IILAND.                   fII

These at -AuditlIS' palace soon;
 Enter the gate, and strike the \tarning drum :
To those, three instrtuilents fit motion giving,
  Which every voice discern: then that tbird room
     Sh.arpens each sound, a~d quick co1lTe,S it tbeBee; ,
    'Till by the ftying post 'n. htltty'd heooe,
And in an instant brought unto the judging 6C!Bse.
This sense is made the master of request;
  Pref~rs petitioRs to the prince's ear: .
Admits what best Ile liites, shut. 01lt the rest ;
  Alld sometimes coat, sometimea will DOt hear:
     Oftimes he le~ ill anger.;,BtirtiDg lies,
    Oft melts the prince With eily iatteries.
In iilollght he thrive, that loves his master's eitemiC8l
'Twixt Vins' double eonrt a stands,-
   Plac'd in tbe saburbs' centre; whose high top,
 And lofty l'ajsed ridge the rest commands :
   Low at his feet a double door stan~ ope,
     Adltlitti11g pas.sage to the air's ascendi8g;
     And divers odellrs to. the city seading,
'Revives the heavy town; his lib'ralsweets dispe"ing.
  This vaulted tow'r's half built ef mass1 stone,
    The other half of stUffless hard aDd dry,
  }"it for distending, or oompression :
    The outward wall may seem all porphyty.                            •
        Olfactu8 * dwells within this lofty fort;
        But in the ~ity is his chief resort,
. Wbf're 'twixt two little hills be keep. his judrng, court.
   lit   The lense   of smelliug.

                                                 Digitized by   Google
  88                  THE PURPLE ISLAND••
  By two great caves are fix'd these  * little hills,
    Most like .the nipples of a virgin's breast;
  By which the ail' that th' hollow tower fills,
   Into the city passeth: with the rest
    . The odours pressing in, are here allstay'd ;
      Till by the sense impartially weigh'd,
  Unto the· common judge they are with speed convey'd.
  At each side olthat tow'r, stands two Hair plains;
    More fair than that in which rich Tbessaly
  Was once frequented by the Muse's trains :
    Here ever sits sweet blushing modesty:
      Here in two colours beauty shining bright,
      Dressing her white with red, her red with white,
  With pleasing chain enthrals, and binds loosewand'ringsighf.
  Below a cave, roof'!1 with a heav'n-like plaster,
    And under strew'd with purple tapestry,
  Where tGustus dwells, the Isle's and priuce's taster,
    Koilia's steward, one of the Pentarchy;           .
      Whom § Tactu8 (some affirm) got of his mother!
      For by their nearest likeness one to th' other,
  Tactus may eas'ly seem his father, and his brother.
  Tact1Js the last; but yet the eldest b~othei' ;
    (Whose office meanest, yet of all the race
  The first and last, more needful than the other)
•   Hath his abode in none, yet every place: .
    or These are those two little pal's o~ teats spoken of in the xvth .talllla   ~
  this canto.
     t The cheeks.
     : GU8tu8, or the taste, is in the palate.
     ~ Tac:tus, the sense of feelin~.

                              ~-~~---- Digitized by                 G oog Ie
                    THE 'PURPLE ISLAND.

     Through all the Isle ~istended is hilf dwelling; .
     He rules the streams that from the Cephal swelliDg.
-]tun aU along the Isle, both sense and motion dealing.
With Gustus; Lingua* dwells, his prattling wife,
  Endow'd with strange and adverse qualities:
The nurse of hate and love, ot' peace and strife.
  Motber of wrest truth, and foulest lies,
    Or best, or worst; no -mean: made all of fire,
    Which sometimes Hell, and sometimes Heav'n inspi~
By whom truth's self oft speaks, oft that first murd'ring liar.
The idle Sun stood still at her cQmmand,
  Breathing his fiery steeds in Gibeon :
Aml]>ale-fac'd Cynthia ather word made staael,'
  Re$ting. her coaoh in vales of Ajalon.
    Her voice oft {)p~n breaks the stubborn skies,
    And holds th' Almighty's hands with suppliant eries:
Her voice tears open Hell with horrid blasphemies.
Therefore that great Creator, well foreseeing
   To what a monster she would soon be changi~
(Though 'lovely once, perfect and glorious being)
 . Curb'd her with iron t bit, and held from ranging,;
    And with strong bonds her looser steps enchaioiul'.
    Bridling her course, too many words refr~ing,
And doubled all his guards, bold liberty restraining•
                                 . LIX.
For close within he sets twice sixteen guarderst,                               •
  Whose harden'd temper could not soon be mov'd:
 '" The tonglle.    t   The tongue ia held with a ligament called the brid1e.
 +It is guarlied bf tbe ~etb and lips, 'both which !¥lIp and 8weetea t!.-
 o                                                                      ,


       WitholWt the ~te he pla:c~d tiro other w~lt4!Ift,
         Tb ~t and ope the door, its it bdol"u:
           But such Bttli.nge force bath her elfubd.tlq·art,
           That she hath made het keepers of her part~
     , And they to all bel'sl.ights all flItthe!1lIICe in'ipart..
      Thus (with tltelr bel~)btJter tlle lItered Buies
        Refresh the pri~,. dull'd With m1l(lh .sines. ;
      By her tfte i>tin~e, Uttto his Prill~ <1£t osea,
       i ... hettv'nly tl'fi'oll~, ftORl IItll tc1lindmecesa.
            eire Heaif'n to Earth in iM!ric blum brit'lgs,
            And Earth to Heav'n :~bilt oh, how sweet she sings,
      Wben in rich Gl'ace's key, she tunes 1'001" NatU~'8 strings.
      Tbus Orplie1is won his lost E.ridi~ ;
        Wbom some deaf ftake,        "at could dO music pear,
      Or some blind newt, that cOllld DO lMulty 8ee~
        Thinking to ki$S, kill'd 1Vith Iris forked spear:
          He, wben his :plaints on eflrth \tere 'tainly SreD't,
          Down to Avernus' ri,erboMly went,
      And charm'd the tneagre ghosts with monrafulldaatishmentk'
      There what his mother" fair Calliepe,.
        From PIt(Ebus' hatp and Muses spriIlg had 'broagbt him;          I
       What sbarpelilt grief for bis Euridice,                       '
        And lo.e, tedoubling grief, bad taught him,
           He la:'tisb~d oat, 8,nd 'Mth his potent spell
           Bent all the rig'rous pow'ts of stubborn Hell :
       He first brought pity down with rigid gholrts to «brell..
       'th~altuU!ed shades eame flockiag pound about,
         Jior car'd they now to pass the Stygian ford;
                                               -   -~   ........   --   .......   ----..........-.~-----   ...

                 '1M PURPLE 1iLANft.                                                n
  .All Hen came runniag tlLe.e (a bideQ118 rqp~}
     And dropp'd a silent tear b ev'ry word:
       The aged ferryman shoytd out hie boat;
       But that without his help did thilhtr 80.t,
  ~nd having .'en hi. in, came da.nciBg OIl dl.e . . .
 . The hungry ,aotal might have fiU'd him. now;
     And with large dnughts swill'd in the. st._dine p8lOJ,c
   The fruit hung list'ning on, the tfoRd'nog b~n.p,
     Forgetting HeU;s comman4; but he (ah, f~!}
       Forgot his starved taste, IUs ears to ill :
       Ixion's turning wheel at length stow! still;
   But he was Fapt as m\Mlh with pow'rfal IIlUllic's skill..
   Tir'd Sisyphus sat on his re&tiag "tone,
     And hop'd at lelJgtIi his labOOr dw fctr eYer:
   The vulture feecUng on his pleasing lIlOaD,
     Glutted with Jml.sic, soorn'd growB Tit,.¥s~ liver.
       The Furies ilUBg their suaky whips away,
       And melt in tears, at his enchallting }ay;
   No 'Wnilings now were beard: all Hell kept bolidlLy..
 That trebl~ dog; whose voice ne'er quiet fears
   All that in endless night'a sad kingdom dwell ;
 6tood pricking up his thrice two list'ning ears,
   With greedy joy drinking the sacred spell;
     And softly whining pitied much his wrongs ;
   _ Ap<l npw first silent at those dainty songs,
 Oft wish'd himself more ears, an~ fewer mouths and '08gll811
                           LXVII .
• At length return'd with his Euridic~ ;
   But' with this law, never to turD his eI"



                                                   Digitized by          G~oS Ie
                THE PURPLE ISLAND;

 Till he was past the bounds of Tartar~ ;
   Alas ~ who gives Jove Jaws in miseries?
      Love is love's law; love but to love is tied).
   Now when· the dawn of the next day he spied,
Ah, wretch he saw,-and lost,-and died.
All so, who strives from grave of hellish night.
  To   bring his dead soul to the j'oyful sky;,
If when 'he comes in view of, heav'Dly light,
  He turns agrun to Hell his yielding eye,
     And longs to see what he had left 1 his sore
     Grows desp'rate, deeper, deadlier than afore';
Bis helps and hopes much less, his crime and judgment more~
But why do I enlarge my tedious song,
  And tire my' flagging Muse with weary flight?
Ah! much I fear, I hold you much teo long.
  The outward parts be plain to every sight:
     But to describe the people of this Isle,
    And that great. prince, these reeds are all too vile.
Some higher verse may fit, and some more lofty style.
See Phlegon drenched in tbe liquid mam,
  Allays his thirst, and cools bis flaming car;
Vesper fair Cynthia ushers, and her train:
  See, th' apisb Earth hatb lighted many a star,
    Sparkling in dewy globes :-a11 home invite:
    Home then my flocks, home shepherd's, home,'tis night ::
My sOllg with day is done; my Muse is set with light."
                           LXXI.                   .
By this the gentle boys had framed well
  A myrtle &,arla.l!cl mix'd with'conq'ring bay,               •
                       • TDe iatellect.

         •                                                         ,.


              THE PURPLE ISLAND.
f~om whose fit march issued a pleasing smile,
 And all enamell'd it with roses gay;
   With which theycrown'd their honour'd Thirsil's heacl;
   Ah! blessed shepherd swain! ah happy meed!
While aU .his fellows cbaai Oil            of
                                     pipet rtOCI.




                                                Digitized by   Google

                                                t.                            J   _

                  T    HE hoUrs'~d .·o'w.•leek!" • .ptedhla" -'
                         Wben fair Aurora leaves her-frosty bed,
                   Hasting with youthful Cephalus to play,
                    Vnmask'd her fe.ce and rosy beauties spread:
                       Tithonus' silver age was much despis'd.-
                       Ah! who in love that cruel law devis'd,
                   Tbat old love's little worth, and new too highly pril'4\.
                    •                           II.
                   The gentle shepherds on a hillock pl~c'df
                     (Whose phady head a beechy garland crown' d)
                   View'd all their flocks that on the pastures graz'd:
                     Then down they ,sit, while Thenot 'gan the round.
                       'thenot! was never fairer boy among
                       Tbe gentle lads, that to tbe Muses throng
                   By Camus' yellow streams, learn tmie-their pipe and sonr:.
                   " See, Thinil, see the shepherd's expectation;
                     Why then, ah! why sitt'st thou so silent there?
                   We long to know that Island's happy nation;
                     Oh, do not leave thy Isle unpeopled here.
                       Tell us who brought, and whence these colonies ;.
                       Who is their king, what foes, ~d. what allies;
                   What laws maintain tbeirpeace; what wars, and victorie.?''''
                                                 IV.      I

                    " Thenohmy dear! that simple fisher-swain,
                      ~bose little boat in some sma.!l river strays;
                    ¥ et fondly launches in the swelling main,
                      ieeD, yet we late, repentl his.foolish plaJII:


    "ok..   'lIL"'_-"__                                                         -~ .
                                                         ~-----,.,.,.............      .----
                                                              Digitized by   Google

           How dare I theu forsake ~y. weU-~t bO.~Dd~,
           Whose Qew-cut pip~ as yet but h~rshly soqDds ; .
     .A. Darrow compass best my UDgrOWD Mus, eO\p.ounds.
                        .         V.'                       .
    Two shepherds most I love, with just adoring,
      That Mantuan swain, who cllang'd his slender ~e~4l,.
    To trumpet's martial voice, and war's loud roaring~
      From Cqrydon to Turnus' daring deed;
        And next our home-bred Colin, sweet~t firing:
        Their steps not following close, but far admirincr j
    To lackey one of these, is all my pride's aspiring.
    Then you my peers, whose quiet expectation .
       Seemeth my backward tale would fain invite;
    Deign gently hear this Purple Island's nation,
       A people never seen, yet still in sigh~ ;
         Our daily guests and natives, yet unknown ;
         Our sena])ts born,. but now commanders grown ;
    Ourfriends, and enemies; ali~ns, yet still our own. - .
e   Not like those heroes, -who in better t~e8
      This happy Island first inhabited
    In joy and peace ;-when DO rebelliou~ crimes,
      That godlike nation yet dispeopled :
         Those claim'd their birth from that eteJ'Dal Light
         Held th' Isle, and rul'd it in their Father's right;
    And in their faces shone their parent's imag-e bript.
    For when this Isle that main would fond forsake, .
      In whi"h at fi.·st it found·a happy place,
    And deep was plung'd in ,that dead hellish lake..;
      Back to their father ted ibis bea'V'nly raCl8"


                                                   Di9itize~ ;yGooS~

                     TilE    PURPI~E ISLAt~n.

         And left tb~ Isle            %!!id desolate
         That D4)W with            aHd wi.>hes ell to!}
     Ss)ught iH that bl+±cke.>t ,,,aHe to bide his blacker fate.
     How shall a worm, on. dust that crawls and feeds,
       Climb to th' empyreal court, whs'rs4 thesi'& states
     And there take view of what Hee v'IR' I self IXf&e4&df ?
       The fue-Is'sf starf,F.hes'f lights thH SAm diftain .
               beams           a:nd beauties do exctl1
         'Vhat here on Earth, in air, or Heav'll do dwell :
     Such never eye yet saw, such never tongue can tell.
     80m1 ag tbesn saizbts the teeacb'ruue Iele foee044k,
       Rusb'd in a {alee, f4&ul,   fiend~like   s&ompany,
     hd eaeryfort, und every castle took,
       All to this rabble yield the sov'reignty :
         'fhe goodly temples which thoee henonn plae'd!
        'By this £0',,.1 nont W4,}e "tterly 41efac'd 4
     And all their fe%:bc45s gtrnng, and 5%.11 their b,dwarks raz'd.
     So where the neatest badger most abides;
       Deep in the earth sbe frames her pretty cell,
     Which iIHo hans and elo%:uls,t%: divide%: :
       Bnt when tli"e erafty fex evith 10ath%:0E11e smell
          IIife{,ts be%: pleasaet {,aae, the dtr,aniy beast
              hate%: her inmate and rank smelling gue~t,
     That far away she flies, and leaves her loathed nest.
     BA%.t wbe£A thO{4& grfleel (at t.h4,ir Fuihnr'u tlmmcc)
       ICk Hc"·ag'n's high ceurt               had c 4 mplain'd,
     Hew they          wrcbng'd, a"d foncad frf,m their own,
       And wbat foul people io their dwellings reignCd j

                                                  -.~- ~:!-~~ ~                         ~
                                                       I ~it ,d I '   :J. '\.   >t '-
                     THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                         77
   How th' Earth much wax'd in ill, much wan'd in good;
   So full-ripe vice; how blasted virtue's bud:
Begging such vicious weeds might sink in vengeful flood:
Forth stepp'd the just' * Diclea, full of rage;
  (The first bom daughter of th' Almighty King)
Ah, sacred maid! thy kindled ire asswage;
 Who dare abide thy dreadful thundering?
   . Soon as her voice, but' Father' only, spake,
     The faultless Heav'ns, like leaves in autumn, shake;
And all that glorious tlu:ong with horrid palsies quake!
Heard you not Hate, with what loud trumpets' sound,
  Her breath awak'd her Father's sleeping ire?       .
The heav'nly armies fiam'd, Earth shook, Heav'n frown'd,
  And Heav'ns dread king call'd for ~is forked fire!
    Hark! how the pow'rful words strike through the ear;
   The frighten'd sense shoots up the staring hair,
And shakes the trembling soul with fright and shudd'ring
    , fear.
So have I seen the earth, strong winds detaining
  In-prison close; they scorning to be under
Her dull subjection, and her pow'r disdaining,
  With horrid strugglings tear their bonds in sunder.
    Meanwhile the wounded earth, that forc'd their st~y,
    With terrour reels, the hills run far away;                                      I   •.
And frighted world, fears Hell, breaks out upon the day-

  '" According to heaLhen mythology, the daughter' of Jupiter, the maid'ea
.Aoddess of justiee and judgment.
 t   see tbe pocm called Christ's Victory, &c.   part I. stanza lit•


                                                                Digitized by   Google
                   THE PURPLE ISLANB.

     Bat see, bow' 'twixt her sister aqd ber sir.e,
      Soft hearted Mercy sweetly interposing~
    S~ttles ber panting breast against his fire,
      Pleading for grace, and chains of death uDloosiu~ :
         Hark! from her lip.B the melting honey lows; .
         The striking thunderer recalls his bIo,",. ;
    .nd eyery armed soldier down his weapon tbrowl~
    So when the day, wrapp'd in a cloudy night,
     Puts out tbe Sun; anon the rattling hail
    On Earth pours down his shot with fell despite:
     Which being spent, the Sun puts off his vaU~
       And fair his ftaming beauties now unsteeps ;
       The ploughman from his bushes gladly peeps;
    And hidden traveller, out of bis covert creeps.
    Ab, fairest maid! best essence of tby Father,
     Equal unto thy never equall'd sire;          .
    How in low verse shall thy poor shepherd gather,
     What all the world can ne'er enough admire?
       When thy sweet eyes sparkle in cheerfulligbt,
       The brigbtest day grows pale as leaden night,
    And Heav'ns bright bumin~ eye IQsf's his blinded sight.
    Who then those sugared strains can under&tand,
     Which calm'd thy Father and our desp'rate feara;
    And charm'd the nimhle light'ning in his hand,
      That unawares it dropt in melting tears- ?
        Then tbou dear .swain, thy heav'nly load unfrangh&;
        For she herself hath thee her speecbes taught,
    So Mar k~ Heav'n tbey be, so far from human thoup"
•                  • 'Be autho, of Cltrisl'll Vietory, "c•


                                                      Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLANll.                                              ft·
But let my'lighter ,skitl'return agaia
    Unto that little Isle which late it lett,
Nor dare to enter in that boundless main,
    • .tell the nation from this Island reft ;
       But sing ,that civil strife and home dissensiott
      'Twixt two strong factions with like fierce contention,
Wbllre never peace is heard, nor ever mention.
                               XXI. .
1I0r "that foul rout, which from the Stygian brook,
     (Where first they dwelt in midst of death and night)
JJy forcetlie lost, and empty Island took;
    Claim bencefull conquest, and possessio~'s right:
       But that fair band which Mercy sent anew,
       The ashes of that first heroic crew,.,
 J'rotn their forefathers claim their right, and Island's due.
 In their fair looks their l'arents' grace appears,
     Yet their renowned sires were much more gloriou... #
 F'or what decays not ~th decaying years?
     All night, and all the day, with toil la~orious,
       (In loss and conquest angry) fresh they fight:
       Nor can the other cease or day or night,
'WhUe th' Isle is doubly rent with endless war and frig4t.
 I..s when the Britain and the Iberian fteet,
     With resolute and fearless expectation,
 On trembling seas ",ith equal fury meet,
     The shore resounds with diverse acclaimition ;
       Tin now at length Spain'~ fiery Dons 'gin shrink:
   . Down with their ships, hope, life, and courage sink:
  'CQUJ"age, life, hope, and ships, the gaping surges drink.
                 ~   Sejt the viitb ltaau oftbi i cauto.

                                                                   - ~    ....-- ...........

                                                           Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLANJ).
But who, alas! shall teach my ruder }Jreast
   The names and deeds of these heroic kings;
Or downy Muse, which now but left the nest,
   Mount from her bush to H~av'n with new born wings'
      Thou sacred maid! which from fair Palestine,
      Through all the world hast spread thy brigJitest shine,
Kindle thy shepherd swain, with thy light flaming eyn.
Sacred Thespio! which in Sinai's grove
  ,First took'st thy being and immortal breath,
And'vaunt'st thy offspring from the highest Joye,
   Yet deign'st to dwell with mortds here beneath,
    I With vil~st earth, and men more vile residing;

   , Come hely virgin, to my bosom gliding;
With thy glad angel light my blind-fold footsteps guiding.
And thou, dread Spirit! which at first didst spread
   On those dark waters thy all-opening light;
Thou who of late (of thy great bounty led)
   This nest ofheHish fogs, and Stygian night,
      With thy bright orient Sun hast fair renew'd,
      And with unwonted day hast it endued ;
Which late, both day, and thee, and most itself eschew'd~
,l}read Spiri~! do thou those sev'ral bands ,unfold;
   Both which thou sent'st, a needful supplement
 To this lost Isle, and which with courage bold,
   Hourly assail thy rightful regiment ;
      And with strong hand oppress and keep them under.
      Raise now my humble vein to lofty thunder,
 That Heav'n and E.rth may 10~Qd, reso~l)d thy praise wi.

                  - ......... ..
                           _       ~
                                                    - ....,---                   --~~.

                                      . ..
                'lila PURPLE J.SLdJ).                                    11 .

The Island's pri~ce, of frlu" oelestial,
  Is rightly·call'dtu.', IMJ..llecrinr JoteMeet.;
All glorious b~ tub • .,.Jai-. ill t~rN8trial ;                ..   ,<

  Whose sun-like faoe, Uld most di.i.. asp.,
     No hu..-It .ipt,...y ever bope_cr;:.
     For when himself oars self Hflee~· hi$· eye,-
Dull and't& be ...,.. U $0 bdpt majeety•.                        , I
Look, as the   SUD, who_~, .aa4         searobiug.ligbt;
  Bere, tl1ere, :and. Qvety :wltere itself dirtpll.yS;
No nook or corner jies his piercing sight ~ I •
  Yet on himself when he· rdect. hie I1lYS,
    Soon back be. fti.~two &-oId .elltring gleluli,
    Down to the Eartbthet dames idllwoken .stream ;
Such is thie nli)8llUl ptitaee,· suct. ltis:1IBpieHed beam.
Bis strangest body i8 ~ bodily;          \
   But matter wiU.oltt matter,; Relter jUfd,
Nor filling; thw,b ~hiw 'bis compass high,
 . All Beav'n and Eatth~ a~ all in both'are held ;.
     Yettkousand tholiland contlliu;
     And stilt: ~ emfKy as at irst remain:          .ii_
And wbea be ....1. MOst, relldiest to'take agaia.                       ..   -

Though travelliD8' all 1»1~, changing-none ~
    Bid him soay up to -HeaY'B.,. and theace dOWB throwing
...,.e centre se;arcb" ~ Dta' dark r~alm; he's gane,
    RetufD!), llRives, before thou. saw'st him going :,
       And while his. WaBlY kingdom safely sleeps
       All restley· night -Mwatch and w8.l'ding' keeps ~
Never his careful, head on restiDg pillow sleeps.


                                             .-w..~~-'                             -.    - - -....

                                                         Digitized by   Google

                    .nn~    PURPLE· ISLA.MJ~
    1ft eY'ry quarter of this- blessed. Isle
      Himaelf both pretieBt .is, and president;
    Nor once retires (ab, happy realm the while,·
     That by .~o officers lewd -lavishment,                ..
        With greedy lust and wrongi con8umed., ari;!)'
       He all iBalli and aU in e'Vl'ryrpart,
    Doth shar8lto e8.CIhtais l due, aud equsl dole impar&..
    He knowuior'deMh,. nor yean, nor feeble' age ;
     But as his ~me,hi8..4'eDgth and vigoUl":gfow1'
    And .hen his kiQgd9i1l hy iDtestiJle rage;
     Lies broke and: wasfed~> -open to· his foes ;
       ADd battet'd sconce nGW "'and,8VeD'lies;
        Sooner than: tbought ..o that Great Judge hefliM;;
    Who weigbs JUm.justrewarcL of.g"OOd,·or iDjuries ...
    For he·tbe'judget's viceroy.bete i8'PIao'd-~ . if he li.e, as·knowi"g he.may.die,.
    He never dies, hut .ith &ash p.lealure grac'd,
      Bathes, his crown'd hea'd.'in soft etllmity; j;
        Where t,bouslPd joys and pleasures eftr new, (
        And blessings thicker tban the m«*ning dew,
    With en41en ~weets rain doWB on that immortal 'crew.
"   There goldeB stars set in the eryatal snow;
    • 'ITbere dainty joys laup at white-headed caring;
    There day.nouight, delight DO ead shall know;
        Sweets withou.t surfeit; Mness withoutspariog.;, .
          And byj~s spending, growing happiness·:
         There ~d:himlielfin glory'8Ia'Vishnesl-
    Diifus'cl i:JA ~I, to all, is aU full blelsooness.


                                               .                ,'   ~,~   J
                                    ~ .. ' '-~'~~dbyG6oSTe--
-~   ----    r   -~--   ...   ~_----_-
                                         <   --   --~----~-......   - -   -~


                                    THE, PURPLE ISLAND.
                                                   XXXVI .
         •  t if he bere negl~" bisMu.ter'. law;,
            And with thoae trl¥t8N "piaathisloord,rebe1,
         Down to the deeps ~ ~ho~ian4 ieads him dra~;
           ~.. ,wll6l'e .Jligb; death, despai~, ud horrour .4~en,
              And ,in WOJ'st ills, still worse expecting, f.-: ,
              Where fell despite for spite his bowels tears;
         ,And still increasing grief,. and torment ne~er wt'ar••
        i'ray'rs there are idle" death is woo'd itt vw.;
             In midst of death, poor wretches loog :to.,die;
         .Nipt witho~t day, or rest, still doubliog pain;
           W oel1 spending "t\1I, y~t st\ll ,their end less nigh:
             The soul there restJes~ helpless, ,ho~le~s lie. ;
             The body frying roars, a,nd roaring fria :           '.
         There's life .tha.t never,li:ves, there's ~~th ~ ne,-.r did..
         "Hence while unsettled here lae figntiDg reignl~
           Shut in a tow'r where thouslu.ld eD~es
         Assault the fort; with wary eare a.nd palos
           He guards' all entranlle, and by diverll spieJ
             Searcheth ioto his foes and friend'. desip~
             For most he Ulars, his subjects' wav'ring mind;
         This tower then only falls when treasoll und.ermilJ~'
         Therefore while yet he lurks in earthly tent,
           Disguis'd in worth!~Js robes and poor attire,
         Try we to view his glory's wonderment, ,
           And get a sight of what we so admire:
             For when away from this sa~l place he (lies,
             And hl the skies abide&, more bright .~ skie, ;;
        .Too ,loriolls is his fiJht for Ollr diJ;Jl Ql9rtal eyes.

