The Life and Times of Voltaire

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					The Life and Times of Voltaire
    The Embodiment of 18th-century Enlightenment
This presentation will cover the
        following topics:
What was the Age of Enlightenment?    Education
How Did It Influence the World?      Incarcerations and Exiles
Key Founders of the Movement          Employment and Positions
Who was Voltaire?                     Voltaire’s Writings
Volatire’s Birth and Early Life      Voltaire’s Death
What was the Age of Enlightenment?
                  In the 18th century, France was a country where

       The Monarchy



                   Ruled with an iron hand.
   People were imprisoned withoutof in state whim
                     It of the age burning of poverty and virtual slavery.
 They kept the majority was anpeopletrialaat thebooks. of the ruling class.
What was the Age of Enlightenment?
The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was
an elite cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe that sought to
mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance
knowledge. It promoted intellectual interchange and opposed intolerance and
abuses in Church and state.
How Did It Influence the World?
 The new intellectual forces spread from France to countries across Europe.

The German states
The Netherlands
How Did It Influence the World?
          and played athey influenced individuals European
               Where jumped the the American Revolution
  Then these new ideas major role inAtlantic to the such as: colonies.

                                                Thomas Jefferson
                                                Benjamin Franklin
Key Founders of the Movement
      Volatire wasthat “Man was(1712-1778) rebelliousness and Locke, but
         Voltaire Rousseau's naturally good but becomes man
 Rousseau wrotebelieved influenced byeducation and reason corrupted by
      Compared todeeply that through Isaac Newton and John
      there wasVoltaire's world fromwas more he couldn’t
      idealism, influence of human philosopher institutions.
         could one contemporary the beasts.
 the perniciousseparate himselfviewsociety andskeptical. stand . . .

Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

John Locke (1632–1704)

Pierre Bayle (1647–1706)

Isaac Newton (1643–1727)

   Jean-Jacques Rousseau                                 Voltaire
                 Who was Voltaire?
            Voltaire was the pen name of Francios-Marie Arouet,
    a man considered to be the embodiment of 18th-century Enlightenment

•Critic of the Church and Aristocrats
•Enemy of Tyranny
•Religious Intolerance
•Injustice William James Durant, author of “The Story of Philosophy”
          described Voltaire’s characteristics as follows:
           Who was Voltaire?
But Voltaire had his prejudices which were indicative of the times . . .

He was vocally Anti-Semitic                   and believed Africans were
                                           a sub-species of human beings.

           Apparently, free-thinking only went so far . . .
      Volatire’s Birth and Early Life
        is the belief wasshowed an(François-Mariewritereason on the
                      He influenced early ability to Arouet)
                            based by his mother's of verse,
DeismAs a child he in God Voltaireon the applicationfriends in Deism. designs in
                        a pursuit everything that violates of.
                   the born on ofhis father didn’t approve God-given reason, even
Nature. It is also wasrejection November 21st, 1694 in Paris, France
                          He wanted his when study law.
religions. His Mother passed away son to he was seven years old.

          Francois de Castagner, Abbe de Chauteauneuf was
          Voltaire's godfather, teacher and an Marie influence. He
         Francois Arouet                         early Marguerite Daumand
                                                    A Stay-at-Home Mom
     A Minor Treasury Official the way, he was a priest.
          was a man who By   believed in pleasures - a hedonist.
          From him, Voltaire learned not to believe in anything
          simply on faith.
                       A Typical Upper Middle-Class Family
1704-1711: Voltaire attended the College Louis-le-Grand, ahis father.
      1711 to 1713: Voltaire was forced to study law by Jesuit institution.
          During his stay to stage-plays in both Latin and French.
         He was exposed at the school he became anti-Catholic.
            He held an interest in the stage throughout his life.

             After a half-hearted attempt, he quit law to openly
                       pursue his literary asp
Description: A humorous but informative and entertaining look into the life of the philosopher Voltaire. Who he was, the conditions of his birth and early life, education, incarcerations and exiles, his writings, his enemies and more. This presentation also defines what the Age of Enlightenment was, how it influenced the world and the key founders of the movement. Full of illustrations, animations and sound clips from historians, this presentation will entertain and inform your audience from beginning to end.
PARTNER Ruth Solomon