Participles-Presentation by xiaoyounan

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									Participles




   Geschke--English IV
 Grammar Unit--Participles
    Verbals and Verbal Phrases
•       Verbals are forms of a verb that are used
        not as verbs but as other parts of speech.
•       There chief function is to act as other
        parts of speech: adjectives, nouns,
        adverbs
•       Three kinds of verbals
    –     Participles
    –     Gerunds
    –     Infinitives

                          Geschke--English IV
                        Grammar Unit--Participles
           The Participle
•   A participle is a verb form used as an
    adjective.
•   Since the participle is part verb and
    part adjective, it can be called a
    “verbal adjective”




                 Geschke--English IV
               Grammar Unit--Participles
                 The Participle
•       Example
    –    The simmering soup smelled
         scrumptious.
         •   Simmering is formed from the verb to
             simmer but also modifies the noun soup.
         •   Words formed from verbs and used as
             adjectives are called participles




                        Geschke--English IV
                      Grammar Unit--Participles
                 The Participle
•   Examples
    –   A chipped tooth hurts.
        •   Chipped is formed from the verb to chip but
            also modifies the noun tooth.
        •   Words formed from verbs and used as
            adjectives are called participles.




                       Geschke--English IV
                     Grammar Unit--Participles
          Types of Participles
•   There are two types of participles
    –   Present Participle
    –   Past Participle




                     Geschke--English IV
                   Grammar Unit--Participles
             Present Participles
•       Present participles consist of the
        plain form of the verb plus –ing.
•       Example
    –    The annoying child refused to be quiet.
         •   Annoying (formed by taking the plain form
             of the verb annoy and adding –ing) is a
             present participle modifying the noun child.




                        Geschke--English IV
                      Grammar Unit--Participles
             Present Participles
•       The present participle can also be
        part of a verb phrase
    –    The students were laughing.
         •   Laughing is the present participle
         •   If a present participle is preceded by a
             helping verb (were), then it is considered to
             be part of the verb and not a separate
             adjective.



                         Geschke--English IV
                       Grammar Unit--Participles
               Past Participles
•       Past participles consist of the plain
        form of the verb plus –d or –ed.
•       A few are formed irregularly.
    –    Examples
         •   Begin—began—begun
         •   Fly—flew—flown




                      Geschke--English IV
                    Grammar Unit--Participles
                Past Participles
•       Example
    –    The scared girl cried when she saw the
         ghost.
         •   Scared (formed by taking the plain form of
             the verb scare and adding –d) is a past
             participle modifying the noun girl.




                        Geschke--English IV
                      Grammar Unit--Participles
                Past Participles
•       Example
    –    Pleased by the results, the teacher
         complemented the students.
         •   Pleased (formed by taking the plain form of
             the verb please and adding –d) is a past
             participle modifying the noun teacher.




                        Geschke--English IV
                      Grammar Unit--Participles
                Past Participles
•       Like a present participle, a past
        participle can also be part of a verb
        phrase.
•       Example
    –    He was pleased with the results.
         •   Pleased (preceded by the helping verb was)
             is a past participle that is part of a verb
             phrase (was pleased).


                        Geschke--English IV
                      Grammar Unit--Participles
                Past Participles
•       Example
    –    The girl was scared.
         •   Scared (preceded by the helping verb was)
             is a past participle that is part of the verb
             phrase (was scared).




                         Geschke--English IV
                       Grammar Unit--Participles
             Assignment
•   Please rewrite the following
    sentences. After each sentence, list
    the participle and identify it as
    present or past. Finally, identify the
    noun or pronoun the participle
    modifies; if it is part of a verb
    phrase, please write VP. Be careful
    not to confuse participles with the
    main verb of the sentence.
                  Geschke--English IV
                Grammar Unit--Participles
             Assignment
1. He has an undeserved reputation.
2. Desiring to change this perception, he
   decided to volunteer his time.
3. He debated about which organization
   would be receiving his services.
4. Seeking something different and unique,
   he chose the Humans for Dragons
   Organization.
5. The Humans for Dragons Organization
   provides safe homes to rehabilitating
   stallions.

                 Geschke--English IV
               Grammar Unit--Participles
             Assignment
6. After much experience, he realized that he
    was making the correct decision.
7. These dragons needed his help.
8. Founded in 2006, this Organization
    continues to grow.
9. As of today, the Organization has helped
    over five hundred dragons.
10. Without people like him, these smiling
    dragons would not survive.

                  Geschke--English IV
                Grammar Unit--Participles

								
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