~ k~ ~~~~~",- __ ;~ ... _-:., __ 10-_ ~              _     r'
                   ,'mU, PURP.nR, ISLAltD.
    So curl'd-head Theti8~ \Vafer's'feafed queen,
       But bound:in Cauls sand, l''ields nol to ~ight ;
    And planet's glol'iou. king 'nutY, best he seen, " ,
    .1'Wlren som.~ ihm clonci dims his too pierlimg l1gtn;
        Arid tteither none' (nar alibis face disclbses :) " ,
         For 'Wben his 'bright eye full our eye opposes,
    None gains hii glorious sight, but'his own sight he loS~~
    Within the castle sit eight counsellors,
      That help him in ti1ist~nt to go'V'e,n weD ;
    Each in hiSfOOill a seY'ral oftlce bears:
       Throo of his inmost pri\'aie 'Coubci~deal
         In 'great a~: five of less dignity
         Have outward (lourts, and in all actions pry,
    Bilt still'i'cl'eit the doom to courts more fit and high.
    Those five fait brethren #hich I sung ofIate, '
      For their just'n~mb'er called the Pe~tarchY ;
    The other three; 'three pfiIars or the state;
      The *first hi :midst of that hightOw'r doth lie,
        (The chiefest marision ofihis glorious king)
        TJl~'jucfge aDd arbiter Qf every thing;
    Which·thoseli've brethre~'s posts, into his offioe bring.
    Of middle years,and 'seemly p~rsonage,
       Father of taws, the rule of wrong and right;
    ,Fountain:of judgmen~, therefore wondrous sage',
       Discreet, and wise, ~f q~ick and nimble'sight :
        , Not t~o'Se SeY'n sages might him parailel;
         Nor   he whom Pythian maid did. whiIome tell ,
     '10 be tbe:WiseSt man, that then on Earth did dwen,
                          " The com,mon sense.

                                                 Digitized by   Google
                                ·1.'IlE PURPLE ISLANrt.
            As Neptune's cltItem draws in tribute 'tides,
              (Yt\t never full) which every channel Itrings,
            And thirsty .milks, _and 'drinking, thirsty bides ;
              For by some bidtten way, back to the springs
                It-sends the streams·in erring condllits spread,
                Which, with a circling duty; still are led;
            Soever feetling them; is by them ever fed.
            Ev'n so. the first of these three counsellors,
             Givesfu the five the pow'r df all descrying;
            Which back 'to him With mutual duty hears
             All their informings, and the causes trying:
                For through straight ways the nimble post ascends
                Unto his hall; there up his message sends,
            Which to     'the
                           next well scann'd,he straightway recommends.
                                .                 "~'
           The n~xt that in the castle's front is plac'd,
             Phantastes* hight, his -years are fresh and green;
           His visage old,his'face too much defac'd
             WithlVlhes pale; his eyes deep sunken been
               With often thoughts, and never slack'd intention:
               Yet he the fount of speedy apprehension,
           Father of wit, th~' well of arts, and quick invention •
                             .    . XLVn.
            But il! his private thoughts and busy brain
             Thousand thin forms and idle fancies flit;
            Tbe three-shap'd Sphinx; and direful Harpy's train;
             Which in' the world had neTer being yet;
                Oft dreams of fire, and water; loose delight;
               .And oft arrested by some ghastly spright,
           ,Nor oan he thillk, nor speak, ROi'. move, for great aft'tight.
                                                   II<   The faDcy.

l   ,.1:£>..,», ......                    '.',.
                                                                                       COOS (~ +
                                                                      . Digitized by
----- _- - -
         ...                                       -- .. -   '.'.   -          ~

               ..               THB· PURPLE 'ISL.ANB.
               Phantastei {rom the firlt aU shape. deriviQ;, .
                In new habiliments can quickly dight ;
               Of all ••terial and grOI8 parts depriving,                          \
                Fits them unto ,the nob~ prince's sight;
                   Which soon as he hath view'd with searchilJr eye.
                   Re straight commits the. to his tf.easury,
               Which old EumJi~ keeps, father of memory-
 •                                          nIx.
     •         1!Jumnestes old, "'he in his living screen
                  (His mindful weast) the l'olls and- records bears'
               Of all the deeds, (Uld me,D,which he hath seen, .
                  And keeps lock'd up in faithful registers :
                    Well he recalls Nimrod's first tyranny;
                    And Babel'-s pride, daring the lofty sky;
               Well he recalls the Earth's twice growing iJ)faney.
                                      .      L.
           Therefore his body weak, his eyes half blind,
     •     ., But mind more fresh and stl'ong;' (ah, better fate!)
           And as his carcase, so his house declin'd;
              Yet were the walls of firm aDd able state :
                Only on him a nimble page attends~
                Who when for aught the aged grandsire sends        .
           With swift, yet backward steps, his ready aidanee lenA. -
                                        LI. '
           But let my song pass from these worthy sages
              Unto this Island's highest .sovereign:
           And those hard wars 'wbieh all the year he wages :
              For these three late a gentle tshepherd swain
               1Iost Iweetly sung, as he before had seen
                In Alma's house: his memory yet green
           Lifts in his well tun'd sooes; iDlDl&rtal all I weeD.
                    .. The ullktltaldiD,.

                                                                Digitized by   Google
                                                 -~   ~--.     --      ~----~--                  .........   ~

                                                             'tHB PURPLli1 ISLAND.
                   Mor can I guess, whether hig MU8~' divine.
                      Or giTes to tbose, or iak.~ from them hi, graoer
                   Therefore Ewnnestes iu his lasting shrine
                    . Bath justly him enroU'd in aeoond place; .
                       Next to Our Mantuan poet doth he rest;
                       There shall our Colin live for ever blest,
                   'Spi~ ofdlose .usand spites, whiell Hvillg-, him oppressfl;-
                       ,                                                              ·l.IlI.          •
                   The prinoe hit tim, in double office spends:~                                   •
                     For first. tbo.. forms and fancies he admits,
                 ~ Whioh to hi, oourt busy Phautastes sends,
                     And for the easier discerniQg fits :
                       For. sheddin( round about his sparkling light,
                    - :Be cleanJ their dusky shades, and cloudy night,
                   ProdUCing like bilD.I8lf their shapes all.shilling bright...
                        •                     LIV~
                 . As wJlen the Sun restore. the giitt'ring- day,
                    The world late ol~tb'd in night's black livery,
                   Doth now a thoU8aJld.801ourEifair display,
                    And paints itself in choice variety;
                       Which late one oolour hid, the eye deceiving:
                       All so this prince those shapes obscure receiving,
                   With his suffused lirht makes ready to conceiving.
  .  \
                   This first, is call'd tbe active faculty,
                     Whieh to a higher. pow'r the object leaves :
                   That takes it i.n itself, and cunningly
                     Cb,anging itself, ~he o"ject soon perceives :
                        For straight itself in ·.self-same shape adorning.
                        Becomes the same with quick and strange tnnsformin, f
                   So is aU thin,s itself, to all itself coofomHnlt.

\....~   ".; >";"'~"       -,..:....
                                          ' ..   -'      •_r·
                                                             < •
                                                                   "1'*,   .~,.'..:r-..
    ·w                 THE. PVJWLll·Ull4NJl. .
     Thus when the eye ~hro. ViaUl,' ~*-ypCX~ ','                       • ,
       Lets in th~ wand'rintJ .ltbA,QII, tltft cryaW,l fl$l'aJIP . ; \,
    ,Quickly itself to 8Y',y. fer.t 4 l O D s o r t S , . · ' j'
       So is whate'~' it 8ee!f by w~.qg.1$ ~N.'-C~:
         Thrice happy tiutp, waeJ). OB ~t ~ mfr'~n...
         He ever fastensbil uQJJloved sl&1Jt~ '.
     & is :what there b~ vit!Wf; divine, £~~.       ,"nOM     Jpt.,: ,c~
                                   LVIJ .
•   Soon as the princ~, tbese forPl,,,,tb Ql~l'lJ IDea,
      Parting the false fr~ true, the W'Oll, frQQ} lj,,~ ,
    He straight presenta them to _ beauteop .lJ~
      Whose courts are lower, yet of equal might;
        Voletta t. fail',' who with bim live&, a,d reigu;.
        Whom n~ither maJt, nor fiend, IWI' God, eautJaiu ~
    Oft good, oft ill. oft !19th, yet' ever free l'emaias~
    Not that great t sovereign of the FaiJoy lapd,
      Whom late our Colin bath eternized 1
    (Though Graces decking her with plenteoW.J hQ.d.
      Themselves of grace have all unfurni!!hed:;
         Though m' her breast she virtue's tempk bare,
        The fairest temple of a guest 80 fair) :
    Nor that great tGlorian's self, with this _gilt B'QJ';~""':
    Her radiant beauty, dazzling mortal eTe,           .
      Strikes blind the daring sense; her sparkling face
    lIer husba~d's self now CRDoot well desery ;.
      With such strange brightness, such immortal ~
         Hath that great parent in her cradle made,
         T~at Cynthia's silver cheek would.fluickly fade,
    AJld light itself to her, would. seem a painwd shade.
       i Corinthians. iii. 18.     t   The Will.      t Queen ElizabetJr;.

                                                         . ~.,.                  . ,'"
                                                   ~t;b7?t'e              ~~'~-
                                                         Digitized by   Google

                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.

But, ab! entic'd by her own worth and pride,
  She stain;d her beauty with most loathsome spot;
Her Lord's fixt law,' ud spouse's light denied,
 So fill'd her spouse and' self 1rith leprous blot:
    And now all dark is their first morning ray.
    What verse might tben their former light display,
When yet their darkest night outshines the brightest day?'
On her a royal damsel stin attends,
   And faithful' counsellor, *Synteresis:
 For though Voletta ever good intends,
   Yet by fair ills she oft deceived is ; -
     But ills so fairly dress'd with cunning slight,
     That virtue's self~ey well may seem to sight,
'But that bright virtue's tlelf oft seems not haIt so bright.
          •                                    LXII.
Therefore Synterel!is of nimble sight,
  Oft helps her doubtful hand, and erring, eye;
Else mought she ever, Stumbling in this:night,
  Fall down as deep as deepest Tartary.
    Nay, thence a sad fair II!aid, Repentance, rears,
  / And in her arms her fai-ving lady hears,
Washing her often stains with ever~fa1ling tears.
 Thereto she adds a water sovereign,
   Of wondrous for~e, and skilful oompositiqn l
 For first she pricks the heart in tender vein;
  .Then &om those precious drops, and deep contrition,
     With lips' confessiofl, and with bitter cries,
     Still'd in a broken spirit, sad vapours rise,
'Emal'd by sacred fires, and drop throurh melting eyes.
                                            " Conscience.

              ........- ........... .
              ~,  .,,.;.
               .,. .-       ~;:

                                      . ~

                                                                   .. :~. . : .....
                                                                   Digitized by

                                                                                          '.   ---~

                   1'HE PURPLE ISLAND
     These cordial drops, these spirit healing' balms,
        Cure all, her sinfad bruises, clear her eyes;
     Unlock her ears; recover faiBting qualms:
        And now grown fresh and· strong, she makes her rile;
          And glass of unmask'd sin, she bright displays,..
          Whereby she sees, loaths, mends her former ways;
     So soon repairs her light, doubling her new-born rays.
     But, ah! why do we (simple as we been}
        With curious labour, dim, and. ~aUed sigltt"
     Pry in the nature of this king and queen,
        Groping in darkness for so clear a light?
"'        A light, which once could not be thought 01' told)
          But now with blackest clouds is thick enroll'd,
     Press'd down in captive chains, and pent in earthly moult\
     Ra~r lament we this their wretched fate,
        (Ab, wretched fate, and fatal wretcbed1Jes8 !)
     Unlike those former days, and first estate,
      . When be espous'd with. melting happiness,
          To fair Voletta, both their lights conspiring..
          He saw whate'er was fit~or ber requiring,
     And she to his clear light, would ~mper her desiring ~
                         .       LXVII.
     Wben both replenish'd with celestial light,.
     . All coming evils equId foresee and fiy ;
     When both with clearest eye. and perfect sight, .
        Could every nature's qitfeJ'enee. desory :
          Wbose pictures now they scarcely see with pai.,
          Obscure and dark, like to those shadows vain,
     ~h thin I,Ild empty glide alo~ "vernul' plain.
    ---   ~   ,~-       .                           P   a.           . ..

                            -THE PURPLE ISLAND.                 91

    The ftoW'I'S that, frighten'd with sharp winter'.. dread,
      Retire ioto their mother 'feUus' womb,
    Yet in the spring in troops new mustered
      Peep out again from'their unfrozen tomb:
       , The early violet will fresh arise,
         Spreading his flower'd purple to the skies;
    Boldly the little elf the winter's spite defies.
    The hedge, green satin pink'd and cut, arrays;
       The helio trope to cloth of gold aspires ;
    .In hundred-colour'd silks the tulip plays;
       Th' imperial flow'r, his neck with pearl attires;
         The lily, high her silver grogram rears;
         The pansy, her wrought velvet garment bears;
    The red-rose, scarlet, and the provence, damask wea'liI.
    How falls it then.' tbat such a heav"nl)' light,
      As this great king-'s should sink so wondrous low,
    'fhat scarce he can suspect his former height?
      Can one eclipse so dark his shining brow,
         AmI' steal away his beauty glittering fair?
         One only blot, so great a light to impair,
•   That never could be hOlle his waning to repair ~
                                       LXXI. ,
    Ah! never could he hope once to repair
      So great a wane, should not that new-horn Sun,
    Adopt him both his brother 81ld his heir ;
      Who through base life, and death, 'and Hell, would nto,
       . To seat him io his lost, now surer cell,
         That be may mount to Heav'n, He sun"- to Hell ;
    T.hat be might live, lIe died, that he' mi,ht rhle, He fell ~


                .. ..:,
                    "   -~~.:,   .:"
                THE P~RPLE ISLAND.

,A perfect virgin breeds and bears a son,
     Th' immortal father of his mortall1lother ;
  l!1arth, Heav'n, flesh, spirit, man, God, met in one:
     His yoonger brother's cbild, his children'. brother,
        Eternity, who yet was born and died;
        His own creator, Earth's scorn, Heav'n's pride;
. Who peity, is flesh'd, and man's flesh deified.
 Thou uncreated Sun, HelW'n's glory bright 1
   Whom we with hearts, and knees low bent, adore;
 At rising, perfect, and now falling light!
  Ah; what reward, what thanks shall we restore!
     Thou wretched wast, that we might happy be :
     0, all the good we hope, and all we see!
 That thee we know and lov.e, comes from thy love and thee.
  Receive, what we can only back retum,
 fS (Yetthat we may return, thou first must give)
 ~ heart, which fain would flame, which fain would burn
    In praise; for thee, to thee, would only live :
      And thou (who satt'lt in night to give ns day)
      Light and enflame us with thy glorious ray,
  That we may back reflect, and borrow'd light repay,              •
 SO we beholding with immortal ~ye,
    The glorious picture of thy heav'nly face,
 In his first beauty an~ true majesty,
    May shake from ollr ~ull souls these fetters base l
      And mounting up to that bright crystal sphere,
      Whence thou strik'st all the world with shudd'ring fear~ _
 ')lay not b~ held by Earth, nor hold vile Earth so dear.

                  THB PURPLE ISLAND.
                                                             .           .-

    Then lihould thy shephe~d (poorest shepherd) sing
       A thousand cantos in thy heav'nly praise,
    And rouse his ilagging Muse, and flutt'ring wing,
      To chant thy wonders in immortal lays ;
         (Which once thou wrought'st, when Nihil' slimy shore,
         Or Jordan's banks thy mighty hand adore)
    T)1y judgments and thY-Dlercies; but thy toercies more.
    But see, the stealing night with softest pace,
      To fly the western Sun, creeps up the east ;
    Cold Hespar 'gins unmask his evening face,
     And calls the winking stars from drowsy rest :
        Home then, toy lambs; the falling drops eschew:
        To-morrow shalt ye feast in pastures new,
    ~d with the rising Sun banquet on peM-Ied lB".



                                .. .,.. '-   ~~'---Di9itizedbyGOoSle-~
               THE PURPLE ISLAND.

                                                                           .\    •
                      CANTO VII.
                                    I.                                          ..   '.
THE rising morn lifts up his qrient head,
  And spangled Heav'nll in golden rj)bes invests;
Thirsil upstarting from his fearless bed,
  Where useless nights he safe and quiet rests,
    Unhous'd his bleeting floek~ and quickly thence
    Hasting t() his expecting audience,
Thus wit.h sad verse began their grieved minds t' incense.
                                    II. .               •              .
a Fond man, that looks on Earth for happiness,
   And here long seeks what here is nevet fouad !
1"01" all our good we hold from ~eav'n h}: rease,
   With many forfeits and condit.ions bound;
      Nor can we pay t.he fine, and ,rentage due :
      Tlleugh now but writ, and seaI'd, and giv'n aRe",.
Yet daily we it break,then daily must renew. '
                             III.           .
Wily shouldst thon here look for perpetual, good,                                         •
 At ev'ry loss "gainst heav'n's face repining?
Do but beboldwherc glorious cities stood,
 With gilded tops ami" silver turrets shinillg;
    Tbere now tlie' bart fearless of greyhound feed~
    And loving pelican in safety breeds:
There screeching satyrs ill the people"s empt.y stedes••
Where is th.. Assyrian lion's golden bide,
 That all the east once grasp'd in lordly paw?
Where that great Persian bear, whose swelling pride
 '1'he UOB'S self tore out with rav'nous jaw!
                        :f. it-   e. :Plaftlo.


                                                 •   _ _ w·

                                                        Digitized by   Google
                     THE PURPLE ISLAND..
          Or he which'twixt a lion and a pard, .
          Through all the world with qimble pinions far'd.,
       And to bis gre~dy whelps his conquer'd kingdoms shar'cl
       Hudly the place of luch antiquity,
         Or note of these great monarchies we find ~
      Only a fading verbal memory,
         And empty name in writ is left behind:
           But when this second life and glory fades,
           And sinks at length iR time's obscurer shade~
      A s~cond fall succeeds, and doabls death inYadeli.
       ThatspoDstrous beast, which nurs'd in Tiber's fen,
         Did all tbe world with -hideous shape aftray ;
       That fin'~ with CQstly spoil his gaping den,
         ~nd trode down all the rest to clust and clay ~
           His batt'ring horns puU'd out by cbil hands.
           And iron teeth lie seatter'd on the sands ; .
      .Back'd, .bridled by a mORk, with sey'n heads yoked stands.
         .                        "11.
       ~nd tbat   black tTulture, which with deathful wing
         O'ershadows half the Earth, whose dismal sight                 "
       Frighten'd the MUles from their native spring,
         Aheady stoops, and flags with weary dight :
           Who' then shall look for happiness beneath ~
           Where each new dayproclainls,chaBce,change,and death,
       Ao.d life itself's as flit as is th~ air we breathe.
       Nor might this prince escape, though he as far
        All these excells in worth and heay'n)y grace,
       As brightest Phrebus does the dimmest star:
        Tile deepest falls are from the highest place.
                   *-i.e went.               t   Tb.eTurk•

     ··...ip. ·
    08             THE PURPL1!l ISLAND.
       There lies he now, bruis'd with so sore a. fan, ,
       To his base bonds, and· loathsome prison thrall, .
    Whom thousand foes besiege, fenc'd with frail yielding waD"
    T eU me, oh, tell me thea, thou hoiy M'tlSe!
      Sacred Thespio! what the cause may be .
    Of such despite; so many foremen. use
      To persecute unpitied misery! \
       . Or if these canker'd foes, as most men say,
        So mighty be, that gird this wall of Cl!y ;
    What makes it.hold so long, aJld threaten'd. nlln stay ~
    When that great Lord Iris standing court would build,
•     The outward walls with gems and glorio'us lights, .
     But inward rooms with nobler courtiel'!l fiU'd ;
      Pure, living baes, swift, mighty, ble8sed sprights :
        But some his royal serviCe (fools !) disdain;
        So. down were iung :-(oft bliss is double pain)
    In Heav'n they BCorn'd to serve, 80 now in Hell they reign •
                               . XI.
    There turn'd to serpents, swol'n with pride and hate;
      Their prince a dragon fell, who bunt with spite,
    To see this. king's and queen's Jet happy state,
      Tempts them tQ lust, and pride; prevails by slight:
        To make them wise, and g()ds, he undertakes.
        Thus while the ~nake they hear, they turn to snakes;
    To make them gods he boalts, but beasts, and deTils make••
    B.ut that great *Lion, who in Judah's plains
      The awful beasts holds down in due subjection;
    The dragon's craft, and baSe-got spoil disdains,
      And folds tbis captive prince in bis protectio~ ;
                          • Jtel"ellltivD v. S•


                                                  Digitized by   Google

        ftreaks ope the jail, and brings the pris'nel'$ thence- ~
        Yet plac'd       in      iiastle'i
    'Vhere they might trust and seek a higher Providence.
    So now              ·:rw:Hzdabc)h3.t das litth; bold~
       With annies infinite, enca~ped lie
    Th' enraged dragon and his lierpents bold:
       A.nd h%}wiRg             his        .gr9Wi5 %}bort 8..¥.%}b %}igh,
          He swells with v~om'd goret,and pois'nous h~;
          His tail unfolded, Heav'n itself doth be".t~
     lInd           the            SEl±%%t from        traJl:r:r&i;n,dent
    .With him goest Caro, cursed «fam of sin,
        Fou), hlthy d,,%}, "ffoul%}:r progenh~
     Xet Se%}Ikl:r (skin          m£'k:rt fair bp               gl%)
        To weaker sight; b:ut to a purged eye
                   like         wor:r%} than) .                      hag:r
          H:rr ±:±mpty br±:'w:rts          like      hollo%%t bags ;
     And Iris' ulcer'd SkiD is patch'd with leprous ragw.

               her lr'b~h.thsome
      nPlrPT"g-g                        iQ
      All rust within, the outs,ide p~lish'd .bright ;
    And on her shield a Mer%%t%}id            play'd,
      Whz,t±-, bu.malk lI-autics     t~ _  ......... ,,_...
         But slimy scales hld ~ their ·wa.ters 'lie: '
         She chants, she smiles, so draws the eaR', the ere,
    ,bnd         she        she     :-tb%} 'f.r{krd, •      az %}, r
    And         marc,nJ        fruHf%}1 Jerpcnt
       Wh'J%%t Jhe of             lecber.s di vers bore;
          , ., Lake ,jv .11.


                                                                igitized     DOS
98                .'filE
l\rIzcrrhaU'd:i,ilisezc'lfal n'zcnke thei" colzcw)lrs
    U'our## to AnaU,%lus, YQUfu'% this paintzcd lzchore
       To Joathsome Asebie brought forth to ligbt ;
     TZilice      pot               a ""'L"'''''
Bllt sWzcl'n Azcratl:s          bzcm in one bed and night.
M,##ll hufu'%Y    firzct1 of zchamc,:lesr bol~l as(&ZiCt ;
   Yet 'Flitb him Doubt and Fear still trembling' go :
Oft Iook'd he back, as if he did 8US~
   Ah' fCppr£yZCoo uf S4t,cle mnriuP'd, unwfclcOTTi&& fou
        Behindc fell Jealousy his steps ob,serv'd,
        And sure Revenge wiJh dart that never sweru'd ~
T&&Eili thRHEsal1d griufs ,kk&d             Dzc Yelt; dut¥TkO~U de6fu'%fu'%v'd:
His armour blacb a.s lieU, or stzcrlefu'%fu'% nigbt,
  ,Und hiu shizcld hzc            pZCl1i'trccy'd bure
,Mars fast impound in arms of Venus' light,
  i\nd tied us {uzct Aulfu'%4in'u uubm snr,ue :
     Sb£,; feigE¥'d bb,uh         shzc~ey UO~r 4?JI tzco lzcte ;
     But bis red colour seem to sparkle hate:
          aru fu'%tOi'W4 WaY42rS,       ahy,:ut the%±5%±rgfu'% Ike fEll'ata,
Pomeiust next him pac'd, a meagre wight;
    bVh4y%±e 1%±2%±del1 %±l'es 5unb deY'I? in     hel1h"
A%±djobless Inokylike some pale ashy spright;
    Seem'd as be now where dying, or now dead.
       AFHi with him W:?,steYulnefu'%5, tbut  exp£ynduY,
       And Want, that still in ~heft and prison ended,
Ii. hundred foul diseases close at's 15ack atteuded.
  '" The fruits of the flesh, see Gal. v.J9, 20, 21, and are her" rank:d inl"
fom' comz.:"nie2 18,: :;nd.:;"tity 2nd, irr,lidion; 3rd, unridhtconsness;'
"lb, intemperallce.'
       t yt.dIlH,¥5'Y' <::;,1. n                  :I: ##:lrnic:,F.ian.

