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					         Contents of
         Bible books

Introduction to Biblical Literature
Old Testament (OT)
 Pentateuch (five cases)
 First 5 Books of Bible
   Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers,
    Deuteronomy
 Written by Moses - Revolutionary
 1450 to 1410 BC
Historical books
   17 books
     Pentateuch
     Pre-exile (before Babylonian conquest)
     Post-exile (after return from Babylon)
   Genesis – book of beginnings
     Beginning   of universe; beginning of human
      race; beginning of sin (how people preferred
      going their own way rather than doing God‘s
      will); beginning of the Jewish people
   Key chapters
     Genesis 1-2 Creation
     Genesis 3 Sin / First promise of Redeemer
     Genesis 12 Abraham‘s call
   Exodus — Liberation (the way out)
     Biggest  event in Jewish history: deliverance
      from Egyptian slavery
     Turning group of slaves into a functioning
      nation
     Giving of the Ten Commandments and
      building of Tabernacle
   Key chapter: 20 – The Ten
    Commandments
The 10 Commandments
   You shall have no other Gods before me
   You shall not make for yourselves an idol
   You shall not misuse the name of the LORD
    your God
   Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it
    holy
   Honor your father and your mother
   You shall not murder
   You shall not commit adultery
   You shall not steal
   You shall not give false testimony
   You shall not covet
   Leviticus
     The Levites (priests) and their service in the
      Tabernacle:
          Instructions for 5 offerings and 8 feasts
     How  may an unholy people approach a holy
      God?
     Key verse: ―Love your neighbor as yourself‖
      (19:18)
   Numbers — (also called Book of the
    March)
        Wilderness wanderings from Sinai to the
        border of Canaan -- a period of about 40
        years
   Deuteronomy — Moses‘ last messages
    and songs
     Book  of Remembrance: Moses looks back
      over a century crammed with epoch-creating
      events
     Deuteronomy means ―second law‖
     Source for Jesus‘ Great Commandment
      about loving God with all our heart, soul and
      body
      Deuteronomy 4:4-9 The great commandment and
      the importance of remembering God‟s word.
 4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our    4 只有你们紧紧倚靠耶和华你们的
God, the LORD is one. 5 Love       神的人,今日全都活着。 5 看哪,我
the LORD your God with all your    照着耶和华我的 神吩咐我的,把律
                                   例和典章教训你们,好让你们在将要
heart and with all your soul and
                                   进去得为业的地上遵行。 6 所以你们
with all your strength. 6 These
                                   要谨守遵行,因为在万民的眼中看来
commandments that I give you       ,这就是你们的智慧和聪明;他们一
today are to be upon your          听见这一切律例,就必定说:‗这大
hearts. 7 Impress them on your     国的人真是有智慧,有聪明啊。
children. Talk about them when     ‘ 7 哪一个大国的人有神与他们这样
you sit at home and when you       亲近,像耶和华我们的 神,在我们
walk along the road, when you      每次呼求他的时候,与我们亲近一样
lie down and when you get up. 8    呢? 8 又哪一个大国有这样公义的律
                                   例和典章,像我今日在你面前颁布的
Tie them as symbols on your
                                   这一切律法呢? 9 ―你只要自己谨慎
hands and bind them on your
                                   ,又要谨守你的心思,免得你忘了你
foreheads. 9 Write them on the     亲眼看见的事,又免得这些事在你有
doorframes of your houses and      生之日离开你的心;总要把这些事传
on your gates.                     给你的子子孙孙,
OT History books (Judges & Kings)
Book           Author      Book Name in Chinese
Judges         Samuel      士师记
1 Samuel       Samuel      撒母耳记上
2 Samuel       Ezra?       撒母耳记下
1 Kings        Jeremiah?   列王纪上
2 Kings        Jeremiah?   列王纪下
1 Chronicles   Ezra?       历代志上
2 Chronicles   Ezra?       历代志下
Israel‘s Historical Stories
Book       Author      Book Name in Chinese

