Bulletin of the College of Liberal Arts
                             (April 1994 - Mar� 1995)

                                 Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan

            The University .                                     . ............................................... ........................           .                                              .             ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ......... .          .     .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             .............             .........          ..........        1
            The College of Liberal Arts                                                           ...........................................                                      .   .......... .      ..      .    .. .. . . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                              .... . . .....          ..      . ....         ..   .............            .5
            The Campus                                 ..........................................................                                               .   .......................                   . ....
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ..        ....................................                               8

            Admission                                ..............................................................................................................................                                                                      11
            Requirements for Graduation                                                          .   ....................                                    .
                                                                                                                                            .............................                                        .
                                                                                                                                                                                                     .........................                           15

            Teacher Certification Program                                                                ..............................................................................................                                                  18
            Academic Regulations                         .                         . .
                                                                                   ...........         ............ . . .                                                  .
                                                                                                                                       .......................................                                                                         . 19

            Courses of Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
            Graduate School Courses Open to Undergraduate Students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 5
            Academic Research and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 25

           Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 30
           Student Financial Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 2

           Campus Community Services and Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 3
           Student Activities and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 37

           The Faculty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 40
           International Christian University Awards of
              Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 53
           The Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 55
           The Board of Trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 8
           The Board o f Councillors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 59
           The Japan International Christian University Foundation, Inc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 1

       INDEX . .            .   ...   ......     .   .....   .            .
                                                                 ........ ......      . ....
                                                                                        .        ....   . ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 62


                                THE UNIVERSITY

The Three Commitments of ICU                          With the plethora of knowledge available
                                                   to modern men and women, evaluation,
   Our academic commitment: International          choice, and decision are made both difficult
Chri stian Univers ity was e s tabl i shed to      and necessary. Yet unless we have the ability
advance truth and enhance freedom. It is our       to do these, society will be determined by
conviction that all humanity gains from the        nonrational forces, will flounder, or will come
discovery, acquisition, testing, and proving of    to a standstill. Thus, we expect both younger
know l e d g e . The people who form our           and older scholars to make decisions and to
academic community are given the respon­           discern and accept the responsibility for their
s ibility and the encouragement to search          decisions. ICU is committed to responsible
where they will, ask what they wish, and say       scholarship.
and write what they think as scholars                 Our Christian commitment: The commit­
c ommitted to truth and freedom. S u ch            ment of thi s Univers ity to a Chri stian
searching and disseminating must be done           philosophy or ethos, explicit in our name,
according to the highest academic standards,       means that we are free to explore and develop
for the purpose of improving and expanding         all the d imensions of human e x i stenc e ,
our image of objective reality presupposes         including the religious. Our assumption i s that
excellence. Within this frame we believe that      I C U i s not, therefore , superior to other
the best results can be achieved in the absence    universities; but we believe an institution of
of external restraint and coercion.                higher learning that attempts to be Christian
   The communication of knowledge must be          has a distinct contribution to make to both the
a special concern of all institutions of higher    academic world and the world at large.
learning. ICU feels the responsibility to see         We recognize that religion is an everyday
that the knowledge it disseminates is not given    experience normal to all human beings whether
in isolated or fractionated bits. Rather, we are   they are aware of it or not. The truth of religion
committed to demonstrating the interrelated­       finds its place along with other truths only at a
ness and integration of knowledge, and to          deeper level. To the extent that the University
training scholars who will be able to              helps students find answers to their ultimate
communicate with people outside their own          questions, it is operating at the level of religion.
disciplines. Herein lies the rationale for our     As a Christian university especially, we hold
strongly emphasized liberal arts program.          this task to be a sacred trust.

    We believe that ultimately there is no         these tensions to live creatively in this world.
knowledge incompatible with the Christian            In order to train people to communicate
faith. Although there may arise differences in     beyond their national boundaries, bilinguality,
explanati on, interpretation, or propo s e d       at least, is considered necessary . For this and
solutions t o certain human problem s , our        other very practical reasons, there are two
scientific and descriptive tools are the same      languages of instruction and common use in
as those used by other scholars . The              the ICU community: Japanese and English.
knowledge that is discovered and taught is not     This means a heavy learning and work burden;
an end in itself but carries with it certain       therefore everyone who wishes to participate
implications, such as the responsibility for       must be convinced th at the effort i s
improving society. There must be an essential      worthwhile.
unity of knowledge, faith, and action.               Being situated in Japan, ICU sees itself as a
    S ince ICU is an ins titution of h i gher      bridge leading both into and out of Japan.
learning, its basic goal is not to win adherents   Thu s , besides the broader purp o s e of
to the Christian faith. However, students are      internationalism, it may serve the particular
challenged during their stay here to become        purposes of offering to Japanese a view of the
aware of the presence and power of God in          outside world and to others an introduction
their lives and in society. This challenge is      into the Japanese culture.
presented from the Christian perspective; but
each student is encouraged to seek truth and,
when one finds it, to commit oneself to it.
    OUT international commitment: The people          On June 1 5 , 1 949, a self-constituted body
of the world have been forced to face the task     of Japanese and North American Christian
of learning how to live together on this small     leaders formally organized the International
planet. Educational institutions may serve this    Christian University. Their action, taken in a
purpose in various ways. ICU, which came           meeting held at the Gotemba YMCA Camp
into existence soon after the end of World War     in the foothills of Mt. Fuji, culminated a half
I I , i s by its cons titution oriented to a       century of efforts directed to the purpose of
supranational perspecti v e . I C U i s a          establishing in Japan a university for which
community in which people from different           all churches and individuals i dentifying
nations and cultures are placed and asked to       themselves as Christian might join to lend
l i v e , study , and work together. The           their support. In the vision of the university,
international dimension i s built into its         that was to be the means for achieving the
faculty, administration, and student body in       higher purpose of a spiritually undergirded
order that the c ontributions o f vari o u s       and academically superior higher education.
educational philosophies will b e reflected in        Where the earlier initiatives had failed to
its academic program and the participants in       reach fruition, the movement at thi s time
the academic enterprise will learn to encounter    dt:<veloped in the flu sh of y e arnings for
one another as individuals. In the thrust and      reconciliation and for world peace following
pull of this kind of community, tensions arise.    World War II. Hence there was a strong
H owever, those who are able to adapt              international emphasis in the founding of the
themselves to the experience learn how to use      University . Within weeks of the war ' s end in
                                                                             THE UNIVERSITY   [3]

1945, a group of Japanese Christian educators      interdisciplinary graduate-level programs
was organized to revive the university plan,       were added: the Division of Public Admin­
and shortly thereafter initiatives appeared in     i strati on in 1 9 6 3 and the Division of
America. B oo sted by enthu siastic public         Comparative Culture in 1 976. These three
response on both s i d e s of the Pacifi c ,       d i v i s i o n s of the Graduate School offer
committees were formed and their careful,          doctoral-level programs. In 1 987 the Graduate
intensive planning led eventually to the           S chool opened the D iv i sion of Natural
founding meeting in 1949 . In choosing the         Sciences, an interdisciplinary , master-level
name International Christian University, the       program. In addition to the Graduate School,
founders simply adopted the descriptive term       the University has established five research
that by then had become well known.                institutes and four centers.
  One of the moves preceding the founding             Dr. Hachiro Yuasa was president from the
was the inc orporation in New York , in            founding until 1 9 6 1 , and h i s chief
November 1948 , of the interdenominational         administrative colleague over the same span
Japan International Christian University           was Dr. Maurice E. Troyer, vice president for
Foundation. This was to become a permanent         curriculum and instruction. During ICU ' s
organ for channeling support outside Japan to      second decade , Dr. Nobu shige Ukai , Dr.
the University. As conceived and carried on,       Masao H i s atake and Dr. Akira M i y ake
the Foundation has limited its function to aid,    successively filled the presidency, the last in
disavowing any part in the University ' s policy   an acting capacity. From 1 97 1 , Dr. Yosito
and planning.                                      Sinoto served for one term, and succeeding
  In 1950 a spacious site on the outskirts of      him was Dr. Hideyasu Nakagawa, who served
Tokyo was purchased for the campus. Funds          for two terms. After a seven-month interval,
for this, as well as for the beginning of an       during which Dr. S inoto filled the post in an
endowment, were raised by the Japanese             acting capacity, Professor Yasuo Watanabe
supporters i n an e x traordinary public           became president in 1984. He was succeeded
campaign. The enthusiastic response that this      by Dr. Kunio Oguchi, who became president
evoked appeared as an affirmation of the new       on April 1 , 1 992.
Japan, with its ideals of peace, democracy and        In developing an institution for which there
internationalism, to which the new University      were no close models, ICU ' s administrators
was committed. The campus was dedicated on         and faculty have innovated a great deal, espe­
April 29, 1952.                                    cially in interdisciplinary and international
  During the first year a language institute was   education. Growth has been measured, as
c onducte d , while the nucleu s. of the           prime attention has been given to qualitative
international faculty was formed to plan future    advance in response to the changing demands
instruction and research programs. A year          and opportunities of the times. Four decades
later, in April 1953 , the College of Liberal      after the first freshmen were admitted, total
Arts was opened and two research institutes        enrollment is over 2,500 students, of whom
were established. Upon the graduation of the       about 200 are in the Graduate School. In 1978,
first class in 1957, the Graduate School was       the S chool Juridical Person International
inaugurated with a m aster ' s program in          Christian University , the governing body ,
Educ ati on.     Ev entually      two      more    established the ICU High School, which is

designed especially to serve Japanese students      nistered by a director: Physical Education,
who have lived abroad for long periods. The         General E d u c ation, English Langu age ,
dec ade of the seventies saw much                   Japan e s e L anguage , Japan S tudie s , and
development of the University ' s physical          American Studies.
plant: an extension of the Library , the              The Gradu ate S chool consists of four
Gymnasium, Indoor Swimming Pool, Central            divisions, Education, Public Administration,
Power S tati o n , Educ ation and Research          Comparative Culture, and Natural Sciences.
Building, and Administration Building. In the       Doctoral programs are offered by all divisions
spring of 1 9 8 2 , the extensive buil ding         except the latter, which is a newly-established
program w a s c ompleted with the new               divi s ion offering only a master' s degree
Integrated Learning Center and the Hachiro          program. In conjunction with the Graduate
Yuasa Memorial Museum , as well as a                S chool is a separate Senkoka, or one-year
thorough renovation of University Hall.             post-graduate program, in Education. There
  In 1 990, the Integrated Learning Center­         are six research institutes and two centers:
North Wing and the Sports Clubhouse were­           Institute of Educational Research and Service,
newly added to the University ' s physical plant.   Social Science Research Institute, Institute for
  In 1 9 8 3 , the University purchased a           the Study of Christianity and Culture, Institute
residence w i th grounds in Cambridge,              of Asian Cultural Studies, Peace Research
England and named it the ICU Cambridge              Institu te , R e s e arch Center for Japane se
House. B e sides its use for students in a          Language Education, Integrated Learning
summer program of English culture and               Center, and Sacred Music Center.
language s tudie s , it acc ommod ate s ICU            The control of the University is vested in a
scholars on research or study tours throughout      self-perpetuating Board of Trustees. A larger
the year.                                           body, the Board of Councillors, serves in an
                                                    advisory capacity.
                                                       The Japan International Christian University
                                                    Foundation, Inc. is a supporting organization
  The chief administrative officer of the           incorporated in the state of New York, U.S .A.
University is the president. Under h i s            The Foundation' s control is vested in its own
direction are v i c e presidents i n charge of      B oard of Directors.
academic affairs and financial affairs and an
assistant for international affairs.
  The University is made up of a College of
Liberal Arts and a Graduate School, headed            The academic programs of the College of
by deans accountable to the Vice President for      Liberal Arts and the Graduate School are
Academic Affairs . Within the College are           individually chartered by the Japanese Ministry
Divisions of the Humaniti e s , the S ocial         of Education. ICU is a member institution of the
Sciences, the Natural Sciences, Languages,          Japan University Accreditation Association.
Education, and International Studies, each          Credits earned at ICU have been accepted in full
headed by a chairperson, and the Department         by graduate schools of major universities in Japan,
of Health and Physical Education. There are         and by both undergraduate and graduate schools
seven College-wide programs, each admi-             in the United States and elsewhere.


The Bachelor of Arts Degree                          term runs from early April to the end of
                                                     August, the autumn term from early Sep­
   B eliev ing that a liberal education c an         tember to the end of November, and the winter
enhance the preparation of individuals for full      term from early December to the end of
and satisfying participation in professional,        March. Classes meet from one to six times a
civic, and family life by developing adven­          week; the classroom period is 70 minutes. The
turous minds capable of critical thinking and        number of academic units assigned to a course
sensitive to questions of meaning and value,         c orresponds to the number of classroom
the faculty of the College of Liberal Arts           periods per week, not including laboratory
offers a four-year program leading to the            hours. Students normally register for 1 2 or 1 3
Bachelor of Arts degree. Degree requirements         units each term. A minimum of 1 3 6 units must
include proficiency in both Japanese and             be c ompleted for the bachelor ' s degree.
English, a program of general education              Registration occurs at the beginning of each
courses in the humanities and the natural and        trimester.
s o c i al s c i e nc e s , a concentration in the
discipline of the student' s choice, and the         Academic Staff

submitting of a thesis in the senior year.              The University ' s full-time teaching staff
                                                     presently numbers 1 79 and is composed of
                                                     1 29 Japanese and 50 non-Japanese members.
   The curriculum and the faculty of the             The teaching staff is amplified by a roster of
College of Liberal Arts are organized into           visiting professors largely from abroad and
Divisions of the Humanitie s , the Social            part-time lecturers. The diversity of cultural
Sciences, the Natural Sciences, Languages,           and educational traditions among the faculty
Education, and International Studies, each of        enriches the curriculum and contributes to a
which is further subdivided into departments.        lively exchange of ideas. All full-time faculty
Entering students are asked to specify the           members act as academic advisors to students;
d i v i s i o n in which they plan to maj or .       many of them live on campus.
Transferring t o a different division may be
p o s s ible if the student ' s interests have       Student Body

changed and sufficient aptitude has been               As of October 1 993, the university ' s student
shown in another area of study. Interdivisional      body numbered 2,756. The College of Liberal
majors follow courses of studies cutting across      Arts and Graduate Division enrollment figures
these divisional lines.                              were 2 , 5 1 6 and 240 respectively. S ixty
                                                     percent of the students were women; forty
Academic Year
                                                     percent were men. Ninety two percent oUhe
  The academic year is divided into trimesters       student body was Japanese. The remaining
of approximately ten weeks each. The spring          eight percent of non-Japane se students

represented 32 different nationalities. Because   international agencies, cultural and research
the interest of the University is in quality      organ i z ation s , an d religious an d s o c i al
rather than in numbers, the policy of the         institutions.
College is to admit annually , after screening
of applicants, up to about 600 students without
regard to nationality, race, or religion .
  Some 1 0 ,644 students have been awarded           All new students are assigned to a faculty
ICU bachelor degrees since 1 957, when the        member, who serves as their academic
first class graduated. About a quarter of the     advisor, assisting them in the planing of their
graduates have gone into advanced studies in      programs of studies. The faculty advisor may
Japan and abroad, a very high rate for a          also give guidance on personal matters or may
country where further training is traditionally   refer troubled students to other counselors.
given by the employing agency . Others have       S tudents should feel free to consult any
entered a w i d e v ariety of pos ition s in      member of the faculty or staff for help when
commerce an d in dustry , educ ation , the        they need it.
communication s media, government and

                International Educational Exchange

  From its founding, ICU has been committed       earned at such institutions are recognized as
to the principle of international exchange of     part of the credit requirements for graduation
ideas , persons and educational opportunity.      from ICU. There are currently more than 120
Many international students have attended         places available for ICU students at these
ICU, and the fields of diplomacy, politics,       institutions, and the number and diversity of
business, education, letters, broadcasting, and   these opportun ities may be expected to
the ministry, among others, have benefited        increase each year.
from their study with us. In turn, ICU students     During 1 994-95 the following in stitutions
have attended many institutions of higher         are among th ose with which I C U has
learning in countries around the world.           exchange programs:
                                                    ASIA: The Chinese University of Hong
                                                  Kong < Chung Chi College) , University of
International Exchange Programs
                                                  Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Yonsei University
   At present ICU maintains formal exchange       (Korea) ; Ateneo de Manila Un iversity,
relation ships w ith 3 6 un iversities (43        Silliman University (Philippines).
c ampu s e s ) in 1 2 c ountri e s an d one         EUROPE : The In stitute of Europ e an
con sortium. These are usually reciprocal         Studies; University of Munster (Germany) ;
exchanges during which ICU students have          University of Tampere (Finland); University
c oncurrent statu s at ICU an d their host        of Limburg, Tilburg University (Netherlands);
institution abroad. In addition , the credits     The Moscow State University of lnternational
                                                                THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS   [7]

Relations (Russian Federation); University of     of this booklet and to the Guide to Academic
Cambridge , University of Edinburgh , The         Regulations.
University of Leeds, University of London
<Royal Holloway and Bedford New College) ,        Cambridge Summer Program
University of Stirling , The University of        -Field Studies in British Culture---
Sussex (United Kingdom).
  NORTH AMERICA: University of Alberta,             S tudents will attend the International
University of Windsor (Canada) ; Bradley          S ummer S chool at the University of
University, University of California < eight      Cambridge and study h i s toric al , socio­
campuses) , Duke University , Grand Valley        political, religious, artistic , and educational
State University, Guilford College, Haverford     aspects of British culture. Please refer to page
College , University of Massachusetts at          39 of this booklet.
Amherst, The Ohio S tate University ,
University of Pennsylvania, St. Lawrence
                                                  Invitee Program
University, University of S outh Carolina,
Southwestern College, State University of            ICU offers opportunities for international
New York at Buffalo, The University of            students to p articip ate in th e J ap ane se
Tennessee < Knoxville) , Wartburg College,        Language and Japan Study Program as invitee
Wesleyan College (United States).                 s tudents . At present, approximately 20
  OCEANIA: Queensland University of               students from the following institutions are
Technology (Au s tral i a) ; University of        studying at ICU under this program.
Waikato (New Zealand).

                                                    United States:
Study English Abroad Program
                                                        Northwestern University
  The English Language Program (ELP),                   University of Pennsylvania
which is one of the compulsory subjects for             Pomona College
Japanese speaking students, is designed to              University of South Carolina
enable them to communicate in an English
speaking environment and to attend classes
                                                  Summer Course in Japanese Language
offered in English at ICU and overseas. The
S tudy English Abroad Program ( S E A               A six-week Japanese language course is
Program) is part o f ELP and is offered at        offered every summer for non-Japanese
institutions in English speaking countries. For   students.
further information, please refer to page 40

                                    THE C AMPUS

Location                                           ICU Church. Roads and paths lead to the
                                                   academic area on the right (north) and to the
   The University is located in Mitaka City, a     residential area on the left (south). About 1 00
suburban community adjacent to the district        meters in front of the rotary, on the left, are the
comprising Tokyo proper. A separate adminis­       Sports Clubhouse and the Physical Education
trative entity of metropolitan Tokyo, Mitaka is    Center. The Clubhouse, which was opened in
geographically a part of the Musashino Plain,      May 1 990, serves as a base for students '
which extends to the Chichibu range of             extracurricular activities. The PE Center is
mountains v isible from the ICU c ampus .          c omposed of a core building with locker
Mount Fuji towers beyond, and it, too, can be      rooms and showers, to which a gymnasium of
seen from the campus when not shrouded by          varied facilities and an indoor swimming pool
clouds.                                            are attached; playing fields and tennis courts
   The main transport system serving the area      are adjacent. On the right, from about the same
is the East Japan Railways' Chuo Line, which       point along the entrance avenu e , a short
originates at Tokyo Station. One of the busiest    driveway through a wooded park leads to the
rapid transits in the world, its ten-car trains    Administration Building. In addition to the
operate every few minutes. The trip from           University ' s administrative offi c e s , thi s
Tokyo Station to Mitaka Station, by express,       building contains facilities for multi-lingual
semi-express or local, takes from 29 to 43         conferences and the main computer.
minutes. From Mitaka Station, ICU is about            The academic area is built around two
twenty minutes by taxi or bus; a bus marked        quadrangles. First approached is the Library, a
for I C U terminate s at a stop within the         highly functional building centralizing the
c ampus . From Musashi Sakai, one station          University ' s collection of more than 430,000
beyond Mitaka, it is five to ten minutes by taxi   volumes. Immediately north is the Education
or bus; these buses do not enter the campus        and Research Building, which contains faculty
and the walk from the gate is about five           office- studie s , offices of the academic
minutes.                                           divisions, three research institutes and several
                                                   seminar rooms. Further north, separated by a
                                                   grove of trees, is the Hachiro Yuasa Memorial
Grounds and Facilities
                                                   Museum, which exhibits items from its two
  The campus is a spacious wooded area of          c ollections: folk art and archaeolog i c al
630,000 square meters ( 1 56 acres), one of the    artifacts from digs on the campus. To the west
largest in Japan. From the campus entrance,        from here is the Integrated Learning Center, a
MacLean Avenue, arched by cherry trees,            three-section, well-equipped building for
extends for 600 meters westward, ending with       research and teaching in l anguage ,
a shrub-planted rotary. Directly ahead is the      p sycholog y , audio-visual and c omputer
                                                                                     THE CAMPUS   [9]

education. At the north side of this is the          center of the nondenominational ICU Church,
Integrated Learning Center-North Wing .              seats 720; with a three-manual Rieger organ,
Further west is the Science Hall, a cluster of       acclaimed as one of the best organs in Japan, it
four wings. built around a bright court and          is also used frequently for concerts and recitals
containing laboratorie s for the natural             scheduled by the Sacred Music Center. Further
sc ience s , clas srooms and an all -purpose         south i s the Dining H al l , which offers
lecture hall. Straddling the quadrangles is          Japanese and Western food and has tables to
University Hall ("Honk an" in Japanese), the         seat 470. Scattered on either side of the Dining
largest structure on the campus, which in the        Hall among groves of trees are eight student
beginning housed prac tically the whole              dormitories, and beyond them are residences
university. It now consists almost entirely of       for faculty and staff. In this area also are the
classrooms and, in addition, provides space for      Taizanso Gardens, entered through a large
the ICU Clinic, the Sacred Music Center, and         traditional Japanese gate; among extensive
two research institutes. On the west side of the     cultiv ated and natural gardens are two
southern quadrangle i s the Ruth Isabel              thatched tea hou ses of architectural and
Seabury Memorial Chapel, a one-story                 historic interest.
triangle with three triangular sections inside; it      Other facilities include: the ICU Archaeol­
serves for many smal l - s c ale function s ,        ogy Research Center which since 1 975 has
religious, academic and social.                      managed excavations in the west Tokyo area
   At the north-western edge of the campus, an       and is housed in three small buildings west of
international forest has been developed .            University Hall; New Harper Hall, located
Started in 1 988, this project aims to collect a     near the south gate, where a kindergarten is
wide variety of species of trees native to other     conducted during the week and church school
countries but not common in Japan. Some 1 00         on Sundays; and the Central Power Station,
saplings from the USA, the Russian Federa­           which serves all the academic buildings
tion, Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada,         through underground utility conduits.
Germany, and Greece have been donated to                The ICU High S chool, founded in 1 97 8
ICU. These will be followed by donations of          primarily to help reassimilate Japanese young
trees from other countries.                          people returning to their homeland after long
  The southern edge of the southern quad­            periods of living abroad, has its own campus at
rangle has two large buildings related to the        the northern end of the University . It
spiritual and recreational aspects of the            c omprises two academic building s , a
campus life: the ICU Church and the Ralph E.         gymnasium, a dining hall and five dormitories.
Diffendorfer Memorial Hall. DMH, as it is            Other neighboring institutions are the
popularly called, is a c ommunity facility           American School in Japan, the Tokyo Union
offering a 522- seat auditorium , student            Theological Seminary , the Japan Lutheran
clubrooms, a lounge-snack bar, bookstore,            Theological Seminary, and the Middle Eastern
post office, and offices of the Religiou s           Cultural Center. All of these occupy sites that
Center. The ICU Churc h , serving as the             were originally ICU property. The same is true
University Chapel for voluntary religious            of the Nogawa P ark , a nature preserve
programs and ceremonies, and as the worship          maintained b y the Tokyo Metropolitan
[ 1 0]   THE CAMPUS

Government below the leu campus.                 Nasu Highland s , Tochigi Prefecture , was
   In addition to the Mitaka campus, leu owns    purchased in 1 977 and contains facilities for
two other properties in mountain resort areas,   summer camping . In K aruizawa, Nagano
which bring the total property area to           Prefecture, two lodges are maintained at the
1 ,657 ,000 square meters (409 acres). The       54,000 square meter ( 1 3 acres) retreat.
973 ,000 square meter (240 acre) plot in the
                                                                                             [1 1]


                                     ADMIS SION

  In selecting students, the Faculty Admis­        school graduates or seniors who are due to
sions Decision Committee tries to predict, on      graduate by the time of enrollment at ICU, or
the basis of many factors , which of the           have equivalent qualifications (they must have
applicants show most promise as students and       completion or expected completion of more
the highest potential for benefiting from the      than 1 2 years of formal education by the time
kind of education offered at International         of enrollment at ICU) .
Christian University. Preference is given to
students of proven academic competence,
                                                   A. Applicants Residing in Japan
good character, and capacity for leadership,
as indicated by their school records and their       Application materials for Japanese-speaking
scores on the general admission examina­           students are av ailable in the November
tions . S tudents from abroad are selected         preceding the general admission examinations
according to the same criteria, but the decision   in February . All of the completed forms,
on their admission is made on the evidence         together with the application fee, must be
presented in various documents.                    submitted to the Admissions Office by the
  Fluency in either English or Japanese is         deadline prescribed. The time of admission
required of all applicants. To qualify as an       for those who succeed in this process is April.
"English-speaking applicant," and hence for          The admissions procedures and documents
documentary screening, one must not only be        required of English- speaking applicants
fluent in English but also have been attending     re s iding in J ap an are the same for the
school outside of the regular Japanese educa­      corresponding types of student status as those
tion system for at least two years prior to        for applicants residing abroad (see below).
application. Nationality is not relevant, nor is   The time of admission for those who succeed
the individual ' s original schooling, which may   in this process is September.
have been in a language other than English.
                                                   B. Applicants Residing Abroad
Regular Students
                                                     Applicants residing abroad, regardless of
  Regular students of the College of Liberal       nationality, I will be screened on the basis of
Arts are those who have matriculated for the       the documentation listed in the brochure,
ICU bachelor' s degree as freshmen. Appli­         "Information for English - speaking Appli­
cants for admission as freshmen must be high       cants.'" Applicants are expected to send all
[ 1 2]      ADMISSION

required documents early enough to arrive at                          which is distributed every autumn along with the
                                                                      application forms. Since some details are apt to
the Admissions Office well ahead of the                               change from year to year, be sure the materials
screening deadline.                                                   you have are up to date. It is a good idea to comfirm
  Applications will not be considered until                           early on what documents you will need to submit.

they are complete, and those that are not
complete by the deadline will not be acted
                                                                 One-Year-Regular Students
upon. Screening of complete applications will
be conducted from late April through late                          O n e - y e ar-regular students are those
May .                                                            currently or previously enrolled at colleges
  Applicants will b e notified o f the decisions                 or universities outside of Japan who are
of the Adm i s s ions Decision Committee                         admitted to study at ICU for one year.
shortly after screening is completed.                            App l i c ati on procedure s , including the
                                                                 application documents required, and the
                                                                 screening are the same as for transfer students.
Transfer Students
                                                                   Students in this status may extend their stay
  Transfer students are students who have                        at ICU by one more year upon carrying out the
completed one or more years of college work                      specified procedures. They may also become
elsewhere and enter ICU as degree candidates.                    degree candidates at ICU by applying and
They must follow the same application                            passing the screening for status as transfer
procedures as prospective freshmen. After                        students. One-year-regular students are entitled
being admitted, transfer students may be                         to receive academic credits and all privileges
granted recognition of their previous college­                   of regular students during their stay at ICU.
level work, for both academic credit and                         [NB : Applicants who expect to have a bach-
re s idence . In order to qualify for the                               elor ' s degree by the time of enrollment
bachelor' s degree, however, students must                              at ICU are not eligible as one-year­
meet ICU ' s requirements for graduation.                               regular students. They should apply for
Application and screening procedures for                                kenkyusei (special student) status.]
transfer students with respect to the docu­
mentary screening process are the same as
those for regular students, with certain
                                                                 Kenkyusei (Special Students)
exceptions in the documents to be submitted,
as explained in the brochure, "Information                          Kenkyusei (special students) are those who
for English-speaking Applicants.'"                               have completed or can show evidence that
                                                                 they will complete their undergraduate work
         Japanese applicants who have spent less than
         two academic years in regular courses leading to        and hold at least a bachelor' s degree by the
         a diploma or degree at a foreign institution prior to   time of ICU enrollment and who are permitted
         applic ation are not eligible for documentary           to pursue some special study at I C U .
         screening. They are considered to be in the same
         category as other Japanese applicants and are           Admission in this status is granted only when
         required to take the general admission examinations     it is judged to serve the interests of the student
          given at leu in February.                              and ICU alike. The status is for one year only.
   2 To apply, applicants should consult the brochure,           Extension for one more year may be granted,
     "Information for English-speaking Applicants,"              however, on review at the end of the year.
                                                                                   ADMISSION     [1 3]

Kenky u s e i p artic i p ate in the academic       the educational and research activities of the
program in their special area in the same way       regular students are not disturbed. Credit for
as regular students, but the work done does         courses taken will be recognized and kept on
not count toward a degree. The University           record.
will furnish transcripts of the work to other         The status of Credit Auditor may be given
institutions upon request. Kenkyusei status         to the following persons:
does not entitle the student to the privileges         ( 1 ) ICU graduates who, having already taken
of dormitory residence or a student-rate                      more than two-thirds of the specific
commuter ticket for public transportation.                    courses required by the Regulations on
  Application procedures for Kenkyusei are                    Teacher Certification, wish to take the
the s ame as those spec ified for regular                     remaining c ourses necessary for
students.                                                     acquiring a teacher ' s certific ate .
                                                              Screening procedures will be decided
Non-Credit Auditors
                                                       (2) High School graduates who, having quali­
  Non-Credit Auditors are those students who                  fied as applicants for the University or
sit in on c l a s s e s but do not otherw i s e               earned similar qualification, pass the
participate i n the instructional program o f the             screening procedures. Screening proce­
University. Admission as a non-credit auditor                 dures will be decided separately.
is granted at the University ' s convenience
only in cases where it will not jeopardize the
                                                    Admission and Orientation
instruction of regular students. Applicants
must have graduated from high school and              Applicants who have received the Notifi­
been admitted to a recognized university or         cation of Selection letter from the Admissions
college. Non-Credit Auditor status is granted       Office are admitted to the University only
for a period of not more than a year and only       after payment of the appropriate fees listed in
for courses for which specific permission is        Chapter III, "Expenses and Aid," and upon
granted by the i n s tructor, the d i v i s i on    c ompleting all spec ified matricul ation
chairpers on, and the dean. Non-Credit              procedures.
Auditors are not permitted in language or             All new students entering the University
other laboratory courses. No records are kept       must be on campus to participate in a program
of work done as a non-credit auditor, and no        of orientation activities before the term opens.
University credit is given. Non-Credit Auditor      This program is designed to help students
status is not sufficient basis for obtaining a      begin their college careers under the best
student visa.                                       conditions possible by acquainting them with
                                                    the University ' s purposes, program, per­
                                                    sonnel, student life, and so on. The matricu­
Credit Auditors (Kamoku to Rishusei)
                                                    lation ceremony, at which all students sign
  Gr�dit Auditors, who are not students of          the student pledge, takes place during the
leu; are permitted to take specific under­          orientation program. Entering students also
graduate courses in order to earn college           meet with their academic advisors to plan their
credits. This practice is permitted insofar as      courses.
[ 1 4]   ADMISSION

  Registration takes place on registration day       ( 1 ) Along with the Notification of Select­
each term as announced in the Calendar.                    ion, the University will send instruc­
                                                           tions about what is needed, including
                                                           specific information as to the sum of
Student Visas for Foreign Students
                                                           money required for deposit (annual
  All non-Japanese students in every status                tuition, partial living expenses for ten
except that of auditor, are normally required              months, return transportation, and the
to have a student visa. Kenkyusei, however,                nonrefundable matriculation fee) .
may be enrolled when they have another type          ( 2 ) A student who is requesting ICU
of visa, so long as it enables them to stay in             guarantor should send the necessary
Japan for at least one year.                               papers and deposit funds as quickly
  D e tails c oncerning the procedure for                  as possible.
obtaining a student visa most expeditiously          (3) Upon receipt of the necessary papers
are sent together with the Notification of                 and deposit funds, the University will
Selection. A prospective student needs to have             make arrangements for the guarantor
a guarantor-a person resident in Japan who                 and report this to the student.
guarantees the student ' s good behavior and         (4) About a month later, the student will
logistical support. Applicants should seek                 receive directly from the University
their guarantors early, even before receiving              the essential Certificate of Eligibility
their Notification of Selection. Upon receiving            for Status of Residenc e , which i s
the Notification of Selection, each student                issued by the Japanese Ministry o f
must inform the University promptly of the                 Justice.
name, address and occupation of his or her           (5) Taking this certificate and his or her
guarantor.                                                 passport, the student applies at the
  For a student who is unable to find a                    nearest Japanese Consulate for the
guarantor, the University may on request act               student visa, which can then be issued
as a guarantor. If the need is anticipated, the            on the spot.
applicant should indicate this at the time of      NOTE: The leU guarantor system is not
applying. (Th i s will in no w ay affec t          intended as a means of locating someone who
consideration o f the application.) Briefly, the   will support the student financially.
procedures for requesting an ICU guarantor
are as follows:
                                                                                                                           [ 1 5]


  The requirements for the Bachelor of Arts                                    Japanese students whose prior schooling was in the
                                                                               Japanese system follow the requirements given for
degree are set by the faculty, incorporating                                   Japanese students.
standards es tablished by the Ministry of                                  •   Students who are excused from portions of the
Education and adding to them academic                                          applicable language requirement (English or
                                                                               Japanese) complete a slightly modified schedule of
requirements appropriate to the character and                                  requirements as designated by the dean.
purposes of this University. Requirements                                  •   General Education courses must include
                                                                               INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY and choices
include courses in these categories: English or                                from each of the three areas, Humanities, Social
Japanese Langu age , General Education,                                        Sciences and Natural Sciences.
                                                                               Students majoring in the Natural Sciences are
Physical Edu c ation, an Area M aj or, and                                 •

                                                                               required to take 21 units of Foundation Courses;
Electives. Also, college residence of four                                     accordingly, the Electives requirement is reduced
years is required. The minimum credit unit                                     by 3 units.

requirements of the four-year program are set
out in the following charts.                                              An explanation of the requirements is given
                                                                        under the numbered headings below. More
                                                                        information for planning a four-year schedule
                   JAPANESE STUDENTS                                    will be found under the divisional headings in
                                                                        the section on Courses of Instruction.
  English Language .............................................. 24
  General Education ............................................. 27
  Physical Education ............................................   4   1. English Language, Japanese Language
  Specialized Courses ........................................... 81
   Foundation ...................................... 18                   Because ICU is international, the language
   Area Major ..................................... 30                  requirements are exceptional. Japanese and
   Senior Thesis ..................................     9
   Electives ......................................... 24               English are the common languages in use
                                                       Total      136   among the campus community, in both casual
                  NON-JAPANESE STUDENTS
                                                                        and formal situ ation s . They are also the
                                                                        languages of instruction, meaning that,
  Japanese Language ............................................ 45     depending on the instructor of a given course,
  General Education ............................................. 15
   (including INTRODUCfION TO CHRISTIANITY)                             either may be used; therefore , students
  Physical Education ............................................   2   working for a degree will find it essential to be
  Specialized Courses ........................................... 78
   Foundation ...................................... 18                 functionally bilingual in order to complete all
   Area Major ..................................... 30                  the courses needed. Unless they have this
   Senior Thesis ..................................     9
                                                                        proficiency beforehand, they will need at the
   Electives ......................................... 21
                                                       Total      140   outset to undertake one of the basic language
                                                                        programs designed for this purpose: either the
                                                                        English Language Program or one of the
NB:       Japanese students whose prior schooling was
                                                                        Japane se Language Program s . These

          not in the Japanese system follow the require­
          ments given for non-Japanese students. Non-                   programs are planned and conducted by the

staff of the Division of Languages under the       sciences, and the social sciences, and to help
supervision of two program directors.              them perceive the relevance of these branches
  The English Language Program is designed         of knowledge to each other, to the life of the
to raise the competence of students to the level   person and to society . The entire General
where they c an comprehend lecture s ,             Education program is under the supervision of
participate i n discussions, carry on research,    a director, assisted by an advisory committee
and write assignments and examinations in          of representative faculty members.
English. This program carries 24 units of            A minimum of nine General Education
credit. A student proficient in English may,       courses totaling 2 7 units i s required of
with the approv al of the director of the          Japanese students; this is fulfilled by taking
program , be excused from parts of the             Humanities I, plus any two courses in each of
program . In this case the student must            the three divisions, plus 6 units of any courses
c omplete modified requirements for                chosen from the entire General Education
graduation.                                        offerings, including Perspective Studies. For
   Degree-seeking students who do not know         non-Japanese students tak ing Japane se
Japane se are required to take either the          Language, the minimal requirement is five
Intensive Japanese or the Japanese sequence        courses totaling 1 5 units, which should be
(Japanese I-VI) for 36 units, plus 9 units of      distributed as follows : Humanities I, one
Advanced Japanese, for a total of 45 units. A      course in each of the three divisions, and 3
student who achieves adequate competence           units of any 'course chosen from the entire
may be excused by the program director from        General Educ ation offering s , inc luding
parts of the cours e s , in which case the         Perspective Studies. However, for those who
graduation requirements are slightly modified.     are exempted from parts of the language
   Japanese degree-seeking students who enter      requirement, the minimum requirements for
in September and lack the required proficiency     General Education may be changed. Such
in Japanese must fulfill the Japanese language     students are requested to refer to the modified
requirements.                                      graduation requirements.
                                                     In order to acquaint ICU students with the
                                                   basic teachings of the Christian faith, the
2. General Education
                                                   course HUMANITIES I: INTRODUCTION TO
  In keeping with the University ' s aim of        CHRISTIANITY, 3 units, is required of all
providing students with educational opportu­       students as part of the General Education
nities to expand their horizons of thought and     Program.
experience and help them live more satisfying        The Division of Natural Sciences currently
lives, both as students and as graduates           offers partially separate General Education
seeking to contribute to the progress of world     courses for students majoring in that division;
culture and understanding, the College of          such students will take these as specified.
Liberal Arts has developed, and continues to         For further information on course content,
seek to improve, a program of General              refer to the publication, Outlines of General
Education courses. These courses are intended      Education Courses.
to increase students ' knowledge and
awareness in the humanitie s , the natural
                                                           REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION        [ 1 7]

3. Specialized Courses                             avoid too much diffusion of studies and
  ICU ' s College of Liberal Arts is not limited   insuf�i cient special ization, a potentially
to so-called General Education courses but         negatIve outcome of the soft curricular
conducts specialized education along with          structure of the College of Liberal Arts.
general education.                                   In order to inform students thoroughly on
  However, an e arly concentration in a            the various way of completing the required
specialized area is avoided, and students are      courses in the CLA, ICU offers specialized
                                                   guidance for students according to division
given much time to select their specialized
                                                   and anticipated year of graduation, in addition
area carefully.
                                                   to the general adv ising offered to new
  The College of Liberal Arts is organized into
divisions (at present, there are six divisions
Humaniti e s , S o c ial S c ienc e s , Natura i
                                                     All specialized courses are classified into
                                                   1 00 , 200, or 300 level courses, in which
Sciences , Language , Education and Inter­
                                                   numbers indicated the degree of specializa­
national Studies). However, each division is
                                                   tion. This classification has helped to give
not completely independent, but interrelates
                                                   structure to the choice of specialized courses
closely with the others.
                                                   by students.
  Each division has several majorable areas of
                                                      S enior the s e s are mostly guided on an
study (specialized areas in a narrow sense), but
                                                   individual basis, and students are expected to
the regulations on required units, etc. are set
                                                   focus on a specialized area of research.
with some latitude so as not to overemphasize
   Because of its flexible structure, the CLA      4. Physical Education
curriculum successfully maintains compre­
hensive characteristics.                             All students are required to take 2 units of
   The number of units of specialized courses      physical education exercises, 1 /3 unit per
required for graduation is as follo w s :          term, for six terms, and 2 units of lecture
Foundation Courses ( 1 8 units), t o b e taken     courses. Non-Japanese students are exempted
across several majorable areas. A course or        from the l atter requirements . However,
c ourses from other division(s) may be             students who are exempted from parts of the
included. More than half of Specialized            Jap ane se l anguage requirement may be
Courses units (30 units) must be taken from        required to take 1 or 2 units of lectures. Please
the student' s own majorable area, and the rest    refer to the modified graduation requirements.
from among courses in other majorable areas
of the division. Electives (24 units) may be       5. College Residence
taken from among foundation and specialized
courses of other divisions. On the basis of the      Four years of residence as a regular student
specialized courses taken by the end of the        are required for graduation. Transfer students
third year, a student enrolls in a Senior Thesis   must spend at least two of the four years,
course (9 units) and completes a thesis under      including the senior year, enrolled at ICU.
the guidance of a full-time faculty member.
   The following measures have been taken to

6. Others                                            (2) September-entering students are required
                                                   to include 9 or more credit units of courses
  ( 1 ) April-entering students are required to
                                                   taught in Japanese (excluding JLP courses) in
include 9 or more credit units of courses taught
                                                   the total number of credit units for
in English (excluding ELP courses) in the total
                                                   gradu ation. (These regulations apply to
number of credit units for graduation.
                                                   students entering in the academic year 1 99 1 .)