                                                                         -3'      7' __ '
                                                                    )0   Le
                                                      .. •             ,.=

                          ~BE'   PURPLE' ISlAND.'
                                     .   x.x.~'
His shining helm might seem 8i 8p9.'I'ldmg flame;
 , Yet sooth, nought was it but a foolish fire :
And ,all his a.rnlS were of tlst burning fr8in.e; "
   That ft.esh and booe8where gnaw' desirej
    About his wrist his blazing shield did fry
    With ,sweltriJrg hearts in Hames of ~y.
~i& \t~d, ' In fire I live, iu fire I bum and, die.'
,                                •       XXI.
With him* Acatbarus, in Tnscan dress ;
 A thing that neither man· will own, nor beast:
Upon a boy he lean'd in 1fantonwise,
  On whose fair limbs his eyes still greedy feast ~
    He sports, he toys, kisses his shining face:
    Behind, reproach and thousand 'devils pace:
Before, bold' impudence, that cannot change her grace;
His amour seem'4 to laugh with idle boys,
  Which all about their wanton sportings play'd;,
Ais would himself keep out their childish toys,
  And like a boy lend them unmanly aid:
    ·In his broad targe the bird her wings dhpread;
    Which trussing wafts the Trojan GaIiymede :
And round was writ' Like with his like is coupled..f
Aselgest follow'dnext the boldest boy
    That ever play'd in Venus~ wanton court:
Be little cares who notes his 'lavish joy;
    Broad were his jests, wild his uncivil !lpO~ ~
       His fashion too, too fond, and loosely light:
       A long IBYe-lock on his left shoulder's plight;, :.
Like to a woman's hair, well sheW'd a woman's spright.
 ·ItO Sodomy, Bam i. 26, 2'7. Lev. xli. 13,16, 16. t LaaciviollsDen.

     ," • .l:,"to

                                                                      by-G~~Sie --
. , J ! . . . . . .,..;