Joshua     Joshua      约书亚记
Ruth       Samuel      撒母耳记上
Ezra       Ezra        以斯拉记
Nehemiah   Nehemiah    尼希米记
Esther     Mordecai?   以斯帖记
   Joshua —
     Conquest  of the Promised Land / fall of Jericho and Ai
     Assigning portions of Promised Land to the tribal
      groups
     Key Thought: How to be successful in the battle of life
     Key chapter:
          Joshua 24: ―line in the sand‖
Joshua 1:9
Have I not             我不是吩咐过你
commanded you?
                       要坚强勇敢吗?
Be strong and
courageous. Do not     所以,你不要惧
be terrified; do not   怕,也不要惊慌
be discouraged, for    ;因为你无论到
the LORD your God
                       哪里去,耶和华
will be with you
wherever you go."      你的 神必与你
                       同在。
   Judges — Israel‘s Dark Ages
     350   years from Joshua‘s death to crowning of
      first king: Saul
     Key phrase: ―Every man did what was right in
      his own eyes‖ (Judges 17:6)
     15 judges (Gideon, Samson, Deborah)
     7 apostasies, 7 servitudes, 7 deliverances
   Ruth — establishes family line of David
    (the Messiah‘s ancestor)
     No  place for racial prejudice in God‘s
      Kingdom
     To show how a Gentile woman became one
      of the ancestors of Christ.
   Ruth 1:16-18
 16 But Ruth replied, "Don't urge       16 路得说:―请不要逼我离开
me to leave you or to turn back         你回去,不跟从你。你到哪
from you. Where you go I will go,       里去,我也要到哪里去;你
and where you stay I will stay. Your
                                        在哪里过夜,我也要在哪里
people will be my people and your
God my God. 17 Where you die I          过夜;你的同胞就是我的同
will die, and there I will be buried.   胞,你的 神就是我的 神
May the LORD deal with me, be it        ; 17 你死在哪里,我也要死
ever so severely, if anything but       在哪里,葬在哪里。除非死
death separates you and me." 18         亡把你我分离;如果我离开
When Naomi realized that Ruth           你,愿耶和华加倍惩罚我。
was determined to go with her, she      ‖ 18 拿俄米看路得坚决要跟
stopped urging her.
                                        她走,就不再多费唇舌了。
   I & II Samuel —
     From  Samuel‘s childhood through Saul‘s
      troublesome times and on through the reign of
      David
     God‘s people come to a turning point as
      monarchy is set up
1 Samuel 16:7
 But the LORD said to       但耶和华对撒母耳
Samuel, "Do not
consider his appearance
                            说:―不要看他的外
or his height, for I have   貌和他高大的身材
rejected him. The LORD      ,因为我不拣选他
does not look at the        。耶和华看人不像
things man looks at.
Man looks at the            人看人,人是看外
outward appearance,         表,耶和华是看内
but the LORD looks at       心。
the heart."
 2 Samuel 2:1-2
 1 In the spring, at the time when   1 过了年,在列王出征
kings go off to war, David sent
Joab out with the king's men and     的时候,大卫派遣约押
the whole Israelite army. They       和自己的臣仆,以及以
destroyed the Ammonites and
                                     色列众军一同出征。他
besieged Rabbah. But David
remained in Jerusalem. 2 One         们歼灭了亚扪人,并且
evening David got up from his bed    包围了拉巴。大卫却留
and walked around on the roof of
the palace. From the roof he saw a
                                     在耶路撒冷。 2 有一天
woman bathing. The woman was         近黄昏的时候,大卫从
very beautiful,                      床上起来,
   I & II Kings: 400 years of the growth and then the
    decay of the kingdom
     Begin  with King David and end with the king of
      Babylon.
     Open with building the temple / end with burning the
      temple
     Open with David's first successor the temple to the
      throne — Solomon — and end with David's last
      successor — Jehoiachin — released from captivity by
      the king of Babylon.
     I Kings has the story of Elijah; II Kings centers around
      Elisha.
  1 Kings 3:16-18
 16 Now two prostitutes        16 有一天,有两个作妓女