   The College of Liberal Arts is chartered        apply individually to a prefectural board of
by the Ministry of Education to prepare            education for certification, or they may make
students for the junior high school first          appl i c ation c ollectively to the Tokyo
type teaching certific ate for S oc i al           Metropolitan Board of Education through the
S tudie s , Natural S c ience s , Mathematic s ,   University before their graduation in March.
English and Religion, and the senior high            Prospective teachers should register for the
school first type teaching certific ate for        Teacher Certifi c ation Program by the
Geography and H i story , C i v i c s , Natural    beginning of the first term of the sophomore
S c ienc e s , M athemati c s , English and        year. Spec ial registration is required for
Religion. The requ irements for teacher            practice teaching.
certifi c ation are set by the Ministry of           Full details of courses needed and guidance
Education and are stated in the Teacher            in programming will be given by the director
Certification Law. Students who complete           of the Teacher Certification Program or by
the required c ourses may after graduation         the Educational Affairs Office.
                                                                                                 [ 1 9]

                       ACADEMIC REGULATIONS

  Regulations affecting academic status are          Office by the student during the announced
set by the faculty; their application is under the   course change period, and on the prescribed
supervision of the College of Liberal Arts.          form. If a student drops a course without
                                                     official permission, a failure is recorded.
Normal Load
                                                     Errors in Registration
  The normal academic load is 1 3 units each
term (plus 113 unit while the student is taking        No grade or credit will be given retroac­
physical education exercises). However, with         tively for a course for which a student is not
the approval of the advisor, a student (with the     offi c i ally regi stered, even if the student
exception of those carrying a full load of           completes all the requirements for it.
English or Intensive Japane se) may take               All conflicts in schedule must be resolved by
courses within the limit of a maximum of 1 8         the student during the course change period. If
units , including courses which are being            conflicts remain, no credit will be given for
repeated or audited.                                 either course, and both will be deleted from the
                                                     student' s records.
Auditing Courses
                                                     Repeating a Course
  Students may audit courses at the discretion
of the instructor, but no credit will be given         A student may repeat a course once in order
nor will the courses audited be listed on the        to improve his grade at any time that the same
cumulative record or transcript.                     course is again offered. The results of the first
                                                     attempt will remain on his/her cumulative
                                                     record and will appear on the transcript with
                                                     the units of credit and grade shown. The grade
  Registration for classes takes place on the        received on the second try will also be entered
day specified in the Calendar. Late registration     on the permanent record and on the transcript,
is accepted during the first week of the term,       even in cases where the second grade is not
but late registrants will be required to pay a fee   higher than the first. A repeated course may be
of ¥ 3 ,000 to cover the cost of the extra           taken within the 1 8 unit limit.
clerical work.
                                                     Substitution of Courses
Dropping or Adding a Course
                                                       A request by a student for permission to
  Withdrawal from, or addition of, a course is       substitute one course for another course may
to be reported to the Educ ational Affairs           be considered by the Dean. However, such a

request must be submitted to the Educational        given at the discretion of the instructor only
Affairs Office by the prescribed deadline. No       when the student has been unable to attend the
retroactive approval for course substitution        final examination because of illness or other
will be given.                                      c ircum stance beyond the c ontrol of the
                                                    student; the application form for an I, together
                                                    with supp orting evidence for its be ing
                                                    warrante d , must be submitted to the
  At the end of each term, two-hour written         Educational Affairs Office before the end of
examinations are given. The final examination       the term for approval by the Dean.
schedule is prepared by the Educ ational               An I in a course will be deleted and another
Affairs Office and any changes must be              grade recorded if the student completes the
authorized by the Dean. Other tests and             required work during the subsequent term;
quizzes are given during the term in many           otherwise it automatically becomes an E and
courses, with or without advance notice;            no credit is given. In this case the student must
make-up options for these are extended at the       retake the course if he or she wishes to earn a
instructor' s direction. In special circumstances   grade for it.
the Dean may , with the consent of the                 All grades must be reported to the
instructor, permit a student to make up a           Educational Affairs Office within one week
missed final examination, in which case the         after final examinations. A change of grade
c ourse grade must be reported to the               may be authorized by the Dean only when the
Educ ational Affairs Office during the              instructor reports that the original grade is in
subsequent term.                                    error. Under no circumstances may grades be
   A supplementary examination may be               changed after the lapse of one term.
authorized by the Dean only for a senior who           The mark W (withdrawal) is given only
receives an E in a course in his or her final       when a student has been unable to continue
year, and only if there is no opportunity to        c ourses because of illne ss or other
retake the course. Such an examination may be       circumstance beyond his or her control. The
given after any term in which a senior fails a      application form for a W , together with
course, but no more than three will be allowed       supporting evidence for its being warranted,
in one year.                                        must be submitted to the Educational Affairs
   A fee of ¥ 2,000 will be charged for each         Office before the end of the term for approval
examination taken outside of the set schedule.      by the Dean.
                                                       Students may obtain their grade report from
                                                     their faculty advisor. A student or his or her
                                                    parents or guardian may be notified directly of
  S tudent achievement in course work i s            the student' s grades upon request.
rec orded by letter grades as follows: A ,
outstanding; B , commendable; C, satisfactory;
                                                    Grade Point Average
D, minimal; E, failing. In case no grade is
reported by the instructor, the student will be       The grade point average is computed by
given the grade E. The mark I (incomplete) is       dividing the sum of the grade points earned by
                                                                     ACADEMIC REGULATIONS        [2 1 ]

the number of units taken. For each unit of          senior thesis to the Educational Affairs Office,
work grade points are given as follows: A, 4         using the form provided, within the first two
points; B , 3 points; e, 2 points; and D, 1 point.   weeks of the third term of their junior year.
No points are given for an E. The units for          Bachelor candidacy is granted to students who
which an I is recorded are not counted in the        meet certain conditions by the end of the third
calculation of the grade point average.              term of their junior year. For detailed
                                                     information, see the Guide to A cademic
Transfer of Credits

   For Transfer-Regular students , c ourses
                                                       Division Transfer
taken at other colleges or universities and
having a grade of e or above will be credited if       Transfer from one division to another is not
they are equivalent to leu courses. However,         an inherent right which is proce s sed
the maximum number of units for which                administratively. However, at the end of the
transfer credit can be obtained is limited to 1 8    second year a student may be granted
for general education courses and, among the         permission to tran sfer. In order for the
specialized courses, 1 5 for foundation courses,     legitimacy of a request for transfer to be
 15 for area major courses and 15 for elective       judged, the student should manifest interest
courses.                                             and ability in the field in which he or she plans
   For Regular students (Freshmen) who have          to study. Specifically, the criteria are: at least
completed at least one year of college work          one course completed in the division to which
elsewhere , only courses in Languages ,              the student is applying for transfer; at least one
General Education and Physical Education             course in the major field in which the student
with a grade of e or above and within the limit      expects to study; and an adequate level of
of 30 units will be credited, provided that they     achievement in these courses. A request for
are equivalent to leu courses.                       division transfer must be submitted to the
   For Ryugaku or Exchange Program                   Educ ational Affairs Office during the
students, courses taken at other colleges or         prescribed period.
universities and having a grade of D (pass
grade) or above and within the limit of 30 units
                                                     Interdivisional Majors
will be credited, if they are equivalent to leu
courses.                                               An inter divisional major is conducted when
   Evaluation of credits from other colleges or      a student pursues an individual program of
universities is made by the Dean.                    studies spanning two or more of the six
                                                     divisions . The possibilities fall into two
                                                     categories: designated study programs which
Bachelor Candidacy, Senior Thesis                    have a director, such as American Studies or
Preregistration                                      Japan Studies, and an individually designed
                                                     grouping of c ourses which m atches the
  S tudents must submit their request for            interests of the student. In order to be declared
bachelor candidacy and preregistration of            an inter divisional maj or, a student must

present the prescribed application fonn to the    and to have the units earned and time spent in
Educational Affairs Office accompanied by a       re sidence there c ounted toward ICU
course plan for approval by the Dean. The         graduation requirements should submit a
deadline and procedures are the same as for       request for approval by the Dean during the
the application for Division Transfer. For        announced period and using the prescribed
detailed infonnation on American Studies or       fonn. The maximum number of units to be
Japan Studies, see the Guide to A cademic         transferred is 30. One-third of the tuition is
Regulations.                                      charged for each tenn abroad.

Advisor Changes                                   Leave of Absence, Withdrawal

  Students may submit a request for approval        Requests for leave of absence, which may be
by the Dean to change their advisor. Requests     granted up to a maximum period of two years,
must be filed during the prescribed period        must be submitted to the Dean on the fonn
using the fonn available in the Educational       provided; one third of the tuition charge must
Affairs Office. When the advisor plans to be      be paid for each tenn a student is on leave. A
away from the University for some time on         request for leave of absence must be submitted
leave of absence or for other reasons, students   to the Educ ational Affairs Office by the
are notified of a reassignment.                   prescribed deadline.
                                                    A student wishing to withdraw from the
                                                  University must submit his or her request to
Status Changes
                                                  the Dean on the pre scribed form; certain
  A one-year regular student who wishes to        procedures, including the return of the student
continue at ICU, working toward an ICU            identification card and payment of outstanding
degree, must file an application and pass the     bills, must be completed.
screening for status as a transfer student. An
additional matriculation fee will be charged
                                                  Re-enrollment, Readmission
upon approval.
                                                     A student who has been on leave of absence
                                                  may be re-enrolled, and a fonner student who
Extension of Status
                                                  has withdrawn may be readmitte d , upon
  One-year regular students or Kenkyusei may      submitting the necessary application fonns to
submit a request for approval by the Dean to      the Dean. The application must be supported
extend their status for one year, using the       by a medical report certifying the student' s
prescribed form and during the announced          fitness for resuming study and accompanied
period. An additional admission fee will be       by any other documents deemed necessary by
charged upon approval.                            the Dean. It must be submitted by the
                                                  prescribed deadline through the Educational
                                                  Affairs Office. The period of absence must be
Ryugaku (Study Abroad)
                                                  made up in order to meet the residence
  Students wishing to study abroad for a year     requirement of the College of Liberal Arts.
                                                                ACADEMIC REGULATIONS       [23]

  A student who has withdrawn for more than       herself as a student and can no longer stay at
three years will complete the same admission      the University.
and entrance procedures that are required for a     Also subject to dismissal are students whose
transfer student.                                 attendance is irregular or who have been
                                                  absent for more than three months without
Dismissal                                         notice or ju stification, students whose
                                                  accounts with the University are overdue
  A student earning a grade point average of      beyond a given limit, and students whose
less than 1 .00 for three consecutive terms is    period of residence exceeds the maximum
considered to have disqualified himself or        allowed for graduation.
[ 2 4]

                     C OURSES OF INSTRUCTION

  Presented here is the entire curriculum of the      Courses are coded as follows. The initial
college, with information about the programs       letter H, S, N, L, E, or I indicates the division:
of study and content descriptions of the           Humanitie s , Soc ial S cienc e s , Natural
courses. Beside the title of each course, the      S c iences, Languages , Education or Inter­
academic term or terms in which it is normally     national Studies. The department is shown by
scheduled is given. This is subject to change;     two letters following the division letter: Li for
the actual schedules are published during          Literature, Ec for Economics, B i for B iology,
February each year.                                and so on. PE stands for Physical Education.
  The courses of instruction are arranged here     CP is used for the Perspective Studies courses
in the following format.                           in the General Education Program and for
                                                   Special Topics.
College-Wide Programs                                 The first digit of the number has the
 Languages: English and Japanese                   following meanings. The numbers 00 1 to 049
 General Education                                 indicate College required courses; 050 to 099
 Health and Physical Education                     are used for divisional required c ours e s .
 Computer Courses                                  Foundation courses and introductory courses
 Regional Studies                                  prerequisite to further work are numbered
 Basic Readings                                    from 1 00 to 1 99, intermediate level courses
 Special Topics                                    from 200 to 299. The 300s are advanced
Divisional Course Offerings                        undergraduate courses which are open also to
 Humanities                                        graduate students.
 Social Sciences                                      The second digit indicates classification
 Natural Sciences                                  within a department. Economics, for example,
 Languages                                         is subdivided into economic theory, statistics
 Education                                         and econometrics, economic policy, develop­
  International Studies                            ment and hi story , b anking and finance,
                                                   international economics and busine s s
  Each of the college-wide programs begins         administration.
with an explanation of both a general and             The third digit shows the sequence of courses
specific nature . Each division ' s listing i s    within the above system. Standard numbers are
preceded b y a n explanation of the                 applied to the senior thesis (095-6-7), advanced
requirements in the categories of foundation        seminars and studies (292-3-4 or 392-3-4), and
courses and area major, electives, and senior      teaching methods (290 and 29 1 ) .
thesis. The course listings that follow are           A hyphen between course numbers indicates
presented under dep artments , which are           that the course extends over more than a single
arranged alphabetically.                            term and that the first term or terms are
                                                                  COURSES OF INSTRUCTION     [25 ]

prerequisite to the concluding term.              the language of instruction.
  A comma between numbers indicates that            In general, the number of units assigned to a
any term of that c ourse may be taken             course corresponds to the number of class
independently of the others.                      hours per week. It is assumed that the student
  The language of instruction is shown by a       will spend two hours in outside preparation for
final J or E. JE indicates that both Japanese     each hour in class. Laboratory periods not
and English are used; J, E indicates that the     requiring outside preparation carry one unit of
course may be taught in one term in Japanese      credit. The class hour is 70 minutes; laboratory
and in another term in English. For language      periods are 2 1 0 minutes.
courses, other letters may be used to indicate

Note: Terms (spring, etc .) and languages of instruction (E, J) as indicated in the course number
      in this bulletin do not necessarily apply for every academic year. Please refer to the
      Course Offerings and Guide to Academic Regulations published annually by the Educa­
      tional Affairs Office for detailed information.

                    C OLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS


English Language Program                           listening) in academic contexts.
                                                      Theme Writing: A course providing the fun­
Freshman Component Courses                         damentals of writing a documented research
LEnOO l -002-003        ENGLI S H   LANGUAGE       paper.
PROGRA M A : CONTENT, COMMUNICATIVE                   English Comprehensive: A course designed
STRATEGIES, ACADEMIC WRITING 8 ,6,4 units          to integrate the various facets of the ELP
LEnO l l -0 1 2-0 1 3 ENGLI S H LANGUAGE           culminating in a c omprehensive English
PROGRA M B: CONTENT, COMMUNICATIVE                 proficiency exam.
CONTENT, ACADEMIC WRITING 8 ,4 units               STRATEGIES ,  4 units, spring
                                                     Advanced practice in listening, speaking,
Sophomore Component Courses                        reading and writing skills for academic study
LEn03 1    ENGLI S H    LANGUAGE    PROGRAM        in ICU S tudy English Abroad Program
SOPHOMORE ENGLISH       2 units                    affiliated universities.
THEME WRITING    2 units
                                                   Japanese Language Programs
COMPREHENSIVE     2 units                          LIjO l 1 -02 1 -03 1 JE   I NTEN S I V E   JAPANESE
                                                   (COMPREHENSION) I-II-III,     3-3-3 units
   Content: Courses in reading and discussion      LIj0 1 2-022-03 2JE I NTEN S I VE JAPANESE
and lectures in English focused on content         (SPEAKING) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
topics designed to develop language and            LIj0 1 3 -023-033JE I NTEN S I VE JAPANESE
critical thinking abilities.                       (STRUCTURE) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
   Communicative S trategie s : Courses in         LIj O I 4-024-03 4JE INTEN S I V E J APANESE
listening , speaking and reading strategies        (READING & WRITING) I-II-III, 3-3-3 units
designed to improve English communication             A thorough foundation program in oral and
skills.                                            written Japanese, with extensive drill employ­
  Academic Writing : Courses designed to           ing audio-visual aids; 22 periods per week for
improve writing and thinking abilities in          1 2 units per term, a full-time load filling the
English for college level work.                    first year.
   Sophomore English: A course designed to            The first term covers pronunciation practice,
provide sophomore students with further            pattern practice for basic structure, basic
knowledge of and experience in all four            vocabulary (about 1 ,200 items) and reading
language skills (reading, writing, spe aking and   and writing kana and the most frequently used
                                                                  COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS          [27]

kanji (about 4(0) to enable students to express    temporary Japanese grammar,vocabulary and
themselves in both spoken and written form         a total of 500 kanji with new readings.
necessary for simple daily living.
  The second term covers reading materials                                              JAPANESE IV
from newspapers and other publications in             The beginning of intermediate Japanese.
humanitie s , social sciences and natural          It is assumed that students taking this course
sciences, with about 400 additional kanji;         have completed Japanese III, or the
training in oral and written expressions for       equivalent, and have mastered the basic skills
more complicated subjects.                         of listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
  The third term covers ordinary materials in      The course is aimed at developing a good
various fields. An additional 400 kanji are        balance in the four skills. Focus is placed on
given. Emphasis on writing, with training in       the structure of discourse as well as sentence
how to use dictionaries.                           structure. Approximately 200 new kanji are
LJa 1 02-3-4-5-6-7JE JAPANESE I-II-III-IV-V-VI,
6-6-6-6-6-6 units                                                                        JAPANESE V
   The Japanese I-VI course sequence enables         A continuation of Japane se I V , or the
students to enter at various levels. At present,   equivalent. The course is aimed at developing
four or five different levels are offered each     a good balance in the four skills, using a
term. If the student begins in the autumn with     textbook that c ontains excerpts from
Japanese I, two academic years are necessary       contemporary authors and newspapers, as well
to complete the sequence. These courses meet       as kanji and structure exercises.
1 0 periods per week. Video materials and
other audio-visual aids are used at all levels.                                         JAPANESE VI
                                                      A c ontinuation of Japanese V, or the
                                    JAPANESE I     equivalent. Reading materials are selected
  An introduction to basic spoken Japanese         from current publications . Vocabulary and
including speaking drills, listening practice,     structure exercises accompany the main texts.
reading and writing. Upon completion of the        The course is aimed at developing the four
course, students should have acquired a basic      linguistic skills in Japanese.
vocabulary, kana, and 1 50 basic kanji.
                                                   LJa O l OJE SPECIAL COURSE IN READING AND
                                   JAPANESE II     WRITING, 6 units, autumn
  A c ontinuation of Japanese I, or the               This course is designed for non-Japanese
equivalent. Upon completion of this course,        students who would have been placed at the
students should have a mastery of 1 5 0            post-intermediate level if they had sufficient
additional kanji with new readings.                kenji ability. It is an intensive course to help the
                                                   students catch up on kanji and meets 1 0 class
                                   JAPANESE III    periods a week. Upon completion of this course,
  A continuation of Japanese II, or the equiva­    students are to take the placement test again to
lent. Upon completion of this course, students     find an appropriate course for Winter Term.
should have acquired mastery of basic con-

LIj0 1 5 -025JE ADVANCED JAPANESE (TEXT            paragraphs and various writing styles such as
READING) I-II, 2- 1 units                          short essays, resumes, and theme writing.
& THEME WRITING) I-II, 2- 1 units                                     AURAL COMPREHENSION I-II
LIj0 1 7 -027JE ADVANCED JAPANESE (AURAL             In this course TV programs and other audio­
COMPREHENSION) I-II, 2- 1 units                    visual aids are used to increase listening and
  These courses are designed to prepare non        speaking ability and to provide practice in
Japanese students for effective participation in   taking notes and summarizing in Japanese.
university classes taught through the medium
of Japanese . Prerequisite : INTENSIVE JAPA­       LSj 00 1 -2-3JE SPECIAL JAPANESE I-II-III, 3-3-
NESE III, JAPANESE VI, or the equivalent.          3 units
                                                     This course is designed primarily for Japanese
                             TEXT READING I-II     students entering in S eptember who are
  This course is designed to improve reading       proficient in spoken Japanese but need training
ab ility . B oth speed and accuracy are            in reading and writing. Non-Japanese students
emphasized. The course also aims at devel­         with native fluency in spoken Japanese may also
oping ability for self-study with the use of       be accepted. The first term covers the reading
dictionari e s . M aterials are selected from      and writing of about 1 ,000 of the most
popular publications in various fields, and        frequently used kanji. The second term covers
students are e xpected to participate in           the rest of the jooyoo kanji (another 1 ,000) and
discussions in Japanese.                           gives training in reading and writing short
                                                   articles. The third term provides further training
                WRITING & THEME WRITING I-II       in reading and writing in Japanese, review of
  This course begins with sentence structure       kanji, and practice in listening to lectures and
and progresses through the development of          taking notes.

                                 General Education

  Perspective Studies                              indicates the c ourse may be applied to
                                                   fulfillment of the General Educ ation
  These are broadly-based courses on topics        requirement in either divisional area. The
of an interdisciplinary nature. They are of 2 or   requirement in any divisional area cannot be
3 units. Frequently they are team-taught, and      fulfilled solely with Perspective S tudies
most often by the persons who created them.        courses.
New Perspective Studies courses are likely to        The courses listed here are those offered
be introduced in any year. The divisional area     most recently. To confirm offerings, students
classification is shown in parentheses attached    should consult Outlines of General Education
to the course title. Two divisional initials       Courses, published in February each year.
                                                                   COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS         [29]

CP 005E     PERSPECTIVE STUDIES V: SEMANTIC         Carl Linnaeus, Goethe Agassiz, W.S. Clark,
ENVIRONMENT IN HUMAN COMMUNICATION                  Fukuzawa, and Spranger.
(HS), 2 units, winter
  On the basis of fundamental principles of         CP 0 1 1 J   PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XI: COMPUT­
general semantic s , an attempt to analyze,         ERS AND MAN      (N), 2 units, winter
assess and consider means to improve the              The role of computers in the electronic age
quality of semantic environments through an         raises many questions regarding applicability,
interdisciplinary approach. Specific topics         usefulness and limitations, and the relationship
include structural characteristics of nontech­      to different facets of life. Computers are seen in
nical language, symbols in the description of       contemporary perspective as they relate to all
the objective world, and media environment.         aspects of society. (not offered in 1994)

KOKOR O ( S PIRIT OF MINGE/)    (HS ) , 2 units ,   NEGOTIATION PROCESS      (S), 2 units, autumn
spring                                                Aimed at enabling students to understand
  Especially designed to give an appreciation       the structure and strategy of negotiation, a
and understanding of mingei (Japanese               process most Japane se prefer to avoid,
folkcrafts), emphasizing the esthetics of the       although the present time has been termed the
objects and their functional role through           "era of bargaining power." Using actual cases,
looking at the style of life and spiritual          negotiating behavior is analyzed and scientific
attitudes of the people who made and used           studies of such behavior are introduced. (not
them. The history of mingei and its modern          offered in 1994)
revival are discussed. (not offered in 1 994)
                                                    CP 0 1 5J      PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XV: THE
AND TEACHING    (HS), 3 units, winter               spring
   A survey of learning and teaching theories          Designed to consider women ' s positions
and practice s , designed for students to           today , mainly through l abor laws and
examine their own habits, experiences and           administration. Working women ' s various
attitudes toward knowledge and its use, and to      problems, giving special attention to the
look at the question of life-long education and     equality in employment are discussed.
its meaning in later adult years.                   S tudents are led to attain the basic legal
                                                    knowledge of their future working life.
units, autumn                                       SOCIETY      AND   THE   CITIZEN-IN THE PER­
  A historical study of the interactions            S PECTIVE     OF   THE   H I S TORY   OF   S OCIAL
between university-affiliated intellectuals and     THOUGHT   (HS), 3 units, autumn
the major cultural crises in the West (as well as     Traditions of Western civil society in
in Japan) from the eighteenth to the twentieth      comparison with the traditional structure of
centuries. Included is the significance of the      Japanese society. (not offered in 1 994)
intellectual careers of such men as Leibniz,

CP 0 1 7J    PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XVII: THE        Japan are closely related to such other fields
HOLISTIC APPROACH TO KARADA (HUMAN                as thought, religion, literature , art and
BODY) (HSN), 2 units, winter                      concepts of nature. (not offered in 1 994)
  Aimed at enabling students to gain a greater
appreciation of their own bodies, the evolution   CP 025J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXV: BRAIN
of life, the transition of nature, the develop­   AND LANGUAGE (SN) 3 units, winter
ment of the world and how to lead a healthy         Following a brief consideration of the basic
human life.                                       features of brain structure and function, the
                                                  phy siological, psychological, and soc ial
CP 0 1 8J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XVIII:              factors and the fundamental principles which
THOUGHTS OF MAHIBMATICS (HN), 2 units,            seem to govern and facilitate our acquisition of
spring                                            languages will be explored. Brain pathologies
   An introduction of the fundamental thoughts    and remedial techniques for those language
of mathematics which are important to             disorders will also be examined. (not offered
understanding Western culture. (not offered in    in 1 994)
1 994)
                                                  CP 026E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXVI:
CP 0 1 9J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XIX:                MEMORY OBSERVED (HSN), 2 units, spring
JAPANESE LITERATURE AND CHRISTIANITY­               Designed to examine some of the many
JAPANESE LITERATURE AS AN ATHEISTIC               manifestations of memory in ordinary human
WORLD (H), 3 units, spring                        experience with a view to extracting some
  An explication of the non-Christian charac­     general principles which may characterize the
teristics of Japane se literature through         basic nature of the memory process itself. A
analysis, comparison and contrast. (not offered   variety of instructional techniques will be
in 1 994)                                         employed including lecture, demonstration
                                                  and discussion formats. (not offered in 1 994)
STUDIES (S), 2 units, spring                      CP 028J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXVIII:
  Aimed at enabling a deeper understanding        HOMERIC EPICS AND THEIR LINEAGE (H), 2
of the problems of peace, violence and world      units, winter
order, on the basis of full recognition of the       A l iterary , philosophical and historical
reality of the violent world as expressed in      approach to Homeric Epics with special focus
such forms as war, poverty and oppression.        on the Greek understanding of humankind and
Included is a proposal for peace from a fresh     its significance to us today.
                                                  CP 0301£ PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXX:
CP 024J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXIV: MOD­            ISSUES IN PEACE (HSN), 3 units, autumn
ERN SCIENCE IN HISTORICAL AND INTERDISCI­            The main purpose of this course is to deepen
PLINARY CONTEXTS (HSN), 2 units, autumn           the understanding of the issues of peace,
  S ome h i s toric al circumstanc e s are        v iolence and world order. The c ourse is
considered where the birth and development        offered by several instructors in somewhat
of modem science and its introduction into        different styles, which allow each instructor to
                                                                COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS        [3 1 ]

discuss the issue from a different perspective    language at their disposal in the making, and
and at the same time to try out an interdivi­     whether or not non-human species of the
sional approach to the peace issue.               animal kingdom possess languages of their
                                                  own in comparison to human languages.
winter                                            WORLD OF SIGN LANGUAGES: (HS ) , 3 units,
   Using a variety of instructional techniques    autumn
including practicums whenever possible, this        The sign language is a preeminent human
c ourse seeks to examine the reciprocal           language on a par with oral language; it thus
relationships between human beings and their      has its structure and function in society. This
physical, social, and cultural environments -as   course is designed to introduce student to the
revealed by the newly-emerging interdisci­        fascinating world of sign languages, using
plinary field of environmental psychology.        Japanese sign language and American sign
                                                  language as models, in order to explore the
CP 0 3 3 J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXIII:            nature of sign language through its use by the
HUMAN HISTORY AND ASTRONOMY (HN), 3               deaf and its acquis ition by humans and
units, spring                                     nonhuman primates.
  B y c onsidering the hi story of man ' s
attempts to document the passage of time in       CP 037J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXVII:
almanac form, this course seeks to explore the    ASTRONOMY AS A WORLD-VIEW (HN),3 units,
reciprocal relationship between human             autumn
behavior and natural forces on the one hand         An historical perspective on the changes in
and the development of astronomy in               cosmological world-view provided by the
recognition of natural forces on the other.       study of astronomy . The development of
                                                  human thought as it relates to scientific inquiry
CP 0 3 4J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXIV:              through astronomy.
SPACE IN EVERYDAY LIFE (HS), 3 units, spring
   We all face the issue of lifespace every­      CP 03 8JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXVIII:
where. Since space is basic to the interpreta­    LITERATURE AND HUMAN RIGHTS (H), 3 units,
tion and understanding of everyday life, we       autumn
study lifespace, the everyday life-world, and       U sing documentary films, and Shimazaki
the landscape.                                    Toson ' s novel "The Broken Commandment",
                                                  this course will reflect on the problems of
CP 035E      PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXV:            human discrimination from the standpoint of
LANGUAGE SCIENCES (HSN), 3 units, spring          human rights. Analysis and reflection on the
  Language sciences are the studies of            relationship between literature and society
language that are concerned with all aspects of   will characterize the fundamental aspects of
human language behavior. This course is           this course. (not offered in 1 994)
designed to introduce students to the explora­
tions of how langu age works in human             CP 039J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XXXIX:
societies , when humans happened to have          COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY (SN), 2 units, spring

   Computers have become an important             professors, will be invited.
influence on our daily lives. With the
understanding of the relationship between         CP 044J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLIV: MUSIC
c omputers and human life as a cultural           AND SOCIETY-A HISTORY OF PUBLIC
phenomenon, and the training of critical          CONCERTS IN EUROPE (HS), 3 units, spring
appraisal and wise computer is the purpose of        This course examines the development of
this course. (not offered in 1994)                public c oncerts in Europe from the 1 7th
                                                  c entury to the pre sent. It c onsiders the
CP 040J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XL: MATE­             relationship between music and society as well
RIAL BASIS OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION (SN), 2          as the function of music in society.
units, spring
  New materials have brought about new eras       CP 045JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLV: JAPAN
in human civilization. This course aims to        IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (HS ) , 3 units,
rev iew such developments with special            winter
reference to Japane se history from the             This course will examine the history of
viewpoint of the natural sciences. (not offered   Jap an in the 20th century as a basis for
in 1 994)                                         understanding the sorts of political, economic,
                                                  social, and cultural problems Japan confronts
CP 041 J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLI: FREEDOM         at present and will confront in the future.
OF EXPRESSION (HS), 3 units, spring
  To study the contents and contemporary          CP 046J PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLVI:
problems of freedom of expression, which          COMPUTER LITERACY (SN) , 2 units, spring,
occupies a central position of fundamental        winter
human rights.                                       To acquire basic skills to utilize computers
                                                  as a tool in the studies and other activities.
CP 042E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLII: IMAGES          Hands on exercise in lab included.
units, spring                                     CP 047J       PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLVII :
  Thi s c ourse aims to trace the changing        DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE ( S ) , 2 units ,
images of women in literature and art in          autumn
Britain between 1 830 and 1 9 1 4.                  General description of the objectiv e s ,
                                                  agencies, forms and conditions o f develop­
CP 043JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLIII:               ment assistance and analysis of the effect,
INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN STUDIES (HS),            corruption, political interference, impact on
2 units, spring                                   environment and human rights, and other
  Through an inter-disciplinary approach to       problems pertaining to development
contemporary issues of American society such      assistance. (not offered in 1 994)
as ethnicity , feminism, Japan-American
relationships, etc., an orientation to American   CP 048JE PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLVIII:
studies will be given. According to each          COMMUNICATION DISORDERS, 3 units, winter
subject, special guests from various disci­         This course is intended to reveal the hidden
plines, including ICU faculty and visiting        side of communication, namely, communica-
                                                                 COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS        [33]

tion disorders, which will be systematically         Theories, policies and problems of develop­
accounted for from the point of view of            ment of developing countries. The role of
language patholog y . B y communication            government in the process of growth ,
disorders we mean the disruptions of the flow      development strategies and international
of communication in individuals who have           aspects of development.
neurological and/or articulately and auditory
problems when they interact with others. (not      CP 0 5 3 E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES LIII :
offered in 1 994)                                  CROSSING CULTURAL BOUNDARIES, 2 units
CP 049E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES XLIX:                    Purpose of the course is to assist students
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS IN TODA Y ' S            who are preparing to go abroad, returning
WORLD (SN), 2 units, autumn                        home to Japan or soj ourning in Japan
  Studying the many uses of computers in the       understand the dynamics of intercultural
modern world and learning hands-on skills          coping and adaptation. The contents are the
with several types of computer applications.       concepts of culture and culture shock, the
                                                   dynamics of culture learning, multicultural
CP 050E PERSPECTIVE STUDIES L: EDUCA­              social competence, metaphors of identity ,
TION IN AN AGE OF TRANSFORMATION, 3                multi-lingual ism, and basic Japanese culture
units, autumn                                      pattern s . Lectures and group activ ities
  With the dramatic denouement of the              (simulations, mini-project, discussion).
socalled " c old w ar," national state s and
societies are confronted by global political,
economic, and cultural changes. The course
seeks to challenge students to think about the       The aim of this series of courses is to give
meaning and significance of social change and      students an understanding and appreciation of
development, and further invites them to           their cultural heritage. Emphasis is laid along
critically examine the structures and process      historical lines on outstanding people and
of schooling as it shapes and is shaped by these   significant peaks in the fields of religion, art,
transformations.                                   music, literature and philosophy of both the
                                                   East and the West.
  Aimed at proposing and acting to reform          CHRISTIANITY, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
school curriculum with understanding about           The basic concepts of the Christian faith.
the essential tasks of modern education; 1 )       The study, based on the B ible , is directed
student' s total development, 2) excellence, 3)    toward understanding Christianity ' s theo­
creativity, 4) personality, and particularly 5)    logical significance in relation to various
protection of natural and social environment.      fields of modern culture . Required of all
                                                   students seeking a degree.
autumn                                             WESTERN ART, 3 units, spring

  A general survey of the history of West�rn         Social Sciences
art from prehistoric times to the present, wIth
                                                       The purpose of this series is to provide
emphasis on an analysis of the style of t�e
                                                     students with the basic understanding to
repre sentative works in relation to theIr
                                                     enable them to act as intelligent and
historical and regional backgrounds.
                                                     compassionate citizens in seeking solutions to
                                                     interrelated economic, political and SOCIal.
                                                     problems, both those of Japan and of the world
CLASSICS, 3 units, spring
  The classical heritage of Western culture
and its significance for the modem world, with
                                                     S 002J,E SOCIAL SCIENCE II: HISTORY, 3
special reference to the Greek understanding
                                                     units, autumn, winter
of humankind. Studied through interpretation
                                                       Characteristics of historical studies, seen
of the masterpieces of Greek tragedy.
                                                     through their relationship with other fields of
                                                     study, especially the humanities and social
LITERATURE, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
  An examination of some of the greatest
                                                     S 003E,J SOCIAL SCIENCE III: POLITICAL
works in world literature. Aimed at encour­
                                                     SCIENCE, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
aging students , through interpretation of
                                                       The development of social thought and
particular w orks in relation to cultural
                                                     systems, and the methodology and pro�l�ms
tradition, to become responsive readers and to
                                                     of social sciences, with stress on polItIcal
face challenging questions as to the ideas of
humankind and the world.
                                                     S 004J,E SOCIAL SCIENCE IV: SOCIETY AND
                                                     CULTURE, 3 units, spring, autumn
MUSIC, 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
                                                       The development of social thought and
   Aimed at understanding the essence of music
                                                     systems, and the methodology and problems
and its historical background. Various examples
                                                     of social sciences, with stress on sociology and
of musical compositions are examined for their
stylistic characteristics. Examples are chosen
both from the repertory of the European
                                                     S 005E,J SOCIAL SCIENCE V: EDUCATIONAL
tradition and from works of non-Western
                                                     REFORM IN MODERN ERA, 3 units , spring,
traditions, particularly Japanese classical music.
                                                       The development of social thought and
                                                     systems, and the methodology and problems
PHILOSOPHY, 3 units, autumn, winter
                                                     of social sciences, with stress on educational
  S ources of the various trends in modem
philosophy are traced and the main problems
of philosophy are examined with historical
                                                     S 006J    SOCIAL SCIENCE VI: JAPANESE
and comprehensive aspects.
                                                     CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 2 units, autumn
                                                               COLLEGE· WIDE PROGRAMS      [35]

   Aimed at understanding the general outline    S 054JE SENIOR INTEGRATING SEMINAR, 3
of the Japanese government and politics in       units
structure and operation, on the basis of the        Interd i s c iplinary analysis of criti c al
prov isions of the Japanese Constitution.        problems of current concern to Japan and the
(Required for the Teacher Certific ation         re st of the world. Lectures, conferenc e s ,
Program.)                                        students reports. (not offered i n 1 994)

                                                 Natural Sciences
TIONAL RELATIONS, 3 units, spring, autumn,
winter                                             The purpose of this series is to enable
  D e signed to provide students with the        students to act with an understanding of
knowledge and skills for comprehending and       natural phenomena and to recognize the
analyzing various problems in contemporary       implications of their action for human welfare,
international relations.                         to understand the values and the limitations of
                                                 science and its methods, and to use science
S 008J SOCIAL SCIENCE VIII: BEHAVIORAL           intelligently in the solution of their own
SCIENCES AND HUMANISTIC SCIENCES, 3              problems.
units, autumn
  S ignificance in psychological exploration     N OO l J NATURAL SCIENCE I: MATHEMATI­
and understanding of human life. Psychology      CAL STRUCTURES, 3 units, spring
as a behavioral science and as a science of        Mathematical structures and the nature of
"personhood" are reviewed. Also discussion       mathematical thinking.
on psychological aspects of each discipline of
social science.                                  N 002E,J NATURAL SCIENCE II: FOUNDA­
                                                 TIONS AND CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS, 3 units,
S 009J SOCIAL SCIENCE IX: BUSINESS AND           spring, autumn
HUMAN BEHAVIOR, 3 units, spring                    The foundations and concepts of physics
  Consider a man from the viewpoint of           and the fundamental relationship between
busine s s , and understand the impacts of       theoretical and empirical knowledge in the
human behavior to the organization and the       physical sciences.
problem of organizational behavior v s .
environment.                                     N 003E,J     NATURAL SCIENCE III: THE
                                                 CHEMICAL BASIS OF NATURE, 3 units, spring,
S O l OJ,E   SOCIAL SCIENCE X: ECONOMY           autumn
AND ECONOMICS, 3 units, autumn, winter             A chemical basis for understanding nature
  Lectures on how economics theories have        and human interactions with nature.
constructed their analytical frameworks to
explain individual economic behavior and the     N 004J NATURAL SCIENCE IV: LIFE SCIENCE,
mechani sm of national and international         3 units, spring, autumn, winter
economy, and deduced their policy implica­         Life phenomena as viewed mainly at the
tions.                                           level of molecules, and of cells or tissues.