           lOG                  'fDB PURPLE ISLAND.
           Lust iA ,trange neststbis cuekoo egg conceiv'd;
             Which nurs'd 1rith surfeits-; drellt'd with fODd tliI,."
           In fancy's school his breeding first peeei-y'd :
             So this brave spark to wilder Same arises ;
                And now to court pteferr'd, high-bloods he fires,
                There blows up pride, vain mirth,· and loose desire. ;
           And heav'nly souls (oh grief!) with hellish Same inspil'M,
                 There oft to rivals lends the gentle Dor -,
                   Oft take (his mistress by) the bitter. bobt :
                 There learns her each day's change of Gules, Verd, Ore'
                    (~is sampler) ; if she pouts, her. sl&'Ye mUIR sob: -
                      Her face his sphere, her hah- his circling sky # .
                      Her love his Heav'n, her sight eternity:
                 Of her be dna. ., with her he lives, foa- ker he!1l die..
                 Upon his arm a tinsel scarf he wore,.
                   Forsooth his madam's favour~ spangled fair:
                 Light as himself, a fan his helmet bore,
 /~ ::.~:.:.~:p With ribbons dress'd, begg'd from his mistress' hair.
~~~jV (~r
  .< -t~,(
    , I '.t;'}li
                      On's shield a winged boy all naked shin'd ;
                  . His folded eyes, willing and wilful blind:
        . -- The word was wroulht with gold, ' Such is a lover's milli;"
                 These four, Anagnul ad foul Caro's sons,
                   Who led a,dift"rent and disorder'd rout;
                 -Fancy, a lad that all in fea~ers t wons,
                   And loose Desire, and Danger link'd with Doubt;
                   . And thousl¥ld wanton thoughts still budding new:
                      But lazy Ease usher'd the idle crew;
                 Aad lame Disease shuts up their troops with torments du'e~
             • A   "nD   QHd   for leave to lleep awkile.
                                                            .. Atauut.   f   i. e. Dweftl'•

                   THE, PURPLE ISLAND.                                      10J

Next band, by Asebie was boldly led,
. And ,his four sous begot iu Stygian night..;
First • Idololatros, whose monstrous head
  Was like an ugly fiend, his flaming sight              1

     Like blaziag stars ; the rest all different:
     For to.bis shape some part each creature lent;
But to the great Creator all adversely bent.
 .                               XXIX . .
  VpoD.bis br,ea&t.a bloody cross he SCOl"d,
     Which oft he ,vOl'sbipp'd; but the Christ that died
, 'thereon, he seldom but in paint ador'd ;
     Yet wood, stone, beasts, wealth, lust, fiends, deUied:
       He makes mere pageaut of the savingt rock,
       Puppet-like trimming his almighty stock:
  Which then, his god, or he, which is the verier block.; .
 Of giant s~pe, and strength thereto agreeing,
   Wherewith he whilome all the world oppress'd;
 And yet the greater part (his vassals being)
    Slumb'ring in ignorance, securely rest;
      A golden calf (himself more bea!!t) he bore,        .                       I

      Which brutes with dancings, gifts, and songs adore,
 , Idols are laymen)i books,' he rou.ndall wrote in orc.,
 Next tPharmakeus, of gbastly, wild. aspect ;
   Whom hell with seeming fear, and fiend~ obey                    j

 Full oos'ly would he know each past effect,
   And things to come with double guess foresay,
    • Idolatry, either by wonhipping the true God by ralsq lVorship, as .by'
 illlages, againll the leeond commandment: or giving away his worship u"
 ~ .hleh il. not God against the first.
         t Pqlralxli. 7.             t. Witchcraft, aDd malical arts.

                                                   -----' --._---------
                                                             Digitized by
        102            THE PtJRPLE ISLAND.
            By slain beasts; entrails, and fowl~' marked flight=
           Thereto he tempests raisfd by many a sprigbt,.
        And charm'd the Sun and MOOD, and ehang'd the day an"
        lio when the south (dipping hill sa.blest Wing's
           In humid ocean) sweeps with's dropping beard,
        Th' air, earth, and seas; his lips' loud thanderinge, .
           And flashing eyes make all the 'world afraid:
             Light with dark clouds, waters with fires ...e met ;.
             The Sun but now is rising, now is set,
        And finds west shades in east, and seas in airs wet.
                                  XXXIII:                                                .~.

        By birth 8:nd hand,· he juggling fortunes teUs ; .
           Oft brings from shades his grandsire's damned ghost 1
       'Oft stolen goods forces out by wicked spells:
           His ·frightful shield with thousand fiends embost,
             Which seem'd without a circle'. ring to play:
             In midst himself dampens the smiling day,
        And prints sad characters, which none may write or say.
       .The third *HEreticus, a wrangling carl,
           Who in the way to Heav'n would wilful err ;
        And oft convicted, still would snatch and snul :
           His Crambe oft repeats ;-all tongue, no ear ;
             Him'Obstinacy, Pride, and Scorn attended:
              On's shield, with truth error disguis'd contended:
        His motto this, 'Rather thus err, than, be am~nded.t
         Last march'd Hypocrisy, false form of grace,
            That vaunts the shew' of all, has truth of none:

                                   " Heresy.

~---   .:   .....                     _   .__   _   tee'      It Al   .;...-
                                                                               -"   '.
                                                           Digitized by   Google
                                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.                      103
           A rotten heart he masks with painted face;
             Among the beasts, a mule, 'inongst beeR, a drone,
               'Mongst stars, a meteor :-all the world neglects him;
               Nor good, nor bad, nor Deav'n, nor Earth affects him:
           The Elll'th, for glariftg forms, for bare fol'JIlS Heav'n rejects
           His wanton heart he veils with dewy 'eyes,
               So oft the world, and oft himself deceives:
           His tongue his heart, hjs hands his tongue belies :
               In's path (as snails) silver, but slime he l~aves :
                 He Babel's glory is, but Sion's taint;
               , Religion's blot, but irreligion's paint ~
           .A. s~nt abroad, at .home a fiend;. and worst, a saint.
           SO tallow lights live glitt'ring, stinking die ;
             Their gleams aggrate the sight, steams wound the smell :
           So Sodom apples please the ravish'd eye,
             But sulphur taste proclaim their root's in hell :
               So airy flames to·heav'nly seem allied,
               But when their oil is spent, they swiftly glide,
           Andintogelly'd mire melt all their gilded pride.
            So rnshes green, sm90th, full, are spungy light ;
              So their ragg'd stones in velvet peaches grown;
           'So rotten sticks seem stars in clleating night;
              So qua~ires false, their ~e with em1ralds crown:
              . Such is HyPocrisy's deceitful frame; .
                 A stinking light, a ~ulphur fruit, false flame ;
            S~ooth rush, peach stone, sere wood, false mire, a voice, a

           ..                              XXXIX.
           Such were his. arms, false gold, true. alchymy ;
             Glitt'nQg with glossy stone.,' and fine deceit:
                ~.                                 .

-.---...              ......
            ..... '
           .~                  ~

                                                              Digitized by   Google
104           ,'fHE PURPLE ISLAND.

His sword a fiatt''Fing'steel, which gull'd the eye,
  And pierc'd the heart with pride and self-conceit:
    On's shield a tomb, where deaJll,had dress'd hi' beel
    With curious art, and crowu'd his loathsome head,
With ~old, and gems :-his word, C More gorgeous whell
BeCore them went their nurse, bold Ignorance;            ,
  A loathsom.., monster, light, sight, 'mendment scorning;
Born deaf and blind, fitter to lead the dance'
  To such a rdot; her silver hea'" adorning,
     (Her dotage ipdex) much she bragg'd, yet feign'd :
    For by false tallies many years shegain'd.
Wise youth is honour'd age ;-age's with dotage stain'd~
Her failing legs with erring footsteps reel'd ;
 . fLame guide to bliss!) her daughters on each side
Much pain'd themselves, her stumbling feet to wield;
  Both,like their mother, dull and beetle ey'd :
     The-first was Error false, who multiplies
     'Her Dum'rous race in endless progen~es :
For bot one iruth there is, ten thousand thousaod lies.
He;brood o'erspl'ead her round with sin and blood,
  With envy, maiice, mischiefs infinite;
'Whilst she to see hel'6elf, amazed stood,
  So often got 'With child and big with spite :
     Her off'spring fly about, and spread their seed;
     Straight hate, pride, schism, wars,. seditions breed,
 Get up, grow ripe.-How soon prospers the ~cio\1s weed'
'fhe other ~wl-ey'd Superstition,
   Deform'd, distdTted, blind in shining li~ht;
                                                                         -.   .

                   .'rUE. PURPLB ISLAND.                                      10'
Yet stiles herself holy: Devotion,
 And so ~8 caIl'd,. and seems in shady Dight:
    Fearful .. ,ia the .re, or hunted hind;
    Her face, and bumst, she oft with crosses sip'd !
No custom would she break, or change her settled mind.
                                   XLIV. ,
If hare, Qr &Dakej ber way; herself she crosses,
   ABd stops her mazed steps; . sad feara "right her
When falling salt points· out some fatal losses,
   Till Bacchus' grapes witli holy sprinkle quite her:
     ~et oQ!y .bible is an-Erra Pater'!" ;      .
     Her antidote arehallow'd ~ax and water:
l' th' dark, all lights are sprights, all noises chains that
With theUl march;d (sunk in deep security)
  Profaneness, to be fear'd, 'for never fearing;
Alld by hitn, new oaths coining Blasphemy,
  Who names not God, but in a curse, 'or swearing .:_
    And thollsand ~ther ."ends in diverse fashion,
    Dispos'd in several w.ard,· and certain station:
Under, BeUwidely yawn'd; and over, flew Damnation;
                             '. XLVI.
Next Adieus his sons;-first tEctbros sly;
 ~ose pl'ick'd-up ears kept open house for lies;
And's leering eyes still watch, and wait to spy
  When to return still-living injuries:

  • AlIudlnrto the erroneold Popish tranllalion.
  t In contradistinction to Vera Mater~ i. e. the tl'lit mother; the church of
Rome to cialliD, Itene!f.
                                  ~   Hatred

                                                               Digitized by   Google
   rair weather smil'd u,.. Ilia fUM•• ~
   And eye&"~~·d_W.u...illlldap-.,.


Then pours don· . . . . -r ...§8;. . . s. . . . oI ••cour

        •   it.           XLVII. .
So when a sable cloud, wi6 Mlling sail
  Comes swtwfMtil,tlrdagIUa"" . . . . . . .
(Wbit& ieMI ..tti6dtf s:lee,. ill AW"s,." j.)
  With spangtettW"'~_'''' _ ....                  '*;'
    8M fJcNIiI'gAl8lreYt ~~ ......., lid lIJbMl,
    Scatt'ring coid tI1IOt.~ .,.""1&"meta hM,
And with untilMtJ' 1tifItal't ellttl~"..........·
His arms well suit his mind, where smiling skMi
  Dreed tbund'ring tempestA.' _ his lofty crest
Asleep the spottdfi pantiler edumall8mtBl;
  And by sweet IOeIltlt,. •Il .kilt _ 'lllfliatly...., .
     Draws on . . P"1 : "pDIIi ....... M kIlN
    Tl»dJtaMnt m'-' -.lIIiIch ~_lfil........ :
(The we.., 0I"00tkti1e) biIIlM'd, ·lllill ............"
Wi&b lIiM _ . .laM. nat, ~iI pAfaM__,
  Whose painted face might batdly be detected;
Arms of offence IN sM ill .e.... ~
  Lest thea6 bit  "tI  ~ ~ 1hJ. sa.~cl.

 . But c l . S c.... 1M fost' It lodlio pUt,
    He steals his daggwwith fal..
And sheaths the trait'rous steel in his own master's heart.
Two Jewish captains, close theDllel..... en1aciag .
 In love's sweet twines, his target broat!· tlWpIay'tl ~.
One1h' other's beard with Ria l~.u.nd embracing.
 But iuhil right a shiDing' sword he swaJ'd,
         .    "                     , .

                                           Digitized by   Google
               -- ..   ~~-~".......-   ,                                        _ u_ .........


         WhiQ. ....... ~' ,~' ~"'.. ';bJ~ Mli_;
         There lay the ~ -~N1"""".:i_:
     His -MIt sHe Bepest~. tNt;" ki, la"" Will!
     J!:ris- the ne;q,   • •",.attAr lQI',:
      He)" tlflPf lI/III1e *~ wgnk frp~ ~~.tcmp1'"
     Which never t"l.lMlt, ,"UCl~, 6gb~ ~ j., ;
      N e wo"          18.
                         'WAich 'JlftPfJJ't with right, ~ Wol"MI':
          W~~. })eld, 'tbat                 l1'AuWJlbe,,'¥;'" ~,
          A~ ~bt1tan~ ~gh'CMrap                           hWl :
     T~ 1_ 1f.OI'4. aMMlIJ~ ••         .,e, ·v:n,.-__~;~ BH:lll.
                                      . UL

     .she is the ~ • tlriB NJpy fMila,
        And             -,.Mb ~~..,:
     Bllt when no op. ~ did. fJP<¥It' .,,~
       Api8lt!tlt~lQ!IMvft,      __es.1l1e 1WPMW ~
         Her cladWag ,10m, · Wil br :ber_ing,~
         c.w,neYQl" JltaPd. ..J!.·AlWie, ... h$, _ ...,,1:
     Ber sbiekh)f)w..d,jlf).w4ad.lw-............'''. .~
           .                     Ut-L'
     Zelost the third, wlMlae III.PMelill e .....tMa
•      Could iMt endure-ar.n.ew.m __.... ;
      Yet slow ie ..oJ 'J"tu~'Jl Mn.i~on,
        At easy· ~te      '-t· .,.
                                j¥JU.eaaiml:Jdlin, ,: -
           Still as1J.e ._.A!t:.w~ ,.pvkWi :~
           Till to a=-.w, ftMIU~.'" flt.Uld.CJ"ew,
    - ,bdlike-.fune ....'!Iliag .ll_,~lle_. . . . . . . . .
     Upon his shield 1., that J'~1IM'.a,
       Swelt'ring in - , pe, . • ,",'nos 41....
     His wife's sad gMt 'Veao..~d ,.tIl ,bloodJ staia t
       Well could be~......., .BeD,                 .n................. 1
                         " ~Miaaee.             t XmalJ,\fen.

                                                                Digitized   b~ Google .'--
        19&                 THE PURPl.E, ISLANn.
                Wen could he Heav'n support, 8lld prop alone:
            But by'felljeillousy soon overthrown,
        Without a foe, or sword: his motto, , First, or none.?
           ".                         ,LV.
        'J'hpmo,s* the fourth, a dire, revengeful swain ;
            Whose SQul was made of flames, whose flesh of fire,.  ,
        Wrath in his heart, hate, rage; and fury reigtl!
            Fierce was'his lo,ok, when clad in sparkling tire;
              But when'dead paleness in ,his cheek took seiztlre,
         , And all the blDod in's boiling heart did treasare,
        Thep in his wild revenge, kept he nor m8aQ norgleasure.
                           ..       LVI .
        Like as when waters walPd with brazen Wr~ath,
          Are sieg'd with crackling flames, their common foe;
        The angry seas'gin foam and hotly breathe,
          Then swell; rise" rave, and still more furious grow;
            Nor can be beld ; but forc'd with fires below,
            Tossing. their waves, break out, and all o'erflow :
        So boil'd his' rising blood, and dasb'd his angry brow.
    •   For in his face, red heat and ashy cold,
          Strove which should paint revenge in. proper polours :             •
        That, like consuming fire, most dreadful roll'd l
          This, liker death, threatens all deadly dolours :
            His trembling hand a dagger still embrac'd,
            Which in his friend he rashly oft encas'd:
        Ris shield'. derice, fresh blood with foulest stain defac'd.
        Next him Erithiust, most unquiet swain,
         That 'all in law, and fond contention spent;
        Not one was found in all this num'rous train,
         With whom in any thing be would consent:
                       •   Wra~.

                                                     Digitized by   Google
                THE PURPLE             ISLAN~.                109

        His will his law, he weigh'd not wrong or right;
        Much scorn'd to bear, much more forgive a pight:
  Patience, he, th' asses' load, and coward's virtue, hight.
                                 LIX . .
. His weapons all were fl'am'd of shining gold,
     Wherewith he subtly fought close undel' hand:
  Thus would he right from right by force with-hold,
     N or suits, nor friends, nor laws his slights withstand:
       Ah, pow'rful weapon! how dost thou bewitch
       Great, but base minds, and spott'st with leprous itch,
  That never are in thought, nor evercan be rich!
  Upon his belt (fasten'd with leather ~aces)
     Black boxes hung, sheaths of his paper-swords,
  Fill'd up with writs, subprenas, trial-cases;
     This trespas's'd hini in cattle, that in words:
       Fit his device, and well his shield,
       A salamander drawn in lively frame:
 Hii word was this, ' f Ii e, I breathe, I feed on flame.'
 Next after him march·d. proud Dichostasis*,
    That wont bllt in the factiolls (JOurt to dwell;
 But now to shepherd-swains close linked is ;
    And taught t hem (fools !) to change their humble cell,
       And lowly weeds, for courts, and purple gay,
       To sit aloft, and states and princes sway:
 A hook, no sceptre needs our erring sheep to stay.
                               LXII.       .
                                                                    I   I
 A mitre trebly crown'd th' impostor wore;
    For Hp.av'll~ E'll'th, Hell, he claims with lofty pride l
}Il ot in his lips, but hands, two keys he bOl'e,
    JIeav'n's doors and Hell's to shut, and open wide:
                    .. Sedition. or Schism.

                     .   ', -
                                                                                .   ....
                                                   Digitized by   Google
                        1.10          ~'PmtPLB ISLAIJI).
                               But late hi$key. aa.e marr'''' «,br. . . . .ite :
                             . F_ HeR he cannot.abut, IImt ,.,.aa       Jipt .;
                         Nor Yea'l"""'. ope, b.ut.sbat ; . . bUfJl, huts. br tJiPt.
                         Ie Two beads, ofttluee, !he ill cinerlaed, ~ad,

                            Nor with the:bodty,. nOl' .aelD.llelw.esapei-s" !
                       . What this COIMlIlldeti, 1Ili IlI1aer atWIl fmW;
                            As MiII"eueat in !tille, :as satIl~ belac !
                               The~·,to.JIlMth, ..d . . . . . . . .e,
                               W_lik.e • .dem.~ dfaIer..-.;
                         Endeavouritg tteq»lease .bath parJiin, ~ 'IIIIIN-
                        As when the pow'riul wUMl and ;ad~'~
                         Strivewhich·sheuld.mest CQDUllandtke lIuqject . . . .
                        The scornful ~av,es 8weUing·witA aD&Typride
                         Yielding to Ileither, aU thei.r force .diadam:
                            Mean time the sllaking veael.doubtt:ul p!ar~~
                            And on the stagg'rmg hillow tl'~lUlt;,.J."
                        And 'll\8\1rld olle, them both, ~qt neither she O~.8.
        •               A subtil C1'aftmatl.u:a.m~il hi.. 8f1eRlly I¥'AB8,
                          Forg'd in the shop ofw~gling Sqpbistry;
                        And wrought with curious,arts, andqhty.charms,
               ..         TeBtper~d Jrith l~and false p~pl:ty :
                             MillieDS oj ,heedlell. seuls dUlS thad .~8Iaia.
                             His sev'jl..Wd taliie.a field..of plea 4id ,Iltain •
                        Ia which._u.wQlldJi:he.w,r.~: bis wtWi, 'Di\'.ide,and~!
.....                   Envy the Bext, Envy JRth$quinted eyes; ,
                         Siek9f .. Mr8Dge tiiBease, hi" Belgb"ur',s lIea1tb ;
                        Best lives he then, w.bell auf l»etter dies ;
                         Is oenr 'P""hlWJn .uotw's ..~ ~

            "'!r • •
                                                                    Digitized by   Google
                                                                                            --   ~.,
                                                                                        •         •

                     TH:E pURPLE              I~LAN));                                '111
         On best ....It. . . . . . . .d· peis1he feeds his AD j
         laM   1IiI.,..
                     maw dOth eat na ~ wilt:
     ID'must 6e ~f' lie,. WheN diet • • iIL
     Bacb eyethrougb cDftnopticsslil1_ftIto
       Wbi_ Itotbbiesip4 and _jeet'••IfW, i
     So greaW 'fittaeas' II moat a.ppelIl"~
       And .......11 ill. . to JIlO1tDtJU. JDIIlti.pty      r

         When ...u~IIlUBt, yet f_tly, tho ae pra.iMrJ;
         Somewbat the .reed, IIIiueb m. . ~ meaas ke raises :
     S. • .,reta",.tbe:maketr, aaJ: prdJa.g, IIOStu.praieelr.
     Upon bis shield that enel berd-~_m plafd,.
       Fit instl'1lllMot ., JUDo'S jealou epite ;
     His bundred eo," &teoci fixed oa the Maid ; .
        He pip'd, she Bigh'd ~ his w.~ , BeI'Dy, _, llig't..
           His missile weapw waa a lying toD~,
          Which be fa:r oft" like swiftest ~bt.ill8' lug':
     'r.... an tit, world. witk noise, arad _l.tu~ rag:
     Last of this rout the linage Phooos* weDt,
      Whom his dire mothernurs'd with 1111Mb w.ed ;
     And when mere ~ and streagth IJleftfte,ceIIe5& le~
      She taught in a dark and desert 1MDd                                                    •
         With force and guile poor passeage'n _ slay,
         And on their flesh his barking stodlacll .tay,
     And with t~eir wretched blood his fiery tbirR allay..
     So when the never settled· Scythian
       ReDMtves his dwelling in an empty WIlli. :
     'When DOW the SUD hath haifhisjoumtly ,.dD,
        Uis:b..~ ,.e hloe•• aDd pricks a tremWia-g "feio :
                                  II' J,flll'der.

--                                                  _....-..-..

                                                                  ........... JO!IU

                                                                   Digitized by

lIt            THE PURPLE ISLAND
   So from the wound quenches his thirsty ~at ~
   Yet worse, this fiend makes .his own ftesh hi. Bleae~
Monster! the rav'nous bear, his kind will never eat•.
                          . LXXI.
ten thousand furies on his steps ,awaited.
  Some sear'd his harden'd soul with Stygian brand ~
Some with black terrors his fliint conscience baited,
  That wide he star'd, and starched hair did stand:
    The first bom man still in his mind he bore, .
    FquUy array'd in guiltless brother's gore, . ~. '
Which for revenge to Heav'n, from Earth did loudly roar•
                        . LXXII.
His arms offensive all, to spill, ·notspare;
  Swords, pistols, poisons, instruments of Hell ; .
A shield he wore (not tbat the wretch did care
  To save his Hesh, oft he himselfwonldqueU)
    For shew, not use: on it a viper swilling
    The"·dam's split gore; his empty bowels tilling
With Hesh tha~gave him life; .his word, C I live by kiUiD,.'
And last, his brutish sons, Acrates sent,
 Whom Caro bore both in one birth and bed,
Methos. the first, whose paunch his feet out.went,
  As ifit usher'd his unsettled head:
    His I!!oul quite souced lay ill· grapy blood;
    In all his parts the idle drops~ stood·;
Which, tho' alreadydrown'd, still thirsted for the Hood.
This thing, nor man, nor beast; turns all his weaith .
  In drink; his days, his years, in liquor drenching:
So quaiD he sickness down, by quaffing health ;
  Firing his cheeks with quenching; strangely q1lenchiR.i
                        '" Drllnken.ess.

                                               Digitized by   Google

                  Httt'eyetwitfi firirig ; dull and faint thEiy ioU'd :
               ; 'Bitt, nimt;l~ lips, known things and Ilid unfold;
           BelCMi\gs, eft sips', large spits paint the lOng tale he told.
           .                           ·tXXV.
           His armour green migbi seem a fruitful vine· ;
             The clusters' prison'd in the close s~t leaves,
           Yet oft between the bloody grape did shine;       ,
             And peepmg forth, hi~ j'ailot~s spite deceives :
               . Among' the boughs did swilling Bacchus ride,
                Whom wild gtOWD Mrenads bote, and ev'ry stride,
           Bacche; 1& Bacche, loud with'madding voice they cry'd.
                                        Lxxv1. '
           On's shield, the goatish satyrs dance arout!d,
             (Their heads much lig~ter than their nimble heels)
           Silenus old, in wine (as ever) drown'd,
             C\os'd with the ring, in midst (though'sitting) reels:
                Under his arm a bag-pipe swoll'n he held,
                (Yet Wine-swoll'n cheeks the windy bag outswell'd)
           eo loudly pipes: his word, 'Bilt full, no mirth ~ yield.'
           Insatiate sink, how witli so general stain
             Thy loathed puddles, court, town, fieldi entice!
           Ay me ! the' shepherd's s~lves thee entertain,
             And to thy Cu~tian gulph do sacrifice:
               All drink to spew, and spew again to drink.
             , Sour swill-tub sin, ~f the rest the sink,
           How can'st thou thus beWitch with thy abhorred stink?
           The, eye thou wrong'st witli vomit's reeking streams,
             The ear With belching; touch thou drown'st in wine;
           The ta,ste thou 'surfeit'st ; smell with spewmg steams
             Thou wound~st: foh! thou loathsome puttid swine ;
                                   ,        Q

........                                                   ft"- ,    ~.oIIttt • •

                                                                    Digitized by
11£             .                 ..
                 THE PURPLE ISLAND.
                    '        '

     Still thou increase!lt thirst, when thirst thou slakesf ;
     'fhe mind and will thou (wit's bane),captive takest;
Se:oseless thy hoggish filth, and sense thou senselea. D18keS••
                          . LXXIX.
Thy fellow sins. and all the rest of vices,
  With seeming good, are fairly cloth'd to sight;
Their feigned sw~ts, the blear-ey'd will entice~
  Coz'aing the dazzled sense with borro,,'d light ~
     Thee, neither true, nor yet false good commencll i
     Profit, nor pleasure on thy steps attends :
"C?lly.ltegins thy sin, which still with madness enda.
                            LXXX.            .
With Methos, Gluttony, "his guttling brothery
  Twin parallels, drawn Trom the self-same line i
So foully like was either to the other,
  And both most like:a monstrous belly'd swine:.
    His life was eithe~ a continued feast,
    Whose surfeits upon surfeits him oppress'd ;
Or heavy sleep, that helps so great a load digest.
Mean timehis soul,  weigh'd down with muddy chains.
  Can neither work, nor move in captive bands ~
But dull'd in vap'rous fogs, all careless reigns,
  Or rather serves strong appetite's commands:
    That when he nowwas gorg'd withcramm'd down store••
    And porter \yanting room had ~hut 'the door, '
The glutton sigh'd, that he could gormandize no more"
;His crane-like neck was all unlac'd; his breast,
   And gouty limbs, like to a circle, round, '
.fu broad as long; and for his spear in rest                            "
   Oft with :bia .tafi'he beats the yielding . rround ;

                         -"            '---...   ~i9itiZ~d by Goog Ie
                                                       -.IIIIIQ~ 4"
                    - -~~ --.......--..----.---------... .•....- ......---

                       THE PURPLE          ISLAND.                   liS
           Wherewith his hands did heJp bis feet to bear,
           Else could they in so huge a burthen steer:
      lIis clothes were all ofleaves, no armour could he wear.
       Only a target light, upon his arm
         He careless bore, on which old Gry11 wasdrawo,
       TraRsform'd into a hog with c~nning charm ;
      • In head, and paunch, and soul itself a brawn
           Half drown'd within; without, yet still did hunt
           ~n his deep trough for swill, as he was wont:
      Cas'd all in loathsome mire, : no word; Gryll could but grunt.
                -              LXXXIV.
      Him serv'd Iweet seeming lusts, self pleasing lies;
        But bitter death flow'd from tbose sweets ofsin ';
      And at tbe rear of tbese in sec~et guise
        Crept Thievery, and Detraction, near akin,
          No twins more like: they seem'd almost the lame ~
          O~e stole the g,ods, the other the good name :   '
      The latter livea in scorn, the former dies in shame.                      •
      Their bOOD companions in their jovial feasting
        Were new-shap'd oatbs, and damning perjuries;
      Their cates, fit for ,their taste, profanest jesting;
        Sauc'd with the salt of Hell, dire blasphemies.
           But till th' ambitious Sun, yet still aspiring,
           Allay. his flaming gold with gentler firing,
      W e'111'8Bt OUl' weary Bong, to thaUhiek rrove retirior_

--.                                                           •Goog
                                                      Digilized'bY         Ie
        HO.            .,liE PURPLE ISI4Np.
                                      CANTO     VIII.
        THE sun began to slack. his b~rided bow,
            And more obliquel!, dart hili milder ray;
        When cooler airs gently"gan to blow"              '
          An~ fan tbe fie.ds, parch'd with the scorching day:
             The shepherds t~ tlJ.eir wonted seats repair; ,
            Thirs;l, refr,esb'd with this soft breathing air,
        ,1~us 'gan ren~w his task, and broken song repair.
        What watchflJ.I care'must fence that weary state,
          Which deadly foes begirt w~th oruel sjege ;
        And frailest wall of glaSs, and trait'rous gate
          Strive whicJt should first yield up their woeful Jiege ?
         iBy ~pemfelJ a"sail~~, l>y friends betray'd ;
            Wh.eJl p~hers p~t, 4im!!elf refuses aid :
•       By weake~ess' I;lc,r his strength is foil'd and overlay'd:
    o   How comes it ,~f!ll, that ~ so near decay
          We deadly sleep in deep security,
        When every 4qur is ready to betray
          Our live~ tt:! that still watching enemy?
            W ake the~, thy ~oul, ,that deadly slumbereth ;
            For wh~n thy fQe hath, seiz'd thy ~aptive breath,
        Too la~ to wish life, too late to wjsh for death.
                                  ,      IV.
        Caro the vanguard with the Dragon led,
          Cosmos* the battle guides, with loud alarms;
        Cosmos the first son to the Dragon red,
          :Shining in seeming gold and glitt'ring arms; ,
                            1\&   The world or MammOD.
If~'    41

                              THE PURPLE ISLAND.
                  W,ell ~"t ,he(jee,rp a ~trong and g.entle knight"
                 As 46'~ ~46SiS Cya,d ste461 and an,,,,ur
             But was rep4646an£ b.a46"" a f46!lI" Yals46              spri.JJlt.
             ,Sind 'is        st""h W46l'e    a",ns j 46ppeedng
                Bright burnisl,.'d gold" inde~d bas" "lchylllY
              Dim beetle eyes,and greedy worldlin,gs blearing;
                Hie shidd wa~ dres]'d                 esd
                   Where m~n-lik~ apes a g.low-worm·.conldass.round"
                   GbdthaY in wintry night they fire had found:
              Bued thz'd            bl"w: the w<>rd, l.\'li,s,akt, the
             Mitt"ke points ~U his,lart" ; his sun shines brighft,
                (Mistnken), Kight aphnar, nad lightHiQg pronn :
       .-    His clouds (Ipistopk) se~m JightniJlgs~ turn'd to light;
               Hin lOTi,' true hUEA'ed is,                .
                  His shop" apedlpn'sp,,"k Hf apinh fanhioR:l ;
                  His honours, pJea.sures, joys, are all vexation : "                  •
             hIis "7eagR:l",         CiH"e,     surf"its" WOR:l'dU"'WUH?YIIIII.
             His lib'ral favours,complimental arts;
                    bihh advanf,*'ments,                    StY'chitS
             His smiling gla~ces, death's most plcllsing ~arts ;
