INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY
Bulletin of the College of Liberal Arts
(April 1994 - Mar� 1995)
Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan
The University . . ............................................... ........................ . . ..
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The College of Liberal Arts ........................................... . .......... . .. . .. .. . . . .
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The Campus .......................................................... . ....................... . ....
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II. THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
Admission .............................................................................................................................. 11
Requirements for Graduation . .................... .
Teacher Certification Program .............................................................................................. 18
Academic Regulations . . .
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Courses of Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Graduate School Courses Open to Undergraduate Students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 5
Academic Research and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 25
III. EXPENSES AND AID
Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 30
Student Financial Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 2
IV. CAMPUS LIFE
Campus Community Services and Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 3
Student Activities and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 37
The Faculty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 40
International Christian University Awards of
Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 53
The Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 55
The Board of Trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 8
The Board o f Councillors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 59
The Japan International Christian University Foundation, Inc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 1
INDEX . . . ... ...... . ..... . .
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The Three Commitments of ICU With the plethora of knowledge available
to modern men and women, evaluation,
Our academic commitment: International choice, and decision are made both difficult
Chri stian Univers ity was e s tabl i shed to and necessary. Yet unless we have the ability
advance truth and enhance freedom. It is our to do these, society will be determined by
conviction that all humanity gains from the nonrational forces, will flounder, or will come
discovery, acquisition, testing, and proving of to a standstill. Thus, we expect both younger
know l e d g e . The people who form our and older scholars to make decisions and to
academic community are given the respon discern and accept the responsibility for their
s ibility and the encouragement to search decisions. ICU is committed to responsible
where they will, ask what they wish, and say scholarship.
and write what they think as scholars Our Christian commitment: The commit
c ommitted to truth and freedom. S u ch ment of thi s Univers ity to a Chri stian
searching and disseminating must be done philosophy or ethos, explicit in our name,
according to the highest academic standards, means that we are free to explore and develop
for the purpose of improving and expanding all the d imensions of human e x i stenc e ,
our image of objective reality presupposes including the religious. Our assumption i s that
excellence. Within this frame we believe that I C U i s not, therefore , superior to other
the best results can be achieved in the absence universities; but we believe an institution of
of external restraint and coercion. higher learning that attempts to be Christian
The communication of knowledge must be has a distinct contribution to make to both the
a special concern of all institutions of higher academic world and the world at large.
learning. ICU feels the responsibility to see We recognize that religion is an everyday
that the knowledge it disseminates is not given experience normal to all human beings whether
in isolated or fractionated bits. Rather, we are they are aware of it or not. The truth of religion
committed to demonstrating the interrelated finds its place along with other truths only at a
ness and integration of knowledge, and to deeper level. To the extent that the University
training scholars who will be able to helps students find answers to their ultimate
communicate with people outside their own questions, it is operating at the level of religion.
disciplines. Herein lies the rationale for our As a Christian university especially, we hold
strongly emphasized liberal arts program. this task to be a sacred trust.
 THE UNIVERSITY
We believe that ultimately there is no these tensions to live creatively in this world.
knowledge incompatible with the Christian In order to train people to communicate
faith. Although there may arise differences in beyond their national boundaries, bilinguality,
explanati on, interpretation, or propo s e d at least, is considered necessary . For this and
solutions t o certain human problem s , our other very practical reasons, there are two
scientific and descriptive tools are the same languages of instruction and common use in
as those used by other scholars . The the ICU community: Japanese and English.
knowledge that is discovered and taught is not This means a heavy learning and work burden;
an end in itself but carries with it certain therefore everyone who wishes to participate
implications, such as the responsibility for must be convinced th at the effort i s
improving society. There must be an essential worthwhile.
unity of knowledge, faith, and action. Being situated in Japan, ICU sees itself as a
S ince ICU is an ins titution of h i gher bridge leading both into and out of Japan.
learning, its basic goal is not to win adherents Thu s , besides the broader purp o s e of
to the Christian faith. However, students are internationalism, it may serve the particular
challenged during their stay here to become purposes of offering to Japanese a view of the
aware of the presence and power of God in outside world and to others an introduction
their lives and in society. This challenge is into the Japanese culture.
presented from the Christian perspective; but
each student is encouraged to seek truth and,
when one finds it, to commit oneself to it.
OUT international commitment: The people On June 1 5 , 1 949, a self-constituted body
of the world have been forced to face the task of Japanese and North American Christian
of learning how to live together on this small leaders formally organized the International
planet. Educational institutions may serve this Christian University. Their action, taken in a
purpose in various ways. ICU, which came meeting held at the Gotemba YMCA Camp
into existence soon after the end of World War in the foothills of Mt. Fuji, culminated a half
I I , i s by its cons titution oriented to a century of efforts directed to the purpose of
supranational perspecti v e . I C U i s a establishing in Japan a university for which
community in which people from different all churches and individuals i dentifying
nations and cultures are placed and asked to themselves as Christian might join to lend
l i v e , study , and work together. The their support. In the vision of the university,
international dimension i s built into its that was to be the means for achieving the
faculty, administration, and student body in higher purpose of a spiritually undergirded
order that the c ontributions o f vari o u s and academically superior higher education.
educational philosophies will b e reflected in Where the earlier initiatives had failed to
its academic program and the participants in reach fruition, the movement at thi s time
the academic enterprise will learn to encounter dt:<veloped in the flu sh of y e arnings for
one another as individuals. In the thrust and reconciliation and for world peace following
pull of this kind of community, tensions arise. World War II. Hence there was a strong
H owever, those who are able to adapt international emphasis in the founding of the
themselves to the experience learn how to use University . Within weeks of the war ' s end in
THE UNIVERSITY 
1945, a group of Japanese Christian educators interdisciplinary graduate-level programs
was organized to revive the university plan, were added: the Division of Public Admin
and shortly thereafter initiatives appeared in i strati on in 1 9 6 3 and the Division of
America. B oo sted by enthu siastic public Comparative Culture in 1 976. These three
response on both s i d e s of the Pacifi c , d i v i s i o n s of the Graduate School offer
committees were formed and their careful, doctoral-level programs. In 1 987 the Graduate
intensive planning led eventually to the S chool opened the D iv i sion of Natural
founding meeting in 1949 . In choosing the Sciences, an interdisciplinary , master-level
name International Christian University, the program. In addition to the Graduate School,
founders simply adopted the descriptive term the University has established five research
that by then had become well known. institutes and four centers.
One of the moves preceding the founding Dr. Hachiro Yuasa was president from the
was the inc orporation in New York , in founding until 1 9 6 1 , and h i s chief
November 1948 , of the interdenominational administrative colleague over the same span
Japan International Christian University was Dr. Maurice E. Troyer, vice president for
Foundation. This was to become a permanent curriculum and instruction. During ICU ' s
organ for channeling support outside Japan to second decade , Dr. Nobu shige Ukai , Dr.
the University. As conceived and carried on, Masao H i s atake and Dr. Akira M i y ake
the Foundation has limited its function to aid, successively filled the presidency, the last in
disavowing any part in the University ' s policy an acting capacity. From 1 97 1 , Dr. Yosito
and planning. Sinoto served for one term, and succeeding
In 1950 a spacious site on the outskirts of him was Dr. Hideyasu Nakagawa, who served
Tokyo was purchased for the campus. Funds for two terms. After a seven-month interval,
for this, as well as for the beginning of an during which Dr. S inoto filled the post in an
endowment, were raised by the Japanese acting capacity, Professor Yasuo Watanabe
supporters i n an e x traordinary public became president in 1984. He was succeeded
campaign. The enthusiastic response that this by Dr. Kunio Oguchi, who became president
evoked appeared as an affirmation of the new on April 1 , 1 992.
Japan, with its ideals of peace, democracy and In developing an institution for which there
internationalism, to which the new University were no close models, ICU ' s administrators
was committed. The campus was dedicated on and faculty have innovated a great deal, espe
April 29, 1952. cially in interdisciplinary and international
During the first year a language institute was education. Growth has been measured, as
c onducte d , while the nucleu s. of the prime attention has been given to qualitative
international faculty was formed to plan future advance in response to the changing demands
instruction and research programs. A year and opportunities of the times. Four decades
later, in April 1953 , the College of Liberal after the first freshmen were admitted, total
Arts was opened and two research institutes enrollment is over 2,500 students, of whom
were established. Upon the graduation of the about 200 are in the Graduate School. In 1978,
first class in 1957, the Graduate School was the S chool Juridical Person International
inaugurated with a m aster ' s program in Christian University , the governing body ,
Educ ati on. Ev entually two more established the ICU High School, which is
[ 4] THE UNIVERSITY
designed especially to serve Japanese students nistered by a director: Physical Education,
who have lived abroad for long periods. The General E d u c ation, English Langu age ,
dec ade of the seventies saw much Japan e s e L anguage , Japan S tudie s , and
development of the University ' s physical American Studies.
plant: an extension of the Library , the The Gradu ate S chool consists of four
Gymnasium, Indoor Swimming Pool, Central divisions, Education, Public Administration,
Power S tati o n , Educ ation and Research Comparative Culture, and Natural Sciences.
Building, and Administration Building. In the Doctoral programs are offered by all divisions
spring of 1 9 8 2 , the extensive buil ding except the latter, which is a newly-established
program w a s c ompleted with the new divi s ion offering only a master' s degree
Integrated Learning Center and the Hachiro program. In conjunction with the Graduate
Yuasa Memorial Museum , as well as a S chool is a separate Senkoka, or one-year
thorough renovation of University Hall. post-graduate program, in Education. There
In 1 990, the Integrated Learning Center are six research institutes and two centers:
North Wing and the Sports Clubhouse were Institute of Educational Research and Service,
newly added to the University ' s physical plant. Social Science Research Institute, Institute for
In 1 9 8 3 , the University purchased a the Study of Christianity and Culture, Institute
residence w i th grounds in Cambridge, of Asian Cultural Studies, Peace Research
England and named it the ICU Cambridge Institu te , R e s e arch Center for Japane se
House. B e sides its use for students in a Language Education, Integrated Learning
summer program of English culture and Center, and Sacred Music Center.
language s tudie s , it acc ommod ate s ICU The control of the University is vested in a
scholars on research or study tours throughout self-perpetuating Board of Trustees. A larger
the year. body, the Board of Councillors, serves in an
The Japan International Christian University
Foundation, Inc. is a supporting organization
The chief administrative officer of the incorporated in the state of New York, U.S .A.
University is the president. Under h i s The Foundation' s control is vested in its own
direction are v i c e presidents i n charge of B oard of Directors.
academic affairs and financial affairs and an
assistant for international affairs.
The University is made up of a College of
Liberal Arts and a Graduate School, headed The academic programs of the College of
by deans accountable to the Vice President for Liberal Arts and the Graduate School are
Academic Affairs . Within the College are individually chartered by the Japanese Ministry
Divisions of the Humaniti e s , the S ocial of Education. ICU is a member institution of the
Sciences, the Natural Sciences, Languages, Japan University Accreditation Association.
Education, and International Studies, each Credits earned at ICU have been accepted in full
headed by a chairperson, and the Department by graduate schools of major universities in Japan,
of Health and Physical Education. There are and by both undergraduate and graduate schools
seven College-wide programs, each admi- in the United States and elsewhere.
THE C OLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS
The Bachelor of Arts Degree term runs from early April to the end of
August, the autumn term from early Sep
B eliev ing that a liberal education c an tember to the end of November, and the winter
enhance the preparation of individuals for full term from early December to the end of
and satisfying participation in professional, March. Classes meet from one to six times a
civic, and family life by developing adven week; the classroom period is 70 minutes. The
turous minds capable of critical thinking and number of academic units assigned to a course
sensitive to questions of meaning and value, c orresponds to the number of classroom
the faculty of the College of Liberal Arts periods per week, not including laboratory
offers a four-year program leading to the hours. Students normally register for 1 2 or 1 3
Bachelor of Arts degree. Degree requirements units each term. A minimum of 1 3 6 units must
include proficiency in both Japanese and be c ompleted for the bachelor ' s degree.
English, a program of general education Registration occurs at the beginning of each
courses in the humanities and the natural and trimester.
s o c i al s c i e nc e s , a concentration in the
discipline of the student' s choice, and the Academic Staff
submitting of a thesis in the senior year. The University ' s full-time teaching staff
presently numbers 1 79 and is composed of
1 29 Japanese and 50 non-Japanese members.
The curriculum and the faculty of the The teaching staff is amplified by a roster of
College of Liberal Arts are organized into visiting professors largely from abroad and
Divisions of the Humanitie s , the Social part-time lecturers. The diversity of cultural
Sciences, the Natural Sciences, Languages, and educational traditions among the faculty
Education, and International Studies, each of enriches the curriculum and contributes to a
which is further subdivided into departments. lively exchange of ideas. All full-time faculty
Entering students are asked to specify the members act as academic advisors to students;
d i v i s i o n in which they plan to maj or . many of them live on campus.
Transferring t o a different division may be
p o s s ible if the student ' s interests have Student Body
changed and sufficient aptitude has been As of October 1 993, the university ' s student
shown in another area of study. Interdivisional body numbered 2,756. The College of Liberal
majors follow courses of studies cutting across Arts and Graduate Division enrollment figures
these divisional lines. were 2 , 5 1 6 and 240 respectively. S ixty
percent of the students were women; forty
percent were men. Ninety two percent oUhe
The academic year is divided into trimesters student body was Japanese. The remaining
of approximately ten weeks each. The spring eight percent of non-Japane se students
 THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS
represented 32 different nationalities. Because international agencies, cultural and research
the interest of the University is in quality organ i z ation s , an d religious an d s o c i al
rather than in numbers, the policy of the institutions.
College is to admit annually , after screening
of applicants, up to about 600 students without
regard to nationality, race, or religion .
Some 1 0 ,644 students have been awarded All new students are assigned to a faculty
ICU bachelor degrees since 1 957, when the member, who serves as their academic
first class graduated. About a quarter of the advisor, assisting them in the planing of their
graduates have gone into advanced studies in programs of studies. The faculty advisor may
Japan and abroad, a very high rate for a also give guidance on personal matters or may
country where further training is traditionally refer troubled students to other counselors.
given by the employing agency . Others have S tudents should feel free to consult any
entered a w i d e v ariety of pos ition s in member of the faculty or staff for help when
commerce an d in dustry , educ ation , the they need it.
communication s media, government and
International Educational Exchange
From its founding, ICU has been committed earned at such institutions are recognized as
to the principle of international exchange of part of the credit requirements for graduation
ideas , persons and educational opportunity. from ICU. There are currently more than 120
Many international students have attended places available for ICU students at these
ICU, and the fields of diplomacy, politics, institutions, and the number and diversity of
business, education, letters, broadcasting, and these opportun ities may be expected to
the ministry, among others, have benefited increase each year.
from their study with us. In turn, ICU students During 1 994-95 the following in stitutions
have attended many institutions of higher are among th ose with which I C U has
learning in countries around the world. exchange programs:
ASIA: The Chinese University of Hong
Kong < Chung Chi College) , University of
International Exchange Programs
Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Yonsei University
At present ICU maintains formal exchange (Korea) ; Ateneo de Manila Un iversity,
relation ships w ith 3 6 un iversities (43 Silliman University (Philippines).
c ampu s e s ) in 1 2 c ountri e s an d one EUROPE : The In stitute of Europ e an
con sortium. These are usually reciprocal Studies; University of Munster (Germany) ;
exchanges during which ICU students have University of Tampere (Finland); University
c oncurrent statu s at ICU an d their host of Limburg, Tilburg University (Netherlands);
institution abroad. In addition , the credits The Moscow State University of lnternational
THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS 
Relations (Russian Federation); University of of this booklet and to the Guide to Academic
Cambridge , University of Edinburgh , The Regulations.
University of Leeds, University of London
<Royal Holloway and Bedford New College) , Cambridge Summer Program
University of Stirling , The University of -Field Studies in British Culture---
Sussex (United Kingdom).
NORTH AMERICA: University of Alberta, S tudents will attend the International
University of Windsor (Canada) ; Bradley S ummer S chool at the University of
University, University of California < eight Cambridge and study h i s toric al , socio
campuses) , Duke University , Grand Valley political, religious, artistic , and educational
State University, Guilford College, Haverford aspects of British culture. Please refer to page
College , University of Massachusetts at 39 of this booklet.
Amherst, The Ohio S tate University ,
University of Pennsylvania, St. Lawrence
University, University of S outh Carolina,
Southwestern College, State University of ICU offers opportunities for international
New York at Buffalo, The University of students to p articip ate in th e J ap ane se
Tennessee < Knoxville) , Wartburg College, Language and Japan Study Program as invitee
Wesleyan College (United States). s tudents . At present, approximately 20
OCEANIA: Queensland University of students from the following institutions are
Technology (Au s tral i a) ; University of studying at ICU under this program.
Waikato (New Zealand).
Study English Abroad Program
The English Language Program (ELP), University of Pennsylvania
which is one of the compulsory subjects for Pomona College
Japanese speaking students, is designed to University of South Carolina
enable them to communicate in an English
speaking environment and to attend classes
Summer Course in Japanese Language
offered in English at ICU and overseas. The
S tudy English Abroad Program ( S E A A six-week Japanese language course is
Program) is part o f ELP and is offered at offered every summer for non-Japanese
institutions in English speaking countries. For students.
further information, please refer to page 40
 THE CAMPUS
THE C AMPUS
Location ICU Church. Roads and paths lead to the
academic area on the right (north) and to the
The University is located in Mitaka City, a residential area on the left (south). About 1 00
suburban community adjacent to the district meters in front of the rotary, on the left, are the
comprising Tokyo proper. A separate adminis Sports Clubhouse and the Physical Education
trative entity of metropolitan Tokyo, Mitaka is Center. The Clubhouse, which was opened in
geographically a part of the Musashino Plain, May 1 990, serves as a base for students '
which extends to the Chichibu range of extracurricular activities. The PE Center is
mountains v isible from the ICU c ampus . c omposed of a core building with locker
Mount Fuji towers beyond, and it, too, can be rooms and showers, to which a gymnasium of
seen from the campus when not shrouded by varied facilities and an indoor swimming pool
clouds. are attached; playing fields and tennis courts
The main transport system serving the area are adjacent. On the right, from about the same
is the East Japan Railways' Chuo Line, which point along the entrance avenu e , a short
originates at Tokyo Station. One of the busiest driveway through a wooded park leads to the
rapid transits in the world, its ten-car trains Administration Building. In addition to the
operate every few minutes. The trip from University ' s administrative offi c e s , thi s
Tokyo Station to Mitaka Station, by express, building contains facilities for multi-lingual
semi-express or local, takes from 29 to 43 conferences and the main computer.
minutes. From Mitaka Station, ICU is about The academic area is built around two
twenty minutes by taxi or bus; a bus marked quadrangles. First approached is the Library, a
for I C U terminate s at a stop within the highly functional building centralizing the
c ampus . From Musashi Sakai, one station University ' s collection of more than 430,000
beyond Mitaka, it is five to ten minutes by taxi volumes. Immediately north is the Education
or bus; these buses do not enter the campus and Research Building, which contains faculty
and the walk from the gate is about five office- studie s , offices of the academic
minutes. divisions, three research institutes and several
seminar rooms. Further north, separated by a
grove of trees, is the Hachiro Yuasa Memorial
Grounds and Facilities
Museum, which exhibits items from its two
The campus is a spacious wooded area of c ollections: folk art and archaeolog i c al
630,000 square meters ( 1 56 acres), one of the artifacts from digs on the campus. To the west
largest in Japan. From the campus entrance, from here is the Integrated Learning Center, a
MacLean Avenue, arched by cherry trees, three-section, well-equipped building for
extends for 600 meters westward, ending with research and teaching in l anguage ,
a shrub-planted rotary. Directly ahead is the p sycholog y , audio-visual and c omputer
THE CAMPUS 
education. At the north side of this is the center of the nondenominational ICU Church,
Integrated Learning Center-North Wing . seats 720; with a three-manual Rieger organ,
Further west is the Science Hall, a cluster of acclaimed as one of the best organs in Japan, it
four wings. built around a bright court and is also used frequently for concerts and recitals
containing laboratorie s for the natural scheduled by the Sacred Music Center. Further
sc ience s , clas srooms and an all -purpose south i s the Dining H al l , which offers
lecture hall. Straddling the quadrangles is Japanese and Western food and has tables to
University Hall ("Honk an" in Japanese), the seat 470. Scattered on either side of the Dining
largest structure on the campus, which in the Hall among groves of trees are eight student
beginning housed prac tically the whole dormitories, and beyond them are residences
university. It now consists almost entirely of for faculty and staff. In this area also are the
classrooms and, in addition, provides space for Taizanso Gardens, entered through a large
the ICU Clinic, the Sacred Music Center, and traditional Japanese gate; among extensive
two research institutes. On the west side of the cultiv ated and natural gardens are two
southern quadrangle i s the Ruth Isabel thatched tea hou ses of architectural and
Seabury Memorial Chapel, a one-story historic interest.
triangle with three triangular sections inside; it Other facilities include: the ICU Archaeol
serves for many smal l - s c ale function s , ogy Research Center which since 1 975 has
religious, academic and social. managed excavations in the west Tokyo area
At the north-western edge of the campus, an and is housed in three small buildings west of
international forest has been developed . University Hall; New Harper Hall, located
Started in 1 988, this project aims to collect a near the south gate, where a kindergarten is
wide variety of species of trees native to other conducted during the week and church school
countries but not common in Japan. Some 1 00 on Sundays; and the Central Power Station,
saplings from the USA, the Russian Federa which serves all the academic buildings
tion, Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, through underground utility conduits.
Germany, and Greece have been donated to The ICU High S chool, founded in 1 97 8
ICU. These will be followed by donations of primarily to help reassimilate Japanese young
trees from other countries. people returning to their homeland after long
The southern edge of the southern quad periods of living abroad, has its own campus at
rangle has two large buildings related to the the northern end of the University . It
spiritual and recreational aspects of the c omprises two academic building s , a
campus life: the ICU Church and the Ralph E. gymnasium, a dining hall and five dormitories.
Diffendorfer Memorial Hall. DMH, as it is Other neighboring institutions are the
popularly called, is a c ommunity facility American School in Japan, the Tokyo Union
offering a 522- seat auditorium , student Theological Seminary , the Japan Lutheran
clubrooms, a lounge-snack bar, bookstore, Theological Seminary, and the Middle Eastern
post office, and offices of the Religiou s Cultural Center. All of these occupy sites that
Center. The ICU Churc h , serving as the were originally ICU property. The same is true
University Chapel for voluntary religious of the Nogawa P ark , a nature preserve
programs and ceremonies, and as the worship maintained b y the Tokyo Metropolitan
[ 1 0] THE CAMPUS
Government below the leu campus. Nasu Highland s , Tochigi Prefecture , was
In addition to the Mitaka campus, leu owns purchased in 1 977 and contains facilities for
two other properties in mountain resort areas, summer camping . In K aruizawa, Nagano
which bring the total property area to Prefecture, two lodges are maintained at the
1 ,657 ,000 square meters (409 acres). The 54,000 square meter ( 1 3 acres) retreat.
973 ,000 square meter (240 acre) plot in the
II. THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
In selecting students, the Faculty Admis school graduates or seniors who are due to
sions Decision Committee tries to predict, on graduate by the time of enrollment at ICU, or
the basis of many factors , which of the have equivalent qualifications (they must have
applicants show most promise as students and completion or expected completion of more
the highest potential for benefiting from the than 1 2 years of formal education by the time
kind of education offered at International of enrollment at ICU) .
Christian University. Preference is given to
students of proven academic competence,
A. Applicants Residing in Japan
good character, and capacity for leadership,
as indicated by their school records and their Application materials for Japanese-speaking
scores on the general admission examina students are av ailable in the November
tions . S tudents from abroad are selected preceding the general admission examinations
according to the same criteria, but the decision in February . All of the completed forms,
on their admission is made on the evidence together with the application fee, must be
presented in various documents. submitted to the Admissions Office by the
Fluency in either English or Japanese is deadline prescribed. The time of admission
required of all applicants. To qualify as an for those who succeed in this process is April.
"English-speaking applicant," and hence for The admissions procedures and documents
documentary screening, one must not only be required of English- speaking applicants
fluent in English but also have been attending re s iding in J ap an are the same for the
school outside of the regular Japanese educa corresponding types of student status as those
tion system for at least two years prior to for applicants residing abroad (see below).
application. Nationality is not relevant, nor is The time of admission for those who succeed
the individual ' s original schooling, which may in this process is September.
have been in a language other than English.
B. Applicants Residing Abroad
Applicants residing abroad, regardless of
Regular students of the College of Liberal nationality, I will be screened on the basis of
Arts are those who have matriculated for the the documentation listed in the brochure,
ICU bachelor' s degree as freshmen. Appli "Information for English - speaking Appli
cants for admission as freshmen must be high cants.'" Applicants are expected to send all
[ 1 2] ADMISSION
required documents early enough to arrive at which is distributed every autumn along with the
application forms. Since some details are apt to
the Admissions Office well ahead of the change from year to year, be sure the materials
screening deadline. you have are up to date. It is a good idea to comfirm
Applications will not be considered until early on what documents you will need to submit.
they are complete, and those that are not
complete by the deadline will not be acted
upon. Screening of complete applications will
be conducted from late April through late O n e - y e ar-regular students are those
May . currently or previously enrolled at colleges
Applicants will b e notified o f the decisions or universities outside of Japan who are
of the Adm i s s ions Decision Committee admitted to study at ICU for one year.
shortly after screening is completed. App l i c ati on procedure s , including the
application documents required, and the
screening are the same as for transfer students.
Students in this status may extend their stay
Transfer students are students who have at ICU by one more year upon carrying out the
completed one or more years of college work specified procedures. They may also become
elsewhere and enter ICU as degree candidates. degree candidates at ICU by applying and
They must follow the same application passing the screening for status as transfer
procedures as prospective freshmen. After students. One-year-regular students are entitled
being admitted, transfer students may be to receive academic credits and all privileges
granted recognition of their previous college of regular students during their stay at ICU.
level work, for both academic credit and [NB : Applicants who expect to have a bach-
re s idence . In order to qualify for the elor ' s degree by the time of enrollment
bachelor' s degree, however, students must at ICU are not eligible as one-year
meet ICU ' s requirements for graduation. regular students. They should apply for
Application and screening procedures for kenkyusei (special student) status.]
transfer students with respect to the docu
mentary screening process are the same as
those for regular students, with certain
Kenkyusei (Special Students)
exceptions in the documents to be submitted,
as explained in the brochure, "Information Kenkyusei (special students) are those who
for English-speaking Applicants.'" have completed or can show evidence that
they will complete their undergraduate work
Japanese applicants who have spent less than
two academic years in regular courses leading to and hold at least a bachelor' s degree by the
a diploma or degree at a foreign institution prior to time of ICU enrollment and who are permitted
applic ation are not eligible for documentary to pursue some special study at I C U .
screening. They are considered to be in the same
category as other Japanese applicants and are Admission in this status is granted only when
required to take the general admission examinations it is judged to serve the interests of the student
given at leu in February. and ICU alike. The status is for one year only.
2 To apply, applicants should consult the brochure, Extension for one more year may be granted,
"Information for English-speaking Applicants," however, on review at the end of the year.
ADMISSION [1 3]
Kenky u s e i p artic i p ate in the academic the educational and research activities of the
program in their special area in the same way regular students are not disturbed. Credit for
as regular students, but the work done does courses taken will be recognized and kept on
not count toward a degree. The University record.
will furnish transcripts of the work to other The status of Credit Auditor may be given
institutions upon request. Kenkyusei status to the following persons:
does not entitle the student to the privileges ( 1 ) ICU graduates who, having already taken
of dormitory residence or a student-rate more than two-thirds of the specific
commuter ticket for public transportation. courses required by the Regulations on
Application procedures for Kenkyusei are Teacher Certification, wish to take the
the s ame as those spec ified for regular remaining c ourses necessary for
students. acquiring a teacher ' s certific ate .
Screening procedures will be decided
(2) High School graduates who, having quali
Non-Credit Auditors are those students who fied as applicants for the University or
sit in on c l a s s e s but do not otherw i s e earned similar qualification, pass the
participate i n the instructional program o f the screening procedures. Screening proce
University. Admission as a non-credit auditor dures will be decided separately.
is granted at the University ' s convenience
only in cases where it will not jeopardize the
Admission and Orientation
instruction of regular students. Applicants
must have graduated from high school and Applicants who have received the Notifi
been admitted to a recognized university or cation of Selection letter from the Admissions
college. Non-Credit Auditor status is granted Office are admitted to the University only
for a period of not more than a year and only after payment of the appropriate fees listed in
for courses for which specific permission is Chapter III, "Expenses and Aid," and upon
granted by the i n s tructor, the d i v i s i on c ompleting all spec ified matricul ation
chairpers on, and the dean. Non-Credit procedures.
Auditors are not permitted in language or All new students entering the University
other laboratory courses. No records are kept must be on campus to participate in a program
of work done as a non-credit auditor, and no of orientation activities before the term opens.
University credit is given. Non-Credit Auditor This program is designed to help students
status is not sufficient basis for obtaining a begin their college careers under the best
student visa. conditions possible by acquainting them with
the University ' s purposes, program, per
sonnel, student life, and so on. The matricu
Credit Auditors (Kamoku to Rishusei)
lation ceremony, at which all students sign
Gr�dit Auditors, who are not students of the student pledge, takes place during the
leu; are permitted to take specific under orientation program. Entering students also
graduate courses in order to earn college meet with their academic advisors to plan their
credits. This practice is permitted insofar as courses.
[ 1 4] ADMISSION
Registration takes place on registration day ( 1 ) Along with the Notification of Select
each term as announced in the Calendar. ion, the University will send instruc
tions about what is needed, including
specific information as to the sum of
Student Visas for Foreign Students
money required for deposit (annual
All non-Japanese students in every status tuition, partial living expenses for ten
except that of auditor, are normally required months, return transportation, and the
to have a student visa. Kenkyusei, however, nonrefundable matriculation fee) .
may be enrolled when they have another type ( 2 ) A student who is requesting ICU
of visa, so long as it enables them to stay in guarantor should send the necessary
Japan for at least one year. papers and deposit funds as quickly
D e tails c oncerning the procedure for as possible.
obtaining a student visa most expeditiously (3) Upon receipt of the necessary papers
are sent together with the Notification of and deposit funds, the University will
Selection. A prospective student needs to have make arrangements for the guarantor
a guarantor-a person resident in Japan who and report this to the student.
guarantees the student ' s good behavior and (4) About a month later, the student will
logistical support. Applicants should seek receive directly from the University
their guarantors early, even before receiving the essential Certificate of Eligibility
their Notification of Selection. Upon receiving for Status of Residenc e , which i s
the Notification of Selection, each student issued by the Japanese Ministry o f
must inform the University promptly of the Justice.
name, address and occupation of his or her (5) Taking this certificate and his or her
guarantor. passport, the student applies at the
For a student who is unable to find a nearest Japanese Consulate for the
guarantor, the University may on request act student visa, which can then be issued
as a guarantor. If the need is anticipated, the on the spot.
applicant should indicate this at the time of NOTE: The leU guarantor system is not
applying. (Th i s will in no w ay affec t intended as a means of locating someone who
consideration o f the application.) Briefly, the will support the student financially.
procedures for requesting an ICU guarantor
are as follows:
[ 1 5]
REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION
The requirements for the Bachelor of Arts Japanese students whose prior schooling was in the
Japanese system follow the requirements given for
degree are set by the faculty, incorporating Japanese students.
standards es tablished by the Ministry of • Students who are excused from portions of the
Education and adding to them academic applicable language requirement (English or
Japanese) complete a slightly modified schedule of
requirements appropriate to the character and requirements as designated by the dean.
purposes of this University. Requirements • General Education courses must include
INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY and choices
include courses in these categories: English or from each of the three areas, Humanities, Social
Japanese Langu age , General Education, Sciences and Natural Sciences.
Students majoring in the Natural Sciences are
Physical Edu c ation, an Area M aj or, and •
required to take 21 units of Foundation Courses;
Electives. Also, college residence of four accordingly, the Electives requirement is reduced
years is required. The minimum credit unit by 3 units.
requirements of the four-year program are set
out in the following charts. An explanation of the requirements is given
under the numbered headings below. More
information for planning a four-year schedule
JAPANESE STUDENTS will be found under the divisional headings in
the section on Courses of Instruction.
English Language .............................................. 24
General Education ............................................. 27
(including INTRODUCfION TO CHRISTIANITY)
Physical Education ............................................ 4 1. English Language, Japanese Language
Specialized Courses ........................................... 81
Foundation ...................................... 18 Because ICU is international, the language
Area Major ..................................... 30 requirements are exceptional. Japanese and
Senior Thesis .................................. 9
Electives ......................................... 24 English are the common languages in use
Total 136 among the campus community, in both casual
and formal situ ation s . They are also the
languages of instruction, meaning that,
Japanese Language ............................................ 45 depending on the instructor of a given course,
General Education ............................................. 15
(including INTRODUCfION TO CHRISTIANITY) either may be used; therefore , students
Physical Education ............................................ 2 working for a degree will find it essential to be
Specialized Courses ........................................... 78
Foundation ...................................... 18 functionally bilingual in order to complete all
Area Major ..................................... 30 the courses needed. Unless they have this
Senior Thesis .................................. 9
proficiency beforehand, they will need at the
Electives ......................................... 21
Total 140 outset to undertake one of the basic language
programs designed for this purpose: either the
English Language Program or one of the
NB: Japanese students whose prior schooling was
Japane se Language Program s . These
not in the Japanese system follow the require
ments given for non-Japanese students. Non- programs are planned and conducted by the
[ 1 6] REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION
staff of the Division of Languages under the sciences, and the social sciences, and to help
supervision of two program directors. them perceive the relevance of these branches
The English Language Program is designed of knowledge to each other, to the life of the
to raise the competence of students to the level person and to society . The entire General
where they c an comprehend lecture s , Education program is under the supervision of
participate i n discussions, carry on research, a director, assisted by an advisory committee
and write assignments and examinations in of representative faculty members.
English. This program carries 24 units of A minimum of nine General Education
credit. A student proficient in English may, courses totaling 2 7 units i s required of
with the approv al of the director of the Japanese students; this is fulfilled by taking
program , be excused from parts of the Humanities I, plus any two courses in each of
program . In this case the student must the three divisions, plus 6 units of any courses
c omplete modified requirements for chosen from the entire General Education
graduation. offerings, including Perspective Studies. For
Degree-seeking students who do not know non-Japanese students tak ing Japane se
Japane se are required to take either the Language, the minimal requirement is five
Intensive Japanese or the Japanese sequence courses totaling 1 5 units, which should be
(Japanese I-VI) for 36 units, plus 9 units of distributed as follows : Humanities I, one
Advanced Japanese, for a total of 45 units. A course in each of the three divisions, and 3
student who achieves adequate competence units of any 'course chosen from the entire
may be excused by the program director from General Educ ation offering s , inc luding
parts of the cours e s , in which case the Perspective Studies. However, for those who
graduation requirements are slightly modified. are exempted from parts of the language
Japanese degree-seeking students who enter requirement, the minimum requirements for
in September and lack the required proficiency General Education may be changed. Such
in Japanese must fulfill the Japanese language students are requested to refer to the modified
requirements. graduation requirements.
In order to acquaint ICU students with the
basic teachings of the Christian faith, the
2. General Education
course HUMANITIES I: INTRODUCTION TO
In keeping with the University ' s aim of CHRISTIANITY, 3 units, is required of all
providing students with educational opportu students as part of the General Education
nities to expand their horizons of thought and Program.
experience and help them live more satisfying The Division of Natural Sciences currently
lives, both as students and as graduates offers partially separate General Education
seeking to contribute to the progress of world courses for students majoring in that division;
culture and understanding, the College of such students will take these as specified.