N 005J NATURAL SCIENCE V: HISTORY OF                the products of an epistemological analysis of
SCIENCE, 2 units, winter                            s c ienc e . How and in what sense these
  Aimed at grasping the essential features and      objections can be raised are clarified, and a
the structure of natural sciences, through          new type of interpretation of science i s
reviewing their history and particularly            introduced. Required o f all Natural Science
through reference to the relation between them      majors in the junior or senior year.
and the social or cultural contexts that formed
them. Required of all Natural Science majors        N 05 1 JE SENIOR INTEGRATING SEMINAR, 2
in the junior or senior year.                       units, autumn
                                                       A study of the characteristics and interrela­
N 006J NATURAL SCIENCE VI: PHILOSOPHY               tionships of the different branches of the natural
OF SCIENCE, 2 units, spring                         sciences and mathematics, and their relation to
  Science was once believed to be an attempt        other disciplines. Small group study of
to collect objective data, but today various        important books on these topics, special lectures
important objections to this have been raised,      and general discussions attended by all students
some originating in the very results of recent      enrolled. Required of all Natural Science majors
scientific developments. Others have arisen as      in the senior year.

                      Health and Physical Education

Lecture Courses                                     PE 005 ,6 BASIC EXERCISES I, II (required of
                                                    all students), I: spring, autumn/I I : autumn,
PE 00 1 1 HEALTH EDUCATION, 1 unit, every           winter
  Designed to give understanding and                PE 1 1 0, 1   TEAM SPORTS I, II, every term
knowledge about the concepts of health ,
personal and public hygiene, principles and         PE 1 1 2 BEGINNING DUAL SPORTS
practice of a healthy life (definition of health,
diseases, nutrition, mental health, first-aid,      PE 1 1 3 INTERMEDIATE DUAL SPORTS
etc.). For freshmen and sophomores.                 PE 1 1 4 BEGINNING INDIVIDUAL SPORTS

  Basic knowledge and meaning of physical
education, sports and recreational activities in    PE 1 1 6 BEGINNING SELF TESTING ACTIVITIES
terms of healthy and balanced living (physical
fitne s s , fatigue , training, principles of       PE 1 1 7 INTERMEDIATE SELF TESTING ACTIVI-
recreation). For freshmen and sophomores.           TIES

Exercise Courses ( 1 /3 unit, given every term)     PE 1 1 8 BEGINNING COMBATIVE ACTIVITIES
                                                                 COLLEGE-WIDE PROGRAMS         [37]

                                                   PE 200, 1 J GROUP LEADERSHIP IN RECREA-
PE 1 20      FOLK DANCE                            TION I, II, I , 1 unit

PE 1 2 1     BEGINNING RHYTHMS AND DANCE             Methods of leading group recre ation
                                                   programs, supplying materials and teaching
PE 1 22      INTERMEDIATE     RHYTHMS AND          techniques.
                                                   PE 2 1 0, 1 , 2, 3 , 4, 5 ADVANCED PHYSICAL
PE 1 23      ORGANIZED GAMES AND CRAFTS            EDUCATION I, II, III, IV, V, VI, 1 12 unit, every

                                Computer Courses

  See courses listed for Information Science in    ETc 1 00J   COMPUTER APPLICA TION IN
the Division of Natural Sciences. See also:        EDUCATION I

CP 0 1 1 J    COMPUTER AND MAN                     ETc 200J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
                                                   EDUCATION II
                                                   ETc 3 00J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
CP 046J       COMPUTER LITERACY                    EDUCATION III


                                  Regional Studies

  Courses of this category are designed for the    "Course Offerings and Guide to Academic
study of the salient characteristics of selected   Regulations" . They may also consult with the
regions. They are open to students of all fields   directors of these programs.
as electives counted in the graduation
requirements.                                      RE 1 00E NORTH AMERICAN STUDIES I:
  Programs for American Studies and Japan          CANADA, 2 units
Studies went into operation from the Autumn          From the framework of hi storic al
term 1 986. These are interdivisional majors       perspective, the course presents an analysis of
and include existing c ourses and a small          the major themes marking the development of
number of new courses. Students interested         the culture, society, politics and economics of
are referred to the annual booklet entitled        Canada.

RE 1 1 0E JAPAN STUDIES: HISTORY, ART             these fields are interrelated. Emphasis i s
AND LITERATURE, 3 units, autumn                   placed on the structure and functioning o f
  Designed to familiarize students with basic     contemporary Japanese society . For Japan
aspects of Japanese history art, and literature   S tudy majors, units count toward the area
and show how these fields are interrelated.       m ajor requirement. The c ourse inv olves
Emphasis i s placed on examining the              substantial out-of-classroom work: field trips,
relationship between traditional and modern       interviews and first-hand observation. Content
Japan and understanding Japan within a broad      and instructor vary.
comparative framework. For Japan Study
majors, units count toward the area major         RE 1 1 2E JAPAN STUDIES : POLITICS, ECO­
requirement. The course involves substantial      NOMICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, 3
out-of-classroom work: field trips, interviews    units, spring
and first-hand observation. Content and             Designed to familiarize students with basic
instructor vary.                                  aspects of Japanese politics, economics and
                                                  international relations. Emphasis is placed on
RE I I I E JAPAN STUDIES: SOCIETY, RELIGION,      understanding Japan ' s position in the
EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, 3 units,            contemporary world. For Japan Study majors,
winter                                            units count toward the area major requirement.
  Designed to familiarize students with basic     The course involves substantial out-of­
aspects of Japane se soc iety , religion,         classroom work: field trips, interviews and first
education and communications and show how         hand observation. Content and instructor vary.

                                   Basic Readings
H or S or N or L or E 1 0 1 ,2,3J,E BASIC         week. Offered at the option and convenience
READING COURSES IN HUMANITIES, SOCIAL             of the instructor, conducted in a language of
SCIENCES, NATURAL SCIENCES, LANGUAGES or          the instructor' s choice, and when there i s
EDUCATION, I,I1,III, 1 , 1 , 1 unit               sufficient demand.
  Studies, in seminar format and designed for       The units earned through these seminars
freshmen and sophomore, of basic readings in      are to be counted within the c ategory of
the various disciplines, the choice of topic to   Electives, and a maximum of 3 units may be
be made at the discretion of the instructor.      recognized, within this category for credit
These seminars meet for 1 40 minutes each         toward graduation.

                                    Special Topics
 CP 3 0 1 -349J,E SPECIAL TOPICS, 2 or 3 units    areas or topics of broad, current or unusual
per term                                          interest. May be offered on the initiative of one
  Special work, on either a lecture or seminar    or more full-time or visiting faculty members,
basis, with faculty members or lecturers in       upon approval by the division chairman (of the
                                                                  COLLEGE· WIDE PROGRAMS        [39]

instructor(s) of the proposed course) and upon     community in transition, from v ariou s
approval by the Dean. Up to 6 units of Special     viewpoints. A participation-oriented course
Topics c ourses may be c ounted toward             consisting of frequent visits to facilities,
graduation as Electives.                           lectures by expert officials, and discussion on
                                                   the present and future of the satellite city.
I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter                  CP 329E FIELD STUDIES IN BRITISH CULTURE,
   An interdisciplinary study of American          3 units, spring
culture concentrating on such topics as              A nucleus of lectures and seminar provides
politics, economics, literature, religion, arts    historical, socio-political, religious, artistic ,
and society. Influence upon Japanese culture       and educational perspectives of the United
may be considered.                                 Kingdom , uncovering the interaction of
                                                   tradition and modernism. This is supple­
CP 328J MITAKA COMMUNITY STUDIES, 3                mented by optional v i sits to historical
units, spring                                      landmarks, museums, galleries, etc. Academic
  Designed to explore M itaka, a loc al            evaluation is based on written work.

                         American Studies Program
  This program of study is designed to             concentrate on an area that interests them by
provide students with an understanding and         studying with related professors from the
knowledge of the distinctive features of           various divisions of the University. For further
American society and culture through a broad       information, see the "Guide to A cademic
spectrum of courses arranged in an inter­          Regulations" .
disciplinary manner. S tudents are able to

                            Japan Studies Program
  The purpose of this program is to provide a      should prove of interest to ICU four-year regular
comprehensive understanding of Japan and its       students. On the other hand, a one-year program
place in world society. "Tradition and Change      has been designed to provide an overall
in Modern Japan" constitutes its primary           introduction to Japan for one-year regular
emphasi s . The program i s explicitly             students; this part of the program consists of
comparative in approach. It seeks to interrelate   both language instruction and courses about
and integrate knowledge about Japan.               Japan taught in English . For detailed
  Two Japan Studies programs have been             information, see the "Guide to A cademic
established. On the one hand, Japan Studies        Regulations" .
constitutes an interdivisional major which

               Study English Abroad (SEA) Program

  The purpose of this program is to let           S ophomore program , after c ompleting a
students take part of their English Language      concentrated class of Advanced Communi­
Program (ELP) in English speaking countries       cation Strategies (an elective course of 4 credit
like the UK, Canada and the US , and              units), students are allowed to continue to stay
experience a different culture abroad. In the     at the sites abroad and take some general
Freshman program, a concentrated class of         education courses or specialized courses in
Freshman ELP ' s Communicative Strategies         addition to Sophomore ELP courses (6 credit
(4 credit units) is conducted for about 6 weeks   units). For further information, see the "Guide
during the Summer vacation period. In the         to Academic Regulations" .
                                                                                         [41 ]

                    DIVISION OF HUMANITIES

General Education Courses                           3 units
                                                  HPh 1 04 INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC,
  The c ourses offered by faculty of thi s          3 units
division a s part o f the General Education     Art and Music:
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are        HAr 1 00 INTRODUCTION TO ART,
listed , with descriptions and explanatory            3 units
information, under College-Wide Programs.         HAr 1 0 1 HISTORY OF EASTERN ART,
                                                      3 units
                                                  HMu 1 00, 1 HISTORY OF WESTERN
Foundation Courses
                                                      MUSIC I, II, 3 , 3 units
  Humanities students meet the 1 8 unit
Foundation course requirement by taking 6        German Literature majors may receive
units from each of three areas chosen from    Foundation course credit for HLi 1 20 , 1
among the following five:                     H ISTORY OF ENGLIS H LITERATURE I , II, by
                                              taking 6 units of LGe 1 02 - 3 GERMAN A
  Classics:                                   (Grammar II-Reading & Speaking II) or 6
    HLi 1 1 0- 1 GREEK LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3     units from LGe 1 52 GERMAN B (Intermediate
      units                                   Reading 1 ), LGe 1 53 GERMAN B (Intermediate
    HLi 1 1 2-3 LATIN LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3      Reading 2), LGe 1 04 GERMAN A (Reading &
      units                                   Speaking III) and LGe 1 60 READINGS IN
                                              GERMAN .
  Literature:                                    French Literature majors may receive
    HLi 1 20, 1 HISTORY OF ENGLISH            Foundation course credit for LFr 101 or 1 02
       LITERATURE 1, 11, 3 , 3 units          FRENCH II or III in place of HLi 1 20, 1 HISTORY
                                              OF ENGLISH LITERATURE I, II.
  Religion:                                      American Literature major may receive
    HRe 1 00, 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE           c ourse credit for HLi 1 40 , 1 HISTORY OF
      BIBLE I, II, 3, 3 units                 AMERICAN LITERATURE I, II, as requirement of
   HRe 1 02, 3 , 4 HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY    "Literature" among the Foundation course
      I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units               areas.
    HRe 1 05 , 6 STUDY IN THEOLOGY
      I, II, 3, 3 units                       Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses

  Philosophy:                                   Humanities majors are required to complete
    HPh 1 0 1 , 2 HISTORY OF WESTERN          a minimum of 30 credit units of Area Major
      PHILOSOPHY 1, 11, 3 , 3 units           Courses by taking courses chosen from the
    HPh 1 03 INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS,          departments in the Humanities Area. 1 5 or

more credit units must be taken in one                        Art and Archaeology
department. Courses in other divisions may be
c ounted with the written consent of the             HAr 1 00J INTRODUCTION TO ART, 3 units,
advisor, the division chairman, and the Dean if    spring
they are functional in the student' s program.       A survey of art, dealing primarily with
However, German l iterature maj ors may            stylistic analysis and evaluation of major and
include, without consent of the advisor, LGe       minor arts in terms of form, space, color,
2 1 0- 1 ADVANCED READINGS IN GERMAN I-II in       composition, problems of symbolism, etc. A
their Area Major requirement.                      brief survey of iconography is included.
   The senior thesis, 9 units , completes the
requirements for the Area Major. Each student      HAr 1 0 lE HISTORY OF EASTERN ART, 3 units,
also takes 24 units of electives.                  autumn
   Advanced students may take courses of             The history of Eastern art from prehistoric
Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the      times to the present; emphasis on major phases
Area Major requirement, and up to 6 units as       and personalities in architecture, sculpture,
Electives. Also they should note the 400-level     and painting, and including metal and ceramic
courses offered by the Divisions of Education      arts in the Far East.
and Comparative Culture of the Graduate
School.                                            HAr 200E ANCIENT ART OF THE WEST, 3
                                                   units, 1 994 spring
H 095-6-7J,E SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units              The art of ancient cultures in Near Eastern
   The senior student, under the guidance of a     and Western areas from the Palaeolithic period
thesis advisor chosen from among the full­         to the 4th century A.D.; emphasis on Egypt,
time staff of the division, selects a subject in   the Near East, Greece and Rome (given in
which he/she has an interest and some              alternate years).
c ompetence and prepare s a documented
research paper in which he pursues his subject     HAr 20 l J MEDIEVAL ART OF THE WEST, 3
in depth . The thesis is written in English        units, spring
except in cases determined by the division           The art of Medieval Europe from the
chairman and the faculty advisor. Students         recognition of Christianity until the beginning
should consult the internal reference, "Senior     of the Renaissance; architecture, sculpture,
Thesis Requirements: Humanities Division."         mosaics, paintings, illuminated manuscripts,
Required of all Humanities students in the         and certain minor arts of the Early Christian,
senior year.                                       B yzantine , M igration, Carolingian, Ro­
                                                   manesque and Gothic periods.
2 units, 1 995 autumn                              HAr 202J RENAISSANCE ART, 3 units, autumn
  Principles and problems of teaching religion       The architecture, sculpture, and painting of
in secondary schools; emphasis on problems         the Renai s sance period in Ital y , France,
peculiar to Japan. This course is required of      Germany, England, the Low countries and
students seeking a teacher certification in        Spain. The regional character of the art; style
religion (given in alternate years).               analysis of leading personalities.
                                                                                  HUMANITIES      [ 43 ]

HAr 203J BAROQUE ART, 3 units, autumn                 Architecture , sculpture , painting , and the
  The architecture, sculpture, and painting of        bronze and ceramic arts from the viewpoint of
the Baroque period in Italy, France, Germany,         stylistic evolution and iconographic signifi­
England, the Low Countries and Spain, The             cance (given in alternate years)
regional character of the art; style analysis of
leading personalities,                                HAr 300, l J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN ART
                                                      AND ARCHAEOLOGY I, 11, 3 , 3 units
HAr 204J MODERN ART I, 3 units, autumn                  Advanced study in selected topics or on
  A survey of the maj or movements and                current discoveries in art and archaeology .
leading personalities in painting, sculpture,         Open to advanced students with the approval
and architecture of the 1 9th century in France,      of the instructor.
England, Germany and America.
HAr 205J MODERN ART II, 3 units, winter
  A survey of the major movements and
leading personalities in painting, sculpture,
and architecture of the 20th century ; the            HLi 1 1 0- l J GREEK LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units,
international movements of the 20th century.          autumn-winter
                                                        Classical (Attic) Greek. Three hours of
HAr 2 1 0E    JAPANESE ARCHAEOLOGY, 3                 clas sroom w ork per week . Grammar and
units, spring                                         selections from Greek prose.
   Cultural developments in Japan in the
Palaeolithic and the Jomon period s , as              HLi 1 1 2-3J LATIN LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units,
understood through archaeological materials.          spring -autumn
Fieldwork on the ICU pre-Jomon and Jomon                Three hours of classroom work per week.
sites.                                                Grammar and selections from Latin prose and
HAr 2 1 1 E JAPANESE ART, 3 units, winter
  The development of Japanese art from                HLi 2 1 O, l J READINGS IN GREEK I, II, 3, 3
earliest times to the 19th century in the fields of   units, spring, I 1 995/11 1 994
architecture, sculpture, painting, and in the            The text is selected from Plato' s works, such
metal, textile and ceramic arts.                      as Apology of Socrates or Crito, and/or Homer
                                                      (1 and 1/ given alternately).
HAr 2 1 2E INDIAN ART, 3 units, 1995 autumn
  A survey of prehistoric, Buddhist, Hindu            HLi 2 1 2,3J READINGS IN LATIN I, 11, 3 , 3 units,
and Mughal art of India, and related arts in          winter, I 1 995111 1 994
Southeast Asian countries (given in alternate           The text is selected from such authors as
years).                                               Cicero, Caesar, Livy, Virgil and Ovid (1 and 11
                                                      given alternately).
HAr 2 1 3E CHINESE ART, 3 units, 1 994 winter
  A survey of the art of China from its               HLi 2 1 4,5J CLASSICAL LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3
prehistoric stages through the Ching dynasty.         units, 1 994 autumn, winter
[ 44]     HUMANITIES

  The authors read vary from year to year, the       literature of the period and its background,
selection being made according to the interests      followed by intensive study of major works
and needs of the students. Examples: Homer,          (given in alternate years).
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus,
Thucydides, Plato, Cicero, Virgil, Catullus,         HLi 223 ,4E,J SHAKESPEARE I, II, 3,3 units,
Horace, Ovid, Lucretius. Knowledge of Greek          spring, autumn
and Latin is not required (given in alternate          A survey of Shakespeare ' s literary back­
years).                                              ground, followed by intensive study of his
3 , 3 units, 1 995 autumn, winter                    HLi 225 ,6E,J SEVENTEENTH CENTURY ENG­
   The authors read vary from year to year, the      LISH LITERATURE I, II, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn
selection being made according to the interests        Major authors including John Milton and
and needs of the students. Examples: Homer,          metaphysical poets (/: not offered in 1994).
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus,
Thucydides, Plato, Cicero, Virgil, Catullus,         HLi 227E,1 EIGHTEENTH CENTURY ENGLISH
Horace, Ovid, Lucretius (given in alternate          LITERATURE, 3 units, autumn
years).                                                 A survey of the characteri stic s of the
                                                     literature of the period and its background,
HLi 3 1 0, I J ADVANCED STUDIES IN CLASSICS          followed by intensive study of major works.
I, 11, 3 , 3 units, I 1995, winterIII 1994, winter
    Special advanced study in selected topics        HLi 228 ,9E,J NINETEENTH CENTURY ENG­
through the reading of the original texts of         LISH LITERATURE I, II, 3, 3 units, winter
Greek and Roman poets, historians and/or                A survey of the characteri stic s of the
philosophers (/ and 1 1 given alternately).          literature of the period and its background,
                                                     followed by intensive study of major works
                                                     (II: not offered in 1 994).
English Literature

TURE I, II, 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter              ERATURE, 3 units, winter
  A historical survey from the beginnings               A survey of the characteri stic s of the
(Beowulf) to the present.                            literature of the period and its background,
                                                     followed by intensive study of major works.
II, 3, 3 units, winter, spring                       HLi 3 2 0 , 1 E,J  ADVANCED STUDIES I N
   Analytical reading and study of English           ENGLISH LITERATURE 1, 11, 3 , 3 units
poems, novels, essays and plays.                       Special advanced study under supervision in
                                                     selected topics of English literature. Open to
HLi 222E,J CHAUCER TO SPENSER, 3 units,              advanced students with the approval of the
1 995 spring                                         instructor.
   A survey of the characteristic s of the
                                                                               HUMANITIES      [45]

American Literature                              HLi 25 1 ,2,3J ,E GERMAN LITERATURE I , II, III,
                                                 3 , 3 , 3 units, 1 995 spring, autumn, winter
HLi 1 40, 1 E,J HISTORY OF AMERICAN                 A study of representative authors from
LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn    medieval times to the present. The works read
  The history of American literature from the    vary from year to year, the selection being
Colonial period to the present, with special     made according to the students ' interests and
reference to the growth of American civiliza­    needs. Examples : Nibelungenlied, Goethe,
tion.                                            Kleist, Storm, Rilke, Hesse, Brecht, Grass
                                                 (given in alternate years).
HLi 240, lE,J AMERICAN PROSE I, II, 3 , 3
units, autumn, winter                            HLi 254,5 ,6J GERMAN LITERATURE IV, V, VI,
  A survey of Americ an writers in their         3 , 3 , 3 units, 1994 spring, autumn, winter
hi storical milieu and the reading of out­          A study of representative authors from
standing literary works.                         medieval times to the present. The works read
                                                 vary from year to year, the selection being
HLi 242E ,J AMERICAN POETRY, 3 units ,           made according to the students ' interests and
winter                                           needs . Examples: Minne sang, H offmann,
  Representative American poets, focusing on     Heine, Fontane, Thomas Mann, Kafka, B oll
Emily Dickinson, with special reference to the   (given in alternate years).
American social milieu.
                                                 HLi 3 5 0 , I I ,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
HLi 3 45 ,6E,J ADVANCED STUDIES IN               GERMAN LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units
AMERICAN LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units             Special advanced study under supervision in
  Special advanced study under supervision in    selected topics of Geman literature. Open to
selected topics of American literature.          advanced students with the approval of the
German Literature
                                                 French Literature
TURE I, II, 3, 3 units, 1 995 autumn, winter     HLi 1 60, 1 ,2J HISTORY OF FRENCH LITERA­
  German literature from medieval to modem       TURES I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn,
times, with special emphasis on its historical   winter
and cultural background (given in alternate         Survey of the main currents of French
years).                                          literature since the Renaissance, with historical
                                                 reference to the development of European
HLi 25OJ,E READINGS IN MODERN GERMAN             culture. Gives perspectives on comparative
LITERATURE, 3 units, 1 994 winter                studies. I: Classical, II: Romantic, Ill : Symbolic.
  Reading , analysis and interpretation of       Required in sequence for French literature
representative works by modern German            majors.
writers (given in alternate years).
[46]      HUMANITIES

HLi 260, 1 ,2F,J MODERN FRENCH LITERA-             social background (given in alternate years).
TURE I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn,
winter                                             HLi 270J CLASSICAL JAPANESE LITERATURE
  Readings mainly of poetic works. I: Hugo         I, 3 units, 1 994 winter
to Nerval, II: B audelaire to Rimbaud , III:          Nara and Heian literature: its language, plot
Mallarme to Valery, Bonnefoy.                      c onstruction, style of expre s s ion, and
                                                   characterization (given in alternate years).
ATURE IV, V, VI, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn,    HLi 27 1 ,2J CLASSICAL JAPANESE LITERA­
winter                                             TURE II, III, 3, 3 units, spring, autumn
  Readings mainly of prose writings (novels,         A study of the design contained in all
dramas, critical or philosophical essays, etc.).   volumes of The Tale ofGenJi and problems of
                                                   style and vocabulary peculiar to the period, as
HLi 360, I F,J ADVANCED STUDIES IN FRENCH          well as the general characteristics of the novel.
LITERATURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units                      Alternate year reading of v olumes from
  Special advanced study under supervision in      Kiritsubo to Maboroshi.
selected topics of French literature. Open to
advanced students with the approval of the         HLi 273J MEDIEVAL JAPANESE LITERATURE
instructor.                                        I, 3 units, spring
                                                      A study of the main works and trends of
                                                   Japanese literature of the medieval period (not
Japanese Literature
                                                   offered in 1 994).
   A broad survey of modern Japanese               II, 3 units, spring
literature from the Meiji Restoration to the           A study of the main works of pre-modem
present, with special reference to the Western     (kinsei) period.
impact upon its development.
                                                   HLi 275,6,7J MODERN JAPANESE LITERA-
HLi 1 7 1 ,2J INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE             TURE I, II, III, 3,3, 3 units, I: 1995 autumn, II,
LITERATURE I, II, 3 , 3 units, 1 995 autumn,       III: winter
winter                                                Poems, novels and dramas of leading
  General survey, with special reference to the    authors and poets of the modem period, with
spirit of the ages. Deals chiefly with the         c oncentration on the works of Meij i and
ancient to the precmodern period (given in         Taisho period writers (J given in alternate
alternate years).                                  years).

TURE I, 11, 3 , 3 units, 1 994 winter, spring      JAPANESE LITERATURE I , II, 3 , 3 units, J :
  Sequence to INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE             spring, autumn E: spring, winter
LITERATURE I, II. Emphasis on the develop­           Special advanced study under supervision
ment of the literary ideas with reference to the   in selected topics of Japane se literature .
                                                                              HUMANITIES      [ 47 ]

Open to advanced students with the approval        of sacred mu sic: e . g . , Gregorian chant,
of the instructor.                                 medieval organum, Renaissance mass and
                                                   motets, Baroque oratorio and church cantata,
                                                   and religious music of the Classical, Romantic
HMu 1 00, 1 J HISTORY OF WESTERN MUSIC             and Modern periods. Topics Will be
I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter                  announced prior to the beginning of the term
    A historical survey of music of European       (given in alternate years).
traditions from the ancient to the present.
Representative examples of each period are         HMu 204E ETHNOMUSICOLOGY: JAPANESE
listened to and the characteristics of major       MUSIC, 3 units, winter
styles discussed. (HMu 100 should preferably         The non-European musical traditions, with
be taken before HMu 1 0 1 ).                       special emphasis on Japanese gagaku, noh,
                                                   bunraku, kabuki, instrumental and folk music .
1 994 autumn                                       HMu 300, l J ADVANCED STUDIES IN MUSIC
   Discussion of a specific subject in the field   I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter
of instrumental music-solo, chamber,                   An intensive study of music theory, analysis
symphonic works, etc. , and of their musical       and l iterature . Assignments are given
forms-sonata, variation, etc. Topics will · be     regularly. Open only to advanced students by
announced prior to the beginning of the term       permission of the instructor.
(given in alternate years).

                                                              Philosophy and Ethics
HMu 20l J DRAMA AND MUSIC, 3 units, 1 995
spring                                             HPh 1 0 1 ,2J HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSO­
  A survey of dramatic music, chiefly opera:       PHY I, II, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter
the problem of words vs. music, the special           Critical and comprehensive study of the
devices which c omposers of each period            main trends of Western philosophical thought.
adopted in their dramatic works, etc (given in     I: ancient and medieval philosoph y . I I :
alternate years).                                  modem and contemporary philosophy.

HMu 202J VOCAL . MUSIC, 3 units, 1 994             HPh I 03E,J INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS, 3
spring                                             units, winter
  Discussion of a specific subject in the field      General survey of the fundamental issues of
of vocal music, such as choral polyphony in        ethics, social ethics and political philosophy
the Renaissance and Baroque periods, or solo       which have given rise to the different value
songs from the Classic and Romantic periods.       sy stems employed in making dec i s i o ns .
Topics will be announced prior to the begin­       Lectures on selected material lead t o
ning of the term (given in alternate years).       discussion o f ethical case studies.

HMu 203J SACRED MUSIC, 3 units, 1 995              HPh 1 04J INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC, 3 units,
autumn                                             1 994 spring
  Discussion of a specific subject in the field       The history of logic and its relationship to
[48]        HUMANITIES

philosophy; elementary principles of logical                   Business Ethics (/ and 1 1 given alternately).
inference and argument according to symbolic
logic (given in alternate years).                              HPh 308 ,9J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
                                                               PHILOSOPHY I, II, 3, 3 units
HPh 20 1E RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY IN                             Special advanced study under supervision in
JAPAN, 3 units, autumn                                         selected areas of philosoph y . Open to
  A survey of the religious and philosophical                  advanced students with the approval of the
traditions of Japan aimed at identifying and                   instructor.
defining the most characteristic aspects of
Japanese thought and belief.                                                      Religion

                                                               Biblical Studies
units, winter
  An examination of Japanese values, their                     HRe 1 00, 1 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE I ,
origin and influence, past and present. Special                3, 3 units, I: spring, II: autumn
attention will be given to their interaction with                A presentation of various elements in the
Western values in modern times and the                         Bible (history, law, prophecy, gospel, epistles,
impact of this on Japanese ethical thinking                    etc.) with emphasis on their comprehensive
(not offered in 1 994).                                        message. I: Old Testament. II: New Testa­
I, II, III, IV, V, VI 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 units, I, IV: spring/   HRe 1 1 0J NEW TESTAMENT GREEK AND
II, V: autumn / III, VI: winter                                PHILOLOGY, 3 units, winter
    Seminars to give the necessary fundamental                   A study of New Testament Greek and
training for philosophical thinking, as well as                philology through the reading of the texts.
the ideas of such philosophers as Plato ,                      Prerequisite: GREEK LANGUAGE I-II (given in
Aristotle, Augustine, Kant, Hegel, Heidegger,                  alternate years).
etc . Their works are read in the original
languages.                                                     HRe 1 1 2-3J OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW AND
                                                               PHILOLOGY 1-11, 3-3 units, 1 994 spring-autumn
HPh 300, l ,2J PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY I,                         Two hours of grammar, one hour of Old
II, III, 3, 3, 3 units, spring, I, III 1 995 III 1 994         Testament philology weekly (given in
    Consideration of methods of philosophical                  alternate years).
studies, or such important problems as being,
essence, knowledge and experience.                             HRe 2 1 0, 1 1 NEW TESTAMENT STUDIES I , 11, 3 ,
                                                               3 units, spring, I 1 994, I I 1 995
HPh 303,4E,J PROBLEMS OF ETHICS I, II, 3, 3                       Studies on the writings and ideas of the New
units, spring, I 1 995 III 1 994                               Testament and of Primitive Christianity (/ and
  Systematic examination of the structure of                   II given alternately).
the major value systems at work in the moden
world, with reference to current areas of                      HRe 2 l 2,3J OLD TESTAMENT STUDIES I, 11, 3 ,
concern-Environmental Ethics, B ioethics and                   3 units, autumn, 1 1995 I 11 1 996
                                                                               HUMANITIES     [ 49]

  Studies on the writings and ideas of the Old      HRe 25 1 1 CHRISTIAN ETHICS II, 3 units, 1 994
Testament and of ancient Israel (I and II given     winter
alternately) (I:not offered in 1 994).                The general trends of scholarship in
                                                    Christian ethics and the approaches of
HRe 230, 1 1 READINGS IN BIBLICAL STUDIES           Christian ethics to contemporary issues (given
I, II, 3, 3 units, I, II winter                     in alternate years).
    A study of the messages of individual New
Testament authors and the early Church                HRe 252J PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION, 3
Fathers through the reading of texts in the         units, 1 994 winter
original language when possible. A study of           A study of God, man, time, truth and history
the Old Testament and of ancient I srael            from the point of view of the philosophy of
through reading the literature and texts (II: not   religion (given in alternate years).
offered in 1 994).
History of Christianity
                                                    HRe 1 40J SCIENCE OF RELIGION, 3 units, 1 995
HRe 1 02, 3, 4J HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY I ,         spring
II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn, winter        The general science of religion, dealing with
    The historical development of Christianity,     history, psychology, anthropology, sociology
including such topics as the formation of the       and phenomenology of religion; its method­
early church, its development in the Medieval       ology for understanding the nature of religion
Period, the Reformation, the rise and               (given in alternate years).
development of Protestantism.
                                                    HRe 280- 1 1 HISTORY OF RELIGIONS I-II, 3-3
                                                    units, spring, I 1 995 / II 1 996
Theology and Ethics
                                                      A comparative and historical study of the
HRe 1 05,6J,E STUDY IN THEOLOGY I, II, 3, 3         world' s great religions: the main doctrines and
units, 1995 autumn, winter                          theses of Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism,
  B asic Christian concepts and main trends in      Mohammedanism and other religions (I and II
modern theology ; sources of Christian              given alternate) (I: not offered in 1 994).
knowledge; Christian doctrines of God, man,
Christology, redemption, the Church and the         HRe 300, l J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES I N
Kingdom (given in alternate years).                 RELIGION I, I I , 3 , 3 units
                                                      Special advanced study under supervision in
HRe 250J CHRISTIAN ETHICS I: RELIGION &             selected topics of religion. Open to advanced
ETHICS IN AMERICA, 3 units, 1 994 autumn            students with the approval of the instructor.
  Religion and ethics in contemporary America
are discussed within the contexts of politics,
society and culture (given in alternate years).


