The Self in Sport and Exercise

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					The Self in Sport and Exercise

        6 October 2005
        Ailsa Anderson
                                         *
But first…
   Accessing SPORT DISCUS

   Go to library home page

   Choose databases on left hand side

   Choose letter ‘S’

   Find Sport Discus – connect (need ATHENS)
                                         *
     Sport psych
   ‘If sport psychologists wish to understand
    individuals, their state of mind, their level
    of well-being and how they function in
    settings such as sport and exercise, they
    cannot afford to ignore how individuals
    view themselves’ (Fox, 2002, p.84)
                                    *
  2 components of self-concept

                    SELF-
                   CONCEPT



    Self-image               Self-esteem
   (Descriptive)             (Evaluative)



Coleman & Hendry (1993)
                                            *
    Importance of self-esteem
   Self-esteem is often seen as the single
    most important measure of psychological
    well-being (Biddle & Mutrie, 2000)
       E.G.,
       Highlighted as goal in National Curriculum
       Self-esteem associated with motivation to
        engage in specific health behaviour
                                                             *
 Shavelson et al. (1976)
                    General Self-
                      Concept




Physical   Social                 Academic                       Emotional




                      English   Science        History   Maths




                                Day to day experiences
    Change in sub-domains over
    time                    *

   Shavelson, Hubner &
    Stanton (1976) based
    on educational
    perspective

   Other areas of more
    relevance to students?
                                               *
E.G., Big Fish Little Pond Effect
(Marsh, 1984)
   Good player on average team =  sport self-
    concept

   Average player on good team =  sport self-
    concept

   Implications for transitions up in sport
   Strategy: Focus more on individual
    improvement
In understanding exercise and
sport behaviour           *


    E.G.,
           why go for a walk?
           Influence of exercise on self-esteem
           Influence of self-esteem on athletic
            performance?


    PHYSICAL aspects of self-concept
     may have most relevance

				
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