              And (whaT, he vaunte;;) his gifts arc gilded baits :
                  $nd,y"d            is,    all app"ar"
                 Hapless earth's happy fools, that know no *ears !
              WllO b"tbcf in wR:lrldly joy" s"S"Sim"S in a world Orrears.

             Pure Essence! who hast made 0. ~tone descry
               'hIYR:lixy natm:e's Ilid, Rind "heds. thy"Y mntRiI'. l?ridRi
             Th"t daw.'Y          k gfhld's high e;;ov'e;;dgnty ;
               Ah, leave some tou<:h~toDe en'mg eyes tQ guide,

           tli             THE PURPLE ISLAND.
               And judge dissemblance! see by what deTiees'.
               Sin with fair gloss our mole-ey~d sight entices,
           That vices virtues seem to most; and virtues viee..
          Strip thou their meretrioious seemliness,
            And unfold glitt'ring, bare to ev'ry light,.
          "hat we may loath their inwa.rd ugliness;
            Or else un cloud the soul, whose shady light
            . Adds a fair lustre to false earthly bliss :
              Thine and their beauty differs but in this ;
          theirs what it is not, seems; thine seems Bot what it is.
          Next to the captain, coward * Deilol far'd
            Him right before he as his shield projected,
          And following troops to back him as his guard ;
            Yet botb his shield and guard '(faint heart) suspeeted:
              And sending often back his doubtful eye,
      •       By fearing, taught unthought-of treachery ;
          ~o made him enemies, by fearing enmity.
           Still did he look for some ensuing cross,
              FePring such hap as never man befel :         ",r
          llomean he knows,- but dreads each little 10S8
              (With tyranny of fear distraught) as Hell.
                His sense, be dare not trust (nor ~yes, nor ears) ;
             , And when no other cause of fright appears,
          ·Bimself he mucb suspects, aud fears his causeless fea......
l.,                                   XII.
          Harness'd witb massy steel, for fence not fight:;
            His sword unseemly long he ready drew :
          At sudden shine of his own armour bright,
            He started oft, aad star'd with ghastly hue;
                                   • FearfulDII5IIo

                                                      --- -   Di9it;zedb~GOOSle
                                                                                     -   *

                       T.HE PURPLE              IS~D.                         J.1•
          His shrieks at ey'ry danger that appears;
          Shaming the bight-like arms he goodly bears':
     Ilia word: ' Safer, that all, than he that nothing fear."
     W.ith him went Doubt, stagg'ring with steps uosure.-
       That every way, and neither way inclin'd ;
     And fond Distrust, whom nothing could secure ;
       Suspicion lean, as if he neyer din'd :
          He keeps intelligence by thousand spies ;
          Argus to him bequeath'd his hundred eyes :
     -So waldug, still he sleeps, and sleeping, wakefulli. .
    , Fond Deilos all ;     Tolmetesllinothing fears ;
         Just fright. he laughs, all t_errors oounteth base;
      And when of danger or sad news he hears,
         He meets the thund'ring fortune face to face :
            Yet oft in words he spends his boist'rous threat;
            1'bat his hot blood driY'n from the native seat,
      Leaves his faint coward heart empty of lively heat. t
      .Himself (weak help t) was all his confidence;
         He scorns low ebbs, but swims in highest rises:
       ;His limbs with aI'JIlS or Bhield he would not fence"
          Such coward fashion (fool !) he much despises:
            Ev'n for his siagle sword the world seems scant;
            For hundred worlds his oonqu'ring arm could daunt ;
      ,Much would he boldly do.; but, -much mote boldly vaunt.

       • Oyerboldae• ., or fool-hardillest.
       t The philosopber rirbtlr ealls sud!. ~JAws EthiC!. 3. cal'- If. uot Olaf,
     tiol-bartl, but fai~t-haldl'

                                                                          • Ie
                                                               Digitized by
                    ''lHE P'URP.l.tE' iSLAND.
With hint went self-admiring Arrogance;
 ,And· Btag;lris· deeds without It helper praising;
Blind Carelessness before would lead the dance; .
  Fear stole bebiad, those vaunts in balance paising~
    Which far. their deeds ontweigb'd ; th.eir 'fiolencre,
    'Fore da!lger spent with la:vish CliiB.llence;
Was none, or weak, in time of greatest exi~eJiCe•.
 As when a fiery courser ready bent,
    Puts forth himself as irst with swiftest pace ;
. Till with too sudden 6ash hm' spirit spent,
    Already fails now in the middle race:
       His hanging.crest far from his wonted. pride,
       No longer now obeys his angry guide;
  Rivers of sweat and blood 60w from his go!ed side.
Thus. ran the .rash Tolmetes, never viewing .
  The fearf1,l1 fiends that duly him attended;
Destr\lction close his steps in. post pursuing ;
  And certain ruin's heavy weights depended
     Over his cursed head; aud smooth-fac'd Guile,
     That with him oft w~uld loosely play and smile;
Till in his 'snare h~ lock'd bis f~et with treach'rous wile.
Next march'd Asotus*~ careless, spending, swain;
 Who with a fork. went spreadi~g a'll around
What his old sire with sweating toil and pain,
 Long time was raking from his raked ground:
   In giving he observ'd nor form nor matter,
   But best reward he got, that best could 6attert.
Thus what he thought to give, he did riot give, but scatter~
         11<   Prodirnlity•            t   Ariit. Eth. 4.


     •                                      ~ ~igitized by Goog-re-

                            THE    PURP~E~SLAND.                                 121
           -nefore array'd in ,sumptuous bravery,
              Deck'dcourt-like in the choice and newost guile; .
           But all behind like drudgingsiavery,
              With ragged patches, rent, and bared thighs,
                His shameiul parts, .that shuD the hated light,
                Were naked left; (&h, foul indecent sight! )
           Yet neither could he ~ee, nor feel his wretched plight.
                                         XXI.                   '
           His shield presents to life, death's latest rites,
      •       A sad bla.ek ,hearse borne up With sable swains;
           Which many iclle grooms with ~llndred lights
             (Tapers, .1~ps', tOl'ch~s) usher through the plains
                T.o enclless darkness; whllethe Sun'$ b~ight brow,
                With fiery beams, quenqhes their ~lDoking tow,
           A,ud .waste~ their icll~ cost;Jhe wo~d,c '!'lot
                                                         need, but show.'
                                     , .XXII.                       '       i'

           A vagrant rout .(~,sboal oftattling daws)
             Strew him, with vain spent pray'rs and ,idle lays;, '
           And Flatt'ry to his sin close curtains draws, , .
             Clawing his itching. ear with tickling p~ailile.
               Behind fond Pity much his fall lamented.
               And Misery that former waste repented :
           The usurer for his goods, jail for his bone. indented.
                                       XXIII ..
            His steward was his kinsman,· Vain E.x.pence,
          , Who proudly strove in ~atters light, to shew
           , Heroic mind in braggart affiu~nce ;        ,"
               So lost his treasure, getting nought in lieu,
                  But ostentation of a foolish pride,
                  While women fond, and boys 'stood gaping wid~ ;
             Jlut wise D;len all his waste, and needless cost d.eride.

                                                             Digitized by   Go'osIe
  Next Pleonectes* w~nt, IDs g()Ul~dmiring,
    His senant's drudge, sllive'to:hi,:baSest sla~e ;
  Never enough, and stilr too much' desinitg :
    His gold hi. go'd, yet in an' iron grave
      Hiinself' proteets his god from noisotne rusting;
      Mu~h 'fears to keep, much mote to' loose his lusting;
  Hioisel£ and golden god, and~very ol}e mistruliting•.
  Age on his hairs the winter sriow bad sprMd ;
    That silver badge his near erul'plamly proves:
  Yet as to earth he nearer bows his headt,
    So lo-yes it more ; for ' Like his like IItilll()Tes'.
      'Deep from the ground he digs his slteetest gain,
      A.d deep into the earth digs'backwith pain:
, From Hell his gold he' brings, 'aad boards in Hell apin.
                            XxVI.                .
  His clothes all patCh'd with'inoretlian honest thrift;
    And cloute~ 8bo~s werenaird for fear of wasting':
  Fasting he piais'd, but Sparing was his drift ;
    .And when be eats, his food is worse than fasting;
       Thus starves in store, thus doth in plenty pine;
      And wallowing'on'his god, his heap afmine,
  He feed~·bi~·(Q.Ih(sh'd souhvith that deceiving shine.
                   .        .XXVII.
  0, hungry'metal! false deceitful ray,
    Welllaid'st thou dark, press'd in th'earth's hidde~ womb;
  Yet tbroug~ our mother's entrails cutting way,
    We drag'tby buried CQrse from h~llish tomb:
      The ~erchant from his wife and home departs,
      Nor at the the' swelling ocean ever starts;
  While death and life Ii wall o( thin pJanks only parts~
                                           t Ari8t~ Ethic.
                             1;~ ~U~~.i l$~~.                                     l~
      Who waa it first; .a,.~t (I;o}l1 thJ d,eepe~t ceUt
       With 80 mW'b.-cost)y t9U and painful sweat,
      Durst rob thy p~Qe bo.~d' ¥1t to Bell ?
       Well may'st thq", C9~,e from ~t infem~ seat;
         Thou aV, ~, ~q,rl4 .ith heJl-black de~ps doat-ftll,
         Fond DJeJl, tha~ ",~t~ such pu,n 4.0 woo your ill !
      !i~ ~ sen4 fQr gri~, for lie is, n~xt us 'still.
      Hit arms w~e. ~t and ~e~p, u made, to save
          His purse, not limbs; the money, not the m~ :
       llather ,be dies, thQ spends: his' ~lDletbrave,
          An old brass pot; bmL8t-pla~. It dripping-pan:
          . Ws s~ear a spit, a pot-lid ~r0B:d his shield, ' ,
           • Wh08~ ~~ky plain a cllalk'd Imprese* fill'd ;
       Abq,slU,"~I~;d ~ hiswoM,' Machbette~sav'dthanspill'd.·
     ,                              XXX.'
       By Pleon~, shalnel~s: Sparing we~t,
          Wbo whin~ and wet:!ps to beg b. longer day ;
       Yet with a thund'ring v,oice claims tardy tent ~
         Quick to recein, but hard and slow to pay:
            Jlis car~'s to lessf'n cost with cUDning base;
            But when btl's forctd befond his bounded space;
      ,Loud wouJd ~~ cry aQd howl, while othen laugh apace.
                   I                        XXXI.
     Lollg after went PPsll.l~st, we~est heart ;
        Able to sene, and able to command; .
     lIut thought himself uD~t for either part ;
        ADd now full loth. amidst the warlike band;
          Was hither drad hy f~rce from quiet cell :
          Lonen-:sshis Heav'D" and bus'Dess was his Bell.
     • .l w_ ~tl1lsU'ul heart is virtue's. aguish spell.'
       II<   It. ia lUI _blem Or devlee,   w~ a   motto.   f Feeble-miwledlletS.

3..... I;:,~ .!}Btl,J!'! ::F~";lrtt;;;-~;;;:':---::                              '- ..~ ...~
                                                                  Digitized by   Google
--4_. .", , ,;-.;_ . '". . . . . . __. . .
                        -~_                 I.r..- '•••_._."41!1,......_
                                               ,                                  ;
                                                                           .....______ .___ ~..

                                         'iHE lJiURP.LE ISS,ANTl;
                        His goodly arms, eaten with shameful dust,
                          Bewn,y'd           ma23t23r's         artilizK want
                        Such was his mind, tainted wiildSIe must,
                          His soodly gifts with little use aTmsing .
                                    his 231,ierd 2323L,S      tha( t,oble ,,,~,,,ifta
                            That loth to change hil'llove and quiet reign,
                            gb23i,.,us ,23"Ji-lik" ,I"eds, ,lid            m"dness fdp.
                                                   XXXIII ..
                        d'inely     ~o23h,~,an dk';z.m~d   toil23Z-me plm.'&g'h
                           Drawn wIth an ox at'ld ass, unequal pair;
                        While he with busy hand his salt did sow,
                           And the dm'ili'ow'23 23nd,      deaz'a23t heEJi
                             Did helpless lie; and Greek lords watchitlg, stilI
                           , ObJi&:rv'd              guid"d wdb             '\fill
                        About was wrote, 'Who nothing doth, doth nothing' ill.'
                        By him went Idleness, his loved friend,
                          And Shame with both;. with all, ragg'd Poverty'
                        Xabind ,mre P,misbm,,,,t did dose
                         Waiting awhile fit opportunity;
                                                    af h,mJiS mi23l',ant i&.z aMn,
                            And graces lent without returning guin,
                        Xnur'd    his zK'-Rilty. enrse lei" grieb, and bdplese daiN.
                        Xhis dell cold r"rth ,·,ith standing water froze;
                          dt ea23e he        c,kia pret23ece   ,-,ase
                        His soullikeAhaz' dial, while it goes
                          Not                     back'?eard     degre23!l :
                             In's couch he's pliant wax for fiends to seal j
                             He &mver            but ia bis      or rrk,,.,al :
                        He;'d rather steal than work, and beg than strive to steal.
                                                  • UI,."Jis.

  ~..   ,

            W_)~   wier t &'   I
·ow   "'¥   • • ' ........ -

                                       THE PURPLE It;LAND.
 AD opposite, though he his brother were,
   Was ClJaunus                            *,
                       that too high himselfesteem'd:
 All thiogs he undertook, nor could he fear
   His power too weak, or boastad strength misdeemfd;
      With his own praise, like windy bladder blown :
      His eyes too little, or too much his own;
 For known' to all men weak, was to himself unknownt.
 Fondly hilDseltwith praising he disprais'd,
   Vaunting his deeds and worth with idle breath;
 10 raz'd himself, what he himself had rais'd '
   On's shield a boy threatens high Phrebus' death,
     ~ing his arrows at his purest light:
      But soon the thin reed, fil"d with lightning bright.
 Fell idlj 00 the strand: hill word, 'Y~ high, and right.'
  Next brave Philotimust in post did ride:
    Like rising ladders was his climbing mind;
  £lis high~flown' thoughts had wings of courtly prid~
    Which by foul rise to greatest beight inclin:d ;
       His heart aspiring sweWd until it burst:
       But when. he gain'd the top, with spite accurst,
  ~own would he fling the steps by whicp he clamhered fil'St.
      lIis head's a shop furnish'd with looms of state :
         His brain's the weaver, thoughts are shuttles light,
      With which in spite ofH~av'n he weaves his fate ;
         Honour his web: . thus works h~ day and night,
            Tiil Fate cuts otrhis thread; so heapetb. sins
            And plagues, nor once enjoys the place he wins;
      But where his old race ends, there his new race begins. -
      • Arroganey.                    t Theuropnt are anN stupid. Ariat. Elb. 4.   : .~mbition.

             '- ..... ;.'      .. "         .   ~   .....
                                                                              Digitized by   Google
                                                                            ,     ,
                                                                            ~ \,..,

                     THE PU'RPLB tSLllND.,
      Ah, silly ftlan, who dream'st that honVW! stands '
        In ruling others, not thyself !-thy slaves
      Se"e tIlee,' and thOli thy slaves :-iu iron bandit
        Thy servil~ spirit prest with wild passions' raves.
          Wouldillt tMu live honour'd', clip ambitiOlis.wit:tg;
          To reason"s yoke thy furious pallsionl'bring.
      , Thrice noble'i. the man, who of himself is king!
     Upon his shield was fram'd that vent'roualad,
       That durst assay the Sun1s bright fta~ing team ;
     Spite ofbis feeble hands, the bones mad
       Fling down on burning Earth tbe scorehing beam;, ,
         So made theftame5n which himselfwllB fir'd j' 41
         The ,torld the bonfire was, wbere be expir'd:
     His ~otto written thus, , Yet bad what b" desir'd!
      But Atimus*, a careless, idle swain,
        l'ho' Glory otTer'd bim her Itweet embrace,
      And fair OccasiolT'I with li1de paiD
        Re,ach1d,him herivory baad ~ bttt (lolrel base !)
           Rather his way, and her fair self declin'd;
    .      Well did he- thence prove his degent'oult mind:
      Base were his ~esty t8ollghts; base was hiS' dunghill kind ..
     And now by force dragg'd from the monkisb cell,
       Where teeth he oBly us'd t nor hands, nor brains,
     But in smooth streams, swam down tbro; ease to HeD ;
       His work to eat, drink, ,sleep, and purge bis reins.
           He left bis beart behind bim with his feast:
       '.. His target with a fiying dart was d~ess'd,
     Posting unto his mark; the word, 'I move to rest!
                            "', Baseness of miDi.

'-.- ,. -,-or-.
                                                    Digitized by   Google
r   aeg


                                       THE PURPLE 'ISLAND.                   ·lt1

           Next ~olu*, all his words with sugar spices ;
             His :&ervile tongue, base slave to greatness' naule,
           Runs nimble' descant on the plainest vices;
             ,He ~ts his tODgue to'sin, takes rent of shame;
             , He_p'ring lies, porter to th' ear ~esides;
               Like:ladiaa applel which with painted sides,
          'M'Ore ~erous within its lurking poisoB hides.
              S~Echo, .~ the voice her. voice conforming,
               From·hollow breaat for one will two repay;
              So like the rock it bolds, itself transforming,
                That subtle fish huats for her headless prey:
                  1S0 cnfty fowlers with their fair deceits
                   Allure the hungry bird; so fisher waits,
              To bait himself with fish,' his hook and fish with baitl.
              )Iis art is but to hide, net heal a sore;
                 To nou.rish pride; to strancle conscience ;
               To ~n the rich his own dry pits to Ijtore;
                 To spoil the precious sO)J.I, to please vile sense :
                   A carrion-crow he is, a gaping grave,
                   The rich CD,at'smoth, tbe court's bane, trencher's slave,
              Sin'. and bell's winning bawd, the Devil's fact'ringknave.
              A mist he casts before bis patron's sigbt,
                  That blackest vices never once appear;

     ,    .   ,But greater than it is seems 'rirtu.e's light;
                 His lord's dispIeaaure is his only fear : .
                   His clawing lies, tickling the lenses fr:iil
                   To death, make open way where force would fail.
               - ~s.s burtstbe lion'i 'paw, tban fox's softest ~il~'
                                             '" Flattery.

                     ,. ~   ."    ~

                                                            '-Digitized by   Google
..6       24      S3a                a          a        Ct   &        It CIt   t •


            128             'rHE PURPLE              ISLAN~.
            His arms with hundred tongue~ were powder'd gay,
              (The mint ('flies) gilt, fil'd, the sense to piease;
            His sword which in his mouth close sheathed lay,
              Sharper than death, and fram'd to kill with ease.
                 Ah, cursed weapon, life with pleasure spilling!
                 The Sardoin herb, with many bPaDches filling
            His shield, was his device: the w~rd, ' I please in killing.'
                                            LXIX.                 '.      A

             Base slave! how craw1'st thou from thy dunghill nelt,
               Where thou wast hatch'd by shame and b~ggary,
             And perchest in the learn'd and noble breast?·: .
               N pbles of thee their courtship learn; of thee'
                  Arts learn new art their learning to adorn :   •
                  .(Ah, wretched minds!) he is not nobly ·born,
             NO, J~.arntd, that doth not thy ignoble learning soorn.
             Close to him Pleasing went,' with painted taee,
               AudHonour by some hidden cunning made ;' 'J
             Not Honour's self, but Honour's semblanee base, '.
               For soon it vanish'd like an empty shade:
                  Behind, his parents duly him attend;
                . With them he forced is his age to spend;
          .. Sh~me his beginniBg was, and shame must be his end: •
                                             LI.                                      .
            Next follow'd Dyscolus*, a froward wight;
              His lips all swoll'n, and eye-brows ever bent;
            With sooty locks, swart looks,~nd scowling sight;
              His face a tell-tale to his foul io.tent :
                He nothing lik'd, or prais'd; but reprehended
                What every ODe beside himself commended.
            ~ Humoursoftonguesimposthum'd, purg'd with shame,·.-re
                   meIUled.'                                  .
                                   . >I'   Moroseness,

      --._ .....                                              Digitized by      GoogIe
                   .      THE ·PURPLE                 I$~D~'

       Bis mouth a poia'Bous quiver, where he'hi~ ,
         Sharp veBom'd arrows, which his bitter, 'tongue,
       'With squibs, carps; jests, unto their objects guides ;.
         Nor fears he gods on 'Earth, or Heav'n to wron!: '
           Upon his shield was fairly drawn to sight, ' ,
           A raging dog foaming out wrath and spite:
       The word to his device, C Impartial all I bite.'
      Geloios* next ensu'd, a merry Greek,
  •     Whose life wlls laughter vain, and mirth misplac'd; . ,
      His speeches broad, 'to sh8Jlle the,modest cheek;
        Ne car',d he whom"or when, or how disgrac'd ;
           Saltt, .round about he flUng upon the sand;
           If in his way his ftiend or father stand; ,
      His father and his friend he spreads with careless band..
       His foul jests, steep'd and dro~n'din'laughtel\vain'
         And rotten speech,' (ah !), was not mirth, butmadnesa;
       His armour crackling thorns all flaming stain
         With golden tires (emblem, of foppish gladness) :
        , Upon his shield two laughing fools you see,
          ,(In numberhe~e third, first in deg'l'ee)
      At which himself would' laugh, anet fleer,:, his word, ,C . We
                                   LV,.                     [three.'
      And after Agriol t, a sullen sWJlin;          ,
         All mirth that in himself and others hated.;
      Dull, dead, and leaden, waS his cheerless. vein,
        His weary sense he never ,recr(mted,;,
      > And now he march'd as if he somewhat dream',,",;
           All honest joy, but madnel!lll be esieem'd;
      RefreshiJlg's idleness; hut sport)' he f~y deem'd.          '~
        '" Mad laugbter, Eccles. ii, 9., ' _ tWit.         : Rulticity, OJ: ~vapuless.
                                           S                  .

_. .,... ..______·..
         d~,                             _M ' _........_
                                          ...              ......'Oii.:.ii_.   __     -.,.
                                                                                Di;;zed by
              « q:;a ,    au     ,,;q   2,
--   Q

                               THE PURPLE ISLAND •.
                                                                       ..                        ~.
            In'. 1ll'DlI, hi. mind the workman fit express'.,
               Which all with quenched lampI, but smokiag yet
            ,And foully stinking, were full quaintly dress'd .
               To blind, not light the eyes, to choke, not heat :
                  Upon his shield a heap offenny mire,
                  In flags and turfs (with suns yet never drier)
            J>id smoth'';'ng lie, not bUl'n: his word, ' Smoke without
                               .           ·LVII.                    ~fire•.t
             Last Impudence, whose never-c~anging f'aee
                Knew but one colour; with some brass-brow'd'lie,                         •
            ,And laughing loud she drowns her just disgrace;
                About her all the fiends iB armies fly :
                  Her feather'd beaver sidelong coot'd, in guise
                  Of roaring boys ; set look, with fixed eyes
             Out-looks all shame-fac?d form~, all modesty defies,
             ,And as her thoughts, so arms all black a~ Hell,
                Her brazen shield two sable dogs adorn,
              Who each at other stare, and snarl, and swell :
                lJeneath the word was set, ' All change I scorn.'
                   Put if I all this rout in foul array
                   Should muster up, and place in battle 'ray,
              Too longyoufselves and locks my tedious song would stay ~
             The agf!d day grows d.iJB, and homeward calls :
                The setting Sun (man's state describing well)
              Falls whep. he 'rises, rises when he falls; .
                So we by falling ,",ose, by rising fell.
                   The gloomy cloud of night ' ginll softly creep,
                   ,AncJi).ll our world with sabletinctur~ steep:
              Jloma nOw ye shepherd-sw~; home now' Illy lC)v~
                      !Sheep,"       .                             .

     . .,--.._----"*--                                  Digitized by
                                                                       GooS Ie
                                                                                             -   -I
       ---0---   . - ~ _. _   ---. ~ ~_r.--   _   ~       "'__ . ..
                                                      . . _._,- .... _ _
                                  ,   .

                              THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                 '1st

                                          CANTO            IX.
Tl.I£   bridegroom Su, who late the earth espous'dj
     Leaves hill star-ohamber; early in the east
lIe shook' his sparkling looks, head lively roua'd,
  While Mom his couoh with blushing roses drest ;
     His shines the Earth soon latcht to gild. her dow't's :
     Phosphor his gold-fteec'd drove folds in their 00.'r81
Whioh all the night had graz'd about th' OIJlDpic tow're.
   ,                                              II.
The oheerful-lark, mounting from ear1y bed;
  With sweet salutes awakes the drowsy ,light ,
The Earth she left, and up to Heav'n is ded ;
  There ohants her Maker's praises out of sight.
    Earth seems a mole-hill, men but aDts to be j
    Teaching the proud, that soar to high degree,
The furthel' up they olimb, the less they seem and see..
The shepherds met, and Thomalin hegan ;
  Young Thomalin, whose notes and s\lver string
Silence the rising lark, and failing swan:
  " Come Thirsil, end thy lay, and oheerly sing;
     Hear'st how the larks give w~lcome to the day;
     Temp'ring their sweetest notes unto thy lay;
Up then, thou loved swain; why dost thou longer stay ?U
" Well sett'st thou, friend~ the lark before                          we eyes,
  Much easier to hear than imitate :
Her wings lift up her notes to lofty skies ;
  But me a leaden sleep, and earthly state,
18t            .                   ·
                .,..,£. PtJRPUI I$lAMR.
    :Down to the centre tie with captive string:
    Well might I folloW here her Dote and wing ;
Singing she lofty mounts: ali! mounting should I sing?
Oh, thou dt:ead KiDg of that heroi.c iaaDd!            " i
   Which by:tAy fOw~r ,beats baek these hellie1t 8~
RescuiDg ibis state from cleath &Dd bale C01Ilmand ;-"
   Tell me dread ,IUug'! what are ~ warlike bights ?
      Wt1at fOllCe? Rat _s ? whfft·1ies tht"ir strength's in.
      Ttlat fliIough 80 (ew iD ;amber, BeTer ceaae       [crease,.
'1'0 keep thitnieced towa, 'ga.iut numbers nu.berlus?
The first comlUllden in lihilhol, tl"aiu.
   Leaders to aU the ~est, an neieat pair;     J,       .

Long since s.ure tink'd" wecDodt's sweetest ebain';
    His name Spirito, she Urania fair:
      Fair had she iteea, and full of aea'V'Dly. grace,
      And he in youth a mightf warrior WH,
Botll ao.·more fair and strong, whioh pro.'dtheir beav'nly
His arm., witlllamiDg tongu~s all sparkled bright,
  Bright laming wugUe8, in diVel'S lectioU parted;,
His piercing sword, edg'd with their fiery light,
 -'Twixt bODeS and marrow, 10111 and spirit dilpartei*.
     Upon his .Weld was drawn a glorious DOlre, -
     'GailUlt whom .the pl'oud.est eagle darel not move;
Glitt'ring in beams: his word, , Conqu'ring by peace and
But she Amazon-like, in azure arms, _
 ~Uver'd with ltars, and gilt with sunny ray. :
                          '" aeb. i,.. IJl.

                                               Di9itize~ by GooS Ie
                        . THE PUlt.PLE ISLAND.                                  . 113
      Her Mighty Spowae in ftght, and fierce alarDls
       Attends, aBd ef).uaJ.s in these bloody frays;
          And on her shield a heav'nly globe (displayiBg
          The conltellations, lower bodies swaying,
      5way'd by the higher) she bore: her word, , I ruleoheJ~C" .
                       .           IX.
     .About them swat'm'd their fruitful progeny;
       A heav'nlyotfspring{)f a heav'nly bed:
      Well mought you in their looks his stoutness s~
       With her sweet graces lovely tempered.                                                •
          Fit youths they seem'd to play in Princes ball,
          (But, ah! long since they thence were banish'd" all)
      Or shine in glitt'ring arms, when need fierc:e war doth call.
      The first in order (nor in worth the. last)
         Is Knowledge, drawn from peace, and l\Iuse'sspring,
      Where shaded in fait· Sinai's groves, his taste
         He feapts with words, and works ofheav'nlyking-;
           But ROW to bloody field is fully bent:
           Yet still he seem'd to study as he went:
      tlls arms cut all in books; strong shield slight papers lent.
      His glitt'ring armonr shin'd like burning day,
        Garnish'd With golden suns and radiant flow'ra ;
      Which turn their bending heads to Phmbus' ray,
       And when he falls, shut up their leafy.bow'rs :
          Upon his shield the silver Moon did bead
          Her homed bow, ~nd round her arrow. spend:
      Hi, word in silver wrote, ' I borrow what I lend.'
                                      , XII.
      AU tbat he saw, all that he heard, were books,
       In which he read and learn'd his Maker's win                 ~
                               • Canto iv. Itl\Pza 8.

     .....                                      """""""'---. ,. -" -----'-"-~~- -----.~. ~
                                                                Digitized by   Google
           18'               THE PURPLE ISLAND.
          )fost on his word, yet much on Heav'n he looks,
            And thence admires with praise the workman's s~t.
               Close to him went still-musing Contemplation,
               That made good use of ills by m~tution ;
          So to him ill itself was good, by strange mutation: .
                                     . XIII.
          And Care*, who never from his sides would part,
            Of Knowledge oft the ways and means inquiriog,
          To practi!Mll what he learn'd ftom holy art;
    •       And oft with tears, and oft with sighs deSiring
              Aid from that Sov'reign Guide, whos~ ways 80 steep;
              Though fain he would, yet weak, he could not keep ~