Liberal Arts has developed, and continues to For further information on course content,
seek to improve, a program of General refer to the publication, Outlines of General
Education courses. These courses are intended Education Courses.
to increase students ' knowledge and
awareness in the humanitie s , the natural
REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION [ 1 7]
3. Specialized Courses avoid too much diffusion of studies and
ICU ' s College of Liberal Arts is not limited insuf�i cient special ization, a potentially
to so-called General Education courses but negatIve outcome of the soft curricular
conducts specialized education along with structure of the College of Liberal Arts.
general education. In order to inform students thoroughly on
However, an e arly concentration in a the various way of completing the required
specialized area is avoided, and students are courses in the CLA, ICU offers specialized
guidance for students according to division
given much time to select their specialized
and anticipated year of graduation, in addition
to the general adv ising offered to new
The College of Liberal Arts is organized into
divisions (at present, there are six divisions
Humaniti e s , S o c ial S c ienc e s , Natura i
All specialized courses are classified into
1 00 , 200, or 300 level courses, in which
Sciences , Language , Education and Inter
numbers indicated the degree of specializa
national Studies). However, each division is
tion. This classification has helped to give
not completely independent, but interrelates
structure to the choice of specialized courses
closely with the others.
Each division has several majorable areas of
S enior the s e s are mostly guided on an
study (specialized areas in a narrow sense), but
individual basis, and students are expected to
the regulations on required units, etc. are set
focus on a specialized area of research.
with some latitude so as not to overemphasize
Because of its flexible structure, the CLA 4. Physical Education
curriculum successfully maintains compre
hensive characteristics. All students are required to take 2 units of
The number of units of specialized courses physical education exercises, 1 /3 unit per
required for graduation is as follo w s : term, for six terms, and 2 units of lecture
Foundation Courses ( 1 8 units), t o b e taken courses. Non-Japanese students are exempted
across several majorable areas. A course or from the l atter requirements . However,
c ourses from other division(s) may be students who are exempted from parts of the
included. More than half of Specialized Jap ane se l anguage requirement may be
Courses units (30 units) must be taken from required to take 1 or 2 units of lectures. Please
the student' s own majorable area, and the rest refer to the modified graduation requirements.
from among courses in other majorable areas
of the division. Electives (24 units) may be 5. College Residence
taken from among foundation and specialized
courses of other divisions. On the basis of the Four years of residence as a regular student
specialized courses taken by the end of the are required for graduation. Transfer students
third year, a student enrolls in a Senior Thesis must spend at least two of the four years,
course (9 units) and completes a thesis under including the senior year, enrolled at ICU.
the guidance of a full-time faculty member.
The following measures have been taken to
[1 8] REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUA nON
6. Others (2) September-entering students are required
to include 9 or more credit units of courses
( 1 ) April-entering students are required to
taught in Japanese (excluding JLP courses) in
include 9 or more credit units of courses taught
the total number of credit units for
in English (excluding ELP courses) in the total
gradu ation. (These regulations apply to
number of credit units for graduation.
students entering in the academic year 1 99 1 .)
TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM
The College of Liberal Arts is chartered apply individually to a prefectural board of
by the Ministry of Education to prepare education for certification, or they may make
students for the junior high school first appl i c ation c ollectively to the Tokyo
type teaching certific ate for S oc i al Metropolitan Board of Education through the
S tudie s , Natural S c ience s , Mathematic s , University before their graduation in March.
English and Religion, and the senior high Prospective teachers should register for the
school first type teaching certific ate for Teacher Certifi c ation Program by the
Geography and H i story , C i v i c s , Natural beginning of the first term of the sophomore
S c ienc e s , M athemati c s , English and year. Spec ial registration is required for
Religion. The requ irements for teacher practice teaching.
certifi c ation are set by the Ministry of Full details of courses needed and guidance
Education and are stated in the Teacher in programming will be given by the director
Certification Law. Students who complete of the Teacher Certification Program or by
the required c ourses may after graduation the Educational Affairs Office.
[ 1 9]
Regulations affecting academic status are Office by the student during the announced
set by the faculty; their application is under the course change period, and on the prescribed
supervision of the College of Liberal Arts. form. If a student drops a course without
official permission, a failure is recorded.
Errors in Registration
The normal academic load is 1 3 units each
term (plus 113 unit while the student is taking No grade or credit will be given retroac
physical education exercises). However, with tively for a course for which a student is not
the approval of the advisor, a student (with the offi c i ally regi stered, even if the student
exception of those carrying a full load of completes all the requirements for it.
English or Intensive Japane se) may take All conflicts in schedule must be resolved by
courses within the limit of a maximum of 1 8 the student during the course change period. If
units , including courses which are being conflicts remain, no credit will be given for
repeated or audited. either course, and both will be deleted from the
student' s records.
Repeating a Course
Students may audit courses at the discretion
of the instructor, but no credit will be given A student may repeat a course once in order
nor will the courses audited be listed on the to improve his grade at any time that the same
cumulative record or transcript. course is again offered. The results of the first
attempt will remain on his/her cumulative
record and will appear on the transcript with
the units of credit and grade shown. The grade
Registration for classes takes place on the received on the second try will also be entered
day specified in the Calendar. Late registration on the permanent record and on the transcript,
is accepted during the first week of the term, even in cases where the second grade is not
but late registrants will be required to pay a fee higher than the first. A repeated course may be
of ¥ 3 ,000 to cover the cost of the extra taken within the 1 8 unit limit.
Substitution of Courses
Dropping or Adding a Course
A request by a student for permission to
Withdrawal from, or addition of, a course is substitute one course for another course may
to be reported to the Educ ational Affairs be considered by the Dean. However, such a
 ACADEMIC REGULATIONS
request must be submitted to the Educational given at the discretion of the instructor only
Affairs Office by the prescribed deadline. No when the student has been unable to attend the
retroactive approval for course substitution final examination because of illness or other
will be given. c ircum stance beyond the c ontrol of the
student; the application form for an I, together
with supp orting evidence for its be ing
warrante d , must be submitted to the
At the end of each term, two-hour written Educational Affairs Office before the end of
examinations are given. The final examination the term for approval by the Dean.
schedule is prepared by the Educ ational An I in a course will be deleted and another
Affairs Office and any changes must be grade recorded if the student completes the
authorized by the Dean. Other tests and required work during the subsequent term;
quizzes are given during the term in many otherwise it automatically becomes an E and
courses, with or without advance notice; no credit is given. In this case the student must
make-up options for these are extended at the retake the course if he or she wishes to earn a
instructor' s direction. In special circumstances grade for it.
the Dean may , with the consent of the All grades must be reported to the
instructor, permit a student to make up a Educational Affairs Office within one week
missed final examination, in which case the after final examinations. A change of grade
c ourse grade must be reported to the may be authorized by the Dean only when the
Educ ational Affairs Office during the instructor reports that the original grade is in
subsequent term. error. Under no circumstances may grades be
A supplementary examination may be changed after the lapse of one term.
authorized by the Dean only for a senior who The mark W (withdrawal) is given only
receives an E in a course in his or her final when a student has been unable to continue
year, and only if there is no opportunity to c ourses because of illne ss or other
retake the course. Such an examination may be circumstance beyond his or her control. The
given after any term in which a senior fails a application form for a W , together with
course, but no more than three will be allowed supporting evidence for its being warranted,
in one year. must be submitted to the Educational Affairs
A fee of ¥ 2,000 will be charged for each Office before the end of the term for approval
examination taken outside of the set schedule. by the Dean.
Students may obtain their grade report from
their faculty advisor. A student or his or her
parents or guardian may be notified directly of
S tudent achievement in course work i s the student' s grades upon request.
rec orded by letter grades as follows: A ,
outstanding; B , commendable; C, satisfactory;
Grade Point Average
D, minimal; E, failing. In case no grade is
reported by the instructor, the student will be The grade point average is computed by
given the grade E. The mark I (incomplete) is dividing the sum of the grade points earned by
ACADEMIC REGULATIONS [2 1 ]
the number of units taken. For each unit of senior thesis to the Educational Affairs Office,
work grade points are given as follows: A, 4 using the form provided, within the first two
points; B , 3 points; e, 2 points; and D, 1 point. weeks of the third term of their junior year.
No points are given for an E. The units for Bachelor candidacy is granted to students who
which an I is recorded are not counted in the meet certain conditions by the end of the third
calculation of the grade point average. term of their junior year. For detailed
information, see the Guide to A cademic
Transfer of Credits
For Transfer-Regular students , c ourses
taken at other colleges or universities and
having a grade of e or above will be credited if Transfer from one division to another is not
they are equivalent to leu courses. However, an inherent right which is proce s sed
the maximum number of units for which administratively. However, at the end of the
transfer credit can be obtained is limited to 1 8 second year a student may be granted
for general education courses and, among the permission to tran sfer. In order for the
specialized courses, 1 5 for foundation courses, legitimacy of a request for transfer to be
15 for area major courses and 15 for elective judged, the student should manifest interest
courses. and ability in the field in which he or she plans
For Regular students (Freshmen) who have to study. Specifically, the criteria are: at least
completed at least one year of college work one course completed in the division to which
elsewhere , only courses in Languages , the student is applying for transfer; at least one
General Education and Physical Education course in the major field in which the student
with a grade of e or above and within the limit expects to study; and an adequate level of
of 30 units will be credited, provided that they achievement in these courses. A request for
are equivalent to leu courses. division transfer must be submitted to the
For Ryugaku or Exchange Program Educ ational Affairs Office during the
students, courses taken at other colleges or prescribed period.
universities and having a grade of D (pass
grade) or above and within the limit of 30 units
will be credited, if they are equivalent to leu
courses. An inter divisional major is conducted when
Evaluation of credits from other colleges or a student pursues an individual program of
universities is made by the Dean. studies spanning two or more of the six
divisions . The possibilities fall into two
categories: designated study programs which
Bachelor Candidacy, Senior Thesis have a director, such as American Studies or
Preregistration Japan Studies, and an individually designed
grouping of c ourses which m atches the
S tudents must submit their request for interests of the student. In order to be declared
bachelor candidacy and preregistration of an inter divisional maj or, a student must
 ACADEMIC REGULATIONS
present the prescribed application fonn to the and to have the units earned and time spent in
Educational Affairs Office accompanied by a re sidence there c ounted toward ICU
course plan for approval by the Dean. The graduation requirements should submit a
deadline and procedures are the same as for request for approval by the Dean during the
the application for Division Transfer. For announced period and using the prescribed
detailed infonnation on American Studies or fonn. The maximum number of units to be
Japan Studies, see the Guide to A cademic transferred is 30. One-third of the tuition is
Regulations. charged for each tenn abroad.
Advisor Changes Leave of Absence, Withdrawal
Students may submit a request for approval Requests for leave of absence, which may be
by the Dean to change their advisor. Requests granted up to a maximum period of two years,
must be filed during the prescribed period must be submitted to the Dean on the fonn
using the fonn available in the Educational provided; one third of the tuition charge must
Affairs Office. When the advisor plans to be be paid for each tenn a student is on leave. A
away from the University for some time on request for leave of absence must be submitted
leave of absence or for other reasons, students to the Educ ational Affairs Office by the
are notified of a reassignment. prescribed deadline.
A student wishing to withdraw from the
University must submit his or her request to
the Dean on the pre scribed form; certain
A one-year regular student who wishes to procedures, including the return of the student
continue at ICU, working toward an ICU identification card and payment of outstanding
degree, must file an application and pass the bills, must be completed.
screening for status as a transfer student. An
additional matriculation fee will be charged
A student who has been on leave of absence
may be re-enrolled, and a fonner student who
Extension of Status
has withdrawn may be readmitte d , upon
One-year regular students or Kenkyusei may submitting the necessary application fonns to
submit a request for approval by the Dean to the Dean. The application must be supported
extend their status for one year, using the by a medical report certifying the student' s
prescribed form and during the announced fitness for resuming study and accompanied
period. An additional admission fee will be by any other documents deemed necessary by
charged upon approval. the Dean. It must be submitted by the
prescribed deadline through the Educational
Affairs Office. The period of absence must be
Ryugaku (Study Abroad)
made up in order to meet the residence
Students wishing to study abroad for a year requirement of the College of Liberal Arts.
ACADEMIC REGULATIONS 
A student who has withdrawn for more than herself as a student and can no longer stay at
three years will complete the same admission the University.
and entrance procedures that are required for a Also subject to dismissal are students whose
transfer student. attendance is irregular or who have been
absent for more than three months without
Dismissal notice or ju stification, students whose
accounts with the University are overdue
A student earning a grade point average of beyond a given limit, and students whose
less than 1 .00 for three consecutive terms is period of residence exceeds the maximum
considered to have disqualified himself or allowed for graduation.
[ 2 4]
C OURSES OF INSTRUCTION
Presented here is the entire curriculum of the Courses are coded as follows. The initial
college, with information about the programs letter H, S, N, L, E, or I indicates the division:
of study and content descriptions of the Humanitie s , Soc ial S cienc e s , Natural
courses. Beside the title of each course, the S c iences, Languages , Education or Inter
academic term or terms in which it is normally national Studies. The department is shown by
scheduled is given. This is subject to change; two letters following the division letter: Li for
the actual schedules are published during Literature, Ec for Economics, B i for B iology,
February each year. and so on. PE stands for Physical Education.
The courses of instruction are arranged here CP is used for the Perspective Studies courses
in the following format. in the General Education Program and for
College-Wide Programs The first digit of the number has the
Languages: English and Japanese following meanings. The numbers 00 1 to 049
General Education indicate College required courses; 050 to 099
Health and Physical Education are used for divisional required c ours e s .
Computer Courses Foundation courses and introductory courses
Regional Studies prerequisite to further work are numbered
Basic Readings from 1 00 to 1 99, intermediate level courses
Special Topics from 200 to 299. The 300s are advanced
Divisional Course Offerings undergraduate courses which are open also to
Humanities graduate students.
Social Sciences The second digit indicates classification
Natural Sciences within a department. Economics, for example,
Languages is subdivided into economic theory, statistics
Education and econometrics, economic policy, develop
International Studies ment and hi story , b anking and finance,
international economics and busine s s
Each of the college-wide programs begins administration.
with an explanation of both a general and The third digit shows the sequence of courses
specific nature . Each division ' s listing i s within the above system. Standard numbers are
preceded b y a n explanation of the applied to the senior thesis (095-6-7), advanced
requirements in the categories of foundation seminars and studies (292-3-4 or 392-3-4), and
courses and area major, electives, and senior teaching methods (290 and 29 1 ) .
thesis. The course listings that follow are A hyphen between course numbers indicates
presented under dep artments , which are that the course extends over more than a single
arranged alphabetically. term and that the first term or terms are
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION [25 ]
prerequisite to the concluding term. the language of instruction.
A comma between numbers indicates that In general, the number of units assigned to a
any term of that c ourse may be taken course corresponds to the number of class
independently of the others. hours per week. It is assumed that the student
The language of instruction is shown by a will spend two hours in outside preparation for
final J or E. JE indicates that both Japanese each hour in class. Laboratory periods not
and English are used; J, E indicates that the requiring outside preparation carry one unit of
course may be taught in one term in Japanese credit. The class hour is 70 minutes; laboratory
and in another term in English. For language periods are 2 1 0 minutes.
courses, other letters may be used to indicate
Note: Terms (spring, etc .) and languages of instruction (E, J) as indicated in the course number
in this bulletin do not necessarily apply for every academic year. Please refer to the
Course Offerings and Guide to Academic Regulations published annually by the Educa
tional Affairs Office for detailed information.
C OLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS
English Language Program listening) in academic contexts.
Theme Writing: A course providing the fun
Freshman Component Courses damentals of writing a documented research
LEnOO l -002-003 ENGLI S H LANGUAGE paper.
PROGRA M A : CONTENT, COMMUNICATIVE English Comprehensive: A course designed
STRATEGIES, ACADEMIC WRITING 8 ,6,4 units to integrate the various facets of the ELP
LEnO l l -0 1 2-0 1 3 ENGLI S H LANGUAGE culminating in a c omprehensive English
PROGRA M B: CONTENT, COMMUNICATIVE proficiency exam.
STRATEGIES, ACADEMIC WRITING 9,5,4 units
LEn02 1 -022 ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAM C: LEn05 1 E ADVANCED COMMUNICATIVE
CONTENT, ACADEMIC WRITING 8 ,4 units STRATEGIES , 4 units, spring
Advanced practice in listening, speaking,
Sophomore Component Courses reading and writing skills for academic study
LEn03 1 ENGLI S H LANGUAGE PROGRAM in ICU S tudy English Abroad Program
SOPHOMORE ENGLISH 2 units affiliated universities.
LEn041 ENGL I S H LANGUAGE PROGRAM
THEME WRITING 2 units
Japanese Language Programs
LEn042 ENGL I S H LANGUAGE PROGRAM
COMPREHENSIVE 2 units LIjO l 1 -02 1 -03 1 JE I NTEN S I V E JAPANESE
(COMPREHENSION) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
Content: Courses in reading and discussion LIj0 1 2-022-03 2JE I NTEN S I VE JAPANESE
and lectures in English focused on content (SPEAKING) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
topics designed to develop language and LIj0 1 3 -023-033JE I NTEN S I VE JAPANESE
critical thinking abilities. (STRUCTURE) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
Communicative S trategie s : Courses in LIj O I 4-024-03 4JE INTEN S I V E J APANESE
listening , speaking and reading strategies (READING & WRITING) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
designed to improve English communication A thorough foundation program in oral and
skills. written Japanese, with extensive drill employ
Academic Writing : Courses designed to ing audio-visual aids; 22 periods per week for
improve writing and thinking abilities in 1 2 units per term, a full-time load filling the
English for college level work. first year.
Sophomore English: A course designed to The first term covers pronunciation practice,
provide sophomore students with further pattern practice for basic structure, basic
knowledge of and experience in all four vocabulary (about 1 ,200 items) and reading
language skills (reading, writing, spe aking and and writing kana and the most frequently used
COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS 
kanji (about 4(0) to enable students to express temporary Japanese grammar,vocabulary and
themselves in both spoken and written form a total of 500 kanji with new readings.
necessary for simple daily living.
The second term covers reading materials JAPANESE IV
from newspapers and other publications in The beginning of intermediate Japanese.
humanitie s , social sciences and natural It is assumed that students taking this course
sciences, with about 400 additional kanji; have completed Japanese III, or the
training in oral and written expressions for equivalent, and have mastered the basic skills
more complicated subjects. of listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
The third term covers ordinary materials in The course is aimed at developing a good
various fields. An additional 400 kanji are balance in the four skills. Focus is placed on
given. Emphasis on writing, with training in the structure of discourse as well as sentence
how to use dictionaries. structure. Approximately 200 new kanji are
LJa 1 02-3-4-5-6-7JE JAPANESE I-II-III-IV-V-VI,
6-6-6-6-6-6 units JAPANESE V
The Japanese I-VI course sequence enables A continuation of Japane se I V , or the
students to enter at various levels. At present, equivalent. The course is aimed at developing
four or five different levels are offered each a good balance in the four skills, using a
term. If the student begins in the autumn with textbook that c ontains excerpts from
Japanese I, two academic years are necessary contemporary authors and newspapers, as well
to complete the sequence. These courses meet as kanji and structure exercises.
1 0 periods per week. Video materials and
other audio-visual aids are used at all levels. JAPANESE VI
A c ontinuation of Japanese V, or the
JAPANESE I equivalent. Reading materials are selected
An introduction to basic spoken Japanese from current publications . Vocabulary and
including speaking drills, listening practice, structure exercises accompany the main texts.
reading and writing. Upon completion of the The course is aimed at developing the four
course, students should have acquired a basic linguistic skills in Japanese.
vocabulary, kana, and 1 50 basic kanji.
LJa O l OJE SPECIAL COURSE IN READING AND
JAPANESE II WRITING, 6 units, autumn
A c ontinuation of Japanese I, or the This course is designed for non-Japanese
equivalent. Upon completion of this course, students who would have been placed at the
students should have a mastery of 1 5 0 post-intermediate level if they had sufficient
additional kanji with new readings. kenji ability. It is an intensive course to help the
students catch up on kanji and meets 1 0 class
JAPANESE III periods a week. Upon completion of this course,
A continuation of Japanese II, or the equiva students are to take the placement test again to
lent. Upon completion of this course, students find an appropriate course for Winter Term.
should have acquired mastery of basic con-
 COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS
LIj0 1 5 -025JE ADVANCED JAPANESE (TEXT paragraphs and various writing styles such as
READING) I-II, 2- 1 units short essays, resumes, and theme writing.
LIj01 6-026JE ADVANCED JAPANESE (WRITING
& THEME WRITING) I-II, 2- 1 units AURAL COMPREHENSION I-II
LIj0 1 7 -027JE ADVANCED JAPANESE (AURAL In this course TV programs and other audio
COMPREHENSION) I-II, 2- 1 units visual aids are used to increase listening and
These courses are designed to prepare non speaking ability and to provide practice in
Japanese students for effective participation in taking notes and summarizing in Japanese.
university classes taught through the medium
of Japanese . Prerequisite : INTENSIVE JAPA LSj 00 1 -2-3JE SPECIAL JAPANESE I-II-III, 3-3-
NESE III, JAPANESE VI, or the equivalent. 3 units
This course is designed primarily for Japanese
TEXT READING I-II students entering in S eptember who are
This course is designed to improve reading proficient in spoken Japanese but need training
ab ility . B oth speed and accuracy are in reading and writing. Non-Japanese students
emphasized. The course also aims at devel with native fluency in spoken Japanese may also
oping ability for self-study with the use of be accepted. The first term covers the reading
dictionari e s . M aterials are selected from and writing of about 1 ,000 of the most
popular publications in various fields, and frequently used kanji. The second term covers
students are e xpected to participate in the rest of the jooyoo kanji (another 1 ,000) and
discussions in Japanese. gives training in reading and writing short
articles. The third term provides further training
WRITING & THEME WRITING I-II in reading and writing in Japanese, review of
This course begins with sentence structure kanji, and practice in listening to lectures and
and progresses through the development of taking notes.
Perspective Studies indicates the c ourse may be applied to
fulfillment of the General Educ ation
These are broadly-based courses on topics requirement in either divisional area. The
of an interdisciplinary nature. They are of 2 or requirement in any divisional area cannot be
3 units. Frequently they are team-taught, and fulfilled solely with Perspective S tudies
most often by the persons who created them. courses.
New Perspective Studies courses are likely to The courses listed here are those offered
be introduced in any year. The divisional area most recently. To confirm offerings, students
classification is shown in parentheses attached should consult Outlines of General Education
to the course title. Two divisional initials Courses, published in February each year.
COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS 
CP 005E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES V: SEMANTIC Carl Linnaeus, Goethe Agassiz, W.S. Clark,
ENVIRONMENT IN HUMAN COMMUNICATION Fukuzawa, and Spranger.
(HS), 2 units, winter
On the basis of fundamental principles of CP 0 1 1 J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XI: COMPUT
general semantic s , an attempt to analyze, ERS AND MAN (N), 2 units, winter
assess and consider means to improve the The role of computers in the electronic age
quality of semantic environments through an raises many questions regarding applicability,
interdisciplinary approach. Specific topics usefulness and limitations, and the relationship
include structural characteristics of nontech to different facets of life. Computers are seen in
nical language, symbols in the description of contemporary perspective as they relate to all
the objective world, and media environment. aspects of society. (not offered in 1994)
CP 006J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES VI: MINGEI NO CP 0 1 2J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XII: THE
KOKOR O ( S PIRIT OF MINGE/) (HS ) , 2 units , NEGOTIATION PROCESS (S), 2 units, autumn
spring Aimed at enabling students to understand
Especially designed to give an appreciation the structure and strategy of negotiation, a
and understanding of mingei (Japanese process most Japane se prefer to avoid,
folkcrafts), emphasizing the esthetics of the although the present time has been termed the
objects and their functional role through "era of bargaining power." Using actual cases,
looking at the style of life and spiritual negotiating behavior is analyzed and scientific
attitudes of the people who made and used studies of such behavior are introduced. (not
them. The history of mingei and its modern offered in 1994)
revival are discussed. (not offered in 1 994)
CP 0 1 5J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XV: THE
CP 009J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES IX: LEARNING ROLE OF WOMEN IN S OCIETY ( S ) , 2 units,
AND TEACHING (HS), 3 units, winter spring
A survey of learning and teaching theories Designed to consider women ' s positions
and practice s , designed for students to today , mainly through l abor laws and
examine their own habits, experiences and administration. Working women ' s various
attitudes toward knowledge and its use, and to problems, giving special attention to the
look at the question of life-long education and equality in employment are discussed.
its meaning in later adult years. S tudents are led to attain the basic legal
knowledge of their future working life.
CP 0 1 0J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES X: INTELLEC-
TUALS, UNIVERSITIES AND SOCIETIES (HS), 3 CP 0 1 6J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XVI: CIVIL
units, autumn SOCIETY AND THE CITIZEN-IN THE PER
A historical study of the interactions S PECTIVE OF THE H I S TORY OF S OCIAL
between university-affiliated intellectuals and THOUGHT (HS), 3 units, autumn
the major cultural crises in the West (as well as Traditions of Western civil society in
in Japan) from the eighteenth to the twentieth comparison with the traditional structure of
centuries. Included is the significance of the Japanese society. (not offered in 1 994)
intellectual careers of such men as Leibniz,
 COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS
CP 0 1 7J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XVII: THE Japan are closely related to such other fields
HOLISTIC APPROACH TO KARADA (HUMAN as thought, religion, literature , art and
BODY) (HSN), 2 units, winter concepts of nature. (not offered in 1 994)
Aimed at enabling students to gain a greater
appreciation of their own bodies, the evolution CP 025J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXV: BRAIN
of life, the transition of nature, the develop AND LANGUAGE (SN) 3 units, winter
ment of the world and how to lead a healthy Following a brief consideration of the basic
human life. features of brain structure and function, the
phy siological, psychological, and soc ial
CP 0 1 8J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XVIII: factors and the fundamental principles which
THOUGHTS OF MAHIBMATICS (HN), 2 units, seem to govern and facilitate our acquisition of
spring languages will be explored. Brain pathologies
An introduction of the fundamental thoughts and remedial techniques for those language
of mathematics which are important to disorders will also be examined. (not offered
understanding Western culture. (not offered in in 1 994)
CP 026E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXVI:
CP 0 1 9J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XIX: MEMORY OBSERVED (HSN), 2 units, spring
JAPANESE LITERATURE AND CHRISTIANITY Designed to examine some of the many
JAPANESE LITERATURE AS AN ATHEISTIC manifestations of memory in ordinary human
WORLD (H), 3 units, spring experience with a view to extracting some
An explication of the non-Christian charac general principles which may characterize the
teristics of Japane se literature through basic nature of the memory process itself. A
analysis, comparison and contrast. (not offered variety of instructional techniques will be
in 1 994) employed including lecture, demonstration
and discussion formats. (not offered in 1 994)
CP 023J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXIII: PEACE
STUDIES (S), 2 units, spring CP 028J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXVIII:
Aimed at enabling a deeper understanding HOMERIC EPICS AND THEIR LINEAGE (H), 2
of the problems of peace, violence and world units, winter
order, on the basis of full recognition of the A l iterary , philosophical and historical
reality of the violent world as expressed in approach to Homeric Epics with special focus
such forms as war, poverty and oppression. on the Greek understanding of humankind and
Included is a proposal for peace from a fresh its significance to us today.
CP 0301£ PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXX:
CP 024J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXIV: MOD ISSUES IN PEACE (HSN), 3 units, autumn
ERN SCIENCE IN HISTORICAL AND INTERDISCI The main purpose of this course is to deepen
PLINARY CONTEXTS (HSN), 2 units, autumn the understanding of the issues of peace,
S ome h i s toric al circumstanc e s are v iolence and world order. The c ourse is
considered where the birth and development offered by several instructors in somewhat
of modem science and its introduction into different styles, which allow each instructor to
COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS [3 1 ]
discuss the issue from a different perspective language at their disposal in the making, and
and at the same time to try out an interdivi whether or not non-human species of the
sional approach to the peace issue. animal kingdom possess languages of their
own in comparison to human languages.
CP 032E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXII: EN
VIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (HSN), 3 units, CP 036JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXVI: THE
winter WORLD OF SIGN LANGUAGES: (HS ) , 3 units,
Using a variety of instructional techniques autumn
including practicums whenever possible, this The sign language is a preeminent human
c ourse seeks to examine the reciprocal language on a par with oral language; it thus
relationships between human beings and their has its structure and function in society. This
physical, social, and cultural environments -as course is designed to introduce student to the
revealed by the newly-emerging interdisci fascinating world of sign languages, using
plinary field of environmental psychology. Japanese sign language and American sign
language as models, in order to explore the
CP 0 3 3 J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXIII: nature of sign language through its use by the
HUMAN HISTORY AND ASTRONOMY (HN), 3 deaf and its acquis ition by humans and
units, spring nonhuman primates.
B y c onsidering the hi story of man ' s
attempts to document the passage of time in CP 037J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXVII:
almanac form, this course seeks to explore the ASTRONOMY AS A WORLD-VIEW (HN),3 units,
reciprocal relationship between human autumn
behavior and natural forces on the one hand An historical perspective on the changes in
and the development of astronomy in cosmological world-view provided by the
recognition of natural forces on the other. study of astronomy . The development of
human thought as it relates to scientific inquiry
CP 0 3 4J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXIV: through astronomy.
SPACE IN EVERYDAY LIFE (HS), 3 units, spring
We all face the issue of lifespace every CP 03 8JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXVIII:
where. Since space is basic to the interpreta LITERATURE AND HUMAN RIGHTS (H), 3 units,
tion and understanding of everyday life, we autumn
study lifespace, the everyday life-world, and U sing documentary films, and Shimazaki
the landscape. Toson ' s novel "The Broken Commandment",
this course will reflect on the problems of
CP 035E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXV: human discrimination from the standpoint of
LANGUAGE SCIENCES (HSN), 3 units, spring human rights. Analysis and reflection on the
Language sciences are the studies of relationship between literature and society
language that are concerned with all aspects of will characterize the fundamental aspects of
human language behavior. This course is this course. (not offered in 1 994)
designed to introduce students to the explora
tions of how langu age works in human CP 039J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXIX:
societies , when humans happened to have COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY (SN), 2 units, spring
 COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS
Computers have become an important professors, will be invited.
influence on our daily lives. With the
understanding of the relationship between CP 044J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLIV: MUSIC
c omputers and human life as a cultural AND SOCIETY-A HISTORY OF PUBLIC
phenomenon, and the training of critical CONCERTS IN EUROPE (HS), 3 units, spring
appraisal and wise computer is the purpose of This course examines the development of
this course. (not offered in 1994) public c oncerts in Europe from the 1 7th
c entury to the pre sent. It c onsiders the
CP 040J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XL: MATE relationship between music and society as well
RIAL BASIS OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION (SN), 2 as the function of music in society.
New materials have brought about new eras CP 045JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLV: JAPAN
in human civilization. This course aims to IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (HS ) , 3 units,
rev iew such developments with special winter
reference to Japane se history from the This course will examine the history of
viewpoint of the natural sciences. (not offered Jap an in the 20th century as a basis for
in 1 994) understanding the sorts of political, economic,
social, and cultural problems Japan confronts
CP 041 J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLI: FREEDOM at present and will confront in the future.
OF EXPRESSION (HS), 3 units, spring
To study the contents and contemporary CP 046J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLVI:
problems of freedom of expression, which COMPUTER LITERACY (SN) , 2 units, spring,
occupies a central position of fundamental winter
human rights. To acquire basic skills to utilize computers
as a tool in the studies and other activities.
CP 042E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLII: IMAGES Hands on exercise in lab included.
OF WOMEN IN THE 1 9TH CENTURY (HS), 3
units, spring CP 047J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLVII :
Thi s c ourse aims to trace the changing DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE ( S ) , 2 units ,
images of women in literature and art in autumn
Britain between 1 830 and 1 9 1 4. General description of the objectiv e s ,
agencies, forms and conditions o f develop
CP 043JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLIII: ment assistance and analysis of the effect,
INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN STUDIES (HS), corruption, political interference, impact on
2 units, spring environment and human rights, and other
Through an inter-disciplinary approach to problems pertaining to development
contemporary issues of American society such assistance. (not offered in 1 994)
as ethnicity , feminism, Japan-American
relationships, etc., an orientation to American CP 048JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLVIII:
studies will be given. According to each COMMUNICATION DISORDERS, 3 units, winter
subject, special guests from various disci This course is intended to reveal the hidden
plines, including ICU faculty and visiting side of communication, namely, communica-
COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS 
tion disorders, which will be systematically Theories, policies and problems of develop
accounted for from the point of view of ment of developing countries. The role of
language patholog y . B y communication government in the process of growth ,
disorders we mean the disruptions of the flow development strategies and international
of communication in individuals who have aspects of development.
neurological and/or articulately and auditory
problems when they interact with others. (not CP 0 5 3 E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES LIII :
offered in 1 994) CROSSING CULTURAL BOUNDARIES, 2 units
CP 049E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLIX: Purpose of the course is to assist students
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS IN TODA Y ' S who are preparing to go abroad, returning
WORLD (SN), 2 units, autumn home to Japan or soj ourning in Japan
Studying the many uses of computers in the understand the dynamics of intercultural
modern world and learning hands-on skills coping and adaptation. The contents are the
with several types of computer applications. concepts of culture and culture shock, the
dynamics of culture learning, multicultural
CP 050E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES L: EDUCA social competence, metaphors of identity ,
TION IN AN AGE OF TRANSFORMATION, 3 multi-lingual ism, and basic Japanese culture
units, autumn pattern s . Lectures and group activ ities
With the dramatic denouement of the (simulations, mini-project, discussion).
socalled " c old w ar," national state s and
societies are confronted by global political,
economic, and cultural changes. The course
seeks to challenge students to think about the The aim of this series of courses is to give
meaning and significance of social change and students an understanding and appreciation of
development, and further invites them to their cultural heritage. Emphasis is laid along
critically examine the structures and process historical lines on outstanding people and
of schooling as it shapes and is shaped by these significant peaks in the fields of religion, art,
transformations. music, literature and philosophy of both the
East and the West.
CP 05 l J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES LI: TASKS
FACED BY EDUCATION TODAY, 2 units, winter H OO l J ,E HUMANITIES I: INTRODUCTION TO
Aimed at proposing and acting to reform CHRISTIANITY, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
school curriculum with understanding about The basic concepts of the Christian faith.
the essential tasks of modern education; 1 ) The study, based on the B ible , is directed
student' s total development, 2) excellence, 3) toward understanding Christianity ' s theo
creativity, 4) personality, and particularly 5) logical significance in relation to various
protection of natural and social environment. fields of modern culture . Required of all
students seeking a degree.
CP 052J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES LII: ISSUES
ON DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS (S),3 units, H 002EJ HUMANITIES I I : HISTORY OF
autumn WESTERN ART, 3 units, spring
[ 3 4] COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS
A general survey of the history of West�rn Social Sciences
art from prehistoric times to the present, wIth
The purpose of this series is to provide
emphasis on an analysis of the style of t�e
students with the basic understanding to
repre sentative works in relation to theIr
enable them to act as intelligent and
historical and regional backgrounds.
compassionate citizens in seeking solutions to
interrelated economic, political and SOCIal.
H 003J HUMANITIES III: THE WORLD OF
problems, both those of Japan and of the world
CLASSICS, 3 units, spring
The classical heritage of Western culture
and its significance for the modem world, with
S 002J,E SOCIAL SCIENCE II: HISTORY, 3
special reference to the Greek understanding
units, autumn, winter
of humankind. Studied through interpretation
Characteristics of historical studies, seen
of the masterpieces of Greek tragedy.
through their relationship with other fields of
study, especially the humanities and social
H 004E,J HUMANITIES IV: THE WORLD OF
LITERATURE, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
An examination of some of the greatest
S 003E,J SOCIAL SCIENCE III: POLITICAL
works in world literature. Aimed at encour
SCIENCE, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
aging students , through interpretation of
The development of social thought and
particular w orks in relation to cultural
systems, and the methodology and pro�l�ms
tradition, to become responsive readers and to
of social sciences, with stress on polItIcal
face challenging questions as to the ideas of
humankind and the world.
