Docstoc

Ankle_ Foot and Lower Leg Injuries

Document Sample
Ankle_ Foot and Lower Leg Injuries Powered By Docstoc
					             Ankle, Foot and Lower Leg Evaluation & Injuries
Evaluation of the Foot, Ankle and Leg
History
Inspection
Palpation
Bony Palpation

Medial Aspect                 Lateral Aspect                  Dorsal Aspect
Length of Tibia               Length of Fibula                4th, 3rd, 2nd metatarsals
Medial Calcaneus              Lateral Calcaneus               4th, 3rd, 2nd MTP joints
Navicular                     Cuboid                          4th, 3rd, 2nd phalanges
First Cuneiform               Styloid Process of 5th          2nd and 3rd cuneiforms
First Metatarsal              5th Metatarsal
First MTP Joint               Fifth MTP Joint
First Phalanx                 Fifth Phalanx                   Plantar Aspect
                                                              metatarsal heads

Soft Tissue Palpation

Medial And Plantar Aspect                              Lateral and Dorsal Aspect
Achilles tendon                                        Lateral Compartment
Posterior Compartment of Leg                           Peroneus Longus Tendon
  Tibialis Posterior Tendon                               Peroneus Brevis
  Flexor Digitorum Longus Tendon                          Peroneus Tertius
  Flexor Hallucis Longus                               Lateral Longitudinal Arch
Medial longitudinal arch                               Anterior Compartment
                                                               Tibialis Anterior
Ligaments                                                      Extensor Digitorum Longus
  Deltoid                                                      Extensor Hallucis Longus
                                                       Ligaments
                                                               Anterior Talofibular ligament
                                                               Calcanealfibular ligament
                                                               Posterior talofibular ligament
                                                       Dorsalis Pedis Pulse

Active/Passive/Resistive ROM
toe extension/flexion
toe abduction/adduction
ankle plantarflexion/dorsiflexion
subtalor inversion/eversion

Special Tests
Tib-Fib Compression Test
Percussion/Vibration Tests
Foot Injuries
Turf Toe
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Blisters
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Arch sprains
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Plantar Fasciits
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Sever’s Disease
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Jones Fracture
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms

Ankle Injuries
Inversion Ankle Sprain
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Eversion Ankle Sprains
       - Mechanism
       - Signs & Symptoms
Avulsion Fractures to the medial or lateral Malleolus
Ankle Dislocations
       Mechanism
       Signs & Symptoms
Ankle Fractures
       Tibia
       Fibula
       Tib/Fib
       Growth Plate

Leg Injuries
Achilles Injuries
      Strain
              Mechanism
              Signs & Symptoms
      Tendinitis
             Mechanism
             Signs & Symptoms
      Rupture
             - complete disruption of the Achilles
             Mechanism
             Signs & Symptoms

Anterior Compartment Syndrome
      most common but can occur in other compartments
      Anterior Compartment
             Structures
                    Extensor Digitorum Longus
                    Tibialis Anterior
                    Extensor hallucis Longus
                    Anterior Tibial artery/vein
                    Deep Peroneal Nerve
      Mechanism
             Acute
             Chronic
      Signs & Symptoms
             ****Emergency

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (Shin Splints)
      Mechanism
      Signs & Symptoms

Stress Fractures
       Mechanism
       Signs & Symptoms

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:12/21/2011
language:
pages:3