SECTION: PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES
TITLE: BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS -
JUNIATA COUNTY EXPOSURE CONTROL
SCHOOL DISTRICT ADOPTED: August 19, 2004
414.2. BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS – EXPOSURE CONTROL PROGRAM
1. Purpose It is the policy of the Board to limit or prevent occupational exposure to blood or
other potentially infectious materials by adherence to standard precautions and by
providing suitable personal protective equipment, training where appropriate, and
Hepatitis B immunization. The plan applies to all employees who have actual or
potential exposure to blood or other infectious materials.
2. Definitions Bloodborne Pathogen – A pathogenic microorganism that is present in human
blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited
to, Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HVC) and human immunodeficiency
Occupational Exposure – Reasonably anticipated eye, mouth, other mucous
membrane, non-intact skin, or prenatal contact with blood, bodily fluids or other
potentially infectious materials that result from the performance of an employee’s
Standard Precautions – An approach to infection control that treats all human
blood, and certain human bodily fluids, as if they are known to be infectious for
bloodborne pathogens. Standard precautions refers to the use of barriers or
protective measures when dealing with the following: blood (e.g. lacerations, nose
bleeds, abrasions, menstrual flow); all body fluids, secretions, and excretions except
sweat, regardless of whether they contain visible blood (e.g. urine, emesis, feces);
non-intact skin (e.g. cuts, scrapes, dermatitis); and mucous membranes (e.g.
3. Guidelines The following is a list of school employees with a potential for exposure to
bloodborne pathogens and they should be included in any exposure plan and
1. Certified school nurses, school health assistants and secretaries who have direct
contact with students/employees involving blood, illnesses involving emesis,
injections, non-intact skin and infectious injuries.
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414.2. BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS – EXPOSURE CONTROL PROGRAM – Pg. 2
2. Teachers/Instructional assistants who work in emotionally, mentally and
physically handicapped programs that involve changing menstrual pads, emesis,
tooth brushing, biting incidents, diapering, toileting, and feeding students.
3. Speech/Language therapists who are involved in swallowing therapy or biting
4. Custodians and other cleaning staff who are involved in cleaning body fluid
5. Coaches/Physical education teachers who provide assistance to students with
bleeding or other potentially infectious injuries.
6. Principals and other administrative staff who are involved with combative
behavior, biting incidents or provide assistance to students with bleeding or other
7. Others who provide assistance to students with bleeding or other potentially
infectious materials injuries/occurrences.
All employees who may have occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens shall
attend annually a training program which explains the hazards of working with
blood and infectious materials and the methods of compliance used by the district to
minimize this exposure. This program will include training on standard precautions,
recording of exposures, and the use of personal protective equipment. It will be the
responsibility of the principal/Athletic Director to ensure that their at-risk employees
attend the training.
The exposure plan will include administering the Hepatitis B vaccine to all high risk
employees at no cost to the employee. An employee may choose to receive the
vaccine or decline. If the employee declines, a written waiver stating that fact must
be signed by the employee. If at any time the employee who initially declined to
receive the vaccine chooses to receive the vaccine, the vaccine will be provided by
the district at no cost to the employee. All record of immunizations will be recorded
by the school nurse and submitted to the district to be recorded in employee medical
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