Uncertain Rare Earth Supplies Planting a Question Mark over the growth of the Hybrid Vehicle market

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					Uncertain Rare Earth Supplies Planting a Question
Mark over the growth of the Hybrid Vehicle market
Hybrid vehicles largely depend upon four rare earth elements – Praseodymium, Neodymium, Terbium,
and Dysprosium. Out of these four elements, the later three are expected to face a critical supply crunch
in the near future.

The market for hybrid vehicles is currently witnessing rapid growth with analysts expecting their
demand to grow several folds during 2011-2015. The extensive adoption of these vehicles can be
attributed to a number of factors. These include: a growing awareness among end users,
government support, rapid technological advancements and a continuous increase in oil prices.
Question marks, however, are currently hanging over the future growth of these vehicles – at
least in the short term. A new study from IMARC Group, one of the worlds’ leading research
and advisory firms entitled “The Global Rare Earth Elements Market 2011-2015: Is the
Hype Justified?” finds that hybrid vehicles largely depend upon four rare earth elements –
Praseodymium, Neodymium, Terbium, and Dysprosium. Out of these four elements, the later
three are expected to face a critical supply crunch in the near future.

Findings from the report suggest that NdFeB magnets are the enabling technology for today’s
electric vehicles. The commonly used rare earth magnets of today combine 31% Neodymium
with 68% Iron and 1% Boron. However, these magnets when used in hybrid vehicles have to be
alloyed with up to 4.5% of Dysprosium by weight that dramatically improves its temperature
handling capability. Terbium, even though more expensive and a lot rarer than dysprosium, can
also accomplish the same thing. Praseodymium may also added to the magnet to enhance its
field strength. The report expects that the demand of NdFeB magnets is expected to grow
exponentially with an increasing demand of hybrid vehicles. This in turn is expected to drive the
consumption of the rare earth elements - Neodymium, Praseodymium, Dysprosium and Terbium
in the coming years.


Findings from the report also suggested that NdFeB magnet manufacturers are heavily dependent
upon China for their rare earth supplies. In 2010, China accounted for 99% of the global Terbium
production, 98% of the global Praseodymium production and 97% of both Neodymium and
Dysprosium production. As a result of its increasing domestic demand, the Chinese government
in recent years has significantly restricted the export of these elements. For instance, between
May 2010 and August 2011, the domestic prices for Neodymium in China increased eightfold,
this resulted in the Chinese government decreasing its export quota and ramping up its export
taxes on rare earths leading to sky rocketing prices and a shortage of rare earth elements for the
rest of the world.

Supply demand projections from the report suggest that with the opening of a number of non-
Chinese mines during 2011–2015, the production of these four rare earth elements will
significantly increase and diversify. However, excluding Preseodymium which is expected to be
oversupplied by 17%, the report expects the demand of Dysprosium, Terbium and Neodymium
to outpace their total supply by 71%, 10% and 9% respectively by 2015. The report suggests that
the shortage of these three rare earth elements may have a major impact on the growth of the
hybrid car market as they have limited substitutes and recycling options.

IMARC’s new report entitled “The Global Rare Earth Elements Market 2011-2015: Is the Hype
Justified?” provides an analytical and statistical insight into the global rare earth elements
market. The study that has been undertaken using both desk-based as well as qualitative primary
research has analyzed five aspects of the rare earth elements market.


Key Aspects Analyzed in this Report:


Understanding the Mining Economics of Rare Earth Elements:

Focus of the Analysis:

      Rare earth mine valuation
      Stages and time taken to develop and start production at a rare earth mine
      The total costs involved in rare earth mining
      Mining and downstream processing of rare earth elements
      Rare earth element pricing



Understanding China’s Role in the Global Rare Earth Elements Market:

Focus of the Analysis:

      China’s role in the global supply and demand of rare earth elements
      Reasons for China’s dominance
      China’s current and future supply strategies



Comprehensive Situation Analysis of the Global Rare Earth Elements Market:

Focus of the analysis:

      Quantifying the historical sales and production of rare earth elements
      Identification and evaluation of current global rare earth mines
      Identification and evaluation of mines expected to begin production in the next five years
      Current and future consumption of rare earth elements

Evaluating the Supply and Demand of Various Rare Earth Elements:
Focus of the analysis:

      Quantifying the production of each element from current and future mines
      Quantifying the current and future demand of each element
      Historical, current and future prices of each element
      Evaluating the supply risks of each element and its importance for clean technology
      Identification of critically undersupplied and oversupplied rare earth elements



Information Sources:

Information has been sourced from both primary and secondary sources:

      Primary sources include industry surveys and face to face/telephone interviews with industry
       experts.
      Secondary sources include proprietary databases and search engines. These sources include
       company websites and reports, books, trade journals, magazines, white papers, industry portals,
       government sources and access to more than 4000 paid databases.



To buy the complete report or to get a free sample:

Call: +91-120-425-6531 (Asia) +1-631-791-1145 (America)

Email: sales@imarcgroup.com

To know more please visit:
http://www.imarcgroup.com/the-global-rare-earth-elements-market-2011-2015-is-the-hype-
justified/
For more information, visit: http://www.imarcgroup.com

Key word
Rare earth elements, rare earth metals, rare earth metal stocks, rare earth element stocks, rare
earth metal market, rare earth element market

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Hybrid vehicles largely depend upon four rare earth elements – Praseodymium, Neodymium, Terbium, and Dysprosium. Out of these four elements, the later three are expected to face a critical supply crunch in the near future.