S 004J,E SOCIAL SCIENCE IV: SOCIETY AND
H 005J HUMANITIES V: THE WORLD OF
CULTURE, 3 units, spring, autumn
MUSIC, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
The development of social thought and
Aimed at understanding the essence of music
systems, and the methodology and problems
and its historical background. Various examples
of social sciences, with stress on sociology and
of musical compositions are examined for their
stylistic characteristics. Examples are chosen
both from the repertory of the European
S 005E,J SOCIAL SCIENCE V: EDUCATIONAL
tradition and from works of non-Western
REFORM IN MODERN ERA, 3 units , spring,
traditions, particularly Japanese classical music.
The development of social thought and
H 006J HUMANITIES VI: THE WORLD OF
systems, and the methodology and problems
PHILOSOPHY, 3 units, autumn, winter
of social sciences, with stress on educational
S ources of the various trends in modem
philosophy are traced and the main problems
of philosophy are examined with historical
S 006J SOCIAL SCIENCE VI: JAPANESE
and comprehensive aspects.
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 2 units, autumn
COLLEGE· WIDE PROGRAMS 
Aimed at understanding the general outline S 054JE SENIOR INTEGRATING SEMINAR, 3
of the Japanese government and politics in units
structure and operation, on the basis of the Interd i s c iplinary analysis of criti c al
prov isions of the Japanese Constitution. problems of current concern to Japan and the
(Required for the Teacher Certific ation re st of the world. Lectures, conferenc e s ,
Program.) students reports. (not offered i n 1 994)
S 007J,E SOCIAL SCIENCE VII: INTERNA
TIONAL RELATIONS, 3 units, spring, autumn,
winter The purpose of this series is to enable
D e signed to provide students with the students to act with an understanding of
knowledge and skills for comprehending and natural phenomena and to recognize the
analyzing various problems in contemporary implications of their action for human welfare,
international relations. to understand the values and the limitations of
science and its methods, and to use science
S 008J SOCIAL SCIENCE VIII: BEHAVIORAL intelligently in the solution of their own
SCIENCES AND HUMANISTIC SCIENCES, 3 problems.
S ignificance in psychological exploration N OO l J NATURAL SCIENCE I: MATHEMATI
and understanding of human life. Psychology CAL STRUCTURES, 3 units, spring
as a behavioral science and as a science of Mathematical structures and the nature of
"personhood" are reviewed. Also discussion mathematical thinking.
on psychological aspects of each discipline of
social science. N 002E,J NATURAL SCIENCE II: FOUNDA
TIONS AND CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS, 3 units,
S 009J SOCIAL SCIENCE IX: BUSINESS AND spring, autumn
HUMAN BEHAVIOR, 3 units, spring The foundations and concepts of physics
Consider a man from the viewpoint of and the fundamental relationship between
busine s s , and understand the impacts of theoretical and empirical knowledge in the
human behavior to the organization and the physical sciences.
problem of organizational behavior v s .
environment. N 003E,J NATURAL SCIENCE III: THE
CHEMICAL BASIS OF NATURE, 3 units, spring,
S O l OJ,E SOCIAL SCIENCE X: ECONOMY autumn
AND ECONOMICS, 3 units, autumn, winter A chemical basis for understanding nature
Lectures on how economics theories have and human interactions with nature.
constructed their analytical frameworks to
explain individual economic behavior and the N 004J NATURAL SCIENCE IV: LIFE SCIENCE,
mechani sm of national and international 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
economy, and deduced their policy implica Life phenomena as viewed mainly at the
tions. level of molecules, and of cells or tissues.
 COLLEGE- WIDE PROGRAMS
N 005J NATURAL SCIENCE V: HISTORY OF the products of an epistemological analysis of
SCIENCE, 2 units, winter s c ienc e . How and in what sense these
Aimed at grasping the essential features and objections can be raised are clarified, and a
the structure of natural sciences, through new type of interpretation of science i s
reviewing their history and particularly introduced. Required o f all Natural Science
through reference to the relation between them majors in the junior or senior year.
and the social or cultural contexts that formed
them. Required of all Natural Science majors N 05 1 JE SENIOR INTEGRATING SEMINAR, 2
in the junior or senior year. units, autumn
A study of the characteristics and interrela
N 006J NATURAL SCIENCE VI: PHILOSOPHY tionships of the different branches of the natural
OF SCIENCE, 2 units, spring sciences and mathematics, and their relation to
Science was once believed to be an attempt other disciplines. Small group study of
to collect objective data, but today various important books on these topics, special lectures
important objections to this have been raised, and general discussions attended by all students
some originating in the very results of recent enrolled. Required of all Natural Science majors
scientific developments. Others have arisen as in the senior year.
Health and Physical Education
Lecture Courses PE 005 ,6 BASIC EXERCISES I, II (required of
all students), I: spring, autumn/I I : autumn,
PE 00 1 1 HEALTH EDUCATION, 1 unit, every winter
Designed to give understanding and PE 1 1 0, 1 TEAM SPORTS I, II, every term
knowledge about the concepts of health ,
personal and public hygiene, principles and PE 1 1 2 BEGINNING DUAL SPORTS
practice of a healthy life (definition of health,
diseases, nutrition, mental health, first-aid, PE 1 1 3 INTERMEDIATE DUAL SPORTS
etc.). For freshmen and sophomores. PE 1 1 4 BEGINNING INDIVIDUAL SPORTS
PE 003J SPORTS SCIENCE, 1 unit, every term PE 1 1 5 INTERMEDIATE INDIVIDUAL SPORTS
Basic knowledge and meaning of physical
education, sports and recreational activities in PE 1 1 6 BEGINNING SELF TESTING ACTIVITIES
terms of healthy and balanced living (physical
fitne s s , fatigue , training, principles of PE 1 1 7 INTERMEDIATE SELF TESTING ACTIVI-
recreation). For freshmen and sophomores. TIES
Exercise Courses ( 1 /3 unit, given every term) PE 1 1 8 BEGINNING COMBATIVE ACTIVITIES
COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS 
PE 1 1 9 INTERMEDIATE COMBATIVE ACTIVI- PE 1 24 ADAPTED PHYSICAL EDUCATION
PE 200, 1 J GROUP LEADERSHIP IN RECREA-
PE 1 20 FOLK DANCE TION I, II, I , 1 unit
PE 1 2 1 BEGINNING RHYTHMS AND DANCE Methods of leading group recre ation
programs, supplying materials and teaching
PE 1 22 INTERMEDIATE RHYTHMS AND techniques.
PE 2 1 0, 1 , 2, 3 , 4, 5 ADVANCED PHYSICAL
PE 1 23 ORGANIZED GAMES AND CRAFTS EDUCATION I, II, III, IV, V, VI, 1 12 unit, every
See courses listed for Information Science in ETc 1 00J COMPUTER APPLICA TION IN
the Division of Natural Sciences. See also: EDUCATION I
CP 0 1 1 J COMPUTER AND MAN ETc 200J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
CP 039J COMPUTER AND SOCIETY
ETc 3 00J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
CP 046J COMPUTER LITERACY EDUCATION III
CP 049E INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS IN EPs 350E INFORMATION PROCESSING
TODAY ' S WORLD
Courses of this category are designed for the "Course Offerings and Guide to Academic
study of the salient characteristics of selected Regulations" . They may also consult with the
regions. They are open to students of all fields directors of these programs.
as electives counted in the graduation
requirements. RE 1 00E NORTH AMERICAN STUDIES I:
Programs for American Studies and Japan CANADA, 2 units
Studies went into operation from the Autumn From the framework of hi storic al
term 1 986. These are interdivisional majors perspective, the course presents an analysis of
and include existing c ourses and a small the major themes marking the development of
number of new courses. Students interested the culture, society, politics and economics of
are referred to the annual booklet entitled Canada.
 COLLEGE·WIDE PROGRAMS
RE 1 1 0E JAPAN STUDIES: HISTORY, ART these fields are interrelated. Emphasis i s
AND LITERATURE, 3 units, autumn placed on the structure and functioning o f
Designed to familiarize students with basic contemporary Japanese society . For Japan
aspects of Japanese history art, and literature S tudy majors, units count toward the area
and show how these fields are interrelated. m ajor requirement. The c ourse inv olves
Emphasis i s placed on examining the substantial out-of-classroom work: field trips,
relationship between traditional and modern interviews and first-hand observation. Content
Japan and understanding Japan within a broad and instructor vary.
comparative framework. For Japan Study
majors, units count toward the area major RE 1 1 2E JAPAN STUDIES : POLITICS, ECO
requirement. The course involves substantial NOMICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, 3
out-of-classroom work: field trips, interviews units, spring
and first-hand observation. Content and Designed to familiarize students with basic
instructor vary. aspects of Japanese politics, economics and
international relations. Emphasis is placed on
RE I I I E JAPAN STUDIES: SOCIETY, RELIGION, understanding Japan ' s position in the
EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, 3 units, contemporary world. For Japan Study majors,
winter units count toward the area major requirement.
Designed to familiarize students with basic The course involves substantial out-of
aspects of Japane se soc iety , religion, classroom work: field trips, interviews and first
education and communications and show how hand observation. Content and instructor vary.
H or S or N or L or E 1 0 1 ,2,3J,E BASIC week. Offered at the option and convenience
READING COURSES IN HUMANITIES, SOCIAL of the instructor, conducted in a language of
SCIENCES, NATURAL SCIENCES, LANGUAGES or the instructor' s choice, and when there i s
EDUCATION, I,I1,III, 1 , 1 , 1 unit sufficient demand.
Studies, in seminar format and designed for The units earned through these seminars
freshmen and sophomore, of basic readings in are to be counted within the c ategory of
the various disciplines, the choice of topic to Electives, and a maximum of 3 units may be
be made at the discretion of the instructor. recognized, within this category for credit
These seminars meet for 1 40 minutes each toward graduation.
CP 3 0 1 -349J,E SPECIAL TOPICS, 2 or 3 units areas or topics of broad, current or unusual
per term interest. May be offered on the initiative of one
Special work, on either a lecture or seminar or more full-time or visiting faculty members,
basis, with faculty members or lecturers in upon approval by the division chairman (of the
COLLEGE· WIDE PROGRAMS 
instructor(s) of the proposed course) and upon community in transition, from v ariou s
approval by the Dean. Up to 6 units of Special viewpoints. A participation-oriented course
Topics c ourses may be c ounted toward consisting of frequent visits to facilities,
graduation as Electives. lectures by expert officials, and discussion on
the present and future of the satellite city.
CP 320, l 1,E ISSUES IN AMERICAN CULTURE
I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter CP 329E FIELD STUDIES IN BRITISH CULTURE,
An interdisciplinary study of American 3 units, spring
culture concentrating on such topics as A nucleus of lectures and seminar provides
politics, economics, literature, religion, arts historical, socio-political, religious, artistic ,
and society. Influence upon Japanese culture and educational perspectives of the United
may be considered. Kingdom , uncovering the interaction of
tradition and modernism. This is supple
CP 328J MITAKA COMMUNITY STUDIES, 3 mented by optional v i sits to historical
units, spring landmarks, museums, galleries, etc. Academic
Designed to explore M itaka, a loc al evaluation is based on written work.
American Studies Program
This program of study is designed to concentrate on an area that interests them by
provide students with an understanding and studying with related professors from the
knowledge of the distinctive features of various divisions of the University. For further
American society and culture through a broad information, see the "Guide to A cademic
spectrum of courses arranged in an inter Regulations" .
disciplinary manner. S tudents are able to
Japan Studies Program
The purpose of this program is to provide a should prove of interest to ICU four-year regular
comprehensive understanding of Japan and its students. On the other hand, a one-year program
place in world society. "Tradition and Change has been designed to provide an overall
in Modern Japan" constitutes its primary introduction to Japan for one-year regular
emphasi s . The program i s explicitly students; this part of the program consists of
comparative in approach. It seeks to interrelate both language instruction and courses about
and integrate knowledge about Japan. Japan taught in English . For detailed
Two Japan Studies programs have been information, see the "Guide to A cademic
established. On the one hand, Japan Studies Regulations" .
constitutes an interdivisional major which
[ 40] COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS
Study English Abroad (SEA) Program
The purpose of this program is to let S ophomore program , after c ompleting a
students take part of their English Language concentrated class of Advanced Communi
Program (ELP) in English speaking countries cation Strategies (an elective course of 4 credit
like the UK, Canada and the US , and units), students are allowed to continue to stay
experience a different culture abroad. In the at the sites abroad and take some general
Freshman program, a concentrated class of education courses or specialized courses in
Freshman ELP ' s Communicative Strategies addition to Sophomore ELP courses (6 credit
(4 credit units) is conducted for about 6 weeks units). For further information, see the "Guide
during the Summer vacation period. In the to Academic Regulations" .
DIVISION OF HUMANITIES
General Education Courses 3 units
HPh 1 04 INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC,
The c ourses offered by faculty of thi s 3 units
division a s part o f the General Education Art and Music:
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are HAr 1 00 INTRODUCTION TO ART,
listed , with descriptions and explanatory 3 units
information, under College-Wide Programs. HAr 1 0 1 HISTORY OF EASTERN ART,
HMu 1 00, 1 HISTORY OF WESTERN
MUSIC I, II, 3 , 3 units
Humanities students meet the 1 8 unit
Foundation course requirement by taking 6 German Literature majors may receive
units from each of three areas chosen from Foundation course credit for HLi 1 20 , 1
among the following five: H ISTORY OF ENGLIS H LITERATURE I , II, by
taking 6 units of LGe 1 02 - 3 GERMAN A
Classics: (Grammar II-Reading & Speaking II) or 6
HLi 1 1 0- 1 GREEK LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units from LGe 1 52 GERMAN B (Intermediate
units Reading 1 ), LGe 1 53 GERMAN B (Intermediate
HLi 1 1 2-3 LATIN LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 Reading 2), LGe 1 04 GERMAN A (Reading &
units Speaking III) and LGe 1 60 READINGS IN
Literature: French Literature majors may receive
HLi 1 20, 1 HISTORY OF ENGLISH Foundation course credit for LFr 101 or 1 02
LITERATURE 1, 11, 3 , 3 units FRENCH II or III in place of HLi 1 20, 1 HISTORY
OF ENGLISH LITERATURE I, II.
Religion: American Literature major may receive
HRe 1 00, 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE c ourse credit for HLi 1 40 , 1 HISTORY OF
BIBLE I, II, 3, 3 units AMERICAN LITERATURE I, II, as requirement of
HRe 1 02, 3 , 4 HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY "Literature" among the Foundation course
I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units areas.
HRe 1 05 , 6 STUDY IN THEOLOGY
I, II, 3, 3 units Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
Philosophy: Humanities majors are required to complete
HPh 1 0 1 , 2 HISTORY OF WESTERN a minimum of 30 credit units of Area Major
PHILOSOPHY 1, 11, 3 , 3 units Courses by taking courses chosen from the
HPh 1 03 INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS, departments in the Humanities Area. 1 5 or
[ 42] HUMANITIES
more credit units must be taken in one Art and Archaeology
department. Courses in other divisions may be
c ounted with the written consent of the HAr 1 00J INTRODUCTION TO ART, 3 units,
advisor, the division chairman, and the Dean if spring
they are functional in the student' s program. A survey of art, dealing primarily with
However, German l iterature maj ors may stylistic analysis and evaluation of major and
include, without consent of the advisor, LGe minor arts in terms of form, space, color,
2 1 0- 1 ADVANCED READINGS IN GERMAN I-II in composition, problems of symbolism, etc. A
their Area Major requirement. brief survey of iconography is included.
The senior thesis, 9 units , completes the
requirements for the Area Major. Each student HAr 1 0 lE HISTORY OF EASTERN ART, 3 units,
also takes 24 units of electives. autumn
Advanced students may take courses of The history of Eastern art from prehistoric
Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the times to the present; emphasis on major phases
Area Major requirement, and up to 6 units as and personalities in architecture, sculpture,
Electives. Also they should note the 400-level and painting, and including metal and ceramic
courses offered by the Divisions of Education arts in the Far East.
and Comparative Culture of the Graduate
School. HAr 200E ANCIENT ART OF THE WEST, 3
units, 1 994 spring
H 095-6-7J,E SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units The art of ancient cultures in Near Eastern
The senior student, under the guidance of a and Western areas from the Palaeolithic period
thesis advisor chosen from among the full to the 4th century A.D.; emphasis on Egypt,
time staff of the division, selects a subject in the Near East, Greece and Rome (given in
which he/she has an interest and some alternate years).
c ompetence and prepare s a documented
research paper in which he pursues his subject HAr 20 l J MEDIEVAL ART OF THE WEST, 3
in depth . The thesis is written in English units, spring
except in cases determined by the division The art of Medieval Europe from the
chairman and the faculty advisor. Students recognition of Christianity until the beginning
should consult the internal reference, "Senior of the Renaissance; architecture, sculpture,
Thesis Requirements: Humanities Division." mosaics, paintings, illuminated manuscripts,
Required of all Humanities students in the and certain minor arts of the Early Christian,
senior year. B yzantine , M igration, Carolingian, Ro
manesque and Gothic periods.
HRe 290J TEACHING METHODS IN RELIGION,
2 units, 1 995 autumn HAr 202J RENAISSANCE ART, 3 units, autumn
Principles and problems of teaching religion The architecture, sculpture, and painting of
in secondary schools; emphasis on problems the Renai s sance period in Ital y , France,
peculiar to Japan. This course is required of Germany, England, the Low countries and
students seeking a teacher certification in Spain. The regional character of the art; style
religion (given in alternate years). analysis of leading personalities.
HUMANITIES [ 43 ]
HAr 203J BAROQUE ART, 3 units, autumn Architecture , sculpture , painting , and the
The architecture, sculpture, and painting of bronze and ceramic arts from the viewpoint of
the Baroque period in Italy, France, Germany, stylistic evolution and iconographic signifi
England, the Low Countries and Spain, The cance (given in alternate years)
regional character of the art; style analysis of
leading personalities, HAr 300, l J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN ART
AND ARCHAEOLOGY I, 11, 3 , 3 units
HAr 204J MODERN ART I, 3 units, autumn Advanced study in selected topics or on
A survey of the maj or movements and current discoveries in art and archaeology .
leading personalities in painting, sculpture, Open to advanced students with the approval
and architecture of the 1 9th century in France, of the instructor.
England, Germany and America.
HAr 205J MODERN ART II, 3 units, winter
A survey of the major movements and
leading personalities in painting, sculpture,
and architecture of the 20th century ; the HLi 1 1 0- l J GREEK LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units,
international movements of the 20th century. autumn-winter
Classical (Attic) Greek. Three hours of
HAr 2 1 0E JAPANESE ARCHAEOLOGY, 3 clas sroom w ork per week . Grammar and
units, spring selections from Greek prose.
Cultural developments in Japan in the
Palaeolithic and the Jomon period s , as HLi 1 1 2-3J LATIN LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units,
understood through archaeological materials. spring -autumn
Fieldwork on the ICU pre-Jomon and Jomon Three hours of classroom work per week.
sites. Grammar and selections from Latin prose and
HAr 2 1 1 E JAPANESE ART, 3 units, winter
The development of Japanese art from HLi 2 1 O, l J READINGS IN GREEK I, II, 3, 3
earliest times to the 19th century in the fields of units, spring, I 1 995/11 1 994
architecture, sculpture, painting, and in the The text is selected from Plato' s works, such
metal, textile and ceramic arts. as Apology of Socrates or Crito, and/or Homer
(1 and 1/ given alternately).
HAr 2 1 2E INDIAN ART, 3 units, 1995 autumn
A survey of prehistoric, Buddhist, Hindu HLi 2 1 2,3J READINGS IN LATIN I, 11, 3 , 3 units,
and Mughal art of India, and related arts in winter, I 1 995111 1 994
Southeast Asian countries (given in alternate The text is selected from such authors as
years). Cicero, Caesar, Livy, Virgil and Ovid (1 and 11
HAr 2 1 3E CHINESE ART, 3 units, 1 994 winter
A survey of the art of China from its HLi 2 1 4,5J CLASSICAL LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3
prehistoric stages through the Ching dynasty. units, 1 994 autumn, winter
[ 44] HUMANITIES
The authors read vary from year to year, the literature of the period and its background,
selection being made according to the interests followed by intensive study of major works
and needs of the students. Examples: Homer, (given in alternate years).
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus,
Thucydides, Plato, Cicero, Virgil, Catullus, HLi 223 ,4E,J SHAKESPEARE I, II, 3,3 units,
Horace, Ovid, Lucretius. Knowledge of Greek spring, autumn
and Latin is not required (given in alternate A survey of Shakespeare ' s literary back
years). ground, followed by intensive study of his
HLi 2 1 6,7J CLASSICAL LITERATURE III, IV,
3 , 3 units, 1 995 autumn, winter HLi 225 ,6E,J SEVENTEENTH CENTURY ENG
The authors read vary from year to year, the LISH LITERATURE I, II, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn
selection being made according to the interests Major authors including John Milton and
and needs of the students. Examples: Homer, metaphysical poets (/: not offered in 1994).
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus,
Thucydides, Plato, Cicero, Virgil, Catullus, HLi 227E,1 EIGHTEENTH CENTURY ENGLISH
Horace, Ovid, Lucretius (given in alternate LITERATURE, 3 units, autumn
years). A survey of the characteri stic s of the
literature of the period and its background,
HLi 3 1 0, I J ADVANCED STUDIES IN CLASSICS followed by intensive study of major works.
I, 11, 3 , 3 units, I 1995, winterIII 1994, winter
Special advanced study in selected topics HLi 228 ,9E,J NINETEENTH CENTURY ENG
through the reading of the original texts of LISH LITERATURE I, II, 3, 3 units, winter
Greek and Roman poets, historians and/or A survey of the characteri stic s of the
philosophers (/ and 1 1 given alternately). literature of the period and its background,
followed by intensive study of major works
(II: not offered in 1 994).
HLi 1 20 , 1 E,J HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERA HLi 230E,J CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH LIT
TURE I, II, 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter ERATURE, 3 units, winter
A historical survey from the beginnings A survey of the characteri stic s of the
(Beowulf) to the present. literature of the period and its background,
followed by intensive study of major works.
HLi 220, 1 £,J ENGLISH POETRY AND PROSE I,
II, 3, 3 units, winter, spring HLi 3 2 0 , 1 E,J ADVANCED STUDIES I N
Analytical reading and study of English ENGLISH LITERATURE 1, 11, 3 , 3 units
poems, novels, essays and plays. Special advanced study under supervision in
selected topics of English literature. Open to
HLi 222E,J CHAUCER TO SPENSER, 3 units, advanced students with the approval of the
1 995 spring instructor.
A survey of the characteristic s of the
American Literature HLi 25 1 ,2,3J ,E GERMAN LITERATURE I , II, III,
3 , 3 , 3 units, 1 995 spring, autumn, winter
HLi 1 40, 1 E,J HISTORY OF AMERICAN A study of representative authors from
LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn medieval times to the present. The works read
The history of American literature from the vary from year to year, the selection being
Colonial period to the present, with special made according to the students ' interests and
reference to the growth of American civiliza needs. Examples : Nibelungenlied, Goethe,
tion. Kleist, Storm, Rilke, Hesse, Brecht, Grass
(given in alternate years).
HLi 240, lE,J AMERICAN PROSE I, II, 3 , 3
units, autumn, winter HLi 254,5 ,6J GERMAN LITERATURE IV, V, VI,
A survey of Americ an writers in their 3 , 3 , 3 units, 1994 spring, autumn, winter
hi storical milieu and the reading of out A study of representative authors from
standing literary works. medieval times to the present. The works read
vary from year to year, the selection being
HLi 242E ,J AMERICAN POETRY, 3 units , made according to the students ' interests and
winter needs . Examples: Minne sang, H offmann,
Representative American poets, focusing on Heine, Fontane, Thomas Mann, Kafka, B oll
Emily Dickinson, with special reference to the (given in alternate years).
American social milieu.
HLi 3 5 0 , I I ,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
HLi 3 45 ,6E,J ADVANCED STUDIES IN GERMAN LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units
AMERICAN LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units Special advanced study under supervision in
Special advanced study under supervision in selected topics of Geman literature. Open to
selected topics of American literature. advanced students with the approval of the
HLi 1 50, I I HISTORY OF GERMAN LITERA
TURE I, II, 3, 3 units, 1 995 autumn, winter HLi 1 60, 1 ,2J HISTORY OF FRENCH LITERA
German literature from medieval to modem TURES I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn,
times, with special emphasis on its historical winter
and cultural background (given in alternate Survey of the main currents of French
years). literature since the Renaissance, with historical
reference to the development of European
HLi 25OJ,E READINGS IN MODERN GERMAN culture. Gives perspectives on comparative
LITERATURE, 3 units, 1 994 winter studies. I: Classical, II: Romantic, Ill : Symbolic.
Reading , analysis and interpretation of Required in sequence for French literature
representative works by modern German majors.
writers (given in alternate years).
HLi 260, 1 ,2F,J MODERN FRENCH LITERA- social background (given in alternate years).
TURE I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn,
winter HLi 270J CLASSICAL JAPANESE LITERATURE
Readings mainly of poetic works. I: Hugo I, 3 units, 1 994 winter
to Nerval, II: B audelaire to Rimbaud , III: Nara and Heian literature: its language, plot
Mallarme to Valery, Bonnefoy. c onstruction, style of expre s s ion, and
characterization (given in alternate years).
HLi 263 ,4,5F,J MODERN FRENCH LITER
ATURE IV, V, VI, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn, HLi 27 1 ,2J CLASSICAL JAPANESE LITERA
winter TURE II, III, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn
Readings mainly of prose writings (novels, A study of the design contained in all
dramas, critical or philosophical essays, etc.). volumes of The Tale ofGenJi and problems of
style and vocabulary peculiar to the period, as
HLi 360, I F,J ADVANCED STUDIES IN FRENCH well as the general characteristics of the novel.
LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units Alternate year reading of v olumes from
Special advanced study under supervision in Kiritsubo to Maboroshi.
selected topics of French literature. Open to
advanced students with the approval of the HLi 273J MEDIEVAL JAPANESE LITERATURE
instructor. I, 3 units, spring
A study of the main works and trends of
Japanese literature of the medieval period (not
offered in 1 994).
HLi 1 70E MODERN JAPANESE LITERATURE
IN ENGLISH TRANSLATION, 3 units, autumn HLi 274J MEDIEVAL JAPANESE LITERATURE
A broad survey of modern Japanese II, 3 units, spring
literature from the Meiji Restoration to the A study of the main works of pre-modem
present, with special reference to the Western (kinsei) period.
impact upon its development.
HLi 275,6,7J MODERN JAPANESE LITERA-
HLi 1 7 1 ,2J INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE TURE I, II, III, 3,3, 3 units, I: 1995 autumn, II,
LITERATURE I, II, 3 , 3 units, 1 995 autumn, III: winter
winter Poems, novels and dramas of leading
General survey, with special reference to the authors and poets of the modem period, with
spirit of the ages. Deals chiefly with the c oncentration on the works of Meij i and
ancient to the precmodern period (given in Taisho period writers (J given in alternate
alternate years). years).
HLi 1 7 3 ,4J HISTORY OF JAPANESE LITERA HLi 3 7 0 , l J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES I N
TURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units, 1 994 winter, spring JAPANESE LITERATURE I , II, 3 , 3 units, J :
Sequence to INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE spring, autumn E: spring, winter
LITERATURE I, II. Emphasis on the develop Special advanced study under supervision
ment of the literary ideas with reference to the in selected topics of Japane se literature .
HUMANITIES [ 47 ]
Open to advanced students with the approval of sacred mu sic: e . g . , Gregorian chant,
of the instructor. medieval organum, Renaissance mass and
motets, Baroque oratorio and church cantata,
and religious music of the Classical, Romantic
HMu 1 00, 1 J HISTORY OF WESTERN MUSIC and Modern periods. Topics Will be
I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter announced prior to the beginning of the term
A historical survey of music of European (given in alternate years).
traditions from the ancient to the present.
Representative examples of each period are HMu 204E ETHNOMUSICOLOGY: JAPANESE
listened to and the characteristics of major MUSIC, 3 units, winter
styles discussed. (HMu 100 should preferably The non-European musical traditions, with
be taken before HMu 1 0 1 ). special emphasis on Japanese gagaku, noh,
bunraku, kabuki, instrumental and folk music .
HMu 200J INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, 3 units,
1 994 autumn HMu 300, l J ADVANCED STUDIES IN MUSIC
Discussion of a specific subject in the field I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter
of instrumental music-solo, chamber, An intensive study of music theory, analysis
symphonic works, etc. , and of their musical and l iterature . Assignments are given
forms-sonata, variation, etc. Topics will · be regularly. Open only to advanced students by
announced prior to the beginning of the term permission of the instructor.
(given in alternate years).
Philosophy and Ethics
HMu 20l J DRAMA AND MUSIC, 3 units, 1 995
spring HPh 1 0 1 ,2J HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSO
A survey of dramatic music, chiefly opera: PHY I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter
the problem of words vs. music, the special Critical and comprehensive study of the
devices which c omposers of each period main trends of Western philosophical thought.
adopted in their dramatic works, etc (given in I: ancient and medieval philosoph y . I I :
alternate years). modem and contemporary philosophy.
HMu 202J VOCAL . MUSIC, 3 units, 1 994 HPh I 03E,J INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS, 3
spring units, winter
Discussion of a specific subject in the field General survey of the fundamental issues of
of vocal music, such as choral polyphony in ethics, social ethics and political philosophy
the Renaissance and Baroque periods, or solo which have given rise to the different value
songs from the Classic and Romantic periods. sy stems employed in making dec i s i o ns .
Topics will be announced prior to the begin Lectures on selected material lead t o
ning of the term (given in alternate years). discussion o f ethical case studies.
HMu 203J SACRED MUSIC, 3 units, 1 995 HPh 1 04J INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC, 3 units,
autumn 1 994 spring
Discussion of a specific subject in the field The history of logic and its relationship to
philosophy; elementary principles of logical Business Ethics (/ and 1 1 given alternately).
inference and argument according to symbolic
logic (given in alternate years). HPh 308 ,9J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
PHILOSOPHY I, II, 3, 3 units
HPh 20 1E RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY IN Special advanced study under supervision in
JAPAN, 3 units, autumn selected areas of philosoph y . Open to
A survey of the religious and philosophical advanced students with the approval of the
traditions of Japan aimed at identifying and instructor.
defining the most characteristic aspects of
Japanese thought and belief. Religion
HPh 202E VALUES AND ETHICS IN JAPAN, 3
An examination of Japanese values, their HRe 1 00, 1 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE I ,
origin and influence, past and present. Special 3, 3 units, I: spring, II: autumn
attention will be given to their interaction with A presentation of various elements in the
Western values in modern times and the Bible (history, law, prophecy, gospel, epistles,
impact of this on Japanese ethical thinking etc.) with emphasis on their comprehensive
(not offered in 1 994). message. I: Old Testament. II: New Testa
HPh 204,5,6,7,8 ,9J READING IN PHILOSOPHY
I, II, III, IV, V, VI 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 units, I, IV: spring/ HRe 1 1 0J NEW TESTAMENT GREEK AND
II, V: autumn / III, VI: winter PHILOLOGY, 3 units, winter
Seminars to give the necessary fundamental A study of New Testament Greek and
training for philosophical thinking, as well as philology through the reading of the texts.
the ideas of such philosophers as Plato , Prerequisite: GREEK LANGUAGE I-II (given in
Aristotle, Augustine, Kant, Hegel, Heidegger, alternate years).
etc . Their works are read in the original
languages. HRe 1 1 2-3J OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW AND
PHILOLOGY 1-11, 3-3 units, 1 994 spring-autumn
HPh 300, l ,2J PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY I, Two hours of grammar, one hour of Old
II, III, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, I, III 1 995 III 1 994 Testament philology weekly (given in
Consideration of methods of philosophical alternate years).
studies, or such important problems as being,
essence, knowledge and experience. HRe 2 1 0, 1 1 NEW TESTAMENT STUDIES I , 11, 3 ,
3 units, spring, I 1 994, I I 1 995
HPh 303,4E,J PROBLEMS OF ETHICS I, II, 3, 3 Studies on the writings and ideas of the New
units, spring, I 1 995 III 1 994 Testament and of Primitive Christianity (/ and
Systematic examination of the structure of II given alternately).
the major value systems at work in the moden
world, with reference to current areas of HRe 2 l 2,3J OLD TESTAMENT STUDIES I, 11, 3 ,
concern-Environmental Ethics, B ioethics and 3 units, autumn, 1 1995 I 11 1 996
HUMANITIES [ 49]
Studies on the writings and ideas of the Old HRe 25 1 1 CHRISTIAN ETHICS II, 3 units, 1 994
Testament and of ancient Israel (I and II given winter
alternately) (I:not offered in 1 994). The general trends of scholarship in
Christian ethics and the approaches of
HRe 230, 1 1 READINGS IN BIBLICAL STUDIES Christian ethics to contemporary issues (given
I, II, 3, 3 units, I, II winter in alternate years).
A study of the messages of individual New
Testament authors and the early Church HRe 252J PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION, 3
Fathers through the reading of texts in the units, 1 994 winter
original language when possible. A study of A study of God, man, time, truth and history
the Old Testament and of ancient I srael from the point of view of the philosophy of
through reading the literature and texts (II: not religion (given in alternate years).
offered in 1 994).
History of Christianity
HRe 1 40J SCIENCE OF RELIGION, 3 units, 1 995
HRe 1 02, 3, 4J HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY I , spring
II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn, winter The general science of religion, dealing with
The historical development of Christianity, history, psychology, anthropology, sociology
including such topics as the formation of the and phenomenology of religion; its method
early church, its development in the Medieval ology for understanding the nature of religion
Period, the Reformation, the rise and (given in alternate years).
development of Protestantism.
HRe 280- 1 1 HISTORY OF RELIGIONS I-II, 3-3
units, spring, I 1 995 / II 1 996
Theology and Ethics
A comparative and historical study of the
HRe 1 05,6J,E STUDY IN THEOLOGY I, II, 3, 3 world' s great religions: the main doctrines and
units, 1995 autumn, winter theses of Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism,
B asic Christian concepts and main trends in Mohammedanism and other religions (I and II
modern theology ; sources of Christian given alternate) (I: not offered in 1 994).
knowledge; Christian doctrines of God, man,
Christology, redemption, the Church and the HRe 300, l J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES I N
Kingdom (given in alternate years). RELIGION I, I I , 3 , 3 units
Special advanced study under supervision in
HRe 250J CHRISTIAN ETHICS I: RELIGION & selected topics of religion. Open to advanced
ETHICS IN AMERICA, 3 units, 1 994 autumn students with the approval of the instructor.
Religion and ethics in contemporary America
are discussed within the contexts of politics,
society and culture (given in alternate years).
DIVISION OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
General Education Courses SPo 1 0 1 INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, 3
The courses offered by the faculty of this SPo 1 40 INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL
division as part of the General Education SCIENCE, 3 units
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are EPs 1 0 1 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY , 2
listed, with descriptions and explanatory units
information, under College-Wide Programs. EPs 1 70 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2
Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
Social Science majors meet the Foundation
course requirement by taking a minimum of 1 8
units of courses as follows: S ocial S c ience maj ors are required to
[ 1 ] Three units in S 060 ELEMENTARY SO complete a minimum of 30 credit units of Area
CIAL STATISTICS, 3 units Major Courses by taking courses chosen from
 3 or 6 units chosen from among: the departments in the Social Science Area. 1 5
SHi 1 1 3 HISTORY OF JAPAN III, 3 units or more credit units must b e taken i n one
SHi 1 2 1 INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE department. Those who wish to specialize in a
HISTORY I, 3 units single department can do so in economics and
SHi 1 3 1 HISTORY OF CHINA 1, 3 units business administration, history , political
SHi 1 5 1 HISTORY OF EUROPE 1, 3 units science, and sociology and anthropology .
 9 or 12 units chosen from among: Economic geography and labor problems are
SEc 1 00 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, 3 considered to be supplementary courses of the
units Area Major courses. Courses in other divisions
SEc 1 0 1 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS 11, 3 may be counted with the written approval of
units the advisor, the division chairman and the
SEc 1 03 INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS Dean, if they fit into a coherent program.
