Prewriting Strategies to help you get started! What is Prewriting? • First step of the writing process • Helps get ideas onto paper so you can organize them • A chance to explore ALL your ideas on a topic, even if you don’t use them all Why should I prewrite? • How do you get somewhere you’ve never been before if you don’t have any directions? You’ll get lost! Prewriting is your map! Types of Prewriting Strategies • Brainstorming • Listing • Freewriting • Clustering • Mapping • Drawing Brainstorming • A way to capture all your ideas, idea fragments, and thoughts on a piece of paper • Often looks like a list • Get as many ideas down on your paper as you can Brainstorming Example Winter Break • Snowball fights • A week and a • Sleeping in! half off school • no homework • New Year’s Eve • Visiting friends • Shoveling snow? • Presents? • Sledding • Relaxing! • Go to the mall • Seeing family • FUN! Listing • Looks a lot like Brainstorming • Write as many ideas as you can, even if you think you might not use them • Look at your list for similarities or opposites or ideas you like • Write a new list, adding details this time Example of Listing Breakfast (List 1) Details (List 2) • Eggs and toast • Crispy bacon, not • Bacon limp, that’s gross • Orange juice • Imp. b/c gets your • Oatmeal brain going • Cereal • Imp. b/c helps burn • Most imp. meal of calories all day the day • Imp. b/c helps you wake up • Best cereal is Rice Chex! Not too sweet Freewriting • Often looks like a paragraph • Write everything that comes into your head about your topic, even if it doesn’t seem to make sense • Write for a set amount of time (5-10 minutes) • Don’t worry about spelling, grammar or punctuation Example of Freewriting I have to write about the common cold. I hate having a cold! Your nose runs, you get a fever and a cough, you ache all over. Sometimes you throw up. That’s the worst part, throwing up. It tastes bad and feels worse! No one wants to be around you because they don’t want to get sick. It’s lonely and not fun. Clustering • Like a Web • Start with your topic in a circle in the middle of your paper • Draw lines to other circles with sub topics and ideas on your main idea • Group like information together to keep yourself organized Example of Clustering Don’t Different teams New friends always do it Don’t like Friends Mordica It Cool Teachers 7-3! Cole Too much Lots of Need to notes do it grades Homework Classes Helps to Tests and study School projects Hard work Good exercise Sports Homework Practice Priority Extracurricular Lunch! Hard to get AFTER Activities through the schoolwork Too short line My choice Can’t finish Fun the food Friends LOUD! Snack bar Mapping • A lot like a Cluster or Web • Way to organize ideas by importance or order • Shows Main topic, sub topics, and support Example of Mapping No School Uniforms No individuality Too Expensive Ugly for students Not attractive Have to be Have to have Not allowed These are on Clothing like 2 wardrobes – to out of some bodies prices everyone School and show style would make are up else instead non-school Creativity students of like ME feel ugly Drawing • A visual image • Can show spatial relationships • Visual description of a place like a floor plan Example of Drawing Recap… • Don’t worry about spelling or grammar or punctuation while prewriting, just get your ideas down! • Write as much as you can think of initially. Choose what you use AFTER your prewrite. • ALWAYS PREWRITE!!!
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