came to the king and stood     的妇人来见王,站在他面前
before him. 17 One of them     。 17 其中一个妇人说:―我
said, "My lord, this woman     主啊,我和这妇人同住;她
and I live in the same         与我在房子里的时候,我生
house. I had a baby while      了一个孩子。 18 我生了孩
she was there with me. 18      子以后的第三天,这妇人也
The third day after my child   生了一个孩子。我们都住在
was born, this woman also      一起。除了我们两个人在房
had a baby. We were            子里以外,再没有别人与我
alone; there was no one in     们一起在这房子里。
the house but the two of us.
  2 Kings 2:9
When they had crossed,     他们过去之后,以
Elijah said to Elisha,     利亚对以利沙说:―
"Tell me, what can I do    在我没有被接离开
for you before I am
                           你以先,我可以为
taken from you?"
    "Let me inherit a      你作些什么,你尽
double portion of your     管求吧!‖以利沙说
spirit," Elisha replied.   :―求你使你的灵双
                           倍地临到我。
   Material in Chronicles
     1. Reign of Solomon
     2. Division of Kingdom
          About 850 B.C.
     3. Parallel History of the Two Kingdoms
     4. History of Judah to the Captivity
          (from about 721 B.C. to 586 B.C.)
The Kings of
Israel and their
walk with God
Side note:
   Question:  Why I & II Samuel, I & II Kings and I
    & II Chronicles?
        Answer: When translated into Greek, the writings
         took up one third more space than they did in
         Hebrew. The parchment scrolls on which they
         were written were limited in length.
Ezra — Jewish
  restoration from
  Babylonian Captivity;
  50,000 Jews return
  from exile to their
  homeland and rebuild
  Jerusalem and the
  Temple
                    Photo of Cyrus‟ decree allowing temple to be rebuilt
  Ezra 3:3
Despite their fear of     因为他们惧怕当
the peoples around
                          地的居民,就在
them, they built the
altar on its foundation   殿的原有根基上
and sacrificed burnt      建立祭坛,在祭
offerings on it to the    坛上向耶和华献
LORD, both the            燔祭,就是早晚
morning and evening
                          的燔祭。
sacrifices.
   Nehemiah —
    Nehemiah as new
    governor rebuilds
    walls of Jerusalem
   Nehemiah 2:17-18
 17 Then I said to them, "You       17 后来我对他们说:“你
see the trouble we are in:          们都看见我们遭遇的患难
Jerusalem lies in ruins, and its    :耶路撒冷成了荒芜之地
gates have been burned with fire.
                                    ,城门被火焚毁,你们都
Come, let us rebuild the wall of
Jerusalem, and we will no longer
                                    来吧!让我们重建耶路撒
be in disgrace." 18 I also told     冷的城墙,免得我们再受
them about the gracious hand of     凌辱。” 18 我告诉他们,
my God upon me and what the         我的 神施恩的手怎样帮
king had said to me.                助我,以及王对我所说的
    They replied, "Let us start     话;他们就说:“我们要起
rebuilding." So they began this     来建造!”于是他们奋勇着
good work.
   Esther — A plot to
    exterminate the Jews
      Divine deliverance of
      dispersed Jews who were
      destined to die; God in the
      shadows watches His own
     Key verse: ―Perhaps you
      have come to the Kingdom for
      such a time as this‖
Wisdom literature
   5 writings from the heart
 Poetry Books
Book           Author    Book Name in Chinese
Job            Job?      约伯记
Psalms         David,      诗篇
               Solomon,
               others
Proverbs       Solomon/oth 箴言
               ers
Ecclesiastes   Solomon     传道书
Song of        Solomon   雅歌
Songs
   Job:
     Why  do the righteous
      suffer?
     Job‘s 4 ―friends‖ attempt to
      explain what has happened
      to him
     Key verse: Job 1:21-22
   Job 1:21-22
   21 "Naked I came from          21 ―我赤身出于母胎
my mother's womb,
    and naked I will depart.
                                  ,也必赤身归去。赏
    The LORD gave and the         赐的是耶和华,收回
LORD has taken away;              的也是耶和华;耶和
    may the name of the           华的名是应当称颂的
