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					                             50th Anniversary
        of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

The Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS) was founded on the initiative
of professors M.A. Lavrentiev, S.L. Sobolev and S.A. Khristianovich, outstanding scientists and
members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers on
establishment of SB RAS was adopted on May 18, 1957.

Now it is evident, that it was a very important decision on territorial development of fundamental
science and its dispersion to the East of the country.

The main goal of the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was stated as
“intensified development of theoretical and experimental studies in physics, engineering, natural
sciences and economics to solve the major scientific problems and to promote building up of
productive forces of Siberia and the Far East”.

The first chairman of the Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences was Academician
M.A. Lavrentiev (1957-1975), then the Siberian Branch was headed by Academicians G.I. Marchuk
(1975-1980), V.A. Koptuyg (1980-1997) and N.L. Dobretsov (since 1997).

        M.A. Lavrentiev                    S.L. Sobolev                 S.A. Khristianovitsch

   N.L. Dobretsov        Bird’s eye view over Academgorodok          Koptyug Ave. in Academgorodok

The following main principles have laid the basis for the Branch:
 multidisciplinary character of science centres;
 integration of science and education, wide involvement of staff and facilities of academic
   institutes in training;
 active introduction of scientific results into industry, first of all, in Siberia; versatile contacts
   with industry.

These principles have stood the test of time and are still important for performance of the Siberian
Branch. These principles provided a model for creation of other regional branches of the Russian
Academy of Sciences: in 1969, the Far East Branch united institutes of RAS which were situated in
the Far East; in 1987, the Ural Branch was established. Created in accordance with the model
principles of Siberian academic towns, scientific centers in Japan, Korea, France, Brazil and other
countries work successfully. Using the experience of the Siberian Branch of RAS, two other
regional academic branches, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and
the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, were founded. The three
branches maintain close professional contacts and conduct joint research.

Timely strengthening of research potential of the region has played an important role in accelerated
development of natural resources and industry in Siberia and the Far East (building up of the West-
Siberian Oil and Gas Complex, the Kansk-Achinsk Fuel and Energy Complex and the Baykal-
Amur Railroad, exploitation of diamond deposits in Yakutia, discovery of large oil and gas deposits
of a new type in Eastern Siberia, etc.).

     Multi-mirror trap GOL-3                  Free electron laser                   Wind tunnels
(Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics)     (Budker Institute of Nuclear       (Khristianovich Institute of
                                                   Physics)                   Theoretical and Applied

At present, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences is the largest regional union
comprising research and design institutes as well as pilot plants on the territory of Siberia (total area
of 11 mln. km2). The SB RAS science centres are located in Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk,
Irkutsk, Yakutsk, Ulan-Ude, Kemerovo, Tyumen and Omsk. There are also single institutes in
Barnaul, Chita, Kyzyl and Biysk.

The Siberian Branch of RAS comprises 76 research institutions whose areas of study cover physics
and mathematics, engineering, chemistry, Earth and life sciences, humanities and economics. About
one-half of the Siberian Branch resources is concentrated in the Novosibirsk science centre.

An important integral part of SB RAS is a network of more than 100 scientific stations, including
seismic, permafrost, geo- and biospheric, gelio- and cosmophysical ones. They conduct long-term
observations and belong to the world network of stations.

                                      The Siberian Branch of RAS possesses a number of research
                                      facilities of national scale, including accelerators on colliding
                                      beams of the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, free electron
                                      laser of the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics and the
                                      Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion, solar radio-
                                      telescope in the observatory of the Institute of Solar-Terrestrial
                                      Physics and the Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research
                                      and Aeronomy, wind tunnels in the Khristianovich Institute of
                                      Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and supercomputer centres
                                      in Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Tomsk, etc. It was
                                      created a distributed network of centres for shared use of
                                      unique research devices and facilities.

 Solar radio-telescope in Buryatia

16 international research centres, which function as open laboratories, have been set up on the basis
of SB RAS institutes holding leading positions in the world science.

Among SB RAS researchers, there are 67 active
members and 77 corresponding members of the
Russian Academy of Sciences. After the stuff reduction
in 2006, the total number of employment of SB RAS
research institutions is 22651 persons, including 1870
doctors of sciences (professor’s level) and 4748
candidates of sciences (PhD level).

Since SB RAS establishment, rapid development of
basic research was realized along with training of
personnel on the basis of the Novosibirsk State
University that was created almost simultaneously with               Novosibirsk State University
with institutes of SB RAS, selection of gifted young
people in the course of All-Siberian Olympiads, establishment of the Physico-Mathematical School
on the basis of the Novosibirsk State University (now M.A. Lavrentiev Specialized Research and
Training Centre affiliated to university) and maintaining close contacts with universities and other
institutions of higher education in all science centres of Siberia.

The Siberian Branch of RAS trains specialists for science, education and industry of Siberia,
pursuing a policy aimed at support of young researchers (launching of calls for young scientists,
development of post-graduate courses and increasing scholarships for post-graduate students,
crediting for housing construction and purchasing, etc.). As a result, in recent years a number of SB
RAS researchers younger than 33 years increased from 15 to 20% and in some institutes amounted
to 40-45%, number of post-graduate students increased several times.

                                             Ways of introduction of scientific results into industry
                                             evolved from so-called “implementation zone”, a
                                             network of specialized research institutes and design
                                             offices around Akademgorodok, to long-term
                                             agreements with ministries and, at present, with large
                                             companies. Technopark zones are being created close
                                             to SB RAS science centres. Establishment of the
                                             Tomsk technical-innovation zone will be basically
                                             based on developments of the Tomsk science centre
                                             (in April 2006, the first stage of the Tomsk zone was
                                             opened in presence of Vladimir Putin, RF President).
                                             Creation of       the Technopark in Novosibirsk
  Project of the Technopark is being         Akademgorodok is in progress.
         discussed, January 2005

Actively working world-level scientific schools evidence high level of investigations carried out in
the Siberian Branch. In spite of existing problems, the Siberian Branch of RAS strives to make an
innovation breakthrough in Russian science on the basis of research developments that are in line
with the best world achievements and even exceed in quality. Among these developments are:
information technologies, catalyst systems and fuel cells, electron-beam and pulse technologies,
nanotechnologies, power electronics technologies and biotechnologies, i.e., technologies that are
crucial for the future of the Russian economy.

Activities of SB RAS researchers are highly appreciated. Only over the last five years, 32
researchers of the Siberian Branch became laureates of the State Prize of Russia. Since 2005, two of
six new state prizes in science and technology were awarded to SB RAS researchers, 12 works with
the participation of 18 researchers of SB RAS obtained prizes of the Government of the Russian
Federation for introduction of research results into practice.


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