ADMINISTRATION, 3 units S tudents interested in Japan S tudies or
SEc 1 04 OUTLINE OF ECONOMIC GEOG American Studies may take an interdivisional
RAPHY, 3 units m ajor in the field. They must plan and
SSo 1 00 PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY, 3 complete an individual program in consulta
units tion with the director of the Japan Studies or
SSo 1 0 1 PRINCIPLES OF ANTIIROPOLOGY, American Studies programs.
3 units The senior thesis, 9 units, completes the
SSo 1 24 INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE requirements for the Area Major. In addition
SOCIETY, 3 units every student will take at least 24 units of
SPo 1 00 POLITICAL THEORY, 3 units electives.
SOCIAL SCIENCES [5 1 ]
Advanced students may take courses of S29l J TEACHING METHODS IN CIVICS, 2 units,
Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the autumn
Area Major requirements, and up to 6 units as Studies of teaching methods in Civics, i.e.
Electives. Also, they should note the 400 level Jurisprudence, Politics; Sociology, Econom
courses offered by the divisions of Com ics; Philosophy, Ethics, Science of Religion,
parative Culture and Public Administration of Psychology. Required of those seeking teacher
the Graduate School. certification in "Social Studies".
S060J ELEMENTARY SOCIAL STATISTICS, 3 EEd290J TEACHING METHODS IN SOCIAL
units, spring, winter STUDIES, 2 units, winter
Elementary statistic al methods basic to See the Division of Education.
research and advanced work in the social
scienc e s . Required of all Soc ial S c ience Economic and Business Administration
Required of Economics and B u sine s s
S060E ELEMENTARY S OCIAL STATISTICS, 3 Administration majors: SEc 1 00 PRINCIPLES
units, spring OF ECONOMICS I; SEc 1 0 1 PRINCIPLES OF
Content is similar to that of S 060J, but ECONOMICS II.
given in English.
S095-6-7J,E SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units
The senior student, under the guidance of a SEc 1 00E PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, 3
thesis advisor chosen from among the staff of units, autumn
the division, selects a subject in which he/she Fundamentals of macro-economic theory:
has an interest and some competence and the basic c oncepts of national income,
prepares a documented re search paper determination of aggregate production and
pursuing his subject in depth and relating it to employment, and the effects of monetary and
his discipline. In some fields joint seminars are fi s c al poli c i e s . Prerequisite to advanced
conducted by the staff; in others the student courses in economics.
works with an individual member of the
faculty. Required in the senior year. SEc 1 0 l J PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS II, 3
S290J TEACHING METHODS IN GEOGRAPHY Fundamentals of micro-economic theory:
AND HISTORY, 2 units, spring behavior of a consumer and a firm, and market
This c ourse will deal with the purposes, equilibrium. Prerequisite to advanced courses
problems and methodologies involved in in economics.
teaching geography and history at the senior
high school level; emphasis will be on SEc 2 1 0-lJ MICROECONOMICS I-II, 3-3 units,
curriculum development, use of textbooks, winter-spring
and formulation of teaching plans. Required of Intermediate micro-economic theory : I .
those seeking teacher certific ation in Theory o f prices, wages, redt, interest, and
"Geography and History".
 SOCIAL SCIENCES
profits in the framework of general equilib Quesnay and Smith through Ricardo and
rium; emphasis on methodology , graphic Malthus to Mill. II: The economic doctrines of
techniqu e s , and applications of theory to S oc ialism, M arxian economic s , marginal
problems. II. Normative economic theories for theory.
the planning and evaluation of economic
policy, including the optimization condition, SEc3 1 21E COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC THEO
welfare norms, compensation principles and RI�S , 3 units, spring
consumption surplus. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES Comparative studies on economic theories
OF ECONOMICS I, II. including recently developed methods of
analysis. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECO
SEc21 2-31E MACROECONOMICS 1-11, 3-3 units, NOMICS I, II.
Intermediate macro-economic theory : 1 . Statistics and Econometrics
Basic concepts and measurements o f national
income, such as the consumption function, the SEc220E ECONOMIC STATISTICS, 3 units,
marginal efficiency of capital, the liquidity spring
preference theory of interest, and the general Statistical methods of economic analysis
theory of employment. Includes the applica and their application to economic problems.
tion of national income analysis to monetary Includes small sampling methods, correlation
and fiscal policy problems. II. Description of analysis. Prerequisite: ELEMENTARY SOCIAL
the theories of economic growth. Prerequisite: STATISTICS.
PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.
SEc22 1 -2E ECONOMETRICS I-II, 3 - 3 units ,
SEc2 1 4E TIlEORIES IN MODERN ECONOMICS, autumn-winter
2 units, winter Quantitative analysis of economic problems
The fundamental assumptions and the through the basic methods and theories of
methodology of modem economic theories. econometric s . Emphasis on the use of the
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II. economic model and the method of estimation
from data. Prerequisite : PRINCIPLES OF
SEc2 1 5-6E MATIlEMATICS FOR ECONOMICS ECONOMICS I, II and ECONOMIC STATISTICS.
1-11, 2-2 units, spring-winter
Provides basic foundation for mathematical Economic Policy, Development, History
analy sis in economics (I) with pos sible
extensions covering adv anced topics in SEc230J ECONOMIC POLICY, 3 units,
mathematical economics (II). autumn
Normative aspects of economic policy,
SEc2 1 7-8J HISTORY OF ECONOMICS I-II, 2-2 including provision of public goods, pollution
units, autumn-winter control, income distribution and public choice.
The historical development of economics Practical aspects of economic policy in Japan.
and its relevance to current economic doc Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.
trines. I: The beginnings from mercantilism,
SOCIAL SCIENCES 
SEc240E ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF International Economics
MODERN JAPAN, 3 units, spring
Examination of m ajor factors that SEc262-263JE INTERNATIONAL ECONOM
contributed to the economic development of ICS I-II, 3-3 units, spring-autumn
modern Japan after the de struction of International trade and theory of compara
feudalism. Problems of modem industry and tive adv antag e , b alance of international
fiscal system, the role of international trade, payments, tariff protection and free trade, and
the dual structure of economy. current international economics problems.
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.
SEc330JE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, 3 units,
winter See also:
Theories, policies and problems of eco IEb200, 1 INTERNATIONAL TRADE I, II, 3, 3
nomic development. The role of government units
in the process of growth , planning for IEb300 INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY, 3
development and the theory of stages in the units
process of growth.
SEc340, lJ ECONOMIC HISTORY OF EUROPE
I, II, 3 , 3 units, winter, 1 1 995 / 11:1 994 SEc l 03J I NTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS
Development of European indu stry , ADMINISTRATION, 3 units, spring
agriculture, trade, finance and labor from the Major problems in modern busine s s
Middle Ages, with special attention given to enterpris e s ; nature and characteristic s o f
problems ari sing from the Industrial modern c orporations , development o f
Revolution (I and II given alternately). ownership thereof, analysis of operations and
policy formulations through simulation
Banking and Finance models (business games); outline of business
organizations and of control systems therein.
SEc250, 35 1 E MONEY AND BANKING I, II, 3, 3
units SEc 1 7 1 J ACCOUNTING, 3 units, autumn
Monetary theory, central banking, commer Outline of the financial structure of modem
cial banking and monetary policies. Emphasis busine s s , double entry sy stem, financial
on the Japanese monetary and banking report s , major problems in corporate
systems with some international comparisons. accounting standards , financial statement
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II. anal y s e s , elementary auditing and legal
requirements in Japan.
SEc252, 353J PUBLIC FINANCE I, II, 2, 2 units,
spring, autumn SEc224E BUSINESS AND SOCIETY IN JAPAN, 3
General principles applicable to public units, winter
finance in a modem state and the fundamental This course adopts a comparative approach
theories on which sound policy must be based. to an examination of Japanese business and
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II. soc iety . Topics to be dealt with include:
[ 5 4] SOCIAL SCIENCES
attitudes and obli gations in employment Elementary cost accounting sy stem s ,
system s , familistic aspects of company standard costs, direct costing, budget systems
organization, company benefits for families; and financial analyses for project planning .
welfare concepts ; labor unions and Prerequisite: ACCOUNTING.
paternal ism, empl oyee partic ipation in
business decision; family businesses, etc. (not SEc 372J MANAGEMENT S CIENCE, 3 units ,
offered in 1 994) winter
Techniques of quantitative analyses for
SEc270J BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, 3 units, business decision s , operations research,
autumn variou s model s , lectures and exerc i s e s .
Outl ine of administration processes in Prerequisite: BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION.
business enterprises, planning, organizing ,
leadership and control. SEc373J BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS, 2 units,
SEc27 1J MARKETING MANAGEMENT, 3 units, Study of formal and informal organizations
autumn including the behavioral theory of the firm .
Marketing is one of the most important Strategy and organization are studied.
activities of the modern corporation. This
consists of marketing research , product SEc375J STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT, 3 units,
development, sales forces and channel design, winter
advertising, and pricing. Considers the behavior of modern firms
managing their business environment. The
SEc272J FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, 2 units, contents are as follows: environment change,
spring three decision areas, long-range planning,
Planning and control of cash and fundflow, structure of business, PPM, etc .
principles of capital budgeting, principles of
capital procurement and financing growth of Labor Problems
Japanese industries. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES
OF ECONOMICS I and ACCOUNTING. SEc202J INTRODUCTION TO LAB OR PROB
LEMS, 3 units, spring
SEc370J CORPORATE ACCOUNTING, 3 units, The origins of labor problems, questions
spring relating to hours , wages , dangerous or
Current problems in corporation finance and unsanitary employment, employment of
accounting in Japan, corporate accounting women and minors , trade unionism, labor
standards, auditing systems and standards , disputes, unemployment, social security, etc.
consolidated financial statements and
international acc ounting standard s . Pre SEc380J LABOR PROBLEMS IN JAPAN, 3 units,
requisite: ACCOUNTING . autumn
The origin and nature of labor problems in
SEc37 1 J MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING, 2 units, Japan, the development of labor laws and their
spring content, trade unions, labor disputes, systems
SOCIAL SCIENCES 
of mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. EUROPEAN HISTORY I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units.
Economic Geography SHi I 90J,E METHODS FOR HISTORICAL RE
SEARCH, 3 units, spring
SEc 1 04J OUTLINE OF ECONOMIC GEOGRA An introduction to basic princ iples of
PHY, 3 units, spring historiography ; deals with methodology ,
B asic theories, methodology and social role documentation, and use of concepts, etc.
of economic geography.
SHi3 0 l J,E HISTORY OF JAPANESE CUL
SEc290- 3 9 1 J ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY OF TURAL ENCOUNTERS WITH OTHER NATIONS,
JAPAN I-II, 3-3 units, autumn-winter 3 units, 1994 winter
Deals with the natural environment of Japan Designed to present a historical overview of
and life in traditional farming and fishing Japanese cultural relations. Three broad periods
communities. Also, examines the process of will be dealt with in detail: Chinese-Japanese in
adjustment to regional development, centering the Nara-Heian periods; the encounter with
on the problems of industrialization and Europe during the so-caned Christian Century
urbanization in Japan. ( 1 543- 1 639 ) ; and Westernization during and
after the Meiji era (given in alternate years).
SEc292J CHISHl (REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY), 2
units, spring S H i 3 9 2 , 3 , 4J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
From the view point of M an and HISTORY I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units
Environment, basic theory of natural and Advanced study in selected topics in history
economical geographies and environmental which are of special interest and value to
education are to be discussed. students (offered as occasion calls).
SEc392J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN ECO Asian History
NOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, 2
units SHi2 1 2J,E ASIAN STUDIES , 2 units, 1 994
Adv anced study in selected topic s in spring
economics and business administration that Political, economic and cultural develop
are of e special intere st and value to the ment of modem Asian societies. Includes
students (offered as occasion calls). lectures by invited scholars.
History SHi I 1 1 , 2, 3J HISTORY OF JAPAN I, II, III, 3, 3 ,
3 units, spring, autumn, winter
Required of History majors: 1 ) three units in I: Examination of the main factors in the
SHi 1 90 METHODS FOR HISTORICAL RESEARCH, development of ancient and medieval Japan.
3 units; 2) three units chosen from among: SHi II: Examination of the main factors in the
3 1 1 , 2, 3 READINGS IN JAPANESE HISTORY I, II, development of early modern Japan. III:
III, 3, 3, 3 units; SHi 33 1 READINGS IN CHINESE Examination of the main factors in the
HISTORY, 3 units; SHi 35 1 , 2, 3 READINGS IN development of modem Japan since the Meiji
 SOCIAL SCIENCES
Exploration of the process of continuity and
SHi l 2 l , 2E INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE change in the tradition of Indian thought and
HISTORY I, 11, 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter evaluation of its role in the history of the
Formation and development of Japanese Indian people from the pre-Vedic period to the
history from the Western point of view. I: day of independence. (I: not offered in 1 994)
Ancient and medieval. II: Early modem and
modem. SHi24l , 2J,E HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST ASIA
I, II, 2, 2 units, autumn, winter
SHi2 l I J,E SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL A general outline of the history of Southeast
HISTORY OF MODERN JAPAN, 3 units, spring Asia, with some methodological considera
Deals with significant social and intellectual tions on the study of history. Several specific
problems in modem Japan history. topics are selected for explanation and
SHi3 l 1 , 2 , 3 J ,E READINGS IN JAPANESE
HISTORY I, II, III, 3 , 3, 3 units, winter, autumn, Western History
Readings on special topics relating to the SHi 1 5 1 , 2, 3J,E HISTORY OF EUROPE I, II, III, 3 ,
history of Japan. 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
Formation and development of Western
SHi 1 3 1 , 2J,E HISTORY OF CHINA I, II, 3 , 3 European world. I: Germanic ancient and
units, autumn, winter medieval. II: Early modem. III: Modem and
A survey of Chinese history from primitive contemporary.
times through the two revolutions of the 20th
century, with emphasis upon cultural, social SHi25 I J,E SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL
and political aspects. HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE, 3 units, spring
Designed to study the dev elopment of
SHi3 3 I J,E READINGS IN CHINESE HISTORY, 3 thought and society in modern Europe.
units, spring Includes not only political thought but also
An advanced course in pre-20th century social and popular consciousness.
Chinese history . Emphasis on the develop
ment of Chinese society, economy and culture SHi252J,E HISTORY OF EASTERN EUROPE, 3
in the late Imperial period. units, spring
An outline of the history of Eastern Europe
SHi230, lJ,E HISTORY OF KOREA I, II, 3 , 3 including the Soviet Union, includes topics
units, winter, spring relating to constitutional, economic and social
The major political events, institutional and history.
cultural developments , social changes and
intellectual history of Korea from earliest SHi253J,E HISTORY OF ENGLAND, 3 units ,
times to the present. spring
An outline of the history of Great Britain
SHi236, 7, 8J,E HISTORY OF INDIAN THOUGHT including a review of approaches to English
I, II, III, 3 , 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn, winter history, includes topics relating to constitu-
SOCIAL SCIENCES [S7]
tional, economic and social history. Greeks and Romans through the Medieval
SHi3S l , 2, 3J,E READINGS IN EUROPEAN Age, the Renaissance, and the Reformation to
HISTORY I, II, III, 3 , 3, 3 units, spring, autumn, the rise of socialism in the political thought of
winter the 19th and 20th centuries.
Readings on the social and intellectual
history of Europe. SP022OJ, E PEACE STUDIES I, 3 units, autumn
Will consider problems related to peace and
American History world order, such as war, arms race, poverty,
human rights, or environment. More funda
SH i244, SJ,E HISTORY OF THE UNITED mental and general than Peace Studies II.
STATES I, 11, 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter
The factors that influenced the development SPo22 1 J, E PEACE STUDIES II, 3 units, winter
of the United States from the 1 7th century to Will consider problems related to peace and
the present. I: Colonial period to 1 867. II: world order, such as war, arms race, poverty,
Problems of post-Civil War reconstruction, human rights, or environment. More advanced
complexities of industrialization and emer than Peace S tudies I , and will emphasize
gence of the United States as a world power. theories on world order.
SHi273J ,E HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA, 2 SP0222E POLITICAL CULTURE, 3 units, winter
units, autumn Analytical and c omparative studies of
A survey history of Latin America from the various types of political culture and tradition
pre-Colombian era to the present. including Japan.
Political Science SP0223J POLITICAL PROCESS, 3 units, autumn
Examination of the political processes as
Political Science majors are required to take they relate to contemporary mass democracy,
two of the following: SPo 1 00 POLITICAL including a concrete analysis of the role of
THEORY; SPo 1 0 1 INTERNATIONAL POLITICS; bureaucracy , political parties, election and
SPo 1 40 INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL SCIENCE. pressure groups in the contemporary Japanese
Government and Politics
SP0224J,E POLITICS IN JAPAN, 3 units, spring
SPo 1 OOJ,E POLITICAL THEORY, 3 units, spring S truc tural description and functional
Political theories regarding contemporary analysis of Japanese government and political
politics. Emphasis on theories of fundamental parties. Emphasis on historical background
political institutions, contemporary political of the Constitution and administrativ e
ideologies and types of behavior. organizations and functions o f both central
and local governments.
SP02 1 3 , 4J HISTORY OF WESTERN POLITICAL
THOUGHT I, II, 3 , 3 units, winter, autumn SP022SJ,E HISTORY OF JAPANESE POLITICAL
The development of political ideas from the THOUGHT, 3 units, winter
[5 8] SOCIAL SCIENCES
Examination of the development of political
ideas from the Meiji era to the present. Critical SP024 1 J CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 3 units,
assessment of main political thinkers and winter
events in moden Japan. S everal issues concerning Japane se
constitutional institutions or concepts
SP0226J,E COMPARATIVE POLITICS, 3 units, including the Emperor system, the guarantee
autumn of rights, separation of powers, the bicameral
Comparative studies of the theory and system, Supreme Court, and judicial review,
practice of v arious types of gov ernment will be selected as topics for lecture and
including both democratic and soc ialist discussion. (Some knowledge of the Japanese
regimes. Constitution is a prerequisite.)
SP0300J MODERN POLITICAL ANALYSIS, 3 SP03 3 0J COMPARATIvE CONSTITUTIONAL
units, autumn LAW, 3 units, autumn
Analytical studies of political behavior. Studies of some important constitutional
Emphasis on such behavioral approaches as cases of the U. S . S upreme Court in
game theory, systems theory, communication comparison with the constitutional case-law of
theory and structural-functional theory . Japan (not offered in 1 994).
Includes some case studies.
SP0242-3-4J CIVIL LAW I-II-III, 3-3-3 units,
Public Administration and Law spring-autumn-winter
General principles of civil law and the civil
SPo 1 40J INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL SCIENCE, c ode of Japan; emphasis on the law of
3 units, spring property , contract and torts (not offerd in
The function of law in society, its nature and 1 994).
historical evolution, and fundamental legal
principles of the international community, the SP0246-7J ADMINISTRATIVE LAW I-II, 3-3
state, civil society and the family. units, spring, I : 1 994 III: 1995
General principles of administrative law .
SP0230J PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, 3 units, Emphasis on problems of admini strative
spring litigation, civil service and local autonomy (1
The development of the structure and and 11 given alternately).
function of public administration in modem
democratic states; the function and dysfunc SP03 3 1 E COMPARATIvE PUBLIC ADMINIS
tion of governmental bureaucracy. TRATION, 3 units, winter
Comparative study of the structure and
SP023lJ LOCAL AUTONOMY, 3 units, winter function of public administration. A
Theory and practice of local self-govern comparison of the bureaucracies of Japan,
ment. Analytical studies of urban problems, Western countries, and developing countries
regionalism, and citizens ' participation. from institu ti onal and developmental
SOCIAL SCIENCES 
perspectives will be undertaken. 3 units, winter
S P03 40J,E COMMERCIAL LAW, 3 units , The bases of international organization, its
autumn historical development from the international
Commercial law of Japan; the commercial public unions of the 1 9th century to the United
code, corporation law, the law of bills and Nations and contemporary patterns of
checks, insurance law and transportation law. international organizations.
SP034l J,E LABOR LAW, 3 units, winter SP0252-3J INTERNATIONAL LAW I-II, 3-3
Labor laws of Japan and other maj or units, autumn-winter
countries, systems of labor administration, and Historical evolution, nature, structure and
international labor conventions and their function of international law; contemporary
enforcement. legal i s sues relating to foreign affairs .
Prerequisite : INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL
SP03 44,5J CRIMINAL LAW, I, II, 3 , 3 units , SCIENCE. (I: autumn II: not offered in 1 994)
Studies of principles and practices of the SP03 9 2 , 3 , 4, 5J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
Japanese Criminal Law: an explanation of its POLITICAL SCIENCE I, II, III, IV, 2, 2, 2, 2 units
preventive, retributive and corrective theories; Study of special topics in political science.
its general principles; some case studie s . Approval in advance of the instructor in
Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL charge required (of fered as occasion may
SCIENCE and CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. require).
International Law and Politics SP03 9 6 ,7 , 8 ,9J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
LEGAL SCIENCE I, II, III, IV, 2, 2, 2, 2 units
SPo l O l J,E INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, 3 units, Study of special topic s in legal science.
spring Approval in advance of the instructor in
Problems of the world community and the charge required (of fered as occasion may
role of the individual. Emphasis on the factors require).
affecting international relations and the basic
policies of selected national states. (See Division of International Studies)
IIr204 PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL
SP0227J,E INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL LAW 2 units
HISTORY, 3 units, winter IIr2 1 2,3 WESTERN DIPLOMATIC
Consider intertemporally the transactions HISTORY I, II 2, 2 units
between states as well as peoples, instead of IIr2 1 4 WESTERN DIPLOMATIC
c onfining to diplomatic h i story . Though HISTORY III 2 units
centering around Europe, attention will be IIr2 1 5 ASIAN INTERNATIONAL
paid to other regions. RELATIONS 2 units
IIr2 1 6 POLITICS IN WESTERN
SP0250J INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION, COUNTRIES 2 units
 SOCIAL SCIENCES
IIr2 1 7 POLITICS IN EASTERN 2 units, spring
EUROPEAN COUNTRIES 2 units Readings of works selected in advance,
IIr2 1 8 POLITICS IN THE UNITED seminar reports b y each student, followed by
STATES 2 units group discussion.
IIr2 1 9, 20 POLITICS IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES I, II 2, 2 units SS022 l J READINGS IN ANTHROPOLOGICAL
IIr221 MODERN JAPANESE INTER- TEXTS, 2 units, winter
NATIONAL RELATIONS 2 units Readings of works selected in adv ance,
seminar reports by each student, followed by
Sociology and Anthropology group discussion.
Required of Sociology majors: SSo 1 00 SS030 l E SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES, 3 units,
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY; SSo 101 PRINCIPLES spring
OF ANTHROPOLOGY; SSo 301 SOCIOLOGICAL Development and compari son of major
THEORIES. SSo 2 1 0- 1 -2 METHODS OF SOCIAL European and American sociological theories,
RESEARCH I-II-III. SSo 2 1 3 SOCIAL RESEARCH from Comte, Durkheim, and Max Weber to
FIELDWORK. Required of Anthropology majors: Parsons.
SSo 101 PRINCIPLES OF ANTHROPOLOGY: SSo
1 00 PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY; SSo 302 SS0302J ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORIES, 3
ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORIES. units, winter
Development and comparison of major
Theories of Society and Culture Europe an and American anthropological
theories such as evolution, diffusion, func
SSo1 00JE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, tionalism, symbolism and structuralism.
Introduction to sociological principles and The City and the Village in Japan
basic concepts of sociology, with special
attention to s o cial action, role s, groups, S S o l 24E INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE
institutions and systems. SOCIETY, 3 units, autumn
Basic features of modem Japanese society.
SSo l O l JE PRINCIPLES OF ANTHROPOLOGY, 3 Emphasis on the persistence of traditional
units, autumn patterns of social organization and the ways of
Some topics in the history of anthropologi re sponding to the problems of industrial
cal theory and an introduction to the basic society. Includes the individual and society,
c oncepts of anthropology, with special the family , education, organization of the
attention to the material aspects of culture, workplace, etc.
social structure and organization, symbolic
aspects of culture and culture change. SS0226J FOLK CULTURE IN JAPAN, 2 units,
SS0220J READINGS IN SOCIOLOGICAL TEXTS, Introduction to folk culture and society in
Japan. Emphasis on local differences and
functional aspects of folk cultures.
SOCIAL SCIENCES [6 1 ]
SS0230J SOCIOLOGY OF THE FAMILY, 3 units, S e quence dealing with qualitati ve and
winter quantitative aspects of sociological research.
A review of theories on family and kinship Includes field work during the summer recess.
organizations. Cases in Japan and Western Prerequisite (or may be taken simultaneously):
societies will be studied. PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY and ELEMENTARY
SS023 I JE URBAN SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, spring
Vari ous urban phenomena and the SS02 1 3J SOCIAL RESEARCH FIELDWORK, 2
principles behind them. Includes the history, units, autumn
conception, demography, social structure, As part of Methods in Social Research (SSo
personality, problems and planning of cities 2 1 0, 2 1 1 , 2 1 2) students are to participate in
and urban districts. intensive fieldwork for about eight days
toward the end of Augu st. (Fieldwork in
S S0232J STUDIES OF COMPLEX SOCIETIES, 2 summer vacation; official registration by the
units, spring instructor. )
Studies of problems arising in the formation
of nation state s and the penetration of SS021 6-7-8J FIELD TRAINING IN ANTHRO
westernization/urbanization; the pluralistic POLOGY I-II-III, 2-2-2 units
c omposition of culture and society ; social Introduction to anthropological field
stratification and antagonism; mutual reliance methods, involving participation in field
between towns and surrounding societies; new studies of one or two localities. Students have
and old values; social tension and crimes; and to take another course (SSo 2 1 9J) to spend ten
attempts at rural and urban development. days or so in off-campus research activities.
(Given in alternate years, 1: not offered in
SS0250J RURAL SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, autumn 1 994 11: spring 111 autumn)
S tudy of rural villages. Family, kinship,
organization, neighbors , village and rural SS02 1 9J ANTHROPOLOGICAL FIELDWORK, 2
c ommunities are examined. D e s irable units, autumn
prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY (given Practice of anthropological theories and
in alternate years, not offered in 1 994). methods in a specifically selected local
c ommunity . Students are to engage in an
S S 02 6 1 E SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN JAPAN, 3 intensive live-in survey for ten days or so.
units, winter Prerequisite: FIELD TRAINING IN ANTHRO
Analy sis of functions and structures of POLOGY I & II. (Fieldwork during summer
social systems in Japan, including family, vacation; official registration by the instructor.)
community, and occupational and political (offered as occasion calls)
Institutions in Contemporary Societies
S S 02 1 0- 1 -2J METHODS OF SOCIAL RE
SEARCH I-II-III, 2-2-2 units, spring-autumn- SSo 1 7OJ DEMOGRAPHY, 3 units
 SOCIAL SCIENCES
Study of population problems: world and units, spring
Japane se population, overpopulation and Theories of religion in anthropology, as well
declining population, internal and interna as special problems in the relation of religion
tional migration, population stati stic s , to soci ety . Includes Asian, African and
population theories and population policies American Indian societies. Prerequisite: either
(given in alternate years, spring term in 1 994) PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY or PRINCIPLES OF
SS0300E SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION, 3 units
Theories of religion in sociology, as well as SS0260J KINSHIP AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION,
special problems in the relation of religion 3 units, winter
with society . Includes Japan and other Kinship systems and their significance in
societies (given in alternate years). (autumn the organization of social life. Theories of kin
term in 1 994) ship, marriage regulations, and kinship role
patterns. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ANTHRO
SS03 1 0J INDUSTRIAL SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, POLOGY.
An introduction to industrial soc iology SS0360,1 ,2J AREA STUDIES IN ETHNOLOGY
dealing with the structure of industrial groups I,n,III, 3 ,3,3 units
at work. Lectures and factory inspections. Ethnological surveys of designated areas of
Desirable prerequisite: PRINCIPLES O F the world: the people, culture and society ;
SOCIOLOGY or SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. problems of cultural and social change, e.g.,
the impact of Western civilization on native
SS03 30E POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, societies. I: Asia and Oceania. II: North and
autumn South America. III: Africa, Near East and
Comparative sociological approach to Europe . Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF AN
politics. Theoretical framework for political THROPOLOGY (given in alternate years. ) ( I:
system and politi-metrics as methodology . autumn II: not offered in 1994 III: spring)
Political participation, political culture and
political socialization. SS0394,5J ADVANCED STUDIES IN ANTHRO
POLOGY I, n, 2, 2 units
S S 0 3 92 , 3 J ,E ADV ANCED STUDIES IN Advanced study in selected topics in
SOCIOLOGY I,n, 2,2, units I: spring II: autumn anthropology (given in alternate years).
Advanced study in selected topics in
sociology. (See also)
ISa200 SOCIOLOGY OF DEVELOP-
(See also ETc250 EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY MENT 2 units
and IC132 1 SOCIOLINGUISTICS.) ISa220 SOCIOLOGY AND CULTURE
IN THE U.S.A. 2 units
Understanding Other Cultures ISa222 SOCIETY AND CULTURE
IN OCEANIA 2 units
SS0202J ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELIGION, 2 ISa223 URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY 2 units
SOCIAL SCIENCES 
ISa250 READING IN COMPARATIVE MOVEMENT 2 units
SOCIETY 2 units ISa300,1 COMPARATIVE
ISa260 READING IN COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY I, " 2, 2 units
CULTURE 2 units ISa320 MULTIETHNIC SOCIETY 2 units
ISa20 1 COMPARATIVE SOCIAL ISa350 ADVANCED STUDIES IN
COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY 2 units
[ 6 4]
DIVISION OF NATURAL SCIENCES
General Education Courses or NBi 1 0 1 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY
1, 2 units
Courses offered by the faculty of thi s (j) 2 Laboratory courses chosen from:
division a s part of the General Education NPh 150 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are I, 1 unit.
listed , with descriptions and explanatory (or NPh 1 5 3 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS
information, under College-Wide Programs. LABORATORY, 1 unit)
Natural S cience m aj ors must include the NCh 150 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY
following three courses in their General LABORATORY 1, 1 unit,
Education requirements: and
NBi 150 LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION
N005J NATURAL SCIENCE V: HISTORY OF OF BIOLOGY, 1 unit,
SCIENCE, 2 units (or NBi15 1 BASIC LABORATORY IN BIOL
N006J NATURAL SCIENCE VI: PHILOSOPHY OGY II, 1 unit)
OF SCIENCE, 2 units
N05 I JE SENIOR INTEGRATING SEMINAR, 2 Additional units to complete the 2 1 -unit
units requirement may be selected from the
Foundation courses in NS are divided into NMal 00 LINEAR ALGEBRA 1, 2 units
two categories: general foundation courses NMa 1 0 1 LINEAR ALGEBRA II, 2 units
and major area foundation courses. The NMa1 02 LINEAR ALGEBRA III, 2 units
former courses are open to all NS students, NMal 03 CALCULUS I, 2 units
while the latter are mainly for the students who NMa1 04 CALCULUS II, 2 units
will concentrate in the related fields.
CD NMa 1 00 LINEAR ALGEBRA I, 2 units, Information Science:
@ NMa 1 03 CALCULUS I, 2 units, NCo 1 00 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS, 2
@ NCo 1 1 0 ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units
units NCo 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION
® NPh 1 00 GENERAL PHYSICS I, 2 units, or PROCESSING SYSTEM, 2 units
NPh 1 03 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 2 units NCo I l O ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units
@ NCh 1 00 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I, NCo 1 50 LABORATORY FOR INTRODUCTION
2 units TO COMPUTERS, 1 unit
@ NB i 1 00 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units
NATURAL SCIENCES 
Physics: Major Courses by taking courses chosen from
NPh l 00 GENERAL PHYSICS I, 2 units the departments in the Natural Science Area.
NPh 1 0 1 GENERAL PHYSICS II, 2 units 1 5 or more credit units must be taken in one
NPh 1 03 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 2 units department. Those who wish to concentrate in
NPh 1 50 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY a single field can do so in Biology, Chemistry,
I, 1 unit Information Science, Mathematics or Physics.
NPh 1 5 1 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY II, S ince each field of c oncentration has its
1 unit requirements for the are a c ourse s , it is
NPh 1 5 3 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS LABORA recommended that each student make his/her
TORY, 1 unit study plan in accordance with the guidance
provided in each field.
Chemistry: Senior thesis, 9 units, is the final require
NCh 1 00 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I, 2 ment for the Area M aj or; it should be
units conducted under the supervision of the fu11-
NCh l O l FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY 11, 2 time faculty members in the Division of
units Natural Sciences. In case the student wishes to
NCh 1 50 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABO choose a the s i s c o - advisor who is not a
RATORY I, 1 unit member of the Division of Natural Sciences,
NCh 1 5 1 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABO the student must obtain the approval of the
RATORY II, 1 unit division chairman.
In addition, Natural Science majors take a
Biology: minimum of 2 1 units of Electives.
NBi l OO BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units Advanced students may take up to 6 units of
NBi l O 1 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I, 2 units Advanced Seminar courses to fulfill the Area
NBi 1 02 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II, 2 units Major requirements , and up to 6 units as
NBi 1 50 LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION OF Electives.
BIOLOGY, 1 unit S tudents must decl are their area of
concentration in the third term of their second
NGe l OO GENERAL GEOLOGY 1, 2 units Those who wish to concentrate in two
NGe 1 0 1 GENERAL GEOLOGY II, 2 units or more departments ( among B iolog y ,
NGel50 LABORATORY IN GENERAL GEOL- Chemistry, Information Science, Mathematics
OGY 1 , 1 unit and Physics) are required to prepare study
NGel5 1 LABORATORY IN GENERAL GEOL plans under the guidance of their academic
OGY II, 1 unit advisors and to obtain the approval from the
division chairman for their inter-departmental
Area Maj or, Electives, Divisional Courses study plans.
Natural S cience maj ors are required to N095-6-7JE SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units
complete a minimum of 30 credit units of Area How to conduct re search and write a
 NATURAL SCIENCES
research paper. The student, under the totaling 2 8 units from the following
guidance of an advisor in his/her major field, courses including NB i250, 11 LABORA
conducts individual research and presents it in TORY IN B IOLOGY I, II, 2, 2 units . The
thesis form. Required of all Natural Science remaining 2 units may be taken from any
majors in the senior year. Natural Science area of concentration
including Biology. If the above conditions
N290J TEACHING METHODS IN NATURAL are not fulfilled, students may not be fully
SCIENCES, 2 units, winter prepared to take the senior thesis.
Methods of presenting and teaching various Lecture Courses (each unit one period weekly)
topics in the Natural Sciences to secondary
school students . Lecture s , discussion of NB i l OOJ BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units ,
assigned reading, and lecture demonstrations spring
by students. Required of those seeking teacher To learn about the fundamental properties of
certification in the Natural Sciences. life. Living organisms and non-living ones, the
cell as the fundamental unit of life ,
N29 l J TEACHING METHODS IN MATHEMAT reproduction and development, biological
ICS, 2 units, winter regulation and response to the environments.
Methods of presenting and teaching The content of lecture is not premised on the
important topics in Mathematics to secondary completion of high school biology . General
school students . Lecture s , discussion of Foundation Course.
assigned reading , and presentations by
students. Required of those seeking teacher NBi l O l J FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I, 2 units,
certification in Mathematics spring
To learn about the cell as the fundamental
Biology unit which supports all the life phenomena.
Subcellular stru c tu re s and function s ,
Students concentrating in B iology should Expression o f genetic information, Supply and
meet the follow ing requirements for transformation of cellular energy, The origin
graduation. of the cell. The content of lecture is premised
1 . NBilOO BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units, or on the completion of high school biology .
NB i l O l FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I, 2 Major Area Foundation Course.