          But when he could not go, yet forward would he creep.
          Next Tapinust, whese swe~ tho' lowly grace,
            All other higher than himself esteem'd;
        • He in himself priz' d things as mean and base,
          • 'Vhich yet in others great and glorious seem1d :
              All ill due debt, good undeserv'd he thought ;
              His heart a low-roof'd house, but sweetly wreught,
          Where Ged himself would dwell, though. he it dearly beugllt~
            .                                XV.                          '
          HonQur he shuns, yet is the way unto him;
           As hell, he hates advancement won with bribes;
          But public pla.ce and charge, are forc'd to woo him;
           He good to grace, ill to desett,ascribes :
              JIim (as his Lord) conteats a lowly room,.
              Whose first house was the blessed virgin's womb,
          The next a cratch, the third a cross, the fourth a tomb..
          So choicest drugs in meanest shrubs are found;
            So precious gold ~n deepest centre dwells;
            ··2 ('or vii. 11. Wl!at.careCuIQus, &e•


-----:---~         '--                                                /   .........
                                                      Digitized by   Google
               'I'UE PURPLE ISLAND.                              181

So sweetest vi'lets trail on lowly ground;
  So richest pearls lie clos'd in vilest shells :
    So lowest. dales we let at highest rates ;
    So creeping strawberries yield daintiest cates.
The Highest highly loves the low, the lofty hates.
~pon his shield was'dra\Yll that shepherd lad,
  Who with a sling threw down faint Israel's fears;
And"in his hand his spoils and trophies glad,
  The monster's sword and head, he bravely bears:
    PW" in his lovely face you might behold
    A blushing meekness met with courage bold:
, Little, not little worth,' was fairly wrote in gold•
                        . XVIII.
With him his kinsman both birth alld name,
  Obedience, ~ught by many bitter show'rs
In humble bonds his passions proud to tame,
  And low submit unto the higher pow'rs : ..
     But yet no servile yoke his forehead brands;
     For tied in such a holy service bands,
In this Obedience rules, and se~ng thus commandJ.
'By them went' Fido*, marshal of the field:
  Weak was his mother when she gave him day j
And he at first a sick and weakly child,
  As e'er with tears welcom'd the sunny ray:
     Yet when more years aft'ord more growth and might,
     A champion stout he was, and puissant knight,
 As ever came in 6eld, or shone in armour bright,
SO may we see Ii. little lionet,
   Wl1en newly wbelpt, a weak and te1lder thinr,
                            • Faitb.

                                           -     Digitized by   C"oogte

 18&           'THE PURPLE ISLAND~ ,

 Despis'd by n'ry beast; tallt waxen great,
  When fuller times, full strength and courage briDe ;
     The beasts all crouching low, their king adore,
     And dare not see what they contemn'd before:
 The trembling forest q.uakes at his atlHghted roar.
  lIountains he flings in seas with mighty hand;
     Stops and. turns back the Sun's impetuous course; .
  Nature breaks nature's laws at his command;
    No force of Hell or Heav'n withstands-his force:
       Events to com'e yet many ages hence,
       He present makes, by wondrous prescience ;
. Proving the senses. blind, by being blind to BenU.
His Iky-like arms, dy'd all in blue and white;
 And set with golden stars that flamed wide ;
His shield invisible to mortal sight,
 Yet he upon it easily descried
    The lively semblance of ~s dying L9rd,
    Whose bleeding side with. wicked steel was gor'd;
Which to his faintiag spirits new courage would afford~
Stnmge was the force of that enchanted shield,
  Which highest pow'ts to it. fromUeav'n impart:
VOl wbo co~ld"bear it well, and, rightly wield,
  It sav'd from sword, and spear, and poison'd dart ~
    Well might be slip, but yet not wbolly fall:
     No final·loss bis courage migbt appal;
Growing ml,)l'e sound by wound, !)od risil\g by his faIl.
So some haTe   reign~d
                   that Tellus? giant SOD,
   Drew manJ new-hom lives frOID ~ deaul JW)tiler ;.

                                               Digitized by   Google
               THE PURPLE ISLAND.                         . 181
Anc)ther rose lUI ~n liS ont! was don., -
  And twenty lost, ,etstill reawn'd aDother :
     For when be feU, and kiss'd thfJ It,.rten heath;
    His parent straight inspir'd successive breath ;
And t h t . herselfwlUl dead, yet nuem'd him ftom dedl.
With him his aatBe, went careful Aooe* ;
 Whose hands first from his IIRJther's womb- did take hiJD,
And ever sinee ha.e foster'd tenderly:
 tShe never might, she neVer would fonake him ;
    And he her lov'd again with mutual blind:
    For by her needful help he oft did stand,
When else he ioon would fail andfall in -the foe IDen'slwld.
With both, sweet Meditation ever~pac'd,
 His nurse's daughter, and his foster-sister;
Dear as his soul, he in his soul her plac'd,
 And oft embrac'd, and oft by stealth he kiss'd her:
    For she had taught him by her 8ilen~ talk
    To tread the safe; and dang'rous ways to balk ;-
And b~ght his God with him, him with his God to walk.
                            . XXVII.
Behind him Penitence did sadly go,
  Whose cloudy dropping eyes were ever raining;
Her swelling tear~, which, e'en in ebbin&':ftow,
  Furrow her cheeks, the sinful puddles draining:
    Much seem'd she in her pensive thought molested,
    And much the mocking world her soul infested;
)fore she the hateful world, ~lDd most henelf dete8ied.
She was the object oflewd men's disgrace,
  The squint-ey'd wrie-mouth'd scoff of oarnalhearts ..
                        " Hearinr·

                                                     -------~ ~ ...-~-

                                                Digitized by   Google
                 THE PURPLE ISLAND.

  'ret smiling Heav'n delights to kiss her face,
     And with bisbl()Od God bathes her painfulsmartl :-
       Afttietion's iron Sail her sonl had thraah'd';
       Shar» circumcision's knife ber heart had slash'd,
 -"Yet was it angel's wiaethat in her eyes was mash·.... '
 With her a troop mournful grooms abiding, .
  .Jlelp with their Bullen blaek. their mistress' woe;
 Amendme1lt still (but hi. owufa.nlts) chiding;
  And PetleJlce'ann1d It'ithslD8rting whips did go ~,
     Then lad Remorse came sighing all the way;
     Last Satisfa.,-tiou, giving ,dl away:
 Much sorely did he OWet mueh more he would repa,.
      ,                    ,XXx.
, Next went Elpinus., clad in sky-like blue;
     And through his arms few stars did Jeem to peep"
  Which there the workman's hand so finely drew,
     That rock'd in ~louds they softly seem'to sleep:'
        His rugged shield was like a rocky mouid,
      . On which au aDchor bit with S1Irest hold:
  • I hold by beiBg held,1 'Was written round in gold.
 Nothing so dteerful was his thoughtful face',
   As was hi. brother Fido's :-fear seem'd d'Well
 Close by his beart; his colour chnng'd apace,
   And went, 'and came, that sure all was Dot well (
     Therefore a comely maid did oft 'Sustain
      His faioting tlteps, and fleeting life maintain:
 Pollicitat, she lights, which \ie'er could lie or feign.
 Next to Elpiot.s march'd his brother Love;
  Not that Great L9ve which cloth'd his Godhead bright
         '" Hope.                      t Promise.

                                            Digitized by   Google
                   THE PURPLE ISLAND.                            189,
 With rag~ of flesh, and DOW again above
  Hath dress'd'his tlesh in Heav'n's eternalligbt:
   . M'uch I~ss the brat of that false C ypri~ dame,
     Be~ot by froth, and fire, in bed of shame,
 And naw burns idle llearts8welt'riog in lustful flame.
  But this from Heav'n brings his immortall'ace,
    Aftd nurs'd by Gratitude whose careful arms
  Long held, and hold bim still in kiDd embrace :
    But train'd to daily WafS, and iierce alarms, ,~         .i
      He grew to wondrous strength, and beauty rare:.
      N ext that God Love, from whom his offsprings are,
. No match in E.rtb.• or Hea'f!q ID:8.J with this L9ve
 His page, who from his side might neTel' meve,
    Remembran~~' on him waits; in book. reciting
 The famous passion of that higbest Lov" "
   His. burDing.zeal to gl'eater fla~e exci.tiJ)g:
      Deep would be sigh, and seem empassion'd sore,.
      And oft with'tears hi. "'ckward hean deplore,
 ~rbat.loving all be could, he lov'd that Love no more.            .::.
                            . XXXV.
 'Yet sure he truly lov'd, and bonollr'd 4.e&1'
   That glorious Name; whiehwhen, or where:he.spy'd
 'Vrong'd, or in bellish speech blaspbem'd djd hear, '
    Boldly the rash blasphemer be defie,d,              r:  ~t

      Arid fore'd him eat the words lie foully spake .:
      But if for Him, he grief or death. did take,
 'fbatgriefhe countt:djoy, and death, ~e fpJ' hie s~ke,
 His glitt'ring arms, dress'd all w~tb fiery ~eatis
   Seem'd burn in ~aste desire 81ld h'~'~Jl.Y; flame:
     l~O'           'lHB PUDH IRANI).
     And on his shield kind Jonathan iaparts "
       T~ his soo.l's MeJld, his robeS, and pfinctly nlURt,
         And kingly throne, which martals 88 adore:
         And round about was writ in golden ore,
     , Well might he give him all, that gave his lif.      beIol'f'.;
     These led the-vanguard ; and a huftdred moe
       Fill'd up the empty ranks with order'd train ~
     Butfint in middleward did justly go
      Iri goodly arms a fresh nnd.Jo\lely Swain.,
         Vaunting himself Love's twin, but yon~r br~her :
         Well-mollght it- be, for e'en their very mother
     With .pleasing' errour oft mistook one for the other.
     As when fair·Ptrris gave that golden ball,
       A thousand doubts ran in his st~gtriDg breast :
     Alllik'd him well, fain would he give it all :
       Each better seems, and still the last eeema best l
          Doubts ever new his reaching hand deferr'd :
         The more he looks the more hil!tjudgment err-d :
     So she firit this, then that, then none, then hoth p-.eIerr!~,
't                              XXXIX.
     Like them, their armourseem'd full Dear~fkin:
       In"this'they only differ; 'th' elder bent,
     His higher-soul to Hea\Y'lJ; the younger twin
       'Mongst mortals bere his .love and kindness spent-;.
          Teaching (strange alchJlDY) to get a living,
          By selling lands, and to ,row rich by _,iving ;
     By emptying filling bags, so Heav'n hy Earth atobieviDg'. .
                                  . XL.
     About him troop'd the pito&' with num'rous train.,
      Whom he with telJde,r care and large expence,
                               • Charitr·

     ~       - --
         .....                                   - .,
                                                   Digitized by   Google
                                                                        •   to   ""

                THE PURPLE           18LA.ND~                     l41

. With kindest words and suooour entert,al.n~ ;
     N e looks for thUD, or tbiuks of recompence :
       His wardrobe senes to clothe tbe naked side,
       And shamefnl parts of bared bodies bide;
  If other clotbes he lack'ld, bis OWft b~ would divide.
   To rogues, his gate wits sbut; but open lay
     Kindly the weatoy traveller inviting:
.' Oft therefore angels, bid in mortal clay,
    And God himself in his free roofs delightingf
        Lowly to visit him would not disdain,
        And in his narrow cabin oft'remain;
   Who~ Ht:av'n and Earth, and all the world cannot contaill•.
 His table still was ·All'd with wholesome meat,
   Not to provoke, bnt quiet appetite;
 And round about the hungry freely elli,
  With plenteous eate!J oheering their fee~e sprite:
     Their earnest vows broke opeu Heav'n'swid. door;
     That not in vain s.eet plenty evermore
 With gracioQS~eye lookS down upon his blessed store.                       '.
 Behind attend him in an uncouth-wise
   A troop with little caps and sbaved head;
 Sucll wbiloine was enfranchis'd bondmen's dresS,
   New freed &omc~l masters' servile dread:
     These bad he lately bought from captive chaiR;
     Hence they bis trinmph sing gh joyful strain,
 And on bis hea~ due praise, and thousand blessings rain.
 He was a father to the fatherless,
  10 widows he supp!y'd'a hUsband's car~;



                                                  Digitized by   Google
                                            ---_._" " "' ". . . e.a_......  ~,

141               THE PURPLE ISLAND.

Nor would he heap up woe to their distress,
  91' by a guardian's name their-state impair;
    But rescue them from strong oppressors. mirht ;
    Nor doth he weigh th~ great man', he.TY spite;
, Who fears the bighest Judge, need fear JO mortal. wight:~
()uce e..'ry week he on his progress went,
   The.sick to visit, and those meagre SlY_,
Who all their weary life in darkness spent,
  Clogg'd with cold iron, press'd with heavy chains:
     He hoards not wealth for his loose heir to spend i~, .
     But with a willin! hand doth well expend it.
I Gold then is only good which to our God we lend it.~
                             . XLVI.
And when the dead by enlel tyrant's spite,
   Lie out to ra.. '80U8 birds and. beasts expos'd,
His yearnful heart pitying that wretched. sight,
   In seemly graves their weary flesh enclos'd,
     And strew'd with dainty tlQw'd the lowly hearse.,
     Then all aloug the last words did rehearse,
·Bidding them softly sleL'P in his sad sigbing v~r8e.
SO once that royal maid. fierce Thebes beguil'd,
  Though wilful Creon proudly did forbid her;
Her brother from his home and tomb exil'd,
  (Whilst willing night in darkness safely Wd her)
    She lowly laid in earth's all-covering shade:
    Her dainty bands (not us'd to such a trade)
She with a mattock toils and with the weat"y spade.
Yet feels sbe neither sweat, nor irksome paiD~
 Till now his grave Will fully finished;
.. .AJltipe daughter of Oedipus, contrary to ~ edjct I.If CreOtI,   b¥iJ,

                                                    Digitized   b~oosle

                       'l.tllE PURPLE iSLAND.
         Tben on his wounds her cloudy eyes Jgin rain,
           To wash ~e guilt painted in bloody red:
             Anel falling down upon his gored side,
             With hundred varied plaints she often cry'd,
     •   ( Oh, had I died for ibee, or with thee might ha1'e died ~
         Ay me! myeTer wrong'd and banisb'd brother,
           How can I fitly thy hard fate deplore,
         Qr· in my breast so just complaining smother? .
           'fo thy sad chance what can be added more?
                Exile thy bome, thy home a tomb the grave:
              . Ob, no I such little room tbou must not haTe ;
         But for thy banish'd bones, I (wretcb) must steal a grave.'
         But whither, wofnl maid, have thy oomplaints
            With fellow-passion drawn my feeling moan?
         But thus this Loye deals with thole murder'd saints;
            Weeps with the sad, and siglis with those that groan .
              . But now in that beech grove we'll safely play,
                And in those shadows mock the boiling ray;
         Wbiah yet increases more with the decreasing day."

                                                 __---.....-~         'II:
                                                      Digitized by   Google
1~          : i'HE PURPLE ISLAND.

                       CANTO X.
THE shepherds to the woody meunt witWreW',                           •
  Where hillock seats, shadel yield a canopy;
Whose top with ~iolets dy'd all iii bluet
 Might seem to make a little azure sky:
   And that ronl)d hill, which their weak Jaeade mainfaift'd,
   A lesser Atlas seem'd, whose Deck I'Iistain'd
The weight of all tlle Hea'f'DS, whick' 80ft his "oulden
     pain'd. -
And here and there sweet primrose scattered,
   Spangling the blue, fit con!iltellaticms make:
Some broadly flaming their fair colomB spreati;
   Some other wink'd, as yet but half awake:
      Fit were they plac'd, and B~ in order due:
      Nature Reem'd work by art, so lively: true
A. little Heav'n on Earth in narrow spaee she drew.
Within this earthly Heav'n the sbepherds play,
   The time beguiling, and the parchiDg light;
Till the declining Sun, and elder day
   Abate their ftaming heat, and youthful might.:
     The sheep had left their shades, to mind their meat,
     Then all returning to their former seat,
Thirsil aglliD began .his weary song repeat.
'! Great pow'r of Love! with what commanding are
   Dost thou enftame. the world's wide regiment,
And kindly heat in every heart inspire!
   Nothing is free from thy ,weet go~erDment :

                              t t,

                                             Digitized by   Google

                      'tHE PURPLE ISLAND.
    ~ish burn in seas; beasts, birds thy weapons prove 1
    By thee dead elements aud heaT~ns move;
 Which void of sense itself, yet are not 'fOid of 10•••
  But those twin lAveS, .Meh frOtD thy seas of light
    ~o us on Earth derive their lesser streams,
. Though in their force tM!Y she. thy wcJndroUi might;
    On thee reSecting back their glorious ~
      Yet her~ encounter'd with so mighty foe,
      Had need both arm'd &lid alitel.,. guarded go :
  But most thy help the.,. need; do not thy help foreslow.
  Next to the younger Love; benus. ",.,ut,
    Whose hoary head proclaim'd bis winter Ilie:
'His spring in many battles had he spent ~       ,
    But now all 'WeapoUs chaugtd for counsel sage.
      His heavy sword (the witness of his might)
      Upon a loped tree he i41y pigbt';
 There hid in quiet sheath, sleeps it in endless night,
Patience his shiel~ had lent to ward his breastf .
  Whose golden plain three olite branches dresi ~
The word in letters large was fair express'd,
  , Thrice ~appy author of a happy peace,'
    Rich plenty yields' him pow'r, pow'r stores bis will.
    Will ends in works, good works his, treasures 6.11 :
Eanh'sslavet Heav'n's heir heis ;-asGod, paysgoodforill.
B,y him Andreost pac'd, of middle. age;
 Jlis mind as far from rashness, as from fears ;
Hating base thoughts, ~ much as desp'rate rage:
 'file world's loud thund'rings he UDshakenhears :
  .. Peaceableness.        . t Matt. v. 9.     : Fortitude.,

                                                        .   ~~¥"? ........    -

                                                            Digitized by   Google
               TIlE PURP:LE ISLANJ)..
     N or win he death or life, or 'seek or ft y,
   Ready for ~ptll.-lIe is cowardly
Who long,.- fe!P'S' to live, as he Who fears to di",
Worst wQ.S his ~i'Yi1 W~, w"~re dea,dly f()u.rb~ ,
  He with himself, till ptlssiqll yields o~ (,li~s :
All heart ~qc! hand, "9 tongu.e i qot griu.,', but ~tO\lt' :
  Bis warmth b4c\ e~unsel in't ; ·his fury, eyes;
     His rage. well temper'd is :.qo fear can daunt·
     His repon; hqt c~JtJ hloQtJ is, v,alian*,:
WelllDay -'et st.,$1\ ~ d~h i but llever (!ourage. lYUf;.
But like a mighty W'ck., wlllllie unmov'd sides
 The bpstile Il~ as!\l1ults with flu'wus wa'Ve,
And 'gainst his h~d '~he lIoi'srrousllo~tl\-wind fides;
  Both figbt, and stwm, aud swell, and rO,ar, and raye i
    Hoarse ~u.rges druQl, loud blasts their, tr\lmpets strain;
  • Th' heroic cliff laughs at their fr,nstratc' :pain;
Wal'es8catter'd, dro.-piu~ars", will<\sbrokea, wbiniogplaill*.
                              XI.      "
Such 'Was this knight's undaullted constancy;
  No mischief weakens his resolvcd mind:
None fiercer to a st~bborft eneQlY ;
  But to tbe yielding none more sw.eetly k,ind.
    His shi~ld an even ballast ship embraves~
    Which jdances light, while Neptune wildly raves :
Hiswordwasthis, ' I fearbutHeav'n, norwilldsnor waves. s
And next Macrothumuit, whose quiet face
 No cloud of passion ever sha4,owed \
Nor could. hot anger reason's rule displace,
 Purpling the scarlet cheek witb fiery red;

      '-'-_.                                Digitized   b~ooife   -

               THE PURPLE. ISLAND.
    Nor could re'fenge, clad in a deadly white,.
    With hidden malice -eat bis Texed sprite. .
For ill, he good repiLy"'d,and love excbang'd for $pite.
Was never yet a more undaunted spirit;
 . Yet, most him deem'd a base aDd tim'rous swai,;
But he well weighing his own strength' and merit,
   The greatest wrong could wisely entertain..
    Nothing resisted his commanding spear -:
    Yielding itself to him a winning ~re :
And thongh be died, yet dead, herQse a conqueror•
                             .xIV.                .
Ris nat'ral force beJOlld' all nature stretehed .:
   llost strong he is, because he will be weak :
 And happy most, because he can be wretched.
   l'l,1en whole;aod soun<l, when he himSelf doth break; .
       Rejoicing most, when most he is torlQented: -
       In greatest discontents he rests contented:
By conquering himself, all conquests he prevented.
His rocky arms of massy adament, ,
   Safely could back rebut the hardest blade;
His skin itself could any weapon daunt,
   Of such strange m~uld fUld temper was he made:
       Upon hi~.shield a palm-tree still increas'<l,
       Tliough many weights its rising arms depress'd :
'nis word was' Rising most, by being mostoppresl'd.'
N ext him Androphilus*, whose sweetest mind'
  'Twixt mildness temper'd, and low courtesy,
Could cease" as soon to be, as 'not bek.ind:
   Churlish despite ne'er look'd from Ids calm eyft,                        I

                   .. Gentleness, or courte!l1' •


                                        ...-,.-       ~--""""""'~L'   .~~ ...... _-.... _ ..~.

                                                                      Digitized by   Google
4A!!P'   ...... •   < 4U¥W' - -         4Z QU           == u   4.

                    148                                 .THE PURPLE ISLAND.
                        Muth less commanded in his gentle heart :
                       To basest Plen fair looks he would impart ;
                    Nor .could he clQak ill thoughts in complimental art.
                    His enemies knew not how to diseommend bim ;
                      ·All pthers dearly lov'd; fell ranc'rous Spite,
                    ,And vile Detraction fain would reprehend him;
                       ,And oft in 'Vain his name they closely bite,
                         As PQPuIar, and flatterer accusing:                                                        '
                         But he such slavish office much refusing,
                    Can eas'ly quit his name from their false tongues abusing.
                    His arms were fram'd into a glitt'ring night,
                      Whose sable gown with stars all spangled wide,
                    Afford the wearyl traveller cheerfulligbt,
                     And to his home his erring footsteps guide:
                        Upon his ancient shield the workmen nne
                        Had drawn the Sun, whose eye did ne'er repine
                    To look o~ good ~d ill: hj.s word, ' To aU l shine.'
                    Fair Virtue, where stay'stthou in poor e~le,
                      Lea'Ving the court from whence thou took'st thy name?
                    While in thy place is stept disdaini~g 'Vile,
                      And flattery, base son of need and shame;
                        And with them lurly scorn, and hateful pride;
                        Whose artificial face false colours d y' d,
                    Which more display her sIllPBc, than loathspme foulness hide.
                    ~ate,there thou Uve4st with a gentle swain,
                     (As gentle swain as ever lived there)
                    Who lodg'd thee in his heart, and all thy train,
                     Where l1uudred qther graces fluarter'l\ wef~ ;


                                  •.            .....

                                                                                 Digitized by

                                                                                                GooS   re   I t "V.,III
                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                                     149·

       But he, alas! untimely dead and gon~,
       Leaves us to rue his death, and thee to moan, .
   That ·few were ever such.; and now those fe,w are none.
    By him the stout ~ncrates* boldly went,
     . Assailed oft by mighty enemies,
  . Which   au  on him alone their spite mispent ;
       For he whole armies' siDgle bold defies;
        With him Dor might, nor eunlling slights prevail;
        All force on him they try, all forces fail:
    Yet still assail him fresh, yet vainly still assail.
  Bis body full of vigour, full of health; 1
     His table feeds not lust, but strength and need :
  Full stor'd with plenty, not by heaping wealtb,
     But topping rank desires, which "ain exceed:
       On's shield a hand from HeaT'n a orchard dreSsing,
•      Pruning supedluoull boughs tbe trees oppressing;
  Sf) adding fruit : his word, ' By lessening inoreasing.'
  His settled mind was written in his faoe :
   . For on his forehead cheerful gravity
  Falsejoys and apish vanities doth chase:
   'And watchful care did wake in either eye.
      His heritance he would not lavish sell
      Nor .yet his treasure hide by neighb'ring Hell:
  But well he eTer spent, what he had gotten well.
  A lovely pair of. twins clos'd either side:
    Not those in Heav'n, the '8o,,'ry GemiIiies,
  Are half so lovely bright; the one his bride,
    Agneiat chaste, was join'd in Hymen's ties,
   .1emperaDte.                   ·t Cilastity ill the IIWl'i~

                                          - ..... - - -   ~~.~~..... ~1.   ........... :.'   ·tIID~_   .~
                                                                      Digitized by    Google
                THE PURPLE ISLAN)).
    And love, alJ pure as He~·v'ns conjuncUoa ;
    Thus she was his, and he her leah. and bone:
So were they two to sight; in trllth entirely one.
Upon her arched brows, unarmed Love
   Triumphing sat in peaceful victory;
And in her eyes thousand chaste graces mo~e,
  'Che-cking vain thoughts with awfuJ majestt :
     Ten thousand m~e her fairer breast contains;
•    Where quiet meekness every ill relltrains,
And humbly subject spirit by willing service reilns.
Ber sky-like arms glitter'd in g-olden beams,
  And brightly seem'd to flame with b\ll'lling hearts ~
The scorching ray with his reflected streams
  Fire to their 8ames, but beav'nly fire imparts:
     Upon his shield a pair of turtles shone;
     A lovely pair, still ooupled, ne'er alone: .                        •
lIer word, , Though one when two, yet. either t\\'o, or none.-
                             XXVII. .
 With her, her sister went, a warlike.Maid,
   Parthenia *, all in steel and gilded arms J
.In needle's stead, a mighty spear she sway'd,
   With which in bloody fields and fierce alarms,
      The boldest champion she down would bear.
     And like a thunderbolt wide passage tear,
 Flinging all to the earth with her enchanted spear.
            .                XXVIII.
 lIer goodly armour lleem'd a garden green,
   Where thousa'nd IpotlesS lilies freshly blew ~
 And on ber shield the lone bird might be seen,
• Th' Arabian bird; shining in colours new:.
                     • Chastity in the singh~.

                                                 Digitized by   Google
                                          .--.~.~   --.

                    'J,'HE ~UR.PLE ISLANt).
         Itlielfunto itself was only mate;
         EYer the same, .but new in newer d~te :
     And un.dern~th w~ writ ' Suc~ ill chaste. single !i~ate.'
     Th"s IUd in arms she aeem'd a goodly knight,
       And fit for any warlike ex*,rcise :
     But when she list lay down lael' .armour hriiht,
      .And back resume her peaeeful maid«:n's iuise ;
         ~he fairest Maid she wal, that ever yet
          Prison'd ber locks within a golden !let,
     Or let them waving hang, witb ros~ fair beset.
       .                       XXX.
     Choice nymph! the crown of chaste Diana's traill,
       Thou beauty's lily, set in heav'llly eartl1 ;
     Thy fair's unpattern'd, a'l perfection Ilta,in :
       Sure Heav'n with curious pencil at thy birth
         In thy rare face ber own full picture dre,1":
          It is~ strong .verse 'here to write, ·but true,.
     JIyp~rboles in otherB~ are but halftby due.
     l1poD her forehead Love his trophies fits,
      A thousand spoils in silver arch displaying;
     ~d   in the midst himself full proudly sits,
      Himself in awful majesty arraying:
         Upon her brows lies his bent ebon bow,
         And ready shafts: deadly tllote weapons sho'. ;
,•   Yet sweet the death. appear'd, lovely that. deadly blow.
     And at the foot of this celestial frame,
       Two radiant stars, than stars yet better beinl,'
     iEodu'd with living fire, and seeing flame;
       Yet with Hea.V'1l8 stan in tbi. too Ileau aJI'eein, ;

                                                          --'   ~.

                                                          Digitized by   Google
  1&2           THE PURPLE ISLAND.
      They timely' warmth, themselves not warm, inspir~ 1
      Thelie kindle thousand hearts with hot desire,
  And burning all they see, feel in themselves no fire.
  Ye matcblesl' stars (yet ea.ob the other's match)
    Heav'Ds richest diamonds, set'in amel white
  From whose bright spheres all grace the graces catch
    And  willnot move but by your loadstars bright;
      How have you storn and stor'd your armoury
     With Love's and Death's strOngshafts awl from YO,ursky,
  Pour down thick show'ts of darts to make whale armies ft, ?
  Above those S,uns~ two t:ainbo1Vs high aspir~,
    Not in light shews, but. fJadder ~iveries drest ;
  Fair Iris seem'd to mourn ill sable 'tire;
    Yet thus more sweet the greedy eye they feast:
      And but that wondrous face it well allow'd;
       Wondrous it seem'd that two faho rainbows silow'd
  Abov, their sparkling Suns, withont or rain or cloud.
  A bed of lilies flow'r upon her cheek,
    And in the midst was set a circling rose.;
  Whose sweet aspect woula force Narcissus seek
    New liveries, and fresher colours choose
      To deck his beauteous head in snowy 'tire; .
      But all in vain : for who caD hope t' aspire                         • .
  To such a Fair, which none attain, but all admire ?
                           XXXVI.                     "
  Her rub,. lips lock up from gazing sight,
   A troop of pearls, which march in goodly row:
  But when she deigns those precious. bODeS undight,.
   Soon beaT'aly Dotes froQi those divisions flow,


• n. •                                     dd   01'   'U    ,   ,   ....
                                             Digitized by   Google
                                                      ~---~.--......-#~---                     -.

                'rHE PURPLE ISLAND.
        And with rare musick charm the ravish'd ears, .
      • Daunting bold thoughts, but cheering modest felll'S :
'. The spheres so only sing, so only charm the spheres.
   Her dainty breasts, like to an April rose
      From green. silk fillets yet not aU unbound,
   Began their little risi~g heads disclose,
      And fairly spread their silver circlets round :
        From those two bulwarks love doth safely fight;
        Which swelling easily, may seem to sight
  To be enwombed both of pleasure and delight.
  Yet all these stan which dock this beauteous Iky
    • By force of th' inward sun both shine and move;
   Thron'd in her heart sits love's high u.ajesty; .
      In highest majesty the highest love.
        As wJ1en a taper shines in glassy frame,
        The sparkling crystal burns in glitt'ring Bame,
   So does that brightest love brighten this lovely dame.
   Thus, and much fairer~ fair Parthenia·
      Glist'ring in arms, herself presents to sight;
  And when th' Amazon queen, Hippolyta,
      With Theseus enter'd lists in single fight,
        With equal arms her J.D.ighty foe opposing i
        Till now her bared head her faee disclosing,
   Conquer'd the conqueror, and won the fight by losmg.
                            .     XL.
A thousand Knights woo'd her with busy pain,
 " To thousands she her virgin-grant deny'd;
Although her dear-sought love to entertain,