General Education Courses                            SPo 1 0 1  INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, 3
  The courses offered by the faculty of this         SPo 1 40   INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL
division as part of the General Education              SCIENCE, 3 units
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are           EPs 1 0 1 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY , 2
listed, with descriptions and explanatory              units
information, under College-Wide Programs.            EPs 1 70 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2
Foundation Courses

                                                 Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
  Social Science majors meet the Foundation
course requirement by taking a minimum of 1 8
units of courses as follows:                       S ocial S c ience maj ors are required to
  [ 1 ] Three units in S 060 ELEMENTARY SO­      complete a minimum of 30 credit units of Area
        CIAL STATISTICS, 3 units                 Major Courses by taking courses chosen from
  [2] 3 or 6 units chosen from among:            the departments in the Social Science Area. 1 5
       SHi 1 1 3 HISTORY OF JAPAN III, 3 units   or more credit units must b e taken i n one
       SHi 1 2 1 INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE        department. Those who wish to specialize in a
        HISTORY I, 3 units                       single department can do so in economics and
       SHi 1 3 1 HISTORY OF CHINA 1, 3 units     business administration, history , political
       SHi 1 5 1 HISTORY OF EUROPE 1, 3 units    science, and sociology and anthropology .
  [3] 9 or 12 units chosen from among:           Economic geography and labor problems are
       SEc 1 00 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, 3     considered to be supplementary courses of the
        units                                    Area Major courses. Courses in other divisions
       SEc 1 0 1 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS 11, 3   may be counted with the written approval of
        units                                    the advisor, the division chairman and the
       SEc 1 03 INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS         Dean, if they fit into a coherent program.
         ADMINISTRATION, 3 units                    S tudents interested in Japan S tudies or
       SEc 1 04 OUTLINE OF ECONOMIC GEOG­        American Studies may take an interdivisional
         RAPHY, 3 units                          m ajor in the field. They must plan and
       SSo 1 00 PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY, 3       complete an individual program in consulta­
         units                                   tion with the director of the Japan Studies or
       SSo 1 0 1 PRINCIPLES OF ANTIIROPOLOGY,    American Studies programs.
         3 units                                    The senior thesis, 9 units, completes the
       SSo 1 24 INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE         requirements for the Area Major. In addition
         SOCIETY, 3 units                        every student will take at least 24 units of
       SPo 1 00 POLITICAL THEORY, 3 units        electives.
                                                                             SOCIAL SCIENCES    [5 1 ]

  Advanced students may take courses of             S29l J TEACHING METHODS IN CIVICS, 2 units,
Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the       autumn
Area Major requirements, and up to 6 units as         Studies of teaching methods in Civics, i.e.
Electives. Also, they should note the 400 level     Jurisprudence, Politics; Sociology, Econom­
courses offered by the divisions of Com­            ics; Philosophy, Ethics, Science of Religion,
parative Culture and Public Administration of       Psychology. Required of those seeking teacher
the Graduate School.                                certification in "Social Studies".

units, spring, winter                               STUDIES, 2 units, winter
  Elementary statistic al methods basic to            See the Division of Education.
research and advanced work in the social
scienc e s . Required of all Soc ial S c ience      Economic and Business Administration
                                                      Required of Economics and B u sine s s
S060E ELEMENTARY S OCIAL STATISTICS, 3              Administration majors: SEc 1 00 PRINCIPLES
units, spring                                       OF ECONOMICS I; SEc 1 0 1 PRINCIPLES OF
  Content is similar to that of S 060J, but         ECONOMICS II.
given in English.
                                                    Economic Theory
S095-6-7J,E SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units
  The senior student, under the guidance of a       SEc 1 00E PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, 3
thesis advisor chosen from among the staff of       units, autumn
the division, selects a subject in which he/she        Fundamentals of macro-economic theory:
has an interest and some competence and             the basic c oncepts of national income,
prepares a documented re search paper               determination of aggregate production and
pursuing his subject in depth and relating it to    employment, and the effects of monetary and
his discipline. In some fields joint seminars are   fi s c al poli c i e s . Prerequisite to advanced
conducted by the staff; in others the student       courses in economics.
works with an individual member of the
faculty. Required in the senior year.               SEc 1 0 l J PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS II, 3
                                                    units, spring
S290J TEACHING METHODS IN GEOGRAPHY                   Fundamentals of micro-economic theory:
AND HISTORY, 2 units, spring                        behavior of a consumer and a firm, and market
  This c ourse will deal with the purposes,         equilibrium. Prerequisite to advanced courses
problems and methodologies involved in              in economics.
teaching geography and history at the senior
high school level; emphasis will be on              SEc 2 1 0-lJ MICROECONOMICS I-II, 3-3 units,
curriculum development, use of textbooks,           winter-spring
and formulation of teaching plans. Required of        Intermediate micro-economic theory : I .
those seeking teacher certific ation in             Theory o f prices, wages, redt, interest, and
"Geography and History".

profits in the framework of general equilib­     Quesnay and Smith through Ricardo and
rium; emphasis on methodology , graphic          Malthus to Mill. II: The economic doctrines of
techniqu e s , and applications of theory to     S oc ialism, M arxian economic s , marginal
problems. II. Normative economic theories for    theory.
the planning and evaluation of economic
policy, including the optimization condition,    SEc3 1 21E COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC THEO­
welfare norms, compensation principles and       RI�S , 3 units, spring
consumption surplus. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES      Comparative studies on economic theories
OF ECONOMICS I, II.                              including recently developed methods of
                                                 analysis. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECO­
SEc21 2-31E MACROECONOMICS 1-11, 3-3 units,      NOMICS I, II.
   Intermediate macro-economic theory : 1 .      Statistics and Econometrics
Basic concepts and measurements o f national
income, such as the consumption function, the    SEc220E ECONOMIC STATISTICS, 3 units,
marginal efficiency of capital, the liquidity    spring
preference theory of interest, and the general     Statistical methods of economic analysis
theory of employment. Includes the applica­      and their application to economic problems.
tion of national income analysis to monetary     Includes small sampling methods, correlation
and fiscal policy problems. II. Description of   analysis. Prerequisite: ELEMENTARY SOCIAL
the theories of economic growth. Prerequisite:   STATISTICS.
                                                 SEc22 1 -2E ECONOMETRICS I-II, 3 - 3 units ,
SEc2 1 4E TIlEORIES IN MODERN ECONOMICS,         autumn-winter
2 units, winter                                    Quantitative analysis of economic problems
  The fundamental assumptions and the            through the basic methods and theories of
methodology of modem economic theories.          econometric s . Emphasis on the use of the
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.     economic model and the method of estimation
                                                 from data. Prerequisite : PRINCIPLES OF
1-11, 2-2 units, spring-winter
   Provides basic foundation for mathematical    Economic Policy, Development, History
analy sis in economics (I) with pos sible
extensions covering adv anced topics in            SEc230J ECONOMIC POLICY, 3 units,
mathematical economics (II).                     autumn
                                                   Normative aspects of economic policy,
SEc2 1 7-8J HISTORY OF ECONOMICS I-II, 2-2       including provision of public goods, pollution
units, autumn-winter                             control, income distribution and public choice.
   The historical development of economics       Practical aspects of economic policy in Japan.
and its relevance to current economic doc­       Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.
trines. I: The beginnings from mercantilism,
                                                                        SOCIAL SCIENCES     [53]

SEc240E ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF                   International Economics
MODERN JAPAN, 3 units, spring
  Examination of m ajor factors that                SEc262-263JE INTERNATIONAL ECONOM­
contributed to the economic development of        ICS I-II, 3-3 units, spring-autumn
modern Japan after the de struction of              International trade and theory of compara­
feudalism. Problems of modem industry and         tive adv antag e , b alance of international
fiscal system, the role of international trade,   payments, tariff protection and free trade, and
the dual structure of economy.                    current international economics problems.
                                                  Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.
winter                                            See also:
  Theories, policies and problems of eco­         IEb200, 1 INTERNATIONAL TRADE I, II, 3, 3
nomic development. The role of government         units
in the process of growth , planning for           IEb300 INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY, 3
development and the theory of stages in the       units
process of growth.
                                                  Business Administration
I, II, 3 , 3 units, winter, 1 1 995 / 11:1 994    SEc l 03J I NTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS
    Development of European indu stry ,           ADMINISTRATION, 3 units, spring
agriculture, trade, finance and labor from the      Major problems in modern busine s s
Middle Ages, with special attention given to      enterpris e s ; nature and characteristic s o f
problems ari sing from the Industrial             modern c orporations , development o f
Revolution (I and II given alternately).          ownership thereof, analysis of operations and
                                                  policy formulations through simulation
Banking and Finance                               models (business games); outline of business
                                                  organizations and of control systems therein.
SEc250, 35 1 E MONEY AND BANKING I, II, 3, 3
units                                             SEc 1 7 1 J ACCOUNTING, 3 units, autumn
  Monetary theory, central banking, commer­         Outline of the financial structure of modem
cial banking and monetary policies. Emphasis      busine s s , double entry sy stem, financial
on the Japanese monetary and banking              report s , major problems in corporate
systems with some international comparisons.      accounting standards , financial statement
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.      anal y s e s , elementary auditing and legal
                                                  requirements in Japan.
SEc252, 353J PUBLIC FINANCE I, II, 2, 2 units,
spring, autumn                                    SEc224E BUSINESS AND SOCIETY IN JAPAN, 3
  General principles applicable to public         units, winter
finance in a modem state and the fundamental        This course adopts a comparative approach
theories on which sound policy must be based.     to an examination of Japanese business and
Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I, II.      soc iety . Topics to be dealt with include:

attitudes and obli gations in employment            Elementary cost accounting sy stem s ,
system s , familistic aspects of company          standard costs, direct costing, budget systems
organization, company benefits for families;      and financial analyses for project planning .
welfare concepts ; labor unions and               Prerequisite: ACCOUNTING.
paternal ism, empl oyee partic ipation in
business decision; family businesses, etc. (not   SEc 372J MANAGEMENT S CIENCE, 3 units ,
offered in 1 994)                                 winter
                                                    Techniques of quantitative analyses for
SEc270J BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, 3 units,         business decision s , operations research,
autumn                                            variou s model s , lectures and exerc i s e s .
  Outl ine of administration processes in         Prerequisite: BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION.
business enterprises, planning, organizing ,
leadership and control.                           SEc373J BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS, 2 units,
SEc27 1J MARKETING MANAGEMENT, 3 units,             Study of formal and informal organizations
autumn                                            including the behavioral theory of the firm .
  Marketing is one of the most important          Strategy and organization are studied.
activities of the modern corporation. This
consists of marketing research , product          SEc375J STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT, 3 units,
development, sales forces and channel design,     winter
advertising, and pricing.                            Considers the behavior of modern firms
                                                  managing their business environment. The
SEc272J FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, 2 units,            contents are as follows: environment change,
spring                                            three decision areas, long-range planning,
  Planning and control of cash and fundflow,      structure of business, PPM, etc .
principles of capital budgeting, principles of
capital procurement and financing growth of       Labor Problems
Japanese industries. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES
                                                  LEMS, 3 units, spring
SEc370J CORPORATE ACCOUNTING, 3 units,              The origins of labor problems, questions
spring                                            relating to hours , wages , dangerous or
  Current problems in corporation finance and     unsanitary employment, employment of
accounting in Japan, corporate accounting         women and minors , trade unionism, labor
standards, auditing systems and standards ,       disputes, unemployment, social security, etc.
consolidated financial statements and
international acc ounting standard s . Pre­       SEc380J LABOR PROBLEMS IN JAPAN, 3 units,
requisite: ACCOUNTING .                           autumn
                                                    The origin and nature of labor problems in
SEc37 1 J   MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING,     2 units,   Japan, the development of labor laws and their
spring                                            content, trade unions, labor disputes, systems
                                                                             SOCIAL SCIENCES       [55]

of mediation, conciliation, and arbitration.        EUROPEAN HISTORY I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units.

Economic Geography                                  SHi I 90J,E METHODS FOR HISTORICAL RE­
                                                    SEARCH, 3 units, spring
SEc 1 04J OUTLINE OF ECONOMIC GEOGRA­                 An introduction to basic princ iples of
PHY, 3 units, spring                                historiography ; deals with methodology ,
  B asic theories, methodology and social role      documentation, and use of concepts, etc.
of economic geography.
                                                    SHi3 0 l J,E HISTORY OF JAPANESE CUL­
JAPAN I-II, 3-3 units, autumn-winter                3 units, 1994 winter
  Deals with the natural environment of Japan           Designed to present a historical overview of
and life in traditional farming and fishing         Japanese cultural relations. Three broad periods
communities. Also, examines the process of          will be dealt with in detail: Chinese-Japanese in
adjustment to regional development, centering       the Nara-Heian periods; the encounter with
on the problems of industrialization and            Europe during the so-caned Christian Century
urbanization in Japan.                              ( 1 543- 1 639 ) ; and Westernization during and
                                                    after the Meiji era (given in alternate years).
units, spring                                       S H i 3 9 2 , 3 , 4J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
  From the view point of M an and                   HISTORY I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units
Environment, basic theory of natural and              Advanced study in selected topics in history
economical geographies and environmental            which are of special interest and value to
education are to be discussed.                      students (offered as occasion calls).

SEc392J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN ECO­                  Asian History
units                                               SHi2 1 2J,E ASIAN STUDIES , 2 units, 1 994
  Adv anced study in selected topic s in            spring
economics and business administration that            Political, economic and cultural develop­
are of e special intere st and value to the         ment of modem Asian societies. Includes
students (offered as occasion calls).               lectures by invited scholars.

                    History                         SHi I 1 1 , 2, 3J HISTORY OF JAPAN I, II, III, 3, 3 ,
                                                    3 units, spring, autumn, winter
   Required of History majors: 1 ) three units in      I: Examination of the main factors in the
SHi 1 90 METHODS FOR HISTORICAL RESEARCH,           development of ancient and medieval Japan.
3 units; 2) three units chosen from among: SHi      II: Examination of the main factors in the
3 1 1 , 2, 3 READINGS IN JAPANESE HISTORY I, II,    development of early modern Japan. III:
III, 3, 3, 3 units; SHi 33 1 READINGS IN CHINESE    Examination of the main factors in the
HISTORY, 3 units; SHi 35 1 , 2, 3 READINGS IN       development of modem Japan since the Meiji

                                                        Exploration of the process of continuity and
SHi l 2 l , 2E INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE               change in the tradition of Indian thought and
HISTORY I, 11, 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter            evaluation of its role in the history of the
  Formation and development of Japanese               Indian people from the pre-Vedic period to the
history from the Western point of view. I:            day of independence. (I: not offered in 1 994)
Ancient and medieval. II: Early modem and
modem.                                                SHi24l , 2J,E HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST ASIA
                                                      I, II, 2, 2 units, autumn, winter
SHi2 l I J,E SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL                      A general outline of the history of Southeast
HISTORY OF MODERN JAPAN, 3 units, spring              Asia, with some methodological considera­
  Deals with significant social and intellectual      tions on the study of history. Several specific
problems in modem Japan history.                      topics are selected for explanation and
HISTORY I, II, III, 3 , 3, 3 units, winter, autumn,   Western History
  Readings on special topics relating to the          SHi 1 5 1 , 2, 3J,E HISTORY OF EUROPE I, II, III, 3 ,
history of Japan.                                     3 , 3 units, spring, autumn, winter
                                                         Formation and development of Western
SHi 1 3 1 , 2J,E HISTORY OF CHINA I, II, 3 , 3        European world. I: Germanic ancient and
units, autumn, winter                                 medieval. II: Early modem. III: Modem and
  A survey of Chinese history from primitive          contemporary.
times through the two revolutions of the 20th
century, with emphasis upon cultural, social          SHi25 I J,E SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL
and political aspects.                                HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE, 3 units, spring
                                                        Designed to study the dev elopment of
SHi3 3 I J,E READINGS IN CHINESE HISTORY, 3           thought and society in modern Europe.
units, spring                                         Includes not only political thought but also
  An advanced course in pre-20th century              social and popular consciousness.
Chinese history . Emphasis on the develop­
ment of Chinese society, economy and culture          SHi252J,E HISTORY OF EASTERN EUROPE, 3
in the late Imperial period.                          units, spring
                                                        An outline of the history of Eastern Europe
SHi230, lJ,E HISTORY OF KOREA I, II, 3 , 3            including the Soviet Union, includes topics
units, winter, spring                                 relating to constitutional, economic and social
  The major political events, institutional and       history.
cultural developments , social changes and
intellectual history of Korea from earliest           SHi253J,E HISTORY OF ENGLAND, 3 units ,
times to the present.                                 spring
                                                        An outline of the history of Great Britain
SHi236, 7, 8J,E HISTORY OF INDIAN THOUGHT             including a review of approaches to English
I, II, III, 3 , 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn, winter   history, includes topics relating to constitu-
                                                                             SOCIAL SCIENCES      [S7]

tional, economic and social history.                  Greeks and Romans through the Medieval
SHi3S l , 2, 3J,E READINGS IN EUROPEAN                Age, the Renaissance, and the Reformation to
HISTORY I, II, III, 3 , 3, 3 units, spring, autumn,   the rise of socialism in the political thought of
winter                                                the 19th and 20th centuries.
  Readings on the social and intellectual
history of Europe.                                    SP022OJ, E PEACE STUDIES I, 3 units, autumn
                                                        Will consider problems related to peace and
American History                                      world order, such as war, arms race, poverty,
                                                      human rights, or environment. More funda­
SH i244, SJ,E HISTORY OF THE UNITED                   mental and general than Peace Studies II.
STATES I, 11, 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter
  The factors that influenced the development         SPo22 1 J, E PEACE STUDIES II, 3 units, winter
of the United States from the 1 7th century to          Will consider problems related to peace and
the present. I: Colonial period to 1 867. II:         world order, such as war, arms race, poverty,
Problems of post-Civil War reconstruction,            human rights, or environment. More advanced
complexities of industrialization and emer­           than Peace S tudies I , and will emphasize
gence of the United States as a world power.          theories on world order.

SHi273J ,E HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA, 2                SP0222E POLITICAL CULTURE, 3 units, winter
units, autumn                                           Analytical and c omparative studies of
  A survey history of Latin America from the          various types of political culture and tradition
pre-Colombian era to the present.                     including Japan.

               Political Science                      SP0223J POLITICAL PROCESS, 3 units, autumn
                                                        Examination of the political processes as
  Political Science majors are required to take       they relate to contemporary mass democracy,
two of the following: SPo 1 00 POLITICAL              including a concrete analysis of the role of
THEORY; SPo 1 0 1 INTERNATIONAL POLITICS;             bureaucracy , political parties, election and
SPo 1 40 INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL SCIENCE.               pressure groups in the contemporary Japanese
                                                      political process.
Government and Politics
                                                      SP0224J,E POLITICS IN JAPAN, 3 units, spring
SPo 1 OOJ,E POLITICAL THEORY, 3 units, spring           S truc tural description and functional
  Political theories regarding contemporary           analysis of Japanese government and political
politics. Emphasis on theories of fundamental         parties. Emphasis on historical background
political institutions, contemporary political        of the Constitution and administrativ e
ideologies and types of behavior.                     organizations and functions o f both central
                                                      and local governments.
THOUGHT I, II, 3 , 3 units, winter, autumn            SP022SJ,E HISTORY OF JAPANESE POLITICAL
  The development of political ideas from the         THOUGHT, 3 units, winter

  Examination of the development of political
ideas from the Meiji era to the present. Critical   SP024 1 J CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 3 units,
assessment of main political thinkers and           winter
events in moden Japan.                                S everal issues concerning Japane se
                                                    constitutional institutions or concepts
SP0226J,E COMPARATIVE POLITICS, 3 units,            including the Emperor system, the guarantee
autumn                                              of rights, separation of powers, the bicameral
  Comparative studies of the theory and             system, Supreme Court, and judicial review,
practice of v arious types of gov ernment           will be selected as topics for lecture and
including both democratic and soc ialist            discussion. (Some knowledge of the Japanese
regimes.                                            Constitution is a prerequisite.)

units, autumn                                       LAW, 3 units, autumn
  Analytical studies of political behavior.           Studies of some important constitutional
Emphasis on such behavioral approaches as           cases of the U. S . S upreme Court in
game theory, systems theory, communication          comparison with the constitutional case-law of
theory and structural-functional theory .           Japan (not offered in 1 994).
Includes some case studies.
                                                    SP0242-3-4J CIVIL LAW I-II-III, 3-3-3 units,
Public Administration and Law                       spring-autumn-winter
                                                       General principles of civil law and the civil
SPo 1 40J INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL SCIENCE,            c ode of Japan; emphasis on the law of
3 units, spring                                     property , contract and torts (not offerd in
  The function of law in society, its nature and    1 994).
historical evolution, and fundamental legal
principles of the international community, the      SP0246-7J ADMINISTRATIVE LAW I-II, 3-3
state, civil society and the family.                units, spring, I : 1 994 III: 1995
                                                       General principles of administrative law .
SP0230J PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, 3 units,             Emphasis on problems of admini strative
spring                                              litigation, civil service and local autonomy (1
   The development of the structure and             and 11 given alternately).
function of public administration in modem
democratic states; the function and dysfunc­        SP03 3 1 E COMPARATIvE PUBLIC ADMINIS­
tion of governmental bureaucracy.                   TRATION, 3 units, winter
                                                      Comparative study of the structure and
SP023lJ LOCAL AUTONOMY, 3 units, winter             function of public administration. A
  Theory and practice of local self-govern­         comparison of the bureaucracies of Japan,
ment. Analytical studies of urban problems,         Western countries, and developing countries
regionalism, and citizens ' participation.          from institu ti onal and developmental
                                                                          SOCIAL SCIENCES       [59]

perspectives will be undertaken.                   3 units, winter
S P03 40J,E COMMERCIAL LAW, 3 units ,                The bases of international organization, its
autumn                                             historical development from the international
  Commercial law of Japan; the commercial          public unions of the 1 9th century to the United
code, corporation law, the law of bills and        Nations and contemporary patterns of
checks, insurance law and transportation law.      international organizations.

SP034l J,E LABOR LAW, 3 units, winter              SP0252-3J INTERNATIONAL LAW I-II, 3-3
  Labor laws of Japan and other maj or             units, autumn-winter
countries, systems of labor administration, and      Historical evolution, nature, structure and
international labor conventions and their          function of international law; contemporary
enforcement.                                       legal i s sues relating to foreign affairs .
                                                   Prerequisite : INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL
SP03 44,5J CRIMINAL LAW, I, II, 3 , 3 units ,      SCIENCE. (I: autumn II: not offered in 1 994)
spring, autumn
   Studies of principles and practices of the      SP03 9 2 , 3 , 4, 5J ,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
Japanese Criminal Law: an explanation of its       POLITICAL SCIENCE I, II, III, IV, 2, 2, 2, 2 units
preventive, retributive and corrective theories;     Study of special topics in political science.
its general principles; some case studie s .       Approval in advance of the instructor in
Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL                charge required (of      fered as occasion may
SCIENCE and CONSTITUTIONAL LAW.                    require).

International Law and Politics                     SP03 9 6 ,7 , 8 ,9J,E ADVANCED STUDIES IN
                                                   LEGAL SCIENCE I, II, III, IV, 2, 2, 2, 2 units
SPo l O l J,E INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, 3 units,       Study of special topic s in legal science.
spring                                             Approval in advance of the instructor in
  Problems of the world community and the          charge required (of    fered as occasion may
role of the individual. Emphasis on the factors    require).
affecting international relations and the basic
policies of selected national states.              (See Division of International Studies)
                                                   IIr204     PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL
SP0227J,E INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL                             LAW                            2 units
HISTORY, 3 units, winter                           IIr2 1 2,3 WESTERN DIPLOMATIC
   Consider intertemporally the transactions                  HISTORY I, II             2,   2 units
between states as well as peoples, instead of      IIr2 1 4   WESTERN DIPLOMATIC
c onfining to diplomatic h i story . Though                   HISTORY III                    2 units
centering around Europe, attention will be         IIr2 1 5   ASIAN INTERNATIONAL
paid to other regions.                                        RELATIONS                      2 units
                                                   IIr2 1 6   POLITICS IN WESTERN
SP0250J     INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION,                       COUNTRIES                      2 units

IIr2 1 7     POLITICS IN EASTERN                 2 units, spring
             EUROPEAN COUNTRIES        2 units     Readings of works selected in advance,
IIr2 1 8     POLITICS IN THE UNITED              seminar reports b y each student, followed by
             STATES                    2 units   group discussion.
             COUNTRIES I, II        2, 2 units   SS022 l J READINGS IN ANTHROPOLOGICAL
IIr221       MODERN JAPANESE INTER-              TEXTS, 2 units, winter
             NATIONAL RELATIONS        2 units     Readings of works selected in adv ance,
                                                 seminar reports by each student, followed by
           Sociology and Anthropology            group discussion.

   Required of Sociology majors: SSo 1 00        SS030 l E SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES, 3 units,
OF ANTHROPOLOGY; SSo 301 SOCIOLOGICAL              Development and compari son of major
THEORIES. SSo 2 1 0- 1 -2 METHODS OF SOCIAL      European and American sociological theories,
RESEARCH I-II-III. SSo 2 1 3 SOCIAL RESEARCH     from Comte, Durkheim, and Max Weber to
FIELDWORK. Required of Anthropology majors:      Parsons.
ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORIES.                        units, winter
                                                    Development and comparison of major
Theories of Society and Culture                  Europe an and American anthropological
                                                 theories such as evolution, diffusion, func­
SSo1 00JE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY, 3 units,      tionalism, symbolism and structuralism.
  Introduction to sociological principles and    The City and the Village in Japan
basic concepts of sociology, with special
attention to s o cial action, role s, groups,    S S o l 24E   INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE
institutions and systems.                        SOCIETY, 3 units, autumn
                                                    Basic features of modem Japanese society.
SSo l O l JE PRINCIPLES OF ANTHROPOLOGY, 3       Emphasis on the persistence of traditional
units, autumn                                    patterns of social organization and the ways of
   Some topics in the history of anthropologi­   re sponding to the problems of industrial
cal theory and an introduction to the basic      society. Includes the individual and society,
c oncepts of anthropology, with special          the family , education, organization of the
attention to the material aspects of culture,    workplace, etc.
social structure and organization, symbolic
aspects of culture and culture change.           SS0226J FOLK CULTURE IN JAPAN, 2 units,
SS0220J READINGS IN SOCIOLOGICAL TEXTS,            Introduction to folk culture and society in
                                                 Japan. Emphasis on local differences and
                                                 functional aspects of folk cultures.
                                                                          SOCIAL SCIENCES       [6 1 ]

SS0230J SOCIOLOGY OF THE FAMILY, 3 units,         S e quence dealing with qualitati ve and
winter                                            quantitative aspects of sociological research.
  A review of theories on family and kinship      Includes field work during the summer recess.
organizations. Cases in Japan and Western         Prerequisite (or may be taken simultaneously):
societies will be studied.                        PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY and ELEMENTARY
                                                  SOCIAL STATISTICS.
SS023 I JE URBAN SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, spring
  Vari ous urban phenomena and the                SS02 1 3J SOCIAL RESEARCH FIELDWORK, 2
principles behind them. Includes the history,     units, autumn
conception, demography, social structure,            As part of Methods in Social Research (SSo
personality, problems and planning of cities      2 1 0, 2 1 1 , 2 1 2) students are to participate in
and urban districts.                              intensive fieldwork for about eight days
                                                  toward the end of Augu st. (Fieldwork in
S S0232J STUDIES OF COMPLEX SOCIETIES, 2          summer vacation; official registration by the
units, spring                                     instructor. )
   Studies of problems arising in the formation
of nation state s and the penetration of          SS021 6-7-8J FIELD TRAINING IN ANTHRO­
westernization/urbanization; the pluralistic      POLOGY I-II-III, 2-2-2 units
c omposition of culture and society ; social         Introduction to anthropological field
stratification and antagonism; mutual reliance    methods, involving participation in field
between towns and surrounding societies; new      studies of one or two localities. Students have
and old values; social tension and crimes; and    to take another course (SSo 2 1 9J) to spend ten
attempts at rural and urban development.          days or so in off-campus research activities.
                                                  (Given in alternate years, 1: not offered in
SS0250J RURAL SOCIOLOGY, 3 units, autumn          1 994 11: spring 111 autumn)
   S tudy of rural villages. Family, kinship,
organization, neighbors , village and rural       SS02 1 9J ANTHROPOLOGICAL FIELDWORK, 2
c ommunities are examined. D e s irable           units, autumn
prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY (given         Practice of anthropological theories and
in alternate years, not offered in 1 994).        methods in a specifically selected local
                                                  c ommunity . Students are to engage in an
S S 02 6 1 E SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN JAPAN, 3         intensive live-in survey for ten days or so.
units, winter                                     Prerequisite: FIELD TRAINING IN ANTHRO­
  Analy sis of functions and structures of        POLOGY I & II. (Fieldwork during summer
social systems in Japan, including family,        vacation; official registration by the instructor.)
community, and occupational and political         (offered as occasion calls)
                                                  Institutions in Contemporary Societies
SEARCH I-II-III, 2-2-2 units, spring-autumn-      SSo 1 7OJ DEMOGRAPHY, 3 units

  Study of population problems: world and          units, spring
Japane se population, overpopulation and             Theories of religion in anthropology, as well
declining population, internal and interna­        as special problems in the relation of religion
tional migration, population stati stic s ,        to soci ety . Includes Asian, African and
population theories and population policies        American Indian societies. Prerequisite: either
(given in alternate years, spring term in 1 994)   PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY or PRINCIPLES OF
Theories of religion in sociology, as well as      SS0260J KINSHIP AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION,
special problems in the relation of religion       3 units, winter
with society . Includes Japan and other              Kinship systems and their significance in
societies (given in alternate years). (autumn      the organization of social life. Theories of kin­
term in 1 994)                                     ship, marriage regulations, and kinship role
                                                   patterns. Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF ANTHRO­
SS03 1 0J INDUSTRIAL SOCIOLOGY, 3 units,           POLOGY.
  An introduction to industrial soc iology         SS0360,1 ,2J AREA STUDIES IN ETHNOLOGY
dealing with the structure of industrial groups    I,n,III, 3 ,3,3 units
at work. Lectures and factory inspections.            Ethnological surveys of designated areas of
Desirable prerequisite: PRINCIPLES O F             the world: the people, culture and society ;
SOCIOLOGY or SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY.                    problems of cultural and social change, e.g.,
                                                   the impact of Western civilization on native
SS03 30E POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY, 3 units,             societies. I: Asia and Oceania. II: North and
autumn                                             South America. III: Africa, Near East and
  Comparative sociological approach to             Europe . Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF AN­
politics. Theoretical framework for political      THROPOLOGY (given in alternate years. ) ( I:
system and politi-metrics as methodology .         autumn II: not offered in 1994 III: spring)
Political participation, political culture and
political socialization.                           SS0394,5J ADVANCED STUDIES IN ANTHRO­
                                                   POLOGY I, n, 2, 2 units
S S 0 3 92 , 3 J ,E ADV ANCED STUDIES IN             Advanced study in selected topics in
SOCIOLOGY I,n, 2,2, units I: spring II: autumn     anthropology (given in alternate years).
  Advanced study in selected topics in
sociology.                                         (See also)
                                                   ISa200     SOCIOLOGY OF DEVELOP-
(See also ETc250 EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY                        MENT                          2 units
and IC132 1 SOCIOLINGUISTICS.)                     ISa220     SOCIOLOGY AND CULTURE
                                                              IN THE U.S.A.                  2 units
Understanding Other Cultures                       ISa222     SOCIETY AND CULTURE
                                                              IN OCEANIA                    2 units
SS0202J     ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELIGION, 2            ISa223     URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY            2 units
                                                             SOCIAL SCIENCES     [63]

ISa250    READING IN COMPARATIVE                    MOVEMENT                   2 units
          SOCIETY                2 units   ISa300,1 COMPARATIVE
ISa260    READING IN COMPARATIVE                    SOCIOLOGY I, "       2,    2 units
          CULTURE                2 units   ISa320   MULTIETHNIC SOCIETY        2 units
                                                    COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY      2 units
[ 6 4]


General Education Courses                               or NBi 1 0 1 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY
                                                         1, 2 units
  Courses offered by the faculty of thi s          (j) 2 Laboratory courses chosen from:
division a s part of the General Education             NPh 150 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are               I, 1 unit.
listed , with descriptions and explanatory             (or NPh 1 5 3 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS
information, under College-Wide Programs.                LABORATORY, 1 unit)
Natural S cience m aj ors must include the             NCh 150 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY
following three courses in their General                 LABORATORY 1, 1 unit,
Education requirements:                                and
                                                       NBi 150 LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION
  N005J NATURAL SCIENCE V: HISTORY OF                    OF BIOLOGY, 1 unit,
    SCIENCE, 2 units                                   (or NBi15 1 BASIC LABORATORY IN BIOL­
  N006J NATURAL SCIENCE VI: PHILOSOPHY                   OGY II, 1 unit)
    OF SCIENCE, 2 units
  N05 I JE SENIOR INTEGRATING SEMINAR, 2             Additional units to complete the 2 1 -unit
    units                                          requirement may be selected from the
                                                   following courses.
Foundation Courses
  Foundation courses in NS are divided into         NMal 00 LINEAR ALGEBRA 1, 2 units
two categories: general foundation courses          NMa 1 0 1 LINEAR ALGEBRA II, 2 units
and major area foundation courses. The              NMa1 02 LINEAR ALGEBRA III, 2 units
former courses are open to all NS students,         NMal 03 CALCULUS I, 2 units
while the latter are mainly for the students who    NMa1 04 CALCULUS II, 2 units
will concentrate in the related fields.
CD NMa 1 00 LINEAR ALGEBRA I, 2 units,             Information Science:
@ NMa 1 03 CALCULUS I, 2 units,                      NCo 1 00 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS, 2
@ NCo 1 1 0 ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3                     units
     units                                           NCo 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION
® NPh 1 00 GENERAL PHYSICS I, 2 units, or              PROCESSING SYSTEM, 2 units
   NPh 1 03 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 2 units           NCo I l O ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units
     2 units                                           TO COMPUTERS, 1 unit
@ NB i 1 00 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units
                                                                     NATURAL SCIENCES      [65]

Physics:                                        Major Courses by taking courses chosen from
  NPh l 00 GENERAL PHYSICS I, 2 units           the departments in the Natural Science Area.
 NPh 1 0 1 GENERAL PHYSICS II, 2 units          1 5 or more credit units must be taken in one
 NPh 1 03 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 2 units        department. Those who wish to concentrate in
  NPh 1 50 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY           a single field can do so in Biology, Chemistry,
   I, 1 unit                                    Information Science, Mathematics or Physics.
 NPh 1 5 1 GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY II,       S ince each field of c oncentration has its
   1 unit                                       requirements for the are a c ourse s , it is
 NPh 1 5 3 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS LABORA­        recommended that each student make his/her
   TORY, 1 unit                                 study plan in accordance with the guidance
                                                provided in each field.
Chemistry:                                         Senior thesis, 9 units, is the final require­
 NCh 1 00 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I, 2          ment for the Area M aj or; it should be
   units                                        conducted under the supervision of the fu11-
 NCh l O l FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY 11, 2        time faculty members in the Division of
   units                                        Natural Sciences. In case the student wishes to
 NCh 1 50 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABO­         choose a the s i s c o - advisor who is not a
   RATORY I, 1 unit                             member of the Division of Natural Sciences,
 NCh 1 5 1 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABO­        the student must obtain the approval of the
   RATORY II, 1 unit                            division chairman.
                                                   In addition, Natural Science majors take a
Biology:                                        minimum of 2 1 units of Electives.
  NBi l OO BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units             Advanced students may take up to 6 units of
  NBi l O 1 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I, 2 units    Advanced Seminar courses to fulfill the Area
  NBi 1 02 FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II, 2 units    Major requirements , and up to 6 units as
  NBi 1 50 LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION OF          Electives.
    BIOLOGY, 1 unit                                S tudents must decl are their area of
                                                concentration in the third term of their second
Geology:                                        year.
 NGe l OO GENERAL GEOLOGY 1, 2 units                Those who wish to concentrate in two
 NGe 1 0 1 GENERAL GEOLOGY II, 2 units          or more departments ( among B iolog y ,
 NGel50 LABORATORY IN GENERAL GEOL-             Chemistry, Information Science, Mathematics
   OGY 1 , 1 unit                               and Physics) are required to prepare study
 NGel5 1 LABORATORY IN GENERAL GEOL­            plans under the guidance of their academic
   OGY II, 1 unit                               advisors and to obtain the approval from the
                                                division chairman for their inter-departmental
Area Maj or, Electives, Divisional Courses       study plans.