2. NB i102 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II, 2 NB i l 02J FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II, 2
units, and units, winter
3 . NBi 1 50 LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION OF To study chemical basis of life. Introduction
BIOLOGY, 1 unit, totaling 5 units, should be to the chemical nature and biological proper
included in the Foundation course ties of low-molecular-weight substances and
requirements. For the 30-unit Area Major biopolymers as well as the biochemistry of
requirement, students are strongly basic cellular metabolism. Major Area Foun
recommended to take 18 units of lecture dation Courses. Prerequisite: FOUNDATION OF
courses and 1 0 units of laboratory courses, BIOLOGY I or BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE .
NATURAL SCIENCES 
NBi200E CELL BIOLOGY I, 2 units, spring substances in plants.
Cell function, cell cycle, cell interaction, etc.
Prerequisite: FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I or NB i 3 0 1 J PLANT PHYS IOLOGY I I , 2 units,
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE. spring
Physiology of plant growth and develop
NBi20 1E CELL BIOLOGY II, 2 units, autumn ment, and plant movement.
Genetic bases of cell functions. Prerequisite:
FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I or BIOLOGICAL NB i302J ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY I, 2 units ,
Permeability of cell membrane, initiation
NB i2 1 2J MICROBIAL BIOLOGY, 2 units , and propagation of excitation in nerve and
spring muscle cells, and transmission at synapses.
B asic properties of prokaryotic cells and
introduction to their physiology and genetics. NB i303J ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY II, 2 units ,
NBi2 1 3J ECOLOGY, 2 units, autumn Sensory reception and its mechanism and
General and basic concepts (theories) and neural processing.
methods of ecological studies.
NB i3 04J DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY II, 2
NBi220J BIOSTATISTICS, 2 units, spring units, winter
Study of the basic concepts of biostatistics Histogenesis and organogenesis in animal
and the fundamental statistical methods used development.
to analyze experimental data.
NBi305E PLANT DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY,
NBi22 1 J DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY I, 2 2 units, winter
units, spring The morphological and genetic basis of
B asic mechanisms of development: plant form. There will be special emphasis on
oogenesis, determination, induction, pattern the molecular biological approach in under
formation, cell to cell interaction, genetic and standing development.
NBi3 1 0E BIOCHEMISTRY I, 2 units, autumn
NBi230J MOLECULAR CELL BIOLOGY, 2 units, B ioenergetic s , metabolism and the
autumn biosynthe sis of c arbohydrates and lipids .
Study of the molecular and genetic mecha Prerequisite: FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II.
nisms of humoral and cellular immunity.
NBi3 1 1 J BIOCHEMISTRY 11, 2 units, winter
NB i 3 00E PLANT PHYSIOLOGY I, 2 units, B iochemistry and nucleic acids, and their
winter c ompounds and derivatives . Prerequisite :
Physiology and the mechanism of photosyn FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II.
thesis, water relationships and transport of
 NATURAL SCIENCES
NBi3 l 2J MOLECULAR GENETICS, 2 units, NB i392,3 ,4JE ADVANCED SEMINAR IN
winter BIOLOGY I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn,
Molecular mechanisms of gene expression: winter
biosyntheses of nucleic acids and protein, and Independent study of topics of special
genetic mutation. interest and value to the student in his/her
major field. Permission of the instructor(s) is
NBi3 1 3J BIOCHEMISTRY III, 2 units, spring required.
Biological nitrogen fixation, the nitrogen
cycle in the biosphere, and the biosynthesis of
amino acids. Biochemistry of amino acids and Laboratory Courses (each unit three periods
organic natural products derived from the weekly)
former. Biochemistry of proteins. Prerequi
site: FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II. NBil50JE LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION OF
BIOLOGY, l unit, spring, autumn
NBi320J CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 2 units, autumn Various basic experiments on life phenom
Functions of various intracellular structures, ena.
especially those involved in cell motility
including muscle contrac tion, ameboid NB i250JE LABORATORY IN BIOLOGY I, 2
movement, flagellar movement, cell division, units, autumn
and axonal transport. Fundamental experiments on plants and
animals at organ and cellular levels. B asic
NB i380J ADVANCED STUDY IN BIOLOGY 1,2 experiments in animal and plant physiology.
units, autumn Prerequisite: LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION
Fungi and their taxa, life cycles, specific OF BIOLOGY.
organic compounds produced, and biological
roles in their natural habitat. Prerequisite : NBi25lJE LABORATORY IN BIOLOGY II, 2
FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II. units, winter
Fundamental experiments on plants and
NBi3 8 1 J ADVANCED STUDY IN BIOLOGY II, 2 animals. Animal histology, basic biochemical
units, winter experiments, basic experiments on structure
Adaptation to environment and evolution of and function of the cell, etc . Prerequisite:
physiological functions in both invertebrate LABORATORY IN BIOLOGY I.
and vertebrate animal s , including the
protozoans. NBi252J ANIMAL ANATOMY, l unit, winter
Experiments on internal and external
NBi382E ADVANCED STUDY IN BIOLOGY III, structures of animals.
2 units, winter
Molecular cell biology of plant development NB i26 1 J LABORATORY IN GENETICS, 1 unit,
and plant-microbe interactions. Prerequisite: spring
CELL BIOLOGY I and II. Basic genetic experiments.
NATURAL SCIENCES 
NBi270J PLANT FIELD STUDY, I unit, autumn Experiments on the metabolism of carbohy
Introductory studies on the classification of drates and lipids. Isolation of related enzymes
higher plants and observation of the ecosystem and their reactions.
in the field. (Preregistration in spring term;
fieldwork in summer vacation; offi c i al NBi3 6 1 J LABORATORY IN BIOCHEMISTRY II,
registration in autumn term.) 1 unit, winter
Experiments on biochemical properties of
NB i27 1 J MARINE FIELD STUDY, I unit, proteins, nucleic acids and their constituents,
spring and their preparation and purification.
Collection and observation of marine
invertebrates, and their anatomy, physiology NB i3 62J LAB ORATORY IN MOLECULAR
and development. (Preregistration in winter GENETICS, 1 unit, winter
term ; fieldwork during spring v acation; Experiments on molecular genetics using
official registration in spring term.) microbial systems; genetic transformation,
transfection and mutation, etc.
NBi350J LABORATORY IN PLANT PHYSIOL
OGY, 1 unit, autumn Chemistry
Experiments on photosynthesis, w ater
relationships, regulatory mechanisms of plant Students concentrating in Chemistry should
growth and development, etc. include among their Foundation courses NCh
1 00- 1 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II, 4 units,
NB i35 1 J LABORATORY IN ANIMAL PHYSIOL and NCh I 50- I FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY
OGY, I unit, spring LABORATORY I-II, 2 units. For their 3 0-unit
Experiments on excitable cells such as Area Major requirement, they should take a
nerve, muscles, and sensory cells. Preferable minimum of 27 units from the following
to be taken simultaneously with ANIMAL c ourses including NCh290- 1 , PHYSICAL
PHYSIOLOGY I. CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I-II.
NB i352E LABORATORY IN PLANT MORPHO NCh 1 60 BASIC STUDIES IN CHEMISTRY, 1
GENESIS, 1 unit, spring unit
Experiments mainly on plant cell and organ NCh2 1 O- 1 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I-II, 3-3
differentiation. Prerequisite: LABORATORY IN units
BIOLOGY I and II. NCh220- 1 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II, 2-2
NB i353J LABORATORY IN DEVELOPMENTAL NCh222 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORA
BIOLOGY, 1 unit, autumn TORY, I unit
Preparation and observ ation of tissue NCh230- 1 -2 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 3-
samples of animal embryos. Experiments on 3-3 units
regulation of animal development. NCh240- 1 -2 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 2-
NBi360J LABORATORY IN BIOCHEMISTRY I, NCh290, 1 -2 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LABORA
I unit, autumn TORY, I, II-III, 1 , 1 - 1 units
 NATURAL SCIENCES
The remaining 3 units may be taken from NCh 1 60J BASIC STUDIES IN CHEMISTRY, 1 unit,
any other Natural Science area of concentra winter
tion as well as Chemistry. Thi s course aims to study fundamental
structure and function of various kinds of
NCh l OOJ FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I, 2 material with reference to the electronic
units, autumn configuration and other fundamental proper
Origin and occurrence of the chemical ties of the atom. Particularly, a search is made
elements, atomic structure and the periodic to find the origin of the multiformity of
table. Atomic approach to the structure of material and a way to understand the material
materials and fundamental properties of world comprehensively. The course assumes
inorganic and organic compounds. General preliminary knowledge corre sponding to
Foundation Course. FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II.
NCh l O l J FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY 11, 2 NCh2 1 O- l J ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 1-11, 3-3
units, spring units, autumn-winter
Principles of chemical thermodynamics as I: Error analysis and volumetric methods
. foundation for understanding phase equilibria based on water analysis. II: Separations based
and chemical equilibria. M ajor Are a on precipitation, complexation, extraction,
Foundation Course. chromatography, etc. Two periods of lecture,
three periods of laboratory weekly. Prerequi
NCh 1 50J FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY sites: FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II and
LABORATORY I, I unit, spring FOUNDATIONS OF CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I-II.
Introduction of fundamental concepts and
experimental techniques of chemistry through NCh220J INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I, 2 units,
experiments selected from organic, inorganic winter
and physical chemistry. General Foundation Thi s lecture c ourse aims to study the
Course. molecules and molecular assemblies
composed of non-metallic elements. The
NCh 1 5 1 J FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY structure, property and reactivity are discussed
LABORATORY 11, 1 unit, autumn on the basis of covalent bonding and inter
Glass blowing, experiments on chemical molecular forc e s . The course assume s
equilibria, reaction kinetics and organic/ preliminary knowledge corre sponding to
inorganic syntheses and analyses. Includes the FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II.
study of data processing and fundamental
techniques of chemical experiments such as NCh22 l J INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II, 2 units,
titration, recrystallization, distillation and spring
melting point measurements . Major Area This lecture course aims to study the
Foundation Course . The c ourse assumes structure, property and reactivity of metals,
preliminary knowledge corre sponding to ionic c ompounds and coordination c om
FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I. pounds. The nature of the metallic bond, ionic
bond and coordination bond are discussed on
NATURAL SCIENCES [7 1 ]
the basis of electronic structure of metallic ALGEBRA I, CALCULUS I-II and GENERAL
elements of the main group and the transition PHYSICS I.
seri e s . The course assumes preliminary
knowledge corresponding to FOUNDATION OF NCh290, 1 -2J PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LABORA
CHEMISTRY I-II and INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I. TORY I, II-III, 1 , 1 -1 unit, I winter, II spring, III
NCh222J INORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORA Experiments on solution properties,
TORY, 1 unit, spring chemical equilibrium, phase equilibrium, etc.
Thi s laboratory course aims to study using thermodynamical, electrochemical and
synthesis, physical and chemical properties of spectrophotometric methods. Experimental
various inorganic c ompounds including planning , data tre atment and writing
nonmetallic molecular compounds , ionic laboratory reports are included. The course
crystal s and transition metal compl e x e s . assumes laboratory skills equivalent to
Students are given opportunities t o c ome FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I, II,
across modern method of chemical research ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I , PRINCIPLES OF
by use of instrumental methods of analysis. PHYSICS LABORATORY.
The course assumes laboratory skill c orre
sponding to FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY NCh3 1 0J SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS, 3 units,
LABORATORY I-II. winter
Fundamental, theoretical and experimental
NCh230- 1 -2J ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 3- approach to the spectroscopic determination
3-3 units, spring-autumn-winter of the structures of organic compounds.
Syntheses, reactions and physical properties Includes NMR, IR, UV and mass spectrometry.
of carbon compounds. I: Aliphatic compounds. Prerequisite: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II and
II: Aromatic compounds , photochemistry , PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II or with the consent
polymers. III: Heterocyclic, organosulfur and of the lecturer.
organophosphorus compounds, stereoisomer
ism, sugars, amino acids, and other natural NCh320J SELECTED TOPICS IN ANALYTICAL
products. Two periods of lecture, three periods CHEMISTRY, 3 units, winter
of laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: FOUNDA The microanalysis of complicated samples
TION OF CHEMISTRY I, II and FOUNDATION OF (environmental pollution, biological materi
CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I, II. als, archaeological samples, trace compounds,
etc .) with advanced electrochemical, chro
NCh240- 1 -2J PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 2- matographic and spectroscopic methods, etc.
2-2 units, I spring, II autumn, III winter Two periods of lecture, three periods of
Fundamental concepts and principles for laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: ANALYTICAL
understanding struc ture s , properties and CHEMISTRY I-II; PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I ,
reactions of various sub stanc e s . Includes strongly recommended, o r consent o f the in
quantum chemistry , and chemical and structor.
statistical thermodynamic s . The c ourse
assumes preliminary knowledge equivalent to NCh3 40J PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY IV, 2 units,
FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I, I I , LINEAR autumn
 NATURAL SCIENCES
Lectures on physical chemistry with special of computation
emphasis on molecular structure including NC0300- 1 THEORY OF COMPUTATION II-Ill,
molecular orbital theory, molecular symmetry 2-2 units
and molecular spectroscopy . No laboratory. • The students interested in the field of theory
Prerequisite: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II. of software
NC03 30, 1 THEORY OF SOFTWARE II, lll,
NCh392,3 ,4J ADVANCED SEMINAR IN CHEM 2, 2 units
ISTRY I, II, lll. 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn, • The students interested in the field of
winter numerical analysis
Independent study of topics of special NC0220 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS I, 2 units
interest and value to the student in his or her NC0320- 1 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS II-lll,
major field. Permission of the instructor(s) is 2-2 units
The Information Science major students are
Information Science al so recommended to take the following
courses of mathematics:
Information Science major students must • Common
take following courses: NMa 1 0 1 -2 LINEAR ALGEBRA II-lll, 2-2
CD NCo 1 00, 1 50 INTRODUCTION TO COM NMa2 1 1 BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN
PUTER and LAB, 2+ 1 units, or MATHEMATICS II, 2 units
NCo I 1 0 ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 • The students interested in the field of theory
units of computations
® NCo 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMA NMa330 ALGEBRA I, 2 units
TION PROCESSING SYSTEMS, 2 units • The students interested in the field of theory
The Information Science major students are NMa350 THEORY OF PROBABILITY AND
recommended to include following courses to STATISTICS I, 2 units
build 3 0 or more units of the Area Major • The students interested in the field of
requirements: numerical analysis
• Common NMa1 04, 105 CALCULUS n, m, each 2 units
NC0200 THEORY OF COMPUTATION I, NMa22 1 ADVANCED CALCULUS II, 2 units
NC0230 THEORY OF SOFTWARE I, Note: Any of the courses offered by The Infor
2 units mation Science Department, excepting
NC0240 COMPUTER SYSTEMS, the general education and foundation
2 units courses, premises the knowledge of
NC02 1 O, 3 1 0, 3 1 1 COMPUTER LAN Introduction to Computers and its labo
GUAGES I, II, lll, each 3 units; one or ratory experience (NCo 1 00 and NCo
more to be selected. 1 50) or Elementary Computer (NCo
• The students interested in the field of theory 1 1 0) .
NATURAL SCIENCES 
NCo l OOJ INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER, 2 To study structured programming by use of
units Pascal, and the program development process.
To study the basis of computers through a Includes programming laboratory.
computer language (PASCAL) . Desirable to (Lec ture ; each unit one period weekly :
take together with NCo 1 50 LABORATORY FOR Recitation; each unit two periods weekly)
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS. General
Foundation Course (not offered in 1994). NCo220J NUMERICAL ANALYSIS I, 2 units,
NCo l O l J INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION B asic techniqu e , algorithms and error
PROCESSING SYSTEM, 2 units, spring estimation required in scientific computations.
B asic concepts of computers mainly for Includes simultaneous linear equations, eigen
hardware aspects necessary to understand the values of matrices, inter- and extrapolation,
c omputer as a system of information numerical integration, least square method,
processing. Major Area Foundation Course. etc.
NCo l l OJ,E ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units, NCo230J THEORY OF S OFTWARE I, 2 units,
spring, autumn, winter spring
To study the basis of computers through a To study structure of the operating system of
computer language C . Includes programming computers.
laboratory work. Prerequisite for Information
Science major courses except foundations . NCo240J COMPUTER SYSTEMS , 2 units ,
General Foundation Course. autumn
(Lecture : two units , two periods weekly; To study mechanisms of the computer
Laboratory: one unit, three periods weekly) system mainly from the hardware aspects.
NCo l 50J LABORATORY FOR INTRODUCTION NCo300- l E THEORY OF COMPUTATION II-III,
TO COMPUTERS, 1 unit (each unit three periods 2-2 units, spring-autumn
weekly) To study theories of automata, computabil
To develop a basic c ap ac ity to utilize ity, and computational complexities.
computers through experiences of computer
programming in academic and professional NCo3 l 0J COMPUTER LANGUAGE II, 3 units,
life. Desirable to take together with NCo l OO winter
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS. General To study a computer language with good
Foundation Course (not offered in 1994). descriptive capabilities such as "C", and to
acquire advanced programming techniques.
NCo200E THEORY OF COMPUTATION I, 2 Programming laboratory included. (Lecture;
units, winter two units two periods weekly: Recitation; one
To study basic theory of algorithms ; unit, two periods weekly.)
examples and mathematical formulation.
NCo3 l l J COMPUTER LANGUAGE III, 3 units,
NCo2 l 0J COMPUTER LANGUAGE I, 3 units, spring
autumn To study programming languages suitable
[ 7 4] NATURAL SCIENCES
for logic processing such as LISP and PROLOG. include among their Foundation courses NMa
Programming laboratory included. (Lecture; 1 00-2 LINEAR ALGEBRA \-II-III and NMa 1 03-4
two units two periods weekly: Recitation; each CALCULUS I-II.
unit two periods weekly.) They are strongly recommended to include
the following courses among their minimum
NC0320- l J NUMERICAL ANALYSIS II-III, 2-2 30 units of Area Major courses:
Continuation of NC0220 NUMERICAL NMa l 05 CALCULUS III, 2 units
ANALYSIS 1 . Study of computational tech NMa2 1 0- 1 -2 BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN
niques and algorithms required in scientific MATHEMATICS I-II-III, 2-2-2 units
computation. Includes non-linear equations, NMa220- 1 ADVANCED CALCULUS I-II, 2-2
ordinary and partial differential equations, units
Monte Carlo Method, etc. NMa320- 1 ANALYSIS I-II, 2-2 units
NMa3 30- 1 ALGEBRA I-II, 2-2 units
NC0330J THEORY OF SOFTWARE II, 2 units, NMa340- 1 GEOMETRY I-II, 2-2 units
Studies the theory of Database. Prerequisite: The remaining 6 units may be taken from the
THEORY OF SOFTWARE I. following: NMa3 2 2 , NMa3 3 2 , NMa3 42 ,
NC03 1 0 and NC0320.
NC03 3 l J THEORY OF SOFTWARE III, 2 units,
winter NMal OOJ LINEAR ALGEBRA I, 2 units autumn
To study princ iples of programming Introduction to matrices and linear algebra
language processing. Prerequisite: THEORY OF basic to further study in the natural sciences.
SOFTWARE I . Includes determinants, vectors, rank of a
matrix, linear independence and solutions of
NC03 40, 1 ,2J or E TOPICS IN COMPUTER linear equations. One period of lecture and two
SCIENCE I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn, periods of recitation weekly. General Founda
winter tion Course.
To study a topic selected from advanced
subjects in the computer science and related NMal OOE LINEAR ALGEBRA I, 2 units, spring
areas. Content is similar to that of NMal OOJ, but
given in English texts. General Foundation
NC0392,3,4J or E ADVANCED SEMINAR IN Course.
COMPUTER SCIENCE I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units ,
spring, autumn, winter NMa l O l -2J LINEAR ALGEBRA II-III, 2-2 units,
S eminar of an advanced subject in the winter-spring
computer science. Permission of the instructor Emphasis on linear algebra. Includes the
(s) is required. (I: not offered in 1 994) concepts of vector spaces, linear transforma
tions, base change, eigenvectors, eigenvalues,
Mathematics quadratic form and matrix groups. One period
of lecture and two periods of rec itation
Students concentrating in Mathematics must weekly. Major Area Foundation Course. Pre-
NATURAL SCIENCES [75 ]
requisite: LINEAR ALGEBRA I. Prerequisite: CALCULUS I.
NMal 03J CALCULUS I, 2 units, spring NMa2 1 1 J BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN
Introduction to calculus of functions of one MATHEMATICS II: SET THEORY, 2 units, spring
and several variables basic to study in natural Emphasis on set theory. The concepts of set,
sciences. Includes partial derivatives and operations, mappings, relations, the axiom of
multiple integrals. One period of lecture and choice and algebraic structures. One period of
two periods of recitation weekly. General lecture and two periods of recitation weekly.
NMa2 1 2J B A S I C CONCEPTS IN MODERN
NMa1 03E CALCULUS I, 2 units, autumn MATHEMATICS I I I : GENERAL TOPOLOGY, 2
Content similar to that of NMa 1 03J, but units, winter
given in English texts. General Foundation Emphasis on topological structure s.
Course. Includes the concepts of topological spaces,
connectedness, separation axioms, compact
NMal 04J CALCULUS 11, 2 units, winter ness, metric spaces, and completeness. One
A continuation of CALCULUS I, as a more period of lecture and two periods of recitation
advanced study of calculu s . Includes the weekly.
c oncept of limit, c ontinuous function s ,
implicit functions, changing variables i n NMa220J ADVANCED CALCULUS I, 2 units,
multiple integrals and power series . One autumn
period of lecture and two periods of recitation A continuation of CALCULUS III, chiefly
weekly. Major Area Foundation Course. calculus of complex functions . Include s
calculus of functions of complex variables,
NMa1 05J CALCULUS III, 2 units, spring power series, calculus of residues, analytic
A continu ation of CALCULUS II, chiefly continuation. One period of lecture and two
calculus of functions of several variables. periods of recitation weekly. Prerequisite:
Includes vector-valued functions, line and CALCULUS III.
surface integrals , theorem of Stockes, and
potential fields. One period of lecture and two NMa22 1 J ADVANCED CALCULUS 11, 2 units,
periods of recitation weekly. Prerequisite: winter
CALCULUS II. Major Area Foundation Course. Introduction to the theory of differential
equations. Includes linear ordinary differential
NMa2 1 0J BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN equations, e x i stence theorems, Fourier
MATHEMATICS I: INTRODUCTION TO ANALY anal y s i s , eigenvalue problems , integral
SIS, 2 units, autumn equations, partial differential equations. One
Emphasis on basic concepts in analysis. period of lecture and two periods of recitation
Includes criti c al review of fundamental weekly. Prerequisite: CALCULUS III.
notions of calculus, theory of real number
field, continuous functions , Riemann NMa320- 1 -2J ANALYSIS I-II-III, 2-2-2 units,
integrals , theory of series . One period of spring-autumn-winter
lecture and two periods of recitation weekly. An introduction to modern analy s i s .
 NATURAL SCIENCES
Includes theory of measure, Lebesgue and NMa392,3 ,4JE ADVANCED SEMINAR IN
Stieltjes integrals, Fourier analysis, Hilbert MATHEMATICS I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring,
spaces, Banach spaces, harmonic functions, autumn, winter
conformal mapping, and analytic continua Independent study of top i c s of special
tion. Prerequisite: ADVANCED CALCULUS I, II. interest and value to the student in his major
field Permi s sion of the instructor( s) i s
NMa330- 1 -2J ALGEBRA I-II-III, 2-2-2 units, required.
A survey of modem algebra. Includes group Physics
theory (Sylow ' s theorem, etc.), commutative
ring theory (Hilbert' s basis theorem, etc.), and Students concentrating in Physics should
theory of extension field (Galois theory ) . include among their Foundation c ourses
Prerequisite: LINEAR ALGEBRA II, III. GENERAL PHYSICS I-II and GENERAL PHYSICS
LABORATORY I-II. They are strongly recom
NMa340- 1 -2J GEOMETRY I-II-III, 2-2-2 units, mended to include the following courses
spring-autumn-winter among their minimum 30 units of Area Major
Linear algebra, elements of differential courses:
geometry and theory of manifolds. Includes
unitary spaces, bilinear forms, classification of NPh207 PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS I, 2 units
quadratic surfaces, metric vector spac e s , NPh2 1 0- 1 INTERMEDIATE PHYSICS LABORA-
tensor algebras , differentiable manifolds , TORY 1-11, 2-2 units
Riemannian spaces, theory of fiber bundles. NPh225-6 MECHANICS 1-11, 2-2 units
Prerequisites: LINEAR ALGEBRA I I I and BASIC NPh235 ELECTRONICS I, 2 units
CONCEPTS IN MODERN MATHEMATICS III. NPh237-8 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I
II, 2-2 units
NMa350- 1 -2J THEORY OF PROBABILITY AND NPh302-3 THERMODYNAMICS AND STATIS
STATISTICS I-II-III, 2-2-2 units TICAL MECHANICS I-II, 2-2 units
The basis of mathematical statistic s . NPh32 1 QUANTUM PHYSICS 1, 2 units
Includes the theory of probability, descriptive NPh350 NUCLEAR PHYSICS, 3 units
statistics, stochastics, and their applications
I: spring II: autumn
NPh l 00J GENERAL PHYSICS I, 2 units, winter
NMa380, lJ TOPICS IN MATHEMATICS I, 11, 2, Introduction to the mechanics of a particle
2 units and particle systems. Two periods of lecture
S elected topics from specific fields of weekly. Prerequisite: CALCULUS I and LINEAR
mathematics such as functional anal y s i s , ALGEBRA I. Major Area Foundation Course.
theory o f probability , algebraic geometry,
differential geometry , algebraic topology . NPh l O l J GENERAL PHYSICS II, 2 units, spring
Prerequisite s : ANALYSIS I I , ALGEBR A I I , Basic physical phenomena and concepts in
GEOMETRY I I , or consent o f the instructor . the electricity and magnetism. Two periods of
NATURAL SCIENCES 
lecture weekl y . Prerequisite: GENERAL physics, atomic and nuclear physics. Two
PHYSICS I. Major Area Foundation Course. periods of lecture s weekly . Prerequisite:
GENERAL PHYSICS I-II.
NPh l 03E PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 2 units,
winter NPh207J PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS I, 2 units,
Introduction to some experimental facts and winter
principles concerning mechanics, electricity Important mathematical methods with
and magnetism, optics, thermodynamics, and specific application in the physical sciences,
modern phy s i c s . Two periods of lecture such as functions of complex variable s ,
weekly. General Foundation Course. differential equations and elementary Fourier
and Laplace transforms. Two periods of lecture
NPh 1 50- l JE GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY weekly. Prerequisites: LINEAR ALGEBRA I ,
I-II, 1 - 1 units, spring-autumn CALCULUS I I and GENERAL PHYSICS II.
Laboratory offered in connection with the
c ontents of the lecture courses, GENERAL NPh208J PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS II, 2 units,
PHYSICS I-II. Includes topics corresponding to autumn
each lecture course and basic techniques. Introduction to the theory of differential
Three periods of laboratory weekly. Should be equations used in physic s . Includes linear
taken after the corresponding lecture course. ordinary differential equations, B e s sel
Major Area Foundation Course. Functions, and Green Functions. Two periods
of lecture . Prerequisite: PHYSICAL MATH
NPh 1 5 3JE PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS LABORA EMATICS I.
TORY, 1 unit, winter
Laboratory offered in connection with the NPh2 1 O- l J INTERMEDIATE PHYSICS LABO
lecture c ours e s , PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS. RATORY I-II, 2-2 units, spring-autumn
Includes selected topics related to the lecture Selected experiments in electronics, electro
courses, and basic techniques. Three periods magneti sm, heat, phy sical optic s , atomic
of laboratory weekly. Should be taken with (or physics, and nuclear physics; emphasis upon
after) the c orre sponding lecture cours e . techniques of measurement and treatment of
General Foundation Course. data. S ix periods of laboratory weekl y .
Prerequisite: ELECTRONICS I.
NPh205J GENERAL PHYSICS III, 2 units ,
autumn NPh225J MECHANICS I, 2 units, spring
Introduction to the mechanics of continuous Mechanics of particles, particle systems and
media, thermal physics and molecular physics. rigid bodie s . Introduction to analytical
Two periods of lecture weekly. Prerequisite: mechanics. Prerequisite: GENERAL PHYSICS I.
GENERAL PHYSICS I-II. Two periods of lectures weekly.
NPh206E GENERAL PHYSICS IV, 2 units, NPh226J MECHANICS II, 2 units, autumn
winter Analytical dynamics, elasticity and hydro
Introduction to optics, relativity, quantum dynamics. Recommended for those interested
[7 8] NATURAL SCIENCES
in theoretical physics or those intending to do NPh300JE INTERMEDIATE PHYSICS LABORA
graduate study . Prerequisite: MECHANICS I . TORY III, 2 units, winter
Two periods o f lecture weekly. More advanced and extensive experiments
in electronics, atomic physics, nuclear phys
NPh235J ELECTRONICS I, 2 units, winter ics, solid state physics, polymer physics and
Theories concerning devices and circuits of biophysics. Six periods of laboratory weekly.
practical importance in physical measurement. Recommended for majors concentrating in ex
Includes A . C . circuits, circuit analy s i s , perimental physics.
transistors and their application t o amplifiers,
logic circuits. Two periods of lecture weekly. NPh30 l J WAVE OPTICS, 2 units, spring
Advanced study of optical phenomena and
NPh236J ELECTRONICS II, 2 units, spring theory; interference, diffraction, polarization,
Theories concerning applied circuits of optics of crystals and metals, molecular optics,
transistors and I C s . Includes various coherence, etc. Prerequisite: ELECTRICITY AND
amplifiers, oscillators, and pulse circuits. MAGNETISM II. Two periods of lecture weekly.
Prerequisite: ELECTRONICS I. Two periods of
lecture weekly. NPh302J STATISTICAL PHYSICS I , 2 units ,
NPh237J ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I, 2 Fundamental concepts of thermodynamics.
units, autumn Includes the fundamental laws and relations,
Derivation of Maxwell equations and irreversible processes, Brownian motion, etc.
v arious c oncepts of electromagneti s m . Two periods of lecture weekly.
Prerequisites: GENERAL PHYSICS I I . T w o
periods of lecture weekly. NPh303J STATISTICAL PHYSICS II, 2 units,
NPh238E ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II, 2 Fundamental c oncepts of statistic al
units, autumn mechanics. Includes the statistical ensemble,
Electromagnetic field in substances; con statistical analysis of thermodynamic s ,
ductors, dielectrics, magnetic substances, and quantum stati stical mechanic s , etc .
electromagnetic radiation, etc . Prerequisite: Prerequisite: STATISTICAL PHYSICS I . Two
ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I. Two periods periods of lecture weekly.
of lecture weekly.
NPh304,5,6J BASIC STUDIES IN PHYSICS IV, V,
NPh25 1 ,2,3J BASIC STUDIES IN PHYSICS I, II, VI, I , I , 1 unit, spring, autumn, winter
III, I , I , 1 unit, spring, autumn, winter Exercise and review of basic concepts and
Exercise and review of basic concepts and law s in phy sic s . Includes principles and
laws in phy s i c s . Includes principles and methods of thermodynamic s , stati stical
methods of mechanics, electricity and mechanic s , quantum mechanic s and their
magnetism, physical mathematics, and their application s . Two periods of rec itation
applications . Two periods of rec itation weekly.
NATURAL SCIENCES 
NPh3 2 1 J QUANTUM PHYSICS I, 2 units , NPh3S0E NUCLEAR PHYSICS, 3 units, spring
spring Nuclear phenomena and theory . Includes
Fundamental concepts and structures of nucleons and nuclear structure , nuclear
quantum mechanics. Includes wave equations, transformation processe s , interactions of
operator formalism, and matrix formalism. nuclear radiation with matter, accelerators and
Prerequisite: MODERN PHYSICS. Two periods detection sy stems used in experimental
of lecture weekly. nuclear physics, and the theory of nuclear
reactions. Prerequisite: QUANTUM PHYSICS I
NPh3 22J QUANTUM PHYSICS II, 2 units , or consent of instructor. Three periods of
winter lecture weekly.
Application of quantum mechanics. In
cludes approximation methods, scattering, NPh3 92 , 3 ,4JE ADVANCED SEMINAR IN
interactions with electromagnetic fields, and PHYSICS I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn,
systems containing identical particles. winter
Prerequisite: QUANTUM MECHANICS I. Two Independent study of topics of special
periods of lecture weekly. interest and value to the student in his or her
major field. Permission of the instructor (s) is
NPh34 l J STRUCTURE OF MAITER I, 2 units , required.
Applic ation of stati stical mechani c s . Extra-Departmental Courses
Includes imperfect classical gase s , perfect
quantum gase s , theory of liquids, and NGe l OO- l J GENERAL GEOLOGY I-II, 2-2 units,
cooperative phenomena. Prerequisite s : spring-autumn
QUANTUM PHYSICS I and THERMODYNAMICS Fundamental concepts of all branches of
AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS II. Two periods of geology, including geochemistry, geophysics,
lecture weekly. structure of the earth, and endogenous and
exogenous processes, with emphasis on
NPh 342J STRUCTURE OF MAITER II, 2 units, historic meaning.
Introductory solid state physics, including NGeISO- l J LABORATORY IN GENERAL
crystal structure, x-ray diffraction, band theory GEOLOGY I-II, 1 - 1 unit, spring-autumn
of solids and properties of semiconductors. Three periods of laboratory weekly
Prerequisite s : QUANTUM PHYSICS II and including field trips. The contents correspond
STRUCTURE OF MATTER I. Two periods of to those of NGeIOO- l GENERAL GEOLOGY I-II
lecture weekly. respectively.
DIVISION OF LANGUAGES
College Language Requirements 3. Three or four courses, counting either but
not both of a I,ll sequence, (9 units)
The comprehensive programs designed for chosen from among:
students to gain a hearing, speaking, reading LFrl 00-1-2 FRENCH I-II-III, 6-6-6 units
and writing mastery of ICU ' s languages of LCh l 00, 1 CHINESE 1 , 11 , 6, 6 units
instruction, English and Japanes e , are LGe l 00- 1 GERMAN A (GRAMMAR
conducted by members of this division. For a I-READING & SPEAKING I), 3-3 units
complete listing of the courses offered under LGe 1 02-3 GERMAN A (GRAMMAR
the Engl ish Language Program and the II-READING & SPEAKING II), 3-3 units
Japanese Language Program s , as well as LGe150, 1 GERMAN B (GRAMMAR, BASIC
descriptions and explanatory information, see READING) 3, 3 units and LGe 1 52, 3 GER
College-Wide Programs. MAN B (INTERMEDIATE READING 1 ,2) 3 ,3
General Education Courses LRu l 00,1 RUSSIAN I, 11, 4, 4 units
LSp l 00,1 SPANISH I, 11 , 6, 6 units
The c ourses offered by faculty of thi s HLi 1 1 0 GREEK LANGUAGE I, 3 units
division a s part o f the General Education HLi 1 1 2 LATIN LANGUAGE I, 3 units
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are HLi120, 1 HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERA-
l isted, with descriptions and explanatory TURE I,I1, 3 ,3 units or HLil40 HISTORY OF
information, under College-Wide Programs. AMERICAN LITERATURE I, 3 units
HLi 1 60, 1 ,2 HISTORY OF FRENCH LITERA
Foundation Courses TURE I, II, III, 3,3,3 units
HLi l 7 1 INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE
S tudents maj oring in the Division of LITERATURE I, 3 units or HLi173 HISTORY
Languages meet the Foundation c ourse OF JAPANESE LITERATURE I, 3 units
requirement by taking a minimum of 18 units HPh 1 04 INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC, 3 units
of courses as follows: IDw 1 4 1 LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY, 2 units
1 . L 100 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF IC l l 02 SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3 units
LANGUAGE, 3 units NCol l O ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units
2. Two courses (6 units) chosen from
among: Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
LEn 1 00 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
ENGLISH, 3 units Languages majors are required to complete
LFr 103 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF a minimum of 30 credit units of Area Major
FRENCH, 3 units Courses by taking courses chosen from the
LJa 100 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF departments in the Division of Languages. 1 5
JAPANESE LANGUAGE, 3 units or more credit units must b e taken i n one
LANGUAGES [8 1 ]
department. Students entering in AY 1 99 1 or L l 00JE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
after will major in English Language, French LANGUAGE, 3 units, autumn, winter
Language or Japanese Language . Students General introduction to characteristics of
who entered in AY 1 990 or before may also language , maj or aspects of the study of
major in Linguistics or Communication by language, its role as a means of communica
taking the courses offered in the Language tion, and various approaches to its description.
