The Story of Hercules Listening Exercise

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					                 The Story of Hercules
                              Listening Exercise

Vocabulary – Write down your understanding of the following words. Then, as
the story of Hercules is read aloud, note your understanding of the meaning of
the word in the context of the story. Some of the words have unexpected

   1.   wrath (noun) -
   2.   of noble birth -
   3.   lyre (noun) -
   4.   atone (verb) -
   5.   hind (noun) -
   6.   dale (noun) -
   7.   girdle (noun) -
   8.   mete (noun) –
   9.   ford (verb) -

Places – Research the location of these places. Have you ever come across
these places in another class or another context? Explain.

Thebes –

Mycenae –

Crete –

Pillars of Hercules –
Figures – Identify the following figures from Greek mythology. What are their
defining characteristics? Do they appear in other stories that you've come

   1. the oracle of Delphi
   2. the old man of the sea
   3. Amazons
   4. Hera
   5. Helios
   6. Atlas
   7. a centaur
   8. Apollo
   9. the Fates
   10. Prometheus

                        The Labours of Hercules

As you listen to the story, try to reorder the following challenges:

_____     the boar of Mount Erymanthus

_____    the golden girdle of Hippolyta

_____    the red cows of Gerydo

_____    the man-eating mares of King Diomedes

_____    the lion of Nemea

_____    the swarm of birds of Stymphalian Lake

_____    Cerberus of the underworld

_____    the fire-breathing bull of Crete

_____    three golden apples from Hera's secret garden in Hesperides

_____    the nine-headed Hydra of Lerna

_____    the stables of King Auglas

_____    the sacred hinds of Artemis
                                After Reading

Idiom    "Take the bull by the horns!"

What does this expression mean? What figure of speech is used in this idiom?
What does this idiom have to do with the story of Hercules?

Literary Terms – Look up the definitions of the following terms in a handbook of
literary terms. (A dictionary is not sufficient at this level.)

pathos – How can you apply this term to the story of Hercules?

antagonist – Who are the antagonists in this story of Hercules?

theme – Define this term, and see the question below.

symbol – Define this term. How is a symbol different than a metaphor?

Theme and Meaning

   1. Select an object or a figure from the story, and explain how this object
      or person can be viewed as a symbol.
   2. What does Hercules learn by the end of this story? Have you come
      across this moral in other stories?
   3. Besides the lesson Hercules learns, what other themes are evident in this
      story of Hercules? Review the definition of theme in order to properly
      answer this question.

Questions on index cards for small groups to tackle.

1. 1. To "take the bull by the horns" is an idiom or common expression. What
does it mean? 2. Who was Hera? 3. What is a lyre?

2. 1. Who was Zeus? 2. Who was Prometheus? 3. What is a "dale"?

3. 1. Who were the Amazons? 2. What was a centaur? 3. What does the word
"ford" mean when it's used as a verb?

4. 1. Who were the Fates? 2. Who was Apollo? 3. What does the word "mete"

5. 1. Who was Atlas? 2. Who was Artemis? 3. What is a girdle when this word is
used in archaic literature?

6. 1. Where is Crete, and what can you tell us about this place? 2. Who was
Hercules? 3. What does it mean when someone is "of noble birth"?

7. 1. Where was Thebes? 2. What is the Milky Way? 3. What is heteropaternal

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