  Natural S cience maj ors are required to      N095-6-7JE SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units
complete a minimum of 30 credit units of Area    How to conduct re search and write a

research paper. The student, under the                   totaling 2 8 units from the following
guidance of an advisor in his/her major field,           courses including NB i250, 11 LABORA­
conducts individual research and presents it in          TORY IN B IOLOGY I, II, 2, 2 units . The
thesis form. Required of all Natural Science             remaining 2 units may be taken from any
majors in the senior year.                               Natural Science area of concentration
                                                          including Biology. If the above conditions
N290J TEACHING METHODS IN NATURAL                        are not fulfilled, students may not be fully
SCIENCES, 2 units, winter                                prepared to take the senior thesis.
  Methods of presenting and teaching various         Lecture Courses (each unit one period weekly)
topics in the Natural Sciences to secondary
school students . Lecture s , discussion of          NB i l OOJ BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units ,
assigned reading, and lecture demonstrations         spring
by students. Required of those seeking teacher          To learn about the fundamental properties of
certification in the Natural Sciences.               life. Living organisms and non-living ones, the
                                                     cell as the fundamental unit of life ,
N29 l J TEACHING METHODS IN MATHEMAT­                reproduction and development, biological
ICS, 2 units, winter                                 regulation and response to the environments.
  Methods of presenting and teaching                 The content of lecture is not premised on the
important topics in Mathematics to secondary         completion of high school biology . General
school students . Lecture s , discussion of          Foundation Course.
assigned reading , and presentations by
students. Required of those seeking teacher          NBi l O l J FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I, 2 units,
certification in Mathematics                         spring
                                                       To learn about the cell as the fundamental
                    Biology                          unit which supports all the life phenomena.
                                                     Subcellular stru c tu re s and function s ,
  Students concentrating in B iology should          Expression o f genetic information, Supply and
meet the follow ing requirements for                 transformation of cellular energy, The origin
graduation.                                          of the cell. The content of lecture is premised
  1 . NBilOO BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 2 units, or         on the completion of high school biology .
      NB i l O l FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I, 2          Major Area Foundation Course.
      units, and                                     units, winter
  3 . NBi 1 50 LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION OF              To study chemical basis of life. Introduction
      BIOLOGY, 1 unit, totaling 5 units, should be   to the chemical nature and biological proper­
      included in the Foundation course              ties of low-molecular-weight substances and
      requirements. For the 30-unit Area Major       biopolymers as well as the biochemistry of
      requirement, students are strongly             basic cellular metabolism. Major Area Foun­
      recommended to take 18 units of lecture        dation Courses. Prerequisite: FOUNDATION OF
      courses and 1 0 units of laboratory courses,   BIOLOGY I or BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE .
                                                                              NATURAL SCIENCES   [67]

NBi200E CELL BIOLOGY I, 2 units, spring               substances in plants.
  Cell function, cell cycle, cell interaction, etc.
Prerequisite: FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY I or              NB i 3 0 1 J PLANT PHYS IOLOGY I I , 2 units,
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE.                                   spring
                                                        Physiology of plant growth and develop­
NBi20 1E CELL BIOLOGY II, 2 units, autumn             ment, and plant movement.
  Genetic bases of cell functions. Prerequisite:
SCIENCE.                                              spring
                                                        Permeability of cell membrane, initiation
NB i2 1 2J MICROBIAL BIOLOGY, 2 units ,               and propagation of excitation in nerve and
spring                                                muscle cells, and transmission at synapses.
  B asic properties of prokaryotic cells and
introduction to their physiology and genetics.        NB i303J ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY II, 2 units ,
NBi2 1 3J ECOLOGY, 2 units, autumn                      Sensory reception and its mechanism and
 General and basic concepts (theories) and            neural processing.
methods of ecological studies.
                                                      NB i3 04J DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY II, 2
NBi220J BIOSTATISTICS, 2 units, spring                units, winter
  Study of the basic concepts of biostatistics          Histogenesis and organogenesis in animal
and the fundamental statistical methods used          development.
to analyze experimental data.
                                                      NBi305E PLANT DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY,
NBi22 1 J DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY I, 2                  2 units, winter
units, spring                                           The morphological and genetic basis of
  B asic mechanisms of development:                   plant form. There will be special emphasis on
oogenesis, determination, induction, pattern          the molecular biological approach in under­
formation, cell to cell interaction, genetic and      standing development.
hormonal regulation.
                                                      NBi3 1 0E BIOCHEMISTRY I, 2 units, autumn
NBi230J MOLECULAR CELL BIOLOGY, 2 units,                B ioenergetic s , metabolism and the
autumn                                                biosynthe sis of c arbohydrates and lipids .
  Study of the molecular and genetic mecha­           Prerequisite: FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II.
nisms of humoral and cellular immunity.
                                                      NBi3 1 1 J BIOCHEMISTRY 11, 2 units, winter
NB i 3 00E PLANT PHYSIOLOGY I, 2 units,                  B iochemistry and nucleic acids, and their
winter                                                c ompounds and derivatives . Prerequisite :
  Physiology and the mechanism of photosyn­           FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II.
thesis, water relationships and transport of

NBi3 l 2J MOLECULAR GENETICS, 2 units,             NB i392,3 ,4JE ADVANCED SEMINAR IN
winter                                             BIOLOGY I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn,
  Molecular mechanisms of gene expression:         winter
biosyntheses of nucleic acids and protein, and       Independent study of topics of special
genetic mutation.                                  interest and value to the student in his/her
                                                   major field. Permission of the instructor(s) is
NBi3 1 3J BIOCHEMISTRY III, 2 units, spring        required.
   Biological nitrogen fixation, the nitrogen
cycle in the biosphere, and the biosynthesis of
amino acids. Biochemistry of amino acids and       Laboratory Courses (each unit three periods
organic natural products derived from the          weekly)
former. Biochemistry of proteins. Prerequi­
                                                   BIOLOGY, l unit, spring, autumn
NBi320J CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 2 units, autumn             Various basic experiments on life phenom­
  Functions of various intracellular structures,   ena.
especially those involved in cell motility
including muscle contrac tion, ameboid             NB i250JE LABORATORY IN BIOLOGY I, 2
movement, flagellar movement, cell division,       units, autumn
and axonal transport.                                Fundamental experiments on plants and
                                                   animals at organ and cellular levels. B asic
NB i380J ADVANCED STUDY IN BIOLOGY 1,2             experiments in animal and plant physiology.
units, autumn                                      Prerequisite: LABORATORY IN FOUNDATION
  Fungi and their taxa, life cycles, specific      OF BIOLOGY.
organic compounds produced, and biological
roles in their natural habitat. Prerequisite :     NBi25lJE LABORATORY IN BIOLOGY II, 2
FOUNDATION OF BIOLOGY II.                          units, winter
                                                     Fundamental experiments on plants and
NBi3 8 1 J ADVANCED STUDY IN BIOLOGY II, 2         animals. Animal histology, basic biochemical
units, winter                                      experiments, basic experiments on structure
  Adaptation to environment and evolution of       and function of the cell, etc . Prerequisite:
physiological functions in both invertebrate       LABORATORY IN BIOLOGY I.
and vertebrate animal s , including the
protozoans.                                        NBi252J ANIMAL ANATOMY, l unit, winter
                                                     Experiments on internal and external
NBi382E ADVANCED STUDY IN BIOLOGY III,             structures of animals.
2 units, winter
  Molecular cell biology of plant development      NB i26 1 J LABORATORY IN GENETICS, 1 unit,
and plant-microbe interactions. Prerequisite:      spring
CELL BIOLOGY I and II.                               Basic genetic experiments.
                                                                      NATURAL SCIENCES      [69]

NBi270J PLANT FIELD STUDY, I unit, autumn           Experiments on the metabolism of carbohy­
  Introductory studies on the classification of   drates and lipids. Isolation of related enzymes
higher plants and observation of the ecosystem    and their reactions.
in the field. (Preregistration in spring term;
fieldwork in summer vacation; offi c i al         NBi3 6 1 J LABORATORY IN BIOCHEMISTRY II,
registration in autumn term.)                     1 unit, winter
                                                    Experiments on biochemical properties of
NB i27 1 J MARINE FIELD STUDY, I unit,            proteins, nucleic acids and their constituents,
spring                                            and their preparation and purification.
  Collection and observation of marine
invertebrates, and their anatomy, physiology      NB i3 62J LAB ORATORY IN MOLECULAR
and development. (Preregistration in winter       GENETICS, 1 unit, winter
term ; fieldwork during spring v acation;           Experiments on molecular genetics using
official registration in spring term.)            microbial systems; genetic transformation,
                                                  transfection and mutation, etc.
OGY, 1 unit, autumn                                                Chemistry
  Experiments on photosynthesis, w ater
relationships, regulatory mechanisms of plant        Students concentrating in Chemistry should
growth and development, etc.                      include among their Foundation courses NCh
                                                  1 00- 1 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II, 4 units,
OGY, I unit, spring                               LABORATORY I-II, 2 units. For their 3 0-unit
  Experiments on excitable cells such as          Area Major requirement, they should take a
nerve, muscles, and sensory cells. Preferable     minimum of 27 units from the following
to be taken simultaneously with ANIMAL            c ourses including NCh290- 1 , PHYSICAL
PHYSIOLOGY I.                                     CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I-II.

GENESIS, 1 unit, spring                              unit
  Experiments mainly on plant cell and organ        NCh2 1 O- 1 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I-II, 3-3
differentiation. Prerequisite: LABORATORY IN         units
BIOLOGY I and II.                                   NCh220- 1 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II, 2-2
BIOLOGY, 1 unit, autumn                              TORY, I unit
  Preparation and observ ation of tissue            NCh230- 1 -2 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 3-
samples of animal embryos. Experiments on            3-3 units
regulation of animal development.                   NCh240- 1 -2 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 2-
                                                      2-2 units
I unit, autumn                                       TORY, I, II-III, 1 , 1 - 1 units

    The remaining 3 units may be taken from       NCh 1 60J BASIC STUDIES IN CHEMISTRY, 1 unit,
 any other Natural Science area of concentra­     winter
 tion as well as Chemistry.                          Thi s course aims to study fundamental
                                                  structure and function of various kinds of
NCh l OOJ FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I, 2            material with reference to the electronic
units, autumn                                     configuration and other fundamental proper­
  Origin and occurrence of the chemical           ties of the atom. Particularly, a search is made
elements, atomic structure and the periodic       to find the origin of the multiformity of
table. Atomic approach to the structure of        material and a way to understand the material
materials and fundamental properties of           world comprehensively. The course assumes
inorganic and organic compounds. General          preliminary knowledge corre sponding to
Foundation Course.                                FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II.

  units, spring                                   units, autumn-winter
    Principles of chemical thermodynamics as         I: Error analysis and volumetric methods
. foundation for understanding phase equilibria   based on water analysis. II: Separations based
  and chemical equilibria. M ajor Are a           on precipitation, complexation, extraction,
  Foundation Course.                              chromatography, etc. Two periods of lecture,
                                                  three periods of laboratory weekly. Prerequi­
   Introduction of fundamental concepts and
 experimental techniques of chemistry through     NCh220J INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I, 2 units,
 experiments selected from organic, inorganic     winter
 and physical chemistry. General Foundation         Thi s lecture c ourse aims to study the
 Course.                                          molecules and molecular assemblies
                                                  composed of non-metallic elements. The
 NCh 1 5 1 J   FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY            structure, property and reactivity are discussed
 LABORATORY 11, 1 unit, autumn                    on the basis of covalent bonding and inter­
    Glass blowing, experiments on chemical        molecular forc e s . The course assume s
 equilibria, reaction kinetics and organic/       preliminary knowledge corre sponding to
 inorganic syntheses and analyses. Includes the   FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY I-II.
 study of data processing and fundamental
 techniques of chemical experiments such as       NCh22 l J INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II, 2 units,
 titration, recrystallization, distillation and   spring
 melting point measurements . Major Area            This lecture course aims to study the
 Foundation Course . The c ourse assumes          structure, property and reactivity of metals,
 preliminary knowledge corre sponding to          ionic c ompounds and coordination c om­
 FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I.            pounds. The nature of the metallic bond, ionic
                                                  bond and coordination bond are discussed on
                                                                          NATURAL SCIENCES         [7 1 ]

the basis of electronic structure of metallic     ALGEBRA I, CALCULUS I-II and GENERAL
elements of the main group and the transition     PHYSICS I.
seri e s . The course assumes preliminary
knowledge corresponding to FOUNDATION OF          NCh290, 1 -2J PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LABORA­
CHEMISTRY I-II and INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I.         TORY I, II-III, 1 , 1 -1 unit, I winter, II spring, III
NCh222J INORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORA­                 Experiments on solution properties,
TORY, 1 unit, spring                              chemical equilibrium, phase equilibrium, etc.
  Thi s laboratory course aims to study           using thermodynamical, electrochemical and
synthesis, physical and chemical properties of    spectrophotometric methods. Experimental
various inorganic c ompounds including            planning , data tre atment and writing
nonmetallic molecular compounds , ionic           laboratory reports are included. The course
crystal s and transition metal compl e x e s .    assumes laboratory skills equivalent to
Students are given opportunities t o c ome        FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I, II,
across modern method of chemical research         ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I , PRINCIPLES OF
by use of instrumental methods of analysis.       PHYSICS LABORATORY.
The course assumes laboratory skill c orre­
sponding to FOUNDATION OF CHEMISTRY               NCh3 1 0J SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS, 3 units,
LABORATORY I-II.                                  winter
                                                    Fundamental, theoretical and experimental
NCh230- 1 -2J ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 3-      approach to the spectroscopic determination
3-3 units, spring-autumn-winter                   of the structures of organic compounds.
   Syntheses, reactions and physical properties   Includes NMR, IR, UV and mass spectrometry.
of carbon compounds. I: Aliphatic compounds.      Prerequisite: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I-II and
II: Aromatic compounds , photochemistry ,         PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II or with the consent
polymers. III: Heterocyclic, organosulfur and     of the lecturer.
organophosphorus compounds, stereoisomer­
ism, sugars, amino acids, and other natural       NCh320J SELECTED TOPICS IN ANALYTICAL
products. Two periods of lecture, three periods   CHEMISTRY, 3 units, winter
of laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: FOUNDA­        The microanalysis of complicated samples
TION OF CHEMISTRY I, II and FOUNDATION OF         (environmental pollution, biological materi­
CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I, II.                       als, archaeological samples, trace compounds,
                                                  etc .) with advanced electrochemical, chro­
NCh240- 1 -2J PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II-III, 2-     matographic and spectroscopic methods, etc.
2-2 units, I spring, II autumn, III winter        Two periods of lecture, three periods of
  Fundamental concepts and principles for         laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: ANALYTICAL
understanding struc ture s , properties and       CHEMISTRY I-II; PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I ,
reactions of various sub stanc e s . Includes     strongly recommended, o r consent o f the in­
quantum chemistry , and chemical and              structor.
statistical thermodynamic s . The c ourse
assumes preliminary knowledge equivalent to       NCh3 40J PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY IV, 2 units,

  Lectures on physical chemistry with special           of computation
emphasis on molecular structure including              NC0300- 1 THEORY OF COMPUTATION II-Ill,
molecular orbital theory, molecular symmetry            2-2 units
and molecular spectroscopy . No laboratory.        •   The students interested in the field of theory
Prerequisite: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I-II.                  of software
                                                       NC03 30, 1 THEORY OF SOFTWARE II, lll,
NCh392,3 ,4J ADVANCED SEMINAR IN CHEM­                  2, 2 units
ISTRY I, II, lll. 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn,   •   The students interested in the field of
winter                                                  numerical analysis
  Independent study of topics of special               NC0220 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS I, 2 units
interest and value to the student in his or her        NC0320- 1 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS II-lll,
major field. Permission of the instructor(s) is         2-2 units
                                                      The Information Science major students are
             Information Science                   al so recommended to take the following
                                                   courses of mathematics:
  Information Science major students must          •  Common
take following courses:                               NMa 1 0 1 -2 LINEAR ALGEBRA II-lll, 2-2
        PUTER and LAB, 2+ 1 units, or                   MATHEMATICS II, 2 units
        NCo I 1 0 ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3           •  The students interested in the field of theory
        units                                         of computations
    ®   NCo 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMA­            NMa330 ALGEBRA I, 2 units
        TION PROCESSING SYSTEMS, 2 units           •  The students interested in the field of theory
                                                      of software
  The Information Science major students are          NMa350 THEORY OF PROBABILITY AND
recommended to include following courses to             STATISTICS I, 2 units
build 3 0 or more units of the Area Major          •  The students interested in the field of
requirements:                                         numerical analysis
• Common                                              NMa1 04, 105 CALCULUS n, m, each 2 units
  NC0200 THEORY OF COMPUTATION I,                     NMa22 1 ADVANCED CALCULUS II, 2 units
    2 units
  NC0230 THEORY OF SOFTWARE I,                     Note: Any of the courses offered by The Infor­
    2 units                                              mation Science Department, excepting
  NC0240 COMPUTER SYSTEMS,                               the general education and foundation
    2 units                                              courses, premises the knowledge of
  NC02 1 O, 3 1 0, 3 1 1 COMPUTER LAN­                   Introduction to Computers and its labo­
   GUAGES I, II, lll, each 3 units; one or               ratory experience (NCo 1 00 and NCo
    more to be selected.                                 1 50) or Elementary Computer (NCo
• The students interested in the field of theory         1 1 0) .
                                                                     NATURAL SCIENCES      [73]

NCo l OOJ INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER, 2              To study structured programming by use of
units                                            Pascal, and the program development process.
  To study the basis of computers through a      Includes programming laboratory.
computer language (PASCAL) . Desirable to        (Lec ture ; each unit one period weekly :
take together with NCo 1 50 LABORATORY FOR       Recitation; each unit two periods weekly)
Foundation Course (not offered in 1994).         NCo220J NUMERICAL ANALYSIS I, 2 units,
NCo l O l J INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION            B asic techniqu e , algorithms and error
PROCESSING SYSTEM, 2 units, spring               estimation required in scientific computations.
   B asic concepts of computers mainly for       Includes simultaneous linear equations, eigen
hardware aspects necessary to understand the     values of matrices, inter- and extrapolation,
c omputer as a system of information             numerical integration, least square method,
processing. Major Area Foundation Course.        etc.

NCo l l OJ,E ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units,       NCo230J THEORY OF S OFTWARE I, 2 units,
spring, autumn, winter                           spring
  To study the basis of computers through a        To study structure of the operating system of
computer language C . Includes programming       computers.
laboratory work. Prerequisite for Information
Science major courses except foundations .       NCo240J COMPUTER SYSTEMS , 2 units ,
General Foundation Course.                       autumn
(Lecture : two units , two periods weekly;         To study mechanisms of the computer
Laboratory: one unit, three periods weekly)      system mainly from the hardware aspects.

TO COMPUTERS, 1 unit (each unit three periods    2-2 units, spring-autumn
weekly)                                             To study theories of automata, computabil­
   To develop a basic c ap ac ity to utilize     ity, and computational complexities.
computers through experiences of computer
programming in academic and professional         NCo3 l 0J COMPUTER LANGUAGE II, 3 units,
life. Desirable to take together with NCo l OO   winter
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS. General                 To study a computer language with good
Foundation Course (not offered in 1994).         descriptive capabilities such as "C", and to
                                                 acquire advanced programming techniques.
NCo200E THEORY OF COMPUTATION I, 2               Programming laboratory included. (Lecture;
units, winter                                    two units two periods weekly: Recitation; one
  To study basic theory of algorithms ;          unit, two periods weekly.)
examples and mathematical formulation.
                                                 NCo3 l l J COMPUTER LANGUAGE III, 3 units,
NCo2 l 0J COMPUTER LANGUAGE I, 3 units,          spring
autumn                                             To study programming languages suitable

for logic processing such as LISP and PROLOG.        include among their Foundation courses NMa
Programming laboratory included. (Lecture;           1 00-2 LINEAR ALGEBRA \-II-III and NMa 1 03-4
two units two periods weekly: Recitation; each       CALCULUS I-II.
unit two periods weekly.)                               They are strongly recommended to include
                                                     the following courses among their minimum
NC0320- l J NUMERICAL ANALYSIS II-III, 2-2           30 units of Area Major courses:
units, autumn-winter
  Continuation of NC0220 NUMERICAL                     NMa l 05 CALCULUS III, 2 units
ANALYSIS 1 . Study of computational tech­              NMa2 1 0- 1 -2 BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN
niques and algorithms required in scientific            MATHEMATICS I-II-III, 2-2-2 units
computation. Includes non-linear equations,            NMa220- 1 ADVANCED CALCULUS I-II, 2-2
ordinary and partial differential equations,            units
Monte Carlo Method, etc.                               NMa320- 1 ANALYSIS I-II, 2-2 units
                                                       NMa3 30- 1 ALGEBRA I-II, 2-2 units
NC0330J THEORY OF SOFTWARE II, 2 units,                NMa340- 1 GEOMETRY I-II, 2-2 units
  Studies the theory of Database. Prerequisite:        The remaining 6 units may be taken from the
THEORY OF SOFTWARE I.                                following: NMa3 2 2 , NMa3 3 2 , NMa3 42 ,
                                                     NC03 1 0 and NC0320.
winter                                               NMal OOJ LINEAR ALGEBRA I, 2 units autumn
  To study princ iples of programming                   Introduction to matrices and linear algebra
language processing. Prerequisite: THEORY OF         basic to further study in the natural sciences.
SOFTWARE I .                                         Includes determinants, vectors, rank of a
                                                     matrix, linear independence and solutions of
NC03 40, 1 ,2J or E TOPICS IN COMPUTER               linear equations. One period of lecture and two
SCIENCE I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn,   periods of recitation weekly. General Founda­
winter                                               tion Course.
  To study a topic selected from advanced
subjects in the computer science and related         NMal OOE LINEAR ALGEBRA I, 2 units, spring
areas.                                                 Content is similar to that of NMal OOJ, but
                                                     given in English texts. General Foundation
NC0392,3,4J or E ADVANCED SEMINAR IN                 Course.
COMPUTER SCIENCE I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units ,
spring, autumn, winter                               NMa l O l -2J LINEAR ALGEBRA II-III, 2-2 units,
   S eminar of an advanced subject in the            winter-spring
computer science. Permission of the instructor         Emphasis on linear algebra. Includes the
(s) is required. (I: not offered in 1 994)           concepts of vector spaces, linear transforma­
                                                     tions, base change, eigenvectors, eigenvalues,
                 Mathematics                         quadratic form and matrix groups. One period
                                                     of lecture and two periods of rec itation
  Students concentrating in Mathematics must         weekly. Major Area Foundation Course. Pre-
                                                                       NATURAL SCIENCES      [75 ]

requisite: LINEAR ALGEBRA I.                      Prerequisite: CALCULUS I.

NMal 03J CALCULUS I, 2 units, spring              NMa2 1 1 J BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN
  Introduction to calculus of functions of one    MATHEMATICS II: SET THEORY, 2 units, spring
and several variables basic to study in natural     Emphasis on set theory. The concepts of set,
sciences. Includes partial derivatives and        operations, mappings, relations, the axiom of
multiple integrals. One period of lecture and     choice and algebraic structures. One period of
two periods of recitation weekly. General         lecture and two periods of recitation weekly.
Foundation Course.
                                                  NMa2 1 2J B A S I C CONCEPTS IN MODERN
NMa1 03E CALCULUS I, 2 units, autumn              MATHEMATICS I I I : GENERAL TOPOLOGY, 2
  Content similar to that of NMa 1 03J, but       units, winter
given in English texts. General Foundation          Emphasis on topological structure s.
Course.                                           Includes the concepts of topological spaces,
                                                  connectedness, separation axioms, compact­
NMal 04J CALCULUS 11, 2 units, winter             ness, metric spaces, and completeness. One
   A continuation of CALCULUS I, as a more        period of lecture and two periods of recitation
advanced study of calculu s . Includes the        weekly.
c oncept of limit, c ontinuous function s ,
implicit functions, changing variables i n        NMa220J ADVANCED CALCULUS I, 2 units,
multiple integrals and power series . One         autumn
period of lecture and two periods of recitation     A continuation of CALCULUS III, chiefly
weekly. Major Area Foundation Course.             calculus of complex functions . Include s
                                                  calculus of functions of complex variables,
NMa1 05J CALCULUS III, 2 units, spring            power series, calculus of residues, analytic
  A continu ation of CALCULUS II, chiefly         continuation. One period of lecture and two
calculus of functions of several variables.       periods of recitation weekly. Prerequisite:
Includes vector-valued functions, line and        CALCULUS III.
surface integrals , theorem of Stockes, and
potential fields. One period of lecture and two   NMa22 1 J ADVANCED CALCULUS 11, 2 units,
periods of recitation weekly. Prerequisite:       winter
CALCULUS II. Major Area Foundation Course.          Introduction to the theory of differential
                                                  equations. Includes linear ordinary differential
NMa2 1 0J BASIC CONCEPTS IN MODERN                equations, e x i stence theorems, Fourier
MATHEMATICS I: INTRODUCTION TO ANALY­             anal y s i s , eigenvalue problems , integral
SIS, 2 units, autumn                              equations, partial differential equations. One
  Emphasis on basic concepts in analysis.         period of lecture and two periods of recitation
Includes criti c al review of fundamental         weekly. Prerequisite: CALCULUS III.
notions of calculus, theory of real number
field, continuous functions , Riemann             NMa320- 1 -2J ANALYSIS I-II-III, 2-2-2 units,
integrals , theory of series . One period of      spring-autumn-winter
lecture and two periods of recitation weekly.       An introduction to modern analy s i s .

Includes theory of measure, Lebesgue and            NMa392,3 ,4JE ADVANCED SEMINAR IN
Stieltjes integrals, Fourier analysis, Hilbert      MATHEMATICS I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring,
spaces, Banach spaces, harmonic functions,          autumn, winter
conformal mapping, and analytic continua­             Independent study of top i c s of special
tion. Prerequisite: ADVANCED CALCULUS I, II.        interest and value to the student in his major
                                                    field Permi s sion of the instructor( s) i s
NMa330- 1 -2J ALGEBRA I-II-III, 2-2-2 units,        required.
  A survey of modem algebra. Includes group                           Physics
theory (Sylow ' s theorem, etc.), commutative
ring theory (Hilbert' s basis theorem, etc.), and     Students concentrating in Physics should
theory of extension field (Galois theory ) .        include among their Foundation c ourses
                                                    LABORATORY I-II. They are strongly recom­
NMa340- 1 -2J GEOMETRY I-II-III, 2-2-2 units,       mended to include the following courses
spring-autumn-winter                                among their minimum 30 units of Area Major
  Linear algebra, elements of differential          courses:
geometry and theory of manifolds. Includes
unitary spaces, bilinear forms, classification of     NPh207 PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS I, 2 units
quadratic surfaces, metric vector spac e s ,          NPh2 1 0- 1 INTERMEDIATE PHYSICS LABORA-
tensor algebras , differentiable manifolds ,           TORY 1-11, 2-2 units
Riemannian spaces, theory of fiber bundles.           NPh225-6 MECHANICS 1-11, 2-2 units
Prerequisites: LINEAR ALGEBRA I I I and BASIC         NPh235 ELECTRONICS I, 2 units
                                                       II, 2-2 units
STATISTICS I-II-III, 2-2-2 units                       TICAL MECHANICS I-II, 2-2 units
   The basis of mathematical statistic s .            NPh32 1 QUANTUM PHYSICS 1, 2 units
Includes the theory of probability, descriptive       NPh350 NUCLEAR PHYSICS, 3 units
statistics, stochastics, and their applications
I: spring II: autumn
                                                    NPh l 00J GENERAL PHYSICS I, 2 units, winter
NMa380, lJ TOPICS IN MATHEMATICS I, 11, 2,            Introduction to the mechanics of a particle
2 units                                             and particle systems. Two periods of lecture
  S elected topics from specific fields of          weekly. Prerequisite: CALCULUS I and LINEAR
mathematics such as functional anal y s i s ,       ALGEBRA I. Major Area Foundation Course.
theory o f probability , algebraic geometry,
differential geometry , algebraic topology .        NPh l O l J GENERAL PHYSICS II, 2 units, spring
Prerequisite s : ANALYSIS I I , ALGEBR A I I ,        Basic physical phenomena and concepts in
GEOMETRY I I , or consent o f the instructor .      the electricity and magnetism. Two periods of
                                                                      NATURAL SCIENCES      [77]

lecture weekl y . Prerequisite: GENERAL           physics, atomic and nuclear physics. Two
PHYSICS I. Major Area Foundation Course.          periods of lecture s weekly . Prerequisite:
                                                  GENERAL PHYSICS I-II.
winter                                            NPh207J PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS I, 2 units,
  Introduction to some experimental facts and     winter
principles concerning mechanics, electricity        Important mathematical methods with
and magnetism, optics, thermodynamics, and        specific application in the physical sciences,
modern phy s i c s . Two periods of lecture       such as functions of complex variable s ,
weekly. General Foundation Course.                differential equations and elementary Fourier
                                                  and Laplace transforms. Two periods of lecture
NPh 1 50- l JE GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY         weekly. Prerequisites: LINEAR ALGEBRA I ,
I-II, 1 - 1 units, spring-autumn                  CALCULUS I I and GENERAL PHYSICS II.
   Laboratory offered in connection with the
c ontents of the lecture courses, GENERAL         NPh208J PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS II, 2 units,
PHYSICS I-II. Includes topics corresponding to    autumn
each lecture course and basic techniques.           Introduction to the theory of differential
Three periods of laboratory weekly. Should be     equations used in physic s . Includes linear
taken after the corresponding lecture course.     ordinary differential equations, B e s sel
Major Area Foundation Course.                     Functions, and Green Functions. Two periods
                                                  of lecture . Prerequisite: PHYSICAL MATH­
TORY, 1 unit, winter
  Laboratory offered in connection with the       NPh2 1 O- l J INTERMEDIATE PHYSICS LABO­
lecture c ours e s , PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS.       RATORY I-II, 2-2 units, spring-autumn
Includes selected topics related to the lecture     Selected experiments in electronics, electro­
courses, and basic techniques. Three periods      magneti sm, heat, phy sical optic s , atomic
of laboratory weekly. Should be taken with (or    physics, and nuclear physics; emphasis upon
after) the c orre sponding lecture cours e .      techniques of measurement and treatment of
General Foundation Course.                        data. S ix periods of laboratory weekl y .
                                                  Prerequisite: ELECTRONICS I.
autumn                                            NPh225J MECHANICS I, 2 units, spring
  Introduction to the mechanics of continuous       Mechanics of particles, particle systems and
media, thermal physics and molecular physics.     rigid bodie s . Introduction to analytical
Two periods of lecture weekly. Prerequisite:      mechanics. Prerequisite: GENERAL PHYSICS I.
GENERAL PHYSICS I-II.                             Two periods of lectures weekly.

NPh206E GENERAL PHYSICS IV, 2 units,              NPh226J MECHANICS II, 2 units, autumn
winter                                              Analytical dynamics, elasticity and hydro­
  Introduction to optics, relativity, quantum     dynamics. Recommended for those interested

in theoretical physics or those intending to do     NPh300JE INTERMEDIATE PHYSICS LABORA­
graduate study . Prerequisite: MECHANICS I .        TORY III, 2 units, winter
Two periods o f lecture weekly.                       More advanced and extensive experiments
                                                    in electronics, atomic physics, nuclear phys­
NPh235J ELECTRONICS I, 2 units, winter              ics, solid state physics, polymer physics and
  Theories concerning devices and circuits of       biophysics. Six periods of laboratory weekly.
practical importance in physical measurement.       Recommended for majors concentrating in ex­
Includes A . C . circuits, circuit analy s i s ,    perimental physics.
transistors and their application t o amplifiers,
logic circuits. Two periods of lecture weekly.      NPh30 l J WAVE OPTICS, 2 units, spring
                                                      Advanced study of optical phenomena and
NPh236J ELECTRONICS II, 2 units, spring             theory; interference, diffraction, polarization,
  Theories concerning applied circuits of           optics of crystals and metals, molecular optics,
transistors and I C s . Includes various            coherence, etc. Prerequisite: ELECTRICITY AND
amplifiers, oscillators, and pulse circuits.        MAGNETISM II. Two periods of lecture weekly.
  Prerequisite: ELECTRONICS I. Two periods of
lecture weekly.                                     NPh302J STATISTICAL PHYSICS I , 2 units ,
NPh237J ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I, 2                 Fundamental concepts of thermodynamics.
units, autumn                                       Includes the fundamental laws and relations,
   Derivation of Maxwell equations and              irreversible processes, Brownian motion, etc.
v arious c oncepts of electromagneti s m .          Two periods of lecture weekly.
Prerequisites: GENERAL PHYSICS I I . T w o
periods of lecture weekly.                          NPh303J STATISTICAL PHYSICS II, 2 units,
NPh238E ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II, 2               Fundamental c oncepts of statistic al
units, autumn                                       mechanics. Includes the statistical ensemble,
  Electromagnetic field in substances; con­         statistical analysis of thermodynamic s ,
ductors, dielectrics, magnetic substances, and      quantum stati stical mechanic s , etc .
electromagnetic radiation, etc . Prerequisite:      Prerequisite: STATISTICAL PHYSICS I . Two
ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I. Two periods            periods of lecture weekly.
of lecture weekly.
                                                    NPh304,5,6J BASIC STUDIES IN PHYSICS IV, V,
NPh25 1 ,2,3J BASIC STUDIES IN PHYSICS I, II,       VI, I , I , 1 unit, spring, autumn, winter
III, I , I , 1 unit, spring, autumn, winter           Exercise and review of basic concepts and
   Exercise and review of basic concepts and        law s in phy sic s . Includes principles and
laws in phy s i c s . Includes principles and       methods of thermodynamic s , stati stical
methods of mechanics, electricity and               mechanic s , quantum mechanic s and their
magnetism, physical mathematics, and their          application s . Two periods of rec itation
applications . Two periods of rec itation           weekly.
                                                                         NATURAL SCIENCES        [79]

NPh3 2 1 J QUANTUM PHYSICS I, 2 units ,             NPh3S0E NUCLEAR PHYSICS, 3 units, spring
spring                                                Nuclear phenomena and theory . Includes
  Fundamental concepts and structures of            nucleons and nuclear structure , nuclear
quantum mechanics. Includes wave equations,         transformation processe s , interactions of
operator formalism, and matrix formalism.           nuclear radiation with matter, accelerators and
Prerequisite: MODERN PHYSICS. Two periods           detection sy stems used in experimental
of lecture weekly.                                  nuclear physics, and the theory of nuclear
                                                    reactions. Prerequisite: QUANTUM PHYSICS I
NPh3 22J QUANTUM PHYSICS II, 2 units ,              or consent of instructor. Three periods of
winter                                              lecture weekly.
  Application of quantum mechanics. In­
cludes approximation methods, scattering,           NPh3 92 , 3 ,4JE ADVANCED SEMINAR IN
interactions with electromagnetic fields, and       PHYSICS I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units, spring, autumn,
systems containing identical particles.             winter
  Prerequisite: QUANTUM MECHANICS I. Two              Independent study of topics of special
periods of lecture weekly.                          interest and value to the student in his or her
                                                    major field. Permission of the instructor (s) is
NPh34 l J STRUCTURE OF MAITER I, 2 units ,          required.
spring, winter
  Applic ation of stati stical mechani c s .        Extra-Departmental Courses
Includes imperfect classical gase s , perfect
quantum gase s , theory of liquids, and             NGe l OO- l J GENERAL GEOLOGY I-II, 2-2 units,
cooperative phenomena. Prerequisite s :             spring-autumn
QUANTUM PHYSICS I and THERMODYNAMICS                  Fundamental concepts of all branches of
AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS II. Two periods of          geology, including geochemistry, geophysics,
lecture weekly.                                     structure of the earth, and endogenous and
                                                    exogenous processes, with emphasis on
NPh 342J STRUCTURE OF MAITER II, 2 units,           historic meaning.
  Introductory solid state physics, including        NGeISO- l J      LABORATORY IN GENERAL
crystal structure, x-ray diffraction, band theory   GEOLOGY I-II, 1 - 1 unit, spring-autumn
of solids and properties of semiconductors.           Three periods of laboratory weekly
Prerequisite s : QUANTUM PHYSICS II and             including field trips. The contents correspond
STRUCTURE OF MATTER I. Two periods of               to those of NGeIOO- l GENERAL GEOLOGY I-II
lecture weekly.                                     respectively.
[ 80]