   They all thei.r wii, and all their strength apply'd :


                                              ~              .......... r . . . . . .   .a.!

                                                  Digitized by   Google
   Yet. It.. Mart, £Dye e1Pll. laM "".....1"4,·
   WbieIl u • lIeM\t111lJ ipoll8e her tMuc"' bMrat4
Where . . a _d .. trife might n.., _          .ifel,..w.
                             W.                               •
Upon her steps a   'firIin ,.. atteDw,
  Fair Erythra.,   "'.6. W. . . . faoe,
Sweetly her in-born ...... -tIuMaP- . .-..aded ;
  The face's . . . . . P""'i.' ~heartt..........pi ~
    Wbieh . . . . . . .eMparit'.oMIt :                            .
    So whea·"" i'Nrf,lMfPleil'itl, blllt8,
By 8tains it f'aiQ,8r4lW.. ..ulJov,lier.,. ... ~
Her golde,t"., . . til... "'ebea&llaiill,
 Her teeth ef -lid. .,. Qf Htt'lid pMrl;
But Reck and . . . . .Q lIP JIlight N.J.-Cllf.-
 So sweetly modest WM tlB italhful rW I
    But that sweet p~, ell I ,.uUi we            let,
   Onwb8lewbite 1I}.0Ilnt leU damper .-pplea ~,
Than tho.. 1f. beaght·., de.u' 8. Btl.., '.ptiBg tr...
These noble Knightl this thr.aten'cJ, fOrt ,defend ..

  These and a thouaatul moe heftIio Swam.,
That to this 'stressed       their . . . . leDd,
  To ~ from fo~, _ .... from eapti.98,ehai08.
     But now too ~ the battle to.ecite ;
 . For iI.pen. Heav'll8 capeN 'giBi to lipt,
~... WarDa fI.Oll Jtar to wait upon iIuIir ........ Nisbt•
                         • . . . .aty.


                                              Digitized by   Google
   .....-~   ...... -.-        ----.-.--   . ......--    - - .. -   ~   "--''+- ............... _ ; : . . - - - - - - -


 THE early m.orn lets out the peeping da" _
     And strew'd his path with splendid marlgolda :
 The Moon grows wan, and stars Iy all away,
  Whom Lucifer locks up in ~onted told.
     Till light is quench'd, and Heav'n in seas hath flung
    The headlong day :-to th' hill the shephetd;. thron,,,
 And Thirsil now began to end his task Imd sonl_
 " Who now, alas! shall teach my humble vein,
. That never yet durst peep frolJl covert glade ;
 But softly learnt for fear to sigh and plain,
    And vent hii griefs to silent myrtle's shade?
      .Who now shaD teach to change my oaten quiD
  '.~ For tJ.:umpets 'lums, or h1:lmble yerses fiD
 WUb graooful majesty, and lofty rising .k~ ?
 Ab, tbou ~read Spirit! shed thy holy fire,
    Thy holi Ilame into my frozen heatt ;
 Teacb thou               my
                 creeping measures to aspire,
    And swell in bigger notes and higber art :
     Teach my low Muse thy fierce alarms to ring,
     And raise my sort .ttain to-fUgh thundering:
 'rune tbou my lofty song; thy battles must 1 sin,_
 Such III thou wert within the sacred breast .
   Of that thrice famous poet, shepherd, king;
 And taugbt'st his heart te» frame his cantos, beat
   ot..all that e'er thy glorious work dill ,in&, :

                                           ! •.

                                                                                             Digitized by     Google
    150            THE PURPLE ISLAND.

         Or as those holy fishers once amoDgs
         Thou Hamedst bright with sparkling parted tongues ;
    And brought'stdownHeav'ntoEarth in those allconqu'ring
    These mighty Heroes, fin'd with justest rage ·
•     To be in narrow walls so closely pent,
    Glitt'ring in arms and goodly equipage,
      Stol)d at the castle's gate, now ready bent
        To sally out, and meet the enemy:
        A hot disdain sparkled in every eye,
    Breathing out hateful war and deadly enmity.
    Thither repairs the careful Intellect,
      With his fair spouse Voletta, heav'nly fair:
    With both,' their daughter; whose divine aspect,
      Though now sad damps of sorrow much impair,
        Yet through those clouds did shine so glorious bright,
         That every ~ye did homage to the sight,
    Yielding their captive hearts to that commanding light.
                               VII.          .
    But who may hope to paillt such majesty,
      Or shadow well such beauty, such a face:
    Such beU:uteous face, . unseen tq mortal eye?
      Whose pow'rfuIIQoks, and more than mortal grace
        Love's sE'lfhath lov'd, lea'Ying his heav'oly throne,
        With amorous sighs and maDY'a lovely moan, · .
    (Whom all the world would woo) woo'd her.his only one.
    Far be that boldness from thy humble swaiQ,
      Fairest Eclecta, to describe thy beauty,
    ,And with unable skill thy glory stain,                •
      Which, ever he admires with humble (luty ;



                       THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                US7

    •      But who to v~ew such blaze of beauty longs,
           Go he to Sinai, th' holy groves amon,s;
        Where that wise shepherd chants her in his song of sonp_
        The Island's King with sober,countenance
          Aggrates the Knights, who t,hus his right defend~d ;
        And with grave speech and comely amenance*,                              •
         Himself, his state, hi. spouse, to them commended :
            His lovely child, that by him pensive stands,
            He last delivets to their valiant hands ;
        And her to thank the Knights, her champions, he commands.
        The God-like Maid awhile ~ll silent stood,.
          And d.own to th' earth let fall her humble eyes;
        Whil~ modest thoughts shot up the flaming blood,
          Which fir'd her scarlet cheek with rosy dyes;
            But soo~ to quench the heat, that lordly reigns,
            From her fair eye a show'r of crystal rains,
    ,   Which with its silver streams, o'er-runs thebeauteousplains~
        ,As when the Sun iD. midst of summer's heat
           Draws up thiD. vapours with his potent ray,
         Forcing dull waters from their native seat;
           At length dim clouds shadvw the burning day:
             Till coldest air, soon melted into show'rs,
             Upon the Earth his welcome anger pours,
         And Heav'n's clear forehead. now wipes offherformerlowrs.
•       At length, a little lif'tlng up her eyes,
          A renting sigh way for hersorrow brake,
        Which from her heart 'gan in her face to rise;
         . .And first in t~' eye, then in the lip, thus spake;
                                lit   i. e. BebaViour.

                                                         Digitized by   Google
                                                             ¢d      ..   -~~.-


                          '1HE PVAPL. tSLUl •.
           Ah, geddfi Kllligllg; kdtf
          Withjustest ~ff ud. WHrl'g tH, ill apfHIf'tf,
        Gi•• _ tftUd for I'Iidl
                                       at Ifi.~

                                   ,dfIt ,... _
                                                       __ ·
                                               fda'dlt' Ilia ,
                            ,     XIii.'
        But if my Princely Spoa*, 40 ttOt del.,
         His tiMeiy prelMCe in my gt~teIIC MtcI;
•       He will for me! 1t1t1r Mad., lfi't'e-t"ay;
          Add     ".i)
                     f~ui&e tlMlf,0fIf ..   ~M1e ft~ :
             Then Ie, au 1f,1' youI' _glltylwmi& _aU :
             His word·s bMt8elf; hbIIUV lie ~a1UNC fall.
        ~ IM1 he         Itt." Jet lNte he td1aef; add atait prettil'
        By this the long-1I\nd gate .a~ opea laid ;
          Soon out they rffih in ordet weD llttlIn(d!
        And fast'ftfflg ill tlreit e1~ that _.'~ Maid,
          How oft for fftr bet fait~t e'olOur th~ttg'4 !
             Her IMBF her l1'otth,. het g'oodly gtac!ef del"*,
             Comparing witlt Iter present 1ttetcbed fat-e,
        Pity1t1HM jU8i t~,~tJ~, aDd Id1e's Ate kiudtes hat~.
              ,                       XV.
        Long at the gate the thoughtful ImeUM
          Stay'd with Iris feati'm qu~en and dang-htet tab',.
        But when the Kaights \tet~ p~ tlteit diur aspect,
          Tiley foIIblt fJlem "tIith .Q1\'8 aud IDIUI1 a ptaft ~
            At last they eBMb up to the castle's height ;
            From \'fhieh tlMJ 11e,,'d ~ dttedr f1( n 1ty Ktdcht
        Aft ~'d the 4G'1tbtful t!JJd tit this ifl1estid:e tfght.
          ,                           XVI. .
        As when a YQPth bound fot tIM &!l~ ttlit,
          Takes leave ~ff~ds flpbft tire K~dsh IfMte ;
        Now are they parled, lad M Hird lIa (at
          They'fee . . _,,~ 11M ftf1W tte HeB UO mor~:

                                    t:EVc:~     '5 f d -
                                                    Digitized by   Google
                 ... . -                 1=                 -                  ;    p   .,
r                                                                                            j
                         ,..B)g *Vl\PJ& I.uMI).                               ,.-
                T.·far"~ tlt~ "Iii.. ~bliDg sPl.,
            TJut t~PNribef ~0Jl pIuob eW.r n.ils,
         And sbakUJg t.MJIIt tWit. WlW her fil4)Jl !the h.ails.
         Mean time these cbMlplons tJluckm fit ..nay,
          Till both ihe anqi~ IlDW were qoma ~e 6igW :

         Awhile each other boldly Yie"'8g~,
          Wit1J.       delays wbettinc 6"r~ ra,.e ...d &pit~.
            Sound now, y~ tn"Dpets, scmQd alar"'Ql8 Jowl ;'
            Hark, how tUit clamO¥l'8 wbtt tlIeir anger pJ'oQ.d ~
         h , yond~     IU''
                         tJJeytllet in 'midst Ilf dsulty doud !
            .                       ;XVUI.
         SO oft the South wjUt Divil enmity
           Musters his wat'.-y f9rceJ 'CaiBst the West;
         The rolling cla.dB eo~ tumbUDC QP the sky
           In dark folds wreppinr llP their anP'Y gllest :
             AtlepgflJ. tbe#$me breaka fro. tb' impris'niug cold
             With h.onUl aoii. iearin&, tJw lilQbermould :     _
         While, down   w liquid WIP'-S the woken vap~r8 l'qij'd,
          First did that .,...rl$8 Maid hel'liJ~lf advq,aee ;
            And riding from NPidst her eOJDpa8J.
          ~bout her hqJ,lBd Wft.'i'd her migbty Ilf.fJw,
            Daring to i,btthe p'oud~t _eIPY';
              Porneius* SDOft b~,elldJ .pet-r ~
              And close advancing on hiJ-haity he...
         •~ent hjs abarp..headed lanoe apin" ..... MiJ1ty Iwe•• f,
         ..In vain the broken et.ft' IQllgbt eetralWte t",··
             Where Love himself Qft; entl'i\Pce 'uu,bt ill ...,;,. :
         ,a~t much unlike the-manial Virgin'. ~,
             Wb.\cb low ctiSJDOUllts her ,foe • • •1 plaiA,
                              " S.,e. canto vii. s.tqa. III.

                                                               Digitized by   Google
Sf.    La         =       4C   e:
                                       =                A.       '.+'


                      THE PURPLE ISLAND.
           Broaching with bloody point his breast before -:
           Down from the wound trickled the bubbling gore',
       And bid pale Death come in at .that red gaping door ~
                                    .,. XXI.
        There lies he covet'd no~ in lowly dust,
          And foully wallowing in clotted blood,
        Breathing together out his life and lust,
          Which from his breast swam in the steaming flood ~
            In maids his joy, now by a Maid defy'd,
            Bis life he lost, and all his former -pride :
      . With women would helive, now by a woman died~
      Aselges, struck with such a heavy sight,
        Greedy to 'venge his brother's sad decay~.
      Spurr'd forth his flying steed with fell despite.
        And met the Virgin in the middle way:
          His spear ag~nst her head he fiereely threw,
          Which to that face performing homage due,
      Kissing her helmet, thence in thousand shivers ftew.
      The wanton boy had dreamt, that latest night,
        He well had learnt the liquid air dispart
      And swim along the Beav'ns with pinions light;
        Now that fair Maid taught him this nimble art :
          For from hiS' saddle far away she sent,
          Flying along the empty element,
      Tllat hardly yet he knew whither his counlb was bent.
           . ,                  XXIV.
      The rest that saw with fear the illll,llcce8s
        Of single fight, dunt not like fortune try;
      But round beset her with their num'rous press:
        Before, heaide, ·llehiod, ~ey on her fiy,

                                               D;9ilized by   GooS Ie .
--   ....

                And every part with coward odds : .
                But she redoubling sp-okes as thiok as hail, , .
            i>~veJ.... their iying troep~, and tbresh'.d ~th ironfia.i1.:,
                                 .     ' .. XxVI
            As when a gentle greyhound set "ound
              With little curs, hi!! way, molest,
            Snapping behind; 800n as the. angry hound.
              Turning his course, hath caught the bU/iliest;
                And shaking in his. fangs hath well nigh slq,in ;
                The rest fear'd with his crying ~un amain,
            And standing ail .al!)of,. whine~ howl, and bark in vain ...
            The subtil Dragon, that from far di,cJ ;view .
             The waste and spoil made by this Maiden Knight,
            Fell to his wonted guile; for well he knew.        '
              AD force was vain against stich wondrous might :
                A crafty swain well taught to cunning ~arms,
                Call'd Fal~e Delight, he chang'd with hellish charm.!';
            That True,Delight he seem'd, the self-same shape and arm~
                                                                                 XXVIi.                                                     .,
            The wawhfull;st sight, DO difference couid'descry;
              The same his tace, his voice, his gait the sa~e':
            Thereto his words he feign'd; and coming nigh' .
              The Maid, that fierce pursues her martial game,
                He whets her Wrath with many. a guileful word,
                TUl she, less careful, did fit time aWord :
            Then up with both his' hands heiiftsbis baleful sword.
              .                                                         XXViII;
             Ye pow'rful heav'ns! and Thou, tlleir Governor!
              With what eyes can you view. this doleful sight?
             How can, you see your fairest conqueror
              So nigh her end by so unmanly slight?

               ..   ~   . _ .... _ .   _ _ _ _

            :.. . ....-...........~.-.:..-.
                                                 L   _   ................... _    ............ _ _ . . . . . . .   '-
                                                                                                                             --        .,,- .....   -   ....~

                                                                                                                        Digitized by   Google
~c~    . . . . . .- -• _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
                     .-¥,                  ~.   __   ~_~  ___

                The dreadf1ll hapon tIWoagb tile air .aoth glide;'
                Butsnre you:Uitil'd the hanoful edge atitt~ : '
            Else must she thMha'fC fall'n, aDd.., ttalt U'aitdr-dit\l.
                                 , XXIX.
            Yet in ,.er side deep 1tQ 'the 1Vcrimd l!*iP~t;
              Ber flowing lire: t~ 8binlng ll'tJllO'ar &tah\s :         '.'
            From that wide ~bg laag ri1'er!t took theft Bight;
              With purple ~ma dtoWrdbg the ~h~t' plain. :
                Her ehee1'l1l1 colour now grows "an aitd'pale, -
                Which oft she strivea -with courage to recal,.
            And rouse her fainting hea~, which dnwn lIS oft woubl 6J1...
            AlIso a lily press*'d 'With hea'ry"rain,
              Which fins 'hercmps 'With show'ts 'I1P to'tb.~ brinks; ,
            The weary stalk DO longer can suStain
             The head, but low beneath the bui"tbe'n sinks :
                Or as a virgin rose her leaves displays,
              . Which ioo hot 8col1lhing beams qUite disarr.,,!!Ii;'"
            Down flags her double ruff, and all her sweet decay"
                                                                              , t
            Th' uudaunted Maid, feeling her teet deny
             Their wonted duty;    to
                                    a tree retir'd;
            Whom all the rout pursue with deadly cry.
             As when a hunted stag-, now well nigh tir'd,
                Shor'd by an oa~/\ins with his head to play;
                The fearfuJ hounds dare Dot his horns assay,
            But running round about, with yelping vtIoes bay.
            And now, perceiving all her strength was spent,
              Lifting to llst'ning Heav'n her trembling eyes;
            Thus whisp'ring soft, her soul to heav'n she sent;
              • Tbou ~hutest Love! that rul'st the wand~ring skies,

  .j   d~   ....    4.·
                                                                                    .. _:;.wJ
                                                       -Digitized by   GoogIe

                       More pure ~ ~ Ilea.... I,y mO'9'd;
                       Ifthine own I~"fe iQ.8 fllQll.,ure but proy'd ;
                  If ever t~. ~elff .my 'V9W, my. Ion kut lov'd; ,
                                                 XXXIII.                       .
                  Let not this te..~ of ~hy spotl~•• lqTe,.
                   Be with fopl haD.d., and beastly ra,e detil'd :
                 'But when my spifii BUll i"eamp reDlOV.e,
                    And to his home retQra, teo lug axil'd ;
                      Do thou protect it from *he·mv'D0U8 spoil
                      Of raac'r"' eaemites, ~t bourly toil
                 "'hy humblev"r1w~ 1oa.dl6ome spot ~ fqll.'
                                           .     XXXIV•
                  With this f~w drops f~ll &0Pl her faintiy e,M,
                     To dew tbB fading' feM8I of ber eUek; .
                  That much High ~Vft aeem'd paasion'41 wUh tbose         criei;
                     Much more thO!l. stteaJIW biB heut a"d DIWPoe break:
                       Strajght· be the oll,rl. ghree ~ a· wi.np4 .waiD,
                       Quickl, to        ate,
                                         _WIl &0 that bloody .....,
                 And aid her welU'J atIIt-, ...d rirbtful oaUM maiataiD.
                  Soon stoops the speedy li.-aId through the air,
                     Where ehute Agoeia and Encrates fought:,
                 .. See, see! he criett. where your Parthenia £air,
                     The flow'r of aU your arJOY, Iul~'d about
                       With thoull8lld eoemie&, ~ow fai,nting stands,
                       Ready iafall iMo tbeir lIlud'riJlg bauds:
                  Hie ye, ho, JUe 1ft fast! tlte Higllest Love commaad,s:'
                                                . XXXVI.
                 They casting found about their angry.eye,
                   The wounded virgin almo6t sinking spied;
                 They prick their stee4s, w~icb. strai,ht like lightnior fly ~ .
                   Their brother qOIl"Jl~ r.u1Ja by.tb,ir »We ;

.....   - ...   -.-.~-----~     .... -
                                                                     Digitized by   Google
                  THE PURPLE ISLAND~
    Fair Contin~nce, that truly lOl'lg before,
   As ~s heart's liege, this lady did adore:                      j
~nd now his1faithfullove kindled 'his hate the- mM'~ ,
l!19crates and his spouse with slashing sword
    Assail the s~tter'd troops, that headlong ity ;
While Continenl!e a precious liquo1' pour'd
   Into the wound, and suppled tenderly:
     Then binding up the gaping. orifice,
     Reviv'd the spirits, that now she 'gan to rise,
And with new life'oonfront her heartlMs epemies.
So have I often 'seen a purple flow'r,
  Fainting through heat, haag down her drooping head"
But soon refreshed with welcome show'..,
  Begins again hei- lively beauties spread,
 , And with new pride her silken leaves display;
    And while the sun doth now more gently play,
Lays eut ~er swelling bosom to the sfiling day.
     .                      XXXIX.
    Now rush they all into the flying trains;
        Blood. fires their blood, and slaughter kindles fight :
    The wretched vulgar on the purple plains
        Fall down as thick, as when a rustic wight
          From laden oaks the plenteous acorns pours;
     , , Or when the thicken'd air that sadly low'n,
    -l\.nd melts his sullen bruw, and weeps sweet April show'rs1
The greedy Dragon that aloof did spy
  So ill success of this renewed fray;
More vex'd with loss of certain victory,
, p,epril"d of so assur'd and wished pref~

,    .

                                              Digitized by   Google
                     THB PURPLE- ISLAND.                                  -1M
       Onasb%:''il his i'i%:'n te%:'tb for IIbef anb 'ipite
       The burning sparks leap from his flaming sight,
  Anll f'iom                          %:'tream%:' 'Out %:'mo'idb riDg 'iiii,pt.

   Strzrlbht thitber s%:,'iiibs h%:' a &%:'%:'11
     The swelling band that bruoken Metbos led t
   And all the tout his brother Gluttony
       z"g%±ma~r%z"lr, in lr,wlesr handr bisord%:'%:'%:'d :
     -So now they bold restore their hroken fight,
        Ond              t%,%itD     from rham%:'f%,s:l     ;
, ,While both with former 1088 sharpen their raging spite.
  Freshly tbese Knights assault these fresber band~,
      And with new battle all their strength renew'
   Do%%:'n fell (lnloion            Enr%r'iiites' b&%uds
     Agneia, . Mrechus and Anagnus slew;
          Ond                 1I1dhos        7
                                                  i'iii s iro'iii 'iiiine

          Pi~rc'dhisswollenpaunch: thereliesthedl'UBkenswine,
  Anb npuen                         S04%% 4%ut hl his                  wi£H4,
  As when a                     lion, long unfed%
      dnnaks          'iiit le"lIw,h int" the hEmlesl f£%ld.
  (So hungry rage commands) with fearful dread
            dragl the               be"ntH: n4%tl%±ng 7',,',14,t,.."111
          The victor proud; he spoils, devour.s, and tear. :
             vai'iii the k%%nper            his                    peetn
  )lean while the simple flo'i4b gaze on with sile'iiit         fears.
  .Sunbwas                                    thn'i4t chnp'iiipioDn made
     But most Encrates, whose unconquer'd hand.
  ,Se'iiit thOU'irrmd fo%:'n dow'iii th' illlli"ern,,1 n'bad%:'4
     With useless limbs strewin~ the bloQdy sands ;
                                                          _       • -   r        ...,..   -   ..... '


        ,.111           TilE PUItPI& IILAND.
               Oft wen they euc~'el freab with 8e.. 1I\l~
               Bdt fen alort:--tJte »raceD, IfGWD Ql~         w*
         llJ f....... ..., _ga .uotlw WIlly elen.••
         SOODto their aiel tile Cyp• • baud Itt aeat,
          For easy ,iWmiM clad iu. arlDOv liP' :
        Their golden bows in llaM Nod reatly bent.
          And painted.qmven, fomi.'d MHor igbt,
            S~uck fqll of_fts, w~oae beada foul poi~a ,taioll ;
            Wbich ~pp'd ita PW....on h, Wish ."atal,
        BriD"ilIousaatl painful,deUhi, ad . . ._ deI4Iy paItls.
        Tberetoof 8ubstaace strong, so dUn aDd.light.
           And wrongbtity IUbtil baad 10 cunoiagJy,
        'Tbat bardly were diloerB'd bJ weaker ligllt ;                                                  ,
           Sooner the beart ttid feel, tbaa eye could see :
             Far otl'tb-,stoed, and fluagtheir darts arpllu4
             R.ahain~ wMle ol8uds of arrows . . thegrow ;
         So safelyothft'll hurt, and never wooded, wood..
                                  XLVII .
        .Mucb were tbe knigbs enCUJD8er'd wMll theM foeJ ;
          For well th81 saw, andfelt ~eiren_ieI:
         But when they back would turD the borro1l'd Illow.,
          The light-foot troop away more swiftly   rue.
             Tbatl do their winged arrows tbr.p. tbe wind :
             And in their c01lftle .ft would tile, tum beWad,
         And witla their glucing daril tJaeir hoC punRl8H bUed.
        As wheR ~y Rauiu Volp's hun bam, .
          Tbe false-ltack Tartan, fear, with 011...0., feigq,
        And posting fa ..t a.., in fiyiag raaks,
          Oft backward· tva, aDti hm . . Ito. . ciows raia .'

    •      •     ;ret·
                                                   Digitized by   Google
           -- '. --- --"...,......   ~   -   ..-......

                     'tIlE PURPLE                        I~LANI).                      ..
   Wbole .torms of darts; 80 do they lying 6gbt :
   And wbat by force they lose, they win by sligbt ;
Conquer'd by standing out, and conquerors by light.
       .                             XLIX.
 Sueb Wal tbe craft of tbis f_Cyprian ere. : .
   Yet oft they seem'd. to slaek their fearflll PMe,
.And yield th_selftB to foes that fut panlle ;
   fio would they deeper wound in nearer .~. :
    . In such a. figbt, he wins wJ10 fastest lies.
      Fly, Iy obaRe kai!rht.~ ..ucb 8ubtil eDemies :
 The vaJl¥iIb'd c~not liTe, and coaqu'rol' surely dies.
 Tbe ~1itfi,opX-"d ~th wounds and traTel past;.
   Did soon retire, aDd now were near to faiDtiDg :
 With that a winged post him .peeded fas$,
   The Geaeral with these beavy new. acquainting :.
      He 800n refresb'd their hearts tbat '~al1 to tire.
      But, let owr weuy Muse awbile respire:
 Shade we our soorched laeads from PIHeMs' parching fire.~·


                                                                    Digitized by   Google
S 2   a   &: 1.#",,,JJU._

          188           TilE PURPLE' ISLAND.
                                                                          - ~.•J
                                CANTO XII.

          THE shepherdlf, guarded froin the sparkling-heat
                Of blazing air, upon the 8ow'ry banks,
          (Where various 8ow'rs damask the fragrant seat,
             And all the groTe perfume) in wonted ranks
                Securely sit them down, and sweetly play:
                At length, thus Thirsil ends his btok.enlay,
          Lest that the stealing night his latet song might s~y"
          " Thrioe, oh, thrice happy, shepherd's life and state !
              When courts are happiness, unbappy pawns:
          His cottage low, and safely humble gate
              Shuts out proud Fortune, with her scorns and fawns ~ _
                No feared tl'eason breaks his quiet sleep:
                Singing all day, his ftocks he lear.ns-tC? keep;
          Himself as innoceBt as are his simple sheep.
          No Sefian worms he knows, tbat with their thread
              Draw out their silkea lives :-nor silken pride:
          His lambs' warm fteece well fits his little need,
              Not in that proud Sidonian tincture dy'd:
                 No empty hopes, no courtly fears him fright;
                 Nor begging wants his middle fortune bite :
           But sweet content exiles both misery and spite.
           Instead of music, and base ftattering tongues,
               Which waino first salute my lord's uprise;
           'I'he cheerful lark wakes him with early songs,
              And birds' sweet whii1ling Dotes-unlock his eyes.-


            -             -   ~ ........   'U"'-_

                                                      Digitized by   Google
                                                                                   ~.-.~   4iiII
                  THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                U'8

     In cOUIltry plays is all tile strife be uses ;
     Or .sing, or dance, unto the rural M~ ;
 And but in musi.'s sporta, all difference reru...
                             . V.
 His~ertain life, tbat never oo.n deceiv~ him,
   Is full of thou_and sweets, and ricb cOlltellt :
 Tbe smootb leav'd beecbes in the field receive bbi:l
   With coolest Ibades, till noon-tide ,.ge is spent:
     His life is neither to.t in boist'rou._ seas
     Oftroubl'ous world, nor lost in IIlotbful eue:
 Pleas'd and full blest he lives, when be bis God can please..
                     .          VI.
  His bed of wool yields safe and quiet sleeps,
      While by his side bis faithful spouse bath place:
   His little son into his bosom creepl
      The lively picture of his father's face :
        Never his bumble bouse or siate torment hllJl ;
        LeSI he could like, ifless his God had lent him; ,
. And when he dies, green turfs, with t;raSlly to~b, cOntellt 111m.
                                VII .
 . The world's Great Light his lowly state hath bles.'d,
      And left his Heav'n to be "shepberd bue:'
   -I'housand sweet soop he to his pipe address'd :
      Swift rivers stood, beasts, ~s, stones, ran ap.u;e,
        And serpents flew to hear his softest strains ;
        He fed hUi flock where rolling Jordan reigns;
   There took our rags, gave us hlIJ robes, and ~ore. 'our pains.
 Then thou High Light! whom shepherds low adore,
   T~ach me, oh! do thou teach thy bumble swain
 To raise my creeping long from earthly floor!
   Fill thou my -empty ltleut with lofty Itraia ; .


             .___                       ~f';;~.   ........._SilllllllL . ~.~ •
                                                       a           •

                                                     Digitized by   Google
               TilE PURPLE ISLAND.
               ;"       Ii

   That singing of thy wars and dreadful figh~,
   My notes may thunder out thy conqu'ringJllighi;
And 'twixt the golden stars cut out her tow'ring flight:
           .   .             IX.
The Mighty General mov'd with the news
 01 those four famous Knights so near decay,
With hasty speed the conqu'ring foe. pursues ;
 At last he spies where they were led away,
    Forc'd to obey the victor's proud commands:
    Soon did he rush into the middle bands,
And cut the slavish cords from their captived hands,
And for the Knights were faint, he quickly sent
  To Penitence, whom Phrebus taught his art;
Wbich she had eak'd with long experiment:
  Fo~ many a soul and many a woundet'l heart
    Had she restor'd, and brought to life again;
    Tbe broken !ipirit, with grief and horror slain,
That oft reyiv'd, yet died as oft with smarting pain.
 For she in sev'ral baths their wounds did steep;
   The first of rue which purg'd the foul infection,
And cur'd the deepest wound,. by wounding deep :
. Then would she make another strange confection,
     And mix it with N epeuthe sovereign; .
     Wherewith she quickly awag'd the rankling pain:
Thus she the knights res~u'd, and wash'd from sinful stain,
Mean time th~ fight now fiercer grows than ever:
  (For all his troops the Dragon hither drew)
The two Twin-Loves whom no place mought dissever ;
 ~d Knowledge with his qain begins anew

                                          Digitized by   Google
             · THE PURPLE ts~U.                                     1'71

   To strike tre$h suD$ons up ~d hot alanni ;
   In midst great :tido, clad in sun":like arms,
With his unmatched force repairs ali former harms.
   /                     XnI.
So when the Sun shines in bright Taurus' head,
  Returning tempest. aU with winter fill ;
And still successive storm. fresh mustered,
  The timely year in his first springings kill :
    And oft it breatbes awhile, then straight again
    Doubly pours out his spite in smoking rain:
The country's vows an4 hopes swim on the drowned plaiA.
The 10Tely twins ride 'gainst the Cyprian bands,
  Chasing their troops, now with no feigned tlight:
Their broken shafts lie scattered on the sands,
  Themselveli for fear quite vanish'd out of sight:
    Against thelle conquerors Hypocrisy,
    And Cosmo's hated bands, with Ecthros fiy.
And all that rout do march, and bold the twins defy.
Elpinus, mighty enemiel assail ;
  But Doubt of all the other mOllt infested;
That oft his fainting courage 'gan to fail,
  More by hili craft than odd¥ of force molested;
    For oft the treachour chang'd his l,V('apon light,
    And sudden alter'd his first kind of6ght;
Ana oft himself and shape transtorm'd with cunning slight.
                            . XVI.
So that great rive~, with ,Alcidt!s striving

  In Oeneus' court for the iEtolian maid,
To divers shapes his fiuent limbs colltriving,
  FrOID Dlanly form in serpellt's f,'ame 1l~ I;tay'd.