LORD be praised."
                                  。‖ 22 在这一切事上
22 In all this, Job did not sin
by charging God with              ,约伯并没有犯罪,
wrongdoing.                       也没有归咎于 神。
Psalms
            Hebrew hymnal and book
             of prayers
            Key chapters
              Psalm   23 – the shepherd‘s
               psalm
              Psalm 51 – David‘s cry for
               forgiveness after his
               adulterous relationship with
               Bathsheba
              Psalm 119 – The
               importance of the Bible
    Psalm 23
1 The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in        1 耶和华是我的牧人,我必不
want. 2 He makes me lie down in green               会缺乏。(本节在《马索拉抄
pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters,          本》包括细字标题) 2 他使我
 3 he restores my soul. He guides me in paths of    躺卧在青草地上,领我到安静
righteousness for his name's sake.                  的水边。 3 他使我的灵魂苏醒
                                                    ;为了自己的名,他引导我走
 4 Even though I walk through the valley of the     义路。 4 我虽然行过死荫的山
shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are   谷,也不怕遭受伤害,因为你
with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort      与我同在;你的杖你的竿都安
me. 5 You prepare a table before me in the          慰我。 5 在我敌人面前,你为
presence of my enemies. You anoint my head          我摆设筵席;你用油膏了我的
with oil; my cup overflows.                         头,使我的杯满溢。 6 我一生
                                                    的日子,必有恩惠慈爱紧随着
 6 Surely goodness and love will follow me all
                                                    我;我也要住在耶和华的殿中
the days of my life, and I will dwell in the
                                                    ,直到永远。
house of the LORD forever.
   Proverbs
    A manual for everyday living; moral and
     ethical implications of every area of life
     Key verse: Proverbs 3:5-6
     Key chapter: Proverbs 31 – Ode to a
     wonderful wife
  Proverbs 3:5-6
 5 Trust in the LORD      5 你要一心仰赖
with all your heart and   耶和华,不可倚
lean not on your own      靠自己的聪明
understanding;            ; 6 在你一切所
 6 in all your ways       行的路上,都要
acknowledge him, and      承认他,他必使
he will make your         你的路径平坦正
paths straight.           直。
   Ecclesiastes:
     There  is no meaning in life and
      creation apart from God; skeptical
     Key verse: 2:11, 13; 12:13-14
  Ecclesiastes 2:11, 13
11 Yet when I surveyed all       11 然后,我省察我手
that my hands had done and       所作的一切,和我劳
what I had toiled to achieve,    碌所成就的,想不到
everything was meaningless,      一切都是虚空,都是
a chasing after the wind;        捕风,在日光之下毫
nothing was gained under         无益处。 智愚同一命
the sun.                         运都是虚空
 13 I saw that wisdom is         13 于是我看出智慧胜
better than folly, just as       过愚昧,如同光明胜
light is better than darkness.   过黑暗一样。
  Ecclesiastes 12:13-14
 13 Now all has been        13 你们一切都听见了
heard; here is the          ,总而言之,应当敬
conclusion of the matter:
Fear God and keep his
                            畏 神,谨守他的诫
commandments, for this      命,因为这是每一个
is the whole duty of man.   人的本分。 14 人所
 14 For God will bring      作的每一件事,连一
every deed into judgment,   切隐藏的事,无论是
including every hidden      善是恶, 神都必审
thing, whether it is good
or evil.
                            问。
   Song of Solomon (Song of Songs)
     To  compare the love between a bridegroom &
      his bride to show God‘s love for his people
     God‘s desire for love in marriage
  Song of Songs 2:1
I am a rose of          我是沙仑平原的水
Sharon, a lily of the   仙花,是谷中的百
valleys.                合花。
Prophetic writings
   Two kinds of divisions:
     Major / Minor
     Pre-exile / post exile
Prophecy
Book       Author    Book Name in Chinese