                     DIVISION OF LANGUAGES

College Language Requirements                    3. Three or four courses, counting either but
                                                    not both of a I,ll sequence, (9 units)
  The comprehensive programs designed for           chosen from among:
students to gain a hearing, speaking, reading     LFrl 00-1-2 FRENCH I-II-III, 6-6-6 units
and writing mastery of ICU ' s languages of       LCh l 00, 1 CHINESE 1 , 11 , 6, 6 units
instruction, English and Japanes e , are          LGe l 00- 1 GERMAN A (GRAMMAR
conducted by members of this division. For a         I-READING & SPEAKING I), 3-3 units
complete listing of the courses offered under     LGe 1 02-3 GERMAN A (GRAMMAR
the Engl ish Language Program and the                II-READING & SPEAKING II), 3-3 units
Japanese Language Program s , as well as          LGe150, 1 GERMAN B (GRAMMAR, BASIC
descriptions and explanatory information, see       READING) 3, 3 units and LGe 1 52, 3 GER­
College-Wide Programs.                              MAN B (INTERMEDIATE READING 1 ,2) 3 ,3
General Education Courses                          LRu l 00,1 RUSSIAN I, 11, 4, 4 units
                                                   LSp l 00,1 SPANISH I, 11 , 6, 6 units
   The c ourses offered by faculty of thi s        HLi 1 1 0 GREEK LANGUAGE I, 3 units
division a s part o f the General Education        HLi 1 1 2 LATIN LANGUAGE I, 3 units
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are         HLi120, 1 HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERA-
l isted, with descriptions and explanatory           TURE I,I1, 3 ,3 units or HLil40 HISTORY OF
information, under College-Wide Programs.            AMERICAN LITERATURE I, 3 units
                                                   HLi 1 60, 1 ,2 HISTORY OF FRENCH LITERA­
Foundation Courses                                   TURE I, II, III, 3,3,3 units
                                                   HLi l 7 1 INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE
  S tudents maj oring in the Division of             LITERATURE I, 3 units or HLi173 HISTORY
Languages meet the Foundation c ourse               OF JAPANESE LITERATURE I, 3 units
requirement by taking a minimum of 18 units        HPh 1 04 INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC, 3 units
of courses as follows:                             IDw 1 4 1 LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY, 2 units
  1 . L 100 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF           IC l l 02 SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3 units
       LANGUAGE, 3 units                           NCol l O ELEMENTARY COMPUTER, 3 units
  2. Two courses (6 units) chosen from
      among:                                    Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
      ENGLISH, 3 units                            Languages majors are required to complete
     LFr 103 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF       a minimum of 30 credit units of Area Major
      FRENCH, 3 units                           Courses by taking courses chosen from the
     LJa 100 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF       departments in the Division of Languages. 1 5
      JAPANESE LANGUAGE, 3 units                or more credit units must b e taken i n one
                                                                               LANGUAGES       [8 1 ]

department. Students entering in AY 1 99 1 or       L l 00JE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
after will major in English Language, French        LANGUAGE, 3 units, autumn, winter
Language or Japanese Language . Students               General introduction to characteristics of
who entered in AY 1 990 or before may also          language , maj or aspects of the study of
major in Linguistics or Communication by            language, its role as a means of communica­
taking the courses offered in the Language          tion, and various approaches to its description.
Division and the International S tudies             Required of all Division of Languages majors.
Division. It should be noted that each of these
maj orable are as has its own c ourse               Divisional Area Major Courses
requirements. Courses in other divisions may
also be counted with the written approval of          S tudents maj oring in the Division of
the advisor, the division chairman, and the         Languages must as part of their Area Major
Dean, if they fit into a coherent program.          courses take at least 3 units from the following
  The senior the s i s , 9 units , is the final     divisional area major courses. These units will
requirement for the area major. In addition         not be included in the requirement of 1 5 or
every student will take at least 24 units of        more credit units of each majorable area.
  Advanced students may take courses of             L200JE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units ,
Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the       spring
Area Major requirements, and up to 6 units as         Basic concepts and techniques in linguistic
electives. They should also note that they may      analysis, covering selected topics in phonol­
take 400 level courses offered by the Division      ogy, morphology, syntax, and semantics.
of Education of the Graduate School.                Material to be drawn from various languages.
                                                    Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
L095-6-7JE SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units               LANGUAGE.
  To integrate the work of the whole four-year
program in the direction of hislher aims and        L2 1 0JE MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units,
interests, the student, under the guidance of a     spring
thesis advisor chosen from the full-time staff        The structure of words: stems and affixes;
of the division, puts into permanent form the       inflection, derivation and compounding.
results of research on some subject in his or       Conditions and principles, the interaction of
her particular field of interest. Required in the   morphology with phonology and syntax .
senior year.                                        Material to be drawn from various languages.
                                                    Prerequisite: LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent
LEn290JE TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH                of the instructor.
I, 3 units, autumn
   English teaching in secondary school s .         L2 1 2JE SYNTACTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units, winter
Includes consideration o f the aims and means         The struc ture of sentence s ; phrase s ;
of English teaching, examination of varied          compound and complex sentences; conditions
methods and materials, and the formulation of       and principles; the interaction of syntax with
lesson plans . Required of those seeking            morphology and semantics. Material to be
teacher certification in English.                   drawn from various languages. Prerequisite:
[82]      LANGUAGES

LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent of the                language teaching , using learner-centered
instructor.                                          approache s . It also examines m aterial s
                                                     developed for communicative classrooms and
L220, l JE TRANSLATION : THEORY AND                  shows how traditional material s can b e
PRACTICE, I, II 3 , 3 units, autumn, winter          adapted t o make them more communicative.
  Introduction to current translation theories       Prerequisite: TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH I
and methods of translation, w ith guided             or consent of the instructor.
practice in translating from English into
Japanese (I) and from Japanese into English (II),    L3 l l JE SEMANTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units, autumn
                                                       The structure of meaning: interpretation and
L230JE SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, 3                logic al form ; scope and pre supposition .
units, spring                                        Conditions and principles, the interaction of
   This course looks at how people learn a           semantics with syntax. Material to be drawn
second language from biological, social,             from various languag e s . Prerequisite :
psychological and pedagogical perspectives,          LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent of the
S ignific ant variables such as age , native         instructor.
language background, personality, motivation,
and learning context are examined, Prereq­           L3 1 2JE PHONOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units ,
uisite : INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF                winter
LANGUAGE .                                             Phonological structure: features and rules;
                                                     conditions and principles; the interaction of
L23 l JE ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATION IN                 phonology with morphology. Material to be
LANGUAGE LEARNING, 2 units, winter                   drawn from various languages. Prerequisite:
  Attitudes and motivation greatly influence         LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS or consent of the
the type and amount of language that a learner       instructor.
acquires. This course looks at attitudes toward
language, language learning, speakers of the         L3 20JE RESEARCH DESIGN FOR LANGUAGE
target language, the teacher, the text, as well as   STUDIES, 3 units, winter
the question of types and degrees of                   Examination of the underlying principles
motiv ation as factors in second language            and operating procedures for setting up and
learning. (given in alternate years, not offered     conducting language-related research as well
in 1 994)                                            as ways of interpreting and evaluating
                                                     research generated data.
spring                                               ACQUISITION, 3 units, autumn
  Communicative language teaching focuses               This course examines the processes of lan­
on teaching second language for the ultimate         guage comprehension, language production,
goal of communic ation. Thi s course                 and language acquisition at word, sentence
introduces students to some important                and discourse levels from the perspectives of
findings and theories about communicative            linguistics, psychology, and second language
                                                                                LANGUAGES      [83]

learning. What is difficult to learn and why?                     English Language
What is easy? Is there a natural order to lan­
guage acquisition? These and other questions            To fulfill the Foundation course require­
are explored. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO          ment, students majoring in English Language
THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE.                               are urged to take INTRODUCTION TO THE
                                                     STUDY OF ENGLISH. Students are also strongly
L33 I JE LANGUAGE TESTING. 2 units, autumn           encouraged to take a second foreign language.
  Testing plays a significant role in the lives of      Of the 30 units of Area Major courses
nearly every language student and teacher.           required, 1 5 units must be taken from the area
Thi s course investigates purposes and               of English language; the remaining 1 5 units
methods of classroom language tests and              may be Divisional Area Major courses or
assesses standardized testing instruments (e.g.      c ourses in other maj orable are as of the
TOEFL) . Students are taught how to design           Division of Languages, and up to 6 of these
tests for different purposes and how to              remaining units may come from designated IS
interpret and use test results. Prerequisite:        courses.
(given in alternate years, spring term in 1 994)     LEnl OOJE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
                                                     ENGLISH, 3 units, spring
  The follow ing courses offered by the                Survey of the salient features of English
Division of International S tudies may be            phonology, morphology, syntax, and history.
counted as Area Major courses of the Division        Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
of Languages.                                        LANGUAGE or consent of the instructor (s).

  2 units                                            ENGLISH, 3 units, autumn
IC 1 20 1 JAPANESE PATTERNS OF COMMUNI­                Reading and study of modem English texts
  CATION, 2 units                                    in order to augment proficiency in all four
IC 1 204 CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION                language skills.
  STUDIES, 2 units
IC 1 220 LANGUAGE AND BEHAVIOR, 2 units              LEn2 1 1 JE ENGLIS H PHONETICS, 3 units,
IC 1 22 1 HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, 2 units            spring
IC 1 32 1 SOCIOLINGUISTICS, 2 units                    This course introduces the sounds and sound
IC 1 322 DISCOURSE ANALYSIS, 3 units                 system of English, points out differences
IC 1 323 LINGUISTIC GEOGRAPHY, 2 units               between English and Japanese, and presents
                                                     techniques for teaching and acquiring
  No more than six units from the above              pronunciation.
courses could be counted toward Language
Division Area Maj or requirements . Also,            LEn220JE AMERICAN ENGLIS H , 3 units ,
these units may not be included in the 15 or         spring
more credit units which must be taken in one           A study of the origins, development and
majorable area.                                      characteristics of the English language in
[ 8 4]    LANGUAGES

North America. The historical, cultural, and         spe akers, their shared background knowledge,
social aspects of the l anguage will be              and their intentions. Prerequisite: INTRODUC­
examined and its major dialects will be              TION TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE.
                                                     LEn280, I JE TOPICS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR I,
LEn22 1 1E VARIETIES OF ENGLISH. 3 units,            11, 3, 3 units, autumn, winter
autumn                                                  Linguistic analysis of selected syntactic and
  This course examines English and English           semantic structures of contemporary English.
language issues at societal and global levels. It
considers the expanding status of English as         LEn29 1 1E TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH
the first 'world language ' , and describes some     II, 3 units, winter
of the varieties of English, uses of English, and        Continuation of TEACHING METHODS IN
issues involving English that are currently          ENGLISH I: Teaching demonstration and
developing in and across diverse societies.          practice; readings in the four language skills;
                                                     individual projects and reports. Prerequisite:
GUAGE I, 3 units, autumn                             the instructor.
  Indo-European and Germanic relationships
of English; hi story and development of              LEn370JE READINGS IN ENGLI SH LIN­
English to early modern times (ca. 1 500) ;          GUISITCS, 3 units, winter
external influences on English during this             Reading and discussion of selected articles
period.                                              and monographs in the field of Engl i sh
GUAGE II, 3 units, winter                            LEn392,3JE ADVANCED STUDIES IN THE
  History and development of English from            ENGLISH LANGUAGE I, II, 3, 3 units
introduction of printing late in the 1 5th century     Special advanced study in selected areas of
to present; includes a survey of the                 English language research. On approval of the
development of English dialects.                     instructor.

LEn260JE PRAGMATICS: ENGLISH USE IN                                French Language
CONTEXT, 3 units, winter
  This course examines ways in which                   S tudents majoring in French Language
meaning i s conveyed and understood in               should take French I-II-III. They should
context. The use of English in interaction           include Introduction to the Study of French
between speakers and listeners (writers and          among their Foundation courses. They are
readers) is influenced by linguistic and non­        advised to meet the 30-unit Area Major course
linguistic factors which reside outside the          requirement by taking Modern French
boundaries of sentence - level grammar.              Grammar I-II, History of French Language, 3
Examples of these factors which can constrain        units of Readings in French I, II, or III, and 3
speaker meaning are the degree of the                units of Proj ects in French I or II. The
formality of the setting, the social status of the   remaining 15 units may be Divisional Area
                                                                               LANGUAGES      [85]

Major Courses or courses in other majorable         LFr 2 1 3 , 4JF PROJECTS IN FRENCH TRANSLA­
areas of the Divis ion of Languages.                TION I, II, 3, 3 units, winter, spring
Humani ties Division courses in French                Exercises in oral and written translation;
literature , Greek and Latin languages and          theoretical expl anati on of translation.
Classical literature are rec ommended as            Translation is from Japanese and English into
electives. Those students who have already          French. Prerequisite: FRENCH III or equivalent.
learned French elsewhere, may take Readings
in French I, II, III without taking an or part of   LFr220- I JF MODERN FRENCH GRAMMAR I-II,
French I-II-III. This rule is applicable starting   3-3 units, autumn-winter
with 1 994 entering students.                         Coherent and consistent picture of the
                                                    structure of modern French . S tudy of
LFrl OO- 1 -2JF FRENCH I-II-III. 6-6-6 units,       phonological, morphological , and syntactical
spring-autumn-winter                                structure , including morphophonemic s .
  The aim of these courses is to develop reading    Prerequisites: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
ability of materials necessary for scientific       OF LANGUAGE and FRENCH III.
research and to learn French as a means of
communication, beginning from the elementary        LFr2 3 0JF HISTORY OF THE FRENCH LAN­
level . The fundamental struc ture of those         GUAGE, 3 units, spring
courses are grammar, conversation, and                French language from its Latin origins to its
laboratory training. Two sets of courses are        modem forms, from the viewpoint of French
offered: courses offered using Japanese as an       philosophy, the one domain of the compara­
auxiliary language and those integrating the        tive grammar of Romance l anguage s .
above-mentioned three elements and, as a rule,      Prerequisite: FRENCH III. Course work in Latin
using only French from the beginning.               or Spanish will be helpful.

FRENCH, 3 units, winter                             3 units, autumn
  Explanation of the historical development            Reading and discussion of selected articles
and the basic concept of French civilization        and monographs in the field of French
necessary for the comprehension and the study       linguistics.
of the French language.
                                                    LFr3 92JF ADVANCED STUDIES IN THE
3 , 3 , 3 units, spring, autumn, winter               Special advanced study in selected areas of
   Reading and discussion of current French         French l anguag e . On approval of the
materials for developing speed and compre­          instructor.
hension in reading and fluency in speaking.
Further training in grammar and explanation                     Japanese Language
of the subtleties of French expression. Prereq­
uisite: FRENCH II or equivalent.                      Students majoring in Japanese Language are
                                                    required to include INTRODUCTION TO THE
[86]     LANGUAGES

STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE among              speed and comprehension, for non-Japanese
their Foundation courses. Of the 30 units of      students who wish to further their study of the
Area Major courses required, at least 15 units    Japanese language. Prerequisite: ADVANCED
must be taken from the area of Japanese           JAPANESE II or SPECIAL JAPANESE III.
language ; the remaining 15 units may be
Divisional Area Major courses or courses in       LJa2 1 3 ,4J READINGS IN CLASSICAL JAPANESE
other maj orable areas of the Division of         I, II, 3 , 3 units, winter, autumn
Languages. Those who wish to teach Japanese           I: readings in Wabun; II: readings in
as a foreign language must include THE            Kanbun, including Japanese language culture.
OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.                           Techniques and assumptions of syntactic
                                                  analysis applied to the modern Japane se
LJa l 00J INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF            language. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE
  Survey of the phonological, lexical,            LJa3 2 l J PROBLEMS IN JAPANESE SYNTAX, 3
syntactic and semantic aspects of present-day     units, autumn
Japanese; special attention to problems of          Survey of problems in the syntax of modem
teaching Japanese as a foreign language .         Japanese. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO
LANGUAGE, or permission of instructor.
                                                  LJa322J STYLISTIC STUDIES IN JAPANESE, 2
LJa20 l J INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF          units, spring
THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE, 3 units, spring              Survey of stylistic studies of modern
  Survey of the historical development of         Japanese. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO THE
Japanese phonology and grammar from the           STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.
8th century. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO
permission of instructor.                         LANGUAGE I, II, III, 3, 3, 3 units , spring,
                                                  autumn, winter
LJa2 1 0J THEME WRITING IN JAPANESE, 3              H i s tory and development of standard
units, spring                                     Japanese from the 8th century to the present
  Writing of themes, term papers and research     day, with maj or emphasis on the modern
reports, with emphasis on the organization of     periods (since the 1 6th century). Prerequisites:
materials, the arrangement of ideas, clear pre­   INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF THE
sentation in writing and correct orthography.     JAPANESE LANGUAGE and INTRODUCTION TO
                                                  THE HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.
LJa2 1 1 ,2J READINGS IN JAPANESE I, 11, 3 , 3
units, spring, autumn                             LJa333J TOPICS IN THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE,
  Program of reading in order to develop          2 units, winter
                                                                             LANGUAGES       [87]

  Centering on problems in Japanese language     LCh l O l -2JC CHINESE II-III, 6-6 units, autumn­
and the history of Japanese language. The        winter
specific topic will vary from year to year.        Continuing course in Mandarin. Intensive
Prerequisites: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY         drill on spoken texts, free conversation, and
OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE and INTRODUC­           introduction of character texts. Prerequisite:
TICS, 3 units, winter                              Two independent sequences, A and B, are
  Reading and discussion of selected articles    offered. The A courses are comprehensive in
and monographs in the field of Japane se         approach, while the B courses are designed for
linguistics. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO       students mainly interested in reading German
THE STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.              texts. Courses of the two sequences cannot be
                                                 mixed for a sequence and a student cannot
LJa390- l J THE TEACHING OF JAPANESE AS          receive credit for both A and B. In case of
A FOREIGN LANGUAGE I-II, 3-3 units, autumn­      German A I and A II, students should normally
winter                                           take all 6 units per term.
  Aims and methods of teaching Japanese as a
foreign language: observation, simulation and    LGe l OO-2JG GERMAN A (GRAMMAR I-II), 3-3
practice in the ICU Japane se Language           units, spring-autumn
Programs. For students preparing to teach
Japanese as a foreign languag e . Open to        LGe l O I -3JG GERMAN A (READING AND
qualified students on approval of the            SPEAKING I-II), 3-3 units, spring-autumn
instructor. Prerequisite: INTRODUCTION TO          Beginning courses in German. Study of the
THE STUDY OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE.              basic grammatical patterns, laboratory drill,
                                                 and reading of simple texts.
JAPANESE LANGUAGE I, II, 3, 3 units              LGe l 04JG GERMAN A (READING AND
  Special advanced study in selected areas of    SPEAKING III), 3 units, winter
the Japanese language. On approval of the          Continuing course for increasing speaking,
instructor.                                      reading and writing abilities. Prerequisite:
                                                 GERMAN A (level II) or equivalent.
             Other Languages
                                                 LGe 1 50JG GERMAN B (GRAMMAR), 3 units,
Chinese                                          autumn
                                                   A beginning course in German. Study of the
LCh l OOJC CHINESE 1 , 6 units, spring           basic grammar.
  B asic c ourse in spoken Mandarin.
Foundation work in phonology, practice of        LGe 1 5 l JG GERMAN B (BASIC READING), 3
taped texts and drill on grammatical patterns.   units, autumn
[88]      LANGUAGES

  Beginning course in German. Reading of             Spanish
simple texts, with grammatical explanations.
                                                     LSp l OOJS SPANISH 1, 6 units, autumn
LGe 1 5 2JG GERMAN B (INTERMEDIATE                     An introduction to the basic speech patterns
READING 1 ) , 3 units, winter                        of Spanish. Study of basic sentence forms,
                                                     laboratory drill and pattern practice, and free
LGe15 3JG       GERMAN B (INTERMEDIATE               conversation.
READING 2), 3 units, spring
  Continuing courses in reading and further          LSp 1 0 1 -2JS SPANISH II-III, 6-6 units, winter­
training in grammar, with explanation of the         spring
subtleties of German expression and structure.          Continuing course in reading and conversa­
Prerequisite s : GERMAN B (GRAMMAR and               tion to develop greater fluency in speaking,
BASIC READING) or equivalent.                        understanding and reading . Prerequi s ite :
  READING 1 : Reading mainly of literary texts,      SPANISH l or equivalent.
                newspaper articles, etc.
   READING 2: Reading mainly of scientific           LSp2 1 0- I JS READINGS IN SPANIS H I-II, 3 - 3
               texts.                                units, autumn-winter
                                                       Reading of contemporary Spanish texts,
LGe160JG READINGS IN GERMAN, 3 units,                newspapers and periodicals to develop rapid
spring                                               reading ability; discussion of texts to enhance
   Continuing course in reading in order to          fluency in spoken Spanish . Prerequisite:
develop speed and comprehension. Prerequi­           SPANISH III.
site: GERMAN A (level II) or GERMAN B (INTER­
MEDIATE READING, 1 , 2) or equivalent.                              Communication

LGe 2 1 0-lJG ADVANCED READINGS I N                    (Applicable to students who entered in
GERMAN I-II, 3-3 units, autumn-winter                           AY 1 990 or before)
  Advanced study for developing speed and              Students majoring in Communication must
comprehension in reading selected articles and       meet the 3 0-unit Area Major c ourse
monographs in various disciplines.                   requirement by taking 6 units from among the
                                                     courses offered in the Division of Languages;
Russian                                              the remaining 24 units may be in the
                                                     Communication c ourse s offered in the
LRu l OO-lJR RUSSIAN I-II, 4-4 units, 1 994          Division of International Studies. Students are
spring 11, autumn 1, winter 11                       required to include among their Foundation
  Basic course in spoken Russian. Foundation         courses THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICA­
work in phonology, introduction of morpho­           TION and ELEMENTARY S OCIAL STATISTICS,
logical and syntactical patterns in model            and among their Area Major courses PUBLIC
sentences, practice in conversation and in           COMMUNICATION.
reading the Cyrillic alphabet. (I, II in alternate     They are encouraged to concentrate in
terms)                                               one of three major areas sy stematic all y :
                                                                                  LANGUAGES         [89]

interpersonal communication, intercultural
c ommunication or j ournalism; they are                                Linguistics
encouraged also to take other courses through
consultation with their advisor.                    (Applicable to students who entered in
                                                                AY 1 990 or before)
(For details concerning course contents and         Students concentrating in Linguistics must
term offered, see the descriptions listed under   m e e t t h e 3 0 - u n i t A r e a M aj o r c o u r s e
the Division of International Studies.)           requirement by taking 1 5 units from among
                                                  the linguistics courses offered in the Divisions
IC I 1 00 THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICA­            of Languages and International Studies; the
    TION, 3 units                                 remaining 1 5 units may be in other majorable
IC I 200 INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION,             areas of the Division of Languages.
    2 units
IC 1 20 1 JAPANESE PATTERNS OF COMMUNI­           ( D i v i s i o n of Languag e s : For details
    CATION, 2 units                               concerning course contents and term offered,
IC 1 202 COMPARATIVE JOURNALISM, 3 units          see the descriptions listed under the Divisional
IC 1 203 PRINCIPLES OF REPORTING AND EDIT­        Area Major Courses.)
    ING, 3 units
     STUDIES, 2 units                             L2 1 0    MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, 3 units
     PERSUASION, 2 units                          L220,1 T R A N S L A TI O N : THEORY A N D
IC 1 220 LANGUAGE AND BEHAVIOR, 2 units               PRACTICE I , II, 3 , 3 units
    TERPRETING: THEORY AND PRACTICE, 3                units
    units                                         L23 1     ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATION IN
     units                                        L29 1     C O M M U N I C AT I V E LANGUAGE
     ENCE COMMUNICATION, 3 units                  L3 1 1    SEMANTIC ANALYSIS, 3 units
     COMMUNICATION, 3 units                       L320      RESEARCH DESIGN FOR LANGUAGE
IC 1 350 READINGS IN COMMUNICATION, 3                 STUDIES, 3 units
     units                                        L330      PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND LAN-
     TION I, 3 units                              L33 1     LANGUAGE TESTING, 2 units
     CATION II, 3 units                             (Division of International Studi e s : For
IDw240 PROFESSIONAL WRITING AND DOC­              details concerning course contents and term
     UMENTATION, 3 units                          offered, see the descriptions listed under the
IDw241 PUBLIC COMMUNICATION, 3 units              Division of International Studies.)
[90]         LANGUAGES

    units                                         IC 1 360 FIELDWORK IN LINGUISTICS, 3 units
IC 1 22 1    HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, 2 units          LANGUAGES, 3 units
IC 1 32 1    SOCIOLINGUISTICS, 2 units            IDw340 MULTILINGUALISM, 3 units
IC 1 322     DISCOURSE ANALYSIS, 3 units
                                                                                          [9 1 ]

                      DIVISION OF EDUCATION

General Education Courses                                  LOSOPHY OF EDUCATION I, 2 units
                                                       EEd 1 30 HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCA­
   The c ourses offered by faculty of thi s              TION, 2 units
division a s part o f the General Education            EEd 1 40 HISTORY OF JAPANESE EDUCA­
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are               TION, 2 units
listed, with descriptions and explanatory              EEd 1 50 INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
information, under College -Wide Programs.               ON EDUCATION, 2 units
  All Education majors are strongly advised to     [3] EPs I O I GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2
include SOCIAL SCIENCE V: EDUCATION among                units
their General Education courses.                       EPs l 70 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units
                                                       ETc 1 50 SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF
Foundation Courses                                       EDUCATION, 2 units
                                                   [4] ETc 1 00 COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
   Education-major students are expected to              EDUCATION I, 2 units
meet the 1 8 -unit foundation course require­          ETc 1 30 INTRODUCTION TO MASS
ment as follows:                                         COMMUNICATION, 2 units
    Three chosen from four courses in Group            EPs 1 60 GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING,
[ 1 ] , including both EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOL­              2 units
units)                                           Area Maj or, Electives, Divisional Courses
   Two chosen from four courses in Group
[2] . (4 units)                                     Education majors are required to complete a
   Two chosen from three courses in Group        minimum of 30 credit units of Area Major
[3] . (4 units)                                  Courses by taking courses chosen from the
   Two chosen from three courses in Group        departments in the Education Area. 1 5 or more
[4] . (4 units)                                  credit units must be taken in one department.
          Total: 1 8 units                       Those who wish to specialize in a single
Group of Foundation Courses:                     department can do so in Educ ation,
    [ 1 ] EEd l OO PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION, 2    Psychology and Educational Technology and
            units                                Communication. The senior thesis, 9 units ,
          EPs l OO EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2     c omplete s the requirements for the Area
             units                               Major. In addition every student will take at
          EEd 1 60 INTRODUCTION TO SECOND­       least 24 units of Electives.
            ARY EDUCATION, 2 units                  Advanced students may take courses of
          EPs 1 50 MEASUREMENT AND EVALUA­       Advanced Studies up to 6 units to fulfill the
            TION, 2 units                        Area Major requirements, and up to 6 units as
    [2] EEd l l O INTRODUCTION TO        PHI-    Electives. They should also note the 400 level
[92]     EDUCATION

courses offered by the Division of Education
of the Graduate School.                                                 Education

E095-6-71E SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units                   Those students concentrating in education
  In order to bring to focus the knowledge he/        are required to take at least one of the
she has acquired, to deepen his/her under­            comparative education courses during the
standing of his/her field, and to acquire the         sophomore or junior year, namely : EEd342
techniques of research and writing, the student       FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPARATIVE AND
prepares a thesis in his field of interest under      INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION, EEd3 45 TRA­
the superv i sion of a faculty member of              DITIONS OF WESTERN EDUCATION or EEd350
appropriate specialization. Required of all           FOUNDATION OF AMERICAN EDUCATION.
Education majors in the senior year.                    In addition, students are required to take two
                                                      of the Special Studies courses. These courses
EEd290J TEACHING METHODS IN SOCIAL                    are conducted as seminars with limited enroll­
STUDIES, 2 units, winter                              ments emphasizing student participation .
  Purposes, problems, and practices of                They may be taken as a means to help students
teaching social studies in junior and senior          select their senior thesis topics, although they
high school s ; emphasi s on curriculum ,             are not considered as prerequisites for senior
textbooks, and teaching plans. Required of            thesis writing.
those seeking teacher certification in social
studies.                                              EEd l OOJ PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION, 2 units,
  For teaching methods, see also the follow­            This course aims at providing students with
ing:                                                  general understanding of education in the
  HRe290 TEACHING METHODS IN RELIGION,                modern world, focusing on the nature and
     2 units                                          meaning of education and aims of education.
  S290 TEACHING METHODS IN GEOGRAPHY                  A required elective course for all the students
     AND HISTORY, 2 units                             in the Teacher' Certification Program.
     SCIENCES, 2 units                                EDUCATION I, 2 units, spring
  N29 1 TEACHING METHODS IN MATHE­                      A critical examination of major concepts of
     MATICS, 2 units                                  education and of the philosophical principles
  LEn290 TEACHING METHODS IN ENGLISH I,               underlying them.
     3 units
                                                      EEd 1 30J HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCATION,
E295J TEACHING PRACTICE, 3 units, spring              2 units, spring
  Observation and practice in teaching under            Historical survey of the ideas and systems of
supervision in junior and senior high schools.        Western education.
Required in the senior year of all students seeking
teacher certification. (also offered in autumn for    EEd 1 40J HISTORY OF JAPANESE EDUCATION,
only those who returned from abroad)                  2 units, winter
                                                                                EDUCATION     [93]

  H i s torical development ofbJapane se             EEd220J HISTORY OF WESTERN EDUCA­
education from ancient times to the present,         TIONAL THOUGHT, 2 units, winter
with emphasis on the modern period.                    This course aims at providing the students
Recommended for those seeking teacher                with the basic knowledge of the historical
certification.                                       development of educ ati onal thoughts in
                                                     Europe and the United States.
EDUCATION, 2 units, spring                           EEd240J STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF
  A comparative analysis of the underlying           JAPANESE EDUCATION, 2 units
factors and conditions dividing educational            A seminar in the history of Japane se
and social development in the modem world            education. Enrollment will be limite d .
between advanced industrialized societies and        Prerequisite: HISTORY O F JAPANESE EDUCA­
developing societies, with a concentration on        TION (not offered in 1 994).
                                                     EEd250J STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL
EEd 1 60J INTRODUCTION TO SECONDARY                  EDUCATION, 2 units, autumn
EDUCATION, 2 units, winter                             A seminar in international educ ation.
  Comprehensive survey of secondary                  Enrollment will be limited. Prerequ isite:
edu c ation with reference to the theory ,           International Perspective on Education.
organization, administration and curriculum
of secondary schools. A required elective            EEd260J CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION, 2
course for all the students in the Teacher'          units, spring
Certification Program.                                 Theories and practices of curriculum
                                                     development and methods of instruction.
EDUCATION II, 2 units, autumn                        EEd270J LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2 units, spring
  A critical examination of major concepts of          Brief survey of school libraries: emphasis
education and of the philosophical principles        on function, organization, services and
underlying them, with emphasis on that of            administration; the planning and equipping of
contemporary concepts. Prerequisite: INTRO­          school libraries. Recommended for those
DUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION I.                seeking teacher certification.

units, winter                                        2 units, winter
  Theoretical and hi storical approach to               Aims at providing the basic knowledge of
problems of moral education in Japan today .         educational administration focusing on the
Includes study of its aims, principles and           nature and meaning of educational administra­
methods of instruction. Required of those            tion, its types, and school systems. (given in
seeking junior high school teacher certifica­        alternate years)
tion. Priority for course registration is given to
junior and senior students.                          EEd285J STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL ADMINIS­
                                                     TRATION, 2 units
[94]     EDUCATION

  This course is a seminar on educational          CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY O F EDUCATION.
administration for those students who took         History of Christian schools in the West and
EEd280 Educational Administration.                 Japan, practice and problems in present-day
  Fundamental Law of Educatibn, School Ed­         Christian schools in Japan, and others will be
ucation Law, Law Governing the Organization        examined (given in alternate years).
and Management of Provincial Educational
Administration, and others are examined.           EEd342E FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPARA·
(given in alternate years, not offered in 1 994)   TIVE AND INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION, 3
                                                   units, winter
EEd292J EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES, 2               Comparative study of educational aims and
units, spring                                      systems in the contemporary world.
  Aims at providing the basic knowledge of
extra-curricular activities in the present-day     EEd345E TRADITIONS OF WESTERN EDUCA·
secondary schools in Japan. Required of all the    TION, 3 units, autumn
students in the Teacher' Certific ation              Survey of the development of educational
Program.                                           systems in Europe, the Soviet Union and the
                                                   United States.
TION, 2 units, winter                              EEd347J      EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING
    A seminar in the philosophy of education.      NATIONS, 3 units, autumn
Enrollment will be limited. Prerequisite:            Analysis of the common problems in the
INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION            reform and modernization of education in
I, II.                                             developing nations with emphasis on
                                                   colonialism and language diversity . Con­
EEd330J STUDIES IN HISTORY OF WESTERN              centration on Asia, with the Philippines and
EDUCATION, 2 units, autumn                         Malaysia as models for the study of education
   A seminar in the history of Western educa­      in developing nations.
tion. Enrollment will be limited. Prerequisite:
                                                   EDUCATION, 3 units, spring
EEd 3 3 3 J    CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY O F              Historical development of American society
EDUCATION, 2 units, autumn                         in the formation of an "American tradition in
  Aims at providing the basic knowledge of         educ ation", an analysis of c ontemporary
Christian education, foc u sing on the             problems in American education.
relationship between religion and education,
and aims of Christian education.                   EEd3 60J STUDIES IN CURRICULUM AND
                                                   INSTRUCTION, 2 units, autumn
EEd335J STUDIES IN CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY              A Seminar in curriculum and instruction.
OF EDUCATION, 2 units, winter                      Enrollment will be limited. Prerequi s ite :
  This course is a seminar on the Christian        Curriculum & Instruction.
education for those students who took EEd33 3
                                                                               EDUCAnON        [95]

                 Psychology                        of all education majors and of those seeking
                                                   teacher certification.
  Those who concentrate in psychology must
include the following courses among their 30       EPs l 70J SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, winter
units Area Major requirements: EPs20 l J PRIN­        Origin, development and methodology of
CIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, EPs2 l 0- 1 -2J     the different approaches to the study of human
RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY I-II-III,           social behavior. The processes of social
2-2-2 units, EPs2 l 5E PSYCHOLOGICAL STA­          behav ior, social attitude s , patterns of
TISTICS I, 2 units, EPs222J DEVELOPMENTAL          interpersonal relationships, psychological
PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units, and more than 4 units         structure and the functions of various groups.
chosen from among the courses in psychology.
                                                   EPs20 l J PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY, 2
EPs l OOJ EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2                units, winter
units, spring                                        Survey of the h i storical devel opment,
  Psychological techniques and insights for        current issues, and practical applications of
education, including human development,            repre sentative theories in major fields of
individual difference and most appropriate         psychology . Required of all psychology
guidance for learners . Required of all            majors. Prerequisite: GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY.
education majors and of those seeking teacher
certification.                                     EPs2 l 0- l -2J RESEARCH METHODS IN
                                                   PSYCHOLOGY, I-II-III, 2-2-2 units , spring ­
EPs l 0 1 E GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units ,          autumn -winter
autumn                                               Typical research methods in psychology .
  Basic principles and theories of the various     Experiments in perception, learning, memory
fields of psychology, and their applications for   and thinking; practices in systematic and
daily living.                                      clinical observation, interviewing and other
                                                   testing techniques; systematic observational
EPs 1 50J MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION, 2            techniques of interaction processes in the
units, autumn                                      group, analysis of group structures and
  Historic al development of educ ational          attitude s c ale c onstru ction. Prerequisite :
measurement: essentials for test construction      EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY or GENERAL PSy­
and statistical treatments, planning of testing    CHOLOGY, and PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS I.
programs in school, application for guidance
programs , improvement of admissions               EPs2 l 5E PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS I, 2
procedures and professional ethics. Required       units, winter
of all education majors.                              Statistical methods at the intermediate level,
                                                   relevant to re search in psychology and
EPs 1 60J GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING, 2               education, including descriptive statistics and
units, winter                                      basic concepts of inference and estimation.
  Foundations of guidance and counseling,          Required of all psychology majors. Prerequi­
including discussions on the current issues of     site: MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION.
school guidance and mental health. Required

units, autumn                                     S urvey of basic concepts , experimental
  Theoretical foundations and study methods     method s , and classic and contemporary
of development, including problems in early     theories of le arning; their application to
childhood as well as psychological views for    human behavior and educational practice .
life-long development of prenatal , infant,     Prerequisite: GENERAL PS YCHOLOGY or
adolescent, and aged periods.                   EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY . (given in
                                                alternate years, not offered in 1 994)
PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units                             EPs34 1 J MENTAL HEALTH, 2 units
  Survey of the development of psychological      Theory of adjustment process and reaction
concepts, experimentation, and theories. The    pattern s to stre s s and fru stration, with
role of psychology in a unified science of      examination of relation of adju stment to
human behavior. Prerequisite: EDUCATIONAL       personality and mental health. Methods of
PSYCHOLOGY. (not offered in 1 994)              preventing mental disorders and promoting
                                                mental health on indiv i du al , group and
EPs303J BIOPSYCHOLOGY, 3 units                  community levels. (given in alternate years,
  Genetic, ethnological, neuro-physiological    not offered in 1 994)
and psychopharmacological bases of animal
and human development. Emphasis on the role     EPs3 44J PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY, 2
of the central nervous systems in learning,     units, autumn
emotion, motivation and personality. Two          Classical and modern theories of personality
lectures and two laboratories weekly . (not     and their development. Interrelated inherited,
offered in 1 994)                               physical, social and cultural factors in person­
                                                ality traits, structure and function. Problems of
EPs3 1 5J PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS II, 2        socialization and individualization, including
units, spring                                   formation of the ego and the self. Deviant per­
  Statistical methods at the intermediate and   sonality , including multiphasic personality .
advanced levels. Theory of hypothesis test­     Prerequisite: EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY or
ing and estimation, and their application to    GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY.
psychological studies. Prerequisite: PSYCHO­
LOGICAL STATISTICS 1.                           HPs350E INFORMATION PROCESSING, 2 units,
EPs320J PSYCHOLOGY OF EARLY AND LATE              Historical antecedents and the basic
ADOLESCENCE, 2 units, autumn                    rationale and assumptions inherent in current
  Essential views for the understanding of      versions of information processing perspec­
personality development in childhood and        tive are c onsidered. Human c ognitive
adolescence, and considerations on physical     functioning is analyzed w ith particular
and emotional developmental tasks, inter­       emphasis on perceptual/cognitive process and
personal relations, and educ ational and        artificial intelligence systems.
clinical treatments.
                                                                               EDUCA nON      [97]

EPs352J PSYCHOLOGY OF PERCEPTION, 2                 interpersonal training are also discu ssed.
units, winter                                       (given in alternate years)
   Introduction to the basic process of
perception and cognition in human behavior,         EPs3 80J PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE, 2 units
from sensation and perception to memory and           Interactions between the linguistic and
thought Emphasis on how we organize and             psychological processes, with emphasis on the
interpret sensory information, how this             universal and particularistic fe ature s in
infonnation is stored and utilized in relation to   language and human behavior. (given in
concept formation, language and problem­            alternate years, not offered in 1 994)
solving, Cases of handicapped children and
adults with visual, auditory and language           EPs3 92,3 ,4JE ADVANCED STUDIES I N
d i sorders are discussed. Prerequis ite :          PSYCHOLOGY I, II, III, 2, 2, 2 units
GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY.                                   Advanced studies for junior and s enior
                                                    students in specialized subjects in psychology.
EPs3 60J CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2 units,              Offered on the initiative of the teaching staff
spring                                              or demand of students, with approval of the
  Basic course in historical and contemporary       division. Approv al of the in struc tor i s
issues, major theories, study methods, kinds of     required.
treatments, areas of application, and social
significance of clinical psychology , with                 Educational Technology and
discussions on the views of and the ways of                       Communications
understanding human from clinical psy­
chology.                                              Those who concentrate in the fields of
                                                    Educational Technology and Communications
EPs3 6 1 J SEMINAR IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY           must include at least one from each of the
(CASE STUDY METHOD), 2 units, autumn                following four groups of courses in the 30unit
   B asic understanding of the purpose, method,     Area Major requirement:
and significance of case study, considered as         [ 1 ] ETc200 COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
the c ore of re search method in clinical                    EDUCATION, 2 units
p sychology . S eminar and practice with                    EPs2 1 5 PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS I,
discussion on its contemporal problems are a                 2 units
research method.                                      [2] ETc 320 INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNI­
                                                             CATION SCIENCE, 2 units
RELATIONS, 2 units, spring                                   SEARCH, 2 units
  To reveal the mechanism and the process of          [3] ETc3 1 0 PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL
emergence and development of interpersonal                   TECHNOLOGY, 2 units
relationships. Interpersonal cognition,                     ETc3 1 1 PRINCIPLES OF AUDIO-VISUAL
emotion and other interactions such as verbal                EDUCATION, 2 units
and non-verbal communication, and helping             [4] ETc250 EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY, 2
behavior are discussed. Exchange theory and                  units
[98]     EDUCATION

         2 units                                  units, winter
  The remaining 1 8 units may be taken from         Review of major perspectives on the social
other courses in the Education Division.          effects of schools and schooling on
                                                  individuals, the stratification sy stem, and
ETc 1 00J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN EDUCA·          society . Topics include: educ ation for
TION I, 2 units, winter                           socializing individuals and legitimizing social
  Basic knowledge of the microcomputer and        institutions, educational attainment, and the
the syntax and elementary programing skill of     organizational struc ture of schooling .
BASIC language. Survey in the uses of comput·     Prerequisite: PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY or
er in the field of Education. Recommended for     SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION.
those majoring in teaching methods and those
seeking teacher certification.                    ETc 3 00J COMPUTER APPLICATION IN
                                                  EDUCATION III, 2 units, autumn
ETc 1 30E INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMU·               Survey of c omputer applications to
NICATION, 2 units, winter                         instructional methodology , including psy­
  Review of major perspectives on the process     chological basis of indi v i du alization of
and effects of mass communication. Special        instruction and design of computer assisted
attention will be given to the analysis of the    instructional system. Consent of the instructor.
extent that mass communication affects our
lives in such areas as political and social       ETc 3 1 0J PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL
behavior.                                         TECHNOLOGY, 2 units, autumn
                                                    Survey of the technological approach to
ETc 1 50E SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCA·            education and instruction. Psychological bases
TION, 2 units, spring                             of instructional programs, systems approach to
  Introduction to basic theories and              the design of instructional programs , the
perspectives from the social sciences relevant    teacher' s role in the instructional process, and
to an understanding of the role of education in   automated instructional systems and computer
society . Major research work concerning          applications.
social problems in education will be reviewed,
with special focus on the effects of cultural     ETc3 l l J PRINCIPLES OF AUDIO· VISUAL
media on society.                                 EDUCATION, 2 units, spring
                                                    Problems concerning educational media for
ETc200J COMPUTER APPLICA TION IN                  improving instruction. Top i c s include
EDUCATION II, 2 units, spring                     contributions of behaviorists to instructional
   Intermediate programming skill in BASIC        technology , teaching machine s and pro­
language, relevant to design various computer     grammed instruction, instructional design and
applications in teaching-learning proce s s .     development, etc . Recommended for those
Recommended for those majoring i n teaching       majoring in teaching methods and those
methods and those seeking teacher certifica­      seeking teacher certification.
                                                                              EDUCATION      [99]

ETc3 1 2E BROADCAST EDUCATION, 2 units,               Development and functions of mass
autumn                                             c ommunication systems . S urvey of the
  S urvey of the h i storic al development,        structures, functions, philosophies, and means
present sy stem and activities , and future        of regulating mass communication institutions
directions of broadcast education. Examine         and systems in modem society.
the cases in Japan and selected foreign
countries, re search problem s , and newer         ETc332J MASS COMMUNICATION RESEARCH,
development in the area.                           2 units, winter
                                                     Critical study of scientific aspects of mass
ETc320J INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICA­                 communication, such as the effects of the mass
TION SCIENCE, 2 units, spring                      media, the role of the mass media in the
  Survey of the structure, functions, philoso­     development of culture , and "uses and
phy, process and effects of interpersonal and      gratifications".
mass communication. Emphasis on person­
ality, group and community in terms of the         ETc3 5 0J PROBLEMS OF SOCIALIZATION, 2
communication process.                             units
                                                     Analysis of the characteristics of such
ETc32 1 J COMMUNICATION AND CHANGE, 2              socialization agents as family, school, mass
units, autumn                                      media and others. The trends and problems in
  Major research traditions underlying the         the research area of moral, occupational and
diffusion and acceptance of innovations and        political socialization. (not offered in 1 994)
change. Strategic principles for introduction of
change through the uses of communication.          ETc392,3 ,4J ADVANCED STUDIES IN EDUCA­
                                                   TIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND COMMUNICATIONS
ETc 3 22E COMMUNICATION RESEARCH, 2                I, II, III, 2,2,2 units
units, spring                                          Advanced studies for junior and senior
  Problems in developing experimental and          students in specialized subjects in Educational
survey designs in communication research.          Technology and Communications.