Division and the International S tudies Required of all Division of Languages majors.
Division. It should be noted that each of these
maj orable are as has its own c ourse Divisional Area Major Courses
requirements. Courses in other divisions may
also be counted with the written approval of S tudents maj oring in the Division of
the advisor, the division chairman, and the Languages must as part of their Area Major
Dean, if they fit into a coherent program. courses take at least 3 units from the following
The senior the s i s , 9 units , is the final divisional area major courses. These units will
requirement for the area major. In addition not be included in the requirement of 1 5 or
every student will take at least 24 units of more credit units of each majorable area.
Advanced students may take courses of L200JE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units ,
Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the spring
Area Major requirements, and up to 6 units as Basic concepts and techniques in linguistic
electives. They should also note that they may analysis, covering selected topics in phonol
take 400 level courses offered by the Division ogy, morphology, syntax, and semantics.
of Education of the Graduate School. Material to be drawn from various languages.
Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
L095-6-7JE SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units LANGUAGE.
To integrate the work of the whole four-year
program in the direction of hislher aims and L2 1 0JE MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units,
interests, the student, under the guidance of a spring
thesis advisor chosen from the full-time staff The structure of words: stems and affixes;
of the division, puts into permanent form the inflection, derivation and compounding.
results of research on some subject in his or Conditions and principles, the interaction of
her particular field of interest. Required in the morphology with phonology and syntax .
senior year. Material to be drawn from various languages.
Prerequisite: LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent
LEn290JE TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH of the instructor.
I, 3 units, autumn
English teaching in secondary school s . L2 1 2JE SYNTACTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units, winter
Includes consideration o f the aims and means The struc ture of sentence s ; phrase s ;
of English teaching, examination of varied compound and complex sentences; conditions
methods and materials, and the formulation of and principles; the interaction of syntax with
lesson plans . Required of those seeking morphology and semantics. Material to be
teacher certification in English. drawn from various languages. Prerequisite:
LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent of the language teaching , using learner-centered
instructor. approache s . It also examines m aterial s
developed for communicative classrooms and
L220, l JE TRANSLATION : THEORY AND shows how traditional material s can b e
PRACTICE, I, II 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter adapted t o make them more communicative.
Introduction to current translation theories Prerequisite: TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH I
and methods of translation, w ith guided or consent of the instructor.
practice in translating from English into
Japanese (I) and from Japanese into English (II), L3 l l JE SEMANTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units, autumn
The structure of meaning: interpretation and
L230JE SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, 3 logic al form ; scope and pre supposition .
units, spring Conditions and principles, the interaction of
This course looks at how people learn a semantics with syntax. Material to be drawn
second language from biological, social, from various languag e s . Prerequisite :
psychological and pedagogical perspectives, LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent of the
S ignific ant variables such as age , native instructor.
language background, personality, motivation,
and learning context are examined, Prereq L3 1 2JE PHONOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units ,
uisite : INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF winter
LANGUAGE . Phonological structure: features and rules;
conditions and principles; the interaction of
L23 l JE ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATION IN phonology with morphology. Material to be
LANGUAGE LEARNING, 2 units, winter drawn from various languages. Prerequisite:
Attitudes and motivation greatly influence LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent of the
the type and amount of language that a learner instructor.
acquires. This course looks at attitudes toward
language, language learning, speakers of the L3 20JE RESEARCH DESIGN FOR LANGUAGE
target language, the teacher, the text, as well as STUDIES, 3 units, winter
the question of types and degrees of Examination of the underlying principles
motiv ation as factors in second language and operating procedures for setting up and
learning. (given in alternate years, not offered conducting language-related research as well
in 1 994) as ways of interpreting and evaluating
research generated data.
L29 l JE COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE
TEACHING: THEORY AND PRACTICE, 3 units, L330JE PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND LANGUAGE
spring ACQUISITION, 3 units, autumn
Communicative language teaching focuses This course examines the processes of lan
on teaching second language for the ultimate guage comprehension, language production,
goal of communic ation. Thi s course and language acquisition at word, sentence
introduces students to some important and discourse levels from the perspectives of
findings and theories about communicative linguistics, psychology, and second language
learning. What is difficult to learn and why? English Language
What is easy? Is there a natural order to lan
guage acquisition? These and other questions To fulfill the Foundation course require
are explored. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO ment, students majoring in English Language
THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE. are urged to take INTRODUCTION TO THE
STUDY OF ENGLISH. Students are also strongly
L33 I JE LANGUAGE TESTING. 2 units, autumn encouraged to take a second foreign language.
Testing plays a significant role in the lives of Of the 30 units of Area Major courses
nearly every language student and teacher. required, 1 5 units must be taken from the area
Thi s course investigates purposes and of English language; the remaining 1 5 units
methods of classroom language tests and may be Divisional Area Major courses or
assesses standardized testing instruments (e.g. c ourses in other maj orable are as of the
TOEFL) . Students are taught how to design Division of Languages, and up to 6 of these
tests for different purposes and how to remaining units may come from designated IS
interpret and use test results. Prerequisite: courses.
INTRODUCTION T O THE STUDY O F LANGUAGE.
(given in alternate years, spring term in 1 994) LEnl OOJE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
ENGLISH, 3 units, spring
The follow ing courses offered by the Survey of the salient features of English
Division of International S tudies may be phonology, morphology, syntax, and history.
counted as Area Major courses of the Division Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
of Languages. LANGUAGE or consent of the instructor (s).
IC I 200 INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION, LEn2 1 0JE A D V A N C E D R E A D I N G S I N
2 units ENGLISH, 3 units, autumn
IC 1 20 1 JAPANESE PATTERNS OF COMMUNI Reading and study of modem English texts
CATION, 2 units in order to augment proficiency in all four
IC 1 204 CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION language skills.
STUDIES, 2 units
IC 1 220 LANGUAGE AND BEHAVIOR, 2 units LEn2 1 1 JE ENGLIS H PHONETICS, 3 units,
IC 1 22 1 HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, 2 units spring
IC 1 32 1 SOCIOLINGUISTICS, 2 units This course introduces the sounds and sound
IC 1 322 DISCOURSE ANALYSIS, 3 units system of English, points out differences
IC 1 323 LINGUISTIC GEOGRAPHY, 2 units between English and Japanese, and presents
techniques for teaching and acquiring
No more than six units from the above pronunciation.
courses could be counted toward Language
Division Area Maj or requirements . Also, LEn220JE AMERICAN ENGLIS H , 3 units ,
these units may not be included in the 15 or spring
more credit units which must be taken in one A study of the origins, development and
majorable area. characteristics of the English language in
[ 8 4] LANGUAGES
North America. The historical, cultural, and spe akers, their shared background knowledge,
social aspects of the l anguage will be and their intentions. Prerequisite: INTRODUC
examined and its major dialects will be TION TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE.
LEn280, I JE TOPICS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR I,
LEn22 1 1E VARIETIES OF ENGLISH. 3 units, 11, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter
autumn Linguistic analysis of selected syntactic and
This course examines English and English semantic structures of contemporary English.
language issues at societal and global levels. It
considers the expanding status of English as LEn29 1 1E TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH
the first 'world language ' , and describes some II, 3 units, winter
of the varieties of English, uses of English, and Continuation of TEACHING METHODS IN
issues involving English that are currently ENGLISH I: Teaching demonstration and
developing in and across diverse societies. practice; readings in the four language skills;
individual projects and reports. Prerequisite:
LEn23 0JE HISTORY OF THE ENGLIS H LAN TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH I or consent of
GUAGE I, 3 units, autumn the instructor.
Indo-European and Germanic relationships
of English; hi story and development of LEn370JE READINGS IN ENGLI SH LIN
English to early modern times (ca. 1 500) ; GUISITCS, 3 units, winter
external influences on English during this Reading and discussion of selected articles
period. and monographs in the field of Engl i sh
LEn23 1 1E HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LAN
GUAGE II, 3 units, winter LEn392,3JE ADVANCED STUDIES IN THE
History and development of English from ENGLISH LANGUAGE I, II, 3, 3 units
introduction of printing late in the 1 5th century Special advanced study in selected areas of
to present; includes a survey of the English language research. On approval of the
development of English dialects. instructor.
LEn260JE PRAGMATICS: ENGLISH USE IN French Language
CONTEXT, 3 units, winter
This course examines ways in which S tudents majoring in French Language
meaning i s conveyed and understood in should take French I-II-III. They should
context. The use of English in interaction include Introduction to the Study of French
between speakers and listeners (writers and among their Foundation courses. They are
readers) is influenced by linguistic and non advised to meet the 30-unit Area Major course
linguistic factors which reside outside the requirement by taking Modern French
boundaries of sentence - level grammar. Grammar I-II, History of French Language, 3
Examples of these factors which can constrain units of Readings in French I, II, or III, and 3
speaker meaning are the degree of the units of Proj ects in French I or II. The
formality of the setting, the social status of the remaining 15 units may be Divisional Area
Major Courses or courses in other majorable LFr 2 1 3 , 4JF PROJECTS IN FRENCH TRANSLA
areas of the Divis ion of Languages. TION I, II, 3, 3 units, winter, spring
Humani ties Division courses in French Exercises in oral and written translation;
literature , Greek and Latin languages and theoretical expl anati on of translation.
Classical literature are rec ommended as Translation is from Japanese and English into
electives. Those students who have already French. Prerequisite: FRENCH III or equivalent.
learned French elsewhere, may take Readings
in French I, II, III without taking an or part of LFr220- I JF MODERN FRENCH GRAMMAR I-II,
French I-II-III. This rule is applicable starting 3-3 units, autumn-winter
with 1 994 entering students. Coherent and consistent picture of the
structure of modern French . S tudy of
LFrl OO- 1 -2JF FRENCH I-II-III. 6-6-6 units, phonological, morphological , and syntactical
spring-autumn-winter structure , including morphophonemic s .
The aim of these courses is to develop reading Prerequisites: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
ability of materials necessary for scientific OF LANGUAGE and FRENCH III.
research and to learn French as a means of
communication, beginning from the elementary LFr2 3 0JF HISTORY OF THE FRENCH LAN
level . The fundamental struc ture of those GUAGE, 3 units, spring
courses are grammar, conversation, and French language from its Latin origins to its
laboratory training. Two sets of courses are modem forms, from the viewpoint of French
offered: courses offered using Japanese as an philosophy, the one domain of the compara
auxiliary language and those integrating the tive grammar of Romance l anguage s .
above-mentioned three elements and, as a rule, Prerequisite: FRENCH III. Course work in Latin
using only French from the beginning. or Spanish will be helpful.
LFrl 03J INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF LFr370JF READINGS IN FRENCH LINGUISTICS,
FRENCH, 3 units, winter 3 units, autumn
Explanation of the historical development Reading and discussion of selected articles
and the basic concept of French civilization and monographs in the field of French
necessary for the comprehension and the study linguistics.
of the French language.
LFr3 92JF ADVANCED STUDIES IN THE
LFr2 1 O, 1 , 2JF READINGS IN FRENCH I, II, III, FRENCH LANGUAGE, 3 units
3 , 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn, winter Special advanced study in selected areas of
Reading and discussion of current French French l anguag e . On approval of the
materials for developing speed and compre instructor.
hension in reading and fluency in speaking.
Further training in grammar and explanation Japanese Language
of the subtleties of French expression. Prereq
uisite: FRENCH II or equivalent. Students majoring in Japanese Language are
required to include INTRODUCTION TO THE
STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE among speed and comprehension, for non-Japanese
their Foundation courses. Of the 30 units of students who wish to further their study of the
Area Major courses required, at least 15 units Japanese language. Prerequisite: ADVANCED
must be taken from the area of Japanese JAPANESE II or SPECIAL JAPANESE III.
language ; the remaining 15 units may be
Divisional Area Major courses or courses in LJa2 1 3 ,4J READINGS IN CLASSICAL JAPANESE
other maj orable areas of the Division of I, II, 3 , 3 units, winter, autumn
Languages. Those who wish to teach Japanese I: readings in Wabun; II: readings in
as a foreign language must include THE Kanbun, including Japanese language culture.
TEACHING OF JAPANESE AS A FOREIGN
LANGUAGE I-II, SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE OF LJa320J SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE OF JAPA
JAPANESE and INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY NESE, 3 units, winter
OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE. Techniques and assumptions of syntactic
analysis applied to the modern Japane se
LJa l 00J INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF language. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE
THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE, 3 units, spring, STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.
Survey of the phonological, lexical, LJa3 2 l J PROBLEMS IN JAPANESE SYNTAX, 3
syntactic and semantic aspects of present-day units, autumn
Japanese; special attention to problems of Survey of problems in the syntax of modem
teaching Japanese as a foreign language . Japanese. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO
Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF THE STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.
LANGUAGE, or permission of instructor.
LJa322J STYLISTIC STUDIES IN JAPANESE, 2
LJa20 l J INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF units, spring
THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE, 3 units, spring Survey of stylistic studies of modern
Survey of the historical development of Japanese. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE
Japanese phonology and grammar from the STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.
8th century. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO
THE STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE, or LJa3 3 0, 1 ,2J HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE
permission of instructor. LANGUAGE I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units , spring,
LJa2 1 0J THEME WRITING IN JAPANESE, 3 H i s tory and development of standard
units, spring Japanese from the 8th century to the present
Writing of themes, term papers and research day, with maj or emphasis on the modern
reports, with emphasis on the organization of periods (since the 1 6th century). Prerequisites:
materials, the arrangement of ideas, clear pre INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF THE
sentation in writing and correct orthography. JAPANESE LANGUAGE and INTRODUCTION TO
THE HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.
LJa2 1 1 ,2J READINGS IN JAPANESE I, 11, 3 , 3
units, spring, autumn LJa333J TOPICS IN THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE,
Program of reading in order to develop 2 units, winter
Centering on problems in Japanese language LCh l O l -2JC CHINESE II-III, 6-6 units, autumn
and the history of Japanese language. The winter
specific topic will vary from year to year. Continuing course in Mandarin. Intensive
Prerequisites: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY drill on spoken texts, free conversation, and
OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE and INTRODUC introduction of character texts. Prerequisite:
TION TO THE HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE CHINESE I or equivalent.
LJa370JE READINGS IN JAPANESE LINGUIS
TICS, 3 units, winter Two independent sequences, A and B, are
Reading and discussion of selected articles offered. The A courses are comprehensive in
and monographs in the field of Japane se approach, while the B courses are designed for
linguistics. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO students mainly interested in reading German
THE STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE. texts. Courses of the two sequences cannot be
mixed for a sequence and a student cannot
LJa390- l J THE TEACHING OF JAPANESE AS receive credit for both A and B. In case of
A FOREIGN LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units, autumn German A I and A II, students should normally
winter take all 6 units per term.
Aims and methods of teaching Japanese as a
foreign language: observation, simulation and LGe l OO-2JG GERMAN A (GRAMMAR I-II), 3-3
practice in the ICU Japane se Language units, spring-autumn
Programs. For students preparing to teach
Japanese as a foreign languag e . Open to LGe l O I -3JG GERMAN A (READING AND
qualified students on approval of the SPEAKING I-II), 3-3 units, spring-autumn
instructor. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO Beginning courses in German. Study of the
THE STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE. basic grammatical patterns, laboratory drill,
and reading of simple texts.
LJa3 9 2 , 3 J ADVANCED STUDIES IN THE
JAPANESE LANGUAGE I, II, 3, 3 units LGe l 04JG GERMAN A (READING AND
Special advanced study in selected areas of SPEAKING III), 3 units, winter
the Japanese language. On approval of the Continuing course for increasing speaking,
instructor. reading and writing abilities. Prerequisite:
GERMAN A (level II) or equivalent.
LGe 1 50JG GERMAN B (GRAMMAR), 3 units,
A beginning course in German. Study of the
LCh l OOJC CHINESE 1 , 6 units, spring basic grammar.
B asic c ourse in spoken Mandarin.
Foundation work in phonology, practice of LGe 1 5 l JG GERMAN B (BASIC READING), 3
taped texts and drill on grammatical patterns. units, autumn
Beginning course in German. Reading of Spanish
simple texts, with grammatical explanations.
LSp l OOJS SPANISH 1, 6 units, autumn
LGe 1 5 2JG GERMAN B (INTERMEDIATE An introduction to the basic speech patterns
READING 1 ) , 3 units, winter of Spanish. Study of basic sentence forms,
laboratory drill and pattern practice, and free
LGe15 3JG GERMAN B (INTERMEDIATE conversation.
READING 2), 3 units, spring
Continuing courses in reading and further LSp 1 0 1 -2JS SPANISH II-III, 6-6 units, winter
training in grammar, with explanation of the spring
subtleties of German expression and structure. Continuing course in reading and conversa
Prerequisite s : GERMAN B (GRAMMAR and tion to develop greater fluency in speaking,
BASIC READING) or equivalent. understanding and reading . Prerequi s ite :
READING 1 : Reading mainly of literary texts, SPANISH l or equivalent.
newspaper articles, etc.
READING 2: Reading mainly of scientific LSp2 1 0- I JS READINGS IN SPANIS H I-II, 3 - 3
texts. units, autumn-winter
Reading of contemporary Spanish texts,
LGe160JG READINGS IN GERMAN, 3 units, newspapers and periodicals to develop rapid
spring reading ability; discussion of texts to enhance
Continuing course in reading in order to fluency in spoken Spanish . Prerequisite:
develop speed and comprehension. Prerequi SPANISH III.
site: GERMAN A (level II) or GERMAN B (INTER
MEDIATE READING, 1 , 2) or equivalent. Communication
LGe 2 1 0-lJG ADVANCED READINGS I N (Applicable to students who entered in
GERMAN I-II, 3-3 units, autumn-winter AY 1 990 or before)
Advanced study for developing speed and Students majoring in Communication must
comprehension in reading selected articles and meet the 3 0-unit Area Major c ourse
monographs in various disciplines. requirement by taking 6 units from among the
courses offered in the Division of Languages;
Russian the remaining 24 units may be in the
Communication c ourse s offered in the
LRu l OO-lJR RUSSIAN I-II, 4-4 units, 1 994 Division of International Studies. Students are
spring 11, autumn 1, winter 11 required to include among their Foundation
Basic course in spoken Russian. Foundation courses THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICA
work in phonology, introduction of morpho TION and ELEMENTARY S OCIAL STATISTICS,
logical and syntactical patterns in model and among their Area Major courses PUBLIC
sentences, practice in conversation and in COMMUNICATION.
reading the Cyrillic alphabet. (I, II in alternate They are encouraged to concentrate in
terms) one of three major areas sy stematic all y :
interpersonal communication, intercultural
c ommunication or j ournalism; they are Linguistics
encouraged also to take other courses through
consultation with their advisor. (Applicable to students who entered in
AY 1 990 or before)
(For details concerning course contents and Students concentrating in Linguistics must
term offered, see the descriptions listed under m e e t t h e 3 0 - u n i t A r e a M aj o r c o u r s e
the Division of International Studies.) requirement by taking 1 5 units from among
the linguistics courses offered in the Divisions
IC I 1 00 THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICA of Languages and International Studies; the
TION, 3 units remaining 1 5 units may be in other majorable
IC I 200 INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION, areas of the Division of Languages.
IC 1 20 1 JAPANESE PATTERNS OF COMMUNI ( D i v i s i o n of Languag e s : For details
CATION, 2 units concerning course contents and term offered,
IC 1 202 COMPARATIVE JOURNALISM, 3 units see the descriptions listed under the Divisional
IC 1 203 PRINCIPLES OF REPORTING AND EDIT Area Major Courses.)
ING, 3 units
IC 1 204 CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION L200 LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units
STUDIES, 2 units L2 1 0 MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units
IC 1 205 INTERCULTURAL NEGOTIATION AND L2 1 2 SYNTACTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units
PERSUASION, 2 units L220,1 T R A N S L A TI O N : THEORY A N D
IC 1 220 LANGUAGE AND BEHAVIOR, 2 units PRACTICE I , II, 3 , 3 units
IC 1 300 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN L230 SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, 3
TERPRETING: THEORY AND PRACTICE, 3 units
units L23 1 ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATION IN
IC 1 30 1 SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETATION, 3 LANGUAGE LEARNING, 2 units
units L29 1 C O M M U N I C AT I V E LANGUAGE
IC 1 302 ISSUES IN MULTINATIONAL CONFER TEACHING: THEORY AND PRACTICE, 3 units
ENCE COMMUNICATION, 3 units L3 1 1 SEMANTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units
IC 1 303 INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN MASS L3 1 2 PHONOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units
COMMUNICATION, 3 units L320 RESEARCH DESIGN FOR LANGUAGE
IC 1 350 READINGS IN COMMUNICATION, 3 STUDIES, 3 units
units L330 PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND LAN-
IC 1 35 1 ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMMUNICA GUAGE ACQUISITION, 3 units
TION I, 3 units L33 1 LANGUAGE TESTING, 2 units
IC 1 352 ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMMUNI
CATION II, 3 units (Division of International Studi e s : For
IDw240 PROFESSIONAL WRITING AND DOC details concerning course contents and term
UMENTATION, 3 units offered, see the descriptions listed under the
IDw241 PUBLIC COMMUNICATION, 3 units Division of International Studies.)
IDw34 1 CONFLICT RESOLUTION, 3 units
IC l 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION T O LINGUISTICS , 3 IC 1 323 LINGUISTIC GEOGRAPHY, 2 units
units IC 1 360 FIELDWORK IN LINGUISTICS, 3 units
IC 1 1 02 SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3 units IDw 1 40 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND
IC 1 22 1 HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, 2 units LANGUAGES, 3 units
IC 1 222 PRINCIPLES OF TRANSLATING, 2 units IDw 1 4 1 LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY, 2 units
IC 1 32 1 SOCIOLINGUISTICS, 2 units IDw340 MULTILINGUALISM, 3 units
IC 1 322 DISCOURSE ANALYSIS, 3 units
[9 1 ]
DIVISION OF EDUCATION
General Education Courses LOSOPHY OF EDUCATION I, 2 units
EEd 1 30 HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCA
The c ourses offered by faculty of thi s TION, 2 units
division a s part o f the General Education EEd 1 40 HISTORY OF JAPANESE EDUCA
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are TION, 2 units
listed, with descriptions and explanatory EEd 1 50 INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
information, under College -Wide Programs. ON EDUCATION, 2 units
All Education majors are strongly advised to  EPs I O I GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2
include SOCIAL SCIENCE V: EDUCATION among units
their General Education courses. EPs l 70 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units
ETc 1 50 SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF
Foundation Courses EDUCATION, 2 units
 ETc 1 00 COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
Education-major students are expected to EDUCATION I, 2 units
meet the 1 8 -unit foundation course require ETc 1 30 INTRODUCTION TO MASS
ment as follows: COMMUNICATION, 2 units
Three chosen from four courses in Group EPs 1 60 GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING,
[ 1 ] , including both EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOL 2 units
OGY and MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION. (6
units) Area Maj or, Electives, Divisional Courses
Two chosen from four courses in Group
 . (4 units) Education majors are required to complete a
Two chosen from three courses in Group minimum of 30 credit units of Area Major
 . (4 units) Courses by taking courses chosen from the
Two chosen from three courses in Group departments in the Education Area. 1 5 or more
 . (4 units) credit units must be taken in one department.
Total: 1 8 units Those who wish to specialize in a single
Group of Foundation Courses: department can do so in Educ ation,
[ 1 ] EEd l OO PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION, 2 Psychology and Educational Technology and
units Communication. The senior thesis, 9 units ,
EPs l OO EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 c omplete s the requirements for the Area
units Major. In addition every student will take at
EEd 1 60 INTRODUCTION TO SECOND least 24 units of Electives.
ARY EDUCATION, 2 units Advanced students may take courses of
EPs 1 50 MEASUREMENT AND EVALUA Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the
TION, 2 units Area Major requirements, and up to 6 units as
 EEd l l O INTRODUCTION TO PHI- Electives. They should also note the 400 level
courses offered by the Division of Education
of the Graduate School. Education
E095-6-71E SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units Those students concentrating in education
In order to bring to focus the knowledge he/ are required to take at least one of the
she has acquired, to deepen his/her under comparative education courses during the
standing of his/her field, and to acquire the sophomore or junior year, namely : EEd342
techniques of research and writing, the student FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPARATIVE AND
prepares a thesis in his field of interest under INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION, EEd3 45 TRA
the superv i sion of a faculty member of DITIONS OF WESTERN EDUCATION or EEd350
appropriate specialization. Required of all FOUNDATION OF AMERICAN EDUCATION.
Education majors in the senior year. In addition, students are required to take two
of the Special Studies courses. These courses
EEd290J TEACHING METHODS IN SOCIAL are conducted as seminars with limited enroll
STUDIES, 2 units, winter ments emphasizing student participation .
Purposes, problems, and practices of They may be taken as a means to help students
teaching social studies in junior and senior select their senior thesis topics, although they
high school s ; emphasi s on curriculum , are not considered as prerequisites for senior
textbooks, and teaching plans. Required of thesis writing.
those seeking teacher certification in social
studies. EEd l OOJ PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION, 2 units,
For teaching methods, see also the follow This course aims at providing students with
ing: general understanding of education in the
HRe290 TEACHING METHODS IN RELIGION, modern world, focusing on the nature and
2 units meaning of education and aims of education.
S290 TEACHING METHODS IN GEOGRAPHY A required elective course for all the students
AND HISTORY, 2 units in the Teacher' Certification Program.
S29 1 TEACHING METHODS IN CIVICS, 2 units
N290 TEACHING METHODS IN NATURAL EEd 1 1 0J INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF
SCIENCES, 2 units EDUCATION I, 2 units, spring
N29 1 TEACHING METHODS IN MATHE A critical examination of major concepts of
MATICS, 2 units education and of the philosophical principles
LEn290 TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH I, underlying them.
EEd 1 30J HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCATION,
E295J TEACHING PRACTICE, 3 units, spring 2 units, spring
Observation and practice in teaching under Historical survey of the ideas and systems of
supervision in junior and senior high schools. Western education.
Required in the senior year of all students seeking
teacher certification. (also offered in autumn for EEd 1 40J HISTORY OF JAPANESE EDUCATION,
only those who returned from abroad) 2 units, winter
H i s torical development ofbJapane se EEd220J HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCA
education from ancient times to the present, TIONAL THOUGHT, 2 units, winter
with emphasis on the modern period. This course aims at providing the students
Recommended for those seeking teacher with the basic knowledge of the historical
certification. development of educ ati onal thoughts in
Europe and the United States.
EEd 1 50J INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON
EDUCATION, 2 units, spring EEd240J STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF
A comparative analysis of the underlying JAPANESE EDUCATION, 2 units
factors and conditions dividing educational A seminar in the history of Japane se
and social development in the modem world education. Enrollment will be limite d .
between advanced industrialized societies and Prerequisite: HISTORY O F JAPANESE EDUCA
developing societies, with a concentration on TION (not offered in 1 994).
EEd250J STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL
EEd 1 60J INTRODUCTION TO SECONDARY EDUCATION, 2 units, autumn
EDUCATION, 2 units, winter A seminar in international educ ation.
Comprehensive survey of secondary Enrollment will be limited. Prerequ isite:
edu c ation with reference to the theory , International Perspective on Education.
organization, administration and curriculum
of secondary schools. A required elective EEd260J CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION, 2
course for all the students in the Teacher' units, spring
Certification Program. Theories and practices of curriculum
development and methods of instruction.
EEd2 1 0J INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF
EDUCATION II, 2 units, autumn EEd270J LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2 units, spring
A critical examination of major concepts of Brief survey of school libraries: emphasis
education and of the philosophical principles on function, organization, services and
underlying them, with emphasis on that of administration; the planning and equipping of
contemporary concepts. Prerequisite: INTRO school libraries. Recommended for those
DUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION I. seeking teacher certification.
EEd2 1 1 J STUDIES IN MORAL EDUCATION, 2 EEd280J EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION,
units, winter 2 units, winter
Theoretical and hi storical approach to Aims at providing the basic knowledge of
problems of moral education in Japan today . educational administration focusing on the
Includes study of its aims, principles and nature and meaning of educational administra
methods of instruction. Required of those tion, its types, and school systems. (given in
seeking junior high school teacher certifica alternate years)
tion. Priority for course registration is given to
junior and senior students. EEd285J STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL ADMINIS
TRATION, 2 units
This course is a seminar on educational CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY O F EDUCATION.
administration for those students who took History of Christian schools in the West and
EEd280 Educational Administration. Japan, practice and problems in present-day
Fundamental Law of Educatibn, School Ed Christian schools in Japan, and others will be
ucation Law, Law Governing the Organization examined (given in alternate years).
and Management of Provincial Educational
Administration, and others are examined. EEd342E FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPARA·
(given in alternate years, not offered in 1 994) TIVE AND INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION, 3
EEd292J EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES, 2 Comparative study of educational aims and
units, spring systems in the contemporary world.
Aims at providing the basic knowledge of
extra-curricular activities in the present-day EEd345E TRADITIONS OF WESTERN EDUCA·
secondary schools in Japan. Required of all the TION, 3 units, autumn
students in the Teacher' Certific ation Survey of the development of educational
Program. systems in Europe, the Soviet Union and the
EEd3 1 0J STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCA·
TION, 2 units, winter EEd347J EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING
A seminar in the philosophy of education. NATIONS, 3 units, autumn
Enrollment will be limited. Prerequisite: Analysis of the common problems in the
INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION reform and modernization of education in
I, II. developing nations with emphasis on
colonialism and language diversity . Con
EEd330J STUDIES IN HISTORY OF WESTERN centration on Asia, with the Philippines and
EDUCATION, 2 units, autumn Malaysia as models for the study of education
A seminar in the history of Western educa in developing nations.
tion. Enrollment will be limited. Prerequisite:
HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCATION. EEd3 5 0E FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN
EDUCATION, 3 units, spring
EEd 3 3 3 J CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY O F Historical development of American society
EDUCATION, 2 units, autumn in the formation of an "American tradition in
Aims at providing the basic knowledge of educ ation", an analysis of c ontemporary
Christian education, foc u sing on the problems in American education.
relationship between religion and education,
and aims of Christian education. EEd3 60J STUDIES IN CURRICULUM AND
INSTRUCTION, 2 units, autumn
EEd335J STUDIES IN CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY A Seminar in curriculum and instruction.
OF EDUCATION, 2 units, winter Enrollment will be limited. Prerequi s ite :
This course is a seminar on the Christian Curriculum & Instruction.
education for those students who took EEd33 3
Psychology of all education majors and of those seeking
Those who concentrate in psychology must
include the following courses among their 30 EPs l 70J SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, winter
units Area Major requirements: EPs20 l J PRIN Origin, development and methodology of
CIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, EPs2 l 0- 1 -2J the different approaches to the study of human
RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY I-II-III, social behavior. The processes of social
2-2-2 units, EPs2 l 5E PSYCHOLOGICAL STA behav ior, social attitude s , patterns of
TISTICS I, 2 units, EPs222J DEVELOPMENTAL interpersonal relationships, psychological
PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, and more than 4 units structure and the functions of various groups.
chosen from among the courses in psychology.
EPs20 l J PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY, 2
EPs l OOJ EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, winter
units, spring Survey of the h i storical devel opment,
Psychological techniques and insights for current issues, and practical applications of
education, including human development, repre sentative theories in major fields of
individual difference and most appropriate psychology . Required of all psychology
guidance for learners . Required of all majors. Prerequisite: GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY.
education majors and of those seeking teacher
certification. EPs2 l 0- l -2J RESEARCH METHODS IN
PSYCHOLOGY, I-II-III, 2-2-2 units , spring
EPs l 0 1 E GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units , autumn -winter
autumn Typical research methods in psychology .
Basic principles and theories of the various Experiments in perception, learning, memory
fields of psychology, and their applications for and thinking; practices in systematic and
daily living. clinical observation, interviewing and other
testing techniques; systematic observational
EPs 1 50J MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION, 2 techniques of interaction processes in the
units, autumn group, analysis of group structures and
Historic al development of educ ational attitude s c ale c onstru ction. Prerequisite :
measurement: essentials for test construction EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY or GENERAL PSy
and statistical treatments, planning of testing CHOLOGY, and PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS I.
programs in school, application for guidance
programs , improvement of admissions EPs2 l 5E PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS I, 2
procedures and professional ethics. Required units, winter
of all education majors. Statistical methods at the intermediate level,
relevant to re search in psychology and
EPs 1 60J GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING, 2 education, including descriptive statistics and
units, winter basic concepts of inference and estimation.
Foundations of guidance and counseling, Required of all psychology majors. Prerequi
including discussions on the current issues of site: MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION.
school guidance and mental health. Required
EPs222J PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT, 2 EPs3 30J PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING, 2 units
units, autumn S urvey of basic concepts , experimental
Theoretical foundations and study methods method s , and classic and contemporary
of development, including problems in early theories of le arning; their application to
childhood as well as psychological views for human behavior and educational practice .
life-long development of prenatal , infant, Prerequisite: GENERAL PS YCHOLOGY or
adolescent, and aged periods. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY . (given in
alternate years, not offered in 1 994)
EPs30 1 E HISTORY AND RECENT TRENDS IN
PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units EPs34 1 J MENTAL HEALTH, 2 units
Survey of the development of psychological Theory of adjustment process and reaction
concepts, experimentation, and theories. The pattern s to stre s s and fru stration, with
role of psychology in a unified science of examination of relation of adju stment to
human behavior. Prerequisite: EDUCATIONAL personality and mental health. Methods of
PSYCHOLOGY. (not offered in 1 994) preventing mental disorders and promoting
mental health on indiv i du al , group and
EPs303J BIOPSYCHOLOGY, 3 units community levels. (given in alternate years,
Genetic, ethnological, neuro-physiological not offered in 1 994)
and psychopharmacological bases of animal
and human development. Emphasis on the role EPs3 44J PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY, 2
of the central nervous systems in learning, units, autumn
emotion, motivation and personality. Two Classical and modern theories of personality
lectures and two laboratories weekly . (not and their development. Interrelated inherited,
offered in 1 994) physical, social and cultural factors in person
ality traits, structure and function. Problems of
EPs3 1 5J PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS II, 2 socialization and individualization, including
units, spring formation of the ego and the self. Deviant per
Statistical methods at the intermediate and sonality , including multiphasic personality .
advanced levels. Theory of hypothesis test Prerequisite: EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY or
ing and estimation, and their application to GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY.
psychological studies. Prerequisite: PSYCHO
LOGICAL STATISTICS 1. HPs350E INFORMATION PROCESSING, 2 units,
EPs320J PSYCHOLOGY OF EARLY AND LATE Historical antecedents and the basic
ADOLESCENCE, 2 units, autumn rationale and assumptions inherent in current
Essential views for the understanding of versions of information processing perspec
personality development in childhood and tive are c onsidered. Human c ognitive
adolescence, and considerations on physical functioning is analyzed w ith particular
and emotional developmental tasks, inter emphasis on perceptual/cognitive process and
personal relations, and educ ational and artificial intelligence systems.
EDUCA nON 
EPs352J PSYCHOLOGY OF PERCEPTION, 2 interpersonal training are also discu ssed.
units, winter (given in alternate years)
Introduction to the basic process of
perception and cognition in human behavior, EPs3 80J PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE, 2 units
from sensation and perception to memory and Interactions between the linguistic and
thought Emphasis on how we organize and psychological processes, with emphasis on the
interpret sensory information, how this universal and particularistic fe ature s in
infonnation is stored and utilized in relation to language and human behavior. (given in
concept formation, language and problem alternate years, not offered in 1 994)
solving, Cases of handicapped children and
adults with visual, auditory and language EPs3 92,3 ,4JE ADVANCED STUDIES I N
d i sorders are discussed. Prerequis ite : PSYCHOLOGY I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units
GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. Advanced studies for junior and s enior
students in specialized subjects in psychology.