Isaiah     Isaiah    以赛亚书

Jeremiah   Jeremiah 耶利米书

Lamentations Jeremiah 耶利米哀歌

Ezekiel    Ezekiel   以西结书

Daniel     Daniel    但以理书
   Isaiah —
     More  than any other Old Testament writing,
      looks forward to Messiah
     Passionate portrayal of God‘s righteousness
      and the necessity of faith
     Key chapter: 53 -- ―Suffering servant‖
        Isaiah 52:13 - 53:1
 13 See, my servant will act wisely ; he   13 看哪!我的仆人必行
will be raised and lifted up and highly    事亨通,他必受尊崇,被
exalted. 14 Just as there were many        高举,成为至高。 14 许
who were appalled at him — his             多人怎样因你而惊奇(因
appearance was so disfigured beyond        为他的容貌毁损得不像人
                                           ,他的形状毁损得不像世
that of any man and his form marred
                                           人), 15 照样,他也必
beyond human likeness— 15 so will he
                                           使多国的人惊异,君王要
sprinkle many nations, and kings will      因他闭口不言,因为从未
shut their mouths because of him. For      向他们述说过的事,他们
what they were not told, they will see,    必看见;他们从未听过的
and what they have not heard, they will    ,他们要明白。
understand.                                1 谁会相信我们所传的?
1 Who has believed our message and to      耶和华的膀臂向谁显露呢
whom has the arm of the LORD been          ?。
revealed?
Content of Isaiah 52:13-53:1
 God‘s servant will be exalted.
 Many were appalled at his disfiguration.
 He will sprinkle many nations.
 Kings will shut their mouths when they
  understand.
 This message will be hard to believe.
         Isaiah 53: 2-5
 2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot,      1 谁会相信我们所传的?耶和
and like a root out of dry ground.                 华的膀臂向谁显露呢? 2 他在
He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to       耶和华面前如嫩芽生长起来,
him, nothing in his appearance that we should      像根出于干旱之地;他没有佳
                                                   形,也没有威仪,好叫我们仰
desire him.
                                                   慕他;他也没有美貌,使我们
 3 He was despised and rejected by men, a man      被他吸引。 3 他被藐视,被人
of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like      拒绝,是个多受痛苦,熟悉病
one from whom men hide their faces he was          患的人。他像个被人掩面不看
despised, and we esteemed him not.                 的人一样;他被藐视,我们也
 4 Surely he took up our infirmities and carried   不重视他。 4 原来他担当了我
                                                   们的病患,背负了我们的痛苦
our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken
                                                   ;我们却以为他受责打,被
by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.             神击打和苦待了。 5 然而他是
 5 But he was pierced for our transgressions,      为了我们的过犯被刺透,为了
he was crushed for our iniquities; the             我们的罪孽被压伤;使我们得
punishment that brought us peace was upon          平安的惩罚加在他身上,因他
him, and by his wounds we are healed.              受了鞭伤,我们才得医治。
Content of Isaiah 53:2-5
   God‘s servant not majestic:
     Despised  and rejected
     Familiar with suffering
 We thought God had struck him.
 But instead:
     He carried our sorrows.
     He was pierced for our transgressions.
     His punishment brought us peace.
          Isaiah 53:6-9
6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray,               6 我们众人都如羊走迷了路
each of us has turned to his own way; and the         ,各人偏行己路;耶和华却
LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.          把我们众人的罪孽,都归在
 7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not     他身上。7 他被虐待,受痛
open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the         苦的时候,他并不开口;他
slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is      像羊羔被牵去屠宰,又像羊
silent, so he did not open his mouth.                 在剪羊毛的人面前寂然无声
 8 By oppression and judgment he was taken            ,他也是这样不开口。 8 他
away. And who can speak of his descendants?           受拘禁和审判以后被带走;
For he was cut off from the land of the living; for   至于他那个世代的人中,有
the transgression of my people he was stricken.       谁想到从活人之地被剪除,
 9 He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and       被击打,是因我子民的过犯
with the rich in his death, though he had done no     呢? 9 虽然他从来没有行过
violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.            强暴,他的口里也没有诡诈
                                                      ,人还是使他与恶人同埋,
                                                      但死的时候与财主同葬。
Modern Character Study
              He was oppressed and afflicted, yet
              he did not open his mouth; he was led
              like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a
              sheep before her shearers is silent, so
              he did not open his mouth. 。
              他被虐待,受痛苦的时候,他并
              不开口;他像羊羔被牵去屠宰,
              又像羊在剪羊毛的人面前寂然无
              声,他也是这样不开口。
Content of Isaiah 53:6-9
 We were straying, but God put our sin on
  His servant.
 He was unusually silent when suffering.
 He was taken away by oppression &
  judgment.
 Though assigned a grave with wicked