AND SOCIETY, 2 units, winter
[ 1 00]


General Education Courses                             IIrl 03 POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC
                                                         HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELA­
  The courses offered by faculty of thi s                TIONS, 3 units
division a s part o f the General Education       [3] IEb 1 00 FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOM­
Program of the College of Liberal Arts are               Ics, 3 units
listed , with descriptions and explanatory            IEb 1 01 FUNDAMENTAL MANAMENT,
information, under College-Wide Programs.                3 units
                                                      IEb 1 02 PRINCIPLES OF REGIONAL ECO­
                                                         NOMICS, 3 units
Foundation Courses
                                                      IEb 1 03 COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC
  International Studies majors meet the 1 8              SYSTEMS, 3 units
unit Foundation Course requirement by taking      [4] IC I l OO THEORIES OF HUMAN COM­
3 or more units of each of the following five            MUNICATION, 3 units
areas:                                                IC I l O I INTRODUCTION TO LINGUIS­
  [ 1 ] IDw l 00 PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS,                 TICS, 3 units
           3 units                                    IC I l 02 SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3
        IDw 1 0 1 INTERNATIONAL COOPERA­                 units
           TION, 3 units                          [5] ISal 00 INTERNATIONAL SOCIOLOGY,
        IDw 1 20 SOCIAL SCIENCES AND COM­                 3 units
           PUTER, 3 units                             ISa 1 0 1 ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN
        IDw 1 2 1 SOCIAL SCIENCES AND STA­               LIFE, 3 units
           TISTICS, 3 units
        IDw 1 22 DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRON­       Area Major, Electives, Divisional Courses
           MENT, 3 units
        IDw 1 40 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS          International Studies majors are required to
           AND LANGUAGES, 3 units               complete a minimum of 30 credit units of Area
        IDw 1 4 1 LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY, 2       Major Courses by taking courses chosen from
           units                                the departments in the International Studies.
        IDw 1 60 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF           15 or more credits units must be taken in one
           CULTURES, 3 units                    department, and also the students must take 9
  [2] IIr1 00 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNA­          or more credit units of Divisional Major
           TIONAL POLITICS, 3 units             courses as part of their Area Major Courses.
        IIr 1 0 1 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNA­        The senior thesis, 9 units, completes the
           TIONAL ORGANIZATION, 3 units         requirements for the Area Major. In addition
        IIr 1 02 BASICS IN INTERNATIONAL        every student will take at least 24 units of
           LAW, 3 units                         electives.
                                                                     INTERNATIONAL STUDIES    [101]

1 095-6-7 EJ SENIOR THESIS, 3-3-3 units             IDw l 22JE DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRON­
  The senior student, under the guidance of a       MENT, 3 units, autumn
thesis advisor chosen from among the full time        Thi s course will study the dilemma of
teaching staff of the division, selects a subject   development and environment which many
in which he/she has an interest and prepares a      developing countries are facing today . By
research paper the pursuing the subject in          taking some concrete examples, the possibility
depth. Required in the senior year.                 of coordination of the two will be explored.

units, spring                                       LANGUAGES, 3 units, autumn
  Thi s c ourse discu sses the rel ationship          This course discusses a range of inter­
between peace and human rights keeping in           national issues such as: language and the law,
mind the proposition that the protection of         international languages, government language
human rights is essential for the maintenance       polic ies, United Nations/EC l anguage s ,
of world peace.                                     minority rights.

units, spring                                       units, spring
  This course will discuss and analyze the            Language is not only formed and developed
actual situations of international cooperation      in each individual' s brain, but also shared by
at the levels of international organizations,       the individuals of a social group. This course is
nation-states, and private entities.                designed to tackle language problems, not so
                                                    much from the individual point of view, as
IDw 1 20E SOCIAL SCIENCES AND COMPUTER,             from the viewpoint of how a language is used
3 units, spring                                     by individuals in a social group in order to gain
   As a result of the development of informa­       the knowledge of the social function of
tion and communication technology, various          language from the macrosoc iolinguistic
areas of social sciences are undergoing             perspective.
unprecedented transformation. The relation­
ship between computer and social sciences           IDw 1 60JE      COMP ARA TIVE STUDY OF
goes beyond quantitative analysis into the          CULTURES, 3 units, spring
areas of decision-making and future predic­           This course is designed to offer perspectives
tion. This course will study this fundamental       for understanding other culture s . Maj or
relationship between computer and social            theories and methodologies will be discussed.
                                                    Divisional Major Courses
3 units, spring                                     IDw200E INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATION, 3
  This course will teach basic method of            units, winter
social statistics so that the students would be       The actual situations of international
able to develop special research designs to suit    negotiation will be analyzed on both
their research needs.                               international and private business levels. The

meaning and process of negotiation will be           IDw340E MULTILINGUALISM, 3 units, winter
studied.                                                Multilingualism is a new realm of investiga­
                                                     tion in linguistics that deals with the problems
IDw220E QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS IN                     arising from the use of more than one lan­
SOCIAL SCIENCES, 3 units, autumn                     guage, or the situation or context in which
  Quantitative analysis has become essential         such uses take place in or among individuals
in various fields of social sciences such as         who speak more than one language. In the case
sociology, political science, economics, and         of individual multilingualism, matters to be
business management. This course will teach          dealt with concern personality development
basics of quantitative analysis necessary for        and language identity problems; in the case of
these areas.                                         multilingualism, of a larger context, the prob­
                                                     lems of national language policies, national
IDw240J PROFES SIONAL WRITING AND                    identity , and religious beliefs will be dealt
DOCUMENTATION, 3 units, spring winter                with.
  This course aims to improve the ability to
communicate effectively in writing, and to           IDw341E CONFLICT RESOLUTION, 3 units,
train to produce and document professional           autumn
papers through the case method.                         This course will examine human behavior
                                                     and conflict in the context of communication.
IDw24I JE PUBLIC COMMUNICATION, 3 units,             It will analyze, in particular, the categorization
spring, autumn, winter                               of conflicts , the factors which increase
   This course aims to guide and train students      conflicts, and theory and method of conflict
in public speaking , group discus sion and           resolution.
interviews. In doing so, the theory of rhetorical
communication will be applied to the actual          Division-Wide Integrated Courses
situations. It will also review the history of the
study of rhetoric and its development, and           IDw380- 1 -2J,E OVERSEAS PROJECT SEMINAR
examine how to communicate well orally.              I-II-III, 2-2-2 units, spring-autumn-winter
                                                        Students will conduct research on a specific
IDw260J RACE, ETHNIC GROUP, NATION AND               topic at a designated place overseas.
CULTURE, 3 units, spring
  This course will train students to be able to                 International Relations
better understand the que stions of race ,
ethnicity, and cultural policy of a State which      IIrl OOJ INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL
are unavoidable in the process of internation­       POLITICS, 3 units, spring
alization.                                             Brief introduction to the recent history of the
                                                     study of international politics including peace
IDw26 I JE COMPARATIVE SOCIAL STRUC­                 studie s . Components of national power,
TURE, 3 units, spring                                motivators of international politics, functions,
  Analysis of the relationship between               institutions and movements for diplomacy,
economic development and social structure in         war and maintenance of peac e , and the
an international perspective.                        dynamics of present-day international politics
                                                                   INTERNATIONAL STUDIES    [ 1 Q3]

will then be discussed.                            IIr202J LAW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZA­
                                                   TION, 2 units, autumn
IIr 1 0 l J   IN1RODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL          Lectures and d i s c u s s ions on the laws
ORGANIZATION,    3 units, spring                   regulating the structure and activities of
  Thi s course deals w i th the hi storic al       various international organizations.
developments of v arious international
organizations, in particular the United Nations    IIr203J INTERNATIONAL 1RADE LAW, 2 units,
and its specialized agencies, and further          spring
discusses their structures and activities.            Rules of international law, private interna­
                                                   tional law, and municipal law concerning
IIr l 02J BASICS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, 3           international trade will be dealt with.
units, spring
  The role of international law in today ' s       IIr204J PRI VATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, 2
world. The history of the creation and             units, spring
development of international law, and basic          This course will deal with various legal
theoretical issues of international law will be    issues relating to applicable laws to cross­
discussed.                                         boundary questions.

OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,      3 units, spring   spring
  This course will look at the history of the        American and British legal system will be
international society from the point of view of    studied. In particular, its historical develop­
political economy in order to better understand    ment and basic principles will be discussed.
the present day international relations.
                                                   IIr206J COMPARATIVE LAW I, 2 units ,
IIr200J POSITIVE INTERNATIONAL LAW 1, 2            autumn
units, autumn                                        Lectures and discus sions on the legal
  Positive international law rules related to      systems of continental and eastern European
State and relations between States will be         countries.
taught using relevant treaties, customary
international law, c ourt c ases and main          IIr207J COMPARATIVE LAw n, 2 units, winter
theories as materials.                               Lecture s and discu s s ions on the legal
                                                   systems of developing countries, including
IIr20 l J POSITIVE INTERNATIONAL LAW II, 2         Latin American and Islamic countries.
units, winter
  Positive international law rules related to      IIr208EJ INTERNATIONAL ADMINIS1RATION.
individuals, enterprises, non-governmental         2 units, autumn
organizations, and international organizations        Analyzes the actual situations of public
will be taught u s ing relevant treaties,          administration in v arious international
customary international law, court cases and       organizations with an emphasis on the United
main theories as materials.                        Nations.

TAL ORGANIZATION,   2 units, winter                units, winter
  Analyzes the actual situations, roles and           Lectures and discussions on the history of
problems of various international non-govern­      post-World War II European international
mental organizations.                              relations. Special emphasis will be placed on
                                                   the relations between European Community
IIr2 1 0JE STUDIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS,          member countries and non-member European
2 units, autumn                                    countries.
   This course will study the history of the
establishment of the United Nations, its           IIr2 1 5E ASIAN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ,
organization and activities, and the solution of   2 units, winter
various international problems through the            Historical development of Asian interna­
United Nations.                                    tional relations with a particular focus on
                                                   Japan ' s and China's diplomatic relations.
IIr2 1 1 J DIPLOMACY, 2 units, autumn
   Comparative studies of foreign policy           IIr2 1 6J POLITICS IN WESTERN COUNTRIES , 2
decision-making using European, American           units, autumn
and Japane se models . Also discusses the             This course aims at describing the basic
relationship between domestic politics and         principles of modern constitutional democracy
foreign policy with concrete examples.             and discus sing the h i story and current
                                                   situations of governments and politics in those
IIr2 1 2J WESTERN DIPLOMATIC HISTORY I, 2          Western European c ountries such as the
units, spring                                      United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and the
   Deals with the methodology of diplomatic        Scandinavian countries which follow the
history , particularly problems related to         tradition of modem constitutional democracy.
diplomatic archives. Discusses the history of
international relations from the time of up to     IIr217J   POLITICS   IN EASTERN EUROPEAN
the outbreak of the First World War with           COUNTRIES,   2 units, winter
particular attention to the history of European      Politics in Central and Eastern European
international relations.                           countries. this course covers the history, ethnic
                                                   problems, and recent political and economic
IIr2 1 3J WESTERN DIPLOMATIC HISTORY 11, 2         conversion of the region.
units, autumn
   Thi s is a continuation of Western              IIr2 1 8J POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES, 2
Diplomatic History I. Deals with the history of    units, spring
European international relations between two         This course will discuss the fundamental
World Wars. Discusses more recent periods          problems of power and liberty, the making of
( 1 940 ' s and 5 0 ' s) in relation to which      the Federal Constitution, federalism, separ­
documents are gradually being declassified         ation of powers, political process, political
and are made available for study.                  parties, pressure groups, and public opinion,
                                                   judicial review, and some current problems.
                                                                        INTERNATIONAL STUDIES    [ 1 05 ]

IIr2 1 9E POLITICS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES             of intonational security. Second, the national
I, 2 units, spring                                     security policy of the major countries will
   Thi s course will discuss the politic al            be examined. Third , regional security
development of countries in Asia, Africa and           arrangements such as NATO, Japan- u . s .
Oceania from the historical viewpoint, and             S ecurity Treaty and C S CE , and the world
analyze the present political situations of such       security system under the United Nations will
countries.                                             be analyzed. (given in alternate year, not
                                                       offered in 1 994).
II, 2 units, winter                                    IIr303J DISARMAMENT, 2 units, autumn
    This course will concentrate on the political         Disarmament and arms control issues after
development of Latin American Countries                the Second World War. This course covers the
from the colonial days to the present. It also         main disarmament treaties and disarmament
analyzes the ir constitutional systems and             efforts in the framework of the UN, the CD,
present political situations.                          etc.

RELATIONS, 2 units, spring                             FINANCIAL LAW,  2 units, autumn
  Aims to trace the development of Japanese              Establi shment and development of the
international relations since the mid- 1 9th           Bretton Woods and GATT regime after the
century . Spec ial emphasis on Japanese                Second World War. Various issues of the
American and Japanese-Chinese relations in             regime as well as the claim of the new
the post-war period.                                   International Ec onomic Order will be
                                                       discussed from the legal point of view.
units, winter                                          IIr3 50E   ADVANCED STUDIES IN INTERNA­
   This course deals with various problems             TIONAL RELATIONS I,    2 units, autumn
relative to the international protection of              Analyzes current topics of international
h u m a n r i g h t s w i th e m ph a s e s on t h e   relations from a political and legal perspective.
standardsetting, supervision and implementa­
tion.                                                  IIr3 5lJ   ADVANCED STUDIES I N I NTERNA­
                                                       TIONAL RELATIONS II,    2 units, autumn
IIr3 0 l J INTERNATIONAL HUMAN ENVIRON­                  Analyzes current topics of international
MENT, 2 units, winter                                  relations from a political and legal perspective.
  Analyzes global environmental problems,
using concrete cases and approaches from               IIr3 52E   ADVANCED STUDIES I N INTERNA­
various disciplines.                                   TIONAL RELATIONS III,   2 units, winter
                                                          Analyzes current topics of international
IIr302J STUDIES IN NATIONAL SECURITY, 2                relations from a political and legal perspec­
units, winter                                          tive.
  First, lectures are offered on the basic theory

          International Economics and              developed economies based on free market,
  International Business Administration            centrally planned economies, and economies
                                                   of developing countries. As a standard of
IEb l OOJ FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS, 3             classification, the method in management
units, autumn                                      science such as optimal standards will be
  B asic knowledge of economic s, i . e . , the    applied.
macro and micro economics, will be taught.
This course is a foundation course for those       IEb200EJ INTERNATIONAL TRADE I, 3 units,
students majoring in international economics       spring
and international business management. Its           B asic framework of international economy
contents include determination of income ,         will be explained. Lectures cover theories of
employment, money, finance, price, wages,          comparative costs, industrial structure and
interest, land rent, and general equilibrium       international trade, Hecksher- Ohlin and
theory. It will also teach theoretical basis for   capital transfer.
economic planning and policy evaluation.
                                                   IEb20 l J INTERNATIONAL TRADE II, 2 units,
3 units, spring                                      Lectures will cover international trade and
  Analysis of various problems faced by            economic policies, theories of tariff, economic
modern business management. B u sine s s           protection and integration. This c ourse i s
strategy and organization, analysis o f various    designed for the advanced field of trade
functions of management, busine s s and            policies.
environment, business and technology, social
responsibility of business, and international­     IEb202EJ        INTERNATI ONAL FINANCIAL
ization of business will be discussed. It also     THEORY, 2 units, spring
looks into the historial development of              Examines theories of finance and money,
management thoughts.                               keeping in mind the similarities and
                                                   differences of international monetary systems.
IEb 1 02JE PRINCIPLES OF REGIONAL ECO­             The course also studies the functions of central
NOMICS,  3 units, winter                           banks, the history and theory of international
  This course will study basic knowledge and       finance, the economic structures of various
theories on regional economics. Students will      countries , and international capital move­
study theories and quantitative method using       ments and the balance of payments.
the actual cases in the United States, Europe,
Japan and developing countries.                    IEb203JE       I NTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
                                                   POLICY, 2 units, spring
IEb 1 03JE COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC SYS­                 Overview of international finance systems
TEMS,  3 units, winter                             and a comparative study of their mechanisms.
  This course will explore methods to analyze      Also studies the functions of international
and compare the various economic systems,          finance with an emphasis on its relation to
which will be grouped into several categories.     economic development. Legal and adminis­
The economic systems will be grouped into          trative aspects as well as economic and
                                                                   INTERNATIONAL STUDIES   [ I 07]

financial aspects will be dealt with. Students     optimal solutions in endogenous models.
are advised to take this course together with
International Financial Theory.                    IEb208JE    ANALYSIS OF ASIAN ECONOMIC
                                                   DEVELOPMENT,    2 units, spring
IEb204JE WORLD ECONOMY, 2 units, winter              Theoretical analysis of economic develop­
  This course examines the structure of global     ment in ASEAN countrie s and As ian NIES
economy. Students are expected to have taken       countries. Various barriers for development
and/or to take simultaneously, Foreign Trade       will be discussed comparatively. Students will
and Intentional Finance. The course integrates     thus be prepared to carry out the integrated
various issues related to the above courses into   research necessary for policy making.
the global structure. Functional analysis of
national economy will be also included in the      IEb209EJ   FOREIGN TRADE AND ECONOMIC
course.                                            DEVELOPMENT OF JAPAN,      2 units, winter
                                                     Theoretical and positive study of the role of
IEb205J DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS , 2 units,           trade in the economic development of Japan.
winter                                             Selected characteristic s of Japanese trade
  This course is designed as a general survey      policy will be analyzed on each level of
of development economics aiming for a              economic development.
comprehensive grasp of theories and relevant
policies. The course will also cover such          IEb2 1 0JE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PRO­
topics as the role of government, the              JECTS, 2 units, spring
significance of the private sector and policy         Theoretical and positive study of regional
questions, as well as theoretical aspects of       development plans, using cases in Japan and
modem evaluation of planning.                      developing c ountrie s . The c ourse also
                                                   explores the impact of world politics and the
IEb206EJ     COMPARATIVE       ANALY S I S   OF    world economy on regional development,
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT,      2 units, winter         using materials from international organiza­
  A comparative and positive analysis of           tions and developed countries.
development problems of various regions of
the world. Will study mathematical and             IEb2 1 1J THEORY OF FOREIGN EXCHANGES , 2
historical methods of analysis, using regional     units, spring
economics. The c ourse aims at preparing             Systematic presentation of the theories and
students to plan and implement regional            practical policy tasks of foreign exchanges.
economic development projects.                     Interrelated problems of foreign exchange
                                                   theories and balance of payments adjustment
IEb207JE     QUANTITATIVE      ANALYSIS      OF    mechanisms and intentional finance. Also,
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT,      2 units, autumn         current policy issues will be discussed such as
  Econometric and stati stical analysis of         harmony of the world economy.
developing economie s . Case studies of
developmental policies, with emphasis on the       IEb220E    MANAGEMENT OF MULTINATIONAL
reasons for gaps between development targets       ENTERPRISES , 3 units, spring
and actual performance, projection errors and        This course deals with the various aspects of

the management of multinational enterprises.            market
The topics in the class discussion include:            -The option market
  -Theories of MNEs                                    -Working capital management and inter-
  -MNEs and Nation States Interaction                   national business
  -MNEs Business Strategies
  -MNEs Management Function                       IEb224J INTERNATIONAL ACCO UNTING, 3
  -Japanese MNEs and Their Behavior               units, spring
                                                    This course aims at the following objectives:
IEb22 1 E INTERNATI ONAL MARKETIN G , 3             -To understand integrated accounting
units, spring                                          principles adopted by multinational
  Focuses on the differences between                   enterpri ses centering around the
traditional marketing and i nternational               consolidated income statements
marketing and discusses the theoretical             -To compare the accounting principles of
framework of international marketing .                 various countries
International marketing actIv ItIes of              -To examine the possibility and potential
multinational companies, including product             problems of adopting international
strategy, price strategy, distribution strategy        accounting standards.
and sales strategy, will also be analyzed.
                                                  IEb225E       INTERNATI ONAL    PRODUCTION
IEb222J COUNTRY RISK ANALYS I S , 3 units,        LOGISTICS AND LABOR RELATI O N S ,    3 units,
autumn                                            winter
  Multinational corporations operate in             Analysis of the decision-making process of
various market conditions that have widely        multinational companies regarding production
different politic al , social and cultural        loc ation and market selection from the
characteristics having variety of impact on the   viewpoints of location theory, marketing and
decision-making process of c orporations .        financial management. In particular, the
These impacts are taken as risk factors, and      question of how the production location policy
through the analysis of these risks, a method     based on economic efficiency principle will be
will be explored by which the corporations        changed as a result of heterogeneity of value
could properly absorb these risks.                systems in multi-cultural societies. Further­
                                                  more, human resource management, labor
IEb223J       INTERNATI ONAL      CORPORATE       relations and employment evaluation in the
FINANCE,  3 units, winter                         markets in rec ipient c ou ntri e s will be
  This course is a comprehensive one for          analyzed.
examining various aspects of financial
management by international busine s s            IEb250J       READINGS   IN   INTERNATIONAL
enterprises. The topics included are:             ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT
  -The international monetary system and           2 units, autumn
     corporate finance                              This course is a reading course of basic
  -Foreign exchange market, and corporate         books and articles regarding the fundamental
     fmance                                       problems in the field of intonational economy
  -Mechanisms of the international offshore       and international management, such as
                                                                    INTERNATIONAL STUDIES   [ 1 09 ]

economic and management situations and              policy perspective. The course also includes
decision-making process.                            discussion of the experience of the United
                                                    Nations development decades and the future
IEb25lJ   READINGS IN INTERNATIONAL ECO­            of international economic cooperation policy.
units, winter                                       IEb302JE     SPECIAL TOPICS IN REGIONAL
  Readings on practical problems in the             ANALYSIS,  2 units, spring
international ec onomy and i nternational             Studies theoretical and technical aspects of
management, focusing on economic planning,          regional development analy s i s . Includes
economic development, marketing, financial          economic space, the theory of location and
analysis and accounting.                            international industry as well as regional
                                                    interindustry analysis.
   2 units, autumn
III,                                                TIONAL ECONOMY,      2 units, autumn
  Statistical analysis of economics/business          Readings on theoretical and institutional
data in the international economic system, will     research in international economics. Emphasis
be the main subject of this course.                 will be placed on the problems of international
                                                    finance, particularly those touching on finance
IEb300J INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY,              and development such as accumulated debt
2 units, winter                                     issue.
  The course will clarify the reason why
foreign trade is required. Various forms of         IEb360E     COMPREHENSIVE CASE ANALYSIS
public trade policies and their functions will be   OF INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT I,       2 units,
explained. Examples of the policies on the          winter
balance of payments such as foreign exchange           Case studies in international management
and quotas will be explained. Lectures will         on the basis of knowledge in various related
also cover the area of international economic       fields. Of central concern is the analysis of
co-operation such as north-south problems,          decision-making among business manage­
economic integration and general scheme of          ment leaders. Students will take part in
preference.                                         developing cases.

NOMY, 2  units, winter                              OF INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT II,        2 units,
  Comparative and historical study of the           autumn
economic development policies of developed            Thi s course prov ides students with
and developing countries, including Japan.          analytical skills in international business for
The roles of public and private sectors, the        different functional areas ( international
effects of protection and promotion policies,       marketing, accounting and finance).
and the effects of saving, investment and             The students are assigned a group project,
foreign assistance will be analyzed from a          andeach group develops its own business case.

           International Communication              Oriental perspectives.
                 and Linguistics
                                                    IC 1 20 1 JE      JAPANESE PATTERNS OF COM-
IC l l OOE THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICA­             MUNICATION,   2 units, spring
TION, 3 units, autumn                                 This course will study the value system,
  This course will study philosophy, theory         structure of logic and patterns of way of
and various research results in the field of        thinking of the Japanese on the basis of the
human communication from classical works            basic theory of communication. It will also
to recent one s . It will al s o discuss the        compare Japanese patterns of communication
dynamics of interactions among small groups,        with the communication patterns of the United
patterns and functions of leadership, and           States and selected southeast Asian countries.
conflict and decision-making within a group.        A case method will be employed.

units, autumn                                       units, spring
   This course is the first course in a series of     Hi storical development of j ournalism,
linguistic courses that are designed to teach       concept and role of journalism, ethics and
students how to analyze a languag e . It            journalism, freedom of information and
provides the basic concepts and theories in         expression, international news agencies, and
contemporary linguistics that are needed to         other related topics will be discussed in a
serve the purpose of handling linguistic data.      comparative manner. Particular emphasis will
                                                    be placed on the role and function of
IC l l 02E SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE, 3 units,             journalism in democratic political regimes.
  This course is designed to teach students         IC 1 203J      PRI N C I PLES   OF   REPORTI NG &
interested in languages and linguistics how to      EDITING, 3 units, autumn
master the sounds of various languages that           Will critically analyze, by using cases, the
they may or may not know. The content will          definition of news, news gathering, editing
concentrate on how to use the knowledge in          and reporting, the organization of the
articulatory phonetics and acoustic phonetics       newspaper companies, the role of editors, the
to facilitate the learning and understanding of     method of writing headlines , investigative
the sounds of language which will be useful in      reporting, and the subjectivity-objectivity
not only the study of linguistics at an advanced    syndrome in j ournalism. S tudents will be
level but also in the practical acquisition of a    given opportunities to exercise to improve
second foreign language.                            reporting and editing skills.

2 units, winter                                     TION STUDIES, 2 units, autumn
  The process of interpersonal communication          Basic theory of inter-cultural communica­
as a humanistic and social scientific subject of    tion and its application. The relationship
study. Within this context, special attention is    between a language and culture and the impact
given to inter-personal communication using         of different communication patterns found
                                                                    INTERNATIONAL STUDIES   [1 1 1]

in various cultures upon inter-cultural            understanding of each other' s culture. In this
communication will be studied.                     course , instructions will be focused on the
                                                   discussion of different cultures through their
IC 1 205J,E   INTERCULTURAL NEGOTIATION            semantic differences so as to find ways to
AND PERSUASION,   2 units, winter                  translate those differences from one culture to
  S tudies on concepts and processes of            another through their languages on the basis of
negotiation and persuasion from intercultural      certain techniques and practical methods of
communications perspectives. Research will         translating.
be conducted on theoretical and strategic
fac tors which influence negotiation and           IC 1 3 00JE    INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
persuasion processes.                              INTERPRETING,   3 units, spring
                                                     This course will study and train students in
IC 1 220E LANGUAGE AND B EHAVIOR, 2                international conference interpreting on the
units, spring                                      basis of the theory of c ommunication
  The relationship between language, thought       developed through the experienc e s of
and behavior principally from a general            international conferences. It will aim to train
semantics perspective . Attention to the           students to grasp the content precisely and to
process of ab straction and classification,        improve the ability to concentrate . Main
identification, ambiguity , d i stortion and       emphasis will be on summary interpreting but
related features of everyday language habits.      the skills of consecutive and simultaneous
                                                   interpretation will also be studied. The
IC 1 22 1 E HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, 2 units,       materials will be taken mainly from the field
spring                                             of international economics and finance.
  Language changes over time. This course is
designed to describe the changing processes        IC 1 30 1 JE SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETATION,
and the mechanisms, or reasons for such            3 units, autumn
changes, and at the same time to offer the           Theoretical examination and training of
methodologies that have been developed over        simultaneous interpretation, particularly
the past three centuries that reconstruct the      Japanese-English interpretation. The training
proto-language of languages or dialects that       will focus on quick comprehension of the
are related genetically based on intensive field   meaning of a sentence and a paragraph and
study and/or documentary investigations.           fast reaction thereto. The materials will be
Reconstructions can be made at all levels:         taken from politics and diplomacy, particu­
phonological, morphological, syntactic , and       larly those related to court interpretation. By
semantic.                                          using modern facilities and equipment of
                                                   simultaneous interpretation, the course will
IC 1 222JE PRINCIPLES OF TRANSLATING, 2            aim to practice effective intercultural
units, autumn                                      communication.
  Meanings of language change from culture
to culture. Therefore, to communicate among        IC 1 302JE    ISSUES IN MULTINATIONAL CON­
peoples from different cultures requires the       FERENCE COMMUNICATION,       3 units, winter

  The course will examine various problems         along with the methodology of analysis.
of multinational communication encountered
in international c onference s . It will al so     IC 1 3 2 1 J SOCIOLINGUISTICS, 2 units, winter
provide training of consecutive and                  Language has a static and a dynamic aspect.
simultaneous interpretation. B asic theory of      In its dynamic aspect, which takes into
rhetorical communication will be applied.          consideration the use of language in the
                                                   context of situation, the social function of
IC 1 303J      INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN MASS       language will be dealt with from both the
COMMUNICATION,     3 units, winter                 macro- and micro-points of view.
  This course will study various problems of
international mass-communication such as           IC13 22E D I S C OURSE ANALY S I S , 3 units ,
mass-communication and external image, the         winter
third world and new international information         Speech is not made up of individual words;
order, and national secrecy and the freedom of     rather, it is hierarchically organized, from
the press. The course will be based on the         words to phrases, from phrases, to sentences,
analysis of the current situation and problems     and from sentences to paragraphs and so on.
of international communication.                    Discourse analysis is aimed at the description
                                                   of speech at all levels so as to discuss it' s
IC 1 350JE READINGS IN COMMUNICATION, 3            structure and function and, therefore , is a
units, winter                                      newly developed realm of investigation in
  Readings and d i s c u s s ion of books and      linguistics.
articles in the field of communication.
                                                   IC 1 3 23J LINGUISTIC GEOGRAPHY, 2 units,
IC 1 3 5 1 E   ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMMUNI­        autumn
CATION I,  3 units, spring                           Dialects exist not only in oral language but
   S pecial studies in selected are as of          also in sign language at the level of phonology,
c ommunication for students who have               morphology , syntax, and semantics. This
completed introductory courses.                    course is des igned to investigate such
                                                   variations in different languages, such as
IC 1 352J      ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMMUNI­        Japanese, English, and Chinese. Field study
         3 units, autumn
CATION II,                                         will be conducted so as to record the findings
  Will study deeply a spec ific area of            on maps from which language change can be
communication such as journalism.                  observed.

IC 1 3 60E FIELDWORK IN LINGUISTIC S , 3                Comparative Society and Culture
units, winter
  This course is designed to train students to     ISa l OOJ INTERNATIONAL SOCIOLOGY, 3
analyze a language that they do not know.          units, spring
Techniques of how to elicit linguistic data from     This course aims to analyze the world as a
an informant and how to conduct an actual field    social system and investigate international
study will be taught throughout the course,        relations at a macro level.
                                                                    INTERNATIONAL STUDIES   [1 13]

ISa l O l E ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN LIFE, 3          society . Various facets of the city such as
units, autumn                                      urban space, time transportation, housing,
   This course is designed to offer analysis of    human organization, urban folklore , and
interaction between environment and human          socio-cultural movements.
life. Examples will be drawn from societies of
hunters, gatherers, herders, and cultivators.      I S a2 5 0JE   READINGS    IN   COMPARATIVE
                                                   SOCIETY, 2 units, autumn
IS a200J SOCIOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT, 2                 Readings in comparative society. Students
units, autumn                                      make oral presentations and participate in
  Studies the impact of development projects       discussions based on the readings.
and development assistance upon the internal
social structures of developing countries.         IS a260JE      READINGS    IN   COMPARATIVE
                                                   CULTURE, 2  units, winter
ISa20 l J COMPARATIVE SOCIAL MOVEMENT, 2             In order to enhance anthropological
units, autumn                                      perspectives for making cultural comparison,
  Analysis of world-wide and regional social       students will be assigned to read and discuss
movement and social conflict from sociologi­       ethnographies.
cal point of view.
                                                   IS a3 00JE COMPARATIVE S OCIOLOGY I, 2
ISa220J,E SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN THE               units, winter
U.S.A., 2 units, winter                               Analysis of changes in the structure and role
  Analy sis of historical development, the         of families as a result of industrialization.
characteristics of change, and the present state   S tudies the dynamic relationship between
of American society and culture.                   society and family by comparing societies
                                                   with different hi storical and cultural
ISa22 l J S OCIETY AND CULTURE IN ASIA, 2          backgrounds.
units, autumn
  Analysis of historical development, the          I S a3 0 l JE COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY I I , 2
characteristics of change, and the present state   units, autumn
of Asian society and culture.                         Analy sis of the processes of economic
                                                   restructuring at the international level, with
ISa222JE SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN OCEANIA,           spec ial attention to the social impact of
2 units, autumn                                    multinational corporations ..
  This course is designed to acquaint students
with present social and cultural conditions of     IS a320JE MULTIETHNIC SOCIETY, 2 units,
various parts of Oceania through learning          autumn
local histories, social changes and the nature       Language, religion, class, and politics as
of social forces at work.                          relevant aspects of ethnic groups will be the
                                                   subject of the study for a basic understanding
IS a223J URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY, 2 units ,             of multiethnic soc iety . Examples of
winter                                             multiethnic society from various parts of the
  Meaning of the city for human culture and        world will be discussed.

