UnitTest2ReviewSheet6thGradeAnswer Key

					Name: _________________________________
6th Grade Health – Review Sheet
Mrs. Reichman

   1. Adolescences – (Bill Cosby Story)
          What are the ages of Adolescence? 10-14 years old

              What is the definition of hormones? Chemical messengers that tell our body how to
               grow.

              What changes will you experience: (Give 1 example of each)

                           1. Physical – growth spurt, voice change, increase in size, puberty


                           2. Social – change in friends, more arguments with family


                           3. Academically and emotional – school work gets harder, more
                              responsibility, starting to figure out who you are as a person, mood
                              swings, becoming an abstract thinker



   2. Define Communicable Diseases – diseases which can be passed from one living being to another




   3. What are the four types of Communicable diseases
      Virus, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa




   4. Define a Virus – a tiny particle which needs a host cell to divide and multiply




   5. List four diseases that are caused by viruses
      Chicken pox, common cold, viral pneumonia, stomach virus, flu, viral meningitis



   6. Define Capsid - protein coating around DNA and RNA
7. Define Fatty Membrane - thin lining that surrounds the capsid




8. Define Pathogenic Viruses – viruses that make you sick




9. Define Bacteria – single cell microscopic organism



10. What type of medication is used to treat bacteria? Antibiotics




11. List four different types of illnesses caused by bacteria
    Pink eye, strep throat, lyme disease, bacterial pneumonia, MERSA, Staff Infection



12. List one example of a disease caused by fungi
    Ringworm,
    Athletes foot


13. List one example of a disease caused by protozoa
    Malaria



14. List four ways that you can protect yourself against communicable diseases
    Wash hands
    Purell
    Do not touch eyes, nose, and mouth with your hands
    Do not share drinks with friends
    Stay away from people who are sick
15. A friend tells you that he’s planning to go to school, even though he’s running a fever and thinks
    he may have the flu. What would you say and why? Stay home and go to the doctor. If you go
    to school you will get others sick. You also need a lot of rest to get better.

16. Define Immune System – Cells, tissues, organs that help fight disease and sickness


17. Define Pathogen – Germs that make you sick




18. What are white blood cells job? Kill infection and disease



19. Identify three factors that can affect our immune system. Lack of sleep, malnutrition, drug
    abuse, obesity




20. Define Noncommunicable diseases – Diseases that cannot be spread from one living being to
    another


21. Identify the three categories that noncommunicable diseases generally fall under
    Present at birth
    Environment
    Lifestyle Behavior


22. Describe each of the three categories that noncommunicable diseases generally fall under
    Present at birth – genetic makeup
    Environment – your surroundings
    Lifestyle Behavior – How you live your life.


23. Give two examples for each of the categories that noncommunicable diseases generally fall
    under

    Present at birth – Multiple sclerosis, Muscular dystrophy, down syndrome, autism,

    Environment – many types of cancers, asthma

    Lifestyle Behavior – many types of cancers, heart disease, high blood pressure

				
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