EPs3 60J CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, Offered on the initiative of the teaching staff
spring or demand of students, with approval of the
Basic course in historical and contemporary division. Approv al of the in struc tor i s
issues, major theories, study methods, kinds of required.
treatments, areas of application, and social
significance of clinical psychology , with Educational Technology and
discussions on the views of and the ways of Communications
understanding human from clinical psy
chology. Those who concentrate in the fields of
Educational Technology and Communications
EPs3 6 1 J SEMINAR IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY must include at least one from each of the
(CASE STUDY METHOD), 2 units, autumn following four groups of courses in the 30unit
B asic understanding of the purpose, method, Area Major requirement:
and significance of case study, considered as [ 1 ] ETc200 COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
the c ore of re search method in clinical EDUCATION, 2 units
p sychology . S eminar and practice with EPs2 1 5 PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS I,
discussion on its contemporal problems are a 2 units
research method.  ETc 320 INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNI
CATION SCIENCE, 2 units
EPs370J PSYCHOLOGY OF INTERPERSONAL ETc332 MASS COMMUNICATION RE
RELATIONS, 2 units, spring SEARCH, 2 units
To reveal the mechanism and the process of  ETc3 1 0 PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL
emergence and development of interpersonal TECHNOLOGY, 2 units
relationships. Interpersonal cognition, ETc3 1 1 PRINCIPLES OF AUDIO-VISUAL
emotion and other interactions such as verbal EDUCATION, 2 units
and non-verbal communication, and helping  ETc250 EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY, 2
behavior are discussed. Exchange theory and units
ETc3 5 0 PROBLEMS OF SOCIALIZATION, ETc250E SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION, 2
2 units units, winter
The remaining 1 8 units may be taken from Review of major perspectives on the social
other courses in the Education Division. effects of schools and schooling on
individuals, the stratification sy stem, and
ETc 1 00J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN EDUCA· society . Topics include: educ ation for
TION I, 2 units, winter socializing individuals and legitimizing social
Basic knowledge of the microcomputer and institutions, educational attainment, and the
the syntax and elementary programing skill of organizational struc ture of schooling .
BASIC language. Survey in the uses of comput· Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY or
er in the field of Education. Recommended for SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION.
those majoring in teaching methods and those
seeking teacher certification. ETc 3 00J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
EDUCATION III, 2 units, autumn
ETc 1 30E INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMU· Survey of c omputer applications to
NICATION, 2 units, winter instructional methodology , including psy
Review of major perspectives on the process chological basis of indi v i du alization of
and effects of mass communication. Special instruction and design of computer assisted
attention will be given to the analysis of the instructional system. Consent of the instructor.
extent that mass communication affects our
lives in such areas as political and social ETc 3 1 0J PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL
behavior. TECHNOLOGY, 2 units, autumn
Survey of the technological approach to
ETc 1 50E SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCA· education and instruction. Psychological bases
TION, 2 units, spring of instructional programs, systems approach to
Introduction to basic theories and the design of instructional programs , the
perspectives from the social sciences relevant teacher' s role in the instructional process, and
to an understanding of the role of education in automated instructional systems and computer
society . Major research work concerning applications.
social problems in education will be reviewed,
with special focus on the effects of cultural ETc3 l l J PRINCIPLES OF AUDIO· VISUAL
media on society. EDUCATION, 2 units, spring
Problems concerning educational media for
ETc200J COMPUTER APPLICA TION IN improving instruction. Top i c s include
EDUCATION II, 2 units, spring contributions of behaviorists to instructional
Intermediate programming skill in BASIC technology , teaching machine s and pro
language, relevant to design various computer grammed instruction, instructional design and
applications in teaching-learning proce s s . development, etc . Recommended for those
Recommended for those majoring i n teaching majoring in teaching methods and those
methods and those seeking teacher certifica seeking teacher certification.
ETc3 1 2E BROADCAST EDUCATION, 2 units, Development and functions of mass
autumn c ommunication systems . S urvey of the
S urvey of the h i storic al development, structures, functions, philosophies, and means
present sy stem and activities , and future of regulating mass communication institutions
directions of broadcast education. Examine and systems in modem society.
the cases in Japan and selected foreign
countries, re search problem s , and newer ETc332J MASS COMMUNICATION RESEARCH,
development in the area. 2 units, winter
Critical study of scientific aspects of mass
ETc320J INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICA communication, such as the effects of the mass
TION SCIENCE, 2 units, spring media, the role of the mass media in the
Survey of the structure, functions, philoso development of culture , and "uses and
phy, process and effects of interpersonal and gratifications".
mass communication. Emphasis on person
ality, group and community in terms of the ETc3 5 0J PROBLEMS OF SOCIALIZATION, 2
communication process. units
Analysis of the characteristics of such
ETc32 1 J COMMUNICATION AND CHANGE, 2 socialization agents as family, school, mass
units, autumn media and others. The trends and problems in
Major research traditions underlying the the research area of moral, occupational and
diffusion and acceptance of innovations and political socialization. (not offered in 1 994)
change. Strategic principles for introduction of
change through the uses of communication. ETc392,3 ,4J ADVANCED STUDIES IN EDUCA
TIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND COMMUNICATIONS
ETc 3 22E COMMUNICATION RESEARCH, 2 I, II, III, 2,2,2 units
units, spring Advanced studies for junior and senior
Problems in developing experimental and students in specialized subjects in Educational
survey designs in communication research. Technology and Communications.
ETc3 3 1 J MASS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
AND SOCIETY, 2 units, winter
[ 1 00]
DIVISION OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
General Education Courses IIrl 03 POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC
HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELA
The courses offered by faculty of thi s TIONS, 3 units
division a s part o f the General Education  IEb 1 00 FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOM
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are Ics, 3 units
listed , with descriptions and explanatory IEb 1 01 FUNDAMENTAL MANAMENT,
information, under College-Wide Programs. 3 units
IEb 1 02 PRINCIPLES OF REGIONAL ECO
NOMICS, 3 units
IEb 1 03 COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC
International Studies majors meet the 1 8 SYSTEMS, 3 units
unit Foundation Course requirement by taking  IC I l OO THEORIES OF HUMAN COM
3 or more units of each of the following five MUNICATION, 3 units
areas: IC I l O I INTRODUCTION TO LINGUIS
[ 1 ] IDw l 00 PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS, TICS, 3 units
3 units IC I l 02 SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3
IDw 1 0 1 INTERNATIONAL COOPERA units
TION, 3 units  ISal 00 INTERNATIONAL SOCIOLOGY,
IDw 1 20 SOCIAL SCIENCES AND COM 3 units
PUTER, 3 units ISa 1 0 1 ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN
IDw 1 2 1 SOCIAL SCIENCES AND STA LIFE, 3 units
TISTICS, 3 units
IDw 1 22 DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRON Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
MENT, 3 units
IDw 1 40 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS International Studies majors are required to
AND LANGUAGES, 3 units complete a minimum of 30 credit units of Area
IDw 1 4 1 LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY, 2 Major Courses by taking courses chosen from
units the departments in the International Studies.
IDw 1 60 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF 15 or more credits units must be taken in one
CULTURES, 3 units department, and also the students must take 9
 IIr1 00 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNA or more credit units of Divisional Major
TIONAL POLITICS, 3 units courses as part of their Area Major Courses.
IIr 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNA The senior thesis, 9 units, completes the
TIONAL ORGANIZATION, 3 units requirements for the Area Major. In addition
IIr 1 02 BASICS IN INTERNATIONAL every student will take at least 24 units of
LAW, 3 units electives.
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 
1 095-6-7 EJ SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units IDw l 22JE DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRON
The senior student, under the guidance of a MENT, 3 units, autumn
thesis advisor chosen from among the full time Thi s course will study the dilemma of
teaching staff of the division, selects a subject development and environment which many
in which he/she has an interest and prepares a developing countries are facing today . By
research paper the pursuing the subject in taking some concrete examples, the possibility
depth. Required in the senior year. of coordination of the two will be explored.
IDw l OOJE PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS, 3 IDw1 40E INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND
units, spring LANGUAGES, 3 units, autumn
Thi s c ourse discu sses the rel ationship This course discusses a range of inter
between peace and human rights keeping in national issues such as: language and the law,
mind the proposition that the protection of international languages, government language
human rights is essential for the maintenance polic ies, United Nations/EC l anguage s ,
of world peace. minority rights.
IDw l O l JE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, 3 IDw 1 4I EJ LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY, 2
units, spring units, spring
This course will discuss and analyze the Language is not only formed and developed
actual situations of international cooperation in each individual' s brain, but also shared by
at the levels of international organizations, the individuals of a social group. This course is
nation-states, and private entities. designed to tackle language problems, not so
much from the individual point of view, as
IDw 1 20E SOCIAL SCIENCES AND COMPUTER, from the viewpoint of how a language is used
3 units, spring by individuals in a social group in order to gain
As a result of the development of informa the knowledge of the social function of
tion and communication technology, various language from the macrosoc iolinguistic
areas of social sciences are undergoing perspective.
unprecedented transformation. The relation
ship between computer and social sciences IDw 1 60JE COMP ARA TIVE STUDY OF
goes beyond quantitative analysis into the CULTURES, 3 units, spring
areas of decision-making and future predic This course is designed to offer perspectives
tion. This course will study this fundamental for understanding other culture s . Maj or
relationship between computer and social theories and methodologies will be discussed.
Divisional Major Courses
IDw 1 2 1 E SOCIAL SCIENCES AND STATISTICS,
3 units, spring IDw200E INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATION, 3
This course will teach basic method of units, winter
social statistics so that the students would be The actual situations of international
able to develop special research designs to suit negotiation will be analyzed on both
their research needs. international and private business levels. The
[ 1 02] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
meaning and process of negotiation will be IDw340E MULTILINGUALISM, 3 units, winter
studied. Multilingualism is a new realm of investiga
tion in linguistics that deals with the problems
IDw220E QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS IN arising from the use of more than one lan
SOCIAL SCIENCES, 3 units, autumn guage, or the situation or context in which
Quantitative analysis has become essential such uses take place in or among individuals
in various fields of social sciences such as who speak more than one language. In the case
sociology, political science, economics, and of individual multilingualism, matters to be
business management. This course will teach dealt with concern personality development
basics of quantitative analysis necessary for and language identity problems; in the case of
these areas. multilingualism, of a larger context, the prob
lems of national language policies, national
IDw240J PROFES SIONAL WRITING AND identity , and religious beliefs will be dealt
DOCUMENTATION, 3 units, spring winter with.
This course aims to improve the ability to
communicate effectively in writing, and to IDw341E CONFLICT RESOLUTION, 3 units,
train to produce and document professional autumn
papers through the case method. This course will examine human behavior
and conflict in the context of communication.
IDw24I JE PUBLIC COMMUNICATION, 3 units, It will analyze, in particular, the categorization
spring, autumn, winter of conflicts , the factors which increase
This course aims to guide and train students conflicts, and theory and method of conflict
in public speaking , group discus sion and resolution.
interviews. In doing so, the theory of rhetorical
communication will be applied to the actual Division-Wide Integrated Courses
situations. It will also review the history of the
study of rhetoric and its development, and IDw380- 1 -2J,E OVERSEAS PROJECT SEMINAR
examine how to communicate well orally. I-II-III, 2-2-2 units, spring-autumn-winter
Students will conduct research on a specific
IDw260J RACE, ETHNIC GROUP, NATION AND topic at a designated place overseas.
CULTURE, 3 units, spring
This course will train students to be able to International Relations
better understand the que stions of race ,
ethnicity, and cultural policy of a State which IIrl OOJ INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL
are unavoidable in the process of internation POLITICS, 3 units, spring
alization. Brief introduction to the recent history of the
study of international politics including peace
IDw26 I JE COMPARATIVE SOCIAL STRUC studie s . Components of national power,
TURE, 3 units, spring motivators of international politics, functions,
Analysis of the relationship between institutions and movements for diplomacy,
economic development and social structure in war and maintenance of peac e , and the
an international perspective. dynamics of present-day international politics
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES [ 1 Q3]
will then be discussed. IIr202J LAW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZA
TION, 2 units, autumn
IIr 1 0 l J IN1RODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL Lectures and d i s c u s s ions on the laws
ORGANIZATION, 3 units, spring regulating the structure and activities of
Thi s course deals w i th the hi storic al various international organizations.
developments of v arious international
organizations, in particular the United Nations IIr203J INTERNATIONAL 1RADE LAW, 2 units,
and its specialized agencies, and further spring
discusses their structures and activities. Rules of international law, private interna
tional law, and municipal law concerning
IIr l 02J BASICS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, 3 international trade will be dealt with.
The role of international law in today ' s IIr204J PRI VATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, 2
world. The history of the creation and units, spring
development of international law, and basic This course will deal with various legal
theoretical issues of international law will be issues relating to applicable laws to cross
discussed. boundary questions.
IIrl 03E POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC HISTORY IIr205J ANGLO-AMERICAN L A W , 2 units ,
OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, 3 units, spring spring
This course will look at the history of the American and British legal system will be
international society from the point of view of studied. In particular, its historical develop
political economy in order to better understand ment and basic principles will be discussed.
the present day international relations.
IIr206J COMPARATIVE LAW I, 2 units ,
IIr200J POSITIVE INTERNATIONAL LAW 1, 2 autumn
units, autumn Lectures and discus sions on the legal
Positive international law rules related to systems of continental and eastern European
State and relations between States will be countries.
taught using relevant treaties, customary
international law, c ourt c ases and main IIr207J COMPARATIVE LAw n, 2 units, winter
theories as materials. Lecture s and discu s s ions on the legal
systems of developing countries, including
IIr20 l J POSITIVE INTERNATIONAL LAW II, 2 Latin American and Islamic countries.
Positive international law rules related to IIr208EJ INTERNATIONAL ADMINIS1RATION.
individuals, enterprises, non-governmental 2 units, autumn
organizations, and international organizations Analyzes the actual situations of public
will be taught u s ing relevant treaties, administration in v arious international
customary international law, court cases and organizations with an emphasis on the United
main theories as materials. Nations.
[ 1 04] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
IIr209EJ INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMEN IIr2 1 4J WESTERN DIPLOMATIC HISTORY III, 2
TAL ORGANIZATION, 2 units, winter units, winter
Analyzes the actual situations, roles and Lectures and discussions on the history of
problems of various international non-govern post-World War II European international
mental organizations. relations. Special emphasis will be placed on
the relations between European Community
IIr2 1 0JE STUDIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS, member countries and non-member European
2 units, autumn countries.
This course will study the history of the
establishment of the United Nations, its IIr2 1 5E ASIAN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ,
organization and activities, and the solution of 2 units, winter
various international problems through the Historical development of Asian interna
United Nations. tional relations with a particular focus on
Japan ' s and China's diplomatic relations.
IIr2 1 1 J DIPLOMACY, 2 units, autumn
Comparative studies of foreign policy IIr2 1 6J POLITICS IN WESTERN COUNTRIES , 2
decision-making using European, American units, autumn
and Japane se models . Also discusses the This course aims at describing the basic
relationship between domestic politics and principles of modern constitutional democracy
foreign policy with concrete examples. and discus sing the h i story and current
situations of governments and politics in those
IIr2 1 2J WESTERN DIPLOMATIC HISTORY I, 2 Western European c ountries such as the
units, spring United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and the
Deals with the methodology of diplomatic Scandinavian countries which follow the
history , particularly problems related to tradition of modem constitutional democracy.
diplomatic archives. Discusses the history of
international relations from the time of up to IIr217J POLITICS IN EASTERN EUROPEAN
the outbreak of the First World War with COUNTRIES, 2 units, winter
particular attention to the history of European Politics in Central and Eastern European
international relations. countries. this course covers the history, ethnic
problems, and recent political and economic
IIr2 1 3J WESTERN DIPLOMATIC HISTORY 11, 2 conversion of the region.
Thi s is a continuation of Western IIr2 1 8J POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES, 2
Diplomatic History I. Deals with the history of units, spring
European international relations between two This course will discuss the fundamental
World Wars. Discusses more recent periods problems of power and liberty, the making of
( 1 940 ' s and 5 0 ' s) in relation to which the Federal Constitution, federalism, separ
documents are gradually being declassified ation of powers, political process, political
and are made available for study. parties, pressure groups, and public opinion,
judicial review, and some current problems.
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES [ 1 05 ]
IIr2 1 9E POLITICS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES of intonational security. Second, the national
I, 2 units, spring security policy of the major countries will
Thi s course will discuss the politic al be examined. Third , regional security
development of countries in Asia, Africa and arrangements such as NATO, Japan- u . s .
Oceania from the historical viewpoint, and S ecurity Treaty and C S CE , and the world
analyze the present political situations of such security system under the United Nations will
countries. be analyzed. (given in alternate year, not
offered in 1 994).
IIr220E POLITICS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
II, 2 units, winter IIr303J DISARMAMENT, 2 units, autumn
This course will concentrate on the political Disarmament and arms control issues after
development of Latin American Countries the Second World War. This course covers the
from the colonial days to the present. It also main disarmament treaties and disarmament
analyzes the ir constitutional systems and efforts in the framework of the UN, the CD,
present political situations. etc.
IIr22 1 E MODERN JAPANESE INTERNATIONAL IIr3 04J INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC A N D
RELATIONS, 2 units, spring FINANCIAL LAW, 2 units, autumn
Aims to trace the development of Japanese Establi shment and development of the
international relations since the mid- 1 9th Bretton Woods and GATT regime after the
century . Spec ial emphasis on Japanese Second World War. Various issues of the
American and Japanese-Chinese relations in regime as well as the claim of the new
the post-war period. International Ec onomic Order will be
discussed from the legal point of view.
IIr300JE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS , 2
units, winter IIr3 50E ADVANCED STUDIES IN INTERNA
This course deals with various problems TIONAL RELATIONS I, 2 units, autumn
relative to the international protection of Analyzes current topics of international
h u m a n r i g h t s w i th e m ph a s e s on t h e relations from a political and legal perspective.
standardsetting, supervision and implementa
tion. IIr3 5lJ ADVANCED STUDIES I N I NTERNA
TIONAL RELATIONS II, 2 units, autumn
IIr3 0 l J INTERNATIONAL HUMAN ENVIRON Analyzes current topics of international
MENT, 2 units, winter relations from a political and legal perspective.
Analyzes global environmental problems,
using concrete cases and approaches from IIr3 52E ADVANCED STUDIES I N INTERNA
various disciplines. TIONAL RELATIONS III, 2 units, winter
Analyzes current topics of international
IIr302J STUDIES IN NATIONAL SECURITY, 2 relations from a political and legal perspec
units, winter tive.
First, lectures are offered on the basic theory
[ 1 06] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
International Economics and developed economies based on free market,
International Business Administration centrally planned economies, and economies
of developing countries. As a standard of
IEb l OOJ FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS, 3 classification, the method in management
units, autumn science such as optimal standards will be
B asic knowledge of economic s, i . e . , the applied.
macro and micro economics, will be taught.
This course is a foundation course for those IEb200EJ INTERNATIONAL TRADE I, 3 units,
students majoring in international economics spring
and international business management. Its B asic framework of international economy
contents include determination of income , will be explained. Lectures cover theories of
employment, money, finance, price, wages, comparative costs, industrial structure and
interest, land rent, and general equilibrium international trade, Hecksher- Ohlin and
theory. It will also teach theoretical basis for capital transfer.
economic planning and policy evaluation.
IEb20 l J INTERNATIONAL TRADE II, 2 units,
IEb l O l JE FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT, autumn
3 units, spring Lectures will cover international trade and
Analysis of various problems faced by economic policies, theories of tariff, economic
modern business management. B u sine s s protection and integration. This c ourse i s
strategy and organization, analysis o f various designed for the advanced field of trade
functions of management, busine s s and policies.
environment, business and technology, social
responsibility of business, and international IEb202EJ INTERNATI ONAL FINANCIAL
ization of business will be discussed. It also THEORY, 2 units, spring
looks into the historial development of Examines theories of finance and money,
management thoughts. keeping in mind the similarities and
differences of international monetary systems.
IEb 1 02JE PRINCIPLES OF REGIONAL ECO The course also studies the functions of central
NOMICS, 3 units, winter banks, the history and theory of international
This course will study basic knowledge and finance, the economic structures of various
theories on regional economics. Students will countries , and international capital move
study theories and quantitative method using ments and the balance of payments.
the actual cases in the United States, Europe,
Japan and developing countries. IEb203JE I NTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
POLICY, 2 units, spring
IEb 1 03JE COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC SYS Overview of international finance systems
TEMS, 3 units, winter and a comparative study of their mechanisms.
This course will explore methods to analyze Also studies the functions of international
and compare the various economic systems, finance with an emphasis on its relation to
which will be grouped into several categories. economic development. Legal and adminis
The economic systems will be grouped into trative aspects as well as economic and
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES [ I 07]
financial aspects will be dealt with. Students optimal solutions in endogenous models.
are advised to take this course together with
International Financial Theory. IEb208JE ANALYSIS OF ASIAN ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT, 2 units, spring
IEb204JE WORLD ECONOMY, 2 units, winter Theoretical analysis of economic develop
This course examines the structure of global ment in ASEAN countrie s and As ian NIES
economy. Students are expected to have taken countries. Various barriers for development
and/or to take simultaneously, Foreign Trade will be discussed comparatively. Students will
and Intentional Finance. The course integrates thus be prepared to carry out the integrated
various issues related to the above courses into research necessary for policy making.
the global structure. Functional analysis of
national economy will be also included in the IEb209EJ FOREIGN TRADE AND ECONOMIC
course. DEVELOPMENT OF JAPAN, 2 units, winter
Theoretical and positive study of the role of
IEb205J DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS , 2 units, trade in the economic development of Japan.
winter Selected characteristic s of Japanese trade
This course is designed as a general survey policy will be analyzed on each level of
of development economics aiming for a economic development.
comprehensive grasp of theories and relevant
policies. The course will also cover such IEb2 1 0JE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PRO
topics as the role of government, the JECTS, 2 units, spring
significance of the private sector and policy Theoretical and positive study of regional
questions, as well as theoretical aspects of development plans, using cases in Japan and
modem evaluation of planning. developing c ountrie s . The c ourse also
explores the impact of world politics and the
IEb206EJ COMPARATIVE ANALY S I S OF world economy on regional development,
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, 2 units, winter using materials from international organiza
A comparative and positive analysis of tions and developed countries.
development problems of various regions of
the world. Will study mathematical and IEb2 1 1J THEORY OF FOREIGN EXCHANGES , 2
historical methods of analysis, using regional units, spring
economics. The c ourse aims at preparing Systematic presentation of the theories and
students to plan and implement regional practical policy tasks of foreign exchanges.
economic development projects. Interrelated problems of foreign exchange
theories and balance of payments adjustment
IEb207JE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF mechanisms and intentional finance. Also,
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, 2 units, autumn current policy issues will be discussed such as
Econometric and stati stical analysis of harmony of the world economy.
developing economie s . Case studies of
developmental policies, with emphasis on the IEb220E MANAGEMENT OF MULTINATIONAL
reasons for gaps between development targets ENTERPRISES , 3 units, spring
and actual performance, projection errors and This course deals with the various aspects of
[ 1 08] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
the management of multinational enterprises. market
The topics in the class discussion include: -The option market
-Theories of MNEs -Working capital management and inter-
-MNEs and Nation States Interaction national business
-MNEs Business Strategies
-MNEs Management Function IEb224J INTERNATIONAL ACCO UNTING, 3
-Japanese MNEs and Their Behavior units, spring
This course aims at the following objectives:
IEb22 1 E INTERNATI ONAL MARKETIN G , 3 -To understand integrated accounting
units, spring principles adopted by multinational
Focuses on the differences between enterpri ses centering around the
traditional marketing and i nternational consolidated income statements
marketing and discusses the theoretical -To compare the accounting principles of
framework of international marketing . various countries
International marketing actIv ItIes of -To examine the possibility and potential
multinational companies, including product problems of adopting international
strategy, price strategy, distribution strategy accounting standards.
and sales strategy, will also be analyzed.
IEb225E INTERNATI ONAL PRODUCTION
IEb222J COUNTRY RISK ANALYS I S , 3 units, LOGISTICS AND LABOR RELATI O N S , 3 units,
Multinational corporations operate in Analysis of the decision-making process of
various market conditions that have widely multinational companies regarding production
different politic al , social and cultural loc ation and market selection from the
characteristics having variety of impact on the viewpoints of location theory, marketing and
decision-making process of c orporations . financial management. In particular, the
These impacts are taken as risk factors, and question of how the production location policy
through the analysis of these risks, a method based on economic efficiency principle will be
will be explored by which the corporations changed as a result of heterogeneity of value
could properly absorb these risks. systems in multi-cultural societies. Further
more, human resource management, labor
IEb223J INTERNATI ONAL CORPORATE relations and employment evaluation in the
FINANCE, 3 units, winter markets in rec ipient c ou ntri e s will be
This course is a comprehensive one for analyzed.
examining various aspects of financial
management by international busine s s IEb250J READINGS IN INTERNATIONAL
enterprises. The topics included are: ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT
-The international monetary system and 2 units, autumn
corporate finance This course is a reading course of basic
-Foreign exchange market, and corporate books and articles regarding the fundamental
fmance problems in the field of intonational economy
-Mechanisms of the international offshore and international management, such as
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES [ 1 09 ]
economic and management situations and policy perspective. The course also includes
decision-making process. discussion of the experience of the United
Nations development decades and the future
IEb25lJ READINGS IN INTERNATIONAL ECO of international economic cooperation policy.
NOMY AND INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT II, 2
units, winter IEb302JE SPECIAL TOPICS IN REGIONAL
Readings on practical problems in the ANALYSIS, 2 units, spring
international ec onomy and i nternational Studies theoretical and technical aspects of
management, focusing on economic planning, regional development analy s i s . Includes
economic development, marketing, financial economic space, the theory of location and
analysis and accounting. international industry as well as regional
IEb252E READINGS IN INTERNATIONAL
ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT IEb303JE ADVANCED STUDIES IN INTERNA
2 units, autumn
III, TIONAL ECONOMY, 2 units, autumn
Statistical analysis of economics/business Readings on theoretical and institutional
data in the international economic system, will research in international economics. Emphasis
be the main subject of this course. will be placed on the problems of international
finance, particularly those touching on finance
IEb300J INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY, and development such as accumulated debt
2 units, winter issue.
The course will clarify the reason why
foreign trade is required. Various forms of IEb360E COMPREHENSIVE CASE ANALYSIS
public trade policies and their functions will be OF INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT I, 2 units,
explained. Examples of the policies on the winter
balance of payments such as foreign exchange Case studies in international management
and quotas will be explained. Lectures will on the basis of knowledge in various related
also cover the area of international economic fields. Of central concern is the analysis of
co-operation such as north-south problems, decision-making among business manage
economic integration and general scheme of ment leaders. Students will take part in
preference. developing cases.
IEb30 l JE HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT ECO IEb36 1 E COMPREHENSIVE CASE ANALYSIS
NOMY, 2 units, winter OF INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT II, 2 units,
Comparative and historical study of the autumn
economic development policies of developed Thi s course prov ides students with
and developing countries, including Japan. analytical skills in international business for
The roles of public and private sectors, the different functional areas ( international
effects of protection and promotion policies, marketing, accounting and finance).
and the effects of saving, investment and The students are assigned a group project,
foreign assistance will be analyzed from a andeach group develops its own business case.
[ 1 1 0] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
International Communication Oriental perspectives.
IC 1 20 1 JE JAPANESE PATTERNS OF COM-
IC l l OOE THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICA MUNICATION, 2 units, spring
TION, 3 units, autumn This course will study the value system,
This course will study philosophy, theory structure of logic and patterns of way of
and various research results in the field of thinking of the Japanese on the basis of the
human communication from classical works basic theory of communication. It will also
to recent one s . It will al s o discuss the compare Japanese patterns of communication
dynamics of interactions among small groups, with the communication patterns of the United
patterns and functions of leadership, and States and selected southeast Asian countries.
conflict and decision-making within a group. A case method will be employed.
IC I 1 01E INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS, 3 IC 1 202J COMPARATIVE JOURNALISM, 3
units, autumn units, spring
This course is the first course in a series of Hi storical development of j ournalism,
linguistic courses that are designed to teach concept and role of journalism, ethics and
students how to analyze a languag e . It journalism, freedom of information and
provides the basic concepts and theories in expression, international news agencies, and
contemporary linguistics that are needed to other related topics will be discussed in a
serve the purpose of handling linguistic data. comparative manner. Particular emphasis will
be placed on the role and function of
IC l l 02E SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3 units, journalism in democratic political regimes.
This course is designed to teach students IC 1 203J PRI N C I PLES OF REPORTI NG &
interested in languages and linguistics how to EDITING, 3 units, autumn
master the sounds of various languages that Will critically analyze, by using cases, the
they may or may not know. The content will definition of news, news gathering, editing
concentrate on how to use the knowledge in and reporting, the organization of the
articulatory phonetics and acoustic phonetics newspaper companies, the role of editors, the
to facilitate the learning and understanding of method of writing headlines , investigative
the sounds of language which will be useful in reporting, and the subjectivity-objectivity
not only the study of linguistics at an advanced syndrome in j ournalism. S tudents will be
level but also in the practical acquisition of a given opportunities to exercise to improve
second foreign language. reporting and editing skills.
IC 1 200E INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION, IC 1 204E CROS S -CULTURAL COMMUNICA-
2 units, winter TION STUDIES, 2 units, autumn
The process of interpersonal communication Basic theory of inter-cultural communica
as a humanistic and social scientific subject of tion and its application. The relationship
study. Within this context, special attention is between a language and culture and the impact
given to inter-personal communication using of different communication patterns found
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES [1 1 1]
in various cultures upon inter-cultural understanding of each other' s culture. In this
communication will be studied. course , instructions will be focused on the
discussion of different cultures through their
IC 1 205J,E INTERCULTURAL NEGOTIATION semantic differences so as to find ways to
AND PERSUASION, 2 units, winter translate those differences from one culture to
S tudies on concepts and processes of another through their languages on the basis of
negotiation and persuasion from intercultural certain techniques and practical methods of
communications perspectives. Research will translating.
be conducted on theoretical and strategic
fac tors which influence negotiation and IC 1 3 00JE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
persuasion processes. INTERPRETING, 3 units, spring
This course will study and train students in
IC 1 220E LANGUAGE AND B EHAVIOR, 2 international conference interpreting on the
units, spring basis of the theory of c ommunication
The relationship between language, thought developed through the experienc e s of
and behavior principally from a general international conferences. It will aim to train
semantics perspective . Attention to the students to grasp the content precisely and to
process of ab straction and classification, improve the ability to concentrate . Main
identification, ambiguity , d i stortion and emphasis will be on summary interpreting but
related features of everyday language habits. the skills of consecutive and simultaneous
interpretation will also be studied. The
IC 1 22 1 E HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, 2 units, materials will be taken mainly from the field
spring of international economics and finance.
Language changes over time. This course is
designed to describe the changing processes IC 1 30 1 JE SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETATION,
and the mechanisms, or reasons for such 3 units, autumn
changes, and at the same time to offer the Theoretical examination and training of
methodologies that have been developed over simultaneous interpretation, particularly
the past three centuries that reconstruct the Japanese-English interpretation. The training
proto-language of languages or dialects that will focus on quick comprehension of the
are related genetically based on intensive field meaning of a sentence and a paragraph and
study and/or documentary investigations. fast reaction thereto. The materials will be
Reconstructions can be made at all levels: taken from politics and diplomacy, particu
phonological, morphological, syntactic , and larly those related to court interpretation. By
semantic. using modern facilities and equipment of
simultaneous interpretation, the course will
IC 1 222JE PRINCIPLES OF TRANSLATING, 2 aim to practice effective intercultural
units, autumn communication.
Meanings of language change from culture
to culture. Therefore, to communicate among IC 1 302JE ISSUES IN MULTINATIONAL CON
peoples from different cultures requires the FERENCE COMMUNICATION, 3 units, winter
[ 1 1 2] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
The course will examine various problems along with the methodology of analysis.
of multinational communication encountered
in international c onference s . It will al so IC 1 3 2 1 J SOCIOLINGUISTICS, 2 units, winter
provide training of consecutive and Language has a static and a dynamic aspect.
simultaneous interpretation. B asic theory of In its dynamic aspect, which takes into
rhetorical communication will be applied. consideration the use of language in the
context of situation, the social function of
IC 1 303J INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN MASS language will be dealt with from both the
COMMUNICATION, 3 units, winter macro- and micro-points of view.
This course will study various problems of
international mass-communication such as IC13 22E D I S C OURSE ANALY S I S , 3 units ,
mass-communication and external image, the winter
third world and new international information Speech is not made up of individual words;
order, and national secrecy and the freedom of rather, it is hierarchically organized, from
the press. The course will be based on the words to phrases, from phrases, to sentences,
analysis of the current situation and problems and from sentences to paragraphs and so on.
of international communication. Discourse analysis is aimed at the description
of speech at all levels so as to discuss it' s
IC 1 350JE READINGS IN COMMUNICATION, 3 structure and function and, therefore , is a
units, winter newly developed realm of investigation in
Readings and d i s c u s s ion of books and linguistics.
articles in the field of communication.
IC 1 3 23J LINGUISTIC GEOGRAPHY, 2 units,
IC 1 3 5 1 E ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMMUNI autumn
CATION I, 3 units, spring Dialects exist not only in oral language but
S pecial studies in selected are as of also in sign language at the level of phonology,
c ommunication for students who have morphology , syntax, and semantics. This
completed introductory courses. course is des igned to investigate such
variations in different languages, such as
IC 1 352J ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMMUNI Japanese, English, and Chinese. Field study
3 units, autumn
CATION II, will be conducted so as to record the findings
Will study deeply a spec ific area of on maps from which language change can be
communication such as journalism. observed.
IC 1 3 60E FIELDWORK IN LINGUISTIC S , 3 Comparative Society and Culture
This course is designed to train students to ISa l OOJ INTERNATIONAL SOCIOLOGY, 3
analyze a language that they do not know. units, spring
Techniques of how to elicit linguistic data from This course aims to analyze the world as a
an informant and how to conduct an actual field social system and investigate international
study will be taught throughout the course, relations at a macro level.
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES [1 13]
ISa l O l E ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN LIFE, 3 society . Various facets of the city such as
units, autumn urban space, time transportation, housing,
This course is designed to offer analysis of human organization, urban folklore , and
interaction between environment and human socio-cultural movements.
life. Examples will be drawn from societies of
hunters, gatherers, herders, and cultivators. I S a2 5 0JE READINGS IN COMPARATIVE
SOCIETY, 2 units, autumn
IS a200J SOCIOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT, 2 Readings in comparative society. Students
units, autumn make oral presentations and participate in
Studies the impact of development projects discussions based on the readings.
and development assistance upon the internal
social structures of developing countries. IS a260JE READINGS IN COMPARATIVE
CULTURE, 2 units, winter
ISa20 l J COMPARATIVE SOCIAL MOVEMENT, 2 In order to enhance anthropological
units, autumn perspectives for making cultural comparison,
Analysis of world-wide and regional social students will be assigned to read and discuss
movement and social conflict from sociologi ethnographies.
cal point of view.
IS a3 00JE COMPARATIVE S OCIOLOGY I, 2
ISa220J,E SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN THE units, winter
U.S.A., 2 units, winter Analysis of changes in the structure and role
Analy sis of historical development, the of families as a result of industrialization.
characteristics of change, and the present state S tudies the dynamic relationship between
of American society and culture. society and family by comparing societies
with different hi storical and cultural
ISa22 l J S OCIETY AND CULTURE IN ASIA, 2 backgrounds.