ISa350J     ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMPARA-         training (in Nepal and other countries).
TIVE SOCIOLOGY,  2 units, winter
  Adv anc ed studies in selected topics in       ISa363JE      ADVANCED STUDIES IN COMPARA­
comparative sociology.                           TIVE CULTURE II,   2 units, winter
                                                    In order to enhance students ' awareness of
IS a360J AREA STUDY -SEMINAR I, 2 units ,        cultural and social issues in other advanced
spring                                           c ountri e s , variou s phenomena will be
  This course aims at preparing students for     examined comparatively, making best use of
Overseas Field Training in Cultural Anthro­      students ' experiences in overseas field
pology. Using the example of a particular        training (in Australia).
developing country , we will study the
relationship between urbanization (or            ISa380JE       OVERSEAS   RESEARCH TRAINING
economic development) and cultural and           IN SOCIOLOGY I,  3 units, spring
social change.                                     Preparation of questionnaire in English for
                                                 use in overseas research projects.
ISa3 6 1 J AREA STUDY-SEMINAR II, 2 units,
spring                                           ISa3 8 1 JE   OVERSEAS RESEARCH TRAINING IN
  This course aims at preparing students for     SOCIOLOGY II,3 units, autumn
Overseas Field Training in Cultural                Training in the analysis of research data
Anthropology. Emphasis will be on the impact     using computers.
of technological renovation, pollution and
education upon the life and culture of a         ISa382JE      OVERSEAS RESEARCH TRAINING IN
particular developed country.                    SOCIOLOGY III, 3 units, winter
                                                   Students learn how to interpret the results of
ISa362JE      ADV ANCED STUDIES IN COMPARA­      an analysis and how to prepare reports.
TIVE CULTURE 1,  2 units, winter
   In order to enhance students ' awareness of   ISa390JE       OVERSEAS FIELD TRAINING IN
cultural and social i s sues in developing       CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY,      2 units, autumn
c ountries, various phenomena will be              Students carry out research for about ten
examined comparatively, making best use of       days in a particular developing or developed
students ' experience s in overseas field        country.
                                                                                                [ 1 1 5]


  Courses in the Graduate School consist of          Division of Natural Sciences
foundation and area c ourse s . Courses
numbered in the 400-499 range are graduate           GNP      Foundation Course
courses open also to advanced undergraduate          GNAA     Area Course I & II Group A
students with the permis-sion of the instructor.     GNAB     Area Course I & II Group B
  Course Codes of graduate school courses            GNAC     Area Course I & II Group C
consist of the following elements:                   GNAD     Area Course I      Group D
  1) The first two letters (GE, GP, GC, GN)
indicate the division.                               Division of Education
  2) The other letters (or single letter) indicate
the classification of the course.                    GEPh40 1      STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDU­
                                                     CATION 1, 3 units
Division of Education                                (Problems of Philosophy of Education)
                                                        Selected subjects among the fundamental
GEPh     Philosophy of Education                     problems of philosophy of education.
GEPs     Educational Psychology                      Characteristics of various educational thoughts
GEAv     Audio-Visual Education                      are examined in this context.
GEEt     English Teaching                                                    (given in alternate years)
GESo     Advanced Educational Sociology
                                                     GEPh402       STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDU­
Division of Public Administration                    CATION II, 3 units
                                                     (Problems of Modern Philosophy and
GPFA     Foundation Course Group A                   Educational Issues)
GPFB     Foundation Course Group B                     The bearings of the main currents of 20th
GPAI     Area Course, Integrated Study               century philosophy upon problems in modem
         Course                                      philosophy and education.
                                                                           (given in alternate years)
Division of Comparative Culture
                                                     GEPh404        SEMINAR IN PHILOSOPHY OF EDU­
GCFA Foundation Course Group A                       CATION I, 3units
GCFB Foundation Course Group B                         Philosophical examination of the basic
GCFC Foundation Course Group C.                      problems of education.
GCCA Area Major Course                                                      (given in alternate years)
GCCT Area Course (Tutorial)
                                                     GEPh405,6        SEMINAR IN PHILOSOPHY OF

EDUCATION II. III. 3, 3 units                         philosophy of education through critical
  Philosophical examination of the basic              examination of some major works in the history
problems of education, such as its significance,      of Western educational thought.
special functions, etc. (given in alternate years)                          (given in alternate years)

CATIONAL THOUGHT IN JAPAN I.        11, 3 , 3 units   ERN EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT II. III,       3 , 3 units
(History of Educational Thought in Modem                                      (given in alternate years)
Japan I, II)
  Conflicts in the concepts of man and                GEPh43 1 ,2 STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE EDU­
educational principles and methods in modem           CATION I.  11. 3, 3 units
Japan. I: Meiji period II: Taisho and Show a          (Foundation of American Education)
periods.               (given in alternate years)       Critical aspects of contemporary problems of
                                                      education in the United States; a comparative
GEPh41 3 ,4    SEMINAR IN HISTORY OF EDU­             analysis in terms of the historical, geographical,
CATIONAL THOUGHT IN JAPAN I.        11. 3, 3 units    religious, social and political conditions of that
(Seminar in History of Educational Thought in         country, with special concern for the similarities
Modem Japan)                                          and differences with Japan
  Studies of representative educational figures                                 (given in alternate years)
in modem Japan and their works.
                      (given in alternate years)      GEPh43 3,4         SEMINAR IN      COMPARATIVE
                                                      EDUCATION I. II. 3, 3 units
GEPh42 1      STUDIES IN HISTORY OF WESTERN           (Education for International Understanding)
EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT I.     3 units                      The principles of comparative education; the
  Analysis of the historical background to            process of education in selected countries from a
modern Western philosophy of education,               comparative perspective.
pursued through a selective study of several                                 (given in alternate years)
writings of major Western educational thinkers.
                      (given in alternate years)      GEPh441 ,2      SPECIAL STUDIES IN PHILOSO­
                                                      PHY OF EDUCATION I.     11. 3 , 3 units
EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT II.    3 units                    GEPh443,4       SPECIAL STUDIES IN PHILOSO­
  Types of understanding of humankind                 PHY OF EDUCATION III. IV.    3, 3 units
within modern western history , examined                Studies on selected topics in philosophy of
with the aim of obtaining a basic compre­             education directed by visiting professors. (I, II,
hension of problems of philo sophy of                 and III, IV, given in alternate years)
education through the historical perspective.
                     (given in alternate years)       GEPs403       STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY­
                                                      CHOLOGY III,  3 units
GEPh424       SEMINAR IN    HISTORY OF WEST­          (Neuropsychology)
ERN EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT      1, 3 units                 The causes of intellectual, emotional and
  Discussion of fundamental principles in the         language disorders; their remedies, based on the
                                                     THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY       [ 1 1 7]

recent findings of neurophysiological studies on     and prediction, and practices of diagnosis and
the evolution and development of behavior.           prognosis in educational psychology.

CHOLOGY I,   3 units                                 SELING I,  3 units
(History of Psychological Research)                  (Foundation of Guidance)
  Review of the history and recent trends of           The philosophy and scope of guidance,
psychological studies to obtain perspective          counseling and psychotherapy in education and
on the field; the roles and practical problems       clinical settings; contributions of psychology,
of psychological studies.                            sociology and other related fields; historical
                       (given in alternate years)    background; present important issues, lecture,
                               (offered in 1 994)    discussion, individual studies.

CHOLOGY II, 3 units                                  CHOLOGY IV ,  3 units
(Problems and Theories)                              (Clinical Psychology)
  Discussion of main research areas, significant       The basic concept and theory of clinical
problems, representative theories and                psychology, with emphasis on its objectives;
anticipated future directions of educational         methods of psycho-diagnosis and psycho­
psychology as an interdisciplinary science.          therapy, through case studies. At times, short
                      (given in alternate years)     period observation trips to institutions in Tokyo.
                                                                            (given in alternate years)
CHOLOGY III,  3 units                                GEPs465        STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY-
(Problems in Developmental Psychology)               CHOLOGY V,     3 units
  To critically review the studies on lifelong       (Psychiatry)
developmental processes of infant, child,              History of psychiatry, biological basis of the
adolescent as well as post-adult periods.            human mind, mental disorder, pathological
                                                     mental states, psychopathology , dynamic
GEPs444        STUDIES   IN EDUCATIONAL PSY          psychiatry and psychoanalysis, social
CHOLOGY    IV, 3 units                               psychiatry.           (given in alternate years)
(Problems in Psychology of Personality)
  A survey of the formation, structure and            GEPs47 1      STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL PSY-
functions of personality in social and cultural       CHOLOGY VI,   2 units
aspects.               (given in alternate years)     (Problems in Social Psychology)
                                (offered in 1 994)      Studies of the main issues and methodologies
                                                      in educational social psychology . The
GEPs453       SEMINAR IN EDUCATIONAL PSy­             psychology of interpersonal recognition,
CHOLOGY II,  3 units                                  interpersonal attitude and interpersonal
(Problems in Measurement and Evaluation)              relationship are discus sed to cognitive
  Various problems in methods of test                 consistency theories. (given in alternate years)
construction, theories of evaluation, selection                                      (offered in 1 994)

GEPs472      STUDIES   IN   EDUCATIONAL PSY­        (Seminar in Educational Technology)
CHOLOGY VII,  2 units                                 The application of principles of technology to
(Group Dynamics)                                    educ ational and instructional proce sses.
  Several topics among the important issues of      Technological origins; foundations of systems
group dynamics are chosen and studied: such as      approach and its application to education;
group cohesiveness, group pressure, dynamic         application of technological techniques to
connections between the individual and the          curriculum development and instructional
group, leadership, group structure, small group     research.
dynamics large group dynamics.
                       (given in alternate years)   GEAv426 SEMINAR IN A-V EDUCATION JII,
                               (offered in 1 994)   3 units
                                                    (Laboratory of Educational Technology)
GEAv42 1      SPECIAL LECTURES IN A-V EDU-            In-depth examination into computer
CATION IV, 3 units                                  application in education. Computer experiments
(Advanced Theory of A-V Communication)              or problems in educational data analysis;
  Systematic review of empirical studies of         information storage and retrieval; CAl and
audio-visual communication; attempts to             CM!.
formalize the theories of audio-visual com­
munication.                                         GEAv427 SEMINAR IN A-V EDUCATION I ,
                                                    3 units
GEAv422      SPECIAL LECTURES IN A-V EDU­           (Production & Administration in A-V
CATION V, 3 units                                   Education)
(Theory and Research in Communication)                Reading of selected articles on audiovisual
  Survey of theoretical models of communica­        administration. Basic techniques and principles
tion and the findings of behavioral research;       of film production. Field work.
communication research strategy, methodology
and design.                                         GEEt41 1 ,2 LINGUISTICS I, II, 3, 3 units
                                                      Concepts of grammar and linguistic theory;
GEAv423       SPECIAL LECTURES IN A-V EDU­          fundamentals of phonology, syntax, and
CATION VI,  3 units                                 semantics.
(Psychology of A-V Communication)
  Survey of the inner processes of individuals as   GEEt41 3 ,4,5       SPECIAL STUDIES OF LAN­
a fundamental problem of audio-visual                              3, 3, 3 units
                                                    GUAGE I, II, JII,
communication. Major subjects: neurophysi­            Discussion of specific problems of language;
ological process of imagery and verbal              including problems of historical linguistics,
phenomena; developmental psychology of              sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, philosophy
imagery; interferential problems of verbal and      of language , mathematical linguistics,
non-verbal systems; individual differences in       pedolinguistics, etc.
types of information processing.
                                                    GEEt421 LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, 3 units
GEAv425       SEMINAR IN A-V EDUCATION II,            This course deals with the central issues of
3 units                                             language acquisition, focusing on second
                                                      THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY     [ 1 1 9]

language acquisition (SLA). Factors of learning       GPFA402         SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, 2 units
context and opportunities for language use,              The structure of modem industrialized society
individual variables (including age, motivation,      is examined, espec ially focu sing on the
cognitive styles and attitudes), and linguistic       stratified structure of society.
variables are all considered in an attempt to
clarify the range of phenomena that influence         GPFA403      INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND
language learning outcomes.                           MASS MEDIA,    2 units
                                                        This is to study the influence of mass
GEEt432 OLD ENGLISH, 3 units                          communication upon international relations.
  An inv e s tigation of the sounds and               Issues such as characteristics of the flow of
structure of Old English, primarily in its West       foreign news, images of other nations they
Saxon form as revealed in surviving texts;            create, their impact on foreign policy, public
readings from representative Old English              opinion and foreign policy will be discussed
prose and poetry.                                     and analyzed.

GEEt433 MIDDLE ENGLISH, 3 units                       GPFB 40 1    ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY, 2
  A historical survey of Middle English;              units
emphasis on the language of Chaucer. Reading            S tudy of actual situations of economic
from selected poems by Chaucer and other              institutions and behavior in particular
Middle English works representative of the            communities of developing states and
major dialects.                                       examination of urgent problems related to the
                                                      development process.
OLOGY, 3 units                                        GPAI401 SOCIAL CHANGE, 2 units
  The inter-relationship between industrial­            Critical review of classical and contemporary
ization and education in changing society; the        theories of social change; analysis of social
role of education in the process of industrial­       forces shaping Japanese society and culture.
ization; educational problems caused by
indu strialization including such soc ial             GPAI402      LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 2 units
phenomena as urbanization, emergence of                 Study of universally existing postulates
mass society, alienation, increase of woman           which e s tabl i sh fundamental order in
in the labor force, etc.                              individual societies, laying an emphasis on
                                                      unwritten legal norms, tribal customary laws,
Division of Public Administration                     indigenous laws, way of disputes settlement,
                                                      conflicts between statute law and indigenous
GPFA401 SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND POLICY,                   law, changes.
2 units
  A theoretical and empirical study of                GPAI403       COMPARATIVE ORGANIZATION,
sociological mechanisms which produce social          2 units
deviates. Analysis of social structure as the basis     Study mainly of business organizations,
of an evaluative framework concerning the             focusing on their internal structure and their
pathological phenomena.                               relationship with society, using a comparative

framework.                                          methodology of either fine arts or music.

Division of Comparative Culture                     GCFB412         LITERATURE O F THE WEST, 2
GCFA400         RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY         OF       Investigation of problems of We stern
THE EAST,   2 units                                 literature from the point of view of comparative
  Investigation of problems relating to methods     culture, employing interdisciplinary methods of
of comparative study and research in the fields     study and research.
of Eastern religion and philosophy.
                                                    GCFB 4 1 3      HISTORY &       INTELLECTUAL
GCFA40 1        ART & MUSIC OF THE EAST,            HISTORY OF THE WEST,      2 units
2 units                                               Investigation of problems relating to methods
  A general comparative survey of Eastern art,      of comparative study and research in the fields
including discussion of methodology of either       of Western history and intellectual history,
fine arts or music.                                 including discussion of the idea of history found
                                                    in Western cultures.
units                                               GCFC420 CULTURAL CHANGE, 2 units
  Investigation of problems of Eastern literature     A general survey of theories on cultural
from the point of view of comparative culture,      transformation and comparative analysis of
employing interdisciplinary methods of study        factors involved in cultural change within
and research.                                       particular cultures.

GCFA403         HISTORY     &   INTELLECTUAL         GCFB42 1       LANGUAGE AND CULTURE, 2
HISTORY OF THE EAST,      2 units                   units
  Investigation of problems relating to methods       Study of the features of language as an aspect
of comparative study and research in the fields     of culture and investigation of their mutual
of Eastern history and intellectual history,        relationships, including cultural characteristics.
including discussion of the idea of history found
in Eastern cultures.                                GCFC422       LANGUAGE CONTACT, 2 units
                                                      Investigation of linguistic and psychological
GCFB410 RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY OF THE                phenomena that occur when two languages with
WEST, 2 units                                       different cultural backgrounds are in contact
  Investigation of problems relating to methods     with each other.
of comparative study and research in the fields
of Western religion and philosophy.                 GCFC423        JAPANESE SOCIETY AND LAN-
                                                    GUAGE, 2 units
GCFB41 1      ART & MUSIC OF THE WEST, 2              Investigation of relationships between
units                                               Japanese social structure and linguistic
  A general comparative survey of Western art,      expressions in Japanese from the point of view
including discussion of comparative                 of comparative culture.
                                                      THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY       [121]

NESE LANGUAGE,      2 units                           CIETY I, II,3, 3 units
  An investigation of the phonological,                 A comparative study of pre-modem as well as
grammatical, lexical, stylistic and orthographic      modern societies with a focus on social
characteri stic s of Japanese: what kind of           structure, social organization and value systems.
language it is, and how its properties relate it to
the other languages of the world.                     GCCA462,3,4 CHRISTIANITY & CULTURE I,
                                                            3, 3, 3 units
                                                      II, III,
GCCA430, l VALUE CONCEPTS I, II, 3, 3 units             Based upon historical instances, a study of the
  A broad survey of the values of different           different views that are held about the relation
nations and peoples as expres sed in such             between a culture and the distinctive views of
cultural forms as religious, philosophical, social,   Christianity about man and the world. Attention
and cultural ideas, movements, etc.                   also to the factors involved in the acceptance or
                                                      rejection of Christianity within particular
GCCA432,3       INSTITUTIONS I, II, 3, 3 units        cultures.
  A broad comparative survey of the social
habits and customs of different nations and           GCCA466,7 MODERNIZATION I, II, 3, 3 units
peoples with special reference to their political       A comprehensive analysis of the factors
and legal manifestations in culture and society.      involved in the modernization of a civilization,
                                                      and of the different problems that arise in
GCCA434,5 STYLE I, II, 3, 3 units                     particular cases.
  Comparative study of selected media of
cultural expression such as differences in ways       GCCA469,470 IMAGES OF THE WORLD I, II,
of thinking, in generating social action and in       3 , 3 units
the arts. Areas of specialization will be chosen.        A historical survey of general world views
                                                      held by different cultures at different times.
3 units                                               GCCA472,3 COMMUNITY STUDIES I, II, 3, 3
  Comparative study of different ways of thinking     units
about religion and society at different levels.         Taking account of cultural history ,
                                                      socioeconomic factors and ethnology, study at
GCCA438,9           COMPARATIVE      SOCIAL HIS-      different levels of the patterns of community life
TORY I, II, 3 , 3                                     in their various forms.
  A comparative and historical look at social
phenomena. Emphasis on the history of the             GCCA475,6 HUMAN RIGHTS I, II, 3, 3 units
common people, either in rural or urban settings.       A historical study of the origin and develop­
Topics include mass movements, revolution,            ment of the understanding of different human
demographic change, environmental history,            rights in various societies and their application
popular culture, and change in social structures      in the fields of law, politics, economics and
and social values. COMPARATIVE SOCIAL                 social relations.
HISTORY I uses the Japanese experience as
base, II uses the European experience as base.

GCCA478,9           ASPECTS OF JAPANESE CUL-          opportunity for special studies in comparative
TURE I, 11, 3, 3 units                                culture on selected topics not covered by the
  A comprehensive survey of the distinctive           regular courses of the Division. Offered
features of Japanese culture, with reference to       whenever necessary .
specific aspects such as political life, social
relations, literary forms and artistic tastes.        Division of Natural Sciences

                                                      GNF4 1 1     ADVANCED STUDIES          IN MATH-
GCCA48 1 ,2,3        UNDERSTANDING OF MAN I,          EMATICAL              2 units
                                                                   SCIENCE I,
II, III, 3,3,3 units                                    A survey of the methods of mathematical
    Examination of the various ways in which          science and mathematical information science.
particular civilizations have understood the na­
ture of man, and how they have expressed this in      GNF421       ADVANCED STUDIES IN PHYSICAL
their religious, philosophical, literary and artis­   STRUCTURE OF MATTER 1,     2 units
tic traditions. Detailed attention given to those       Recent theoretical developments in studies of
ideas intended to convey a general picture of the     the physical structure of matter, centering
nature of reality and of their implications for       around atomic and molecular physics.
moral, scientific and historical understanding.
                                                      GNF43 1      ADVANCED       STUDIES    IN CHEMI-
GCCA485,6         CREATIVITY I, 11, 3 , 3 units       CAL STRUCTURE OF MATTER I,         2 units
  Comparative study of the idea of cultural             Studies of structures, reactions and properties
creativity and of the v ariou s elements              of coordination compounds.
involved in scientifi c , artistic or cultural
thinking and action which could be called             GNF441       ADVANCED STUDIES IN BIOLOGI-
creative. Attention given to particular cases         CAL SCIENCE,   2 units
of creativity in both individuals and nations in        A survey of recent trends in studies of
different media.                                      biological science, present and future directions
                                                      of research towards scientific elucidation of life.
3, 3 units                                            GNF400        SEMINAR IN INTEGRATED BASIC
  A comparative study of the idea of symbolic         SCIENCE,   2 units
expression and of the various ways in which             S eminar-type discussion of different
symbols are used to express different ideas.          problems and their inter-relation in selected
Attention given to particular types of symbolic       areas of the natural sciences; future directions of
expression in the various fields of human culture     research in integrated basic science.
and to the idea of a general geography of human
culture.                                              GNAA41 2       ADVANCED STUDIES IN MATH­
                                                      EMA TICAL SCIENCE II,2 units
GCCA49 1 ,2,3       SPECIAL TOPICS IN COM-              Theories of mathematical science by means of
                        3, 3, 3 units
PARATIVE CULTURE I, II, III,                          analytic or topological methods and their
  Designed to provide students with the               applications.
                                                     THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COURSES OF STUDY        [ 1 23]

EMATICAL SCIENCE III,   2 units                      MATIER II, 2 units
  Theories of mathematical information science         Selected topics from experimental fields of
and their applications.                              the physical structure of matter.

EMATICAL SCIENCE IV,   2 units                       OF MATIER III, 2 units
  Theories of mathematical science by means of         Studies of the structure and properties of
algebraic and combinatorial methods and their        fundamental biosubstances by use of NMR .
                                                     GNAB454       SPECIAL TOPICS IN STRUCTURE
GNAA41 5        SPECIAL    TOPICS    IN    MATH-     OF MATIER IV,   2 units
EMATICAL SCIENCE I,   2 units                          Fundamental studies of molecular, structure
 S elected topics from specific fields of            and reaction kinetics.
mathematical science.
                                                     GNAC442      ADVANCED STUDIES IN GENETIC
GNAA4 1 6      SPECIAL     TOPICS    IN   MATH­      INFORMATION,   2 units
EMATICAL SCIENCE II,   2 units                         Recent developments in studies of the
 S elected topics from specific fields of            mechanisms of the manifestation and regulation
mathematical information science.                    of genetic information as the fundamental bio­
GNAB422        ADVANCED       STUDIES     IN PHY-
SICAL STRUCTURE OF MATIER 11, 2     units            GNAC443        ADVANCED      STUDIES   IN     BIO-
  Recent experimental developments in studies        LOGICAL REGULATION 1, 2      units
of the physical structure of matter, centering         Studies of regulation at the cellular level,
around crystal physics.                              especially focussing on regulation of the cell
                                                     cycle and cell differentiation.
MER SCIENCE,   2 units                               GNAC444       ADVANCED STUDIES IN             BIO­
  Recent developments in studies of the              LOGICAL REGULATION II,     2 units
structure and properties of polymers.                  Studies of the mechanisms of hormonal regu­
                                                     lation in the development and differentiation of
GNAB432        ADVANCED     STUDIES IN CHEMI­        animal cells.
CAL STRUctuRE OF MATIER II,       2 units
  Studies of the electronic and optical properties   GNAC445        ADVANCED     STUDIES    IN     BIO-
of molecular crystals, etc.                          LOGICAL REGULATION III,     2 units
                                                       Studies of the mechanisms of the contraction
GNAB45 1       SPECIAL TOPICS IN STRUCTURE           and control in muscular tissue.
OF MATIER I,   2 units
  Selected topics from theoretical fields of the     GNAC446        ADV ANCED    STUDIES    IN     BIO-
physical structure of matter.                        LOGICAL REGULATION IV,     2 units

   Studies of the mechanisms of the action of         researches on the se compounds will be
plant hormones in the control of plant growth         reviewed.
and development.
   Studies of symbiotic and pathogenic interac­       GNAD46 1 PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE TEACH­
tions between plants and microorganisms.              lNG, 2 units
                                                        Studies of the purposes and principles of
GNAC433 CHEMISTRY OF BIOSUBSTANCES,                   science teaching.
2 units
  S tudies of the chemistry of biologically           GNAD462         ADV ANCED    STUDIES    IN   SCI-
functional molecules.                                 ENCE TEACHING,     2 units
                                                        Review of trends in science teaching; present
GNAC448        SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGICAL           and future directions of science teaching.
SCIENCE I,2 units
  Recent developments in cell physiology with         GNAD464      SPECIAL TOPICS IN HISTORY AND
an emphasis on cell motility.                         PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE,      2 units
                                                        Selected topics in thoughts of science as the
GNAC449        SPECIAL TOPICS    IN BIOLOGICAL        methodology in general, not confined in the nar­
SCIENCE II,  2 units                                  row meaning of "history and philosophy of
  A various kind of amino acids and their             science" will be presented. Particular attention
simple derivatives which do not contributed to        will be paid for the problems on the fractionali­
protein synthesis are found in plants and fungi.      zation and the integration of contemporary
In this lecture, the biological as well as chemical   over-specified fields in natural sciences.
                                                                                             [ 1 25]


   Research and educational activities provide      SEARCH AND SERVICE (IERS)
essential support for ICU's comprehensive             Established in 1 95 3 , the Institute of Edu­
academic program and are closely related to         cational Research and S erv ice has as its
the academic undertaking. In every division of      objective conducting basic and applied
the College of Liberal Arts and the Graduate        research on education and using its results to
School and in each of the research institutes,      serve society.
ICU educational staff members, researchers,           In order to achieve those goals, the Institute
and graduate students are constantly engaged        engages in the following activities:
in research, working both as individuals and           · Basic and applied research and study on
under research programs. Current research­               education
related programs, which are conducted at               · Collection, cataloguing, and maintenance
regular intervals or on a one-time-only basis,           of research materials
include spec ial seminars, lecture s , and             · Planning and sponsorship of conferences,
conferences, and most are open to the public .           lectures, symposiums, seminars
Undergraduate and graduate students are                · Publication of research results
afforded many opportunities to participate in          • Other undertakings deemed necessary for
the se programs and make c ontact with                   the attainment of the Institute ' S goals
prominent Japanese and foreign scholars from        Bulletin: Educational Studies
outside the University.
   ICU also has a sabbatical system, which          THE SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
gives educational staff members a one-year          INSTITUTE (SSRI)
research period after several years ' service, so     The Social Science Research Institute was
that they may c oncentrate on their own             established in 1 95 8 , and its objective is to
research activities, in Japan or overseas.          conduct comprehensive research and study in
   Research results are published as articles in    the social sciences from an international
 academic journals devoted to the researchers '     perspective. The Institute is expected to
individual fields as well as in the bulletins and   contribute not only to the research activities of
other publications issued by the re search          educational staff members and students in the
institute s . The re search results of ICU ' s      CLA Division of Social Sciences, Division of
educational staff members are also collected in     International Studies and the GS Division of
the International Christian University Report       Public Administration but also to the exchange
on Research Activity, which is published every      of information with organizations outside the
few years.                                          University.
                                                      In order to attain the aforementioned objec­
Research Institutes                                 tive s , the Institute pursues the following
THE INSTITUTE OF EDUCATIONAL RE-                       ·  Collection, cataloguing, maintenance , ·

     and provision of information and materi­            lectures, seminars
     als to contribute to research activities          • Publication of research results
   • Planning and sponsorship of research              • Other undertakings deemed necessary by
     conferences, lectures, seminars, interna­           the Institute Staff Meeting
     tional conferences, and other activities       Bulletin: Humanities (Christianity and Culture)
     that contribute to the exchange of
    research information in Japan and abroad        THE INSTITUTE OF ASIAN CULTURAL
   • Planning and implementation of courses         STUDIES (lACS)
    and study meetings that are open to the           The Institute of Asian Cultural Studies was
     public , as a contribution to the local        inaugurated in 1 97 1 , with the objective of con­
     society                                        ducting research on the cultural characteristics
   •Publication of research results                 of Asian societies, including that of Japan, and
   · Other undertakings deemed necessary for        their historical development, from a global
     the attainment of the Institute ' s goals      perspective. The lACS intends that its research
Bulletin: The Journal of Social Science             activities should provide an effective organi­
                                                    zational structure for the research functions of
THE INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF                      ICU and that their results may be shared in
CHRISTIANITY AND CULTURE (ICC)                      academic circles in Japan and the world at
  The Institute for the Study of Christianity       large. At the same time, these activities are
and Culture was established in 1 963 . Its aim is   expected to contribute to the enrichment and
to contribute to the realization of the missions    amplification of research and education in the
that ICU has undertaken, by focusing on the         College of Liberal Arts and the Graduate
relationship between Christianity and culture       School at ICU.
and engaging in research into cultural and            For the attainment of these goals, the follow­
other problems, and the truth to be found in the    ing activities are pursued:
B ible in relation to such problems, and by            • Invitation of researchers from Japan and
studying the current c ircumstance s of                  other regions in Asia, and from Europe,
Christianity in Asia, and particularly in Japan,         the United States, and other countries, to
and considering what shape Christianity ought            conduct research on aspects of the culture
to take , in relation to the many different              of Asian societies, in such areas as history
aspects of culture.                                      religion, economics, and politics
  In order to achieve its goals, the Institute         • Cooperative research with universities,
conducts the following activities:                       research organizations and groups of
   •  B asic and applied research on a variety of        researchers from Asian countries and
      problems related to the concept of                 from Europe, the United States, and other
      "Christianity and Culture"                         countries, having a common interest in
   •  Communication and cooperation with                 comparative study of the modernization
      research organizations and individual              of Asia
      researchers in Japan and abroad sharing          • Collection, cataloguing, and maintenance
      the ICC ' s goals                                  of research materials
   ·  Sponsorship of conferences, meetings for         • Planning and sponsorship of conferences,
      the presentation of re search re sults ,           institutes, seminars
                                                            ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SERVICES   [ 1 27]

   • Publication of research results                      individualized program that takes into
   • Other activities considered necessary for            account the different needs of students;
     the achievement of lACS objectives                  research on Japanese language education,
Bulletin: Asian Cultural Studies                          development of teaching materials and
                                                          methods, and collection and organization
THE PEACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (PRI)                        of reference materials
   The Peace Research Institute was estab­              · Activities of the Center target students
lished in 1 99 1 , and its objective is to conduct       admitted to the University under Univer­
internationally-minded and interdisciplinary              sity Regulations or the regulations of the
scholarly research for the realization of peace,         Graduate School
in keeping with the founding ideals of ICU.             ·Administration of the Summer Courses in
   In order to achieve this goal, the Institute           Japanese Language
pursues the following activities:                       • Development of a system for the ex­
   ·  Planning research projects and securing             change of teaching staff, in order to lend
      the cooperation of experts in the relevant          maximum support to Japanese language
      fields and of other peace research                  programs abroad , and to enc ourage
      institutes for the successful completion of         teaching staff members to acquire over­
      the research projects                               seas experience
   ·  Sponsorship of lectures, conferences,          Publications: The Research Center for Japa­
      seminars                                       nese Language Education (bulletin) , and
   •  Publication of a newsletter                    Bulletin of the ICU Summer Courses in
    · Publication of research results in the fonn    Japanese Language
      of working papers
    · Publication of a peace research journal in
    · Other undertakings deemed necessary by           THE ICU INTEGRATED LEARNING
      the Institute Staff Meeting                    CENTER was completed in September 1 98 1 ,
                                                     as one of the projects which commemorated
THE RESEARCH CENTER FOR JAPA­                        the 25th anniversary of the founding of the
NESE LANGUAGE EDUCATION (RCJLE)                      University. The Center consists of a two-story
  The Research Center for Japanese Language          East B u ilding ( B uilding E) , a four- story
Educ ation was e stablished in 1 99 1 . It i s       Central Building (Building C) and three-story
devoted t o c onducting Japanese language            West Building (Building W) . All facilities
education at ICU, and to research on Japanese        except the special department facilities, such
language education, with the aim of helping to       as the Intensive Language Program faculty /
facilitate international communication, in           staff offices, the Linguistic Research Labo­
response to the demands of society in this area.     ratories and the Psychology Laboratories are
  For this purpose, the Center engages in the        common facilities which are open for use by
following activities:                                the entire University.
    •Supplementation of the College of                 On the first floor of Building E, there are
     Liberal Arts Japanese language program          four Language Laboratory classrooms: a 24-
     through varied course offerings, in an          student LL classroom, which is also equipped

with simultaneous interpretation facilities, a    ior. There are five Psychology Laboratories on
80-student LL classroom, a 70-student LL          the third and fourth floors , where various
classroom , which is also equipped with           experiments, measurement, testin g , and
Macintosh personal computers for program­         observational recordings can be practiced.
ming courses, and a 4O-student LL classroom.        On the first floor of Building W, there are
The Integrated Learning Center Office is on       two general classrooms and the teaching­
the second floor. This office manages the         learning laboratory , equipped with facilities
common facilities and stores various tape         such as video cameras, microphones, monitor
materials. Also on this floor are the Closed      TVs, and a response analyzer. These are used
Circuit Color Studio, which is capable of         for teaching public speaking and for training
producing mUlti-purpose teaching materials,       future teachers.
mainly sound and video programs, and the            The English Language Program offices are
Instructional Product Development Room,           on the second and third floors. The French
which contains space and equipment for the        Language and German Language offices are
staff to produce teaching materials and which     on the third floor.
also provides space and e quipment for              An ILC branch office is situated on the first
practical work by graduate students majoring      floor of University Hall, and is in charge of the
in teaching methodology . The facilities          rental service of educational equipment within
available in this room include copying,           the University Hall.
developing, and printing photographs and            For details about the use of the common
slides, along with the production of OHP          facilities and the lending of equipment and
materials. The room is also equipped with an      material s , please c ontact the Integrated
optical mark card and mark sheet processing       Learning Center Office.
  The Study Terminal Room consists of three          THE ICU SACRED MUSIC CENTER was
terminal rooms, the printer room, and the         established in 1 977 with a broad mandate to
machine room. DEC Micro VAX 3400 dual             promote music activities in the Christian
sy stem and three SUN workstations are            music tradition. The emphasis at present is on
running in the machine room. Also available       organ music, with activities including public
are 24 NEC 9801 series and 1 2 IBM compat­        concerts , lecture s , extension courses and
ible personal computers in Terminal Room 1 ,      master classes for organists, collection of
20 Apple Macintosh computers in Terminal          archive materials and operation of practice
Room 2, and 1 1 Apple Macintosh computers in      facilities. The center is an outgrowth of the
Terminal Room 3 . A speech laboratory is          installation of a pipe organ in the ICU Church
located on this floor.                            in 1 970, built by Rieger Organs of Austria.
   There are two general classrooms on the        From its inauguration, the organ has been used
first floor of Building C, and a lounge and two   for public concerts, featuring guest performers
conference rooms on the second floor. On the      from Japan and abroad. A spring and autumn
third floor, there are three simulation rooms,    series and a Christmas concert are regularly
which are equipped with one-way mirrors and       scheduled. Three times, in 1 97 3 , 1 976 and
various other facilities which enable students    1 980, the "ICU Organ Academy" was held,
to observe, record, and analyze subject behav-    with world-renowned organists in residence
                                                         ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SERVICES      [ 1 29 ]

for up to two weeks. The first of these brought    lounge, and its open-stack system permits free
the Fifth Torii Music Award to ICU for the         access to all materials. Except for reference
most significant contribution to music in Japan    books and certain rare materials, all materials
that year. To commemorate the 20th anniver­        may be checked out.
sary of the Rieger Organ, special events were         The Library collection consists presently of
planned and the records of the center in the       43 9 , 1 00 books and about 5 ,400 periodical
past 20 years were published in 1 990.             titles. The Western and Oriental language ma­
   The Center, together with instructional         terials are classified and shelved together
facilities of the Division of Humanities ' Music   according to the Nippon Decimal Classifica­
Department, occupies a greater part of the         tion System (NDC) .
fourth floor of University Hall. Its facilities       Special collections include the library of Dr.
include four music practice studios, three with    Yo shiro S aeki , who was an authority on
pianos, a lecture room with the Arimasa Mori       Nestori an hi story in China; the K anzo
Memorial Organ, another practice organ, a          Uchimura Memorial Collection, w i th
harpsichord, archives, and reproduction and        donations from his disciples as its core; and
listening equipment.                               materials on Oriental history collected on a
                                                   grant from the Harvard-Yenching Institute.
The Library                                           A library guide is available explaining in
                                                   detail the classification system, on-line
  The ICU Library building, completed in           catalog and other library services.
June 1 960 and extended in 1 972, is a three­         The Library is open during the academic
story structure with 450 seating at reading         term from 8 : 30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. After 8 : 00
tables and carrels. It has a single, compre­        p.m. only the Reference Room is open. On
hensive reference room, special collection          Saturdays it is open until 4: 30 p.m.
room, seminar room, typing room and reading

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