  men, he was with a rich man in his death.
    Isaiah 53:10-12
 10 Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him       10 耶和华却喜悦把他压伤,
and cause him to suffer, and though the           使他受痛苦;耶和华若以他
LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he          的性命作赎罪祭,他必看见
will see his offspring and prolong his days,      后裔,并且得享长寿;耶和
and the will of the LORD will prosper in
                                                  华所喜悦的,必在他手中亨
his hand.
                                                  通。 11 他受了生命之苦以后
 11 After the suffering of his soul, he will
                                                  ,必看见光明,并且心满意
see the light of life and be satisfied ; by his
                                                  足;我的义仆必使许多人因
knowledge my righteous servant will
justify many, and he will bear their              认识他而得称为义,他也必
iniquities.                                       背负他们的罪孽。 12 所以,
 12 Therefore I will give him a portion           我要使他与伟大的人同分,
among the great, and he will divide the           他必与强盛的均分掳物,因
spoils with the strong, because he poured         为他把自己的性命倾倒,以
out his life unto death, and was numbered         致于死。他被列在罪犯之中
with the transgressors. For he bore the sin       ,却担当了多人的罪,又为
of many, and made intercession for the            罪犯代求。
transgressors.
Content of Isaiah 53:10-12
   God makes him a guilt offering.
   But he will live again:
     See his offspring
     Prolong his days
     See the light (of life)
   Many will be justified by knowing him.
   He will be counted great & strong because:
     He died while considered a sinner.
     But actually he bore the sins of others.
   Jeremiah —
     The  God who avenges sin
     Warns Judah that her sins will result
      in chastisement from the North (the
      Babylonians)
     God is going to make a new
      covenant with His people
     Uses lots of ―object lessons‖
Jeremiah 31:15                Matthew 2:16
This is what the LORD says:   When Herod realized that he had
"A voice is heard in Ramah,   been outwitted by the Magi, he
mourning and great weeping,   was furious, and he gave orders
Rachel weeping for her        to kill all the boys in Bethlehem
                              and its vicinity who were two
children and refusing to be
                              years old and under, in
comforted, because her
                              accordance with the time he had
children are no more."        learned from the Magi.
耶和华这样说:“在拉玛听                  希律见自己被占星家愚弄了
见有声音,是痛哭哀号的声                  ,就大怒,于是照着他从占
音;拉结为她的儿女哀哭,                  星家所问得的日子,下令把
不肯受安慰,因为他们都不                  伯利恒和附近地方,两岁以
在了。”                          下的小孩全都杀死。
   Lamentations—
    A  lamenting over Judah's sins and the
      subsequent destruction she suffered
     A sad cry for what has happened to God's
      people
     An appeal for repentance
  Lamentations 3:22-24
 22 Because of the LORD's   22 耶和华的慈爱永
great love we are not
consumed, for his           不断绝,他的怜悯
compassions never fail.     永不止息。 23 每天
 23 They are new every      早晨都是新的;你
morning; great is your      的信实多么广大
faithfulness.
 24 I say to myself, "The
                            ! 24 我心里说:“
LORD is my portion;         耶和华是我的业分
therefore I will wait for   ,所以,我必仰望
him."
                            他。”
   Ezekiel —
     Foretells day when Israel will be
      reunited with her own king and
      will worship the one true God in
      the reconstructed temple.
     Strange visions
        Wheel within a wheel
        Valley of dry bones
  Ezekiel 36:26
I will give you a new   “„我必把新心赐给
heart and put a new     你们,把新灵放在
spirit in you; I will   你们里面;我必从
remove from you         你们的肉体中除去
your heart of stone     石心,把肉心赐给
and give you a heart    你们。
of flesh.
   Daniel —
     God‘s  people are being
      persecuted
     Three Hebrew children in furnace
     Daniel in lions‘ den
     In the Last Days God will bring
      about a Kingdom that will never
      be destroyed
    Time of birth
Daniel 9:25                              Luke 2:1-2
"Know and understand this: From          1In those days Caesar Augustus
the issuing of the decree to restore     issued a decree that a census
and rebuild Jerusalem until the          should be taken of the entire
Anointed One, the ruler, comes,          Roman world. 2(This was the
there will be seven 'sevens,' and
                                         first census that took place while
sixty-two 'sevens.' It will be rebuilt
with streets and a trench, but in        Quirinius was governor of
                                         Syria.)
times of trouble.
你要知道,也要明白,从发出命令恢复                        1 那时,有谕旨从凯撒奥古士督
和重建耶路撒冷,直到受膏君的时候,                        颁发下来,叫普天下的人登记户
必有七个七;又有六十二个七(“必有
七个七;又有六十二个七”或译:“必有
                                         口。 2 这是第一次户口登记,是
七个七和六十二个七”),耶路撒冷连                        在居里纽作叙利亚总督的时候举
广场和濠沟,都必重新建造起来;那是                        行的。
一段困苦的时期。
Prophecy
Book    Author    Book Name in Chinese