                                              '.   ·1lllilll6¥>,*.~;'·.

                                                     Digitized by   Google
171            THJ!l pURl'Ll!      ISLAND."
    Sweeping with speckled breast the dusty 10cl ;
    Then like a bull with horns did armed stan.):
His hanging dewlap traiPd along the golden 8and.
Such shapes and changing fashions much dilmayf. him,
  That oft he stagrer'd with unusual fright;
And but his brother Fido oft did aid him,
  There had he fell in unacquainted fight:
    But he would still his wavering strength main~
    And chace that monster thiough the sandy plain :
Which from him ted apace, but oft return'd again.
Yet him more stronr ud cunning foes withstand,
  Whom he with greater skill and strength defied:
Foullporance, with all ber,owl-ey'd band;
  Oft-starting Fear, Distrust ne'er satisfied,
     And fond Suspect, and thousand other foes ;
    Whom far he drives with his unequal blows,
And witll his laming sword their fainting army mows.
As when blood-guilty Earth for vengeance cries,
  (If greatest things with less we may compare)
The mighty Thunderet through the air ties,
  While snatching whirlwinds open ways prepare: .
    Dark clouds spread out their sable CUl'tains o'er him it
    And angels on their laming winp up bore him:
Mean time the guilty Heav'ns for fear Iy fast before him.
There while he on the wind's proud pinio•• rides,
  Down with his fire some lofty mount he throws,
And fills the low vale with its ruin'd sides;
 Or oiliomechurch his tbree-fo.-k'd dart bestows"

                                           Digitized by   Google
                TIlE PURPLE IstANn.
    ..(\fhi,oh yet his sacred worship, foul mistakes,)
    Downfalls the spire, the body fearful quakes;
Nor sure to fall or stand, with doubtful trembling shakes.
'With Fido, Knowledge went, who order'd right
   His mighty bands: so now his scatter'd troops
Make head again, filling their broken fight;
 , While 1ritb new change the Dragon's army droops,
    ~nd from the following victors beadlong run :
    Yet still the Dragon frustrates what is done;
And e&8'ly makes them lose what they so hardly WOD.
 Out of his gor~ a heUish smoke he drew
  That all the field with foggy mist enwraps:
As when Tiphc:eus from his paunch doth spew
   Black smothering lames, ,roU'd in loud thunder claps;
      The pitchy vapourl choke the shining ray,
    . And bring dull night upon the smiling day:
'The wavering lEtna sliakes and rain would .un away.
 Yet could his bat-ey'a legions eas'ly see
   In this dark Chaos :-they the seed ofnight )
 But these not so, who night and darkness fiet? ;
  .For they the sons of day, andjoy in light:
      But Knowledge soon began a way devise
      To bring again the day~ and clear their eyes :
.So open'd Fido's shield, and golden vail unti••.
 Of one pure Diamond" celestial fair,
   'Fhat heav~nly shield by cunning hand was made;
 Whose light divine, spread through the mis~y air,
   To brightest mom would. tUI'll the western, shade

...   ~   --~~~--   ...-   ..
                                               Digitized by   Google
174            THE PURPLE ISLAND.

    And lightsome day beget before hi, time ;
    Fram~d in Heaven, witbout all earthly crime,
Dipp'd in tbe fiery Sun, which burnt the baser In-e.
                                   XXV.         .
As when from fenny moors the lumpish clouds
  With rising steams damp tbe bright morning's flee,; ,
At length tbe piercing Sun his team uDshrouds,
  And with his arrows tbe idle fog doth chase:
     The broken mist 'lies melted all in tears:
     So this bright shield the dismal darkDess tears,
And giving back tbe day, dissolves their former fean.
Which when afar, the fiery Dragon spies
  His slights deluded with so little pain;
To his last refuge now at length he flies:
 ,Long time his pois'nous gorge be seem'd to strain;
    And now with loathly sight, he up doth speed
    From stinking paunch, a most deformed crew;
That Heav'n itself did fly from their most ugly view.
The first that crept from his detested maw,
  Was Hamartia *', foul, def~rmed wight;
More fon], deform'd, the Sun yet never saw;
 Therefore she hates the all-betraying light:
    A woman seem'd she in ber upper part :
    To whioh she could such lying gloss impart,
That thouaands she had slain with her deceiving a;rt.
The rest (tho' hid) in serpent's form array'd,
 With iron scales, like to a plaited mail;
Over her back her knotty tail display'd,
 Along the empty air did lofty sail;
                                     " Sin•

                                ... ,'
                     __""' -; .........

                                                    Digitized by   Google
               THE PVRPLE ISLAND.

    The end was pointed with a double sting,
   "Which with I~ch dreaded might she wont to fling,
That DOught could help the wound, but blood of heav'n11
or thatint woman.     her tbe DI'9gon got,
  (The foulest bastard of 10 fair a Inother)
WhoDl when she saw 80 611'd with monst'rous spot,
  She cast her hidden shame and birth to smother:
     But she well nigh ber mother's self had slain;
    And all that dare her kindly entertain:
So some parts of her dam, more of her sire remain.
 lIer viperous looks hung loose about her ears ;
   Yet with a mODst'rous snake she them restrains,
 Which like a border OD ber head she wears :
   About her neck hang down long adder chain.,
     In thousand knots, and wreaths illfolded round;
     Which'in her anger lightly she unbound,
,And darting far away would sure. and deadly wound.
Yet fair and lovely seems to fools' dim eyes;
  But Hell more lovely, Pluto's self more fair
Appears, when her true form true light descries:
  Her loathsome face, blancht skin, and snaky hair;
     Her shapeless shape, dead life, her carrion smell ;
     The worst of ills, the child, and dam of Hell ;.
Is chaff',r fit for fools tbeir precious souls to seU !
Tbe second in this rank. was black Despair,
  Bred in the dark womb of eternal night:
His looks fast nail'd ...o Sin; long Booty haw
 Fill'd up his lank cheeks with wild staripg fright.

                                                        ~. -

                                                 Digitized by   Google
1'"             THE PURPLE ISLAND.
      His leaden eyes, retir'd into hi. head;
     Light, Heav'n, and Earth; himself, and ltD thin§' fled:
.. breathin&, corpse he 8eem'd, wrapt up in living'lead.
   ,                     XXXIII,
Hi, body all was fram'd of earthly paste;
 .And heavy mould; yet Earth could not conte~t him :
Heav'n fa~t he flies, and Heav'n fled fast;
  Tho' kin to Hell, yet Hell did much torment him. :
    His very soul 'Was nought but ghaetly fright ;
    With him went many a fiend, and ugly.pright;
Armed with ropes and knives, all instrumeb.ts of spite.
                .        XXXIV.
Instead of feathers on his dangling crest
   A luckless raven spread her blaclsest wings :
And to- her croaking throat gave never rest,
   But deathful verses and sad dirges.lings :
     His hellish arms were all With fiends embost,
     Who damned souls with endless torments roast,.
..lad thousand wayl devise to vex the tortur'd ghollt.
                          XXXV.         '
'two weapoDs, sharp lUI death he ever bO{'e,
  Strict Judgment,'which from far he deadly darts;,
Sin at his side, a two-edg'd sword he wore,
  With which he sooh appals the stoutest hearts;
    Upon hiIJ shield Alecto with a wreath
    Of snaky ~hips the damn'd souls tortnreth :
4nd roulld about was wrote, " Reward of s~n is death.'''
1'he last two brethren were far different,
  Only in common name of death agreeing;
The first arm'd with a scythe still mowing went;
  Yet ",hom, ~nd.1)''heD he mUfder'd, Deve.- seei~la

                                             Digitized by   Google
                  THE PURPJ.,E,         .
                                    ISLA!tD..                     117

      Born -deaf, and bliDd :-nothing migM stop hi, waf :
    _ No p~Y'rs,_ ~o vows obis keenest scythe could I.Y, -
  Nor beauty's self, his spite, not virtue's self allay.
  No state, no ag~ DO sex ma), hope .to t8Gve him ;
    Down falls the young, aDd old, the boy, and maid. :
  Nor beggar can intreat, nor king reprove him ;                    )      •
    All are his slaves in cloth offtesh arr~y'd : .
      The bride he snatdles Rom ihe bridegroom's arml,
      And bon-our brings in midst of love's alarms; •
  Too well we know his pow'r by long experienc'd harms.
                          XXXVIII .
• A dead man's skull supplied bis belmet'splacf,
     A bone bis club, his armour sheets of lead :
  .some more, some less, fear bis affioigbting f(lce ;
     But most, wbo sleep in dOWDY pleasure's bed':
       But who iJllife ba ve daily learn' d to di~,
       And dead to this, live to a liCe more higb, .
  8weetly in death the, sleep, and slumb'riDg quiet li•.
  The second far more foul in. every part,
   Burnt with blue fire, and bubbling sulphur stre... ;
  Wbich creepwg round about him fintel with smart
   His cursed limbs, that ,lJ'ely he blaspheipes :
      -Most strange it seems, that burning thus Cor eYer,
      No rest, no time, no place these Bames may sever,
  Yet death in thousand deaths without death dieth never.
 . Soon as these hellish monsters calJle in sight,
     "I'he Sun h~ eye in jetty vapours drown' d ;
   Scar'd at such hell-hounds' view, Heaven's mazed light
     Sets in an early evening: Earth astound,
                                ~ a

                                                   Digitized by   Google
      1.,.                 'tiit PtJR'L~              tsbANb.
              bicl,i"ahws irith howlil gift wand~~:   at ~clt 8oun~
          Th'e fea.' starts, sei.l!l bred theit bQonci,
      404 frig~t¢d Qed             awi; ;
                                  p.0 ~ahdis migh~ th. ilnpound.
                                       .    ~~.
      The palsiea troop like asps first shaken ~,
        Till no"" ~M\r heart (}ollgeal'd in icy blOo4,
•     Candjed the rha.s*ly fa,(!e ;-loc~s ~tand an~ stAre :
        Thus charm'd, in ra~~'of stqne they marshall'd stooa:
          T~eir uselelnl swords fell idly on the plain,
          And now the triumph I!onnd~ in lofty strain ;
      So con'lueriog ~ra~o~ binds the knights in slavish ch~~
                   .                        XLlI...
      As when proud Pbit't~s in his b~thel"fs 'feas~
        Fill'd all with tumult and illtes~ioe broil ;
      Wise Perseus with ..nch multitudes oppress'd,
        Bef~ra him bote tlte ~a'ky Gorgon'll spoil :
          The vulgar rude stood all in marble .chang' ci,
          And in vaio ranks, iq rockyorderrang'd;
      Were now mo~ quiet gu'e~ts, from former rage estrallg'd~
                  ".               .        XLtIl~                       "
      The Iifclecta, \JbQwith grief had Irt,~d,
        ViewiDg th' oft chanp Qf this d~uhtful fight,
      Saw now the field swim in her champion's blood,
        And fr~m bel,' heart., reot ~th deep passion, sigh.'d;
          Limning t~e sorrow io sad silent art :
          Light grief Boats on ~e ~oogue; but heavy smart
      Sinks down, aod deep.ylies in centre pf the heart.
                 .     .. ..   ., XLIV. '
      What Dredal at:~ such griefs can'truly shew, .
        Broke heart, deep sighs, loud sobs, alid bumingprayef5!,
      Baptising ev'ry limb in weeping dew?            ':       '
        Whose swollen eyeS, red~·~ing·~~~h b~iny tears,
                           . '                    '           ,

    ---      -~~-~ ..  -...,

                                                          Digitized by
                    ---- -::-:   .--   -~-   ..   ---.~,.....'"";   ...   --~~   .~   -   ....   -
                                                                                                                    ~ -   -.....   .. "..
                                                                                                                                   .        , ...

                 Cblyst..l\hae.r~~; coral, th~ li~ appears;
                 Compass'd about ~tJa tid~ of grief ~d f.s : [telU'S.
             Wher~. grief stores f~L¥"with sips, !Uld fear .td~elJ lIi,f w!~
                                                           ·~f.V.                                            .
             At iength sad sorrow, 1IJ0q,nted 011 tbt! wi0r.
               Of loud breath'd sighs, hi$ ~en weigbt appecll's; .
             And vents itself in sofieet wbisperiQgs,
               Follow'd witlt ~eadly grpanl, usherfcil»y tears :
                 While her fa.i~ hands, and watry shining ey~s
                 Were upward bent upon the morni.ti~ skies,
             Which . .m'd with cloudy brow her pefto sYlQpat~ze;
                                         XLVI.           .
            Long while the silent passion, wantiog ventj
              Made ftowin( tears her words, and eyes ~er ton~e;
            Till faith, experience, hope, assistanc,e lent
              To shut both ftood-gates up with ~ence ,.roo( :
                 Thestreal,US welleb,b'd, new hopessomeeddifonsborrow
                 Fromfil'lJI,est trnt,h; then gll.Qlps: d t~ bapef~ mprrow :
            So spJing som~ ~awns of j07, 80 ~ets th" I}~~t of 80J.'~W.
            , Ah dearest Lord!· my heart's sole ~ove1'eiga,
              Who sitt' 8t exalted on thy burning ~roI1e ;
            Hear from thy lJeav'ns, wp.ere thou «ipst safely reign,
              (jloth'd wi~ the go~den Sun, ap.d silTer Moou :
                 Cast down i')lIIhiI~ thy sweet .and graciou~ eye,
                 Aud.Iow ava,il t~atglori~~ Maj~sty,
          . Deigning thy gentle sight on our "ad m,isery.
            To thee, dear Lord! I lift this wat'ry eye,
              This eye which thou so oCt in love h~t prais'd;
            This eye with which thou woun~ed oft wouldst die ;
              To thee, d~)..m~! ~ese ~uppliant hands are-M'd :

                             .   I

~;-   ......---.-
                                                                                                     Digitized by   Google
-180 .           l'B£ FtrRPLE ISLAND.
      These to ,be lilies thou hallt often told me;
      Which if but once again may ever hold thee,
 'Will 'ne'fer let thee loose, will never more unfold thee.
         ,                     'XLIX.
 See how thy foes de~piteful trophies rear"              •
   Too confident in thy prolong'd delays;
 Come then, oh quickly come, my dearest deat"!
   When shall I see thee crown'd with conqu'ring baya,
     And all thy foes trod doWll and irpread as clay?
     Whea shall I see thy fac~, and glory's ray ?
 Too long thou 'stay'ltt my love; coDie love, no    10.'
 Hast thouforgot thy-former word and love,
   'Or lo~k'd thy sweetness up in fierce disdain?
 In vain didst thou those thousand mischiefs prove?'
   Are' a1J. those griefs, thy birth, life, death, in vain'l
      Oh! no ;-of ill thou only dost repent thee,
     And in thy dainty mercies most content thee:. .
 Then why, ""th stay so long, so long dost thou torment me?
  Reviving cordial of my dying sprite,
  . The best elixir for soul's drooping pain;
  Ah! now unshade thy face, uncloud thy sight;
     See, ev'ry way's a trap, each path's a train:
       Hell's troops my soul beleaguer; bow thine ears;
       And hear my cries pCercethrough my groans and fearsl
   iweet Spouse! see not my sins, but through my plaintS and
   Let frailty, favour; sorrow, succo., m01'e;
     Anchor my life in thy calm streams of bloo,d :
 , JH thou my rock, though poor changeling rove,
     Tlist up aacl down inwav8s of worldly Hood:

-,                       ---   ~
                                               Digitized by

                  THE PURPLE ISLAND.                                         18f
     Wbil!lt 1 iii vaie o( tears at an~hor' ride;
     Where itiildg of eanhly thougbts my 'sails misguide;
lIarbour my Beshly bark safe in thy wounded lide•
                  ."               LIII.
Take; take my co'Dtrite heart, thy sacrifice,
  Wash'd in h~r eyes that swims and sinks in woes :
See, see, as 'seas with winds high working rise,
  So storm, so'rage, so gape thy boasting foes!
     Dear S'pouse'! unless thy right hand even steers;
     Oil ! if thou anchor not these threat'ning fears;
Thy ark will sail as deep in blood, as now 'in tears.'
          ,                         LIV.
With that a thund'ring noise seem'd shake the sky, '
  As when with iron wheels through stony plain
A thousand chariots to the battle By;
  Or when witli boist'rous rage the swelling mai~,
    Purt up. by mighty ~inds, does hoarsely'roar ;
    And beating with his waTeS the trembling shore,
His sandy girdle scorns, and breaks Earth's rampart door..
 And straight an angel full ofheav'nly might,
   (Three sev'ral crowns circled his royal head)
 From northern coast heaving his blazing light,
   Through all the Earth his glorious beams dispread,
     And open lays the Beast's ~nd Dragon's shame:
      For to this end, th' Almigbty did him frame,
, And therefore from supplanting gave his ominons name.
A tlilver tl'umpet oft he loudly blew,
  Frighting the guilty Earth with thund'ring knell ;

  '(I OUf late most learlleG 8~vereignJ in his R.emoll.&~ra.ce anll Complaint eu
the Apocalypse.

                                                             Digitized by   Google

And oft proclaim'd, as through tM.•~rl~ he·~lt,
 " Babel, great Babel lies allow ., B~ll:, ",
   Let e,very IUlgelloud his trumpet souad,
    Her Heav'n-exalted tow'rs in dust are drown'd :
Babel, proud Babel's fall'~, and lies as low __ gJ:~~4
The broken Beav'ns dispartwith fearful noise,
  And from the breach outshoets a sud;den lipt :
Straight shrilling trumpetl with loud. ~o~dinJvQic~
  Give echoing summons to new bloody fight :
    Well knew the Dragon that all-quelling b~t,
    And soon perceiv'd that day must be his last:
Which strook his frighten'd heart, and all his trooJ»s
Yet full of malice, and of stubborn pride,
  Though oft had strove, and had been foil'd as oft,
Boldly his death and certain fate defy'd;
  And mounted on his flaggy sails aloft,
    With boundless spite he long'd to try again
    A second loss, and new death ;-glad and fain
To shew his pois'nous hate, though ever shew'd in vam.
So up he arose upon his stretched sails
  Fearless expecting his approaching death ;
So up he arose, that th' air starts and fails,
  And over-pressed, sinks his load.beneath:
    So up he·arose, as does a thunder-cloud,
    Which all the Earth with shallows black doth shroud ~
So up he arose, and through the weary air h~ row'd.
Now his Almighty Foe far off he" spies;
 Whose sun-like arms daz'd the eclipsed day,
Confounding wit~ their beams his glitt'riog skies,
  Firing the air with ~ore than heav'nly ray ;

                                                            .. -:=-:-.......
                                          Digitized by   Google
                                                  ---r-~_-~--                   ____•••


   Like tboilb,ad 'sUbS in .,,,e:...;..Isllt)h is their Ught,
   A subjectt anty for inlmortal sprite,
Which never 'can be . . ., but by immortal sight.
                               ,LXI.                .
llis tbreat'ningejes shine like that dreadful flame,
   With wbich the Thu1ld~ arms his angry hand:
lIimself bad faitly wrote 'hi, wondrous Name,
   Which ~er EarU1 nor Beav'n could understand:
     A bundred croWDS, like tow~rs, beset around
     His cQnq'riug head: well may tbey there abound,
When all bis limbs,anel troops, with 'gold arericb]y crown'd.
Jlis armour all 'Was dJ'd in purple blood;
  (In purple ,blo~d'of thousand re'bel kings)
In vain ~eir stubborn pow'rs bis arm witbstood ;
  'fbeir proud tlecks~ba:in1d, rae now intriumpb brings,
     And breaks their 'spelll's, and cracks their trait'rous
     Upou whose arms and thigh:in golden words
Was fairly writ,' The King at: kings, and Lord of lords.'
                   ,       '   ~LXIII.                                '
ais snow white steed. 'Was born of heav'nly kind, '
  Begot" by Boreas on the 'l'hracianmDs ;
More strong alid'speedy than his parent wind:
  ABd (which bis foes with fear and horrour fills)
    Out from1ris mouth a two-edg'd 'sword 'he darts ;
    Whose sbsrpest steel the bone and marrow patts,
And with his keenest point unbreasts the naked hearts.
The Dragon, wounded with His flaming brand,
  They take, 'and in strong bonds and fetters tie :                       ' ,
Short was the figlit, nor could he long witbsta~d.
 Him, whose' appearalJce is his victory.       "

                                                     Digitized by   Google
             IN             THE PURPLJ!: leLANJ).
                 So now he's bound in adaJPalltine cbain ;
                 He storms, he roars, he yelll for bigh disdaia :
             His net is bro~e, tbe fowl go free, tbe fowler ta'e...
             Tbence ~y a mighty swain be SOOD was led
               Unto a thousand thousand torturing.,:         i'

             His tail, wbose fo'!ds w~e wont the stars to shed,
               No'w str~tch'd at leJlgth, his body clings :
                  Soon AS tbe pit he s~s, be. back retires,
                 " ~d b~ttle new, but all in vain, respires :
             So there be deeply lies~ 8aming in icy fires.
         As when Akoides from forc'd Hell bad drawn     .
           Tbe three-head Dog, and mastcr'd all his pride;
         Basely the fiend did on his victor fawn,
           With serpent taU cllJ.pping his hollow side:
             At length arriv'd upon tbe b~ink of ligbt,
             He shuts tbe day out of his dullard sight,
         And swelling all in nin,renews unhappy ~gbt.
                                       LXVII. '
         Soon at this sigbt the knights reviTe again,
           As fresh as whep tlJe IOW'fS. from . ,
                                               winter's tomb
         (When pow the S~ brings back bis pea.rer wain).
           Peep out again frqm their fresh mother's womb:
             Tbe primrolle li,hted ~ew, l:l~rft.aQle displays,
             And frigbts the neigbbo1Jr hedg~ Jri~h Ben rays ~
         And all the worJd rene", th~ir mirtb Q.l)d sportive play6-
                  .                   ..
                                      LXVIII.                                          ,
         The Prince, wbo saw his ~ong imprisonment
           N ow end in ne'Yer eD~g liberty;
         To meet t4e Victor from his castle went,
          Apd fallipg down, ~18#Pi~g ~s rOYM ~~e,

    ..   .
                                                                            I ___---   ~~

                                                           Digitized by   Google
                             'PIlE    PURPL~          ISLAND.                                1M

                   pOJll'S' eat d';'erv~ thanks in grateful praise:
                   But him the heav'n), Saviour SooB doth raise,
              AJul bids him spendHn jOf, hi& never ending days.
              The fair Eclecta, who with. widow'd brow
               Her absent LOrd lo~ mourn'd in sad array,
              Now silken linen * m-th'd like&oEen snow, .
               Whose silver Ip.ptS sparkle 'gainst the day:
                  Tw., shining robe her Lord himself had wrought,
                  While Ite ber loft with buudred presetlts sought,
              And it with many a wo..ul, and many a tormeut bought!
              And thus array'd, her hea'f'aly beauties shin'd
                (Drawing their beams' from his IDGft gloriour face)
              Like to a precious Jiaapetlt, pve refin'd,
                Which ~ith a Crystal mix' ell, mue mends his grace:
                   The golden . . a plat! fair did frame
                 . To crown her 10cll",; th& SUIt lay hid for shame,
              And yielded an biB beams to tier mere glorious ilame.
              Ah! who that ilame can telll? Ah! who can see?
       is toe wi6 si1rence ~ admire·;
              While bolder jor; nd hum~ maj8'ty
                In' either cheek btl kindled graceful fil'e':
                   Long silent stood sbe, wbil~ her former feM'S
                   And griej, run all awa, ia siding teaTS ;
              Tllat like a wet'py SUD her glat!lseme faee appears.
  •                                       LXXn.
              At length when joys had left her eieser heart,
                To seat themselwe u.pon: her thankful ton-ga.e :
              First in her eyes tbeoy sudd~B' luhes dart,
                Then forth i' th' musie ofhel'voiee they tJirongl;
                         .. Ber.ld•• 8.                        t   Ibiil'. ltD. H •

--...:.or   b""   -=.--. ___   'r
                                     ..   - M   .... __   ~             _               .
                                                                                     __ ......
                                                              _ _......... _ _ _ _..... --jII - -

                                                                             Digitized by   Google
 180             THE' PU~PLE ISLAND.
    , My hope, ~y love, my"joy, my life, my Miss, •
    (Whom to elJjoy is Heav'n, hilt Qell to misS}
 What are the wprld's falsejoYI, .'Ybat :Beav'ns true joyS to
                               LXXIIl .. ' , ..
 .Ah, dearest Lo!-,d! does my rllpt soul behold thee ?
   Am I awake? and sure I do Oot-dreiun?
. Do these thrice blessed arms again infold thee ?,
   'roo much <\elight makes true things feigned Beem~
      'rhee, thee I see; thou, thou thull folded arti i
      For de~ thy stamp is printed ia my heart,            -f
  And thousand ne'er feltjoys stream in each melting part."
 Thus with glad sorrow did she plain her,
   Upon his neck a welcome loa;d. depending;
 While He with equal-joy did entertaiD her,
   Herself, her champions, highly all oommending :
     So all in triumph to his palace .went;
     Whose work in narrow words may not be pent:
 For boundless thought is less than is that glorious tent.
         .                      LXXV.
 There sweet delights, which know nor end nor measure;
   No chance is there, nor eating times succeeding:
 No wasteful spending can impair their treasure;
   Pleasure full grown, yet ever freshly breeding:
     Fulness of sweets excludes not more receiving:
     The soul still big with joy, yet still conceiving; [ing:
 Beyond slow tongue's report, beyond quick thought's perceiv-
 There are they gone; there wiH they ever bide;
   Swimming in waves of joy, .and heav'nly loves:
 He still a bridegroom, she a gladsome bride;
   Their he.arts in love, like spheres still constant ~ovin&, :

- ~~--~
             •   err-   ~   en,. 'u::ac::::::     ~.,..r         ., ...   ~   .' _.
                                                  Digitized by   Google
                · THE PURPLE ISLAND.                           187

    No change, no grief, no age can them befall .
    Tbeir brigal bed is in that heav'nly hall,
Whf.fre     days af"f"' hut f"fne, and only onf' is
Anh as     state         thHS iff triumph ride,
              and dffmsnlf" thf"ir jfffft pf"ffisef" chant;
The boys the bridegroom sing, the maids the bride,
  lVhiln Kfll    hills glfzd              Inudly uaufft :
    Heun'na               husts, gr,,,,zinll this lllof"i,zus
    Attune their higher notes, and Hymens sing:
Eanb            to           anb eaab did paf"f" thnHght'f" 10Ytiest

U pmK Hif"            bnf'W Love
  Flames out in pow'r, shines out in majesty;
Th'ff"e all hjs .          attfd tr'ltphiaf" fittinzg ;
  Dh,plnhs thu mfZnu nf Highelti¥ D"ity :
      There full of strength in Lordly arms he stands,
     And eV"lth hnnrt, anduverd sOHI conzmands ;
No heart, no souL his strenn-th nAKd LordI n &¥o'Sn'l' withstands.
     " w
                    m      ."'":::i        .   """""

Upnn hnf" fm'nhefzd th,ltnsand chnnrf,nl Griznes f
  Seated on thrones of spotless ivord ;
Thnze ge1tftIe Vove his armed hand unbraces ;
             tmhent diadaimf" all           ;
    There by his pla,y a thousand souls beguiles,
    P~1tf"uadinzg              simple mohest smiles,
Thnn en'1t1t hn <!Ould fOltne .hd armf", 'Cri1ttty-
Upnn hnk' chf;ak dffWh deauty's ;fM hY:AplaAnt
 The            g~dekf nf hz;n cinnicef"t fim,n'rs
On which if Envy might but glance aseant,
      ebffs                    bmst, a.nd

.188           THE PURPLE ISLt\ND.

    Thrice fairer both than ever fair8lt e1' d :
    Heav'n never sllch a bridegroom    ,et
Nor ever Earth so fair, soundefil'd
                                           deaery~cl ;

Full of his Father shines his ,loriOll8 face,
  As far the Sun surpassing in hie UgW,
As doth the ~ the Earth with ftli.llUg Woe :
  Sweet illftuence'streams froUl hfi quiek'niag sigltt :
      His beams from IlOUpt 46d all tllis All mBplsy ;
      And when to less tba& nougb! they feB aViRY,
Ite ..oon r~tor',.f agaia by his new orient raJ.
All Heav'n shines forth i. Iter sweet face's frame:
  Her seeing stUs (which we Meal brigttt eye~
More bright tIrall ~ the nWroing'iI brightest lame, .
  More fruitful than tJ.eMay-tHIae Geminies :
  - These, back restore the timely summer's fire;
    Those, SpriBgiltg though. mwinter hearts inspire,
Inspiriting dlltad souls, aDd quick'ning warm desire.
 These two fair Suns in heav'nly spheres are plac'd, .
   Where in the ceRtre, joy triumphing sits:
 Thus in aU highperfectiOIls fully grae'd,
   Her mid-day bliss DO futve nigtlt admits;
      But in the mirrOllS of her Sproue's eyes
      Her fairest self she cResses; there where lies
 All sweets, a glorious beauty to imparadise.
 His locks like raven's plumes, orshining jet,
   Fall down in CuftS alonghls ivory neck ;

 Within their circlets hUDcired Graces set,
  Alld with love-knata        ocamely haaginp deck :

                                              Digitized by
                                                                      ... ~
   ..,..   ',"   .
                 ",   -" ~--.-."".,.,._-..--

                      ~UE   PURPLE ISLAND. ,
    His mlihty shoulders, like that giant s'fam*,
    All heav'n and eanh, and all in both S\l8taiB ;
Yet knows no w-eariDess, nor feels oppressing pain.
                                LXXXV.                                     1
Her amber hair like to the sunny ray,
  With gold enamels fair the silver white ;
Th~re heav'nly Loves their pretty sportings plaJ.
  Firing their darts in that wide iJ.ammg light :
     Her daillty neck,. spread with ~at sil¥er JRGald"
     Where double beauty doth itself unfold,
In th' own fair silver shines, aad borrow'4 geid..
His breast a rock of purest alabaster,
 Were loves self-sailing, shipwreck'd often sittetb.
Her's a twin-rock, unknown, but' to th' ship-master;
  Which barbours him alone, aU ~er splitteth.
     Where better could her love than here have nested 1
    01' he his thoughts than here more swe~tly feasted?
Then both their love and thoughts in each are ever rested.
 Run now you shepherd-swains; ab! run you thither
  Where this fair bridegroom leads the blessed way:
 And haste, you lovely maids, haste you toget~er
, With this sweet bride, while yet the sun-sbine day
     Guides your blind steps; while yet loud sUDllDQns call,
     Tbat every wood and bill resounds withal,
 Come Hymen, Hymen come, drest in thy golden pall.
  The soun,ding echo back the music Hung,
    While beav'nly spheres unto tbe voices play'd.
, But lo! the day i&eBded with my song;
    AIl4 sportiag bathes witb that fair ocean maid:
                                 .. AtI •••

                                                Digitized by   Google
                                                 w           '*

100           THE PURPLE- ISLAND.
    Stoop now thy wing, my Muse, now stoop thee low:
    Hence may'st thou freely play, arid rest thee now;
While here I hang my pipe upon the willow bough."
So up they rose, while all the shepherd- throng
  With their loud 'pipes a country triumph blew,
And led their Thirsfi home with joyful song:
  Mean time the lovely nymph with garlands new,
    His locks in bay and hOllour'd palm-tree bound,
    With lilies set, and hyacinths around;        .
And lord o(all the year, and their May-sportings crown'd·

                        THE END.

              Jaques; Printer, :17, Dean Street. SoJio.


                                                          Digitized by   Google

To top