Analysis of historical development, the I S a3 0 l JE COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY I I , 2
characteristics of change, and the present state units, autumn
of Asian society and culture. Analy sis of the processes of economic
restructuring at the international level, with
ISa222JE SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN OCEANIA, spec ial attention to the social impact of
2 units, autumn multinational corporations ..
This course is designed to acquaint students
with present social and cultural conditions of IS a320JE MULTIETHNIC SOCIETY, 2 units,
various parts of Oceania through learning autumn
local histories, social changes and the nature Language, religion, class, and politics as
of social forces at work. relevant aspects of ethnic groups will be the
subject of the study for a basic understanding
IS a223J URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY, 2 units , of multiethnic soc iety . Examples of
winter multiethnic society from various parts of the
Meaning of the city for human culture and world will be discussed.
[ 1 1 4] INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
ISa350J ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMPARA- training (in Nepal and other countries).
TIVE SOCIOLOGY, 2 units, winter
Adv anc ed studies in selected topics in ISa363JE ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMPARA
comparative sociology. TIVE CULTURE II, 2 units, winter
In order to enhance students ' awareness of
IS a360J AREA STUDY -SEMINAR I, 2 units , cultural and social issues in other advanced
spring c ountri e s , variou s phenomena will be
This course aims at preparing students for examined comparatively, making best use of
Overseas Field Training in Cultural Anthro students ' experiences in overseas field
pology. Using the example of a particular training (in Australia).
developing country , we will study the
relationship between urbanization (or ISa380JE OVERSEAS RESEARCH TRAINING
economic development) and cultural and IN SOCIOLOGY I, 3 units, spring
social change. Preparation of questionnaire in English for
use in overseas research projects.
ISa3 6 1 J AREA STUDY-SEMINAR II, 2 units,
spring ISa3 8 1 JE OVERSEAS RESEARCH TRAINING IN
This course aims at preparing students for SOCIOLOGY II,3 units, autumn
Overseas Field Training in Cultural Training in the analysis of research data
Anthropology. Emphasis will be on the impact using computers.
of technological renovation, pollution and
education upon the life and culture of a ISa382JE OVERSEAS RESEARCH TRAINING IN
particular developed country. SOCIOLOGY III, 3 units, winter
Students learn how to interpret the results of
ISa362JE ADV ANCED STUDIES IN COMPARA an analysis and how to prepare reports.
TIVE CULTURE 1, 2 units, winter
In order to enhance students ' awareness of ISa390JE OVERSEAS FIELD TRAINING IN
cultural and social i s sues in developing CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 2 units, autumn
c ountries, various phenomena will be Students carry out research for about ten
examined comparatively, making best use of days in a particular developing or developed
students ' experience s in overseas field country.
[ 1 1 5]
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL C OURSES
OPEN TO UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
Courses in the Graduate School consist of Division of Natural Sciences
foundation and area c ourse s . Courses
numbered in the 400-499 range are graduate GNP Foundation Course
courses open also to advanced undergraduate GNAA Area Course I & II Group A
students with the permis-sion of the instructor. GNAB Area Course I & II Group B
Course Codes of graduate school courses GNAC Area Course I & II Group C
consist of the following elements: GNAD Area Course I Group D
1) The first two letters (GE, GP, GC, GN)
indicate the division. Division of Education
2) The other letters (or single letter) indicate
the classification of the course. GEPh40 1 STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDU
CATION 1, 3 units
Division of Education (Problems of Philosophy of Education)
Selected subjects among the fundamental
GEPh Philosophy of Education problems of philosophy of education.
GEPs Educational Psychology Characteristics of various educational thoughts
GEAv Audio-Visual Education are examined in this context.
GEEt English Teaching (given in alternate years)
GESo Advanced Educational Sociology
GEPh402 STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDU
Division of Public Administration CATION II, 3 units
(Problems of Modern Philosophy and
GPFA Foundation Course Group A Educational Issues)
GPFB Foundation Course Group B The bearings of the main currents of 20th
GPAI Area Course, Integrated Study century philosophy upon problems in modem
Course philosophy and education.
(given in alternate years)
Division of Comparative Culture
GEPh404 SEMINAR IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDU
GCFA Foundation Course Group A CATION I, 3units
GCFB Foundation Course Group B Philosophical examination of the basic
GCFC Foundation Course Group C. problems of education.
GCCA Area Major Course (given in alternate years)
GCCT Area Course (Tutorial)
GEPh405,6 SEMINAR IN PHILOSOPHY OF
[ 1 1 6] THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY
EDUCATION II. III. 3, 3 units philosophy of education through critical
Philosophical examination of the basic examination of some major works in the history
problems of education, such as its significance, of Western educational thought.
special functions, etc. (given in alternate years) (given in alternate years)
GEPh41 1 ,2 STUDIES IN HISTORY OF EDU- GEPh425,6 SEMINAR IN HISTORY OF WEST-
CATIONAL THOUGHT IN JAPAN I. 11, 3 , 3 units ERN EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT II. III, 3 , 3 units
(History of Educational Thought in Modem (given in alternate years)
Japan I, II)
Conflicts in the concepts of man and GEPh43 1 ,2 STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE EDU
educational principles and methods in modem CATION I. 11. 3, 3 units
Japan. I: Meiji period II: Taisho and Show a (Foundation of American Education)
periods. (given in alternate years) Critical aspects of contemporary problems of
education in the United States; a comparative
GEPh41 3 ,4 SEMINAR IN HISTORY OF EDU analysis in terms of the historical, geographical,
CATIONAL THOUGHT IN JAPAN I. 11. 3, 3 units religious, social and political conditions of that
(Seminar in History of Educational Thought in country, with special concern for the similarities
Modem Japan) and differences with Japan
Studies of representative educational figures (given in alternate years)
in modem Japan and their works.
(given in alternate years) GEPh43 3,4 SEMINAR IN COMPARATIVE
EDUCATION I. II. 3, 3 units
GEPh42 1 STUDIES IN HISTORY OF WESTERN (Education for International Understanding)
EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT I. 3 units The principles of comparative education; the
Analysis of the historical background to process of education in selected countries from a
modern Western philosophy of education, comparative perspective.
pursued through a selective study of several (given in alternate years)
writings of major Western educational thinkers.
(given in alternate years) GEPh441 ,2 SPECIAL STUDIES IN PHILOSO
PHY OF EDUCATION I. 11. 3 , 3 units
GEPh422 STUDIES IN HISTORY OF WESTERN
EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT II. 3 units GEPh443,4 SPECIAL STUDIES IN PHILOSO
Types of understanding of humankind PHY OF EDUCATION III. IV. 3, 3 units
within modern western history , examined Studies on selected topics in philosophy of
with the aim of obtaining a basic compre education directed by visiting professors. (I, II,
hension of problems of philo sophy of and III, IV, given in alternate years)
education through the historical perspective.
(given in alternate years) GEPs403 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY
CHOLOGY III, 3 units
GEPh424 SEMINAR IN HISTORY OF WEST (Neuropsychology)
ERN EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT 1, 3 units The causes of intellectual, emotional and
Discussion of fundamental principles in the language disorders; their remedies, based on the
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY [ 1 1 7]
recent findings of neurophysiological studies on and prediction, and practices of diagnosis and
the evolution and development of behavior. prognosis in educational psychology.
GEPs404 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY- GEPs46 1 STUDIES IN GUIDANCE AND COUN-
CHOLOGY I, 3 units SELING I, 3 units
(History of Psychological Research) (Foundation of Guidance)
Review of the history and recent trends of The philosophy and scope of guidance,
psychological studies to obtain perspective counseling and psychotherapy in education and
on the field; the roles and practical problems clinical settings; contributions of psychology,
of psychological studies. sociology and other related fields; historical
(given in alternate years) background; present important issues, lecture,
(offered in 1 994) discussion, individual studies.
GEPs405 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY - GEPs464 SEMINAR IN EDUCATIONAL PSY-
CHOLOGY II, 3 units CHOLOGY IV , 3 units
(Problems and Theories) (Clinical Psychology)
Discussion of main research areas, significant The basic concept and theory of clinical
problems, representative theories and psychology, with emphasis on its objectives;
anticipated future directions of educational methods of psycho-diagnosis and psycho
psychology as an interdisciplinary science. therapy, through case studies. At times, short
(given in alternate years) period observation trips to institutions in Tokyo.
(given in alternate years)
GEPs425 SEMINAR IN EDUCATIONAL PSY
CHOLOGY III, 3 units GEPs465 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY-
(Problems in Developmental Psychology) CHOLOGY V, 3 units
To critically review the studies on lifelong (Psychiatry)
developmental processes of infant, child, History of psychiatry, biological basis of the
adolescent as well as post-adult periods. human mind, mental disorder, pathological
mental states, psychopathology , dynamic
GEPs444 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY psychiatry and psychoanalysis, social
CHOLOGY IV, 3 units psychiatry. (given in alternate years)
(Problems in Psychology of Personality)
A survey of the formation, structure and GEPs47 1 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY-
functions of personality in social and cultural CHOLOGY VI, 2 units
aspects. (given in alternate years) (Problems in Social Psychology)
(offered in 1 994) Studies of the main issues and methodologies
in educational social psychology . The
GEPs453 SEMINAR IN EDUCATIONAL PSy psychology of interpersonal recognition,
CHOLOGY II, 3 units interpersonal attitude and interpersonal
(Problems in Measurement and Evaluation) relationship are discus sed to cognitive
Various problems in methods of test consistency theories. (given in alternate years)
construction, theories of evaluation, selection (offered in 1 994)
[1 1 8] THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY
GEPs472 STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY (Seminar in Educational Technology)
CHOLOGY VII, 2 units The application of principles of technology to
(Group Dynamics) educ ational and instructional proce sses.
Several topics among the important issues of Technological origins; foundations of systems
group dynamics are chosen and studied: such as approach and its application to education;
group cohesiveness, group pressure, dynamic application of technological techniques to
connections between the individual and the curriculum development and instructional
group, leadership, group structure, small group research.
dynamics large group dynamics.
(given in alternate years) GEAv426 SEMINAR IN A-V EDUCATION JII,
(offered in 1 994) 3 units
(Laboratory of Educational Technology)
GEAv42 1 SPECIAL LECTURES IN A-V EDU- In-depth examination into computer
CATION IV, 3 units application in education. Computer experiments
(Advanced Theory of A-V Communication) or problems in educational data analysis;
Systematic review of empirical studies of information storage and retrieval; CAl and
audio-visual communication; attempts to CM!.
formalize the theories of audio-visual com
munication. GEAv427 SEMINAR IN A-V EDUCATION I ,
GEAv422 SPECIAL LECTURES IN A-V EDU (Production & Administration in A-V
CATION V, 3 units Education)
(Theory and Research in Communication) Reading of selected articles on audiovisual
Survey of theoretical models of communica administration. Basic techniques and principles
tion and the findings of behavioral research; of film production. Field work.
communication research strategy, methodology
and design. GEEt41 1 ,2 LINGUISTICS I, II, 3, 3 units
Concepts of grammar and linguistic theory;
GEAv423 SPECIAL LECTURES IN A-V EDU fundamentals of phonology, syntax, and
CATION VI, 3 units semantics.
(Psychology of A-V Communication)
Survey of the inner processes of individuals as GEEt41 3 ,4,5 SPECIAL STUDIES OF LAN
a fundamental problem of audio-visual 3, 3, 3 units
GUAGE I, II, JII,
communication. Major subjects: neurophysi Discussion of specific problems of language;
ological process of imagery and verbal including problems of historical linguistics,
phenomena; developmental psychology of sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, philosophy
imagery; interferential problems of verbal and of language , mathematical linguistics,
non-verbal systems; individual differences in pedolinguistics, etc.
types of information processing.
GEEt421 LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, 3 units
GEAv425 SEMINAR IN A-V EDUCATION II, This course deals with the central issues of
3 units language acquisition, focusing on second
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY [ 1 1 9]
language acquisition (SLA). Factors of learning GPFA402 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, 2 units
context and opportunities for language use, The structure of modem industrialized society
individual variables (including age, motivation, is examined, espec ially focu sing on the
cognitive styles and attitudes), and linguistic stratified structure of society.
variables are all considered in an attempt to
clarify the range of phenomena that influence GPFA403 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND
language learning outcomes. MASS MEDIA, 2 units
This is to study the influence of mass
GEEt432 OLD ENGLISH, 3 units communication upon international relations.
An inv e s tigation of the sounds and Issues such as characteristics of the flow of
structure of Old English, primarily in its West foreign news, images of other nations they
Saxon form as revealed in surviving texts; create, their impact on foreign policy, public
readings from representative Old English opinion and foreign policy will be discussed
prose and poetry. and analyzed.
GEEt433 MIDDLE ENGLISH, 3 units GPFB 40 1 ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY, 2
A historical survey of Middle English; units
emphasis on the language of Chaucer. Reading S tudy of actual situations of economic
from selected poems by Chaucer and other institutions and behavior in particular
Middle English works representative of the communities of developing states and
major dialects. examination of urgent problems related to the
GES0440 ADVANCED EDUCATIONAL SOCI
OLOGY, 3 units GPAI401 SOCIAL CHANGE, 2 units
The inter-relationship between industrial Critical review of classical and contemporary
ization and education in changing society; the theories of social change; analysis of social
role of education in the process of industrial forces shaping Japanese society and culture.
ization; educational problems caused by
indu strialization including such soc ial GPAI402 LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 2 units
phenomena as urbanization, emergence of Study of universally existing postulates
mass society, alienation, increase of woman which e s tabl i sh fundamental order in
in the labor force, etc. individual societies, laying an emphasis on
unwritten legal norms, tribal customary laws,
Division of Public Administration indigenous laws, way of disputes settlement,
conflicts between statute law and indigenous
GPFA401 SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND POLICY, law, changes.
A theoretical and empirical study of GPAI403 COMPARATIVE ORGANIZATION,
sociological mechanisms which produce social 2 units
deviates. Analysis of social structure as the basis Study mainly of business organizations,
of an evaluative framework concerning the focusing on their internal structure and their
pathological phenomena. relationship with society, using a comparative
[ 1 20] THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY
framework. methodology of either fine arts or music.
Division of Comparative Culture GCFB412 LITERATURE O F THE WEST, 2
GCFA400 RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY OF Investigation of problems of We stern
THE EAST, 2 units literature from the point of view of comparative
Investigation of problems relating to methods culture, employing interdisciplinary methods of
of comparative study and research in the fields study and research.
of Eastern religion and philosophy.
GCFB 4 1 3 HISTORY & INTELLECTUAL
GCFA40 1 ART & MUSIC OF THE EAST, HISTORY OF THE WEST, 2 units
2 units Investigation of problems relating to methods
A general comparative survey of Eastern art, of comparative study and research in the fields
including discussion of methodology of either of Western history and intellectual history,
fine arts or music. including discussion of the idea of history found
in Western cultures.
GCFA402 LITERATURE OF THE EAST, 2
units GCFC420 CULTURAL CHANGE, 2 units
Investigation of problems of Eastern literature A general survey of theories on cultural
from the point of view of comparative culture, transformation and comparative analysis of
employing interdisciplinary methods of study factors involved in cultural change within
and research. particular cultures.
GCFA403 HISTORY & INTELLECTUAL GCFB42 1 LANGUAGE AND CULTURE, 2
HISTORY OF THE EAST, 2 units units
Investigation of problems relating to methods Study of the features of language as an aspect
of comparative study and research in the fields of culture and investigation of their mutual
of Eastern history and intellectual history, relationships, including cultural characteristics.
including discussion of the idea of history found
in Eastern cultures. GCFC422 LANGUAGE CONTACT, 2 units
Investigation of linguistic and psychological
GCFB410 RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY OF THE phenomena that occur when two languages with
WEST, 2 units different cultural backgrounds are in contact
Investigation of problems relating to methods with each other.
of comparative study and research in the fields
of Western religion and philosophy. GCFC423 JAPANESE SOCIETY AND LAN-
GUAGE, 2 units
GCFB41 1 ART & MUSIC OF THE WEST, 2 Investigation of relationships between
units Japanese social structure and linguistic
A general comparative survey of Western art, expressions in Japanese from the point of view
including discussion of comparative of comparative culture.
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY 
GCFC424 CHARCTERISTICS OF THE JAPA- GCCA440,l COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SO-
NESE LANGUAGE, 2 units CIETY I, II,3, 3 units
An investigation of the phonological, A comparative study of pre-modem as well as
grammatical, lexical, stylistic and orthographic modern societies with a focus on social
characteri stic s of Japanese: what kind of structure, social organization and value systems.
language it is, and how its properties relate it to
the other languages of the world. GCCA462,3,4 CHRISTIANITY & CULTURE I,
3, 3, 3 units
GCCA430, l VALUE CONCEPTS I, II, 3, 3 units Based upon historical instances, a study of the
A broad survey of the values of different different views that are held about the relation
nations and peoples as expres sed in such between a culture and the distinctive views of
cultural forms as religious, philosophical, social, Christianity about man and the world. Attention
and cultural ideas, movements, etc. also to the factors involved in the acceptance or
rejection of Christianity within particular
GCCA432,3 INSTITUTIONS I, II, 3, 3 units cultures.
A broad comparative survey of the social
habits and customs of different nations and GCCA466,7 MODERNIZATION I, II, 3, 3 units
peoples with special reference to their political A comprehensive analysis of the factors
and legal manifestations in culture and society. involved in the modernization of a civilization,
and of the different problems that arise in
GCCA434,5 STYLE I, II, 3, 3 units particular cases.
Comparative study of selected media of
cultural expression such as differences in ways GCCA469,470 IMAGES OF THE WORLD I, II,
of thinking, in generating social action and in 3 , 3 units
the arts. Areas of specialization will be chosen. A historical survey of general world views
held by different cultures at different times.
GCCA436,7 PATTERNS OF THOUGHT I, II, 3 ,
3 units GCCA472,3 COMMUNITY STUDIES I, II, 3, 3
Comparative study of different ways of thinking units
about religion and society at different levels. Taking account of cultural history ,
socioeconomic factors and ethnology, study at
GCCA438,9 COMPARATIVE SOCIAL HIS- different levels of the patterns of community life
TORY I, II, 3 , 3 in their various forms.
A comparative and historical look at social
phenomena. Emphasis on the history of the GCCA475,6 HUMAN RIGHTS I, II, 3, 3 units
common people, either in rural or urban settings. A historical study of the origin and develop
Topics include mass movements, revolution, ment of the understanding of different human
demographic change, environmental history, rights in various societies and their application
popular culture, and change in social structures in the fields of law, politics, economics and
and social values. COMPARATIVE SOCIAL social relations.
HISTORY I uses the Japanese experience as
base, II uses the European experience as base.
[ 1 22] THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY
GCCA478,9 ASPECTS OF JAPANESE CUL- opportunity for special studies in comparative
TURE I, 11, 3, 3 units culture on selected topics not covered by the
A comprehensive survey of the distinctive regular courses of the Division. Offered
features of Japanese culture, with reference to whenever necessary .
specific aspects such as political life, social
relations, literary forms and artistic tastes. Division of Natural Sciences
GNF4 1 1 ADVANCED STUDIES IN MATH-
GCCA48 1 ,2,3 UNDERSTANDING OF MAN I, EMATICAL 2 units
II, III, 3,3,3 units A survey of the methods of mathematical
Examination of the various ways in which science and mathematical information science.
particular civilizations have understood the na
ture of man, and how they have expressed this in GNF421 ADVANCED STUDIES IN PHYSICAL
their religious, philosophical, literary and artis STRUCTURE OF MATTER 1, 2 units
tic traditions. Detailed attention given to those Recent theoretical developments in studies of
ideas intended to convey a general picture of the the physical structure of matter, centering
nature of reality and of their implications for around atomic and molecular physics.
moral, scientific and historical understanding.
GNF43 1 ADVANCED STUDIES IN CHEMI-
GCCA485,6 CREATIVITY I, 11, 3 , 3 units CAL STRUCTURE OF MATTER I, 2 units
Comparative study of the idea of cultural Studies of structures, reactions and properties
creativity and of the v ariou s elements of coordination compounds.
involved in scientifi c , artistic or cultural
thinking and action which could be called GNF441 ADVANCED STUDIES IN BIOLOGI-
creative. Attention given to particular cases CAL SCIENCE, 2 units
of creativity in both individuals and nations in A survey of recent trends in studies of
different media. biological science, present and future directions
of research towards scientific elucidation of life.
GCCA488,9 SYMBOL & EXPRESSION I, II,
3, 3 units GNF400 SEMINAR IN INTEGRATED BASIC
A comparative study of the idea of symbolic SCIENCE, 2 units
expression and of the various ways in which S eminar-type discussion of different
symbols are used to express different ideas. problems and their inter-relation in selected
Attention given to particular types of symbolic areas of the natural sciences; future directions of
expression in the various fields of human culture research in integrated basic science.
and to the idea of a general geography of human
culture. GNAA41 2 ADVANCED STUDIES IN MATH
EMA TICAL SCIENCE II,2 units
GCCA49 1 ,2,3 SPECIAL TOPICS IN COM- Theories of mathematical science by means of
3, 3, 3 units
PARATIVE CULTURE I, II, III, analytic or topological methods and their
Designed to provide students with the applications.
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY [ 1 23]
GNAA41 3 ADVANCED STUDIES IN MATH- GNAB452 SPECIAL TOPICS IN STRUCTURE OF
EMATICAL SCIENCE III, 2 units MATIER II, 2 units
Theories of mathematical information science Selected topics from experimental fields of
and their applications. the physical structure of matter.
GNAA41 4 ADVANCED STUDIES IN MATH- GNAB453 SPECIAL TOPICS IN STRUCTURE
EMATICAL SCIENCE IV, 2 units OF MATIER III, 2 units
Theories of mathematical science by means of Studies of the structure and properties of
algebraic and combinatorial methods and their fundamental biosubstances by use of NMR .
GNAB454 SPECIAL TOPICS IN STRUCTURE
GNAA41 5 SPECIAL TOPICS IN MATH- OF MATIER IV, 2 units
EMATICAL SCIENCE I, 2 units Fundamental studies of molecular, structure
S elected topics from specific fields of and reaction kinetics.
GNAC442 ADVANCED STUDIES IN GENETIC
GNAA4 1 6 SPECIAL TOPICS IN MATH INFORMATION, 2 units
EMATICAL SCIENCE II, 2 units Recent developments in studies of the
S elected topics from specific fields of mechanisms of the manifestation and regulation
mathematical information science. of genetic information as the fundamental bio
GNAB422 ADVANCED STUDIES IN PHY-
SICAL STRUCTURE OF MATIER 11, 2 units GNAC443 ADVANCED STUDIES IN BIO-
Recent experimental developments in studies LOGICAL REGULATION 1, 2 units
of the physical structure of matter, centering Studies of regulation at the cellular level,
around crystal physics. especially focussing on regulation of the cell
cycle and cell differentiation.
GNAB423 ADVANCED STUDIES IN POLY
MER SCIENCE, 2 units GNAC444 ADVANCED STUDIES IN BIO
Recent developments in studies of the LOGICAL REGULATION II, 2 units
structure and properties of polymers. Studies of the mechanisms of hormonal regu
lation in the development and differentiation of
GNAB432 ADVANCED STUDIES IN CHEMI animal cells.
CAL STRUctuRE OF MATIER II, 2 units
Studies of the electronic and optical properties GNAC445 ADVANCED STUDIES IN BIO-
of molecular crystals, etc. LOGICAL REGULATION III, 2 units
Studies of the mechanisms of the contraction
GNAB45 1 SPECIAL TOPICS IN STRUCTURE and control in muscular tissue.
OF MATIER I, 2 units
Selected topics from theoretical fields of the GNAC446 ADV ANCED STUDIES IN BIO-
physical structure of matter. LOGICAL REGULATION IV, 2 units
[ 1 2 4] THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY
Studies of the mechanisms of the action of researches on the se compounds will be
plant hormones in the control of plant growth reviewed.
Studies of symbiotic and pathogenic interac GNAD46 1 PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE TEACH
tions between plants and microorganisms. lNG, 2 units
Studies of the purposes and principles of
GNAC433 CHEMISTRY OF BIOSUBSTANCES, science teaching.
S tudies of the chemistry of biologically GNAD462 ADV ANCED STUDIES IN SCI-
functional molecules. ENCE TEACHING, 2 units
Review of trends in science teaching; present
GNAC448 SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGICAL and future directions of science teaching.
SCIENCE I,2 units
Recent developments in cell physiology with GNAD464 SPECIAL TOPICS IN HISTORY AND
an emphasis on cell motility. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, 2 units
Selected topics in thoughts of science as the
GNAC449 SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGICAL methodology in general, not confined in the nar
SCIENCE II, 2 units row meaning of "history and philosophy of
A various kind of amino acids and their science" will be presented. Particular attention
simple derivatives which do not contributed to will be paid for the problems on the fractionali
protein synthesis are found in plants and fungi. zation and the integration of contemporary
In this lecture, the biological as well as chemical over-specified fields in natural sciences.
[ 1 25]
ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SERVICES
Research and educational activities provide SEARCH AND SERVICE (IERS)
essential support for ICU's comprehensive Established in 1 95 3 , the Institute of Edu
academic program and are closely related to cational Research and S erv ice has as its
the academic undertaking. In every division of objective conducting basic and applied
the College of Liberal Arts and the Graduate research on education and using its results to
School and in each of the research institutes, serve society.
ICU educational staff members, researchers, In order to achieve those goals, the Institute
and graduate students are constantly engaged engages in the following activities:
in research, working both as individuals and · Basic and applied research and study on
under research programs. Current research education
related programs, which are conducted at · Collection, cataloguing, and maintenance
regular intervals or on a one-time-only basis, of research materials
include spec ial seminars, lecture s , and · Planning and sponsorship of conferences,
conferences, and most are open to the public . lectures, symposiums, seminars
Undergraduate and graduate students are · Publication of research results
afforded many opportunities to participate in • Other undertakings deemed necessary for
the se programs and make c ontact with the attainment of the Institute ' S goals
prominent Japanese and foreign scholars from Bulletin: Educational Studies
outside the University.
ICU also has a sabbatical system, which THE SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
gives educational staff members a one-year INSTITUTE (SSRI)
research period after several years ' service, so The Social Science Research Institute was
that they may c oncentrate on their own established in 1 95 8 , and its objective is to
research activities, in Japan or overseas. conduct comprehensive research and study in
Research results are published as articles in the social sciences from an international
academic journals devoted to the researchers ' perspective. The Institute is expected to
individual fields as well as in the bulletins and contribute not only to the research activities of
other publications issued by the re search educational staff members and students in the
institute s . The re search results of ICU ' s CLA Division of Social Sciences, Division of
educational staff members are also collected in International Studies and the GS Division of
the International Christian University Report Public Administration but also to the exchange
on Research Activity, which is published every of information with organizations outside the
few years. University.
In order to attain the aforementioned objec
Research Institutes tive s , the Institute pursues the following
THE INSTITUTE OF EDUCATIONAL RE- · Collection, cataloguing, maintenance , ·
[ 1 26] ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SER VICES
and provision of information and materi lectures, seminars
als to contribute to research activities • Publication of research results
• Planning and sponsorship of research • Other undertakings deemed necessary by
conferences, lectures, seminars, interna the Institute Staff Meeting
tional conferences, and other activities Bulletin: Humanities (Christianity and Culture)
that contribute to the exchange of
research information in Japan and abroad THE INSTITUTE OF ASIAN CULTURAL
• Planning and implementation of courses STUDIES (lACS)
and study meetings that are open to the The Institute of Asian Cultural Studies was
public , as a contribution to the local inaugurated in 1 97 1 , with the objective of con
society ducting research on the cultural characteristics
•Publication of research results of Asian societies, including that of Japan, and
· Other undertakings deemed necessary for their historical development, from a global
the attainment of the Institute ' s goals perspective. The lACS intends that its research
Bulletin: The Journal of Social Science activities should provide an effective organi
zational structure for the research functions of
THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF ICU and that their results may be shared in
CHRISTIANITY AND CULTURE (ICC) academic circles in Japan and the world at
The Institute for the Study of Christianity large. At the same time, these activities are
and Culture was established in 1 963 . Its aim is expected to contribute to the enrichment and
to contribute to the realization of the missions amplification of research and education in the
that ICU has undertaken, by focusing on the College of Liberal Arts and the Graduate
relationship between Christianity and culture School at ICU.
and engaging in research into cultural and For the attainment of these goals, the follow
other problems, and the truth to be found in the ing activities are pursued:
B ible in relation to such problems, and by • Invitation of researchers from Japan and
studying the current c ircumstance s of other regions in Asia, and from Europe,
Christianity in Asia, and particularly in Japan, the United States, and other countries, to
and considering what shape Christianity ought conduct research on aspects of the culture
to take , in relation to the many different of Asian societies, in such areas as history
aspects of culture. religion, economics, and politics
In order to achieve its goals, the Institute • Cooperative research with universities,
conducts the following activities: research organizations and groups of
• B asic and applied research on a variety of researchers from Asian countries and
problems related to the concept of from Europe, the United States, and other
"Christianity and Culture" countries, having a common interest in
• Communication and cooperation with comparative study of the modernization
research organizations and individual of Asia
researchers in Japan and abroad sharing • Collection, cataloguing, and maintenance
the ICC ' s goals of research materials
· Sponsorship of conferences, meetings for • Planning and sponsorship of conferences,
the presentation of re search re sults , institutes, seminars
ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SERVICES [ 1 27]
• Publication of research results individualized program that takes into
• Other activities considered necessary for account the different needs of students;
the achievement of lACS objectives research on Japanese language education,
Bulletin: Asian Cultural Studies development of teaching materials and
methods, and collection and organization
THE PEACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (PRI) of reference materials
The Peace Research Institute was estab · Activities of the Center target students
lished in 1 99 1 , and its objective is to conduct admitted to the University under Univer
internationally-minded and interdisciplinary sity Regulations or the regulations of the
scholarly research for the realization of peace, Graduate School
in keeping with the founding ideals of ICU. ·Administration of the Summer Courses in
In order to achieve this goal, the Institute Japanese Language
pursues the following activities: • Development of a system for the ex
· Planning research projects and securing change of teaching staff, in order to lend
the cooperation of experts in the relevant maximum support to Japanese language
fields and of other peace research programs abroad , and to enc ourage
institutes for the successful completion of teaching staff members to acquire over
the research projects seas experience
· Sponsorship of lectures, conferences, Publications: The Research Center for Japa
seminars nese Language Education (bulletin) , and
• Publication of a newsletter Bulletin of the ICU Summer Courses in
· Publication of research results in the fonn Japanese Language
of working papers
· Publication of a peace research journal in
· Other undertakings deemed necessary by THE ICU INTEGRATED LEARNING
the Institute Staff Meeting CENTER was completed in September 1 98 1 ,
as one of the projects which commemorated
THE RESEARCH CENTER FOR JAPA the 25th anniversary of the founding of the
NESE LANGUAGE EDUCATION (RCJLE) University. The Center consists of a two-story
The Research Center for Japanese Language East B u ilding ( B uilding E) , a four- story
Educ ation was e stablished in 1 99 1 . It i s Central Building (Building C) and three-story
devoted t o c onducting Japanese language West Building (Building W) . All facilities
education at ICU, and to research on Japanese except the special department facilities, such
language education, with the aim of helping to as the Intensive Language Program faculty /
facilitate international communication, in staff offices, the Linguistic Research Labo
response to the demands of society in this area. ratories and the Psychology Laboratories are
For this purpose, the Center engages in the common facilities which are open for use by
following activities: the entire University.
•Supplementation of the College of On the first floor of Building E, there are
Liberal Arts Japanese language program four Language Laboratory classrooms: a 24-
through varied course offerings, in an student LL classroom, which is also equipped
[ 128] ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SERVICES
with simultaneous interpretation facilities, a ior. There are five Psychology Laboratories on
80-student LL classroom, a 70-student LL the third and fourth floors , where various
classroom , which is also equipped with experiments, measurement, testin g , and
Macintosh personal computers for program observational recordings can be practiced.
ming courses, and a 4O-student LL classroom. On the first floor of Building W, there are
The Integrated Learning Center Office is on two general classrooms and the teaching
the second floor. This office manages the learning laboratory , equipped with facilities
common facilities and stores various tape such as video cameras, microphones, monitor
materials. Also on this floor are the Closed TVs, and a response analyzer. These are used
Circuit Color Studio, which is capable of for teaching public speaking and for training
producing mUlti-purpose teaching materials, future teachers.
mainly sound and video programs, and the The English Language Program offices are
Instructional Product Development Room, on the second and third floors. The French
which contains space and equipment for the Language and German Language offices are
staff to produce teaching materials and which on the third floor.
also provides space and e quipment for An ILC branch office is situated on the first
practical work by graduate students majoring floor of University Hall, and is in charge of the
in teaching methodology . The facilities rental service of educational equipment within
available in this room include copying, the University Hall.
developing, and printing photographs and For details about the use of the common
slides, along with the production of OHP facilities and the lending of equipment and
materials. The room is also equipped with an material s , please c ontact the Integrated
optical mark card and mark sheet processing Learning Center Office.
The Study Terminal Room consists of three THE ICU SACRED MUSIC CENTER was
terminal rooms, the printer room, and the established in 1 977 with a broad mandate to
machine room. DEC Micro VAX 3400 dual promote music activities in the Christian
sy stem and three SUN workstations are music tradition. The emphasis at present is on
running in the machine room. Also available organ music, with activities including public
are 24 NEC 9801 series and 1 2 IBM compat concerts , lecture s , extension courses and
ible personal computers in Terminal Room 1 , master classes for organists, collection of
20 Apple Macintosh computers in Terminal archive materials and operation of practice
Room 2, and 1 1 Apple Macintosh computers in facilities. The center is an outgrowth of the
Terminal Room 3 . A speech laboratory is installation of a pipe organ in the ICU Church
located on this floor. in 1 970, built by Rieger Organs of Austria.
There are two general classrooms on the From its inauguration, the organ has been used
first floor of Building C, and a lounge and two for public concerts, featuring guest performers
conference rooms on the second floor. On the from Japan and abroad. A spring and autumn
third floor, there are three simulation rooms, series and a Christmas concert are regularly
which are equipped with one-way mirrors and scheduled. Three times, in 1 97 3 , 1 976 and
various other facilities which enable students 1 980, the "ICU Organ Academy" was held,
to observe, record, and analyze subject behav- with world-renowned organists in residence
ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SERVICES [ 1 29 ]
for up to two weeks. The first of these brought lounge, and its open-stack system permits free
the Fifth Torii Music Award to ICU for the access to all materials. Except for reference
most significant contribution to music in Japan books and certain rare materials, all materials
that year. To commemorate the 20th anniver may be checked out.
sary of the Rieger Organ, special events were The Library collection consists presently of
planned and the records of the center in the 43 9 , 1 00 books and about 5 ,400 periodical
past 20 years were published in 1 990. titles. The Western and Oriental language ma
The Center, together with instructional terials are classified and shelved together
facilities of the Division of Humanities ' Music according to the Nippon Decimal Classifica
Department, occupies a greater part of the tion System (NDC) .
fourth floor of University Hall. Its facilities Special collections include the library of Dr.
include four music practice studios, three with Yo shiro S aeki , who was an authority on
pianos, a lecture room with the Arimasa Mori Nestori an hi story in China; the K anzo
Memorial Organ, another practice organ, a Uchimura Memorial Collection, w i th
harpsichord, archives, and reproduction and donations from his disciples as its core; and
listening equipment. materials on Oriental history collected on a
grant from the Harvard-Yenching Institute.
The Library A library guide is available explaining in
detail the classification system, on-line
The ICU Library building, completed in catalog and other library services.
June 1 960 and extended in 1 972, is a three The Library is open during the academic
story structure with 450 seating at reading term from 8 : 30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. After 8 : 00
tables and carrels. It has a single, compre p.m. only the Reference Room is open. On
hensive reference room, special collection Saturdays it is open until 4: 30 p.m.
room, seminar room, typing room and reading