Hosea   Hosea     何西阿书

Joel    Joel      约珥书

Amos    Amos      阿摩司书

Obadiah Obadiah   俄巴底亚书
Hosea
  An  analogy of sin, forgiveness
   and grace built on Hosea‘s
   relationship with his unfaithful
   wife, Gomer
  Prophecy of Jesus, Mary and
   Joseph leaving Egypt and
   returning to Galilee
  Escape to Egypt
Hosea 11:1            Matthew 2:14
When Israel was a     So he got up, took
child, I loved him,   the child and his
and out of Egypt I    mother during the
called my son.        night and left for
                      Egypt,
“以色列年幼的时候,我就 约瑟就起来,连夜带着孩
爱他。我从埃及召我的儿 子和他母亲往埃及去,
子出来。
   Joel— the prophet of Pentecost
     The Spirit poured out on humanity
     Invasion of crickets
     National repentance and its blessings.
    Outpour of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost
Joel 2:28-32                                           Acts 2:1-4
"And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all
people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy,         1When the day of Pentecost came,
your old men will dream dreams, your young men         they were all together in one place.
will see visions. 29 Even on my servants, both men
and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days.
                                                       2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of
 30 I will show wonders in the heavens and on the      a violent wind came from heaven and
earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke.            filled the whole house where they
 31 The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon    were sitting. 3They saw what seemed
to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful
day of the LORD.                                       to be tongues of fire that separated and
 32 And everyone who calls on the name of the          came to rest on each of them. 4All of
LORD will be saved; for on Mount Zion and in           them were filled with the Holy Spirit
Jerusalem there will be deliverance, as the LORD has
said, among the survivors whom the LORD calls.
                                                       and began to speak in other tongues as
                                                       the Spirit enabled them.
28 “以后,我要把我的灵浇灌所有的人。你们的                                1 五旬节到了,他们都聚集在一起。 2 忽然有一
儿女要说预言,你们的老年人要作异梦,你们的                                  阵好像强风吹过的响声,从天而来,充满了他们
少年人要见异象。 29 在那些日子,我也要把我的                               坐在里面的整间屋子。 3 又有火焰般的舌头显现
灵浇灌我的仆人和婢女。 30 我要在天上地下显出                               出来,分别落在他们各人身上。 4 他们都被圣灵
神迹奇事,有血、有火、有烟柱。                                        充满,就照着圣灵所赐给他们的,用别种的语言
                                                       说出话来。
   Amos — message to wealthy and
    religious leaders about their greed,
    selfishness, immorality, extortion, bribery
    and injustice
 Amos 7:15 - God‘s call
But the LORD         但耶和华选召我
took me from         ,叫我不再跟随
tending the flock    羊群;他对我说
and said to me,      :„你去,向我
'Go, prophesy to     民以色列说预言
my people Israel.'   。‟
Obadiah —
   Shortest
           book in Old Testament
   Coming Day of the Lord
   Prophecy against Edom
 Obadiah 10
Because of the        因你对兄弟雅
violence against
your brother Jacob,
                      各行强暴,你
you will be covered   必受羞辱,永
with shame; you       被剪除。
will be destroyed
forever.
Prophecy
Book    Author   Book Name in Chinese

Jonah   Jonah    约拿书

Micah   Micah    弥迦书

Nahum   Nahum    那鸿书
Habakkuk Habakkuk 哈巴谷书
   Jonah —
     Missionary book of Old Testament
     Let your heart be broken with what breaks
      God‘s heart
   Jonah 3:5, 4:1
5 The Ninevites believed        尼尼微人信了(“信了”或
God. They declared a fast,      译:“信服”) 神,就宣
and all of them, from the       告禁食,从大到小,都穿
greatest to the least, put on   上麻衣。
sackcloth.

1 But Jonah was greatly         1 约拿对这事非常不高兴
displeased and became           ,并且发起怒来,
angry.
   Micah —
     Prophecy of Bethlehem as Jesus' birthplace
     Impending judgment
   Place of birth
Micah 5:2                           Matthew 2:1
But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,       After Jesus was born in
though you are small among the      Bethlehem in Judea, during
clans of Judah, out of you will
                                    the time of King Herod, Magi
come for me one who will be ruler
over Israel, whose origins are from from the east came to
of old, from ancient times."        Jerusalem
伯利恒以法他啊!你在犹大诸城中
虽然细小(“伯利恒......细小”有古卷
                                 希律王执政的时候,耶
作“以法他家啊,你在犹大诸族中虽                 稣生在犹太的伯利恒。
然细小”),必有一位从你那里出来
,为我作以色列的统治者;他的根
                                 那时,有几个占星家从
源从太初,从亘古就有了。(本节                  东方来到耶路撒冷,
在《马索拉抄本》为
   Nahum —
     Downfall  of Nineveh and
      vindication of Judah
     God will punish arrogant
      and evil nations
   Nahum 2:13
"I am against you,"             万军之耶和华说:看
    declares the LORD
Almighty.                       哪!我必攻击你,我
    "I will burn up your        要把你的战车焚烧成
chariots in smoke,              烟,刀剑必吞灭你的
    and the sword will devour
your young lions.               幼狮;我必从地上除
    I will leave you no prey    去你的猎物,你使者
on the earth.
    The voices of your
                                的声音也必不再有人
messengers                      听见。
    will no longer be heard."
   Habakkuk —
    A  prophet's questions and complaints
      and God's answers
     ―The just shall live by faith" (2:4)
      which is quoted by Paul in his letter
      to the Romans
Prophecy
Book      Author      Book Name in Chinese



Zephaniah Zephaniah 西番雅书

Haggai    Haggai      哈该书

Zechariah Zechariah   撒迦利亚书

Malachi   Malachi     玛拉基书
   Zephaniah —
     coming  day of the Lord
     God's judgment on Judah
  Zephaniah 1:12
At that time I will search    那时,我必提灯搜
Jerusalem with lamps
     and punish those who     查耶路撒冷,惩罚
are complacent,               那些沉淀在酒渣上
     who are like wine left   的人。这些人心里
on its dregs,
     who think, 'The LORD     说:„耶和华必不赐
will do nothing,              福,也不降祸。‟
    either good or bad.'
Haggai — Complete the Temple! ―Is it right
 for you to live in luxurious homes when the
 Temple lies in ruins?‖
   Zechariah —
     Visions reminiscent of John‘s Revelation
     Finish the Temple!
     Prophecies of the Messiah
       The 30 pieces of silver
       The piercing of Jesus‘ side with a spear

       Jesus‘ triumphal entry into Jerusalem on a
        donkey
   Jesus‟ triumphal entry
Zechariah 9:9                      John 12:12-14
Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of     12The next day the great crowd that had
                                   come for the Feast heard that Jesus was on
Zion!                              his way to Jerusalem. 13They took palm
Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem!      branches and went out to meet him,
See, your king comes to you,       shouting, "Hosanna!" "Blessed is he who
righteous and having salvation,    comes in the name of the Lord!"
gentle and riding on a donkey,     "Blessed is the King of Israel!" 14Jesus
                                   found a young donkey and sat upon it, as it
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.   is written
锡安的居民哪!要大大喜乐。耶                     12 第二天,有一大群上来过节的
路撒冷的居民(“居民”原文作“女                   人,听见耶稣要来耶路撒冷
子”)哪!应当欢呼。看哪!你                     , 13 就拿着棕树枝出去迎接他
的王来到你这里了,他是公义的                     ,欢呼说:“和散那,奉主名来
,是得胜的。他又是温柔的,他                     的以色列王,是应当称颂的!
骑着驴,骑的是小驴。                         ” 14 耶稣找到一头小驴,就骑在
                                   上面,正如经上所记的:
   Malachi —
     Sin  and apostasy of Israel
     Passage on tithing – no one is
      living and giving like God wants
  Malachi 3:8
Will a man rob God?   人怎可抢夺 神之
Yet you rob me.       物呢?你们却抢夺
"But you ask, 'How    属我之物,竟还问
do we rob you?'       :„我们抢夺了你的
"In tithes and        什么呢?‟就是抢夺
offerings.            了当纳的十分之一
                      和当献的祭物。

				
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